Nehemiah Smith

Rev. Nehemiah SMITH (1605 – 1686) was Alex’s 10th great grandfather, one of 2,048 in this generation of the Miner line.

Rev Nehemiah Smith was born in 1605 in New Castle, Stafford, England.   He married Sarah Ann BOURNE on 21 Jan 1639/40 in Marchfield, Mass.  Nehemiah died in 1686 in Norwich, CT. Both Nehemiah and Sarah Ann were both buried in the Post and Gager burying-ground, in Norwich, in the oldest part of the cemetery.

Founders Stone, Norwich, Connecticut.

Founder’s Stone Norwich CT – Ancestors on this monument are Major John Mason, Rev James Fitch, John Reynolds and Nehemiah Smith.

Founder’s Stone Norwich CT – Nehemiah Smith Panel

Sarah Ann Bourne was born on 18 Jan 1614/15 in Tenterden, Kent, England.  Alternatively, she was born in Kempsey, Worchester, England. Her parents were Thomas BOURNE and Elizabeth ROUSE.  Sarah Ann died 12 Jan 1683/84 in Norwich, CT.

Children of Nehemiah and Sarah Ann:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Elizabeth Smith 1641
22 Feb 1645
New Haven, CT)
Joshua Raymond
10 Dec 1659 New London, CT
George Dennis
26 Jan 1681 New London, CT
1 May 1712
New London, CT or
Thetford, Orange, Vermont
2. Sarah Smith c. 1642
Marshfield, Mass
(baptized in the First Church, New Haven,
14 Dec 1645 when about three years old. )
John Clark (Son of Thomas CLARK)
1 Feb 1660/61
25 Jul 1674 New Haven, CT
3. Mary Smith c. 1642
New Haven, CT
14 Dec 1645
with Sarah)
Samuel Raymond
4. Hannah Smith? 1642
New Haven, New Haven, CT.
14 Dec 1645
with Sarah and Mary)
Stephen Bradley (Son of Major Danyell BROADLEY de West Morton)
1 Nov 1663
New Haven, CT
1676 in Guilford, New Haven, CT
5. Mercy Smith c.1645
22 Feb 1645/46.
New Haven, CT
6. Nehemiah Smith baptized
24 Oct 1646
New Haven, CT
Lydia Winchester
24 OCT 1669
Elizabeth Stark
7 Sep 1724 Groton, CT
8 Aug 1727
Groton, CT
7. Lydia Smith? 1647 Groton, New London, CT (This might be Lydia Winchester) 24 Oct 1723
Groton, New London, CT
8. Experience Smith c. 1653 14 Mar 1685
Norwich, CT
9. Edward Smith c. 1654
10. Mehitable SMITH 4 Jul 1655 Marshfield, Mass. Joshua ABELL
1 Nov 1677 Norwich, CT
14 Mar 1684/85 Norwich, CT

Nehmiah Smith came to America and  made application to be a freeman on 6 Mar 1637/38 in Plymouth MA. He lived for a time in Marshfield or Greens Harbor as it was then called and is believed to have been the first religious teacher there. Though spoken of as a minister, he does not appear to have been ordained. He is more often spoken of as Goodman, Sheperd or Weaver Smith.

Marshfield, Plymouth, Mass

7 May 1638 – He was one of those who wished for land “towards Six-Mile Brook.”

5 Mar 1638/39 – With twenty others he proposed taking up his “freedom next court.”

3 Mar 1639/40 – The court ordered that land between Marshfield and Duxborough be set aside for the use of the ministers of the two places, in order to settle the dispute of the towns as to which owned the property, and Nehemiah Smith was named as the Marshfield minister.


5 May 1640 – “John Winslow, Nicholas SNOWENehemiah  SMYTH, Georg Soule, Josuah Pratt, are appoynted to view all the meddowes at Greens Harbour, wch are not graunted forth, & to measure them, and to make report thereof the next Court.”

From Marshfield, he sailed to Stratford, CT, taking with him a flock of sheep. He pastured them on Long Island, then controlled by New Haven. CT.

Nehemiah Smith was a Religious Teacher, Shepherd and Weaver

23 Apr 1641 – He made an agreement with Mrs. Bridget Fuller, widow, to keep her sheep on shares.

1 Jun 1641 – The court ordered that he sell his sheep to anyone who desired to buy them, as he intended to leave town to move to Connecticut, and it was against the law to carry sheep out of the colonies; a certain price was set on them, and he was permitted to take those which were not sold.

1644 – He was living in Stratford, Connecticut and the baptisms of some of his children are found there, but as the early records of that town were destroyed by fire, not much about him has been found there.

He moved to New Haven, possibly about 1645, although it was more likely later. He was called “Shepherd” because of his keeping sheep. He kept his flock on the west side of the Oyster river, on a hill later called Shepherd’s Hill, where he built a sheep pen as early as 1645.

1644 – He was granted land in New Haven. Connecticut, for the keeping of his sheep, and in 1645 the grant was confirmed, on June 16, but on December 8, 1645, it was revoked by the court, as Smith refused to promise to keep other sheep than his own on the land. On August 16, 1646, land was again granted him on Shepherd’s Hill. On July 5, 1647, the court decided to allow him to keep his sheep on the neck, as it had been learned that he was talking of moving away, and they desired “that the sheepe with himselfe might bee kept in this towne, for thereby much good may redound to the publicque.” It was also ordered that those who owned land on the neck should clear it for that purpose.

11 July 1649 He was granted twenty acres of upland on Shepherd’s Hill and ten acres in Oyster Meadow, as he desired to live in New Haven, though he stated in his petition for land that “because of some weakness he finds upon himselfe” that he could not keep the town’s sheep any longer.

1651 – It was ordered that the land granted to him for keeping sheep be returned to the town.

Oct 1679 – Nehemiah Smith, aged about seventy-four, and Ann, his wife, testified in an attempt to break his brother’s will that “about seven and twenty years ago they lived on Long Island.” This would be about 1652, and as he was in New Haven after May 13, 1650, he doubtless moved in the spring of 1651, very likely settling in Southold.

29  Aug 1652 – He was living in New London, Connecticut, and was granted eight acres of upland. In the town records of New London he is called a weaver, and various parcels of land were given him there. He lived in that town probably until after 1655, but owing to trouble with the Indians he moved to Smith Lake, Poquonock.

Jun 1659 – He was one of the original proprietors of Norwich, Connecticut, which was bought in June, 1659, of the Indian Chief Uncas and his sons. His home lot was laid out in November, 1659. He had the largest tract of any of the first settlers, and received other grants at later times. His house was about fifty-seven feet north of the oldest burying ground, known as the Post and Gager burying ground.

1666 – He and his brother John were freed from training because of their age.

1684 – He and wife Ann deeded their homestead and other property to their son-in-law, Joshua Abell, on condition that he take care of them in their old age. He died about 1686, aged about eighty-one years, and was buried in the Post and Gager burying ground. Nehemiah Smith, his son, was administrator of his will, which was proved September 22, 1686.

Father: NOT “Rev. (William) Smith, Bishop of Lichfield & Coventry”

From Genealogical & Family History of the State of Conn:

Rev. Nehemiah Smith, immigrant, was born in England about 1605 and settled at Plymouth in New England before March 6, 1637-38, when he and others applied to be made freemen of the colony. He married, January 21, 1639-40, Anne Bourne, of Marshfield, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Bourne.  Her sister Martha married John Bradford, son of Governor William Bradford. Nehemiah Smith lived for a time at Marshfield and is believed to have been the first religious teacher there. He was appointed May 5, 1640,on a committee of five to view all the meadows of Green Harbor (Marshfield) which were not granted and report their measurements to the general court.

From Marshfield Smith sailed to Stratford, Connecticut, as early as 1644. He belonged to the church and some of his children were baptized there. The records show that he raised sheep extensively and was called “Shepherd” Smith. He owned land in the New Haven jurisdiction. He removed to Long Island about 1652,but returned in a year or two, and located at New London, Connecticut, where he was granted land in 1652.  He appears to have been a weaver by trade and doubtless spun the wool from his own sheep and made it into cloth.   About 1655 he settled on a farm at Smith Lake, Poquonock. Smith was one of the original proprietors of Norwich, Connecticut, and had the largest tract of land.   His house stood about fifty-seven feet north of the oldest burying ground. He had grants in 1661 and afterward. He conveyed some land to his nephew, Edward Smith, November 18, 1668, and he and wife Ann conveyed their homestead to their son-in-law, June 12, 1684, in consideration of maintenance for the remainder of their lives.   He died about 1686.  He left a will, but the records including the will have been destroyed. The records sometimes refer to him as “Mr.” in recognition of the fact that in early life he was a preacher. Children: 1. Sarah,baptized in the First Church, New Haven, December 14, 1645, when about three years old. 2. Mary, baptized December 14, 1645, at New Haven.3. Hannah, baptized with Sarah and Mary.4. Mercy, baptized February 22, 1645-46.5. Elizabeth.6. Nehemiah, mentioned below. 7. Lydia, born 1647. 8. Ann (perhaps same as Sarah, for the mother was called Sarah in the church records). 9. Mehitable

    [Abell1 52] Of New London, Stratford, New Haven and Norwich.[NHTR 1:23] 20 acres granted to to be laid out on Shepherds Hill, but by an error it was laid out in another place. (May 1650)[NHTR 1:80] (Aug 1651) NS ordered to “meddle no more to breakup or any way improve the land formerly granted for sheep on the west side, the grant being void and the land returned to the towns use and dispose”[TAG 8:1664] NS of Plymouth Mass 1638 and of New Haven 1644. Had at New Haven Elizabeth, baptized 22 February 1645, and Nehemiah, baptized 24 October 1646. Later removed to New London and Norwich. Married AB, daughter of Thomas Bourne.[Norwich1 19] NS of Stratford 1646, removed to New Haven, and obtained a grant of land upon Oyster River for keeping sheep. Occasionally, he is referred to as “shepherd” Smith. He was in New London in 1652 where his brother John had previously settled. From thence he came to Norwich in 1660 or soon afterwards. In 1663, he was styled `now of New Norridge’. Appears to have had 6-7 daughters and only one son. His wife Sarah at New Haven was a member of the church; at Norwich in his old age, had a wife Ann. In 1666 he declared himself 60 years old and died in 1686.

Norwich was settled in 1660. Most of these original proprietors of Norwich came from Saybrook, and East Saybrook (now Lyme). The 35 original proprietors of that town were:

Reverend James FITCH, the first minister
Major John MASON, afterwards Lieut. Gov. of Connecticut
Lieut. Thomas Leflingwell
Lieut. Thomas Tracy and
his eldest son John Tracy
Deacon Thomas Adgate
Christopher Huntington and
his brother, Deacon Simon Huntington
Ensign Thomas Waterman
William Hyde and
his son Samuel Hyde, and
his son-in-law John Post
Thomas Post
Lieut. William Backus and
his brother Stephen Backus
Deacon Hugh Calkins (from New London, CT, and
his son John Calkins (from New London, CT) and
his son-in-law Jonathan Royce (from New London, CT)
Thomas Bliss (Grandson of John BLISS)
Francis Griswold (possibly FRANCIS GRISWOLD‘s nephew
John Birchard
Robert Wade
Morgan Bowers
John Gager (from New London, CT)
Thomas Howard
Dr. John Olmstead
Nehemiah SMITH (from New London, CT)
Richard Edgerton
John Elderkin
John Bradford (from Marshfield, MA)
Thomas Bingham
Robert Allen (from New London, CT)
John Baldwin
John Pease (Son of  Robert PEASE Sr.) (from New London, CT and Edgartown)
Thomas Smith (from Marshfield, MA)


1. Elizabeth Smith

Elizabeth’s husband Deacon Joshua Raymond was born 13 Mar 1638/39 Salem, Essex, Mass. Joshua died 24 Apr 1676 New London, New London, CT. Killed in the “Great Swamp Fight

Joshua went to New London, Ct., 1658, where he purchased land. 1662, a small grant of the water front,south of the “Fort land,” was made him. In 1668, by the payment  of £15 to Uncas, a settlement of the town bounds was effected. The payment of this gratuity was assumed by James Avery, Daniel Wetherell, and Joshua Raymond, who were indemnified by the town with 200 acres of land each. He was perhaps the second person who built on the Indian lands. He was one of the Committee who laid out the road between Norwich and New London through the Indian Reservation, and for this service he received a farm on the route, which became the nucleus of 1,000 acres lying together about eight miles from New London, which was owned by his descendants. In 1672 he was Cornet of Capt. Palmer’s Co. of Troopers. In 1675 his land, now the corner of Parade and Bank Streets, was fortified against the Indians, the town raising 70 men, beside Pequot and Mohegan Indians, of these troops he was Commissary.

10 Oct 1678 –  The General Assembly empowered the widow to “pass over” to Oliver Manwaring a house and land which her husband had bought for him, and for which he had received payment, though he had not completed the transaction at the time of his death. Manwaring was his brother-in-law.

Children of Elizabeth and Joshua

i. Joshua Raymond b. 18 Sep 1660 New London, New London, CT; d. 1704 Block Island, Newport, RI; m. 29 Apr 1683 Block Island, Newport, RI. to Mercy Sands

ii. Elizabeth Raymond b. 24 May 1662 New London, New London, CT; m. 14 Dec 1698 to David Richards

iii. Martha Raymond b. Abt. 1663 New London, New London, CT; m. ABT. 1685 to Jonathan Rainsford

iv. Ann Smith Raymond b. 12 May 1664 New London, New London, CT; d. Bef. 8 May 1705 Norwich, New London, CT; m. abt. 1691 to Thomas Bradford

v. Hannah Raymond b. 8 Aug 1668 New London, New London, CT; d. 28 Jan 1741/42 Norwich, CT; m. Charles Bulkeley

vi. Richard Raymond b. 7 Apr 1670 New London, New London, CT; d. 1 Sep 1670 New London, New London, CT.

vii. Mary Raymond b. 12 Mar 1671/72 New London, New London, CT; d. 8 Apr 1711 Woodstock, Windham, CT; m. 10 Nov 1692 New London, CT. to John Chandler

viii. Experience Raymond b. 20 Jan 1673/74 New London, New London, CT; d. 26 Jun 1689

ix. Mehitable Raymond b. 19 Dec 1675 New London, New London, CT; d. 15 Aug 1677 New London, New London, CT.

Elizabeth’s second husband George Dennison was born ca 1640 in Long Island, NY. George died bef 1708 in New London, CT.

Children of Elizabeth and George

x. Ebenezer Dennis b. 23 Oct 1682 New London, CT’; m. 1704 New London, CT. to Sarah Hough

2. Sarah Smith

Sarah’s husband John Clark was born 1637 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut, United States His parents were our ancestors Thomas CLARKE and Susanna RING. After Sarah died, John married Mary Walker (1641 – 1711). John died 22 Mar 1718 in New Haven, New Haven, Connecticut.

Children of Sarah and John:

i. Sarah Clark b. 4 Oct 1671 in New Haven, New Haven, CT; d. 17 Jun 1718 in New Haven, New Haven, CT; m. John Wilmot (1667 – 1731)

3. Mary Smith

Mary’s husband Samuel Raymond was born before 13 Jul 1644 Salem, Essex, Mass. His parents were Richard Raymond and Judith [__?___]. Samuel died after 1700.

4. Hannah Smith

Hannah’s parents may have been George Smith and Sarah [__?__].

Hannah’s husband Stephen Bradley was born about 1642.  His parents were Major Danyell BROADLEY de West Morton and Elizabeth Sheaffe:   Stephen died 20 Jun 1702 Guilford CT.

Children of Hannah and Stephen:

i. Hannah Bradley b. 1 Sep 1664; d. 16 Dec 1692 at Guilford, CT; m. Daniel Bishop

ii. Sarah Bradley b. 17 Feb 1666; d. 7 Oct 1667

iii. Stephen Bradley b. 1 Oct 1668

iv. Daniel Bradley b. 21 Oct 1670; d. 27 Jun 1703

v. Elizabeth Bradley b. 31 Dec 1671; d. 31 Oct 1732; m. William Wellman

vi. Abraham Bradley b. 13 May 1674; d. 20 Apr 1721 at New Haven, New Haven County, CT

vii. Sarah Bradley b. 17 Oct 1676; m. Thomas Griswold

6. Nehemiah Smith

Nehemiah’s wife Lydia Winchester was born 1646 Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass. Her father was Alexander Winchester.   Lydia died 24 Oct 1723

Lydia Winchester Smith – Here lyes the body of Mrs Lydia Smith Wife of Hehemiah Smith ese who dy’d …… 1720″ Avery-Morgan Burial Ground , Groton, New London, Connecticut

Children of Nehemiah and Lydia:

i. Nehemiah Smith b. 14 Nov 1673 in New London CT; d. 21 Nov 1724 in Groton CT

ii. Samuel Smith b. 2 Jun 1676 in Groton,New London, CT; d. Oct 1708 in Norwich,New London County, CT; m. 11 May 1696 Norwich, New London, CT to Sarah Armstrong.

iii. Daniel Smith b. 29 Nov 1680 New London, CT. d. 7 JAN 1729/30

iv. Margaret Smith b. 1680 Poquonock Bridge, New London, CT; d. Jun 1727 Stonington, New London, CT; m. Daniel Palmer (1672 – 1762)

10. Mehitable SMITH (See Joshua ABELL‘s page)


This entry was posted in 12th Generation, Historical Monument, Immigrant - England, Line - Miner, Pioneer and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

19 Responses to Nehemiah Smith

  1. Pingback: Joshua Abell | Miner Descent

  2. Pingback: Thomas Bourne | Miner Descent

  3. Pingback: Origins | Miner Descent

  4. Pingback: John Reynolds | Miner Descent

  5. Pingback: New England Pioneers | Miner Descent

  6. Pingback: Rev. James Fitch | Miner Descent

  7. Pingback: Maj. John Mason | Miner Descent

  8. Pingback: Thomas Clark | Miner Descent

  9. Pingback: Great Swamp Fight | Miner Descent

  10. Pingback: Great Swamp Fight – Regiments | Miner Descent

  11. Pingback: Robert Pease Sr. – Great Baddow | Miner Descent

  12. Pingback: Danyell Broadley de West Morton | Miner Descent

  13. Pingback: Uncas | Miner Descent

  14. Pingback: Uncas and the Miner Ancestors | Miner Descent

  15. Fabulous site. I see we are both descended from Ruth Morton and Enoch Dow. I have been to New Brunswick since I was 4 years old and over again just last year.
    I stopped at the Lower Meductic cemetary in Meductic, York co, NB. This cemetary was called the Dow Cemetary til they put in the new, now old highway which ran through it. My mother had to sign for removal of kin to new cemetary in Lower Meductic. She was born in Riceville, NB in 1905 and raised in Meductic. And I spent many a summer there and in Springfield at her brothers.

    Enoch Dow and Ruth Morton Dow are both buried there along with all the Dows. I have a listing of all of them from A-Y. I also have cemetaries from a lot of NB places.
    Their son Amos married into the Teed’s and their daughter Rhoda b 1785 m John Porter 1784 who is my 3rd grandfather. His son is Jacob m Esther Dickinson and their son Sherman m Myrtle Stilwell then my Mum Edna who married Charles Moss

    • markeminer says:

      Thanks Dot for your interesting note.

      Did you see my post ? I found an 1894 book on archive.,org which was based on lectures fifty years earlier which in turn were based on interviews with some of the original New England Planters in New Brunswick. I trace the twenty-five years from the expulsion of the Arcadians in 1758 to the arrival of the Loyalists in 1783. It was fun to find historical records which included direct ancestors by name.

      Kind Regards, Mark

      • Very interesting indeed. I just wish I could find my Loyalist Teed’s. I know they were with the Kings American Regiment and one is listed in the early families of NB along with a couple of others.
        But Silvanus/Sylvanus Teed is so hard to trace as we don’t know where he is from. Course he was in New York and in NB around the Woodstock/Meductic area and in June 1786 was a settler on Block #4 along with Corp. Elias and sgt Solomon. Silvanus is listed as a drummer. They took
        part in raids in Georgia (Savannah) and part of Florida and then disbanded in NB in 1783.
        Nothing on their parents.
        Someday they will turn up!!

  16. Pingback: Simon Newcomb | Miner Descent

  17. Pingback: Nicholas Snow | Miner Descent

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s