Henry Trussell

Henry TRUSSELL (1652 – 1731) was Alex’s  9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Henry Trussell - Coat of Arms

Henry Trussell was born about 1655 in Liverpool, England. His parents were John TRUSSELL and Joane BEDFORD. He came to America as an indentured servant.  He married Martha RING in 1665 in Salisbury, Essex, Mass.  Henry died 9 Apr 1731 in Salisbury, Mass.

Martha Ring was born 12 Dec 1654 in Salisbury, Mass.  Her parents were Robert RING and Elizabeth JARVIS. Martha died 11 Mar 1738 in Amesbury, Essex, Mass.

Children of  Henry and Martha:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Sarah TRUSSELL 26 Jul 1686 Salisbury, Essex, Mass. Philip CALL Sr.
20 Jan 1706/07 Amesbury, Essex, Mass
16 Aug 1754 Stevenstown, (later Salisbury) New Hampshire killed by Indians in an attack on her home.
2. Elizabeth Trussell 26 APR 1689 Amesbury, Mass. John Watts (Mattes?)
bef. 1730
3. Henry Trussell 20 APR 1695 Amesbury, Mass. Hannah Weed
13 JAN 1714/15 Amesbury, Essex, Mass.
Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada

The family was associated with shipping, and the first Trussell to come to the Colonies was taken to America to be an indentured servant.

There are records of earlier Henry Trussells in the colonies.  One Henry Trussell paid taxes in Salisbury, MA in 1640, and another (or the same)  Henry T. who testified at a trial in Amesbury, MA in 1662.  Most Trussell family genealogists show these Trussell’s as related to our line, but the relationships are not consistently shown from one account to the next, and I have not been able to straighten the matter out. One account portrays the Trussells in the U.S. as beginning from two sons of a merchant in Liverpool, England; a certain Henry T. who settled in Salem sometime before 1640 and another  John T. who settled in Virginia in about 1620.  It seems reasonable that the Henry T. who married Martha Ring was related to the Henry T. in Salisbury in 1640 and in Amesbury in 1662.  Trussell has never been a common surname.

An early family history written by Luther Trussell [1802-1888] indicates that the first Trussell in the New England Colonies was Henry Trussell, son of a Captain in the Royal Navy and grandson of a merchant in Liverpool, England. Apparently the first Trussell did not come to the Colonies of his own free will. This account combines Henry’s story with his son’s so it’s hard to say how reliable it is.   Luther’s story follows:

“Henry Trussell was born at Liverpool England and he was the only son of Henry Trussell, a Captain of the Navy, and his grandfather was a merchant of that city. The means by which he came to this country may give us some idea of the manners of the age and the respect paid the laws.

“Being invited by a lad of his acquaintance belonging to a vessel to go on board one afternoon he complied and was treated with such uncommon attention that he soon forgot both time and place. Early the next morning he would have returned, but what was his surprise when instead of a crowded city he beheld from the deck nought but the blue sky and boundless ocean. To remonstrate was folly with such commanders. The vessel was on her way to Boston in the Colonies where she was bound on the passage. They were spoken by the vessel commanded by his father whom he saw and recognized from the deck. The vessel soon after arrived in port where, knowing the Captain’s motive in bringing him was to sell him for his passage, he improved the first opportunity to take French leave of the Ship, Captain, and Crew, and in company with another person who left at the same time, wandered about the country for some time till they arrived at Haverhill, MA. Here he afterwards settled and married Hannah Wade. He then commanded a company at Cape Breton in 1745 where he died, age 50, a victim of the vindictive spirit of the inhabitants who poisoned their wells of water. He left two sons, Henry and Moses and two daughters. Henry settled at Bradford, MA and had two sons, Henry and Levi. Henry moved to Sutton, NH, in 1780 but died the next year without issue. Levi settled in Haverhill, MA. Moses settled in Plaistow, NH and married Jane Mills, an emigrant from Scotland. He died of consumption in 1759, leaving five sons and two daughters. John settled in Hopkinton, NH, James in Boscawen, NH, Joshua in Sedgwick, ME, Jacob, Danville, VT, and Moses in New London, NH.”


1. Sarah TRUSSELL (See xx page)

2. Elizabeth Trussell

Elizabeth’s husband John Watts (Mattes?)

3. Henry Trussell

Henry’s wife Hannah Weed was born 29 Aug 1689 in Amesbury, Mass. Her parents were Samuel Weed and Bethia Morgan.

Henry was a Captain in the Colonial Army in 1745. At that time France was at war with Britain and, in that year, the New England Colonies, with Henry T. in tow, launched an assault on the Fort at Louisburg.

The famous Fort was located on Cape Breton Island, near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River for which it served as sentry, and it was heavily fortified. To everyone’s surprise, the Colonial Expedition succeeded. The victory fired the Colonialists imagination.  They had proved their strength. Unfortunately, after the victory, Captain Trussell and his unit died, reportedly from poison the Indians put in the well that he and his troops were using for water. Even this unfortunate event had a positive outcome as some of Captain Henry’s children received land grants from the government to compensate them for the loss.

Siege of Louisbourg - 1745

The Siege of Louisbourg took place in 1745 when a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George’s War in the British colonies.

Siege of Louisbourg Map

Although the Fortress of Louisbourg’s construction and layout was acknowledged as having superior seaward defences, a series of low rises behind them provided attackers places to erect siege batteries. The fort’s garrison was poorly paid and supplied, and its inexperienced leaders mistrusted them. The colonial attackers were also lacking in experience, but ultimately succeeded in gaining control of the surrounding defences. The defenders surrendered in the face of an imminent assault.

Louisbourg was an important bargaining chip in the peace negotiations to end the war, since it represented a major British success. Factions within the British government were opposed to returning it to the French as part of any peace agreement, but these were eventually overruled, and Louisbourg was returned, over the objections of the victorious colonists, to French control after the 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.

The expeditionary corps was formed in ten battalions. They were Pepperell’s, Wolcott’s (of Connecticut), Waldo’s,  Dwight’s (nominally an artillery battalion), Moulton’s, Willard’s, Hale’s, Richmond’s, Gorham’s, and Moore’s (of New Hampshire). One hundred and fifty men of this regiment were in the pay of Massachusetts. Pepperell’s, Waldo’s, and Moulton’s were mostly raised in the District of Maine. Pepperell said that one-third of the whole force came from Maine. Dwight was assigned to the command of the artillery, with the rank of brigadier; Shubael Gorham [grandson of Capt. John GORHAM] to the special service of landing the troops in the whaleboats, which had been provided, and of which he had charge. There was also an independent company of artificers, under Captain Bernard, and Lieutenant-Colonel Gridley was appointed chief engineer of the army.

Pepperell held the rank of lieutenant-general;

1 Gibson was very active during the siege, especially when anything of a dangerous nature was to be done. He was a retired British officer. He was one of the three who escaped death, while on a scout, May 10. With five men he towed a fireship against the West Gate, under the enemy’s fire, on the night of May 24. It burnt three vessels, part of the King’s Gate, and part of a stone house in the city. Being done in the dead of night, it caused great consternation among the besieged.

2 Pepperell’s own regiment was actually commanded by his lieutenant-colonel, John Bradstreet, who was afterwards appointed lieutenantgovernor of Newfoundland, but on the breaking out of the next war with France, he served with distinction on the New-York frontier, risingthrough successive grades to that of major-general in the British army. Bradstreet died at New York in 1774.

3 General Roger Wolcott had been in the Canada campaign of 1711 without seeing any service. He was sixty-six when appointed over the Connecticut contingent under Pepperell. Wolcott was one of the foremost men of his colony, being repeatedly honored with the highest posts, those of chief judge and governor included. David Wooster was a captain in Wolcott’s regiment.

4 Samuel Waldo was a Boston merchant, who had acquired a chief interest in the Muscongus, later known from him as the Waldo Patent, in Maine, to the improvement of which he gave the best years of his life. Like Pepperell, he was a wealthy land-owner. They were close friends, Waldo’s daughter being betrothed to Pepperell’s son later. His patent finally passed to General Knox, who married Waldo’s granddaughter.

5 Joseph Dwight was born at Dedham, Mass., in 1703. He served in the Second French War also. Pepperell commends his services, as chief of artillery, very highly.

6 Jeremiah Moulton was fifty-seven when he joined the expedition. He had seen more actual fighting than any other officer in it. Taken prisoner by the Indians at the sacking of York, when four years old, he became a terror to them in his manhood. With Harmon he destroyed Norridgewock in 1724.

7 Robert Hale, colonel of the Essex County regiment, had been a schoolmaster, a doctor, and a justice of the peace. He was forty two. His major, Moses Titcomb, afterwards served under Sir William Johnson, and was killed at the battle of Lake George.

8 Sylvester Richmond, of Dighton, Mass., was born in 1698; colonel of the Bristol County regiment. He was high sheriff of the county for many years after his return from Louisburg. Died in 1783, in his eighty fourth year. Lieutenant-Colonel Ebenezer Pitts of Dighton, and Major Joseph Hodges of Norton, of Richmond’s regiment, were both killed during the campaign.

9 Samuel Moore’s New Hampshire regiment was drafted into the Vigilant. His lieutenant-colonel, Meserve, afterward served under Abarcromby, and again in the second siege of Louisburg under Amherst, dying there of small-pox. Matthew Thornton, signer of the Declaration, was surgeon of Moore’s regiment.

1° Edward Tyng, merchant of Boston, son of that Colonel Edward who was carried a prisoner to France, with John Nelson, by Frontenac’s order, and died there in a dungeon.




The old families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Massachusetts: with some related … By David Webster Hoyt



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3 Responses to Henry Trussell

  1. Pingback: Robert Ring | Miner Descent

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  3. Pingback: Origins | Miner Descent

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