Thomas LUMBERT (1582 – 1665) was Alex’s 11th Grandfather; one of 4.096 in this generation of the Shaw line.
Thomas Lumbert (Lombard, Lumbar, Lumberd) was baptized on 2 Feb 1581/82 in Thorncombe, Dorsetshire, England. His father was also Thomas LUMBERT. He was married four times. He first married in 1602 and his first wife died sometime between 1608 and 1617. He married a second time in 1617 to someone who died after 1623. Thomas emigrated in 1630 with the Winthrop Fleet on the Mary and John, first settling in Dorcester, Mass. He married a third time about 1635, possible a sister or sister-in-law of Alice (Richards) Torrey [TAG:67:51]. After 1645, he married a fourth time to Joyce Small, widow of Ralph Wallen of Plymouth. Thomas died on 7 Mar 1665 in Barnstable, Mass.
Joyce Small was born in 1614. She first married Ralph Wallen before 1620 in England. They arrived at Plymouth Plantation aboard the Anne on 10 Jul 1623. A “division of cattle” was made in New Plymouth Colony 1 Jun 1627. Ralph and Joyce Wallen were assigned to the thirteen-member Company of Francis Eaton. In the “division of cattle” their group was given “an heyfer of the last yeare called the white belyed heyfer and two shee goats.” In 1633 the Freemen of Plymouth were listed and Ralph Wallen was on the list. He was also on the Plymouth Colony tax list for 1631/33. In 1633/34 the name “Widow Wallen” replaced the name of her deceased husband. Joyce continue to live in Plymouth until she sold her land on 7 Sep 1643. She had lived in Plymouth for 20 years. Joyce was living on 19 Sep 1683 at Barnstable, Massachusetts. Ralph & Joyce Wallen had four (4) children: a. Ann Wallen , b. after Nov 1620, Plymouth , Massachusetts b. Jane Wallen, b. Plymouth , Massachusetts c. Thomas Wallen , b. Plymouth , Massachusetts d. Richard Wallen, b. Plymouth , Massachusetts Children of Thomas and First Wife (Thomas and Bernard)
|1.||Thomas Lumbert||7 Sep 1602||Bef. 1617|
|2.||Bernard Lumbert||c. 1608
Thorncombe, Dorset, England
|[__?__] c. 1663
Children of Thomas and Second Wife (Thomas, Joshua and Margaret)
Thorncombe, Dorset, England
23 Dec 1665 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
|1661 – Barnstable|
|4.||Joshua Lumbert||15 Oct 1620
Thorncombe, Dorset, England
27 May 1651
|5.||Margaret Lumbert||7 May 1623
Thorncombe, Dorset, England
27 Oct 1648
Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
|10 Jun 1663
. Children of Thomas and Third Wife (Caleb, Jemima, Jobaniah, Jeremiah and Benjamin)
|6.||Caleb Lumbert||c. 1635
Deliverance Peck (Daughter of Joseph PECK)
|7 Jun 1691
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
|7.||Jemima LUMBERT||c. 1636 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA||Joseph BENJAMIN 10 Jun 1661
Barnstable, Barnstable, MA
|8.||Jobaniah Lumbert||23 Apr 1639
|9.||Jedediah Lombard||20 Sep 1640
20 May 1668 Barnstable
|Truro, Barnstable, Mass|
|10.||Benjamin Lumbert||26 Aug 1642 Barnstable, Mass||Jane Warren 19 Nov 1672
19 Nov 1685 Barnstable
Mrs. Hannah Whetstone
24 May 1694 Barnstable
|2 Aug 1725
The name was generally written by the first settlers Lumbert, sometimes Lumber, which is in accordance with the common pronunciation. Rev. John LATHROP wrote the name Lumber, Lumbert, Lumbart and Lumbard. He is also sometimes called Lombard.
Waters noted that Thomas Lumbert was an overseer to the estate of Philip Torrey of Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset, in 1621, and the will of his widow Alice (Richards) Torrey of Combe St Nicholas in 1634 mentions her brother-in-law Thomas Lumbard. (The four sons of Philip and Alice Torrey emigrated to New England).
Thomas was acquainted with many families who came to New England including the Rossiters, Torreys, Frys, and Richards. Maybe one of his first wives was a Torrey but not a Richards.
Waters suggested this Thomas Lumbard may be the immigrant. Thomas Lumberd of Combe St. Nicholas married Thomaszine Hawkins at Ashill, Somerset, 9 Jun 1624. They had a son William baptized 25 Jan. 1628 in Ashill, and a daughter Sarah, baptized 8 Dec 1636 at Combe St. Nicholas. This Thomas would appear to be too young to be the brother-in-law of Alice Torrey, but he does show the existance of another closely related family.
“However, it is in Thorncombe, Dorset, eight miles from Combe St. Nicholas, that we find the family of Thomas Lombard the immigrant. The Thorncombe parish records include the following entries:
1580 July 2 Barnard, s. of Thos. Lumbert
1581 Feb. 2 Thomas Lumbard (1582 by New Style)
Thomas emigrated when he was almost 50 years old. He came to America prior to 19 Oct 1630 when his name appears in the list of the first 24 men of Dorchester who applied to become freemen. He became a freeman 18 May 1631. As he was one of the first settlers of Dorchester, he probably came on the Mary and John that arrived at Nantasket on 30 May 1630. The passengers on this ship were from Somerset, Dorset and Devon, and all of them settled in Mattapan, renamed Dorchester.
One of the leaders of this group was Mr. Edward Rossiter of Combe St. Nicholas and another was Aaron Cooke of Thorncombe. Aaron was the son of our ancestor Elizabeth CHARD from her first marriage to Aaron Cooke Sr. We descend from both Elizabeth COOKE from her first marriage and Abigail FORD from her second marriage to Thomas FORD.
Thomas Lombard must have known both of these men in England and, although his name does not appear in the Mary and John passenger lists, all of which are modern reconstructions, he probably came on that ship.
On the 20th of March 1630, a group of 140 men and women, set sail from Plymouth, England, in the ship “Mary and John.” The company had been selected and assembled largely through the efforts of the Reverend John White, of Dorchester, England; of Dorchester, England; with whom they spent the day before sailing, fasting, preaching, praying.” These people had come from the western counties England, mostly from Devon, Dorset, and Somerset. They had chosen two ministers to accompany them: “men who were interested in the idea of bringing the Indians to the knowledge of the gospel.”
The Reverend John Maverick was an elderly man from Devon, a minister of the Established church. Reverend John Warham was also an ordained minister of the Church of England, in Exeter, eminent as a preacher. There is some evidence that both of these men were in some difficulties with the church on account of their sympathies with the Puritans. According to tradition they landed upon the south side of Dorchester Neck, [which is now South Boston], in OId Harbor.
Ten of the men, under the command of Captain Southcote, found a small boat, and went up the river to Charlestown Neck, where they found an old planter, probably Thomas Walfourd, who fed them “a dinner of fish without bread.” Later they continued their journey up the Charles River, as far as what is now Watertown, returning several days later to the company who had found pasture at Mattapan. The settlement was later called Dorchester, in honor of Reverend John White, of Dorchester, England.
Roger Clapp tells of the hardships that followed. They had little food, and were forced to live on clams and fish. The men built small boats, and the Indians came later with baskets of corn. “The place was a wilderness,” writes Roger Clap. “Fish was a good help to me and to others. Bread was so scarce that I thought the very crusts from my father’s table would have been sweet; and when I could have meal and salt and water boiled together, I asked, ‘who could ask for better?’” Here they lived for five or six years. Other boats arrived and other towns were titled. But the life at Dorchester was not entirely congenial to the lovers of liberty of the “Mary and John.
The group of settlements around Massachusetts Bay was dominated by clergymen and officials of aristocratic tendencies. Their Governor, John Winthrop, had little empathy with the common people. “The best part (of the people),” he declared, “is always title least, and of that best part, the wiser is always the lesser.” And the Reverend John Cotton put it more bluntly when he said, “Never did God ordain democracy for the government of the church or the people.” These principles were repugnant to the people of the “Mary and John”, who had come to America to escape such restraint. They had no wish to interfere with the methods of worship of others, and they did not wish others to interfere with them. Too, they were land-hungry, after centuries of vassalage to the lords of the manors, leading hopeless lives without chance of independence.
Perhaps there were influenced also, by the fact that a great smallpox epidemic had raged among the Indians, killing off so many that they were not the menace that they had been at the first. The settlers turned their attention toward the fertile meadows of the Connecticut Valley. A group under Roger Ludlow, set out and reached the Plymouth Trading house that had been erected by William Holmes near the junction of the Connecticut and the Farmington Rivers, early in the summer of 1635. A little later 60 men, women and children, with their “cows, heifers and swine,” came overland from Dorchester.
The winter was severe and the food scarce, and many returned to Massachusetts, but in the Spring they came back to Connecticut with their friends, and by April 1636, most of the members of the Dorchester Church were settled near the Farmington River, along the brow of the hill that overlooks the “Great Meadow”.
This in spite of the fact the Plymouth people disputed their claim to the land. They built crude shelters, dug out of the rising ground along the edge of the riverbank. The rear end and the 2 sides were simply the earth itself, with a front and a roof of beams. The town was later named Windsor.
Below are surnames of the first settlers of Dorchester who arrived on the Mary and John in 1630, or were known to be in Dorchester before 1632 (from Anderson, NEHGR 147): Benham, Clap, Collicot, Cooke, Denslow, Dyer, Eggleston, Ford, Gallop, Gaylord, Gibbs, Gibson, Gillet, Glover, Grant, Greenaway, Holman, Hoskins, Hulbird/Hubbert, Hull, Johnson, Lumbert/Lombard, Louge, Ludlow, Maverick, Newton, Phelps, Phillips, Pierce, Pomeroy, Rockwell, Rossiter, Smith, Southcott, Stoughton, Terry, Upsall, Warham, Way, Williams, Wolcott, Woolr
In 1639 Thomas was one of the first settlers of Barnstable, apparently there already when the Rev. John LATHROP arrived with the main group of settlers. On 11 Oct 1639, removed to Mattacheese (Barnstable) with Rev. John Lothrop, who says in his Diary, relation to their first Thanksgiving, Dec. 11, 1639, O.S.:
‘After praises to God in public were ended, as the day was cold, we divided into three companies to feast otgether, som at Mr. Hull’s, some at Mr. Mayo’s, and some at brother Lumbard, Sr.’s’
Thomas was an Innkeeper. Plymouth Colony Records show that on 3 Dec. 1639 Thomas Lumbert was “allowed to keepe Victualling, or an ordinary, for entertainement of passengers, and to draw wyne at Barnstable he keeping good order in his house”. Thomas’ descendants are eligible for membership in the Flogon and Trencher; Descendants of Colonial Taverner Keepers.
Thomas Lombard died between 10 June 1663 when he acknowledged his will and 8 Feb. 1664 when his inventory was taken. He left most of his estate to his wife and three younger sons, Caleb, Jedediah and Benjamin. He also confirms that he formerly gave lands to sons Barnard and Joshua and son-in-law Joseph Benjamine and son-in-law Edward Coleman. He mentions daughter Margaret Coleman, grandchild Abigaill Benjamine and daughter Jemima
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: When Jobaniah Lombard was baptized at Dorchester on 23 June 1639, he appeared in a list of “such children as have been baptized in the church of Dorchester by communion of their parents one or both being members of the church at Windsor, or Hingham” [DChR 149]; the church member in this case was probably Joyce. Thomas Lombard had joined the Barnstable church by 1641, as he had two sons baptized there, and is called “Brother Lumbar Senior” at the baptism of the second.
FREEMAN: Reque sted 19 October 1630 (as “Tho: Lumberd”) and admitted 18 May 1631 (as “Tho: Lumbard”) [MBCR 1:80, 366]. Oath of fidelity, Barnstable, 1657 [PCR 8:179].
EDUCATION: His inventory included “books” valued at 14s.
OFFICES: Barnstable surveyor of highways, 6 June 1649
ESTATE: Granted two acres marsh at Dorchester, 27 June 1636 [DTR 16]; grant of additional two acres of marsh, 2 January 1637/8 [DTR 28]; granted two lots, each of nearly four acres, 18 March 1637/8 [DTR 31]; received Lot #51, six acres, in meadow beyond Naponset [DTR 321].
In his will, dated 23 March 1662/63, acknowledged 10 Jun 1663 and proved 7 Mar 1664/65,
“Thomas Lumbert of Barnstable” bequeathed to “my wife that she shall have her habitation in the house that I now live in so long as she liveth or continueth a widow, and further that she shall have the use of one third of my arable lands … and the meadow lying in Mattakessett field”;
to “my son Caleb my house and one third of my lands … moreover my son Caleb and my son Jedadiah and my son Benjamine all of them are to have habitation and free egress and regress in the house so long as my wife liveth or continueth a widow”;
at wife’s death or remarriage “my son Caleb shall give unto my son Jedediah and my son Benjamine each of them £5 and then the house and forementioned lands to be Caleb’s”;
“if my son Jedediah or Benjamine shall see cause to remove their dwellings that if they be willing to have their forementioned £5 apiece; that upon six months’ warning my son Caleb shall pay it unto them;
and the other two thirds of my lands I give unto my other two sons, Jedediah and Benjamine”;
“I do confirm by this my last will and testament certain parcels of lands that formerly I gave unto other of my children as followeth … unto my son Barnard twenty acres of land, unto my son Joshua two acres of land, and unto my son-in-law Josepth Benjamine four acres of land and unto my son-in-law Edward Coleman one acre of land”;
to “my wife the old mare, one cow and two heifers only she is to give unto my son Joshua and my daughter Margarett Coleman the first living colt”; “she is to give unto my grandchild Abigaill Benjamine the first heifer calf that shall come of the forementioned cows”;
to “my wife my yoke of oxen with yokes, chains, cart and wheels” and at her death they to be divided between “my three sons Caleb, Jedediah and Benjamine equally”;
residue to “my wife and to be at her dispose, only an hogshed of mackerel that is due from Thomas Starr my son Caleb is to have for his own use in lieu of some bedding that was his”; to “my son Caleb the yoke of oxen and a gale and the three year old mare that was always accounted his, and his carpenter’s tools and his arms and the saddle and bridle … only he shall give unto my son Barnard the half of the first colt that his forementioned mare shall have”;
to “my son Jedediah the young mare of a year and vantage old, and a calf of a year old and a cow and a gale and his arms”; to “my son Benjamine the black horse and a cow and a calf of a year old with his arms”;
“my wife shall give … unto my son Barnard’s wife 10s. and unto my son Barnard my looms with all materials”; the bay horse lately bought of Mr. John FREEMAN equally divided among “my three sons Caleb Jedadiah and Benjamine and they shall pay “unto my son Joshua Lumber 20s. within a year”; “I do confirm the cow that formerly I gave unto my daughter Jemina“
The “true inventory of the estate of Thomas Lumbert of Barnstable Senior deceased” was taken 8 Feb 1664/65 and totalled £210 8s. 6d., including “lands and housing” valued at £60
On 7 Mar 1664/65 Joyce, “the wife of Thomas Lumbert, deceased,” Jedediah Lumbert and Caleb Lumbert, were granted administration on the estate of Thomas Lumbert [PCR4:81].
2. Bernard Lumbert
Bernard’s second wife Mary Clarke was born in 1611 in England. Her parents were William Clarke (1576 in Great Bromley, Essex, England – 12 Jul 1632 in Great Bromley) and Margaret Hadlock. Mary died 1683 in Barnstable, Mass.
Bernard was first at Dorchester with his father. Moving to Plymouth County, he lived at Scituate, where he and his wife joined Lathrop’s church 19 Apr 1635; he had a house at Scituate by 1636, and his daughter Mary was baptized there 8 Oct 1637 . He became a Plymouth freeman 3 Jan 1636/37 . In 1639 he moved to Barnstable with the Lothrop group. On 10 Oct 1643 the court ordered that if the townsmen of Barnstable did not appoint a place for their defense, it would have Mr. Thomas Dimmack, Anthony Annable, Henry Cobb, Henry Cogan, and Bernard Lombard do it ). On 2 Jun 1646 Bernard Lombard was on the grand jury, a position he held a number of times. On 5 Oct 1652 he was approved by the court as ensign for the Barnstable military company . On 9 Jun 1653 Gyles Rickard was presented for lascivious carriage toward Mary Lombard, the daughter of Bernard Lombard
3. Thomas Lumbert
Thomas’ wife Elizabeth Derby was born in 1646 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Derby and Alice [__?__]. Elizabeth died 23 Dec 1666 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
4. Joshua Lumbert
Joshua’s wife Abigail Linnett was born 1630 in London, England. Her parents were Robert Linnell (1584 – 1662) and Perninnah Howse (1599 – 1633). Her grandparents were Rev. John HAWSE and Abigail LLOYD. Abigail died in 1662 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
Hopestill Bullock, (b. 26 Dec 1659) married Joshua’s son Joshua Jr. on 6 Nov 1682
5. Margaret Lumbert
Margaret’s husband Edward Coleman was born 1632 in Buckinghamshire or in Ireland. His parents were Thomas Coleman and Francis Belcher or Thomas Coleman and Catherine (Catren) Higginson. Edward died 1691 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass.
6. Caleb Lumbert
Caleb’s first wife Mary Prout was born about 1637
Caleb’s second wife Deliverance Peck was born in 21 Jun 1637. Her parents were Joseph PECK and Rebecca CLARK. She first married 26 Jun 1662 in Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island to William Cahoon (b. 1635 in Taunton, Bristol, Mass – d. 22 Jun 1675 in Rehoboth, Mass.) Deliverance died 9 Dec 1727 in Newport, Rhode Island.
William Colquhoun fought the English in the brutal battles of Dunbar and Worcester in Scotland, and was captured by the Army of Parliament. He was indentured to the iron mines in Braintree, Massachusetts. Upon achieving his freedom, he sailed on the “Shallop” to Rhode Island and bought a share of Block Island there. In 1664 he went to Swansea RI and successfully petitioned the General Assembly to make him a freeman with full rights as a citizen.
“William Cahoon in America soon about 1652 (possibly aboard the Unity). He worked for a number of years at Saugus (Lynn, Mass.). He spent six months at Taunton before assisting in the construction of a shallop at Braintree. In April of 1661, he was one of the fifteen men who sailed from Taunton to Cow Cove and became the first settlers of Black Island, Mass. (now Rhode Island).
His period of servidtude presumably espired before the end of 1662, and on 13 January 1662/63 William Cahoune bought 9 from Thomas Terry 40 acres on the ‘hieway’ that then divided Block Island. On 4 May 1664 he was a freeman at New Shoreham, in 1665 he served on a Newport grand jury, and on 20 February 1669/70 he became a freeman and permanent resident of Swansea, Mass.
On 13 November, 1670 William Cohoun sold his 38 acres on Block Island to Samuel Hagbourne. At the coming of King Philips War, William Cahoone was killed by the Indians near East Rehobeth on 22 June 1675 and was buried at Swansea two days later.
He probably married about 1663/64 to Deliverance, who married Caleb Lambert of Barnstable in 1681 after Wiliam’s death.
On Sunday, June 24, 1675, the colonists held a day of prayer concerning the unrest. Upon
returning to their homes after church services, numerous residents of Swansea were killed. Others, including the family of William and Deliverance, sought refuge in the garrison home of Rev. John Myles. During the night, one of their sentries was attacked and injured. They decided to send two men to the neighboring town of Rehoboth to retrieve the doctor. One of these was William. Along the way, both men were killed by the Indians. William was 42 and had a wife and seven children.
In 1681 Joseph Kent and Caleb Lambert were appointed guardians of Joseph Cahoon (son of William & Deliverance).
7. Jemima LUMBERT (See Joseph BENJAMIN‘s page)
9. Jedediah Lombard
Jedediah’s wife Hannah Wing was born 28 Jul 1642 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Daniel Wing and Hannah Swift. Her grandparents were Rev. John WINGE and Deborah BACHILER. Hannah died 27 Feb 1682 in Barnstable, Mass.
10. Benjamin Lumbert
Benjamin’s first wife Jane Warren was born 31 Dec 1652 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. Her parents were Nathaniel Warren and Sarah Walker. Jane died 27 Feb 1683 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
Benjamin’s second wife Sarah Walker was born 16 Feb 1657 in Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass. Her parents were Deacon Philip Walker (1629 – 1679) and Mary Jane Metcalf (1633 – 1710). Her grandparents were Michael METCALF Sr. and Sarah ELWYN. Sarah died 2 Aug 1693 – Rehoboth, Bristol, Mass.
Benjamin’s third wife Hannah [__?__] was born about 1663. She first married John Whetstone (b. 1647 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 1693 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass)
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Dear Mark: I’m just starting my quest for forebears after years of researching other people’s ancestors, most recently as Director of the Stonington Historical Society, so I’m quite familiar with your Miners. I came on you fabulous site in trying to find out more about Thomas Lumbert/Lombard, to whom I’m descended 14 generations back through his son Bernard whose daughter Abigail/Abia married her father’s indentured servant, James Claghorn. Claghorn was taken prison by Cromwell’s army at the Battle of Dunbar in 1650. I wondered about possible tie with Bernard’s brother Caleb’s second wife – Deliverance Peck, whose first husband William Colquhoun you write about — also one of these prisoners. From what I know so far, Claghorn was not first at Saugus Iron Works but started his indenture at Barnstable. However, no documentation yet. Hope this is of interest. — Mary Beth
Hi Mary Beth,
Thanks for your kind note. Thomas Miner certainly was an interesting character. Interesting dynamics too with the four founders of Stonington. My bucket list includes a visit Stonington and when I do, I’ll definitely look up you and the Historical Society. My great grandfather Miner came to California in 1890 on his own at the age of 16 and we’ve been here ever since, but we’ll plan a New England trip someday.
All the best,