Edward HAZEN Sr. (1614 – 1683) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Miller line
Edward Hazen Sr. was born 14 Dec 1614 in Cadney, Lincolnshire, England. His parents were Thomas HASSEN and Elizabeth [__?__]. He emigrated between 1643 and 1647. He married Hannah GRANT in Feb 1649/50 in Rowley, Mass. Edward died 22 Jul 1683 in Rowley, Mass.
Hannah Grant was born 16 Oct 1631 in Cottingham, East Riding Yorkshire, England. She immigrated with her parents Thomas GRANT and Jane HABURNE in 1638. The Grants were one of Rowley’s founding families who arrived on the ship John of London less than two decades after the Mayflower brought the Pilgrim Fathers to America. A Puritan minister called Rev. Ezekiel ROGERS had founded Rowley. He had gathered together 20 families, including the Grants, from his Yorkshire parish of Rowley in England to establish the American Rowley. After Edward died, she married Capt. George Browne of Haverhill 17 Mar 1683 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass. Hannah died in Feb 1715/16 in Haverhill, Mass
Capt. George Browne was born 29 Aug 1622 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. His parents were George Brown and Christian Hibbert. He first married 25 Jun 1645 in Salisbury, Essex, Mass. to Ann Eaton (b. 1622 in England – d. 16 Dec 1683 in Salisbury). George died 31 Oct 1699 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass.
Children of Edward and Hannah:
|1.||Elizabeth Hazen||8 Mar 1650/51 Rowley||Nathaniel Harris
5 Sep 1670 Rowley
|24 Apr 1732
|2.||Hannah Hazen||Sep 1653 Rowley,||William Gibson||Before 1683|
|3.||John Hazen||22 Sep 1655||Died Young|
|4.||Lieut. Thomas Hazen||29 Jan 1657/58 Rowley||Mary Howlett
1 Jan 1682/83 Rowley
|12 Apr 1735 Norwich, CT|
|5.||Edward HAZEN Jr.||10 Sep 1660 in Rowley||Jane PICKARD
6 Nov 1684 Rowley
|26 Dec 1748 Rowley|
|6.||Isabel Hazen||21 Jul 1662 Rowley||John Wood (Son of our ancestor Thomas WOOD)
16 Jan 1679/80 Rowley
|7 Mar 1729
|7.||Priscilla Hazen||25 Nov 1664 Rowley||Jeremiah Pearson
(son of John PEARSON)
21 Jul 1681
|25 Apr 1752
|8.||Edna Hazen||20 Jun 1667 Rowley||Timothy Perkins
2 Aug 1686 Topsfield, Mass
|9.||Lieut. Richard Hazen||6 Aug 1669 Rowley||Mary Peabody
5 Dec 1694 Rowley
Mrs. Grace Hall Currier Kimball
3 Apr 1733 Haverhill
|25 Sep 1733 Haverhill, Mass|
|10.||Hepzibah Hazen||22 Dec 1671||Jonathan Dickenson
30 Jan 1693
|29 Nov 1689|
|11.||Sarah Hazen||22 Aug 1673 Rowley||Daniel Wicom
27 Jun 1690 Rowley
|9 Apr 1706 Rowley|
Evidence supporting the conclusion that Edward Hazen of Rowley, Massachusetts, the founding ancestor of the American family, was the same “Edwardus Hasson filius Thomae” who “fuit baptizatur 24 die Decembris 1614” as entered in the registers of Cadney, Lincolnshire
- The surname was not a very common one in England, and a great deal of research in Northumberland and Lincolnshire has not disclosed any other Edward Hazen of suitable age.
- No other history has been found for Edward Hazen (baptized 24 Dec. 1614), who was living in 1628 when his father made his will. No record of burial has been found in the search of many Parish registers of Lincolnshire. In July 1641, Parliament passed an act that Every clergyman should take a census of males over eighteen in his Parish, presenting to them for signature a paper upholding
the Protestant faith. ; This “Protestation Roll” is very compete for Lincolnshire. It shows at Cadney, William Hassen, first cousin of Edward; at Great Limber, Richard Hason, Edward’s brother; and at South Ferraby, a Thomas Hason, servant to William Bromby. Edward does not appear in this Roll, indicating that unless he had died with record, he had left Lincolnshire before 1641.
- The date of birth is about what we should expect for Edward of Rowley, and makes him in his sixty-ninth year at death.
- The names which Edward of Rowley gave his children are very significant. The first child was Elizabeth named after his mother, and also his grandmother who lived until he was fifteen years old. The next child, Hannah, was named for Edward’s wife. Then came John, the eldest son, which was the name of Edward’s grandfather and elder brother. The next child, Thomas, was named after both
grandfather, Edward’s father and Hannah’s father both bearing the name of Thomas. The next son, Edward, was named for himself, and the youngest, Richard, for Edward’s brother of that name. The names of the other children, who were daughters, are not significant, since Edward had no sisters for whom they could have been named.
- Other settlers in Rowley were from Lincolnshire, and after Edward Hazen married Hannah Grant, her sister Anna married Robert Emerson, who was, like Hazen, a native of Cadney.
This road leads to Hazen Swamp today on Google Maps.
3 Jan 1650 – At a town meeting, Edward Hazen was chosen as on of the four overseers, and was again chosen to this office, 19 Dec 1651 and 12 Dec 1654. He was also overseer for the years 1660, 1661, and 1662, and was a selectman for the year 1669.
These overseers were not the same as selectmen, as sometimes has been stated, but were always named after and in addition to the select men, or “prudentiall men,” and in 1649 are described as “ouerseers for the execution of towne orders and Hy wayes.”
10 Jan 1660/70 – “Thomas Tene” and “Edward Hasne” werre chosen “ouerseers for vuiin fences and hywayes and vuiin Chimneys.”
1651 – Among the “Towne Charges for the year past : for John Smith for going to Court 0-4-6: alsoe for Edward Hasen the lyke worke 0-3-6.”
1665 – “Town charges : Edward hasen a Day Jury Man.”
The Ipswich Court Records and Files show that Ed. Hassen served on Trial Jury 30: 7: 1651 and also 26:7:1654.
9 Jan 1665/66 – Edward Hazon was chosen one of the four judges of delinquents “for not comeing to towne meetings”
9 Jan 1666/67 – “Edward hasen Judge for yeare ensuing.”
In a list [of town charges?] 1662: “Ed hason 0-10-2.” Towne charges 1667: “Edward Hason for ueiwinge fence 0-3-0.” In an undated record probably referring to King Phillip’s War and to Edward Hazen’s sone: “Work done for Samuel person in ye war–James Tenny 1 day: Thomas Hasen and Edward each a day.”
The follow account of the settlement of Edward Hazen’s estate is taken from the original papers, in two sheets, on file at Salem, and differs somewhat from the clerk’s book copy.
Edward Hazen and his wife Hannah appear in the following deeds:
Peter Eyers and wife Hannah of Haverhill convey to Edward Hasen of Rowley 6 1/2 acres of puland, Peter Eyers’ 3d division, with land abutting on the Merrimack River, (date not give in copy). Witnesses, Jno. Carlton, Jno. Gryffyn
Edward Hassen and wife Hannah of Rowley convey to John Tennie of Rowley 100 acres in the division called “Merimake land,” the northwest end abutting on the Merrimack River, and 4 acres of meadow called Crane meadow; also a parcel of land granted to John Harris, John Tod, Richard Longhorne, Richard Holmes, and Edward Hassen by the town of Rowley, dated 20 May 1664. Witnesses, Ezekiell Jewit, Thomas Tenny.
The name was signed “Hasin.” Edward acknowledged 16 June 1673.
John Pearly and wife Mary of Newbury convey to Edward Hazen of Rowley 7 acres of upland in Rowley Village-land of Thomas Pearly, Daniel Wood, and Ezekiel Northen mentioned, (date not given in copy). Witnesses, Benjamin Rolfe, Thomas Hale. John and Mary acknowledged on 19 Feb. 1684 and she resigned her right of dower to Edward Hazen’s administrators.
“Hanah ye Relict and late wife of said Edward Hason deceased & Edward Hason son of ye said Edward Hason Joynt administrators” confirm to Thomas Hason land in Rowley Village where he now lives and which his father Edward before his death settled upon him as his portion-land bought of John Pearly of Rowley Village and on 19 Feb 1684 acknowledged by him, dated 14 May 1685. No witnesses. Signed “Hannah Hazzen alias Browne.” Hannah acknowledged 19 May 1685; Edward, 4 Nov. 1685.
Hannah Browne of Haverhill, widow and relict of Capt. George Browne, “for & in consideration of natural & christian love & afection which I beare unto my loving & beloved sonns Thomas & Edward wch I had by my former Husband Edward Hazen long time deceased at Rowley,” conveys to them all the interest in the estate of her brother John Grant of Rowley, dec’d; 1 Mar. 1699 or 1700.
Witnesses, Thomas Eaton, Senr., Richard Saltonstall.
Capt. George Brown and wife Hannah of Haverhill convey to Thomas Carlton of Bradford 76 acres laid out to her former husband Edward Hazzen of Rowley, dec’d, and her part of the estate of Edward Hazzen in Bradford-widow Smith, widow Hobson mentionsed,
3 Apr 1697. Witnesses, Abraham Perkins, Solomon Reves, Senr., Jacob Perkins, 3d. Acknowledged 3 Dec. 1698.
Richard Hazzen, Thomas Hazzen, Edward Hazzen, Daniel Wicom, Junr., Nathaniel Storey, children of Edward Hazzen and Hannah, now wife of Capt. George Browne, quitclaim to Thomas Carlton, 3 Apr 1697. Witnesses, Edward Carleton, Nath. Walker, Solomon Keyes, Senr., Jacob Perkins, tertius.
An agreement concerning some land that was their father Edward Hazen’s and that after his death was laid out to his wife for her thirds, was made by Thomas Hazen of Norwich, John Wood of Bradford, Timothy Perkins of Topsfield, Edward Hazzen of Boxford,
Richard Hazzen of Haverhill; first, that Edward Hazzen is satisfied with 16 pounds already received, one ox gate in east end of ox pasture, and 5 pounds which his brothers promise to pay; secondly, that the others are satisfied with a piece of march, call cowbridge marsh, and a piece of land called cowbridge lot, and another piece of land in Symond’s new field from their mother’s thirds, taking in brother Jeremy Person, brother Harris’ children, brother Gibson’s children, and brother Wicom’s children, they having their share with the others; dated 20 June 1716. Witnesses, Thomas Perley, Junr., Nathaniel Perley.
On 4 July a “Hanah Hazen” was a witness to the will of Ann Swan, relict of Richard Swan of Rowley. [Essex Co. probate files, Docket 268976.] It is highly probable that she was the wife of Edward Hazen, as his daughter Hannah was presumably married before that date.
10 Jan. 1643 – A survey of the town was made by Mr. Thomas Nelson, Mr. Edward Carleton, Humphrey Reyner, and Francis PARROT, and the location and size of each house lot (consisting usually of an acre and a half) recorded; in this register the name of Edward Hazen does not appear. The remaining undivided land was called commons, and it was agreed that every 1 1/2 acre house lot should have 1 1/2 “gates” or cow rights in the common pastures.
In a later survey, undated, but probably made before 1647, is found the first mention of our common ancestor as a land owner, probably also the earliest record of the family in America:
Certaine Divisions of Meadow laid out in the Meadow Called Crane Meadow:
To Edward Hassen three Acres of meadow lying on the South east side of John Smithes meadow the northeast end abutting upon a pond the south west end upon the upland.
To Leonard HARRIMAN seaven Acres of meadow lying on the Southeast side of Edward Hassens meadow pt of it bought of William Hobson and pt of John Harris the east end abutting upon a brooke the west end upon the upland —
Uplands laid out at the plaine Called the Great plaine Imp
To Edward Hassen foure Acres & an halfe of upland at the plaine Called the great plaine lying next the south ffence by the Country way the east end abutting toward the fence the west end towards other.
To John Smith 5 Acres of upland lying on the north side of Edward Hassens land abutting as aforesaid.
To Thomas Tenny two Acres & and halfe of land lying on the north side of John Smithes land abutting as aforesaid.
To William Tenny two Acres of land lying on the north side of Thomas Tennyes land abutting as aforesaid
In a list, apparently regarding cattle about 1648, is found “Edw Hasen 2”
August 1650, apparently a tax list for oxen, “Edward hasen *2”; and a similar list slightly later, “Ed;hassen paid – butter.” “The names of those that has Calues & the number of them 1650: Ed Hasen – 1 T Tenne-1 Ri Swan-2.”
In accordance with an order made in the year 1650, the fences of the common fields of the town of Rowley were divided according to the proportion of land held by individual proprietors, and a number was assigned to each man’s portion; the comparative length of
the fence to be maintained by Edward Hazen and some of his neighbors who became ancestors of many Hazen descendants is of interest as indicating their relative holdings at this time: “the hundred and fort Rod of the feild fence which they who have gats in the ox pastur are to make and mainetaine its thus numbered as followeth
VI frances PARRAT six rale Length
VII Mr Shewell Twelue rale Length
VIII William Asee six rale Lengths
VIII Mr Carlton six Rale Lengths
X Thomas Teney six rale Length
XI Thomas Crosbee six rale Length
XII Richard Swane nine rale Length
XIIII Edward HASEN three Rale Length
XV Mr Ezekiell Rogers nineteene rale Lengths
XVIII Mr Thomas Nellson Thirty one rale Lengths
The fence between the ox pasture and the medow which is a two Rale fence at further sid of the ox pasture to ye mill ward thos are the severall proportions as folleth every ox gate Two rale lengths and euer aker of medow foure and a half–
II frances PARRAT foure rale Lengths
XVI Mr Ezekiell Rogers twelue rail Length
XVII Edward HASEN Twol rale Lengths
XVIII John Smith foure rale Lengths
XVIIII John PEARSON [also our ancestor] eighteen rale Lengths
XX Mr Edward Carlton Thirty rale Lengths
XXI Robert Swane foure rale Length & halfe and Richard Swane suenteene and half of length
XXII William BOYNTON [also our ancestor] nine rale Lengths
XXIII Will Teny and Thomas Teny nine Lengths
There were others with small holdings, but Edward Hazen’s proportion in comparison with those listed above was even less then appears, since their names are on another list from which his is absent.
5 May 1659 – “At a generall and legall towne meeting held the same tyme It was granted that Richard Swan and John Lambert should view and lay out a certaine percell of land as they shall see cause unto Edward Hazen Joyneing to his owne land in the Common feild nere Cowbridge.”
4 Feb 1661 – Edward Hazen had attained a relatively high degree of prosperity, as shown in “A Survay of The Seuerall Gates or Commonages belonging unto The seuerall Inhabbitants of The Towne of Rowley as They are Now in possession haueing Been Transfered and Sould from one To another since the Begining of the Said Towne”
To Edward Hassen his halfe two acre lot that he purchased of John Smith two gates and one quarter purchased of John Tod one gate purchased of the towne one and of Thomas Crosbie one 2 gates purched of Thomas Nelson one and one that he had of the towne for land he laid downe — 2 gates This total os seven and one quarter gates, or cattle rights, appears to have been surpassed only by Elizabeth Tenney alias Parratt and two or three others, the average number was about three gates to a proprietor.
Surveys in 1662: “To Edward Hassen as his first devission of land three acres and one hundred Rod be it more or less lieing on the south side of Richard hollmes land the west end buting against William tennys land the east against the common. To Edward Hasen
three acres and one hundred Rod lieing on the south side of Mark Prime’s land.”
In 1667 Hog Island marshes were divided and laid out, and Edward Hazen received a share. On 16 Apr. 1688, “the town passed an order, directing the town brook to be cleared out, three feet wide and two feet deep, and so kept: Beginning at Jonathan Jackson’s
land on Bradford Street, and so through Jachin Reyner’s land downward, till the brooks meet, and thence downward till the brook enters Satchwell;s meadow; and from Edward Hazen’s bridge in his swamp [Town’s End bridge] downward to the other brook-”
Who Do You Think You Are?
The Hazens were featured in a 2007 episode of the BBC One series Who Do You Think You Are?
Jodie Kidd (born 25 September 1978 in Guildford), an English television personality and fashion model was featured on the show. Jodie always knew that she had a Canadian background, and one that was potentially well established. But she had no idea that tracing her roots would take her to America.
The show followed William Hazen’s trade route from Saint John 300 miles south to where he was born in Haverill, Massachusetts, USA. Haverill is in the heart of New England and was once described by George Washington as the ‘pleasantest village’ he had passed through. [Our Haverhill ancestors, the Dows and the Bradleys also moved to New Brunswick]
STEP 1 – LOCAL HISTORIAN
The show arranged to meet local historian Thomas Spitalere. When visiting former communities of ancestors, it is always useful to gain local knowledge from historical experts or genealogists in the area. It is usually possible to find someone in advance, either through genealogical websites or by contacting local archives or family history societies before travelling to ask for their advice (see Related Links).
Thomas asked to meet him at a road junction in Haverill, and had brought some documents to show.
STEP 2 – VITAL RECORDS
The early records of New England towns are often very well preserved. In the 19th century, amateur historians transcribed the details of vital records (births, marriages and deaths). These records mean that it is possible to trace family lines right back to the first settlers in the town.
Since the earliest days of settlement, the town clerk of the community has been responsible for vital records. He or she is usually the best person to approach for advice about how to access the records.
Thomas brought some of Haverill’s vital records with him; birth records in particular. Through examining these records we discovered that William Hazen was born in 1738 to Moses Hazen and Abigail White.
The records also revealed that Moses was also born in Haverill, to Richard and Mary Hazen in 1701. This was an exciting discovery, as we were beginning to trace Jodie’s family right back to the earliest period of European settlement in the area.
Jodie noticed that we were talking to Thomas on the corner of Hazen Avenue. Thomas then revealed that a red brick house across the street was called the Hazen Garrison House, and had actually been built by Richard Hazen hundreds of years ago!
STEP 3 – ANCESTOR’S HOMES
For New England settlers, the allocation of land was very important. The promise of owning one’s own land and home was a major factor in people’s decision to leave Britain and travel across the Atlantic to America. As a consequence, it was important for communities to keep accurate records about which piece of land had been allocated to whom.
When searching for land owned by your ancestors, it can be helpful to look at local street directories (usually kept in local archives) for street names or house names that incorporate your family name. You can also search through deeds to find the exact location of your ancestor’s land. In addition, wills and inventories can reveal the location of property held by certain individuals.
Not only did the Hazen family home stand at the corner of Hazen Avenue, it was known locally as the Hazen Garrison House, and had Richard Hazen’s name recorded in its deeds.
So Jodie was able to step inside the house that her great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandfather Richard Hazen had built. She learned that the Hazen Garrison House was built with bricks, as opposed to wood, in order to defend the family and surrounding community from Native American attack.
During Richard’s life, Haverill was a frontier community surrounded by nothing but a vast expanse of open land. As the European settlements expanded, they encroached upon Native American territory, provoking attacks from tribes like the Abenaki. In one famously savage assault at the end of the 17th century, the Abenaki burnt many of Haverill’s wooden houses and killed 40 people.
The Hazen Garrison House had been built to provide a fortified refuge for Richard’s family and their neighbours as a response to this massacre.
Thomas also gave Jodie a document which referred to an even older Hazen, who could possibly have been Richard Hazen’s father. The document stated that Edward Hazen died in a place called Rowley in 1683. Rowley is only a short distance from Haverill, so we headed to the town to look for proof that Edward really was Richard’s father.
STEP 4 – LOCAL RECORDS
In Rowley we went to the Town Hall, where the local records are kept. Rowley was one of New England’s earliest settlements, founded in 1639. Like Haverill, it was originally inhabited by a small group of Puritans who emigrated from England.
The Town Hall holds a book called Early Settlers Rowley, Massachusetts. Within the alphabetical lists in the book, Jodie found an entry for Edward Hazen. She also found Richard’s name amongst the details for his children. The books stated that Richard was born in 1669 and went on to live in Haverill where his 11 children were born.
We wanted to know whether Edward had been born in Rowley too, but there was no date of birth recorded for him there. The earliest mention of the Hazen name referred to the burial date of Edward’s first wife, Elizabeth, in 1649. The Rowley archivist presumed therefore that any birth records for Edward would probably be found back in England.
GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GREAT-GRANDMOTHER – HANNAH HAZEN (NÉE GRANT)
But before we left, the archivist directed our attention to Edward’s second wife Hannah, who was the mother of Jodie’s great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandfather Richard Hazen.
Hannah had been born Hannah Grant to Thomas and Jane Grant, who were original settlers in Rowley. We learned that the Grants were one of Rowley’s founding families who arrived on the ship John, just two decades after the Mayflower brought the Pilgrim Fathers to America.
Jodie discovered that a Puritan minister called Ezekiel Rogers had founded Rowley. He had gathered together 20 families, including the Grants, from his Yorkshire parish of Rowley in England to establish the American Rowley.
We now wanted to find out what had made the Grants and Ezekiel Rogers come out to America.
STEP 5 – COMMUNITY HISTORY
We went to visit Reverend Bob Hagopian, Reverend Ezekiel Rogers’ modern-day counterpart in Rowley, to see whether he had any answers.
When groups of people have migrated across oceans and continents, it is likely that a common belief or interest bound them together and determined their communal history. Such experiences can be passed down in written and oral testimony and are often still commemorated today. In the Grants’ case, their religious faith was what led them to become part of a small, embattled Puritan community.
In the 1630s, during the reign of Charles I, Puritanism was not tolerated. The group of 20 families, led by Ezekiel Rogers, escaped this religious persecution to face a dangerous journey and harsh conditions in a place where they had to build a community from scratch.
STEP 6 – ENGLISH PARISH RECORDS
Jodie had travelled thousands of miles to Canada and America to discover that ancestors on one of her paternal lines were originally from Yorkshire. Back in England, we went to the original Rowley in Yorkshire and visited the church where the Reverend Ezekiel Rogers had ministered 400 years ago.
Jodie met Reverend Angela Bailey, together with East Ridings archivist Lizzy Baker. Lizzy had brought along some incredible parish records to show her.
Parish registers record baptisms, marriages and burials, and are a key resource when searching for ancestors prior to 1837, when civil registration began in England and Wales. They are usually held in county archives, and some can also be consulted online (see Related Links).
If you are tracing Puritan emigrant ancestors it is worth searching through neighbouring parish records as well as those for the parish in which they lived. Puritans would often travel to attend services led by preachers who reflected their own views, rather than attending the local church.
In a parish register for neighbouring Cottingham (the records for which go back to 1563), we found a baptism entry for Hannah GRANT, daughter of Thomas GRANT, in 1631. So Hannah was only six or seven years old when her family and their community made their epic journey to America. In a second volume, we found a record in Latin for the marriage of Thomas and Jane GRANT, which took place on 21 September 1624.
With the assistance of documents nearly 400 years old, we had proved that Jodie’s ancestor Hannah Grant really did come from Yorkshire, and that before leaving for America she and her family worshipped in the Rowley church.
Before we left the church in Rowley, Reverend Angela showed Jodie a window that commemorates the communal exodus from Rowley in 1638.
The window incorporates images of the church, of Reverend Ezekiel Rogers, and of the men, women and children who joined him to leave Yorkshire forever. The window also features an image of Rowley church’s chalice, which the church still treasures. Jodie held the chalice, dated 1634, from which Thomas and Jane Grant would probably have drunk
1. Elizabeth Hazen
Elizabeth’s husband Nathaniel Harris was born 1647 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. His parents were John Harris and Bridget Angier. Nathaniel died 24 Apr 1732 in Rowley.
Nathaniel Harris of Rowley, bought land in York, 1701-03, and lived there 1703-06; and called of York, formerly of Rowley, conveyed land in Rowley in 1703. He was of Pembroke, Plymouth County, Mass., 1715/16, when he sold 50 acres at Coxhall to his son-in-law John Prichard of Boston.
Children of Elizabeth and Nathaniel
i. Nathaniel Harris b. 6 Jan 1671 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.
ii. Bridget Harris b . 26 Nov 1672 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iii. Hannah Harris b. 10 May 1679 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iv. Sarah Harris b. 2 Apr 1681 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
v. Jane Harris b. 12 Mar 1683 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
vi. Eleazer Harris b. 0 Oct 1686 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
vii. Edward Harris b. 25 Jan 1689 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
viii. Elizabeth Harris b. 3 Nov 1694 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
ix. Job Harris b. 29 May 1698 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
x. John Harris
2. Hannah Hazen
Hannah’s husband William Gibson was born in 1651 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. William died in 1711.
4. Thomas Hazen
Thomas’ wife Mary Howlett was born about 1664 in Ipswich, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Howlett and Lydia Peabody. Mary died 24 Oct 1727 in Norwich, Connecticut.
Lieutenant Thomas Hazen’s name is on the roll of Major Samuel Appleton’s company which served in the Narraganset campaign in King Phillip’s War in 1675,. He is on a list of divers persons who were “damnified” by the burning of Major Appleton’s tent at Narranganset, whose losses the court voted to repay, Sept. 1676. Narranganset was the Great Swamp Fight of 19 Dec 1675. As a reward for this service he was made one of the grantees of Narraganset Township No. 4 (now Greenwich, Mass.), the grant being confirmed about 1738-40. [Bodge, Soldiers of King Philip’s War, pp. 154, 157, 426.]
He was in possession of a farm in Rowley given him by his father at the death of the latter. Soon after his marriage he removed to Boxford, where he was made freeman, 22 Mar. 1689/90. He was admitted to full communion in the church in Topsfield, 28 Aug 1687. He was dismissed from this church, where the record of the baptism of most of his children is found, to become one of the members of the church in Boxford, 4 Oct. 1702.
The records of the town of Boxford contain many items which are of interest in showing his growing importance in the life of the community.
“At a legal Towne meting hild in Boxford the — day of March 1687–Thomas Radington Thomas hazan Josaph Andrus be Chosen Survaiers.” On “2 July 87 the Selact men of this Towne of Boxford have leat the pasoneg medow to Thomas hazen and daniel wood this presant year for Six shillings to be payed in Coren to the Cunstabul for the Ves of the Towen.”
On 21 May 1688, “the Town choes 6 men for Selact men for ye year in sewing by a voat” of whom Thomas hazen was fourth.
On 24 June 1689, “Corporall Thomas hazen” was second of the “Selact men,” also on 8 Mar 1691/92 and 13 Mar 1693/4, “Corporel Thomas hazen’s” name is first among the five “selact men.”
On 29 Jan 1694/95, “the Town Choes 5 men to be a commety to carey on the worck of bulding the meting hous in the Town of Boxford a Cording to thair beast discrasion,” of whom Thomas hazen was one.
In Feb 1696/97, Thomas “hazen” was chosen one of the “fenc vewars for the yer insewing.” “At a Lawful town meetin ghild in Boxford the Eai[g]th of Septem 1698 the Town Choes Thomas hassen moderator.” On 3 Jan 1698/9, “The Town Choes Sargent hazen moderator for the day”; also “Sargent Thomas heasen” was one of the “5 men Chosen for our Commety to carey on the meting hows.”
On 12 Mar. 1699/1700, “first the Town Choes E[n]sien hazen moderator for the day.” On 16 Jan. 1700/1, Samuel English, an Indian, for the sum of nine pounds, gave a deed for the 12000 acres constituting the township of Boxford to a committee of five men appointed by the town, of whom Ensign Thomas hazen was one.
On 20 Jan 1700/01, “the Town has voted to Choes 5 men to settel our inhabetane of the Town in seating our inhabitane in our meting hous a Cording to thair Sivel wrights having Regard Chefly to Estats yet soe as to have Respacts to ould age: the men Chosen for this servis bee as foloweth Ensien hazen Sargent bixbee Corparal Radington John Andrus and Jonathan foster.” On 11 Mar. 1700/1, “the Town Choes william foster and Ensien hazen tithing men for the year.” “At a Town meting hild in Boxford the 24 of november 1701 The Town Choes Ensien heasen moderator for the day.”
10 Mar 1701/02 – “Ensien hazen is Chosen town Trasurer for the year insewing …. also Ensien hazen is chos to saru on the Jury of trials this next Court to bee houlden at Ipswich.” “At A law Full towen meting held in Boxford Dacember the 15:1702 the tow[n] chos insin hazzan modarator for the day” (record by Joseph Bixby).
9 Mar. 1702/03 – “the Town Choes Ensien Thomas hazen moderator for the presant meting . . . .also the Towen have chosen 5 Selact men and thaier names be as followeth: John pebody Ensien Thomas hazen Jonathan foster Samuel Simons juenr and Timothy Dorman . . . also the Towen Choes Ensien Thomas hazen Towen treasurer for the yer.”
On 22 Feb. 1703/4, “Ensien thomas hazen” was chosen in place of Zerrubabal Endicot to whom the town of Topsfield made objection to serve on a committee to settle the bounds between the towns. On 13 Mar. 1704/5, “The Towen Choes Insien hazzen moderator for the presant meting . . .also voted by the Towen that Ensien hazen shal be Towen trasurer for the year insuring.” On 26 Feb. 1705/6, “also Towen Choes Ensign hazzen Sargent bixbe and Zerobebabel Endicot to vew a pees of land that John wood desirad of the Towen lying in the Eastwardly corner of the pasnig farm and to mack Retorn to the towen what they did Estem sd land to bee worth.”
12 Mar 1705/06 -“also Ensien hazzen is Choes Selact man for the yer 1706 also assesar for 1706 . .also Insien hazen is chosen Touen Trasurer for the year in sewing . . .. also . . . wee haue chosen leiut pebody Ensien hazzen and John Eames to bee a Commety to meet with Topsfiles commety . . . a bout a deuiding lien between our towens.” He was a selact-man also in 1708, and 13 Mar. 1710/11 “The Town chos Leften. hazen for Town Clark” to succeed Capt. John Peabody, who had filled the office till that time.
Probably it was not until the spring of the following year that he removed to Norwich, Conn., for his first deed there is dated 17 Mar 1711/12, and reads “Thomas Hazzen of Boxford, Mass., yeoman,” bought of Jonathan Hartshorn for 200 pounds, twenty acres “on the east side of the highway that leads to Pottapouge, with a dwelling house, abutting easterly on the land of Benjamin Armstrong.” He was admitted an inhabitant in Norwich, 21 Dec. 1712. “Mr. Thomas Hazen member of ye church in Boxford” and his wife were received into the First Church of Norwich (date omitted in the church records); in 1716 he and his sons John and Thomas were among the petitioners for the formatioen of the West Farms Society to accommodate the portion of the town in which they lived, and 4 Jan. 1718, upon the organization there of the Second Church of Norwich (now the Franklin Congregational Cahurch), Thomas Hazzen and Mrs. Mary Hazzen were among the original members.
No record of the will of this Thomas Hazen has been found, and probably he left none, for he gave each of his two sons a farm soon after their marriage, and the following deed dated 5 Feb. 1717/18, provided for the rest of the children: ‘
“I Thomas Hazzen . . . for and in consideration of ye love goodwill and ffatherly affection which I have and do bare towards my well beloved son Jacob Hazzen, ye same Norwich afores’d Together with ye Consideration of good and sufficient security by my s’d son Jacob given to me at ye signing and sealing of these presents for ye payment of Thirty pounds apiece to his seven sisters (that is to say) thirty pounds to each of them yt have had nothing, and to make up ye sum of Thirty pounds to each of them yt have had part thereof allready, and also to take care, with myself, to pay my just Debts during my life, and after my death to discharge all my Just Debts,. . . have and do give . . . .unto him my s’d son Jacob Hazzen all my farme of lands which I now live uon in ye Township of Norwich and was laid out in four pacells, To say fourteen acres lying on ye East side of ye highway yt leads to pottapauge with ye dwelling house upon it. . . .with twenty three acres on ye west side of ye highway opposite . . .with twenty two acres on ye east side by ye house . . . .with four acres on ye hill called mount hope.”
This farm descended directly to Jacob”s great-grandson, Col. Henry Hazen of Franklin; it was more recently owned by a Driscoll family.
On a mound called the Old Indian Burying-ground in a field opposite the house, is a tombstone inscribed “HERE LYES Ye BODY / OF MRS MARY HAZEN / LAT WIFE TO LEUT / THOMAS HAZEN / WHO DIED OCTOr / Ye 24 1727 AGED / 63 YEARS.”
It is said that her husband was also buried there, but no stone remains to mark his grave. It is said that some stones were taken from this place by an irresponsible Irishman, for use as rabbit traps.
Children of Thomas and Lydia
i. Hannah Hazen b. 10 Oct 1685 Boxford, Mass.; d. 17 Oct 1740; m. 15 Nov 1705 Boxford, Mass. to John Symonds
ii. Alice Hazen b. 10 Jun 1686 Boxford, Mass.; d. 17 Oct 1740 Boxford, Mass.; m. 20 Dec 1710 Boxford, Mass.to Jeremiah Perley
iii. John Hazen b. 23 Mar 1686/87 Boxford, Mass.; m. Mercy Bradstreet
iv. Thomas Hazen b. 7 Feb 1688/89; d. ~1776 Norwich, CT; m. 30 Sep 1714 Norwich, CT. to Sarah Ayres Her parents were Joseph Ayres and Sarah Corliss. Her grandparents were George CORLISS and Joanna DAVIS.
v. Jacob Hazen b. 5 Dec 1691
vi. Lydia Hazen 1 Sep 1694 Topsfield, Mass.; m. 17 Mar 1712/13 to Benjamin Abell. His parents were Benjamin Abel and Hannah Baldwin. His grandparents were Robert ABELL and Joanna [__?__] .
vii. Mary Hazen b. 1 Sep 1694 Topsfield, Mass.; m. 4 Jul 1711 Boxford, Mass. to Increase Moseley
viii. Hephsibeth Hazen b. 22 Mar 1695/96
ix. Ruth Hazen b. 3 OCT 1699 Boxford, Mass.; d. 18 Feb 1739/40 Norwich, New London, CT.; m. 25 Feb 1723/24 Norwich, New London, CT. to Jabez Crocker
x. Jeremiah Hazen b. 4 Jan 1700/01; d. d. 12 Oct 1721
xi. Edna Hazen b. 25 Dec 1704 Boxford, Mass.; d. 28 Sep 1774 Lebanon, CT.; m. Joshua Smith His parents were Martha Abell and Obidiah Smith. His grandparents were Joshua ABELL and Mehitable SMITH.
5. Edward HAZEN Jr. (See his page)
6. Isabel Hazen
Isabel’s husband John Wood was born 2 Nov 1656 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. His parents were Thomas WOOD and Ann HUNT. John died 24 Jun 1735 in Littleton, Middlesex, Mass. Alternatively, John died 7 Mar 1729 probably in Littleton
John and Isabel Wood settled soon in Bradford, Mass., and lived there for many years. On 22 Aug. 1726, they sold their land there to Robert Savory, and followed their eldest son to Littleton, Mass., where John Wood had bought a farm, 11 May 1726. This farm of 160 acres with buildings thereon, John Wood, Sr., deeded 7 March 1728/9 to Joseph Wood, carpenter, both of Littleton. Richard and Josiah Wood witnessed this deed.
In Mr. George B. Blodgette’s Early Settler of Rowley [Essex Institute His. Coll., 24:61], it is stated that John Wood was of Rowley Village (Boxford), 20 June 1680, but this is based on the baptism on that date of “Goodman Wood of ye Village, son John”; however, Daniel Wood has settled in Boxford about 1675, and had a son John born 25 March 1680, to whom this baptismal record doubtless applies.
During King Philip’s War, John Wood served at Marlborough as a private under Capt. Samuel Brocklebank of Rowley, his name appearing on pay-rolls dated 24 March 1675/6 and 24 June 1676; also, 24 Aug. 1676 his wages (£3.15.08 ) were assigned to the town of Rowley. His name appears on the list of proprietors of Narragansett Township No. 6, now Templeton, Mass., granted 12 Feb. 1733 to veterans living in Littleton and neighboring towns. [Bodge, Soldiers in King Philips War, pp. 207, 271, 435..
Children of Isabel and John
i. Hannah Wood b. 20 Jan 1681 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
ii. John Wood b. 13 Feb 1683 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iii. Priscilla Wood b. 27 Aug 1686 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
iv. Edward Wood b. 7 Sep 1689 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
v. Thomas Wood b. 28 Nov 1691 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
vi. Samuel Wood b. 18 Nov 1693 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
vii. Joseph Wood b. 5 May 1696 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
viii. Ebenezer Wood b. 8 Sep 1698 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
ix. Bethia Wood b. 19 Jan 1703 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
x. Richard Wood b. 30 Jan 1705 in Bradford, Essex, Mass
xi. Josiah Wood b. 5 Apr 1708 in Bradford, Essex, Mass.
7. Priscilla Hazen
Priscilla’s husband Jeremiah Pearson was born 25 Oct 1653 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. His parents were John PEARSON and Dorcas PICKARD. Jeremiah died 23 Feb 1737 in Newbury, Essex, Mass.
Being dimissed from Rowley they joined the Newbury church, January 15, 1710
Children of Priscilla and Jeremiah:
i. Priscilla Pearson b. 3 Dec 1682 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
ii. John Pearson b. 10 Apr 1690 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iii. Hephsibah Pearson b. 10 Dec 1692 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iv. Miriam Pearson b. 8 Feb 1695 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
v. Moses Pearson b. 26 Mar 1697 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.
vi. Jeremiah Pearson b. 12 Sep 1699 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
vii. Amos Pearson b. 5 Jan 1702 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
viii. Hannah Pearson b. 12 May 1704 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.
8. Edna Hazen
Edna’s husband Timothy Perkins was born 11 Aug 1658 in Weymouth, Norfolk, Mass. Other sources say he was born in Topsfield. His parents were William Perkins and Elizabeth Wooten. Timothy died in 1728 in Topsfield.
His parents were not Thomas Perkins and Phebe Gould, whose grandparents were our ancestors John PERKINS and Judith GATER. This other Timothy Perkins was born 6 Jun 1661 in Topsfield, Essex, Mass. and died 18 Dec 1751 in Topsfield, Essex, Mass. He married, first, Hannah , about 1688-9. She died about 1693. He married, second, Abigail , about 1694. She died about 1710-11. He married, third, Ruth Dorman about 1712. The dates of the several marriages of Timothy Perkins are very unreliable, as the early records are exceeding defective; we only base a conjecture upon the mention of the births of their children. In the last will of Ephraim Dorman of Topsfield, he mentions the fact that his daughter, Ruth, had married Timothy Perkins, and was then dead, leaving a daughter, Ruth, to whom he gives “Ten pounds if she live to the age of eighteen years.” This will was signed in July, 1720.
Going back to the 1500s, the two lines are not related. Both come from Warwickshire England but are perhaps 30 miles apart there. The two Perkins men also came to America in the early 1630s and were both in Ipswich it would seem at the same time at least briefly.
The will of Timothy Perkins of Topsfield, dated 10 May 1727, proved 30 Sept. 1728, gave “to my dearly beloved wife Edna Perkins ye lower Room in the west end of my house and cellar room, with the improvement of all my household goods during her natural life and £30, and if that is not enough comfortably to subsist her then I order my executor to pay to her £35 a year during her natural life”, to my son Timothy Perkins, a confirmation of what I gave him by deed and £5; to my son Nathaniel Perkins, £5; to my son Jacob Perkins all the homestead (except my wife’s portion) together with all but five acres of the pasture adjoining and my meeting house lot and marsh land in Ipswich; to my son William Perkins, all remainder of lands and meadow in Topsfield on the north side of Ipswich River; to my daughter Hephsibah How, £43; to my daughter Hannah Nickolls, £23
9. Richard Hazen
Richard’s first wife Mary Peabody was born 6 Apr 1672 in Boxford, Essex, Mass. Her parents were John Peabody and Hannah Andrews. Mary died 13 Sep 1731 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
Richard’s second wife Grace Hall was born 25 Nov 1672 in Groton, Middlesex, Mass. Her parents were Christopher Hall and Sarah [__?__]. She first married 7 Feb 1706 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass.to John Currier (b. 22 Apr 1673 in Haverhill – d. 25 Jul 1722 in Haverhill) She married second 4 Sep 1729 in Bradford, Essex, Mass to Thomas Kimball (b. 1665 in Ipswich – d. 11 Jan 1732 in Bradford). Grace died 20 May 1761 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass.
9 Sep 1693 – Richard was adopted by his step-father Lieut. George Browne, as his sole heir, and upon the death of the latter, 21 Oct. 1699, came into his large estate in Haverhill.
Richard was an officer in the militia, and served at Constable in Haverhill in 1702
Hazen was involved in drawing the border with New Hampshire, and one of his sons was involved in settling Concord, N.H.
Richard Hazen built the English manor-style house at 8 Groveland St. in 1724 about 75 yards from the Merrimack River, where he wanted to build a trading wharf. The city was settled only about 80 years earlier.
Other owners of the home include Wallace Nutting, a minister, author, photographer and entrepreneur, who bought the home in 1914. John Moulton, a Haverhill librarian who bought it in 1919.
Wallace Nutting rebuilt colonial houses at the turn of the 20th century. He had an eye for special houses – this is one of only three brick First Period (i.e., before 1725) houses built in Haverhill. Brick arches span the windows and reinforce the chimneys, and only 4 rooms large, the house feels bigger because the chimneys are built within the ends, as part of the brick walls. So, unlike a center chimney colonial with two windows on either side of the front door, here there are three – the third being a little window for the cubby hole by the fireplace. The chimney and fireplaces are set into the rooms because once they are warmed by fires; they radiate heat into the rooms.
Here is the house today on Google Street View Near the intersection of Hazen Street and Garrison Square. The house is only about 150 feet from the banks of the Merimac River.
Wallace Nutting had no doubts about how this house must have looked originally. Discarding the existing windows – square paned traditional sash that slid up and down – he added the diamond paned hinged casements seen in this photograph, sure that the house had originally looked like an English medieval manor. He wanted the house to have been built before 1700. Today, we date it to about 1724. Nutting labeled it a ‘garrison’, referring to the last American Indian raid on Haverhill, which was in 1721. So this house may have been made of brick at the second and third floor is not an overhang of one floor over another, but a way of covering the ends of the wood joists, which tie into the brick wall there.
The Hazen “Garrison” House Built 1680 – 1690
8 Groveland Street, Haverhill, Mass. three quarters of a mile down river from Haverhill bridge Author: Wallace Nutting
This house, though reputed to have been built to serve on occasion as a garrison, problably gained its reputation because it is brick and has two large ovens such as garrison houses had, to provide cooking facilities for many refugees in emergency. Its solid oak doors (restored) certainly gave it strength. But at that period all windows were small and, so far as known, were always leaded. So late as 1720 leaded windows were used in new houses. This house is a beautiful type of the small English manor. Such a house exists in Kent today and the resemblance is so close as to make it probable that our house is a copy of that.
The Hazen House stands on a high bank overlooking the Merrimac River, and is easily noticeable as one follows the river road from the city. The present entrance is at the corner, to avoid a flight of steps.
The bricks are laid in shell mortar, which was very convenient in the early days, kitchen middens made by the Indians being available for shells. The bricks, if brought from England, probably came as ballast, and not because they were not obtainable in America.
The notable feature of the exterior is the fenestration, there being, besides the two usual windows in the rooms each side of the front door, two additional windows on both floors, at the ends, and of half width. A similar narrow window is above the front door in the second story hall. The beauty and the balance of this arrangement is thoroughly good and quite charming. The double door also has a transom. The knocker is a very early and beautiful type. One steps over the raised sill as over a high threshold. The exterior, for the rest, is just as originally designed. The end chimneys enhance the effect of balance. A modern ell was removed and a fireproof service building, completely detached, constructed in the rear. The fenestration of the rear of the house is also very interesting.
The Kitchen and the parlor have each of them eight-foot fireplaces. One should open the closet doors in the kitchen to observe the beehive-shaped ovens. Also, now that we are within doors, the reason for the narrow windows appears. They light the closets, on both floors, each side of the chimneys.
On the kichen side, on both floors, the house has not only wooden latches, but even wooden hinges of oak. Some of these are as old as the house. In the earliest days iron was dear and mostly came from England. Hence wood was made to serve many purposes usually served by iron. The remaining hardware of the house is all old, except that on the windows. Strap and butterfly hinges appear in the parlor and parlor chamber.
The furniture in the kitchen comprises a butterfly table (so called from the shape of its swinging brackets) with the original heavy pine top. A large splay-legged table with fine heavy turnings (two stretchers restored) is another good piece. Hornbeam barrels, hollowed from the log, stand in the corners.
The little settle is really a sleigh or pung seat [Pung – Chiefly Eastern Canada and New England, a sleigh with a boxlike body.], the marks of wear appearing on the ends, where it bore against the high sides of the pung. Such seats were made removable, so that on occasion the pung could be used as a freight vehicle. A low and a high child’s chair are of rare merit, the high one showing straddling legs to save its occupant from tipping over. There is a Jacobean cradle, with Cupid’s bow edge, and other interesting chairs and tables and a “wag-on-the-wall.” The old dresser is probably somewhat later than the house, but it is plainly the ancestor of the modern kitchen cabinet.
The hall contains among other things a small turned table of rare style with splay legs. The front-door fastenings should be observed, and the fine latches on both doors.
There is a small desk of turned pattern in the parlor. The great double gate-legged oak table is rare. The large carved oak wainscot chair is a fine specimen. A side table with carved rail merits careful attention. A bible box rests upon it, and an early mirror is above. The day bed (couch, chaise longue) is a piece dating from 1700 and is in fine condition. The origin is perhaps Pennsylvanian. The rush seat, of course, is recent.
Of great interest are the very rare chair table and candle stand. The table is in pine. The top has battens with Gothic suggestions, and the panels at the ends are curved. The candle stand has both the candle bar and the circular table, each rising and falling on a wooden screw which forms the standard. The piece is all original.
The huge and heavy “back bower” is very early and interesting. The burn in the back was caused by a Betty lamp. There is a pair of caned armchairs well carved, so that this house presents upstairs and down a remarkable number of Jacobean specimens. A three-legged folding gate table is among the rarest pieces. It is all original except one foot.
The engravings date from the early part of the eighteenth century. The embossed leather pieces represent scenes from sacred history.
The corner cupgoard excites admiration from its rosette decoration. At the time of this house only pewter, wood, and earthenware were used on the table, unless a family possessed silver.
Without mentioning other articles we proceed upstairs, noting that the rail and steps are largely original. In the front of the hall is a little room for shoemaking, with a toggle-jointed cobbler’s lamp bracket. The significance of this room lies in the fact that the house a century or so ago was used as a shoe manufactory, said to be the first in America, just as Broadhearth was the seat of the earliest iron manufactory. This little room was the office.
The kitchen chamber contains a loom, a reminiscence of the day when all cloth was made at home. The bed and trundle bed are quaint. A very rare piece is the Queen Anne table, with heavy pine-turned legs (part of the outside of balls testored). This table is not the base of a highboy, but was used to hold a small, movable chest. Note that it stands low. We have accordingly placed on it a rare pine desk box, with carving. The combination is very happy.
A Chair here (rockers, of course, added) has the heaviest and quaintest front stretcher (rung, round) the owner has seen. The heavy arm Windsor (black) is one of the finest known as regards the ramp of the seat and the sharply scrolled carved arm. The chest with turned legs is an odd survival. The table with spraddled bulldog legs, and several odd chairs or chests, make this a room of many attractions.
The parlor chamber proves attractive. A beautiful Queen Anne chair with ram’s horn arms of very rare merit is flanked by side chairs to match. The sharp outturn of the Spanish feet in all these pieces is quaint. A bandy-legged whitewood high chest of drawers with original engraved handles is opposite. The bulbous turnings on the feet of an early Dutch chair are amusingly prominent. A Flemish chair in this room is the only one in the house too weak backed to bear a human burden, but it is too excellent in its carving to put aside.
The so-called library table in walnut, while not rare, raises the interesting question whether such tables, with hinged tops, were not dining and kitchen tables also. The writing chair (student’s or school master’s chair) is rather elegant and light, and therefore somewhat late, but always delightful and desirable.
The hangings of the bed, all of the same goods, are a quaint early blue bed furnishing and are not easily surpassed in the home sense by the more elegant beds. A small oak folding gate-legged table here is very rare, dating from about 1675. The painted pine chest is a typical piece showing a taste for ornament. It is said that in houses of this date and after, having two closets in a room, one of them was used as a powder closet, so that the process of powdering the hair would not dust the entire room! We are delivered from some woes!
The garret contains such odds and ends as make garrets the charm of visitors and the bane of the housewife.
This compact, solid little house is perhaps unique in its completeness as a restoration of a house of this kind. It is practically all original except as already noted.
The heating flue for this house is carried underground to the building in the rear in order not to disturb the feeling for the old fashion.
An incident of old days was the hiding about the house of seven thousand dollars by the town treasurer, who lived here and who wished to save the money from falling into British hands. He died without revealing the secret of the hiding place. Old panel work was once torn down in the parlor in the search for the treasure. Any visitor who can stand with a witch’s wand over the spot where the pot of gold lies will be given a share in the find! As for us we fear to disturb the foundations unless we are sure of our ground in advance.
From this house the Hazen of that day went out and made the survey, which still exists, of the line which divides Massachusetts from Vermont. And from this house, in General Hazen’s time, started the army which made its ill-fated march into the great north woods of Canada.
Historians today wish that Wallace Nutting had kept records of what he found as he rebuilt this house, so that we could agree or disagree with his vision of its original architecture
Children of Richard and Mary
i. Moses Hazen b. 17 May 1701 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass;d. 1750 Haverhill, Essex, Mass; m. 5 Mar 1728 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass/ to Abigail White (b. 21 Oct 1709 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass. – d. Dec 1792 in Haverhill, Mass)
Moses and Abigail’s second son Moses Hazen (wiki) (1 Jun 1733 – 5 Feb 1803) was a Brigadier General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He saw action in the French and Indian War with Rogers’ Rangers. His service included particularly brutal raids during the Expulsion of the Acadians and the 1759 Siege of Quebec. He was formally commissioned into the British Army shortly before the war ended, and retired on half-pay outside Montreal, Quebec, where he and Gabriel Christie, another British officer, made extensive land purchases in partnership. During his lifetime he acquired land in Quebec, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York, but lost most of his Quebec land due to litigation with Christie and the effects of the revolution.
In 1775 he became involved in the American invasion of Quebec early in the American Revolutionary War, and served with the Continental Army in the 1775 Battle of Quebec. He went on to lead his own regiment (the 2nd Canadian, also known as “Congress’ Own”) throughout the war, seeing action in the 1777 Philadelphia campaign and at Yorktown in 1781. He was frequently involved in litigation, both military and civil, and constantly petitioned Congress for compensation of losses and expenses incurred due to the war. He supported similar efforts by men from his regiment who were unable to return to Quebec because of their support for the American war effort.
Moses and Abigail’s youngest son was William Hazen was born 17 Jul 1738 Haverhill, Essex, Mass. He married 14 July 1764 Sarah Le Baron of Plymouth, Mass., and they had at least 16 children William died 23 Mar 1814 in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online HAZEN, WILLIAM, businessman, politician, and office holder
William Hazen’s father died in 1750, leaving a small inheritance to each of his five children. Nine years later, when soldiers were needed for Jeffery Amherst’s campaign into Canada, William enlisted. After the war he set up as a merchant in what became Newburyport, Mass., and with the remainder of his small inheritance as capital he participated in the traditional staple trade of the New England “sedentary” or wholesale merchant. (See my post New England Planters in New Brunswick for more)
Hazen’s interest in Nova Scotia was sparked by the activities of his two cousins James* and Richard Simonds, who had begun in the early 1760s to investigate business prospects around the mouth of the Saint John River (N.B.), and also by the closing to New England of the back-country trade after the Royal Proclamation of 1763. For established merchants the end of the Seven Years’ War meant dull trading, but for younger merchants such as Hazen the close of the war and the cancellation of wartime contracts often led to bankruptcy. With his business flagging, Hazen looked to Nova Scotia for opportunities to expand. In 1763 he was associated in a commercial venture with James Simonds, and the following year a partnership was formed to pursue the fishery, the fur trade, and other activities at Portland Point (Saint John, N.B.), where the Simonds brothers had obtained a licence to occupy lands from Lieutenant Governor Montagu Wilmot.
The firm created on 1 March 1764 had three senior partners: Samuel Blodget, an established merchant in Boston, James Simonds, and Hazen. The three junior partners were Richard Simonds, James White, another of Hazen’s cousins, and Robert Peaslie, Hazen’s brother-in-law. The firm extended to Nova Scotia a pattern of trade already established in the Thirteen Colonies: Hazen and Blodget resided in New England where they operated as sedentary merchants; James Simonds and the junior partners set up a trading-post at Portland Point that was typical of back-country merchants. A perusal of the firm’s account-books reveals how trade was carried on in fish, fur, and feathers. These staples were sent from Nova Scotia to Hazen and Blodget, who sold the furs to British merchants, the fish to West Indian planters, and the feathers to coastal traders. Hazen and Blodget acquired the manufactured goods and provisions that Simonds and the junior partners used in domestic trade with the settlers who moved into Nova Scotia prior to the American Revolutionary War [see Israel Perley]. The firm also exploited the limestone quarries at Portland Point and supplied the garrison at nearby Fort Frederick. A sawmill was soon established, schooners were built, and both lumber (some of it acquired from settlers in payment of debts) and lime were exported. To further the company’s trade Simonds established branch operations 60 miles inland from Portland Point on the Saint John River and 70 miles south at Passamaquoddy Bay.
Early in 1765 Richard Simonds died and a few months later Peaslie retired from the company. In May 1766 Blodget also withdrew, and his share in the firm was bought by Hazen and Leonard Jarvis, whom Hazen had brought into the company in 1765. Consequently, on 16 April 1767, a new partnership was formed between Hazen, Jarvis, Simonds, and White. As associates of the Saint John River Society [see Beamsley Perkins Glasier] members of the original company had acquired large grants of land in the Saint John River valley in 1765. Seven years later Hazen decided to settle on part of his property, but the move was delayed until 1775. By that time conflict between the Thirteen Colonies and Great Britain had caused trade between Nova Scotia and New England virtually to cease, although Hazen managed to carry it on for a short time by using circuitous routes and questionable business practices. The company pursued the West Indian trade until the end of 1775, when it became both too hazardous and too expensive.
Like many New Englanders, Hazen had mixed feelings about the revolutionary war. His elder brother Moses Hazen was a general in the revolutionary army and family contacts were maintained; however, incursions into Nova Scotia by soldiers from New England persuaded Hazen that his future lay within the British empire. Although in 1776 the company was undisturbed by Jonathan Eddy’s ragtag army that attacked but failed to capture Fort Cumberland (near Sackville, N.B.), in the summer of 1777 Hazen and White were held prisoner for a time by forces under John Allan and that autumn the company’s stores were robbed by marauding privateers from the Thirteen Colonies. The firm complained bitterly to government officials in Halifax and later that year troops under Gilfred Studholme began construction of Fort Howe, which overlooked the company’s warehouses at Portland Point. In 1778 the firm played a role in British attempts to secure the neutrality of the Micmac and Malecite Indians, who were being encouraged by Allan to support the American cause. As deputy to Michael Francklin, superintendent of Indian affairs, James White was particularly influential; as commissary at Fort Howe, Hazen was responsible for distributing supplies to the Indians.
In 1773, Jarvis having left the company, Simonds, Hazen, and White had contracted a verbal agreement to carry on their trade. Five years later, with the business at Portland Point at a standstill, Simonds broke from the firm and moved inland. By 1781, however, Hazen had established a new partnership with White and Francklin. Francklin’s contacts with the government at Halifax helped secure a masting contract for the company and, despite the rivalry of William Davidson, the business prospered. The new firm also dealt in furs, which were sent to the London firm of Brook Watson and Robert Rashleigh. Francklin, in effect, took the place of the sedentary merchant in the partnership and Halifax became the firm’s entrepôt for overseas trade.
Although the loyalists who arrived on the Saint John River in 1783 had little sympathy with pre-loyalists, Hazen was quickly recognized as a community leader, for his position at Portland Point was pre-eminent. He served as a loyalist agent, and he was the only pre-loyalist to be chosen in 1784 to sit on the Council of the newly created province of New Brunswick. He continued to be active in provincial politics and also served on municipal committees in Saint John, acting as commissioner of highways and overseer of the poor from 1791 to 1797. The influx of loyalists gave considerable impetus to his business. He was able to rent out the company’s wharfs and buildings and he supplied the new settlers with manufactured goods and lumber. Although many of his early land grants had been escheated, he had received other large holdings in compensation and was able to turn his property to profit by collecting rents from newly arrived tenants. In the late 1780s he was managing a grist-mill at Saint John which he owned jointly with Ward Chipman and Jonathan Bliss, both loyalists. When commercial relations were resumed with the United States after the war Hazen re-established his coastal trade, and with the end of privateering he was able to pick up the West Indian trade. He again engaged in shipbuilding, frequently selling a ship and its cargo to overseas merchants, and he continued his masting business, though demand declined after the war. Although prosperous, Hazen’s latter years were troubled by an extensive litigation with Simonds and White over the lands their company had acquired. The issue was not finally resolved until 1810.
Hazen’s career illustrates the dexterity of the 18th-century businessman, and his ventures into fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding, and trading were portents of New Brunswick’s future. His entrepreneurial skills both gave direction to the new colonial economy and guaranteed a future for the Hazen family. His progeny, which included at least 11 sons and 5 daughters, became stalwarts of the community. One daughter married Ward Chipman and another Amos Botsford’s son William; a grandson, Robert Leonard Hazen, became a prominent lawyer and politician in New Brunswick.
ii. Richard Hazen b. 20 Jul 1696 in Haverhill, Essex, Mas
iii. Priscilla Hazen b. 25 Nov 1698 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
iv. George Hazen b. 2 Aug 1703 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
v. Mary Hazen b. 23 Aug 1705 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass.
vi. Sarah Hazen b. 24 Dec 1707 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
vii. Hannah Hazen b. 5 Feb 1710 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
viii. Elizabeth Hazen b. 10 Sep 1712 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
ix. John Hazen b. 24 Jan 1714 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass
x. Ann Hazen b. 4 May 1717 in Haverhill, Essex, Mass.
10. Hepzibah Hazen
Hepzibah’s husband Jonathan Dickenson was born about 1667 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.
11. Sarah Hazen
Sarah’s husband Daniel Wicom was born in 1665 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. His parents were Daniel Wicom (1635 -1700) and Mary Smith (1642-1691). Daniel died in 1724 in Norwich, CT.
Children of Sarah and Daniel:
i. Mary Wicom b. 4 Jun 1691 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
ii. Sarah Wicom b. 27 Jul 1694 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iii. Hannah Wicom b. 1699 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
iv. Hephzibah Wicom b. 22 Apr 1701 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
v. Elizabeth Wicom b. 1703 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
vi. Priscilla Wicom b. 9 Apr 1706 in Rowley, Essex, Mass
vii. Daniel Wickham b. 22 Apr 1712 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.