Capt Thomas Bayes

Thomas BAYES (ca. 1615 – 1680) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Bayes Coat of Arms

Thomas Bayes was born in 1615 in Norfolk or  Dedham in Essex, England. (His testimony given in June 1679 states his age as 64.)   Thomas  first appeared in this country in 1636, when he signed  (Wikipedia shows his name on the list) the Dedham, Mass. town Covenant  (Here’s a link to the document)   In Dedham, he became a selectman and married Anna BAKER on 25 Dec 1639 .  He moved to Boston around 1645 and to Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard as early as 1652 where he lived for the rest of his life. Thomas died between his 14 Feb 1680 will and the 31  May 1680 inventory of his estate.

The surname of BAYES was a locational name ‘the dweller at the outer wall of a feudal castle’.

Anna Baker was born in 1617 in England. Her parents were Alexander BAKER and Frances G. PENDLETON.  Anna died in Edgarstown, Mass.

Children of Thomas and Anna

Name Born Married Departed
1. Anna Bayes 1642 in Dedham, Norfolk, Mass 1655
Prob in Boston
2. Ruth BAYES 2 Jul 1643 Dedham Isaac NORTON
1690 Martha’s Vineyard
3. Thomas Bayes 1640 in Dedham 1644 in Dedham
4. Hannah Bayes 1644 in Dedham Before 1653
5. Thomas Bayes 14 Mar 1646
Anna Baker 17 Nov 1669
6. Abigail Bayes 1648
Probably not Hackaliah Bridges (See below)
Timothy Batt
7. Joseph Bayes 1650
8. Isaac Bayes 1652
9. Hannah Bayes ca. 1653
Samuel Bridge
10. Mary Bayes 1654
Edgartown, Mass
Joseph Norton
(Isaac’s brother and son of Nicholas NORTON)
11. Anna Bayes 1658 Edgartown Lt. Andrew NEWCOMB (his second marriage)
1676 Edgartown
Sep 1731 Edgartown

In 1635 there were rumors in the Massachusetts Bay Colony that a war with the local Indians was impending and a fear arose that the few, small, coastal communities that existed were in danger of attack. This, in addition to the belief that the few towns that did exist were too close together, prompted the Massachusetts General Court to establish two new inland communities. The towns of Dedham and Concord, Massachusetts were thus established to relieve the growing population pressure and to place communities between the larger, more established coastal towns and the Indians further west.

Dedham Town Seal

The grant from the colony gave them over “two hundred square miles of virgin wilderness, complete with lakes, hills, forests, meadows, Indians, and a seemingly endless supply of rocks and wolves. Aside from “several score Indians, who were quickly persuaded to relinquish their claims for a small sum, the area was free of human habitation. The original grant stretched from the border of Boston to the Rhode Island border.

Thomas arrived in  the summer of 1636 when Dedham was settled by “about thirty families excised from the broad ranks of the English middle classes” traveling up the Charles River from Roxbury and Watertown traveling in rough canoes carved from felled trees.These original settlers paddled up the narrow, deeply flowing stream impatiently turning curve after curve around Nonantum until, emerging from the tall forest into the open, they saw in the sunset glow a golden river twisting back and forth through broad, rich meadows

The first public meeting of the plantation they called Contentment was held on August 18, 1636 and the town covenant was signed; eventually 125 men (including Thomas) would ascribe their names to the document. As the Covenant stipulated that “for the better manifestation of our true resolution herein, every man so received into the town is to subscribe hereunto his name, thereby obliging both himself and his successors after him forever.” They swore that they would

“in the fear and reverence of our Almighty God, mutually and severally promise amongst ourselves and each to profess and practice one truth according to that most perfect rule, the foundation whereof is ever lasting love.”

They also agreed that “we shall by all means labor to keep off from us all such as are contrary minded, and receive only such unto us as may be probably of one heart with us, [and such] as that we either know or may well and truly be informed to walk in a peacable conversation with all meekness of spirit, [this] for the edification of each other in the knowledge and faith of the Lord Jesus…” Before a man could join the community he underwent a public inquisition to determine his suitability. Every signer of the Covenant was required to tell all he knew of the other men and if a lie was uncovered the man who spoke it would be instantly excluded from town.

The covenant also stipulated that if differences were to arise between townsmen that they would submit the issue to between one and four other members of the town for resolution,

“eschew[ing] all appeals to law and submit[ting] all disputes between them to arbitration. The commitment in the Covenant to allow only like-minded individuals to live within the town explains why “church records show no instances of dissension, Quaker or Baptist expulsions, or witchcraft persecutions.”

They also agreed to pay their fair share for the common good.

Thomas was in trouble in 1643 for “mutinous and turbulent  speeches” and “offensive speeches”

Thomas was the Miles Standish of the Vineyard. He was a carpenter, possibly a ship carpenter. He was a proprietor at Great Harbor as early as 1652. In 1655 he was made a Constable. In 1656 he was selected as leader of the train band. This office he also held in 1661, 1662, and 1663. The last office he held was Selectman, in 1676.

Thomas made a will on 14 February 1679/80. Names “my wife Ann Bayes,” “Hannah Bridges, my daughter,” “my two daughters Mary, the wife of Joseph Norton and Anna, the wife of Andrew Newcomb,” “their brother deceased,” “my daughter Ruth wife of Isaack Norton,” “the children of my daughter Abigail, deceased,” “my wife and Thomas Mayhew.”

Thomas Mayhew was the self styled Governor of Martha’s Vineyard.


2. Ruth BAYES (See Isaac NORTON page)

5. Thomas Bayes

Thomas’ wife Anna Baker was born 1642 in Edgartown, Marthas Vineyard, Mass. Anna died Sep 1731 in Edgartown, Marthas Vineyard, Mass

6. Abigail Bayes

Some sources say Abigail’s first husband was Hackaliah Bridges, but this marriage probably didn’t happen.  Hackaliah  was born about 1638  in Andover, Essex, Mass. His parents were Edmund Bridges (1612 – 1684) and Elizabeth Manwaring (1612 – 1664). Most genealogies say Hackoliah died Feb 1671/72 in Martha’s Vineyard, Dukes, Mass, some giving the more specific date of 18 Feb, but he actually drowned 23 Nov 1671.  18 Feb 1672 was when administration of his estate was granted to his brother Obidiah who was to bring in an inventory.

Hackaliah ‘s father Edmund Bridges came to New England in 1635 on the “James.” He first resided in Lynn, then removed to Rowley by 1641, Ipswich by 1660, Salem by 1670, and Ipswich by 1684. He was a blacksmith. His will, dated 6 Jan 1684/85 was proved 31 Mar 1685

Hackaliah got into a lot of trouble.  He was fined for running away from his father and later got two unmarried women pregnant all before he was twenty years old. In one court case he was sued for defamation, in another for debt.

Hackaliah Bridges, accused by Sarah ffrench of his getting her with child, bound over, being brought by Sergent ffrench, was discharged

Hackaliah Bridges fined or to be whipped for lying, and to pay Josias Hubbard for his gloves. [John Younglove and Samuel Belcher deposed that he inquired of Hackiliah Bridges one night that week concerning a pair of gloves with black fringes, which Nehemiah Jewett took from Edmund Bridges, laying claim unto in his brother Josiah Hubbard’s name, and Hackiliah said that he bought them of John Smith of Rowley for two shillings. Sworn in Ipswich court April 9, 1657.

Edmond Bridges, for fornication, etc., to be severely whipped and bound to good behavior. Mary Browne, for suffering it, to stand by and see him whipped.

[Samuel Younglove, aged twenty years, testified that Edmond Bridges was mowing with him, and Bridges told him all his undue relations with Mary Brown* and Mary Quilter, and John Allen Mary Browne ; and he had been persuad-ing Thomas G it tins and others, etc. Sworn to in Ipswich court 29 : 7 : 165 ‘■

Simon Stacey deposed that he met Bridges on lecture day, and asked Bridges if he had heard of the story around town of him (Bridges) and two wenches. I said, No. He said he told Samuel Younglove about it, and the simple went and told Thomas Fowlar. Bridges confessed it in court.

John Allen deposed that he saw Edward Bridges at Mr. Hubbard’s house two or three times this summer ; and saw his unseemly carriage toward Mary Browne; etc.


Hackaliah Bridges to be severely whipped for fornication ; to give bond of good behavior and to secure the town about bringing up the child.

Mary Quilter to be severely whipped for fornication.

[John How deposed that last Michaelmass, going over the new bridge he overtook Hackaliah Bridges, who asked him to go with him (Bridges) to Mr. Rogers, where he said he had a wench, Mary Quilter, and boasted of his relations with her. I went with him as far as William Avrey. Then I parted to my uncle Danes, and he went to Mr. Rogers. I spoke to him of this business in the prison, and he bid me hold my peace, for he had resolved to deny it, and knew they could not whip him, unless they could prove it, or I confess. Sworn in Ipswich court 29 : 7 : 1657. — Files.’]

Edmond Bridges bound to good behavior, especially towards Mary Quilter.

Ordered that such as were bound to secure the town from any charges of Hackaliah Bridges’ child by Mary Quilter, pay two-fifths of what they subscribed in the bond unto the widow Quilter at or before February 1st next and they should be discharged of their bond, and those who did not should be liable to pay the whole amount.

Mar 1668 Ipswich Court
Mr. Wm. Patteson v. Edmond Bridges. Debt. Verdict for plaintiff.

John How v. Mr. William Pateson. Defamation. Verdict for plaintiff.

Mr. Wm. Pateson v. Anthony Carrell. Defamation. Verdict for defendant.*

*Writ: Mr. William Patteeson v. Anthony Carrill; defamation; for reporting that he heard Hackaliah Bridges say at Mr. Baker’s that he heard it spoken at Edward Dear’s house that plaintiff stole from his master in Barbadoes fifteen hundred pounds, and further reported that Ed. Deare’s wife replied “I doubt Hacaliah is mistaken for the marchent himself did owne he stole five hundred pounds from his master;” dated, Jan. 27, 1667; signed by Robert Lord,f for the court; and served by Robert Lord.f marshal, by attachment of farm and house of defendant, and, not giving security, he committed him to prison.

William Norton deposed that he heard Anthony Caryll own Mr. Patersen’s charge against him etc. John Edwards deposed the same. Sworn in court.

Mr. Patteeson’s bill of costs, 21i. 6s. 8d.

Edmond Bridges, Hachaliah Bridges and Daniel Blacke deposed that Mr. Pattarson agreed to acquit Hachaliah Bridges if the other two deponents would testify that Anthony Carall reported the story. Sworn in court.

Robert Lord, jr., deposed that being in Mr. Patterson’s chamber with Mr. Norton and Anthony Carroll, etc. Sworn in court.

Andrew Petters and Robert Lord, jr., deposed that having occasion to be in Topsfeild, they met Hackaleah Bridges riding near the meeting house, and asked him why he allowed the poor man to lie in prison for words which he spoke himself and he replied that he went to Patteeson’s chamber, etc. Sworn in court.

Jonathan Ransford, aged thirty odd years, deposed that he, being in Barbadus some years before at a great sessions, saw William Patterson stand at the bar, and upon inquiry what it was for, was told that it was for persuading Mr. Jno. Bawden’s man to let him have some of his master’s sugar to carry along with him in partnership. And after the jury had brought in their verdict, deponent saw said Petterson standing in a place called the “bale dock,” and inquiring how he got clear, they told him by a fine of some thousand of sugar. Sworn, Mar. 19, 1667-8, before Jno. Leverett,t assistant.

Sep 1670 Ipswich Court
Frances Wainwright v. Hackaliah Bridges. Debt. Verdict for plaintiff.*
Writ, dated Sept, 19, 1670, signed by Robert Lord, for the court, and served by Robert Lord, marshal of Ipswich, by attachment of a debt in the hands of Robert Dutch due to Hackaliah Breges.

Bill of cost against Hakoliah Bridges of Salem, 18s. 2d.
Hackoliah Bridges, Dr., 6:9: 1667: To Brandy 1 gallon, 8s., the balance of yor. former accot., 8s.; July 12, 1669, to 8 1-2 yds. dowlis at 4s. 6d., Hi. 18s. 3d.; to a parsell Cambricke, 6s. 3d.; thrid, 2d.; 3 1-2 yds. of oszinbrigs at 2s., 7s.; Aug. 5, 1669, to 1 Guilt Bible, 10s. 6d.; 1 1-2 yd. slezy hollond at 4s., 6s.; total, 31i. 16s. 2d. This account Bridgis promised to pay to
Stephen Haskit of Salem. [Note: is a parsell Cambricke bricks? what are oszinbrigs? and what the heck is one and a half yards of slezy hollond?? These spelling are exactly as they were published by the Essex Institute in 1914]

Stephen Haskit of Salem deposed that he went with Francis Wainwright to Hackoliah Bridges and he promised to pay him above three pounds, etc. Sworn, Sept. 28, 1670, before Daniel Denison.J

Thomas Booen, aged about forty-seven years, deposed that he heard Frances Wandret, on Sept. 15, 1670, ask Hachahah Bridges for a note to Goodman Duch for a parcel of fish which he was informed was in said Duches hand. Said Bridges replied that the fish was none of his for it was already engaged but he would pay him in brick. Wandret said he would take anything and told him not to meddle with the fish. Sworn by Bowen and his daughter Ruth, 23 : 7 : 1670, before Wm. Hathorne, assistant.
The History of Martha’s Vineyard by Dr. Charles Banks:Volume III Family Genealogies: pp. 41-45 Compiled by Dr. Charles Banks, c. 1925.

HACKOLIAH BRIDGES, previously of Ipswich, was a resident of the Vineyard and was drowned “att the Gay Head” 23 Nov 1671. His estate was administered by Richard Sarson.

Hackaliah Bridges bio - Great Migration Study Project - NEGHS 1999

Hackaliah Bridges bio – Great Migration Study Project – NEGHS 1999

He is the only Hackaliah I have encountered. Hachaliah was the father of Nehemiah, the author of the Book of Nehemiah, which is a book of the Hebrew Bible, known to Jews as the Tanakh and to Christians as the Old Testament. Hachaliah’s name is mentioned at the beginning of the book. Hachaliah distinguishes Nehemiah from others with the same name. Little is known about his status; his name means: ‘whom Jehovah enlightens

Abigail’s second husband Timothy Batt was born 1645 in Salisbury, Mass. His parents were Christopher Batt (1601 – 1661) and Ann Baynton (1602 – 1679). Timothy’s parents were baptized and married in St. Edmonds, Salisbury, Wiltshire. They immigrated on the Bevis from Southampton in May 1638. Christopher was a merchant in Boston. Timothy died Jan 1678/79 or about 1697 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass

In January, 1671/72, Timothy Bait’s name is mentioned in connection with the settlement of the estate of Hackoliah Bridges who was drowned at Gay Head.

Timothy was a tailor in Boston.

Children of Abigail and Timothy

i. Timothy Batts b. 20 Apr 1672 in Boston; d. 1711; m. 3 Aug 1699 Boston to Sarah Tedman (b. 1680 in Boston – d. 3 Nov 1716 in Reading, Middlesex, Mass.) Timothy Jr and Sarah had at least one child John (b. 1702)

Timothy Jr. was a cordwainer.

vol. 1, page 227, of the Land Records of Dukes County, under date of March 16, 1696-7, Timothy Batt, of Boston, cordwalner, son of Timothy Batt, of Boston, lately deceased, gives power of attorney to Mr. James Breading, of South Hampton, N. V., names “my father’s estate” and “the legacy that was left me by my grandmother Bayes, of Martha’s Vineyard, deceased.”

ii. Barnabas Batt b. 14 Apr 1673 Boston

iii. Ebenezer Batt b. 14 Dec 1678 Boston; d. 16 Aug 1685 – Newbury, Essex, Mass.

9. Hannah Bayes

Hannah’s husband Samuel Bridge was born 25 Mar 1647, bapt. 19 Jun 1647 in Charlestown, Suffolk, Mass. His parents were William Bridge (1615 – ) and Persis Pierce (1625 – 1683). After Hannah died, he married Christian Stoddard (1647 – 1717) Samuel died 29 Nov 1717 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass

Samuel was a carpenter. He was admitted freeman in Boston in 1672. Between 1673 and 1701, he was elected or appointed to town office during 14 years; also being a member of Capt. Hill’s (1677) company, he was chosen a thithing man in 1686, served on special committees; the last service being in 1718 to inspect the town in regard to the observance of the by-law for keeping ladders at each house.

Samuel’s will ( Suffolk Wills, Vol. XX, folio 123 ) mentions five daughters and two sons. The latter Benjamin and Ebenezer Bridge joined the Artillery Co. in 1711 and 1717 respectfully”. The will dated Nov. 29, 1717 names a grandson, William Bridge and four sons: Benjamin Bridge, Ebenezer Bridge, Samuel Torry and Arasmus Stephens. (Of course the last two are son-in-laws) “In Vol. XX, p. 326 appears inventory of estate of Samuel Bridge, late of Boston, totals 2461 pounds.”

Children of Samuel and Hannah:

i. Samuel Bridge Jr. 1672 –

ii. Hannah Bridge 1673 – 1690

iii. Ellen Bridge 1677 –

iv. William Bridge 1679 – 1699

v. Abigail Bridge 1681 – 1742

vi. Persis Bridge 1683 – 1739

vii. Benjamin Bridge 1684 – 1739

viii. Ebenezer Bridge Sr 1687 – 1753

ix. John Bridge 1689 – 1690

10. Mary Bayes

Mary’s husband Joseph Norton was born MAR 1650/51 Weymouth.  His parents were Nicholas NORTON and Elizabeth ISAAC.  After Mary died, he married Ann Trapp in 1702.  Joseph died 30 JAN 1741/42 in Martha’s Vineyard.

11. Anna Bayes (See Andrew NEWCOMB Jr.‘s page)


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12 Responses to Capt Thomas Bayes

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  6. Jason D. Cerny says:

    Am a decendant of the Hanna (Bayes) Bridge and Samuel Bridge union through their son Ebenezer Bridge.

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  10. Susan Williams says:

    Does this, from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 53, page 130 [] change which daughter married Bridges?

    “Batt And Bayes (ante, vol. 52, page 321).—My attention has been attracted to J. H. Lea’s article in the July Reoistkr, on the Batt Family, because of the association of that name with one of the early families on this island.
    Thomas Bayes, of Edgartown, Mass., in his will, dated Feb. 14, 1679-80, names “my wife Ann Bayes,” “Hannah Bridges, my daughter,” “my two daughters Mary, the now wife of Joseph Norton, and Anna, the wife of Andrew Newcomb,” ” their brother deceased,” “my daughter Ruth, wife of Isaac Norton,” “the children of my daughter Abigail, deceased,” “my wife and Thomas Mayhew, Junior, executors and administrators.” Thomas Bayes married Anna Baker, Oct. 26, 1639, at Dedham. Their daughter Ruth was born in Dedham 2 (5) 1643. Their son Thomas was born in Boston 1 (1) 1645. Thomas Bayes came to the Vineyard before 1653. His son Thomas Bayes, Junior, died Nov. 17, 1669, unmarried.
    Whom ” daughter Abigail” married and the names of her children were long a mystery. Finally I stumbled upon this clue. In vol. 1, page 227, of the Land Records of Dukes County, under date of March 16, 1696-7, Timothy Batt, of Boston, cordwalner, son of Timothy Batt, of Boston, lately deceased, gives power of attorney to Mr. James Breading, of South Hampton, N. V., names “my father’s estate” and “the legacy that was left me by my grandmother Bayes, of Martha’s Vineyard, deceased.”
    Timothy Batt was doubtless the husband of Abigail Bayes and Timothy Batt, Jr., one of the children named in the will of Thomas Bayes. Owing to the loss of early records much is hidden that we would be glad to know. The date of the death of Thomas Bayes is not known, but it was between Feb. 14 and May 81, 1680,—the date of the will and the date when the inventory was rendered. His testimony, given in June, 1679, states that he was then 64 years of age. Anna Bayes, widow, was living in August, 1681. According to the statement made by Timothy But she must have died before March, 1696-7. If she left a will I find no record of It in the probate office at Edgartown. The foregoing may be of interest to J. H. Lea and others, if, as may be the case, the maiden name of Abigail Batt is unknown. In January, 1671-2, Timothy Bait’s name is mentioned in connection with the settlement of the estate of Hackoliah Bridges who was drowned at Gay Head. Haruiet M. Pease.
    Edgartown, Mass.”

    Susan Williams

    • markeminer says:

      Hi Susan,

      You’re right. Hackaliah Bridges probably wasn’t Abigail Bayes’ first husband. He was probably only visiting Martha’s Vineyard from Ipswich, perhaps on a trading trip [one can imagine a leaky old boat with a load of bricks] when he was drowned Nov 21 1671.

      He sure got into a lot of trouble, breaking Commandments 5, 7, 8 and 9.  He was fined for running away from his father and later got two unmarried women pregnant all before he was twenty years old. He was whipped for lying about stealing a pair of gloves [one whipping for two sins I suppose]. In one court case he was sued for defamation, in another for debt. I didn’t find the original source of Harriett Pease’s statement that Timothy Bait’s name is mentioned in connection with the settlement of the estate of Hackoliah Bridges who was drowned at Gay Head.

      I updated this page with what I found of Abigail’s family and couldn’t resist including the court records of Hackaliah’s misdeeds.

      Rgds, Mark

  11. Greg Bayes says:

    I just found this …fascinating!

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