Capt John Hawes

Capt. John HAWES (c. 1635 – 1701) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather two ways; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line through his son Joseph and one of 1, 024 in this generation of the Shaw line through his son Ebenezer.

John was born in Duxbury, Mass.   Because he was not treated as a minor (under 21 years of age) on 5 Mar 1660 when he was put on trial in Plymouth, MA court for the murder of his friend Joseph Rogers, he was probably born between 1635 when his father emigrated and 1640.   His parents were Edmund HAWES and  Lucy PENOCOT.  He married Desire GORHAM at  Barnstable, Cape Cod Plymouth Colony, on 7 Oct 1661.  He was appointed ensign of Yarmouth’s military Company and by 1700 was Captain,  He died at Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA, on 11 Nov 1701 after having his leg amputated or cut off.  The reason for the amputation is not known.

Desire Gorham was born at Plymouth  on 2 April 1644. She was the daughter of Capt. John GORHAM and Desire HOWLAND.  Her brother James GORHAM is also our ancester. She died at Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA, on 30 June 1700.  When the intestate estate of her father, Capt. John Gorham, was settled in March 1676/77, Desire was one of the married daughters who had already received 40 pounds but, if there should be an overplus, she and her married sisters were to share it equally with the other children. Desire also shared in the estate of her mother, Desire (Howland) Gorham in March 1683/84. Her husband was one of Desire Gorham’s sons-in-law who agreed that the children of Desire’s deceased sister, Elizabeth, should have their mother’s share. Desire Hawes died 30 Jun 1700.

Children of John and Desire all born in Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA.

Name Born Married Departed
1. Elizabeth Hawes 5 Oct 1662
Thomas Daggett 22 Jan 1683 Bristol, RI 15 Feb 1733
Edgartown, Mass
2. Mary Hawes 10 Jun 1664
John Bacon
17 Jun 1686 in Barnstable
5 Mar 1726
Barnstable, Mass
3. Edmund  Hawes 2 May 1669
Eliony Lumber 1701
4. John Hawes 14 May 1671
Mary Edmund
14 May 1709 Providence, RI
Mary Mason
26 Nov 1723 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass
27 Dec 1723
Providence, Rhode Island
5. Joseph HAWES 16 Jul 1673
at sea, before 1696
Berthia Hall
19 Mar 1730 Harwich, Mass
Sarah Howes
7 Jun 1746 Harwich
At sea,
16 Nov 1752
6. Jabez Hawes 20 May 1675
15 Oct 1701
7. Capt.
Ebenezer HAWES
28 Mar 1679
Sarah NORTON Edgartown, Dukes, MA,
23 Feb 1700
7 Oct 1727 Yarmouth
8. Isaac Hawes 9 Mar 1680
Bethia Howes (daughter of Jeremiah HOWES)
8 Jan 1701 Yarmouth
18 Mar 1731
Chatham, Mass
9. Desire Hawes 28 Feb 1681
Josiah Hatch
24 Feb 1702 Yarmouth
John Cowing
19 Jun 1719 Rochester, Mass
8 Feb 1724
Provincetown, Mass
10. Benjamin Hawes 20 Mar 1682/83 Yarmouth Dorcas Smith
24 Jul 1705 Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Mass
28 Nov 1722 Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Mass
11. Experience Hawes 24 Sep 1686
Lt. Ebenezer Sprout
1 Mar 1704 Yarmouth
Francis Miller
22 Nov 1731 in Middleboro, Mass
19 Nov 1758
Middleborough, Mass

Some references spell his last name “Haws.”

John Hawes was a cutler.  One who makes, repairs, or sells knives or other cutting instruments.

As a young man John Hawes was involved in an incident that caused the death of his friend Joseph Rogers of Eastham.  Both had grown up in Roxbury and they had probably known each other for years.  It seems that the two were engaged in a fight, possibly a wresting match, at Eastham, Massachusetts on 25 Dec 1660, in which Joseph Rogers died. A court was convened at Plymouth in the presence of Governor Thomas PRENCE, John Alden, William Bradford and others assistants. John Hawes was duly indicted by this group.  According to testimony the incident occurred when John Hawes had given Joseph Rogers (1638 – 1660) “a most deadly fall.”  Rogers died 48 hours later.  A jury of 12 men was chosen, nearly all from Plymouth or nearby.  John was is not treated as a minor in his trial.   He was acquitted at the trial of 5 Mar 1660/61.  These brought in a verdict wherin they expressed that they found that the said John Hawes was not guilty, and soe according to law hee was cleared in the open Court and released.’

According to Court records,

“John Hawes was found not guilty of “takeing away the life of Joseph Rogers of Eastham by giveing him a most deadly fall, on the 25 of December 1660 . . . whereof he . . . about 48 hours after died”..

Hawes says, ‘That he suffered no discredit on account of the sad affair is shown not only by his subsequent career, but by the fact that seven months after his trial he married a daughter of Capt. John Gorham, of Barnstable.’  on 7 Oct 1661.

On 4 Mar 1661/62 John Hawes was fined 10 shillings for “relating a scandalous report, for which he hath not produced sufficient ground for it.”

In 1668 he was appointed by the General Court of the Colony as receiver of excise for Yarmouth.  In 1669 he was on the grand jury and on 29 May 1670 he was made a freeman of the colony.

He was involved in another fight soon after this because John Gray was fined 3 shillings and 4 pence on 8 Mar 1670/71 for “breaking the King’s peace in striking John Hawes.

On 26 Feb 1672/73 the town of Yarmouth granted him the “broken Marsh” on the west side of the mouth of Lone Tree Creek near land already owned by him and the land of Edmond HAWES and John Miller.  On 23 Feb 1684/85, he was granted 10 acres on the north side of Dennis Pond near Hallett’s land.

In 1676 his tax was 3 pounds, 10 shillings and 6 pence out of the total for the town total of 297 pounds.  In 1677 he was constable of Yarmouth and in 1680 he was one of the surveyors of highways for that town.  On 10 Jul 1677 he was one of the two appointed for Yarmouth “to see the orders about and against the abuse of drink and liquors put in execution.”

It would seem that the beaching of whales was taking place in colonial times.  In 1680 John Hawes was one of four men who were “to look out for and secure for the town all such whales as by God’s providence shall be cast up in their several bounds.”  His territory was the western part of the town.  He was paid 4-5 pounds for each whale payable in blubber or whale oil.

On 31 Oct 1682, he was appointed ensign of the military Company of Yarmouth and about 1700 he was promoted to Captain of the Company. There was not evidence that he ever needed to lead these troops in wartime.

When his father died in 1693, John Hawes, an only child, inherited all of his land and possessions.  At this time and perhaps earlier he occupied his father’s house.  In 1693 he was on a committee to choose a schoolmaster and in 1693 and 1696 he was appointed to settle and survey the boundary line between Yarmouth and Barnstable.   His tax in 1698 was 4 pounds, 9 shillings and 5 pence.  In 1694 the boundaries of about 16 acres or more, most of which he had owned for about 30 years, were fixed by John Thacher, Jeremiah HOWES  and John Miller.  This tract was granted to him by the town shortly after his marriage.

After the merger of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colonies, John Hawes was chosen a representative in the Legislature at Boston in 1697 and 1698, but he may not have served the second term.

John performed many of the civic duties that his father had done: juryman, constable, receiver of excise, surveyor of highways, and so on. “In 1680 he was one of four men who for four or five pounds a whale (according to circumstances), to be paid in blubber or oil, were ‘to look out for and secure the town all such whales as by God’s providence shall be cast up in their several bounds,’ his territory being the western part of the town.”

He was appointed ensign of Yarmouth’s military Company and by 1700 was Captain. The town records show that he was a member of a committee to choose a schoolmaster in 1693. He was a representative in the Legislature at Boston in 1698.

On 31 Oct 1682, John was appointed an Ensign of the Yarmouth military company. About 1700 he became captain of the company and was called that thereafter. John was the Barnstable town treasurer from 1695 to 1698. He was chosen a representative in the Legislature at Boston in 1697 and 1698. He died in Barnstable 11 Nov 1701, from the effect of having his leg amputated. The record does not indicate whether or not it was because of an accident or disease.

Notes from John Howland of the Mayflower, Vol. 1:

John Hawes was a cutler. He served as a representative to the General Court for two years, starting in 1696 [Charles F. Swift, History of Old Yarmouth (1884), 247]. According to Col. John Gorham’s Wast Book,” Capt. John Hawes of Yarmouth, “having his Leg Cut of Dyed with it.” [Mayflower Descendant, 2:207]

John Hawes Bio From

John Hawes Bio — From Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts: 1914

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The will of John Hawes dated 15 Oct and proved 19 Nov 1701 reflected his large family.  He mentions his sons John, Joseph, Ebenezer, Isaac and Benjamin and his daughters Elizabeth Dogget, Mary Bacon, Desire and Experience Hawes.  His sons Joseph and Issaac were executors.  His ‘brothers” Major John Goreham and John Thacher Esqr. were overseers.  The inventory of his estate, after deducting debts, was 574 pounds and 11 pence, including 300 pounds for real estate, 41 pounds for “2 negro girls,” and 5 pounds for an “Indian boy.”  Sons Joseph and Isaac were appointed executors.

Witnesses were John, Peter and Josiah Thacher. The inventory, taken 25 Nov 25, 1701 amounted to L629-8-4.  A typical estate of the time of an independent farmer was about 150 pounds, so John was a comparatively rich man.  Major John GORHAM and John Thacher, Esq., were named overseers of the will.

His son Isaac received his dwelling house and barn along with one acre of land and he was directed to allow his unmarried daughters Desire and Experience freedom to dwell in the eastern most end of the house and have use of the chimney.  His son Ebenezer received 8 acres of land, 4 acres adjacent to John Hallet and Major Thacher.  The other four were to be in the land above the highway.  He also received part of his creek thatch land.  All the rest of his land and meadow was to be equally divided between his sons Joseph and Isaac.  He distributed his guns to sons Ebenezer and Isaac.  His gold ring and cane went to Joseph.  Mary Bacon received a small gold ring. The rest of his movable estate went to sons John and Benjamin and his four daughters.

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1. Elizabeth Hawes

Elizabeth’s husband Thomas Daggett was born 1658 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass. His parents were Thomas Daggett and Hannah Mayhew. Thomas died 25 Aug 1726 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass.

Children of Elizabeth and Thomas:


2. Mary Hawes

Mary’s husband John Bacon was born Jun 1661 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Nathaniel Bacon and Hannah Mayo. After Sarah died 5 Mar 1726, he married 28 Sep 1726 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass to Sarah Doty (b. 9 Jun 1666   Plymouth  – d. 16 Aug 1749 Plymouth) John died 20 Aug 1731 in Barnstable, Mass.

John Bacon was a lawyer.  He became a judge on the Court of Common Pleas and held other offices.

3. Edmund Hawes

Edmund’s wife Eliony Lumber was born in 1670. There is no further information about her, though Lumber is a valid surname found in Somerset

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4. John Hawes

John’s first wife Mary Edmund was born 1687 in Providence, Providence, Rhode Island. Mary died 26 Nov 1723.

John’s second wife Mary Mason was born 12 Dec 1682 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass. Her parents were Noah Mason and Sarah Fitch. After John died, she married 17 Aug 1728 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass. to John Dexter (b. 1673 in Providence, Providence, Rhode Island – d. 22 Apr 1734 in Providence) Mary died 1754 in Providence, Rhode Island.

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Children of John and Mary Edmund

i. Edmund Hawes b. 1702 in Yarmouth, Plymouth, Mass; m1. 8 May 1722 in Providence, Rhode Island to Mary Hawkins (b. 11 Dec 1690 in Providence, Providence, Rhode Island – d.  btw. 6 Mar 1733 and 14 Sep 1733)  Mary’s parents were Edward Hawkins and Anne [__?__].  Edmund and Mary had three children born between 1723 and 1727.

m2. 1738 to Susanna Pinckney of North Carolina.   Edmund and Susanna had one child Edmund (b. 1740)

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ii. John Hawes b. ~1704 in Rhode Island; m. 31 Jan 1723 in North Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island to Mary [__?__] John and Mary had three children born between 1725 and 1730

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5. Joseph HAWES (See his page)

6. Jabez Hawes

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7. Capt. Ebenezer HAWES (See his page)

8. Isaac Hawes

Isaac’s wife Bethia Howes was born in 1680 in Yarmouth, Mass. Her parents were our ancestors Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE. . After Isaac died, she married after 11 Apr 1741 to John Smith and then 16 Nov 1743 in Harwich, Mass to Rev Joseph Lord of Chatham Bethia died 7 Jul 1748 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.

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Children of Isaac and Bethia:

i.  Bethia Hawes b. Jul 1701 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; m. 1721 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass to Maziah Harding (b. 1692 in Chatham – d 31 Mar 1760 in Chatham) Maziah’s parents were Joseph Harding (1667 – 1745) and Dinah Hedges (1663 – 1739). Bethia and Maziah had twelve children born between 1723 and 1742.

m2. 26 Dec 1763 in Chatham to Thomas Nickerson (b. 24 Dec 1696 in Chatham – d. d: 1766 in Barnstable) His parents were Thomas Nickerson Sr.. (1670 – 1736) and Mary Bangs (1671 -1745) Thomas first married 16 May 1716 in Chatham to Lydia Covell (1701 – 1750) and had five children born between 1718 and 1729.

ii. Isaac Hawes b. 1703 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. Dec 1785 Warren, Mass; m. 1738 in Chatham to Hannah Tucker (b. Sep 1714 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 2 Feb 1792 in Warren, CT) Hannah’s parents were Samuel Tucker (1683 1765) and Hannah Mayo (1686 – 1765) Isaac and Hannah had six children born between 1740 and 1760.

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iii Thankful Hawes b Mar 1705 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; m. 6 Mar 1724 to Moses Young (b. 15 Nov 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 24 Sep 1725 in Plymouth, Mass) Moses’ parents were Henry Young (1672 – 1706) and Sarah Snow (1673 – 1746)

iv. John Hawes b. 22 Jan 1707 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 3 Feb 1779 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; m. 1735 in Chatham to Abigail Doane (b. 28 Mar 1708 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Jan 1766 in Chatham) Abigail’s parents were Thomas Doane (1674 – 1756) and Patience Mulford (1674 – 1744 )John and Abigail had one child Bethia (b. 1742)

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v. Desire Hawes b. 14 Jan 1709 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 1766 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; m. 1747 to David Collins (b. 20 Apr 1715 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d.10 Jul 1766); David’s parents were John Collins (1674 – 1765) and Hannah Doane (1669 – 1765). Desire and David had three children born between 1747 and 1749.

vi. Jeremiah Hawes b 5 Apr 1711 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 8 Jan 1747

vii. Patience Hawes b. 1712 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. Jun 1793; m. [__?__] Hunt and had a son. Her husband died and she married again and moved away.

viii. Hannah Hawes b. 1714 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 May 1763; m1. 21 Feb 1750 to John Slater; m2. 15 Nov 1760 James Ryder; If Hannah married James Ryder she died before May 5, 1763 when he made his will not mentioning a surviving wife.

m3. 8 Mar 1766 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to Nathaniel Merrick (b. 23 Feb 1715 in Harwich – d. 13 Aug 1743) His parents were Benjamin Merrick (1665 – 1749) and Rebecca Doane (1672 – 1722) Nathaniel first married 12 Nov 1741 in Harwich to Thankful Lincoln (1716 – 1754) and had seven children born between 1742 and 1753. Next he married 2 Oct 1755 in Harwich to Elizabeth Snow (1724 – bef. 1766) and had at least one more child Samuel (b. 1761)

ix. Sarah Hawes b. 31 May 1719 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Apr 1788 Haddam, Middlesex, CT; m. 29 Sep 1743 in Chatham to Cornelius Higgins (b. 21 Jul 1722 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d.14 Oct 1803 in Haddam) Cornelius’ parents were Ebenezer Higgins (1701 – 1778) and Abigail Cole (1705 – 1771). Sarah and Cornelius had nine children born between 1744 and 1763. After Sarah died, Cornelius married 1788 in East Haddam to Mary Smith (1720 – )

9. Desire Hawes

Desire’s first husband Josiah Hatch was born 30 May 1680 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Samuel Hatch and Mary Doty. Josiah died 12 Jan 1715 in Rochester, Plymouth, Mass

Desire’s second husband John Cowing was born 10 Jul 1662 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were John Cowing and Rebecca Mann. He first married 1688 in Scituate, Mass to Deborah Litchfield. John died Dec 1729 in Provincetown, Barnstable, Mass.

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Desire Hawes – Headstone –

10. Benjamin Hawes

Benjamin’s wife Dorcas Smith was born 1687 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass. Her parents were Benjamin Smith and Jedidah Mayhew. After Benjamin died in 1722, she married 22 Dec 1724 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass to John Worth (b. 19 May 1666 in Nantucket, Mass. d. 11 Feb 1732 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass.) Dorcas died 4 Aug 1730 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass.

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Children of Benjamin and Dorcas

i. Experience Hawes b. 14 Nov 1706 Edgartown, Dukes, Mass

ii. Jedidah Hawes b. 30 Jul 1709 Edgartown, Dukes, Mass

iii.Benjamin Hawes b. 25 Apr 1712 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass

iv. Samuel Hawes b. 25 Feb 1717/18 Edgartown, Dukes, Mass

v. Shubael Hawes b Aug 1720/21 Edgartown, Dukes, Mass; d. 12 Mar 1722

vi.  Shubael Hawes b 22 Dec 1722 Edgartown, Dukes, Mass after the death of his father

11. Experience Hawes

Experience’s first husband Lt. Ebenezer Sprout was born May 1676 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Robert Sprout and Elizabeth Sampson. Ebenezer died 28 Sep 1726 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Mass

Experience’s second husband Francis Miller was born 11 Jan 1703 in Middleboro, Mass. His parents were John Miller and Lydia Coombs. Francis died 1747 in Middleboro, Mass.

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Experience Hawes – Headstone Cemetery on The Green – INSCRIPTION: “In Memory of Mrs. Experence Miller Widow of Mr. Francis Miller Formerly Wife of Lieut. Ebenezer Sproat Died Nov 9th In her 74th Year”


Wing Family of America – John Hawes

Wing Family of America – Desire Gorman

Notes for Edmund Hawes

Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts: an emigrant to America in 1635, his ancestors, including the allied families of Brome, Colles, Greswold, Porter, Rody, Shirley and Whitfield; and some of his descendants  1914

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15 Responses to Capt John Hawes

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  15. thank you for the good info on family

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