Jonathan Parks

Jonathan PARKS (1767 – 1855) was Alex’s 5th Great Grandfather; one of 64 in this generation of the Miller line.  While we had 15 ancestral families who immigrated to and from Canada, the Parks were the only clan who were actually resettled loyalists.  He moved to Aroostook Maine in 1826 and his difficulties with the New Brunswick authorities foreshadow the Aroostook War.

Jonathan Parks was born  1767 in Kingwood Township,  Hunterdon Co., New Jersey.  His parents were Nathaniel PARKS and Elizabeth PARLEE.   He was removed to New Brunswick with his loyalist parents in 1783.   He married  Sarah Hannah BRADLEY on 17 Jul 1793 in Woodstock Anglican Church, Carleton County, New Brunswick.   Jonathan died in 1855 in Easton Grant, Aroostook, Maine.

Woodstock, New Brunswick

Sarah Hannah Bradley was born in 1771 in Woodstock, New Brunswick Canada. Woodstock was settled by Loyalists following the American Revolution,  Her parents were  John BRADLEY Jr. and Mary HEATH.  Hannah died about 1861 in Caribou Maine.

Children of Jonathan and Sarah Hannah

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary (Polly) Parks 1796
Upper Kent, Carleton Co, NB, Canada
Ferdinand Armstrong
14 Oct 1823 Carleton, New Brunswick, Canada
15 Oct 1886
Fort Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine
2. Harriett PARKS 5 Nov 1798
Waterborough, NB
31 Jul 1815 Woodstock, NB, Canada
29 Jan 1873 in Pickett, Wisconsin
3. Moses Parks c. 1801
Upper Kent
4. Sarah Almira Parks 22 Dec 1804 Woodstock, NB Isaac Thomas
7 Aug 1872 Upper Kent, NB
3 Sep 1879 Presque Isle, Aroostook, Maine
5. Elisabeth Ann Parks 13 Jul 1807 Woodstock, NB Lawrence Kelley
17 Oct 1822 Upper Kent, NB
Jun 1880
Fort Fairfield, Maine
6. David Owens Parks 23 Dec 1809
Woodstock, New Brunswick
Nancy Hagerty
17 Jul 1840 Fredericton, New Brunswick
25 Mar 1890
Caribou, Maine
7. Olive Jane Parks 23 Sep 1812
Woodstock, New Brunswick
Alexander Cochrane
8. Hannah Parks 13 Apr 1815
Woodstock, New Brunswick
9. George F Parks 4 Jun 1819
Upper Kent, New Brunswick
Rebecca Bubar
20 Mar 1840 Eaton Grant, Aroostook, Maine
6 Aug 1864
of Disease while enlisted in the Civil War
Washington, DC
10. John Parks 4 Jun 1819
Upper Kent, New Brunswick

1798 – petitioned for lots 12 and 13 Micheau’s 3rd Survey, SE side Grand Lake.1803 – petitioned for a lot Presque Isle, E. side St. John River, Parish of Wakefield, Carleton County.

“Presqu’isle, St. John River”, 20 July 1807, blue, grey and black wash over pencil by George Heriot. Credit: Library and Archives Canada/C-012724.

Presque Isle – Located in the Middle of the St. John River only minutes from the Longest Covered Bridge in the World in Hartland, New Brunswick Canada Situated just a short way from the longest covered bridge in the world in the beautiful St. John River, is a piece of property that was acquired a couple of years ago. And what a unique place it is. Have not really developed it much yet , but the possibilities are endless.We’ve never owned an island before – 25 acres of nature’s beauty at it’s best. Trees that two men cannot get their arms around; wild grape vines; trees and flowers of so many different kinds with the seeds deposited from the river. Eagles and waterfowl of all descriptions are to be found when exploring the island. If you are ever in the area and want to explore or pitch a tent and stay awhile, please give us a call or drop us a line. You will certainly find Little Presque Isle Island to be very unique and memorable.

1806 – Sale Lot 79, E. side St. John River, Parish of Wakefield, to Lt. William Turner. Signed by Jonathan and Hannah Parke.

1809 – Petition lot W. side St. John River, Parish of Wakefield, Carleton County.  Wakefield Parish abuts Maine.

1815 – Traded William Hunter for lot above Florenceville, Carleton County map 91-c No 94. William Hunter had lot near Beechwood map 81.

New Brunswick Counties


Report of Charles S. Daveis Esq. Agent appointed by the Executive of the State of Maine to inquire who and report upon certain acts relating to aggressions upon the rights of the State and of individual citizens thereof by inhabitants of the province of New Brunswick. January 31, 1828 p. 189


Documents accompanying the Report of Mr. Daveis.

Correspondence and Documents Relative to the North Eastern Boundary v.1 pt. 1 c.1

No. 18 page 341

I, Jonathan Parks do testify and say that I am a settler on the Aroostook west of the Boundary lind between the Province of New Brunswick and the United States, that in the month of May or June last George Morehouse Esq. holding his appointment in the Province aforesaid forbid my ……………………put up an advertisement forbidding all persons trespassing on Crown land and that if they did he said they would be prosecuted by the Kings attorney general.

For the month of July last I was served with a summons by Daniel Craig under sheriff of the Province aforesaid whereby I was commanded to appear at a ? before the Supreme Court to answer to such things and should be objected against me. ……..

After I had been there three days and not called on or any notice of me. The sheriff told me that I had better go home. I live one hundred thirty miles from Fredericton and was gone from home fourteen days. I — that sheriffs / and surveyors of the — frequently visit the this place and do business in their — capacity and — Dec. 24 1824 Jonathan Parks

I Jonathan Parks a settler on the Aroostook and living about seven miles west of the Boundary line between the Provice of New Brunswick and the United States also testify and say that in 1803 or 1804 I assisted Charles Turner Jr. and Park Holland Esquire in locating and lotting Marshill [Mars Hill] Township situated eight or nine miles to the south of the Aroostook River and on the boundary line as it is now seen.

“Mars Hill”, 1832, watercolour by Joseph Bouchette. Mars Hill was a pivotal reference point in the boundary dispute between New Brunswick and Maine in the 1820s. Forty miles from the source of the St. Croix River (not far from Woodstock), the British argued that it marked the “highlands” referred to in the Treaty of Ghent, at which the border line drawn due north from the source of the St. Croix should terminate. Credit: Library and Archives Canada/C-047011.

I was born in the State of New Jersey, Huntinton county, and removed into the Province of Nova Scotia now Province of New Brunswick in 1783. I removed to the Aroostook 1826 and I have ever since confined myself with the limits of the United according to the Treaty of 1783, which treaty I have often read. — residence here. Officers holding their authority under the Province of New Brunswick, and often sent here to serve writs and to collect debts. I have been served three times since I have lived here and the writs served on me by British officers. I did not move here to get rid of paying honest debts. I left one thousand dollars which was due me in the Province when I came here and a considerable part of the above sum is due me now in good hands. Two of the above suits I consider to be oppressive and unjust for I have forever been willing and am now able to pay my honest debts. In 182(4or6) I let Ferdinand Armstrong, a son in law of mine, have some provisions to make his family comfortable and in order to ? me (secure?) he delivered me a cow, but I let the cow remain with him for the benefit of his family. In March 1829 William Anderson, living in the Province of New Brunswick holding a note against Armstrong my son in law, came to me and said that Armstrongs wife was willing to have the cow delivered to him to pay the note if I would consent. I delivered the cow to Anderson and gave him a bill of sale of her, Anderson then delivered the cow to Armstrong’s wife and told her that he would not take the cow away from her till July and if he did not receive his pay by that time he would call for the cow and give up the note to Armstrong.

When I delivered the cow to Anderson, he delivered her to Armstrong’s wife. Anderson forbid me to meddle or have anything to do with the cow afterwards. The above transaction was done before witnesses now living. Anderson did not call for the cow at the time nor has he since but sued me before George Morehouse, Esq in two months after after the time was out to call for the cow for Armstrongs debt. I stood trial. I had witnesses to know the above facts, but Morehouse gave the judgment against me for five pounds debt and costs amounting to about fourteen shillings. Anderson still holds the note against Armstrong and Armstrong keeps the cow. I expect Execution to be issued every day and my property sold at vendue to satisfy this debt and costs. I have good reason to think that there is a hardness entertained on the British side against the Aroostook settlers and that we do not always have justice done for us.

I lived about three miles above Fredericton in 1784 when Governor Parr granted a tract of land to the Second Battalion of the New Jersey Volunteers lying next above Le…minster? and expanding? twelve miles up the river (now called Kingsclear) St. John. On this block of land there was at this time a number of Leveret? settlers. Those lands were all taken away from them except two hundred feet front and extending back from the river as far as their improvements. They could not subsist on so small a piece of land. They therefore were obliged to leave their unwelcome neighbors and seek refuge in the wilderness. They ?planted themselves at Madawaska one hundred sixty miles above Fredericton, and this is the way that the British got possession of settlers Madawaska if it deserves that name. Paul Munni– was one of the first settlers and Mitchel ? and Simon Martin. I visited Madawaska about the year of 1787 and I should judge I have seen fifteen families settled there at that time. They were very [__?__] of provision. I could not obtain even a loaf of bread. They ………….. for many years after they settled there and suffered very much on account of their distance from any other settlements.

[Today 90% of the residents of Madawaska County now speak French.  It was at the center of the bloodless Aroostook War. The final border between the two countries was established with the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842, which gave Maine most of the disputed area, and gave the British a militarily vital connection between the province of Québec and the province of New Brunswick. Unfortunately, many families were left divided after the settlement]

I have been in the habit of hunting more or less every year since I first arrived into the Province of New Brunswick and have explored the country lying North of the Schoodic Lake. I -?- of the St. River as far north as the A—– and its tributary at the -?-. I have expended all the means of note to their s— leading into the St. Johns in the above mentioned tract and confidences a body. I think the land is extraordinary good, and in an agricultural point of view —s any within my knowledge. There are large and extensive ridges of good land — with — — maple, birch beach ?basswood and elm and in many places butternut white ash and — ash. On the banks of the Aroostook there are extensive trails of the very best of intervail and many large islands. I think that the land on the Aroostook offers to young and enterprising men the greatest — of — in farming. There are also many excellent mill sites and plenty of pine for building. and considerable for market. The soil is natural to the growth of wheat rye oats, barley, peas, potatoes, turnips and flax and they generally come to maturity. —-and I confident the land in dispute worth contending for.

June 21 1828 Jonathan Parks

Lumber was at the heart of the Aroostook War. The Madawaska territory had it, and everybody wanted it. The treaty ending the American Revolution in 1783 had not clearly defined the boundary between New Brunswick and what is now Maine.

    “From the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, to wit, that angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of the St. Croix river to the highlands, along the said highlands which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the St. Lawrence, and those which fall into the Atlantic ocean, to the northwestern most head of the Connecticut river…”

The dispute worsened after Maine finally wrestled its statehood from Massachusetts in 1820. Surveyers were quickly dispatched to the St. John Valley, where they were surprised to find a thriving Acadian community on both banks of the St. John River.

Maine Boundary Controversy

The lands on the south bank of the St. John Valley would be critical in determining whose lumber mills would receive the the lumber from the vast pine forests of the region — would the rivers flowing north into the St. John be used (favoring the Canadians), or those flowing south into the Penobscot watershed (which favored the Americans).

Determined to have American settlers on the land, the Maine state government chose to ignore British claims, and began granting land to settlers in the area. The King of the Netherlands was asked to arbitrate the dispute, but the U.S. Senate, in 1832, rejected his determination of the St. John River as the boundary — a boundary the British were at the time willing to accept (interestingly, this arbitration would have given Maine more territory than the final negotiated settlement in 1843.

General Winfield Scott was rushed to the area to broker a deal before things got out of hand between the Maine “Red Shirts” and the New Brunswick “Blue Noses.” He suceeded in arranging for a compromise agreement to be made between Congressman Daniel Webster and Lord Ashburton. The border dispute became known as the “Bloodless Aroostook War” and legend has it that the only casualty was either 1) a pig that wandered across the border into Canada; or 2) a cow, shot by mistake, while rustling around outside the Ft. Kent blockhouse. Can’t speak for either story, but the records do indicate that, in 1827, Joseph Arnold’s cow was taken hostage by the magistrate of Kent, New Brunswick, before being freed by the local “militia.” It’s an interesting coincidence that Jonathan Park complained about the British and a cow too.

Actually, a number of Americans died as a result of this conflict.

For example, most Maine school children could tell you about Pvt. Hiram T. Smith. Smith, of Company F, is buried in Haynesville, on U.S. Route 2 (the Military Road to Houlton), and is frequently cited as “the only casualty of the Aroostook War“. Unfortunately, no one knows how he died, although there are a number of legends about it.

The Webster-Ashburton Treaty gave over 7,000 square miles of the disputed area, including the Aroostook valley, to the United States, and several critical waterways, including the all-important east-west passage of the St. Johns River, were opened to free navigation by both countries. The Treaty also accomplished a number of other things: it settled the U.S.-Canada border dispute in the Great Lakes region; it provided for cooperation in the suppression of the slave trade; and it arranged for a system for mutual extradition of criminals. Essentially, the Treaty served as a precedent for peaceful settlement of disputes between the United States and Canada — a critical issue given the length of their shared border (today it is the longest demilitarized boundary on Earth – post 9/11 note: This is changing, sadly)


1. Mary Parks

Mary’s husband Ferdinand Amesley Armstrong was born 1796 in Wilmot, Annapolis, Nova Scotia, Canada. His parents were Richard Armstrong and Catherine E Shafner. Ferdinand died 17 Jul 1860 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine.

In the 1850 census, Ferdinand and Mary farming in Aroostook, Maine with a large family.

Ferdinand Armstrong Gravestone Union Cemetery Fort Fairfield, Maine

Mary Parks Armstrong Gravestone — Union Cemetery, Fort Fairfield, Aroostook County, Maine

Children of Mary and Ferninand

i. Jonathan Armstrong b. 1823 in New Brunswick, Canada; d. 14 Apr 1872 Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; In the 1860 and 1870 censuses, Jonathan was working on his parents farm in Maysville, Aroostook, Maine.

ii. Catherine Armstrong b. 1824 in New Brunswick, Canada; d. 1905 Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; m. James Ashby (b. 1821 England). In the 1880 census, Catherine was farming in Fort Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine.

iii. Ann D Armstrong b. 1827 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; d. 1882; m. James Johnson

iv. Bertha Armstrong b. 1831; d. 1921; m. Jacob B Weeks (b. 1829 Ft Fairfield, Maine – d. 7 Feb 1910 Presque Isle, Aroostook, Maine). In the 1870 census Jacob and Bertha were farming in Maysville, Aroostook, Maine

v. Ferdinand Armstrong b. 22 Jan 1833 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; d. 17 Feb 1913 Peshtigo, Marinette, Wisconsin; m1. 14 Jun 1860 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine to Marie Theresa Harris (b. 1836 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine – d. 22 Oct 1881 in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin); m2. Kathrine Bransfield (b. 1850); In the 1880 census, Ferdinand was a lumberman in Peshtigo, Marinette, Wisconsin.

vi. Hiram J. Armstrong b. 15 Nov 1835 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; d. 1870 Menominee, Menominee, Michigan; m. Philena Morrison (d. Jun 1916 in Menominee, Menominee, Michigan) In the 1870 census, Hiram was single and working in the sawmill in Menominee, Menominee, Michigan.

vii. Moses F. Armstrong b. 1836 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; d. 11 Jan 1907 Peshtigo, Marinette, Wisconsin; m1. Abigail True (b. 1838); m2. 1898 to Louisa Gagnon (b. 1858 Wisconsin – d. 7 Apr 1906 Menominee, Menominee, Michigan) In the 1880 census, Moses was a single laborer and farmer in Peshtigo, Marinette, Wisconsin.

viii. Flora Etta Armstrong b. 1839 in Maysville, Maine; d. 5 Apr 1918 Richmond, Sagadahoc, Maine; m. 15 Jun 1858 in Presque Isle, Maine to John W Bishop (b. 30 Sep 1833 in Bairdsville, Carleton, New Brunswick – d. 19 Apr 1920 in Richmond, Maine) In the 1880 census, Flora and John were farming in Maysville, Aroostook, Maine.

ix. Wilmot Allan Armstrong b. 8 Jul 1844 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; d. After 1920 census, Estacada, Clackamas, Oregon; or Iron River, Iron, Michigan m. 1868 Washington to to Laura E [__?__] (b. 1846); m2. Alice Mary Nichols (b. 1846); In the 1880 census, Wilmot was a lumberman in Hamilton, Ravalli, Montana

x. Warren Armstrong b. 1845 in Ft Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; d. 1863 Washington DC; Died of Typhoid fever at 18 7th Regiment Maine Volunteers, Company B.

2. Harriett PARKS (See Isaac MILLER‘s page)

4. Sarah Almira Parks

Sarah’s husband Isaac Thomas was born 20 Nov 1787 in Bar Harbor, Hancock County, Maine. His parents were Nicholas Thomas (1753 – 1838) and Lucy Somes (1759 – 1792). He moved to northern Maine/New Brunswick prior to his marriage to Sarah in 1821. Isaac died 12 Jun 1856 – Presque Isle, Aroostook, Maine.

In the 1850 census, Isaac and Sarah were farming in Letter G Range 2, Aroostook, Maine with nine children at home.

Sarah Almira Parks Gravestone — Johnson Cemetery, Presque Isle, Aroostook County, Maine

Children of Sarah and Isaac:

i. Leonard Jarvis Thomas b. 1822 New Brunswick; d. 20 Mar 1896 – Presque Isle, Aroostook, Maine; m. 18 Oct 1847, in Maysville Maine, by the Rev. William Johnston to Deborah Shelia Brown (b. 18 Mar. 1828 New Brunswick – d. 13 Apr 1890, Presque Isle, Aroostook County, Maine). In the 1870 census, Leonard was farming in Maysville, Aroostook, Maine.

ii. Almira Thomas b. 16 Jul 1825 in New Brunswick; d. 4 Aug 1884; m. 22 Oct 1854 to William B Waite (b. 11 Jun 1825 in Minot, Androscoggin, Maine – d. 28 Jan 1915 in Medway, Penobscot, Maine) Almira and William had six children born between 1855 and 1868.

In the 1870 census, William was a millman in Pattagumpus, Penobscot, Maine

iii. Nathaniel A. (Matthew) Thomas b. 20 Nov 1828 – Aroostook, Maine; m. Adelade (b. 1841 Maine) In the 1880 census, Nathaniel was farming in Ellsworth, Hancock, Maine.

iv. David Thomas b. 23 Dec 1829 in Maine; m. Martha or Rebecca [__?__] (b. 1838 in Maine)

v. Irene (Mona) Thomas b. 10 Feb 1833 Maine

vi. Gilbert Gilbert Thomas b. 23 Aug 1834 Maysville, Maine; d. 2 Nov 1885 – Presque Isle, Aroostook, Maine; m. Elsie Adeline McDougal (b. 1841 – 12 Apr 1907 Presque Isle, Aroostook County, Maine; Gilbert and Elsie had nine children born between 1861 and 1884.

In the 1880 census, Gilbert was farming in Maysville, Aroostook, Maine.

vii. Moses (Mark) Thomas b. 16 Jun 1837 Presque Isle, Aroostook, Maine; d. 1898 in Vanceboro, Maine m. Mary J. Preble  (1832 – 1882) Moses and Mary had seven children born between 1859 and 1877.

In the 1880 census, Moses was a laborer in Vanceboro, Washington, Maine.

After Mary died, Moses took his son into the woods where the had a piece of property that bordered Spednick Lake. He developed pneumonia and was taken by horse-drawn sled into Vanceboro where he died.

Mary J. Preble Portrait

Moses Thomas Portrait

Moses S Thomas Portrait

viii. Isaac Ruben Thomas b. 1839; d. 19 Nov 1850  in Presque Isle, Maine

ix. Augustus Granville Thomas b. 13 Dec 1841 – Aroostook; d. Jul 1913 – Richmond, Sagadahoc, Maine; m. 29 Apr 1867 – Augusta, Kennebec, Maine to Martha Elizabeth Britt (b. 1858 in Augusta, Kennebec, Maine – d. 1916 in Richmond, Sagadahoc, Maine).

In the 1880 census, Augustus was a log collector in Richmond, Sagadahoc, Maine.

x. Charles Thomas b. 20 Dec 1848 Maine; m. 8 Jun 1873 Augusta, Kennebec, Maine to Catherine Hemmium Britt (b. Feb 1850 Maine)

5. Elisabeth Ann Parks

Elizabeth’s husband Lawrence Kelley was born 1799 in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. His parents were John Patrick Kelly and Mary Walen. Lawrence died in 1870 in Fort Fairfield, Maine.

In the 1850 census, Lawrenece and Elizabeth were farming in Eaton Grant, Aroostook, Maine with a large and still growing family.

Fort Fairfield township, Aroostook, Maine is on the Canadian border

Children of Elizabeth and Lawrence

i.  Walter Kelly b. 1823 in Upper Kent, New Brunswick, Canada; d. 1870 Caribou, Maine; m. 19 Oct 1850 in Caribou, Maine to Elizabeth Montgomery (b. 1827 Maine) In the 1880 census, Walter was farming in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine.

ii. Thomas Kelly b. 1827 in New Brunswick; d. 10 Mar 1899, Canton, Aroostook, Maine; m. Elsie [__?__] (b. 1830 in New Brunswick, Canada – d. 16 May 1914 Caribou, Aroostook, Maine) In the 1860 census, Thomas was farming in Eaton Plantation, Aroostook, Maine.

iii. Catherine Kelly b. 1828 in Upper Kent, Carlton, New Brunswick; d. Presque Isle, Maine; m. Patrick Connelly

iv. Elizabeth Kelly b. 1828 in Upper Kent, Carlton, New Brunswick;

v. Patrick Kelley b. 1830 in Easton Grant, Aroostook, Maine; d. 9 Jul 1907 Lyndon, Maine; m. 18 May 1853 in Caribou, Maine to Elizabeth Brown (b. 1838 Maine) In the 1870 census, Patrick was farming in Lyndon, Aroostook, Maine.

vi. Amos Kelley b, 6 Jun 1832 in East Lyndon, Aroostook, Maine; d. 29 Sep 1912 Caribou, Maine; m. 30 Jun 1855 in Woodstock, Carleton, New Brunswick, Canada to Mariah A Drake (b. 9 Apr 1839 Jacksontown, Woodstock, New Brunswick – d. 1 Jan 1912 Caribou, Aroostook, Maine) In the 1870 census, Amos was farming in Lyndon, Aroostook, Maine.

vii. Sarah Bridget (Sally) Kelley b. 14 Mar 1834 in Lyndon, Maine; d. 18 Jul 1916 Caribou, Maine; m. 1 May 1853 in Caribou, Maine to James Calkins (b. 1831 Maine – d. 6 Nov 1895 Caribou, Maine) In the 1880 census, Sarah and James were farming in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine.

viii. Henriette (Harriett) Kelley b. 1838 in Eaton Grant, Maine; d. 24 Dec 1869 Caribou, Maine; m. Jul 1866 in Caribou, Maine to Samuel Wallace Sands (b. 1830 in Carleton, New Brunswick, Canada – d. 20 Jun 1908 in Caribou, Maine)  After Henriette died, Samuel married  in 1870 to Maria Rogers (2 Sep 1854- 12 Nov 1916)

Samuel enlisted in Company D, Maine 30th Infant1ry Regiment on Dec 1 1864. Received a disability discharge on 23 May 1865, the same day as the Grand Review of the Armies May 23–24 in Washington, DC.

Samuel was admitted to the U.S. National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Jan 1, 1885 and discharged January 23, 1891.

Soon after the close of the Red River campaign, the regiment was sent north to Virginia. In August and the early part of September it moved with the Army of the Shenandoah, but did not share in the battles and victories of Gen. Sheridan in September and October, as the brigade was detached from its division until Oct. 26. On Nov. 9, 1864, it took up a position between Kernstown and Newton and on Dec. 30 went into winter quarters at Stephenson’s depot, 4 miles north of Winchester, but a few  days later moved to Winchester. After the recruits from the 13th Me. joined the regiment at Winchester it was formed into seven companies and retained its field and staff officers without change. The new companies from the 13th were lettered B, H and K in the new organization. The 30th remained at Winchester until April 10, 1865, when it went to Washington, where it participated in the grand review of the Army of the Potomac on May 23, and on June 2 was transferred to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 19th corps, which it accompanied to Savannah, Ga., the place of their muster out. On Aug. 24 it arrived in Portland, where the men were finally paid and discharged.

ix. Mary Marie Kelley b. 10 Jun 1840 in Eaton Grant, Maine; d. 20 Oct 1914 Caribou, Maine; m. 1857 in Caribou, Maine to Jean Vital Ayotte (b. 24 Apr 1833 St Basile, Victoria, New Brunswick, Canada – d. 23 Feb 1893 Caribou, Maine)

x. Joanne Kelley b. Jul 1843 in Caribou, Maine; d. 1850 Caribou, Maine

xi. Lawrence E Kelley b. 1846 in Eaton Grant, Maine; d. 1860 Eaton Grant, Maine,

xii. Talman (Tolman) Hugh Kelley b. 21 Jul 1849 in Eaton Grant, Maine; d. 29 Oct 1927 Eaton Grant, Maine; m. 19 Feb 1877 in Caribou, Maine to Lavina Proulx (b. 1856 – d. 1922) In the 1900 census, Tolman was farming in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine.

xiii. Ruth Kelly b. 17 Mar 1855 in Caribou, Maine;

xiv. Melvin Kelly b. 17 Mar 1855 in Eaton Grant, Maine; d. 28 May 1936 Ft Fairfield, Maine; m. 15 Nov 1888 in Caribou, Maine to Emily Trumbel (b. 1859) In the 1910 census, Melvin was xx in Fort Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine.

xv. Arrilla (Orvilla) Kelly b. 1858 – Caribou, Aroostook Co, ME

6. David Owens Parks

David’s wife Nancy Hagerty was born in Jul 1825, Donegal, Donegal, Ireland. Nancy died 4 Apr 1892 in Caribou, Maine.

In the 1850 census, David and Nancy were farming next to his brother George in Eaton Grant, Aroostook, Maine.

David enlisted as a Private on 6 January 1864 at the age of 44 in Company H, 30th Infantry Regiment Maine under Captian Jonathan P. Fall. . His enlistment lists him from Forrestville, which is now Caribou. He was assigned special duty January 9, 1864 and mustered out on January 1, 1865. His brother George, also in his 40’s, enlisted that same month and died six months later.

David Parks was thought to be Town Clerk of Eaton Grant. (Before it joined with several other small communities to become Caribou, ME).

David Parks according to Caribou Centinnel Papers say he settled on the south side of Aroostook River at Eaton Grant in the year 1827.

Maine, Epitaph: ‘Preserve Me Oh God for in Thee, do I put my trust’. David’s age 80y 3m 2d at death.

David O Parks Headstone

Children of David and Nancy

i. Sarah Ann Parks b. 31 Aug 1841 in Madawaska, New Brunswick, Canada; d. 24 Nov 1931 Washburn, Maine; m. 5 Apr 1860 to Zachariah Doody (b. 25 Oct 1838 in Victoria, New Brunswick – d. 2 Oct 1925 in California Settlement, New Brunswick) Sarah and Zachariah had 13 children including Amy, a foster child, who as a baby was left on the door step of Zechariah and Sarah’s home

Rev Zachariah Doody

ii. Charles Parks b. 1842; d. Bef. 1850 census

iii. Patrick John Parks b. Mar 1843 in Caribou, Maine; m. 1864 to Marie Fleurine Violette (b. 23 Apr 1844 Maine – d. 8 Feb 1922) Patrick and Marie had 15 children, 11 still living in 1900. In the 1900 census, Patrick was farming with his son Fred in Cyr Plantation, Aroostook, Maine.

iv. David Parks b. 1844; d. Bef. 1850

v. Louisa A. Parks b. 30 Oct 1845 in Maine; 8 Oct 1921 California Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada; Unmarried

vi. Lucinda Parks b. 19 Sep 1847 in Maine; d. Aft. 1860

vii. Nancy Parks b. 17 Apr 1849; d. Aft. 1860

ix. George Albert Parks b. 21 Jun 1849 in Maine; d. aft 1860 Calais, Washington, Maine

xiii. Elizabeth (Lizzie, Betsy) Mabel Parks b. 1853 in Maine; m. 20 Jul 1872 in Caribou, Maine to Nathaniel Langley (b. 1848 NB). In the 1880 census, Nathaniel was farming in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine.

x. Teresa Parks b. Mar 1855; d. Aft. 1860

xi. Mary Jane Parks b. 30 Jun 1857; m. William Wright (b. 1862 Canada) In the 1920 census, Mary Jane and William were living in Limestone, Aroostook, Maine. William was laboring in a flour mill.

xii. Margaret Parks b. 12 Jun 1860; m. 20 Dec 1897 in Ft Fairfield, Maine to Hubert Kelley (b. 1865)

xiii. Moses Frederick Parks b. 7 May 1864 in California Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada; d. 13 Aug 1936 California Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada; m. 9 Sep 1885 in Limestone, Maine to Agnes Olive Montgomery (b. 29 Mar 1871 – d. 4 Dec 1929 in California Settlement, New Brunswick)

xiv. Allen Wilmont Parks b. 17 Feb 1865 New Brunswick; d. 8 Apr 1945 Caribou, Maine; m. 1888 to Susan Hamilton (1686-1936); Immigrated to US in 1899.

The many friends of Mrs. Allen Parks of Caribou were grieved by her sudden death which occurred at her home, Jan 9, 1936 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine, Thursday evening at 4:30 o’clock. Mrs. Parks was born in Limestone July 4, 1868, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hamilton She was married to Allen W. Parks in 1888 and resided in Ft. Fairfield for fourteen years, and then moved to Caribou. She is survived by her husband; one son, Harry; three grandchildren, Halson, Philip and Ruth Parks; two sisters, Mrs. Holden Turner of Portland, and Mrs. Chas. [Pheobe] Borden of Washburn. Funeral services were held [at the home] on Sunday afternoon. Rev. J. R. Mac Gorman officiated. Three hymns were rendered by Joseph Doody, David Doody, and Mrs. Cecelia Cheney. There was a large gathering of relatives and friends and a profusion of beautiful flowers were the silent tributes of the high esteem in which she was held. The bearers were Oscar Olson, Henry Cunningham, Cleve and Ivory Harmon. Interment was in Evergreen Cemetery in Caribou.

xv. Jarvis L Parks b. 20 Aug 1869 in New Brunswick, Canada; d. 8 Aug 1923 in Fort Fairfield, Aroostook, Maine; m.22 Aug 1904 Fort Fairfield, Aroostock, Maine to Ida G Weaver (b. 1877); Jarvis was a veterinarian.

Had to throw in this dashing picture, Jarvis was a veteran of the Spainsh Mexican War, 13th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Minneapolis, Minnesota

David’s son Jarvis L Parks (1869-1909) served in Cuba in the Spanish American War

7. Olive Jane Parks

Olive’s husband Alexander Cochrane was born 1803 in Cork, Ireland. Alexander died 16 Nov 1864 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine.

In the 1850 census, Alexander was farming in Letter H Range 2, Aroostook, Maine. Alexander and Olive had 11 children at home.

Children of Olive and Alexander

i. Ann Cochrane b. 1833 Maine

ii. William A. Cochrane b. 1835 Maine; d. After 1910; m. 1866 to Emma D. [__?__] (1844 – 1924) In the 1900 census, William was a teamster in Eau Claire Ward 7, Eau Claire, Wisconsin.

iii. James Cochrane b. 1836 Maine ; m. Susan [__?__] (b. 1841 New Brunswick) In the 1860 census, James was farming in Forestville Plantation, Aroostook, Maine

iv. George Cochrane b. 1838 Maine; In the 1860 census, George was farming in Forestville Plantation, Aroostook, Maine.

v. Martha Cochrane b. 1839

vi. Richard Cochrane b. 1841

vii. Matilda Cochrane b. 1845

viii. Thomas Cochrane b. 1845 Maine;

ix. Henry Cochrane b. 1847;

x. Herman Cochrane b. 1849

9. George F Parks

George’s wife Rebecca Bubar was born 1827 in New Brunswick, Canada. Her parents were William Bubar and Rebecca Mills. Rebecca died in 1880 in Caribou, Maine.

In the 1850 census, parents Jonathan (age 85) and Hannah (age 75) were living with George and Rebecca in Eaton Grant, Aroostook, Maine. Hannah was still living with her son in the 1860 census.

George enlisted as a Private on 26 Jan 1864 at the age of 42 in Company G, 15th Infantry Regiment Maine.  George was still enlisted in  Company G, 15th Infantry Regiment Maine when he died of disease on 7 Aug 1864 in Washington, DC.

George left his wife and children in 1864 and enlisted in the Northern Army during the Civil War in the United States because he would receive $300. He died at the Armory Square Hospital in Washington, D.C. of wounds on August 6, 1864. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetary on Longfellow Walk.
George was listed as 37 years old in the 1850 Eaton Grant Census – this would make him born in 1823. He was also listed as a farmer, his father Jonathan is in his household age 85 years. George F. Parks was born in Canada but came with family in 1826 to the banks of the Aroostook River. He married Rebecca Bubar, daughter of one of the Treaty lot settlers. From the union of Rebecca and George, there were a total of seven children.

Eva never did see her father, George F. Parks. She was born on October 6, 1863 but earlier in that same year George left his family on the banks of the Aroostook and went to Augusta to enlist in the Civil War, because he had been promised a bounty of $300. Hard cash dollars to this family meant an awful lot. He went, I’m sure reluctantly, but feeling the war would not last much longer, he took that chance. He was sworn in at Augusta, January 26, 1864 and went to Virginia. He was a member of Company (3 15th Maine Volunteers, under the command of Captain Elbridge J. Pattee. From Virginia he participated in the Louisiana Red River Campaign and was wounded there, he died from his wonds at the Armory Square Hospital in Washington, DC on August 6, 1864. He is buried in Grave No. 772 1, Section 13 on Double Day Walk, Arlington National Cemetery. He was 45 years old at the time of his death.

Early survey records show that George Parks had Lot Number 6, with 15 acres of cleared ground, a log house and barn. His brother, David had Lot number 8, 30 acres of cleared ground, log house and barn and their father had Lot number 7, with 20 acres cleared, a log house and barn..

Another relative, this time from my dad’s side of the family also died in the Civil War while serving in the Maine 15th. Dudley COLEMAN‘s son-in-law Charles Plummer.

On 31 Jan 1862 Chalres enlisted in Company D, 15th Infantry Regiment Maine. He was promoted to Full Musician in 1862.  Company D, 15th Infantry Regiment Maine mustered out on 5 Jul 1866, but I don’t think that Charles was included. On 5 Sep 1863, Mrs. Roxannah Plummer married Charles R. Church in Augusta, Maine.

Battle of Pleasant Hill Reenactment

George participated in the Red River Campaign,  a series of battles fought along the Red River in Louisiana  from March 10 to May 22, 1864. The campaign was a Union initiative, fought between approximately 30,000 Union troops under the command ofMaj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, and Confederate troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Richard Taylor, whose strength varied from 6,000 to 15,000.

The campaign was primarily the plan of Union General-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck, and a diversion from Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s plan to surround the main Confederate armies by using Banks’s Army of the Gulf to capture Mobile, Alabama. It was a dismal Union failure, characterized by poor planning and mismanagement, in which not a single objective was fully accomplished.

While at Matagorda peninsula in Texas, from Jan. 17 to Feb. 28, 1864, three-fourths of the original members of the Maine 15th regiment reenlisted for another term of three years. Returning to New Orleans in March, the regiment formed a part of Gen. Banks’ Red river expedition, during which it marched more than 700 miles in two months, and participated in the battles of Sabine cross-roads [Battle of Mansfield], Battle of Pleasant Hill, Cane river crossing [Battle of Monett’s Ferry] and Mansura plains [Battle of Mansura]. In June, 1864, it was ordered to New Orleans, and on July 5 embarked on transports for Fortress Monroe, Va., where it arrived on the 17th. Six companies were then ordered to Bermuda Hundred, and the remaining companies participated in the campaign up the valley in pursuit of Early’s army. The command was reunited at Monocacy Junction, MD, Aug. 4, when the veterans of the regiment who had reenlisted received a 35 days’ furlough, returning to the field Sept. 27.

Battle of Mansfield Reenactment

Children of George and Rebecca:

i. Jonathan Parks b. 17 Mar 1842 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; d. 15 Jun 1930 Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; m. Mary F. Violette (1844 – 1922)

ii. Amanda Parks b. 1846 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine;

iii. David Byron Parks b. 1849 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine;

iv. Sidney S. Parks b. 6 Jan 1853 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; d. 1933 Hamilton, Ravalli, Montana

In 1881, Sidney sold his 77 acres and moved to Montana. He lived there for the rest of his life as a sheep rancher.

v. James Parks b. 14 Jul 1855 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; d. Ozark, Michigan; m. 1885 to Mary Helen Hitchcock

vi. Barney Parks b. 29 Jul 1856 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine;

vii. George William Parks b. 29 May 1860 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; d. after 1920 census Aroostook, Maine; m1. Alice Maude Simmons (1857 – 1882); m2. Jennie Weaver (b. 1871 Maine)

viii. Laurie Ellen Parks b. 10 Jan 1862 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; After 1880 census

ix. Eveline (Eva) G Parks b. 6 Oct 1863 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; d. 1943 Caribou, Aroostook, Maine; m. 1886 in Caribou, Aroostook, Maine to Israel Doak (b. 30 Mar 1864 in Ft Fairfield, Maine – d. 10 Jan 1937 in Caribou, Maine)


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33 Responses to Jonathan Parks

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  6. Tim says:

    Nathaniel Parks was also my 5th Great Grandfather as I am Mary Parks 3G Grandson. You’ve done a wonderful job of putting together all of the family history. I’ve focused mainly on the Armstrong lines and have only touched upon the Parks, Perlier Heath and others. I’ve appreciated all of the time and effort that you’ve put in and its helped me to get up to speed on the other memebers of my family.

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  11. Tim is right — this is a wonderful family history and goes much farther back with some lines than I have had time to research. Thank you! Sarah Parks and Isaac Thomas were my 3rd great-grandparents. Should other Thomas descendants find this posting, I have a typed copy of the full Thomas Charter, which goes back to the first John Thomas marriage recorded in North America, in Boston, during the early 1650s and carries through, for some branches, to the late 1960s. I would be happy to do lookups and can be contacted through
    Also– was amused by the story of the “Estey eyes” supposedly indicating Native American ancestry. In my family it was the black hair inherited by someone in most generations 🙂

    • Gary Thomas, Jr. says:

      Mark, thank you so much for all the great information! I have sent you a couple e-mails regarding Moses S. Thomas, but I am not sure if you receied them or not. Hopfully your e-mail is still correct. Carolyn, I alos enjoyed looking at your site, as well. I was wondering if you had a working e-mail so I could share information with you, as well. Isaac and Sarah were also my 3rd great grandparents. I am descended from their son, Moses.

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  13. Having read this I thought it was extremely enlightening.
    I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this content
    together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both
    reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  14. Mary Levine says:

    Wow! My brother is garnering info on the family. This site has been so helpful. It is extremely well done. Thank you. I have forwarded it to him.
    It all started yesterday. Our granddaughter heard she had a relative who was an Indian princess . She’s doing a report for school . Enter Chief Crooked Knife, John Bradley etc. 🙂

    With gratitude and appreciation for the labor and love of genealogy that you have provided .

    Mary C. Underwood. Levine
    My Mother was Hope Elizabeth ASHBY Underwood
    Her father was Frederick ASHBY
    Frederick Ashby’s dad was Wilmot ASHBY
    Father was James Ashby who was married to Catherine ARMSTRONG

    • markeminer says:


      I am glad my site was helpful. That is one of my favorite family stories too,



      • Wendy says:

        My sister and I are having an “Elizabeth Warren” moment. We too have always been told we were decedents of Chief Crooked Knife but have been having trouble finding the actual connections – this and the research on John Prince Bradley should get us a lot further. Thanks for the research – I love how you mix genealogy, anecdotes, pix etc! so much easier to read!

  15. Dianne cash Sabido says:

    I am a family history consultant for my church, and I am doing research on the Parkes line,
    the one I have is Elizabeth Penelope Parke born 28 Oct. 1738 in Hopewell, N.j. md. Thomas Roberts born 1735, they married 1754, her father was William Parke born May 1811 in Hopewell, N.J. and Sarah Jewell . I love this site, and will tell the decendant of it, It is so Informative.
    I have a little part in it myself. The Cox you mention is related to Jimmy Carter, I am third cousin twice removed . Also I am related to William Penn. You have brought a history I was unaware.
    Thank you, Muchas Gratis, Merci, Dunkashone (SIC) I could say it in Hungarian, but don’t know how to spell it.
    Thanks again, Dianne Cash Sabido

    • markeminer says:

      Hi Dianne,

      I have twins though it strange that their parents put “Elizabeth” in both their names,

      Children of William and Sarah

      i. Penelope Elizabeth Parke (twin) b. 28 Oct 1738 in Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey; d. 1780 in Hopewell, Hunterdon, New Jersey; m. 1764 Hopewell to Richard Stout (b. 1734 in Hopewell – d. 22 Dec 1796 in Hopewell) Richard’s parents were John Stout (1706 – 1761) and Catherine Stout (1705 – 1749) Penelople and Richard of near Stoutsburg, had six sons and three daughters, viz :John, William, Jehu, Richard, Elhahan, Nathan, Rachel, Penelope, and Sarah. John, the eldest son, was a very prominent citizen of the adjoining County of Somerset, living near Skillman Station. He was known as “Esq. John,” and was a justice from 1810-25, and one of the judges of the Court of Common Pleas, 1820-25.

      ii. Elizabeth Parke (twin) b. 28 Oct 1738 New Jersey; d. ~1814 Somerset, New Jersey; m. Thomas Roberts ( b. ~1735 New Jersey – d. ~1783) Thomas’ father Thomas came from Long Island to Hopewell in 1727 or earlier. Elizabeth and Thomas had six children.

  16. Chris Bowden says:

    Hello- I am currently researching my Husband’s line and we have a feeling that our Joseph Parks born 1802/03 in Unity Me may be related to your line. Joseph was living in Aroostook in the 1850 census with his wife Marinda, a Jonathan Parks(age 16) and baby son Albert Augustus. Any idea if he was a relation of George Parks and how so? Thanks so much!

  17. Chris Bowden says:

    Hello! Not sure where my comment went so I will post it again. I am researching my husband’s Parks line and have a feeling his relative Joseph Parks born Unity ME 1802/03 is related to your George Parks of Aroostook. Joseph was living with Marinda,16 yr old Jonathan, and baby Albert in the 1850 census adjacent to George and family. Any idea if they are related and how so? Thanks!

    • markeminer says:

      Hi Chris,

      There are clues that point to your Joseph Parks being related to mine, but I can’t find the connection. Marinda was born in New Brunswick. Joseph was living next door to George Parks, also from New Brunswick.

      However, Unity is pretty far from Easton, Maine where my Parks were, a 186 mile drive today. And Jonathan’s brothers stayed in Canada as far as I can see.

      Good luck in your search,


      • Chris Bowden says:

        If anyone knows the connection would love to understand it. Thanks for the info!

      • Hi Mark, I was checking on Joseph Parks for Chris Bowden. The 1850 Census shows two Joseph Parks in Houlton, Maine. One at age 48 as a farmer originating from Unity. The other at age 4 with the mother originating from Albion, ME i have a pdf file of the information should you want to pass it on to Chris Bowden. Have a great day!!

      • markeminer says:

        Our Parks lived in Unity. Thanks!

  18. unfortunately I have no idea who Jonathan parks is. right now I am doing family history for four families on my line, Foster, and Biological. I am doing family history for my daughter-in law and her fathers side of the family. I have two people in my church I am doing work for, so i don’t know which side of families he is on. if I figure it out, I would be more than happy to help in any way i can.

  19. Linda says:

    What a great family history you’ve done! My 3rd great grandmother was Hannah Parks who married an unknown Campbell, and then Joel King, and lived in Ontario, Canada. I haven’t been able to find out where or when she was born, or who her parents were, so I was excited to see a Hannah as one of Jonathan’s children. You don’t say anything about her beyond her birth date though – do you know any more? Perhaps this Hannah died in childhood. Any further information about her would be most appreciated.

  20. Carolyn Nadeau says:

    Hi Mark, I have been working the Parks history off and on for years. I have found what seems to be a well done chain of my Parks line. My families direct line comes from England to the US to NB Canada and then back to the US in Caribou, Maine. If you would like the data, please let me know via email or you can find me on Face Book at Carolyn Parks Nadeau. Thank you again for all of your hard work.

    • markeminer says:

      Hi Carolyn,

      The Parks are an interesting family. Most of my New Brunswick ancestors were New England Planters who replaced the Arcadians when the British drove out the French. The Arcadians became the Louisiana Cajuns. The Parks are the only family in my tree who went to Canada because they sided with the British..

      I would love to see you information. Did you trace them back to their Hopewell New Jersey generations? I’m am not 100% sure I got those generations right.

      Thanks Again,


  21. Hi Mark, I will post my Parks history on Facebook. You can copy the screen shots from there. Carolyn Parks Nadeau

  22. Myrna LZenby says:

    Very well done. Who were the 15 families mentioned in the article that moved back to Maine?

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