Edward FITZ RANDOLPH (1607 – 1675) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.
Edward Fitz Randolph was baptized 5 Jul 1607 in Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England. His parents were Edward FITZ RANDOLPH Sr. and Frances HOWES. He came from a titled family, see his father’s page for our Royal ancestors.
In March 1630, he sailed with the great fleet of eleven emigrant ships assembled by John Winthrop from Groton, Suffolk out of London and landed att Naumkeag on the coast of Massachusetts on 13 June at what is now called Salem. Because Edward came from a titled family, perhaps he had passage on the flagship, the “Arbella” with Winthrop himself.
The total count of passengers is believed to be about seven hundred, and presumed to have included the following people. Financing was by the Mass. Bay Company. The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.
Edward married Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony. He died 1675 in Piscataway, New Jersey. By tradition he is buried in the west corner of Saint James Churchyard in Edison, New Jersey with Elizabeth in northwest corner close to Woodbridge Ave. His tombstone is thought to have been destroyed when the British built breastworks for encampment.
Elizabeth Blossom was born about 1620 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. Her parents were Thomas BLOSSOM and Ann ELSDON. After Edward died, she married John Pike on 30 June 1685.Elizabeth died in 1703 in Piscataway, New Jersey. Family tradition has her buried next to Edward, not her second husband.
Children of Edward and Elizabeth:
|1.||Nathaniel Fitz Randolph||30 Aug 1640 Barnstable, Mass||10 Dec 1640 at age 4 months and buried “in the calf’s pasture.”|
|2.||Nathaniel Fitz Randolph||bapt.
15 May 1642 Barnstable, Mass
|Mary Holloway (daughter of Joseph HOLLOWAY)
12 Apr 1706/07 Haddonfield Meeting, Haddonfield, New Jersey
|21 Nov 1713 Woodbridge, New Jersey|
|3.||Mary Fitz Randolph||bapt.
6 Oct 1644 Barnstable, Mass
|4.||Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH||23 Apr 1648 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.||Jasper TAYLOR
6 Nov 1668 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
|13 Apr 1705 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass|
|5.||Mary Fitz Randolph||2 Jun 1650 Barnstable, Mass||Samuel Hinckley (brother of Gov. Thomas Hinckley of Plymouth)
15 Jan 1668/69
|4 Jan 1738 West Barnstable, Mass|
|6.||John Fitz Randolph||7 Oct 1653 Barnstable, Mass.||Sarah Bonham
2 Oct 1681 Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
|19 Jun 1727 Woodbridge, Middlesexm New Jersey|
|7.||Joseph Fitz Randolph||1 Mar 1656 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.||Joannah Conger
16 Jan 1686/87
Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
|8.||Elizabeth Fitz Randolph||~1657 Barnstable, Mass||Andrew Wooden
22 Aug 1676
|9.||Thomas Fitz Randolph||16 Aug 1659 Barnstable, Mass||Elizabeth Manning
23 Nov 1686
|25 Oct 1745 Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey|
|10.||Hope Fitz Randolph||~1661 Barnstable, Mass||Ezekiel Bloomfield
22 Dec 1680 Piscataway, New Jersey
Woodbridge, New Jersey
|11.||Benjamin Fitz Randolph||~1663 Barnstable, Mass.||Sarah Dennis
1 July 1689 Piscataway
14 May 1733
|5 Oct 1746 Stoney Brooke, Princeton Township, Middlesex, New Jersey|
Edward Fitz Randolph joined the Rev. John LATHROP‘s congregation in Scituate and moved with his flock to Barnstable.
Lothropp gained prominence in 1624, when he was called to replace Reverend Henry Jacob as the pastor of the First Independent Church in London, a congregation of sixty members which met at Southwark. Church historians sometimes call this church the Jacob-Lathrop-Jessey Church, named for its first three pastors, Henry Jacob, John Lothropp and Henry Jessey.
They were forced to meet in private to avoid the scrutiny of Bishop of London William Laud. Following the group’s discovery on April 22, 1632 by officers of the king, forty two of Lothropp’s Independents were arrested. Only eighteen escaped capture. They were prosecuted for failure to take the oath of loyalty to the established church. They were jailed in The Clink prison. All were released on bail by the spring of 1634 except Lothropp, who was deemed too dangerous to be set at liberty. While he was in prison, his wife Hannah House became ill and died. His six surviving children were according to tradition left to fend for themselves begging for bread on the streets of London. Friends being unable to care for his children brought them to the Bishop who had charge of Lothropp. The bishop ultimately released him on bond in May of 1634 with the understanding that he would immediately remove to the New World.
Lothrop was told that he would be pardoned upon acceptance of terms to leave England permanently with his family along with as many of his congregation members as he could take who would not accept the authority of the Church of England.
The State Papers in the new Record Office, Fetter Lane, London, have preserved some of the Star Chamber records of John Lothropp’s imprisoned days. The last record probably was the order of the court which opened the way for his escape to America. The record found on page 71 of Governor Winthrop’s Journal, quotes John Lothropp, a freeman, rejoicing in finding a “church without a bishop,” . . . “and a state without a king.”
They did not stay in Boston long. Within days, he and his group relocated to Scituate where they “joyned in covenaunt together” along with nine others who preceded them to form the “church of Christ collected att Scituate.”
Rev. LATHROP wrote:
” The young master Fitzrandolphe ” built in 1636, the 38th house constructed in Scituate.
His house in order, Edward married Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony.
He joined Mr. Lathrop’s church in Scituate May 14, 1637 and his wife joined at Barnstable August 27, 1643.
The Congregation at Scituate was not a success. Dissent on the issue of baptism as well as other unspecified grievances and the lack of good grazing land and fodder for their cattle caused the church in Scituate to split in 1638.
Edward sold his house in that town to Deacon Richard Sealis, and removed in the spring of 1639 to Barnstable, and built a house on his lot containing eight acres,bounded east by the road to Hyanis.
Lothrop had petitioned Gov. Thomas PRENCE (wiki) in Plymouth for a “place for the transplanting of us, to the end that God might have more glory and wee more comfort.” Mr. Lothrop and a large company arrived in Barnstable, October 11, 1639 bringing with them the crops which they had raised in Scituate. There, within three years they had built homes for all the families.
1641: Edward serves as a juryman.
1643: Edward listed as able to bear arms in New Plymouth.
1 Jun 1649: Edward Fitzrandolphe sells his home to our ancestor John CHIPMAN and removed to his farm in West Barnstable ,”a double great lot” , containing 120 acres of upland, bounded north by the meadows, east by the Bursley farm, south by the commons, and west by the lands of Mr. Thomas Dexter.
The deed of which is in the records at Barnstable. The land included eight acres, bounded on the north by the County Road, presently Route 6A, east by the Hyannis Road, extending across the present line of the Railroad (now extinct), south by the commons and on the west by the homestead of George Lewis Sr. The deed also conveyed a garden spot and orchard on the north side of the County road.
In 1669 Edward Fitz Randolph, his family and several other families left their Barnstable home, for religious reasons and settled in East Jersey, near the mouth of the Raritan river, where he purchased from the Proprietary a large tract of land. Several of his older sons also taking up lands in their own right at the same time. At the time of Edward’s death in 1675 his land had not been surveyed.
The Stelton Baptist Church in Edison, New Jersey was formed in the spring of 1689. Until 1875, the church was known as the First Baptist Church of Piscataway. In 1870 portions of Piscataway, New Jersey and Woodbridge, New Jersey were used to form Raritan, New Jersey. The site of the church later became Edison, New Jersey.
History of the First Baptist Church of Piscataway, Stelton, NJ 1889 BY Oliver B. Leonard Esq.
The names of the first pioneers to settle on the Raritan were Hugh Dunn, John Martin, Hopewell Hull and Charles Gillman, with their families. On the 21st of May, 1666, they were granted the right as associates of the Woodbridge patentees, and December 18, following, were deeded by these New England neighbors from Newbury, one-third of their purchase obtained the week before. During the next year there came other members of the Gillman and Hull families, also Robert Dennis and John Smith.
So cheerful were the prospects and complete the liberties established; so peaceful the plantation and so generous the inducements offered, that additional emigration soon followed by friends and neighbors of the original pioneers. Before the year 1670 passed, the settlement of Piscataway had been increased by many new arrivals of associate planters from New England. Among them were Francis Drake, Benajah Dunham, Henry Langstaff and John Martin, with their families, from New Hampshire; John Fitz Randolph, with his brothers, Thomas, Joseph and Benjamin, and sisters Elizabeth and Ruth, with their parents; Geoffry Manning, Nicholas Bonham, Samuel Walker and John Smalley, with their wives and children, from other New England districts, where the intolerance of the established Church order had restricted and restrained the exercise of free conscience and subjected them to many indignities and deprivations.
But the required number of actual settlers had not yet purchased land in Piscataway and made such improvements as were contemplated and specified by the Woodbridge grant of 1666, and the previous charter of 1664 to the Elizabethtown colony. Four years had now intervened without realizing the necessary accessions to the population or the required development of the territory. On the 20th of October, 1670, Governor Carteret made a public proclamation waiving all objections that might be made against the Piscataway settlement “on account of their not having come in exactly according to the time limited.” Stimulated by this official concession, renewed efforts were immediately made resulting in the greater improvement of the country and an increase of emigration thither.
By 1675-6 Piscataway had attained a notable prominence in the civil affairs of the province, and that year sent for the first time two deputies to the General Assembly, which had been held but twice before, (during the Spring and Winter of 1668). The few accessions made during the five years succeeding 1676-81 may have been caused by the disputed title of boundaries between Piscataway and Woodbridge, and the division of ownership in the colony and the unsettled condition of proprietorship, which was not definitely determined till 1682.
Up to this period nearly all the planters had come from plantations in New England or Long Island, and been under the influence of instruction tending to Baptist doctrines. Most all of the first original settlers in Piscataway were imbued with religious principles of this denomination, which had been discernible among the earliest adventurers to New England, and been preached by Hauserd Knollys in New Hampshire and taught by Roger Williams in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and advocated by William Wickenden among the towns on Long Island.
.Several of the Fitz Randolph families made East Jersey their home for many generations. But Benjamin in a few years moved to the site of the present town of Princeton. Our knowledge of his family is entirely due to the records left by his son Nathaniel Fitz Randolph of Princeton.
In October 1683 Edward’s widow was living in New Piscataqua ,New Jersey. He is called in “deedes” a yeoman, or farmer,and does not appear to have been employed in any public office
Edward was bequeathed 10 pounds sterling by his father if he came to demand it.
2. Nathaniel Fitz Randoph
Nathaniel’s second wife Jane Curtis was born 11 Apr 1661 in Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, England. Jane first married 1681 in Burlington, New Jersey to Samuel Ogborne (b. 1657 in Scotland – d. 8 Dec 1694 in Burlington, Burlington, New Jersey), second 1698 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey to John Hampton (b. 1640 in Ephingstown, East Lothian, Scotland – d. 23 Jan 1702 in Freehold, New Jersey), third to Nathaniel, and fourth 7 Aug 1719 in Haddonfield, Camden, New Jersey to John Sharp (b. 29 Dec 1661 in Flower, Northamptonshire, England – d. 1729 in Evesham, Burlington, New Jersey) Jane died 13 Dec 1731 in Buckingham, Bucks, Pennsylvania,
Nathaniel became a Quaker, and one of the most influential of the sect. He migrated to Woodbridge township in 1678-9, locating near the Blazing Star ferry. He was the father of eight children, and a man of remarkable usefulness and importance in the commonwealth, filling all the local and county offices and prominent in the colonial government. His brothers, John, Joseph, Thomas and Benjamin , had moved to Piscataway ten years earlier- in 1668-9 and were all Baptists except Benjamin. The emigration of this family to New Jersey was prompted by the severe enactments of the court of the old colonies, prohibiting the free exercise of individual consciences, compelling every person to sustain by tax the established Church worship, and imposing banishment upon any who opposed infant baptism.
Nathaniel Fitz Randolph was one of the four who first asked for religious tolerance for the Friends in New England. In 1677, having joined the Quakers years before, and had in consequence suffered much persecution from the Plymouth government, exchanged his house in Barnstable for land in Woodbridge, N.J., and in the year afterwards, 1678-9, moved with his family to New Jersey. He served as associate justice of Middlesex Co., N.J. in 1688, 1692, and 1698; and in 1693-5, he represented Woodbridge in Provisional Assembly. In 1683, on the death of James Bollen, first Secretary of the Province, he was one of the two guardians of his children, and, on the establishment of the Woodbridge Monthly Meeting of Friends in 1706, he became a prominent member of the Society, and for seven years the Meeting was held in his house, until the completion of the Meeting House in 1713, two months before his death.”
Nathaniel and his immediate descendants were the only members of this prominent family belonging to the Friends. It is thought Nathaniel joined the Society at his marriage in 1662.He suffered persecution from Plymouth government and was fined 10 pounds (1663) & 2 pounds, 2 shillings (1669) by Plymouth court. Before 1677, he received a severe beating from Puritan neighbors after a religious argument and that same year he exchanged house in Barnstable for land in Woodbridge, NJ. He was succesful in New Jersey serving on the Vigilance Committeeman, Assoc Justice & High Sheriff of Middlesex Co, NJ, State Assemblyman, Overseer of Highways, Woodbridge Town Committeeman. Before 1713 he was a patentee of 590 acres of land in Middlesex Co, NJ.
In 1704 his house was opened for weekly meetings of the Friends. He died in 1713. His descendants have married with the Hulls, the Kinseys, the Hartshorns, the Hamptons, the Marshes, the Vails, the Laings, the Websters, the Shotwells and the Smiths.
On the 24th of August, 1704, at a quarterly meeting held in Shrewsbury, it was “agreed” that “for time to come it [the meeting] should be kept at Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s house, in Woodbridge every first day of the week until Friends se kause to alter it.” “it was then and there proposed by some friends in and about Woodbridge, to wit, John Kensy, Benjamin Griffith, William Sutton and John Laing whether it might not be konvenient to have a Preparative-meeting setled there to be held once a month? the Question was considered by friends and they answered, that it was their sence that it might be Serviceable and agreed to it, and left the appointment of the day when it should be held, to the friends of Woodbridge meeting.”
The Woodbridge meetings, except two, (held at John Kinsey’s in November & December, 1707) continued from this time forward to be held at the house of Fitz Randolph until the Friends had completed their meeting house, in which the first session was held September 19th, 1713. We cannot tell where Fitz Randolph dwelt; hence we cannot designate the locality where the Quakers met, for so many years, in harmonious council. Nor are we wiser in regard to the house of Benjamin Griffith where the first Quaker meeting in the village was convened. In 1707 we find the latter spoken of as an inhabitant of Amboy, from which we infer that he had returned to that place, although he attended the Woodbridge meetings with unabated interest. It may not be out of place to state that some well-informed people believe Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s residence to have occupied the site of the building which was the property of the late John Barron, near the depot on Green Street.
On the 18th of August the building of a Meeting-house was again discussed, John Kinsy offering a plot of ground for the purpose. Kinsy’s offer was not accepted on account of the inconvenience of the locality in which his land lay. It was resolved, however, to select a suitable place. In September, Nathaniel Fitz Randolph reported that no eligible spot had been heard of; but in October he stated that a man willing to sell a desirable piece of ground had been found. He was authorized to effect the purchase of it.
On the 21st of January, 1706, he informed the Friends that the land, comprising of half an acre, could be obtained for six pounds. The meeting approved the proceedings of Fitz Randolph, and he was directed to make the purchase in his own name. A subscription of eleven shillings and six pence was paid, which was swelled at subsequent meetings to the full amount required. William Sutton, being about to remove from Piscataway to Burlington, on the 15th of June donated a year-old steer “towards building [the] Meeting-house.” The animal was taken to be “wintered” for 6s. by Thomas Sutton, son of William, by order of the Friends. At this date the land in question had been laid out by Nathaniel Fitz Randolph and John Allen; and a deed was written by the Clerk, Benjamin Griffith, by which the land was held in trust for the Quakers by Fitz Randolph and John Kinsy. John Allen, formerly minister of the Woodbridge Town Church, was the man from whom the plot was bought , the said Allen owning considerable property about where the Methodist Episcopal Church now stands. Many of our Woodbridge readers remember the Friends’ burial place recently occupied by the lecture-room of the Methodists; but few, if any, are aware that a Quaker Meeting House once stood there. Such is the fact, and the history of this ancient building, no trace of which is left, is that which we are now recounting. How soon, alas, perishes all the handiwork of man! This house cost much sacrifice and toil to complete it, as the records show; but what remains, except these yellow leaves, to tell us the struggles of the godly worshipers. May they sleep the sleep of the just in their unknown graves, for the story of their toils is know to One who giveth rest to His beloved.
Children of Nathaniel and Mary:
i. John Fitz Randolph b: 1 Feb 1663 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
ii. Isaac Fitz Randolph b: 7 Dec 1664 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
iii. Samuel Fitz Randolph b: 1668 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
4. Hannah Fitz Randolph (See Jasper TAYLOR‘s page)
5. Mary Fitz Randolph
Mary’s husband Samuel Hinckley was born 24 Jul 1642 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony. His parents were Samuel Hinckley (b: 25 Jul 1587 in Harrietsham, Kent, England) and Sarah Soule (bapt. 8 Jun 1600 in Hawkhurst, Kent, England. He first married 14 Dec 1664 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony to Mary Goodspeed (bapt. 2 Sep 1647 in Barnstable – d. 20 Dec 1666 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass) Samuel died 2 Jan 1727 in Barnstable, Massachusetts.
Samuel was born in England and migrated to Scituate with his parents, Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, in 1635. In 1639, he moved from Scituate to Barnstable
Samuel’s brother Thomas Hinckley (wiki) was the Governor Plymouth from 1680 to its merger with Massachusetts in 1692.
Children of Mary and Samuel:
i. Samuel Hinckley b. 6 Feb 1669 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
ii. Isaac Hinckley b. 20 Aug 1674 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
iii. Mary Hinckley b. May 1677 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
iv. Mercy Hinckley b. 9 Apr 1679 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
v. Ebenezer Hinckley b. 2 Aug 1685 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
vi. Ichabod Hinckley b. 1686 Barnstable, Mass.
vii. Thomas Hinckley b. 1 Jan 1689 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA
6. John Fitz Randolph
John’s wife Sarah Bonham was born 16 Feb 1664 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Nicholas Bonham, (1630 -1684) and Hannah Fuller (1636 -1683) Sarah died 16 Jan 1738 in Belvedere, New Jersey.
John was a constituent member of the First Baptist Church of Piscataway and one of the largest landholders in the township.
Children of John and Sarah:
i. Sarah Fitz Randolph b. 25 Apr 1682 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
ii. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 18 Feb 1684 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
iii. Francis Fitz Randolph (twin) b. 15 Jun 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
iv. Temperance Fitz Randolph (twin) b. 15 Jun 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
v. John Fitz Randolph b. 2 Nov 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
vi. Edward Fitz Randolph b. 25 May 1698 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
7. Joseph Fitz Randolph
Joseph’s wife Joannah “Hannah” Conger was born 1670 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were John Conger ( – 1712) and Mary Kelly (1641 -1689). Hannah died 26 Jun 1742 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
Children of Joseph and Joannah:
i. Hannah Fitz Randolph b. 4 Feb 1688; m. Andrew Drake
ii. Joseph Fitz Randolph b. 11 Feb 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Rebecca Drake
iii. Mary Fitz Randolph b. 3 Aug 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
iv. Bethia Fitz Randolph b. 20 Sep 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
v. Lydia Fitz Randolph b. 4 Jan 1698 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
vi. Moses Fitz Randolph b. 9 Apr 1700 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
vii. Jonathan Fitz Randolph b. 15 Jun 1702 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Margaret Manning
viii. Susannah Fitz Randolph b. 23 Jun 1704 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
ix. Ruth Fitz Randolph b. 11 Jun 1706 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
x. Anna Fitz Randolph b. 3 Sep 1708 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
xi. Prudence Fitz Randolph b. 30 Nov 1712 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Nathaniel Manning
xii. Isaac Fitz Randolph b. 21 Apr 1716 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
8. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph
Elizabeth’s husband Andrew Wooden was born 1662 in New Hampshire. His parents were John Wooden (1636 – 1720) and Audrey Medhurst (1638 – 1720). Andrew died 1702 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States
Children of Elizabeth and Andrew:
i. Elizabeth Wooden 1678 – 1682
ii. Hope Wooden 1680 – 1765
iii. Josiah Wooden 1682 – 1720
iv. Deliverence Wooden 1683 – 1719
v. Mercy Wooden 1683 – 1683
vi. Peter Wooden 1685 – 1776
9. Thomas Fitz Randolph
Thomas’ wife Elizabeth Manning was born 1669 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were Jeffrey Manning and Hepzibah Andrews (b.1645 – ) Elizabeth died 1 Mar 1732 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey. She died from Small Pox, along with her daughter Elizabeth (Mar 19) and a grandson (Mar 21) within weeks of each other. All three are side by side in the Fitzrandolph family plots, and died within three weeks of each other.
Thomas was Clerk of the township and one of the first group of Selectmen to manage the affairs of Piscataway, and served as deputy in the General Assembly.
Thomas was a weaver.
Here lyes ye body of
Elizabeth ye Wife (of – missing/damaged)
died With ye small
pox march ye 1, 1732
Age 63 years.
Children of Thomas and Elizabeth:
i. Thomas Fitz Randolph b. 20 Jul 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
ii. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 1689 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 19 Mar 1732 Burial: Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery, Edison, Middlesex, New Jersey
Here Lyes ye body
of Elizabeth Fitz
march ye 19 1732
Aged 43 years
daught. of Thomas
died with small
iii. David Fitz Randolph b. 1 Jan 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
iv. Jonathan Fitz Randolph b. 12 Jan 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
v. Bathsheba Fitz Randolph b. 24 Sep 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
vi. Dinah Fitz Randolph b. 10 Jul 1700 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 1775 and may be buried in Bethlehem, Hunterdon County, New Jersey?
vii. Luranah Fitz Randolph b. 19 Feb 1703 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
10. Hope Fitz Randolph
Hope’s husband Ezekiel Bloomfield was born 1 Nov 1653 Newburyport Essex, Mass. His parents were Thomas Bloomfield (1617 – 1684) and Mary Withers (1620 – 1686). Ezekiel died 15 Feb 1703 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey;
Ezekiel was called “youngest son” in the will of his father, and he received land and personal property in the will of his brother Thomas.
1 Jan 1687 – Ezekiel Bloomfield was elected a Deputy to the Colonial Assembly January 1, 1687.
– “We presume that Ezekiel Bloomfield was keeper of the pound for many years, for we read of animals being impounded very often; but up to 1700, Ezeskiel, who was elected to that distinguished position in 1692, is the only many whose name is used in connection with the office.”
20 Apr 1694 Recorded May 28, 1694. Deed. Ezekiel Blumfield wheelwright, to John Loofbourrow, miller, both of Woodbridge, for 25 acres of meadow, N. the Great Pond, W. meadow, sold by John Blomfield to John Barclay, S. and E. grantor’s meadow.
27 Nov 1697 – Deed. Ezekiel Blumfield of Woodbridge, carpenter, and with Hope to Richard Powell of the same place, Innholder, for 2 acres of saltmeadow there, S.E. John Blumfield, now George Browne, S. Samuel Moore, W. a small creek, N. Papiack Neck (NJ Arch., 21:276)
12 Jan 1702/03 – Will. Blomfield, Ezekiel, of Woodbridge, will of. Wife Hope; children- Timothy, Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Joseph, Benjamin, Mary, brother Thomas Bloomfield mentioned. Land in Langster’s Plain, salt marsh bought of John Lovebury, part of Rarington meadows, personal estate. Executors- wife and son Timothy. Witnesses- Samuel Hale, William Ellison and Joseph Fitz Randolph. Proved February 26, 1702/03
Children of Hope and Ezekiel:
i. Timothy Bloomfield b. 11 Feb. 1681; d. After 20 Sept. 1748 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; m. 2 April 1707 in Woodbridge to Rose Higgins.
Timothy married only about three months after the death of his mother. His father was already dead. Did he take in some of his younger siblings to raise? Is this why he married so quickly, or was he already engaged?
ii. Ezekiel Bloomfield b. 26 Nov 1683; d. 14 Jan 1748 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. 23 Dec 1706 in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey to Hester Rolfe (b. 1685 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 11 Sep 1742 Woodbridge) Hester was previously married to Jonathon Dunham.
iii. Rebeckah Bloomfield: b. 7 Jun 1686 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 25 Dec. 1688 at age 2 years, 6 months and 18 days. Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey
iv. Nathaniel Bloomfield: b. 9 Feb 1688 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 15 Oct. 1689 at age 1 year, 8 months and six days. Woodbridge, New Jersey. Death occurred only 9 months and 20 days after his sister’s death.
v. Jeremiah Bloomfield b. 28 Jan 1693 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 1746 Lycoming County, Pennsylvania; m. 8 Jan 1721/1722 to Katherine Weeks
vi. Joseph Bloomfield b. 21 March 1694/95 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 16 May 1782 Woodbridge; m. 5 Sep 1721, probably in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey Eunice Dunham (b. 12 May 1702 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 30 Nov 1760 Woodbridge)
vii. Rebecca Bloomfield: b. 1697 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 1757 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; m. ~1715 in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey to Charles Salyer, Jr.
viii. Mary Bloomfield: b. ~ 1697 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 30 Jun 1750 Woodbridge; m. Obadiah Ayers (b. 25 Dec 1703 Woodbridge – d. 1760 Woodbridge) Obadiah’s parents were Obadiah Ayers (1670 – 1729) and Joanna F Jones Ayers (1670 – )
ix. Benjamin Bloomfield: b. 1701; d. 26 May 1772 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Susannah [__?__]
Were they Quakers? They are listed in an article about early Plainfield Quakers, but it isn’t stated whether they were Quaker, or even lived there. The great grandson was not, so if they were, that ended at least with some lines in a few generations.
11. Benjamin Fitz Randolph
Benjamin’s first wife Sarah Dennis was born 18 Jul 1673 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were John Dennis (1640 – 1689) and Sarah Bloomfield (1643 – 1689) Sarah died 22 Nov 1732 in Stoney Brook, New Jersey.
Benjamin’s second wife Margaret Robertson was born 1709 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey. Margaret died 1747 in Princeton, New Jersey.
Benjamin was taken in as a townsman of Piscataway in 1684. but moved to Princeton in 1696-9 with a colony of Friends whom William Penn induced to settle on a fertile plantation watered by Stony Brook, a tributary of the Millstone River.
Children of Benjamin and Sarah:
i. Sarah Fitz Randolph b. 14 Apr 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
ii. Grace Fitz Randolph b. 25 Jan 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
iii. Ruth Fitz Randolph b. 8 Apr 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
iv. Hope Fitz Randolph b. 12 Feb 1697 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey
v. Benjamin Fitz Randolph b. 24 Apr 1699 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey; d. Jan 1758
New Jersey; m. 10 Mar 1728 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey to Elizabeth Pridemore (b. 1709 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 1758 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey)
Benjamin FitzRandolph and Elizabeth Pridemore FitzRandoph left NJ and settled in North Carolina for a while. The N. C. Colonial Records show land grants for him in 1735 in Bladen Co., NC . They lived on the Cape Fear River and was referred to as a “Planter”. He is referenced as “Sr.” in the records , although he was the son of Benjamin of New Jersey who never came to North Carolina. This reference was most likely because he had a son Benjamin also. At some point Benjamin FitzRandolph and Elizabeth returned to NJ where they died. He was appointed POA for his brother- in-law, Ephraim Manning who had returned to NJ about 1739.
vi. Isaac FitzRandolph b. 10 Apr 1701 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey; d. 13 May 1750 Freehold, Monmouth, New Jersey; m. 28 Nov 1728 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey to Rebecca Seabrook (b. 8 Jun 1708 in Middletown, Monmouth, New Jersey – d. 25 Mar 1744 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey) Rebecca’s parents were James Seabrook (1685 – 1735)
and Hannah Grover (1687 – )
vii. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph b. 11 Nov 1703 in Princeton, New Jersey; d. 1780 Princeton, Mercer, New Jerseyp; m. 20 Oct 1729 in Mercer, Princeton, New Jersey to Rebekah Mershon (b. 10 Mar 1711 in Hunterdon, New Jersey – d. 12 Mar 1784 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey)
The four and a half acres of ground given by Mr. Fitz Randolph for the site of the College adjoined his own residence on the King’s Highway, now Nassau Street and the Lincoln Highway, behind which was the family burial ground. When Holder Hall was erected on this site in 1909, mo less than thirty-two tombs were discovered, one of them being that of Nathaniel Fitz Randolph.
The contents of the graves were carefully preserved in separate boxes. University President Woodrow Wilson directed the remains to be re-interred in a vault under the eastern arch of Holder Hall. A memorial tablet bears the inscription, “Near this spot lie the remains of Nathaniel FitzRandolph, the generous giver of the land upon which the original buildings of this university were erected. In agro jacet nostro immo suo (In our ground he sleeps, nay, rather in his own).”
Ironically, Holder Hall, built over Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s grave is named for another of our Quaker relatives, Christopher Holder.
On Sep 16, 1658 by the order of Governor Endicott, Christopher Holder, a future son-in-law of Richard SCOTT, had his right ear cut off by the hangman at Boston for the crime of being a Quaker. Richard’s wife, Katherine MARBURY SCOTT (Anne Hutchinson’s (wiki) sister), was present, and remonstrating against this barbarity, was thrown into prison for two months, and then publicly flogged ten stripes with a three-corded whip. Mrs. Scott protested
“that it was evident they were going to act the work of darkness or else they would have brought them forth publicly and have declared them offences, that all may hear and fear.”
For this utterance the Puritan Fathers of Boston
“committed her to prison and they gave her ten cruel stripes with a three-fold corded knotted whip” shortly after “though ye confessed when ye had her before you that for ought ye knew she had been of unblamable character and though some of you knew her father and called him Mr. Marbury and that she had been well bred (as among men and had so lived) and that she was the mother of many children. Yet ye whipped her for all that, and moreover told her that ye were likely to have a law to hang her if she came thither again.”
To which she answered:
“If God calls us, woe be unto us if we come not, and I question not but he whom we love will make us not to count our lives dear unto ourselves for the sake of his name.”
To which vow, Governor Endicott, replied:
“And we shall be as ready to take any of your lives as ye shall be to lay them down.”
You can read the full story in my post Puritans v. Quakers – Boston Martyrs
Nathaniel FitzRandolph, a Quaker, was primarily responsible for raising the money and securing the land required by the trustees to locate the College in Princeton, which they did in 1756. He was a large land owner in and about Princeton, and one of its prominent citizens. A number of other locations for the college of New Jersey were considered. New Brunswick was more favored than any other site by the Trustees, but Fitz Randolph by his energy fulfilled the monetary requirements for the location of the college, where others failed, and won the prize.
The citizens of Princeton complied with the trustees’ request to raise £1,000 (actually they raised £1,700), provide ten acres of cleared land for the campus and 200 acres of woodland for fuel. FitzRandolph himself donated £20 and 4.5 acres of land.
According to legend, an agreement between Nathaniel FitzRandolph and the College of New Jersey (as Princeton was then known) was made in 1753. In exchange for donating the land on which Nassau Hall now resides, the College agreed to pay tuition for all of his descendants to attend the institution. Unfortunately, this is not true. No such provision was incorporated into the deed of gift.
Nathaniel wrote the following account “Of the College at Princeton, New Jersey:”
“When it was reported that a Charter was granted by Hamilton our Deputy Governor for a college to be erected some where in New Jersey, & twelve trustees appointed, I was the first man that proposed to set subscriptions on foot Sd Tower, also I was the first man that drew a subscription for that purpose, also the first man that rode to obtain subscriptions, also wrote twenty papers for that purpose, and helped to spread them. And did obtain about five hundred Pounds as subscriptions under sd Charter.
Also after a second Charter was granted by Gov. Jonathan Blecher for a College in New Jersey and twenty five trustees were appointed, the old subscription was dropped. And I wrote about fifteen subscription papers more, helping to spread sd subscription papers in which about seventeen hundred Pounds was obtained.
“I also gave four acres and a half of land to set the college on, and twenty Pounds, besides time and expenses for several years together, but whereas, I did sign but three acres in the subscription, so I took a receipt of some of the Trustees only, for the three acres of land to answer the subscription, and also the consideration mentioned in the deed I gave the Trustees for sd College land, is one hundred and fifty Pounds, I never did receive one penny of it, that was only to confirm title.” (signed “Nathaniel Fitz Randolph”
Nathaniel Fitz Randolph was the author of the “Book of Records,” now in the possession of Princeton University, which gives an account of the branch of the Fitz Randolph family to which he belonged.
Fitz Randolph Gates
In 1905 the FitzRandolph Gateway was erected through a bequest from Augustus van Wickle in honor of his ancestor Nathaniel FitzRandolph. This gateway adorns the main entrance of the campus from Nassau Street.
The FitzRandolph Gate was initially constructed to keep townspeople off the University campus. It was built in 1905 and kept closed and locked, except during the Parade and graduation. The graduation march through the gate, which is still observed, symbolizes the graduates’ transition from the University into the larger world.
The gate was also opened occasionally to honor notable visitors. For example, President Grover Cleveland passed through the gate during his visit to campus.
In 1970, the gate was permanently cemented open, at the request of the Class of 1970. This gesture was intended to reflect improving relations with the town. The opening also embodied a greater significance. Given the student uproar over Vietnam and Cambodia, it was an attempt to symbolize that Princeton was open and responsive to the world, and not just a cloistered ivy tower. Since 1970, the gate has remained open for regular use. However, the superstition that emerged shortly after the opening has caused some students to avoid the gate.
According to the myth, students may imperil their graduation by exiting the gate towards Nassau Street. While entering the gate is apparently safe, some students still take extra precaution.
“I know people that won’t walk in the gates,” said Emily Moxley ’05. “I always laugh at them when I walk in and they take an extra minute or two to go to one of the side gates.
Some alumni are still quite serious about observing FitzRandolph protocol. Michelle Yun ’06 visited campus as a pre-frosh with Thomas F. Schrader ’72. At the time, she was not aware of the myth and nearly walked out of the gate to take a photograph. “Mr. Schrader jumped up . . . and grabbed me with both arms, pulling me back suddenly,” she said. Since the incident, Yun says she will not enter or exit the gate and will not permit anyone walking with her to do so either.
viii. Grace Fitz Randolph b. 5 Oct 1706 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey
ix. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 31 Dec 1708 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey
Children of Benjamin and Maragaret:
x. Mary Fitz Randolph b. 4 Apr 1734 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey
xi. Margaret Fitz Randolph b. 7 Nov 1736 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey