Edward Sturgis II

Edward STURGIS II (1642 – 1678) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Edward Sturgis was born 10 Apr 1642 in Charlestown, Suffolk, Mass. His parents were Edward STURGIS I and Elizabeth HINCKLEY. He married Temperance GORHAM on 1 Mar 1663 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Edward died 8 Nov 1678 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Temperance Gorham was born 5 May 1646 in Marshfield, Plymouth, Mass. Her parents were John GORHAM and Desire HOWLAND.    After Edward died, she married Thomas Baxter 27 Jan 1678/79, Barnstable, Mass. Temperance died 12 Mar 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  in the 67th year of her age.  Her descendants are numerous, and among them are many men of literary and political distinction.  All of the name of Baxter in Barnstable County are her descendants.

Thomas Baxter was born in 1653 in Marshfield, Plymouth, Mass. Thomas died 22 Jun 1713 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Thomas Baxter Headstone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port Barnstable County Massachusetts

Mr. Thomas Baxter is called in the records “a bricklayer.”  He was a soldier in Capt. Gorham’s company in the first expedition, where he lost the use of one of his hands by a wound.  He resided after his marriage at South Sea, now West Yarmouth, and then recently settled.  Unable to work at his trade, he devoted himself to study, and was much employed in public business.  In partnership with his brother-in-law Shubael Gorham, and his sons, he built the fulling mill on the western Swan Pond river, and the grist mill known as Baxter’s Mill, though some poetical genius of the day, gave the while credit to his sons.

“The Baxter boys, they built a mill,
Sometimes it went, sometimes stood still;
And when it went, it made no noise,
Because ’twas built by Baxter’s boys.”

Children of  Edward and Temperance:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Joseph Sturgis 1664
Yarmouth, Mass.
Hope Taylor (daughter of Jasper TAYLOR) 1693
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
16 Mar 1747
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
2. Desire Sturgis 1665
Yarmouth, Mass
Thomas Dimmock 1686 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass 29 Mar 1749
3. Samuel Sturgis 1665
Yarmouth, Mass.
Mary Oris
14 Oct 1697 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
Mercy Howes
17 Oct 1700 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
12 Jan 1737
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
4. James Sturgis 1668
Yarmouth, Mass
Rebecca Thacher 1690 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. 3 Jan 1718
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
5. Edward STURGIS III 1673 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Mehitable HALLETT
25 Nov 1703 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.
1 Jun 1738  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
6. Thankful Sturgis 1678
Yarmouth, Mass.
Peter Thacher 1693 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass 1 May 1745
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
7. Fear Sturgis 1678
Yarmouth, Mass.
Joshua Holmes
21 Nov 1698 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
22 Jun 1753
Stonington, New London, CT

Edward Sturgis resided near the first meeting-house in Yarmouth.  He left a large estate, which was divided among his children when they became of legal age.

Edward Sturgis Jr. worked with his father in importing liquor for the inn that his father kept. On November 12, 1678 at about 36 yrs of age, he made a noncupative (verbal) will which was written down on November 15, 1678 and witnessed by his mother, Elizabeth Sturgis, John Sunderland and Joseph Gorham and was probated on June 3, 1679. The will bequeathed 1/3 to the widow and the remaining 2/3 to be divided equally among his children, except that son, Joseph Sturgis, was to have 20 pounds more than the rest, and daughter, Desire Sturgis was to have his silver tankard. He died with an estate of 900 pounds which was a large estate for that time. His real estate of 100 acres was partitioned for the four sons, Joseph, Edward, James and Samuel. Their uncle, Governor Hinckley, supervised the administration of his estate

An invoice of liquors brought into town during the year 1663, will give some idea of the extent of the drinking habits of the times :

” A Note of the particulars of the Liquors that have been brought into the town of Yarmouth, since May 1663, and envoiced.

Item, Mr. HEDGE a quarter cask of liquors.
Item, Samuel Sturgis 10 gallons.
Item, Edward STURGIS, Sr. 10 gallons.
Item, Edward STURGIS , Jr. 10 gallons.
Item, Elisha HEDGE, 10 gallons.
Item, Mr. Hedge, 10 gallons and 5 cases.
Item, Mr. Thacher, 3 cases.
Mr. Hedge, Edw. Sturgis, Sr. and Sam’l Sturgis, 17 gallons.
Nathaniel Covell, 10 gallons.
Teague Jones, 10 gallons envoiced, and one case forfeit to the country.
Richard Michell, 10 gallons.

Anthony Thacher,
Robert Dennis.”

Messrs. Thacher and Dennis were also inspectors of anchors, lead, powder and shot, as well as liquors. At the next term of the court [1663/64], it was voted that, “in regard of much abuse of liquors in the town of Yarmouth, this court doth call in any license formerly given to Edward Sturgis, Sr., and do require that he forbear to draw wines or liquors for the future, without further orders from the court.”

Liquor legislation was a disturbing element in Yarmouth. The court in 1663 fined Edward Sturgis for bringing liquor into town without giving seasonable notice to those appointed to invoice it, and in the 1664 Elisha Hedge, for breaking bulk before giving notice what liquors he had brought into town, was adjudged to have forfeited 16 gallons thereof


1. Joseph Sturgis 

Joseph’s wife Hope Taylor was born 24 Oct 1674 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jasper TAYLOR and Hannah FITZ RANDOLF. Hope died 13 Apr 1705 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Joseph and Hope:

i. Jasper Sturgis b: 1 Apr 1695 in Yarmouth, Mass.

ii. Temperance Sturgis b: 6 Sep 1696 in Yarmouth, Mass.

iii. Thankful Sturgis b: 15 Jul 1698 in Yarmouth, Mass.

iv. Hannah Sturgis b: 30 Jul 1701 in Yarmouth, Mass.

v. Fear Sturgis b: 15 Jan 1705 in Yarmouth, Mass.

2. Desire Sturgis

Desire’s husband Thomas Dimmock was born 4 Apr 1664 in Barnstable Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Shubael Dimmock and Joanna Bursley. Thomas died 9 Sep 1697 in French Indian War, Casco Bay, Maine.

3. Samuel Sturgis 

Samuel’s first wife Mary Oris

Samuel’s second wife Mercy Howes was born 1681 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE. Mercy died 28 Aug 1723  in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass

Mercy Howes Sturgis Headstone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port,Barnstable, Mass

Here Lyes Buried ye Body
Wife to SAMUEL
Dec’d August ye 28, 1723
in ye 42nd Year of Her

This Lamson stone has a unique wide tympanum border and a border visible below the skull which extends around four sides of the inscription area.

4. James Sturgis 

James’ wife Rebecca Thacher was born 1668 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Thacher and Rebecca Winslow. Rebecca died 10 Apr 1734 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

5. Edward STURGIS III (See his page)

6. Thankful Sturgis 

Thankful’s husband Peter Thacher was born 20 May 1665 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Thacher and Rebecca Winslow. Peter died 6 Jan 1736 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Thankful and Peter:

i. Rebecca Sturgis b. 30 Oct 1690 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Hannah Sturgis b. 3 Mar 1693 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Bethiah Sturgis b. 19 Feb 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

iv. Temperance Sturgis b. 31 Jul 1697 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. Thankful Sturgis b. 2 Sep 1701 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. ; d.10 Jan 1722 Yarmouth; m. 18 Feb 1720 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass to Timothy Hallett (b. 1694 in Yarmouth – d. 7 Jul 1760 in Yarmouth) Timothy’s parents were Jonathan HALLETT and Abigail DEXTER. After Thankful died, Timothy married 11 Mar 1725 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass to Elizabeth Hatch and then 23 May 1745 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass to Thankful Jones

vi. Elizabeth Sturgis b. Dec 1703 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

vii. James Sturgis b. 13 Oct 1707 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

viii. Fear Sturgis b. 1709 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

7. Fear Sturgis

Fear’s husband Joshua Holmes was born 29 Aug 1678 in Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island. His parents were Josuah Holmes and Abigail Ingraham. Joshua died 23 Nov 1729 in Stonington, New London, CT.



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5 Responses to Edward Sturgis II

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