Stephen Minor – Last Spanish Governor of Natchez

Stephen “Don Esteban” Minor (1760 – 1815) was just a second cousin of our Miner line, but his story is too unique not to include. Pardon the length, but as Frances Hunter says, this period of early American history is a delightful rabbit hole of heroes and scoundrels — often embodied in the same individuals.

Stephen’s rise from a backwoods Pennsylvania, teenaged sole survivor of an ambush to Governor,  first president of the Bank of Mississippi (1797-1815) and wealthy Natchez planter is remarkable.   I think his connection to the rich and powerful was Oliver Pollock, though I haven’t seen this link written anywhere.

My next post covers Stephen’s children and grandchildren who owned hundreds of slaves yet many remained loyal to the Union and one offered emancipation in exchange for recognition of the Confederacy by England and France.

Famous and infamous characters in Stephen’s life include:

Stephen Minor was born 8 Feb 1760 Greene County, Pennsylvania on the Monongahela River near the border with Virginia.  Present day West Virginia University in Morgantown is about 12 miles away from Stephen’s birthplace.   His great grandparents were our ancestors William MINER and Francis BURCHAM.  His grandparents were Stephen Minor and Athaliah Updyke.     His parents were Capt. William Minor and Frances Ellen Phillips.   (See William MINER‘s page for their stories)

Stephen Minor Portrait 2

Stephen Minor Portrait – By William Edward West (1809)

Stephen first ventured to New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1779.  He first married  Martha Ellis 1790 in Louisiana.  After Martha died, he married Katherine Lintot 4 Aug 1792 in Natchez, Adams, Mississippi. Stephen died 29 Nov 1815 in Natchez, Mississippi and is  buried at Concord, the historic residence of the early Spanish governors at Natchez, Mississippi.

Martha Ellis was born 1760 in Natchez, Natchitoches, Louisiana She was the daughter of Colonel John Ellis of White Cliffs, located south of Natchez on the Mississippi River. There were apparently no children from this union. Martha died before 1791

Katherine Lintot was born 4 Aug 1770 in Carlisle, Cumberland, Pennsylvania. Her parents were Bernard Lintot (1740 – 1804) and Katherine Trotter (1744 – 1804).  Bernard . Bernard Lintot is reputed to have studied at the Inner Temple, London.  He was a Wall Street trader who became the commissary at Manchac.    She was known as the “Yellow Duchess” because of her reputed fondness for all things golden. Katherine died 9 Jul 1844 in Natchez, Adams, Mississippi

Bernard Lintot


Child  of Stephen and Martha: for her story, see my post Stephen Minor’s Children – Decadent Unionists

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary Minor 4 Jul 1787 Natchez, Adams, Mississippi William Kenner
19 Nov 1801
5 Oct 1814 Oakland Plantation, Louisiana


Children of Stephen and Katherine: (for their story, see my post Stephen Minor’s Children – Decadent Unionists

Name Born Married Departed
2. Martha Minor ~1793
Natches, Adams, Mississippi
Bef. 1795
Natches, Adams, Mississippi
3. Frances Minor 27 Mar 1795 Natchez, Adams, Mississippi Henry Chotard
27 May 1819 Adams, Mississippi
10 May 1864 Natchez, Adams, Mississippi
4. Katherine Lintot Minor 24 Jun 1799 Natchez, Adams, Mississippi James Wilkins
11 Apr 1823  Adams, Mississippi
5 Jan 1849 or 9 Jul 1844 Natchez, MS
5. Stephen Minor ~1803
Natchez, Adams, Mississippi
Charlotte Walker? 29 Nov 1815 Natchez, MS or
26 Jun 1830
6. William John Minor 27 Jan 1808 Natchez, Adams, Mississippi Rebecca Ann Gustine
7 Aug 1829  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
18 Sep 1869 Southdown Plantation,, Houma, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana

Stephen Minor Detail

Caravan Survivor

About 1779 before Stephen was twenty years old, he traveled to Spanish New Orleans to procure military supplies for the Continental Army.  Once the goods were packed on mules, Minor and his men headed up the western bank of the Mississippi in a caravan in route to the Ohio Valley.  Along the way, Minor fell ill and was at times so consumed with fever and chills that the caravan was forced to moved forward during the day while Minor followed their trail at his own sluggish pace, often catching up with the group at its encampment at night.

One day as Minor laid back shivering with a high fever, the caravan was overtaken by bandits deep in the heart of Indian country in present day Arkansas, their goods stolen and the men murdered.  Minor found the grisly crime scene hours later, his life having been spared due to his illness. Alone in the vast wilderness, the 20-year-old stumbled back into New Orleans with news of the disaster.About that time, Spain had joined the Americans in the fight against the British. Minor, always enterprising, learned Spanish and French as he determined his next move.

The Taking of British West Florida 

Minor joined the royal Spanish army being assembled by the Governor of Louisiana, Bernardo de Gálvez, for attacks on English Manchac (Fort Butte) and Baton Rouge (1779).

Bernardo de Gálvez  (1746 – 1786)

Young Stephen Minor caught the eye of Bernardo de Gálvez (1746 – 1786)  5th Governor of Spanish Louisiana , 61st Viceroy of New Spain.   Galveston,  Texas is named for him

Spain officially entered the American Revolutionary War on May 8, 1779, with a formal declaration of war by King Charles III. This declaration was followed by another on July 8 that authorized his colonial subjects to engage in hostilities against the British.  When Bernardo de Gálvez, the colonial Governor of Spanish Louisiana received word of this on July 21, he immediately began to secretly plan offensive operations. Gálvez, who had been planning for the possibility of war since April, intercepted communications from the British at Pensacola indicating that the British were planning a surprise attack on New Orleans; he decided to launch his own attack first.  To that end, he concealed from the public his receipt of the second proclamation.

Fort Bute was located on Bayou Manchac, about 115 miles  up the Mississippi River from New Orleans, on the far western border of British West Florida. Lt. Col. Alexander Dickson was charged with the defense of the Baton Rouge district, which included Fort Bute, Baton Rouge, and Fort Panmure (modern Natchez, Louisiana). The British had begun sending larger numbers of troops to the area following George Rogers Clark‘s capture of Vincennes, which had exposed the weak British defenses in the area. At Dickson’s disposal in August 1779 were 400 regulars, including companies from the 16th and 60th Regiments and a recently-arrived company o fgrenadiers from the German state of Waldeck, and about 150 Loyalist militia.

Fort Bute was an older stockade fort built in 1766.  It was in such disrepair that Dickson judged it to be indefensible. When Dickson received word of Spanish movements, he withdrew most of his forces to Baton Rouge and Panmure, leaving a small garrison of 20 Waldeckers under Captain von Haake behind.

Gálvez originally planned to march from New Orleans on August 20. However, a hurricane on August 18 swept over New Orleans, sinking most of his fleet and destroying provisions.  Undeterred, Gálvez rallied the support of the colony and on August 27 set out by land toward Baton Rouge, using as an explanation for the movement the need to defend Spanish Louisiana from an expected British attack.  The force departing New Orleans consisted of 520 regulars, of whom about two-thirds were recent recruits, 60 militiamen, 80 free blacks and mulattoes, and ten American volunteers, including Stephen Minor, headed by Oliver Pollock.

Pollock used his fortune to finance American operations in the west, and the successful Illinois campaign of General George Rogers Clark in Illinois 1778.   Stephen Minor’s uncle, Col. John Minor built Clark’s flotilla of vessels on the Monongahela River.  I’ve never seen it written anywhere, but its more than likely that Pollock’s introduction of Minor to the Spanish leadership was a key factor in Stephen’s rise and family fortune.

Oliver Pollock (1737-1823) was a merchant and financier of the Revolutionary War, of which he has long been considered a historically undervalued figure.  He is often attributed with the creation of the US Dollar sign in 1778.

Oliver Pollock

Oliver Pollock (1737-1823)

Oliver Pollock came to North America in 1760. A native of Ireland, he arrived in Philadelphia and settled in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. At age 25, Pollock began a career as a merchant in the West Indies. With his headquarters in Havana, Cuba, he traded mainly with the Spanish. In Cuba, he established a relationship with Governor-General Alejandro O’Reilly Like Pollock, O’Reilly was from Ireland, but left his native land to fight in foreign armies, serving in both the Austrian and Spanish military. O’Reilly married into the family of the Spanish governor of Cuba, and quickly rose in influence in the region. In 1769, he was sent to Louisiana to put down a rebellion by French Creoles, a task he completed with flying colors.

Following his friend to New Orleans, Pollock worked there as a merchant and was given free trade status within the city because of his relationship with O’Reilly. As a result, he because a very successful businessman, particularly in dealing with flour, which was a highly sought-after commodity. To help the colonists, Pollock sold the flour at half price, no doubt endearing him to the populace.

With his growing wealth, Pollock gained political influence. In 1777, he was appointed as the commercial agent of the United States government in New Orleans, essentially making him the representative of the colonies. Utilizing his enormous wealth, Pollock financed American military operations west of the Mississippi, including George Rogers Clark’s campaign in Illinois in 1778. That same year, he borrowed $70,000 from the Spanish governor of Louisiana and served as his aide-de-camp during a campaign against the British. Throughout Louisiana, Alabama and Florida, the Spanish defeated the British, culminating with the Siege of Pensacola in 1781. Pollock, through his diplomatic skills, helped gain the surrender of Fort Panmure by the British in Natchez.

In 1779 he borrowed $70,000 from Spanish Louisiana’s Governor Bernardo de Gálvez, but the financial needs of the country at the time left him in a loss. Pollock served as Gálvez’s aide-de-camp during the Spanish campaign against the British that began with the Spanish declaration of war in June 1779. Gálvez and the Spanish troops swept through Louisiana, Alabama, and Florida, defeating the British with the Capture of Fort Bute and campaigning through the victorious Siege of Pensacola in 1781. Pollock’s diplomacy assisted in the surrender of Fort Panmure at Natchez, Mississippi

As they marched upriver, the force grew by another 600 men, from Indians to Acadians. At its peak, the force numbered over 1,400, but this number was reduced due the hardships of the march by several hundred before they reached Fort Bute.

When the force neared Fort Bute on September 6, Gálvez informed them of the Spanish war declaration and the true purpose of their mission, eliciting cheers from the men. At dawn the next day, they attacked the fort, and after a brief skirmish in which one German was killed, most of the garrison surrendered.  The six who escaped capture made their way to Baton Rouge to notify Dickson.

After several days’ rest, Gálvez advanced on Baton Rouge, only 15 miles from Fort Bute.  When Gálvez arrived at Baton Rouge on Sep 12, he found a well-fortified town garrisoned by over 400 regular army troops and 150 militia under the overall command of Lt. Col. Alexander Dickson.

Gálvez first sent a detachment of men further up the river to break communications between Baton Rouge and British sites further upriver. Before the fort he was unable to directly advance his own artillery, so Gálvez ordered a feint to the north through a wooded area, sending a detachment of his poorly-trained militia to create disturbances in the forest. The British turned and unleashed massed volleys at this body, but the Spanish forces, shielded by substantial foliage, suffered only three casualties. While this went on, Gálvez dug siege trenches and established secure gunpits within musket range of the fort. He placed his artillery pieces there, opening fire on the fort on Sep 21.

The British endured three hours of shelling before Dickson offered to surrender. Gálvez demanded and was granted terms that included the capitulation of the 80 regular infantry at Fort Panmure (modern Natchez, Mississippi), a well-fortified position that would have been difficult for Gálvez to take militarily. Dickson surrendered 375 regular troops the next day; Gálvez had Dickson’s militia disarmed and sent home. Gálvez then sent a detachment of 50 men to take control of Panmure.  He also dismissed his own militia companies, left a sizable garrison at Baton Rouge, and returned to New Orleans with about 50 men.

In 1780 Spanish Gen. Bernardo de Gálvez amassed an army to take on the British in West Florida.   Stephen  joined the Spanish army and participated in a military expedition against Fort Charlotte, located near Mobile in British West Florida., which resulted in a resounding Spanish victory.   At Mobile, according to historian Benjamin L.C. Wailes, Minor caught the eye of Gen. Galvez who was impressed with Minor’s bravery and heroism as well as his “remarkable skill with the rifle.”Minor was in Spanish service for most of his adult life. He became a major of the Spanish army.

In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the French and Indian War. The treaty ceded Mobile and the surrounding territory to Great Britain, and it was made a part of the expanded British West Florida colony.  The British changed the name of Fort Condé to Fort Charlotte.

British West Florida in 1767

British West Florida in 1767

The British were eager not to lose any useful inhabitants and promised religious tolerance to the French colonists, ultimately 112 French Mobilians remained in the colony.   The first permanent Jewish presence in Mobile began in 1763 as a result of the new religious tolerance.

While the British were dealing with their rebellious colonists along the Atlantic coast, the Spanish entered the war as an ally of France in 1779. They took the opportunity to order Bernardo de Galvez, Governor of Louisiana, on an expedition east to retake Florida.  He captured Mobile during the Battle of Fort Charlotte in 1780, as part of this campaign. The Spanish wished to eliminate any British threat to their Louisiana colony, which they had received from France in the same  1763 Treaty of Paris.

On Jan 11, 1780, a fleet of twelve ships carrying 754 men, a mix of Spanish regulars and militia sailed from New Orleans, reaching the mouth of the Mississippi on Jan 18. They were joined on January 20 by the American ship West Florida, under the command of Captain William Pickles and with a crew of 58.

On Feb 20, reinforcements arrived from Havana, bringing the force to about 1,200 men. By Feb 25, the Spanish had landed their army on the shores of the Dog River, about 10 miles from Fort Charlotte. They were informed by a deserter that the fort was garrisoned by 300 men.

On Mar 1, Gálvez sent a letter to Durnford offering to accept his surrender, which was politely rejected. Gálvez began setting up gun batteries around the fort the next day. Durnford wrote to General John Campbell at Pensacola requesting reinforcements. On March 5 and 6, most of the Pensacola garrison left on a march toward Mobile. Delayed by difficult river crossings, this force was unable to assist the Fort Charlotte garrison.

On Mar 13, the walls of Fort Charlotte were breached, and Durnford capitulated the next day, surrendering his garrison.  The fall of Fort Charlotte drove the British from the western reaches of West Florida and reduced the British military presence in West Florida to its capital, Pensacola.

4/5 scale replica of Fort Conde in downtown Mobile

4/5 scale replica of Fort Conde in downtown Mobile – Note the row of cannon

Emboldened by the destruction of a Gálvez-led expedition against Pensacola by a hurricane in the fall of 1780, Campbell decided to attempt the recapture of Mobile.  In the Battle of Mobile,  a British attack on Jan 7 1781 against a Spanish outpost on the east side of Mobile Bay was repulsed, and the German leader of the expedition was killed.

Captain Johann von Hanxleden’s expedition of 700 men arrived near the outpost late on Jan 6, and made a dawn attack the next morning.    Forty of the Spaniards made a dash for a boat anchored nearby, but the British cut many of them down with a musket volley. Choctaw warriors from the expedition then followed the Spaniards into the water to collect scalps. The remaining Spanish coolly opened fire on the British, killing Hanxleden and nineteen others. The British troops then disengaged and retreated

Minor also participated in the  conquest of Pensacola (1781) by  later in the year Spanish Field Marshal Gálvez completing the Spanish conquest of West Florida.

These actions were condoned by the revolting American colonies, partially evidenced by the presence of Oliver Pollack, representative of the American Continental Congress, and due to the fact that Mobile and West Florida, for the most part, remained loyal to the British Crown. The fort was renamed Fortaleza Carlota, with the Spanish holding Mobile as a part of Spanish West Florida until 1813, when it was seized by United States General James Wilkinson during the War of 1812.

Stephen Minor and Manuel Gayoso de Lemos

In return for his military services under Galvez, Minor was accorded the rank of Captain and granted the land on which the city of Natchez was built. In 1781, Galvez appointed Minor adjutant of the military post at Natchez commanded by Gayoso de Lemos.

Minor received a commission as a captain in the Spanish army, and he served as the adjutant of Fort Panmure at Natchez. During this time, Minor also assisted Spanish governor Manuel Gayoso de Lemos in various administrative duties. He also provided the Anglo-American settlers and Natchez Indians of the district liaison with the Spanish officials, who often referred to him as “Don Esteban.”

Manuel Luis Gayoso de Lemos Amorín y Magallanes (1747 – 1799) was born in Oporto, Portugal to Spanish consul Manuel Luis Gayoso de Lemos y Sarmiento and Theresa Angélica de Amorín y Magallanes, he received his education in London, where his parents were living.  He was said to have the accent and manners of the British.

Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, Governor of Natchez

Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, Governor of Natchez

At age 23 Manuel Gayoso de Lemos joined the military, the Spanish Lisbon Regiment as a cadet (1771) and was commissioned ensign  the following year. The Lisbon Regiment had been reassigned from Havana to New Orleans since the Spanish entry under Field Marshal Alejandro O’Reilly in 1769.  (Like many so-called “Wild Geese” of his generation, O’Reilly  left Ireland to serve in foreign,Catholic armies.)

Throughout his life Gayoso de Lemos retained his military rank and he was a brigadier at the time of his death. Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos married three times. His first marriage was to Theresa Margarita Hopman y Pereira of Lisbon, with whom he had two children. In 1792 he married Elizabeth Watts of Philadelphia and Louisiana; she died three months later. He then married Elizabeth’s sister, Margaret Cyrilla Watts, with whom he had one son.

On Nov  3, 1787, Manuel Gayoso de Lemos assumed military and civil command of the fort and the newly organized District of Natchez (West Florida), having been appointed district governor by Governor-General Esteban Rodríguez Miró, governor of Louisiana and West Florida. On his arrival, Gayoso de Lemos established an informal cabildo (council) of landed planters which was formalized in 1792. Most of the council were of non-Spanish origin having come down from the Ohio River Valley settlements (especially Kentucky).

From The Sins of Manuel Gayoso – “Natchez was a rough, lawless frontier settlement when Gayoso arrived in 1789. There were about twenty houses, most of them rough framed affairs, sparsely furnished. Kentuckians and other westerners descended the Mississippi with flatboats of goods to sell, unloaded their cargoes, then raised hell in the taverns. Often they stole a horse to get back home, via the Natchez Trace. Stolen goods frequently changed hands in the taverns for the price of a few drinks. Counterfeiting was big business, and slaves were common targets for thievery. Gayoso himself was ripped off by an American traveler to whom he extended hospitality, losing two slaves, a shotgun, carbine, bridles, and two saddles. (The thief was caught and returned for trial.)

Gayoso sought to lower the high rate of homicide in his frontier district by banning knives and pistols, but outlaws with a penchant for stabbing circumvented the law by fashioning effective stilettos of hardened wood. As governor, Gayoso was the chief magistrate and possessed the power to adjudicate disputes and arrange settlements. In Natchez Saturday was court day, and Gayoso spent virtually the entire day hearing complaints of various types and rendering his decisions. He was as tough on miscreants as his authority allowed, petitioning Miró unsuccessfully for the funds to build a jail. Gayoso had considerable power over the church in his district. Because the governors were considered the Spanish King’s representatives the new world, they had the power to create new bishoprics, dioceses, parishes, and other church posts. Gayoso was tolerant of various religious sects in Natchez, but he didn’t take any guff off the priests and didn’t hesitate to let them know who was boss.

Miró left the governorship of Louisiana in 1791 and returned to Spain. Gayoso had hoped to replace him, but was disappointed when Francisco Luis Hector de Carondelet was appointed in his place. Despite initial reason for tension, the two men seemed to have had an effective working relationship. When Carondelet arrived in 1791, he was appalled at the state of Spain’s defenses on the lower Mississippi. Together, Gayoso and Carondelet set about a long-term program to beef up Spain’s military defenses. At Gayoso’s urging, Carondelet created the Squadron of the Mississippi, which came to include six galleys, four galiots, one bombardier, and six cannon launches. In 1795, the crew members numbered over 300. The larger galleys boasted an 18-pounder cannon and eight to ten swivel guns. They were used for reconnaissance expeditions up and down the Mississippi.

Gayoso also recommended to Carondelet construction of additional forts in the Mississippi Valley. They beefed up defenses in Nogales, Natchez, New Orleans, and Baton Rouge. Gayoso beat the Americans to Chickasaw Bluffs through painstaking negotiations with the Chickasaws, who finally consented to let Spain build a small military post there. Gayoso was supported by a majority of the ships in the Spanish squadron when he established a new military post at Chickasaw Bluffs in 1795.

The new fortifications aside, Gayoso believed that the primary defense of Louisiana lay not in expensive permanent forts, but in the willingness of Natchez settlers to defend their homes and plantations. Louisiana had a regular battalion of infantry—at least on paper (in fact, the battalion was never at full strength despite recruiting efforts in Mexico and emptying out all the jails in the Spanish empire). Gayoso persuaded Carondelet to organize a real militia, though Carondelet was mistrustful of the French settlers in Natchez and was reluctant to give them too much leeway. Gayoso persevered, and by the fall of 1793, he had organized two companies of infantry, two of cavalry, and one of artillery for Natchez.”

Gayoso de Lemos continued to encourage American settlement on Spanish soil, especially by Catholics, notably the Irish and the Scots, and those who brought significant property. He moved the administrative part of the town of Natchez from the waterfront up onto the bluffs. One of the most troubling aspects during his civil administration was confusion in the land titles, with a number of inconsistent land grants. Unfortunately, Rodríguez Miró’s successor, Governor-General Carondelet was not amenable to rectifying the problem.

While in Natchez, Gayoso de Lemos used Americans freebooters, notably General  James Wilkinson and Philip Nolan to help limit the growth of the United States. Also to this end, Gayoso de Lemos entered into alliances with the local Indian tribes and signed formal treaties with them in 1792, 1793, and 1795. Under his direction the Spanish fortified the Mississippi at Nogales (later Walnut Hills, then later changed to Vicksburg) and Chickasaw Bluffs (later Memphis). He was instrumental in acquiring the information from James Wilkinson concerning the proposed US attack on New Orleans in 1793 by General George Rogers Clark.

Several years  after the death of his wife, Elizabeth,  Gayoso began courting the younger sister of his second wife, Margaret Cyrilla Watts. However, the road to matrimony was far from smooth. When Gayoso sailed north to New Madrid in 1795 (where he happened to run into young William Clark), ugly rumors circulated to the effect that he was keeping a mistress there, had built a house for her, and intended to marry her. Governor Carondelet heard the rumors and was disturbed enough to write to Gayoso, reminding him that it was common knowledge that he had “lived as a husband” to Margaret Watts in Natchez and that if he didn’t behave himself, he was going to get in trouble with the Bishop of New Orleans.

Gayoso finally requested a royal license to marry Margaret in early 1796. Carondelet forwarded the paperwork through the captain-general of Cuba to the secretary of war. Official permission was not forthcoming until March 1797, by which time Margaret was noticeably pregnant. Concerned about their status, Gayoso asked Carondelet to grant interim permission, which he declined to do.

On July 14, 1797, Margaret gave birth to a healthy son, whom they named Fernando. When the Gayosos went to New Orleans later that year, an interesting religious ceremony took place, in which the Bishop baptized young Fernando and married his parents.

Under the terms of Pinckney’s Treaty promulgated in 1796, Spain agreed to relinquish the Natchez District to the United States. Thus Gayoso de Lemos oversaw the gradual Spanish withdrawal from the east-side of the middle Mississippi. In March 1797 the fort at Nogales was decommissioned with the troops and stores being moved to St. Louis.

Gayoso de Lemos succeeded Carondelet as Governor-General of Louisiana and West Florida on Aug 5, 1797 and  Minor briefly served as acting governor until the Spanish evacuated Natchez prior to April of 1798, when the Mississippi Territory was created by the United States Congress.

Gayoso died of yellow fever in Louisiana in 1799. Unkind gossips claimed that hard drinking with a visiting American general who was associated with several scandals and controversies — James Wilkinson—was a contributing factor.

Wilkinson served in the Continental Army, ,but was twice compelled to resign. He was twice the Commanding General of the United States Army, appointed first Governor of the Louisiana Territory in 1805,  and commanded two unsuccessful campaigns in the St. Lawrence theater during the War of 1812. After his death, he was discovered to have been a paid agent of the Spanish Crown.    Traitor extraordinaire James Wilkinson should be better known. I’m pretty well versed in American history and today is the first I’ve heard of him..

(See the Spanish Conspiracy by Frances Hunter.   I wonder if Stephen Minor assisted his mentor Manuel Gayoso in his undercover work.  Maybe he led the  300 Natchez militiamen deployed to New Orleans  in 1793 to help defend the port against “the Jacobin menace.” )

Mississippi Territory (1798 - 1817)

Mississippi Territory (1798 – 1817)

Minor was next appointed as one of the Spanish commissioners responsible for establishing the boundary between Florida and the United States during 1798 and 1799, running the lines between Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. He was in command of the Spanish forces in Vidalia, Louisiana, across the river from Natchez,  when the United States acquired this territory with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Minor was also a Spanish boundary commissioner for Louisiana during 1804 and 1805.

Owning plantations on Sandy and Second creeks in Adams County, Minor initially produced indigo and tobacco. Following the example of Governor Gayoso, he began planting cotton around 1795, and by 1797, just one of his plantations was yielding twenty-five hundred bales of cotton annually. Minor also owned forty thousand acres of land east of the Pearl River in Louisiana.

Stephen Minor purchased Concord, the former residence and plantation of Governor Gayoso, after the latter departed Natchez.

Over fifty years later, in its December 1850 session, the US Supreme Court affirmed the validity of Minor’s title to Concordia.  At issue was whether Gayoso gave Concordia to his second wife Margarett Watts to use as she pleased or whether Gayosa’s infant son Fernando should have inherited.  Also at issue was how the 1802 contract between the United States and Georgia and the 1803 Congressional Act regulating land grants south of Tennessee should be applied to this case.  You can read the arguments and the decision here.

Stephen Minor Portrait

Stephen Minor Portrait – By Edith Flisher, ca. 1900-1905 — A copy of William Edward West’s 1809 painting, with a transformation of a blue coat into this red


Some Interesting Events in Stephen’s Timeline

In 1788, Stephen Minor sold 300 acres to the Spanish government which included the bluff property.    Manuel Gayoso de Lemos   “drew a line from Front Street, facing the bluffs, and forbade the granting of lots west of it.”

Natchez Bluff Park

Natchez Bluff Park

From 1804 to 1806, Congress was involved in a dispute over the bluff property involving 30 acres, which was eventually provided the Town of Natchez.   In 1804 the (Natchez) Common Council fell into legal controversy with the aristocrat-controlled Board of Trustees of Jefferson College in Washington over the college’s claim to the public square and the commons in Natchez. In 1803 the United States Congress granted the college, for revenue purposes, two lots in Natchez and thirty acres of federal property in the city, with the tracts to be picked by the governor. Despite loud cries of protest from the Natchez officials,  Gov. C.C.  Claiborne chose two lots on the public square, and Cato West, acting governor  of the Mississippi Territory  in 1803, picked as the thirty-acre site the city commons on the bluff…The issue was not settled until 1816 when the city ‘won permanent and clear title to the tracts’.

At noon Thursday, May 11, 1797, [Concordia Sentinel by Stanley Nelson] Englishman Francis Baily, the 21-year-old son of a London banker, arrived in Natchez on a flatboat loaded with flour. This was a tense time in Natchez country history — the Spanish flag was flying over Fort Panmure (Rosalie) and the American flag flying over Liberty Hill a few hundred yards to the north where the House on Ellicott Hill sits today. A treaty had transferred possession of Natchez to the Americans, but the Spanish had yet to leave town, causing great tension. Much excitement was also in the air over cotton, a crop which was transforming the economic fortunes of the region, triggered by the invention of Eli Whitney’s saw gin.”There is a great deal of cotton raised in this district,” Baily wrote in his journal, which was later published in a book. “There are several jennies erected…in order to extricate the seed from the cotton.” On the bank of the Mississippi River at Natchez, Baily observed one gin owned by Stephen Minor and his partner that was “worked by two horses, which will give 500 lbs. of clear cotton in a day.”

Not long after inspecting Minor’s gin on the river bank, Bailey prepared to take off for New Orleans. When the owners of the flatboat that transported Baily to Natchez sold their flour, the owner and crew headed back home through the wilderness along what became known as the Natchez Trace.

Flatboat going down the Mississippi

Bailey found a ride south on another flatboat, owned by a Mr. Douglass, “laden with cotton” bought at Natchez. Baily said the cotton was loaded into bags weighing about 200 pounds each and that the flatboat held an estimated 250 bags, about 25 tons. Douglass charged farmers and merchants an average of $1.50 per bag of cotton, garnering him a fee of about $375 for the entire shipment.

The flatboat was the only really serviceable type of river craft, for it would go where there was water enough for a muskrat to swim in, would glide unscathed over the concealed snag or, thrusting its corner into the soft mud of some protruding bank, swing around and go on as well stern first as before. The flatboat was the sum of human ingenuity applied to river navigation. Even (keeled) barges were proving failures and passing into disuse, as the cost of poling them upstream was greater than any profit to be reaped from the voyage.

1800-1810 – When Natchez lawyer, judge, Congressman and finally Senator  George Poindexter, a man often embroiled in controversy, challenged Minor to a duel in the early 1800s for some alleged slight, Natchez citizens thought he was insane. One friend advised Poindexter to back off, noting, “You must look to him (Minor). Whatever Major Minor states, upon his honor, you, and every other gentleman, are bound to accept.”

Poindexter was involved in two other shootings. When former U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in 1807 for the alleged Burr conspiracy, Poindexter conducted the prosecution until Burr’s escape from custody.  Poindexter’s outspoken opposition to the Federalist Party resulted in criticisms from merchant Abijah Hunt, possibly the richest man in Mississippi Territory.

George Poindexter - US Senator from Mississippi - was bi-polar and a binge drinker. Quick tempered, Poindexter often clashed with adversaries and often challenged others to duels.

George Poindexter – US Senator from Mississippi – was bi-polar and a binge drinker. Quick tempered, Poindexter often clashed with adversaries and often challenged others to duels.

When Hunt criticized him, Poindexter challenged Hunt to a duel and the quick moving affair ended up on the dueling grounds of Concordia on the plantation known as Palo Alto, located about a mile north of the Post of Concord (Vidalia) and owned by Stephen Minor of Natchez.  Poindexter  killed Hunt resulting in controversy and unsubstantiated claims that accused Poindexter of firing prematurely.

In 1834 when he was  President pro tempore of the Senate,  Poindexter had his Washington, D.C. home painted by Richard Lawrence. Lawrence, a deranged man, thought he was the ruler of England and the United States and that Andrew Jackson was a usurper. In Jan 1835 Lawrence shot at Jackson with two pistols while the President was attending a memorial service for a Congressman at the House of Representatives. It was the first attempt to assassinate a President. Jackson accused various political enemies as being behind Lawrence.  Among them was Poindexter, who denied any connection except for the painting. But the accusations followed Poindexter back to Mississippi. He was unsuccessful for a second term.

The Yellow Duchess

Another Yellow Dutchess

Another Yellow Duchess

Stephen Minor’s wife Katherine Lintot was known as “The Yellow Duchess” . She is buried under the massive tomb to the left and her husband is buried next to her under the “table top” tombstone. She was known as the “Yellow Duchess” because of her fondness for the color yellow. Everything she owned was yellow. Including her clothes, carriage and furniture. She even had a flower garden full of yellow roses. She insisted that her horses be Palominos,  and her slaves mulatto. Being of Spanish Royalty she had very great wealth and it is said she was buried with much of her gold. Therefore a massive structure was placed over her grave to prevent grave robbery. But no, she did not die of Yellow Fever – a disease that took many lives in Natchez.


Yellow Duchess Grave

Katherine is buried under the massive tomb to the left and Stephen is buried next to her under the “table top” tombstone.It is said that the Yellow Dutchess was buried with much of her gold and this massive structure was placed to prevent grave robbery. – Natchez City Cemetery


Philip Nolan Jr.

Katherine’s sister Fanny, married Philip Nolan, Sr.  (wiki), who lost hits life while on an illegal horse hunting expedition at the site of present-day Waco, Texas, in 1797. His infant son, Philip, Jr., was reared by Stephen Minor. Philip Nolan, Jr., apparently lived out his life using the surname of his Uncle Stephen Minor. It was Philip, Jr., who built Linwood Plantation (circa 1840 to 1939) near Ashland (1841- ), the plantation home of Stephen’s grandson Duncan F. Kenner in Ascension Parish, Louisiana.

Philip Nolan (1771 Belfast, Ireland– 21 Mar 1801 Hill County) was a horse-trader and freebooter in Natchez, on the Mississippi River, and the Spanish province of Tejas (Aka Texas).

He is not to be confused with the fictional Philip Nolan of “The Man Without a Country” by Edward Everett Hale whose background was only loosely based on the real Philip Nolan’s exploits. Hale had intended to make his fictional character Philip Nolan’s brother, but, misremembering the real Nolan’s name as “Nathaniel”, named his character “Philip” (the apostles Philip and Nathaniel being frequently mentioned together in the New Testament). In editions printed after Hale discovered his mistake, the word “brother” was therefore changed to “cousin”, and Hale wrote The Real Philip Nolan by way of atonement.

At the age of fifteen, Nolan went to work for the Kentucky and Louisiana entrepreneur James Wilkinson as his business secretary and bookkeeper (1788–1791). He handled much of Wilkinson’s New Orleans trade and became conversant in Spanish. During this time, he became acquainted with Manuel Luis Gayoso the district governor for Natchez.

In 1791, using the influence of Wilkinson, Nolan obtained a trading passport from the Spanish governor of Louisiana and West Florida, Esteban Rodríguez Miró. He left Wilkinson’s employ and set out to trade with the Indian tribes across the Mississippi.  This trade was not legitimate, but was perhaps winked at by the Spanish authorities.  The passport was void in Texas, and his goods were confiscated by Spanish authorities. Nonetheless, and after living with the Indians for two years, Nolan returned to New Orleans with fifty horses.

He made a second trip to Texas in 1794-1795, with a passport from the Louisiana governor. He made acquaintance with Texas Governor Manuel Muñoz and the commandant general of the Provincias InternasPedro de Nava. It was on this trip that he met his first wife. This time he brought back 250 horses.

In 1796, Nolan worked for Andrew Ellicott, boundary commissioner for the United States who was mapping up the Missouri River.  [Stephen Minor had previously worked with Ellicott mapping the border between Florida and the Mississippi Territory. ] Governor Gayoso de Lemos was not pleased when Nolan arrived at Natchez accompanied by the surveying party.

But Nolan managed to patch things up, at least with Governor Carondelet in New Orleans, and obtained a third passport to enter Texas, despite the fact that trade directly between Louisiana and Texas was still officially prohibited by Spain. Gayoso de Lemos was not fooled. He wrote directly to the viceroy of Mexico, warning him against foreigners (such as Nolan) who were stirring up the Texas Indians against Spanish rule.

In the summer of 1797, Nolan left on his third trip to Texas with a wagon train of trade goods, which he successfully brought to La Villa de San Fernando de Béxar, Spanish Texas (now San Antonio, the seat of Bexar County), where he insinuated himself in Spanish Texas society and married.  Commandant General Pedro de Nava was ordered by the viceroy not to deal with Nolan, but Governor Muñoz defended Nolan and provided him with safe conduct out of Texas. Nolan left his wife and daughter in Texas and came back to Natchez in the autumn of 1799 with more than 1,200 horses.

Nolan is sometimes credited with being the first to map Texas for the American frontiersmen, but his map has never been found. Nonetheless, his observations were passed on to Wilkinson, who used them to produce his map of the Texas-Louisiana frontier in 1804.

Philip Nolan was married twice, first to Maria Gertrudis Dolores Quiñones, with whom he had a daughter, Maria Josefa Nolan, born August 20, 1798, in what is now San Antonio. Philip was separated from Maria by, at least, July 1800.  He also married the former Frances “Fanny” Lintot, the daughter of Bernard Lintot, a prominent Natchez citizen, on December 19, 1799.  Frances bore him a son Philip Nolan, Jr., in July 1801, after he had left on his fourth and final trip to Texas.

Nolan was unable to obtain any more passports from the Spanish authorities. He conceived or borrowed a scheme to go illegally into Texas and perhaps other Mexican provinces. There is considerable dispute about the exact nature of this filibustering expedition; some claim that he promised his men that they would seize riches and land and create a kingdom for themselves. Nonetheless, he convinced some thirty frontiersmen that the expedition would make them rich. They crossed the border in October 1800 and headed north of Nacogdoches to capture wild mustangs. The Spanish soon heard of their activities, and Pedro de Nava ordered their arrest.

On March 21, 1801, a Spanish force of 120 men under the command of Lieutenant M. Múzquiz left Nacogdoches in pursuit of Nolan, whom they encountered entrenched and unwilling to surrender just upstream from where the current Nolan River flows into the larger Brazos (now in Hill County, Texas). Several of Nolan’s men surrendered immediately to the Spanish and after Nolan was killed, the remainder yielded. Nolan’s ears were cut off as evidence for Spain that he was dead.  The first-hand account of the expedition, capture and subsequent imprisonment is contained in the Memoirs of Ellis P. Bean, who was second in command of the expedition.  Also see this account of the Adventures of Philip Nolan and Ellis P. Bean from a history of Texas.


Concord in Ruins 

Concord was first the residence of Stephen Minor’s friend, the first Spanish Governor, Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, who built the house in 1794. Gayoso filled his mansion with ornate furniture imported from Spain and Santo Domingo, spent wildly and entertained lavishly. A friend described Gayoso during this time as “of high stature, and stoutly built,” and added, “he was fond of horses, of good cheer and madeira.” He owned matched bay horses, and a black and a roan. In 1799, he ordered a special “elastic jacket, which is very convenient apparel for a corpulent person to ride on horse back.”

To his beautiful home, Gayoso brought his second wife, an American beauty named Elizabeth Watts, in April 1792. Unfortunately, Elizabeth contracted a fever and died within three months of their marriage. A curious legend sprang up that the grief-stricken governor kept his dead wife in a tub filled with embalming fluid on the second story of Concord.

Gayoso’s mansion, “Concord,” was the social and political center of Natchez. A lady who remembered the mansion as a young girl gave this description:

The very first sight of the house, seen through a long vista of noble trees, as you enter the gate, forms a splendid picture. About half way from the gate is a large pond surrounded by gnarled old cedars, after which the road branches into two, on each side of an extensive sloping lawn, and the end of the delightful drive brings us to the house itself.

Built of brick with walls fully two feet thick, there is an air of massiveness and solidity about this grand old house that gives promise of centuries of useful existence before it shall succumb to the leveling hand of time.

On the ground floor a broad gallery paved with brick completely circles the house, and lofty pillars reaching to the roof support another broad gallery upon which all the second story rooms open. These pillars are about four feet in diameter, made of brick covered with mortar, which gives them the appearance of stone. Two winding flights of stairs, one on each side of the entrance, made of the purest white marble, lead from the ground to the upper gallery, where they meet in a solid slab of snow white marble about six feet wide and ten feet long … A vestibule paved with alternate squares of black and white marble, after the houses of Pompeii, leads through the richly carved front door into a broad hall extending the full length of the house.

After Gayoso de Lemos became Governor-General of Louisiana, he sold the house to Stephen Minor, who took over his former post. The Minor family moved after the Civil War and the home fell into a long period of deterioration. It burned in 1901, just as new owners made plans to refurbish it

Concord Natchez burned in 1901.  This postcard contains the only known photo

Concord Natchez burned in 1901. This postcard contains the only known photo

The original house resembled Ellicott’s Hill, with a front gallery under the main roof. Later in the 1810s, under the ownership of Steven Minor, the distinctive classical portico and side galleries were added, possibly designed by Levi Weeks, the architect of Auburn (1812), a Natchez mansion thought to be the first use of the classical orders in the form of “white columns” we’ve all come to associate with the antebellum South. Many early authors assumed Concord’s portico was original and thus ascribed a level of sophistication to the Spanish period that really came later in the American period.

The Mississippian created his own architecture; his slave labor was unskilled, his models no more than pictures or memories; his real pattern was the Spanish. The result was the fusion of styles found at Natchez, predominantly Georgian in character, with columns and pediments relieved by the sloping roofs and galleries that broke across the classic fronts. In Concord, the former home of the Spanish governors at Natchez, which burned in 1901, this fusion probably reached its finest expression. The great columns that gave distinction to the building sprang from the earth itself. The lower story was extended to the face of the upper verandah, whose slender balustrade and smaller piazza posts were deeply recessed under the eaves of the light roof. The effect was Spanish West Indian as much as Greek.

Plan of Concord 1 - Mississippi Dept. of Archives and History Catalog

Plan of Concord 1 – Mississippi Dept. of Archives and History Catalog

Mississippi State Archives

Plan of Concord 2

Plan of Concord 2

Nevertheless, the house was important both architecturally and historically, and was seen as such before it burned, as you can see below.

First Mansion Built in the State
Gives Way to the Fire
Marble Mantels and Cornices from
Spain–Nothing Left but

a Memory

Concord Ruins 1940

Concord Ruins 1940

Another grand old ante-bellum mansion, one of the many that have made this section famous, lies in ruins, a victim of the fire fiend. The mansion in question is the historic old “Concord,” built by the Spanish Governor, Carlos de Grand Pre, in 1789, who was commandant here from 1786 to 1792.

It was then known as “Grand Pre.” In 1792 Don Manuel Gayosa de Lemos succeeded Governor Grand Pre and he changed the name of the mansion to “Concord.” In 1798 Stephen Minor succeeded Governor Gayosa and occupied “Concord.” The mansion remained as the property of the Minors until some years ago when it was sold to Dr. Stephen Kelly, president of the Fifth National bank of New York, but formerly of this city.

As fate would have it, Dr. Kelly’s son arrived in Natchez day before yesterday on his bridal tour and is now occupying “Melrose,” another old ante-bellum mansion of the Kelly estate.

Concord is in a large grove and was built of brick with a large wide gallery extending around the four sides. A double stone staircase leads from the grand driveway to the second floor. The mantels were of marble quarried in Spain and brought here for Grand Pre.

One of the historical incidents mentioned in connection with Concord is the story that in the old library at “Concord” Aaron Burr endeavored to persuade Governor Minor to co-operate with him in his nefarious plot against the Federal Government.

After Burr left the Vice-Presidency at the end of his term in 1805, he journeyed into what was then the West, areas west of the Allegheny Mountains, particularly the Ohio River Valley and the lands acquired in the Louisiana Purchase drumming up support for his plans. Burr had leased 40,000 acres of land (known as the Bastrop Tract) along the Ouachita River, in what is now Louisiana, from the Spanish government.

Aaron Burr (1756 - 1836)

Aaron Burr (1756 – 1836)

His most important contact was General James Wilkinson, Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Army at New Orleans and Governor of the Louisiana Territory. Others included Harman Blennerhassett, who offered the use of his private island for training and outfitting Burr’s expedition. Wilkinson was later proved to be a bad choice.

Burr saw war with Spain as a distinct possibility. In case of a war declaration, Andrew Jackson stood ready to help Burr, who would be in position to immediately join in. Burr’s expedition of about eighty men carried modest arms for hunting, and no materiel was ever revealed, even when Blennerhassett Island was seized by Ohio militia.  His “conspiracy”, he always avowed, was that if he settled there with a large group of (armed) “farmers” and war broke out, he would have an army with which to fight and claim land for himself, thus recouping his fortunes. However, the 1819 Adams-Onís Treaty secured Florida for the United States without a fight, and war in Texas didn’t occur until 1836, the year of Burr’s death.

After a near-incident with Spanish forces at Natchitoches, Wilkinson decided he could best serve his conflicting interests by betraying Burr’s plans to President Jefferson and to his Spanish paymasters. Jefferson issued an order for Burr’s arrest, declaring him a traitor even before an indictment. Burr read this in a newspaper in the Territory of Orleans on Jan 10, 1807. Jefferson’s warrant put Federal agents on his trail. He turned himself in to the Federal authorities twice. Two judges found his actions legal and released him. Jefferson’s warrant, however, followed Burr, who then fled toward Spanish Florida; he was intercepted at Wakefield, in Mississippi Territory (now in the state of Alabama) on Feb 19 1807, and confined to Fort Stoddert after being arrested on charges of treason. 

Burr’s secret correspondence with Anthony Merry and the Marquis of Casa Yrujo, the British and Spanish ministers at Washington, was eventually revealed. It had been to secure money and to conceal his real designs, which were to help Mexico to overthrow Spanish power in the Southwest, and to found a dynasty in what would have become former Mexican territory. This was a misdemeanor, based on the Neutrality Act of 1794 passed to block filibuster expeditions like those questionable enterprises of George Rogers Clark and William Blount.  Jefferson, however, sought the highest charges against Burr.

In 1807, on a charge of treason, Burr was brought to trial before the United States Circuit Court at Richmond, Virginia. His defense lawyers included Edmund RandolphJohn Wickham and Luther Martin. Burr was arraigned four times for treason before a grand jury indicted him. This was surprising since the only physical evidence presented to the Grand Jury was Wilkinson’s so-called letter from Burr which proposed the idea of stealing land in the Louisiana Purchase. During the Jury’s examination it was discovered that the letter was written in Wilkinson’s own handwriting – a “copy,” he said, because he had “lost” the original. The Grand Jury threw the letter out, and the news made a laughingstock of the General for the rest of the proceedings. The trial, presided over by Chief Justice of the United States John Marshall, began on August 3.

Article 3, Section 3 of the United States Constitution requires that treason either be admitted in open court, or proved by an overt act witnessed by two people. Since no two witnesses came forward, Burr was acquitted on September 1, in spite of the full force of the Jefferson administration’s political influence thrown against him.  Immediately afterward, he was tried on a more appropriate misdemeanor charge, but was again acquitted.

Concord Natchez

Concord Natchez prior to 1901

Among the noted men who have been entertained at “Concord” were General Anthony Wayne, General Lafayette, Jefferson Davis, Aaron Burr and Winthrop Sargent, the first territorial governor of the Mississippi Territory,

Mississippi Territory ~~ Winthrop Sargent ~Issue of 1948

Mississippi Territory ~~ Winthrop Sargent ~Issue of 1948

The entertainments at Concord were the most famous and lavish ever given in this section, even in the days when regal splendor was the order at all the social divertissements of the upper ten.

Of late years the place has been occupied by Mr. Herman Stier, a well known and prosperous meat butcher.

A few months ago “Concord” was the scene of a magnificent “country ball” given by the Duke and Duchess of Manchester. It was a reminder of the old time social festivals at “Concord” and was largely attended. It was a brilliant affair and made a suitable fluis to the social chapter in the history of “Concord.”

It was just after the town clocks struck the hour of 12 yesterday afternoon that the alarm was turned in. Though “Concord” was a mile beyond city limits the volunteer department hastened to respond. The firemen performed heroic work, but they were dependent upon a few cisterns for their water supply, which was very poor indeed. The old mansion was doomed.

The firemen assisted by numerous citizens directed their first efforts to saving the furniture in the building and succeeded in their endeavors.

Several of the rich marble mantels that were brought from Spain to add their splendid beauty to the magnificence of “Concord” were taken out before the roof caved in, but some were broken and will be of little use, save as mementoes of the famous mansion.

After the fire had played its part the relic hunters picked up small pieces of blackened stone broken from the cornices, also a product of Spanish stone quarries.

The value of the building was beyond estimate. In historic interest its value was beyond price, as its was easily the most famous of all antebellum mansions.

It was insured for $2500 through the Metcalfe Insurance Agency and $2500 through Major John Rawle’s insurance agency, making a total of $5000.


For their story, see my post Stephen Minor’s Children – Decadent Unionists



Minor Family Papers – Mississippi Dept of Archives and Records

William J. Minor and Family Papers -LSU Library

Posted in Artistic Representation, Historical Site, Immigrant - North America, Line - Miner, Pioneer, Public Office, Storied, Veteran | 11 Comments

John Vincent

John VINCENT (1608 – 1663) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Vincent Coat of Arms

Vincent Coat of Arms

John Vincent was born about 1608 in England. His parentage is quite uncertain. It has been alleged that he was the child of Sarah Allerton and her first husband, John Vincent.  If so, he was left behind in Europe and came to New England on his own as an adult.  He married Hannah SMITH. John died 1663 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Hannah Smith’s origins are not known.    The given and maiden names of his wife is unknown.  However, in the Yarmouth Vital Records are the cryptic entries on October 1676 and 5 December 1683 of a “Miss Vincent” dying.  These could be unmarried daughters or one may be the wife of John Vincent. [Yarmouth VRs, p. 125]

Children of  John and Hannah:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Elizabeth Vincent 1630 Thomas DEXTER Jr.
8 Nov 1648 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
19 Mar 1714 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
2. Sarah Vincent  1634 William Dexter (Thomas’ brother)
Jul 1653 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
3.  Henry Vincent  1635 Mary Matthews
15 Dec 1657 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
Yarmouth, Mas
4. Mary Vincent  1632 Benjamin Hammond (Son of William HAMMOND)
8 Nov 1648 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
1705 in Rochester, Plymouth Co., Mass

Legendary Mayflower Roots

The faulty research [or the undocumented leap] is that this John Vincent is the son of another John Vincent and Sarah Allerton, daughter of Edward ALLERTON and sister of Isaac ALLERTON of the Mayflower.  Sarah Allerton’s first husband John Vincent was born about 1590 in: London, Middlesex, England. He and Sarah married about 1608 in Leiden. John died about 1610 at: Leiden, Zuid-Holland.  Some researchers have given John and Sarah a son John, but no documentation has been found, and suggest Sarah brought 5 children with her in 1623 – the only children documented are Mary Priest, Sarah Priest and Samuel Cuthbertson

In Leiden on 4 Nov 1611, Degory Priest of London married Sarah Vincent, widow of Jan Vincent of London. [Mayflower Descendant 7:129-30].  Together they have two daughters. Priest dies on 1 Jan 1620/21 and news of that event is conveyed back to Leiden where his widow remarries in November 1621 to Godbert Godbertson [sometimes transliterated as  Cuthbert Cuthbertson].  All four, that is, Sarah, Godbert and her two daughters, arrive in Plymouth in 1623 on the Anne. Both Godbert and Sarah die “without will” before 24 Oct 1633 when their inventory was spoken of. [Plymouth Colony Records 1:11-13].  Eventually their estate was settled on 3 Aug 1640 to John Combe and Phineas Pratt who had married the two daughters of Digory and Sarah (Allerton) Priest.

No mention of John Vincent, the man of Sandwich, is ever made in connection with Sarah (Allerton) (Vincent) (Priest) Godbertson, whether in Plymouth or Leiden records.  One would have to believe that the younger John Vincent was left in England and Sarah went to Leiden alone.  After all the intensive research done on Mayflower families I find it hard to believe that not one record has surfaced that ties the two together in some way.  Unlike some theories, here the timeline works.  A woman born in 1575 has a son in 1600 and then two more daughters in 1613 and 1615 (when she is about forty) and no more children.  Isaac Allerton’s birth year is ca. 1586 based on his own deposition and it all holds together.

However, John Vincent is a much more common name than you would think.  A search in the IGI for parish records (not patron submissions) shows four John Vincents born in London between 1600 and 1610.  If you include all of England and reduce the birth years to 1600 to 1604, there are still 14 John Vincents.  Certainly the John Vincent of Sandwich was a man of some social importance.  He is a leader of Sandwich from the beginning and given the honorific “Mr.” in town records.  Further research is needed in England to find his origins.  However, for now, his connection with Sarah Allerton is based solely on her marriage record as a widow of John Vincent.  Intriguing? Yes.  Evidence?  No.  Certainly not anywhere close to being a reasonable determination of a relationship.

John Vincent Bio

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families Vol 1, p 68: The Indian title to the lands in Sandwich was purchased by William Bradford and his partners of the old Plymouth Company in 1637, for £16, 19 shillings, payable “in commodities,” and Jan 24, 1647/48, they assigned their rights to Edmund FREEMAN, and on the 26th of February following, he assigned the same to George Allen, John VINCENT, William Newland, Robert Botfish. Anthony Wright and Richard Bourne, a committee of the proprietors of the town of Sandwich.

John Vincent was of Saugus (today’s Lynn), Essex, MA by 1636 but was granted lands in Duxbury, Plymouth, MA.  His Duxbury land abutted the lands of Thomas Burgess and William BASSETT, both early settlers of Sandwich. He was made freeman in 1637.  In 1638, he was appointed Constable in Sandwich.

 6 March 1638 — Mr. John Vincent is elected constible of Sandith. and was sworne to searue in the said office from this Court to the end of the next government, vis, for a yeare and a quarter .”

By 1639 John sold the Duxbury land to Thomas Weybourne, and that same year was appointed Deputy to Plymouth Court from Sandwich. Also in 1639, he was appointed to go to Yarmouth to aid in establishing land rights.  He was also listed in the 1643 roster of persons between the age of 16 and 60 who were liable to bear arms.

John Vincent was in Sandwich as late as 1658 when he married for the second time but the moved to Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA.

This man has a research history very similar to John Ellis who also lived in Sandwich.  Both may or may not have ties with the Mayflower, but certainly some researchers have insisted they do.

The best write-up for John Vincent is by Harl Preslar Aldrich, Jr. in George Lathrop Cooley and Clara Elizabeth Hall: Their Ancestors and Descendants in America (Rockport, Me.: Penobscot Press, 2001), pp. 213-215.  Aldrich claims that John Vincent was in Duxbury by 1637, however, there is no record of him being admitted a freeman there.

He lives his life in Sandwich and later in Yarmouth, Mass.  He has four children, all of whom are captured from their own respective marriage records.  John Vincent himself leaves no will or probate.

5 Mar 1638/39 – The Colony Court ordered the Committee of the town of Yarmouth, consisting of Mr. Anthony Thacher, Mr. Thomas HOWES, Mr. John Crowe, Mr. Nicholas Sympkins, William Palmer, Philip Tabor and Joshua Barnes, to make the first division of the planting lands, to be divided equally “to each man according to his estate and quality, and according to their instructions.” Thacher, Howes and Crowe, had surveyed the lands during the previous winter, and it appears that Andrew HALLETT Sr. was also in Yarmouth, and had “assumed to himself” more land than was thought equitable, and the Colony Court appointed March 5, 1638/39, Joshua Pratt, of Plymouth, and Mr. John VINCENT of Sandwich, to view the lands, “and make report thereof unto the Court, that if these proportions which Mr. Andrew Hellott hath assumed to himself there shall be so p’judiciall to the whole, that then some just and equall order be taken therein, to prevent the evil consequences it may be to the whole plantation.”

No report of the committee is on record, and it would appear from the subsequent action of the Court that Mr. Hallett had not “assumed to himself” a greater proportion of the planting lands than he had a right to claim.

Vol 1 p 475 in an article on the Hallett family:’ Thacher, Howes and Crowe, had surveyed the lands during the previous winter, and the Mr. Hallett… had “assumed to himself” more land than was thought equitable, and the Colony Court appointed March 5, 1638-9, Joshua Pratt, of Plymouth, and Mr. John Vincient of Sandwich, to view the lands..’


John’s children in order of their marriages and therefore extrapolated births are: (i) Elizabeth m. Sandwich, 8 November 1648 [poss. confused with the next record; first child born in 1649], Thomas Dexter (Jr.) and born say 1625; (ii) Mary m. Sandwich 8 November 1648 [Sandwich VRs, p. 8] Benjamin Hammond, and born say 1627; (iii) Sarah m. 8 July 1653 at Barnstable [Mayflower Descendant 4:223] William Dexter [brother of Thomas above] and born say 1631; and (iv) Henry m. 15 December 1657 at Sandwich [Sandwich VRs, p. 15], Mary Matthews, and born say 1634.  The dating of the children is important because you need to be able to date the parents.  Based on the above information we can say that John Vincent was married about 1624 and was likely born about 1600.

1. Elizabeth VINCENT (See Thomas DEXTER Jr.‘s page)

Ensign Thomas Dexter married, Nov. 8, 1648, Mary or Elizabeth Vincent. The record of the marriage is mutilated, but this seems to be its true reading. In early times Mary and
Elizabeth were considered synonymous or interchangeable.

2. Sarah Vincent

Sarah’s husband William Dexter was born about 1630 in England His parents were Thomas DEXTER Sr and Mary HARPER. William died 1694 in Rochester, Plymouth, Mass.

William came to America with his father, and was in Barnstable in 1650. He lived on one of the two farms that his father bought. He took oath in Barnstable in 1657. He removed to Rochester, Mass. about 1679 and died there in 1694.

He was one of a party of thirty, which included such men as William Bradford, Kenelem Winslow, Thomas Hinckley and Rev. Samuel Arnold, who became the grantees of the town of Rochester.

Williamm died intestate, and his estate was settled by mutual agreement between the widow Sarah and her children, Stephen, Phillip, James, Thomas, John, and Benjamin Dexter, and her daughter Mary, wife of Moses Barlow. James, Thomas and John, had the Rochester lands, and Stephen, Phillip and Benjamin, the Barnstable estate. In the division of the meadows in 1694 William had 3 acres assigned him by the committee of the town, which was reduced to two by the arbitrators in 1697. Stephen and Phillip, the only children of William of sufficient age, were assigned 2 acres each. In 1703 Phillip had removed to Falmouth, and Stephen was the only one of the name who remained in town. He had 48 shares alloted to him in the division of the common lands, considerably more than the average, showing him to be a man of good estate.

Children of William and Elizabeth

i Mary Dexter, b. 11 Aug 1649 or Jan 1654 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1729 Mass; m. Moses Barlow. Removed to Rochester.

ii Stephen Dexter. b. Jan 1654 or May 1657 Barnstable, Mass; d. 1729 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass, probate 17 Mar 1729/30. m. 27 Apr 1696 to Ann Saunders. Stephen and Ann had ten children born between 1696 and 1714.

Stephen spent his whole life in Barnstable and made his home on the farm which was originally his grandfather Thomas’, at Dexter lane. West Barnstable. In 1703 he was the only one of the name left in Barnstable.

iii Philip Dexter, b. Sep 1659 Barstable, Barnstable, Mass; d. 10 Jun 1741 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass. m. Alice Allen; d.1741 Philip and Alice had nine children.

At the time of their marriage, Philip and Alice moved to Falmouth, where they spent the remainder of their life. He was miller there many years. At one time he was complained of for’ charging’ too high. But as he was the only miller, the people were dependent upon him. A committee was sent to consult with him. but the record does not reveal the result, but at a later period he was paid by the town £30 for his part of the mill and the land that the pond covered, so it may be that the matter was settled in that way. In 1712 he and Thomas Bowerman were appointed to lay out land of the ”New Purchase” into lots, etc. He was selectman, and also town clerk.

iv James Dexter, b. May 1662 Barnstable, Mass,; d. 15 Jul 1694 or 15 Jul 1697 Rochester, Mass; m. Rochester, Mass to Mary Tobey. James and Mary had three children born in Rochester.

James went to Rochester with his father. In 1712, after the death of the father, Mary, the daughter, being- a minor over 14, chose Jabez Dexter (a kinsman) for guardian. and Deborah chose Samuel Hunt for her guardian.

v. Thomas Dexter, b. Jul 1665; d. 31 July, 1744.; m1. 17 Jul 1695 to Mary Miller and had by her one sone; m2. 1702 to Sarah C. March No issue.

The son must have died before his father, for he is not mentioned in his will, and he leaves most of his property to Constant Dexter, who had been brouuht up by him. He gave land to Mary Sherman, wife of William Sherman, who was a daughter of his brother John, lie also gave land to Rose, or Rest, Dexter daughter of his brother John. He gave £3 each to the four daughters of his brother John and to the two daughters of his brother Benjamin. He gave £5 to the church, and all the balance to Constant Dexter, son of his brother Benjamin.

vi John Dexter, b. Aug 1668 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass; d. 31 Jul 1744 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass; m. 1702 to Sarah [__?__] ( – 21 Jan 1755). John and Sarah had seven children born between 1703 and 1724 all born at Rochester. John and Sarah had eleven children.

John was called yeoman in 1690. He sold land to Samuel Arnold and John Hammond, and in 1714 to James Winslow, and in 1716 to Thomas Dexter.

vii Benjamin Dexter, b. 16 Feb 1670 Barnstable, Mass; d. 18 May 1732 Rochester, Mass.; m. Sarah Arnold Sarah’s father was Rev. Samuel Arnold, who who was the second minister at Rochester, and also one of the grantees of the town. Her grandfather, Rev. Samuel Arnold, was third minister of Marshfield. Benjamin and Sarah had eleven children, all born in Rochester between 1697 and 1718.

Benjamin removed to Rochester with his father. He was a farmer and sold land in 1693 to Moses Barlow, in 1699 to John Hammond, in 1723 to Edward Winslow, in 1715 to John Corning. All of this land was inherited from his father.

Benjamin’s estate was valued at £1,047. At his death, his son James Dexter was made guardian of the two young children, Seth and Joanna.

3. Henry Vincent

Henry’s wife Mary Matthews’ origin is not known.

Child of Henry and Mary:

i. John Vincent b. 1685 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 2 Nov 1710 in Harwich, Mass. to Hannah Sears (b. 1 Jul 1685 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass -d. Harwich or Dennis ) John and Hannah had six children born between 1712 and 1732.

4. Mary Vincent

Mary’s husband Benjamin Hammond was born in 1621 in London, England. His parents were William HAMMOND and Elizabeth PAYNE. . He went to Sandwich, and there in 1650 married Mary Vincent.    Nothing is known as to his whereabouts from his arrival in Boston, in 1634, to his marriage to Mary Vincent in 1650, except that he was at Yarmouth in 1643.

There is some mention  in Otis book (on Barnstable): Vol 2, p 67:

‘It is reported that he [Benjamin Hammond – also not of Barnstable] married in 1650 Mary, daughter of Mr. John Vincent of Sandwich. This date is uncertain, for there was a Mary Hammon in Yarmouth in 1648. As there was only one family in town, I thence infer that she was the wife of Benjamin…. list of children: Samuel, who married Mary Hathaway of Dartmouth… John born Nov. 22, 1663, and his wife Mary Arnold… Nathan who married a Dexter, Benjamin. He had also three daughters, two died young, and one named Rose…This list of his children is imperfect. The William named in the following extract from the Boston Journal, was perhaps his oldest son… William Hamilton, born in Scotland…settled on Cape Cod…RI…died in CT in 1746…’

Children of Benjamin and Mary:

i. Mary Hammond, b. Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. young.

ii. Samuel Hammond, b. in 1655 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. m. Mary Hathaway of Darthmouth

iii. John Hammond , b. 22 Nov 1663 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 19 Apr 1749, O. S.; m. Mary Arnold

iv. Nathan Hammond b. in 1670 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. m. [__?__] Dexter

v. Benjamin Hammond, b. Nov. 1673.Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 29 Mar 1747.

vi. Rose Hammond, b. Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass;d. 20 Nov 1676.


Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

Posted in 13th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Public Office | Tagged , | 8 Comments

Thomas Dexter Sr.

Thomas DEXTER Sr. (1594 – 1676) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Dexter Coat of Arms

Dexter Coat of Arms

Thomas Dexter Sr. was born between 1594 and 1606 in Great Bowden, Leicestershire, England. Alternatively, he was born 24 Jan 1594 in Bristol, Somerset, England. His parents were Thomas DEXTER and Mary TOPLEY. He may have married 30 Jan 1612/13 Great Bowden, Leicestershire, England to Mary HARPER. Thomas died between 26 Oct 1676 and 9 Feb 1677 in Boston, Middlesex, Mass. and is buried in Kings Chapel Cemetery, Boston.

The identify of his wife(s) is not known.

Mary Fuller may have been born in 1597 in Bristol, Somerset, England. Mary died about 1629.

Mary Harper  may have been born 25 Dec 1590 in Great Bowden, Leicestershire, England.

Children of Thomas and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary Dexter b. 1617
John Frend
Oct 1639 Barnstable, Mass.
Captain James Oliver
 1680 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
2. Thomas DEXTER Jr. ~1623
Great Bowden, Leicestershire, England.
Elizabeth VINCENT
8 Nov 1648 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
30 Dec 1686 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
3. Frances Dexter 1626
Bristol, England
Richard Woode or Woodee 21 Apr 1718 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
4. William Dexter 1630, Alton, Wilts, England Sarah Vincent
8 May 1694 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass.

Thomas’ father Thomas Dexter was born in 1568 in Bristol, Somerset, England. Thomas most likely died in Somerset, England.

Thomas’ mother Mary Topley was born 1572 in England. Mary died in 1639 in Boston, Middlesex, Mass.

Genealogy of the Dexter Family in America, – “Of the early life of Thomas Dexter, the first ancestor of this line of Dexters to arrive in this country, but little is known. He came either with Mr. Endicott in 1629 or in the fleet with Governor Winthrop in 1630. He brought with him three of his children at least, and several servants. hut as there is no record of his wife, it is presumed that she died before they sailed from England. There is some reason to believe that they belonged in the neighborhood of Bristol, England. “for in the years that followed he had considerable dealing with people who lived there. In 1640 he gave a mortgage of his 500-acre farm at Lynn to Humphrey Hooke, alderman of Bristol, England.

He had received a good education, and wrote a beautiful hand, as papers now in existence will show: was a man of great energy of character, public-spirited, and ever ready to contribute to the support of any enterprise he thought to be of interest to the colony ; always independent, and fearless in the expression of his opinions. Such were the leading traits; but it must be admitted, says one writer, “that his energy of character bordered on stubbornness and his independence of thought on indiscretion and self-will.”

In 1630, in the prime of life and with ample means, he settled on a farm of 800 acres in the town of Lynn. Mass. He had many servants, and was called “Farmer Dexter.” The house was on the west side of the Saugus River, about where the iron works were afterward erected.

In 1633 he built a bridge over the Saugus River and stretched a weir across it, and a little later built a mill nearby.

He was greatly interested in starting the iron works, which were the first to be built in this section of the country, getting the iron ore from the Cape. He interested English capital in the enterprise and became the general manager. Some years later, becoming convinced that the enterprise could not prove satisfactory, he withdrew.

He became a freeman 18 May 1631, but soon lost the honor, for he was disfranchised on the 4th of March, 1633.

4 Mar 1632/33 – The court ordered that “Thomas Dexter shall be set in the bilbowes, disfranchised & fined £40 for speaking reproachful & seditious words against the government here established, & finding fault to diverse with the acts of the Court, saying this captious government will bring all to naught, adding that the best of them was but an attorney, &c.”

6 Sep 1638 – In the general amnesty, £30 of this fine was remitted

He had many quarrels and many vexatious lawsuits. In 1631 he had a quarrel with Captain Endicott (afterward Governor), in which the Salem magistrate struck Mr. Dexter, who had him complained of in court at Boston. Mr. Endicott said in his defense:

“I hear I am much complained of by Goodman Dexter for striking him. Understanding since it is not lawful for a ‘justice of the peace to strike, but if you had seen the manner of his carriage with such daring of me, with arms akimbo, it would have provoked a very patient man. He has given out that if I had a purse he would make me empty it, and if he cannot have justice here, he will do wonders in England, and if he cannot prevail there, he will try it out with me here at blows. If it were lawful for me to try it out at blows and he a fit man for me to deal with, you would not hear me complain.”

The jury gave Mr. Dexter a verdict of £10.

In 1633 the court ordered Mr. Dexter to be set in the bilboes, disfranchised and fined £10 for speaking reproachful and seditious words against the government here established.

Mr. Dexter, having been insulted by Samuel Hutchinson, met him one day on the road, “and jumping from his horse bestowed about twenty blows on the head and shoulders of Hutchinson, to the no small danger or deray of his senses as well as sensibilities.” These facts would indicate that Mr. Dexter was not a meek man.

In 1637 he and nine others obtained from the Plymouth Colony court a grant of the township of Sandwich. He went there and built the first grist mill.

Dexter's Mill

Dexter’s Mill

Dexter's Grist Mill

He did not remain there long, however, for in 1638, he had 350 acres assigned to him as one of the inhabitants of Lynn. He remained in Lynn until 1646. About this time he purchased two farms in Barnstable, one adjoining to the mill-stream and afterwards occupied by his son William, and the other farm on the northeastern declivity of ”Scorton Hill.” His dwelling’ was situated on the north side of the old county road, and commanded an extensive prospect of the country for miles around. Here he lived a quieter life, yet could not keep entirely free from lawsuits, for in 1648 he had no less than six lawsuits in court. all decided in his favor.


His greatest lawsuit was with the inhabitants  of Lynn over the ownership of the land where Nahant now  is. This land Mr. Dexter bought of the Indian chief Pognannm, or “Black Will.” paying- for the same a suit of good clothes. This he fenced in and used it to pasture his cows. The title to this was disputed by the other inhabitants (1657) who, if his claim was denied, would share in the division of the land. The result was a defeat for him and his heirs. although they kept it in court over thirty-eight years.

4 Aug 1646 – Admonished for sleeping in church

In 1657 Mr. Dexter took the oath of fidelity. He was admitted freeman of Plymouth Colony on June 1. 1658. For the next eighteen years he lived a quiet, retired life on his farm. During the later years of his life he appears to have conveyed his mill and his large real estate in Sandwich to his son Thomas, Jr. and his West Barnstable farm to his son William. retaining his Scorton Hill farm and his personal estate for his own use. He sold this last mentioned farm in 1676.  to William Troope (Throope).

Dexter's Grist Mill

Dexter’s Grist Mill – Sandwich

He then removed to Boston  that he might spend the remainder of his days with his daughter, who was the wife of Captain Oliver. He died there in 1677, and was buried in the Oliver tomb in King’s Chapel burying-ground.

Taken all in all. he was one of the foremost men of his times. He had faults: and who has not?  No attempt has been made in this to veil them. He was not one to hide his light under a bushel, and in estimating his character we must inquire what he did, not what he might have done. Who did more thanThomas Dexter to promote the interest of the infant colony at Lynn, with the building of the weir, the bridge, the mill and the great iron works? Who did more at Sandwich and at Barnstable, where he built bridges, mills and roads improvements that the public  took interest in? For these acts he is  deserving- credit, and they will forever embalm his memory. As to religious matters he was a member of the Puritan Church, yet tolerant and liberal in his views.”


1630 – Migration, first residence: Lynn

3 May 1631 the Thomas Dexter’s accusation of battery against John Endicott was tried before a jury, which decided in favor of the plaintiff and awarded him 40s. damages

18 May 1631 – Freeman

3 Jul 1632 – The court ordered “that Thomas Dextor shall be bound to his good behavior till the next General Court, & fined £5 for his misdemeanor & insolent carriage & speeches to  Mr. Bradstreet, at his own house; also, at the General Court is bound to confess his fault”

7 Nov 1632 – £4 of the fine was forgiven

3 Sep 1633 – The differences between John Dillingham, Richard Wright and Thomas Dexter were referred to John Endicott and Increase Nowell for arbitration

4 Mar 1632/33 – The court ordered that “Thomas Dexter shall be set in the bilbowes, disfranchised & fined £40 for speaking reproachful & seditious words against the  government here established, & finding fault to diverse with the acts of the Court, saying this captious government will bring all to naught, adding that the best of them was but an attorney, &c.”

6 Sep 1638 – In the general amnesty, £30 of this fine was remitted

1 Oct 1633 – Thomas Dexter was fined 20s. for drunkenness

3 Apr 1637 – Thomas Dexter was one of the “ten men of Saugus” who were granted land to establish the town that would become Sandwich

Ten Men of Saugus

Thomas was the last named – Ten Men of Saugus

The record says: ”April 3, 1637, it is also agreed by the Court that these ten men of Saugus, viz., Edmund FREEMAN, Henry Feake, Thomas DEXTEREdward DILLINGHAM, William Wood, John Carman, Richard Chadwell, William Almy, Thomas Tupper, and George Knott, shall have liberty to view a place to sit down, and have sufficient lands for three-score families, upon the conditions propounded to them by the governor and Mr. Winslow.”

That year these men except Thomas Dexter, who came subsequently, settled with their families in and near that part of the town now occupied by the village of Sandwich.

Sandwich was the site of an early Quaker settlement. However, the settlement was not well-received, as their beliefs clashed with those of the Puritans who founded the town. Many Quakers left the town, either for further settlements along the Cape, or elsewhere. Early industry revolved around agriculture, with fishing and trading also providing for the town. Later, the town grew a small industrial component along the Scusset River and Old Harbor Creek and its tributaries.

6 Sep 1638 – In the general amnesty £30 of this fine was remitted

1638 Lynn land division – Granted 350 acres

24 Oct 1638 – “Thomas Dexter of Lynne …, yeoman … for my natural love and good affection that I bear unto my son & heir apparent Thomas Dexter” granted him one mansion house and appurtenances, and one water mill, and six hundred acres of land, meadow and pasture to the said mansion house belonging “lying and being in Sandwich by the Indians heretofore called Shawme” in Plymouth Colony, and if “my said sone … shall not think good to accept of the premises hereby granted, that I will pay him the sum of five hundred pounds upon reasonable demands”

30 Oct 1638 – The previous deed was amended to include Thomas Dexter’s gift of oxen, plough and a horse and to commit to writing the agreement that young Thomas would “pay or cause to be paid unto Mary Dexter & Frances Dexter his [Thomas the elder’s] daughters, for and towards their portions the sum of one hundred pounds” each when the younger Thomas “shall enter into & upon the said lands … after his marriage, or at such time as he or his executors … shall demand & receive the said five hundred pounds, in case the said Thomas Dexter above bounden should marry a wife and die at sea before his return into these parts of New England, or not be well advanced in marriage according to the good liking of the said Thomas Dexter the father”

16 Jul 1639 – Samuel Maverick of Noddle’s Island, gentleman, and Thomas Dexter of Lynn, yeoman, bound themselves in the amount of £800 to pay William Hooke, merchant, £436 on 16 Jan 1639/40

20 Aug 1640, Thomas Dexter of Lynn, yeoman, mortgaged the eight hundred acre farm in Lynn and twenty head of cattle to Humphrey Hooke for payment of a £500 judgment against Dexter [ Lechford 285-86]. This debt was not easily paid, and Aspinwall recorded that “Alderman Hooke of Bristol, merchant” and “Tho: Dexter of Linn” in a difference over £440 due to Hooke agreed to have four men value “lands towards or in satisfaction of the said debt” 10 September 1643.

“John Frend” had Thomas Lechford record a list of “money due to me from my father-in-law Thomas Dexter” about spring 1641. It included over £100 borrowed from Friend prior to the marriage and “My wife’s portion was to be 100. to be paid at the day of marriage w[hi]ch was in October 1639….” Evidently not being able to pay the various sums, Thomas Dexter bound the mill to Friend 26 June 1640

16 Apr 1640 – In the division of meadow at Sandwich “Mr. Thom[as] Dexter” was granted twenty-six acres “if he come to live here”

29 Jun 1640 – “Tho: Dexter of Lynne” granted to Mathew Cradock of London, merchant, in security “for the payment of one hundred & fifty pounds unto the said Math: Cradock his farm at Linne w[i]th the appurtenances thereof”

7 Nov 1640 – Aspinwall recorded a bond of £80 from Thomas Dexter to John Fish of “Wroxall in the county of Warwicke”

22 Dec 1640 – Samuel “Peerse” received £32 2s. for the use of Mr. Thomas Santley
from “Mr. Thomas Dexter of Linne”

26 Dec 1640 – Aspinwall recorded another bond from Dexter to Fish for £60

29 Jun 1641 – Thomas Dexter Sr. was ordered to return the sack and its contents taken
from William Harper He was in court against William Harper and arbiters were
assigned to the case 25 Jan 1641/42

27 Jun 1643 – He was still having troubles with the Harpers, this time Richard

27 Dec 1643 – At court Thomas Dexter was presented for “evading justice in challenging cattle of Mr. Otley under execution, and putting others in their room”

9 Jul 1644 – At court “six acres of land lying by Farmer Dexter, given him by the town, challenged by Tho. Dexter by a former gift. It is agreed that he shall have the six acres near Mr. Holliock’s twenty acres. He said that he bought one hundred and fifty acres, house and wares, at twelve pence per acre”

4 Nov 1645 – Robert Nash agreed to pay a considerable debt due Mr. Simon “Broadstreet” in beaver on behalf of Dexter,

31 Mar 1646 – At court Samuel Hutchinson of Lynn sued Thomas Dexter, Sr., of Lynn, for assault and battery and won a 40s. judgement against Dexter he depositions of several neighbors who were going to work and passed “Goodman Dexters” said that Dexter struck Hutchinson “with the great end of his stick about twenty blows, that the man was a quiet man and that Goodman Dexter had no cause to complain”

6 Apr 1646 – The Dexters were hard masters. Thomas Jenner found it necessary to write from Saco to John Winthrop asking Winthrop to see to the matter of a child of Mrs. Allin of Casco whose only son had been placed “by Mr. Tuckar and Mr. Cleaves” with “one Goodman Dexter of Lyn.” “The truth is, the boy is used very hardly: I saw the youth at Dexter’s own house most miserable in clothing, never did I see any worse in New England …”

Dexter was heard to say over the dying body of young Thomas Fish, crushed in the collapse of a bank at the mill dam, that “It is too late to go to work today”
6 Mar 1648/49 – “Mr. Thomas Dexter, Senior,” brought eight debt suits to court with mixed results

4 Aug 1646 – Thomas Dexter Sr. was admonished for “sleeping in time of service,”

Thomas Dexter was an early investor in the Saugus Ironworks, the first ironworks in North America, a great technological achievement in that time and place. It was built about 1646, closed by 1675, and was built near some ore deposits, as well as the Saugus River, which provided power to the ironworks. The site included a dam that provided power for forging, a blast furnace with a bellows, a reverbatory furnace, a trip-hammer forge, and rolling and slitting mills. It produced both cast and wrought iron.  One item produced there was nails, which were especially vital because so many new settlements were being built in the wilderness. They milled thin strips of wrought iron, slit these strips, and sold them. The customers then cut the nails and shaped the heads and points. The ironworkers formed a community there known as Hammersmith.

Working Forge Hammer at Saugus Ironworks (cover your ears!)

Working Forge Hammer at Saugus Ironworks (cover your ears!)

25 Jan 1646/47 – Thomas Dexter of Lynn, yeoman, sold to “Richard Ledder” for the use of the Saugus ironworks, all that land which by reason of a dam now agreed to be made shall overflow and all sufficient ground for a watercourse from the dam to the works to be erected, and also all the land between the ancient watercourse and the next extended flume or watercourse together with five acres and an half of land lying in the cornfield most convenient for the ironworks and also two convenient cartways that is to say one on each side of the premises as by a deed indented bearing date the twenty-seventh of January 1645 more at large appeareth.

Jannetje LOZIER‘s father-in-law Alexander Ennis , came to America as a prisoner of war after the Battle of Dunbar.  . Sixty-two of the consigned men on the Unity, including Alexander Ennis, were sent to the Saugus Ironworks at Lynn, Massachusetts.  He was listed on an inventory of the iron works dated Nov 1653. The inventory was a result of lawsuits resulting from financial diffulties. The Scots were valued at £10 each, though Giffard protested that they were worth twice that amount and some of the Scots more than that.

The indentured Scots were employed in a variety of tasks, including acting as forge hands, assisting the colliers (who produced the charcoal for the iron works), and even keeping Hammersmith’s cattle. Giffard was directed to use most of the Scots as woodcutters to supply the colliers. Some were taught the trades of “smiths, colliers, carpenters, sawyers, finers, and hammerman” (according to Carlson). Giffard stated that these men “would neare have managed the Compa(ny’s) business themselves, and have saved them many hundreds of pounds in a yeare.” Carlson stated, “The Scots of Hammersmith were for the most part unskilled laborers. (See my post Scottish Prisoners)

Saugus Iron Works, Saugus, MA

Saugus Iron Works, Saugus, MA

1647 – “Farmer Thomas Dexter” caused copies of a 1638 agreement between him and Richard Chadwell of Sandwich to be entered in the court records at Plymouth as they began arbitration of a debt

By 1648 – Removed to Sandwich

7 Jun 1648 and 4 Jun 1650 – Highway surveyor, Sandwich,

30 Jun 1648 – Thomas Dexter was described as “late of Lin & now of Sandwich” when he confirmed that he had assigned one hundred acres of plowland and five hundred thirty acres of pasture near Charlestown line to Samuel Bennet as ordered by Mr. William Hooke. William Hooke wrote of the matter to John Winthrop, indicating that he would give Dexter as much time as he could, but that his father pressed for the money

7 Oct 1651 Petit jury

7 Jun 1652 – Plymouth Colony grand jury

3 May 1653 – He was ordered to record the bounds of his allotment at Conahassett

4 Oct 1653 – He asked that someone go and set the bounds of his property at Barnstable, Eventually Governor Prence went, but there was no settlement of the issue, even as late as 1680

20 Jun 1654 – Committee to lay out a highway,

6 Mar 1654/55 Petit jury,

5 Jun 1656 and 2 Oct 1660 Committee to set the bounds between Sandwich and Plymouth,

By 1657 – Removed to Barnstable

30 Jun 1657 – At court Thomas Dexter sued the town of Lynn for trespass, claiming that he owned Nahant. Among the many depositions brought in regarding this case, “Christopher Linse” succinctly stated that “Thomas Dexter bought Nahant of Black Will or Duke William, and employed him [Linse] to fence part of it when he lived with Thomas Dexter.” William Winter, aged seventy three years or thereabouts, remembered that “Black Will or Duke William …came to my house (which was two or three miles from Nahant) when Thomas Dexter had bought Nahant of him for a suit of clothes” and asked him what he would give for the land Winter’s house stood on [ EQC 2:43]. The court found for the defendants. Thomas Dexter and his son-in-law Richard Wooddy appealled.

1 Jun 1658 – Admitted freeman of Plymouth Colony . (Oath of fidelity, Barnstable list of 1657 (as “Mr. Thomas Dexter, Seni[o]r”) Barnstable section of Plymouth Colony list of freemen of about 1658

7 Jun 1659 – Plymouth Colony grand jury

29 May 1670 –  In Barnstable section of freeman’s list (as “Mr. Tho: Dexter, Seni[o]r”)

1 Jun 1675 – Committee to gather in the minister’s maintenance at Sandwich

By 1676 – Removed to Boston

9 Feb 1676/77 – Administration was taken on the estate of “Thomas Dexter Senior” by
“Capt. James Oliver his son-in-law and Thomas Dexter Jr., his grandson” The
grandson soon died and in court in November 1679 “Ensign Ri[chard] Woodde” was named in his place.

25 Apr 1677 – An inventory was sworn 25 April 1677 on the estate of “Thomas Dexter Senior late deceased in Boston and as far as is known” totalling £70 with no land, except “a claim of some lands” at Lynn, which were unvalued.

Capt. James Oliver and Thomas Dexter, Jr., administrators of the estate of selectman Thomas Dexter Sr., deceased, sued the town of Lynn and Thomas Laiton regarding the ownership of Nahant, appealing the Court of Assistants’ ruling of 1 Sep 1657

26 Nov 1678 – The judgment was in favor of Lynn. The most telling evidence against Dexter was probably the deposition of about 1677 made by “Clement Couldam aged about fifty-five years” who said that “about thirty-four years since he lived with old Thomas Dexter and the latter coming from the town meeting told Mr. Sharp of Salem, in his hearing, that he had given up his right in Nahant to Line and the town had given him a considerable tract of land on the back side of his farm which would be of more advantage to him”

1. Mary Dexter

Mary came to America with her father and settled in Lynn.

Mary’s first husband John Frend was born 1601 in Bristol, England. John died in 1656 in Salem, Essex, Mass

Mary’s second husband Captain James Oliver His parents were Thomas Oliver and Ann [__?__] who came from England in 1632. Thomas, the father was one of the ruling elders and of wide influence in the affairs of the new town. Capt. James was admitted freeman in 1640, was of the artillery company in 1651, was Lieutenant in 1653 and Captain in 1656 and 1666. He was selectman in 1663 and for several years inspector of the port.

He was Captain of the first military company of Boston in 1673 and was was appointed to command of the company in the Narragansett campaign, and was one of the few officers that passed safely through the Great Swamp Fight. Oliver’s 3rd company of Massachusetts had 83 troops with 5 killed, 8 wounded (See my post Great Swamp Fight – Regiments)

James was an eminent merchant of Boston. He and Mary had no family, but her father came to live with them, and’ was there in 1677 when he died, and Captain Oliver was one of the administrators of his estate.

2. Thomas DEXTER Jr. (See his page)

3. Frances Dexter 

It is not certainly known whether she came to America with her father or came later.

Frances’ husband Sergeant Richard Woodee was born 1620 in Guilford, Surrey, England. His parents were Richard Woodee and Annie [__?__] This name is sometimes spelled Woodde. Richard died 6 Dec 1658 in Massachusetts.

The records say that the father and Samuel, Richard, Mary, Martha and Elizabeth were dismissed to Third Church, Boston, in 1673.

Children of Frances and Richard:

i Thomas Woodee, b. 12 Dec 1648; d. 13 Oct 1650.

ii Mary Woodee, b. 21 Aug 1650; m. John Daffern ; three children.

iii Martha Woodee, b. 25 Feb 1651/52 or 25 Nov 1651 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Mass; d. 21 Apr 1713 in Boston, Mass. Martha was a widow in 1695.

iv Elizabeth Woodee, b. 19 Sep 1653.

v. Ann Woodee, b. 12 Jul 1655.

vi. Samuel Woodee, b. 11 Sep 1656.

vii. Richard Woodee, b. 3 Dec 1658.

viii. Sarah Woodee, b. 26 Mar 1661; d. 23 Aug 1661.

4. William Dexter

William’s wife Elizabeth Vincent was born 1634 in England. Her parents were John VINCENT and Hannah SMITH.  Elizabeth died 1694 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

William came to America with his father, and was in Barnstable in 1650. He lived on one of the two farms that his father bought. He took oath in Barnstable in 1657. He removed to Rochester, Mass. about 1679 and died there in 1694.

He was one of a party of thirty, which included such men as William Bradford, Kenelem Winslow, Thomas Hinckley and Rev. Samuel Arnold, who became the grantees of the town of Rochester.

When he died he owned considerable land both in Barnstable and in Rochester which he gave to his children, as follows : James Dexter, Thomas Dexter and John Dexter had the Rochester lands, while Stephen Dexter, Philip Dexter and Benjamin Dexter had the Barnstable land. The children all went to Rochester except Philip, who removed to Falmouth, Mass., and Stephen, who remained in Barnstable and who was the only one of the name in the town in 1703.

Children of William and Elizabeth

i Mary Dexter, b. 11 Aug 1649 or Jan 1654 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1729 Mass; m. Moses Barlow. Removed to Rochester.

ii Stephen Dexter. b. Jan 1654 or May 1657 Barnstable, Mass; d. 1729 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass, probate 17 Mar 1729/30. m. 27 Apr 1696 to Ann Saunders. Stephen and Ann had ten children born between 1696 and 1714.

Stephen spent his whole life in Barnstable and made his home on the farm which was originally his grandfather Thomas’, at Dexter lane. West Barnstable. In 1703 he was the only one of the name left in Barnstable.

iii Philip Dexter, b. Sep 1659 Barstable, Barnstable, Mass; d. 10 Jun 1741 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass. m. Alice Allen; d.1741 Philip and Alice had nine children.

At the time of their marriage, Philip and Alice moved to Falmouth, where they spent the remainder of their life. He was miller there many years. At one time he was complained of for’ charging’ too high. But as he was the only miller, the people were dependent upon him. A committee was sent to consult with him. but the record does not reveal the result, but at a later period he was paid by the town £30 for his part of the mill and the land that the pond covered, so it may be that the matter was settled in that way. In 1712 he and Thomas Bowerman were appointed to lay out land of the ”New Purchase” into lots, etc. He was selectman, and also town clerk.

iv James Dexter, b. May 1662 Barnstable, Mass,; d. 15 Jul 1694 or 15 Jul 1697 Rochester, Mass; m. Rochester, Mass to Mary Tobey. James and Mary had three children born in Rochester.

James went to Rochester with his father. In 1712, after the death of the father, Mary, the daughter, being- a minor over 14, chose Jabez Dexter (a kinsman) for guardian. and Deborah chose Samuel Hunt for her guardian.

v. Thomas Dexter, b. Jul 1665; d. 31 July, 1744.; m1. 17 Jul 1695 to Mary Miller and had by her one sone; m2. 1702 to Sarah C. March No issue.

The son must have died before his father, for he is not mentioned in his will, and he leaves most of his property to Constant Dexter, who had been brouuht up by him. He gave land to Mary Sherman, wife of William Sherman, who was a daughter of his brother John, lie also gave land to Rose, or Rest, Dexter daughter of his brother John. He gave £3 each to the four daughters of his brother John and to the two daughters of his brother Benjamin. He gave £5 to the church, and all the balance to Constant Dexter, son of his brother Benjamin.

vi John Dexter, b. Aug 1668 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass; d. 31 Jul 1744 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass; m. 1702 to Sarah [__?__] ( – 21 Jan 1755). John and Sarah had seven children born between 1703 and 1724 all born at Rochester. John and Sarah had eleven children.

John was called yeoman in 1690. He sold land to Samuel Arnold and John Hammond, and in 1714 to James Winslow, and in 1716 to Thomas Dexter.

vii Benjamin Dexter, b. 16 Feb 1670 Barnstable, Mass; d. 18 May 1732 Rochester, Mass.; m. Sarah Arnold Sarah’s father was Rev. Samuel Arnold, who who was the second minister at Rochester, and also one of the grantees of the town. Her grandfather, Rev. Samuel Arnold, was third minister of Marshfield. Benjamin and Sarah had eleven children, all born in Rochester between 1697 and 1718.

Benjamin removed to Rochester with his father. He was a farmer and sold land in 1693 to Moses Barlow, in 1699 to John Hammond, in 1723 to Edward Winslow, in 1715 to John Corning. All of this land was inherited from his father.

Benjamin’s estate was valued at £1,047. At his death, his son James Dexter was made guardian of the two young children, Seth and Joanna.


“Genealogy of the Dexter Family in America, 1905″ by Warden and Dexter

The Great Migration Begins – Thomas Dexter

Posted in 13th Generation, Artistic Representation, Historical Site, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Public Office | Tagged , , , , , | 8 Comments

Thomas Dexter Jr.

Thomas DEXTER Jr. (1623 – 1686) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Dexter Coat of Arms

Dexter Coat of Arms

Thomas Dexter Jr. was born in 1623 in Great Bowden, Leicestershire, England. His parents were Thomas DEXTER Sr. and possibly Mary “Marie” PARKHURST. He married Elizabeth VINCENT 8 Nov 1648 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Thomas died 30 Dec 1686 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Elizabeth Vincent was born in 1628 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John VINCENT and Hannah SMITH. Elizabeth died 19 Mar 1714 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary Dexter 11 Aug 1649 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Daniel Allen
12 Oct 1670
Swansea, Bristol, Mass
2. Elizabeth Dexter 21 Sep 1651 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Died Young
3. Thomas Dexter 1653
Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
4. John Dexter 1656  Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Mehitable Hallett (daughter of Andrew HALLETT Jr.)
10 Nov 1682 Sandwich
7 Jan 1721 Portsmouth, Rhode Island
5. Elizabeth Dexter 7 Apr 1660 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Aft. 1714
6. Abigail DEXTER 12 Jun 1663  Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Jonathan HALLETT
30 Jan 1684 Yarmouth
12 Sep 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

“Thomas Dexter, son of Thomas Dexter, was born in England and came to this country with his father. In 1647 he was chosen constable for the town of Sandwich. This proves that he must have been born before the family came to America, as he must have been over twenty-four years of age when elected constable. In 1648 he kept the mill that his father built in 1640. In 1655 he was commissioned Ensign of a company of militia, which office he held many years, and was known as “Ensign Dexter.” He served upon the jury very often between 1652 and 1659, and was elected surveyor of highways and collector of taxes 1675, and the record says he was an inn-keeper in 1680.

He did not have the fondness for lawsuits that his father had, but he did inherit some of his father’s quarrels about line fences, but these he settled by adjustment. In one case when there was a dispute between the town of Sandwich and him, the matter was left to Gov. Thomas PRENCE,  Gov.  Thomas Hinckley and Mr. Constant Southworth to settle. These men were among the most prominent men in the colony.”

Account of settlement of dispute, September, 1647:

“We whose names are here under written doe give our full and free consent that Thomas Dexter the younger shall have those two Islands of upland that lye in his mersh near John FREEMAN’s house.

Witness our hands this 20 Sept., 1647, Edmund FREEMAN, Edward DILLINGHAM, Wm. Wood, Gorg Knot, Thomas Dexter, Thomas Tupper.

“I doe acknowledge myself freely willing hereunto. Thomas Prence. “

Nov 1651 – At court John Fuller, aged thirty years, testified that “meeting his brother Dexter and Edward Brose at Boston they informed him that they were employed by the Lady Moodye to sell her farm … afterwards being at Lynne, his brother Dexter told him that the farm was sold to Mr. King”

How John Fuller might have been related to Thomas Dexter has not been determined. (Later, at Plymouth court 10 June 1662, Mr. Thomas Dexter, Senior, complained of Lt. Fuller and sundry other neighbors for pulling up a fence and turning in cattle; ; this was almost certainly not the John Fuller of the Essex case.)

In 1663 Gov.  Thomas Hinckley,Constant Southworth and Thomas Dexter Jr. were a “committee to settle the boundary between Sandwich and Plymouth.

In 1655 he was, according to the usages of the times, entitled to the honor of being styled “Mister,” and in the latter part of his life, being a large landowner, was styled “Gentleman.” He appears to have been a worthy man, enterprising, useful, a good neighbor and a good citizen. In addition to the land received from his father, he was granted 100 acres upland in Sandwich in 1667.

Dexter's Grist Mill

Dexter’s Grist Mill


Dexter's Grist Mill



All five of Thomas and Elizabeth’s children, except Thomas III, were alive at the time of his 29 Dec 1686 death and are mentioned in the division of his property.

Agreement for division of property of late Thomas Dexter, Gentleman, February 16. 1686/87, between Elizabeth Dexter, Daniel Allen of Swansea for his wife Mary, Jonathan HALLETT of Yarmouth for his wife Abigail, and John Dexter:

“The widow to have one-third part of all the movable estate and chattles, the mill excepted, also to enjoy ye westerly end of the dwelling house, both cellar and “two lower rooms and chamber and garrett, for the rest of her life; but if she sees fit to rent her part she is to let her son John Dexter or his heirs have the refusal of it at same price others would pay. She is also to have the corn, rye wheat, butter and meat she now possesses: and her son John is to cut and carry home for her suitable and sufficient firewood while she dwells in Sandwich, to winter and summer two cows for her and to pay her £9 per annum while she lives.

The son John to have the rest of estate both real and personal paying to his sister Elizabeth Dexter £55 (£5 down and balance in four years, but if she marries within three years the £50 is to be paid within one year after her marriage).

To Jonathan HALLETT £50, one half on next Michaelmas day, the rest within three years from date of agreement. [Because Michaelmas falls on Sep 29, near the equinox, it is associated with the beginning of autumn and the shortening of days. In 17th Century England, Michaelmas marked the ending and beginning of the husbandman’s year]

To Daniel Allen £16 on or before 16 Feb 1688/89.

John is to pay all debts and receive all debts due the estate.”

Elizabeth Dexter, Jr., and Jonathan HALLETT signed by marks. Witnesses were Stephen Skiff, James Percival, and William Bassett, June, 1687.


1. Mary Dexter

Mary’s husband Daniel Allen was born 21 Apr 1648 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass. His parents were John Allen (1604 – ) and Christian Bacon (1611 – ) Daniel died 1717 in Barrington, Rhode Island

Children of Mary and Daniel

i. Mary Allen b. 17 Dec 1671 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

ii. Elizabeth Allen b. 28 Sep 1673 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

iii. Christian Allen b. 26 Jan 1675 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

iv. Thomas Allen b. 13 Oct 1676 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

v. Sarah Allen b. 13 Aug 1678 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

vi. Daniel Allen b. 29 Aug 1680 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

vii. Ebenezer Allen b. 31 Aug 1682 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

viii. John Allen b. 6 Dec 1684 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

ix. Samuel Allen b. 16 May 1687 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

x. Joseph Allen b. 21 May 1690 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

4. John Dexter

John’s wife Mehitable Hallett was born in 1655 in Yarmouth, Bristol, Mass. She was his first cousin. Her parents were Andrew HALLETT Jr. and Anne BESSE. Mehitable died in 8 Nov 1725 in Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island

John was admitted freeman 1681. He was a member of militia in 1675, and while acting as guard was beaten by one Joseph Surge. Said Burge was fined £5, and 10s. was given to John.

In 1686 he sold to his brother-in-law, Jonathan HALLETT, a negro slave called “Harry,” aged 29 years, for £20.

Children of John and Mehitable: (born in Portsmouth RI?)

i. Elizabeth Dexter b. 1 Nov 1683 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Thomas Dexter b. 26 Aug 1686 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 28 Apr 1710 to Mercy Fish

Thomas elected Representative in 1738. Was on jury in 1733.

iii. Abigail Dexter b. 26 May 1689 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 6 Aug 1725; m. 10 Sep 1713 Portsmouth, RI to Job Lawton (1691 Portsmouth) Job’s parents were Isaace Lawton and Elizabeth Tallman. Abigail and Job had five children born between 1715 and 1724.

iv. John Dexter b. 11 Sep 1692 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 12 Dec 1717 to Mercy Manchester

5. Elizabeth Dexter

In 1714 her mother left her all her estate.

6. Abigail DEXTER (See Jonathan HALLETT‘s page)


“Genealogy of the Dexter Family in America, 1905″ by Warden and Dexter:

Posted in 12th Generation, Historical Site, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Public Office, Tavern Keeper, Veteran | Tagged , , , | 6 Comments

Andrew Hallett Sr.

Andrew HALLETT Jr. (1584 – 1648) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hallett Coat of Arms

Hallett Coat of Arms

Andrew Hallett Sr was born about 1584 in Symondsbury, Dorset, England. Andrew died 1648 in Yarmouth, Barnstable Co, Massachusetts

Mary Reeves was born about 1595 in England. Mary’s parents were James REEVES and [__?__] Mary died 1660 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass

Children of Andrew and Anne:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Andrew HALLETT Jr.? 1615 Symondsbury, Dorset, England. Anne BESSE 1643
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mas
16 Mar 1683   Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
2. John Hallett? 1615
Dorchester, England
Ann Tucker
6 May 1629 Thorncombe, Dorset, England
1 Jul 1656
Scituate, Plymouth, Mass
3. Bathsheba Hallett 1616
Richard Bourne
Barnstable, Yarmouth, Mass
Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
4. Samuel Hallett 1625 in Dorchester, England Unmarried 22 Apr 1650 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
5. Josias Hallett 1626
6. Hannah Hallett 1627 in Dorchester, Dorset, England John Hathaway
1 Jul 1656 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mas
1 May 1672 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
7. Joseph Hallett 1630 in Dorchester, Dorset, England Elizabeth Gorham
5 Mar 1667 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
20 Jun 1721
Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass

Andrew Sr & Andrew Jr.

Confusion arises due to the fact that there were at least two men by the name of “Andrew Hallett” residing in Massachusetts around this time. In the records, they are distinguished as “Jr.” and “Sr.”. Both Savage and Pope appear to have jumbled together biographical details for these two men. According to Savage, he settled first at Lynn and removed to Sandwich in 1637 and “soon after to Yarmouth” and after 1645 “went home” but soon came back again. According to Pope, he resided first at Dorchester, where he was a proprietor in 1638, and he removed to Yarmouth about 1639.

  • To summarize we have no direct evidence that the two men were father and son, and some slight indication that they were not, but the relationship is still possible. The available evidence can be harmonized if we assume that they are related (i.e. cousins or uncle/nephew), but not father and son. Further research in English records will be required to resolve this issue.
  • No record has been found of the coming to New England of “Andrew Hallett Sr.”
    The age and parish of origin of the “Andrew Hallett” who appears on the 1635 Mary Gould passenger list mesh exactly with the baptism record of an Andrew Hallett at Symondsbury, Dorsetshire, on 19 May 1607
  • In a Dorsetshire Subsidy Roll for 1641, for the parish of “Stoke and Bawood” [Stoke Abbot], a proxy payment of £5 was made for Andrew Hallet in New England. Given the size of this assessment, this record almost certainly pertains to “Andrew Hallett Sr.”, whose social status, and presumably also economic status, would have been much greater than that of “Andrew Hallett Jr.” at the time each of them left England. Stoke Abbot is only about 7 miles north of Symondsbury, so the Hallett families in these two places are probably closely related.
  • One of the men named “Andrew Hallett” appeared first in Yarmouth as early as 5 March 1638/9 and was always referred to as ‘Mr.’ or ‘Gentleman’[12]. The other “Andrew Hallett” appeared briefly at Sandwich[13] before moving on to Yarmouth. On 1 March 1643/4, by which time both men were residing in Yarmouth, a letter was sent to the General Court by “Mr. Andrew Hellot, Senior, of Yarmouth”[14]. The man with the designations of respect was, therefore, “Senior”, and the man who appeared first at Sandwich was “Junior”.
  • Otis wrote at great length about the landholdings of the two men, and commented directly on lands which had been held by “Andrew Hallett Sr.” and which passed to his presumed sons Samuel, Josias and possibly Joseph. Otis says nothing about any land, which “Andrew Hallett Jr.” might have inherited from “Andrew Hallett Sr.

Hallett Immigrants

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  — Several of the name of Hallett came early to New England. William, the ancestor of the Long Island family, was born in Dorcetshire, England, in 1616, joined in the settlement of Greenwich, Conn., whence he removed to Long Island, and Dec. 1, 1652, purchased of Jacques Bentyn, one of the Directors of Van Twiller’s Council, 161 acres of land at Hellgate, at a place known as Hallett’s Cove. “In the fall of 1655, the Indians destroyed his house and plantation at Hallett’s Cove, which induced him to take up his residence at Flushing. Here he was appointed Sheriff, in 1656, but the same year was deposed by Gov. Stuyvesant, fined and imprisoned, for entertaining the Rev. Wm. Wickenden from Rhode Island, allowing him to preach at his house, and receiving the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper from his hands. Disgusted at this treatment, Mr. Hallett, on the revolt of Long Island from the Dutch, warmly advocated the claims of Connecticut; and being sent a delegate to the general court of that colony, he was appointed a commissioner or justice of the peace for Flushing.

Afterwards he removed to Hellgate, where he lived to the age of about ninety years. He had two sons, William and Samuel, between whom in 1688 he divided his property at Hellgate Neck. William second, diedin 1729, aged81. He was a justice of the peace and captain of a company of militia. He had ten children, eight of whom married and had families. Samuel, son of William, died Dec. 27, 1724. He was a man of consideration in his time. He had an only son Samuel and several daughters.

Richard Hallett, of Boston, had a daughter Alice, who married 1st, Mordecai Nichols in 1652, and 2d, Thomas Clark, of Plymouth. Richard does not appear to have left any male descendants. A person named Angell Hallett is mentioned in the settlement of Capt. Bozoan Allen’s estate, of Boston, 1652.

There was a George Hallett, Sen’r, of Boston, a freeman in 1690, consequently there was at the same time a George Hallett, Jr. A Widow Lydia Hallett married at Boston 27th Nov. 1661, John Drummond. There was a James Hallett at Windsor, Conn., in 1643, represented as a poor thievish servant.

Andrew Hallett Sr.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  — Mr. Andrew Hallett, gentleman, was the ancestor of the Yarmouth and Barnstable families. He came over as early as the year 1637, and was of Plymouth March 1638-9. Respecting his family there is very little on record. His son Andrew was one of the first settlers of Sandwich. Another of his sons (probably Samuel) is named as being of Yarmouth in 1639.

The widow Mary Hallett of Barnstable, was probably his wife. Her daughter Hannah Hallett married John Hadaway July 1656. Josias Hallett was her son, and probably Joseph Hallett, of Barnstable.

This account is unsatisfactory ; but it is the best I have been able to obtain after much research. Mr. Hallett’s children were probably all born in England, and the parish registers in that country would probably furnish the desired information.

He was styled ”gentleman,” a title bestowed upon few in the Colony. It shows that he was a man possessed of a good estate, and a man of some note in his native land. He was among the very first who came to Mattakeset, but did not make it his place of residence till 1641. His son Samuel was of Yarmouth in 1639, and is spoken of as a young man, for whom his father was responsible. (Court Order, vol. 2, page 20.)

5 Mar 1638/39 – The Colony Court ordered the Committee of the town of Yarmouth, consisting of Mr. Anthony Thacher, Mr. Thomas HOWES, Mr. John Crowe, Mr. Nicholas Sympkins, William Palmer, Philip Tabor and Joshua Barnes, to make the first division of the planting lands, to be divided equally “to each man according to his estate and quality, and according to their instructions.” Thacher, Howes and Crowe, had surveyed the lands during the previous winter, and it appears that Andrew HALLETT Sr. was also in Yarmouth, and had “assumed to himself” more land than was thought equitable, and the Colony Court appointed March 5, 1638/39, Joshua Pratt, of Plymouth, and Mr. John VINCENT of Sandwich, to view the lands, “and make report thereof unto the Court, that if these proportions which Mr. Andrew Hellott hath assumed to himself there shall be so p’judiciall to the whole, that then some just and equall order be taken therein, to prevent the evil consequences it may be to the whole plantation.”

No report of the committee is on record, and it would appear from the subsequent action of the Court that Mr. Hallett had not “assumed to himself” a greater proportion of the planting lands than he had a right to claim.

On the 5th of May, 1639, the Court Ordered,

“that the proportion of lands granted to Mr. Andrew Hellott, at Mattacheesett, shal be and remain unto him, and those that are appoynted to set forth the bounds betwixt Mattacheese and Mattacheeset shall lay forth the said proportion unto him in a convenient plase there.” (Coart Orders, vol. 1, page 121).

The two hundred acre lot of Mr. Hallett was laid out, approved by the Court and recorded Sept. 3, 1639. A particular description of this lot is given in the account of the Gorham family, who were afterwards the principal owners. June 17, 1641, a new boundary line was run between Barnstable and Yarmouth. This line divided the Hallett farm into two parts ; the larger in Barnstable contained 150 acres, and the smaller in Yarmouth containing forty-four acres.

Oct. 7, 1639, – “It was ordered by the Court that the seventeen acres of meadow lying at the Stony Cove (Mill Pond) in Yarmouth, shall be laid forth for Mr. Andrew Hellott, on the south west side of the said Cove, and if it want of that proportion, then to be made up on the other side, and ten acres more upon the Stony Cove Neck.”

Mr. Hallett’s name first appears on record in March 1638/39, but he had probably then been in the country several years. He was then a resident in Plymouth, where he had a dwelling-house and seven and one-half acres of land situate on the “new street.” This estate he sold to Thomas Cushman, who conveyed it to Thomas Lettis March 28, 1641-2.

25 Nov 1639 – Mr. Hallett bought for £10 sterling, of Dr. Thomas Starr, of Duxbury, seventeen acres of land in Yarmouth, in two divisions, and twelve acres of meadow “with the frame of a house to be set and made with a chimney, and to be thached, studded and latched, (daubing excepted) by William CHASE, who was agreed with all and paid to the doing thereof by the said Thomas Starr, before the bargain was made with Mr. Hallett.” [Deeds, page 50.] No boundaries are given in the deed. The houselot was at the north west corner of the town of Yarmouth, and adjoined his “great lot” on the west, south by the highway, east by by the lot of Robert Dennis, and north by the mill pond.   It is now owned by Joshua Hallett and others. The other division of the land was in the West Field, and he soon after sold it to Robert Dennis. He was of Plymouth Sept. 1, 1640, and of Yarmouth June 17, 1641, showing that heand his son Andrew became permanent residents of Yarmouth about the same time.

8 Sep 1641 –  Mr. Hallett mortgaged to Mr. William Paddy, to secure a debt of £5, 4s, and to William Hanbury to secure a debt of 29sh, “all that his farm in Barnstable, with all and singular the appertenances thereunto belonging, and all his right, title and interest of and into the same, and every part and parcel thereof.” The mortgage was for one year, and the reason he gives for making it is, “that hee is now going into England, and is not able to pay them,” and therefore freely assigns the property for their security.

After his return from England he resided certainly three years in Yarmouth, and perhaps till his decease in 1647. The mortgaging of his farm for so small a sum indicates that he was not a man of wealth ; but the following generous act proves that he was a man of property, or he would not have given a cow to the poor of Yarmouth. The following is extracted from the Plymouth Colony records, vol. 2, page 70 :

5 Mar 1643/44 – “Whereas information is given to the Court that there is a cowe or a heiffer in calve given or disposed by Mr. Andrew Hallett, Sen., of Yarmouth, for the benefitt of the poore of the said towne of Yarmouth, which for the ordering thereof was referred to the Court by the said Mr. Hellot, by his letter under his hand, bearing date the first day of March, 1643 —the Court doth therefore order that the said cowe or heiffer in calve shal be on Mayday next delivered to Thomas Payne, of Yarmouth, who shall have her three years next ensuing, and the milk and the one-half of the increase during that tyme, and after the said three years are expired, the poore of Yarmouth shall have her and the encrease, to be disposed of by the townsmen of Yarmouth from tyme to tyme to other ppr persons dwelling in the said town, as they shall think fitt, and for such town, reserving the benefltt of the said stock for the benefltt of their poore, and not to be allienated to any other use.”

At the March term of the Court in 1642, Mr. William Hanbury recovered in an action of debt on a note for £6 9s, 9d, judgment against Mr. Hallett for the amount of the debt, 2 pence damage, and the cost of the suit. At the July term in 1646, Samuel Harvey, “in action of trespass upon the ease,” £6 5s, debt, 15 shillings damages and costs of suit.

This is the last entry of his name on the records, in connection with any business transaction. May 14, 1648, Mr. Thomas HOWES “laid down seven and one-half acres of meadow at the lower end of Kock (Lone?) Tree furlong late Mr. Hallelt’s.”

7 Jun 1648 – Robert Dennis claimed seven acres of land in the West Field bought of Mr. Hallett. In a deed dated Feb. 20, 1654, the great lot of Mr. Andrew Hallett, deceased, is named.

In Lechford’s Plain Dealing, Andrew is called a schoolmaster. If so, it is surprising that his son Andrew Jr. did not learn to write till some time after he was a married man. However, there were many in those times who could read fluently ; but were unable to write. That was not considered a necessary accomplishment, and it did not necessarily follow that the man who could not write was ignorant ; yet we may safely presume that a teacher of youth would have instructed his own children in the elementary branches of education. His other children were better educated; but, notwithstanding, Andrew was the most respectable and succeeded best in life.

Mr. Hallett, as above stated, was called a gentleman, a word that at that time had a very different meaning attached to it, than it has at the present time. When applied to a man, it meant that he was connected with the gentry or wealthy class — that he was not a mechanic or common laborer, and that he had received a good education. Rank and title were more regarded in those days than at the present time. Of the first settlers in Barnstable, about thirty were entitled to be called “goodman,” four to be called “mister,” and one “gentleman.” What his employment was the records do not inform us. He was engaged in too many lawsuits for a teacher, yet Leehford was probably right. He had not been officially employed in the public service, yet the Colony Court decided that he had rendered some public service and was entitled to a liberal grant, and though objection was made to the amount, yet the Court confirmed it, and the towns of Barnstable and Yarmouth acquiesced.

Too few incidents of his life are known to enable us to form a just estimate of his character. That he was a man of some note in the Colony, has already been shown. He speculated in wild lands ; but in doing so he only followed the fashions of the times. Every one traded in land-; from the minister in his pulpit to the cobbler on his bench; He was frequently a party in law suits. They are not always to be avoided ; tor “the over-reaching and the dishonest ought not to be allowed to possess in peace the wealth of others. However, the man of peace, the good citizen and obliging neighbor, very rarely appeals to the law to obtain redress for every offence against his property or his good name. His experience and observation has taught him that it is not the better way. The self-willed, the wayward and the stubborn, as a class, are most frequently engaged in lawsuits. Mr. Hallett did not recover damage in any of his lawsuits, and it may thence be inferred that he was a little stiff-necked, and believed his own to be the better way, a trait of character which many of his descendants, down to the fifth generation, inherited.*

However wayward he may have been, his generous donation to the poor of Yarmouth will ever be remembered, and make us regret that we know so little of the man. If at the present time a man should present a cow to the poor, the act would not be heralded in the newspapers as an act of great benevolence, but in order to form a just estimate of the value of the gift, it must be borne in mind that cattle were then scarce in the Colony, and that a cow was then the equivalent of a good sized farm, or of the wages of a common laborer for a year.

There is no record of his death. In the division of the fences in Barnstable Feb. 28, 1647, Mr. or Mrs. Hallett is named, but not in the subsequent division in 1649. This entry is probably in old style, and would be 1648, new. Not much reliance, however, is to be placed in it. He probably died in 1647, as above stated, but if the entry in the division of fences is reliable, in the spring of 1648.

Of some of the members of the Hallett family I have spoken in a note. John Hallett, who settled in Scituate, was one of the Conihasset planters in 1646. Mr. Deane calls him a brother of Andrew of Sandwich. Mr. Savage copies from Deane, and remarks that his account is “confused.” He has not made it any clearer. Both mix up the families of Andrew, Sen., with that of Andrew, Jr., and hence the confusion.

Similarity in the family names of the Scituate and Yarmouth families probably induced Mr. Deane to call them relatives. They probably were ; but John of Scituate was too old a man to be called a son of Andrew, Sen., without some more certain evidence than has yet been obtained. Richard Curtis married “Lydia,” daughter of John Hallett, in 1649, presuming her to be bis oldest child, 1609 is as late a period as can be assigned for the birth of the father. In some families there are as great or a greater disparity in the ages of the children, but such cases are rare, and in the absence of records it is not safe to make such presumptions.

Mr. Deane had but little exact information respecting the Hallett family. He evidently did not know that there were two Andrews. John, son of Andrew, Jr., he calls a son of John of Scituate, and the wife of Richard Curtis he calls in one place “Ann,” and in another “Lydia.” He informs us that John Hallett was an extensive land holder ; that his house was near the harbor at Scituate, and that Hallett’s Island near the “stepping stones,” still retains his name.

Mary Reeves Hallett

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  The widow Mary Hallett is described 31st March, 1659, as “now living in Barnstable,” implying that Barnstable had not been her permanent place of residence. Her lands at Goodspeed’s Hill in 1654 are thus described:

“Eleven acres of upland, more or less, bounded northerly by the highway, easterly by James Lewis’ land, southerly by her own land, (called also Josias’) westerly upon John Davis, stretching upon a sett off four rods into the swamp (Lewis’ swamp) across the north end of John Davis’ land.”

In the Goodspeed article. No. CVII, there is a diagram of this land. It is those portions of the Goodspeed and Scudder lots, bounded north by the County road, east by James
Lewis, south by Goodspeed’s outlet, which separates it from Josias Hallett’s land and John Davis’, and west by the Hyannis road, which separated it from John Davis’ houselot ; but did not include Lewis’ Swamp, now the houselot of the heirs of F. W. Crocker, Esq., deceased. These eleven acres are now owned by the heirs of Timothy Reed, Esq., Major S. B. Phinney, Eben.Bacon, Esq., heirs of F. W. Crocker, Esq., deceased, and by the United States, (Custom House lot) .

The three acres of meadow at Blush’s Point, afterwards Josias’, are also described as her property.

There is no record of her death, and her name does not appear after 1659. She probably removed, perhaps with her son Josias to Sandwich. That she was the widow of Mr. Andrew Hallett, Sen., there is very little reason to doubt. She is called in the Barnstable records “Mrs. Hallett.” Titles meant something in those days ; her husband, wherever he was, was called Mr. There was only only one man of the name prior to 1654, who was entitled to that distinction, and that man was Mr. Andrew Hallett, Sen., the husband of Wid. Mary Hallett.

Investigation of Sources:

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families – In making this investigation I was assisted by the late Judge Nahum Mitchell, author of the history of Bridgewater; and by the late William S. Kussell, Esq., author of Guide to Plymouth, and other historical works ; both good authorities. Since the above was written Mr. Freeman has published his histoiy of Cape Cod. He eays “we have no authentic information in regard to Mr. Andrew Hallett, Sen*r., and must rely on the conclusions of others.” [Vol. 2, page 199.

Mr. Hallett is often named in the Plymouth Colony Records, considered “authentic” by Hutchinson, Bancroft, Baylies,  Drake, Palfrey, and many others known to fame. Mr. Freeman “relies on the conclusions of others.” He says that by his wife “Mary, in England he had Bathsheba, Andrew, Samuel, John, Hannah probably born in Barnstable, Josias and Joseph.” Where does he find this account? Not in Deane, Savage, or Winsor. To the latter he refers only to misquote.

Mr. Freeman positively asserts, that Mr. Hallett had the children named. I find no record of his marriage; no record of the births or baptisms of any of his children — no record of his death or of the settlement of his estate ; yet there is no good reason for doubting that the families of the name in Yarmouth and Barnstable are his descendants. The evidence, however, is circumstantial, and does not justify positive statements. In no family has its traditional history been better preserved, or the family papers more carefully kept, some dated in 1654; but it unfortunately happens that the tradition extends only to the second Andrew, and none of the papers of the first have been saved. I shall endeavor carefully to discriminate between that which is certain, and that which is only probable.

Mr. Andrew Hallett, Sen., was a householder in Plymouth and in Yarmouth, and probably in Barnstable. In those times men did not build houses to let, they built them to occupy, and in fact the legal meaning of the term householder, was a man who had a family ; it was not applied to a man who owned a house, occupied by a tenant, ‘his view of the matter, I think, makes it probable, if not certain, that the elder Mr. Hallett had a family.

That the widow Mary Hallett, of Barnstable, was the widow of Andrew Hallett, Sen’r., rests on this evidence : in 1654 she was a resident in Barnstable, and probably had been for several years. She and some of her children were the owners of one of, the original allotments of lands, purchased of one of the first settlers, for in the list of the persons who in January, 1644, were proprietors of the common lands, there was no one of that name, Mr. Hallett being then a resident in Yarmouth. He was living July 1646, but his residence at that time is not named; but it was probably Barnstable. He died soon after this date, before the year 1648. His estate was probably legally settled, and a division thereof made among his heirs; but unfortunately no record was made.

Up to July 7, 1646, the records of judicial acts are in the handwriting of Mr. Nathaniel Souther, after which there is a chasm of two years and three months, to Oct. 3, 1648. In the Probate record, there is a similar chasm. During that period there does not appear to have been a permanent Secretary. The court orders during that time are in the handwriting of Gov. Bradford, Antony Thacher and others. The first record made in the court orders by Nathaniel Morton, so many years Secretary of the Colony, is dated “Dec. 7, 1647, probably written up from the minutes of others, for he did not perform all the duties till let. 1648. The Judicial acts and the Probate records were not written up by him, and the papers are now lost. Notwithstanding, the records of Barnstable and some incidental entries on the Colony records, will enable us to arrive at a conclusion which, if not entirely satisfactory, is probable.

In 1647, at the time of Mr. Hallett’s death, Andrew and Samuel were of legal age. Josias and Joseph were minors, if they were able bodied and came over with their parents, because in Aug. 1643, all males able to bear arms were enrolled, and their names not being on the list it is safe to infer that they were not 16 in 1643, or 21 in 1647.

Mr. Hallett left a good estate. Mr. Freeman says : “Winsor gives his estate at £1180,” a misquotation, for if so, he was a very wealthy man, a farm of of fifty acres and its appertenances could, then be bought for £10. In the division of his estate it appears that Andrew, Samuel, and Joseph, had the “Hallett Farm” or great lot of 200 acres, and the widow Mary, Hannah and Josiah, the estate at Goodspeed’s Hill and appertenances. Mr. Andrew Hallett, Sen., was the only man of the name in the Colony, old enough to have been the father of this family, and I think it a legitimate inference, that the Wid. Mary was his wife, and Andrew, Jr., Samuel, Hannah, Josias and Joseph, his children.


1. Andrew HALLETT Jr. (See his page)

2. John Hallett?

John’s wife Ann Tucker was born about 1609 in England.  Ann died in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass.

John Hallett, who settled in Scituate, was one of the Conihasset planters in 1646. Mr. Deane calls him a brother of Andrew of Sandwich. Mr. Savage copies from Deane, and remarks that his account is “confused.” He has not made it any clearer. Both mix up the families of Andrew, Sen., with that of Andrew, Jr., and hence the confusion.

Similarity in the family names of the Scituate and Yarmouth families probably induced Mr. Deane to call them relatives. They probably were ; but John of Scituate was too old a man to be called a son of Andrew, Sen., without some more certain evidence than has yet been obtained. Richard Curtis married “Lydia,” daughter of John Hallett, in 1649, presuming her to be bis oldest child, 1609 is as late a period as can be assigned for the birth of the father. In some families there are as great or a greater disparity in the ages of the children, but such cases are rare, and in the absence of records it is not safe to make such presumptions.

3. Bathsheba Hallett

Bathsheba’s husband Richard Bourne was born 1610 in Devon, England. Richard died 18 Sep 1682 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Bathsheba and Richard

i. Job Bourne b. 1639 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Feb 1677 Hingham, Mass; m. Ruhamah Hallett (b. 1644 in Sandwich – d. 13 Sep 1714 Sandwich) Ruhamah was Job’s first cousin. Her parents were Andrew HALLET Jr. and Anna BESSE.

ii. Elisha Bourne b. 1641  Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 21 Dec 1706 Sandwich; m. 26 Oct 1675  Sandwich to Patience Skiffe (b. 25 Mar 1652 Sandwich – d. 25 Oct 1716 Sandwich)

iii. Shearjashub Bourne b. 21 Apr 1643 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Mar 1719 Sandwich; m. 1673 in Sandwich to Bathsheba Skiff (b. 26 Apr 1648 in Sandwich – d. 13 May 1714 in Sandwich)

iv. Ezra Bourne b. 12 May 1648 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 31 Dec 1682 Barnstable, Mass.; m. Abigail Trowbridge

4. Samuel Hallett

Samuel, was sixteen years of age, or upwards, in 1643, consequently was born in England before the year 1627. He came to Yarmouth early, before the removal of his father from Plymouth, as the following record dated June 17, 1641, seems to prove, because Mr. Hallett had no other son to whom it could refer, Andrew being then of age and a resident in Sandwich, and neither Josias nor Joseph, if they had then came over, was over twelve in 1639.

“It is ordered by the Court, that Mr. Andrew Hallett shall pay Massatampaimf one fadome of beads [wampam] within two moones, beside the nett he alleadgeth the sd Massatampaim soold him, for the deare that Mr. Hellot’s sonn bought of him about two years since.”

Mas-sa-tam-paim was the sachem of Nobscusset, or Yarmouth. He sold the lands in the north part of Yarmouth and Dennis to Mr. Bradford, and his release in the handwriting of Anthony Thacher is yet preserved. He lived to be very aged. The first syllable of his name signifies great — the whole perhaps “great sagamon,” but I am not certain. It is sometimes writen “Mas-am-tam-paigue.”

In the division of his father’s estate a part of the “Hallett Farm” situate within the boundaries of the town of Barnstable, and the homestead bought of Dr. Starr in Yarmouth, appears to have been set off to him, and was sold by his administaators, probably to Capt. John Gorham who was the owner in 1652.

He had no family. Neither widow nor children are named in the settlement of his estate. He was drowned at Eastham, and the particulars are thus recorded by Mr. Lothrop on the Barnstable church records : “Thomas Blossom and Samuel Hollet drowned at the Harbour of Noeett atti their first Setting out from thence aboute a fishing voyage April 22, 1650.”

“June 5, 1650, Letters of administration are graunted unto Mr. The. Howes [of Yarmouth] and Samuel Mayo§ [of Barnble] to administer upon the estate of Samuel Hollet, and to pay the debts as fare as the estate will amount unto. by equall proportions.”

The foregoing extracts show that Samuel Hallett came to Yarmouth with the first settlers in the winter of 1638-9, that he remained in that town till the removal of his father in 1641, engaged in the fisheries, and probably had the care of his father’s estate before his brother Andrew removed from Sandwich ; that he died unmarried in 1650, and probably on account of his losses at the time of his shipwreck, he did not leave a sufHcient estate to pay his debts in full.

5. Josiah Hallett

Josias was born after the year 1627. He was a mariner, and is named as living in 1663. From the notices of him in the records, it is inferred that he did not sustain a good character for sobriety. In the division of his father’s estate, the southerly part of the homestead was set off to him, containing eight acres. This land is now owned by Major Sylvanus B. Phinney, and is that part of his homestead which is situate on the south of the swamp. Anciently there was a highway between the swamp and the railroad, called Goodspeed’s Outlet. Josias Hallett’s house was on that road. Dec 14, 1661, he sold this estate and three acres of meadow at Blush’s point to John Haddeway, for £10 sterling. In the deed he is called “sometime of Barnstable.” He had then removed, perhaps to Sandwich. Being a householder it is probable that he had a family, though no children are named on the town or church records. The Jonathan of Sandwich in 1684, was a son of Andrew, not of Josias.

6. Hannah Hallett

Hannah’s husband John Hathaway was born 1617 in England. John died 1697 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Hannah and John:

i. John Hathaway b. 16 Aug 1658 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Hannah Hathaway b. May 1662 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Edward Hathaway b. 10 Feb 1664 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

7. Joseph Hallett

Joseph’s wife Elizabeth Gorham was born 2 Apr 1648 in Marshfield, Plymouth, Mass. Elizabeth died 5 Mar 1684 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.

Of this family no record has been preserved. It is evident from the Colony records that he had at least one child. Lois Hallett, who married April 10, 1690, was probably his daughter. She removed to Stonington, Connecticut, in 1715. In 1686 he had a house on the north side of the county road, between the houses of Joseph Benjamin (now Nathan Edson’s) and James Gorham’s (now’ Warren Marston’s) . Whether his house stood on the Hallett Farm or not, I am unable certainly to determine. In the Gorham article I presumed that it stood on the west of the mill road ; but having since obtained some additional information, I am inclined to the opinion that Joseph had the northwest
part of his father’s great lot or farm set off to him in the division of the estate, and that he built his house thereon, not far from the location of the dwelling-house of the heirs of Ansel Hallett, deceased. He was a townsman in 1670, and at the division of the common meadows in 1697 had one acre allotted to him. He is not named in the division of the common lands in 1706, and the presumption is that some time between 1697 and 1706 he removed from Barnstable. If he had died the settlement of his estate would appear on the Probate Records. His lands were afterwards the property of James Gorham.*

Children of Joseph and Elizabeth:

i. Mary Hallett b. 1667 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Lois Hallett b. 1672 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Elizabeth Hallett b. 1679 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.


Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

In 1960 and 1961 John G. Hunt published two brief articles on the English origin of this immigrant [TAG 36:123, 37:84].

In 1950 Florence Barclay published her compelling arguments on the chronology of the wives of this immigrant [TAG 26:193-95].

Paul W. Prindle and Burton W. Spear have published lengthy provisional accounts of the ancestry of this immigrant, based on the assumption that “Andrew Hallett Sr.” is the father of “Andrew Hallett Jr.”.

Paul W. Prindle, Ancestors and Descendants of Timothy Crosby, Jr., Vol 2 (Orleans, Massachusetts: self-published) 1957.

Burton W. Spear, Search for the Passengers of the Mary & John 1630, Toledo, Ohio: self-published, 1993, Vol. 19: West Country Ancestries, 1620-1643 ( Part 3) and 1996, Vol. 25: New Ancestral Discoveries (Part 1).

Posted in 13th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Public Office | Tagged | 4 Comments

Andrew Hallett Jr.

Andrew HALLETT Jr. (1615 – 1683) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hallett Coat of Arms

Hallett Coat of Arms

Andrew Hallett was born about 1615 in Symondsbury, Dorset, England. His parents may have been Andrew HALLETT Sr. and Mary REEVES.  He is believed to have left Weymouth, England on 20 Mar 1635 aboard the Mary Gould as a passenger for New England, with the following notation:

Hallett, Andrew 28, servant of Richard Wade.

After his arrival, he first resided at Dorchester, Massachusetts.He married Anne BESSE in 1643 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.   Andrew died 16 Mar 1683 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Alternative, Andrew was born 19 May 1607 in Symondsbury, Dorset, England. His parents were Andrew HALLETT and Beatrice KNOTE.  The Symondsbury church registers at the Dorset Record Office show that Andrew Hallett and Beatrice Knote were married there 18 Dec 1598.

It’s probable that Andrew Hallet Sr. and Andrew Hallett Jr. were related, but it is not proven that they were father and son.  Perhaps Andrew Hallet Sr. was his uncle or cousin.  See the discussion on Andrew Sr’s page.

Andrew was baptized in Symondsbury, parish church of St. John the Baptist

Andrew was baptized in Symondsbury, parish church of St. John the Baptist

Anne Besse was born about 1629 in England.  She was said to be very young, about 14 when married.  Her name is sometimes written as Bearse.  Her parents were Anthony BESSE and Jane [__?__].  Anne died 6 Apr 1694 in Plymouth, Mass.

Until 1950 it was generally believed Andrew Hallett (“Jr.”) had only one wife, Anne Bessee, daughter of Anthony Bessee and his wife, Jane.  However, Florence E. Barclay showed that Anne was still unmarried as of 4 Mar 1661/62, when she testified in a court proceeding.  Anne was probably the mother of Andrew’s youngest child, Mehitabel, born about 1663.  All of Andrew‘s other children were by an earlier and unidentified first wife, whom he presumably married about 1642.

Children of Andrew and Anne:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Ruhamah Hallett 1644 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Job Bourne
14 Dec 1664 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
William Hersey
bef. 1689 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
13 Sep 1714 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
2. Abigail Hallett 1644 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass John Alden
10 Dec 1672 Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass
17 Aug 1725 Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass
3. Dorcas Hallett 1 Jun 1646 Yarmouth, Bristol, Mass 1647
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
4. John Hallett 11 Dec 1648 or
11 Dec 1650 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Mary Howes
16 Feb 1681  Yarmouth, Mass.
10 Jun 1726 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
5. Jonathan HALLETT 20 Nov 1647  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Abigail DEXTER
30 Jan 1684 Yarmouth
14 Jan 1717 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
6. Mehitable Hallett 1655 Yarmouth, Bristol, Mass John Dexter (Son of Thomas DEXTER)
10 Nov 1682 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass
Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island

Andrew Jr. settled in Sandwich but removed to Yarmouth in 1640, where he resided until his death, 1684. Goodman Hallett was “an husbandman,” and by honest industry, skillful management and economy, accumulated a large estate. In 1676, his tax was equal to one-twentieth of the entire assessment of the town; his estate was appraised at 1,180 pounds, 13.09, a large amount at that period;

Andrew Hallett, Jr., is the common ancestor of all the families of the name in Barnstable and Yarmouth. He was one of the first settlers of the town of Sandwich, and at the division of the common meadows, April 16, 1640, he had seven and one-half acres assigned to him. The division of the common lands and meadows in Sandwich was made “according to each man’s estate and condition,” or “quality,” a most aristocratic rule. In the other towns there were three elements on which the division was made: 1, personal rights; 2, to the owners of tenements or dwelling houses ; and 3, the estate and quality. This was an equitable mode. One third was distributed in equal shares to the legal inhabitants, one third equally to the owners of dwelling-houses, without reference to the cost, and the other third to the inhabitants in the same proportion that taxes were levied.
The proprietors of Sandwich rejected the democratic principles involved in the first and second elements, and divided by the third, literally observing the rule, “To him that has much, shall much be given.”

The division was made by a committee of ten, five representing the aristocracy, and five the townsmen. The first five awarded to themselves, one hundred and fourteen acres, nearly one third of the whole. The other five were more modest in their demands, and took only forty and one-half acres, — leaving to be divided to the other 56 inhabitants named, 214 1/2 acres, less than four acres to each, 7 1/2 acres being awarded to Andrew Hallett, it shows that he had at that time a good estate and was comparatively a wealthy man.

The farm of Andrew Hallett, in Sandwich, was that lately [1888] owned by Paul Wing, deceased, at the Tack Factory village, about in the center (from east to west) of the settlement made in 1637. This tract the Indians called Mos-keeh-tuk-gut.

28 Jul 1640 – He sold his farm in Sandwich to Daniel Wing, [son of Rev. John WYNGE] by whose descendants it was owned till recently. No consideration is named, and the deed is a specimen of the brevity in which conveyances of real estate were often made, in early times. This was undoubtedly a farm in the immediate neighborhood of the paternal mansion. The house in which he resided was probably not far from the spot which we have supposed to be the residence of Daniel’s father.

“I, Andrew Hallett of Sandwich, have sold unto Daniel Wing, of same town, and to his heirs and assigns forever, my dwelling-house in Sandwich, with three acres of land joyning to it, and the corn now growing upon it, with the cow-house. It lieth between the land of George Shawson and William Newland ; and two acres of planting land at Ma-noo-nah-Skussett ; and five acres of planting land lying near Spring Hill ; and four acres wanting one quarter of meadow near the Pine Neck ; and two acres of meadow lying [illegible] and one acre and a half lying in the Neck, being yet undivided ; with all commons, and all pasture, and all profits and appertenances whatsoever, thereunto belonging.

Witness my hand this twenty-eighth day of July, one thou-six hundred and forty. ‘ The mark of
Andrew Hallett.

Signed and delivered in presence of
Taken out of the original deed and entered on record by me,
Thomas Tupper,
Town Clerk.

From Sandwich Andrew Hallett removed to Yarmouth, of which town he continued to be an inhabitant till his death in 1684. In 1642 he bought the dwelling-house of Gyles Hopkins, the first built by the English in Yarmouth, and ten acres of land. This house was probably erected by Mr. Stephen HOPKINS, by virtue of a grant made by the Colony Court dated Aug. 7, 1638. It stood on land now [1888] owned by Charles Basset, a little distance northwesterly from the house of  Joseph Hale. Traces of the foundation are not yet entirely obliterated. The ten acres of land were bounded northeasterly by the lands of Mr. Nicholas Simpkins, and southwesterly by the lands of Robert Dennis. In 1644 he bought fifteen acres of upland of Mr. Nicholas Simpkins adjoining his own on the east and three acres of salt meadow.

In 1655 he bought the farm of Robert Dennis. The original deed in the handwriting of Mr. Anthony Thacher, has been preserved, and the following is a copy :

“These presents bearing date the twenty-fourth day of February Ano Domini 1654, made between Robert Dennis of Yarmouth in tlie Colony of New Plimouth in New England, carpenter, for the one party, and Andrew Hallett of the same towne husbandman on the other part, witnesseth that Robert Dennis, aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of ninety pounds in good merchantable pay in New England to him by the said Andrew Hallett, and before the unsealing and delivery of these presents well and truly satisfied and paide, the receipt whereof the said Robert Dennis doth hereby acknowledge and thereof and of every part and pr ell thereof doth fully acquite exonerate and discharge the said Andrew Hallett, his heirs, executors and administrators, and every of them forever by these presents have graunted, bargained, sould, enfeoffed, and confirmed, and by these presents doe graunt, bargain, sell, enfeofle and confirm unto the said Andrew Hallett and unto his heirs, that messuage or dwelling-house, with the allottment of laud the said house stands in and upon, containing six acres be it more or less, lying, situate and being in Yarmouth aforesaid, neere adjoining on the easter side unto the lands and dwelling house of him the said Andrew Hallett and now in the tennor and occupation of him the said Andrew, and also forty-six acres of land be it more or less next adjoyning to the same, bounded on the wester side with the fiarme lot of lands late Mr. Andrew Hallett’s, deceased, on the easter side, with an allotment of lands late Emanuel White’s and now common, and a lot of land now in the tenure and possession of Mr. Antony Thacher, on the souther end with sold allotment of [obliterated, probably Antony Thacher] the ponds and parte of the above-said fifarm lott, and partly on the norther end with the lands of the said Andrew Hallett all lying and being in a field known and commonly called the west field,

and also thirteen acres of land more or less lying and being in a parcell of land commonly cald stony cove, and also two acres more or les lying and being in a furlong cald Rabbett’s min, between the lands of Wm. Lumpkin and Richard Pritchett at Nobscussett and three acres in a furlong there cald plain furlong next adjoyning the country farm, and also nine acres more or less of marsh meadow lands lying abutting on ye foresaid land cald Stony Cove, and the two rivers or creeks cald Stony Cove river, and a creek cald Sympkins creek and ye meadow lands of him the said Andrew Hallett ;

together with all and singular houses, edifices, buildings, Barnes, staules, pounds, orchards, gardens, casements and ffitte commodities, emoluments, and hereditaments thereunto belonging, or in any wise appertaining, or therewith enjoyed or accepted, deemed, reputed or taken to be pte or pcell of the same or any pte or pcell of the lands above recited, and all the estate, rights, title, interest, claim demanded whatsoever of him the said Robert Dennis and Mary his wife and Thomas fflawne or any or either of them off in or to the same or any pte or pcell of the same.

To have and to hold the said bargained messuage or dwelling house lands and premises, with their and every of their appertenances, unto him the said Andrew Hallett his heirs and assigns forever, to the only proper use and behoofe of him the said Andrew Hallett and of his heirs and assignes forever. In witness whereof the said Robert Dennis has hereunto set his hand and scale.

Signed, sealed and delivered Robert Dennis. L. S.
in presence of
John Crowe,
The marke Richard Hore,
Antony Thacher,
A : U : I : C : V : G : [or something like it.]

This deed is recorded according to order pr me Nathaniel Morton,
Clarke of the Court.”

10 May 1648 – The lands of Robert Dennis, situate in the West Field, are described in the Colony records, as 12 acres bought of Peter Warden, 10 of Mr. Edmond HAWES, 7 of Mr. Andrew Hallett, and 4 given him by the town. Thomas Flawne had 13 acres in the same field, making the 46 acres sold.

The records of the laying out of the houselots in Yarmouth are lost. They contained from five to six acres each, and no person was allowed to own two adjoining lots, without he maintained a dwelling-house on each. They were laid out on the north side of the County road, the lands on the south being reserved as planting grounds, and enclosed by a common fence. The western lot adjoining the bounds of Barnstable was Dr. Thos. Starr’s, sold in 1639 to Mr. Andrew HALLETT, and afterwards owned by Capt. John GORHAM. Four acres of this lot are now [1888] owned by the Gorhams, and two by the Halletts. The second lot was Robert Dennis’, the one conveyed in the foregoing deed, and is now owned by the Halletts, Mr. Eldredge Lovell, and Joseph Gorham. The third lot was sett off to Gyles Hopkins, and sold by him to Andrew Hallett, Jr., in 1642. This lot probably included the houselot now owned by Mr. Jarius Lincoln, Jr., certainly Capt. Charles Bassett’s, Mr. Joseph Hale’s, and Mr. John Bassett’s, Mill Lane being then probably its northeastern boundary. The fourth lot was Capt. Nicholas Sympkins’, and sold by him in 1644 to Andrew HALLETT, Jr.

The Mill road was laid out by the first comers as a private way. Hopkins’ and Sympkins’ land extended across Mill Pond meadows, and included land in Stony Cove Neck or Sympkins’ Neck, as it is sometimes called, he owning to the creek which still retains his name. This road led to the ancient landing-place or wharf on the north of the Grist Mill.

By subsequent purchases Andrew Hallett, Jr., became the largest land holder in Yarmouth, owning about three hundred acres of the best lands and meadows in the town. On the north side of the road his farm extended from the Gorham houselot to the Hawes farm, where Mr. Edward W. Crocker now [1888] resides, and included nearly all the meadows on the north. On the south side of the road, he owned from the bounds of Barnstable nearly to Hawes’ Lane. From him the westerly part of the County road in
Yarmouth obtained the name of Hallett street, which it has retained to this day. Beside the ample domain already described, he owned lands and meadows in Barnstable, 1000 acres in Windham, Conn., and rights to commonage in Yarmouth, equal to 500 acres more.

The mode in which he acquired this large estate I shall attempt to elucidate. Two words, industry and economy, are the keys which unlock the whole mystery. If he was the eldest son, he was entitled to a double share of his father’s estate, and if so, his share was not over £20 in value. He may with propriety be called the representative man of the rude social organization of his times. The great majority of our fathers lived precisely as he lived, and practiced as he practiced, and thus laid a sure foundation for our present prosperity. The inhabitants of this County fifty years ago were, with very few exceptions, the descendants of the first settlers, and inherited from them habits of industry and economy, their respect for the laws, and the religious institutions in which they were trained up.

Andrew Hallett, Jr., did not acquire his wealth by official services. His name frequently occurs on the records, but not in connection with any office that conferred much honor or afforded him large emoluments. In 1642, ’50 and ’58, he was a surveyor of highways; in 1651 and 1679 constable. In 1659 he was appointed by the Court one of a committee to raise money for the support of the ministry in Yarmouth. In 1660, ’67 and ’75, he was on the grand jury ; and Oct. 30, 1667, he was appointed by the Colony Court, at the request of the town, a member of the land committee of Yarmouth. None of those are offices of honor or profit ; but they show that he was a man in whom his neighbors had confidence, that he was a man of common sense and sound judgment. When a young man he was unable to write, yet soon after he came to Yarmouth he acquired that art, for in 1659 I find his name subscribed to the verdict of a jury of inquest.

He took the oath of fidelity while a resident in Sandwich, and his name and that of his father appears on the list of those who were able to bear arms in Yarmouth in August, 1643. On the criminal calendar his name does not appear. In those times the most trifling faults were noted, and he who escaped a prosecution must necessarily have lived a blameless life. He also kept his name off of the civil docket. He had no lawsuits. This is negative testimony ; but establishes all we wish, he was a quiet peacable man, minded his own business, and did not intermeddle with that of others.

He was a member of the church in Yarmouth ; but circumstances show that he did not entirely acquiese in all the crude notions promulgated by Mr. Matthews. He often attended the meetings of Mr. LOTHROP, and Mr. Walley and some of the members of his family afterwards joined the Barnstable church. He was an exemplary member of the church of Christ, constant in its attendance on its ordinances, and in his family, no wordly care was ever a bar to the performance of his whole duty as a parent.

Perhaps I am unnecessarily particular, that I state facts and circumstances that are too trivial, and had better be left unsaid.

Perhaps it is true ; but considering the second Andrew Hallett as a representative man, and that his history is the history of hundreds of others, I am induced to particularize, and perhaps repeat some things, because I happen to know more of him than I do of those equally deserving, whose biography I omit.

The house which he bought of Gyles Hopkins in 1642, was probably the same that Mr. Stephen HOPKINS built in the summer of 1638, and if so, was the first house built by the English on Cape Cod below Sandwich. It was small and poorly constructed, and was occupied as a dwelling not many years. As the first house built by the whites, it has an historical interest. It stood on the eastern declivity of the hill, about seventy-five yards northwesterly from the present [1888] dwelling-house of Mr. Joseph Hale.  A depression in the ground and a rock in the wall, mark the place of its location. An excavation was made into the side of the hill to level the ground, and the stone and cob work chimney was built against the bank, and outside of the frame of the house. It probably contained at first only one room. The excavation into the hill, and the chimney, covered nearly the whole of the west side, and the other three sides were covered with hand-sawed or hewn planks, and the roof with thach. The walls were not shingled on the outside, or plastered on the in. The seams in the boarding were filled or “daubed” with clay. Oiled paper supplied the place of glass. The sills were hewn from large logs, and projected into the room, forming low seats on three sides. The floor was fastened to sleepers laid on the ground, and even with the lower edge of the sills. A ladder to the chamber and a elect door with a wooden latch and string, completed the fixtures of the house.

In this rudely built shanty, two of the children of Gyles Hopkins, who came over in the Mayflower, were born, and here resided a number of years the moat opulent man of Yarmouth. Nearly all the houses of our ancestors were of this description. The memorandum of the contract for building the house of the elder Mr. Hallett, preserved in the deed of Dr. Starr, proves that his house was of the same description. Gov. Hinckley resided in a house of similar construction many years. De Rassier’s description of Plymouth in 1627, shows that the walls of the houses in that town were covered with hewn or hand-sawed planks, and unshingled. As late as 1717 it was not common to plaster the inside walls. The seams between the boards on the Meeting House built that year on Cobb’s Hill were filled with morter, or “daubed” precisely in the same manner as practiced by the first settlers. That boards were used in the construction of their dwellings, by the first settlers, is also shown by the agreement made June 19, 1641, between the inhabitants of Barnstable and the Indian chief Nepaiton, to build the latter a house. A part of the contract was tbat it should be built, “with a chamber floored with boards, with a chimney and an oven therein.” This contract, and the contract by Dr. Starr with William CHASE in 1639, establish the fact that boards were used by our ancestors in the construction of their houses. In 1640 there was a saw mill in Scituate, but Mr. Deane says “we are without date when it was erected,”

Some writers on our early history speak of the “log cabins of ancestors.” I find no evidence that they built a single log-house. The timber in the vicinity of the settlements was unfit for such buildings. Before the erection of saw mills, there were sawyers in all the towns ; and within the last fifty years, old houses have been taken down which were originally covered with hand-sawed planks or boards. ln 1640 boards were cheap in Scituate, and for many years after the settlement, much of the lumber used in the Plymouth Colony was brought from that town.

The fortification houses of our fathers were built, the lower story of stone, where it could be conveniently procured, and the second of wood. In apart of Yarmouth (now South Dennis) where no stone could be conveniently found, a block house was built for defence. This in its construction resembled a log-house, but no one calls such a structure by that name. Many common houses like that of John Crocker were surrounded by a palisade, and were intended as places of resort, should the Indians prove unfriendly.

Major Grookin in speaking of the wigwams, of the Indians, says some of them were large and convenient, and more comfortable than many houses built by the English. Mr. Lothrop calls some of the houses of our ancestors, booths, indicating that they were most uncomfortable residences in the winter. Some he calls pailsado, meaning I presume that the walls were built of two parallel rows of poles, and the space between filled with clay or other material Others were frame houses not large or elegantly finished, but warm and comfortable. Dwellings of the latter description, only a few men who were comparatively wealthy, had the means to build.

In such rude shelters from the piercing storms of the winter of 1639-40, the great mass of our ancestors resided more happily and more contentedly than do their descendants at this day, in their well built and well furnished mansions. Mornings and evenings they thanked their Heavenly Father for the many blessings He had vouchsafed to them ; that their lines had fallen in such pleasant places ; that He had held them as in the hollow of His hand, protecting them from the savages among whom they dwelt, and the wiles of the more savage men, who had driven them from their native land. Such were the feelings of our ancestors, they were ever conscious of being under Divine protection, and were ever happy, contented, and thankful. It is a sufficient honor to descend from such a race of men. We need not trace our ancestry further. The more closely we study their character, the greater will be our reverence for them. The study will make us more contented with our lot in life, happier and better men.

In the summer of 1640 they had their lands to clear, fence and plant, to build roads, and do many things that are incident to the settlement of a new country, and they found little time, if they had the means, of improving their dwellings. Many of them resided all their days in the houses they first erected. Improvements were made from time to time. The thatched roof, the paper windows, and the cob work chimney disappeared, and shingled roofs, diamond glass windows and brick chimneys and ovens were substituted. As the family increased the house was enlarged, first by adding a leanto, and afterwards by adding another story. Some of the largest old houses now remaining, one of which will be described in this article, were built by adding one room at a time.

The second house in which Andrew Hallett, Jr., resided, in Yarmouth, stood on the west side of the mill road, a little distance north of the house now occupied by Mr. John Bassett. It has been suggested that this was the Sympkins house repaired and enlarged. The family tradition is that he built it.

He bought the Sympkins land in 1644, but did not build his house till some time afterwards, if the family tradition is reliable, that Jonathan, born in 1647, first saw light in the old house. The new house was built on a little knoll, and fronted due south, as all ancient dwellings did. By such a location, our fathers secured two objects which they considered essential : the rays of the sun at noon, or dinner-time, as they called that hour of the day, shone parallel with the side of the house, and their “great room” in which they lived, was on the sunny or warm side of the house. The chimney was uniformly built on the west side, and projected outside of the frame. The exact size of Andrew Hallett’s new house cannot be stated accurately : it was about 22 feet by 26 on the ground, and was only one or one-half stories high. The “great room,” about 17 feet square, occupied the southeast corner.

The fireplace was eight feet wide and four deep, and the mantle, which was of wood, was laid about five feet and a half high, so that the family could pass to the oven,* which opened on the back of the fireplace near the south corner. There was a small kitchen or work room at the northwest corner ; at the northeast corner a Small pantry, with a trap door leading to the cellar. Between the pantry and the great room was a bed-room, the floor of which was elevated about two feet, to give greater depth to the cellar. The bed occupied near all the space, and it was so low in the walls that a tall person could not stand upright therein. A ladder in the front entry led to the chamber, which was occupied for weaving and lodging rooms. No part of the house was ever painted or any of the rooms papered. The windows were of small diamond shaped glass set in lead. No blinds or curtains were needed, and none were ever used.

The furniture of the house was for use, not for show. Half a dozen flag bottomed, one low and one large armed chair, a table, a large chest, and a cradle, all of domestic manufacture, was the furniture usually to be seen in the summer in the great room, and in the winter a bed occupied one corner, and the looms another. On one side of the room there were usually two large “trencher shelves”,  on which the pewter ware of the family was displayed, an iron candlestick, an hour glass, a pen and ink horn, the bible, and hymn book.

A dock or timepiece was an article not to be found in the settlement. Time was reckoned thus, “daylight, sunrise, sun an hour, two hours and three hours high, and the reverse in the afternoon. When the sun shone, they could tell the precise apparent time at noon, and they had marks by which they judged very accurately of the time from 9 A. M. till 3 P, M. Sun dials were early introduced, and many had them fastened to posts set in front of their houses.

If we lay aside one consideration, the cost of fuel, it may be safely said that for comfort, convenience and health, nothing superior to the old fashioned fireplace has yet been invented. Grates, stoves and furnaces, in comparison with them, are only contemptible contrivances for saving a little fuel, engendering gas, dust, and headache, and shortening a man’s days. Talk with the aged, they will uniformly tell you that the happiest hours of their lives were spent in the corner of an old-fashioned kitchen fireplace. In the long winter evenings the younger members of the family occupied the low bench in the left chimney corner, the smaller one perhaps mounted on the dye-tub. Here they were warm and comfortable, and could read or play without molestation, or gaze up to the stars through the capacious chimney. In the other corner sat the mistress of the family in her low rocking-chair, and in front, the father in his round-about, or in an old-fashioned arm chair.

In those days there was a social equality now unknown. There were no visits of ceremony, — no calls to leave a card ; but neighbor called on neighbor, without previous invitation to spend a long evening. In such cases, all the children of the neighborhood assembled at the house left vacant by the parents. They parched corn, cracked nuts, and played blind man’s buff, hunt the slipper, thread the needle through the eye, hull gull, and many other plays and games, which the boarding-school Miss now regards with horror, though she can witness with delight the indelicate giratious of the ballet dancer, or Unseemly pranks of a French waltz.

The old folks first discussed the English news, though it was four or five months old. Some one had had a letter from their relatives in the father land. This was passed around from family to family, and read and discussed by the whole vicinity. The ministry — the church — the acts of the Court — and the crops, were subjects that passed in review, and often familism, pedo-baptism, quakerism, and witchcraft, came in for a share of the conversation.

The fire was never suffered to go out during the cool season, and very rarely in the summer. Every morning in ihe winter, the coals were raked forward, and a ponderous back-log put on, with two or three smaller ones, as riders. A large fore-stick, four feet in length, was laid on the andirons, and two or three smaller ones between that and the back-log forming a bed into which the coals raked forward were shovelled. Some dry sticks were laid on these, and in a few moments a large fire was sparkling on the hearth. Wood cost nothing in those days, and our ancestors always enjoyed the luxury of a good fire in cold weather, and however cold the weather, the great room was warm and comfortable. They always provided themselves with pine knots, then abundant, and in the long winter evenings these were used instead of candles.

The kitchen or backroom was small and little used, excepting for a store room. The tubs and pails, and the spinning wheels, when not in use, were kept here, and a pile of wood for the morning’s fire.

Allthe clothing and bedding of the family was made in the house. The flax and the wool were spun and wove by the inmates. The cloth for the thick clothing of the men was sent to the clothier to be fulled, colored and pressed.

Goodman Hallett lived on the produce of his farms. Indian corn was his principal crop, though every family had rye, and most of them raised sufficient wheat for their own consumption. They also cultivated peas, of which many were sent to Boston and other places to sell ; beans, pumpkins, squashes, cucumbers, melons, tur nips, beets, carrots, parsnips, and onions. Potatoes were not raised by the first settlers, and it was many years before they were produced in large quantities. Cattle were scarce and of high price, and few were killed for beef by the first settlers ; but in time they became abundant aad cheap. Goats were kept, and their milk was used. Horses were early introduced ; but the country did not become well stocked till fifty years after the settlement of Plymouth. Pigs multiplied rapidly, and were  soon abundant in all the settlements. Poultry of all kinds was raised. Deer and other wild animals suitable for food then roamed in the forests, and the shores, at certain seasons, were covered with flocks of geese, ducks, plover, and other birds.

Clams, quahogs and oysters, could be obtained at any season of the year, and codfish, mackerel, bass, eels, and other fish, were then more easily taken than at the present time.

None but the idle and the dissolute complained. The first settlers, after securing their first crop in 1640, never suffered for food, — they always had an abundance of that which was wholesome and palatable. At first they were short of clothing. They had to patch up that which they brought out of England. The skins of the deer and other animals, dressed by the Indians, were soft and pliable. These supplied many of their wants and furnished them with warm and comfortable, though not elegant articles of dress.

The little money they obtained by the sale of peltry, oil and fish, was carefully husbanded and used to supply their most pressing wants. Tools, iron and some kinds of buildiug materials, were indispensable, and it was many years before they were fully supplied.

The first settlers in Barnstable were as independent and as contented a community as ever existed. They had food enough and to spare, — they were comfortably clad, and though their houses were open and cold, these defects were supplied by adding wood to their winter fires. While they suffered the inconveniences incident to a new settlement, they had no cause to complain of smoke, dust or gas in their rooms.

The spring of 1641 was cold and wet. Hooping cough prevailed to an alarming extent among the children, yet only three deaths occurred in Barnstable during the year. The bills of mortality for the first fourteen years, exhibit an average longevity of seventy years, showing that the inconveniences to which our fathers were subjected were not prejudicial to their health. Their diseases yielded to the simple remedies which our mothers gathered in the fields and the forests.

Goodman Hallett is called a husbandman. By honest industry, skilful management and economy, he accumulated a large estate. In 1676 his tax was equal to one twentieth of the whole assessment. At this time, it may seem difficult to comprehend how he accumulated so much by farming. But let any young man, of sound health, practice in any calling in life as Goodman Hallett practiced, and he will always succeed.

He may also have been engaged in the fisheries, and probably was, for nearly all the first settlers were at certain seasons of the year. The Mayos’, Allyns’, Lothrops’, Gorhams’ and Dimmrocks’, accumulated good estates in the coasting and West India trade.

They were not sole owners of their vessels. Others who did not take an active part in these employments were interested as owners, and shared the profits.

His out of door arrangements were as rude as those within, On the east of his house there was a fine spring of water, in which he placed a large hollow log for a curb.*

* Till about the year 1770 this was one of the best springs of water in Yarmouth. Though on high land, it afforded an abundant supply of cool, clear, and excellent water. About that year, during an earthquake, the spring suddenly ceased to flow. It still affords water; but its character is entirely changed. A few years ago the old hollow tree was removed, and the spring cleared out, and a new curb put in, yet the water is poor. During the same earthquake several springs in various parts of the country were similarly affected. The jarring of the earth probably changed the direction of the fountains. The old spring near the Gyles Hopkins house also failed about the same time. The fountain which formerly supplied it is now entirely dried up or turned in another direction.

The supply was pure and abundant, and in times of drought was the resort of the neighborhood. His large wood-pile was in front of his house, not cut and piled, but standing on end, on each side of a large pole resting on crutches, settled into the ground. Forty cords he considered a year’s supply, and it was cut up as wanted for the fire, into pieces three and four feet long. Some of the logs used were large, and required the strength of two men to roil them in, and adjust them in the fireplaces for backlogs.

Goodman Hallett built his cribs as all in those times did, with slender poles. Posts were set at each corner having short branches left thereon, about three feet from the ground. On those branches two stout poles were laid, 12 or 15 feet long. Across these smaller ones, four feet in length, were closely laid. The sides were constructed with long poles, and the roof with boards overlapping each other. At each end there was a door or opening. He had several, in which he stored his large crops. Corn was then the measure of value. With it a man could pay his taxes or his debts, buy houses and lands ; the necessaries or the luxuries of life. To have corn in the crib, in those times, was like having stocks and money in the Bank at the present time. To say of a man “he has plenty of corn in his cribs,” was equivalent to saying he had money in his purse. Goodman Hallett was not proud, but he delighted to exhibit to visitors his extensive granaries, his herds and flocks, and the breadth of his cultivated lands. Excepting for hominy or samp, he consumed very little of his corn till it was a year old.

His barns in the field on the east of the mill road, were as widely constructed as those now seen on the western prairies, liarge stacks of salt hay stood aear, surrounded by a fence. The fearn, or cow-house, as it was called, was for the protection of the stock, not for the storage of fodder. No English hay was then cut. All the fresh fodder which the first settlers had, was the stalks and husks of the Indian corn, and a poor quality of fresh hay cut on the high meadows.

In the field by his house and in his barn field he set orchards. The Kentish Cherry brought over by the Pilgrims, had rapidly multiplied by suckers, and were always set on the outer edge, to protect the less hardy trees within. The apple trees were raised from seeds, brought from England, and were generally of inferior quality. The pignose, however, was very productive and a good winter apple. The Foxwell, yet cultivated, is a Fall apple of fair quality. The pears were also seedlings, and many of them worthless sorts ; but the trees were hardy and long lived. A seedling planted by him is a good autumn fruit, and yet propagated by grafts from the original tree. The French sugar, a very early pear, was introduced soon after the settlement and grafted into the poorer seedlings.* The iron pear, now known as the Black Worcester, a winter fruit, was introduced early — and afterwards the Catherine from the vicinity of Boston, and the Orange, a pear of superior quality. Several of the pear trees planted by Goodman Hallett yet remain, monuments of the hardy industry of the first comers, and living mementoes of the primitive simplicity of other days.

However rude may have been his dwelling, and however inelegant may have been its surroundings, it was the home of a happy and a contented family. To live a good life was his constant endeavor. He was not ambitious, he did not seek office, or honor, or wealth. He humbly acknowledged that all he had was lent to him by the Lord, to enable him to do good, and to be useful, not to be wasted in luxurious living, or in vain and ostentatious display. He lived as his neighbors lived. No room in his house was made a sanctum sanctorum, nor had he any furniture that was too good or too costly for his family to use. “Nothing,” he would say, ”was valuable that was not useful.” Again. “A large house makes a slave of the wife, and elegant furniture drouges of the daughters.” He had Indian servants who assisted him in the labors of the field. They were not fed and clothed to do that which he could do better himself, for it was his common remark, “He that waits on himself, is well served.” When asked why he lived in so small a house, he replied, “Comfort lives in a small house and needs no servants ; care in a large one, and requires many.” Vanity may turn up her nose in disgust, or laugb when these sayings are repeated ; the gay and the thoughtless may affect to despise ; but he that marks well the stern realities of life, will see truth buried, not deeply, in those simple, common-place sayings.

In his domestic arrangements, Goodman Hallett reduced his theories to practice. “Daylight,” he would say, “was cheaper than candle-light,” and as soon as the day broke he was up and dressed. He kindled the fire, brought water from the spring, went to his barn, fed his cattle, his pigs and his poultry, and milked his cows. On his return, he found all the members of his household up and dressed, and breakfast prepared. Sitting down in their accustomed places, the older daughter read a passage from the Bible, and a few stanzas from a favorite hymn. Goodman Hallett kneeling down, in a fervent prayer craved the blessing and protection of Heaven on his country, his church, his household, and his dear friends in England. Most earnestly did he pray that the Great Shepherd would watch over and protect the companion of his life, and gently lead the tender lambs of his flock.

The labors of the morning and the religious exercises, had prepared them to partake of their meal with thankful hearts. No cloth covered the well scoured table. A large wooden bowl graced the center, filled with savory broth, and hulled corn supplied the place of bread. Each had a pewter spoon, and all dipped from the same dish, as the Saviour and his disciples did on the eve of the crucifixion. No betrayer dipped his hand into the dish, and while imitating the custom of the Great Master, they never dreamed that a generation would thereafter arise who would despise a custom which they reverenced. After the bowl was removed, bread or samp, milk, butter and honey, a slice or two of meat, or a plate of fish, succeeded. Goody Hallett also had tea, made from some favorite herb, that she had brought from the garden or fields. During breakfast Goodman Hallett told pleasant Stories about home, as he called Old England, to which the children were never tired of listening. When the repast was ended, he returned thanks for the bountiful supply of the good things they had enjoyed, and the many blessings which had been vouchsafed to him and his family.

The school lasted only a few weeks in each year, and however deep the snow or hard the storm, the children never failed of attending. Goodman Hallett would remark, that “it was as great a sin to cheat children of their learning, as of their money.” They were all provided with Indian moccasins and snow shoes, and however difficult it is to learn the art of wearing the latter, the children of those days acquired it almost as naturally as young ducks learn to swim. The school was kept by the second Mr. John Miller at his house, which stood on the spot now occupied by the high school — a good mile distant from Goodman Hallett’s. If a term of the school was then in session, the children had their dinners put up, and were ready to start at half past eight. The roads were never cleared of snow in those days. Some were partially broken out with teams, but not so as to supercede the necessity of snow shoes, especially after a recent storm. It was a pretty sight, to see the little ones trailing along on their snow shoes towards the school-house ; but it was a common occurrence then, and excited no curiosity.

If there was no school, and the weather was stormy, the parlor was a scene of varied industry. When the breakfast table was cleared off, and preliminary arrangemeuts made for the dinner, the looms, which in cold weather stood in a corner of the parlor, were in motion, aud the girls were merrily turning their spinning wheels.

Meantime the master of the house, assisted by an Indian servant, bad watered and fed his large stock, and chopped the wood for the daily fire. He was not lacking in mechanical ingenuity, and on stormy days did many little jobs which saved money. His wife frequently repeated the old adage, “A stitch in time saves nine,” and Goodman Hallett acquiesced. Taking his awl, his leather, thread, wax and knife, he seated himself in the chimney corner, and successively examined the shoes of the family. If a tap or a patch was wanted, he put it on, or if there was a seam that required stitching, it was not overlooked. The andirons were of wrought iron, and had hooks on the front in which the spit rested. Wild fowl and venison were then abundant, and for the family dinner a sirloin had perhaps been spitted. Goodman Hallett turned the spit, and from time to time basted the meat from the contents of the dripping pan. The vegetables, which had been prepared in the morning, were hung over the fire, and at precisely twelve o’clock, if a bright day, the dinner was ready.

Before partaking of the meal, a blessing was craved. The meat was out on a wooden trencher, and served on pewter plates. Vegetables and bread, samp or hulled corn, was on the table, and at every meal “spoon victuals” of some kind formed a part ot the repast. Beer, which was regularly brewed every week, was used as a substitute for tea or coffee, and by the workmen, in the place of strong drink.

It was a saying of Goody Hallett, that “the girl who did not know that the dish-water should be heating during meal-time, was unfit to be married.” Abigail was in her teens, and remembered this saying. “When the dinner was finished the water was hot, and the table was soon cleared, the dishes washed and put in their places on the “trencher” or in the cup-board.

By three o’clock the tasks of the day were finished. Goody Hallett had woven her five yards, Abigail had spun six skeins of woolen yarn, and Dorcas four of flax. The wheels were put away, the parlor swept and dusted, and clean sand was “lumped” on the floor or the old “herren boned,” an act in which the women of those days displayed their good taste.

The girls had a small looking-glass, an article of luxury which few families in those days possessed, before which they arranged their toilet. The Hallett’s were never extravagant ; but they always dressed neatly. The petticoat was the principal article of dress, on which the most labor was expended. It was made of cloth of domestic manufacture, sometimes colored, of two thicknesses, and quilted throughout. On the lower border and on the front, there was some ornamental needle work. Over this a “loose gown” was worn. This was of also domestic manufacture, sometimes white ; but usually checked or colored. It was open in front, and did not extend so low as the under garment. The sleeves extended about half way from the elbow to the wrist. They had long knit gloves or “sleeves,” which they wore when they went out. The neck and breast were covered with a handkerchief ordinarily ; on great occasions, with a bodice or a stomacher. White worsted stockings and Indian moccasins completed the winter apparel. This was the common dress of the woman. For the Sabbath and great occasions, the wealthy had gayer and more costly garments of foreign manufacture. These were carefully preserved, and handed down from generation to generation. Dresses are yet preserved in which mother, daughter and grand-daughter were successively married. All had checked aprons which they wore when employed in household duties, and often a clean nice starched one was put on the afternoon and evening.

When they went out they had bonnets, and cloaks of thick cloth with a hood or covering for the head attached. For many years a bright red or scarlet was the fashionable color for these garments.

The common dresses of the men were short clothes or breeches, a long vest, with lappets covering the hips, a round about coat or jacket for every day, and for the Sabbath a long coat, cut a little crossway, not “straight down” in front, with a standing collar. The wealthy indulged large in silver buttons ; but for every day wear horn was used. The pilgrims all wore round hats, but in after times they adopted the cocked hat of the cavaliers. They wore long blue woolen stockings that extended above the knee, and were kept in place by a buckle and strap on the lower part of the breeches. Shoes fastened with large buckles completed their dress. Boys and men wore short clothes and long stockings. In summer stockings and shoes were dispensed with, and trowsers took the place of small clothes, the leg of which extended below the knee.

At the evening meal, in addition to “spoon victuals,” they usually had “short cakes” baked before the fire on a pan or in a spider.

In the evening the women were employed in knitting or sewing, and occasionally in making a kind of bobinet lace, on board frames, a few of which have been preserved. Farmers in those days selected a small portion of their best flax ground, on which they sowed a double portion of seed, that the product might be of a fine and soft texture, fit to manufacture into lace. Goodman Hallett kept a good fire, and as his beer barrels were never empty, he rarely was without company. Capt. Gorham and Mr. Thacher often spent an evening at his house, and though the use of tobacco was prohibited by the “honorable Court,” yet smoke from the pipe often curled up the chimney on the long winter evenings.

Our ancestors were systematic in their domestic arrangements. Monday was washing-day, a custom which has survived to this day. On Tuesday the clothes were ironed. Wednesday in summer was baking-day, but not in the winter. Thursday and Friday were devoted to spinning and weaving, and Saturday was baking-day the year round. For dinner on that day the Pilgrims eat fish, perhaps because the Catholics, all of whose customs they abjured, dined thereon Fridays. Baked beans, and Indian puddings were always found on their tables on the Sabbath, a custom yet continued in many families.

Saturday at 4 o’clock in the afternoon all servile labor for the week had ended. Preparations for the Sabbath had been made — the wood cut and brought in — the Sunday meal had been prepared, and preparations made to keep the day holy to the end thereof. In the evening the children were instructed in their catechisms. They retired early. The Sabbath was a day of rest — all went to church morning and evening. They never allowed the weather to interfere with their religious duties, it was never too wet, never too hot, never too cold to go to meeting.

In summer the male portion of the family were employed in out of door labors from sunrise till the shades of evening began to fall. Toil, hard and unremitting was their portion, but it was cheerfully performed. At hay time and harvest the girls assisted their fathers and brothers in the field. Their wants were few, and by industry and economy were easily supplied. Goodman Hallett acquired wealth, and every young man may do the same, if he will practice as he practiced. He was temperate in all things, took care of what he had, and every year spent less than he earned.

From year to year there was little change in Goodman Hallett’s habits, employments and mode of living. He added a lean to or salt-box,” as they were often called, to the west side of his house, making two rooms in front and enlarging the kitchen. His increased family rendered this enlargement necessary. The west room was sometimes called the weaving-room. Generally the object of building a leanto was to have a place for the looms and the spinning-wheels — a manufactory in miniature.

Goodman Hallett died in the spring of 1684, He was at least seventy years of age. His surviving children had married, and left the paternal roof. In early times it was customary, in making the inventory of a man’s estate, to apprise the furniture in each room of the house by itself. It was a good custom — it not only furnished a description of each room, but all the articles of furniture were enumerated in detail — carrying you into the family circle — unveiling its secrets — laying open its wants, its hopes, its pursuits, its aspirations ; — picturing the stern realities of a social life, over which two centuries have spread the mantle of forgetfulness. The uncovered ruins of Herculaneum do not portray the habits, mode of living, and character of the ancient Romans, in a stronger light, or in more vivid colors, than do these old inventories, the marked traits of the Pilgrim character. In that city we see the evidences of luxury in contrast with squalid poverty, and everywhere unmistakable records, that gross licentiolisness prevaded all classes of its society. The human heart, being ever the same, its surroundings will impress on its character, an ultimate form, which the man has no power to shake off.

Our fathers were eminently a religious people ; — -with them the future was ever present in thought — the Bible was their creed — their laws were based on its precepts, and their daily intercourse was regulated by some of its familiar texts. Their children were brought up under these influences or surroundings: — they were taught that industry and frugality were virtues — that idleness and wastefulness were sins to be repented of, and for which they would have to answer at the final judgment. These old inventories exhibit no evidence of prodigality — no squalid poverty — no traces of licentious life. They exhibit a rude social organization, — but beneath that organization they portray a noble race — with hardy virtues — of honest lives — content to live on the fruits of their own unremitted toil.

Andrew Hallett’s, Jr.’s, estate was apprised by John Miller and John Thacher May 19, 1684, and sworn to by his widow Ann Hallett on the 31st of the same month.

In the “parlour” or “great room.”
“His purse and apparell,” £90,10,6
Books in the parlour, 13,6
A cup-board, £3,10,0
The bed furniture— all, 10,05,0
The great table — forme and stools, 1,14,0
A chest and chairs, 1,00,0
The trundle-bed and furniture, 3,10,0
Pewter, 2,15,9

Brass mortar bac,* iron scummer, dripping-pan, tin pans— all, 15,2
* Bac, probably a misspelling intended for Box iron — an instrument then used for ironing clothing, as flat irons now are [1888].

A Tunnell, spoones, candlesticks, a warming-pan — all, 10,10
An hour-glass, a brush, fier-slice and tongs — a brass skillett, 6,06
Trammells, beer barrels, iron skillett, trays — all, 17,00
Spoones, trenchers, rowling pin, looking-glass, bottles and jugs:; 8,01

All in the parlor, 116,16,04
Deducting purse and apparel, 90,10,06
The furniture including bed, 26,05,10

Such was the furniture in the parlor of the most opulent man of his times. The list was taken by honest and honorable men, and sworn to by the surviving widow who certainly knew what she had in her house. The looms and the cradle had disappeared. Goody Hallett was too old to weave, and she had done all her rocking, many years before.

The “cup-board” or beaufet is apprised as an article of furniture. They were not then permanent fixtures. They were semicircular in form, and placed in the corner of a room or in a recess by the chimney, and could be removed from place to place. The lower part was closed by doors, and the upper open, containing several shelves, in form like a segment of a circle, and on these, the little earthen and glass ware of the family was displayed.The apprisement covers the value of the cup-board and its contents. By the word “furniture” in the inventory, is to be understood everything that belonged to the bed, including curtains and valances. The “forme” or settle, was a seat made of boards, with a high back — a rude sofa — and in cold weather was placed in front of the fire, — the seat and back protecting the occupants from the cold air of the room.

The chest and chairs are apprised at one pound. In the chest were deposited the most valuable articles of the family, and it was secured by iron hinges and a lock. At one end there was a till in which the money and valuable papers of the family were kept. It was well made, and must have been worth ten shillings, leaving the same sum as the value of all the chairs in the house. “Trammells” suspended from a cross bar in the chimney were then universally used. Cranes and hooks are modern inventions. The “beer barrels” are named as a part of the parlor furniture. As it was customary to brew every week, it is probable they were not of large size — only kegs — and being mentioned in connection with the articles about the fireplace, perhaps they had usurped the place of the dye-tub, which had disappeared.
In the chamber.

A mulett, £0,02,0
A bed and furniture — all, 6,18,0
22 yards of wool cloth, a suit of curtains and vallens, 2 cover-
lids, 6,06,00
A coverlid, a blankett, wool cloth, hops, a chest — all, 3,10,00
A chest, a box, 6 pairs of sheets, a table-cloth, pillow case all, 05,08,06
A table-cloth, napkin, hunney bees and hives, flax — all, 04.15,00
Sadies, pillion and cloth and bridles, Indian corn, rye — all, 3,05,00
5 cushens, linnien and wool wheels, bacon and beefe, scales  and waits, 1,19,06

Siften trough, meal and corn sives, bedstead and lumber in the chamber, 00,15,0


From the above, it appears that his house was only of one story, and the chamber was unfinished. The bee hives are named as being in the chamber. They were made of straw, and were put under cover in the winter, but the necessity of keeping them in the chamber till the 19th of May does not appear, without there was an opening in the side of the house through which the bees could enter.

In the leanto and kitchen. (The two first items are placed with the furniture in the chamber — probably in the kitchen.)

Winnowing sheet, horse geers. Iron pots and kettles, £3,08,00
Frying pan, bellows, pot hooks, milk pails, and straining dish, 7,00
In the leantoo, brass and iron — a hathell, a tub and churn, 5,14,00
Earthen ware, milk vessels and lumber in ye leanto, 0,19,00
A table, 10,00
2 barrens, a cowle, a bagg, 2 pillow cases, 12,06
Tallow, hoggs fat, malt, linen, yarn, wool and yarne and flax, 2,17,00
Arms and ammunition, 3,02,8

(Added at the end.)
A bed and bedding thereto belonging in ye kitchen, 6,18,00
3 yards of cloth, 15
A sun dial and knife, 2

Though this inventory does not state with so much particularity as many do the room in which each article was kept, yet it enables us to form a correct opinion of the appearance of each room, and gives a clear insight into his mode of living and domestic arrangements. It clearly appears that the house was only one story, that the chamber or garret was not divided into different apartments, and was unfinished. The small bedroom on the lower floor seems to have been connected with the kitchen, not with the parlor.

His other personal property consisted of “Cartwheels, with plow and ax, tackling, howes and shovel, £5,6,00

Pitch forks, sythes, 3 augure, and other tools, horse fetters, 1,4,0
Horses, mares, sheep and swine, 21,02,00
2 oxen, 15 cows, and 23 young cattle— all, 64,15,00
18 jags of hay, a grindstone a lime, a peck, 4,15,00
Boards and Bolts, 00 10 00
A drawing-knife, spit, aud other small things, 00,l0, 02
Debts due the estate, 2,10,00
Total 100,14

As boards and bolts are connected in the same line, I infer that sawing boards by hand had not been discontinued in 1684.He had little grain on hand, but a large stock of cattle, indicating that in the latter part of his life the raising of stock was his principal business. Forty head of cattle were apprised at only £64,15 — $215.83, or an average of only 15,37 each, showing that during the forty-five years since the settlement of the town, cattle had depreciated about 76 per cent, in value.

His personal estate amounted to £271, 13, 09
and his real estate, “In housing, lands and meadows,” 909, 00, 00

Total, £1,180, 13, 09

His will is dated two years before his death. It is signed with his mark, A. A., not conclusive evidence that he was unable to write, for many good scholars have so signed their wills, but the fact leads me to doubt the accuracy of a remark made in the former part of this article, “that he learned to write after he was a married man.” The provisions of the will are very clearly expressed, and it contains much historical information, and will repay the labor of a careful perusal. “The Hallett Mill” is not named in his will or inventory, showing that if he ever was an owner in it, he was not at the time of his death.

[From Plymouth Rec. p. 194.]
To all Christian people to whome these presents shall come : Know yee that I, Andrew Hallett of Yarmouth, in ye Colony of New Plymouth, being weake in body by reason of sore pains and aches, yet blessed be God at this time present I have my reason and understanding fresh and timely, I doe make this my last will and testament as followeth:

First, I doe bequeath my soule to God that gave it unto me, and my body to ye dust from whence it was formed by a desent and comely Buriall, and for that portion of Temporall blessings that God hath been pleased to posess me of, I do will and bequeath as followeth :

First, I doe will and bequeath to my loving wife one-third part of all my whole estate of moveables both within my house and also one-third part of all my cattell that I have not disposed of for ye comfort of her life and at her dispose to whom she shall see cause to give it unto, also my will is that my said wife shall have and Injoy ye easier end ol my said house I now live in during her natural! life, and ye thirds of all ye profits or Improvements of all my lands, both upland and meadow, during her naturall life, and then to returne as followeth in this my will.

And to my son Jonathan HALLETT I will and bequeath little calves pasture, so called, which is from my old field fence and bounds that is betwixt me and ye said Andrew Hallett and John GORHAM with ye broken marsh belonging to ye said pasture butting against ye old mill pond. Also I doe give unto my said son, Jonathan Hallett, my great table and my great bedstead and ye drawne cushings and ye cubbord and ye stands in ye Easter end of my now dwelling-house after my decease and ye decease of my wife. And also I do give unto my said son Jonathan twenty pounds of my estate,

and then my will is that my son Jonathan Hallett and my son John Hallett shall equally make a division of all my lands and meadows whatsoever both within fence and without with all housings whatsoever shall be standing upon my lands considering of quantity and quallity and so to make a division as you may agree yourselves, but in case you cannot agree to divide ye said and housings then to chose indifferent men between you to make a division of ye said Housing and lands and meadows and when equally divided then my son Jonathan to have ye one halfe and my son John to have ye other halfe, only my son Jonathan to have ye first choyce of ye lands and housing after devition, and my son John Hallett to have ye other halfe of ye housing and lands and meadows, only ye said John Hallett my son to pay to his brother Jonathan Hallett ye just sum of ten pounds, also what I have already given to my son John Hallett

I doe now confirme to him as his owne proper right and for ye farme I bought of John Penny,[Phinney] Senr, of Barnstable, I doe confirme to my two sons Jonathan Hallett and to my son John Hallett, to them and their heirs forever to be equally divided between them two, but concerning my other lands before mentioned in this my will, that in case either of my sons Jonathan Hallett or John Hallett shall dye without I shew of their bodies lawfully begotten, then I doe give liberty to either of them to will their part of their lands and housings to whom they please, provided it be to any of their owne kindred of ye Halletts,

but in case any of my said sons doe die without any issue and — without any will then my will is that my son that doth survive shall have ye one halfe of his said brothers lands that is deceased, and ye other halfe of his said lands to his three sisters and their heirs forever, but in case that both my said sons shall dye without any Issue and without will as above said then all my said lands and housing to fall to my three daughters, that is to say to Ruhamath and Abigail and Mehettabell and their heirs forever, to be equally devided between them three.

And to my daughter Ruhamath Bourn I doe confirme to her what she hath already, and doe will to her ye just sum of twenty pounds more of my estate, and to my Grandchildren as Timothy Bourne I do will five pounds; and to Hanah Bourne I doe will five pounds, and to Elezer Bourne I do will five pounds, and Hezekiah Bourne I doe will five pounds of my estate.

And to my daughter Abigail Alldin I doe confirme to her what I have already given to her and do will unto her my said daughter Abigail twenty pounds in money that I lent unto her husband Jonathan Alldin. And my will is that my daughter Abigail Aldin shall have six pound paid more to her by my Executor, and to my daughter Abigail’s children I give twenty pounds, that is five pounds to each of them, to be paid by my Executor unto all my children above expressed either at ye day of their marriage or when they shall come to ye age of one and twenty years or sooner If my Executor shall see cause,

and to my daughter Mehettabell I do will and bequeath unto her ye just sum of sixty pounds with what she hath had already of my estate,

and to my grandchild John Bourne he shall have pounds when he shall come of age of one and twenty years, to be paid by my Executor out of their estates according to proportion of what they have of mine estate. Bee it further kno wne by these presents that I doe make and appoint my loveing wife Ann, and my son Jonathan Hallett and John Hallett joynt Executors to this my last will and testament as witness my hand and seal this fourteenth day of March Ano Domi one thousand six hundred eighth one eighty and two.

The marke of A. A.
Andrew Hallett,
and a (seal.)
Signed and sealed in presence
of us, Thomas Thornton, Sen.
John Miller.

This will is proved at ye Court held at Plymouth
ye 4 June, 1684.
Nathaniell Morton, Secretary.


Of the family of the second Andrew Hallett no perfect record has been preserved. He married Anne or Anna Besse, daughter of Anthony of Lynn and Sandwich. Tradition says she was only fourteen at marriage, that she was a strong, healthy woman, and was the mother of twins before she completed her fifteenth year.

The tradition further relates, that on the day following the birth of her children, she requested her mother, who acted as nurse, to take care of the babes, while she went out to seek birds eggs, for them. The grandmother at that time could not have been over thirty, for she had children of her own fifteen years younger than her grandchild Abigail, and if Riihama was one of the twins, not far from twenty.

That she was very young when married, the known age of her mother confirms. After the death of her husband, she occupied the easterly part of his house. Her grandson John Bourne resided with her, and her son Jonathan occupied the west part of the house. She died in the spring of 1694, leaving a will dated June 23, 1684. To her grandson John Bourne, she gave her bed in the chamber with the curtains, valances, and all that belonged to it, and her great brass kettle or 22 shillings in money. To her youngest daughter, Mehitaiiel Dexter, her satin gown [in the inventory it is called “Satinistow,” a word not found in the dictionaries — and in another place, silk. For many years some of the articles belonging to the first comer were preserved as heir-looms, and some are now probably in existence. [and mohair petticoat].

All the rest of her estate, apprised at £180, 07, 06, (£67 of which was in money) she gave equally to her three daughters, Ruhannah Bourne, Abigail Alden, and Mehitable Dexter. Her wearing apparel, consisting of articles of wool, linen, and silk ; hose, shoes, hat, &c., was apprised at £15,00,00, or 50 dollars in silver money, showing that on the Sabbath and on holidays she dressed in great style.


1. Ruhamah Hallett

Ruhamah’s first husband Job Bourne was born 1639 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. He was her first cousin.  His parents were Richard Bourne (1610 – 1682) and Bathsheba Hallett (1616 – 1670)  His grandparents were Andrew HALLETT Sr. and Mary REEVES.  Job died Feb 1677 in Hingham, Mass.

(See Bourne.)

Ruhamah’s second husband William Hersey was born 1635 in Abington, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were William Hersey (1596 -1658) and Elizabeth Croade ( – 1671) William died 28 Sep 1691 in Hingham, Plymouth, Mass.

Children of Ruhamah and Job:

i. Timothy Bourne b. 18 Apr 1666 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Hannah Bourne b. 18 Nov 1667 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Eleazer Bourne b. 20 Jul 1670 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. John Bourne b. 2 Nov 1672 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Hezekiah Bourne b. 25 Sep 1675 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

2. Abigail Hallett

Abigail’s husband John Alden was born 1632 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were John Alden (1599 – 1687) and Priscilla Mullins (1602 – 1685) John died 14 Feb 1697 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

He inherited the homestead of his father in Duxbury, and died Feb. 1697, leaving an estate apprised at £309. She died Aug. 17, 1725, aged 81 years, and has a monument in the old graveyard in D.

Children of Abigail and John:

i. Elizabeth Alden b. 1672 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

ii. Sarah Alden b. 1679 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

iii. Andrew Alden b. 1681 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

iv. John Alden b. 1681 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

v. Benjamin Alden b. 1684 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

vi. Jonathan Alden b. Mar 1686 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

4. John Hallett

John’s first wife Mary Howes was born in 1659 in Yarmouth, Bristol, Mass. Her parents were Joseph Howes (1634 – ) and Elizabeth Mayo (1653 – 1696) Her grandparents were Thomas HOWES and Mary BURR. Mary died 17 Jan 1695 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

John was a corporal in the company of Capt. John GORHAM in King Philip’s war. He was not taxed in Yarmouth in 1676. Hhe was a man of more note than his brother Jonathan, as the Mr. affixed to his name indicates. His house, precisely of the description of his brother Jonathan’s, stood a little in the rear of where Capt. John Eldridge’s house now [1888] stands, and was taken down about forty years ago. Though ranking as second in point of wealth among the inhabitants of Yarmouth, his house was never finished, never plastered, papered or painted, facts that show that he had as penurious a disposition as his brother. He was constable of the town of Yarmouth in 1682, and held other offices.

The Register of his family on the Yarmouth Records is lost. In his will dated May 14, 1725, he names his children then living. He died June 10, 1726, aged 78, and his widow, Mrs. Mary Hallett, June 1732, aged 73 years. Both are buried in the old burying-ground in Yarmouth.

John Hallett Gravestone

John Hallett Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 35038450

Children of John and Mary:

i. Thankful Hallett, d. 12 Aug 1736 m. 3 Dec 1719 Joseph Basset as his second wife

ii. Andrew Hallet b. 1684 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 26 Apr 1751, aged 67; m. Mehitable Annable (1695  – 28 Oct 1767, aged 72). Mehitable’s parents were John Annable of West Barnstable and [__?__].

Andrew built a house of the same description with his father’s on the land opposite the Barnstable Bank building. In his will dated 23d April, 1651, proved May 7, 1751, he is styled yeoman, names his wife Mehitabel, to whom he gives one-half of his dwelling-house, privilege of the well, barn room, one-half of the fruit yearly growing in his orchard, use of one-third of his other real estate, one-third of his personal estate, and sufficient wood at the door, cut fit for the fire, to be furnished by his son Stephen. To his daughter Desire he gave a piece of land on the east of Hawes’ Lane, ten acres of woodland adjoining Jonathan Hallett’s, and one-half of his moveable estate. All the rest of his estate he gave to his son Stephen.

iii. John Hallet b. 1688 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 8 Apr 1765, aged 77 years m. 24 Aug 1716 by Peter Thacher, Esq., to Thankful Thacher, ( – 9 Feb 1768)

John built the large mansion-house now [1888] occupied by the widow Elizabeth Gorham and Howard Crowell. He was Sheriff, and a man of note in his day

iv. Joseph Hallett, d. 19 Sep 1735; m. 1722 Abigail [__?__] (1699  – 18 Sep 1768, aged 67).

Joseph built a house like his father’s between his brother John’s and Andrew’s.

v. Samuel Hallett m. 15 Jun 1727 to Susannah Clark of Harwich.

He resided in the house which was his father’s. His family register I do not find on the Yarmouth records. His estate was settled Jan. 4, 1757, his widow Susannah being then living.

vi. Seth Hallett b. 1699 Yarmouth; d. 1 May 1757 in Hyannis, Barnestable, Mass;  m.  8 May 1729 in Yarmouth to Mary Taylor (1701 – 9 Oct 1763) Both are buried in the old graveyard at Hyannis.

vii. Hannah Hallett married 27 Jun 1728 to her cousin Ebenezer Hallett died April 20, 1729, at the birth of her first child.

viii. Mary Hallett died unmarried 22 Apr 1751.

ix, Mercy Hallet, d. 13 Nov 1747.

x. Hope Hallett b. 1705; d. 5 Jul 1784, aged 79; m. 24 Jul 1729 to Joseph Grifieth of Harwich.

5. Jonathan HALLETT (See his page)

6. Mehitable Hallett

Mehitable’s husband John Dexter was born 1656 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. He was Mehitable’s first cousin  His parents were Thomas DEXTER and Elizabeth VINCENT. John died 1720 in Portsmouth, Rhode Island.

Children of Mehitable and John:

i. Elizabeth Dexter b. 1 Nov 1683 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Thomas Dexter b. 26 Aug 1686 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Abigail Dexter b. 26 May 1689 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. John Dexter b. 11 Sep 1692 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.


Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

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Jonathan Hallett

Jonathan HALLETT (1647 – 1717) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Jonathan Hallett was born 20 Nov 1647 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Masss. His parents were Andrew HALLETT Jr. and Anne BESSE. He married Abigail DEXTER 30 Jan 1684 in Yarmouth.  Jonathan died 14 Jan 1717 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Jonathan Hallet Gravestone --  Ancient Cemetery  Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 57287429

Jonathan Hallet Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 57287429

The gravestone is carved in the style of Nathaniel Emmes or William Mumford of Boston.

12th 1717

Abigail Dexter was born 12 Jun 1663 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass, Her parents were Thomas DEXTER and Elizabeth VINCENT. Abigail died 12 Sep 1715 in Yarmouth.

Abigail Dexter Gravestone

Abigail Dexter Gravestone — West Barnstable Cemetery — Find A Grave Memorial# 50400183

Children of Jonathan and Abigail:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mehitable HALLETT 1684 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Edward STURGIS III
25 Nov 1703 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.
20 Jan 1744  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
2. Elizabeth Hallett 1689 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massa Col. Paul Crowell
21 Oct 1714 Yarmouth
17 Nov 1723 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass
3. Capt. Ebenezer Hallett 1690
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massa
Rebecca Howes (Daughter of Jeremiah HOWES)
14 Aug 1712 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Hannah [__?__]
27 Jun 1728 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Mercy Gray
30 May 1737 Yarmouth
28 Jun 1760 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
4. Lt. Thomas Hallett 1691 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Sarah Hawes (Daughter of Joseph HAWES)
9 Apr 1719 in Yarmouth
Mrs. Hannah Gray
8 Feb 1722 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
Desire Gorham
19 Aug 1750 Yarmouth
Mary Gorham (daughter of James GORHAM Jr.)
5 Jan 1769 Yarmouth, Mass
10 Apr 1772 Yarmouth, Barnstable Mass
5. Deacon Jonathan Hallett 1693 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Desire Howes
17 Feb 1719 Yarmouth
24 May 1783 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
6. David Hallett 1694 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Mary Annable
19 Aug 1719 Yarmouth
Hyannis, Barnstable, Mass
7. Timothy Hallett 1694
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
Thankful Sturgis
18 Feb 1720 Yarmouth,
Elizabeth Hatch
11 Mar 1725 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Thankful Jones
23 May 1745 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mas
7 Jul 1760 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
8. Abigail Hallett 15 Nov 1698  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Hatsuld Freeman (Son of Thomas FREEMAN)
18 Jan 1719 Harwich
9 Dec 1796 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

The following biography of Jonathan Hallett is a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888).   This sketch is the least flattering written about any of our ancestors.   I wonder if there was some personal grudge.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — Of the early life of Jonathan Hallett little is known. He was not taxed in Yarmouth in 1676, and does not appear to have been a resident. Jan. 30, 1683-4, he married Abigail Dexter, daughter of Ensign Thomas Dexter of Sandwich, and grand-daughter of Mr. Thomas Dexter of Lynn, In 1684 he was constable of Sandwich, and an inhabitant of that town. He was thirty-six when married, and his wife twenty-one years of age.

After the death of his father he removed to Yarmouth, and resided in the west room of his father’s house till 1695, the year after the death of his mother, when he built his new house, afterwards known as the Jeremiah Hallett house. As all the houses built about that time were of the same description, some account thereof may not be uninteresting. The lumber for its construction came from Scituate, the Bangor of those times. It was two stories high, and at first contained only two rooms, exclusive of the attic. It stood where Mr. Joseph Hale’s house now stands, fronted due south, and was about twenty-four feet in front, by eighteen in the rear. The timber was large, and the boarding an inch and a quarter in thickness. The chimney was built within, not outside of the frame. On entering the front door you stepped over the sill, the entry floor being a foot lower than the threshold. In the entry a cu-cular stairway led to the chamber and attic.

Passing into the great room or parlor you had to step over a cross timber. That room was seventeen feet square, and no part of it was ever plastered or finished. The chimney projected into the room, with no finishing boards put up around it. The fireplace was seven feet wide, four feet deep, and five and a half high, with an oven at the south end. The hearth was laid with flat stones, picked up in the fields. The sills, which were large sticks of timber, projected into the room and formed low seats on three sides. The windows were of small diamond shaped glass set in lead. No planed boards, no plastering, paper or paint, was used in that house from the day it was built in 1695, till it was taken down in 1819.

Outwardly the house appeared very comfortable. The upper story, on the east, projected over the lower. This projection was adorned with some rude ornamental work, in the form of acorns, hanging beneath. Subsequently two additions were made. A one story leanto on the rear for a kitchen and pantry, and a leanto or “salt-box” on the west side. The inside of these additions were ruder, if possible, than the original structure. The back stairs were made of a pine log, with scores cut therein. There was no railing, and to go up or down them in the dark, was a feat that few would venture to attempt.

The furniture of the house was as mean as the interior finish. His father’s house was elegantly furnished in comparison.

Jonathan Hallett, after the decease of his father, was the most wealthy man in Yarmouth, and his brother John ranked next to him ; yet with all their riches, neither was contented — neither was happy. I have heard the aged remark that the men of the third generation were, as a class, an ignorant and superstitious race. The ardent piety of the first comers had degenerated into lifeless formalities ; their wise economy into a desire to hoard ; and their simple, unaffected manners, into coarseness — often to rudeness and incivility.

The first Jonathan Hallett was a type of that class of men. Hundreds now living can testify that his house was as cold, as cheerless, and as comfortless as I have described. He had money to let to all who could give good security, and were willing to pay a liberal percentage, yet he had no money to expend in finishing or plastering his rooms, none to make his home pleasant and comfortable. His excuse was, “my father’s house was never plastered.” The seams of his father’s house was “daubed,” and it was warm and comfortable. Jonathan could not afford that small expense, he caulked the seams with “swingling tow” which cost nothing. This was the character of the man, he was greedy of filty lucre ; denied himself the comforts and conveniences of life, lived as meanly and as sparingly as the poorest of the poor, that he might add to his already well filled coffers.

Generally the first settlers had not the means, and those that had were obliged to send out to England for the articles they wanted, and shippers in those days charged enormous profits. Thirty per cent, was a moderate rate. Forty, fifty, and even one hundred per cent, was paid. In Jonathan’s time it was not so. Some manufactures had been established, communication with the mother country as more frequent, there were importers who sold goods at a moderate advance, and the Colonies were well supplied with articles of convenience and comfort. We cannot respect the man who, to save a little more money, will go bare-foot in winter ; who will run the risk of breaking his neck in clambering up a notched log, and who lived all his days in a house that neither the joiner, the plasterer, nor the painter ever entered. There is a golden mean in the path of life which neither the miser nor the spendthrift ever see. The former never perceives the deep gulph that separates prudent management from miserly hoarding and the latter that which divides an honorable, generous hospitality, from wasteful extravagance.

Goodman Andrew Hallett, after providing in his will for the comfortable support of his widow, making liberal bequests to his daughters, and giving to his son Jonathan his little Calves Pasture, as a token of his right of primogeniture, gave all the remainder of his large estate to his two sons, enjoining on them to make a peaceful division thereof by mutual agreement. They quarrelled about the boundaries of the little Calves Pasture, the birthright of Jonathan, and they spent two years and a half in vain attempts to divide peaceably and by mutual concession and agreement, when they put themselves under bonds of £800, each to the other, to abide by the award of Mr. Nathaniel Bacon, of Barnstable, and Col. William Bassett, of Sandwich. Jonathan had the western portion of the farm, John the eastern. The present road to the wharf being the division line on the north side of the County road, That there was some unpleasant feeling between them and their families, is indicated by the fact that Jonathan’s descendants called John’s, “other side Halletts.”

5 Mar 1686/87 – Jonathan, Hallett, for £20 in current money, bought of his brother-in-law, John Dexter, of Sandwich, a negro slave called Harry, aged 29 years. The bill of sale, yet preserved, is drawn up with much formality — signed, sealed and witnessed.

In 1710 he continued to rank as the most wealthy man in Yarmouth, and his brother John next. He was an extensive landholder in Yarmouth and in Barnstable.

28 Mar 1698/99 – He bought of Samuel Bradford, of Duxbury, for twenty pounds in current money, a thousand acre right of land in Windham, Hartford County, Connecticut, “being the fifth lot at the crotch of the river,” and also a houselot of twelve acres abutting on the river, with rights of commonage. It is probable he sold his Windham farm, for none of his family removed to that town.

His will is dated Dec. 5, 1716, and was proved Feb. 14, 1716-17. He names his five sons, Ebenezer, Thomas, Timothy, David and Jonathan, and his daughters Mehitabel Sturgis, Elizabeth Crowell, and Abigail Hallott. His real estate was apprised at £2000, and his personal estate for a large sum.

The men of the third generation had very slender means of acquiring an education, generally their piety had degenerated into lifeless, unmeaning formalities ; they were church members ; but not of the noble, self-sacrificing race by whom the country was settled. Jonathan Hallett loved money better than he loved the church ; he was industrious, and gathered up riches which his children put to a better use than he did. He died Jan. 12, 1716-17, aged 69 years, and his wife died Sept. 2, 1715, aged 52 years. Both are buried in the old burying-ground in Yarmouth, where monuments are erected to their memories.


1. Mehitable HALLETT (See Edward STURGIS III‘s page)

2. Elizabeth Hallett

Elizabeth’s husband Col. Paul Crowell was born 20 Apr 1687 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John Crowell (1662 – 1728) and  Bethiah Sears (1662 – 1724)  After Elizabeth died, he married 15 Feb 1724/25  to Margery Hall, daughter of Deacon Joseph Hall of Yarmouth. Margery died 25 May 1773; m 3rd Mehitable Snow.  Paul died 11 Oct 1765 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.

Col Paul Crowell Gravestone Detail Find A Grave Memorial# 40875989

Col Paul Crowell Gravestone Detail Find A Grave Memorial# 40875989

Paul Crowell settled in Chatham in 1717 on the farm at Chathamport purchased by his father from William Covell. It borders on Pleasant Bay. The house was later known as the Osborn Nickerson house. Col. Crowell was town treasurer for 7 years and selectman 6 years. He became a Deacon in the church in 1738. Paul Crowell served as First Lieutenant (1738) then Capt of the town militia by 1744, advanced to Major of the County regiment in 1749 and later Colonel and head of the County Militia. (Smith) He supposedly left a large estate divided among his three sons. The homestead was given to his son David.

Elizabeth Hallett Crowell Gravestone -- Chatham Old Burial Ground  --  Find A Grave Memorial# 57388719

Elizabeth Hallett Crowell Gravestone — Chatham Old Burial Ground — Find A Grave Memorial# 57388719

Children of Elizabeth and Paul

i. Abigail Crowell b. 13 Sep 1715 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Paul Crowell b. 4 Apr 1717 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 Nov 1808 Chatham Old Burial Ground

iii. Jonathan Crowell b. 25 Feb 1718 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d.  17 Feb 1776 Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Canada

3. Capt. Ebenezer Hallett

Ebenezer’s first wife Rebecca Howes was born 1685 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jeremiah HOWES  and Sarah PRENCE. Rebecca died 23 Mar 1724/25

Ebenezer’s second wife Hannah Hallett was born 1700 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Hannah died 20 Apr 1729 in Yarmouth.

Ebenezer’s third wife Mercy Gray was born 13 Apr 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Edward Gray  (1656 – 1726) and  Melatiah Lewis ( – 1729).  Mercy died  25 Mar 1775 in Yarmouth.)

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — Ebenezer Hallett, son of Jonathan, was a farmer and resided in Yarmouth. His dwelling-house, which has been owned by four successive generations of Ebenezer Hallett’s yet remains. It was originally of the same description with his father’s, but by several additions of one room at a time, it is now a large two story mansion house. Though originally of the same description with his father’s, it was better finished and furnished. In his family record I find this entry, “Our house was in danger of burning August 9, 1746.” Perhaps there is no house in the County in which so much wood has been consumed as in this. The Ebenezer Halletts, especially the second, were noted for keeping large fires.

He married Aug. 14, 1712, Rebecca Howes. She died March 23, 1724-5. 2d, his cousin Hannah Hallett, June 27, 1728. She died April 20, 1729. 3d, Mercy Gray, May 30, 1737, who survived him.

In his will dated 10th May, 1760, he gives to his wife Mercy one-half of the moveables in the east end of his dwelling-house, two cows, one steer, one-third part of his sheep and hogs, sundry articles of provision, one-third part of his grain in the ground, the improvement of the east end of his dwelling-house, one-quarter of his barn, and a third part of his real estate, as her right of dower or thirds during her natural life ; twelve loads of pine and twelve loads of oak wood annually, cut “convenient for the chimney,” and a horse to ride to meeting and elsewhere by his son Ebenezer. She survived her husband several years ; but her connection with the family was an unhappy one.

He gives legacies to his daughters Ann Crowell, Sarah Gray, and Rebecca Hallett, to his randchildren Ebenezer, Susannah, John, Temperance, Rebecca, Mercy and Jonathan Whelden, and his son-in-law John Whelden. To Ebenezer Whelden he made an additional bequest of “one-third part in acres of the southern end of the woodlot commonly called the “New Society” where once Sinieon Porridge lived. To his grandson Ebenezer Hallett, he gave one pair of gold sleeve buttons, and his coat with silver buttons ; and to his grandson Edward Hallett one Jack-coat with silver buttons on it. He appoints his son Ebenezer executor, makes him his residuary legatee, and charges him with the payment of his debts and legacies.

Ebenezer Hallet Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 50148024

Ebenezer Hallet Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50148024

Rebeckah Howes Hallet Headstone Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port Barnstable County Mass

Children of Ebenezer and Rebecca:

i.Ann Hallett b. 1 Nov 1714 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 24 Aug 1738 Yarmouth to Ebenezer Wheldon. (9 Sep 1708 Yarmouth – d. 14 Mar 1743 Yarmouth) Ann’s sister Susannah married Ebenezer’s brother John. Their parents were our ancestors Jonathan WHELDON and Mercy TAYLOR. Ann’s cousin Mary Mayo married Ebenezer’s and John’s brother Seth Wheldon.  Ann and Ebenezer had one child Ebenezer (b. 1739)

After Ebenezer’s death in 1743, Ann remarried 12 Nov 1752 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass to Joseph Crowell (1696 – 1783) and had four more children born between 1753 and 1761 in Yarmouth. Ann died Oct 1795 in Yarmouth.

ii. Howes Hallett b. 18 Dec 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

iii. Elizabeth “Betty” Hallet b. 25 Feb 1717 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

iv. Sarah Hallett b. 22 Oct 1718 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

v. Ebenezer Hallett b. 9 Dec 1719 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

vi. Susanna Hallett b. 25 Jan 1722 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m.. 20 Dec 1739 Yarmouth to John Wheldon (b. 14 Jan 1711 Yarmouth – d. 30 Jun 1797 Yarmouth) Susannah’s sister Ann married John’s brother Ebenenezer. Their parents were our ancestors Jonathan WHELDON and Mercy TAYLOR. Susanna’s cousin Mary Mayo married John’s and Ebenezer’s brother Seth Wheldon.  Susannah died 12 Nov 1751 in Yarmouth.

John remarried 21 Sep 1752 or 23 Sep 1757 in Yarmouth to Lydia Taylor.

vii. Rebecca Hallett b. 19 Jul 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

4. Thomas Hallett

Thomas’ first wife Sarah Hawes was born 1 Apr 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were Joseph HAWES  and Mary HOWES. Sarah died 31 Jan 1720 in Yarmouth.

Thomas’ second wife Mrs. Hannah  Gray was born 1693 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  She first married Andrew Gray of Harwich and North Yarmouth, Maine.  Her parents were [__?__]  and Susanna Clark (1674 – 1731).   Hannah died 6 Feb 1749/50 in Yarmouth.

Thomas’ third wife Desire Gorham was born 26 Aug 1710 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Gorham (1680 – 1729) and Anne Brown ( – 1712)  Her grandparents were James GORHAM Sr. and Hannah HUCKINS.  Desire died Dec 1767 in Yarmouth

Thomas’ fourth wife Mary Gorham was born 19 Jul 1719 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were James GORHAM Jr. and Mary JOYCE.  She was born after her father’s death and therefore is not mentioned in his will.  Mary was a “singular woman.”  She was known as “Mrs. Slicker” and her children were known as “Slickers.”  She was no advocate for celibacy and held that it was no breach of etiquette for women to propose marriage/  She first married 25 Jan 1739 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass, to Thomas Hedge (b. 5 May 1719 in Yarmouth – d. 9 Jun 1764) His parents were Thomas Hedge and Hannah Taylor. His grandparents were Elisha HEDGE and Mary STURGIS.  Mary died 2 Jun 1795 in Yarmouth.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) –Thomas Hallett, styled gentleman, son of Jonathan, born in Yarmouth in 1691, owned and resided in the large, ancient mansion-house now standing on the corner of Hallett St., and Wharf Lane. It was originally built on the same plan with that of his father’s which has been described, but was better finished at first, and has since been kept in good repair. The Halletts’, as a race, are able-bodied men, and average in stature above the common height. Thomas was an exception. He was a short, thick-set man. During the latter part of his life he was of feeble health. ‘ For many years he was afflicted with a sore leg — a disease which usually set at defiance the curative skill of the physicians of his time.

Thomas Hallett, lived in better style than many of his neighbors, and died April 10, 1772, aged 81, leaving a good estate.

He married April 9 , 1719, for his first wife, Sarah, daughter of Dea. Joseph Hawes. She was born April 1, 1696, and died soon after her marriage, leaving no .issue. He married Feb. 8, 1721-2, Hannah, widow of Andrew Gray of Harwich, and North Yarmouth, Maine. She died Feb. 6, 1749-50, and he married for his third wife, Aug. 19, 1750, Desire Gorham. She died Dec. 1767, aged 57. For his fourth wife he married Mary, widow of Thomas Hedge, and a daughter of James Gorham.

In his will dated 21st Feb. 1770, proved May 4, 1772, he gives to his wife Mary Hallett in lieu of thirds, the improvement of all his real estate during her natural life, one-third of his in-door moveables, and his best cow. To his nephew Thomas Hallett, son of his brother Jonathan, a piece of land on the south side of the road on which Thomas’ house stood, containing two acres. To his nephews Jonathan and Jeremiah, sons of his brother Jonathan, £6 or $20 each. To his nephew Ebenezer Hallett, Jr., £6-. To his nephews Jonathan and Abner, sons of his brother David, £4 each. To his nephews Moses, Joshua, and Isaac, sons of hia brother Timothy, deceased, £6. All the rest of his real and personal estate he gave to his adopted son Joshua Gray, son of his second wife Hannah Gray.

Lieut Thomas Hallet Gravestone --  Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 35038609

Lieut Thomas Hallet Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 35038609

Child of Thomas and Sarah

i. Baby Hallett b. 25 Jan 1719 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

5. Jonathan Hallett

Jonathan’s wife Desire Howes 22 May 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Prince Howes (1669 – 1753) and Dorcas Joyce ( – 1757). All four of her grandparents were our ancestors:  Jeremiah HOWES & Sarah PRENCE  and Hosea JOYCE & Elizabeth CHIPMAN. Desire died 3 Apr 1775 in Yarmouth.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) –Deacon Jonathan Hallett, owned and occupied the house which was his father’s residence, and which I have described. Notwithstanding he lived in a house so meanly furnished, he had the means of living better. He was a man of sound judgment, and exercised a wide and deserved influence among his neighbors and acquaintances. There is a common saying, often repeated, and that has some truth in it — “the shoemaker’s wife and the blacksmith’s horse go unshod.” Deacon Jonathan was a carpenter, though agriculture was his principal employment ; and though he had time to finish off, and put some of his neighbor’s houses in good order, he never found time to keep his own in decent repair.

He and his wife united in full communion with the Barnstable Church Sept. 8, 1728, and continued to be a member till July 1, 1744, when he was dismissed to the West Church in Yarmouth of which he was soon after elected one of its deacons, and continued to be till his death. He was many years one of the Selectmen of the town of Yarmouth, and held other municipal offices. His children were all well educated for the times. His son Jonathan was fitted for Cambridge College, and his father desired him to enter ; but the son preferred rather to be a farmer than a clergyman.

He married Feb. 17, 1719-20, Desire Howes, with whom he lived in the marriage state fifty-five years, till April 3, 1775, when she died aged 78 years. He died May 24, 1783, aged 90 years, and is buried in the ancient burying-ground in Yarmouth, where monuments are erected to his and his wife’s memory.

In his will dated July 17, 1779, he names his sons Jonathan, Thomas and Jeremiah, and daughters Desire Bacon and Mehitable Swift, and his four grandchildren, Elkanah, Isaiah, Mehitabel and Desire Crowell. He gave his dwelling-house to Jeremiah, hence the name by which the old house was known in modern times, and the lot of land on the south of the road on which his son Jonathan’s house stood to Jonathan. This lot was bounded easterly by the land of Col. Enoch Hallett. To Thomas and Jeremiah he gave his orchard on the west of Jonathan’s house.

Deacon Jonathan Hallet

Deacon Jonathan Hallet —  Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50283030

Children of Jonathan and Desire:

i. Daughter Hallett (twin) b. 7 Nov 1720 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Daughter (twin) b. 7 Nov 1720 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; still born.

Twin Hallett Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 50283151

Twin Hallett Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50283151

iii. Desire Hallett b. 18 Jan 1721/22 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1747 Samuel Bacon

iv. Jonathan Hallett b. 10 Nov 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 6 Feb 1814, aged 90 years; m. Thankful Crowell. By mistake she took rats-bane instead of salts, and died in six hours.

His son Howes Hallett (1747 – 1789) was the skipper of a new fishing vessel, owned principally by a Mr. Evans of Providence, R. I. She was lost in a gale on Nantucket Shoals, and all on board perished, namely : Howes Hallett, master, Josiah Hallett, Daniel Hallett, Edmond Hallett, Levi Hallett, Joseph Hallett, Josiah Miller and Moody Sears.

v. Prince Hallett b. 12 Sep 1725 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Jul 1728

vi. Abigail Hallett b. 25 Aug 1727 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. d. 26 Jun 1728.

vii. Thomas Hallett b. 7 Jul 1729 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Hannah Hablin

viii. Abigail Hallett (twin) 3 Jun 1731 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 23 Jun 1731

ix. Prince Hallett (twin) 3 Jun 1731 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; 23 Jun 1732.

x. Jeremiah Hallett b. 20 Sep 1733 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Nov 1819 aged 86; m. Hannah


xi. Joshua Hallett b. 19 Mar 1736 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 May 1736.

xii. Sarah Hallet b. 28 Jun 1737 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

xiii. Mehitabel Hallett b. 7 May 1740 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

6. David Hallett

David’s wife Mary Annable was born Dec 1701 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Mary’s parents were John Annable (1755) and Experience Taylor (1672 – 1744)

David removed to Hyannis, and settled on the land which was his father’s. His house was one of the first built in that village.

Children of David and Mary

i. Abigail Hallett b. 22 Jun 1720 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 Aug 1739 to Prince Howes of Yarmouth

ii. Jonathan Hallett b. 1 Dec 1722 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 5 Aug 1744, Mercy, daughter of Deacon Samuel Bacon

iii. David Hallett b. 12 Dec 1724 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1763; m1. 18 Jul 1753 to Sarah Lewis; m2. 12 Feb 1756 to Sarah Butler

iv. Elizabeth Hallett b. 9 Jan 1726 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Mehitable Hallett b. 21 Apr 1729 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1746/47 to Shubael Baxter of Yarmouth

vi. Remember Hallett b. 12 May 1731 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 4 Jan 1753 to Jabez Marchant of Yarmouth

vii. Sarah Hallett b. 28 May 1733 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1751 to Jabez Parker

viii. Annah Hallett b. 14 May 1737 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1 Nov 1759 to Elisha Kent, of Goodfleld.

ix. Mary Hallett b. 11 May 1739 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 22 Nov 1761 to Timothy Hamblin.

x. Abner Hallet b. 19 May 1741 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Susan [__?__]

7. Timothy Hallett

Timothy’s first wife Thankful Sturgis was born 2 Sep 1701 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were James Sturgis (1668 – 1718) and Rebecca Thacher (1668 – 1734)  Her grandparents were Edward STURGIS II and Temperance GORHAM.  Thankful died 10 Jan 1722 in Yarmouth.

Timothy’s second wife Elizabeth Hatch was born 15 May 1701 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. her parents were Moses Hatch (1662 – 1747) and Elizabeth Thatcher ( 1677 – ) Elizabeth died 21 Oct 1744 in Yarmouth.

Timothy’s third wife Thankful Jones was born 12 Apr 1701 in Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Ralph Jones (1669 – ) and Deborah Coombs (1673 – 1711) She first married 20 Oct 1733 in Barnstable to to John Jones (b. 12 Feb 1703 in Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1738 in Barnstable, Mass.) Thankful died 24 Jan 1771 in Yarmouth.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — – Timothy Hallett, son of Jonathan, owned and resided in the dwelling-house now occupied by Mr. Eldridge Lovell of Yarmouth. He was a farmer, and a very respectable man. He married, first, Feb. 18, 1719-20, Thankful Sturgis, who died at the birth of her first child — still born — 10th Jan. 1721, and both were buried in the same grave. Second, to Elizabeth, daughter of Dea. Moses  Hatch of Falmouth.  She died Oct. 23, 1744, aged 44 years, and he married May 23, 1745, Thankful Jones of Barnstable, his third wife.

He died as recorded on his grave stones, Jan. 24, 1771, in, the 69th year of his age. His grandson Benjamin made the following record in his family bible : “My grandfather Timothy Hallett died July 7, 1770, in the 66th year of his age.” “My grandmother Elizabeth Hallett died Oct. 23, 1744, aged 44 years.”

Timothy Hallett Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 50148039

Timothy Hallett Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50148039

Child of Timothy and Thankful Sturgis

i. Baby Hallett b. 10 Jan 1722 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Timothy and Elizabeth

ii. Timothy Hallett b. 7 May 1725 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Aug 1747.

iii. Elizabeth Hallett b. 12 Jun 1727 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Jun 1728

iv. Moses Hallett b. 20 Apr 1729 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. “He was an ignorant, self- conceited man.”

v. Benjamin Hallett b. 9 Oct 1730 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 26 Apr 1759 to Bethia Jones of Sandwich. He was pilot of a vessel bound to Halifax, lost at sea, and all on board perished. He left no issue

vi. Elizabeth Hallett b. 16 Nov 1735 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 20 Dec 1735

vii. James Hallett b. 12 Apr 1737 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; died young

viii. Joshua Hallett b. 10 Jan 1739 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Dorcas Eldridge.; d. 19 Aug 1821, aged 84, and his wife April 26, 1813, aged 72 years.

His house, yet remaining in 1888, was the most westerly on the north side of the County road in Yarmouth

ix. Isaac Hallett b. 4 Aug 1742 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; was the youngest child of Timothy. ; m. 1761 to Elizabeth Eldridge; d. 5 Oct 1814, aged 72 years, and his widow March 1, 1831, aged 86 years

He was a deacon of the Yarmouth church, and his family, as well as his brother Joshua’s, were long lived.

8. Abigail Hallett

Abigail’s husband Hatsuld Freeman was born 27 Mar 1691 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  His parents were Thomas FREEMAN and  Rebecca SPARROW. Hatsuld died 23 May 1773 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

I can’t find Hatsuld in any baby name site, but there were Hatsulds in every generations of the Freeman family.  He is called “Hatsul” in Harwich church records.

Abigail Hallett Gravestone -- Old Burying Ground Brewster Barnstable County Massachusetts, USA Plot: Map# 98 -- Findagrave #67675130

Abigail Hallett Gravestone — Old Burying Ground,  Brewster , Plot: Map# 98 — Findagrave #67675130

Children of Abigail and Hatsuld:

Hatsul Freeman’s wife admited 12 May 1723 & baptized at ye  same time, Hatsul Freeman’s son Daved also baptized 12 May 1723;  Abigail baptized 2 Jun 1723

i. David Freeman b. 18 Jul 1720 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Jul 1796 – Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Thankful Blossom of Yarmouth, perhaps late in life.

In Memory of Mr David Freeman who departed this life July 3rd 1796 Aged 76 years,11 months & 15 days

ii. Abigail Freeman b. 26 May 1723 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 Apr 1807 – Barre, Worcester, Mass; m. Ebenezer Childs (b. 10 Apr 1723 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass) Ebenezer’s parents were Ebenezer Childs Sr. (1690 – 1756) and Hope Huckins (1689 – 1721). He first married Hannah Crocker (1718 – 1755) and had four children born between 1747 and 1754. Abigail and Ebenezer had four more children born between 1757 and 1763.

iii. Jonathan Freeman b. 1 May 1725 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 27 Jun 1776 Harwich

iv. Sarah Freeman b. 10 Dec 1727 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 31 Dec 1770 – Harwich; m. 15 Nov 1758 – Harwich to John Freeman (b. 29 Jul 1729 Harwich – d. 20 Oct 1813 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.) John’s parents were Benjamin Freeman (1685 – 1758) and Temperance Dimmock (1689 – 1773) His grandparents were John Freeman and Sarah Merrick and his great grandparents were John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE.

John first married 23 Oct 1755 to Thankful Foster (1733 – 1759) Sarah and John had five children born between 1760 and 1770.

v. Betty Freeman b. 11 Mar 1730 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Nov 1823; m. 15 Aug 1754  Harwich to Benjamin Chipman (b. 7 Nov 1726 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 17 Mar 1811) Benjamin’s parents were John Chipman (1697 – 1757) and Hannah Fessenden (1701 – 1746) Betty and Benjamin had eight children born between 1755 and 1774.

Betty was baptized as Betty, not Elizabeth.

vi. Hatsuld Freeman b. 4 Jun 1732 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1732 Harwich

vii. Mary Freeman b. 27 Mar 1735 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 May 1757 to Seth Perry

viii. Seth Freeman b. 1737 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Harwich

ix. Jerusha Freeman b. 1739  Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Oct 1826 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass; m. 6 May 1764 Harwich to Capt. Reuben Clark (b. 1 Aug 1735 in Harwich – d. 23 Dec 1814 in Brewster) Reuben’s parents were  Scotto Clark (1709 – 1795) and   Thankfull Crosby (1714 – 1802). Jerusha and Reuben had five children born between 1765 and 1775.

Lt. Reuben Clark, Benjamin Berry’s (Harwich) co., Maj. Zenas Winslow’s regt.; service, 7 days, on an alarm at Bedford and Falmouth Sept. 7, 1778. Roll sworn to in Barnstable Co.

“‘Sacred to the memory of Reuben Clark, who departed this life Dec 23 1814 in the 80th year of age. He lived much beloved, and died much lamented. The righteous have hope in death.'”



Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

Posted in 11th Generation, Historical Monument, Line - Shaw, Public Office | Tagged , , | 17 Comments

Thomas Folland

Thomas FOLLAND (1600 – 1686) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant - No Folland, Falland, or Follin Coat of Arms exists

Immigrant – No Folland, Falland, or Follin Coat of Arms exists

Thomas Folland was born between 1600 and 1611, some say even 1620 in England. His parents were Samuel FOLLAND and Emma [__?__].  He married Elizabeth [__?__] Thomas’ will is dated 1 Oct 1686 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass and was proved 31 May 1687.

Elizabeth [__?__] was born about 1611 in England.

Children of  Thomas and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary FOLLAND 1630
bef. 1654
10 Dec 1700 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
2. Elizabeth Folland 1637
Charlestown, Middlesex, Mass
Samuel Hall
20 May 1711 will and
10 Jul 1714 proved Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
3. Thomas Folland 1640
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass

Mary’s name is often written Folland, but contemporary Yarmouth records consistently spell her father’s name Falland.

Thomas’ father Samuel Falland was born about 1580 in Exeter, Devon, England

Thomas was permitted to dwell at Yarmouth before June 1641. He lived at what became the Mayfair area in Dennis, at the head of Kelley’s Bay on Bass River and near Follins Pond. His original neighbors were Francis BAKER, Gabriel WHELDON and William TWINING.  The neighborhood is sometimes called “The Head of the Point”.

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis:  1 . Francis Baker, 2.  Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase,  4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O'Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon.  Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis: 1 . Francis Baker, 2. Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase, 4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O’Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon. Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

A list of Freemen of Yarmouth taken about in 1659 , comprises the following names :

Mr. Anthony Thacher, Samuel Arnold,
James Matthews, Thos. Falland 
Mr. John Crow, Richard Sears,
Mr. Edmund HAWESRichard Hoar,
Mr. Thos. HOWES, Sr, Mr. Yelverton Crow,
Edward STURGES, Emanuel White,
Mr. John Miller, Joseph Howes.

Cape Code Library of Local History and Genealogy, Vol I

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

In 1665, to settle the difficulty at Monomoy, now Chatham between William Nickerson and the Colonial government respecting the illegal purchase of land of the Indian sachem there, Nickerson was allowed one hundred acres of the purchased land, and Major John FREEMAN, with Thomas Hinckley, William Sargeant, Anthony Thacher, Nathaniel Bacon, Edmund HAWES,  Thomas HOWES, Sr,  Thomas FOLLAND, Sr and Lt. Joseph Rogers was allowed a grantee of the remaining portion with the privilege with the above named to purchase adjacent land.

In 1672,  Major Freeman disposed of his right to William Nickerson; and in 1674 Major Freeman and  Capt. Jonathan SPARROW were appointed to lay out Nickerson’s land with instructions, but for some cause the work was not accomplished by the committee until 1692.

Native American tribes who lived in the Chatham before European colonization include the Nauset, specifically the Manomoy or Monomoy people. “Manamoyik” was a Nauset village located near present-day Chatham. Explorer Samuel de Champlain landed here in 1606, contacting (and skirmishing with) the Nauset. English settlers first settled in Chatham in 1665, and the town was incorporated in 1712, naming it after Chatham, Kent, England. Located at the “elbow” of Cape Cod, the community became a shipping, fishing, and whaling center. Chatham’s early prosperity would leave it with a considerable number of 18th century buildings, whose charm helped it develop into a popular summer resort.

Follins Pond is named for Thomas Folland.  It is  a brackish lake on Cape Cod, separating the towns of Dennis and Yarmouth, Massachusetts. The lake is connected to Nantucket Sound via the Bass River.

Follins Pond separating Dennis from South Yarmouth is named for Thomas Folland

Follins Pond separating Dennis from South Yarmouth is named for Thomas Folland

Follins Pond is noteworthy primarily because there has been an attempt to connect it to the semi-legendary lost Norse colony of Vinland.

In the 1950s, Frederick J. Pohl investigated Follins Pond and claimed that he had located shore rocks along the pond into which were drilled holes that strongly resembled Norse mooring stones (the Norse were known to drill holes into which iron pins were inserted for the purpose of mooring their knarrer).

Additionally, Pohl claimed that he had uncovered the tops of posts about a foot underground, arranged in a pattern that might have been that of either a Norse shipyard or drydock.  Further, at about the same time a claimed “Viking horse bone” may have been unearthed at Follins Pond. Pohl was of the opinion that at least a few horses were brought from Greenland by the Norse on their further voyages of exploration.

Pohl published a book in 1952 entitled The lost discovery: Uncovering the track of the Vikings in America which detailed this claim. It is not taken seriously by professional historians, as the evidence presented is rather scant and no archaeological finds of any significance have been made in the area since.

Some of the road names around Follins Pond seem to reflect this theory. A Norsemans Beach Road can be found on the eastern shore of the lake, a Norse Road on the north shore of the lake, and a Valhalla Drive and Erik’s Path close to the south shore.

Additionally, along the shore of a smaller body of water known as Kelleys Bay joined to Follins Pond by the Bass River can be found Vinland DriveSkerry RoadSaga RoadFiord DriveFreydis Drive, and Lief Ericson Drive (sic).  Further south, along the shores of the Bass River, can be found Lief’s LaneLegend DriveOld Saga DriveRune Stone RoadViking Rock RoadKeel Cape DriveErickson Way, and Mooring Lane.


1. Mary Folland (See John WHELDON‘s page)

Last will and testament, dated 1 Oct. 1686, proved 31 May 1687, of Thomas Folland Sr. of Yarmouth, gives… “To my daughter Mary, wife of John Whilding, 5s.”

2. Elizabeth Folland

Elizabeth’s husband Samuel Hall was born about 1636 (called eldest son in father’s will) in Charlestown, Middlesex, Mass. His parents were John Hall (1611 – 1696) and Bethia Farmer (1611 – 1683). Alternatively, his mother was Elizabeth Winnif (1613 – 1683) Samuel died 20 Jan 1694, probably in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

In his will of 1 Oct 1686 Thomas Folland Sr. of Yarmouth included a bequest to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hall [MD 3:176, citing BarnPR 1:5];

Samuel died without surviving issue and in his will of 7 Oct 1693 he made bequests to “wife Elizabeth,” to “my eldest brother John Hall,” to “my second brother Joseph Hall,” to “my third brother Nathaniel Hall,” to “my fourth brother Gershom Hall,” to “my fifth brother William Hall,” to “my sixth brother Benjamin Hall,” to “my seventh brother Elisha Hall,” and made “my brother-in-law Thomas Follin” one of his overseers [MD 22:185-86, citing BarnPR 1:91].

The gap of six years between the first record of Bethia as wife of John Hall (2 November 1632) and the first record of a baptism for a child (13 May 1638) is puzzling. The eldest son, Samuel, was very likely born during this period, say in 1636, but this still leaves a sizable gap; and if John and Bethia Hall were residing in Charlestown throughout this period, why wasn’t a baptism for Samuel recorded? One possible solution derives from the problematic nature of the early Charlestown church records, which were recopied some years after the date of the events recorded.

Savage demonstrated that the Charlestown church records have  Richard Kettle  married to his wife Esther Ward some time before the marriage actually took place. The same may have happened with John and Bethia. If that is true John and Bethia may not have married until about 1636, and if she were from some place other than Charlestown, perhaps Samuel was baptized there, in a church whose records no longer exist. This proposed solution may also explain the gap of four years between John Hall’s admission to Boston church and his admission as a freeman, for he may not yet have been twenty-one in 1630.

On 8 June 1655  concerning a

complaint made by John Hall, of Yarmouth, against [our ancestor] Francis BAKER, of the same towne, for abusing Samuell Hall, his son, and seruant to the said Baker, by kicking of him and otherwise unreasonably stricking of him, the court haue ordered, that the said Samuell Hall shall bee and continew with his said father untill the next Court of Asistants; and then incase the said Baker shall come and complaine to the said Court, hee is to acquaint the said Hall wherwith, that soe hee may come with him, and they shalbee heard.”  [PCR 3:83];

The controversy was ended when on 7 August 1655 the court ordered John Hall to pay Francis Baker £8 for the remainder of Samuel Hall’s time [PCR 3:88].

The will of Elizabeth (Folland) Hall Jones, dated 20 May 1711, proved 10 July 1714, of “Elizabeth Jones, widder woman” of Yarmouth, gives: “To my cusen Elizabeth Whelden, the daughter of my sister Mary, 40s…” (Barnstable Co. Probates 3:341)

3. Thomas Folland

1693 – Joseph Howes, John Hawes, John Hallet and John Miller were appointed a committee “to agree with some fit person to teach school.” The school was “to be kept in five squadrons” the boundaries of which are thus defined : “

1st, beginning at Jonathan Hallet’s, and round the said town to Hosea JOYCE’s, Joseph Ryder’s, Samuel Hall’s and Joseph Maker’s, from Sept. to Jan. 3 ;

2nd, beginning at John Godfrey’s and all Nobscusset and Zach. Paddock’s, from Jan. 4 to April 1;

3rd, beginning at widow Boardman’s to Sawquetucket Mill or River, from April 11 to June 19;

4th, Bass Pond squadron, from Thomas Folland’s, Benj, Matthews’, and all the east side of Bass River, from June 20 to July 17 ;

5th, South Sea squadron, beginning at Thomas Bill’s, all the west side of Bass River and South Sea, from Thomas Batter’s, from July 15 to last of August.”

10  Feb 1696/97 – Thomas witnessed the will of David O’KELLY and later took the inventory

 “I the Sd David Okillia Senr” signed the will 10 February, 1696/7. The witnesses were Thomas Folland, William Baker, Sr. (by mark), and Isaac Perse, by a mark.
On 19 July, 1697 the three witnesses made oath to the will, “the two former according to the coustom and the latter William Baker as he was in the presence of God”, and the will was probated, and administration granted to Jane Okillia, the widow, on 28 July, 1697.
On 16 July, 1697, the inventory was taken by Thomas Folland and Benjamin Mathews.


Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Place Names | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

Thomas Blossom

Thomas BLOSSOM (1580 – 1632) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Blossom Coat of Arms

Blossom Coat of Arms

Thomas Blossom was born in 1580 Little Shelford, Cambridge, England. His parents were Peter BLOSSOM (1535- 1597) and Annabel [__?__] (1549 – 1617). He married Ann HEILSON 10 Nov 1605 in St Clements Church, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.  He began the journey in the Speedwellsister ship of the famous Mayflower, but the Speedwell had to turn back due to being unseaworthy.   Thomas later arrived in Plymouth Colony on the 2nd voyage of the Mayflower in 1629.  Thomas died in 1632 Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — The date of the death of Deacon Blossom is uncertain. Gov. Bradford, who was his contemporary, says he died of the malignant fever which pervaded in the summer of 1633. The accurate Prince copies Gov. Bradford’s statement and the careful Mr. Savage refers to Prince as his authority. Judge Mitchel says “about 1633.” Notwithstanding this array of authorities it can perhaps be demonstrated that Dea. Blossom died in 1632. In the tax lists for the town of Plymouth, dated Jan’y 12, 1633, N. S., (1632 O. S.), Dea. Thomas Blossom is not taxed ; but the Wid. Blossom is. The record now existing was made in March 1632/33, and proves conclusively that Dea. Blossom was dead when that record was made.

Thomas was married in St Clement's Church, Cambridge, England

Thomas was married in St Clement’s Church, Cambridge, England

Ann Heilson was born 23 Jun 1583 in Cambridge, England. Her parents were Cuthbert HELSDON (b. 1557) and Margaret ELSEDEN (b. 1563). After Thomas died, Ann married at Plymouth, 17 Oct 1633 to Henry Rowley of Plymouth and later of Scituate and Barnstable.   Ann died in 1691 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.

Children of  Thomas and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Child 15 Feb 1617
buried at Pieterskerk in Leiden
2. Child 12 Apr 1617
buried at Pieterskerk in Leiden
3. Son 15 Dec 1625
4. Elizabeth BLOSSOM ~1620 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. Edward FITZ RANDOLPH
10 May 1637 Scituate, Plymouth Colony
John Pike  30 Jun 1685
 1703  in Piscataway, New Jersey.
5. Thomas Blossom 1623 Leyden, Holland Sarah Ewer
18 Jun 1645 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mas
22 Apr 1650
drowned off Nauset Beach
6. Peter Blossom 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass Sarah Bodfish
1 Jun 1663 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
 Jul 1706
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass

The Blossoms lived first at Great Shelford, then possibly Little Shelford, and moved to Stapleford, probably about 1582. Thomas’ father described himself as a”husbandman” [small farmer] in a 1585 deposition, but as a “labourer” in his 1597 will, indicating a lower economic status. After his death, his wife married (2) Richard Bracher at Stapleford on Feb 6, 1597/98, and moved with him to Cambridge.The educated language of Thomas Blossom’s letters to William Bradford have led some to speculate that Blossom attended Cambridge University, but there is no mention of his name in university records.

Thomas Blossom arrived in Leiden before October 27, 1609. His occupation while there was not recorded.

In 1617 Thomas and Anne are living in Pieterskirkof Street in Leiden, Holland where three of their children are buried in a churchyard.

In 1617 Thomas and Anne are living in Pieterskirkof Street in Leiden, Holland where three of their children are buried in a churchyard.

Thomas Blossom, was a prominent member of Rev. John Robinson’s church from the time its members left Scrooby in Nottinghamshire, England.

In 1620, the “Mayflower” and the “Speedwell” were to sail as companion ships for America. The “Speedwell” was a little ship of sixty tons, which had been purchased and fitted out in Holland for the Pilgrim congregation. She sailed July 26, 1620, from the port of Delfthaven, about twenty-four miles from Leyden, for Southampton in England, where the “Mayflower” for a week had been waiting with a partial list of passengers from London.

The Speedwell had a colorful history.Originally named Swiftsure, she was built in 1577 and took part in the English defeat of the Spanish Armada. She was renamed Speedwell in 1605. At sixty tons she was only a third the size of Mayflower.

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims' ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. -- Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims’ ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. — Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

It was found that the little “Speedwell” needed repairs before putting out to sea. Repairs were made at considerable expense and delay. The two vessels then set sail for their long voyage, but the “Speedwell” proved leaky and both vessels put into Dartmouth for further repairs. Then once more they sailed together and progressed some three hundred miles westward from Land’s End, when the captain of the “Speedwell” complained further of his boat’s unseaworthiness. Again the two vessels turned back, this time putting into Plymouth harbor, and here it was decided to dismiss the “Speedwell” after a redistribution of passengers and cargo.

Referring to this event, Governor Bradford wrote:

“So, after they had took out such provision as the other ship could well stow, and concluded what number and what persons to send back, they made another sad parting, the little ship (the “Speedwell”) going to London, and the other (the “Mayflower”) proceeding on her voyage.”

This grievous and discouraging work was performed by September 6, 1620, and eighteen persons returned in the “Speedwell” to Leiden by way of London, where the leaky boat was sold.  Later, it was speculated that the master of the Speedwell had intentionally sabotaged his ship to avoid having to make the treacherous trans-Atlantic voyage.

William RINGMary RING and Thomas BLOSSOM were  among the passengers who could not fit aboard the Mayflower when the Speedwell was deemed unseaworthy.

At Dartmouth, on August 17th, after leaks forced the ship into port, one of the separatist leaders,  agent Robert CUSHMAN wrote that

‘“Poor William RING and myself do strive who shall be meat first for the fishes, but we look for a glorious resurection.”

When the “Mayflower” set out alone on September 6th, Thomas, William and Mary were not aboard.

Mayflower and Speedwell in Dartmouth Harbor' Plymouth (Ma)-Pilgrim Hall Museum eslie Arthur Wilcox (1904-1982)

Mayflower and Speedwell in Dartmouth Harbor’ Plymouth (Ma)-Pilgrim Hall Museum – L eslie Arthur Wilcox (1904-1982)

Thomas Blossom remained with Pastor Robinson, who continued to shepherd the flock until such time as the Society was able to send over to America others of the congregation.

Two such embarkations took place prior to the death of the pious old preacher in 1625, and the remaining members embarked in subsequent voyages about 1630. The ship “Fortune” in November, 1621, brought over twenty-five members of the church besides children; and in August, 1623, the “Ann” and “Little James” carried across sixty more church members in addition to children.

The Pilgrim church in Leyden and its transported membership at New Plymouth in America continued as one body. The branch in the New World never chose a pastor so long as Pastor Robinson was living. During the interim, Elder Brewster presided over the spiritual concerns of the struggling congregation at Cape Cod until 1629. He had been one of the foremost pioneers in the Nottinghamshire movement in England, which resulted in establishing the Separatists’ Society in 1607. From 1589 to September, 1607, he had been postmaster at Scrooby by appointment from Sir Thomas Randolph, Comptroller of all Her Majesty’s Posts.

After Pastor Robinson died, in 1625, Thomas Blossom wrote sorrowfully to Governor  William Bradford of this event and of the distress of the church, and strenuous efforts were put forth by the Pilgrim congregation to bring over to America the remainder of the parent Society in Leyden.


Kind salutations, &c. I have thought good to write to you, concerning the cause as it standeth both with you and us; we see, alas I what frustrations and disappointments it pleaseth the Lord to send in this our course, good in itself and according to godliness taken in hand and for good and lawful ends, who yet pleaseth not to prosper us we see, for reasons best known to himself: And which also nearly concerns us to consider of, whether we have sought the Lord in it, as we ought’ or not; that the Lord hath singularly preserved life in the business to great admiration, giveth me good hope that he will (if our sins hinder not) in his appointed time, give a happy end unto it.

On the contrary when I consider how it pleaseth the Lord to cross those means that should bring us together, being now as far off or farther than ever, in our apprehension; as also to take that means away, which would have been so comfortable unto us in that course, both for wisdom of council as also for our singular help in our course of godliness, whom the Lord (as it were) took away even as fruit falleth before it was ripe, [he means Pastor John Robinson] when neither length of days, nor infirmity of body, did seem to call for his end. The Lord even then took him away, as it were in his anger, whom if tears would have held, he had remained to this day.

The loss of his ministry was very great unto me, for I ever counted myself happy in the enjoyment of it, notwithstanding all the crosses and losses otherwise I sustained.

Yet indeed the manner of his taking away hath more troubled me, as fearing the Lord’s anger in it, that, as I said, in the ordinary course of things might still have remained, as also, the singular service he might have yet done in the church of God.

Alas, dear friends, our state and cause in religion I by his death being wholly destitute of any that may defend our cause as it should against our adversaries.

That we may take up that doleful complaint in the Psalm, that there is no prophet left among us, nor any that knoweth how long.

Alas I you would fain have had him with you, and he would as fain have come to you; many letters and much speech hath been about his coming to you, but never any solid course propounded for his going; if the course propounded the last year had appeared to have been certain, he would have gone though with two or three families.

I know no man amongst us knew his mind better than I did, about those things; he was loath to leave the church, yet I know also, that he would have accepted the worst conditions which in the largest extent of a good conscience could be taken, to have come to you. For myself and all such others as have formerly minded coming, it is much what the same, if the Lord afford means.

We only know how things are with you by your letters, but how things stand in England we have received no letters of any thing, and it was November before we received yours. If we come at all unto you, the means to enable us so to do must come from you.

For the state of our church, and how it is with us and of our people, it is wrote of by Mr. White.

Thus praying you to pardon my boldness with you in writing as I do, I commend you to the keeping of the Lord, desiring, if he see it good, and that I might be serviceable unto the business, that I were with you.

God hath taken away my son, that was with me in the ship, when I went back again; I have only two children which were born since I left you: Fare you well.

Yours to his power,


Leyden, December 15, Anno 1625.

On May 1, 1629, six vessels left the shores of England with a passenger list which included the bulk of the Leyden congregation, all bound for New England.  Thomas Blossom and his family were on the Mayflower, the second Pilgrim ship of that name, with Captain William Peirce in command.   Also onboard was fellow Speedwell passenger, Mary RING,  her husband William having died in the interim.  Several weeks earlier some servants had been dispatched on the Talbot.

By and large, it was “but a weak company,” Sherley apologized, “yet herein is a good parte of that end obtained which was aimed at.” As the majority of passengers on both ships were Puritans recruited by the recently organized Massachusetts Bay Company, the vessels did not proceed to Plymouth, but to Naumkeag; here Captain John Endecott had arrived with the Puritan vanguard about a year before, immediately coming into conflict with Conant and Lyford, soon driving both out. After some delay the Saints were fectche to Plymouth by boat. This group of pilgrims included Thomas Blossom,  who arrived with his wife and two young children.

Thomas Blossom became Deacon of the Church at Plymouth and was called “a holy man and experienced Saint”.

In 1633 an “infectious fevoure”  probably smallpox, had swept the town, raging throughout the summer. More than twenty people died — both of Brewster’s daughters, Fear ALLERTON and Patience PRENCE ; Cuthbert Cuthbertson and his wife Sarah (Allerton); Francis Eaton, the ship’s carpenter of Bristol, who had lost his first wife in the General Sickness and since been married twice; John Adams of the Fortune company; and Peter Browne, “Goodman” John Goodman’s partner when they had gone hunting deer with a sickle and had their dreadful encounter with “lyons”.

The church lost all three of its deacons, “anciente friends” from Leyden days–Thomas Blossom, Richard Masterson and the faithful Samuel Fuller, their doctor, “who had been a great help and comforte unto them,…a man godly and forward to doe good being much missed after his death.”

17 Oct 1633: Anne remarries to Henry Rowley, a widower with small children.

1634: Elizabeth’s family moves to Scituate, MA and Henry is elected freeman.

Jan 8, 1634/35: Henry and Ann are listed as members of John Lothrop’s church.

In 1639, the family moved with Rev. John LATHROP  from Scituate to Barnstable.


1. and 2.

Leiden Pilgrim Burials

Leiden Pilgrim Burials include Thomas Blossom’s children 1617

3. Son

The son buried 15 Dec 1625 in Leiden was  among the passengers who could not fit aboard the Mayflower when the Speedwell was deemed unseaworthy.

4. Elizabeth BLOSSOM (See Edward FITZ RANDOLPH‘s page)

5. Thomas Blossom

Thomas’ wife Sarah Ewer was born 10 May 1629 in Ware, Hertfordshire, England.  Her parents were Thomas Ewer (1593 – 1638) and Sarah Learned (1604 – 1652). Sarah died 17 Jun 1645 in Plymouth, Mass.

Thomas and Sarah were married 18 Jun 1645, by Major John FREEMAN at the house of Thomas Lothrop in Barnstable. She was a
daughter of Thomas Ewer, deceased, of Charlestown, and was then residing with her mother.

Thomas was a landholder in 1647, and he and his brother Peter had a lot granted to them in partnership at Cotuit. Thomas does not appear to have been a householder. He resided in the easterly part of the town, and after his marriage, probably at the house of Thomas Lothrop, who was father-in-law to his wife. He was a mariner, and at the time of his death was on a fishing voyage. He and another Barnstable man, Samuel Hallet, were drowned at Nauset, April 22, 1650.

Children of Thomas and Sarah:

i. Sarah Blossom b. 1647 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Peter Blossom b. 1650

6. Peter Blossom

Peter’s wife Sarah Bodfish was born 1638 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Sarah’s parents were Robert Bodfish and Bridget [__?__].   Sarah died 3 Oct 1704 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Peter removed with his father-in-law to West Barnstable about 1650. His farm, containing forty acres
of upland, was on the east of the Bursley farm, and separated from it by Boat Cove and the stream of fresh water emptying into it. On the northeast it was bounded by Thomas Sharv’s marsh and the land of Henry Rowley, and on the southeast by the farm of Mr. Thomas DEXTER, Sr. He owned twelve acres of meadow. A part of his land is now [1888] owned by his descendants.

Peter died about 1700, intestate. His estate was settled Oct. 5, 1706, by mutual agreement between his widow Sarah and sons Thomas, Joseph and Jabez, and daughters Thankful Fuller and Mercy Howland

Children of Peter and Sarah:

i. Mercy Blossom b. 9 Apr 1664 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1670.

ii. Thomas Blossom b. 20 Dec 1667 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Dec. 1695 to Fear Robinson. Fear’s father was John Robinson of Falmouth, and her great grandfather was Rev. John Robinson of Leyden.

He resided at West Barnstable.

iii. Samuel Blossom b. 1669 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. Sarah Blossom b. 1669 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1671.

v. Joseph Blossom b. 10 Dec 1673 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 17 Jun 1696 to Marv Pinchon; m2. Mary [__?__]

vi. Thankful Blossom b. 1675 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1700 to Joseph Fuller

vii. Mercy (Mary) Blossom b. Aug 1678 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass; m. 13 Dec 1700 to Shubael Rowland

viii. Jabez Blossom b. 16 Feb 1680 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 9 Sep 1710 to Mary Goodspeed


The Pilgrim’s Leiden

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

Posted in 13th Generation, Dissenter, First Comer, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw | Tagged , | 10 Comments

Edward Fitz Randolph Sr.

Edward FITZ RANDOLPH Sr. (1565 – 1614) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Edward Fitz Randolph Sr was born about 1565Hucknall-under-Huthwaite in the parish of Sutton In Ashfield, Nottingham, England. His parents were Christopher FITZ RANDOLPH and Ann WOOD He first married Alice Tompson 16 Nov 1589 in Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England. After Ales died, he married Frances HOWES 17 Dec 1605 in Sutton, Nottingham, England. Edward died about 1614 in Normantown, Derby, England and is buried in Kneesall, Nottingham, England.  Alternatively, he died  between 13 Aug. 1647 (dated of will) and 27 Oct. 1647 (probate).

Alice Tompson was born 16 Nov 1569 in Sutton-In-Ashfield Laterof Kneesall, Nottinghamshire, England. Ales died 27 Dec 1604 in Sutton-In-Ashfield.

Frances Howes (Howls) was born about 1585 in Kneesall, Nottinghamshire, England. Her parents were Edward HOWES and Ann WELLS.  Frances died 7 Jun 1631 in Kneesall, Nottingham, England.

Edward moved after 1621 to Kirsall in the Parish of Kneesall, co. Nottingham, where he died. He was the 3rd son named in his father’s will, and was prob. the nephew Edward named in the will of his uncle Thomas Fitz Randolph, 21 May 1600.\

Original will of Edward Fitz Randolph at York Probate Registry, in which he bequeathed ten pounds sterling to his son Edward “if he cum to demand it.”)

Children of  Edward and Frances:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Edward FITZ RANDOLPH bapt.
5 Jul 1607 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England.
Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 Scituate, Plymouth Colony. 1675 in Piscataway, New Jersey
2. Anthony Fitz Randolph 24 Sep 1609  Sutton Ashfield, Nottingham, England Winifred [__?__] 13 Jul 1638 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham
3. Christopher Fitz Randolph May 1613  Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England
4. John Fitz Randolph 14 Jan 1615 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England 27 Oct 1647
5. Joseph Fitz Randolph 18 Nov 1621 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England

Fitz Randolph Ancestral Generations

1. Edward Fitz RANDOLPH and Francis HOWES.

Edward  was found and in whom was confirmed by the “Visitation” of 1614, the Fitz Randolph Arms substantially as borne by the Lords of Middleham and by the Spennithorne branch of Fitz Randolph. Died probably about 1635.

Edward was born in Sutton-in-Ashfield is a market town in the Ashfield district of Nottinghamshire, England.  Today, it has a population of around 43,000. It is situated four miles west of Mansfield, close to the Derbyshire border.  The area was first settled in Saxon times and the Saxon suffix “ton” means “an enclosure or fenced in clearing”. The town appears in the Domesday Book as “Sutone”. The  Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Sutton-in-Ashfield dates from the twelfth century The church is medieval but was rebuilt in 1854 and 1867.   It contains a rare 12th century pillar piscina and the remains of the font top from the original Norman church

2. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH, b. 1530 Normantown, Derby, England; d. 28 Jun 1588 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham; m. Ann WOOD about 1565 in Normantown, Derby, England

Christopher was his parents’ fourth son, and was named in his mother’s will, dated 30 July 1573. His own will, dated 20 June 1588, was proved 1 Apr. 1589 in the Peculiar Court of the Manor of Mansfield (Notts. County Record Office, D.D.P. 17/69). Christopher’s wife, who predeceased him, was not named in his will. He had four sons, James, Anthony, Edward and Christopher, named in the will.

Ann Wood was born about 1545 in Normantown, Derbyshire, England. Her father was Hugh WOOD (1518 – 1548).  Ann died 1588 in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

Children of Christopher and Ann

i. Edward Fitz RANDOLPH b. 1565 in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

ii. Christopher Fitz Randolph b. 1569 in Sutton, Nottinghamshire, England

iii. Anthony Fitz Randolph b. 1578 in Sutton, Nottinghamshire, England

3. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH b. ~ 1495 Langdon, Nottingha, England; d. 28 Jun 1574 Ashfield, Nottingham, England;  Alternatively,  d. bef. 26 Apr. 1570 (adminstration granted on that date to his widow Jane and eldest son Thomas)  m. 1514 to Joan LANGTON (~1499 – d. betw. 30 July 1573 (date of will) and 2 Apr. 1574 (probate), daughter and heiress of Cuthbert LANGTON of Langton Hall who died in 1588.

Of Langston Hall in the Parish of Kirkby in Ashfield in the County of Nottingham. Appointed an executor of the will of Christopher Fitz-Randolph vicar of the said parish of Kirkby in Ashfield June 1, 1516. Administration granted 26 April 1570.

Joan was heiress to Langston Hall.  This home was a large ivy covered mansion for years before it descended to Joan and Christopher. This Langston Hall was still in the Randolph family when Edward Fitz-Randolph ,the pilgrim, sailed for America in 1630.

Christopher doubtless came to Kirkby-in-Ashfield, co Nottingham, because of his uncle Christopher Fitz Randolph, parson of that place, who d. 1516 leaving a will dated 1 Jun 1516 of which the nephew Christopher was named as one of the executors;

Cuthbert Langston Bio

Cuthbert Langston  –  Source:  History of Nottinghamshire, Volume 2
By Robert Thoroton — London 1797

6  H 8 is the sixth year of the reign of Henry VII or 1515.

Children of Christopher and Jane:

i. John Fitz Randolph b. 1516 in Birchwood, Derby, England

ii. Thomas Fitz Randolph b. 1518 in Birchwood, Derby

iii. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH, b. 1530 in Normantown, Derby

iv. Edward Fitz Randolph b. 1532 in Birchwood, Derby

v. Isabel Fitz Randolph b. 1534 in Nottinghamshire

vi. Margaret Fitz Randolph b. 1536 in Nottinghamshire

vii. Margery Fitz Randolph b. 1538 in Nottinghamshire

4. John FITZ RANDOLPH  b. 1455 Spennithorne, Yorkshire, England; d. 1514
Yorkshire, England; m. 1472 in England to Edith [__?__] (b. 1452 in Langton Hall, Nottinghamshire – d. 1524 in England) daughter of the Earl of Sandwich.

John’s eldest brother, Sir Ralph, Lord of Spennithorne received inheritance

5.  John Fitz RANDOLPH (Fitz RANDALL) ( ~ 1420 –   5 Mar  1474/75  Yorkshire) ; m.  Joan CONYERS  (  ~1420  –  aft. 1483)  Joan’s parents were Sir. Christopher  CONYERS Knight of Hornby Castle, and Helen (Eleanor) ROLLESTON  ( ~1400 – 1444)

Lord of  Spennithorne in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire

6.  Sir Ralph Fitz RANDALL ( ~1398 –  ~1458) Lord of Spennithorne;  m.  Elizabeth [__?__]

Lord of Spennithorne He inherited his fathers lands.  under age in 1407, will dated 20 Jan. 1457/58, pr. ult. Jan. 1457/58;   (VCH cit. 1: 259; Sir Ralph’s Will is printed in Surtees Soc. Publ., 26: 4).

7. John Fitz RANDALL ( ~1374 – 1405) Lord of Spennithorne beheaded, 1405 for taking part in the rebellion of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, his son of Henry Percy, nicknamed “Harry Hotspur”, Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York, and other northern magnates.

7. Randall (Ranulf) FitzJOHN  ( ~1345 –  aft. 1388) Lord of Spennithorne

8. John FitzRANULPH de LASCELLES  ( ~1325 – by 1369) Lord of Spennithorne; m. Maud de CAMPANIA  After John died, Maude married (2) Robert De Hilton.

Held Spennithorne in 1367 -1368

9. Ranulph FitzRALPH de LASCELLES  ( ~  1300  – aft. 1354) Lord of Spennithorne; m. Isabel [__?__]

10. Ralph FitzRANULF  (1255? – by 1316)  m. Tiffany (Theophania) de LASCELLES ( ~ 1250 in Kirby-under-Knowles-Yorkshire,England.)

11. Ranulf (of Middleham) FitzRANULF ( b. ~  1222   – d. by 1294); m. Bertrama widow of Sir Roger de Ingoldsby

With this generation the Fitz Randolph name became well established. Ranulf bore the arms of Glanville.  Ranulf’s descendants in the male line continued at Spennithorne until the 16th century.

12. Randolph Fitz RANDULPH, Lord of Middleham aka Randolph (Ranulf) FitzRobert ( ~1180 Yorkshire – by 1252 buried in Coverham Abbey)

He married  Mary (le) BIGOD, (1188  – 1237) daughter of Roger BIGOD, (c. 1144/1150 – 1221)  2nd Earl of Norfolk    In most of the years of the reign of King John, the earl was frequently with the king or on royal business. Yet Roger was to be one of the leaders of the baronial party which obtained John‘s assent to Magna Carta, and his name and that of his son and heir Hugh II appear among the twenty-five barons who were to ensure the king’s adherence to the terms of that document. The pair were excommunicated by the pope in December 1215, and did not make peace with the regents of John’s son Henry III until 1217.  Roger Bigod and his wife Ida de Tosny are the main characters in Elizabeth Chadwick‘s The Time of Singing (Sphere, 2008), published in the USA as For the King’s Favor.

Randolph held 6 knights fees in the honor of Richmond. He bore the arms of his Grandfather Glanville.( Ralph ,eldest son b.1218,d. 1270 married Anastacia daughter of William DePercy.  This marriage produced only daughters. The eldest daughter,Mary married Robert DeNeville of Raby and conveyed her fathers lands to the Nevilles therefore the male line of the FitzRandolphs lost inhertance to Middleham

Children of Randolph and Mary:

i. Ralph Fitz Randolph  (1218 – 1270) Lord of Middleham who married  Anastasia (Anastance; de) Percy, daughter of William Percy, 6th Baron Percy (1193–1245) who founded the Gray Friars at Richmond, Yorkshire.

Ralph’s daughter Mary (aka Mary Tailboys) was the heiress of Middleham. When she married   Robert NEVILLE  ( ~1240 – 1271), the castle of Middleham passed to to the Neville family

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

The House of Neville became one of the two major powers in northern England along with the House of Percy and played a central role in the Wars of the Roses.

See below for Generations of the House of Neville   – From Fitz Randolf to Edward IV and Richard III ,

ii. Ranulf (of Middleham) Fitz RANULF ( b. ~ 1222   – d. by 1294); m. Bertrama

13. Robert FITZ RANULF, aka Robert Fitz Ralph (Talybois) of Middleham ( – ~1185)

Lord of Middleham and builder of the castle of Middleham. He married  Helen (Hawise Helewise) de GLANVILLE, who founded Coverham Abbey.

Middleham Castle

Middleham Castle is an impressive ruin, and the sense of its original strength and grandeur remains.

Middleham Castle in Wensleydale, in the county of North Yorkshire, was built by Robert Fitzrandolph, 3rd Lord of Middleham and Spennithorne, commencing in 1190. It was built near the site of an earlier motte and bailey castle. In 1270 it came into the hands of the Neville family, the most notable member of which was Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, known to history as the “Kingmaker”, a leading figure in the Wars of the Roses. Following the death of Richard, Duke of York at Wakefield in December 1460, his younger sons, George, Duke of Clarence and Richard, Duke of Gloucester, came into Warwick’s care, and both lived at Middleham with Warwick’s own family. Their brother King Edward IV was imprisoned at Middleham for a short time, having been captured by Warwick in 1469. Following Warwick’s death at Barnet in 1471 and Edward’s restoration to the throne, his brother Richard married Anne Neville, Warwick’s younger daughter, and made Middleham his main home. Their son Edward was also born at Middleham and later also died there.

Richard ascended to the throne as King Richard III, but spent little or no time at Middleham in his two-year reign. After Richard’s death at Bosworth in 1485 the castle remained in royal hands until the reign of James I, when it was sold. It fell into disuse and disrepair during the 17th Century. It was garrisoned during the Civil War, but saw no action.

14. RALPH (FITZ RANDULPH) Taillebois (Talybois) aka Radulphus de Alfreton ; poss. aka Ranulph (Radulf) Fitz Ribald  ( – 1168) m.    Agatha de BRUS  (1100 – )

Agatha was daughter of Robert I de BRUS, 1st Lord of Annandale (c. 1078 – 1141/1142) and father of the distinguished line of eight Bruces ending with Robert the Bruce (1274 – 1329) of Braveheart fame,  first son of Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale.

15. RIBALD, Lord of Middleham, d. 1121/1131, spending his days in retirement in St. Mary’s Abbey, York. aka Robert de Penthierve; aka Rybold FitzRANULPH; (Bretagne); Seigneur de Midelham; m. Beatrice de TAILLEBOIS-HEPHALL

16.  ODO, Count of Penthièvre ( ~999 – 1079) aka EUDES,(I; Regent) de Brittany; aka Eozen kont Penteur; of Tours; m. Agnes de CORNWALL



Following the death of his brother Duke Alan III, Eudes ruled as regent of Brittany in the name of his nephew Conan II, between 1040 and 1062, although some histories show 1057 as the year in which Conan II captures and imprisons him in chains. Eudes married Agnes of Cornouaille, sister of Hoel II of Brittany. At least two of Eudes’ sons (Alan and Brian) participated in the Norman conquest of England.

17. GEOFFREY I   Duke of Brittany (980 – 20  Nov 1008) ;  m. HAWISE of Normandy (c. 977 – 21 Feb 1034) daughter of RICHARD I

Geoffrey was the oldest son of Duke CONAN I and Ermengarde-GERBERGA of Anjou

When Geoffrey succeeded to Brittany he had several problems; Blois was encroaching on his territory, Vikings were threatening his shores and Anjou was offering protection.  He chose to align himself with the Duke of Normandy, marrying Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy in 996. 

Geoffrey died en route while on a pilgrimage to Rome 20 November 1008.

19. RICHARD I Duke of Normandy , “The Fearless”, Duke of Normandy,  (933–996),who reigned more than a half century; m. GUNNORA, Duchess of Normandy

Richard I of Normandy

Richard I of Normandy

Children of Richard and Gunnora:

i. Richard II Duke of Normandy The Good”, (978/83 -1026), m.  c.1000, JUDITH (992–1017), daughter of Conan I of Brittany  He was father of Robert, “The Magnificent”, whose son was William the Conqueror .  Havoise who married Geoffry, Duke of Brittany, was hence aunt of William the Conqueror..

ii. Robert II (Archbishop of Rouen)

iii. Mauger

iv. Robert Danus

v. Willam?

vi. Emma of Normandy

vii. Maud of Normandy

viii. HAWISE of Normandy

ix. Geoffrey, Count of Eu (illegitimate)

x. William, Count of Eu (illegitimate)

xi. Beatrice of Normandy (illegitimate)

xii. Robert (illegitimate)

xiii. Papia (illegitimate)

20. WILLIAM of Normandy, “Longsword”, (c. 900 – 942)  m.  SPROTA The title duke (dux) did not come into common usage until the eleventh century and has been anachronistically applied to early Norman rulers.

Statue of William Longsword, part of the "Six Dukes of Normandy" series in Falaise.

Statue of William Longsword, part of the “Six Dukes of Normandy” series in Falaise.

21. ROLLO  (c. 846 – c. 931), was a Norse nobleman of Norwegian or Danish descent and founder and first ruler of the Viking principality which soon became known as Normandy. His descendants were the Dukes of Normandy, and by later extension, the King of England.

Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in Falaise town square.

Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in Falaise town square.

In the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911) with King Charles the Simple, Rollo pledged feudal allegiance to the king, changed his name to the Frankish version, and converted to Christianity, probably with the baptismal name Robert.  In return, King Charles granted Rollo land between the Epte and the sea as well as Brittany and according to Dudo of St. Quentin, the hand of the King’s daughter, Gisela, although this marriage and Gisela herself are unknown to Frankish sources.  He was also the titular ruler of Normandy, centered around the city of Rouen.

Generations of House of Neville

From Fitz Randolf to Edward IV and Richard III ,

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

IRobert Neville  ( ~1240 – 1271,) married Mary Fitz Randolph  (aka Mary Tailboys) heiress of Middleham who survived him by 49 years dying in 1320.  The Fitz Randolph’s castle of Middleham passed to Robert Neville when he married Mary Fitz Randolph, daughter of 12. (Above)  Randolph Fitz RANDULPH, Lord of Middleham aka Randolph (Ranulf) FitzRobert ( ~1180 Yorkshire – by 1252 buried in Coverham Abbey)

II. Ralph Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Middleham, (18 Oct 1262 / 1270 – 18 Apr 1331) An English aristocrat and member of the powerful Neville family. He married first Euphemia de Clavering daughter of Robert de Clavering (5th Baron of Warkworth & Clavering) and Margaret La Zouche, with whom he had fourteen children. His second marriage was to Margery de Thwenge, daughter of John De Thwenge and Joan De Mauley.

III.  Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Middleham ( ~.1291 – 5 Aug 1367) He married  Alicia, daughter of Hugo de Audley. on 14 Jan 1326 with whom he had thirteen children:

Neville led the English forces to victory against the Scottish king David II of Scotland at the Battle of Neville’s Cross on  Oct 17 1346.

IV.  John Neville,  3rd  Baron Neville de Raby,Lord of Middleham, (btw 1337 – 40 Raby CastleDurham, – 17 Oct 1388)  He married Matilda Percy, Maud Percy ( – d. bef 18 Feb 1379), daughter of Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick, Northumberland, and Idoine de Clifford, daughter of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom he had two sons and five daughters.   She was the second of the Noble family of Percy to become allied with the Neville-Fitz Randolph line.

V. Ralph de Nevelle ( ~ 1363 – 1425) Lord of Middleham and first Earl of Westmoreland  4th Baron Neville de Raby.(1397),  who died 1435, Knight of the Garter; Marshall (later co-Regent) of England; Warden of west marches

Westmorland is portrayed in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Part 1Henry IV, Part 2, and Henry V.

In the opening scene of Henry IV, Part 1, Westmorland is presented historically as an ally of King Henry IV against the Percys, and in the final scenes of the play as being dispatched to the north of England by the King after the Battle of Shrewsbury to intercept the Earl of Northumberland.

In Act IV of Henry IV, Part 2, Westmorland is portrayed historically as having been principally responsible for quelling the Percy rebellion in 1405 by Archbishop Scrope almost without bloodshed by successfully parleying with the rebels on 29 May 1405 at Shipton Moor.

However in Henry V Westmorland is unhistorically alleged to have resisted the arguments made in favour of war with France by Archbishop Chichele in the Parliament which began at Leicester on 30 April 1414.

m1.  Margaret Stafford (d. 9 June 1396), the eldest daughter of Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, and Philippa Beauchamp, the daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by Katherine Mortimer, the daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March

m2. bef.  29 Nov 1396, at Château de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Anjou, Joan Beaufort, the widow of Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers,  daughter of John of Gaunt, son of Edward III  thus joining the English Royal line. Randolph and Joan had a daughter, Cicely Nevelle, called “The Rose of Raby”, who married Richard Plantagenent 3rd Duke of York who was killed in the battle of Wakefield in 1460.

The children were Edward IV and Richard III , Kings of the House of York.

Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV and granddaughter of Cicely, combined the Houses of York and Lancaster in the person of her son  Henry VIII, — she having married Henry VII, a Lancastrian  descendant of John of Gaunt—and thus ended definitely “The War of Roses”.


History of Nottinghamshire, Volume 2 By Robert Thoroton — London 1797

THOMAS VAIL, SALEM 1640 by Wm. PennVail, M.D. LDS Library Call 929.273

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