Jonathan Hallett

Jonathan HALLETT (1647 – 1717) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Jonathan Hallett was born 20 Nov 1647 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Masss. His parents were Andrew HALLETT Jr. and Anne BESSE. He married Abigail DEXTER 30 Jan 1684 in Yarmouth.  Jonathan died 14 Jan 1717 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Jonathan Hallet Gravestone --  Ancient Cemetery  Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 57287429

Jonathan Hallet Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 57287429

The gravestone is carved in the style of Nathaniel Emmes or William Mumford of Boston.

12th 1717

Abigail Dexter was born 12 Jun 1663 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass, Her parents were Thomas DEXTER and Elizabeth VINCENT. Abigail died 12 Sep 1715 in Yarmouth.

Abigail Dexter Gravestone

Abigail Dexter Gravestone — West Barnstable Cemetery — Find A Grave Memorial# 50400183

Children of Jonathan and Abigail:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mehitable HALLETT 1684 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass Edward STURGIS III
25 Nov 1703 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.
20 Jan 1744  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
2. Elizabeth Hallett 1689 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massa Col. Paul Crowell
21 Oct 1714 Yarmouth
17 Nov 1723 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass
3. Capt. Ebenezer Hallett 1690
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massa
Rebecca Howes (Daughter of Jeremiah HOWES)
14 Aug 1712 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Hannah [__?__]
27 Jun 1728 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Mercy Gray
30 May 1737 Yarmouth
28 Jun 1760 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
4. Lt. Thomas Hallett 1691 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Sarah Hawes (Daughter of Joseph HAWES)
9 Apr 1719 in Yarmouth
Mrs. Hannah Gray
8 Feb 1722 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
Desire Gorham
19 Aug 1750 Yarmouth
Mary Gorham (daughter of James GORHAM Jr.)
5 Jan 1769 Yarmouth, Mass
10 Apr 1772 Yarmouth, Barnstable Mass
5. Deacon Jonathan Hallett 1693 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Desire Howes
17 Feb 1719 Yarmouth
24 May 1783 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
6. David Hallett 1694 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Mary Annable
19 Aug 1719 Yarmouth
Hyannis, Barnstable, Mass
7. Timothy Hallett 1694
Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.
Thankful Sturgis
18 Feb 1720 Yarmouth,
Elizabeth Hatch
11 Mar 1725 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass
Thankful Jones
23 May 1745 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mas
7 Jul 1760 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
8. Abigail Hallett 15 Nov 1698  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Hatsuld Freeman (Son of Thomas FREEMAN)
18 Jan 1719 Harwich
9 Dec 1796 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

The following biography of Jonathan Hallett is a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888).   This sketch is the least flattering written about any of our ancestors.   I wonder if there was some personal grudge.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — Of the early life of Jonathan Hallett little is known. He was not taxed in Yarmouth in 1676, and does not appear to have been a resident. Jan. 30, 1683-4, he married Abigail Dexter, daughter of Ensign Thomas Dexter of Sandwich, and grand-daughter of Mr. Thomas Dexter of Lynn, In 1684 he was constable of Sandwich, and an inhabitant of that town. He was thirty-six when married, and his wife twenty-one years of age.

After the death of his father he removed to Yarmouth, and resided in the west room of his father’s house till 1695, the year after the death of his mother, when he built his new house, afterwards known as the Jeremiah Hallett house. As all the houses built about that time were of the same description, some account thereof may not be uninteresting. The lumber for its construction came from Scituate, the Bangor of those times. It was two stories high, and at first contained only two rooms, exclusive of the attic. It stood where Mr. Joseph Hale’s house now stands, fronted due south, and was about twenty-four feet in front, by eighteen in the rear. The timber was large, and the boarding an inch and a quarter in thickness. The chimney was built within, not outside of the frame. On entering the front door you stepped over the sill, the entry floor being a foot lower than the threshold. In the entry a cu-cular stairway led to the chamber and attic.

Passing into the great room or parlor you had to step over a cross timber. That room was seventeen feet square, and no part of it was ever plastered or finished. The chimney projected into the room, with no finishing boards put up around it. The fireplace was seven feet wide, four feet deep, and five and a half high, with an oven at the south end. The hearth was laid with flat stones, picked up in the fields. The sills, which were large sticks of timber, projected into the room and formed low seats on three sides. The windows were of small diamond shaped glass set in lead. No planed boards, no plastering, paper or paint, was used in that house from the day it was built in 1695, till it was taken down in 1819.

Outwardly the house appeared very comfortable. The upper story, on the east, projected over the lower. This projection was adorned with some rude ornamental work, in the form of acorns, hanging beneath. Subsequently two additions were made. A one story leanto on the rear for a kitchen and pantry, and a leanto or “salt-box” on the west side. The inside of these additions were ruder, if possible, than the original structure. The back stairs were made of a pine log, with scores cut therein. There was no railing, and to go up or down them in the dark, was a feat that few would venture to attempt.

The furniture of the house was as mean as the interior finish. His father’s house was elegantly furnished in comparison.

Jonathan Hallett, after the decease of his father, was the most wealthy man in Yarmouth, and his brother John ranked next to him ; yet with all their riches, neither was contented — neither was happy. I have heard the aged remark that the men of the third generation were, as a class, an ignorant and superstitious race. The ardent piety of the first comers had degenerated into lifeless formalities ; their wise economy into a desire to hoard ; and their simple, unaffected manners, into coarseness — often to rudeness and incivility.

The first Jonathan Hallett was a type of that class of men. Hundreds now living can testify that his house was as cold, as cheerless, and as comfortless as I have described. He had money to let to all who could give good security, and were willing to pay a liberal percentage, yet he had no money to expend in finishing or plastering his rooms, none to make his home pleasant and comfortable. His excuse was, “my father’s house was never plastered.” The seams of his father’s house was “daubed,” and it was warm and comfortable. Jonathan could not afford that small expense, he caulked the seams with “swingling tow” which cost nothing. This was the character of the man, he was greedy of filty lucre ; denied himself the comforts and conveniences of life, lived as meanly and as sparingly as the poorest of the poor, that he might add to his already well filled coffers.

Generally the first settlers had not the means, and those that had were obliged to send out to England for the articles they wanted, and shippers in those days charged enormous profits. Thirty per cent, was a moderate rate. Forty, fifty, and even one hundred per cent, was paid. In Jonathan’s time it was not so. Some manufactures had been established, communication with the mother country as more frequent, there were importers who sold goods at a moderate advance, and the Colonies were well supplied with articles of convenience and comfort. We cannot respect the man who, to save a little more money, will go bare-foot in winter ; who will run the risk of breaking his neck in clambering up a notched log, and who lived all his days in a house that neither the joiner, the plasterer, nor the painter ever entered. There is a golden mean in the path of life which neither the miser nor the spendthrift ever see. The former never perceives the deep gulph that separates prudent management from miserly hoarding and the latter that which divides an honorable, generous hospitality, from wasteful extravagance.

Goodman Andrew Hallett, after providing in his will for the comfortable support of his widow, making liberal bequests to his daughters, and giving to his son Jonathan his little Calves Pasture, as a token of his right of primogeniture, gave all the remainder of his large estate to his two sons, enjoining on them to make a peaceful division thereof by mutual agreement. They quarrelled about the boundaries of the little Calves Pasture, the birthright of Jonathan, and they spent two years and a half in vain attempts to divide peaceably and by mutual concession and agreement, when they put themselves under bonds of £800, each to the other, to abide by the award of Mr. Nathaniel Bacon, of Barnstable, and Col. William Bassett, of Sandwich. Jonathan had the western portion of the farm, John the eastern. The present road to the wharf being the division line on the north side of the County road, That there was some unpleasant feeling between them and their families, is indicated by the fact that Jonathan’s descendants called John’s, “other side Halletts.”

5 Mar 1686/87 – Jonathan, Hallett, for £20 in current money, bought of his brother-in-law, John Dexter, of Sandwich, a negro slave called Harry, aged 29 years. The bill of sale, yet preserved, is drawn up with much formality — signed, sealed and witnessed.

In 1710 he continued to rank as the most wealthy man in Yarmouth, and his brother John next. He was an extensive landholder in Yarmouth and in Barnstable.

28 Mar 1698/99 – He bought of Samuel Bradford, of Duxbury, for twenty pounds in current money, a thousand acre right of land in Windham, Hartford County, Connecticut, “being the fifth lot at the crotch of the river,” and also a houselot of twelve acres abutting on the river, with rights of commonage. It is probable he sold his Windham farm, for none of his family removed to that town.

His will is dated Dec. 5, 1716, and was proved Feb. 14, 1716-17. He names his five sons, Ebenezer, Thomas, Timothy, David and Jonathan, and his daughters Mehitabel Sturgis, Elizabeth Crowell, and Abigail Hallott. His real estate was apprised at £2000, and his personal estate for a large sum.

The men of the third generation had very slender means of acquiring an education, generally their piety had degenerated into lifeless, unmeaning formalities ; they were church members ; but not of the noble, self-sacrificing race by whom the country was settled. Jonathan Hallett loved money better than he loved the church ; he was industrious, and gathered up riches which his children put to a better use than he did. He died Jan. 12, 1716-17, aged 69 years, and his wife died Sept. 2, 1715, aged 52 years. Both are buried in the old burying-ground in Yarmouth, where monuments are erected to their memories.


1. Mehitable HALLETT (See Edward STURGIS III‘s page)

2. Elizabeth Hallett

Elizabeth’s husband Col. Paul Crowell was born 20 Apr 1687 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John Crowell (1662 – 1728) and  Bethiah Sears (1662 – 1724)  After Elizabeth died, he married 15 Feb 1724/25  to Margery Hall, daughter of Deacon Joseph Hall of Yarmouth. Margery died 25 May 1773; m 3rd Mehitable Snow.  Paul died 11 Oct 1765 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.

Col Paul Crowell Gravestone Detail Find A Grave Memorial# 40875989

Col Paul Crowell Gravestone Detail Find A Grave Memorial# 40875989

Paul Crowell settled in Chatham in 1717 on the farm at Chathamport purchased by his father from William Covell. It borders on Pleasant Bay. The house was later known as the Osborn Nickerson house. Col. Crowell was town treasurer for 7 years and selectman 6 years. He became a Deacon in the church in 1738. Paul Crowell served as First Lieutenant (1738) then Capt of the town militia by 1744, advanced to Major of the County regiment in 1749 and later Colonel and head of the County Militia. (Smith) He supposedly left a large estate divided among his three sons. The homestead was given to his son David.

Elizabeth Hallett Crowell Gravestone -- Chatham Old Burial Ground  --  Find A Grave Memorial# 57388719

Elizabeth Hallett Crowell Gravestone — Chatham Old Burial Ground — Find A Grave Memorial# 57388719

Children of Elizabeth and Paul

i. Abigail Crowell b. 13 Sep 1715 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Paul Crowell b. 4 Apr 1717 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 Nov 1808 Chatham Old Burial Ground

iii. Jonathan Crowell b. 25 Feb 1718 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d.  17 Feb 1776 Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Canada

3. Capt. Ebenezer Hallett

Ebenezer’s first wife Rebecca Howes was born 1685 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jeremiah HOWES  and Sarah PRENCE. Rebecca died 23 Mar 1724/25

Ebenezer’s second wife Hannah Hallett was born 1700 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Hannah died 20 Apr 1729 in Yarmouth.

Ebenezer’s third wife Mercy Gray was born 13 Apr 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Edward Gray  (1656 – 1726) and  Melatiah Lewis ( – 1729).  Mercy died  25 Mar 1775 in Yarmouth.)

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — Ebenezer Hallett, son of Jonathan, was a farmer and resided in Yarmouth. His dwelling-house, which has been owned by four successive generations of Ebenezer Hallett’s yet remains. It was originally of the same description with his father’s, but by several additions of one room at a time, it is now a large two story mansion house. Though originally of the same description with his father’s, it was better finished and furnished. In his family record I find this entry, “Our house was in danger of burning August 9, 1746.” Perhaps there is no house in the County in which so much wood has been consumed as in this. The Ebenezer Halletts, especially the second, were noted for keeping large fires.

He married Aug. 14, 1712, Rebecca Howes. She died March 23, 1724-5. 2d, his cousin Hannah Hallett, June 27, 1728. She died April 20, 1729. 3d, Mercy Gray, May 30, 1737, who survived him.

In his will dated 10th May, 1760, he gives to his wife Mercy one-half of the moveables in the east end of his dwelling-house, two cows, one steer, one-third part of his sheep and hogs, sundry articles of provision, one-third part of his grain in the ground, the improvement of the east end of his dwelling-house, one-quarter of his barn, and a third part of his real estate, as her right of dower or thirds during her natural life ; twelve loads of pine and twelve loads of oak wood annually, cut “convenient for the chimney,” and a horse to ride to meeting and elsewhere by his son Ebenezer. She survived her husband several years ; but her connection with the family was an unhappy one.

He gives legacies to his daughters Ann Crowell, Sarah Gray, and Rebecca Hallett, to his randchildren Ebenezer, Susannah, John, Temperance, Rebecca, Mercy and Jonathan Whelden, and his son-in-law John Whelden. To Ebenezer Whelden he made an additional bequest of “one-third part in acres of the southern end of the woodlot commonly called the “New Society” where once Sinieon Porridge lived. To his grandson Ebenezer Hallett, he gave one pair of gold sleeve buttons, and his coat with silver buttons ; and to his grandson Edward Hallett one Jack-coat with silver buttons on it. He appoints his son Ebenezer executor, makes him his residuary legatee, and charges him with the payment of his debts and legacies.

Ebenezer Hallet Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 50148024

Ebenezer Hallet Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50148024

Rebeckah Howes Hallet Headstone Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port Barnstable County Mass

Children of Ebenezer and Rebecca:

i.Ann Hallett b. 1 Nov 1714 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 24 Aug 1738 Yarmouth to Ebenezer Wheldon. (9 Sep 1708 Yarmouth – d. 14 Mar 1743 Yarmouth) Ann’s sister Susannah married Ebenezer’s brother John. Their parents were our ancestors Jonathan WHELDON and Mercy TAYLOR. Ann’s cousin Mary Mayo married Ebenezer’s and John’s brother Seth Wheldon.  Ann and Ebenezer had one child Ebenezer (b. 1739)

After Ebenezer’s death in 1743, Ann remarried 12 Nov 1752 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass to Joseph Crowell (1696 – 1783) and had four more children born between 1753 and 1761 in Yarmouth. Ann died Oct 1795 in Yarmouth.

ii. Howes Hallett b. 18 Dec 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

iii. Elizabeth “Betty” Hallet b. 25 Feb 1717 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

iv. Sarah Hallett b. 22 Oct 1718 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

v. Ebenezer Hallett b. 9 Dec 1719 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

vi. Susanna Hallett b. 25 Jan 1722 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m.. 20 Dec 1739 Yarmouth to John Wheldon (b. 14 Jan 1711 Yarmouth – d. 30 Jun 1797 Yarmouth) Susannah’s sister Ann married John’s brother Ebenenezer. Their parents were our ancestors Jonathan WHELDON and Mercy TAYLOR. Susanna’s cousin Mary Mayo married John’s and Ebenezer’s brother Seth Wheldon.  Susannah died 12 Nov 1751 in Yarmouth.

John remarried 21 Sep 1752 or 23 Sep 1757 in Yarmouth to Lydia Taylor.

vii. Rebecca Hallett b. 19 Jul 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

4. Thomas Hallett

Thomas’ first wife Sarah Hawes was born 1 Apr 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were Joseph HAWES  and Mary HOWES. Sarah died 31 Jan 1720 in Yarmouth.

Thomas’ second wife Mrs. Hannah  Gray was born 1693 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  She first married Andrew Gray of Harwich and North Yarmouth, Maine.  Her parents were [__?__]  and Susanna Clark (1674 – 1731).   Hannah died 6 Feb 1749/50 in Yarmouth.

Thomas’ third wife Desire Gorham was born 26 Aug 1710 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Gorham (1680 – 1729) and Anne Brown ( – 1712)  Her grandparents were James GORHAM Sr. and Hannah HUCKINS.  Desire died Dec 1767 in Yarmouth

Thomas’ fourth wife Mary Gorham was born 19 Jul 1719 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were James GORHAM Jr. and Mary JOYCE.  She was born after her father’s death and therefore is not mentioned in his will.  Mary was a “singular woman.”  She was known as “Mrs. Slicker” and her children were known as “Slickers.”  She was no advocate for celibacy and held that it was no breach of etiquette for women to propose marriage/  She first married 25 Jan 1739 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass, to Thomas Hedge (b. 5 May 1719 in Yarmouth – d. 9 Jun 1764) His parents were Thomas Hedge and Hannah Taylor. His grandparents were Elisha HEDGE and Mary STURGIS.  Mary died 2 Jun 1795 in Yarmouth.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) –Thomas Hallett, styled gentleman, son of Jonathan, born in Yarmouth in 1691, owned and resided in the large, ancient mansion-house now standing on the corner of Hallett St., and Wharf Lane. It was originally built on the same plan with that of his father’s which has been described, but was better finished at first, and has since been kept in good repair. The Halletts’, as a race, are able-bodied men, and average in stature above the common height. Thomas was an exception. He was a short, thick-set man. During the latter part of his life he was of feeble health. ‘ For many years he was afflicted with a sore leg — a disease which usually set at defiance the curative skill of the physicians of his time.

Thomas Hallett, lived in better style than many of his neighbors, and died April 10, 1772, aged 81, leaving a good estate.

He married April 9 , 1719, for his first wife, Sarah, daughter of Dea. Joseph Hawes. She was born April 1, 1696, and died soon after her marriage, leaving no .issue. He married Feb. 8, 1721-2, Hannah, widow of Andrew Gray of Harwich, and North Yarmouth, Maine. She died Feb. 6, 1749-50, and he married for his third wife, Aug. 19, 1750, Desire Gorham. She died Dec. 1767, aged 57. For his fourth wife he married Mary, widow of Thomas Hedge, and a daughter of James Gorham.

In his will dated 21st Feb. 1770, proved May 4, 1772, he gives to his wife Mary Hallett in lieu of thirds, the improvement of all his real estate during her natural life, one-third of his in-door moveables, and his best cow. To his nephew Thomas Hallett, son of his brother Jonathan, a piece of land on the south side of the road on which Thomas’ house stood, containing two acres. To his nephews Jonathan and Jeremiah, sons of his brother Jonathan, £6 or $20 each. To his nephew Ebenezer Hallett, Jr., £6-. To his nephews Jonathan and Abner, sons of his brother David, £4 each. To his nephews Moses, Joshua, and Isaac, sons of hia brother Timothy, deceased, £6. All the rest of his real and personal estate he gave to his adopted son Joshua Gray, son of his second wife Hannah Gray.

Lieut Thomas Hallet Gravestone --  Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 35038609

Lieut Thomas Hallet Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 35038609

Child of Thomas and Sarah

i. Baby Hallett b. 25 Jan 1719 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

5. Jonathan Hallett

Jonathan’s wife Desire Howes 22 May 1696 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Prince Howes (1669 – 1753) and Dorcas Joyce ( – 1757). All four of her grandparents were our ancestors:  Jeremiah HOWES & Sarah PRENCE  and Hosea JOYCE & Elizabeth CHIPMAN. Desire died 3 Apr 1775 in Yarmouth.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) –Deacon Jonathan Hallett, owned and occupied the house which was his father’s residence, and which I have described. Notwithstanding he lived in a house so meanly furnished, he had the means of living better. He was a man of sound judgment, and exercised a wide and deserved influence among his neighbors and acquaintances. There is a common saying, often repeated, and that has some truth in it — “the shoemaker’s wife and the blacksmith’s horse go unshod.” Deacon Jonathan was a carpenter, though agriculture was his principal employment ; and though he had time to finish off, and put some of his neighbor’s houses in good order, he never found time to keep his own in decent repair.

He and his wife united in full communion with the Barnstable Church Sept. 8, 1728, and continued to be a member till July 1, 1744, when he was dismissed to the West Church in Yarmouth of which he was soon after elected one of its deacons, and continued to be till his death. He was many years one of the Selectmen of the town of Yarmouth, and held other municipal offices. His children were all well educated for the times. His son Jonathan was fitted for Cambridge College, and his father desired him to enter ; but the son preferred rather to be a farmer than a clergyman.

He married Feb. 17, 1719-20, Desire Howes, with whom he lived in the marriage state fifty-five years, till April 3, 1775, when she died aged 78 years. He died May 24, 1783, aged 90 years, and is buried in the ancient burying-ground in Yarmouth, where monuments are erected to his and his wife’s memory.

In his will dated July 17, 1779, he names his sons Jonathan, Thomas and Jeremiah, and daughters Desire Bacon and Mehitable Swift, and his four grandchildren, Elkanah, Isaiah, Mehitabel and Desire Crowell. He gave his dwelling-house to Jeremiah, hence the name by which the old house was known in modern times, and the lot of land on the south of the road on which his son Jonathan’s house stood to Jonathan. This lot was bounded easterly by the land of Col. Enoch Hallett. To Thomas and Jeremiah he gave his orchard on the west of Jonathan’s house.

Deacon Jonathan Hallet

Deacon Jonathan Hallet —  Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50283030

Children of Jonathan and Desire:

i. Daughter Hallett (twin) b. 7 Nov 1720 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Daughter (twin) b. 7 Nov 1720 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; still born.

Twin Hallett Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 50283151

Twin Hallett Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50283151

iii. Desire Hallett b. 18 Jan 1721/22 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1747 Samuel Bacon

iv. Jonathan Hallett b. 10 Nov 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 6 Feb 1814, aged 90 years; m. Thankful Crowell. By mistake she took rats-bane instead of salts, and died in six hours.

His son Howes Hallett (1747 – 1789) was the skipper of a new fishing vessel, owned principally by a Mr. Evans of Providence, R. I. She was lost in a gale on Nantucket Shoals, and all on board perished, namely : Howes Hallett, master, Josiah Hallett, Daniel Hallett, Edmond Hallett, Levi Hallett, Joseph Hallett, Josiah Miller and Moody Sears.

v. Prince Hallett b. 12 Sep 1725 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Jul 1728

vi. Abigail Hallett b. 25 Aug 1727 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. d. 26 Jun 1728.

vii. Thomas Hallett b. 7 Jul 1729 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Hannah Hablin

viii. Abigail Hallett (twin) 3 Jun 1731 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 23 Jun 1731

ix. Prince Hallett (twin) 3 Jun 1731 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; 23 Jun 1732.

x. Jeremiah Hallett b. 20 Sep 1733 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Nov 1819 aged 86; m. Hannah


xi. Joshua Hallett b. 19 Mar 1736 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 May 1736.

xii. Sarah Hallet b. 28 Jun 1737 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

xiii. Mehitabel Hallett b. 7 May 1740 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

6. David Hallett

David’s wife Mary Annable was born Dec 1701 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Mary’s parents were John Annable (1755) and Experience Taylor (1672 – 1744)

David removed to Hyannis, and settled on the land which was his father’s. His house was one of the first built in that village.

Children of David and Mary

i. Abigail Hallett b. 22 Jun 1720 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 Aug 1739 to Prince Howes of Yarmouth

ii. Jonathan Hallett b. 1 Dec 1722 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 5 Aug 1744, Mercy, daughter of Deacon Samuel Bacon

iii. David Hallett b. 12 Dec 1724 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1763; m1. 18 Jul 1753 to Sarah Lewis; m2. 12 Feb 1756 to Sarah Butler

iv. Elizabeth Hallett b. 9 Jan 1726 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Mehitable Hallett b. 21 Apr 1729 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1746/47 to Shubael Baxter of Yarmouth

vi. Remember Hallett b. 12 May 1731 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 4 Jan 1753 to Jabez Marchant of Yarmouth

vii. Sarah Hallett b. 28 May 1733 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1751 to Jabez Parker

viii. Annah Hallett b. 14 May 1737 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1 Nov 1759 to Elisha Kent, of Goodfleld.

ix. Mary Hallett b. 11 May 1739 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 22 Nov 1761 to Timothy Hamblin.

x. Abner Hallet b. 19 May 1741 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Susan [__?__]

7. Timothy Hallett

Timothy’s first wife Thankful Sturgis was born 2 Sep 1701 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were James Sturgis (1668 – 1718) and Rebecca Thacher (1668 – 1734)  Her grandparents were Edward STURGIS II and Temperance GORHAM.  Thankful died 10 Jan 1722 in Yarmouth.

Timothy’s second wife Elizabeth Hatch was born 15 May 1701 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. her parents were Moses Hatch (1662 – 1747) and Elizabeth Thatcher ( 1677 – ) Elizabeth died 21 Oct 1744 in Yarmouth.

Timothy’s third wife Thankful Jones was born 12 Apr 1701 in Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Ralph Jones (1669 – ) and Deborah Coombs (1673 – 1711) She first married 20 Oct 1733 in Barnstable to to John Jones (b. 12 Feb 1703 in Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1738 in Barnstable, Mass.) Thankful died 24 Jan 1771 in Yarmouth.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — – Timothy Hallett, son of Jonathan, owned and resided in the dwelling-house now occupied by Mr. Eldridge Lovell of Yarmouth. He was a farmer, and a very respectable man. He married, first, Feb. 18, 1719-20, Thankful Sturgis, who died at the birth of her first child — still born — 10th Jan. 1721, and both were buried in the same grave. Second, to Elizabeth, daughter of Dea. Moses  Hatch of Falmouth.  She died Oct. 23, 1744, aged 44 years, and he married May 23, 1745, Thankful Jones of Barnstable, his third wife.

He died as recorded on his grave stones, Jan. 24, 1771, in, the 69th year of his age. His grandson Benjamin made the following record in his family bible : “My grandfather Timothy Hallett died July 7, 1770, in the 66th year of his age.” “My grandmother Elizabeth Hallett died Oct. 23, 1744, aged 44 years.”

Timothy Hallett Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port -- Find A Grave Memorial# 50148039

Timothy Hallett Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery Yarmouth Port — Find A Grave Memorial# 50148039

Child of Timothy and Thankful Sturgis

i. Baby Hallett b. 10 Jan 1722 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Timothy and Elizabeth

ii. Timothy Hallett b. 7 May 1725 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Aug 1747.

iii. Elizabeth Hallett b. 12 Jun 1727 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Jun 1728

iv. Moses Hallett b. 20 Apr 1729 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. “He was an ignorant, self- conceited man.”

v. Benjamin Hallett b. 9 Oct 1730 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 26 Apr 1759 to Bethia Jones of Sandwich. He was pilot of a vessel bound to Halifax, lost at sea, and all on board perished. He left no issue

vi. Elizabeth Hallett b. 16 Nov 1735 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 20 Dec 1735

vii. James Hallett b. 12 Apr 1737 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; died young

viii. Joshua Hallett b. 10 Jan 1739 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Dorcas Eldridge.; d. 19 Aug 1821, aged 84, and his wife April 26, 1813, aged 72 years.

His house, yet remaining in 1888, was the most westerly on the north side of the County road in Yarmouth

ix. Isaac Hallett b. 4 Aug 1742 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; was the youngest child of Timothy. ; m. 1761 to Elizabeth Eldridge; d. 5 Oct 1814, aged 72 years, and his widow March 1, 1831, aged 86 years

He was a deacon of the Yarmouth church, and his family, as well as his brother Joshua’s, were long lived.

8. Abigail Hallett

Abigail’s husband Hatsuld Freeman was born 27 Mar 1691 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  His parents were Thomas FREEMAN and  Rebecca SPARROW. Hatsuld died 23 May 1773 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

I can’t find Hatsuld in any baby name site, but there were Hatsulds in every generations of the Freeman family.  He is called “Hatsul” in Harwich church records.

Abigail Hallett Gravestone -- Old Burying Ground Brewster Barnstable County Massachusetts, USA Plot: Map# 98 -- Findagrave #67675130

Abigail Hallett Gravestone — Old Burying Ground,  Brewster , Plot: Map# 98 — Findagrave #67675130

Children of Abigail and Hatsuld:

Hatsul Freeman’s wife admited 12 May 1723 & baptized at ye  same time, Hatsul Freeman’s son Daved also baptized 12 May 1723;  Abigail baptized 2 Jun 1723

i. David Freeman b. 18 Jul 1720 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Jul 1796 – Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Thankful Blossom of Yarmouth, perhaps late in life.

In Memory of Mr David Freeman who departed this life July 3rd 1796 Aged 76 years,11 months & 15 days

ii. Abigail Freeman b. 26 May 1723 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 Apr 1807 – Barre, Worcester, Mass; m. Ebenezer Childs (b. 10 Apr 1723 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass) Ebenezer’s parents were Ebenezer Childs Sr. (1690 – 1756) and Hope Huckins (1689 – 1721). He first married Hannah Crocker (1718 – 1755) and had four children born between 1747 and 1754. Abigail and Ebenezer had four more children born between 1757 and 1763.

iii. Jonathan Freeman b. 1 May 1725 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 27 Jun 1776 Harwich

iv. Sarah Freeman b. 10 Dec 1727 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 31 Dec 1770 – Harwich; m. 15 Nov 1758 – Harwich to John Freeman (b. 29 Jul 1729 Harwich – d. 20 Oct 1813 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.) John’s parents were Benjamin Freeman (1685 – 1758) and Temperance Dimmock (1689 – 1773) His grandparents were John Freeman and Sarah Merrick and his great grandparents were John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE.

John first married 23 Oct 1755 to Thankful Foster (1733 – 1759) Sarah and John had five children born between 1760 and 1770.

v. Betty Freeman b. 11 Mar 1730 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Nov 1823; m. 15 Aug 1754  Harwich to Benjamin Chipman (b. 7 Nov 1726 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 17 Mar 1811) Benjamin’s parents were John Chipman (1697 – 1757) and Hannah Fessenden (1701 – 1746) Betty and Benjamin had eight children born between 1755 and 1774.

Betty was baptized as Betty, not Elizabeth.

vi. Hatsuld Freeman b. 4 Jun 1732 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1732 Harwich

vii. Mary Freeman b. 27 Mar 1735 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 May 1757 to Seth Perry

viii. Seth Freeman b. 1737 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Harwich

ix. Jerusha Freeman b. 1739  Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Oct 1826 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass; m. 6 May 1764 Harwich to Capt. Reuben Clark (b. 1 Aug 1735 in Harwich – d. 23 Dec 1814 in Brewster) Reuben’s parents were  Scotto Clark (1709 – 1795) and   Thankfull Crosby (1714 – 1802). Jerusha and Reuben had five children born between 1765 and 1775.

Lt. Reuben Clark, Benjamin Berry’s (Harwich) co., Maj. Zenas Winslow’s regt.; service, 7 days, on an alarm at Bedford and Falmouth Sept. 7, 1778. Roll sworn to in Barnstable Co.

“‘Sacred to the memory of Reuben Clark, who departed this life Dec 23 1814 in the 80th year of age. He lived much beloved, and died much lamented. The righteous have hope in death.'”



Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

Posted in 11th Generation, Historical Monument, Line - Shaw, Public Office | Tagged , , | 17 Comments

Thomas Folland

Thomas FOLLAND (1600 – 1686) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant - No Folland, Falland, or Follin Coat of Arms exists

Immigrant – No Folland, Falland, or Follin Coat of Arms exists

Thomas Folland was born between 1600 and 1611, some say even 1620 in England. His parents were Samuel FOLLAND and Emma [__?__].  He married Elizabeth [__?__] Thomas’ will is dated 1 Oct 1686 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass and was proved 31 May 1687.

Elizabeth [__?__] was born about 1611 in England.

Children of  Thomas and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary FOLLAND 1630
bef. 1654
10 Dec 1700 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
2. Elizabeth Folland 1637
Charlestown, Middlesex, Mass
Samuel Hall
20 May 1711 will and
10 Jul 1714 proved Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
3. Thomas Folland 1640
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass

Mary’s name is often written Folland, but contemporary Yarmouth records consistently spell her father’s name Falland.

Thomas’ father Samuel Falland was born about 1580 in Exeter, Devon, England

Thomas was permitted to dwell at Yarmouth before June 1641. He lived at what became the Mayfair area in Dennis, at the head of Kelley’s Bay on Bass River and near Follins Pond. His original neighbors were Francis BAKER, Gabriel WHELDON and William TWINING.  The neighborhood is sometimes called “The Head of the Point”.

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis:  1 . Francis Baker, 2.  Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase,  4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O'Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon.  Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis: 1 . Francis Baker, 2. Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase, 4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O’Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon. Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

A list of Freemen of Yarmouth taken about in 1659 , comprises the following names :

Mr. Anthony Thacher, Samuel Arnold,
James Matthews, Thos. Falland 
Mr. John Crow, Richard Sears,
Mr. Edmund HAWESRichard Hoar,
Mr. Thos. HOWES, Sr, Mr. Yelverton Crow,
Edward STURGES, Emanuel White,
Mr. John Miller, Joseph Howes.

Cape Code Library of Local History and Genealogy, Vol I

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

In 1665, to settle the difficulty at Monomoy, now Chatham between William Nickerson and the Colonial government respecting the illegal purchase of land of the Indian sachem there, Nickerson was allowed one hundred acres of the purchased land, and Major John FREEMAN, with Thomas Hinckley, William Sargeant, Anthony Thacher, Nathaniel Bacon, Edmund HAWES,  Thomas HOWES, Sr,  Thomas FOLLAND, Sr and Lt. Joseph Rogers was allowed a grantee of the remaining portion with the privilege with the above named to purchase adjacent land.

In 1672,  Major Freeman disposed of his right to William Nickerson; and in 1674 Major Freeman and  Capt. Jonathan SPARROW were appointed to lay out Nickerson’s land with instructions, but for some cause the work was not accomplished by the committee until 1692.

Native American tribes who lived in the Chatham before European colonization include the Nauset, specifically the Manomoy or Monomoy people. “Manamoyik” was a Nauset village located near present-day Chatham. Explorer Samuel de Champlain landed here in 1606, contacting (and skirmishing with) the Nauset. English settlers first settled in Chatham in 1665, and the town was incorporated in 1712, naming it after Chatham, Kent, England. Located at the “elbow” of Cape Cod, the community became a shipping, fishing, and whaling center. Chatham’s early prosperity would leave it with a considerable number of 18th century buildings, whose charm helped it develop into a popular summer resort.

Follins Pond is named for Thomas Folland.  It is  a brackish lake on Cape Cod, separating the towns of Dennis and Yarmouth, Massachusetts. The lake is connected to Nantucket Sound via the Bass River.

Follins Pond separating Dennis from South Yarmouth is named for Thomas Folland

Follins Pond separating Dennis from South Yarmouth is named for Thomas Folland

Follins Pond is noteworthy primarily because there has been an attempt to connect it to the semi-legendary lost Norse colony of Vinland.

In the 1950s, Frederick J. Pohl investigated Follins Pond and claimed that he had located shore rocks along the pond into which were drilled holes that strongly resembled Norse mooring stones (the Norse were known to drill holes into which iron pins were inserted for the purpose of mooring their knarrer).

Additionally, Pohl claimed that he had uncovered the tops of posts about a foot underground, arranged in a pattern that might have been that of either a Norse shipyard or drydock.  Further, at about the same time a claimed “Viking horse bone” may have been unearthed at Follins Pond. Pohl was of the opinion that at least a few horses were brought from Greenland by the Norse on their further voyages of exploration.

Pohl published a book in 1952 entitled The lost discovery: Uncovering the track of the Vikings in America which detailed this claim. It is not taken seriously by professional historians, as the evidence presented is rather scant and no archaeological finds of any significance have been made in the area since.

Some of the road names around Follins Pond seem to reflect this theory. A Norsemans Beach Road can be found on the eastern shore of the lake, a Norse Road on the north shore of the lake, and a Valhalla Drive and Erik’s Path close to the south shore.

Additionally, along the shore of a smaller body of water known as Kelleys Bay joined to Follins Pond by the Bass River can be found Vinland DriveSkerry RoadSaga RoadFiord DriveFreydis Drive, and Lief Ericson Drive (sic).  Further south, along the shores of the Bass River, can be found Lief’s LaneLegend DriveOld Saga DriveRune Stone RoadViking Rock RoadKeel Cape DriveErickson Way, and Mooring Lane.


1. Mary Folland (See John WHELDON‘s page)

Last will and testament, dated 1 Oct. 1686, proved 31 May 1687, of Thomas Folland Sr. of Yarmouth, gives… “To my daughter Mary, wife of John Whilding, 5s.”

2. Elizabeth Folland

Elizabeth’s husband Samuel Hall was born about 1636 (called eldest son in father’s will) in Charlestown, Middlesex, Mass. His parents were John Hall (1611 – 1696) and Bethia Farmer (1611 – 1683). Alternatively, his mother was Elizabeth Winnif (1613 – 1683) Samuel died 20 Jan 1694, probably in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

In his will of 1 Oct 1686 Thomas Folland Sr. of Yarmouth included a bequest to his daughter Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hall [MD 3:176, citing BarnPR 1:5];

Samuel died without surviving issue and in his will of 7 Oct 1693 he made bequests to “wife Elizabeth,” to “my eldest brother John Hall,” to “my second brother Joseph Hall,” to “my third brother Nathaniel Hall,” to “my fourth brother Gershom Hall,” to “my fifth brother William Hall,” to “my sixth brother Benjamin Hall,” to “my seventh brother Elisha Hall,” and made “my brother-in-law Thomas Follin” one of his overseers [MD 22:185-86, citing BarnPR 1:91].

The gap of six years between the first record of Bethia as wife of John Hall (2 November 1632) and the first record of a baptism for a child (13 May 1638) is puzzling. The eldest son, Samuel, was very likely born during this period, say in 1636, but this still leaves a sizable gap; and if John and Bethia Hall were residing in Charlestown throughout this period, why wasn’t a baptism for Samuel recorded? One possible solution derives from the problematic nature of the early Charlestown church records, which were recopied some years after the date of the events recorded.

Savage demonstrated that the Charlestown church records have  Richard Kettle  married to his wife Esther Ward some time before the marriage actually took place. The same may have happened with John and Bethia. If that is true John and Bethia may not have married until about 1636, and if she were from some place other than Charlestown, perhaps Samuel was baptized there, in a church whose records no longer exist. This proposed solution may also explain the gap of four years between John Hall’s admission to Boston church and his admission as a freeman, for he may not yet have been twenty-one in 1630.

On 8 June 1655  concerning a

complaint made by John Hall, of Yarmouth, against [our ancestor] Francis BAKER, of the same towne, for abusing Samuell Hall, his son, and seruant to the said Baker, by kicking of him and otherwise unreasonably stricking of him, the court haue ordered, that the said Samuell Hall shall bee and continew with his said father untill the next Court of Asistants; and then incase the said Baker shall come and complaine to the said Court, hee is to acquaint the said Hall wherwith, that soe hee may come with him, and they shalbee heard.”  [PCR 3:83];

The controversy was ended when on 7 August 1655 the court ordered John Hall to pay Francis Baker £8 for the remainder of Samuel Hall’s time [PCR 3:88].

The will of Elizabeth (Folland) Hall Jones, dated 20 May 1711, proved 10 July 1714, of “Elizabeth Jones, widder woman” of Yarmouth, gives: “To my cusen Elizabeth Whelden, the daughter of my sister Mary, 40s…” (Barnstable Co. Probates 3:341)

3. Thomas Folland

1693 – Joseph Howes, John Hawes, John Hallet and John Miller were appointed a committee “to agree with some fit person to teach school.” The school was “to be kept in five squadrons” the boundaries of which are thus defined : “

1st, beginning at Jonathan Hallet’s, and round the said town to Hosea JOYCE’s, Joseph Ryder’s, Samuel Hall’s and Joseph Maker’s, from Sept. to Jan. 3 ;

2nd, beginning at John Godfrey’s and all Nobscusset and Zach. Paddock’s, from Jan. 4 to April 1;

3rd, beginning at widow Boardman’s to Sawquetucket Mill or River, from April 11 to June 19;

4th, Bass Pond squadron, from Thomas Folland’s, Benj, Matthews’, and all the east side of Bass River, from June 20 to July 17 ;

5th, South Sea squadron, beginning at Thomas Bill’s, all the west side of Bass River and South Sea, from Thomas Batter’s, from July 15 to last of August.”

10  Feb 1696/97 – Thomas witnessed the will of David O’KELLY and later took the inventory

 “I the Sd David Okillia Senr” signed the will 10 February, 1696/7. The witnesses were Thomas Folland, William Baker, Sr. (by mark), and Isaac Perse, by a mark.
On 19 July, 1697 the three witnesses made oath to the will, “the two former according to the coustom and the latter William Baker as he was in the presence of God”, and the will was probated, and administration granted to Jane Okillia, the widow, on 28 July, 1697.
On 16 July, 1697, the inventory was taken by Thomas Folland and Benjamin Mathews.


Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Place Names | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

Thomas Blossom

Thomas BLOSSOM (1580 – 1632) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Blossom Coat of Arms

Blossom Coat of Arms

Thomas Blossom was born in 1580 Little Shelford, Cambridge, England. His parents were Peter BLOSSOM (1535- 1597) and Annabel [__?__] (1549 – 1617). He married Ann HEILSON 10 Nov 1605 in St Clements Church, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.  He began the journey in the Speedwellsister ship of the famous Mayflower, but the Speedwell had to turn back due to being unseaworthy.   Thomas later arrived in Plymouth Colony on the 2nd voyage of the Mayflower in 1629.  Thomas died in 1632 Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) — The date of the death of Deacon Blossom is uncertain. Gov. Bradford, who was his contemporary, says he died of the malignant fever which pervaded in the summer of 1633. The accurate Prince copies Gov. Bradford’s statement and the careful Mr. Savage refers to Prince as his authority. Judge Mitchel says “about 1633.” Notwithstanding this array of authorities it can perhaps be demonstrated that Dea. Blossom died in 1632. In the tax lists for the town of Plymouth, dated Jan’y 12, 1633, N. S., (1632 O. S.), Dea. Thomas Blossom is not taxed ; but the Wid. Blossom is. The record now existing was made in March 1632/33, and proves conclusively that Dea. Blossom was dead when that record was made.

Thomas was married in St Clement's Church, Cambridge, England

Thomas was married in St Clement’s Church, Cambridge, England

Ann Heilson was born 23 Jun 1583 in Cambridge, England. Her parents were Cuthbert HELSDON (b. 1557) and Margaret ELSEDEN (b. 1563). After Thomas died, Ann married at Plymouth, 17 Oct 1633 to Henry Rowley of Plymouth and later of Scituate and Barnstable.   Ann died in 1691 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.

Children of  Thomas and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Child 15 Feb 1617
buried at Pieterskerk in Leiden
2. Child 12 Apr 1617
buried at Pieterskerk in Leiden
3. Son 15 Dec 1625
4. Elizabeth BLOSSOM ~1620 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. Edward FITZ RANDOLPH
10 May 1637 Scituate, Plymouth Colony
John Pike  30 Jun 1685
 1703  in Piscataway, New Jersey.
5. Thomas Blossom 1623 Leyden, Holland Sarah Ewer
18 Jun 1645 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mas
22 Apr 1650
drowned off Nauset Beach
6. Peter Blossom 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass Sarah Bodfish
1 Jun 1663 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
 Jul 1706
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass

The Blossoms lived first at Great Shelford, then possibly Little Shelford, and moved to Stapleford, probably about 1582. Thomas’ father described himself as a”husbandman” [small farmer] in a 1585 deposition, but as a “labourer” in his 1597 will, indicating a lower economic status. After his death, his wife married (2) Richard Bracher at Stapleford on Feb 6, 1597/98, and moved with him to Cambridge.The educated language of Thomas Blossom’s letters to William Bradford have led some to speculate that Blossom attended Cambridge University, but there is no mention of his name in university records.

Thomas Blossom arrived in Leiden before October 27, 1609. His occupation while there was not recorded.

In 1617 Thomas and Anne are living in Pieterskirkof Street in Leiden, Holland where three of their children are buried in a churchyard.

In 1617 Thomas and Anne are living in Pieterskirkof Street in Leiden, Holland where three of their children are buried in a churchyard.

Thomas Blossom, was a prominent member of Rev. John Robinson’s church from the time its members left Scrooby in Nottinghamshire, England.

In 1620, the “Mayflower” and the “Speedwell” were to sail as companion ships for America. The “Speedwell” was a little ship of sixty tons, which had been purchased and fitted out in Holland for the Pilgrim congregation. She sailed July 26, 1620, from the port of Delfthaven, about twenty-four miles from Leyden, for Southampton in England, where the “Mayflower” for a week had been waiting with a partial list of passengers from London.

The Speedwell had a colorful history.Originally named Swiftsure, she was built in 1577 and took part in the English defeat of the Spanish Armada. She was renamed Speedwell in 1605. At sixty tons she was only a third the size of Mayflower.

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims' ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. -- Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims’ ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. — Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

It was found that the little “Speedwell” needed repairs before putting out to sea. Repairs were made at considerable expense and delay. The two vessels then set sail for their long voyage, but the “Speedwell” proved leaky and both vessels put into Dartmouth for further repairs. Then once more they sailed together and progressed some three hundred miles westward from Land’s End, when the captain of the “Speedwell” complained further of his boat’s unseaworthiness. Again the two vessels turned back, this time putting into Plymouth harbor, and here it was decided to dismiss the “Speedwell” after a redistribution of passengers and cargo.

Referring to this event, Governor Bradford wrote:

“So, after they had took out such provision as the other ship could well stow, and concluded what number and what persons to send back, they made another sad parting, the little ship (the “Speedwell”) going to London, and the other (the “Mayflower”) proceeding on her voyage.”

This grievous and discouraging work was performed by September 6, 1620, and eighteen persons returned in the “Speedwell” to Leiden by way of London, where the leaky boat was sold.  Later, it was speculated that the master of the Speedwell had intentionally sabotaged his ship to avoid having to make the treacherous trans-Atlantic voyage.

William RINGMary RING and Thomas BLOSSOM were  among the passengers who could not fit aboard the Mayflower when the Speedwell was deemed unseaworthy.

At Dartmouth, on August 17th, after leaks forced the ship into port, one of the separatist leaders,  agent Robert CUSHMAN wrote that

‘“Poor William RING and myself do strive who shall be meat first for the fishes, but we look for a glorious resurection.”

When the “Mayflower” set out alone on September 6th, Thomas, William and Mary were not aboard.

Mayflower and Speedwell in Dartmouth Harbor' Plymouth (Ma)-Pilgrim Hall Museum eslie Arthur Wilcox (1904-1982)

Mayflower and Speedwell in Dartmouth Harbor’ Plymouth (Ma)-Pilgrim Hall Museum – L eslie Arthur Wilcox (1904-1982)

Thomas Blossom remained with Pastor Robinson, who continued to shepherd the flock until such time as the Society was able to send over to America others of the congregation.

Two such embarkations took place prior to the death of the pious old preacher in 1625, and the remaining members embarked in subsequent voyages about 1630. The ship “Fortune” in November, 1621, brought over twenty-five members of the church besides children; and in August, 1623, the “Ann” and “Little James” carried across sixty more church members in addition to children.

The Pilgrim church in Leyden and its transported membership at New Plymouth in America continued as one body. The branch in the New World never chose a pastor so long as Pastor Robinson was living. During the interim, Elder Brewster presided over the spiritual concerns of the struggling congregation at Cape Cod until 1629. He had been one of the foremost pioneers in the Nottinghamshire movement in England, which resulted in establishing the Separatists’ Society in 1607. From 1589 to September, 1607, he had been postmaster at Scrooby by appointment from Sir Thomas Randolph, Comptroller of all Her Majesty’s Posts.

After Pastor Robinson died, in 1625, Thomas Blossom wrote sorrowfully to Governor  William Bradford of this event and of the distress of the church, and strenuous efforts were put forth by the Pilgrim congregation to bring over to America the remainder of the parent Society in Leyden.


Kind salutations, &c. I have thought good to write to you, concerning the cause as it standeth both with you and us; we see, alas I what frustrations and disappointments it pleaseth the Lord to send in this our course, good in itself and according to godliness taken in hand and for good and lawful ends, who yet pleaseth not to prosper us we see, for reasons best known to himself: And which also nearly concerns us to consider of, whether we have sought the Lord in it, as we ought’ or not; that the Lord hath singularly preserved life in the business to great admiration, giveth me good hope that he will (if our sins hinder not) in his appointed time, give a happy end unto it.

On the contrary when I consider how it pleaseth the Lord to cross those means that should bring us together, being now as far off or farther than ever, in our apprehension; as also to take that means away, which would have been so comfortable unto us in that course, both for wisdom of council as also for our singular help in our course of godliness, whom the Lord (as it were) took away even as fruit falleth before it was ripe, [he means Pastor John Robinson] when neither length of days, nor infirmity of body, did seem to call for his end. The Lord even then took him away, as it were in his anger, whom if tears would have held, he had remained to this day.

The loss of his ministry was very great unto me, for I ever counted myself happy in the enjoyment of it, notwithstanding all the crosses and losses otherwise I sustained.

Yet indeed the manner of his taking away hath more troubled me, as fearing the Lord’s anger in it, that, as I said, in the ordinary course of things might still have remained, as also, the singular service he might have yet done in the church of God.

Alas, dear friends, our state and cause in religion I by his death being wholly destitute of any that may defend our cause as it should against our adversaries.

That we may take up that doleful complaint in the Psalm, that there is no prophet left among us, nor any that knoweth how long.

Alas I you would fain have had him with you, and he would as fain have come to you; many letters and much speech hath been about his coming to you, but never any solid course propounded for his going; if the course propounded the last year had appeared to have been certain, he would have gone though with two or three families.

I know no man amongst us knew his mind better than I did, about those things; he was loath to leave the church, yet I know also, that he would have accepted the worst conditions which in the largest extent of a good conscience could be taken, to have come to you. For myself and all such others as have formerly minded coming, it is much what the same, if the Lord afford means.

We only know how things are with you by your letters, but how things stand in England we have received no letters of any thing, and it was November before we received yours. If we come at all unto you, the means to enable us so to do must come from you.

For the state of our church, and how it is with us and of our people, it is wrote of by Mr. White.

Thus praying you to pardon my boldness with you in writing as I do, I commend you to the keeping of the Lord, desiring, if he see it good, and that I might be serviceable unto the business, that I were with you.

God hath taken away my son, that was with me in the ship, when I went back again; I have only two children which were born since I left you: Fare you well.

Yours to his power,


Leyden, December 15, Anno 1625.

On May 1, 1629, six vessels left the shores of England with a passenger list which included the bulk of the Leyden congregation, all bound for New England.  Thomas Blossom and his family were on the Mayflower, the second Pilgrim ship of that name, with Captain William Peirce in command.   Also onboard was fellow Speedwell passenger, Mary RING,  her husband William having died in the interim.  Several weeks earlier some servants had been dispatched on the Talbot.

By and large, it was “but a weak company,” Sherley apologized, “yet herein is a good parte of that end obtained which was aimed at.” As the majority of passengers on both ships were Puritans recruited by the recently organized Massachusetts Bay Company, the vessels did not proceed to Plymouth, but to Naumkeag; here Captain John Endecott had arrived with the Puritan vanguard about a year before, immediately coming into conflict with Conant and Lyford, soon driving both out. After some delay the Saints were fectche to Plymouth by boat. This group of pilgrims included Thomas Blossom,  who arrived with his wife and two young children.

Thomas Blossom became Deacon of the Church at Plymouth and was called “a holy man and experienced Saint”.

In 1633 an “infectious fevoure”  probably smallpox, had swept the town, raging throughout the summer. More than twenty people died — both of Brewster’s daughters, Fear ALLERTON and Patience PRENCE ; Cuthbert Cuthbertson and his wife Sarah (Allerton); Francis Eaton, the ship’s carpenter of Bristol, who had lost his first wife in the General Sickness and since been married twice; John Adams of the Fortune company; and Peter Browne, “Goodman” John Goodman’s partner when they had gone hunting deer with a sickle and had their dreadful encounter with “lyons”.

The church lost all three of its deacons, “anciente friends” from Leyden days–Thomas Blossom, Richard Masterson and the faithful Samuel Fuller, their doctor, “who had been a great help and comforte unto them,…a man godly and forward to doe good being much missed after his death.”

17 Oct 1633: Anne remarries to Henry Rowley, a widower with small children.

1634: Elizabeth’s family moves to Scituate, MA and Henry is elected freeman.

Jan 8, 1634/35: Henry and Ann are listed as members of John Lothrop’s church.

In 1639, the family moved with Rev. John LATHROP  from Scituate to Barnstable.


1. and 2.

Leiden Pilgrim Burials

Leiden Pilgrim Burials include Thomas Blossom’s children 1617

3. Son

The son buried 15 Dec 1625 in Leiden was  among the passengers who could not fit aboard the Mayflower when the Speedwell was deemed unseaworthy.

4. Elizabeth BLOSSOM (See Edward FITZ RANDOLPH‘s page)

5. Thomas Blossom

Thomas’ wife Sarah Ewer was born 10 May 1629 in Ware, Hertfordshire, England.  Her parents were Thomas Ewer (1593 – 1638) and Sarah Learned (1604 – 1652). Sarah died 17 Jun 1645 in Plymouth, Mass.

Thomas and Sarah were married 18 Jun 1645, by Major John FREEMAN at the house of Thomas Lothrop in Barnstable. She was a
daughter of Thomas Ewer, deceased, of Charlestown, and was then residing with her mother.

Thomas was a landholder in 1647, and he and his brother Peter had a lot granted to them in partnership at Cotuit. Thomas does not appear to have been a householder. He resided in the easterly part of the town, and after his marriage, probably at the house of Thomas Lothrop, who was father-in-law to his wife. He was a mariner, and at the time of his death was on a fishing voyage. He and another Barnstable man, Samuel Hallet, were drowned at Nauset, April 22, 1650.

Children of Thomas and Sarah:

i. Sarah Blossom b. 1647 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Peter Blossom b. 1650

6. Peter Blossom

Peter’s wife Sarah Bodfish was born 1638 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Sarah’s parents were Robert Bodfish and Bridget [__?__].   Sarah died 3 Oct 1704 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Peter removed with his father-in-law to West Barnstable about 1650. His farm, containing forty acres
of upland, was on the east of the Bursley farm, and separated from it by Boat Cove and the stream of fresh water emptying into it. On the northeast it was bounded by Thomas Sharv’s marsh and the land of Henry Rowley, and on the southeast by the farm of Mr. Thomas DEXTER, Sr. He owned twelve acres of meadow. A part of his land is now [1888] owned by his descendants.

Peter died about 1700, intestate. His estate was settled Oct. 5, 1706, by mutual agreement between his widow Sarah and sons Thomas, Joseph and Jabez, and daughters Thankful Fuller and Mercy Howland

Children of Peter and Sarah:

i. Mercy Blossom b. 9 Apr 1664 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1670.

ii. Thomas Blossom b. 20 Dec 1667 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Dec. 1695 to Fear Robinson. Fear’s father was John Robinson of Falmouth, and her great grandfather was Rev. John Robinson of Leyden.

He resided at West Barnstable.

iii. Samuel Blossom b. 1669 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. Sarah Blossom b. 1669 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1671.

v. Joseph Blossom b. 10 Dec 1673 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 17 Jun 1696 to Marv Pinchon; m2. Mary [__?__]

vi. Thankful Blossom b. 1675 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1700 to Joseph Fuller

vii. Mercy (Mary) Blossom b. Aug 1678 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass; m. 13 Dec 1700 to Shubael Rowland

viii. Jabez Blossom b. 16 Feb 1680 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 9 Sep 1710 to Mary Goodspeed


The Pilgrim’s Leiden

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

Posted in 13th Generation, Dissenter, First Comer, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw | Tagged , | 7 Comments

Edward Fitz Randolph Sr.

Edward FITZ RANDOLPH Sr. (1565 – 1614) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Edward Fitz Randolph Sr was born about 1565Hucknall-under-Huthwaite in the parish of Sutton In Ashfield, Nottingham, England. His parents were Christopher FITZ RANDOLPH and Ann WOOD He first married Alice Tompson 16 Nov 1589 in Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England. After Ales died, he married Frances HOWES 17 Dec 1605 in Sutton, Nottingham, England. Edward died about 1614 in Normantown, Derby, England and is buried in Kneesall, Nottingham, England.  Alternatively, he died  between 13 Aug. 1647 (dated of will) and 27 Oct. 1647 (probate).

Alice Tompson was born 16 Nov 1569 in Sutton-In-Ashfield Laterof Kneesall, Nottinghamshire, England. Ales died 27 Dec 1604 in Sutton-In-Ashfield.

Frances Howes (Howls) was born about 1585 in Kneesall, Nottinghamshire, England. Her parents were Edward HOWES and Ann WELLS.  Frances died 7 Jun 1631 in Kneesall, Nottingham, England.

Edward moved after 1621 to Kirsall in the Parish of Kneesall, co. Nottingham, where he died. He was the 3rd son named in his father’s will, and was prob. the nephew Edward named in the will of his uncle Thomas Fitz Randolph, 21 May 1600.\

Original will of Edward Fitz Randolph at York Probate Registry, in which he bequeathed ten pounds sterling to his son Edward “if he cum to demand it.”)

Children of  Edward and Frances:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Edward FITZ RANDOLPH bapt.
5 Jul 1607 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England.
Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 Scituate, Plymouth Colony. 1675 in Piscataway, New Jersey
2. Anthony Fitz Randolph 24 Sep 1609  Sutton Ashfield, Nottingham, England Winifred [__?__] 13 Jul 1638 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham
3. Christopher Fitz Randolph May 1613  Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England
4. John Fitz Randolph 14 Jan 1615 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England 27 Oct 1647
5. Joseph Fitz Randolph 18 Nov 1621 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England

Fitz Randolph Ancestral Generations

1. Edward Fitz RANDOLPH and Francis HOWES.

Edward  was found and in whom was confirmed by the “Visitation” of 1614, the Fitz Randolph Arms substantially as borne by the Lords of Middleham and by the Spennithorne branch of Fitz Randolph. Died probably about 1635.

Edward was born in Sutton-in-Ashfield is a market town in the Ashfield district of Nottinghamshire, England.  Today, it has a population of around 43,000. It is situated four miles west of Mansfield, close to the Derbyshire border.  The area was first settled in Saxon times and the Saxon suffix “ton” means “an enclosure or fenced in clearing”. The town appears in the Domesday Book as “Sutone”. The  Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Sutton-in-Ashfield dates from the twelfth century The church is medieval but was rebuilt in 1854 and 1867.   It contains a rare 12th century pillar piscina and the remains of the font top from the original Norman church

2. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH, b. 1530 Normantown, Derby, England; d. 28 Jun 1588 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham; m. Ann WOOD about 1565 in Normantown, Derby, England

Christopher was his parents’ fourth son, and was named in his mother’s will, dated 30 July 1573. His own will, dated 20 June 1588, was proved 1 Apr. 1589 in the Peculiar Court of the Manor of Mansfield (Notts. County Record Office, D.D.P. 17/69). Christopher’s wife, who predeceased him, was not named in his will. He had four sons, James, Anthony, Edward and Christopher, named in the will.

Ann Wood was born about 1545 in Normantown, Derbyshire, England. Her father was Hugh WOOD (1518 – 1548).  Ann died 1588 in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

Children of Christopher and Ann

i. Edward Fitz RANDOLPH b. 1565 in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

ii. Christopher Fitz Randolph b. 1569 in Sutton, Nottinghamshire, England

iii. Anthony Fitz Randolph b. 1578 in Sutton, Nottinghamshire, England

3. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH b. ~ 1495 Langdon, Nottingha, England; d. 28 Jun 1574 Ashfield, Nottingham, England;  Alternatively,  d. bef. 26 Apr. 1570 (adminstration granted on that date to his widow Jane and eldest son Thomas)  m. 1514 to Joan LANGTON (~1499 – d. betw. 30 July 1573 (date of will) and 2 Apr. 1574 (probate), daughter and heiress of Cuthbert LANGTON of Langton Hall who died in 1588.

Of Langston Hall in the Parish of Kirkby in Ashfield in the County of Nottingham. Appointed an executor of the will of Christopher Fitz-Randolph vicar of the said parish of Kirkby in Ashfield June 1, 1516. Administration granted 26 April 1570.

Joan was heiress to Langston Hall.  This home was a large ivy covered mansion for years before it descended to Joan and Christopher. This Langston Hall was still in the Randolph family when Edward Fitz-Randolph ,the pilgrim, sailed for America in 1630.

Christopher doubtless came to Kirkby-in-Ashfield, co Nottingham, because of his uncle Christopher Fitz Randolph, parson of that place, who d. 1516 leaving a will dated 1 Jun 1516 of which the nephew Christopher was named as one of the executors;

Cuthbert Langston Bio

Cuthbert Langston  –  Source:  History of Nottinghamshire, Volume 2
By Robert Thoroton — London 1797

6  H 8 is the sixth year of the reign of Henry VII or 1515.

Children of Christopher and Jane:

i. John Fitz Randolph b. 1516 in Birchwood, Derby, England

ii. Thomas Fitz Randolph b. 1518 in Birchwood, Derby

iii. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH, b. 1530 in Normantown, Derby

iv. Edward Fitz Randolph b. 1532 in Birchwood, Derby

v. Isabel Fitz Randolph b. 1534 in Nottinghamshire

vi. Margaret Fitz Randolph b. 1536 in Nottinghamshire

vii. Margery Fitz Randolph b. 1538 in Nottinghamshire

4. John FITZ RANDOLPH  b. 1455 Spennithorne, Yorkshire, England; d. 1514
Yorkshire, England; m. 1472 in England to Edith [__?__] (b. 1452 in Langton Hall, Nottinghamshire – d. 1524 in England) daughter of the Earl of Sandwich.

John’s eldest brother, Sir Ralph, Lord of Spennithorne received inheritance

5.  John Fitz RANDOLPH (Fitz RANDALL) ( ~ 1420 –   5 Mar  1474/75  Yorkshire) ; m.  Joan CONYERS  (  ~1420  –  aft. 1483)  Joan’s parents were Sir. Christopher  CONYERS Knight of Hornby Castle, and Helen (Eleanor) ROLLESTON  ( ~1400 – 1444)

Lord of  Spennithorne in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire

6.  Sir Ralph Fitz RANDALL ( ~1398 –  ~1458) Lord of Spennithorne;  m.  Elizabeth [__?__]

Lord of Spennithorne He inherited his fathers lands.  under age in 1407, will dated 20 Jan. 1457/58, pr. ult. Jan. 1457/58;   (VCH cit. 1: 259; Sir Ralph’s Will is printed in Surtees Soc. Publ., 26: 4).

7. John Fitz RANDALL ( ~1374 – 1405) Lord of Spennithorne beheaded, 1405 for taking part in the rebellion of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, his son of Henry Percy, nicknamed “Harry Hotspur”, Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York, and other northern magnates.

7. Randall (Ranulf) FitzJOHN  ( ~1345 –  aft. 1388) Lord of Spennithorne

8. John FitzRANULPH de LASCELLES  ( ~1325 – by 1369) Lord of Spennithorne; m. Maud de CAMPANIA  After John died, Maude married (2) Robert De Hilton.

Held Spennithorne in 1367 -1368

9. Ranulph FitzRALPH de LASCELLES  ( ~  1300  – aft. 1354) Lord of Spennithorne; m. Isabel [__?__]

10. Ralph FitzRANULF  (1255? – by 1316)  m. Tiffany (Theophania) de LASCELLES ( ~ 1250 in Kirby-under-Knowles-Yorkshire,England.)

11. Ranulf (of Middleham) FitzRANULF ( b. ~  1222   – d. by 1294); m. Bertrama widow of Sir Roger de Ingoldsby

With this generation the Fitz Randolph name became well established. Ranulf bore the arms of Glanville.  Ranulf’s descendants in the male line continued at Spennithorne until the 16th century.

12. Randolph Fitz RANDULPH, Lord of Middleham aka Randolph (Ranulf) FitzRobert ( ~1180 Yorkshire – by 1252 buried in Coverham Abbey)

He married  Mary (le) BIGOD, (1188  – 1237) daughter of Roger BIGOD, (c. 1144/1150 – 1221)  2nd Earl of Norfolk    In most of the years of the reign of King John, the earl was frequently with the king or on royal business. Yet Roger was to be one of the leaders of the baronial party which obtained John‘s assent to Magna Carta, and his name and that of his son and heir Hugh II appear among the twenty-five barons who were to ensure the king’s adherence to the terms of that document. The pair were excommunicated by the pope in December 1215, and did not make peace with the regents of John’s son Henry III until 1217.  Roger Bigod and his wife Ida de Tosny are the main characters in Elizabeth Chadwick‘s The Time of Singing (Sphere, 2008), published in the USA as For the King’s Favor.

Randolph held 6 knights fees in the honor of Richmond. He bore the arms of his Grandfather Glanville.( Ralph ,eldest son b.1218,d. 1270 married Anastacia daughter of William DePercy.  This marriage produced only daughters. The eldest daughter,Mary married Robert DeNeville of Raby and conveyed her fathers lands to the Nevilles therefore the male line of the FitzRandolphs lost inhertance to Middleham

Children of Randolph and Mary:

i. Ralph Fitz Randolph  (1218 – 1270) Lord of Middleham who married  Anastasia (Anastance; de) Percy, daughter of William Percy, 6th Baron Percy (1193–1245) who founded the Gray Friars at Richmond, Yorkshire.

Ralph’s daughter Mary (aka Mary Tailboys) was the heiress of Middleham. When she married   Robert NEVILLE  ( ~1240 – 1271), the castle of Middleham passed to to the Neville family

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

The House of Neville became one of the two major powers in northern England along with the House of Percy and played a central role in the Wars of the Roses.

See below for Generations of the House of Neville   – From Fitz Randolf to Edward IV and Richard III ,

ii. Ranulf (of Middleham) Fitz RANULF ( b. ~ 1222   – d. by 1294); m. Bertrama

13. Robert FITZ RANULF, aka Robert Fitz Ralph (Talybois) of Middleham ( – ~1185)

Lord of Middleham and builder of the castle of Middleham. He married  Helen (Hawise Helewise) de GLANVILLE, who founded Coverham Abbey.

Middleham Castle

Middleham Castle is an impressive ruin, and the sense of its original strength and grandeur remains.

Middleham Castle in Wensleydale, in the county of North Yorkshire, was built by Robert Fitzrandolph, 3rd Lord of Middleham and Spennithorne, commencing in 1190. It was built near the site of an earlier motte and bailey castle. In 1270 it came into the hands of the Neville family, the most notable member of which was Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, known to history as the “Kingmaker”, a leading figure in the Wars of the Roses. Following the death of Richard, Duke of York at Wakefield in December 1460, his younger sons, George, Duke of Clarence and Richard, Duke of Gloucester, came into Warwick’s care, and both lived at Middleham with Warwick’s own family. Their brother King Edward IV was imprisoned at Middleham for a short time, having been captured by Warwick in 1469. Following Warwick’s death at Barnet in 1471 and Edward’s restoration to the throne, his brother Richard married Anne Neville, Warwick’s younger daughter, and made Middleham his main home. Their son Edward was also born at Middleham and later also died there.

Richard ascended to the throne as King Richard III, but spent little or no time at Middleham in his two-year reign. After Richard’s death at Bosworth in 1485 the castle remained in royal hands until the reign of James I, when it was sold. It fell into disuse and disrepair during the 17th Century. It was garrisoned during the Civil War, but saw no action.

14. RALPH (FITZ RANDULPH) Taillebois (Talybois) aka Radulphus de Alfreton ; poss. aka Ranulph (Radulf) Fitz Ribald  ( – 1168) m.    Agatha de BRUS  (1100 – )

Agatha was daughter of Robert I de BRUS, 1st Lord of Annandale (c. 1078 – 1141/1142) and father of the distinguished line of eight Bruces ending with Robert the Bruce (1274 – 1329) of Braveheart fame,  first son of Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale.

15. RIBALD, Lord of Middleham, d. 1121/1131, spending his days in retirement in St. Mary’s Abbey, York. aka Robert de Penthierve; aka Rybold FitzRANULPH; (Bretagne); Seigneur de Midelham; m. Beatrice de TAILLEBOIS-HEPHALL

16.  ODO, Count of Penthièvre ( ~999 – 1079) aka EUDES,(I; Regent) de Brittany; aka Eozen kont Penteur; of Tours; m. Agnes de CORNWALL



Following the death of his brother Duke Alan III, Eudes ruled as regent of Brittany in the name of his nephew Conan II, between 1040 and 1062, although some histories show 1057 as the year in which Conan II captures and imprisons him in chains. Eudes married Agnes of Cornouaille, sister of Hoel II of Brittany. At least two of Eudes’ sons (Alan and Brian) participated in the Norman conquest of England.

17. GEOFFREY I   Duke of Brittany (980 – 20  Nov 1008) ;  m. HAWISE of Normandy (c. 977 – 21 Feb 1034) daughter of RICHARD I

Geoffrey was the oldest son of Duke CONAN I and Ermengarde-GERBERGA of Anjou

When Geoffrey succeeded to Brittany he had several problems; Blois was encroaching on his territory, Vikings were threatening his shores and Anjou was offering protection.  He chose to align himself with the Duke of Normandy, marrying Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy in 996. 

Geoffrey died en route while on a pilgrimage to Rome 20 November 1008.

19. RICHARD I Duke of Normandy , “The Fearless”, Duke of Normandy,  (933–996),who reigned more than a half century; m. GUNNORA, Duchess of Normandy

Richard I of Normandy

Richard I of Normandy

Children of Richard and Gunnora:

i. Richard II Duke of Normandy The Good”, (978/83 -1026), m.  c.1000, JUDITH (992–1017), daughter of Conan I of Brittany  He was father of Robert, “The Magnificent”, whose son was William the Conqueror .  Havoise who married Geoffry, Duke of Brittany, was hence aunt of William the Conqueror..

ii. Robert II (Archbishop of Rouen)

iii. Mauger

iv. Robert Danus

v. Willam?

vi. Emma of Normandy

vii. Maud of Normandy

viii. HAWISE of Normandy

ix. Geoffrey, Count of Eu (illegitimate)

x. William, Count of Eu (illegitimate)

xi. Beatrice of Normandy (illegitimate)

xii. Robert (illegitimate)

xiii. Papia (illegitimate)

20. WILLIAM of Normandy, “Longsword”, (c. 900 – 942)  m.  SPROTA The title duke (dux) did not come into common usage until the eleventh century and has been anachronistically applied to early Norman rulers.

Statue of William Longsword, part of the "Six Dukes of Normandy" series in Falaise.

Statue of William Longsword, part of the “Six Dukes of Normandy” series in Falaise.

21. ROLLO  (c. 846 – c. 931), was a Norse nobleman of Norwegian or Danish descent and founder and first ruler of the Viking principality which soon became known as Normandy. His descendants were the Dukes of Normandy, and by later extension, the King of England.

Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in Falaise town square.

Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in Falaise town square.

In the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911) with King Charles the Simple, Rollo pledged feudal allegiance to the king, changed his name to the Frankish version, and converted to Christianity, probably with the baptismal name Robert.  In return, King Charles granted Rollo land between the Epte and the sea as well as Brittany and according to Dudo of St. Quentin, the hand of the King’s daughter, Gisela, although this marriage and Gisela herself are unknown to Frankish sources.  He was also the titular ruler of Normandy, centered around the city of Rouen.

Generations of House of Neville

From Fitz Randolf to Edward IV and Richard III ,

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

IRobert Neville  ( ~1240 – 1271,) married Mary Fitz Randolph  (aka Mary Tailboys) heiress of Middleham who survived him by 49 years dying in 1320.  The Fitz Randolph’s castle of Middleham passed to Robert Neville when he married Mary Fitz Randolph, daughter of 12. (Above)  Randolph Fitz RANDULPH, Lord of Middleham aka Randolph (Ranulf) FitzRobert ( ~1180 Yorkshire – by 1252 buried in Coverham Abbey)

II. Ralph Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Middleham, (18 Oct 1262 / 1270 – 18 Apr 1331) An English aristocrat and member of the powerful Neville family. He married first Euphemia de Clavering daughter of Robert de Clavering (5th Baron of Warkworth & Clavering) and Margaret La Zouche, with whom he had fourteen children. His second marriage was to Margery de Thwenge, daughter of John De Thwenge and Joan De Mauley.

III.  Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Middleham ( ~.1291 – 5 Aug 1367) He married  Alicia, daughter of Hugo de Audley. on 14 Jan 1326 with whom he had thirteen children:

Neville led the English forces to victory against the Scottish king David II of Scotland at the Battle of Neville’s Cross on  Oct 17 1346.

IV.  John Neville,  3rd  Baron Neville de Raby,Lord of Middleham, (btw 1337 – 40 Raby CastleDurham, – 17 Oct 1388)  He married Matilda Percy, Maud Percy ( – d. bef 18 Feb 1379), daughter of Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick, Northumberland, and Idoine de Clifford, daughter of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom he had two sons and five daughters.   She was the second of the Noble family of Percy to become allied with the Neville-Fitz Randolph line.

V. Ralph de Nevelle ( ~ 1363 – 1425) Lord of Middleham and first Earl of Westmoreland  4th Baron Neville de Raby.(1397),  who died 1435, Knight of the Garter; Marshall (later co-Regent) of England; Warden of west marches

Westmorland is portrayed in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Part 1Henry IV, Part 2, and Henry V.

In the opening scene of Henry IV, Part 1, Westmorland is presented historically as an ally of King Henry IV against the Percys, and in the final scenes of the play as being dispatched to the north of England by the King after the Battle of Shrewsbury to intercept the Earl of Northumberland.

In Act IV of Henry IV, Part 2, Westmorland is portrayed historically as having been principally responsible for quelling the Percy rebellion in 1405 by Archbishop Scrope almost without bloodshed by successfully parleying with the rebels on 29 May 1405 at Shipton Moor.

However in Henry V Westmorland is unhistorically alleged to have resisted the arguments made in favour of war with France by Archbishop Chichele in the Parliament which began at Leicester on 30 April 1414.

m1.  Margaret Stafford (d. 9 June 1396), the eldest daughter of Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, and Philippa Beauchamp, the daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by Katherine Mortimer, the daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March

m2. bef.  29 Nov 1396, at Château de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Anjou, Joan Beaufort, the widow of Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers,  daughter of John of Gaunt, son of Edward III  thus joining the English Royal line. Randolph and Joan had a daughter, Cicely Nevelle, called “The Rose of Raby”, who married Richard Plantagenent 3rd Duke of York who was killed in the battle of Wakefield in 1460.

The children were Edward IV and Richard III , Kings of the House of York.

Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV and granddaughter of Cicely, combined the Houses of York and Lancaster in the person of her son  Henry VIII, — she having married Henry VII, a Lancastrian  descendant of John of Gaunt—and thus ended definitely “The War of Roses”.


History of Nottinghamshire, Volume 2 By Robert Thoroton — London 1797

THOMAS VAIL, SALEM 1640 by Wm. PennVail, M.D. LDS Library Call 929.273

Posted in 13th Generation, Artistic Representation, Historical Monument, Historical Site, Line - Shaw, Royal Ancestors | Tagged , , , , | 5 Comments

Edward Fitz Randolph

Edward FITZ RANDOLPH (1607 – 1675) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Edward Fitz Randolph was baptized 5 Jul 1607 in Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England. His parents were Edward FITZ RANDOLPH Sr. and Frances HOWES.  He came from a titled family, see his father’s page for our Royal ancestors.

In March 1630, he sailed with the great fleet of eleven emigrant ships assembled by John Winthrop from Groton, Suffolk out of London and landed att Naumkeag on the coast of Massachusetts on 13 June at what is now called Salem. Because Edward came from a titled family, perhaps he had passage on the flagship, the “Arbella” with Winthrop himself.

The total count of passengers is believed to be about seven hundred, and presumed to have included the following people. Financing was by the Mass. Bay Company. The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.

Edward married Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony. He died 1675 in Piscataway, New Jersey. By tradition he is buried in the west corner of Saint James Churchyard in Edison, New Jersey with Elizabeth in northwest corner close to Woodbridge Ave.     His tombstone  is thought to have been destroyed when the British built breastworks for encampment.

St James Church New Jersey

By tradition, Edward is buried in St James Churchyard, Edison  New Jersey

St James Church Edison New Jersey

St James Church Edison New Jersey. Edward’s tombstone is thought to have been destroyed when the British built breastworks for encampment.

Elizabeth Blossom was born about 1620 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. Her parents were Thomas BLOSSOM and Ann ELSDON. After Edward died, she married John Pike on 30 June 1685.Elizabeth died in 1703  in Piscataway, New Jersey.   Family tradition has her buried next to Edward, not her second husband.

Children of  Edward and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph 30 Aug 1640 Barnstable, Mass 10 Dec 1640 at age 4 months and buried “in the calf’s pasture.”
2. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph bapt.
15 May 1642 Barnstable, Mass
Mary Holloway (daughter of Joseph HOLLOWAY)
Nov 1662
Jane Curtis
12 Apr 1706/07 Haddonfield Meeting, Haddonfield, New Jersey
21 Nov 1713 Woodbridge,  New Jersey
3. Mary Fitz Randolph bapt.
6 Oct 1644 Barnstable, Mass
4. Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH 23 Apr 1648 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Jasper TAYLOR
6 Nov 1668 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
13 Apr 1705 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
5. Mary Fitz Randolph 2 Jun 1650 Barnstable, Mass Samuel Hinckley (brother of Gov. Thomas Hinckley of Plymouth)
15 Jan 1668/69
4 Jan 1738 West Barnstable, Mass
6. John Fitz Randolph 7 Oct 1653 Barnstable, Mass. Sarah Bonham
2 Oct 1681 Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
19 Jun 1727 Woodbridge, Middlesexm  New Jersey
7. Joseph  Fitz Randolph 1 Mar 1656 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Joannah Conger
16 Jan 1686/87
Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
8. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph ~1657 Barnstable, Mass Andrew Wooden
22 Aug 1676
9. Thomas Fitz Randolph 16 Aug 1659 Barnstable, Mass Elizabeth Manning
23 Nov 1686
25 Oct 1745  Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
10. Hope Fitz Randolph ~1661 Barnstable, Mass Ezekiel Bloomfield
22 Dec 1680 Piscataway, New Jersey
Woodbridge, New Jersey
11. Benjamin Fitz Randolph ~1663 Barnstable, Mass. Sarah Dennis
1 July 1689 Piscataway
Margaret Robertson
14 May 1733
5 Oct 1746 Stoney Brooke, Princeton Township, Middlesex, New Jersey

Edward Fitz Randolph joined the  Rev. John LATHROP‘s  congregation in Scituate and moved with his flock to Barnstable.

Lothropp gained prominence in 1624, when he was called to replace Reverend Henry Jacob as the pastor of the First Independent Church in London, a congregation of sixty members which met at Southwark. Church historians sometimes call this church the Jacob-Lathrop-Jessey Church, named for its first three pastors, Henry Jacob, John Lothropp and Henry Jessey.

They were forced to meet in private to avoid the scrutiny of Bishop of London William Laud. Following the group’s discovery on April 22, 1632 by officers of the king, forty two of Lothropp’s Independents were arrested. Only eighteen escaped capture. They were prosecuted for failure to take the oath of loyalty to the established church. They were jailed in The Clink prison. All were released on bail by the spring of 1634 except Lothropp, who was deemed too dangerous to be set at liberty. While he was in prison, his wife Hannah House became ill and died. His six surviving children were according to tradition left to fend for themselves begging for bread on the streets of London. Friends being unable to care for his children brought them to the Bishop who had charge of Lothropp. The bishop ultimately released him on bond in May of 1634 with the understanding that he would immediately remove to the New World.

Lothrop was told that he would be pardoned upon acceptance of terms to leave England permanently with his family along with as many of his congregation members as he could take who would not accept the authority of the Church of England.

The State Papers in the new Record Office, Fetter Lane, London, have preserved some of the Star Chamber records of John Lothropp’s imprisoned days. The last record probably was the order of the court which opened the way for his escape to America. The record found on page 71 of Governor Winthrop’s Journal, quotes John Lothropp, a freeman, rejoicing in finding a “church without a bishop,” . . . “and a state without a king.”

Lathrop accepted the terms of the offer and left for Plymouth, Massachusetts. With his group, he sailed on the Griffin and arrived in Boston on Sep 18 1634.

They did not stay in Boston long. Within days, he and his group relocated to Scituate where they “joyned in covenaunt together” along with nine others who preceded them to form the “church of Christ collected att Scituate.”

Rev. LATHROP   wrote:

” The young master Fitzrandolphe ” built in 1636, the 38th house constructed in Scituate.

His house in order, Edward married Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony.

He joined Mr. Lathrop’s church in Scituate May 14, 1637 and his wife joined at Barnstable August 27, 1643.

The Congregation at Scituate was not a success. Dissent on the issue of baptism as well as other unspecified grievances and the lack of good grazing land and fodder for their cattle caused the church in Scituate to split in 1638.

Edward sold his house in that town to Deacon Richard Sealis, and removed in the spring of 1639 to Barnstable, and built a house on his lot containing eight acres,bounded east by the road to Hyanis.

Lothrop had petitioned Gov. Thomas PRENCE     (wiki) in Plymouth for a “place for the transplanting of us, to the end that God might have more glory and wee more comfort.” Mr. Lothrop and a large company arrived in Barnstable, October 11, 1639  bringing with them the crops which they had raised in Scituate.  There, within three years they had built homes for all the families.

1641: Edward serves as a juryman.

1643: Edward listed as able to bear arms in New Plymouth.

1 Jun 1649: Edward Fitzrandolphe  sells his home to our ancestor John CHIPMAN and removed to his farm in West Barnstable ,”a double great lot”  , containing 120 acres of upland, bounded north by the meadows, east by the Bursley farm, south by the commons, and west by the lands of Mr. Thomas Dexter.

The deed of which is in the records at Barnstable. The land included eight acres, bounded on the north by the County Road, presently Route 6A, east by the Hyannis Road, extending across the present line of the Railroad (now extinct), south by the commons and on the west by the homestead of George Lewis Sr. The deed also conveyed a garden spot and orchard on the north side of the County road.

In 1669 Edward Fitz Randolph, his family and several other families left their Barnstable home, for religious reasons and settled in East Jersey, near the mouth of the Raritan river, where he purchased from the Proprietary a large tract of land. Several of his older sons also taking up lands in their own right at the same time. At the time of Edward’s death in 1675 his land had not been surveyed.

The Stelton Baptist Church in Edison, New Jersey was formed in the spring of 1689. Until 1875, the church was known as the First Baptist Church of Piscataway. In 1870 portions of Piscataway, New Jersey and Woodbridge, New Jersey were used to form Raritan, New Jersey. The site of the church later became Edison, New Jersey.

History of the First Baptist Church of Piscataway, Stelton, NJ 1889 BY Oliver B. Leonard Esq.

The names of the first pioneers to settle on the Raritan were Hugh DunnJohn Martin, Hopewell Hull and Charles Gillman, with their families. On the 21st of May, 1666, they were granted the right as associates of the Woodbridge patentees, and December 18, following, were deeded by these New England neighbors from Newbury, one-third of their purchase obtained the week before. During the next year there came other members of the Gillman and Hull families, also Robert Dennis and John Smith.

So cheerful were the prospects and complete the liberties established; so peaceful the plantation and so generous the inducements offered, that additional emigration soon followed by friends and neighbors of the original pioneers. Before the year 1670 passed, the settlement of Piscataway had been increased by many new arrivals of associate planters from New England. Among them were Francis DrakeBenajah DunhamHenry Langstaff and John Martin, with their families, from New Hampshire; John Fitz Randolph, with his brothers, Thomas, Joseph and Benjamin, and sisters Elizabeth and Ruth, with their parents; Geoffry Manning, Nicholas Bonham, Samuel Walker and John Smalley, with their wives and children, from other New England districts, where the intolerance of the established Church order had restricted and restrained the exercise of free conscience and subjected them to many indignities and deprivations.

But the required number of actual settlers had not yet purchased land in Piscataway and made such improvements as were contemplated and specified by the Woodbridge grant of 1666, and the previous charter of 1664 to the Elizabethtown colony. Four years had now intervened without realizing the necessary accessions to the population or the required development of the territory. On the 20th of October, 1670, Governor Carteret made a public proclamation waiving all objections that might be made against the Piscataway settlement “on account of their not having come in exactly according to the time limited.” Stimulated by this official concession, renewed efforts were immediately made resulting in the greater improvement of the country and an increase of emigration thither.

By 1675-6 Piscataway had attained a notable prominence in the civil affairs of the province, and that year sent for the first time two deputies to the General Assembly, which had been held but twice before, (during the Spring and Winter of 1668). The few accessions made during the five years succeeding 1676-81 may have been caused by the disputed title of boundaries between Piscataway and Woodbridge, and the division of ownership in the colony and the unsettled condition of proprietorship, which was not definitely determined till 1682.

Up to this period nearly all the planters had come from plantations in New England or Long Island, and been under the influence of instruction tending to Baptist doctrines. Most all of the first original settlers in Piscataway were imbued with religious principles of this denomination, which had been discernible among the earliest adventurers to New England, and been preached by Hauserd Knollys in New Hampshire and taught by Roger Williams in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and advocated by William Wickenden among the towns on Long Island.

.Several of the Fitz Randolph families made East Jersey their home for many generations. But Benjamin in a few years moved to the site of the present town of Princeton. Our knowledge of his family is entirely due to the records left by his son Nathaniel Fitz Randolph of Princeton.

In October 1683 Edward’s widow was living in New Piscataqua ,New Jersey.  He is called in “deedes” a yeoman, or farmer,and does not appear to have been employed in any public office

Edward  was bequeathed 10 pounds sterling by his father if he came to demand it.


2. Nathaniel Fitz Randoph

Nathaniel’s first wife Mary Holloway was born 1643 in Sandwich, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were our ancestors Joseph HOLLOWAY and Rose Holly ALLEN. Mary died 12 Jul 1703 in Woodbridge, New Jersey

Nathaniel’s second wife Jane Curtis was born 11 Apr 1661 in Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, England. Jane first married 1681 in Burlington, New Jersey to Samuel Ogborne (b. 1657 in Scotland – d. 8 Dec 1694 in Burlington, Burlington, New Jersey), second 1698 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey to John Hampton (b. 1640 in Ephingstown, East Lothian, Scotland – d. 23 Jan 1702 in Freehold, New Jersey), third to Nathaniel, and fourth 7 Aug 1719 in Haddonfield, Camden, New Jersey to John Sharp (b. 29 Dec 1661 in Flower, Northamptonshire, England – d. 1729 in Evesham, Burlington, New Jersey) Jane died 13 Dec 1731 in Buckingham, Bucks, Pennsylvania,

Nathaniel became a Quaker, and one of the most influential of the sect. He migrated to Woodbridge township in 1678-9, locating near the Blazing Star ferry. He was the father of eight children, and a man of remarkable usefulness and importance in the commonwealth, filling all the local and county offices and prominent in the colonial government.  His brothers, John, Joseph, Thomas and Benjamin , had moved to Piscataway ten years earlier- in 1668-9 and were all  Baptists except Benjamin. The emigration of this family to New Jersey was prompted by the severe enactments of the court of the old colonies, prohibiting the free exercise of individual consciences, compelling every person to sustain by tax the established Church worship, and imposing banishment upon any who opposed infant baptism.

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph was one of the four who first asked for religious tolerance for the Friends in New England. In 1677, having joined the Quakers years before, and had in consequence suffered much persecution from the Plymouth government, exchanged his house in Barnstable for land in Woodbridge, N.J., and in the year afterwards, 1678-9, moved with his family to New Jersey. He served as associate justice of Middlesex Co., N.J. in 1688, 1692, and 1698; and in 1693-5, he represented Woodbridge in Provisional Assembly. In 1683, on the death of James Bollen, first Secretary of the Province, he was one of the two guardians of his children, and, on the establishment of the Woodbridge Monthly Meeting of Friends in 1706, he became a prominent member of the Society, and for seven years the Meeting was held in his house, until the completion of the Meeting House in 1713, two months before his death.”

Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey

Nathaniel and his immediate descendants were the only members of this prominent family belonging to the Friends. It is thought Nathaniel joined the Society at his marriage in 1662.He suffered persecution from Plymouth government and was fined 10 pounds (1663) & 2 pounds, 2 shillings (1669) by Plymouth court. Before 1677, he received a severe beating from Puritan neighbors after a religious argument and that same year he exchanged house in Barnstable for land in Woodbridge, NJ. He was succesful in New Jersey serving on the Vigilance Committeeman, Assoc Justice & High Sheriff of Middlesex Co, NJ, State Assemblyman, Overseer of Highways, Woodbridge Town Committeeman. Before 1713 he was a patentee of 590 acres of land in Middlesex Co, NJ.

In 1704 his house was opened for weekly meetings of the Friends. He died in 1713. His descendants have married with the Hulls, the Kinseys, the Hartshorns, the Hamptons, the Marshes, the Vails, the Laings, the Websters, the Shotwells and the Smiths.

On the 24th of August, 1704, at a quarterly meeting held in Shrewsbury, it was “agreed” that “for time to come it [the meeting] should be kept at Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s house, in Woodbridge every first day of the week until Friends se kause to alter it.” “it was then and there proposed by some friends in and about Woodbridge, to wit, John Kensy, Benjamin Griffith, William Sutton and John Laing whether it might not be konvenient to have a Preparative-meeting setled there to be held once a month? the Question was considered by friends and they answered, that it was their sence that it might be Serviceable and agreed to it, and left the appointment of the day when it should be held, to the friends of Woodbridge meeting.”

The Woodbridge meetings, except two, (held at John Kinsey’s in November & December, 1707) continued from this time forward to be held at the house of Fitz Randolph until the Friends had completed their meeting house, in which the first session was held September 19th, 1713. We cannot tell where Fitz Randolph dwelt; hence we cannot designate the locality where the Quakers met, for so many years, in harmonious council. Nor are we wiser in regard to the house of Benjamin Griffith where the first Quaker meeting in the village was convened. In 1707 we find the latter spoken of as an inhabitant of Amboy, from which we infer that he had returned to that place, although he attended the Woodbridge meetings with unabated interest. It may not be out of place to state that some well-informed people believe Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s residence to have occupied the site of the building which was the property of the late John Barron, near the depot on Green Street.

On the 18th of August the building of a Meeting-house was again discussed, John Kinsy offering a plot of ground for the purpose. Kinsy’s offer was not accepted on account of the inconvenience of the locality in which his land lay. It was resolved, however, to select a suitable place. In September, Nathaniel Fitz Randolph reported that no eligible spot had been heard of; but in October he stated that a man willing to sell a desirable piece of ground had been found. He was authorized to effect the purchase of it.

On the 21st of January, 1706, he informed the Friends that the land, comprising of half an acre, could be obtained for six pounds. The meeting approved the proceedings of Fitz Randolph, and he was directed to make the purchase in his own name. A subscription of eleven shillings and six pence was paid, which was swelled at subsequent meetings to the full amount required. William Sutton, being about to remove from Piscataway to Burlington, on the 15th of June donated a year-old steer “towards building [the] Meeting-house.” The animal was taken to be “wintered” for 6s. by Thomas Sutton, son of William, by order of the Friends. At this date the land in question had been laid out by Nathaniel Fitz Randolph and John Allen; and a deed was written by the Clerk, Benjamin Griffith, by which the land was held in trust for the Quakers by Fitz Randolph and John Kinsy. John Allen, formerly minister of the Woodbridge Town Church, was the man from whom the plot was bought , the said Allen owning considerable property about where the Methodist Episcopal Church now stands. Many of our Woodbridge readers remember the Friends’ burial place recently occupied by the lecture-room of the Methodists; but few, if any, are aware that a Quaker Meeting House once stood there. Such is the fact, and the history of this ancient building, no trace of which is left, is that which we are now recounting. How soon, alas, perishes all the handiwork of man! This house cost much sacrifice and toil to complete it, as the records show; but what remains, except these yellow leaves, to tell us the struggles of the godly worshipers. May they sleep the sleep of the just in their unknown graves, for the story of their toils is know to One who giveth rest to His beloved.

Children of Nathaniel and Mary:

i. John Fitz Randolph b: 1 Feb 1663 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony

ii. Isaac Fitz Randolph b: 7 Dec 1664 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony

iii. Samuel Fitz Randolph b: 1668 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony

4. Hannah Fitz Randolph (See Jasper TAYLOR‘s page)

5. Mary Fitz Randolph

Mary’s husband Samuel Hinckley was born 24 Jul 1642 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony. His parents were Samuel Hinckley (b: 25 Jul 1587 in Harrietsham, Kent, England) and Sarah Soule (bapt. 8 Jun 1600 in Hawkhurst, Kent, England. He first married 14 Dec 1664 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony to Mary Goodspeed (bapt. 2 Sep 1647 in Barnstable – d.  20 Dec 1666 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass)  Samuel died 2 Jan 1727 in Barnstable, Massachusetts.

Samuel was born in England and migrated to Scituate with his parents, Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, in 1635. In 1639, he moved from Scituate to Barnstable

Samuel’s brother Thomas Hinckley (wiki) was the Governor Plymouth from 1680 to its merger with Massachusetts in 1692.

Samuel and Mary Hinkley Memorial -- West Barnstable Cemetery -- Findagrave # 5762111

Samuel and Mary Hinkley Memorial — West Barnstable Cemetery — Findagrave # 5762111

Children of Mary and Samuel:

i. Samuel Hinckley b. 6 Feb 1669 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Isaac Hinckley b. 20 Aug 1674 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Mary Hinckley b. May 1677 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. Mercy Hinckley b. 9 Apr 1679 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Ebenezer Hinckley b. 2 Aug 1685 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. Ichabod Hinckley b. 1686 Barnstable, Mass.

vii. Thomas Hinckley b. 1 Jan 1689 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

6. John Fitz Randolph

John’s wife Sarah Bonham was born 16 Feb 1664 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Nicholas Bonham, (1630 -1684) and Hannah Fuller (1636 -1683) Sarah died 16 Jan 1738 in Belvedere, New Jersey.

John was a constituent member of the First Baptist Church of Piscataway and one of the largest landholders in the township.

Children of John and Sarah:

i. Sarah Fitz Randolph b. 25 Apr 1682 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ii. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 18 Feb 1684 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iii. Francis Fitz Randolph (twin) b. 15 Jun 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Temperance Fitz Randolph (twin) b. 15 Jun 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

v. John Fitz Randolph b. 2 Nov 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vi. Edward Fitz Randolph b. 25 May 1698 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

7. Joseph Fitz Randolph

Joseph’s wife Joannah “Hannah” Conger was born 1670 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were John Conger ( – 1712) and Mary Kelly (1641 -1689). Hannah died 26 Jun 1742 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

Children of Joseph and Joannah:

i. Hannah Fitz Randolph b. 4 Feb 1688; m. Andrew Drake

ii. Joseph Fitz Randolph b. 11 Feb 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Rebecca Drake

iii. Mary Fitz Randolph b. 3 Aug 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Bethia Fitz Randolph b. 20 Sep 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

v. Lydia Fitz Randolph b. 4 Jan 1698 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vi. Moses Fitz Randolph b. 9 Apr 1700 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vii. Jonathan Fitz Randolph b. 15 Jun 1702 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Margaret Manning

viii. Susannah Fitz Randolph b. 23 Jun 1704 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ix. Ruth Fitz Randolph b. 11 Jun 1706 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

x. Anna Fitz Randolph b. 3 Sep 1708 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

xi. Prudence Fitz Randolph b. 30 Nov 1712 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Nathaniel Manning

xii. Isaac Fitz Randolph b. 21 Apr 1716 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

8. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph

Elizabeth’s husband Andrew Wooden was born 1662 in New Hampshire. His parents were John Wooden (1636 – 1720) and Audrey Medhurst (1638 – 1720). Andrew died 1702 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States

Children of Elizabeth and Andrew:

i. Elizabeth Wooden 1678 – 1682

ii. Hope Wooden 1680 – 1765

iii. Josiah Wooden 1682 – 1720

iv. Deliverence Wooden 1683 – 1719

v. Mercy Wooden 1683 – 1683

vi. Peter Wooden 1685 – 1776

9. Thomas Fitz Randolph

Thomas’ wife Elizabeth Manning was born 1669 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were Jeffrey Manning and Hepzibah Andrews (b.1645 – ) Elizabeth died 1 Mar 1732 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey.    She died from Small Pox, along with her daughter Elizabeth (Mar 19) and a grandson (Mar 21) within weeks of each other. All three are side by side in the Fitzrandolph family plots, and died within three weeks of each other.

Thomas  was Clerk of the township and one of the first group of Selectmen to manage the affairs of Piscataway, and served as deputy in the General Assembly.

Thomas was a weaver.

Elizabeth Manning Fitz Randolph Headstone

Elizabeth Manning Fitz Randolph Headstone — Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery, Edison, Middlesex, New Jersey. A metal marker was placed beside his wife’s gravestone in memory of Thomas. — Findagrave #16012924

Here lyes ye body of
Elizabeth ye Wife (of – missing/damaged)
Thomas Fitzrandolph
died With ye small
pox march ye 1, 1732
Age 63 years.

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth:

i. Thomas Fitz Randolph b. 20 Jul 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ii. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 1689 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 19 Mar 1732 Burial: Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery, Edison, Middlesex, New Jersey

Here Lyes ye body
of Elizabeth Fitz
Randolph died
march ye 19 1732
Aged 43 years
daught. of Thomas
died with small

iii. David Fitz Randolph b. 1 Jan 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Jonathan Fitz Randolph b. 12 Jan 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

v. Bathsheba Fitz Randolph b. 24 Sep 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vi. Dinah Fitz Randolph b. 10 Jul 1700 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 1775 and may be buried in Bethlehem, Hunterdon County, New Jersey?

vii. Luranah Fitz Randolph b. 19 Feb 1703 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

10. Hope Fitz Randolph

Hope’s husband Ezekiel Bloomfield was born 1 Nov 1653 Newburyport Essex, Mass. His parents were Thomas Bloomfield (1617 – 1684) and Mary Withers (1620 – 1686). Ezekiel died 15 Feb 1703 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey;

Ezekiel was called “youngest son” in the will of his father, and he received land and personal property in the will of his brother Thomas.

1 Jan 1687 – Ezekiel Bloomfield was elected a Deputy to the Colonial Assembly January 1, 1687.

– “We presume that Ezekiel Bloomfield was keeper of the pound for many years, for we read of animals being impounded very often; but up to 1700, Ezeskiel, who was elected to that distinguished position in 1692, is the only many whose name is used in connection with the office.”

20 Apr 1694 Recorded May 28, 1694. Deed. Ezekiel Blumfield wheelwright, to John Loofbourrow, miller, both of Woodbridge, for 25 acres of meadow, N. the Great Pond, W. meadow, sold by John Blomfield to John Barclay, S. and E. grantor’s meadow.

27 Nov 1697 – Deed. Ezekiel Blumfield of Woodbridge, carpenter, and with Hope to Richard Powell of the same place, Innholder, for 2 acres of saltmeadow there, S.E. John Blumfield, now George Browne, S. Samuel Moore, W. a small creek, N. Papiack Neck (NJ Arch., 21:276)

12 Jan 1702/03 – Will. Blomfield, Ezekiel, of Woodbridge, will of. Wife Hope; children- Timothy, Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Joseph, Benjamin, Mary, brother Thomas Bloomfield mentioned. Land in Langster’s Plain, salt marsh bought of John Lovebury, part of Rarington meadows, personal estate. Executors- wife and son Timothy. Witnesses- Samuel Hale, William Ellison and Joseph Fitz Randolph. Proved February 26, 1702/03

Children of Hope and Ezekiel:

i. Timothy Bloomfield b. 11 Feb. 1681; d. After 20 Sept. 1748 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; m. 2 April 1707 in Woodbridge to Rose Higgins.

Timothy married only about three months after the death of his mother. His father was already dead. Did he take in some of his younger siblings to raise? Is this why he married so quickly, or was he already engaged?

ii. Ezekiel Bloomfield b. 26 Nov 1683; d. 14 Jan 1748 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. 23 Dec 1706 in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey to Hester Rolfe (b. 1685 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 11 Sep 1742 Woodbridge) Hester was previously married to Jonathon Dunham.

iii. Rebeckah Bloomfield: b. 7 Jun 1686 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 25 Dec. 1688 at age 2 years, 6 months and 18 days. Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey

iv. Nathaniel Bloomfield: b. 9 Feb 1688 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 15 Oct. 1689 at age 1 year, 8 months and six days. Woodbridge, New Jersey. Death occurred only 9 months and 20 days after his sister’s death.

v. Jeremiah Bloomfield b. 28 Jan 1693 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 1746 Lycoming County, Pennsylvania; m. 8 Jan 1721/1722 to Katherine Weeks

vi. Joseph Bloomfield b. 21 March 1694/95 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 16 May 1782 Woodbridge; m. 5 Sep 1721, probably in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey Eunice Dunham (b. 12 May 1702 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 30 Nov 1760 Woodbridge)

vii. Rebecca Bloomfield: b. 1697 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 1757 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; m. ~1715 in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey to Charles Salyer, Jr.

viii. Mary Bloomfield: b. ~ 1697 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 30 Jun 1750 Woodbridge; m. Obadiah Ayers (b. 25 Dec 1703 Woodbridge – d. 1760 Woodbridge) Obadiah’s parents were Obadiah Ayers (1670 – 1729) and Joanna F Jones Ayers (1670 – )

ix. Benjamin Bloomfield: b. 1701; d. 26 May 1772 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Susannah [__?__]

Were they Quakers? They are listed in an article about early Plainfield Quakers, but it isn’t stated whether they were Quaker, or even lived there. The great grandson was not, so if they were, that ended at least with some lines in a few generations.

11. Benjamin Fitz Randolph

Benjamin’s first wife Sarah Dennis was born 18 Jul 1673 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were John Dennis (1640 – 1689) and Sarah Bloomfield (1643 – 1689) Sarah died 22 Nov 1732 in Stoney Brook, New Jersey.

Benjamin’s second wife Margaret Robertson was born 1709 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey. Margaret died 1747 in Princeton, New Jersey.

Benjamin was taken in as a townsman of Piscataway in 1684. but moved to Princeton in 1696-9 with a colony of Friends whom William Penn induced to settle on a fertile plantation watered by Stony Brook, a tributary of the Millstone River.

Children of Benjamin and Sarah:

i. Sarah Fitz Randolph b. 14 Apr 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ii. Grace Fitz Randolph b. 25 Jan 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iii. Ruth Fitz Randolph b. 8 Apr 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Hope Fitz Randolph b. 12 Feb 1697 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

v. Benjamin Fitz Randolph b. 24 Apr 1699 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey; d. Jan 1758
New Jersey; m. 10 Mar 1728 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey to Elizabeth Pridemore (b. 1709 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 1758 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey)

Benjamin FitzRandolph and Elizabeth Pridemore FitzRandoph left NJ and settled in North Carolina for a while. The N. C. Colonial Records show land grants for him in 1735 in Bladen Co., NC . They lived on the Cape Fear River and was referred to as a “Planter”. He is referenced as “Sr.” in the records , although he was the son of Benjamin of New Jersey who never came to North Carolina. This reference was most likely because he had a son Benjamin also. At some point Benjamin FitzRandolph and Elizabeth returned to NJ where they died. He was appointed POA for his brother- in-law, Ephraim Manning who had returned to NJ about 1739.

vi. Isaac FitzRandolph b. 10 Apr 1701 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey; d. 13 May 1750 Freehold, Monmouth, New Jersey; m. 28 Nov 1728 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey to Rebecca Seabrook (b. 8 Jun 1708 in Middletown, Monmouth, New Jersey – d. 25 Mar 1744 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey) Rebecca’s parents were James Seabrook (1685 – 1735)
and Hannah Grover (1687 – )

vii. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph b. 11 Nov 1703 in Princeton, New Jersey; d. 1780 Princeton, Mercer, New Jerseyp; m. 20 Oct 1729 in Mercer, Princeton, New Jersey to Rebekah Mershon (b. 10 Mar 1711 in Hunterdon, New Jersey – d. 12 Mar 1784 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey)

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph Memorial

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph Memorial

The four and a half acres of ground given by Mr. Fitz Randolph for the site of the College adjoined his own residence on the King’s Highway, now Nassau Street and the Lincoln Highway, behind which was the family burial ground. When Holder Hall was erected on this site in 1909, mo less than thirty-two tombs were discovered, one of them being that of Nathaniel Fitz Randolph.

The contents of the graves were carefully preserved in separate boxes. University President Woodrow Wilson directed the remains to be re-interred in a vault under the eastern arch of Holder Hall. A memorial tablet bears the inscription, “Near this spot lie the remains of Nathaniel FitzRandolph, the generous giver of the land upon which the original buildings of this university were erected. In agro jacet nostro immo suo (In our ground he sleeps, nay, rather in his own).”

Holder Hall, Princeton University

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph is interred in a vault under Holder Hall, Princeton University

Ironically, Holder Hall, built over Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s grave is named for another of our Quaker relatives, Christopher Holder.

On Sep 16, 1658 by the order of Governor Endicott, Christopher Holder, a future son-in-law of Richard SCOTT, had his right ear cut off by the hangman at Boston for the crime of being a Quaker. Richard’s wife, Katherine MARBURY SCOTT  (Anne Hutchinson’s (wiki) sister), was present, and remonstrating against this barbarity, was thrown into prison for two months, and then publicly flogged ten stripes with a three-corded whip.   Mrs. Scott protested

“that it was evident they were going to act the work of darkness or else they would have brought them forth publicly and have declared them offences, that all may hear and fear.”

For this utterance the Puritan Fathers of Boston

“committed her to prison and they gave her ten cruel stripes with a three-fold corded knotted whip” shortly after “though ye confessed when ye had her before you that for ought ye knew she had been of unblamable character and though some of you knew her father and called him Mr. Marbury and that she had been well bred (as among men and had so lived) and that she was the mother of many children. Yet ye whipped her for all that, and moreover told her that ye were likely to have a law to hang her if she came thither again.”

To which she answered:

“If God calls us, woe be unto us if we come not, and I question not but he whom we love will make us not to count our lives dear unto ourselves for the sake of his name.”

To which vow, Governor Endicott, replied:

“And we shall be as ready to take any of your lives as ye shall be to lay them down.”

You can read the full story in my post Puritans v. Quakers – Boston Martyrs

Founding Princeton

Nathaniel FitzRandolph, a Quaker, was primarily responsible for raising the money and securing the land required by the trustees to locate the College in Princeton, which they did in 1756. He was a large land owner in and about Princeton, and one of its prominent citizens. A number of other locations for the college of New Jersey were considered. New Brunswick was more favored than any other site by the Trustees, but Fitz Randolph by his energy fulfilled the monetary requirements for the location of the college, where others failed, and won the prize.

The citizens of Princeton complied with the trustees’ request to raise £1,000 (actually they raised £1,700), provide ten acres of cleared land for the campus and 200 acres of woodland for fuel. FitzRandolph himself donated £20 and 4.5 acres of land.

According to legend, an agreement between Nathaniel FitzRandolph and the College of New Jersey (as Princeton was then known) was made in 1753. In exchange for donating the land on which Nassau Hall now resides, the College agreed to pay tuition for all of his descendants to attend the institution. Unfortunately, this is not true. No such provision was incorporated into the deed of gift.

Nathaniel wrote the following account “Of the College at Princeton, New Jersey:”

“When it was reported that a Charter was granted by Hamilton our Deputy Governor for a college to be erected some where in New Jersey, & twelve trustees appointed, I was the first man that proposed to set subscriptions on foot Sd Tower, also I was the first man that drew a subscription for that purpose, also the first man that rode to obtain subscriptions, also wrote twenty papers for that purpose, and helped to spread them. And did obtain about five hundred Pounds as subscriptions under sd Charter.

Also after a second Charter was granted by Gov. Jonathan Blecher for a College in New Jersey and twenty five trustees were appointed, the old subscription was dropped. And I wrote about fifteen subscription papers more, helping to spread sd subscription papers in which about seventeen hundred Pounds was obtained.

“I also gave four acres and a half of land to set the college on, and twenty Pounds, besides time and expenses for several years together, but whereas, I did sign but three acres in the subscription, so I took a receipt of some of the Trustees only, for the three acres of land to answer the subscription, and also the consideration mentioned in the deed I gave the Trustees for sd College land, is one hundred and fifty Pounds, I never did receive one penny of it, that was only to confirm title.” (signed “Nathaniel Fitz Randolph”

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph was the author of the “Book of Records,” now in the possession of Princeton University, which gives an account of the branch of the Fitz Randolph family to which he belonged.

Fitz Randolph Gates

In 1905 the FitzRandolph Gateway was erected through a bequest from Augustus van Winkle in honor of his ancestor Nathaniel FitzRandolph. This gateway adorns the main entrance of the campus from Nassau Street.

The myth surrounding Fitz Randolph Gate prevents most students from venturing out the main exit.

The FitzRandolph Gate was initially constructed to keep townspeople off the University campus. It was built in 1905 and kept closed and locked, except during the Parade and graduation. The graduation march through the gate, which is still observed, symbolizes the graduates’ transition from the University into the larger world.

The gate was also opened occasionally to honor notable visitors.  For example, President Grover Cleveland passed through the gate during his visit to campus.

In 1970, the gate was permanently cemented open, at the request of the Class of 1970. This gesture was intended to reflect improving relations with the town. The opening also embodied a greater significance.  Given the student uproar over Vietnam and Cambodia, it was an attempt to symbolize that Princeton was open and responsive to the world, and not just a cloistered ivy tower.  Since 1970, the gate has remained open for regular use. However, the superstition that emerged shortly after the opening has caused some students to avoid the gate.

According to the myth, students may imperil their graduation by exiting the gate towards Nassau Street.   While entering the gate is apparently safe, some students still take extra precaution.

“I know people that won’t walk in the gates,” said Emily Moxley ’05. “I always laugh at them when I walk in and they take an extra minute or two to go to one of the side gates.

Some alumni are still quite serious about observing FitzRandolph protocol. Michelle Yun ’06 visited campus as a pre-frosh with Thomas F. Schrader ’72. At the time, she was not aware of the myth and nearly walked out of the gate to take a photograph.  “Mr. Schrader jumped up . . . and grabbed me with both arms, pulling me back suddenly,” she said.  Since the incident, Yun says she will not enter or exit the gate and will not permit anyone walking with her to do so either.

viii. Grace Fitz Randolph b. 5 Oct 1706 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

ix. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 31 Dec 1708 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

Children of Benjamin and Maragaret:

x. Mary Fitz Randolph b. 4 Apr 1734 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

xi. Margaret Fitz Randolph b. 7 Nov 1736 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey


Posted in 12th Generation, Dissenter, Historical Church, Historical Monument, Historical Site, Immigrant - England, Immigrant Coat of Arms, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Place Names, Royal Ancestors | Tagged , , , | 17 Comments

Jasper Taylor

Jasper TAYLOR (1643 – 1719) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor

Jasper Taylor was born 21 Oct 1641, St. Andrew, Holborn, Middlesex, England. His parents were Richard TAYLOR (1610 – ) and [__?__]. He is sometimes called Jospeh Taylor.  He married Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH 6 Nov 1668 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Jasper died 1719 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Hannah Fitz Randolf was born 23 Apr 1648 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Edward FITZ RANDOLPH and Elizabeth BLOSSOM.Hannah died 13 Apr 1705 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass

Children of  Jasper and Hannah:

Name Born Married Departed
1. John Taylor 28 Jan 1670  Barnstable, Plymouth Colony 9 Feb 1669 Barnstable
2. Mercy TAYLOR 6 Nov 1671 Barnstable, Mass. Jonathan WHELDON
1 Dec 1698 Yarmouth
14 Mar 1742 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
3. Hope Taylor 24 Oct 1674   Barnstable, Plymouth Colony Joseph Sturgis (Son of Edward STURGIS)
13 Apr 1705 Yarmouth, Massa
4. Seth Taylor 5 Sep 1677  Barnstable, Plymouth Colony Susanna Sturgis
20 May 1701
17 Dec 1721  Yarmouth
5. John Taylor 21 Mar 1680  Barnstable, Plymouth Colony 1681
6. Elinor Taylor 6 Apr 1682 Barnstable, Plymouth Colony 26 Apr 1682   Barnstable
7. Jasher Taylor 29 Apr 1684 Barnstable, Plymouth Colony Experience Cobb
18 Feb 1714 Yarmouth
31 Oct 1752 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Jasper Taylor’s Origins

Little is known about Jasper Taylor’s origins. Many genealogies say he was born in 1643 in Barnstaple, Barnstable, Mass and his parents were Stephen Taylor and Sarah Hosford. Other genealogies say his parents were Richard Taylor and Ruth Wheldon. I don’t think either of these two theories are supported, so I’m going with the ideas Jasper was born in England. I found this reference  showing a possible baptism

Stephen Taylor / Sarah Hosford Theory

Stephen Taylor was born about 1618, possibly in Spreyton, Devon, England, and died 1 Sep 1688 in Windsor, Conn.. He first married 1 Nov 1642 in Windsor, Conn. to Sarah Hosford (bapt. 11 Jan 1623/24 Beaminster, England – d. 1647 in Windsor, CT). Her parents were William Hosford and Florence Hayward. After Sarah died, he married 25 Oct 1649 in Windsor, CT to Elizabeth Nowell ( b. ~ 1630 – 5 Aug, 1689 in Windsor, CT). .Genealogies that show Jasper’s parents to be Stephen Taylor and Sarah Hosford, show him as an only child. In trees that show their other children, Jasper never appears.

Children of Stephen Taylor and Sarah Hosford:

i. Stephen Taylor b. 11 Mar 1643/44, Windsor, CT; d. 3 Aug 1707, Windsor; m.  Joanna Porter.

ii. Samuel Taylor 8 Oct 1647, Windsor, Conn.; d. 5 Aug 1723, Westfield, Mass.

Children of Stephen Taylor and Elizabeth Nowell:

iii. John Taylor b. 22 Mar 1651/52 Windsor, CT; d. 20 Jul 1726 Windsor; m1. Sarah Younglove; m2. Elizabeth Spencer

iv. Thomas Taylor b. 5 Oct 1655 Windsor, CT; d. 6 Jan 1740/41 Windsor

v. Abigail Taylor b. 19 Mar 1657/58 Windsor, CT; d. 17 Mar 1739/40 Suffield, CT

vi. Mary Taylor b,. 18 Jun 1661

vii. Mindwell Taylor b. 5 Nov 1663 Windsor, CT

Richard Taylor and Ruth Wheldon Theory

There were two contemporaneous Richard Taylors residing in early Yarmouth between 1643 and 1674 (the “tailor” and the “Rock”). I’m going with the theory that they married sisters Mary and Ruth Welden. Mary and Ruth were both daughters of our ancestor Gabriel WHELDON.   See Gabriel’s page for the 18 children of the two combined families.  I sorted out the children by family, but presented  in a single list.

One of Ruth’s children  has named “Jasher”  and another had a son named “Jasher”, though other accounts say he was the child of the subject of this sketch.

vii. Richard Taylor (Ruth) b: 9 Jun 1652  Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 15 Nov 1732 in Yarmouth,; m. ~1670 to Hannah [__?__] (b. 1648 – d. 18 Nov 1733 Yarmouth) Richard and Hannah had at least three children born in Yarmouth between 1683 and 1695.  Some genealogies say they had a son Jasher Taylor (1685 – 1752) , others say that Jasher was a son of Jaspser TAYLOR and Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH

Jasher’s son and grandson with the same name

Son – Jasher Taylor b. 6 Oct 1719 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 28 Nov 1795 Buckland, Franklin, Mass.; m. 20 Sep 1744 in Yarmouth to Thankful Sears (b. 11 Apr 1723 in Yarmouth)

Grandson – Lt. Jasher Taylor b. 12 Mar 1761 Yarmouth; d. 17 Feb 1806 Buckland, Franklin, Mass; m1. 13 Jan 1785 in Ashfield, Franklin, Mass to Susannah Kelley (b. 1757 in Ashfield – d. 5 Apr 1804 in Buckland; m2. 19 May 1805 in Ashfield to Marcy Taylor (b. 27 Jul 1765 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.)

xiii.  Jasher Taylor (Ruth)  b: 9 May 1659 or 9 Aug 1653 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony

A 1655 lawsuit was brought against Margaret Whelden, widow of Gabriel by four men, two of whom were: Richard Taylor, Taylor and Richard Taylor, Husbandman… [Source: Middlesex Court Files Folio 11; HLS #411 and/or Probate Court, Cambridge, Suffolk County]:

“To the Constable of maulden or his deputie. You are required to attach the body or goods of Margrett Weilden, late widdow of Gabriel Weilden, and to take bond of her to the value of fourscore plus tenn pounds with sufficient suerties for her appearance at the next Court holden at Cambrdge ye wd day of ye 8 mo. 55, then and there to anser ye complaynt of Henry Weilden John Weilden, Rich: Taylor Taylor and Rich: Taylor husbandman for withholding their parts or portions of an estate which their late father Gabriell Weilden was possessor or owner of in his life and soe make a true returne hereof under your hand. Dated the 28 of the 5th mo. 55. By the Court Tho: Starr”

Jasper and Jasher

There were Jasper and Jasher Taylors in early Yarmouth.  Are they two names, or variants on one?

Jasper is a variant of the Persian name Kasper–and related to the name of the third Magi, Gasper. In Scandinavian countries, the name is Jesper. The name dates far back, and was common enough to be used in the royal family of England. The uncle of Henry VII of England was Jasper Tudor (1431-1495), the second son of the scandalous relationship of Owen Tudor and Queen Catherine of Valois (widow of Henry V).

Jasher, pronounced jaw-shawr’, is Hebrew in origin and it’s meaning is righteous or upright. The Book of Jasher, or the Book of the upright is one of the several lost books of the Old Testament referenced in the Hebrew Bible. It was probably a collection of verses in praise of the heroes of Israel.

Biblical reference for baby name Jasher:
Joshua 10:13; 2 Samuel 1:18

2. Mercy Taylor (See Jonathan WHELDON‘s page)

3. Hope Taylor

Hope’s husband Joseph Sturgis was born about 1664 in Yarmouth, Plymouth colony
His parents were our ancestors Edward STURGIS and Temperance GORHAM. Joseph died 16 Mar 1747 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Hope and Joseph

i. Jasper Sturgis b: 1 Apr 1695 in Yarmouth, Mass.

ii. Temperance Sturgis b: 6 Sep 1696 in Yarmouth, Mass.

iii. Thankful Sturgis b: 15 Jul 1698 in Yarmouth, Mass.

iv. Hannah Sturgis b: 30 Jul 1701 in Yarmouth, Mass.

v. Fear Sturgis b: 15 Jan 1705 in Yarmouth, Mass.

4. Seth Taylor

Seth’s wife Susanna Sturgis was born 1683 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Sturgis and Abigail Lathrop. Her four grandparents were all our ancestors:  Edward STURGIS & Elizabeth HINCKLEY and  Barnabas LOTHROP & Susanna CLARK.  After Seth died, she married 9 Oct 1732 to John Throop. Examination of the original Bristol Vital records discloses the following wording, “Dea’n John Throop entered his intention of marriage with Susannah Taylor of Yarmouth, October 9th 1732.   She was admitted a member of the Bristol church between January of 1728 and May 13, 1741.  Susanna died 13 Oct 1768 in Bristol, Rhode Island.

Children of Seth and Susanna:

i. Barnabas Taylor b. 28 Jan 1702 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Abigail Taylor b. 6 Dec 1703 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Seth Taylor b. 1 Apr 1705  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. James Taylor M 7 Feb 1707 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Eleanor Taylor b. 8 May 1709 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. Ebenezer Taylor b. 10 Jun 1711  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

vii. William Taylor b. 23 Feb 1713  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

viii. John Taylor b. 5 Jul 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ix. Thankful Taylor b. 8 Mar 1717  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

x. Thomas Taylor b. 5 Jul 1718 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

xi. Enoch Taylor b.  4 Mar 1720 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

xii. Nathaniel Taylor b.  18 Jun 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

7. Jasher Taylor

Some genealogies show Jasher’s parents as Richard Taylor (1652 – 1732) and Hannah Rice (1651 – 1707).  Richard’s parents were Richard Taylor and Ruth Wheldon and his grandparents were Gabriel WHELDON and Jane [__?__].

Jasher’s wife Experience Cobb was born 8 Jun 1692 in Barnstable, Mas. Her parents were Samuel Cobb (b. 12 Oct 1654 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony – 7 Sep 1727 ) and Elizabeth Taylor (b: ~1655 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony).   Experience died 17 Dec 1764 Burial: Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port, Barnstable, Mass.

Experience Cobb Headstone; Find A Grave Memorial# 43963005

Experience Cobb Headstone; Detail — Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port —  Find A Grave Memorial# 43963005


Jasher Taylor Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port Barnstable, Mass -- Findagrave #43963059

Jasher Taylor Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port
Barnstable, Mass — Findagrave #43963059

Here lyes Buried ye Body of Mr JASHER TAYLOR Who Departed this Life Oct’r 31 Anno Dom’ni 1752 In ye 67th Year of his Age

Children of Jasher and Experience

i. Ruth Taylor b: 28 Apr 1715 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 18 Jun 1737 Yarmouth

ii.  Capt. Isaac Taylor b: 14 Nov 1716 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 11 Dec 1786 Ashfield Franklin, Mass.; m. Sep 18,1755 in Yarmouth to Mary Joyce (1725 – 1779)

iii. Lydia Taylor?  b. 12 Jan 1717

iv.  Jasher Taylor b: 16 Oct 1719 in Yarmouth, Mass; d. 28 Nov 1795 in Buckland, Franklin, Mass; m. 20 Sep 1744 in Yarmouth to Thankful Sears

v. Betty Taylor? b: 27 Feb 1721

vi. David Taylor b: 24 May 1724; d. 24 Jan 1760; m. 23 Mar 1748 Ashfield, Franklin, Mass. to Thankful Hallet

vii. Jonathan Taylor b: 18 Feb 1726; d. 29 Dec 1794 in Ashfield, Franklin, Mass; m. Thankful Phinney (1733 – 1818)

viii. Stephen Taylor? b: 16 May 1728; d. 20 Dec 1759 in Yarmouth

ix. Thankful Taylor b: 2 Apr 1732; d. 11 Oct 1812 in Yarmouth; m. 27 Nov 1766 to Richard Taylor (1742 – 1838) Richard’s parents were William Taylor (1717 – 1808) and Anne Gorham (1717 – 1791)

x. Keziah Taylor b: 29 Mar 1734; d. 1 Aug 1801 in Yarmouth


Posted in 11th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw | Tagged , , | 9 Comments

Gabriel Wheldon

Gabriel WHELDON (~1590 – 1655) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Weldon Coat of Arms

Weldon Family Coat of Arms

Gabriel Wheldon was born about 1590, based on the 1612 baptism of his first child Thomas probably in Basford or Arnold, Nottinghamshire, England.  These are now adjoining suburbs just north of Nottingham, and about 10 miles south of “Shirewood Forest,” traditional home to Robin Hood some 400 years earlier.  His father was probably Henry WHELDON.

Gabriel’s Uncle Thomas made his will 8 March 1609/10 and was buried at Basford 11 April 1610. Thomas was a blacksmith.  The will indicates that Thomas Whelden had a brother Henry Whelden and  two sisters: Helen, wife of Mr. Stamford, and Jane, who had a daughter Mary Crampton, suggesting that Jane was the wife or widow of a Mr. Crampton. Evidently, Thomas Whelden had no children of his own and was quite fond of his nephew Gabriel Whelden. While the will does not identify Gabriel’s father, it is probable Henry was Gabriel’s father. Apparently Thomas was careful to leave something to all nieces, nephews, and godchildren, but he did not mention any children of brother Henry. Gabriel’s oldest son was named Thomas, presumably for his uncle, and the next son was named Henry, presumably for Gabriel’s father

…. I give unto Christobell myne espowsed wife for the Tearme of her life the occupation of this howse and the close adioyninge & one garden that is payled, reservinge that smithy and chamber with all the tooles belonginge to my trade of farryer And one garden att the howseend there wch I give and bequeath to Gabraell Whelden my Nephewe Itm I give vnto my sayde nephew Gabraell Twelve swathes of meadowe lying in Daboreck [Daybrook?] and moreover one close commonly called the longe close, to him & his heires for ever and after the decease of my wife, I doe give vnto my sayde Nephew the whole howse & close lyinge thereunto Also I give my land in Bagthorpe field to my sayde Wife & Nephew to occupye and enioye the same Ioyntly and equally between them, And after my wives decease to my sayde Nephewe and his heires I doe give the same Whollye for ever…..

He is reported to have married Mary Davis on 3 Aug 1617 in Arnold.  But no documentation has been offered, and no record found in the Parish Registers of Arnold, Basford, or Nottingham.  His first known wife JANE [__?__] was living on 15 Aug 1637.  He immigrated in 1638 or 1639.  He married again in Massachusetts about 1649 to Margaret Matthews.   Gabriel died 4 Apr 1655 Malden, Middlesex, Mass.  Burial: Bell Rock Cemetery, Malden.

Jane [__?__] was born about 1595. Jane died aft. 5 Aug 1637 in Nottingham, England.

Margaret Matthews was a sister of sister of Rev. Marmaduke Matthews and returned to Wales with her brother after Gabriel’s death in 1654

Children of  John and Jane:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Thomas Whelden bapt.
1 Feb 1611/12  St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
15 Apr 1615
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
2. Katherine Whelden bapt.
6 Mar 1616/17
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Giles Hopkins (son of Stephen HOPKINS)
9 Oct 1639 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
aft. 5 Mar 1688/89 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
3. Henry Wheldon bapt.
21 Feb 1617/18
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Eed or Edith [__?__]
25 Jan 1647/48 Yarmouth
28 Oct 1694 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
4. Mary Wheldon bapt. together
23 Dec 1621
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Richard Taylor
by 1648
found dead in a boat off Duxbury, Mass. bef. 4 Dec 1673, when there was an inquest
5. Martha Wheeldon bapt. together
23 Dec 1621
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
17 June 1639, drowned Dedham, Mass.
6. John Whelden bapt.
5 Nov 1623
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
before 4 Oct. 1630
7. Ruth Whelden bapt.
5 Jul 1626
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Richard Taylor
27 Oct 1646
btw. 28 Oct 1699 will & 6 Oct 1703 probate
8. John WHELDON bapt.
4 Oct 1630
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Mary FOLLAND 20 Nov 1711 in Yarmouth

The more common spelling is din or den although there were dozens of variations of spelling.


Gabriel inherited a blacksmith shop and tools of the farrier trade (horse-hoof care) from his uncle Thomas Whelden in July, 1610, along with a kiln, horse-powered mill, and land in Basford.  Other land in Bagthorpe Field went first to Thomas’ wife Christobel, then to Gabriel. Thomas’ daughter Margaret Fellowe received only a pewter dish and 12 pence.  Gabriel was co-executor of his uncle’s will, and therefore at least 21 years of age in 1610.  Christobel remarried Thomas Huitt 6 Apr 1611 in Basford.  She made her will 1 Feb 1618/9, which was proven 22 Apr 1619.  Thomas Whelden had a brother Henry Whelden and sisters Helen Stamford and Jane Crampton. Henry was mentioned in Christobel’s will in 1619.

4 Apr 1617 – Gabriel was a blacksmith in Basford, when he rented land from William Stafford,   tailor of Somercotes, Derbyshireon a 21-year lease [expired 4 Apr 1638].

“Gabriel Whelden, husbandman of Basford, and Jane his wife” exchanged the land in Bagthorpe Field for tracts in Quarry Field, Middle Field, and Neather Field from John Hutchinson 5 August 1637

1622 – Gabriel Whelden served as churchwarden at Basford in 1622.   His uncle Thomas Whelden had previously held this position in 1603.

15 Aug 1637 – John Hutchinson, gentleman of Basford, drew a deed of exchange of land in Basford and surrounding areas with Gabriel Whelden, “husbandman of Basford,” and his wife Jane.

10 Mar 1638 –  “Gabriel Whelden, yeoman of Basford,” leased his kiln, mill, and land in Basford to John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare.  Since Jane is listed in the first transaction but not in the second, she probably died in the time between them.  There is no record of Gabriel having a wife in America until he married Margaret.  On 20 Apr 1638 The Earl of Clare assigned the lease of the mill house and three acres “currently in the occupation of Gabriell Wheld” to Robert Wright for the next 21 years.

Thus Gabriel Whelden was putting his affairs in order, disposing of some of his property, and gaining capital so that he could depart for New England. Spring was the optimum time to set sail before the hurricane season began, and so it is likely Gabriel and his family emigrated in the spring of 1638. However, since the first certain record of the family in Massachusetts was not until June 1639, their emigration could have been in the spring of 1639.

The “wife of Gabriell Wheeldon, miller,” was one of two residents of Basford presented as “sectaries” (religious sectarians) before 1642. ] Persecution of those who failed to follow the tenets of the established Church of England was a major reason for the Great Migration to New England 1620–1640, and this record suggests that Gabriel Whelden’s immigration to New England may have been largely because of this religious persecution.

Legend of Gabriel’s Wampanoag Wife

There is a persistent but quite apocryphal story that Gabriel and one or two of his brothers arrived soon after the Mayflower, seamen who deserted ship, escaped to the Wampanoag Indian village at PoKoNet [Pokanoket?], and took wives among the daughters of Chief Massasoit’s brother Quadequina.

According to legend, Gabriel's wife was a Wampanoag woman

According to legend, Gabriel’s wife Margaret was a full blooded Wampanoag

Returning to Plymouth after the birth of several children, he was tried by the court at Plymouth and “sentenced to exile” at Mattacheese, on land donated by the Cape Tribes, regaining “Freeman” status only after many years. This “legend” appears to have started with a 1935 article by Franklyn BeArce, a claimed descendant of Massasoit, “From Out of the Past, Who Our Forefathers Really Were, Our White and Indian Ancestors Back to 1628,” supposedly based on information handed down for 300 years by word of mouth.

Wampanoag Map

Wampanoag Map

Historians and genealogists have demonstrated many fallacies in this story, such as documentation of Gabriel’s presence in England in 1637-8, and his grant of lands in Mattacheese as a Freeman, and holding office there within three years. That town was, in fact, not a place of exile, but a prestigious expansion community as Plymouth grew. There also is no record of a trial or sentence or sanctions of any kind in Plymouth; nor of the three-way, top level negotiations that would have been needed to obtain land for him from the Indians. A search of the records of Massachusetts Bay Colony also found no reference to any legal action against Gabriel under any spelling of his name. BeArce also identified Gabriel’s wife Margaret as a full-blooded Wampanoag, and mother of all of his children, when she is known to have been the sister of Reverend Marmaduke Matthews, Yarmouth neighbor and friend of Gabriel Whelden, and married Gabriel in 1649, and was possibly the mother of only his daughter Sarah.

However, one researcher quotes a note from Plimoth Plantation Records, yet to be found, that “Gabriell Wheildon – a fisherman came 1629 – ship Lyons Whelp to Salem (the voyage that brought my paternal ancestor Thomas MINER – see my post Lyon’s Whelp) Later in 1638 moved to Yarmouth” Whether this is the same person is not determined. But, as noted above, Gabriel is documented as still resident in England on 20 Apr 1638. Charles Banks’ The Planters of the Commonwealth names 14 of the 40+ passengers on the Lyon’s Whelp, (but not Gabriel), which sailed from Gravesend, east of London, 25 Apr 1629, arriving in Salem in the middle of July. She also brought “six fishermen from Dorchester,” without the usual fee, on a special agreement that they help feed the passengers, and spend some time fishing for the colony. They would then be allowed to return to England if they wished. Since the record at Plymouth says that Gabriell Wheildon was a fisherman, he was probably from Dorchester, and not the Gabriel Whelden, blacksmith and farmer, from Basford.

Although . . . The Court Orders of Plymouth Colony, 17 June 1641, record: “It is ordered by the Court, that Willim Lumpkine & Hugh Tilly shall pay to Gabriell Wheildon [15 shillings] for his third part of the skiffe or boate they were partners in, & his damnag sustayned in the want thereof to fetch fish to fish his corne wthall, and the boat or skiffe to be theires.” This would indicate that Gabriel Whelden of Yarmouth was, at least sometimes, a fisherman, as well as a blacksmith and a farmer. However, “to fish his corn” indicates that he used the fish he caught to fertilize his corn crop. Commonly in that time period, a hill of corn would be planted with a fish, or part of a fish, on top of the seeds as fertilizer.

A variation of the Indian story, seeking to claim Indian ancestry, tries to explain the birth of Gabriel’s half-Indian children in England by the claim that Oguina, daughter of Quadequina, was six years old in 1608 when she was picked up off the beach on Cape Cod (alternate story says Rhode Island) by a British fishing vessel, taken to England, baptized Margaret, and eventually married Gabriel Whelden.

Oguina’s descent is as follows:   1- WASANEGIN, born by 1554     2-QUADEQUINA, born 1576. This year is determined from the fact that he was born in the year when the “Great Light” went out. European astronomers noted in 1576 that there was a Solar Eclipse. He, QUADEQUINA begot     3-OGUINA, born 1602 @ Wampanoag village in what is today Rhode Island.

No explanation is offered of how she could have gotten from the fishermen on the coast to Nottinghamshire, no baptismal nor guardianship nor any other records. This myth derives from Gabriel’s will mentioning his wife Margaret, but ignores his wife Jane, party to the land exchange in 1637. The mention of “fishermen” in this story merely allows contact with the Indians on Cape Cod prior to 1620. The use of the same occupation in the Lyons Whelp story is entirely coincidental.

There is no record of Gabriel having a wife between his arrival in Plymouth in 1638 and his marriage to Margaret Matthews in 1649. If he had a alliance with an Indian woman during that time, no record has been found. One of the guesses of the birth of the alleged Oguina is 1614, which could have been possible; but she would still not have been the Margaret in Gabriel’s will, nor the mother of any of the children listed below, who were born in England before 1638.

The Wampanoag tribe of south-east Massachusetts and Rhode Island currently includes a prominent Weeden family. But they would more logically trace back to James Weeden (1585-1673) who settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island; or to a slave belonging to one of his descendants, who assumed his last name when freed.

New England

Gabriel Whelden was one of the first settlers in what is now the Township of Dennis in Barnstable County on Cape Cod. He was given permission on 3 Sep 1638 by Plymouth officials to settle on Cape Cod, which included a land grant. At the time the area was called “Mattacheeset”.  It was organized into Yarmouth in 1639. Gabriel appears in the Yarmouth records, 6 Oct 1639, so he settled in Yarmouth between Sep 1638 and Oct 1639.

Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

Dennis was first settled in 1639, by John Crowe (later Crowell) and Thomas HOWES, as part of the town of Yarmouth. The town officially separated and incorporated in 1793. It was named after resident minister, Josiah Dennis. There was not enough land for farming, so seafaring became the town’s major industry in its early history, centered around the Shiverick Shipyard.

Map of Old Yarmouth 1644 - Our Ancestors 13 Thomas Howes, 5 Edmund Hawes, 10 Edward Sturges and 9 William Hedge were pioneers in Yarmouh, Mass on Cape Cod.  Unfortunately, I can't quite make out the numbers on this map. Do you have better eyes?

Map of Old Yarmouth 1644 – Our Ancestors 13 Thomas Howes, 5 Edmund Hawes, 9 Edward Sturges and 10  William Hedge were pioneers in Yarmouh, Mass on Cape Cod. Unfortunately, I can’t quite make out the numbers on this map. Do you have better eyes?

The actual location of Gabriel Whelden’s homestead was on the north bank of Follins Pond on the Bass River near the intersection of Setucket Road and Mayfair Road. It straddles the Dennis – Yarmouth line and the neighborhood is sometimes called “The Head of the Point.”

Gabriel Whelden’s homestead was located near Setucket Road and Mayfair Road, Dennis, Barnstable, Mass (“A” on Map)

According to Nancy Thacher Reid in “Dennis Cape Cod: from Firstcomers to newcomers 1639 -1993” published by the Dennis Historical Society, descendents of Gabriel Welden resided on the property until the 1960’s.

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis:  1 . Francis Baker, 2.  Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase,  4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O'Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon.  Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis: 1 . Francis Baker, 2. Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase, 4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O’Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon. Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

Richard ‘the Taylor’ Taylor and Thomas Folland, also “Firstcomers” and future relatives by marriage settled next to Gabriel.  In receiving the land grant, Gabriel must have been first declared a “Freeman” in Plymouth even though there is no record of this declaration.

In 1641 and 42 Gabriel served as town officer, “Supervisor of Highways” in Yarmouth.

In 1643, there were growing problems with the Narragansett Tribe, under their chieftain Ningret. This drove Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Plymouth Colony and New Haven Colony to form the United Colonies of New England and to discuss preparedness for war. Rhode Island was excluded from this union since they harbored dissenters and others who did not accept the the tenents of the orthodox church. The immediate result in Yarmouth was a listing of all men between the age of 16 and 60 to serve in the militia. Fifty two names were on the Yarmouth list. Gabriel Whelden was not listed, his son Henry was. This seems to indicate that Gabriel was over 60 and Henry was over 16. Having one son in service was not grounds for avoiding military service, since William Chase and his son William, Jr. were listed. Henry was one of the five Yarmouth men who were called up to serve against the Narragansetts in 1645 when the Narragansetts attacked the Mohegans and the United Colonies came to the assistance of the Mohegans. The five men as part of the 50 man contingent from Plymouth Colony, marched to Seekonk in August and returned 2 September. The dispute was settled peacefully without the Yarmouth men having to fight. Before the march they were issued: one pound of powder, three pounds of bullets, and one pound of tobacco. The tobacco wasn’t just for smoking, it was also used as money, since hard cash was rare in the colonies.

The Plymouth Colony considered marriage a civil contract rather than a religious sacrament. The Pilgrims adopted this custom while in Holland. From this the court records reflect a romantic courtship involving Gabriel, his daughter Ruth and future son-in-law Richard Taylor. Richard Taylor, a single man, settled near the Wheldens, and in accordance with the law requested permission from Gabriel court his daughter Ruth. Although no reason is recorded, Gabriel refused. Richard persisted in his suit, and Gabriel refused to relent. Finally, Richard filed suit with the Court in 1646. Apparently the wise old men of the Colony sided with Richard and persuaded Gabriel to reconsider Richard as a future son-in-law. Gabriel at last relented and the young couple were soon married.

Gabriel Welden moved from Yarmouth to Lynn, then to Malden where he died in 1654.He and his youngest son John W. sold to William Crofts of Lynn, 21 Oct 1653, lands in Arnold and elsewhere in Nottinghamshire, England.

In his will, Gabriel gave the money still owed from this sale to his wife Margaret. This caused his sons Henry and John to file suit in court for their portions in 1655. According to “The American Genealogist” vol 48: 1972 page 5 “The fact that the will does not mention, either directly or by implication, any children, is unusual, and the most likely explanation is that Gabriel gave them their portions of his estate either at marriage or by gifts of money or deeds to Barnstable County land. If Margaret was a second wife, there may have been a pre-nuptial agreement setting forth the reasons why she was to have the entire estate at Gabriel’s death.”

According to Reid in “Dennis, Cape Cod” page 52, the custom was for one third of the estate to go to the widow as long as she was unmarried. Single daughters were allowed to live at home as long as they were single and frequently small legacies were given to married and unmarried daughters such as bedsteads and bedding, silver spoons or other valuable household articles. The real estate was divided up amongst the sons.

Abstract of Will from New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1862 vol 16 page 75 The spellings are as transcribed.

Written Maulden 1653, 11, 12. (this can be read as 12th day of the 11th month. Since 1 March was considered the New Year, the date would be 12 Jan 1653) In the name of God and in obedience to his comand (according to my boudend duty), I, Gabriell Whelding, of the Towne and Church of Maulden, being weake and sicke in body, do make my last will. My body to be layd asleepe in the bed of the grave, in the Comon buriing place for the Inhabitants of this Towne.

I give 10s as a Small testimony of my true Love to the Church of Maulden, to be payd into the give hands of the Deacons within a mo after my decease. I give all my estate in Maulden, consisting of house, Frame [farm?] Lands, cattle, and corne, (together [with] what money is due vnto me from Wiliam Croffts, of Linne) to Margaret Whedling, my wife, whom I appoynt my sole executrix. signed Gabriell Whedlon

In the presence of Nathaniell Vphame, james larnard, michaiah mathews, with others.4 (2) 1654 Jn Vphame and Nathaniell Vpaheme deposed. Invetroy of the goodes, Chattels and Chattell of Gabriell Wheldon lately of the Towne of maulden, prized by Edward Carrington & John Vphame. Amt. L40.11.08. Mentions William Crofts.In the original records the Whelden name is spelled Welden, Welding, Weldon, Wheeling, Wheilden, Whelden, Whelding, Whielding, etc.


4  Apr 1639 – A letter by Katherine Weelden to Mr John Shanvat of Nottingham touching the Death &c. of Martha Weelden of Dedham, Mass. who was Drowned about 12 Dayes before. She was a godly mayde by all probabilites in this letter testified. This letter is the only evidence found that Gabriel Whelden lived at Dedham before moving to Yarmouth (then called Mattacheeset)

The surname Shanvat (or Shamvat) has not been found in English records reviewed. It is possible that the surname was actually Chamlet, and that John “Shanvat” was related to Gabriel’s Uncle Thomas’ wife Christobel [__?__] (Whelden) Hewitt, whose will, mentions a sister Morris Chamlet.

6 Oct 1639 – “Gabriell Wheildon” was “lycensed to dwell at Mattacheese wth the consent of the committes of the place, & to haue land there.”

17 Jun 1641 – The Plymouth Colony Court ordered William Lumpkin and Hugh Tilly to pay “Gabriell Wheildon” fifteen shillings for his third part in their boat that was damaged.

1642 – Gabriel was surveyor of highways for Yarmouth and was reappointed for the same post 1 June 1647.

Bef. 14 May 1648 – Gabriel sold his property in Yarmouth to [our ancestor] Edward STURGIS.  Probably about this time Gabriel moved to Malden, Massachusetts

21 Oct 1653 – Not long before his death, Gabriel and his youngest son John sold to William Crofts of Lynn, Massachusetts, their property in Arnold, Nottinghamshire, England.  All of Gabriel Whelden’s children were baptized at St. Leodegarius Church in Basford,  three miles southwest of Arnold.


All of Gabriel Whelden’s children were baptized at St. Leodegarius Church in Basford, Nottinghamshire,  three miles southwest of Arnold. Both parishes are in Sherwood Forest, just north of Nottingham.

  • Thomas Whelden the sonne of Gabriel Whelden was baptized the first day of ffebruarie [1611/2]
  • Thomas Wilden the sonne of Gabriel Wilden was buryed the 15 of April [1614]
  • Kathren Weelden the daughter of Gabriel Weelden baptized the 6 of march [1616/7]
  • Henry Wheeldon the sonne of Gabriel Wheeldon baptized the one and twentieth day of ffebruarie [1618/9]
  • Mary Wheeldon the daughter of Gabriel Wheeldon [and] Martha Wheeldon the daughter of Gabriel Wheeldon [;] Both of them together baptized the third and twentieth day of December [1621]
  • John Wildon sonne of Gabriel Wildon was baptized the fifth day of November [1623]
  • Ruth Wheelding baptized fifth july the daughter of Gabriel Wheldon [1626
  • John Weelding son of Gabrill baptized 4 Oct 1630

St. Leodegarius Church, Old Basford. It dates from the 1180s but has been heavily restored and rebuilt between 1858 and 1859 by Arthur Wilson, and then when the tower collapsed in 1859, by Thomas Allom. In 1905 a new church of St. Aidan’s Church, Basford was created in the parish.

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford in 1831.   The new tower erected in the Victorian Restoration of 1859-60 is the dominant feature today

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford  (Restored)

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford  (Restored)  The new tower is in Early English style, topped off wtith eight tall pinnacles.  Other alterations in 1859-60 led to a sharply pitched roof, a new north aisle, north porch and clerestory

It is one of only four churches named after St. Leodegarius. The other three are Ashby St Ledgers,Hunston, West Sussex and Wyberton.

2. Katherine Whelden

Katherine’s husband Gyles Hopkins was baptized 30 Jan 1608 Hursley, Hampshire, England. His parents were our ancestors Stephen HOPKINS and Mary [__?__]. His will is dated 5 Mar 1689 Eastham, Plymouth Colony with probate 16 Apr 1690.

In 1637, Giles volunteered to go with his father and brother, Caleb, to fight against the Pequot Indians in 1637. By early 1639, he had moved from Plymouth to Yarmouth on Cape Cod. He and Catherine lived in the first house built by the English on Cape Cod south of Sandwich. Giles was made a surveyor of Highways in Yarmouth in 1643. He moved to Eastham on the Cape in 1644 where he also served as highway surveyor.

Giles signed a will on 19 Jan 1682 and also a codicil to the will dated 5 Mar 1688/89. His will was admitted to probate 16 Apr 1690.

Click here for the Last Will & Testament of Gyles Hopkins, 1682/1683

Children of Katherine and Gyles:

i. Mary Hopkins b: Nov 1640 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 20 Mar 1700 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; Burial:Cove Burying Ground Eastham; m. her cousin Samuel Smith (b. 26 May 1668 Eastham – d. 22 Sep 1692 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Ralph SMYTH and Grace [__?__]. Samuel and Grace had eight children born between 1667 and 1678.

Early in life, Samuel Smith engaged in the whale and mackerel fishery business, and was very successful at it. Later he was a trader and inn keeper in Eastham. He owned at one time more than a 1000 acres of land, 400 acres being in the South side of the town of Eastham and was known for many years afterwards as the “Smith Purchase.” He also bought two farms in Chatham, Mass, one at Tom’s Neck, comprising a considerable part of the present village of Chatham. His estate at his death was valued at more than 1200 pounds. The inventory shows he was in possession of over fifty head of cattle, 60 sheep and a number of horses. He held various local offices in Eastham, was styled “mister” in the records and Judge Samuel Sewell mentions him in his diary. He has been descrided as a “resolute and determined man.”

It seems Samuel Smith experienced considerable trouble from the law: He sued a Stephen Merrick for unlawfully taking a horse (25 Oct. 1668). The next year he appeared in Plymouth Colony Court to answer suits brought against him, Ralph Smith and Daniel Smith by Josias Cooke. He served as constable of Eastham in 1670 and the next year was sued by Joseph Harding for abuse of his duties in that position. On 7 July 1682 Thomas Clarke Sr of Plymouth sued Samuel Smith of Eastham for unjustly detaining profits of a Cape Cod fishing venture. On the first Tuesday in Oct. 1686 Samuel Smith and John Mayo of Eastham were charged with netting mackerel at Cape Cod in violation of a court order.”

ii. Stephen Hopkins b: Sep 1642 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 10 Oct 1718 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 23 May 1667 Eastham to Mary Merrick (1650 – 1692); Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Stephen and Mary had ten children born between 1667 and 1692. Mary may well have died after giving birth;

m2. 7 Apr 1701 Eastham to Bethiah Linnell (b: 7 Feb 1641 in Barnstable – d. 25 Mar 1726 Harwich) Bethiah’s parents were Robert Linnell and Penninah Howse. Her maternal grandparents were Rev. John HOWSE and Abigail LLOYD. She first married 25 Mar 1664 Eastham to Henry Atkins (b. 1617, England – d. 24 Aug 1700 Eastham)

iii. John Hopkins b: 1643 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 1643

iv. Abigail Hopkins b: Oct 1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 1691; m. 23 May 1667 Eastham to William Merrick b: 15 Sep 1643 Duxbury, Plymouth Colony – 30 Oct 1732 Harwich ) Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Abigail and William had eight children between 1668 and 1691.

v. Deborah Hopkins b: Jun 1648 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Bef Dec 1727 Eastham; m. 27 Jul 1668 Eastham to Josiah Cooke (b: 1645 Eastham – d. 31 Jan 1732 Eastham ) Josiah’s parents were Josiah Cooke and Elizabeth Ring.  Some say his grandparents were our ancestors Francis COOKE and Hester le MAHIEU but serious genealogists don’t believe in this connection.  Josiah’s maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT. Deborah and Josiah had eight children born between 1669 and 1686.

vi. Caleb Hopkins b: Jan 1651 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 22 May 1728 Harwich; m. Mary Williams (b: 1660 Eastham – d. 27 May 1709 Harwich) Mary’s parents were Thomas Williams (b: ~1615) and Elizabeth Tart (b: ~1620). Caleb and Mary had four children born between 1784 and 1709.

vii. Ruth Hopkins b: Jun 1653 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. dates given online vary from 1693 to 1738, in Eastham or Harwich; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Samuel Mayo (b: 12 Oct 1655 Eastham – d. 29 Oct 1738 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Nathaniel Mayo and Hannah Prence. His grandparents were Gov. Thomas PRENCE and Patience BREWSTER) Hannah Prence married our ancestor Jonathan SPARROW as his second wife. Ruth and Samuel had seven children born between 1682 and 1696. Later, Samuel married 31 Aug 1728 Eastham to Mary Sweat (b: 1701 Eastham)

viii. Joshua Hopkins b: Jun 1657 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Aug 1738; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Mary Cole (b: 10 Mar 1658 Eastham – d. 1 Mar 1733 Eastham) Mary’s parents were Daniel Cole (b: 1614) and Ruth Collier (b: 1627). Joshua and Mary had eight children born between 1684 and 1702.

ix. William Hopkins b: 9 Jan 1660 Eastham, Plymouth Colony

The will of William’s father, Giles, indicates that William was incapacitated physically or mentally, because William’s brother Stephen was required to take care of him decently: “Unto my son Stephen Hopkins and to his heirs forever: and half my stock of cattill for and in consideration of ye above sd Land and half stock of cattel my will is that after my decease my son Stephen Hopkins shall take ye care and oversight and maintaine my son William Hopkins during his natural Life in a comfortable decent manner.”

x. Elizabeth Hopkins b: Nov 1663 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Dec 1663 Eastham

3. Henry Whelden

Henry Wheldon’s wife name is unknown as the records are illegible Some interpret her first name as “Eed” others “Edith”

Henry served in the military in August, 1643 at Yarmouth Barnstable, Mass.  Henry was one of five men of a contingent of fifty who set out from Yarmouth to fight against the Narragansett Indians in August 23, 1645 after their chief, Ningret, attacked the Mohegan Tribe. The United Colonies came to the aid of the Mohegan Tribe. The colonial militia marched to Seekonk and returned home in September, 1645 after the dispute between the two tribes was settled peacefully without the Yarmouth men having to fight. (See my post – Uncas – War with the Narragansetts) Henry served again in the military during the Prince Philip’s War, 1675-1676.

Child of Henry and Eed

i. Sarah Whelden b. 21 June 1650 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

The Mystery of the Two Richard Taylors of Yarmouth – the “Taylor” and  the “Rock”

There were two contemporaneous Richard Taylors residing in early Yarmouth between 1643 and 1674 (the “tailor” and the “Rock”). I’m going with the theory that they married sisters Mary and Ruth Welden. I’ll try to sort out the children by family, but will present  in a single list.

James W. Hawes, Richard Taylor, Tailor and some of his descendants, Cape Cod Library History & Genealogy, #48, Yarmouthport, MA 1914:

“There were two men in Yarmouth in early times named Richard Taylor, the one, who appears to have been the older, was called Richard Taylor, tailor, from his trade, and the other, Richard Taylor of the Rock, from having built his house near a large rock near the boundary between Hockanom and Nobscusset in the northeastern part of the town.”

Frederick Freeman, The history of Cape Cod : annals of thirteen towns of Barnstable County, Volume II, Boston, MA 1862; Yarmouth chapter, p. 193 (footnote to 1674 death of Mr Richard Taylor):

“There were two contemporary Rd. Taylors. To distinguish them, one was called Rock, from the location of his dwelling; the other Tailor Taylor. We suppose this to have been the latter, and that his children were John, Joseph, Mary, Martha, Elizabeth, Anne, Hannah, and Sarah.” (Ironically, this same source, on p. 182, lists only one Richard Taylor as “liable to bear arms” in Yarmouth in 1643.)

A 1655 lawsuit was brought against Margaret Whelden, widow of Gabriel by four men, two of whom were: Richard Taylor, Taylor and Richard Taylor, Husbandman… [Source: Middlesex Court Files Folio 11; HLS #411 and/or Probate Court, Cambridge, Suffolk County]:

“To the Constable of maulden or his deputie. You are required to attach the body or goods of Margrett Weilden, late widdow of Gabriel Weilden, and to take bond of her to the value of fourscore plus tenn pounds with sufficient suerties for her appearance at the next Court holden at Cambrdge ye wd day of ye 8 mo. 55, then and there to anser ye complaynt of Henry Weilden John Weilden, Rich: Taylor Taylor and Rich: Taylor husbandman for withholding their parts or portions of an estate which their late father Gabriell Weilden was possessor or owner of in his life and soe make a true returne hereof under your hand. Dated the 28 of the 5th mo. 55. By the Court Tho: Starr”

4. Mary Welden (The “Taylor”)

Mary’s husband Richard Taylor was born about 1620 in England. Richard died in 1673 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony and his inventory was taken 13 Dec 1673.  No wife is named in his inventory. Named are children John, Joseph, Martha and Mary.

“In [Jan] or Dec 1673, the body of a drowned woman was found in a boat. An inquest in Duxbury identified her as “wife of Richard Taylor, sometimes of Yarmouth”, but the name of the drowned woman is not provided. [Plymouth Colony Records, Volume 5; pp.122-123]” There is evidence but no proof that this was Mary Whelden.

Richard’s estate was treated as though he were a widower.  Whether he died in the same shipwreck as his wife is unclear.

7. Ruth Whelden   (The “Rock”)

Ruth’s husband Richard Taylor was born about 1625 in England. Richard died 1 Aug 1703 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  He was presumably called “of the Rock either because his house was  made of stone, or because he lived near the boundary stone between Hockanom and  Nobscusset in the northeastern part of town.  His will is dated 28 Oct 1699 and was proved 6 Oct 1703. He is known as Richard “Rock” Taylor.

The Original Will of Richard Taylor, Written Sep 6 1693 codiciled 1699, proved 1703

Before [our ancestor] Barnabas LOTHROP, Esqu. judge of probate etc. for this County of Barnstable at Barnstable, the will of Richard Taylor, late of Yarmouth, deceased, to whose property annexed (?) was proved, approved, and allowed, who, having while he lived and at the time of his deathk, goods, chattels, rights, and audits in said county. And administration of all and singular the goods, chattels rights and audits of the deceased committed to Richard Taylor, Samuel Eldred (Eldrige), and Elisha Taylor in said will named executors. As in witness thereof, I, the said Barnabas Lothrop, have set my hand and seal of office, October 6th, 1703.”

27 Oct 1646 A Richard Taylor married Ruth, daughter of Gabriel Whelding of Yarmouth, on or closely after 27 Oct 1646 [Source: PCR Volume 2, p. 110: “In the case betweene Gabriell Whelding and Richard Taylor, about his daughter Ruth, the said Gabriell pmiseth his free assent and consent to theire marriage.”]

Same source (Annals of Barnstable Co….) p. 208:] “In 1703… Mr. Richard Taylor died Aug. 1.” Footnote: “Mr. Richard Taylor, called Farmer Rock, to distinguish him from another of the same name, m., prob. Ruth Burgess, and had Ruth, July 29, 1647, d. inf.; Anne 1648; Ruth 1650; Rd. Jan. 9, 1652, who served in the Indian war, 1675; Mehitable 1654; Keziah 1656; Joshua May 9, 1659; Hannah 1661; Elisha Feb. 10, 1664; and Mary 1667.”

Alternatively, Richard married Ruth Burgess.

Children of Mary & Richard  and Ruth & Richard

i. Ruth Taylor (Ruth) b: 29 Jul 1647 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 1648 Yarmouth.

ii.  Ann Taylor (Mary) b: 2 Dec 1648 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 29 Mar 1650 Yarmouth

iii.  Ruth Taylor (Ruth) b: 11 Apr 1649  Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; b. Bef. 1674

iv.  Mary Taylor (Mary) b: 1649 or 18 Dec 1640/41  Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony;d. 1 Feb 1718 Mass; m. 1673 in Yarmouth to Abisha Marchant (b. 10 Jan 1651 Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard – d. 1714)  Their daughter Elizabeth Marchant (1681 – 1718) married John WHELDON‘s  son  Thomas Whelden (1660 –Unknown)

v. Martha Taylor (Mary) b: 18 Dec 1650 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 28 Jan 1728 Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 Dec 1676 in Barnstable to Joseph Bearse (b: 25 Jan 1652 Barnstable – d. 28 Jan 1728); Joseph’s parents were Austin Augustine Bearse and Mary “Little Dove” Hyanno

vi. John Taylor (Mary) b: Abt 1652 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; Will proved 18 Jan 1722 at Chatham; m. 15 Dec 1674 in Yarmouth to Sarah Matthews (b: 21 Jul 1649 Yarmouth)

vii. Richard Taylor (Ruth) b: 9 Jun 1652  Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 15 Nov 1732 in Yarmouth,; m. ~1670 to Hannah [__?__] (b. 1648 – d. 18 Nov 1733 Yarmouth) Richard and Hannah had at least three children born in Yarmouth between 1683 and 1695.  Some genealogies say they had a son Jasher Taylor (1685 – 1752) , others say that Jasher was a son of Jaspser TAYLOR and Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH

Confirm or deny that the Richard is the same Richard Taylor who married Hannah Rice Ward in Sudbury in October 1677 and had children, recorded as being born in Sudbury between 1678 and 1690.  Served in King Philip’s War.

1703 – Item. I given and bequeath unto my son Richard Taylor about twelve or fourteen acres of my land, be it more or less according to ye bounds wherin mentioned

viii. Mehitable Taylor (Ruth) b: 23 Jul 1654  Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; m. 29 Dec 1681 in Yarmouth to Jonathan Smith (b: ~1650 Yarmouth)

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Mehetabel four pounds.

ix. Elizabeth Taylor (Mary) b: Abt 1655 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony; d. 4 May 1721  Barnstable; m. 20 Dec 1680 in Barnstable to Samuel Cobb (b: 12 Oct 1654 Barnstable – d. 7 Sep 1727 Burial: Cobb’s Hill Cemetery  Barnstable)

x. Keziah Taylor (Ruth) b: 18 Feb 1655 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 20 Mar 1733 Yarmouth; m. 6 Feb 1681 Yarmouth to Samuel Eldridge (b: 1655 in Yarmouth – d. 3 Jan 1706 Yarmouth) Samuel’s parents were William Eldredge (1622 – 1679) and   Anne Lumpkin  (__ – 1676)

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Keziah Eldridge, four pounds.

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandson, Samuel Eldridge, twenty shillings.

xi. Hannah Taylor (Mary) b: 1658 or 17 Sep 1649 Yarmouth , Plymouth Colony; d. 14 May 1743 Barnstable, Mass; m. 19 Jul 1680 to Deacon Job Crocker (b: 9 Mar 1645 Barnstable)

xii. Ann Taylor (Mary) b: Abt 1659 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. Aft 1679; m. 25 Jun 1679 to Josiah Davis (b: Sep 1656  Barnstable)

xiii.  Jasher Taylor (Ruth)  b: 9 May 1659 or 9 Aug 1653 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony

xiv. Joseph Taylor (Mary) b: ~1660 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 13 Sep 1727 Marshfield, Mass; m. 25 Apr 1684 Experience Williamson; of Marshfield

xv. Sarah Taylor (Mary) b: ~1662 in Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 31 Jul 1695 in Barnstable; Unmarried

xvi.  Hannah Taylor (Ruth) b: 17 Sep 1661 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; m. Job Jenkins (b: ~1658)

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Hanah Jenkins, twenty shillings, if she come for it, but not else. And if she doth not come for it within two years after my decease, I do give it equally to my two other daughters, Mehetable and Keziah

xvii. Elisha Taylor (Ruth) b: 10 Feb 1664 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 3 Feb 1740 Yarmouth; m. Rebecca [__?__] ( b: ~1665 Yarmouth)

1703 – And… my will is that my said son, Elisha (Tailor) Taylor, shall pay the sums in currant pay within two years after my decease.

xviii. Mary Taylor (Ruth) b: 12 Jun 1667 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony

8. John WHELDON  (See his page)



The suggestion that Gabriel’s wife Margaret was an American Indian is discussed (and disproved) in Donald Lines Jacobus, “Austin Bearse and His Alleged Indian Connections,” The American Genealogist 15 (1938–39):111–18 at 114–15.

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