Albert Miner (1809 – 1848) is the grandson of Sgt Elihu MINER Jr. and the first cousin of Philo Sidney MINER Sr. Alex’s 4th great grandfather, one of 32 in this generation. I thought he was Philo’s next door neighbor in the 1840 Kinsman, Ohio census, but that may have been another Albert Miner.
Albert was Joseph Smith’s bodyguard in Kirtland, Ohio in the 1830’s and was with him when he was killed in Illinois in 1844.
Albert Miner was born 31 Mar 1809 in Jefferson County, New York. His parents were Azel Miner and Sylvia Munson. He married Tamma Dufree 9 Aug 1831 in New London, Huron, Ohio. Albert died 3 Jan 1848. in Iowaville, Iowa.
Tamma Dufree was born 6 March 1813 in Lenox, Madison, New York. Her parents were Edmund Durfee (wiki) and Magdalena Pickle. After Albert died, took the family by wagon train from Iowa to Salt Lake, departing in June and arriving in October 1850. Shortly after her arrival, she married to Enos Curtis.
They moved with their combined family to a farm owned by Lorenzo Snow in Willard, Utah. Her oldest son, Orson, who bad taken the lead in their our doings, died the following March, 1851. It was in this month and shortly after Orson’s death, the family moved to Springville and located on Block 6 Plat A. They at once began plowing and planting grain and our crop was the first to mature in Springville. Tamma married 3rd, to Enos’ son John White Curtis in April 1857. Tamma died 30 Jan 1885 in Springville, Utah, Utah leaving 9 children, 77 grandchildren, and 17 great grandchildren.
Children of Albert and Tamma:
|1.||Polly Miner||1 May 1832
New London, Huron, Ohio
|Fifth wife of Dominicus Carter, a mormon||15 May 1896
|2.||Orson Miner||22 Oct 1833
|5 Mar 1851
|3.||Moroni Miner||4 Jun 1835
|Nancy Elizabeth Chase
4 Feb 1861
|14 Aug 1935
Lived to 100, A healthy Mormon lifestyle?
|4.||Sylvia Miner||18 Jun 1836
|1 Oct 1838
From the trip from Kirtland, OH to Far West, MO
|5.||Mormon Miner||26 Sep 1837
|Pheobe Emeline Curtis
24 Feb 1861
Elvira Euphrasia Cox
|30 Mar 1918Fairview Pioneer Cemetery, Fairview, Utah|
|6.||Matilda Miner||12 Jan 1840
|27 Sep 1909|
|7.||Alma Lindsay Miner||7 Sep 1841
Caroline Jane Neilson
26 Mar 1868
Christina Ida Stephenson
|13 Feb 1912
Fariview, Sanpete, Utah
|8.||Don Carlos Smith Miner||12 Jun 1843
|Anna Eliza Holden
|8 Feb 1902|
|9.||Melissa Miner||5 Mar 1846
|1 Oct 1846|
Tamma’s Martyr Father
Tamma’s father Edmund Durfee (Durfy) Sr. (October 3, 1788 – November 15, 1845) was an American settler and early member of the Latter Day Saint movement who is remembered as a martyr by Latter-day Saints.
Born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, Durfee was a farmer, carpenter, and millwright. He married Magdalena Pickle, and they later became the parents of thirteen children. The Durfees joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the 1830s in Ohio. After being driven as religious refugees from Mormon settlements in Ohio and Missouri (see Missouri Executive Order 44), they moved to Morley’s Settlement in Hancock County, Illinois, about 25 miles due south of Nauvoo, Illinois.
In September 1845, a mob of anti-Mormon arsonists rushed upon Morley’s Settlement. They burned down the Durfee home and, shortly thereafter, burned down the homes of dozens of other Mormon families. The morning following, Solomon Hancock sent word of the burnings to President Brigham Young in Nauvoo:
“Dear Brother, I will agreeably to your request send you some of the particulars of what has been done. On the other side of the branch, it is a scene of desolation. On Wednesday the 10th all of a sudden, the mob rushed upon Edmund Durfee and destroyed some property, and set fire to both of his buildings. . . On the morning of the 11th they again set fire to the buildings of Edmund Durfee, and fired upon some of his children without hitting them; they then proceeded to the old shop of Father Morley’s and set fire to both his shops. In the afternoon the mob came on again and set fire to Father Whiting’s chair shop, Walter Cox, Cheney Whiting, and Azariah Tuttle’s houses. At evening they retreated back again. . . Last evening they set on fire three buildings, near Esq. Walker’s; and this morning we expect them to renew their work of destruction . . . The mob is determined to destroy us. The mob have burned all houses on the south side of the branch, and left last evening for Lima; said they would return this morning as soon as light, and swear they will sweep through and burn everything in Nauvoo.”
After losing their home to the arsonists, the Durfees, with other homeless residents, fled to Nauvoo for safety. Edmund and other men returned to Morley’s Settlement to harvest their crops on November 15, 1845. They lodged with Solomon Hancock in his unburned home about one-half mile northeast of Lima, Illinois. Late that evening, nightriders set fire to hay in the Hancock barnyard. Awakened, the Mormon men rushed outside to fight the fire. Edmund Durfee, who was age 57 at the time, was shot in the back and killed. Durfee’s attackers were identified and arrested, but never brought to trial, even though “their guilt was sufficiently apparent,” according to Illinois Governor Thomas Ford. Edmund was buried near his brother, James Durfee, in Nauvoo’s Parley Street Cemetery.
Durfee has since been described as “one of the most inoffensive men in the country.” “Some of the mob engaged in the tragic affair afterwards boasted that they had shot Durfee in order to win a wager of two gallons of whisky, that the stack had been set on fire to cause an alarm and draw the men out, and that by killing him they had won the whisky.” According to family lore, the murderer, Snyder boasted of what he had done and it was told some years after to a missionary traveling in that locality. Later, in a drunken row, Snyder was shot and the wound never healed, he actually rotted alive, with the stench so offensive that his friends forsook him, although he lingered for months before he died.
Taken from “The 1845 Burning of Morley’s Settlement and Murder of Edmund Durfee,” written by William G. Hartley. This illustration, based on C. C. A. Christensen’s painting, depicts the Burning of Morley’s Settlement. In her autobiography Tamma writes,
“After the Nauvoo Temple was completed the mobs became violent again. They threatened us and told us how they would kill and drive the Mormons out. They did kill many and others they drove from Lima. They shot my father Edmund Durfee and killed him instantly on 19 November 1845. He who had never done them any harm in his life but on the contrary had always taught them good principles of truth and uprightness and great and morality and industry all the days of his life. But before this they drove them all out of Father Morley’s Settlement, even those that were sick. They rolled by brother Nephi up in a bed and threw it outdoors when he was sick. They went to the oat stack and got two bundles of oats and put a brand of fire in them and threw them on top of the house and said they would be back the next morning. Father was trying to move and they came back and shot their guns and ran them all off. They plundered, made fires, burned houses, furniture and clothing looms, yarn, cloth, carpenter tools. Every wall burn to ashes, and the mob went from house to house driving them out, it made little difference if they were sick or well until every house in the town that a Mormon lived in was burnt.” x
Following his murder, Edmund’s family participated in the Latter-day Saints’ forced exodus from Nauvoo in 1846. Edmund’s widow, Magdalena, died during the hard journey near present-day Council Bluffs. His daughter, Tamma Durfee Miner, buried both her baby, Melissa, at Montrose, and her husband Albert Miner, in Iowaville, along the Mormon Trail. Eight Durfee children – Martha Durfee Stevens, Tamma Durfee Miner Curtis, Dolly Durfee Garner, Delana Durfee Dudley, Abraham Durfee, Jabez Durfee, Mary Durfee Carter, and Nephi Durfee – went west with the Latter-day Saints and settled in Utah.
Albert Miner was born on March 31, 1809 in Jefferson County, New York. He was the son (and fourth child) of Azel and Sylvia Munson Miner. In the year of 1815 Albert and his family moved to New London, Huron County, Ohio. (See Elihu MINER’s page for details of the The Firelands or Sufferers’ Lands tract located at the western end of the Connecticut Western Reserve )
From age seven Albert helped pioneer New London, Ohio. When he was eighteen years of age, his next younger sibling, Amos Dean Miner, with whom he felt a close relationship, died. Two years later Albert’s father also died.
Our next knowledge of Albert is at age 22, in 1831. It is the assessment of the young woman, Tamma Durfee, whom Albert was courting. When her family joined the newly organized Church of Jesus Chrsit of Latter-day Saints in June 1831, Tamma purposely delayed her baptism until the good young man could know more about it as well. After Albert’s marriage to Tamma, 9 Aug 1831, she was baptized in Dec 1831, and Albert in Feb 1832.
In the winter of 1831 Albert was introduced to the Mormon church and to the gold
Bible. In April of 1831, Solomon Hancock arrived in Ohio and started to preach to
the people. Solomon joined in with the Methodists and the Campbellites and
would preach in their meetinghouses. In May 1831 Tamma’s family was baptized
by Solomon Hancock. Tamma believed that the church was true, but was not
baptized until her father was leaving on his mission in December of that same year.
Albert’s family was not so eager to join the church. They had quite a lot to say
about the church, but it was not always in a positive manner. Albert was heard to
say on several occasions that “the more they talk, the quicker I will be baptized.”
(Voices From The Past: Diaries, Journals, and Autobiographies, BYU Press, 1980,
pg. 76). They must have really kept talking for he was baptized in February of
1832 and could hardly wait for a hole in the ice to be cut.
In 1833, Tamma and Albert followed their new church to it’s gathering place in Kirtland, Lake, Ohio.
Albert’s first child, Polly, was born 1 May 1832 in New London, Ohio. In May of 1833, Albert and his wife moved to Kirtland, Ohio. During these years at Kirtland they were able to participate in many of the glorious and devastating experiences of the church. Albert hauled stone every Saturday for the construction of the Kirtland Temple. Temple building was still going on; and some of the brethren that came from great distances stayed until the next spring. Some stayed with the Miner family and received their endowments and were there to the dedication of the Temple in March 1836. Their narrations of the manifestations seen at the Temple by the Prophet Joseph and Oliver Cowdry when Moses and Silas revealed to them the keys of the gathering of Israel from the four parts of the earth and the leading of the ten tribes from the land of the North, and the committing of the dispensation of the Gospel of Abraham saying: “that in us and our seed all generations after us should be blessed, etc.” .
While in Kirtland, four more children were born: Orson, 22 Oct. 1833; Moroni, 4
June 1835; Sylvia, 18 June 1836 and Mormon on 26 Sep 1837. When Joseph
Smith blessed Moroni he said that “he should be as great as Moroni of old and the
people would flee unto him and call him blessed.” (Voices From The Past, BYU
Press, 1980, pg. 77). [Moroni lived to be a 100 years old].
During the Kirtland era, many charismatic experiences were reported, many involving visitations of angels or communication from God through stones. However, some Church members claimed to receive revelations that contradicted those received by Joseph Smith. He and several followers prayed about the issue, and Joseph recorded a series of revelations, which included a description of several real spiritual gifts, a statement that only Joseph Smith, as the Prophet, could receive new doctrines and commandments for the Church, and a warning that not all supernatural experiences come from God. This effort to balance charismatic experience with order and stability became a lasting characteristic of the Latter Day Saint Movement.
In 1837, Smith and Rigdon founded an “anti-bank” called the Kirtland Safety Society. When it failed, some 300 of the Kirtland membership became disillusioned, including a third of the church leadership. The result was the movement’s first major schism. A new organization led by Smith’s former secretary, Warren Parish, along with Martin Harris and others, vied for control of the church in Kirtland. Re-establishing the original “Church of Christ” name, these “reformed Latter Day Saints” took possession of the temple and excommunicated Smith and Rigdon. Smith and Rigdon relocated to Missouri and were followed there by hundreds of loyalists in a trek known as the “Kirtland Camp.”
Tamma’s family was part of the Kirtland Camp and moved on to Missouri in the spring of 1837. In the spring of 1837, the Miner family was in Caldwell Co. Missouri, where they stayed that summer and fall. That fall, Albert became very ill. By January 1838, Albert was improved, so Tamma procured a sleigh, in which she made a bed for Albert, and they traveled eighty miles in four days to his mother’s home in New London, Ohio for a much needed recuperation. Albert seemed to feel better there so they did not return to Kirtland until May. It was hard to say goodbye to Albert’s mother, sisters, and brothers (Albert’s father had died in 1829).
In June 1838 the Miners sold their farm in Kirtland. With the remaining balance, he and his family started for Far West, Missouri in the middle of June of 1838. They would travel until they were short of means and then they would stop and work until they had enough money to begin again. All members of the Miner Family had become sick during this journey.They visited the Kirtland Camp and then went on to Missouri. They arrived in DeWitt in the latter part of August. The children were all sick and Tamma had been so sick that she could not walk. They stayed in DeWitt for one week while the entire family recovered from illnesses – except Sylvia, who did not recover and died about the first of Oct. 1838.
In the first part of September 1838 they arrived in Far West, Missouri. They were in Missouri at the time of the mob’s persecution. Tamma describes her feelings of this persecution in the following way. “Thus we were plundered, smitten, and driven from our homes, our lives threatened, and we were ill-treated on every side by our enemies -enemies to the truths of heaven. They would come one to five hundred right to our houses and nobody around but women and little children, take our men prisoners without any cause whatsoever – only because they were Mormons and believed in the truths of the Gospel. They wanted to know if we had any guns or pistols or ammunition or butcher knives and all such things. No one can describe the feelings of the saints and what they passed through. No tonguecan express the depredation — only those that experienced it and was an eye witness…..” ( Voices From The Past, BYU Press, 1980, pg. 78).
In 1838, Joseph Smith Jr., Sidney Rigdon and their loyalists left the former church headquarters of Kirtland and relocated to Far West. A brief leadership struggle left the former heads of the Missouri portion of the church — David Whitmer, Oliver Cowdery, William Wines Phelps and others — excommunicated. Years later, many of this group of “dissenters” became part of the Whitmerite schism in the Latter Day Saint movement.
While the church was headquartered in Far West, Smith announced revelations that changed the name of the church to the “Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints” and initiated the “Law of Tithing.” Conflicts with non-Mormon settlers arose as the church began to plant colonies in the counties surrounding Caldwell. These escalated into what has been called the 1838 Mormon War. The perceived militant attitude adopted by the church caused some leaders, including Thomas B. Marsh, president of the Quorum of the Twelve, to break with Smith and Rigdon. This precipitated another schism which led to the foundation of the Church of Jesus Christ, the Bride, the Lamb’s Wife by George M. Hinkle, who had been the Mormon commander of the Caldwell County militia.
As a result of the war, 2,500 Missouri militia troops were called out to put down the Mormon “rebellion.” Smith and other church leaders were imprisoned in Liberty, Missouri and the majority of the Latter Day Saints were deprived of their property and expelled from the state.. As a result of the war, nearly all Mormons in Missouri, estimated at more than ten thousand, were forced to leave the state. Most of these refugees settled in or near what would become the city of Nauvoo, Illinois.
Albert and his family lived on Log Creek, six miles from Far West. They were there when the mob killed David W. Patten, took a lot of prisoners, and forced the Saints to lay down their arms.[Wikipedia story of Patten’s death is different and tells of how he died in the Battle of Crooked River.] Not long after their arrival to Far West the Miners and others found themselves without flour. A council was held by the saints and Albert was selected to go and get some flour. On his return he was captured by the mob and taken to their camp. After explaining the plight that his family and others were in, having no flour to cook with, the mob allowed him to deliver the flour, but only if one of the mob members accompanied him. After delivering the flour he was taken back to the mob’s camp and was held prisoner until they broke camp. After the mob took his best horse he was left with the other horse to get home with his wagon as best as he possibly could.
Tamma wrote in her autobiography:
“we were plundered, smitten and driven from our homes, our lives were threatened and were ill-treated on every side by our enemies – enemies to the truths of heaven. They would come one to five hundred right to our houses and nobody around but women and little children, take our men prisoners without any cause whatsoever only because they were Mormons and believed in the truths of the Gospel. They wanted to know if we had any guns or pistols or ammunition or butcher knives and all such things. No one can describe the feelings of the Saints and
what they passed through. No tongue can express the depredation – only those that experienced it and were eye witnesses when they came to our houses in this kind of way.”
In the fall of 1838 when the saints were being forced to leave under the exterminating order of Governor Boggs, Albert signed a pledge that they would not leave Missouri until every family had left Missouri. The men that were free on bail and had teams helped others to get to the Mississippi and then go back for their own families. Albert was one that had to take a load to the Mississippi River so his family didn’t get away until the first of April 1839.
Albert and his family crossed over to Quincy, went up the river to Lima and decided to stay there a short time.. A kind reception was extended to the Saints by the people of Quincy and much aid was given to them as many of the Saints werestarving. But the devil wasn’t dead yet. Some of the members would go to Lima and get drunk and come back swearing and tearing – enough to frighten men, let alone women and children.
In the 1840 census, Philo Sydney MINER Jr. (1811 – 1890) was single and between wives in Kinsman, Trumbull, Ohio. There is no record of an infant in his household so maybe the two year old Philo Jr. had been farmed out to another family better equipped to take care of a toddler. Philo’s census record directly follows Albert C Miner. Both Philo and Albert are listed by themselves and 20 to 30 years old. I had thought that Philo’s next door neighbor was his cousin Albert Miner (1809 – 1848) who became one of the first Mormons, but no I’m not so sure. It appears Albert and Tamma were 700 miles away in Lima, Illinois. I haven’t figured out who else this Albert C Miner could be, but my closest guess is Albert Calvin Miner (b. 1815 or 1829) son of Calvin Miner and Keturah Nelson.
It was there that Matilda was born 12 January 1840 and the family stayed about one year. They got along the best that they could. Every fall and spring they drove thirty miles to Conference in Nauvoo, Illinois and then on the fourth of July to training. While there, on 7 September 1841 another son, Alma L. was born.
The next spring (1842) they sold what they had and bought a place four miles east of the Temple in Nauvoo. There they could go to meeting and be back home by night.
On 12 June 1843, another boy was born and they named him Don Carlos Smith. Albert helped in erecting the Nauvoo Temple and there he and his wife, Tamma, received their endowments. The temple was destroyed by tornado and fire in 1850. A replica was rededicated in 2002. After the Nauvoo Temple was completed the mobs became violent again. Albert and Tamma were in Nauvoo in 1844, when Joseph and Hyrum were martyred. Albert along with others had assisted in guarding the Prophet prior to being martyred at Carthage.
The conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons escalated into what is sometimes called the “Mormon War in Illinois.” Latter Day Saints in outlying areas were driven from their homes and gathered to Nauvoo for protection. The Illinois state legislature voted to revoke Nauvoo’s charter and the city began to operate extra-legally. At about this time, Nauvoo’s population peaked; it may have had as many as 12,000 inhabitants (and several nearly as large suburbs), rivaling Chicago, Illinois, whose 1845 population was about 15,000, and its suburbs. However, by the end of 1845, it became clear that no peace was possible, and Young and the Twelve negotiated a truce so that the Latter Day Saints could prepare to abandon the city. The winter of 1845-46 saw the enormous preparations for the Mormon Exodus across the Great Plains.
Albert was one of the men that traveled all night and day to get the families from Lima, Illinois that had been turned out of doors into the cold. He took a chill and was very ill for a long time. When his family was leaving Illinois Albert crossed the river ten times trying to get his family and his brother-in-law’s family out of Illinois. On 5 March 1846, a little girl named Melissa was born so Albert’s family remained for a while. In the spring the mob began to gather once a week and threaten to drive out what was left. The first of May, they moved to town, sold their place for a yoke of oxen and wagon thinking to start on in two or three weeks. But the mob gathered every week right on the public square close by their house.
In the fall of 1846 Albert, with his family, Edmond Durfee and his family, fourteen in number, and in one wagon owned by Albert, left Nauvoo, crossing the Mississippi River, landing near Montrose, Iowa in the fall of 1846. They stayed there two weeks – sleeping on the ground waiting for help (there were fourteen to one wagon). then They traveled for three days and arrived in Iowaville, where they resided until 1848. While enroute to Iowaville, on Oct, 5th, 1846, Bro. and Sister Miner were deeply grieved in the loss by death of their seven months old baby girl Melissa. The child was buried on the banks of the Des Moines River, under a big cottonwood tree.
After his family was settled in Iowaville Albert decided to go back to Ohio to see his family (to get them to join the church and/or say goodbye one last time before heading farther west). He started to walk back to the Mississippi River all alone and without any means (money) when after two or three miles he looked down and laying there on the ground was five dollars in silver. He arrived in Ohio finding his family all well, yet they would still not believe in the gospel. On May 17, 1847, after being gone ten weeks, he arrived back in Iowaville very homesick, tired and not feeling well.
Albert felt that after a little bit of rest he would recover, but he gradually grew worse until he passed away on January 3, 1848. Albert Miner passed away, leaving his wife and seven children (the oldest fourteen) to pursue their journey to Salt Lake City. Tamma wrote,
“..a better man never lived; he was kind, good-natured, free hearted and industrious. We won many friends and he was a genius at doing anything he saw someone else do…They (the children) thought their father was so perfect that he could not do anything wrong and that he knew everything…Albert’s folks had offered him everything if he would stay with them and not go with the Mormons, but the Gospel and the truth of the Book of Mormon and the Holy Priesthood was all that he wanted.
Born March 6, 1813, in Lennox, Madison County, New York, Tamma Durfee Miner Curtis Curtis, was the daughter of Edmund Durfee and Magdalena (Lana) Pickle. At the age of nine, the family moved to Amboy, Oswego County, New York, where her father built a home on a small farm and worked at his trade as a carpenter and millwright. Eventually the family moved to Ruggles, Huron County, Ohio, where the family heard Solomon Hancock preach about the Angel Moroni appearing to Joseph Smith in a vision.
Montrose, as mentioned above, is where the Saints camp was filled with innumerable flocks of Quail, sent as it were from heaven, and so tame that they were caught very easily and prepared for food and thus the feeling of hunger was relieved by this miraculous occurrence. At this point in the life of this family. Sister Miner went through the most heart-rending trial yet allotted to her, in the loss by death of her earthly protector, her husband. Brother Albert Miner died January 5, 1848, leaving her with but little means, and a family of seven children, the oldest of whom was fourteen years. Undaunted and full of faith in the Gospel of Christ, Sister Miner continued on in the work of the Lord.
She paid off the $90.00 funeral expenses of her husband and in the month of May moved her family to Council Bluffs, Iowa. Many trying scenes did this family pass through, one after the other, as such was the case with the Saints in general. In the Spring of 1847 when the Saints began that wonderful pilgrimage to the valley of the fountains, under the Leadership of Brigham Young, Sister Miner, having a firm testimony of the truthfulness of the Gospel, and a great desire burning within her soul to go where the Saints were once again gathering. She began at once making preparations for that thousand mile journey.
After staying about two years, on June 10, 1850, they started with one hundred wagons In William Snow’s company crossing the plains with ox-cart teams. Sister Miner, having in readiness all her earthly possessions, which consisted of two yoke of oxen, and two yoke of cows, with one wagon, supplied with a limited amount of provisions, and the same of clothing, bid goodbye to her brother Edmond, friends and all relatives, and with her family, started on this long journey. Landing in October in Salt Lake City and without any home or anyone to even hunt them, they were indeed very lonesome.
Enos Curtis, whom she had known in Lima, married Tamma on October 20, 1850. Living on the Jordan River the first winter, the family moved to Springville, Utah the following spring. There they began to farm, raise wheat and stock and paid their tithing. On June 1, 1856 Enos passed away. In 1857, Tamma married Enos’s son, John White Curtis. She had five boys and four girls by Albert Miner, four girls, two of whom were twins, by Enos Curtis, and one girl by John White Curtis.
Springville was originally settled in 1850 by eight pioneer families who crossed the plains to Salt Lake Valley from the East and were subsequently directed by Brigham Young to settle 50 miles further south. Incorporated in February 1853, the city was first called Hobble Creek by the early pioneers because their horses were often hobbled (by loosely tying their front feet together) and left along the stream to graze in the lush grass. If the horses wandered into the creek, the hobbles came off in the water. Thus, the settlement earned its original name. Later, as the town grew, the name was changed to Springville because of the many freshwater springs in the area. The original name was not completely lost, however, as the canyon stream and golf course have retained the name Hobble Creek. Springville is known today as “Art City” due to its strong development of the Arts.
January 30, 1885 Sister Tamma passed this life at the age of 71 years, 10 months, and 24 days, leaving nine children, 75 grandchildren and 17 great grandchildren. besides a vast circle of friends to mourn her loss. By a life of virtue and unflinching integrity, as well as by her many excellent traits of character, he had endeared herself to all. She died as she had lived, in full faith of a glorious resurrection. The funeral services were held
at the old meeting house in Springville, Monday Feb. 2nd, 1885.
At this writing November 19, 1913, Mormon and Moroni Miner are the only children living of Albert and Tamma Durfee Miner. Their stories follow below.
Autobiography of Tamma Durfee Miner
Written by Tamma Miner March 15, 1880 in Springville, Utah. for the Relief Society and filed in the Jubilee Box in 1880, and opened in May 1950 by officers of Utah Stake Relief Society. It was handed to her granddaughter Frances Carter Knight, daughter of Polly Miner Carter, The history has Since been resealed in a box to be opened again in another fifty years. [Don’t know whether this happened in 2000]
My father’s name was Edmond Durfee. He was born in Rhode Island Oct, 5, 1788. Father was of Irish descent I think. Mother was born June 6, 1788 of Dutch descent. Her name was Lanna Pickle, Her father and mother from Holland, I think High Dutch.
I was born in the State of New York, Madison County, Town of Lenox, June 6, 1815, and we lived there until I was about nine years old and then we moved to Oswego County, Town of Amboy, in a new County. Father bought some land, built him a house, made a small farm, and worked at his trade that was mostly carpenter and millwright. We lived there till the first of June 1830 , and then bought more land. There were lots of maple trees on it and we made lots of maple sugar. Then father wanted to go west, so he sold his sugar bush and farm and everything and started for the State of Ohio. We went through Camden Village to the Canal, went on the Canal to Buffalo, went across Lake Superior and landed at Portland, From there we went to Huron County, Township of Buggies. Father bought some land and went to work to make a home and the next winder, in 1831, we heard about the Mormons, and the gold Bible. The next spring, Solomon Hancock came along preaching about Joseph Smith, said that the Lord and the Angel Moroni had revealed them to him. Solomon Hancock came and joined in with us, the Methodists, and the Campbellites, and he would preach in our meeting house. We would go to hear him and were all astonished for it was so much different from what it had been reported. This was sometime in April 1831, and my father Edmond Durfee was baptized about the middle of May, and my mother and sister Martha and brother Edmond were baptized about the first of June by Solomon Hancock. I believed it the first time I heard him preach it and told us the Book of Mormon was true, I was a Mormon in belief but was not baptized till Dec. 1831 and will tell you the reason I was not baptized. I was keeping company with a good young man, as I thought, and I was told he said he would not have a Mormon wife, so I waited till after I Was married I went to the Mormon meetings and sometimes to the Methodist till the ninth of August 1831, when I was married to Albert Miner. Afterwards we got along first rate and we went to meetings sometimes to one place and sometimes to the Mormons till Dec, 1831 when my father was going on a Mission to the State of New York, and he baptized me before going on his mission.
Albert’s mother, brothers and sisters, had a great deal to say about the Mormons as they did not believe In the Book of Mormon, but he told them that “The more they had to say, the sooner he would be baptized.” He waited till the first of February 1832 when they cut a hole in the ice and baptized him.
My oldest daughter Polly was born on May 1, 1832. My father gathered some of his Carpenter tools and see grain and farming tools and in company with others he started for Jackson County, Missouri. He left on the first of February 1832 to build a place for all his family to go to and he came back the 20th of May. Then he went back to The States on a short mission and came home in the fall of 1832. He sold his farm and all his possessions and started for Kirtland, Ohio on the first of May 1833. The Lord said he would keep a stronghold for five years in Kirtland. We bought a farm, built us some houses and prepared to live.
I was here on the fourth of July when they wanted twenty-four Elders to lay the corner stone to the Kirtland Temple, and they ordained George A. Smith and Don Smith to make the 24, six to each corner, and my husband Albert Miner helped to haul stone every Saturday for a long time to build the Temple. My oldest boy was born Oct. 22, 1835. We named him Orson. The next Spring the most of the Elders were called to volunteer to go and redeem Jackson County, Albert told Mr. Dennis Lake he would draw cuts to see which would go or which would take care of the families. Dennis Lake went with the Company to redeem Jackson County and when he got back he apostatized and sued Joseph Smith for three month’s work, $60.00. Brigham and a man with him, came to our house and asked him for his license and he refused to give it to them. Brigham Young said: “It made no difference. They could publish him and he told Albert Miner that he would receive his blessing.” This was in the fall of 1834. On the 4th day of June 1835. I had a son born, called his name Moroni, and Joseph Smith blessed him and said: “he should be as great as Moroni of old and the people would flee unto him and call him blessed.” They were still building the Temple. There were some of the brethren who came from a distance and stayed until the next Spring. Some stayed with us and received their endowments and were there to the dedication of the Temple in March 1836. After that a good many began to apostatize and broke up the Kirtland Bank, I had a girl born June 18, 1836. We called her name Silva. A great many things transpired that I haven’t time to write, and so long ago that I can’t place them, Land came up and sold for a large sum of money and they had a great speculation and a great many left the Church of Latter-day Saints. I had a boy born Sept. 26, 1837, called him Mormon, In the Spring of 1837 my father sold his farm and all he possessed and started for Caldwell County, Iowa. and we stayed that summer and fall. Those that left the Mormons grew worse till Joseph and Sidney and Father Smith had to leave in January in the middle of the winter. That fall Albert had a very bad sick spell. The last of January he got some better so he could ride in a sleigh on a bed and I held the umbrella over him and with two children on my lap, we went 80 miles from Kirtland to New London, Huron Co, Ohio where Albert’s folks lived. The four days on the road had been pleasant and warm but it turned fearfully cold winter weather. Albert got better and we stayed there until May.
Albert went back to Kirtland and sold his farm, put some of his means in to help the Kirtland Camp, and with the balance, Albert Miner, wife and children, started for Missouri far west, about the middle of June 1838, bidding his mother, brothers and sisters, all farewell for the Gospel’s sake. His father died 1829. We traveled until we got short of means and then we stopped and worked till we got some more money and then went back to the camp to pay them a visit and then we went on to Missouri and got to Dewit the last of August, The children were all sick and I had been so sick that I could not walk, and Albert had been so sick that he could not harness his team nor take care of It, but he soon got better. We stayed one week In Dewit and then we started for Far west all alone. We got to my father’s about the first of September, The children were all sick but father said they would get better and they did so in a few days, all but Silva, who got worse and died about the first of October, 1838.
The mob gathered and killed a number at Hans Mill and gathered and drove ail the Mormons from Adam Diamon to Far west; then not being satisfied, the whole State, with the Governor at their head, gathered by the thousands to drive them from Far west. They wanted Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon, our leaders, and the Twelve, and all they could get and put them in prison, and they got many. Some were bailed out, Others had to stay and take up with such fare as they could get. They were even given human flesh to eat, but Joseph told them “not to eat It, for the Spirit of the Lord told them, through him, that it was human flesh.” Thus we were plundered, smitten and driven and our lives threatened, and we were ill-treated on every side by our enemies. enemies to the truths of heaven. They would come one to five hundred, right to our houses, and nobody around but women and little children. They would take our men prisoners without any cause whatever, only because they were Mormons and believed in the truths of the Gospel. They wanted to know if we had any guns or pistols or ammunition or butcher knives and all such things. No one can describe the feelings of the Saints and what they passed through. No tongue can tell, only those that experienced it and was an eye witness, when they came to our homes in this kind of way.
Those men that were at liberty and had teams, had to help others to the Mississippi river and then go back after their own families.- Father’s folks had lived there one year. He left in 1837, and Albert Miner and wife and five children got to Missouri the first of Sept. 1838 and lived on what they called Log Creek, six miles from Far west. I was there when they killed David Patten, when they took lots of prisoners, and when the saints had to lay down their arms for their enemies.
Mr. Miner was one who had to take a load to the Mississippi River so we did not get away until the first of April 1839. We had witnessed a good many leaving in the cold and dreary winter. We crossed over to Quincy, went up the river to the place called Lima, prepared to live there a short time. But the devil wasn’t dead yet. In a short time there were some who would go to Lima and get drunk, and come back swearing and tearing enough to frighten men, let alone women and children. I told Mr. Miner that I did not like to live there. I did not like to see those drunkards and hear them swear.
While at Lima I had a girl born January 12, 1840 and we called her Matilda. We stayed there until one year from the next September. We got along the best we could, every fall and Spring go thirty miles to Conference and then on the Fourth of July to training. I had a boy born Sept. 7, 1841. We called him Alma L. The next Spring we sold out and my husband bought a place four miles east of the Temple in Nauvoo and we lived there where we could go to meeting and back at night. I had a boy born June 12, 1843 and we called him Don C. Miner. We were there in 1844 when Joseph and Hyrum were martyred. I went and saw them after their deaths and when they were brought back to their home. I had been acquainted with them for 12 years. I had heard them both preach In May. I had heard them talk to the Saints a great many times. I once heard the Prophet Joseph talk to a congregation for five hours and no one was tired. This was in Kirtland before they built the first Temple. A great many incidents I had passed through but have not time to name them all. we still lived in Nauvoo.
The Nauvoo Temple was completed, then the mobs became violent again. They threatened and told around how they would kill and drive the Mormons out. They did kill several and drove them from Lima. They shot my father Edmond Durfee and killed him Instantly on November 19,1845. He who had never done them any harm in his life, but on the contrary, had always taught them good principles of truth and uprightness and greatness and morality and industry, all the days of his life. But before this they drove them all out of Father Morley’s settlement, turned their sick ones out, drove them all out to live or die, rolled my brother Nephi up in a bed and threw it out doors when he was sick, went to the Oat stack, got two bundles of oats, put a brand of fire on them, and threw them on top of the house and said they would be back next morning. Father was trying to move some place and they came back and shot their guns and ran them all off. They plundered, made fires, burned houses, furniture and clothing, and looms, yarn, cloth and carpenter tools. The iron from the tools they picked up and filled barrels. Everything all burned to ashes, and the mob went from house to house driving them out, sick or well, it made no difference, until they burnt every house in town, that was owned by the Mormons.
The men from Nauvoo got their teams and started for Lima. They traveled all night and day to get the families that had been turned out doors. My husband was one that traveled all night and he got sick, took a chill, and was very sick for a long time. The mob said they could come back and gather their crops, and when they were very near done, they decided to stay over Sunday. When it got dark Saturday night, they built a fire close by the barn and stables. The Mormons thought they meant to burn their horses, and the men ran out to stop the fire. The mob stood back in the timber and our men got between them and the fire, and they shot off about a dozen guns but my father was the only one killed.
They built a fire in different places. One fire they built in a corn crib where the shucks were very dry. The fire burned a little and then went out, so you see they could not go any farther than the Lord would let them. This was in the fall of 1845 and they still kept gathering and threatening all the fall and winter. The Saints worked hard all winter. In the Temple they gave endowments and sealed others, They worked at repairing and building wagons, getting ready to leave Some of them left before the ice broke up in the river and the rest soon after.
A little over one year before, my husband had his farm bought from under him, by a man by the name of Ephraim S. Green, with all he had worked and done and paid on it and was turned out doors with a family of little children, so he rented one year and turned out one span of horses and bought piece of land in order to make another home.
On March 5, 1846, I had a girl born, called her Melissa. We remained there for a time. The mob gathered every little while and threatened all the time how they would drive out the Mormons. At last a great many left, not knowing where they were going, to hunt a place in the wilderness among the savages and wild beasts, over the desert beyond the Rocky Mountains, where white men had never lived,, In the Spring the mob began to get together once a week and threaten to drive what was left. The first of May we moved to town, sold our place for a yoke of cattle and wagon, thinking to start in two or three weeks, but the mob gathered every week, right on the public square close by the house. The Mormons told them they would go as fast as they could get ready and get teams to go with. It was mostly women and children that were there and they did not want any more of the men to leave for fear of what might happen, so we stayed, and my oldest brother was with us, and family.
At last the mob gathered in full and reports came that they were camped outside the town about a mile, about 2,000 of them. One afternoon they started to come in to town, cross-lots. There were only fifty of our men to go out to meet them, but they drove them back that night . In the morning at 2 o’clock, it was moonlight, and the Mormons went and fired right in their camp. They fired guns and cannon on both sides until 2 o’clock in the afternoon. They killed three Mormon men. One was named Anderson, and he and his son were both killed by one cannon ball. One man was killed by a cannon ball while he was in the Blacksmith shop. Three men were slightly wounded, My brother was wounded between the cords of his heel, by a gun. There were only fifty of the Mormons against 2,000 of them. In the mob, ten of them had to be on guard, two on top of the Temple with spy glasses. They went into Law’s corn field and there they had their battle. They were seen to fill three wagons with the wounded and dead. And the next morning a woman stood in the second story of a house and saw the mob put seventy-six bodies in calico slips with a draw string around the neck and feet, before they left for home.
The Mormon women rolled the cannon balls up in their aprons, took them to our boys, and they would put them in the cannon and would shoot them back again when they were hot. It was a fearful time, I could have crossed the river but I would not leave my husband. In about two days they had to surrender, lay down their arms, I saw the mob, all dressed in black, ride two by two on horseback. It looked frightful. They said there was about 2,000 of them around the Temple in Nauvoo.
The men had to ferry the boat over five times for each family,, My husband had to ferry it over ten times, five for my brother that got wounded, and five for us. We got over and stayed there two weeks. We slept on the ground, waiting for help. There were fourteen of us to one wagon. My baby got sick, but we started and in three days my baby died on the first of October 1846. We traveled on one day and the next morning we burled her. She was seven months old. Her name was Melissa Miner. We went on three days and came to lowaville. We stayed there through the winder and there my husband worked at hauling and running a ferry boat.
When my baby died I took sick and never sat up only to have my bed made, for nine months. My husband thought of moving to the Bluffs but a good many came back to get work, so he cut and put up some hay for his stock and then said he would go back to Ohio to see all of his folks. He started afoot to the Mississippi River all alone, short of means. He went two or three miles when he looked down on the ground and right there before him was about $5.00 In silver. He went on and found his folks all well, but no one believed in the Gospel. All opposed him. He was gone ten weeks. He came home very unwell, and being gone so long, he was homesick and tired, and had walked in the rain all day.
Polly, my oldest girl, who was fourteen years old, took care of the family of nine and waited on me while I was sick and while her father was gone, Not feeling very well when he came home, he thought he would feel better after he got rested but he grew worse. He would try to work a half a day and go to bed the other half. He came home about May 17, 1847. He would be first better then worse till at last he dropped off very suddenly.
That was a hard blow for we thought that he was getting better. I and the children thought a better man never lived, a kind, good natured disposition, free-hearted, industrious. He won many friends and was a genius at doing anything he saw any one else do. Alma and the little boys said: “Which way shall we go. We will not know the way.” They thought their father was so perfect that he could not do anything wrong and that he knew everything.
Albert Miner was born in the State of New York, March thirty first, 1809, Jefferson County. His father’s name was Asel Miner, His mother’s name was Sylvia Monson.
Polly and Orson were the oldest, they bad to take the lead and go ahead and plan. His folks had offered him everything if he would stay with them and not go with the Mormons, but the Gospel and the truth of the Book of Mormon and the Holy Priesthood was all that he wanted, Polly was a true and faithful girl to her mother and all the children. Albert, my husband, died Jan, 3, 1848. He had been so very anxious to go to the Bluffs and keep up with the Church, so myself and children went to work and got things together and the next July 1846 came to Council Bluffs. We stayed there about two years. We worked and got things together to come to the valleys.
I and my five boys and two girls started, with one hundred wagons June 10, 1850, We traveled across the plains with ox teams. We had many a hard struggle although we got along much better than we had anticipated. The first of September we landed in Salt Lake without any home or any one to hunt us one. We ware very lonesome indeed. We stayed with father and mother Wilcox two weeks, when Enos Curtis came along and said he would furnish me and the children a home. That was what we needed for it was coming winter. We were married October 30, 1850. We lived on the Jordan the first winter and I and my children all had the irricipliss in the throat and my oldest boy died with it on March 5, 1851. He had driven the team across the plains for me and he was as kind and good natured a boy as ever lived. The next April we moved to Springville, got a farm and a place to build. We got along first rate. We had gone into the wilderness trying to build up the Kingdom. On October 18th. 1851. I had a girl born and called her Clarissa Curtis, We lived there and the boys grew up and Mr. Enos Curtis, my husband, his boy, and mine, all worked together, raised wheat and grain and stock-paid their tithing. I had a girl born February 25, 1855. We called her Belinda Curtis. The next Spring Enos Curtis went to Iron County with Brigham Young and Company. When they got back they made a party for the company, June 12, 1854. One year from that day I had a pair of twin girls naming one Adelia and one Amelia Curtis.
The next Spring my husband was complaining of not being very well. But he kept on working for awhile till at last he gave up. After awhile he began to take something and thought he was better, then he got worse, lived till the first day of June 1856, when he passed away, just like going to sleep without a struggle or a groan. His children were all with him but two, one of his boys was on a Mission in England, Myself and four boys were left to keep house, and three little girls. One boy was twenty years old, the other fourteen, and the other twelve, One was seventeen. We still lived in Springville City, farmed and raised our wheat and stock and paid our tithing, I raised the little girls, all but one. She took sick and died before her father. She was Adelia, one of the twins.
In 1857 I married John Curtis at April Conference and I had a girl born Jan. 16, 1858, calling her Mariette Curtis. I had five boys and four girls by Albert Miner, and I had four girls by Enos Curtis, and I had one girl by John Curtis. I had fifty-eight grand children and 11 great-grand-children. I had fourteen children in all and they are all very good and kind to me. Albert Miner was Joseph Smith’s life-guard in Kirtland, My brother was also, but he left the Church. In those days there was but a handful in comparison to what there is now.
I have passed through all the hardships and drivings and burnings a and mobbings and threatenings and have been with the Saints in all their persecutions from Huron Co., to Kirtland, and from Kirtland to Missouri and back to Illinois. For want of time I have passed over some things of importance. I hope my children will appreciate these few lines for I do feel highly honored to be numbered with the Latter day Saints and I pray that our children will all prove faithful, that they may receive a great reward.
1. Polly Miner
Polly’s husband Dominicus Carter was born 20 Jun 1806 in Newry, Oxford, Maine, His parents were John Carter and Hannah Knight Libby. Dominicus died 02 Feb 1884 in Provo, Utah. He married (1) Lydia Smith on 11 May 1828 in Scarborgh, Cumberland, Me, daughter of Jonathon Smith and Lydia Brown. He married (2) Sylvia Ameretta Meacham (Mecham) on 28 Mar 1839 in Adams County, Ill. He married (3) Mary Durfee on 02 Jan 1844 in Navoo, Hancock, ILL. He married (4) Polly Miner on 09 Oct 1851 in Provo, Utah, He married (5) Elizabeth Brown on 20 Jun 1852 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (6) Fanny Nash on 06 Jan 1857 in Provo, Utah. He married (7) Caroline Elizabeth Hubbard on 02 Feb 1864 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (8) Sophronia Babcock.
Dominicus had 48 children with 8 wives, Polly had 12 children, 6 who lived to adulthood.
Born in humble circumstances in Scarborough, Cumberland county, Maine, Dominicus Carter was the son of John and Hannah Knight Libby Carter. His father was a farmer, and Dominicus along with the rest of the family worked the farm. He had no formal schooling, but he did learn the trade of blacksmithing.
He married Lydia Smith in 1828 and a few years later they joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Some records have 30 June 1832, others have 30 June 1834.) They moved to Kirtland (it appears they were in Kirtland by 1834) where he “had the privilege of hearing and listening to the teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith.”
In 1838 Dominicus and Lydia Smith Carter were a part of Kirtland Camp, the large wagon train that made the exodus from Kirtland to Missouri. While traveling, they lost their two-year-old daughter Sarah Emily. Then, twenty days after arriving in Far West, Lydia died, leaving Dominicus with four children. The following month, November of 1838, he married Sophronia Babcock. Together they endured the trials of expulsion from Missouri.
In 1839 Dominicus took his first plural wife, Sylvia Ameret Meacham, and in 1844 he took another – Mary Durfee. He also was married to Sophronia Babcock’s younger sister Eliza Babcock. It appears that Dominicus and Eliza were married in 1846 during the Nauvoo period, but she was back with her mother soon after as evidenced by the Winter Quarters Wards Membership Lists. Eliza crossed the plains as Eliza Babcock, and in 1855 she married John Groves.
Dominicus was living near Nauvoo when the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were killed.
The trials of those days are well known and don’t need to be repeated. It is said that Dominicus intended to leave with the early emigrants for the West, but he was asked to stay in Nauvoo and build wagons. He also worked on the Nauvoo temple and was one of those who received the blessings of that temple in December of 1845. Eventually they joined the body of the saints in Winter Quarters, but Sophronia died in childbirth on the plains on 26 August 1847.
In 1851 Dominicus, his wives and his six living children finally arrived in Salt Lake City. They moved to Provo in October of that year. But Sylvia Meacham decided that she didn’t like the life of the polygamist wife and divorced him. It’s unclear exactly when she left, but they had to be together for the conception of their son Isaac Morley, who was born in June of 1851 and died while they were crossing the plains. They had no more children together and Sylvia married her 2nd husband on 3 Nov 1855, so she was divorced from Dominicus by then.
Once Dominicus was settled in Provo, he took four more wives:
Polly Miner 1851
Elizabeth Brown 1852
Caroline Maria Hubbard 1854 (divorced in 1861)
Frances Nash 1857
Among his descendants, much is made of Dominicus Carter’s nine wives, but before he ever came west he had already lost two of those wives, and three others chose to leave. During most of the Provo years he lived with four wives: Mary Durfee, Polly Miner, Elizabeth Brown and Fannie Nash. At his death all four of those women were at his bedside. By the count of his grand daughter Hannah Clark Pike, he had “46 children, 17 of whom preceded him in death, 87 grandchildren and 41 great grandchildren.” (The book “Carter Pioneers of Provo Utah” says he had 52 children, but there are several known mistakes in that list.)
Dominicus Carter was described as a high-spirited man and a respected citizen of Provo:
He was First Counselor to President George A. Smith of the Utah Stake.
He served on the Provo City Council.
He was a Probate Judge for four years.
He was a good singer and in the early days led the singing in Provo.
He helped organize a band which furnished music for the early militia and was their leader for twenty years.
During the 1880s, when polygamists were hunted and tried, many men went into hiding – but Dominicus Carter stood his ground. As a result, he served time in the state penitentiary. He was in his seventies.
In the history that Hannah Clark Pike wrote about her grandfather, she said this: “For years he ran a blacksmith shop in Provo. I remember as a girl seeing him put the oxen in an old wood frame to shoe them. He and his older sons also ran a hostelry. I remember seeing the stages drive in, they would run out and change the horses. Sometimes the stage would hurry away and at other times they would remain and go to my father’s large home and eat. He always lived in Provo, owning a great deal of property. His homes, blacksmith shop and hostelry were between 1st and 2nd North, 5th West and from 4th West to 5th West and 1st North, Provo. He died as he always lived, a true Latter-day Saint. While on his death bed he called his family around him and gave them many sacred charges for their guidance through life. He bore a strong testimony to the divine mission of the Prophet Joseph Smith and advised his posterity to abide in his faith.”.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Lydia Smith are:
- +Sidney Rigdon Carter, b. 30 Aug 1834, Newry, Oxford, Me, d. 10 Nov 1912, Joseph, Sevier, Utah.
- Arlytia Lydia Carter, b. 18 May 1829, Newry, Oxford, Me, d. 04 Jun 1854, Salt Lake City, Utah.
- Sarah Emily Carter, b. 11 May 1836, Kirtland, Guaga, Ohio, d. 11 Aug 1838.
- Lydia Ann Carter, b. 20 Feb 1838, Kirtland, Guaga, Ohio, d. 08 Dec 1854.
- Lucinda McKenney Carter, b. 14 Jan 1831, Newry, Oxford, Me, d. 26 Jan 1904, Aurora, Seiver, Utah.
- Barrett Carter, b. 10 Jan 1833, Newry, Oxford, Me, d. date unknown.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Sylvia Ameretta Meacham (Mecham) are:
- Erastus Francis Carter, b. 24 Jan 1843, Adams County, Ill, d. 26 Nov 1912, Park Valley, Box Elder, Utah.
- Nellie Ann Carter, b. 26 May 1865, Provo, Utah, d. 1865.
- Harriett Carter, b. 27 May 1855, Provo, Utah, d. 1855.
- Issac Morely Carter, b. 02 Jun 1851, Provo, Utah, d. 1851.
- Amelia Carter, b. 18 Dec 1866, Provo, Utah, d. 1866.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Mary Durfee are:
- Mary Ann Carter, b. 1872, Provo, Utah, d. 16 May 1879.
- Ezra Carter, b. 22 Jan 1859, Provo, Utah, d. 22 Jan 1859, Provo, Utah.
- Heber Kimball Carter, b. 22 Jan 1859, Provo, Utah, d. 14 Aug 1926, Provo, Utah.
- Marion Carter, b. 06 Feb 1870, Provo, Utah, d. Mar 1874.
- Marian Carter, b. 06 Feb 1870, Provo, Utah, d. date unknown.
- Charles Carter, b. 17 Feb 1867, Provo, Utah, d. 14 Feb 1928.
- Edmund Durfee Carter, b. 02 Mar 1854, Provo, Utah, d. 28 Mar 1915, Wells, Elko, Nevada.
- James Chauncy Carter, b. 27 Mar 1856, Provo, Utah, d. 15 Nov 1921, Provo, Utah.
- Violete “K” Carter, b. 31 Mar 1864, Provo, Utah, d. 20 May 1865.
- Warren Carter, b. 08 May 1860, Provo, Utah, d. 10 Jan 1922.
- Phoebe Carter, b. 26 May 1862, Provo, Utah, d. 01 Sep 1930, Provo, Utah.
- Mary Jane Carter, b. 04 Jun 1850, Provo, Utah, d. 07 Dec 1922, Glendale, Franklin, Idaho.
- George Dominicus Carter, b. 15 Jun 1852, Provo, Utah, d. 07 Dec 1922, Glendale, Franklin, Idaho.
- Willford Carter, b. 13 Nov 1848, Council Bluffs, Pottaw, IA, d. 23 Apr 1849.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Polly Miner are:
- Seth Carter, b. 10 Jan 1867, Provo, Utah, d. 04 Mar 1869, Provo, Utah.
- Albert Miner Carter, b. 10 Feb 1860, Provo, Utah, d. 28 Jan 1929, Provo, Utah.
- Frances Carter, b. 17 May 1853, Provo, Utah, d. 30 Dec 1935, Provo, Utah.
- Tamma Miner Carter, b. 25 May 1862, Provo, Utah, d. Dec 1862, Provo, Utah.
- Harriett Carter, b. 27 May 1855, Provo, Utah, d. 1855, Provo, Utah.
- Joseph William Carter, b. 06 Jul 1870, Provo, Utah, d. 16 Aug 1941, Provo, Utah.
- Tamma E Carter, b. 27 Sep 1861, Provo, Utah, d. Dec 1861, Provo, Utah.
- Fanny E Carter, b. 27 Sep 1861, Provo, Utah, d. Jan 1929.
- Marriet Carter, b. 27 Nov 1855, Provo, Utah, d. 27 Nov 1855, Provo, Utah.
- Harriet Carter, b. 27 Nov 1855, Provo, Utah, d. 1856, Provo, Utah.
- Alma Miner Carter, b. 20 Dec 1865, Provo, Utah, d. 17 Oct 1939, Raymond, Alberta, Canada.
- Polly Ann Carter, b. 29 Dec 1857, Provo, Utah, d. 24 Aug 1931, Clifton, Greenlee, Arizona.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Elizabeth Brown are:
- Illis Carter, b. 05 Jan 1871, Provo, Utah, d. 05 May 1881, Provo, Utah.
- Ezra Carter, b. 22 Jan 1859, Provo, Utah, d. 22 Jan 1859, Provo, Utah.
- Hannah Libby Carter, b. 29 Jan 1861, Provo, Utah, d. 09 Jan 1938, Lynwood, Los Angeles, CA.
- John F. Carter, b. 02 Oct 1863, Provo, Utah, d. 17 Mar 1953.
- Mariah Elizabeth Carter, b. 27 Feb 1856, Provo, Utah, d. 12 Sep 1907, Provo, Utah.
- Ann Carter, b. 28 Feb 1867, Provo, Utah, d. 16 May 1867, Provo, Utah.
- Enos Carter, b. 28 Mar 1854, Provo, Utah, d. 07 Feb 1938, Nampa, Canyon, Idaho.
- Ruth Carter, b. 10 May 1869, Provo, Utah, d. 05 May 1881.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Fanny Nash are:
- Franklin Richard Carter, b. 20 Sep 1859, Provo, Utah, d. 10 May 1932, Provo, Utah.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Caroline Elizabeth Hubbard are:
- Clara Melissa Carter, b. 23 Oct 1858, Provo, Utah, d. 13 Oct 1948, Salt Lake City, Utah.
- Willard Carter, b. 27 Mar 1856, Provo, Utah, d. 04 Dec 1941.
Children of Dominicus Carter and Sophronia Babcock are:
- Child Carter, b. 26 Aug 1847, Council Bluffs, Pottaw, IA, d. 26 Aug 1847, Council Bluffs, Pottaw, IA.
3. Moroni Miner
Moroni’s wife Nancy Elizabeth Chase was born in 27 Nov 1845. Nancy died 3 Jun 1928 in Springville, Utah, Utah.
A Short History of Moroni Miner Who Lived to Celebrate his 100th Anniversary
Moroni Miner, oldest resident of Springville, Utah, celebrated his one-hundredth
birthday Tuesday June 4, 1935, with a family reunion. Invitations were Issued to 500 relatives and friends, including the Black Hawk Indian War veterans and committeemen, and a number of other citizens; also to Sons and Daughters of Utah Pioneers and the older citizens of Springville, and Church Officials.
The program began at 10 a.m. at Park Ro-Shee in Springville. It was carried on as follows:
Baseball and other sports, 10 a.m. to noon; 12 noon to 2 p.m. picnic, program and stunts; 2 p.m. to 5 p.m., swimming and other sports; 5 p.m. to 7 p.m., intermission and lunch. At 7:30 p.m. a pageant, portraying the life of Mr. Miner’s mother, Tamma Durfee Miner, written and directed by Mrs. Eva Maeser Crandall, was presented In the Second Ward Chapel. A dance followed,
Mr. Miner, whose formula for a long life includes much work, a cheerful attitude and a desire to be useful, was born June 4th, 1835, in Kirtland, Ohio, a son of Albert and Tamma Durfee Miner. His parents lived at Nauvoo at the time the Latter-day Saints were
driven from that country, and Mr. Miner recalls seeing the Prophet Joseph Smith many times.
After the family moved to a settlement on the Des Moines river, Mr. Miner’s father died and he was forced to make a living for himself at the age of 13 years. He started west with the Brigham Company, but due to his age and not having the consent of his mother, he was advised to return to his family.
In June 1850, with his widowed mother and all her possessions-two oxen, two cows and a wagon, scant provisions and seven children, Mr. Miner crossed the plains. He walked the entire distance of 1000 miles, driving cattle and sheep along the way. He states that during this memorable journey, great herds of buffalo blocked the road and had to be driven back to make passage.
Upon arriving in Utah, the family lived on a farm near the Jordan River until 1851, When they came to Springville, where Mr. Miner has since made his home.
Many are the Interesting stories of early Pioneer life and early Indian uprisings, related by Mr. Miner in a history written by himself. In 1854, with others, he went to Cedar Valley, to burn charcoal for use by the Salt Lake City blacksmiths. The Industry progressed well until they were discovered by the Indians, who drove them away and burned their belongings. That same year Mr. Miner was called upon to act as guard in the Indian War, and he assisted in moving all the houses outside the eight central
blocks in Springville, into a fort. It was during this year, also, that he assisted in building a 12-foot wall around the original eight blocks of the City, the wall being constructed by
taxation and donations against Indian attacks.
He was called as a young man to assist in building a fence across the mouth of the canyons east of Springville, as a protection against Indians. He tells of many anxious hours spent guarding the canyons from which Indians would swoop down into the valleys burning and plundering as they came.
When a young man he also was called to haul freight from the Missouri River to Utah enduring many hardships and dangers on the journeys. They also hauled the mail on these trips.
An interesting quotation from his life’s history states: “In June of 1859, the holidays coming on, I was short of ready means I therefore yoked up my oxen and took a scythe into the field and cut a load of hay. After curing it I loaded it onto my wagon and
hauled it to Camp Floyd, forty miles away, and sold it for $10.00 This money bridged me along during the holidays in a very satisfactory, manner.”
In another portion of the sketch he states. “In the fall of 1863, word came that there was a scarcity of flour in Montana. I loaded up 4000 pounds and with Alex Robertson, Bringhurst and Houtz outfits, of four or five wagons, all loaded with flour, left for Montana. Arriving there we sold our loads for $25.00 per hundred Pounds. I took a four mule team and wagon and some gold dust as my share.” That fall Mr. Miner states wheat took a jump to $8.00 per bushel.
Moroni, with his brother Carlos Miner, took a contract with the Central Pacific Railway company, in 1869, to build the grade at Promontory Point where the golden spike was driven to mark the spot where the east and west railroads came together.
Mr. Miner also assisted in the construction of the first irrigation canals in this vicinity and helped to build the first meeting house. He was instrumental in bringing educational advantages to pioneer family children in this community.
During his middle and later life, Mr. Miner engages in the grocery business and also has been a successful farmer and stockman.
He married Nancy Elisabeth Chase in February 1861. She died in 1928, at the age of 83 years. They were the parents of twelve sons and three daughters. One child died in infancy, three boys died young, and the rest grew to maturity. Eight sons and two daughters have been married in the Salt Lake Temple.
Aside from the work in Civic affairs, Mr. Miner has always taken an active part in Church affairs, serving in numerous capacities in the auxiliary organizations. He filled a mission to the Southern States in 1893, leaving at the age of 58 years to begin his mission. Because of his advance age, he resigned from the Stake High Priests in 1914.
Despite his 100 years of life, many of which have been filled with hardships and disappointments, Mr. Miner is still young for his years. He gets about his home, attends Church and sometimes entertainments, converses on topics of the day, and enjoys tales
of pioneer life. He looked forward with a child’s enthusiasm to his 100th birthday celebration and said he hoped to have many more. (However, he passed away during the following year.)
He lived to see five generations of his family and was privileged to attend the Golden Wedding celebration in 1933 of his eldest son Bert and wife in Springville. Other living children at the 100th anniversary of Moroni, were: Mrs. Elizabeth Miner Whitmore,
Gloyd, M.F, and Paul Miner from Springville, Utah; George Miner, San Francisco, California; Thorn Miner, Philadelphia, Pa., mAustin Miner, Provo, Utah; Mrs. Ruth Miner Bennion, Vernal, Utah, together with their families. He had 49 grandchildren; 69 great-grandchildren and one great-great grandchild when he was 100 years of age.
Elder George Albert Smith of the Council of Twelve, and President Samuel 0. Bennion, of the First Presidents of Seventy, represented the General Authorities, and spoke in the afternoon meeting.
Mr. Moroni Miner received hundreds of telegrams and letters of congratulation during the day, among them a personal letter from President Heber J. Grant, congratulating him on having lived a full century.
Moroni immediately began his plans to go to the encampment of the Black Hawk Indian War Veterans to be held at Nephi Aug. 13, 14, 15, 16 and expressed a desire to camp out all of those days and nights.
5. Mormon Miner
Mormon’s wife Phoebe Emeline Curtis was born 6 Dec 1844. Phoebe died 8 Feb 1905 in Fairview, Sanpete, Utah .
16 Oct 1914 – Autobiographical Sketch
I, Mormon Miner, the third son of Albert and Tamma Durfee Miner was born Sept. 26th 1837 at Kirtland, Lake Co. Ohio. Baptized at Council Bluffs June 1848 by David Garner, and Confirmed a Member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by James C. Snow.
My father having died when I was about ten year old, It was necessary that I should assist my mother’s and older brothers, all I possibly could in battling with the trials of life, to make ends meet, during those trying scenes the Saints were called to pass
through in the early history of the Church In Missouri, Ohio and Illinois.
My recollection of how difficult it was to keep body and soul together is impressed most vividly on my mind to this day. I cannot enter into any discussion or even narrate for this sketch without feelings of sadness swelling up in my breast towards my parents and others who endured so much. My mother, a woman blessed of God, with the endowments which go to make up character, with a divine nature of her soul most prominent, was not to be defeated in, her religious convictions; though her husband was taken, by death, she pressed on, holding her children together, trusting in the Lord to assist and make her equal to what may come, She, with her family left those scenes of persecution in June of 1850 for Salt Lake City. Arriving there the following October, I was then a boy of twelve years, and not having much responsibility resting upon me while crossing the plains, it was more of a pleasure trip to me. I was greatly impressed with the vast herds of buffalo that then roamed over the prairies. So numerous were they that often times they had to be driven away from the road to keep from interfering with the wagon train, Needless to say we had plenty of buffalo meat. Cholera broke out In our camp while on the plains, and I drove one man’s team for two weeks, as he was sick and could not drive it. I walked the greater part of that long journey, barefoot, and drove loose stock most of the way, and slept on the ground.
Not long after reaching Salt Lake mother met and married Enos Curtis. My oldest brother, Orson, who bad taken the lead in all our doings, died the following March, 1851. It was in this month and shortly after Orson’s death, that we moved to Springville and located on Block 6 Plat A. We at once began plowing and planting grain and our crop was the first to mature in Springville. I helped In making the first water ditch to bring water on to our land and others and think it was the first irrigation done in Springville. We were compelled to live in our wagons until we built a house which was the first house built outside the fort. We built it from logs brought from the canyon, and covered it. with cut poles, straw and dirt. Springville built up rapidly the next few years and I aided in it’s
In the Spring of 1854, I along with other young men, went on to the mountains east of Mapleton and cut logs and slid them down the mountain sides, which were covered with snow, for the erection of a meeting house. It was hard work, yet for young men we enjoyed it, for it afforded much excitement in seeing the logs go with great speed down
I was not enlisted in the Walker Indian War, but did service and stood guard many times during the year 1853. I assisted in building the Fort walls. In 1855 mother lost her second husband, and the responsibility of caring for the family fell on me. I was ordained
a teacher this year. It was either this year or 1856 that the drought came and we did not have enough water to irrigate our lands, so the people were called upon to help in making a ditch from Spring Creek running southwest to Dry Creek, about three miles, I assisted In this work, A log 55 feet long, was needed in making a dam across Hobble
Creek. I volunteered to get it and did so. Going to the canyon alone with my oxen. I delivered the log at the desired place before sundown. My land was the first to be watered under the ditch. With the assistance of my two brothers, we watered 18 acres the first day. Our crops were saved, and a good harvest was the result of unity, hard work and perseverance.
Much has been written and said about the year 1854 when the grasshoppers came and took most of the crop of that year. I remember very distinctly that myself and brothers harvested about 75 bushels ofwheat, As our family was large and we had relatives who partly depended upon us, mother took it upon herself to deal out the wheat in small quantities. Before our crop the following year was harvested we were without flour and had to subsist on bran bread, and barley flour cakes. The manner in which the grasshoppers left was marvelous, for about the time the wheat was in the dough, from some unseen cause they took to the wing, and flew, some to the east and others to
the north, many were drowned in the lake and were washed upon the shore in great heaps.
In 1857 I was ordained a Seventy by Noah T. Guymond, I took part in the Echo Canyon, expedition at the time Johnson’s army was coming to Utah to wipe out the Mormons I was called in the early fall and camped in Echo Canyon where breast works were cast up ready to meet the army if It should attempt to come through. When the army went to camp at Fort Bridger for the winter, I was released to return home.
In 1858 I assisted two families in the general move Southward, and my mother cared for them at our house. When peace was declared I moved one of the families back to their home while the other remained in Springville. After Johnston’s Army was permitted to enter the Valley they were located at Fairfield, Utah County, and made camp Floyd. The army brought many things the Saints were in need of. They furnished labor that brought good wages to the young men of the Church. I spent some time there making adobes, and hauling supplies to them. I also assisted the blacksmith in making nails, etc, out of old iron. During this year I assisted in making the first wagon road up Provo Canyon, and received pay in paper money from the Church,, or scripts as was used in those days.
In March of 1860 I moved to Fairview, Sanpete County, My brother Moroni accompanying me. We were among the number who took part In guarding the north end of the valley against the Indians and renegades following .Johnson’s Army. We spent about three months guarding this Valley and during that time we assisted in making a ditch across the Valley from which the people watered their land. Prior to this, it was
more or less barren, but after being watered it became a beautiful meadow and is to this day. (It is now known as Indianola.) While on this trip I assisted in moving an Indian to Fairview. He had been attacked, by a, bear in the head while up Salt Creek Canyon, The Indians were hostile toward us, but this act of kindness did much toward making them think we were their friends, I was one to pilot Orson Hyde through Spanish Fork Canyon, before there was a road through it. Beginning with the year 1861 I furnished a yoke of Oxen for four years in succession to assist the Saints from Missouri River to Salt
Lake City, Utah.
On the 24th of February 1861 I married Emeline Phoebe Curtis of Springville who bore unto me thirteen (13) children. We began our home in Springville, residing there for over a year. during which time I was overseer of Bringhurst and Houst freighting outfits hauling supplies to Nevada to support the overland mail route. July 4th, 1862 our first child, Martin Mormon Miner was born. The fall of this year we moved to Salem and I worked in the mountains, getting out timber for the old Springville Cotton Factory, then owned by Bringhurst and Houst. [Known as “Summer Spring” by the Indians, and “Pond Town” by early settlers, Salem was finally named after the birthplace of Lyman Curtis to honor his contributions to the community.]
During the spring and summer of 1865 I also worked In the timber. The fall of 1863 I moved with my family back to Fairview. I here bought a saw mill and then entered into partnership with Brother Terry who had a mill site, and we moved the mills to his place below town. Licorgus Wilson was taken in as an equal partner in the business, through being an experienced millwright After the mill was in readiness, the people furnished logs and we made lumber from which the meeting; house and many homes were built I also bought land and opened a farm of 150 acres and went into farming and stock raising.
I served through the Black Hawk Indian war as a Lieutenant under Captain John Saunders, During the months of May and June 1866 the Indians in and about Fairview, were very hostile. They seemed to have in mind that all whites should be killed off.
[The causes of the Black Hawk War in Utah from the Ute perspective fall into several broad categories: general frustration for the loss of hunting, fishing, and camping areas and access to resources; retaliation for personal insults and mistreatment by individual Mormon settlers; the belief that going to war could discourage Mormon settlement, and the lack of promised supplies from the Indian agents at the Uintah Reservation in the winter of 1864-1865.]
One Christian Larson was killed while herding sheep. James Ivie and Henry Wright lost their lives, and many cattle and horses were stolen, and driven into the mountains. The people raised in arms and pursued the Indians, but they, being so well fortified in their mountain retreats, the whites had to fall back, with but few of their animals secured. During these troublesome times President Young, dispatched General David H. Wells with his militia to assist the settlers in protecting their lives and property. This incident took place, June 30, 1866.
Many skirmishes followed and I took part in them. I was who assisted in preparing the bodies of John Owen and family (“six in number”) for burial. They were massacred by the Indiana in Thistle Valley. I was one of the posse who gave chase for the Indians who killed Thomas Jones and wounded William Avery, while Hyrum Wilson escaped unhurt. They were on picket duty outside of Fairview. The Indians made their escape to the mountains and it was thought not safe to follow.
In 1868-9 I worked on the Union Pacific Railroad, also on the Utah Central from Ogden to Salt Lake City, receiving for my labor for on the later, credit on tithing. In 1872 I was called to act as a Sunday School teacher at Fairview and continued In that capacity until 1902. I also served as a Trustee from 1875 to 1877 in the Public Schools. The positions of trust I have filled are numerous. During the seventies I was superintendent of the United Order Stock Farm in Fairview. Was City councilman for ten years and assisted
in all the important enterprises, such as aiding the Arizona Mission in 1876, building meeting houses sawmills,, Roller Mills, etc. Through an order from President Young to Pres. Peterson I was one to go and assist in locating the Indians in what is now known as
Indianola. After Bro. Peterson and others had bought the land from the White settlers. I stayed with the Indians, assisting them In plowing and planting their crops. (This was in 1875.)
From 1883 to 1885 I served as a missionary in the Northern States. Have also sent four of my sons on missions; three in the United States and one to the Sandwich Islands, who is still there, Their expenses were borne principally by myself. In 1886 I was ordained a President of the 26th Quorum of Seventy, and acted in that calling until 1902, when because of old age I was honorably released, and ordained a High Priest by John R. Baxter Jan.14,1905.
In 1905 I was called to act as one of the workers in the Manti Temple and was there for six months. In February of 1905 I was called upon to part this life with my wife, I afterward sold my home in Fairview and moved to Provo the same year. October 1906 I married Elvira Euphrasia Cox in the Salt Lake Temple. The following year I bought a small home and a small farm on Provo Bench and am at present  still living there.
My entire life and energies have been direct toward the salvation of souls, and the up-building of Gods work on earth. All the Temples which have been built in our State, I have assisted in their erections and have spent considerable time in them working for the dead. I take great pride in serving the Lord and living my religion, to the best of my ability. I have received many testimonies through the Inspiration of the Holy Spirits and will endeavor to give some of the impressions.
At the time of the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith When the news was brought to Nauvoo, the Spirit of the Lord came upon me in great power. It first gave the feeling of deep indignation at the thought of such a wicked crime, then the feeling of mourning
and later a consoling prompting that all would be well. At the time I was too young to understand fully the meaning of it all [he was seven years old in 1844], but reflecting upon it later in life and seeing the results, I have been able to explain these powerful manifestations.
During the time that is spoken of as the Reformation. I was exercised to know my condition before the Lord and made it a matter of prayer and supplication. In May 1856 the Lord gave me a testimony that Joseph Smith was a Prophet of the Lord, and later
that my sins were forgiven. This came to me the same as if a person had spoken, driving It in with great force Into my very being.
At one time my wife was in a very delicate condition and looking to be confined. We kneeled down in prayer to the Lord and as we raised to our feet, the whispering of the still small voice said to me: “If you will attend to your prayers in the season thereof,
she will get along, all right.” When my wife came to be confined, she went through her labor without being sick, and could have gotten up as soon as her baby was delivered, and felt no further feelings of sickness.
Just before 1895 I had placed a mortgage on my farm for $1000.00 to start a Roller mill and turned the money over to the Mill Co. Hard times come in and it looked as though I would not be able to lift the mortgage. I applied to the Mill Co. for help, but they said my Capital stock was good for it and would take the $1200.00 I owed by process of law. I told them to take it before the Courts, but as I was walking home the whisperings of the Spirit said; “I would be given power to meet my obligations.” I then placed a heavier mortgage on my farm and made settlement with my creditors. A few years later I sold stock and grain and cleared the indebtedness on my farm and at present am a free man.
On the 7th of December 1894 I was thrown from my wagon and my team ran away. I lit upon my shoulder and was badly hurt, so much so that I could not turn myself in bed. The Sisters administered to me, but no help or relief came. The second day the Spirit came to me and whispered the names of three Elders, Otto L. Terry Sr., Andrew Rasmussen and Neils Larson to come and administer to me. They came and during the administration an unseen power seemed to pull my arm and shoulder three times, causing me so much pain that I thought I would have to cry out, but when the Elders said Amen the pain all left me and the next morning I got up and ate my breakfast with the family. Since that time my shoulder has been just like the other one, except that it is a little weaker. After the completion of the Manti Temple, I was chosen a director from
Fairview to aid in setting up the business of the Temple and the arrange for the beginning of Temple work.
I have spent about seven years on the Miner family record, placing in it over one thousand names, and doing much of the work for them in the Temples of the Lord. I have been to considerable expense in gathering genealogies and the hunting up of histories that will give some idea of our ancestors.
7. Alma Lindsay Miner
Alma’s first wife Mary Housekeeper,
Alma’s second wife Caroline Jane Neilson was born 27 Jan 1852 in Aarhus, Denmark. Caroline died 16 Sep 1927 in Fairview, Utah.
Alma’s third wife Christina Ida Stephensen was born 10 Jun 1885. Christina died 29 Jan 1964 .
DEATH NOTICE: The Manti Messenger, Friday 23 February 1912:
Funeral services over the remains of Alma Miner, who died Monday the 12th from heart failure, were held in the meeting house Friday, which was crowded with relatives and friends. The bishopric presided, the speakers were Jordan Brady, Samuel Bills, William Mower and Bishop Peterson. His daughter Sadie was here from Canada, his sons and daughters Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Barns, Mr. and Mrs. Willis Howell and Gilbert, from different parts in Utah; also a number of relatives from Springville including a brother and some relatives from Castle Valley and Mapleton.
“A Short Biographical Sketch of the Lives of Albert Miner and his Wife Tamma
Durfee Miner” by _____________, written 19 Nov. 1913.
“Autobiography of Tamma Durfee Miner, written for the Relief Society and filed
in the Jubilee Box in 1880.