Eusebio M LOPEZ (1889 – 1972 ) was Socorro’s grandfather.
Eusebio M. Lopez was born 14 Aug 1889 in San Juan, Batangas. His parents were Julian LOPEZ (Santos’ brother) and [__?__]. He married his first cousin Soledad LOPEZ in 1924. He was 36 and she was just 19. Their fathers were brothers.
He had a very distinguished career, including a delegate to create the 1934 constitution, Associate Judge of the People’s Court in 1946 judging collaboration cases against high government officials under Japanese occupation and helping to found a college, the Lyceum of the Philippines and Batangas Eastern Academy in the 1950’s. To his grandchildren, he was known as Lolo Iboy. Eusebio died 15 Mar 1972.
Soledad Lopez was born 7 Jun 1905 in San Juan Batangas. Her parents were Santos LOPEZ of Lipa (Julian’s brother) and Maria (Nanay Angge) MERCADO. Her grandfather Jose MERCADO was first cousin of filipino patriot Jose Rizal. Soledad died 3 Oct 1995.
At the age of 19 years old, she was fetched from her school, Assumption Convent in Herran, Manila and was bethrothed to Eusebio. She said the reason she married her first cousin was because those allowed to court her had to already have a title, so when Eusebio asked for her hand in marriage, he was 17 years older and was already a lawyer. To her grandchildren, Soledad was known as Lola Nene. She died xx.
Children of Eusebio and Soledad
|1.||Eusebio L. (Ben) Lopez Jr.||21 Feb 1927||Norma Dolor
6 Jun 1949
|27 Feb 1981|
|2.||Rodolfo (Rudy) LOPEZ||31 Oct 1929||Angelita RANGEL
|26 Mar 1955
|3.||Sonia (Ching) Lopez||1935
|Pedro (Pete) Lansangan Tioseco
21 Jun 1959
|4.||Raul L. Lopez||17 Nov 1932||Teresita (Tessie) Castro||11 Dec 1992|
|5.||xx (McCoy) Lopez||Estella [__?__]|
|6.||Horacio (Bilog) Lopez||4 Nov 1942||Never Married||16 Aug 2007|
|7.||Santos (Tuknoy) Lopez||27 Apr 1945||Flory Mendoza
Rose Marie [__?__]
|3 Jul 2009|
|8.||Soledad (Baby) Lopez||Cesar Cinco|
Cousin Jose Rizal
Eusebio and his descendants are related to the famous Filipino patriot Jose Rizal through his mother.
José Trivino MERCADO was his grandfather and Socorro’s 2nd great grandfather. José was also Jose Rizal’s first cousin.
Gregorio Fernando A. MERCADO was Socorro’s 3rd great grandfather. Gregorio was also José Rizal’s uncle.
Juan MERCADO was Socorro’s 4th great grandfather. Juan was also José Rizal’s grandfather. Jose’s father changed his last name from Mercado to Rizal for political reasons. See his page for the genealogy and short bio of José Rizal.
Francisco MERCADO (1731 – 1801) was Socorro’s 5th great grandfather.
Domingo LAM-CO was Socorro’s 6th great grandfather and the original immigrant from China. José Rizal was classified as mestizo de sangley due to his Chinese ancestry, although he also had Japanese and Spanish ancestors. He is famous for asking to classified as indio prior to his execution.
José Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonso y Realonda (19 Jun 1861 – 30 Dec 1896), was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by National Heroes Committee. His execution by the Spanish in 1896, a date marked annually as Rizal Day, a Philippine national holiday, was one of the causes of the Philippine Revolution.
San Juan Batangas
For more on San Juan, click here for The San Juan Batangas Legacy.pdf by Leon Mayo.
Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the Calabarzon region. Poetically, Batangas is often referred to by its ancient name Kumintang. The dialect of Tagalog spoken in the province closely resembles the Old Tagalog spoken before the arrival of the Spanish. Hence the province has been called the Heartland of the Tagalog Language. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations near Metro Manila. The province has many beaches and is famous for excellent diving spots.
San Juan, Bantangas, is 43 kilometers east of Batangas City, also the same distance southwest of Lucena City, Quezon, and 115 kilometers away from Manila. According to the latest census, it has a population of 87,276.
The Lopez ancestral home in the photo still stands proud today, treasuring and enveloping in its walls, furniture and ceiling the family’s history.
It was built by Soledad’s parents, Lolo Santos Lopez and Lola Maria Mercado. The more than a hundred year old four poster beds of her parents are what the current generation lie s down on when they vacation there usually during Holy Week or summer. They keep their clothes in a huge ornate hand carved wooden cabinet which has the initials “SL” because it was once used by their great grandfather, Santos Lopez.
The books on the shelves are the Manresa law books of Judge Eusebio M Lopez, a delegate of the 1935 Constitution Convention who crafted our 1935 Constitution and a founder of the Lyceum of the Philippines.
The wedding gift of plates gilded in 18 karat gold from Senator Claro M Recto (wiki), a classmate of Lolo Iboy at the UP Law School to Lolo Iboy and Lola Nene is in the glass case in the dining room area. (Wikipedia says Recto received a Masters of Laws degree from the University of Santo Tomás.)
Claro Mayo Recto, Jr. (1890 – 1960), was a Filipino politician, jurist, poet and one of the foremost statesmen of his generation. He is remembered mainly for his nationalism, for “the impact of his patriotic convictions on modern political thought” Complete Filipinization was achieved only with the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935. Claro M. Recto and José P. Laurel were among Quezón’s first appointees to replace the American justices.
A huge photo of Lola Nene in a carnival queen inspired dress that was the fashion during her teen-age years is in the middle of our living room facing the lifesize painting of Lola Leonor by the staircase that is encrusted with faux feathers and glitters.
Beside Lola Nene’s photo is that of Great Grandfather Lolo Santos framed in thick carved wood also with his “SL” initials.
The 100-year-old ancestral home has a collection of old jars from the late metallic era, around 900- 1200 A.D. and some old frames made of brass. Eusebio Lopez, Sr. had an impressive pre-Spanish collection of letters and stamps, the oldest of which is dated around 1700s.
To all of those in the third generation of Lopez this ancestral home holds memories of their fiestas – May 15 , the feast of St. John or San Juan, patron saint of the town. It was a time when the entire clan fills the house, most of the kids sleeping in mats in the living room and balconies…. Lola Nene would always prepare a feast.. suckling roasted pig, large flaked fish whipped in mayo decorated with red and yellow peppers…bulging metal cauldrons of menudo, chicken adobo in coconut milk, hundreds of embotido meat loaves, steaming hot cauldrons of ginataang pinaltok made of coconut milk, tapioca, slivers of jackfruit and slices of banana and sweet coconut balls.
In the center of the garden would be an enormous gilded “Carrosa” .. the huge cart with cadelabra lights which a generator will support later on….where the image of the patron saint would be placed while in procession because one of Eusebio’s sons, landscape artist Horacio Lopez, was always requested by the town elders and priests to decorate the “Carrosa” with flowers.
At the end of May, the ancestral home is again bursting with activities and all sorts of family relations gathering together . for the annual Santacruzan – a religious procession honoring St. Helene..
Eusebio signed the 1934 Philippine Constitution.
The 1935 Philippine Constitution was written in 1934, approved and adopted by the Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1946) and later used by the Third Republic of the Philippines (1946–1972). It was written with an eye to meeting the approval of the United States Government as well, so as to ensure that the U.S. would live up to its promise to grant the Philippines independence and not have a premise to hold onto its “possession” on the grounds that it was too politically immature and hence unready for full, real independence.
The Preamble reads:
|“||“The Filipino people, imploring the aid of Divine Providence, in order to establish a government that shall embody their ideals, conserve and develop the patrimony of the nation, promote the general welfare, and secure to themselves and their posterity the blessings of independence under a regime of justice, liberty, and democracy, do ordain and promulgate this constitution.”||”|
The original 1935 Constitution provided for unicameral National Assembly and the President was elected to a six-year term without re-election. It was amended in 1940 to have a bicameral Congress composed of a Senate and House of Representatives, as well the creation of an independent electoral commission. The Constitution now granted the President a four-year term with a maximum of two consecutive terms in office.
A Constitutional Convention was held in 1971 to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The convention was stained with manifest bribery and corruption. Possibly the most controversial issue was removing the presidential term limit so that Ferdinand E. Marcos could seek election for a third term, which many felt was the true reason for which the convention was called. In any case, the 1935 Constitution was suspended in 1972 with Marcos’ proclamation of martial law, the rampant corruption of the constitutional process providing him with one of his major premises for doing so.
People’s Court Acquittal of President Laurel
Eusebio was a judge of the People’s Court that acquitted President Laurel, Madrigal, et al. of collaboration.
On Jan 28, 1948, President Roxas granted full amnesty to all Philippine collaborators, many of whom were on trial or awaiting to be tried, particularly former President Jose P. Laurel (1943–1945). The Amnesty Proclamation did not apply to those collaborators, who were charged with the commission of common crimes, such as murder, rape, and arson. The presidential decision helped heal a wound that threatened to divide the people.
José Paciano Laurel y García (1891 – 1959) was the president of the Republic of the Philippines, a Japanese-sponsored administration during World War II, from 1943 to 1945. The presidency of Laurel remains one of the most controversial in Philippine history. After the war, he would be denounced in some quarters as a war collaborator or even a traitor, although his indictment for treason was superseded by President Roxas’ Amnesty Proclamation. His subsequent electoral success demonstrates public support for him. Before his death, Laurel came to be considered by some as doing his best in interceding, protecting and looking after the best interests of the Filipinos against the harsh wartime Japanese military rule and policies. However, the fact remains that he violated his Oath of Office and headed an illegal government of the Philippines.
When Japan invaded, President Manuel L. Quezon first fled to Bataan and then to the United States to establish a government-in-exile. Laurel’s prewar, close relationship with Japanese officials (a son had been sent to study at the Imperial Military Academy in Tokyo, and Laurel had received an honorary doctorate from Tokyo University), placed him in a good position to interact with the Japanese occupation forces.
In 1925 Laurel was elected to the Philippine Senate. He would serve for one term before losing his re-election bid in 1931 to Claro M. Recto. He retired to private practice, but by 1934, he was again elected to public office, this time as a delegate to the 1935 Constitutional Convention. Hailed as one of the “Seven Wise Men of the Convention”, he would sponsor the provisions on the Bill of Rights. Following the ratification of the 1935 Constitution and the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Laurel was appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on February 29, 1936.
Laurel was among the Commonwealth officials instructed by the Japanese Imperial Army to form a provisional government when they invaded and occupied the country. He cooperated with the Japanese, in contrast to the decision of Filipino Chief Justice Abad Santos. Because he was well-known to the Japanese as a critic of US rule, as well as having demonstrated a willingness to serve under the Japanese Military Administration, that he held a series of high posts in 1942–1943. In 1943, he was shot by Philippine guerillas while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf and Country Club, but he quickly recovered. Later that year, he was selected, by the National Assembly, under vigorous Japanese influence, to serve as President.
Here’s a story that illustrates Laurel’s ambivalent and precarious position. In 1944, Laurel issued an executive order organizing the Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI) as the sole political organization to back the government. An attempt was made to organize a women’s section of the KALIBAPI, and Laurel hosted several women leaders in Malacañang Palace to plead his case. After he spoke, a university president, speaking in behalf of the group, responded, “Mr. President, sa kabila po kami“. (“Mr. President, we are on the other side.”) Laurel joined the others assembled in hearty laughter and the KALIBAPI women’s section was never formed.
On Oct 20, 1943 the Philippine-Japanese Treaty of Alliance was signed by Claro M. Recto, [Eusebio’s friend] who was appointed by Laurel as his Foreign Minister, and Japanese Ambassador to Philippines Sozyo Murata. One redeeming feature was that no conscription was envisioned.
Laurel declared the country under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29, dated September 21. Martial law came into effect Sep 22, 1944 at 9 am. Proclamation No. 30 was issued the next day, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom.
Japan unconditionally surrendered to the Allied Powers on Aug 15, 1945. Since Apr 1945, President Laurel, together with his family and Cabinet member Camilo Osias, Speaker Benigno Aquino, Sr., Gen. Tomas Capinpin, and Ambassador Jorge Vargas, had been in Japan. Evacuated from Baguio shortly after the city fell, they traveled to Aparri and thence, on board Japanese planes, had been taken to Japan. On August 17, 1945, from his refuge in Nara, President Laurel issued an Executive Proclamation which declared the dissolution of the Second Republic of the Philippines.
On Aug 15, 1945, the Japanese forces surrendered to the United States. Gen. Douglas MacArthur ordered Laurel arrested for collaborating with the Japanese. In 1946 he was charged with 132 counts of treason, but was never brought to trial due to the general amnesty granted by President Manuel Roxas in 1948. Laurel ran for president against Elpidio Quirino in 1949 but lost in what was then considered as the dirtiest election in Philippine electoral history.
Laurel was elected to the Senate in 1951, under the Nacionalista Party. He was urged upon to run for President in 1953, but he declined, working instead for the successful election of Ramon Magsaysay. Magsaysay appointed Laurel head of a mission tasked with negotiating trade and other issues with United States officials, the result being known as the Laurel-Langley Agreement.
Laurel considered his election to the Senate as a vindication of his reputation. He declined to run for re-election in 1957. He retired from public life, concentrating on the development of the Lyceum of the Philippines established by his family.
Batangas Eastern Academy
The Batangas Eastern Academy is the pioneer in secondary education in San Juan. The school was founded by philanthropist, Mrs. Mercedes Salud de Villa, a civic-spirited citizen of San Juan with a group of prominent citizens. Mrs. Maria Ramos Sales, Mrs. Sotera Ramos Abania, Mr. Fidel Alday, Atty. Jose Contreras, Atty. Jose Castillo, Judge Eusebio Lopez and then Mayor Miguel Lopez worked with her.
BEA past presidents were Atty. Jose M. Contreras, (June 1940- October 1946, 1954-1956), Atty. Eusebio Lopez, (November 1946- April 1954), Mr. Fidel Alday (May 1956-July 1956), Mrs. Mercedes S. de Villa (1956-1985), Mr. Jesus S. de Villa (1985-1991), Mrs. Libertad V. Salud, (July 1991-August 1999), Dr. Mario S. De Villa (September 1999 to May 2001), Atty. Agileo de Villa (2001 to present). School Principals were Mr. Jesus Changco, (1941-1942), Mr. Vicente Salud (1946-1955), Mrs. Libertad V. Salud (1955-2000), Dr. Generosa S. Jaen (February 19, 2001 to May 2007) and Mrs. Lorelie A. Galit (December 10, 2007-present).
Lyceum of the Philippines University (LPU)
Eusebio was a founder of the Lyceum of the Philippines University in 1952.
The Lyceum of the Philippines University (Filipino: Pamantasang Liseo ng Pilipinas, abbreviated LPU) is an institute of higher education located in Intramuros in the City of Manila. It was founded in 1952 by Dr. José P. Laurel, who became the third and one of the most acclaimed presidents of the Philippines. He named the institution after lykeion, the grove in ancient Athens where Aristotle taught his pupils. LPU is the only university founded by a president of the republic. Its educational vision is founded on principles Dr. José P. Laurel set down. It opened its gates to its first students on July 7, 1952.
Two of its most prominent features are its entry point, the “Hall of Heroes” which exhibits busts of revered Philippine historical figures sculpted by the National Artist Guillermo Tolentino; and, the famous “Lyceum Tower” which serves as Lyceum’s trademark and stands witness to the university’s history and continuing progress.
G.R. No. L-43430 — January 7, 1936 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, plaintiff-appellee, vs. FILEMON D. MALABANAN, defendant-appellant. Eusebio M. Lopez for appellant. — In July, 1933, appellant was municipal president of the of San Juan, Province of Batangas, and was engaged in raising funds for the construction of a ward in the provincial hospital for tubercular patients. Notwithstanding all his efforts to secure contributions, he was unable to approximate the quota which had been set for his town by the provincial authorities, and he therefore on July 22, and July 29, organized and held cock-fights, neither day being authorized by law for such purposes.
Office of the Solicitor-General Hilado for appellee.
Lopez v. Abelarde, 36 Phil. 563, G.R. No. L-11189, March 29, 1917 – Appeal by bill of exceptions, filed by counsel for the objector Francisco Abelarde from the judgment of April 26, 1915, whereby the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros, overruling all the oppositions to the application for the registration of a parcel of real estate belonging to Eusebio Lopez, decreed the adjudication and entry of the land that was the subject-matter of the application, together with all the improvements thereon, in behalf of the conjugal partnership formed by Eusebio Lopez and Ana Ledesma.
By a written application of November 18, 1914, counsel for Eusebio Lopez applied to the Court of First Instance of Occidental Negros for the registration, in accordance with law, of a tract of land containing 4,518,937 square meters, situated in the barrio of Columela (Daga) of the municipality of Cadiz Nuevo, Occidental Negros, known as the Bayabas Hacienda, which he purchased from the heirs of Leandro Linares y Victoria at the assessed valuation of P27,000. This hacienda is now occupied by Delfin Mahinay.
G.R. No. L-1243 April 14, 1947 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, vs. EUSEBIO LOPEZ, Associate Judge of Second Division of People’s Court, BENIGNO S. AQUINO, and ANTONIO DE LAS ALAS, Respondents. PERFECTO, J.: chanrobles virtual law library.
Solicitor General Lorenzo M. Tañada, as head of the Office of Special Prosecutors, and Prosecutors Juan R. Liwag and Pedro C. Quinto filed, in the name of the People of the Philippines, a petition praying that a writ of prohibition be issued commanding Associate Judge Eusebio M. Lopez, of the Second Division of the People’s Court, “to desist from further proceedings in, or further exercising his jurisdiction in the trial of, and from otherwise taking further cognizance of criminal cases for treason against Benigno S. Aquino (No. 3527) and against Antonio de las Alas (No. 3531), and other treason cases of the same nature actually pending before the Second Division of the People’s Court or in any other division where he may hereafter be assigned, and declaring him disqualified to sit therein,” chanrobles virtual law library.
On Mar 14, 1946, an information for treason was filed in criminal case No. 3534 against Guillermo B. Francisco. The accused entered his plea of not guilty and the case was heard on diverse days in the months of June and July, 1946, before the Second Division of the People’s Court, composed of Associates Judges Salvador Abad Santos and Jose P. Veluz and the respondent judge.chanroblesvirtualawlibrary chanrobles virtual law library.
After the prosecution had rested its case, counsel for the accused moved to dismiss, upon the sole ground that the overt acts charged in the information were not testified to by two witnesses as required by the treason law, article 114 of the Revised Penal Code.chanroblesvirtualawlibrary chanrobles virtual law library.
On Aug 24, 1946, a decision penned by Associate Judge Salvador Abad Santos, dated Aug 15, 1946, and concurred in by Associate Judge Jose P. Veluz, was promulgated, dismissing the case. Associate Judge Lopez reserved his decision.(chan robles virtual law library)
Sep 26, 1946 – Judge Lopez promulgated a separate concurring opinion which, according to the petition, “not satisfied with dismissing the aforementioned case on the ground raised by the accused therein, expressed views and conclusions of facts, not warranted by the evidence or by the issues raised by the parties nor necessary to the decision of the case, justifying the aid and comfort given to the Empire of Japan by the “Filipino leaders” or the so-called political collaborators and holding them in effect to be patriots and therefore not guilty of the crime of treason with which they stand charged.” chanrobles virtual law library.
Upon the allegation that “the respondent judge had shown that he does not possess that unprejudiced, dispassionate, unbiased and impartial state of mind in regard to the cases of the political collaborators now pending trial in the People’s Court, which is a requisite under the statute and which is essential and necessary as a matter of right in the proper administration of justice,” the prosecution filed petitions to disqualify respondent judge from sitting and participating in any manner in the hearing and decision of the criminal cases against Benigno S. Aquino and Antonio de las Alas and other treason cases of the same nature pending before the Second Division of the People’s Court. It is alleged that the petitions were filed under section 7 of Commonwealth Act No. 682, otherwise known as the People’s Court Act, in relation to section 1 Rule 124.chanroblesvirtualawlibrary chanrobles virtual law library
After due hearing and argument, the majority of the Second Division, Judges Abad Santos and Veluz, promulgated a resolution on Nov 8, 1946, granting the motions for the disqualification of Judge Lopez. On the same date Judge Lopez promulgated a resolution denying them.
The petition alleges that in said separate resolution respondent judge “again manifested his bias and prejudice in favor of political collaborators” and reaffirmed with more vigor the views and conclusions he expressed in his concurring opinion in the case of People vs. Guillermo B. Francisco as shown by the following excerpts of Eusebio’s rulings:
. . . that President Quezon gave instructions to the Filipino leaders before his departure for the United States, giving details of those instructions; that the Filipino leaders surrendered to the enemy and accepted services in the two puppet governments because they had to and because they were coerced to do so; . . . that the cooperation the Filipinos gave to the Japanese army was feigned and not real; . . . . (p. 11, Resolution, Annex I.)
The prosecution asserts that under my theory of the law all the political collaborators now facing charges of treason in this court cannot be convicted because I would decide them in accordance with my concurring opinion. I am only one of the fifteen judges in the People’s Court. Even in my division I cannot presume to control the majority. But the prosecution can rest assured that if I could be given the sole power to decide the cases against political collaborators and all the other cases pending before the People’s Court, I would dismiss every single one of them if the charges were limited to acts legal under the law of the occupant and not in contravention of the limitations upon the powers of the enemy established by international law. (P. 24, Resolution, Annex I.)
Additional evidence presented that Eusebio was not impartial
Instead of confining his discussion to the sufficiency of the evidence, which was the only issue raised in the motion for dismissal, Judge Lopez expressed personal ideologies, dislikes, prepossessions, and conclusions of fact, warranted by the evidence or the issue raised by the parties not necessary to the decision of the case, justifying unqualifiedly the aid and comfort given to the Empire of Japan by the “Filipino leaders” or the so-called political collaborators. These are few samples:
It is hard to believe that the Filipino leaders . . . accepted services under those two governments without compulsion or coercion.” (Annex E, p. 2.) chanrobles virtual law library
One thing was uppermost in their minds; the nation must survive . . . (Annex E, p. 4.) chanrobles virtual law library
They must feign cooperation . . .. (Annex E, p. 4.) chanrobles virtual law library
They had the instructions of President Quezon to do so. (Annex E, p. 5.) chanrobles virtual law library
The Philippines paid heavily, perhaps too heavily, for the ill-advised and irresponsible guerrilla activities of her own sons. (Annex E, p. 7.) chanrobles virtual law library
The leaders of the people surrendered and gave aid and comfort to the enemy because they knew that only by giving aid and comfort to the enemy could they hope to make the nation survive. (Annex E, p. 32.) chanrobles virtual law library
Speeches alone, no matter how eloquent in praises of Japan’s magnanimity and grandeur, are not sufficient to support conviction.” (Annex E, p. 36.)
They were shields to protect the people from the brutality of the enemy. (Annex E, p. 37.)
18 Feb 1947 – Judge Lopez, in criminal case No. 822, People of the Philippines vs. Segundo Ubaldo, and notwithstanding our resolution in the Anastacio Laurel case, once more dissented orally against the decision of the Second Division of the People’s Court, which found Ubaldo guilty of the crime of treason, for having adhered and given aid to the enemy. The majority of that court found that, Ubaldo, while in command of about one hundred affiliates of the MAKAPILI, had captured seven Filipino civilians and thereafter turned them over to the Japanese Army, with instructions that they be beheaded, on the excuse that they were guerrillas.
28 Mar 1947 – Judge Lopez published his written dissenting opinion in the Ubaldo case, reiterating his previous stand in the Francisco (Annex E, p. 37), Aquino and De las Alas (Annex I, p. 24), and Balingit (Annex A, to Memo for petitioner, last page) cases, and concluding that “the acts committed by the accused were legal under the existing law of the occupant and were not in violation of any of the recognized principles of international law.”
Being among the more prominent Commonwealth officials left after the Commonwealth government went into exile in 1941, Benigno Simeon Aquino, Sr. (1894 – 1947) were among those recruited by the Japanese to form a government. Aquino became the director-general of KALIBAPI and one of the two assistant chairmen of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence. When the Second Philippine Republic was inaugurated, he was elected Speaker of the National Assembly.
In December 1944, as the American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces, the government of the Second Philippine Republic was moved to Baguio which included Aquino before they flew to Japan where together with other officials they were arrested and imprisoned at the Sugamo Prison when the Japanese surrendered. On Aug 25, 1946, Aquino was flown back to the Philippines for his trial on treason charges by the People’s Court, a few weeks later he was released on bail. On Dec 20, 1947 he died of heart attack at the Rizal Memorial Coliseum in Manila while watching a boxing match.
Children – Eusebio and Soledad had 38 grandchildren
1.Eusebeio L. (Ben) Lopez Jr.
Ben’s wife Norma Cifra Dolor was born 6 Dec 1926 in the Philippines. Her parents were Faustino Dolor (1898-1960) and Nunilon Cifra (1906-1989). Norma died 23 Aug 2002.
Norma’s father Don Faustino was a man known for his kindness and generosity. Together with his brother Leon, he was responsible for the growth of the Dolor’s Pharmacy in 1926. Both brothers were pharmacists who at that time, formulated medicines as these were ordered. The growth of the pharmacy in Lipa led them to distribute medicines to the nearby provinces of Laguna, Quezon and Manila. The original branch of the pharmacy in Manila was located at Calle Rosario (near the Binondo Church) with another branch at the corner of Azcarraga (now CM Recto Avenue) and Avenida Streets. Another branch was to be established along Taft Avenue.
They established their family house in the city of Lipa, very near the cathedral. During the second world war, Faustino and the entire family and other relatives and relatives of relatives numbering around three hundred relocated to the family’s resthouse in Puting Kahoy, Lipa. The property had an abundance of food and other resources. Every night, family gatherings included singing of traditional kundimans amidst a tree with hundreds of fireflies. It was surreal.
After the war, Faustino and his family lived in a big house along Taft Avenue (present-day College of St. Benilde). He became very good friends with Senator Claro Recto and President Jose Laurel. He was also close to Archbishop Rufino Santos. He sponsored a lot of poor students in their studies.
Children of Ben and Norma:
i.Eusebio (Benjie) Lopez III
ii. Marissa Lopez-Ter Braak (1951-2008) m. Anton Ter Braak
Marissa and Anton had Marc-Christian Lopez ter Braak b. 1981 San Francisco and Natasha Miren Lopez ter Braak b. 1988 Basel, Switzerland
iii. Maria Belinda Lopez Villavicencio b. 1955; m. Virgil Villavicencio
Bel is a facilitator of the Organizational Change Consultants International, one of the country’s leading consultancy firms. A gifted speaker, Bel is able to lead seminar participants to a careful analysis of their personalities and improve on their relationships. Her gift of humor is infectious; she is congeniality at its best. Bel and Virgil have a son, Gino.
Bel’s husband Virgil is a true blooded La Sallian and a basketball player for the university. He is the assistant manager of Talk ‘N Text Tropang Texters in the Philippine Basketball Association. He was the assistant coach of Talk ‘N Text’s championship-winning team in the 2003 All-Filipino Cup. He is also a former head coach of the La Salle Green Archers in the UAAP and led the team to consecutive runner-up finishes in 1994 and 1995.
iv. Jose Maria Dolor (Jojo) Lopez
Jojo is a member of the Opus Dei.
v. Ma. Gracia Pia Lopez m. [__?__] Arellano
Pia has two children Joshua Arellano and Alyssa Arellano
vi. Ma. Soledad Dolor (Besol) Lopez
Besol is the president and director of the Organizational Change Consultants International, a coaching company in Pasig City. She has had extensive experience in human resource training, banking and finance and real estate development. Known for her brains, Besol is a people-oriented person whose mission in life is to bring back the lost pride in the Filipino.
Besol’s son Joma Lopez Lilles was born in 1977.
2. Rudolfo Lopez
Rudy’s first wife Angelita Rangel was born 2 Feb. Her parents were Gorgonio Sarimiento RANGEL and Susanna ENRIQUEZ. Angelita died in 2005.
Rudy’s second wife was Josefina Roman. Her parents were Pablo Roman and Ysabel [__?__]
Children of Rudy and Angelita
i. Rudolfo Lopez
ii. Susanna (Marisue) Lopez m. Roberto D (Obet) Claveria, II 1982 Children Angel and Damien
I lived in Forbes Park with my brothers and sisters till I was 14yrs old, than we move to the US in Aug. 11, 1972. We lived in Oak Park and Bollingbrook Illinois most of our teenage life with my mom.
I’ve been happily married now for 26ys and have 2 beautiful talented kids name Angel and Damien. Angel is studying to be a nurse and Damien is an 8th grader. Both my kids love to dance and sing. They like to perform and compete in different events. I love my children so much. Angel and Damien are my Pride and Joy. I am very blessed to have a loving family. I don’t mind getting old as long as I am growing old with them. We’ve live here in Houston, Texas now for 25yrs. I’m a homemaker and is enjoying it very much, but believe me. it’s a lot of work.. LOL…
I thank God for all the wonderful Blessings everyday and for the air I breath.. but most of all, I thank God for my FaMily… Amen….
iii. Rhodora (Duday) Lopez m. Ariel Javier Children Christopher and Justin
iv. Socorro (Bols) Lopez Children Stephanie and Samantha
Children of Rudolfo and Josie:
vii. Perpetual (Perpy) Lopez m. Peter Heath
viii. Raymond Josephus (Christopher) Lopez; m. Cherry [__?__] with kids Rafael and Amand.
ix. Emmanuel (Noel) Lopez; m. Ning Hu [__?__] their daughter is Jin Xien
x. Cecile Lopez m. Lester Jonson with no kids
Works at Boehringer Ingelheim Dubai
3. Sonia (Ching) Lopez
Soledad’s husband Pedro (Pete) Lansangan Tioseco was born 18 Dec 1929. Pete died 6 Jan 2009 in Manila.
Children of Soledad and Pete
i. Maria Fatima (Pamsy) Tioseco
ii. Geraldo (GBoy) Tioseco m. Jeanette Mangahas son Gerard Joseph Tioseco
iv. John Raymond (Brando) Tioseco m. Jo Mangila Raymond and Jo have a son Rich.
vi. Peter Tioseco m. Stephanie Martinez daughter Alique and son Mikel Angelo Tioseco
4. Raul Lopez
Raul’s wife Teresita (Tessie) Castro was born 3 Oct 1937. Tessie died 25 Nov 1988.
Children of Raul
i. Pinky Lopez Aragon m. Jimbo Aragon,
Children: Chammy Aragon, Jao Aragon, Kat Aragon, Kookah Aragon, Bowie Aragon, and Kiko Aragon
ii. Ma. Victoria C. (Vicky) Lopez
iii. Lourdes Lopez (Dinty) Gamboa m. 2000 to Paolo A.C. Gamboa
Children: Juan Paolo Gamboa, Sofia Gamboa,
iv. Maria Timothy (Timmi) Lopez b. 1 Mar 1969; d. 16 Oct 2003
5. McCoy Lopez
Children of McCoy and Estella
i. Ian Lopez m. Hannah [__?__] Daughters Tara Lopez and Mari Lopez
ii. Jean Lopez m. Joseph [__?__] son Justin
iii. Junie Lopez (son)
iv. Fortune Lopez (daughter)
6. Horacio (Bilog) Lopez
Chief Accountant at Fidelity Savings Bank (FSB) in Manila.
6. Santos (Tuknoy) Lopez
Tuknoy’s first wife Flory Mendoza lives in San Francisco. Her parents were Ciriaco Bautista Mendoza (1921-1985) and Fidela de Guzman Mendoza.
Tuknoy’ s wife Rose Marie is Italian American.
Santos was a San Juan Batangas USA Association, Inc. (SJBUSAA) director
Children of Tuknoy and Flory
i. Santos M (Gino) Lopez m1. Sharon Medlin Child Stephen b. 1989 Oakland. m2.
Jennifer Grinvalsky daughters Gillian and Delia.
ii. Edward Lopez
Children of Tuknoy and Jane
iii. Benjie Lopez m. Alana [__?__] daughter Abigale Lopez.
Children of Tuknoy and Rose Marie
iv. Nicole Lopez
8. Soledad (Baby) Lopez
Baby’s husband Cesar Cinco xx.
Children of Baby and Cesar:
i. Cesar Lopez Cinco m. Gladys [__?__] Children Camille Cinco and Clarisse Cinco
ii. Joan Cinco Son Enzo Cinco
iii. Paul (Lopez) Cinco
iv.Tiny Cinco m. [__?__] Magato, Child Lorenzo Magdato
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