Edmund HAWES (1612 -1693) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.
Edmund Hawes was baptized on 15 Oct 1612 in Solihull, Warwick, England, located 9 miles southeast of Birmingham city center. He was the third and youngest surviving son of Edmond HAWES Sr. and Jane PORTER. He married Lucy PENECOT in England.
St. Alphege Church is medieval. The previous spire was 59m and collapsed in 1757: the current spire is 57.34m The Church, dedicated to St. Alphege, is a large cruciform structure. The tracery mouldings and corbels in the interior are extremely elegant; there are also some fine specimens of screen work: it consists of nave, chancel, side aisles, and an embattled tower, surmounted by an octagonal spire, and contains a peal of thirteen good bells.
Edmund immigrated to America in 1635 on the James of Southampton
(on or about 5 April 1635, “Edmund Hawes, cutler, late of London,” was included in the passenger list of the James, about to sail from Southampton for New England [Drake’s Founders 56])
Edmund was buried on 10 Jun 1693 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
There are several different ideas about Edmund’s wife:
Lucy Penocot (Penobscot) was born in 1610 in England and died 16 Jul 1689 Yarmouth, Mass. (16 ancestry.com users)
Eleanor Lombard was born in 1617 in England. Her parents were Bernard Lombard and Elinor [__?__]. Eleanor died 19 Jul 1689 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. (11 users)
Mercy Hopkins was born in 1616 in Bayhorn, Essex, England and died 19 Jun 1689 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass (3 users)
Child of Edmund and Lucy:
|1.||Capt. John HAWES||bet 1635 and 1640
7 Oct 1661 Barnstable, Cape Cod Plymouth Colony,
|11 Nov 1701
Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA after having his leg amputated.
Hawes English Origins
The Hawes family in Solihull goes back 700 years to a 1313 deed in which Robert Hawes agrees with his brother Richard to dig, enclose and maintain two hedges and ditches for the manner of Solihull and in which mention is made of land which Richard had bought of Dame Ela de Odingsells, widow of Sir. William de Odingsells, Lord of the Manor
Sir William de Odingsells was knighted in 1283. Like his father he was an active soldier, He was Sheriff of Shropshire and achieved the high position of Chief Justiciar of Ireland.
He married Ela, daughter of the Earl of Salisbury and great grand-daughter of Henry II.
The extensions which he made to his moated home, set within the medieval park, witnessed to his rank and status. So too did his great scheme to rebuild St Alphege church. First to be built c. 1277 were the fine chancel and the chantry chapels but progress was interrupted by Sir William’s death in 1295. The manor was sold and the rebuilding continued slowly, not reaching its completion until 1535.
Solihull is a town in the West Midlands of England with a population of 94,753. It is a part of the West Midlands conurbation and is located 9 miles southeast of Birmingham city centre. It is the largest town in, and administrative centre of, the larger Metropolitan Borough of Solihull, which itself has a population of 200,400.
Historically part of Warwickshire, Solihull is one of the most prosperous towns in the English Midlands. Residents of Solihull and those born in the town are referred to as Silhillians The motto of Solihull is Urbs in Rure (Town in Country)
Solihull’s name is commonly thought to have derived from the position of its parish church, St Alphege, on a ‘soily’ hill. The church was built on a hill of stiff red marl, which turned to sticky mud in wet weather.
Solihull probably came into being about a thousand years ago, as a clearing in the forest to which people would come to trade. The town is noted for its historic architecture, which includes surviving examples of timber framed Tudor style houses and shops. The historic Solihull School dates from 1560 (although not on its present site). The red sandstone parish church of St. Alphege dates from a similar period and is a large and handsome example of English Gothic church architecture, with a traditional spire 168 feet high, making it visible from a great distance. It was founded in about 1220 by Hugh de Oddingsell. A chantry chapel was also founded there by Sir William de Oddingsell in 1277 and the upper chapel in St Alphege was built for a chantry.
In 1560 the revenues of the chantry chapels of St Mary and St Katherine were diverted for the endowment of a school for boys. The revenue of the chapel of St Alphege was added to the fund six years later enhancing the capacity of the school. The education remained based in teachings of The Church and the desire to turn out ‘respectable, thoughtful, successful young gentlemen’.
The Charity Estate had been built up from gifts dating back to Richard II’s reign and the School could have been in existence prior to that date, but with no evidence of that being the case its foundation is generally accepted to have been 1560.
Originally, the Foundation provided for the maintenance of the Master of the Free Grammar School in Solihull. In 1615, the School moved to a house in Park Road, later re-named Malvern House. It remained there until 1882. In 1882, the School moved to its present 50-acre site.
It is believed that the site of the School was where Malvern House is currently situated – the corner of New Road and Park Road, just 100 yards from St. Alphege Church and overlooking Malvern Park. It was to remain there until 1882. As has been stated elsewhere the records whilst the School was under management of the Feoffees are very sparse.
1615 The School House was either built or rebuilt. The Parish Bailiff’s accounts show –“XVIIli. XVIIs. IXd. (£22.90) towarde the repaire of the church, and the scholemaster’s wages; and more paid towarde the building of the scolehous XXVli. XIs. Id.” (£25.55).
In the 17th century it became a boarding school and the number of pupils grew. The school became more notable and well thought of due to the involvement of several prominent families. Much of this development came under the Headmastership of Rev. Richard Mashiter who, in 1735, was famously elected ahead of Dr Johnson, the celebrated author, essayist, and lexicographer. Johnson was passed over because the school’s directors thought he was “a very haughty, ill-natured gent., and that he has such a way of distorting his face (which though he can’t help) the gent[s] think it may affect some lads in the pursuit of learning”.
24 Feb 1626/27 – Edmond bound himself to Edmund Warnett, citizen and cutler of London for the term of eight years starting from Feb 2. He completed his apprenticeship and was sworn free cutler Dec 9 1634. His grandfather Richard Proter had iron works and the family was thus brought into relations with the Cutlers’ Company.
The trade of knife-making and repairing was formed in the 13th century as a guild; the Cutlers’ Company received its Royal Charter in 1416. The Company, like many other City Livery Companies, no longer has a strong connection with its trade, which for the most part relocated north to Sheffield, where a similar association, the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire was established. The City Livery Company remains primarily as a charitable institution. The Company funds and administers a variety of educational initiatives such as scholarships and awards.
The Cutlers’ Company Arms have been in use since 1476. Its current Elephant and Castle crest was granted in 1622: this features two elephants and three crossed-swords, a helmet and a smaller elephant and castle. The elephant probably relates to the ivory used in hafting swords, knives and other weapons – an expensive material employed for the best of implements. The elephant and castle crest gave rise to a pub of the same name on the site of an old cutlers’ inn at Newington, south London which in turn gave its name to the well-known area Elephant and Castle.
In England the cutlery industry became concentrated by the late 16th century in and around Birmingham and Sheffield. However, the Birmingham industry increasingly concentrated on swords, made by “long cutlers”, and on other edged tools, whereas the Sheffield industry concentrated on knives.
Before the mid 19th century when cheap mild steel became available due to new methods of steelmaking, knives (and other edged tools) were made by welding a strip of steel on to the piece of iron that was to be formed into a knife, or sandwiching a strip of steel between two pieces of iron. This was done because steel was then a much more expensive commodity than iron.
Edmund Hawes resided for some years at Duxbury before he came to Yarmouth. In 1645 he was an inhabitant of Yarmouth and a Deputy to the Court. He was appointed in 1672 chairman of the Land Committee, and for many years was one of the board of Selectmen and Assessors. He held the position of Town Clerk, succeeding to Anthony Thacher, at the time of his death. His lands were situated between the lands of the Hallets and the Thachers, at the eastern part of what is now called Hallet street, and the highway running to the easterly side of Dennis Pond was long known as “Hawes’s Lane.” [Today, all I can find in Yarmouth is Hawes Run Road near the mill pond.] He survived nearly all the first settlers in Yarmouth. His death is recorded with great formality in the old records :
‘* Mr. Edmund Hawes died upon the 9th day of June, and was buried the tenth day of June one thousand six hundred and ninety and three, 1693.”
His age at the time of his death is not given, but he must have been about eighty years old. He was a man of education and good parts, and was a leading character of the town and colony. He had one son, John, who was also a man of influence and high character, and from whom the families in Chatham and other places in the County descended.
FIRST RESIDENCE: Duxbury.
REMOVES: Yarmouth 1643.
OCCUPATION: Cutler (in England) (on 14 February 1626[/27?], “Edmond Hawes, son
of Edmond Hawes of Solihull in the County of Warwick, gentleman,” was bound as
an apprentice in the Company of Cutlers [Edmond Hawes Gen 136, citing Company
of Cutlers, “Book of Apprentices’ Bindings, 1575-1626, p. 106”]; on 9 December
1634, “Edmund Hawes, the apprentice of Edmund Warnet sworn free cutler”
[Edmond Hawes Gen 137, citing Company of Cutlers, “Minute Book of the Court of
Assistants, 1602-1667, folio 285a”].
FREEMAN: In Duxbury section of 1639 Plymouth Colony oath of fidelity list
(name crossed out) [PCR 8:182]. Admitted freeman 3 March 1644/45 and then added
to the Yarmouth section of the 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen [PCR 2:80,
8:176]. In Yarmouth section of 1658, 29 May 1670 and 4 June 1689 Plymouth
Colony lists of freemen [PCR 5:276, 8:200, 206].
Deputy for Yarmouth to Plymouth Colony General Court, 28 Oct 1645, 3 Mar 1645/46, 7 Jul 1646, 1 Jun 1647, 7 Jun 1648, 8 Jun 1649, 5 Jun 1651, 7 Jun 1653, 7 Mar 1653/54, 6 Jun 1654, 1 Aug 1654, 8 Jun 1655, 3 Jun 1656, 3 Jun 1657, 1 Jun 1658, 3 Oct 1659, 6 Jun 1660 (absent), 2 Oct 1660, 4 Jun 1661, 7 Jun 1665, 3 Jun 1674, 1 Jun 1675
Plymouth Colony auditor of accounts, 10 Jun 1658, 16 Jun 1664, 9 Jun 1665, 7 Jun 1674
Committee on excise, 2 Jun 1646, 7 Jul 1646, 1 Jun 1647, 7 Jun 1648, 8 Jun 1664, 3 Oct 1665
Commissioner for the Kennebec trade, 5 Mar 1655/56, 6 Oct 1659
Committee on purchase of Indian lands, 14 May 1658
Council of War, 2 Apr 1667, 29 Feb 1675/76
Petit jury, 7 Jun 1642, 6 Jun 1650
Grand jury, 5 Jun 1644
Duxbury constable, 1 Mar 1641/42, 7 Jun 1642
Yarmouth selectman, 6 Mar 1665/56, 5 Jun 1666, 5 Jun 1667, 3 Jun 1668, 7 Jun 1670,
5 Jun 1671, 5 Jun 1672, 3 June 1673, 3 Jun 1674, 1 Jun 1675, 7 Jun 1676, 5 Jun 1677, 3 Jun 1679, 1 Jun 1680, 7 Jun 1681, 6 June 1682, 6 Jun 1683, 2 Jun 1685
Constable, 7 Jun 1659
EDUCATION: Signed his will. His inventory included “a Bible and other books” valued at 10s.
ESTATE: On 2 October 1637, “ten acres of upland are granted to Edmond Hawes, lying cross Greens Harbor Path”. On 10 September 1641, “Edmond Hawes of Duxborrow” sold to “Robert CARVER [our ancestor] of the same, sawyer, … all those his ten acres of upland lying cross Green’s Harbor path” (annotated “This bargain is reversed by consent of both parties in June the 7th 1648”)
On 1 April 1639, “Edmond Howes, for upland & meadow,” was in a list of “such as requested lands this Court”
2 Nov 1640 – “Edmond Hawes is granted thirty acres next Daniell Cole’s lands, beyond the South River, with meadow land to it, if it be there to be had” [PCR 1:165].
8 Jun 1649 – “Mr. Edmound Hawes of Yarmouth” sold to “Mr. Thomas Burne [probably our ancestor Thomas BOURNE] of Marshfield a certain parcel of upland being in Marshfeild aforesaid lying on the north side of the South River estimated at about thirty acres”
14 May 1648 – As part of the resolution of land disputes at Yarmouth, “Mr. Hawes shall enjoy 8 acres of upland or thereabouts, in the West Field, which he bought of Goodman Chase,” and “Robert Dennis shall enjoy 12 acres of land which he bought of Peeter Worden, and 10 acres of Mr. Hawes, and 7 acres of Mr. Hallott, and 4 acres there given him by the town”
7 June 1665 – Granted a portion of “a certain tract of land at Mannamoiett” which had been purchased from the Indians
Cape Code Library of Local History and Genealogy, Vol I
In 1665, to settle the difficulty at Monomoy, now Chatham between William Nickerson and the Colonial government respecting the illegal purchase of land of the Indian sachem there, Nickerson was allowed one hundred acres of the purchased land, and Major John FREEMAN, with Thomas Hinckley, William Sargeant, Anthony Thacher, Nathaniel Bacon, Edmund HAWES, Thomas HOWES, Sr, Thomas FOLLAND, Sr and Lt. Joseph Rogers was allowed a grantee of the remaining portion with the privilege with the above named to purchase adjacent land.
In 1672, Major Freeman disposed of his right to William Nickerson; and in 1674 Major Freeman and Capt. Jonathan SPARROW were appointed to lay out Nickerson’s land with instructions, but for some cause the work was not accomplished by the committee until 1692.
Native American tribes who lived in the Chatham before European colonization include the Nauset, specifically the Manomoy or Monomoy people. “Manamoyik” was a Nauset village located near present-day Chatham. Explorer Samuel de Champlain landed here in 1606, contacting (and skirmishing with) the Nauset. English settlers first settled in Chatham in 1665, and the town was incorporated in 1712, naming it after Chatham, Kent, England. Located at the “elbow” of Cape Cod, the community became a shipping, fishing, and whaling center. Chatham’s early prosperity would leave it with a considerable number of 18th century buildings, whose charm helped it develop into a popular summer resort.
1674 – Mannamoit, after having been for years “within the liberties of Yarmouth,” together with Satucket, was included in the town of Eastham. The court appointed a committee “to do what they can tov/ards settling differences between Mashantampaine and the towns of Yarmouth and Barnstable.” By the burning of the house of the town clerk, Edmund Hawes, the public records up to this date were destroyed.
In King Philip’s War, Councils of War, for each town of the colony, were chosen by the court, Edmund HAWES, John Miller and Jeremiah HOWES constituting the members from Yarmouth.
A “Rate” made the year 1676, “towards the charges of the late war,” signed by Edmund HAWES, Samuel Rider and James Matthews, shows the names of the tax-payers of the town, and their comparative taxable property
In his will, dated 5 May 1692 and proved 20 July 1693,
“Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth” bequeathed to “my grandson Joseph HAWES six acres of my land … and also one-half of my island of sedge or creek thatch land which lies in the Lone Tree Creek …, also one acre of my meadow where his father shall see cause to lay it forth to him”; to “my natural son John HAWES all my uplands & meadows and broken marshes or creek thatch land wheresoever within the township of Yarmouth or elsewhere”; to “my loving daughter Desire Hawes the wife of my said son John Hawes,” moveables; to “my granddaughter Desire Hawes,” moveables; to “my granddaughter Elizabeth Dogged one cow”; to “my granddaughter Mary Bacon one cow”; to “my grandson Jabez Hawes one cow”; to “my grandson John Hawes … one two-year old and one young horse if his brother Edmond don’t come again, but if Edmond his brother do come again I do give said young horse to him”; to “my grandson Ebenezer Hawes … one yearling”; to “my two grandchildren Isaac and Benjamin … to each of them one calf”; to “my grandchild Experience … one sheep”; “the rest of my sheep my will is that my executor do divide them to my great-grandchildren in such proportions as he shall think fit”; to “John Hathaway of Yarmouth thirty shillings which he oweth to me by a bill I have of his hand”; “my well beloved son John Hawes to be sole executor”
A codicil of 31 March 1693 made an adjustment to the bequest to “my grandson Joseph Hawes” The inventory of the estate of “Mr. Edmond Haws of Yarmouth … deceased,” taken 1 August 1693, totalled £130 7s., of which £100 was real estate: “house, lands and meadows,” £100
COMMENTS: Pope states that this immigrant was of “Plymouth, proprietor 2 Oct.
1637” [Pope 221]. The date is that of a grant of land “lying cross Greens Harbor Path” [PCR 1:66]. This piece of land lay on the north side of Duxbury, toward the area that would later become Marshfield. There is no evidence that Edmond Hawes resided in Plymouth, and, although he owned land in Marshfield, there is no evidence that he ever resided there either.
The last record for Edmond Hawes in Duxbury was dated 7 June 1642 [PCR 2:40],
and the first record in Yarmouth was dated 3 March 1644/5 [PCR 2:80].
Interestingly, he does not appear in either town in the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms. He may have been absent from Plymouth Colony during this period, or he may have been excused because of some disability. A third possibility is that his date of removal from one town to the other occurred very close to the time that the 1643 list was compiled, which may have led to his omission by both towns. With this in mind, we place his migration from Duxbury to Yarmouth in 1643.
On 7 August 1638, “Edmond Hawes, of Duxborrow, yeoman,” posted bond as security for Thomas Boardman of Sandwich [PCR 1:94]. (Some sources have given the name of the wife of Edmond Hawes as Lucy, but this is based on a misreading of the above record, which shows that as the name of the wife of Thomas Boardman.)
On 7 June 1648, “Mr. Edmond Haws presenting a parcel of weights to the Court, to be the standard for the weights of Yarmouth, the Court do allow them so to be” [PCR 2:126].
Edmund Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts
History of old Yarmouth. Comprising the present towns of Yarmouth and Dennis. From the settlement to the division in 1794 with the history of both towns to these times (1884) Author: Swift, Charles Francis
Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts: an emigrant to America in 1635, his ancestors, including the allied families of Brome, Colles, Greswold, Porter, Rody, Shirley and Whitfield; and some of his descendants By James William Hawes 1914 —
A genealogy of this immigrant and his descendants, with extensive information on the English origin, including the apprenticeship in London, and with full transcripts of many important documents