Giles CROMWELL (1603 – 1673 ) was first cousin to Oliver Cromwell, known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England and Scotland. However, Giles’ father lost all his wealth through extravagant spending and supporting the Royalist side. Giles was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather, one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.
Giles Cromwell was born about 1603 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. His parents were Sir Oliver CROMWELL and Anne HOOFTMAN. He married Alice WICKES on 20 Feb 1629/30, in Erling, Hampshire, England. After Alice died, he married Alice Wiseman on 10 Sep 1648 in Newbury, Mass. Giles died 25 Jun 1673, Newbury, Mass.
Alternatively, Giles was born 1592 in Southampton, Hampshire, England and died 24 Feb 1673 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire.
Alice Wickes was born 1610 in Eling, Hampshire, England. Her parents were John (Wykes) Weeks and Bridget West. She died 14 Jun 1648 in Newbury, Mass.
Alice Wiseman was born in 1620 in Newbury, Berkshire, England. Alice died 6 Jun 1669 in Salisbury Mass.
Children of Giles and Alice:
|1.||Capt. Phillip CROMWELL||1634 in Eling, Hampshire, England.||Elizabeth TUTTLE
before 1663 in Dover, NH
1671 in Dover, NH.
|26 May 1708
Dover, Strafford, New Hampshire
|2.||Argentine Cromwell||c. 1637 or
25 Apr 1642
Salisbury, Essex, Mass
25 Nov 1662
Hampton, Rockingham, NH
|5 Dec 1711
Hampton Falls, Rockingham, NH
|3.||Dr. Thomas Cromwell||Ann [__?__]||1649 or
17 Mar 1686 in Salem, Essex, Mass.
“The Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England,” page 72, has entry: “Gyles Cromlom died at Old Newbury FEb 24-25 1672-3. Children by his first wife, Mary who died June 14, 1643:
1. Phillip b. about 1634
2. Argentine, b. 1637
3. Dorothy d. Sept 27, 1673
5. John, d. Feb 25, 1673
Warning – I enjoy genealogy for the stories, even the tall tales.
Giles’ oldest brother, Colonel Henry Cromwell, inherited the little left of their great fortune; but having also taken an active part on the king’s side in the civil war, his estates were sequestrated; but the sequestration was afterwards removed at the intercession of his kinsman, Oliver, then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Colonel Cromwell died in 1657. His son Henry – perhaps influenced by the Protector’s former kindness – went over to the side of the Roundheads, and entered Parliament. He died in 1673, leaving no children; and the Huntingdon line – one of the wealthiest families in the kingdom, till the civil war – became extinct.
Giles’ brother Thomas probably died at Newbury in 1645. On 29 Sep 1646 the will of “Thomas Croomwell” was brought in to the Ipswich court to be proved. “Giles Croomwell” objected to it, and the court ordered Mr. John Lowle [our ancestor John LOWELL] and Mr. Edw: Woodman [also our ancestor Edward WOODMAN] to take an inventory of the estate.
Here’s what we know about Thomas Cromwell of Newbury:
24 Feb 1638 – Thomas Cromwell, with Samuel Scullard, John and Robert Pike, and Nicholas Holt, was fined for non-attendance at Newbury town meeting.
6 Aug 1638 – Thomas Cromwell is mentioned on Newbury town records
Oct 1638 – The reverend Stephen BACHILER and his company, who had received permission from the general court when united together by church covenant, commenced a settlement at Winicowett. He was at this time residing in Newbury. On Mr. Rawson’s request, the place was called Hampton. The following persons, residents of Newbury, went with Mr. Bachiler. John Berry, Thomas COLEMAN, Thomas Cromwell [Giles CROMWELL’s brother], James DAVIS, William Easton, William Fifield, Maurice Hobbs, Mr. Christopher Hussey [BACHILER’s son-in-law], Thomas Jones, Thomas Marston, William Marston, Robert Marston, John Moulton, Thomas Moulton, William Palmer, William SARGENT, and Thomas Smith. Cromwell and others soon returned to Newbury. A few went to Salisbury.
Coffin in his “History of Newbury”, and Dow in his “History of Hampton”, insist on identifying the Hampton grantee with the privateering Captain Thomas Cromwell, whose remarkable rise to fortune is told by Winthrop, and who died in Boston in 1649. There is no reason for believing that the Newbury Cromwells or Cromloms had any connection with the gallant sea captain: nor is there any evidence to connect either with the Salem Cromwells, Philip, Thomas and John, whose ancestry has been traced to Wiltshire
12 Mar 1641/42 – In the division of the Newbury ox-common, the name of Thomas Cromwell appears, followed by those of Samuel Scullard and Richard Kent, senior.
– 7 Dec 1642, Thomas Cromwell appears among the proprietors of Newbury.
29 Sept 1646 – Giles objected to his brother’s will.
The will of “Thomas Croomwell” was brought in to the Ipswich court to be proved. “Giles Croomwell” objected to it, and the court ordered Mr. John Lowle and Mr. Edw: Woodman to take an inventory of the estate. 6 Aug., 1647, the Salem court addressed Mr. Woodman, saying “that the Ipswich court ordered Mr. John Lowle and himself to take into custody the goods of Thomas Cromlom of Newbury deceased that were in the hands of Samuel Scullard, deceased”. Not having done so they are now ordered to answer next court.
25 Mar 1673 – Giles’ Will Proved in Ipswich Court mentions but two children, Philip and Argentine.
In the Name of God Amen The Last will and Testament of Giles Cromwell of Newbury in the County of Essex in New England being very Aged and weake of Body but of pfect vnderstanding I Desire to Resine up my soule to God that Gaue it and my Body to the Dust when my Apointed time shall come and concerning my [E]state that God in his Goodness hath Giuen mee [I] doe Dispose of as followeth
Imprimis I Giue [and] Bequeath unto my son Phillip Cromwell eleven Acres of upland Lying in the Bounds of Newbury C[om]only called Divident land 2ly
I Giue unto my son Phillip Cromwells Eldest son [Joshua Cromwell] that shall live and Arive unto the Age of one and twenty yeares six Acres of marsh Lying in the Bounds of Newbury called Pine Iland marsh being six Acres of the twelve acres Adjoyning to the marsh of steven Grenleife
likewise I Give and Bequeath unto my Daughter Argentine Cram the wife of Benjamin Cram my House Lot Lying and being in Newbury containeing eight Acres more or Less as it is Bounded on the North with the Comon and southerly with the Land of Ensigne steven Greelcife [son of our ancestor Edmund GREENLEAF] and Easterly with ye High way, with all the Houseing therupon standing with all the Rights and privilledges of commonage therunto belonging as also I Giue unto my Daughter Argentine my twenty acres of marsh lying in the bounds of Newbury in that marsh called Pine Iland marsh lying between the marsh of Mr Edward WOODMAN & the marsh that was sometimes the marsh of John Roff bounded on the Easterly end of a Great Crick and on the westerly end with the Rocks.
as Also the Remainder of the twelue Acres of marsh of which six acres I haue Giuen to my son Phillips eldest son all the Remainder of it I giue and bequeath to my Daughter Argentine Cram likewise my will is that all which I haue Giuen to my Daughter Argentine after her Decease shall be equally Devided amongst her children that shall be then liueing that doth beare the name of Cram and if any of the children shall Dy before they shall Ariue to the Age of twenty and one yeares their Part shall be Devided amongst the Rest Equally Alwaies provided that the house and Land be not Devided but that it shall Remaine Intire to the Eldest son he paying Equall Proportions to the Rest of the children or for want of a sone to the Eldest Daughter she Paying to the Rest the Equall Parts according to the valuation of it
And I doe constitue and [ap]oint my son Benjamin Cram my sole executor [to] this my Last will and to Confirme all the [pr]misses aboue written to be my las will and Testiment I haue Heerunto set my hand and seale the twenty seaventh of the 2d Month in the yeare of our Lord sixteen Hundred and seaventy two: Giles (his N mark) Cromwell (SEAL) Witness: Anthony Stanyun, Benje. Swett Proved in Ipswich court Mar. 25, 1673 by Benjamin Sweet and Mr Anthony Stanyen being disabled to travel to the court, made oath Mar. 20, 1672/3, before Samuel Dalton, Commissioner.
Inventory of the estate of Gills Cromlom, deceased Feb. 24, 1672, taken by Bene. Swett and Steven Grenlefe: Eight Akers of plow land with ye house & orchid and free hould, £80; eleven akers of devident land, £11; twelve Akers of march, £60; twenty Akers of medow, £60; wearinge Clothes, 18s; a bill from Caleb Moody, £3 8s 11d.
Also information of a debt due to the estate of £11 from John Bartlet, Sr. that he gave bill for to Philip Cromlom as his father Gils Cromloms attorney & also a bill of £6 from Edward Richison, but the sd Phillip not yett appearing about any of these concerns I not yet true state of it. Attested in Ipswich court Mar. 25, 1673 by Benjamin Cram
1. Capt. Phillip CROMWELL (See his page)
2. Argentine Cromwell
Argentine’s husband Benjamin Cram was born 1640 in Exeter, New Hampshire. His parents were John Cram and Esther White. Benjamin died 28 Nov 1662 in Hampton Falls, Rockingham, New Hampshire.
The name of Cram is probably derived from the German “Kram,” meaning a retail shop. John Cram, the first American ancestor, emigrated from England, and in 1639 was one of the early settlers of Exeter, New Hampshire, which town had been founded the year before. In the combination formed for the early government of the town, his name appears as Crame. When he came to Exeter, his signature, like that of so many men of the time, was simply a mark, but he afterward learned to write. In 1648-49 he was elected townsman, or what was afterward known as selectman. About 1650 he left Exeter and located at Hampton, settling on the south side of Taylor’s river, which became Hampton Falls, his house being near the site of the Weare monument. With his wife, Esther, he became a member of the First Church of Hampton.
“The History of Deerfield,” reports of Argentine Cromwell: “It is said she was a relative of Oliver Cromwell, the Protector of England.” while the “Lincolnshire Origin of Some Exeter Settlers” states that she was the daughter of Giles of Newbury. Reaffirming this statement is the following entry in the Old Norfolk County Records from “Essex Antiquarian,” Vol. 12, page 183.
“The History of Raymond, NH,” citesa the marriage date as Nov. 29, 1662, while “The Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England,” by Savage lists the event as taking place on Nov. 25, 1662, Vol. 1, page 470. The Genealaogical Outline of the Cram, Walker & Weeks Families,” states that the marriage took place on Nov 28, 1662. This book also gives the date of Argentines death as Feb. 25, 1673
Children of Argentine and Benjamin
i. Sarah, b. Sept 19, 1663
ii. John, b. Aapril 6, 1665
iii. Benjamin, b. Dec 30 1666
iv. Mary, b. Aug 6, 1669
v. Joseph, b. Apr 12, 1671
vi. Hannah, b. Aug 22, 1673
vii. Esther, b. Oct 16, 1675
viii. Jonathan, b. Aapr 26, 1678; died unmarried
ix. Elizabeth, b. Jan 3, 1680
x. William, b. Mar 19, 1668
3. Dr. Thomas Cromwell
Thomas’ wife Ann [__?__]