Nicholas SNOW (1600 – 1676) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.
Nicholas Snow was born 18 Jan 1600 in Hoxton, Middlesex, England. Hoxton is now a district in the East End of London in the London Borough of Hackney, immediately north of the financial district of the City of London. The geographical distincion between Hoxton and Shoreditch is often confused. His parents were Nicholas SNOW Sr. and Elizabeth ROWELLES. He arrived in Plymouth on the “Anne” in 1623. He married about 1 Jun 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony to Constance HOPKINS. He was among the first settlers of Eastham, in 1644. He was a freeman, in Eastham, in 1655, and served in many town offices. Nicholas died 15 Nov 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham.
Constance Hopkins (wiki)was baptized 11 May 1606 Hursley, Hampshire, England. Alternatively, she was born 25 Jan 1599 Wooten, Underedge, Gloucestershire. Her parents were Stephen HOPKINS and Mary [__?__]. She was a Mayflower passenger, along with her father and stepmother. Constance died 25 Nov, 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham.
According to Governor William Bradford, who wrote between March 6 and April 3, 1651:
“Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children all of them living, and one of them married”.
Children of Nicholas and Constance:
|1.||Mark Snow||9 May 1628 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony||Anna Cooke
18 Jan 1654 Eastham
Jane Prence (daughter of our ancestor Thomas PRENCE)
9 Jan 1660 Eastham
|9 Jan 1695 Eastham, Barnstable Mass|
|2.||Mary Snow||14 Dec 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony||Thomas Paine
Jul 1650 Eastham
|28 Apr 1704 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass|
|3.||Sarah Snow||1632 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony||William Walker
25 Jan 1654 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
|Aft. 25 Oct 1703 Eastham|
|4.||Lt. Joseph Snow||1634 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony||Mary Higgins
|3 Jan 1723 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass|
|5.||Stephen Snow||1636 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony||Susannah Deane
13 Dec 1665 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
9 Apr 1701 in Eastham
|17 Dec 1705 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.|
|6.||John Snow||1638 Eastham, Plymouth Colony||Mary Smalley
19 Sep 1667 Eastham
|14 Apr 1692 Eastham Barnstable, Mass|
|7.||Elizabeth Snow||1640 Duxbury, Plymouth Colony||Thomas Rogers
13 Dec 1665 Eastham
|16 Jun 1678 Eastham, Plymouth Colony|
|8.||Jabez SNOW||1642 Eastham, Plymouth Colony||Elizabeth SMITH Sep/Oct 1670||27 Dec 1690 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.|
|9.||Ruth Snow||1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony||John Cole
12 Dec 1666 in Eastham
|27 Jan 1717 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.|
|10.||Constance Snow||1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony||Daniel Doane?||Oct 1677 Eastham, Plymouth Colony|
|11.||Hannah Snow||1646 Eastham, Plymouth Colony||Giles Rickard
|12.||Rebecca Snow||1648 Eastham, Plymouth Colony||Samuel Rickard
Eastham, Plymouth Colony
Nicholas’ father Nicholas SNOW Sr.was born 1578 St Dunstan, Stepney, Middlesex, He married 9 May 1599 St Dunstan, Stenpney to Elizabeth Rowelles.
Nicholas’ mother Elizabeth ROWELLES,was born in 1580 in Stepney and died in 1644 Hoxton, Middlesex, England.
Constance’s father Stephen HOPKINS was born about 1580 in Hursley, Hampshire, England and was baptized 30 Apr 1581 in Upper Clatford, Hampshire. He first married Constance’s mother Mary [__?__] (b. ~1585 )
Constance Hopkins is the central character in Patricia Clapp’s young adult novel Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth. It must be a popular book as I found three different cover portraits.
Constance was the second daughter of Stephen Hopkins (Wiki), by his first wife, Mary. Some believe she was named in honor of Constance (Marline) Hopkins. Constance, at the age of fourteen, along with her father and his second wife Elizabeth (Fisher), accompanied by brother Giles, half-sister Damaris as well as two servants by the name of Edward Doty and Edward Lester were passengers on the Mayflower on its journey to the New World in 1620. Along the way her half-brother Oceanus was born, the only child born on the Mayflower journey.
Made in England, 1615-1640
Ownership attributed to Constance Hopkins
Steeple-crowned hats, usually with a decorative band, were popular in Western Europe for both men and women in the early 17th century. Beaver fur, imported from the colonies, was processed into felt to make hats.
The 1623 division of land marked the end of the Pilgrims’ earliest system of land held in common by all. Governor Bradford explains it this way :
“And so assigned to every family a parcel of land, according to the proportion of their number, for that end, only for the present use (but made no division for inheritance) and ranged all boys and youth under some family. This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content. The women now went willingly into the field, and took their little ones with them to set corn; which before would allege weakness and inability; whom to have compelled would have been thought great tyranny and oppression.”
Records, Deeds, &c., Vol. I 1627-1651 is the oldest record book of the Plymouth settlement. It begins with the 1623 division of land, recorded in the handwriting of Governor William Bradford. The lands of Nicholas Snow are described as “The fales of their ground which came ouer in the shipe called the Anne according as their were case. 1623… these following lye on the other side of the towne towards the eele-riuer … These butt against Hobs Hole. Nicolas Snow.” [Also in this area were the lands of Anthony Dix, Mr. Pierce’s 2 servants, and Ralph Walen.]
The 1627 Division of Cattle
“At a publicque court held the 22th of May it was concluded by the whole Companie, that the cattell wch were the Companies, to wit, the Cowes and the Goates should be equally devided to all the psonts of the same company … & so the lotts fell as followeth, thirteene psonts being pportioned to one lot…”The seauenth lott fell to Stephen Hopkins & his company Joyned to him (2) his wife Elizabeth Hopkins (3) Gyles Hopkins (4) Caleb Hopkins (5) Debora Hopkins (6) Nickolas Snow (7) Constance Snow (8) William Pallmer (9) ffrances Pallmer (10) Willm Pallmer Jnor (11) John Billington Senor (12) Hellen Billington (13) ffrancis Billington. To this lott fell A black weining Calfe to wch was aded the Calfe of this yeare to come of the black Cow, wch pueing a bull they were to keepe it vngelt 5 yeares for common vse & after to make there best of it. Nothing belonging of thes too, for ye copanye of ye first stock : but only half ye Increase. To this lott ther fell two shee goats : which goats they posses on the like terms which others doe their cattell.”
NICHOLAS SNOW : A 1626 PURCHASER
“Isaac Allerton negotiated in England an agreement dated 26 October 1626 between the Adventurers and himself as ‘one of the planters resident at Plymouth afforesaid, assigned, and sent over as agent for the rest of the planters ther,’ whereby the adventurers for L1,800 sold to the planters, later known as the Purchasers, all the ‘said stocks, shares, lands, merchandise, and chatles’ which had belonged to the Adventurers. The list we have of the Purchaser is from the PCR 2:177, and was obviously compiled sometime after the 1626 agreement, for Richard Warren died in 1628, and his wife replaced him on the list, and John Billington was hanged in 1630, and his share is represented on the list by his surname only. Though the following year the fifty-eight Purchasers in turn assigned both the shares in the company and the debt to the eight Plymouth and four London Undertakers, the list of Purchasers continued to be an important one for, in general, these people were privileged above all others in future land grants in the colony. The list, consisting of fifty-three Plymouth names plus the names of five London men, is as follows : ‘The Names of the Purchasers. Mr Wm Bradford Mr. Thom Prence Mr Wm Brewster… Jonathan Brewster Edward Banges Nicholas SNOW Steven Hopkins Abraham Pearse…
1 Oct 1634 : ”Apoynted for laying out of highwayes :
For Duxbery side, Capt Miles Standish, Mr William Colier, Jonathan Brewster, William Palmer, Steuen Trace.
For Plimouth, John Jeney, Francis COOKE, [George KEMPTON’s son ], Manaseh Kempton, Edward BANGS, Nicholas SNOW, John Winsloe, James Hurst.
The high wayes to be layd out before the 15 of Nouember next.”
Jan 1634/35 – The Plymouth court noted that “The servant of Nicolas SNOW was willing to serve out his time with [our ancestor]. John COOPER, according to the tenor of his indenture”. This servant was not the same as [our ancestor] Twiford WEST who, after brief service with Nicholas Snow, agreed on 12 Feb 1635/36 to return to Edward Winslow, with whom he had originally made his indenture.
22 Feb 1635 : Records of Plymouth Colony, Vol. 1, p. 37.
“Twiford WEST, hauing bound him selfe by an indenture to serue Mr Edward Winslow, of New Plimoth, or his assignes, for the terme of sixe years, vpon shuch conditions as apears more at large in ye said indenture, the said Ed: Winslow haueing assigned him to serue Nicolass SNOW, of ye same towne of Plimoth, the said Twiford West (after some triall) disliking to be with ye said Nicolas Snow, came to ye afforesaid Ed: Winslow, & desird he might dwell with him selfe, and he would serue him one year more then is expresed in ye said indenture; vpon which his request, ye said Ed: Winslow compounded with ye said Nicolass Snow for ye said Twiford West, so as the said Twiford West is now (by his own free desire) bound to serue ye said Ed: Winslow seauen years, his time beginning from ye date mentioned in ye afforesaid indenture. This agreemente was acknowledged by all ye parties before ye Gouer, Feb: 12, 1635, and was desired to be recorded.”
Records of Plymouth Colony, Vol. 1, p. 37.
5 May 1640 – “John Winslow, Nicholas SNOWE, Nehemiah SMYTH, Georg Soule, Josuah Pratt, are appoynted to view all the meddowes at Greens Harbour, wch are not graunted forth, & to measure them, and to make report thereof the next Court.”
1 Dec 1640 :”Presentments. “… Thomas Coachman, Nicholas SNOW , & Josias Cooke, for not mending the heigh wayes at the Second Brooke, Smylt Riuer, New Bridge, and other places. “Discharged, vpon condicon that they shall repaire the heigh wayes this yeare
Nicholas arrived in Eastham in April of 1644, as one of the original purchasers/founders of Eastham. in 1644. He lived on the North side of Great Pond.
Originally settled by the Nauset tribe, Eastham was the site where in 1621 a hunting expedition comprised from the crew of the Mayflower, which had stopped in Provincetown harbor on Cape Cod Bay after a rough crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, which led to the first encounter of the Pilgrims and the local Nauset Indians at First Encounter Beach. The area would not be settled by Europeans, however, until 1644. The original lands included all of the northern peninsula of Cape Cod now the towns of Truro, Wellfleet, Eastham, Orleans and a small portion of Chatham. Eastham town was officially incorporated in 1651.
1 June 1647 – “Supvisors of the Highwaies. “… Nawsett [Eastham], Nicholas SNOW & Edward BANGES.
9 June 1665 : “An Account of the Liquors brought into the Towne of Eastham, as followeth. “… Aprill, 65. Thomas Paine, 1 gallon of liquor, and 2 gallons of Gorge Crispe. “Nicholas Snow, 1 gallon and an halfe of liquor. “Josepth Harding, one gallon and an halfe of liquor.”
5 March 1667 – “In reference vnto the complaint made against Ralph SMITH, of Eastham, concerning oppression and hard dealing with a carpenter named Crispen Wadlen, whoe was one of Captaine Allins companie, which said Wadlen kept about three weekes att the said Smithes house, the Court haue ordered, that a certaine psell of tooles which the said Smith had of the said carpenters shalbe deliuered vnto Nicholas SNOW, to be sent to the said Wadlen; and that the said Snowes receipt of them shalbe the said Smithes discharge; and that a certaine psell of cotton woole, which the said Smith had of the said Crispin Wadlen, shalbe by him, the said Smith, kept, if hee please, for full satisfaction for the time & charge hee was att when att his house as aforesaid.”
Nicholas was a Deputy of Plymouth for 3 years; a Selectman for 7 years; Town Clerk for 16 years; and laid out the highway from Eastham to Yarmouth in 1660. He had no grave stone but left a will.
He was one of Governor Thomas Prence’s intimate associates, and it was partly through Snow’s efforts that Rev. John Mayo was prevailed upon to settle as minister of Eastham in 1655. Nicholas Snow was a large land owner in Harwich, Eastham, and Truro. Rev. John Mayo witnessed his will.
Will of Nicholas Snow
“A writing ordered to be Recorded Declaring the manor of Nicholas Snow his Disposing of his Estate as followeth; viz: Nicholas Snow of Eastham Late Deceased; “I Nicholas Snow of Eastham being weake and Infeirme of body but of prfect Memory and understanding, not knowing the Day of my Departure but yett Dayly expecting my last Change; I thinke meet to leave this behind mee as my last Will and Testament; Impr: I Comend my soule into the Armes of Gods Mercye through Christ Jesus in whom I hope to sleep and my body to a Decent buriall; and as Concerning my temporall estate that God of his Goodnes hath Given mee; It is my last Will and Testament that after this manor it should be Disposed off;
“Impr: To my son Marke Snow I Give and bequeath all that twenty acrees of upland lying att Namskekitt wher his house now stands, and two acrees of Meddow; and all that broken marsh there of mine att Namscekett;
Item two third of my Great lott att Satuckett lying next the Indians Ground; and that syde of my lott Next the Indians land I Give to him and his heires lawfully begotten of his body for ever; and what hee Can purchase more of upland and meddow of the Indians there at Satuckett I Give to him all this abovesaid lands or meddow or Marsh purchased or unpurchased I Give to him and to his heires lawfully begotten of his body forever;
Item To my son Joseph Snow I Give that other third prte of my Great lott att Satuckett; and two acrees and an halfe of meddow lying att Namscekett neare the head and an Necke of upland lying between it lying on the westsyde of Willam Twinings, all this abovesaid land and meddow I Give to my son Joseph Snow and to his heires Lawfully begotten of his body forever;
“Item To my son Steven Snow I Give twenty acrees on the southsyde of my Great lott att Ochett, and then acrees of My little lott att Satuckett lying between Daniell Cole and Edward Banges by the side of a Little pond, an acree and an halfe of Meddow att the boat meddow, lying between Thomas Williams, and Samuell freeman and that prte of my Meddow att the Great Meddow, That lyeth between Josiah Cooke and the Eelcreeke; all this abovesaid land and medow I Give to my son Steven and the heires lawfully begotten of his body; for ever
“Item To my son John Snow I Give all that my land att Paomett Purchased or unpurchased whether upland or meddow; and all my Right and title or privilidge there; all the abovesaid upland or Meddow right and Privilidge att Paomett I Give to my son John Snow; and to the heires lawfully begotten of his body, forever.
“Item To my son Jabez: Snow I Give all this my Land lying between my house and my son Thomas Paines, and seaven acrees att the basse pond lying between Daniell Cole and Willam Browne; and an halfe acree of Marsh att the end of it and six acrees of upland att the herring pond; and an acree and halfe of meddow att silver springe lying on the Northsyde of Willam Walkers, and the Clift of upland adjacent to the above said Meddow and all the sedge about it, to Ephraime Done; and that prte of my house hee lives in as longe as my wife or I Doe live
“Item I Give him two acrees of Meddow att the Great Meddow lying between the Eel Creeke and Joseph hardings;
“Item To my son Jabez I Give that my four acrees of Meddow att Billinsgate Due to mee yett unlayed out; All this abovesaid upland and meddow I Give to my son Jabez Snow and the heires of his body lawfully begotten for ever.
“Item This my meddow about my house I Give to my son Jabez;
“Item I Give to my Loveing wife Constant Snow all my stocke of Cattle sheep horses swine whatsoever, to be att her Disposall for the Comfort and support of her life, with all the moveable Goods I am posessed of and after her Decease, stocke and Movables to be equally Devided amongst all my Children;
“Item To my wife I Give the use and Disposall of the prte of my house shee now Dwells in DUring her life time, and after her Decease to be my son Jabez Snowes –
Item I give to my loveing wife that ten acrees of upland att Pochett, and 20 on Billingsgate Iland, for her Desposall for the Comfort of her life, but if shee need it not, and leave it undesposed; I Give it then to my son Steven Snow; That twenty acrees of upland att Billingsgate if my wife leave it undesposed, then to be my son Jabez Snowes “I Doe Give to the Church of Eastham for the furniture of the Table of the Lord, with pewter or other Nessesaries I say I Doe Give ten shillings, out of my estate after my wifes Decease;
“That this is my last Will and Testament I have sett to my hand and seale; this fourteenth Day of November one thousand six hundred seaventy and six Nicholas Snow Witnes, Signed & Sealled in the presence of us Samuell Treate Thomas Paine senir “It is my Desire that Deacon Samuell ffreeman and John Mayo would oversee the true and ffaithfull prformance of this my Last Will, and Testament and be healpfull in any Case of Need Concerning the same; “Att the Court of his Matie held att Plymouth the fift of March 1676/77 Mr Samuell Treate made oath to this Writing that hee Did see Nicholas Snow Signe and seall it, and Did Declare it to be his Mind for the Disposall of his estate:”Thomas Paine made oath att the Court fore Names, that hee Did see Nicholas Snow signe and seale This Paper or writing above Coppied; and heer entered abovesaid.”
Click here for the inventory of Nicholas estate which includes an interesting list of cooper’s tools
1. Capt. Mark Snow
Mark’s first wife Anna Cooke was born in 1636 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Anna died 25 Jul 1656 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Josiah Cooke (b: ~ 1610 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland) and Elizabeth Ring (bapt. 23 Feb 1603 in Ufford, Suffolk, England) Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT.
Mark’s second wife Jane Prence was born 1 Nov 1637 in Duxbury, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were Thomas PRENCE and Mary COLLIER. Jane died 1711 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
1643 – was on the lists of those able to bear arms at Plymouth Colony. L
14 Apr 1644 – Together with his parents, brothers and sisters he settled at Nauset, Eastham, Cape Cod
1657 – became a freeman. He gave oath of allegiance on 3 Jun 1657;
1659 – The officers of Eastham’s militia company in 1659 were Capt. Mark Snow, Lt. Jonathan Higgins and Ensign Jonathan Bangs.
Chosen Surveyor of Highways. He was Town Clerk, Eastham, MA between 1663 and 1678. He was a selectman, Eastham, MA between 1667 and 1685. On 5-Jun-1667 attended the Grand Enquest, Gov. Thomas PRENCE officiated.
24 Oct 1667 – on the Grand Jury with his brother Joseph Snow.
1673 – served as a Selectman
1675 – He was a member of the Counsel of War in 1675.
1675 – 1681 -He was a deputy, Eastham, MA
1675/76 He served in King Philip’s War i
1679 – “Select Courts” “being establishe by law, Capt. Jonathan SPAROW,, Mr Mark Snow and Mr. John Doane were commissioned to hold them in this town.” Eastham, MA.
1689 – Mark Snow was a witness to the will codicil of Giles Hopkins.
23 Nov 1694 – Will of Mark Snow
In the name of God Amen. I Mark Snow of Eastham being weak of body but sound in mind and disposing memory, fo make this my last will and testament in manner and form following. That is to say, first and principally I resign my soul unto God that gave it in hopeful assurance of a blessed resurrection at ye last day in and through ye merits of my blessed redeemer; and secondly , I commit my body to ye earth from whence it was taken to be decetly buried at ye discretion of my executor hereafter named. As for my temporal estate that ye Lord hath lent unto me I dispose of that as followeth:
Imprimis–I give unto my son, Nickolas, a pardel of land where his house stands, computed at twenty and six acres, according to bounds set down in ye pruchasers book of records, with two acres of meadow lying at ye head of Namskakett, according to record as above said.
Imp. I give unto my son, Nickolas ye one half of my lot of land lying at Satuckett, between Jonathan Bangs and ye Indian Land. I Give unto my son Nickolas, ye one half of a parcel of meadow lying in ye township of Yarmouth in a place called Blue Meadow in ye south side of Bass River.
It. I give to my son Thomas Snow ye extra half of my lot where his house stands onthat side and next the Indian range, and ye one half of my meadow in Yarmouth yt above specified meadow.
It. I give unto my son Prince Snow after my wife’s decease of widowhood, my now dwelling house, and all ye land adjoining and fifteen acres of land above ye common road according to bounds specified in ye record abovesaid. I give to my son Prince Snow three acres of meadow that lies below my now dwelling house according to bounds set down in ye before specified book of records.
It. I give to my son Thomas Snow as acre of land at ye northmost end my lot in ye old fields commonly so-called and another small division of land estimated at three-quaters of an acre of land lying in ye specified old field at Satuckett between Ensign Bangs and Thomas Freeman.
It. I give to my son Prince Snow ye remainder of my lot of land containing three acres of land in ye specified Indian fields after my wife’s decease.
I give to my son Nickolas and Thomas my lot of land containing three acres of land according to record lying between John Freemans pasture andye common road. I give unto my son Prince after my wife’s decease an acre and a half of meadow lying between John Cole and Stephen Hopkins in Namskaket meadow according to bounds specified in ye before specified records. All my land that lie undivided after my wife’s decease i give and bequeath to my three sons Nickolas, Thomas and Prince to be equally divided between them.
It. I give and beequeath to my loving wife, Jane Snow all my whole personal estate after my debts and funeral charges are paid. I do appoint my loving wife, Jane Snow my whole and sole executor after my decease. It. I give to my son Prince Snow, my musket cat-box and cutlass and one pistol. I give to my son Thomas Snow my back sword and one pistol. It. I give to my grand-child Jonathan Snow my carbine. To ye truth and verify hereof I have set my hanc and seal this twenty and third day of November, 1694.
Signed and sealed in the
presence of us
Thomas Crosby Jr.
Children of Mark and Anna:
i. Anne Snow b: 7 Jul 1656 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
Children of Mark and Jane:
ii. Mary Snow b: 30 Nov 1661 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Nicholas Snow b: 6 Dec 1663 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Elizabeth Snow b: 9 May 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. Thomas Snow b: 6 Aug 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. Sarah Snow b: 10 May 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vii. Prence Snow b: 22 May 1674 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
viii. Elizabeth Snow b: 20 Jun 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ix. Hannah Snow b: 16 Sep 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
2. Mary Snow
Mary’s husband Thomas Paine was born 18 Jan 1613 in Wrentham, Suffolk, England. His parents were Thomas Paine Sr. and Elizabeth Blomfield. The identity of his mother isn’t certain, she could have been Elizabeth Tuthill or Margaret Pultney. Thomas died 16 Aug 1706 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
One tradition is that Thomas Paine Sr, the ancestor of the “Cape family of Paines,” immigrated to this country, in 1624, bringing with him an only son named Thomas, a boy of ten years who had lost the sight of one of his eyes by an arrow before he left England. The tradition says they came over in some of those vessels that early visited the Eastern coast for fishing purposes.
The real story is Thomas Payne Sr. purchased the vessel Mary Anne and immigrated from Yarmouth, arriving in Boston August 21, 1637. Thomas Paine was received into the town of Salem, Massachusetts; at the age of 51. 68 Puritans made the trip including several other of our relatives. See my post Passages for details. Thomas Payne Sr was the grandson of our ancestor William PAYNE Sr and cousin of William PAYNE.
Thomas Paine Jr. moved from Salem to Dedham Mass. in 1640. He settled in that part of Eastham now included in the town of Orleans, on the place at the head of the Cove, called by the Indians ” Kesscayogansett,”. At the time of his settlement here the township was in its infancy, having been settled but a few years, and the whole number of families did not exceed nineteen. He soon became a leading man in the settlement, and was shortly called into public service.
By trade, Thomas was a cooper as he affirmed, but he appears to have had a knowledge of the other trades, for he could as easily build a mill for grinding as he could fashion a barrel. His father owned a mill in Wrentham, Suffolk, England. He constructed several in various parts of the County in his time. For his ” great charges about building two grist-mills for the use of the town,” Eastham, in 1683, granted him a parcel of land on the northerly side of ” Cescayogansett River.” The same year he built one at Barnstable.
He was propounded at Plymouth, and admitted a freeman, June 1, 1658. In 1662, with Giles Hopkins, he was chosen surveyor of highways, and in 1664 a Juror ; and June 8, a deputy to the Old Colony Court, an office for which he was chosen in 1671, ’72, ’73, ’76, ’78, ’80, ’81 and 1690. In 1667, with several others of his townsmen, he was chosen to investigate the cause of the death of Robert Chappell, James Nichols and James Pidell, of the company of Capt. John Allen, who were put ashore at Cape Cod.
1662 – he was appointed, with Nicholas Snow, Jonathan Sparrow and Giles Hopkins, to view and lay out the meadow between Namskaket and Silver Springs, then within the limits of Eastham; and the same year, with Giles Hopkins, was selected a surveyor of highways.
1667 – he was allowed liberty to look out some land for his accommodation, and in June, 1669, he was allowed a tract at Namassakett [now Middleboro] by the Court, with Experience Michell, Henry Sampson and Thomas Little. The tract was conveyed to these gentlemen by Tuscapin or Black Sachem, and his son William, July 20, 1669, in consideration of ten pound sterling. This tract adjoined the land of John Alden, and bordered on Assowamsett Ponds.
1667 – with eleven others, he was called to investigate the causes of deaths of three men of Captain John Allen’s company, who were put ashore at Cape Cod.
1670 – he, with Capt. Jonathan SPARROW, was appointed to visit the ordinaries in town, and see that there was no excessive drinking; and the same year was one of the Grand Inquest.
Jun 5 1671 – he was chosen to the office of Water Bailiff for the Colony, and sworn. This office was created for the purpose of regulating fishing at Cape Cod, and places adjacent, which at that time was carried on quite successfully by the people of this and other Colonies, without any regard to the interest of the Old Colony, and to recover such sums as the Court should order from those who fished here ; and also to seize all fish that were taken unlawfully. In this office he served many years to the acceptance of the Court.
1671 – he was chosen one of the Selectmen of Eastham, and re-elected for a great number of years.
May 2 1670 – purchased of Thomas Prince of Plymouth, for £20, his share of land at Pamett, lying about ” Lovell’s Creek” or ” Eastern Harbour,”
Jun 1 1673 – for fifteen pounds, purchased all the right that Jabez Howland had to upland and meadow in the same vicinity.
1674 – he was chosen Constable of Eastham, and in 1676 was chosen a committee by the town to superintend the building of the Meeting-house.
From 1674 to 1694, he was Treasurer of the town, and for several years during the time was Clerk.
1676 – he was one of the committee to collect a debt of Sandwich and to superintend the building of the meetinghouse in Eastham. This meetinghouse was the second one built there and stood near the ancient burying ground. The first one was thatched roof and stood nearby, and had been erected many years. It was now considered unsuitable for the congregation of their minister, Rev. Samuel Treat, who was now regularly settled. Mr. Paine was clerk and treasurer of Eastham as well. Mr. Paine was many years a “rate maker” or assessor.
Jul 13 1677 – with Mr. Huckins of Barnstable, Mr. Gray of Plymouth, and the Treasurer of the Colony, Mr. Southworth, he hired the fishing privileges and profits at the Cape for seven years, paying the sum of thirty pounds a year.
1685 – with Rev. Samuel Treat, Capt. Jonathan SPARROW, John Mayo, Sen., and Jabez SNOW, he was chosen by the town “to hear and determine the difference between those called the purchasers of the town,” respecting land within the limits of Eastham.
1696 – he represented Eastham in the General Court at Boston ;
Mar 14 1696 – he purchased of Thomas Stableford, a joiner, who had taken up his residence in Philadelphia, his house and land at Boston, at the South End, paying one hundred and thirty-five pounds, and took up his residence. But selling out for the same sum to Eleazer Darby, a mariner, Oct. 13, 1697, he removed to Eastham, where he had for so many years of his life resided, and retired from public service in which he had been employed for nearly a half century, and died August 16, 1706, at the supposed age of 94 years.
He made his will May 12, 1705, and it was presented at Barnstable for Probate, by his sons, Samuel and Thomas, the Executors, October 2, 1706.
His death is thus noticed by his son John’ in his Journal which is still extant:
” On this 16 day of August, 1706, my aged father Thomas Paine departed this life. I am now left fatherless and motherless, as to my natural parents, but my God is a Father of the fatherless upon whose Providence I cast myself. 0 ! God my Father do not cast me off. Though my father and mother have forsaken me my hope is in Thee.”
Children of Mary and Thomas
i. Samuel Paine b: ~ 1652 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ii. Mary Paine b: 1655 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Thomas Paine b: 1656-1657 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Elisha Paine b: Mar 1658 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. John Paine b: 14 Mar 1661 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. Nicholas Paine b: 1663 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vii. James Paine b: 16 Jul 1665 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
viii. Joseph Paine b: ~ 1667 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ix. Dorcas Paine b: ~ 1670 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
3. Sarah Snow
Sarah’s husband William Walker was born about 1630. William died 1703 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham
Sarah and her son William were appointed as executors of William Sr.’s will on 25 Oct 1703.
Children of Sarah and William:
i. John Walker b: 24 Nov 1655 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ii. William Walker b: 12 Oct 1657 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. William Walker b: 2 Aug 1659 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Sarah Walker b: 30 Jul 1662 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. Elizabeth Walker b: 28 Sep 1664 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. Jabez Walker b: 8 Jul 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
4. Lt. Joseph Snow
Joseph’s wife Mary Higgins was born 27 Sep 1652 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were Richard Higgins (1613 – 1677) and Mrs. Mary Yates (1630 -1702 ) Mary died in 1717 in Eastham, Mass or after Jan 1721/22.
Mary’s father Richard Higgins settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, as early as 1633, when his name appears among the taxpayers of that town. He was a tailor by trade and also a planter. In 1634 he was admitted a freeman and was then a member of the church. In 1644 he left Plymouth and with six others [including Nicholas SNOW] founded the town of Eastham on Cape Cod.
“It was assumed by many that Samuel Oliver married Mary Higgins, sister to Zerah, becasue he was granted a guardianship over Zerah’s son and is described as his uncle. However, he is uncle by virtue of the marriage of his sister Elizabeth to Zerah. Given the inscription below, Mary Higgins could not be the wife of Samuel as she would be 76 (b. 9/27/1652 ) ”
History of Eastham, p48: In 1691, Thomas Smith and Joseph Snow were appointed a committee to take charge of the Commons.
Children of Joseph and Mary:
i. Joseph Snow b: 24 Nov 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ii. Benjamin Snow b: 9 Jun 1673 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Mary Snow b: 17 Oct 1674 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Sarah Snow b: 30 Apr 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. Ruth Snow b: 14 Oct 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. Steven Snow b: 24 Feb 1681 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vii. Lydia Snow b: 20 Jul 1684 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
viii. Rebeckah Snow b: 4 Dec 1686 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ix. James Snow b: 31 Mar 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
x. Jane Snow b: 27 Mar 1692 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
xi. Josiah Snow b: 27 Nov 1694 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
5. Stephen Snow
Stephen’s first wife Susannah Deane was born about 1635 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Her half sister Anna married Stephen’s brother Mark. Susannah’s parents were Stephen Deane (1606 – 1634 ) and Elizabeth Ring (1603 – 1687). Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT. Susan first married Joseph Rogers. Susannah died 16 Jun 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
Stephen’s second wife Mary Cottle was born 1 Sep 1653 in Salisbury, Massachusetts Bay. She first married Jan 1668 in Amesbury, Massachusetts Bay to Samuel Bickford and had five children between 1666 and 1680. Mary died 1706 in Eastham.
Susannah’s first husband Joseph Rogers (1635 – 1660) died from a fall in wrestling with his friend, [our ancestor John HAWES] “Christmas Day 1660”. According to Court records, “John Hawes was found not guilty of “takeing away the life of Joseph Rogers of Eastham by giveing him a most deadly fall, on the 25 of December 1660 . . . whereof he . . . about 48 hours after died”. Joseph’s brother Thomas married Stephen’s sister Elizabeth.
Children of Stephen and Susannah:
i. Hannah Snow b: 2 Jan 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ii. Bathshua Snow b: 25 Jul 1664 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Micajah Snow b: 22 Dec 1669 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Ebenezer Snow b: Abt 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. Bethia Snow b: 1 Jul 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 7 Mar 1747 in Chatham, Mass.; m. 14 May 1694 in Eastham to John Smith (b: 26 May 1673 in Eastham – bef. 25 Feb 1717 in Chatham, Mass) John’s parents were Samuel Smith and Mary Hopkins. His grandparents were our ancestors Ralph SMYTH and Elizabeth HOBART
John was a large landowner in the Great Beach area before he died in middle life at the age of 43.
Bethia’s aunt Merriam Deane (1633-1703) is the oldest first time bride in our family tree. She was 59 when she married our ancestor John WING as his second wife. She is interred at Dillingham Cemetery. Miriam’s will dated 24 May 1701 proved 8 Jan 1702/03 gives all her property to Dean Smith, “son of my Kinswoman, Bethiah Smith of Monomoy.” Bethiah was Miriam’s niece, daughter of her sister Susannah Dean and Stephen Snow. John Smith of Chatham was appointed guardian of his son Deane Smith, aged about 18, on 10/19/1716, “some estate having fallen” to Dean by the “bequest and death of some of his relations.”
6. John Snow
John’s wife Mary Smalley was born 11 Dec 1647 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were John Smalley ( ~1613 – 1692) and Ann Walden ( ~1620 – 1694) Mary had a twin Isaac Smalley who died after 1702 in New Jersey. After John died in 1692, Mary married Ephraim Doane ( ~1637 – 1700). Mary died in 1703 in Eastham.
The Smalley family was part of the first group to settle Nauset [Eastham], in 1644.
“On March 3, 1662-63, Ephraim Doane and three others were fined twenty-five shillings each for trading liquor with the Indians, and he and Thomas Ridman were fined fifty shillings each for permitting the Indians to have liquor in their boats, it appearing that one of the Indians was drunk thereby.” On October 29, 1669, Ephraim was before the court for “horribly slandering and belying his neighbors: at Eastham and was fined “the sume of twenty shillings for telling two lyes about the same.” June 6, 1678, he was again before the court to answer to the complaint of “Jawannum, late wife of James Pequin of Billingsgate, as suspected by her and Nicholas, to have been an occasion of the violent death of said Pequin, her husband.”
Children of John and Mary
i. Hannah Snow b: 26 Aug 1670 in Eastham, Massachusetts
ii. Mary Snow b: 10 Mar 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Abigaell Snow b: 14 Oct 1673 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Rebeckah Snow b: 23 Jul 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. John Snow b: 3 May 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. Isaac Snow b: 10 Aug 1683 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vii. Lydia Snow b: 29 Sep 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
viii. Elisha Snow b: 10 Jan 1687 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ix. Phebe Snow b: 27 Jun 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
7. Elizabeth Snow
Elizabeth’s husband Thomas Rogers was born 29 Mar 1638 in Shawmee (Sandwich), Plymouth Colony. Thomas’ brother Joseph was the first husband of Elizabeth’s sister-in-law Susannah Dean (later wife of Stephen Snow). Their parents were Joseph Rogers (1603 – 1678) and Hannah [__?__] (1609/1615 – 1678) Thomas died 16 Jun 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
The third person from the Mayflower to settle at Nosset was Joseph Rogers, a young lad, son of Thomas Rogers who died the first winter at Plymouth leaving said Joseph and five sons in England who later came to this country. At Nauset, Joseph Rogers was commissioned a Lieutenant in 1647. The companies at Barnstable, Eastham, Sandwich, and Yarmouth, were organized into a regiment, called “The Third Regiment” of which our ancestor John FREEMAN, of Eastham, was commissioned Major Commandant.
Thomas’ brother Joseph died from a fall in wrestling with his friend, [our ancestor John HAWES] “Christmas Day 1660”. According to Court records, “John Hawes was found not guilty of “takeing away the life of Joseph Rogers of Eastham by giveing him a most deadly fall, on the 25 of December 1660 . . . whereof he . . . about 48 hours after died”.
Children of Elizabeth and Thomas:
i. Elizabeth Rogers b: 8 Oct 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ii. Joseph Rogers b: 1 Feb 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Hannah Rogers b: 20 Mar 1669 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Thomas Rogers b: 6 Mar 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. Thomas Rogers b: 6 May 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. Eliazer Rogers b: 3 Nov 1673 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vii. Nathaniel Rogers b: 18 Jan 1675 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
8. Jabez SNOW (See his page)
9. Ruth Snow
Ruth’s husband John Cole was born 15 Jul 1644 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony. His parents were Daniel Cole ( ~1614 – ) and Ruth Collier ( ~1627 – ) John died 6 Jan 1715 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Alternatively, he died 6 Jan 1725. The Eastham transcription is apparently wrong about the year of John’s death. NEHGR 48:72 mentions that his will was made 20 Oct 1717, mentioning John, Joseph, Ruth, Hepsibah, Hannah, Mary and Sarah.
John’s father Daniel came to Plymouth as a young man. Tailor by trade, and as early as 1640 had a large lot of land granted him in Duxbury. In Marshfield by June 1642, and his name in on the list of those able to bear arms in Yarmouth in 1643. Admitted a freeman June 4, 1645. A resident of Eastham in 1649. In 1654 he was sent as deputy or representative to the Colonial court at Plymouth, and represented Eastham in 1666, 67, 68, 69, 70, and 72.
Children of Ruth and John:
i. Ruth Cole b: 11 Mar 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
ii. John Cole b: 6 Mar 1670 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iii. Hephzebah Cole b: mid June 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
iv. Hannah Cole b: 27 Mar 1675 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
v. Joseph Cole b: 11 Jun 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vi. May Cole b: 22 Oct 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
vii. Sarah Cole b: 10 Jun 1682 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
10. Constance Snow
Constance’s identity or existence is debatable. Her name doesn’t appear in Eastham Vital Records. The Mayflower Society does not accept lines of descent through the first wife of Daniel Doane.
Ma-Barnst 6:57, Sep 2011
In MF6 Hopkins, under Constance Hopkins (wife of Nicholas Snow) it is noted that:
“Josiah Paine, town clerk and historian of Harwich, wrote that Nicholas and Constance had a dau. named for her mother who was the first wife of Daniel Doane (1636 – 1712) of Eastham.” This assertion is unreferenced.
“The authority for naming Constant Snow as the first wife of Daniel Doane appears to be a notebook on Eastham families kept by Josiah Paine, for half a century Town Clerk of Harwich. The notebook is now in the possession of the Eastham Public Library. Mr. Paine did not cite the sources of his information unless it came from individuals, so it may be assumed that he found some evidence for his statement; however no one has discovered where he found it.”
11. Hannah Snow
Hannah’s husband Giles Rickard was born about 1654 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Giles’ brother Samuel married Hannah’s sister Rebecca. Their parents were Giles Rickard (1624 – 1710) and Hannah Dunham ( ~ 1634 – 1708)
Child of Hannah and Giles:
i. Hannah Rickard b:~ 1680; m. 24 Nov 1701 to Ebenezer Eaton (b. ~1667 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony)
12. Rebecca Snow
Rebecca’s husband Samuel Rickard was born 14 Jan 1663 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Samuel’s brother Giles married Rebecca’s sister Hannah. Their parents were Giles Rickard (1624 – 1710) and Hannah Dunham ( ~ 1634 – 1708)
Children of Rebecca and Samuel:
i. Rebecca Rickard b. 1691
ii. Hannah Rickard b. 1693
iii. Samuel Rickard
iv. Bethiah Rickard b. 1698
v. Henry Rickard b. 1700
vi. Mary Rickard b. 1702
vii. Elkanah Rickard b. 1704, m. Keturah Bishop
viii. Mehitabel Rickard b. 1707
ix. Eleazur Rickard b. 1709.
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The Nicholas Snowe, son of Nicholas Snowe, who was baptized 25 Jan 1599/1600 at St. Leonard’s was buried 3 days later.
See the burial at http://tinyurl.com/NICSNOWb28Jan1600 (15th down on left page).
Constance Hopkins was baptized as shown in Hursley, Hampshire (not born 25 Jan 1599 Wooten, Underedge, Gloucestershire. ) The whole Gloucestershire thing was an error tied to the mythical Constance Dudley who was disproved in 1998.
Hannah and Rebecca Snow are daughters of William Snow and Rebecca Brown.
Lovely Sight! Many ancestors in common through different lines 🙂 Speaking of different lines I noticed on this line of Nicholas Snow you had two daughters who belong to the William Snow in Bridgewater. (he married Rebecca Brown), Namely Hannah and Rebecca (who are supposedly married to Rickards.) He is my Snow line Cheers
Great site! I too am a direct descendent of Nicolas Snow.
great site I am also a descendant of Nicholas & Constance
I’ve traced my linage to Constance and Nicholas Snow… I’d be interested in knowing more…