Richard SCOTT Sr. (1605 – 1680) was Alex’s 10th great grandfather, one of 2,048 in this generation of the Miner line.
Richard Scott was born 9 Sep 1605 probably in Glemsford, Suffolk, England. His parents were Edward SCOTT and Sarah CARTER. He married Katherine MARBURY on 7 Jun 1632 in England. He emigrated in 1634 on the “Griffin” and was admitted to the church at Boston, 28 Aug1634. There is no record known of Richard Scott’s death, but from collateral evidence he is supposed to have died quite suddenly in the latter part of 1680 or early in 1681, leaving his affairs in considerable confusion.
Children of Richard and Katherine:
|1.||Mary Scott||c. 1637 Providence, Rhode Island||Christopher Holder (Wikipedia)
12 Jun 1660 England
|17 Oct 1665 Providence|
|2.||Patience Scott||1638 Providence||Henry Beere
20 Sep 1663 or
28 Sep 1668
|12 Sep 1713 Newport, RI|
|3.||John SCOTT Sr.||1640 Providence||Rebecca BROWN
c. 1659 in Smithfield, Providence County, RI.
|1 Jun 1677 Providence,
Shot by an Indian on his doorstep and died a few days later
|4.||Richard Scott||1641 Providence||1675
King Philip’s War
|5.||Hannah Scott||c. 1642 Providence||Walter Clark
Feb 1665/66 Newport, RI
|24 Jul 1681 Newport, RI|
|6.||Deliverance Scott||1649 Providence||William Richardson
30 AUG 1670 Providence
|10 Feb 1675/76 Newport, RI|
Richard Scott was one of the first Quakers in the Rhode Island colony. He received a bequest from his brother, George Scott, of London, merchant, in his will dated September 9, 1640, and proved April 22, 1642, in which reference is made to their father, Edward Scott, of Clemsford, county Suffolk, England. (See New England Genealogical Register, page 254, Vol. LI).
Richard was a shoemaker by trade. He came over in 1634 on the ship “Griffin” and was admitted to the church at Boston, 28 Aug 1634.
Katherine Marbury ‘s mother Bridget Dryden was sister of Sir Erasmus Dryden,1st Baronet (1553–1632) grandfather of the poet John Dryden. If I count my relatives correctly that makes them second cousins once removed. John Dryden was also a second cousin once removed of Jonathan Swift. Katherine’s father was a London clergyman, Rev. Francis Marbury. However, Katherine’s most relevant famous relative was her sister Anne Hutchinson, who also run afoul of the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson figures prominently in an excellent book I just finished, The Wordy Shipmates by Sarah Vowell.
Anne Hutchinson (1591 – 1643) was a pioneer settler in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Netherlands and the unauthorized minister of a dissident church discussion group. Hutchinson held Bible meetings for women that soon appealed to men as well. Eventually, she went beyond Bible study to proclaim her own theological interpretations of sermons, some, such as antinomianism, offended the colony leadership. A major controversy ensued, and after a trial before a jury of officials and clergy, she was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne is a key figure in the study of the development of religious freedom in England’s American colonies and the history of women in ministry. The State of Massachusetts honors her with a State House monument calling her a “courageous exponent of civil liberty and religious toleration.”
Back to the Scotts; Governor John Winthrop relates:
“One Scott and Eliot of Ipswich were lost in their way homewards and wandered up and down six days and ate nothing. At length thoy were found by an Indian, being almost senseless for want of food.”
Richard removed in 1634 to Ipswich and before 1637 to Providence, Rhode Island.
20 Aug 1637 – Richard signed the famous Providence Compact. Roger Williams established a settlement with twelve “loving friends.” He called it “Providence” because he felt that God’s Providence had brought him there. He said that his settlement was to be a haven for those “distressed of conscience,” and it soon attracted quite a collection of dissenters and otherwise-minded individuals. From the beginning, the settlement was governed by a majority vote of the heads of households, but “only in civil things,” and newcomers could be admitted to full citizenship by a majority vote. In August of 1637 they drew up a town agreement, which again restricted the government to “civil things.” In 1640, another agreement was signed by thirty-nine freemen, which declared their determination “still to hold forth liberty of conscience.” Thus, Williams had founded the first place in modern history where citizenship and religion were separated, a place where there was religious liberty and separation of church and state.
16 Jan 1639 – Governor Winthrop says of Mrs. Scott:
“At Providence things grew still worse, for a sister of Mrs. Hutchinson, the wife of one Scott, being affected with Anabaptistery and going to live at Providence, Mr. Williams, was taken (or rather emboldened) by her to make open profession thereof and accordingly was re-baptised by one Holyman, a poor man late of Salem. Then Mr. Williams re-baptized him and some ten more. They also denied the baptism of infants and would have no magistrates.”
1655 – Scott was admitted a freeman. He and his family were constantly subjected to religious persecution.
27 Jul 1656 – Richard’s future son in law, Christopher Holder landed in Boston, aboard the Speedwell.. He and seven other passengers were listed with a “Q” (for Quaker) beside their names, because at that time, the Puritans in England and in the English colonies were persecuting Quakers, members of the Religious Society of Friends. The port authorities were alerted to the presence of the Quakers and searched the ship before anyone disembarked. Governor John Endicott ordered that they be brought directly to court. Holder and another member of the group, John Copeland, displayed a thorough knowledge of the Bible and the law as they testified in court.
Holder was put in jail to await the next available ship to take them back to England. While they were still in the jail, Mary Dyer and Anne Burden, two other Friends, arrived in another ship and were arrested on the spot. The authorities in the Massachusetts Bay Colony considered the teachings of the Quakers both heretical and blasphemous. They apparently wanted to put Quakers on alert that they were not welcome there. Eventually Holder and the seven who had come with him were deported to England.
Mary bravely went forward and was hung; her neck snapped and her lifeless body dangled in the wind. Dyer’s dress billowed with the breeze. A weeping bystander remarked: “She hangs there as a flag for others to take example by.”11And yet, amidst the persecution and death, a new life flourished. our ancestor Edward WANTON, an officer placed under the gallows to protect the structure was “so affected at the sight” of Mary’s courageous sacrifice “he became a convert to the cause of the Friends [Quakers].” Three years later Wanton was arrested in Boston for holding a Quaker meeting in his home.
Holder was determined to return to New England and went to George Fox, one of the leaders of the Friends, for help in securing passage on another ship. Holder and Copeland traveled back to Massachusetts together.
This time around, Holder was actually able to preach to people, and many responded favorably. In the town of Sandwich several people became convinced of the truth of the Quaker message and adopted those beliefs and practices themselves. A small band of Friends had already been meeting for a few months when Holder arrived, under the ministry of Nicholas Upsall, a new Friend who was in exile from Boston. Holder and Copeland were jailed for their activities in Sandwich, and the Friends began meeting secretly in a place that was called “Christopher’s Hollow” in Holder’s honor. The hollow is still known by that name.
Holder and Copeland made their way throughout several towns in Massachusetts. Wherever they preached, some people were convinced.
Holder then made his way to Salem and attended a service at the Salem Congregational Church, the very church where Governor Endicott worshiped. Endicott’s men seized Holder and stuffed a glove and a handkerchief down his throat. Another member of the church, Samuel Shattuck, rescued Holder from this treatment. Holder and he were friends from that point on. Holder, Copeland, and Shattuck were put in prison. Shattuck was released on bond. The two visitors were given thirty lashes. After several months in prison, they were released.
Holder’s hosts, Lawrence and Cassandra Burnell Southwick, were put in jail for associating with him. Lawrence was released, because he was a member of the church. Cassandra remained for a few weeks and was then fined for possessing a paper written by the Friends.
16 Apr 1658 – Holder and Copeland returned to Sandwich, but were arrested by a delegation sent by Endicott. This time they were given 33 lashes.
3 Jun 1658 – The two Friends went to Boston, where they were immediately arrested. This time, Holder’s right ear was cut off to punish his “heretical” preaching. Katherine Scott, the sister of Anne Hutchinson and future mother-in-law of Holder, protested. Because she stood up for Holder and his companion, she was put in prison for two months and given 10 lashes.
16 Sep 1658 – Richard’s future son-inlaw, Christopher Holder, had his right ear cut off at Boston, for the crime of being a Quaker. Mrs. Scott protested
“that it was evident they were going to act the work of darkness or else they would have brought them forth publicly and have declared them offences, that all may hear and fear.”
For this utterance the Puritan Fathers of Boston
“committed her to prison and they gave her ten cruel stripes with a three-fold corded knotted whip” shortly after “though ye confessed when ye had her before you that for ought ye knew she had been of unblamable character and though some of you knew her father and called him Mr. Marbury and that she had been well bred (as among men and had so lived) and that she was the mother of many children. Yet ye whipped her for all that, and moreover told her that ye were likely to have a law to hang her if she came thither again.”
To which she answered:
“If God calls us, woe be unto us if we come not, and I question not but he whom we love will make us not to count our lives dear unto ourselves for the sake of his name.”
To which vow, Governor John Endicott, replied:
“And we shall be as ready to take any of your lives as ye shall be to lay them down.”
Scott’s daughter Patience, in June, 1659, a girl of about eleven vears, having gone to Boston as a witness against ‘the persecution of the Quakers, was sent to prison; others older being banished,
June 1659 – Two Friends, William Robinson and Marmaduke Stephenson, felt called to go to Massachusetts, although a new law imposed the death penalty on Friends. Richard’s daughter, Patience , only eleven years old at the time, went to Boston as a witness againt the persecution of the Quakers, and was sent to prison; others older being banished.
“and some of ye confest ye had many children and that they had been well educated and it were well if they could say half as much for God as she could for the Devil.”
This prompted Mary Dyer to return and protest their treatment. For this action, she was put back in jail. Dyer was released after her husband wrote a letter to Endicott.
12 Sep 1659 – All of the Quakers were released from prison and banished, under pain of death. Robison and Stephenson stayed and continued to preach. They and Holder were put back in prison, prompting three women—Mary Dyer, Hope Clifton, and Holder’s future wife, Mary Scott—to come and visit them and plead for their release. Dyer was arrested yet again for speaking to Holder through the bars of his cell. Abd Mary was herself made a prisoner and detained a month.
While Richard Scott was the first Quaker resident of Providence. His wife seems to have changed her views after a time. Roger Williams said, September 8, 1660, in a letter to Governor John Winthrop, of Connecticut:
“What whipping at Boston could not do, conversation with friends in England and their arguments have in great measure drawn her from the Quakers and wholly from their meetings.” .
Scott was a deputy to the general assembly in 1666. He was an earnest Quaker. In a letter published in 1678 in George Fox’s book, A New hugland Firebrand Quenched,” in answer to Roger Williams’ “George Fox Digged Out ot His Burrow,” Scott arraigns the petty vanities of Williams.
In Bodge’s ” Soldiers in King Philip’s War,” the name of Richard Scott appears in such manner as to make quite certain the presence of two persons bearing that name. In those accounts, Richard Scott, cornet, and Richard Scott, private, were both paid for services, Aug. 24, 1676. The services extended from December, 1675, to Aug., 1676. , 1676. Richard Scott, the younger, who is mentioned, but not named, in his father’s letter to George Fox, perished, unmarried, in the war.
1. Mary Scott
Mary’s husband Christopher Holder (Wikipedia) was born 1631 in Gloucestershire, England. After Mary died, he married 30 Dec 1665 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island to Hope Clifton (b. 1644 in Rhode Island – d. 16 Jan 1681). Christopher died 13 Jun 1688 in Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island.
(See his story above)
In 1909, Holder descendant Olivia Slocum Sage (the widow of Russell Sage) donated a dormitory at Princeton University, which was named in honor of Christopher Holder. The building is a Gothic-style quadrangle located on Nassau Street at the extreme northwest corner of the campus. A tablet notes the memorial to Holder; it is embedded in the building’s facade..
2. Patience Scott
Patience’s husband Henry Beere was born 1648 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island. His parents were Edward Beere and [__?__]. Henry died 11 Jun 1691
3. John SCOTT Sr. (See his page)
4. Richard Scott
In Bodge’s “Soldiers in King Philip’s War,” the name of Richard Scott appears in such manner as to make quite certain the presence of two persons bearing that name. In those accounts, Richard Scott, cornet, and Richard Scott, private, were both paid for services, Aug. 24, 1676. The services extended from December, 1675, to Aug., 1676. From these accounts it also appears that John8 Scott served from June, 1675, to Aug., 1676. Richard’ Scott, the younger, who is mentioned, but not named, in his father’s letter to George Fox, no doubt perished, unmarried, in that terrible struggle.
5. Hannah Scott
Hannah’s husband Walter Clark was born 1640 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island. Walter died 23 May 1714 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island.
6. Deliverance Scott
Deliverance’s husband William Richardson was born 1650 in Newport, Rhode Island. William died 1684 in Flushing, Livingston, New York
The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 60 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, New England Historic Genealogical Society Pub. 1906
Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and personal memoirs of Worcester County Mass Volume 4 By Ellery Bicknell Crane Pub 1907