Storm Albertse Van Der Zee (BRADT)

Storm Albertse Van Der ZEE (Bradt) (1663 – 1712) was Alex’s 9th Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Storm Albertse Van Der Zee was born 2 Nov 1636 at Sea lattitude 41 degrees 50 minutes on the Arms of Rensslaerswyck.  His parents were Albert Andriese BRATT (de Noorman) and Annatje B. Van ROTMERZ.  He married Hilletje LANSING about 1666. Storm died May 1679 in Albany, NY.

Hilletje Lansing was born in 1630 in Hasselte, Overijssel, Netherlands. Her parents were Gerrit Fredricksger LANSING and Elizabeth Hendricks TenCATE.  When Storm died, a  joint will left everything to his wife with provision that half the estate be divided among their children when they reached adulthood. At the same time, she stood to inherit a share of her father’s estate in Holland. Within a year,  she had remarried. Her second husband was Willem Ketelhuyn – who took over her husband’s tavern. As she was still in her twenties, Hilletie gave birth to at least three Ketelhuyn children over the next deade – with two sons being christened “Storm” in honor of her first husband.  Hilletje died 10 Sep 1693 in Albany, NY.

Children of Storm and Hilletje:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Anna Van Der ZEE 16 Jun 1665
Albany, NY
Johannes BECKER
17 Dec 1684 Albany, NY
19 Dec 1739
Albany
2. Marie Stormse Vanderzee (Bradt) 1665
3. Gerrit Stormes Vanderzee (Bradt) 1671 1671
4. Wouter Stormes Vanderzee Bradt 1673
Albany
Janetje Swart
2 Jul 1695
Schenectady, NY
9 Aug 1734
Albany, New York
5. Albert Stormse Vanderzee Bradt 1675 Hilletje Gansevoort
20 Jan  1706/07
9 Aug 1734
Albany, New York

.

Willem Ketelhuyn was born in 1665 in Ft. Orange, Albany, NY  His parents were Joachim Ketelhyn and Anna Willems.   About 1680, He married young widow Hilletie Lansing Vanderzee. She brought several Vanderzee children to the marriage which produced at least three more children. Over the next half century, he was a supporter and regular sponsor for baptisms at the Albany Dutch church.  Willem died in August 1746 and was buried in the cemetery of the Albany Dutch church.

Formerly a farmer in the employ of Marte Gerritse, William Jochemse took over management of the tavern Hilletie inherited from her late husband. Over the next two decades, their household was described on censuses and he was identified as an Albany mainstay. His tavern was located on the southside at the intersection of Beaver and Green streets.In 1700, it was used as lodging for garrison officers and their wives.  During the 1680s, Ketelhuyn purchased land north of Rensselaerswyck and east of the Hudson. That property became his farm. In 1713, following the death of Hilletie and his re-marriage to Maria De Ridder, he moved north to his farm. In 1720, he was identified as a freeholder of Rensselaerswyck. In 1734, he filed a will that stated he was a resident of Saratoga and the husband of Maria.

Children of Hilletje and Willem Ketelhuyn: :

Name Born Married Departed
6. Gerrit Van der Zee Ketelhuyn
7. Joachim Ketelhuyn 9 Nov 1684  Albany, Albany, NY Eva Mae Vrooman
25 Jun 1730 – Schenectady, Schenectady, New York
 Died Young
8. Storm Ketel 24 Jul 1687
Saratoga, Saratoga, New York,

Storm was the son of Albert Andriesz (son of Andries) Bratt, from Frederikstad, Norway. Storm was born on the voyage over in 1636, in the North Sea, during a storm. In later records he is frequently called  Storm Van Der Zee [Storm from the Sea]. The log of the Rinselaers Wijck [Arms of Rensslaerswyck] is still extant contains under the date of November 1 and 2 1636, the following interesting entries which are given in facsimile in the “Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts,”

November

Saturday 1. In the morning we veered toward the west and drifted north. The Wind S. W with rough weather and high seas. The past half day and entire night.

Sunday: 2. Drifted 16 leagues N. E. by E.; the wind about west, the latitude by dead reckoning 41 degrees, 50 minutes with very high seas. That day the overhang above our rudder was knocked in by severe storm. This day a child was born on the ship, and named and baptized in England Stoerm; the mother is Asnetie Baernts. This day gone.

His father settled on the stream just at the southern bounds of Albany, called after him the Normans Kill. Here was the Vale of Taswasentha, of Longfellow’s Hiawatha. Albert Bratt was a notoriously quarrelsome man. Tradition has it that Storm and he had a failing out, and Storm, in his dudgeon, dropped his father’s name and called himself thence forth Van der Zee, from the Sea, in which he had had his birth.

Growing up on the Normanskill, by the mid-1650s he was trading lumber, furs, and tobacco in New Amsterdam – probably on his father’s behalf. In 1662, he obtained a lot and then a house in Beverwyck. Thereafter, he settled in Albany – forming a number of trading partnerships, opening a tavern, and marrying Hilletie Lansing.

Running a tavern and other enterprises frequently brought him before the Albany magistrates. In February 1679, Storm and Hilletie filed a joint will. It stated that he was sick but she was well. He was listed on a census of householders made a month later. In May, another legal document stated that Storm Vanderzee had died at age forty-two. His two sons carried on the family name in the city of Albany.

Children

1. Anna Van Der ZEE (See Johannes BECKER‘s page)

4. Wouter Stormes Vanderzee Bradt

Wouter’s wife Janetje Swart was born about 1668. Her parents were Teunis Corneliuse Swart and Elizabeth Van der Lind. Jennetje died 1719, in Schenectady, Schenectady, New York.

5. Albert Stormse Vanderzee Bradt

Albert’s wife Hilletje Gansevoort was born 1679 in Albany, New York. Her parents were Harmen Gansevoort and Commertje Leendertse Conyn.

7. Joachim Ketelhuyn

Joachim’s wife Eva Mae Vrooman was born 7 Sep 1706 in Albany, Albany, NY. Her parents were Adam Vrooman (1649 – 1730) and Grietje Margrietje (Margarita) Heemstraat (1672 – 1730).

Adam Vrooman Bio from Genealogical and family history of northern New York : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth

Note: From the perspective of the Palatines, Conrad WEISER Sr was a hero.  From Adam Vrooman’s perspective, not so much.

Here’s the story from Weiser’s perspective.   The people had taken possession of Schoharie without informing the Governor of New York. In 1715, Hunter sent an agent, Adam Vrooman, to Schoharie, to make deeds for the Palatines, although the Mohawk had granted them the land.  The Palatines were resistant, and the land that the Germans had settled on in Schoharie was taken away and granted by Hunter  to seven rich merchants, four of whom lived in Albany, the other three in New York. The names of those in Albany were Myndert Shyller, John Shyller, Robert Livingston (the one with the 160,000 acre manor), Peter Van Brugken; of those in New York were George Clerk, at that time Secretary, Doctor Stadts, Rip Van Dam.

The German deputies were stripped of their titles, and the promise of free land by Queen Anne was ignored.  Hunter authorized a warrant for Weiser’s arrest, after Vrooman complained of mistreatment while in Schoharie, but Weiser escaped. This brought an uproar, and the Germans rebelled. They drove out the sheriff who was sent from Albany, and became increasingly hostile to the government.

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=284740&st=1

http://www.weekesfamily.org/baker/Becker,Jurrian.htm

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/vd/svdz.html

http://www.our-genealogy.com/houghtaling/ancestry-van-der-zee/storm-vander-zee.html#SAVDZCHLD

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=94014755

http://www.juch.org/gedpages/fam/fam03269.htm

http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/surnames/bradt.shtml

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Posted in 11th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw, Storied, Tavern Keeper | Tagged , , , | 8 Comments

Jan Juriaensen Becker

Jan Juriaensen BECKER (c. 1630 – 1697) was Alex’s 10th Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Jan Juriaensen Becker was born about 1630 in Amsterdam Holland,  His father was  Jurrian (Jeuriaen , George) BEKKER He was sent over by the West India Company.   When he was only 25, he served as a clerk at Fort Christina (renamed by the Dutch Fort Altena) on the Delaware River when the Dutch defeated the Swedes.   He arrived at New Amsterdam in 1653 on the ship “King Solomon“. He married Maria Cornelis ADRIAENS about 1660 while living in the Delaware River Colony.  After Maria died, he may have married Greetien Fonda on 9 Apr 1684.  Jan’s will was administered 16 Dec 1697 in Albany, NY.

Maria Cornelis Adriaens (Adriaensen) was baptized Sep 1643 in Goirle, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands. Her parents may have been Cornelis Daniel ADRIAENS and Adriana Joost DANIELS. Maria died before 1684.

Greetien Fonda was born in 1642 in Albany, NY. Her parents were Jiles Douwesz Fonda and Hester Jans.  Greetien died in 1689 or 25 Jan 1702 in Albany, Albany, New York

Children of Jan and Maria:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Jeuriaen Bekker bapt,
1 Sep 1660; New City, Rockland, NY
2. Johannes BECKER bapt.
3 Jun 1663 New Amsterdam,
Anna van der ZEE
17 Dec 1684 Albany, NY
1712
Albany, NY
3. Martina Becker c. 1670 Fort Orange (later Albany NY) Willem Hogan
3 Sep 1692
Albany, NY
 Jul 1736 Albany, NY

Jan was from Amsterdam and had a fair education, but here is no record of his having attended any of the universities.

In 1655 the West India Company resolved to reduce the Swedish colony on the Delaware by conquest. Director General Stuyvesant set sail with a fleet and bloodlessly took Fort Christina. Jan Becker [age 25] went with him and was posted as clerk of the colony.  In 1658 he was made provisional commisary or commander.

Model of Fort Cristina

Fort Casimir was a Dutch settlement in 17th century colonial province of New Netherland. It was located on a no-longer existing barrier island at the end of Chestnut Street in what is now New Castle, Delaware.   The trading post was named for Ernst Casimir of Nassau-Dietz, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe in the Netherlands.

Fort Casimir Woodcut

Following plans by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden to establish a Swedish colony in North America, the Swedes arrived in Delaware Bay on March 29, 1638 aboard the ships Kalmar Nyckel and Fogel Gripunder the command of Peter Minuit, the former director general of the New Netherland colony. They landed at a spot along the Christina River at the present site of Old Swedes Church in Wilmington. Minuit selected the site on the Christina River near the Delaware as being optimal for trade in beaver pelts with the local Lenape.

At the time, the Dutch had claimed the area south to the Delaware (then called “South River”). The Swedes claimed an area for the Realm of Sweden on the south side of the Delaware that encompassed much of the present-day U.S. state of Delaware, eventually including parts of present-day southeastern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey on the north side of the river.

The colony remained in constant friction with the Dutch. In 1651, the Dutch under Peter Stuyvesant established Fort Casimir at present-day New Castle, only 7 miles south of Fort Christina, in order to menace the Swedish settlement. In 1654, the Swedes captured Fort Casimir, but the following year in 1655, the Dutch took control of New Sweden, ending the official Swedish colonial presence in North America and renaming the fort ‘Fort Altena’. The land remained as part of New Netherland until it became part of the British Empire when an English fleet invaded the area in 1664.

Peter Stuyvesant led a Dutch force which retook the fort on 11 Sep 1655, renaming it New Amstel.  Subsequently, Fort Christina also fell on 15 Sep and all New Sweden came under the control of the Dutch.  John Paul Jacquet was immediately appointed Governor, making New Amstel the capital of the Dutch-controlled colony. In 1664, Stuyvesant peacefully surrendered control of all of New Netherland to the British. They gave the settlement yet another name, New Castle.

Historical markers near Harmony & 2nd streets in New Castle, DE state that Fort Casimir. was “100 ft to the east”  Where is that?   100 ft to the east is at the end of the concrete pavement that led to the ferry (1925-1952)

In 1660 a permanent commander was sent.  He found Becker insubordinate and engaged in violating the law by trading liquor to the Indiana for game. So Becker was brought to Manhattan tried before the  Burgomaster.   Jan was fined 300 guilders for selling liquor to the Indians. He proved the Fort’s new commandant also sold liquor and his fine was dismissed, though he was banished from South River.

The following account is based on information recorded in Documents Relative to the Colonial History of New York , Vol. 12, Dutch and Swedish Settlements at the Delaware River, Fernow, LoC Cat #: 71-93943. It displays a unique slice of life in that remote, rough and ready settlement on the shores of the Delaware River.

The Complaint

8 Nov 1659 – The first indication of trouble is a letter from William Beekman (Vice-Director of the South (Delaware) River portion of the New Netherland colony to Director-General Peter Stuyvesant at New Amsterdam, in which he complains about Jan Becker selling liquor to Indians and to soldiers on credit. This letter is dated .

14 Jan 1660 – In a letter from Beekman to Stuyvesant dated , the peeved Vice-Director describes Becker’s activity in more detail:

“…I have to inform your Noble Worship again of the irregularities of Jan Juriaen Becker in selling strong drinks. He incites the soldiers to drunkenness, as he offers to sell them brandy on account or to give them credit and some, principally of the new men, have already spent for drinks 2 or 3 months’ wages, before they have been here 6 or 7 weeks, while he takes their bond, wherein is set forth, that he had advanced such a sum for the necessities of life. I have secretly warned him not to do it, whereas they often come to the Fort at night singing and boisterous, also several times quarrels among them have been caused; nevertheless it was continued and I have finally been compelled, to forbid him not to sell any more strong drink by the small measure.

Yet it goes on still, although secretly. The said crediting has caused, that two soldiers, being drunk, burned a little Indian canoe, whereupon the natives threatened to set fire to a house or to kill some cattle, so that I was obliged to satisfy them immediately. Nor has he ceased to sell liquor to the natives, notwithstanding that I have several times reproved him for it, so that several difficulties have arisen by it, as on the 7th November, when 6 natives, being quite drunk, made a great commotion in the evening among Jan Becker’s neighbors, so that they came to me for assistance: while doing this act of hostility they took from Sander Boyer’s house his gun or the Honorable Company’s musket, which up to this time I have not been able to recover. The farmers have informed me, that these natives kept going to and from Jan Juriaensen’s house the whole afternoon. On the 18th of the same month, Pieter Mayer met far in the woods or bushes a native, who had with him a two-quart-measure full of liquor and said he had bough it from Johannis. The native requesting him to sit down and drink with him, he did so at different times. Next morning this native was found dead a little farther into the woods, the can with a little liquor in it lying near him: hereupon the natives threatened Johannis, as they call him, with death, they said that he had poisoned the native. The declaration of Pieter Mayer, that he had drank several times with him in the afternoon, when the native had bought the liquor, gave some satisfaction to the natives. They placed this dead native upon a hurdle and put it on four great prongs opposite to the house of Jan Juriaensen in the bushes. Some say, that, whereas he has drunk himself to death, he is not yet worthy of a grave, other natives say, that he must curse there the house, where he got the liquor; on the 12th of December, Jan Juriaensen with his wife and girl being at New Amstel, a native came to his house and knocked with a can, which he had with him; two of our soldiers’ wives, who live thereabouts, hearing this asked, what he wanted; he said: I bring back the can, which was fetched from here with liquor; he gave the can to the women and requested them to hand it to Johannis: this can was directly brought to me and I know the can very well, as Maria Becker has had it often with her in the canoe, when she went with me to New Amstel.

Nevertheless I have not been able to catch him again, since the soldiers are somewhat devoted to him for giving them liquor on credit and other reasons. I dare not let him come near to my papers, especially to copy letters and other things, for he is only a tell-tale: he does not perform any other service here, than to read aloud on Sundays, which I can have done by the Sergeant or any other. If your Honor required him at another place, I can, under correction, miss him here very well. …”

The Investigation

The governing council at New Amsterdam gave the following instructions to Nicasius de Sille, who was being sent to the South River to prosecute the murderers of some Indians who had been killed, which created a crisis:

“…Whereas at different times several complaints have reached our ears against Jan Juriaensen Becker and his wife in regard to the sale of brandy to the natives, whereby already several difficulties have been originated and more are to be apprehended, he shall, in presence of the gentlemen accompanying him, Mr. Paulus Lendertsen vad de Grist, Ex-Burgomaster and Jacob Backer, managing Scheepen of this City, inquire of the Commissary Beekman and others, whom it concerns and at the same time examine the said Commissary, why the said Jan Juriaensen Becker is not, for his assistance, employed as secretary or clerk, for which he was expressly sent and engaged. If he discovers any evidence, proof and sufficient reason for the one or the other he is to bring here the said Becker, that further proceedings and measures may be taken against him according to law and his deserts. …”

The Indictment

Indictment of and Proceedings against Jan Juriansen Becker for selling liquor to the Indians, and Papers connected with his case.

To their noble Worships, the Director-General and Council of New Netherland.

Honorable, Noble, very Worshipful Gentlemen,

Whereas Jan Juriaensen Becker of Amsterdam, residing outside of Fort Altena on the South River, has at present been brought here by the undersigned Fiscal, because he did not hesitate, contrary to the strict interdict and in contempt of the issued and repeated placats of Director-General and Council of N.N., to sell brandy to the natives, for which he has long been notorious, as the evidences extant thereof sufficiently prove, viz. the declarations by Bartolomeus Aertse, Jan du Parck, and Pieter Klaessen of 14th of October 1659, also the declarations of the 18th of November 1659 and of Janneke Baernts and Teuntje Jurriaens of the 12th of December 1659 further the affidavits of Jeams Andriesen and Mary Andriesen of the 7th of March of this year; and whereas this is a matter of very bad consequences, from which, as is found by experience, a great deal of mishap has resulted and more is to be expected, unless it be stopped and punished according to the placats as an example to others; therefore the Fiscal concludes ex officio, that Jan Jurriaensen Becker be brought to the place, where sentences are usually executed, be put there into the pillory with a brandy-measure around his neck and also be sentenced to pay a fine of five hundred guilders according to the Placats and to be banished this province, but be kept in prison provisionally, until your Honorable Worships’ sentence or finding shall be executed. Done at Fort Amsterdam, the 1st of April, 1660.

Your Honorable Worships’ servant,
Nicasius de Sille

The Plea

To Their Honorable, Noble Worships, the Director-General and Council of New Netherland

Honorable, Noble, Very Worshipful Gentlemen,

The defendant denies upon the true word of man, that in contempt of your Noble Honorable Worships’ placats he has sold brandy to the natives, much less made a profession of it whereby he should, since a long time, have become notorious; but it is thus, that the persons, who have declared and testified this of him through secret hatred and envy, they belong mostly to those, who deserve no or only little credence, to with Bartolomeus Aertse, Jean du Parck and Pieter Claessen are soldiers, who had been sent out by Mrs. Beekman with a native, having Mr. Beekman’s own can, to impose upon him, the defendant, pretending, that he had the consent of the said gentleman, to get brandy, which however he did not receive. Pieter Mayer is inclined to the party, as he himself makes it a profession to sell brandy to the natives, with which Mr. Beeckman is not unacquainted. Jannetje Barentsen is likewise not impartial, having at present a lawsuit with the defendant about a case of theft committed by her. Teuntje Jeuriansen is notoriously disreputable, as she has been in the service of disreputable people, for instance in that of Margareth Davits, alias the Scotch Woman, herself a known prostitute and keeping a thieves’ den. Jams Andriesen and Maria Andriesen, being … man and wife, have been forbidden by the former Swedish Commander, Jan Rysingh, to appear before his court on account of their troublesome and slandering talk. Consequently it is nothing but envy and villainy, with which they have tried to bespatter the defendant and to make him hated by your Honorable Worships; for having formerly by your Honorable Worships’ favor provisionally filled the position of Commissary, he is therefore until now considered as a chief by the natives and hence he is often given by the native Sachems a goose, a duck or a deer or a turkey, in return for which, it is true, the defendant never hesitated to give or present them a drink of brandy, but that only to such Sachems, as Meckeck Schinck, Wechenarent, Areweehingh and Hoppaming etc. whom neither Dutchmen nor Swedes disdain openly to provide with liquor or to drink with at the tavern, which is done so free, frank and open, as anything, that is allowed, can be done, consequently the defendant never conjectured, that he made himself liable to punishment thereby, the more so as such bartering, even the sale of brandy was there a common and necessary custom, as can be seen formt the annexed affidavit, and if the Honorable Fiscal had been pleased to inform himself more in this respect on the South River, he would most likely have found no or only few persons among the Dutch as well as the Swedish nation, who were exempt from (the charge of) selling liquor to the natives, because without it is hard to get provisions. The defendant prays therefore very humbly, that what has passed as related above may not be charged to him, an old servant of the Company, as a misdemeanor, but if there was nay wrong in it, that it might be graciously overlooked, as having been done in ignorance and not through contempt of your Noble, Honorable Worships’ placats and ordinances, while he promises to avoid in future this and all other mistakes.

Thus doing, etc., Amsterdam in N. Netherland, 12th of April, 1660.

Your Noble Honorable Worships’ obedient servant,
Jan Jeuriaens Becker

(attachment: an affidavit sworn by Rutgert Willemsen van Weesp, 45 years old, Jan Schottes of Amsterdam, 25 years old, and Jan de Widt from Seerdam, 24 years old, each having lived in the Colony of New Amstel on the South River of New Netherland, before Notary Public Matheus de Vos on the 12th of April, 1660).”

The Judgment

Jan Becker remained imprisoned waiting for the next sitting of the court on the 26th of April, when the following judgment was handed down:

“Whereas Jan Juriaens Becker, former Clerk and Reader in the service of the Honorable Priv. West-India Company at Fort Altena on the South River of New Netherland, has not hesitated, contrary to the strict interdict and in contempt of the repeatedly published placats of Director-General and Council of New Netherland, to sell and trade strong liquors to the natives, which is a matter of very bad consequences and influences, whereby at different times and places many mishaps have resulted and occurred and therefore can and must not be suffered, but must be punished as an example to others, Resolved that Director-General and Council of New Netherland after examination of the Fiscal’s complaint and the defendant’s, Jan Juriaensen Becker’s, own admission and confession and after consideration of everything, which has to be considered in this case, administer justice in the name of their High Mightinesses the Lords States-General of the United Netherlands and theh Noble Lords-Directors of the Priv. West-India Company, Department of Amsterdam, and sentence, as they hereby do, the aforesaid Jan Juriaensen Becker to the payment of a fine of five hundred guilders to be applied according to the tenor of the placats issued against the sale of liquor to the natives; they further degrade the said Becker from his office as Clerk and Reader and order, that as quickly as possible he and his wife break up their household and remove from the said South River, also pay the costs and expenses of law incurred hereby, while they reject the further complaint fo the Fiscal.

Done at Amsterdam in New Netherland, on the 26th of April, 1660.”

The Appeal

A fine of 500 guilders was no trivial thing for the colonists of the time, with a highly valued beaver pelt going for 80 guilders or so. In comparison, the fine for a typical misdemeanor offense, such as serving beer on Sunday (a charge that Jan Becker was later to be brought up on) was a mere 30 guilders. Facing financial ruination if forced to pay this heavy fine, Becker made one last appeal to Peter Stuyvesant along with a further affidavit attesting to the conditions at the South River colony:

“To the Noble, Very Worshipful Mr. Petrus Stuyvesant, Director-General and the Honorable Council of New Netherland,

Shows with due reverence Jan Jeuriansen Becker, that he, petitioner, has seen with great embarrassment of mind and grief the sentence pronounced against him by your Honorable Worships, which, if he has to satisfy it, will cause the total ruin of the petitioner. May it please your Honorable Worships to consider, that the petitioner has never thought of treating contemptuously the orders or placats of your Honorable Worships; but as the sale of strong liquors to the natives on the South River was carried on so publicly by high and low officers of the State, the petitioner also has now and then traded some for Indian corn and deer-meat to be used for food, without ever having made it a profession as others have done it. The Honorable Mr. Paulus Leendertsen van der Grift, Burgomaster, Jacobus Backer, Schepen of this City and several other inhabitants, as Jan de Jonge etc. who all have been on the South River lately, will be able to attest, if your Honorable Worships demand it, as likewise appears from the annexed affidavit, how publicly it was done there by Dutchmen and Swedes, even to the extent of whole ankers at one time, which misled the petitioner and made him believe, that it was rather permitted by your Honorable Worships and he therefore prays that in consideration of the above statement and the petitioner’s former conduct your Honorable Worships will please to excuse graciously the committed error and mercifully and compassionately prevent his total ruin, which doing he shall always be and remain,

Your Honorable Worships’ servant,
(signed) J. Becker
Done at Amsterdam in N. Netherland the 3rd of May, 1660.”

Mercy of the Court

Upon hearing Jan Becker’s appeal and considering the affidavit, which showed still more evidence that he was right concerning the widespread sale of liquor to the natives, the following decree was promulgated:

“The above petition was taken up and read and after deliberating upon it and considering the petitioner’s circumstances, the question having been put it was decreed:

The petitioner is for reasons relieved of the payment of the fine, provided that he arranges with the Honorable Fiscal for the costs and mises of the law.

Done at Amsterdam in New Netherland, the 3rd of May, 1660.”

Jan Becker, his wife Maria and young daughter would remain in New Amsterdam for another year or so. Jan obtaining a license to earn a living as a tavernkeeper, an occupation that would make him no stranger to the colonial magistrates.

While living in the Delaware River colony Schools, Directories & Church HistoriesJan Becker appears to have married Maria Adriaens, and to have had a daughter, perhaps the daughter Martina who afterwards married William Hogan, from Birr in Kings County, Ireland, a discharged British soldier and a tavern keeper of Albany, the founder of the Dutch Hogans.  On being returned to Manhattan, and out of his job with the Company for want of anything better to do (as he himself said in a petition to the Company) he opened a tavern. It was located just east of Bowling Green, on the part of Marketfield Street now covered by the produce Exchange. Not far away was the anchoring place and dock at Whitehall and Pearl Streets. Across the street was the Fort and in the fort was the church.

Jan’s tavern was on Marketfield Street, an L-shaped street running between Beaver and Broad streets. It is direct translation of the Dutch livestock market, Marcktveldt, which was in the vicinity of the present Battery Park between 1638 and 1647

On the fourth of August 1660, a Sunday, his son Jeuriaen was born, and there was a tapping of casks for the neighbors and midwives and a carousing. There followed a prosecution for disturbing the peace, and the services in church, and a fine. Not all went well with the tavern business. The visiting sailors were not always quiet. Too many patrons were trusted.

31 August 1660 – . Becker is fined thirty guilders because “he entertained people [in his tap house] after nine o’clock, and tapped during the sermon”; also ten guilders “for having behaved offensively to the officer.”

7 Sep 1660 –  “On the petition of Jan Juriaensen Becker endorsed: The court persist in the judgment by them pronounced.

Broadway and Marketfield in 1798.  Until 1830 or so, Marketfield Street extended west to the Hudson River, but the section west of Bowling Green was renamed Battery Place.

In 1663, Jan got in trouble again  for liquor selling at Greenbush, Rensselaerswyck, New York.

The following year he begged the Company for a job; if it could not be a clerkship, a license to teach school. The license the Company gave him and as there was a place or a schoolmaster at Fort Orange (Albany, NY) he removed there and continued to teach the three R’s to the youth of Albany thirty-six years, until his death in 1697.  He was schoolmaster for the youths at Beverwyck and “esteemed very capable that way, while Jacob Jooste Covelens was allowed for ye teaching of ye younger children.”

Albany, NY in 1686, Ink on mylar by L. F. Tantillo (1985).

Besides this he acted for years as the Notary Public, a position requiring not only the drafting of deeds, wills, contracts and the like but the pleading for clients of petty cases in court.

A variety of legal instruments, such as bonds, powers of attorney, contracts and bills of sale, indentures of service, assignments, leases, wills, marriage settlements and inventories of estates, which were executed before notaries Dirck van Schelluvne. Adriaen Jansen van Ilpendam and Jan Juriaensen Becker. Jan Becker was appointed on November 1, 1669.

On the chartering of the City Of Albany in 1686 he was the first treasurer, and in 1690 he served as Alderman. On his death he left little property but a will which was a notarial masterpiece,  longwinded and full of praise of his daughter Martina Hogan, and disparagement of his only surviving son, (our ancestor) Johannes, Jr.

Will of Jan Becker

In the name of God, Amen. In the year of our Lord 1694, the 31st of August, at Albany, being in the sixth year of the reign of William and Mary, king and queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defenders of the faith. I, the undersigned, Jan Becker, senior, residing in the aforesaid city, considering the frailty of life and the unknown hour of death, have thought fit not to depart hence without first disposing of my temporal estate granted me by the Almighty. Therefore, being hale and sound in body, going and standing, having the full possession an use of my mind, memory, understanding, sense and speech, as outwardly appears, and acting without the persuasion, inducement or misleading of anyone, but of my own free will and motion. I commend first and foremost my soul to the gracious protection of the Most High and my body to a Christian burial and hereby canceling, annulling and my rendering void all testamentary dispositions and bequest heretofore made, now make a new disposition as follows.

My son Johannes after my death shall receive first the sum of one hundred guilders seawan value, that is 50 shillings; he shall also have all of my linen and woolen [clothing] that has belonged to my body, not comprehending therein anything else. My daughter Martina shall have all my other movable estate, including my bed, sheets, blankets and other appurtenances; also all my credits and out standing claims, nothing whatever reserved or excepted.

My garden lying behind the old fort and now by me occupied shall be equally divided between my son and daughter, that is, each to have one-half; the debts which I shall leave being and my burial expenses and whatever is connected therewith shall be a lien upon my house and ground which I now possess, but it is my express will that my daughter shall not let the cost of the funeral and incidental expenses exceed thirty prices of eight at the most. My daughter shall have full ownership of the aforesaid house and ground belonging thereto, to do therewith as she pleases, in all respects as I in my life time might do, without her husband or anyone else having anything to say in the matter or making her do ought but what she intends to do, the same as about all other things which she by virtue of this will of mine shall inherit, but she shall be holden to turn over to her brother one hundred pieces of eight within three years after my death, a third part to be paid every year, all my debts and funeral expenses to be also at her charge. It is also my express will and desire that the aforesaid one hundred pieces of eight which I give to my son, shall not be taken attached, claimed or received by any of his creditors under any pretext whatever, but he shall receive and dispose of the same for his own benefit and use as he pleases.

Also, if either of my aforesaid children be not satisfied with the aforesaid provisions, he or she shall be deprived of what they other wise would have had, the same to in crue to the benefit of the one who is satisfied.

All that is herein before written, I declare to be my testamentary disposition and last will, which I desire to have full effect from the least to the most important article thereof, whether as will, codicil, gift in anticipation of death or among the living, or any other bequest of whatsoever nature it may be, notwithstanding that all the formalities required by law or laws of this province may not be fully observed herein, desiring that said laws may be held not to apply and be not enforced in this case, desiring that the most favorable construction may be allowed for the maintenance of what is herein before written. In witness of the truth of which I have deliberately signed, sealed and executed this on the said 31st of August 1694.

The reason why I apparently give more to my aforesaid daughter than to my son, is not that I bear less affection to him than to her, but because of the great service which from her youth onward she has faithfully rendered in the household and to her mother onward she has faithfully rendered in the household and to her mother in health and sickness, yes to the hour of her death, whereby she has saved much money, for which the mother my (wife) in her last hours promised a reward and recommended the same to me, and because since her mothers death she has, as occasion demanded, rendered me great service, to this day and undoubtedly will continue to do so; yes, I am in truth bound to say that without her diligence I could not have put my estate (small as the same may be) in so good a posture, all of which is not necessary for me to particularize, but is best known to me and after my death it is very apparent her brother will not or very little take into consideration.

Nevertheless, in consideration hereof, knowing that it is the truth and that though untoward circumstances I could not reward her according to her merit, I have given to her what is comprised in my aforesaid will.

Done in Albany, the 31st of August 1694.

Children

2. Johannes BECKER (See his page)

3. Martina Becker

Martina’s husband William Hogan was born in  Birr, King County (now County Offaly) Ireland about 1670. He emigrated to America before 1700. He was the patriarch of the Hogan family of early Albany.

In September 1692, he married innkeeper’s daughter Martina Becker in the Albany Dutch church. Over the next decade, five children were baptized at the Albany Dutch church. In 1714, he contributed to the building of St. Peter’s English church.

William Hogan probably came to Albany as a soldier and served in the garrison at the Albany fort. Following his marriage, he became an innkeeper – possibly in partnership with his father-in-law. He set down permanent roots in Albany. Over the next decades, he was a prominentAlbany personage – serving as juror, firemaster, assessor, constable, and high constable. He also found work as a surveyor. Assessment rolls for the early 1700s show him to be a quite wealthy resident who owned additional buildings in the first ward. He belonged to the Albany militia and several times joined with his neighbors in pledging allegiance to the Protestant King of England.

However, in 1699 and again in 1701, he was identified as one of those cited trading without possessing the freedom of the city.

In 1694, she was named co-exeuctor of her father’s estate. She also was singled-out as “a most devoted daughter [who] from her youth onward rendered great service in the household and to her mother.” Martina was bequeathed their house, half of the garden behind the fort, and most of her parents’ other personal property.

Hogan was an innkeeper and civil servant who utilized his wife’s property to become quite wealthy. The advantaged Martina appears to have been his active partner. Their first ward home was an early Albany landmark.

In September 1732, Martina filed a joint will with her husband. It declared that they both were in good bodily health and that they both were godfearing people. The will provided for their surviving children and grandchildren. It named seven surviving children, six grandchildren, and a number of slaves who were bequeathed to their now adult children. Martina Becker Hogan died in July 1736 and was buried in the Dutch church cemetery.   He died sometime before April 4, 1739 when the will passed probate.

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=4939865&st=1

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/b/jjbecker6030.html

http://www.our-genealogy.com/houghtaling/ancestry-becker/jan-j-bekker.html#JJBCHLD

http://www.crossmyt.com/hc/gen/chfmclc3.html#cx1392

Contributions for the genealogies of the first settlers of the Albany and Vicinity 1872

http://www.weekesfamily.org/baker/Becker,Jurrian.htm

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=143872075

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=154877187

http://riveroftime.info/BeckerTree/JanBeckerTrial.html

Documents Relative to the Colonial History of New York , Vol. 12, Dutch and Swedish Settlements at the Delaware River, Fernow, LoC Cat #: 71-93943.

Full text of “Early records of the city and county of Albany

Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw, Public Office, Storied, Tavern Keeper | Tagged , , , , , , , | 11 Comments

Johannes Becker

Johannes BECKER (1663 – 1712) was Alex’s 9th Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Johannes Becker (Bekker, Baker) was born 3 Jun 1663 New Amsterdam, New Netherland His parents were Jan Jurrianse BECKER and Maria Cornelis ADRIAENS He married Anna van der ZEE on 17 Dec 1684 in Albany, New York. Johannes died in 1712 Albany, New York.

Anna van der Zee was born 16 Jun 1665 in Albany, NY. Her parents were Storm Albertse Van Der ZEE (Bradt) and Hilletje LANSING. Anna died 19 Dec 1739 in Albany, NY.

Children of Johannes and Anna:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mariken Becker bapt
15 Nov 1685
Albany
Jan Harding
22 Dec 1706
Albany
2. Hilletje Becker bapt
23 Jan 1689
bef. Sep 1693
3. Johannes Becker bapt
4 Aug 1691
Cornelia Uzille
15 Oct 1714
17 Sep 1748
Schoharie, Schoharie, New York
4. Hilletje BECKER 10 Sep 1693 Albany, NY Hendrick Hendrickse Van WIE
11 Mar 1715 Albany, NY
23 Dec 1744
5. Storm Becker 19 Jan 1695
Albany, NY
Beerta Van Slyck
25 Jan 1726/27
.
Gertrude Klein
27 Nov 1735
Scoharie, New York
1773
Schoharie, NY
6. Gerrit Becker bapt
9 Oct 1698
Schoharie, NY
Ariaentje van der Karr
23 Oct 1726
7. Elizabeth Becker bapt
8 Jun 1701
Alexander (Sander) Van Woert
5 Oct 1735
Albany
8. Albertus Becker bapt
25 Dec 1703
Catharine van der Zee
17 Jan 1733
9. Annaatje Becker bapt
5 May 1706
10. Pieter Becker bapt
26 Sep 1708
Sara Slingerland
7 Feb 1733
Albany Reformed Church, Albany, New York
.
Annatie Vedder
24 Nov 1739 Schoharie Reformed Church, New York
Schoharie, NY

Johannes and his brother-in-law Willem Hogan operated  a tavern in Albany in the 1690’s.  His wife Anna also came from a tavern operating family.    A 1698 letter to Johannes Becker from Lieut. Matthew Shanks, sailing for England, includes a promise to pay in time his indebtedness for drinks. The back of the letter served for a reckoning of drinks served to the first citizens of Albany.

Shortly after 1700 Johannes removed to a farm on the Van Rensselaer patroonship, in the town of Bethlehem, near the hamlet once known as Becker’s Corners, now Selkirk.   It is probable that for some generations the Beckers had been city dwellers, burghers. Now they returned to the soil, and so continued until after the Revolution. This was, be it said, a step up, for a freeholder, or even a lessee on a manor paying a moderate quit rent ranked higher in social respect.

Children

Johannes Becker, Jr., and Anna had many, children, two of them being Johannes (the third), born in 1691, and Storm, born in 1696. When Johannes, Jr., died, about 1712 , Johannes, his son, became head of the family. He and his brother Storm achieved the ambition to be freeholders, un-beholden to the Van Rensselaers. Thirty-five miles west of’ the Hudson and beyond the bounds of Rensselaerswyck lay the fertile valley of the Schoharie.

About 1712, a flock of German refugees from the wars that had been ravaging the Rhenish country, from the Palatinate, had squatted there, and in time acquired titles from the land speculators who held patent from a grateful colonial governor. in 1724 Johannes and Storm Becker bought lands and a mill on Schoharie Creek, and settled there. These lands were very fertile.  In the time of the Revolution Washington referred to them as granary of the colony. The Beckers grew wealthy and locally influential. They raised large families of sons, and when the boys grew to manhood there were other good lands to be obtained.

The Schoharie Valley was colonized by the British in the early eighteenth century. However, the majority of the settlers were Dutch or Palatine Germans.

1. Mariken Becker

Mariken’s husband Jan Harding was born about 1681 in Albany New York.

3. Johannes Becker

Johannes’ wife Cornelia Uzille was born 2 Apr 1693 in Bushwick, Kings, New York. Her parents were a French Hoguenot named Pierre Uzille  and Cornelia Damen.  Peter’s  family from the neighborhood of Calais, whence his father David fled from persecution to Manheim, Germany, and later to Staten Island. Pieter Uziele was listed as a “nursing child” when his parents, David Usilie and Marie Casier emigrated to the New World on the Gilded Otter  in 1660. Pieter had been born 1659 in Mannheim, Germany. The Uzilles or Zellies still reside in Schoharie. Cornelia died 17 Sep 1748 in Pennsylvania.

Johannes’ son Abraham married his first cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Storm Becker. Their son Abraham Becker lived until 1815. During the Revolution he was a member of the Committee of’ Safety from Schoharie, the war-time governing body, and attended many meetings held at Albany. After the war, in 1784 and 1785, he was a member of the State Legislature and as such served on the Council for the Temporary Government of the Southern District, that is to say, New York City and Westchester, after the evacuation by the British. His life appears to have been that of a gentleman farmer. He had good lands and kept slaves, until New York emancipated them.

Abraham Becker had a son, Storm A. Becker. The practice was to designate the son’s paternity by the initial of the father’s name. I surmise the explanation lies in the fact that in 1780, he was a candidate for, and received, a commission as an Ensign in the Levies. He had an interest in military affairs and after the War continued in the Militia, rising to the rank of Brigadier General, in command of the Schollarie regiment. In those days militia regiments were far from trained for actual war service. Annually there was “general training”, a sort of grand jamboree and precursor of the county fair. Whether by reason of age or lack of qualifications, General Becker was not called on for service in the War of 1812 in any active capacity.

When the County of Schoharie was created in 1795, Storm A. Becker was appointed as the first Surrogate, and he was also a justice of the peace and member of the State Legislature. Looking at the records of the Assembly for 1800, he was one of those who voted against the bill to abolish dueling from which we may conclude that he was a gentleman of the old school.

4. Hilletje BECKER (See Hendrick Hendrickse Van WIE‘s page)

5. Storm Becker

Storm’s first wife Beerta Van Slyck was born 1697.  Her parents were Teunis Willemse Van Slyck and Jannetje Hendrickse Van Wie.  Her maternal grandparents were Hendrick Gerritse Van WIE and Eytje ARIAANSZ. Beerta died Nov 1735

Storm’s second wife Gertrude Klein was born 1712 in Albany, New York.   Her parents were Johann Herman Klein one of the Palatine refugees and Anna Magdalena [__?__].  Gertrude died in 1754.

6. Gerrit Becker

Gerrit’s wife Ariaentje van der Kar was born 3 Sep 1701 in Albany, Albany, New York. Her parents were Jan Dirkse Van Der Karr and Feytje Claasen Van Schaick.  Ariaentje died 19 Dec 1739 – Kinderhook, Columbia, New York.

7. Elizabeth Becker

Elizabeth’s husband Alexander (Sander) Van Woert was born in 1697 in Albany, New York.  His parents were Rutger Jacobse Van Woert and Elisabeth Willemse Groesbeck.

8. Albertus Becker

Albertus’ wife Catharine van der Zee was his first cousin.  She was born 1 Jan 1709 – Albany, Albany, New York. Her parents were Wouter Storm Van Der Zee and Jannetje Swart. Her grandparents were Storm Albertse Van Der ZEE (Bradt) and Hilletje LANSING.

10. Pieter Becker

Peter’s first wife Sara Slingerland was born Jul 1700 in Albany, New York.  Her parents were Arent Slingerland and Gertruy van Vorst Oct. Sara died before Nov 1739.

Peter’s second wife Annatie Vedder was baptized 21 Jun 1713 at Albany Reformed Church.  Her parents were Johannes Vedder and Maria Van Der Fort.  Annatie died in 1742 in New York.

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=3181072&st=1

http://www.crossmyt.com/hc/gen/chfmbct2.html#chart348

http://www.crossmyt.com/hc/gen/chfmbchb.html#b696

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/7905713/person/-695880629

http://www.weekesfamily.org/baker/Becker,Jurrian.htm

http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~legends/becker.html

Posted in 11th Generation, Line - Shaw, Tavern Keeper | Tagged | 5 Comments

Hendrick Gerritse Van Wie

Hendrick Gerritse Van WIE (1650 -1691) was Alex’s 9th Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hendrick Gerritse Van Wie was born about 1646 in Netherlands; His father was Gerrit Van WIE.  He came to New Netherlands on the ship “de Endracht (Unity or Concord) which sailed from Holland on 17 Apr 1664 arrived New Amsterdam 19 Jul 1664, Captain Jan Bergen. .   Although neither he nor Gerrit Van Wie are mentioned on the ships list of passengers, it was noted that a Hendrick Van Wie paid 60 guilders to captain, and worked on ship to pay for his voyage over to New York State.

Van Wie Point Monument

Hendrick lived near Beverwyck (Albany) for the rest of his life.  He married Eytie ARIAANSZ about 1675.    He made his will in 1690, wherein he spoke of a wife and eldest son Gerrit.  He was one of the members of the expedition against Fort La Prairie in the French and Indian War; was wounded while attacking the fort and died as a result.   Hendrick died about 1691 in Albany NY.

Painting of Van Wie's Point

Eytie Ariaansz was born about 1654 in Albany, NY.   After Hendrick died, she married Andries Jacobsz Gerdenier on 13 Nov 1692 in Albany. Eytie died in 1704 in Albany, NY.

Andries Gardenier was born in 1658 in Albany, Albany, New York. His parents were Jacob Janse Gardenier and Josyna [__?__]. Andries died 1717 in Kinderhook, Albany, New York.

Children of Hendrick and Eytie:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Gerrit Hendricksz Van Wie 1676
Albany, NY
Anetje Casparse Conyn
17 Nov 1698 Albany
20 Dec 1746
Albany
2. Jannetje Van Wie 1678
Albany, New York
Teunis Willemse Van Slyck
5 Feb 1695/96
Albany
 4 Nov 1746
Coxsackie, Albany, New York,
3. Geesje Van Wie 1680
Albany, NY
Conrad Hendrickse Burghardt
12 Nov 1693
DRC, Kinderhook, Columbia, NY
4. Arientje Van Wie 1682
Albany, NY
Maes Hendricksen Van Buren
17 Sep 1699
Albany
3 Feb 1706
5. Alida Van Wie 1684
Albany, NY
6. Catrina Van Wie 1688
Albany, NY
John ‘De Bruer’ Hendrickse Burghardt (Bogaert)
5 Apr 1707
Kinderhook, Columbia, NY
7. Annatie Van Wie 1685
Albany, New York
8. Jan Hendrickse Van Wie 18 Aug 1686
Albany, NY
Catharine Huyck
c. 1708
Albany, NY
9. Hendrick Hendrickse Van WIE 17 Mar 1689 Albany, NY Hilletje BECKER
11 Mar 1715 in Albany, NY
20 Dec 1746

.
Children of Eytje and Andries Gardenier

Name Born Married Departed
10. Andries Gardenier 22 Oct 1693
Albany, NY
Josyna Gardenier (1st cousin)
31 Dec 1715 Albany, New York
Dec 1760
Kinderhook, New York,
11. Jacob Gardenier 1695
Albany, Albany, NY
12. Arie Gardenier 14 Aug 1698
Albany, NY
Lysbeth Van Slyck
8 Jan 1723

Hendrick Gerretse Van Wie, ancestor of Van Wie family, came to New Netherlands on ship “de Endracht (Unity) which sailed from Holland on 17 April 1664. Arrived at colony on or before 29 Aug 1664 as shown by receipt of his passage money among Rensselaerswych manuscripts in N.Y. State Library.   It’s interesting that the ship arrived in Rensselaerswyck  (Albany) instead of Manhattan.  The receipt of his passage money is included among Rensselaerswych manuscripts in N.Y. State Library.

‘I, the undersigned, acknowledge the receipt of Jeremias van Rensselaer of eighty guilders in beavers, or 8 whole and 4 half beavers, on account of Hendrick Gerretse van Wie, for his passage in the ship de Eendracht. This 29th day of August anno 1664, in Rensselaerswyck. Signed Jan Bergen, skipper of the ship de Eendracht.’

Van Wie Point and Dock

‘Hendrick Gerritsen Van Wie occupied a farm called Domine’s Hoeck, now known as Van Wie’s Point, as early as May 1, 1672, being charged from that date until 1 May 1, 1675 with rent of f50 per year, for Dominees Hoeckje and Bevers Eylandt.’  He built a house in Beverwyck (Albany)  in 1679 on the Town Road at Van Wie’s Point.  Van Wies Point Road is now right on the Hudson near Glenmont [not Glenmont Street] and Bethelhem, NY.

Van Wie's Pt Hudson River

View Google Map of Today’s Van Wie’s Point

Employed on various farms after arrival as these entries on account book show:

June 1670 & April 1673 paid for thatching the barns of Pieter Meesz and Jan Van Nes. And for doing others things with ‘kneghts’ (farmhands) miscellaneous work on latter’s farm.

13 Oct  1679 charged with 4 year’s rent from May 1st, 1676 to May 1st, 1679 at 50 guilders a year of farm called Domines Hoeck, now known as Van Wie’s Point, which was later leased to Ryck Rutgersen.

13 Oct 1679 charged with 30 merchants beavers for purchase of the (? word destroyed) according to July 19th, 1679 contract and with 6 beaver for 20 pine boards and the lumber of the old house of Eldert (Gerbertsen Cruy) at Bethlehem. Indicating that he bought land on which intended to build a house.

In 1691 Pieter Schuyler petitioned the governor for the relief of Hendrick Gerritse, “a volunteer in the late expedition to Canada, who was desperately wounded at Paray in Canada and was cared for at the house of the widow of Jacob Tys Van Der Heyden.”

Battle of La Prairie

During the summer of 1691 a force led by Major Peter Schuyler invaded the French settlements along the Richelieu River south of Montreal. Callières, the local French governor, responded by massing 700-800 French and allies at the fort at La Prairie, on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Schuyler surprised the much larger French force in a rainstorm just before dawn on August 11, inflicting severe casualties before withdrawing towards the Richelieu. Schuyler’s force might have remained intact but instead was intercepted by the force of 160 men led by Valrennes that had been detached to block the road to Chambly. The two sides fought in vicious hand-to-hand combat for approximately an hour, before Schuyler’s force broke through and escaped.

The French had suffered the most casualties during Schuyler’s initial ambush, but the casualties the Albany force suffered after Valrennes’ counterattack meant that they had incurred the greater proportion of loss. Instead of continuing his raids, Schuyler was forced to retreat back to Albany.

The battle was also the subject of a 19th-century poem by William Douw Schuyler-Lighthall.

Hendrick made his will about 1690 in which he is described as being ‘quite infirm’ and according to affidavit of the witnesses he died in that year. On November 13th, 1692, his widow, Eydje Airiaansz, marrried at Albany Andries Jacobsz Gardeneir.

Eydje’s second marriage is based on documents in NY colonial manuscripts. The last of these is a petition for an allowance presented by Henry Gerritse to the Council on October 15th, 1692 after the alledged death of Van Wie and but a few weeks before the marriage of his widow. Evidently documents relate to another man.”

The following is the will of Hendrick van Wie:

God be praised in the highest. Hendrick van Wie, being quite infirm, but in full possession of his mind, walking and standing, has declared to us his last and desire as follows:

First, Hendrick van Wie wills that his wife shall remain in full possession of his estate so long as she lives, on condition that she bring up the children to the best of her poor ability, and after her death the lawful heirs begotten of them shall share alike, except that the eldest son shall first of all have a horse. But whenever his wife shall marry again, an inventory shall be made of all there is, in order that the estate be not diminished. In witness hereto he has signed with his own hand.

This is the X mark of Hendrick van Wie
This is the X mark of Gerrit Gysbertse
II 1 by me Pieter WINNE

There appeared before mee Jonathan Cuyler and Peter van Brugh Esq. Justices of ye Peace Gerrit Gysbertse and Helmer Janse of ye County of Albany aforesaid wittnesses as above written who declare upon ye body Evangelist that some time about ye year of our Lord 1699 they saw ye signing of above mentioned Instrument by Hendrick van Wie of ye said County as his last will or Testament who Dyed in ye year 1699 as aforesaid.

Albany y 3d of June 1701

Then appeared before me Johannis Cuyler & Peter van Burgh Esq. Justices of y Peace Gerrit Gysbertse & helmer Janse of y County of Albany aforesaid witnesses as above written who declare upon y holy Evangelist that some time about y year of our Lord 1690 they saw signing of y abovementioned instrument by hendrik van wie of y said County as his last will or Testament who Dyed in y year 1690 as aforesaid.

Johannis Cuyler Justice
Peter van Brugh Justice
Recorded y 8th of octob. 1701

Children

1. Gerrit Hendricksz Van Wie

Gerrit’s wife Anetje Casparse Conyn was baptized 1689 in Reformed Dutch Church, Albany, New York. Her parents were Casper Conyn and Aletta Winne.  Her grandparents were Pieter WINNE I and Tannatje Adams. Anteje died 20 Mar 1746 in Albany, Albany, New York.

Hendrick the immigrant built a house in 1679 on the Town Road at Van Wie’s Point. This area is now part of the town of Bethlehem, New York. This early house was replaced in 1732 with the “Van Wie House” which was built by Hendrick Van Wie, grandson of above mentioned Hendrick. His parents were Gerrit and Annatje (Conyn) Van Wie. The new house located on Town Road near William Gibson Road at Van Wie’s Point has housed six generations of the Van Wie family.

Van Wie Home Built by Hendrick's grandson in 1732.

The main portion of this house faces east and stands on ground that slopes from north to south. The slope of the ground occasioned a basement and also high steps up to the front door. Built of brick, the main structure has portholes and a granary door in the north gable. In both gables are iron beam-anchors in the shape of a fleur-de-lis. A wing of the stone house at the rear may have been the original dwelling, antedating the house of 1732. Neighborhood tradition tells of a stone building for slaves’ quarters, which formerly stood near by. Occupation in recent years (1929) by tenants of the laboring class has altered the house in many details. In 1929, the house was owned by the Knickerbocker Ice Company.

Hendrick Van Wie House Source: Library of Congress

In the 1930’s or 1940’s the roof caved in due to neglect.

Hendrick Van Wie House 3 Source: Library of Congress

The house was built with Holland bricks.  Ships would arrive in Albany ballasted with bricks.  The bricks would be exchanged for valuable beaver pelts for the voyage home.

This view of the northeast corner shows a connection to a brick addition at right. Wall anchors indicating a timber frame in the bricks are visible here and in other locations.

The kitchen was half a story down from the main level.

Van Wie Home Write up

2. Jannetje Van Wie

Jannetje’s husband Teunis Willemse Van Slyck was born 1665 in Albany, Albany, New York.  His parents were William Pieterse Van Slyke, of Amsterdam and Baertje Nieffens. Teunis died Nov 1748 in Coxsackie, Greene, New York.

He settled on a large tract of land in Greene county, and one mile south of New Baltimore built, in 1713, the stone mansion which was long the family seat. His family Bible, printed by hand, 1515-18, said to be the oldest printed Bible on earth, is owned by a descendant in Saginaw, Michigan. Children: Hendrick, Ida, Andries, Gerrit, of further mention, Pieter, Alida, Dirck, Agnietje, Willem.

3. Geesje Van Wie

Geesje’s husband Conrad Hendrickse Burghardt was born about 1670 in Claverack, Albany [now Columbia], NY. His parents were Hendrick Coenraetse Burghardt and Marya Janse Van Hoesen. Conrad died Abt. 1750 in Sheffield [now Great Barrington], Hampshire [now Berkshire] Co., Mass.

Conrad’s father was a commissioner for the Dutch West India company, and a resident of New Amsterdam before 1654, and afterward of Fort Orange and Beaverwyck. He was interested in shipping, and bought considerable real estate in the village and vicinity of Fort Orange, and also half the island opposite, which after his death, about 1667, was sold to Jeremiah Van Rennselaer.  On June 5th, 1662, he bought from the Indians, for five hundred guilders, in beavers, several hundred acres along the Hudson river, in the vicinity of Claverack, including the site of the present city of Hudson.

1699 Oath of Allegiance  – The name of Koenradt Bogart of Kinderhook was listed among the names of those pledging allegiance to King William of Orange.

Dec 1702 –  Conrad and some of his neighbors, were summoned to appear before the Governor and Council, in the City of New York, and answer the charge of having employed Paulus Van Vleck, a religious teacher, who had been forbidden to preach by the former.  As the season was unfavorable for traveling, Mr. Burghardt petitioned that the matter be postponed until spring, but it was not granted, so he, with the others, journeyed to New York, appearing before the proper authorities on March 11th, 1703, “acknowledged their error, and, submitting themselves thereon, were discharged, with a caution to be more careful for the future.”

1720 List of Freeholders of the City and County of Albany  The names of Coonrodt Burgaret and his brother, John Burgaret, of Kenderhook were included in this list.  Also listed in the 3rd Ward of Albany were: Isaac Borghaert, Cornelis Borghaert, Jacob Borghaert, and Jacob Borghaert, Junr. Isaac was undoubtedly a brother of Coonrodt and Jan; and the consistent spelling of the surname leads me to speculate that Cornelis and Jacob were probably also brothers [or relatives].

Conrad acted on behalf of the settling committee of Housatonic Colony [now the area around Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA] to buy the land from the Indians in or before 1724. He became a prominent landholder in the Upper Township of Sheffield [now Great Barrington] and raised a large family.

Location of Great Barrington in Berkshire County, Massachusetts

Conrad helped found Great Barrington, Berkshire, Massachusetts in 1726

‘Of the first settlers of Great Barrington, a majority were English, several of them from Westfield and that vicinity, a few more Dutch from the state of New York. We are unable to determine the towns from which some the families removed to this place. The earliest settlers of the town, south of the bridge, were Coonrod Burghardt; Samuel Dewey; Samuel Dewey, Jun’r; Asahel Dewey; Thomas Dewey; John Granger; Samuel Harmon; Moses Ingersoll; David King; Stephen King; Moses King; Israel Lawton; Joseph Noble; Thomas Pier; John Phelps; Joshua Root, Joseph Sheldon; Samuel Suydam; Lawrence Suydham; Joshua White; Samuel Younglove; Samuel Younglove, Jr. Most of these settled here from 1726-1730; it is probable that none of them came later than 1733. Above the bridge, the forty proprietary rights in the Upper Township were, in 1742, owned by sixteen individuals, several of whom were non-residents.

Both Coonrod Burghardt and his younger brother, John ‘De Bruer’ Burghardt were proprietors of land rights when the Upper Township [1722-1742] was finally laid out. Coonrod had 6 rights [2,400 acres]; and John had 4 rights [1,600 acres].

Mr. Burghardt was extensively engaged in the fur trade, with the Indians, along the New England path, which extended from Albany to Boston, and passed through Kinderhook and the southern part of the Housatonic valley, which he had undoubtedly explored at an early date, and he was on friendly terms with them and familiar with their language and customs.

In the spring of 1717 he and Elias Van Schaick applied to the Governor of New York for a license to purchase a tract of four thousand acres of land, south-east of Kinderhook, and west of the Westenhook patent, which latter included a large part of the Housatonic valley.

The land was laid out in the fall of the same year, by a government surveyor, but it was immediately claimed by Henry Van Rennselaer, of Claverack Manor, upon the strength of an alleged prior patent, and this circumstance was followed by a controversy, which continued many years, and finally resulted unfavorably for Mr. Burghardt, however, it was probably in consequence of this that he connected himself with the New England settlers, in the Housatonic valley, which alliance proved of great benefit to himself and his posterity, In 1724 he was employed by the Settling Committee, of the Housatonic Colony, to purchase, from the Indians, land in the southern portion of Berkshire County, for the formation of the Housatonic townships, and he was so successful that he reduced the money value from 1,200 pounds, the price asked, to 460 pounds, the price given.

On April 25th, 1724, Konkapot and twenty other Indian owners, met the committee at Westfield, Massachusetts, Mr. Burghardt acting as interpreter, and he was also one of the witnesses to the deed, which the former gave to the latter, with certain reservations, to a tract of land extending four miles east of the Housatonic River, bounded on the south by the Connecticut line, north on “Ye great mountain, known by ye name of Man-ska-fee-hunk,” supposed to be Rattlesnake Mountain, in Stockbridge, and west on the New York line, which at that time had not been permanently settled.

In 1725 the committee engaged Mr. Burghardt to measure the distance from the Hudson to the Housatonic rivers, at the nearest point, in the vicinity of the Housatonic Townships, but he was caused much annoyance by the Westenhook patentees, who claimed a large portion of Berkshire County. The history of this patent, which is too long to repeat here, was granted by the Governor of New York, which state, at an early period, before the line was established, claimed the western end of Massachusetts as far east as the Connecticut River. Mr. Burghardt went to Albany, and engaged a surveyor, but, as he did not appear on the appointed time, Mr. Burghardt again visited Albany, when he learned that the man had been bribed by the Westenhook patentees; he then went to Schnectady and employed another, but this one also disappointed him, for the same reasons, but nothing daunted, he went eighty miles farther, to Kings Township, and there secured the services of a third, by paying 5 pounds New York currency, and, with the assistance of Mr. Burghardt and one of his sons, the surveyor measured the line.

In 1726 some of the settlers in the Housatonic Townships were molested, and sued as trespassers, by the Westenhook patentees, and lost their suits in Albany. The Settling Committee requested Mr. Burghardt to give bonds, for the damages and costs, which he did, and in consequence he had the trouble and expense of several trips to Albany and Westfield, and eventually paid 70 pounds to satisfy his bonds.

Later he was employed by the committee to purchase a tract of land north of the Housatonic Townships, and for seventeen days he entertained “with great fatigue and trouble,” at his home in Kinderhook, thirty-one Indian owners, who came from the Susquehannah country, in Pennsylvania. In 1741 Mr. Burghardt petitioned the General Court of Massachusetts for reward for his services, in connection with the colonization of Southern Berkshire county, relating the various details pertaining to them, and although they showed that he had received some compensation, the presented him, in 1742, a tract of two hundred acres of land, in Richmond, north of Great Barrington. He removed from Kinderhook to the Housatonic settlement a little later than 1730, bringing nearly all his children with him. “The mansion house of the Burghardts, a log, Dutch looking structure, with a long sloping roof to the south,” was near the corner, north of the Mahaiwe or south cemetery, upon a plot of several acres. It was occupied by the Burghardts for about one hundred years, and was torn down about 1840.

Besides the house lands, he owned the meadow, now the Agricultural Grounds, two hundred acres in the town of Richmond, and several thousand acres of the finest lands in the present town of Great Barrington and Egremont, some being on the banks of the Green River. His six rights, of four hundred acres each, in the Upper Housatonic Township, he transferred as follows: Two to his son-in-law, Isaac Van Deusen, in 1743; three to his sons, Peter and Jacob, in 1746, and one to his son Hendrick, at an earlier date.

4. Arientje Van Wie

Arientje’s husband Maes (Maas) Hendricksen Van Buren was born 1665 in Albany, Albany, New York. His parents were Martin Van Buren and Elizabeth Van Slyck. Maes died 12 Apr 1734 in Schodack, Columbia, New York.

6. Catrina Van Wie

Catrina’s husband John ‘De Bruer’ Hendrickse Burghardt (Bogaert) was born 1658 in Albany, Albany, New York. He was Conrad’s younger brother and his parents were Cornelius Corneliszn Bogaert and Dirkje Pieterse Colymans. Jan died in 1764 in Kinderhook, Columbia, New York.

Both Coonrod Burghardt and his younger brother, John ‘De Bruer’ Burghardt were proprietors of land rights when the Upper Township of Great Barrington  [1722-1742] was finally laid out [see p. 26]. Coonrod had 6 rights [2,400 acres]; and John had 4 rights [1,600 acres].

‘John Burghardt [alias John De Bruer], said to have been called De Bruer by reason of his having been formerly engaged in brewing, and perhaps also to distinguish him from others of the same name, was originally from Kinderhook. He had settled, at an early date, above the mountain, in Stockbridge, but when that township was set apart for the Indians, he exchanged his possessions for four rights below the mountain and removed thither about 1736-1737. He settled where Deacon George Beckwith for a long time, and more recently Thomas H. Curtis, resided, on the road to Stockbridge. Here he had a home lot of two hundred acres and large tracts of meadow land along the river.

Mr. Burghardt was deceased before 1770, and his son, John, commonly known by this military title of ‘Ensign,’ built the Beckwith house, it is believed in 1773. Ensign John Burghardt was a man of character and influence, often serving the town in public offices and committees. He married, before the Revolution, Eleanor, daughter of Israel Dewey. His children were Andrew, who is said to have occupied the old Levi Hyde place; Hugo, a distinguished physician of Richmond; Catherine; and Lambert, who removed to Kinderhook, and who was the grandfather of the late Garrett Burghardt, Esq., of Van Deusenville. Ensign John Burghardt, perhaps seventy years ago, removed to Richmond and spent the latter years of his life with his son, Doctor Hugo Burghardt.’

In the Name of God, Amen, March 30, 1764

I, JAN BORGHART, of Kinderhook, in Albany County. “I leave to my eldest son, Hendrick, my large Dutch Bible and my cane, with silver head on, in right of his Primogeniture.” I also leave to my son, Hendrick, the 2 lots of land at Sheffield, in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, situate on the east side of
Housatonic river, and on the east side of the mountains, and now in his possession. I leave to my grandson, Jan Borghart, all the rest of my estate in Sheffield and Great Barrington, except 400 acres of wood land, which I leave to my granddaughter, the daughter of my son Hendrick. I leave to my grandson, Jan, a negro woman. I leave to my grandson, Lambert, son of my son Hendrick, 1/2 of all the right I now have in a tract of land I bought of Rykert Hansen, on the south side of Kinderhook, as by deed. Also 1/2 of my right in a stream, water course and sawmill, at a certain place called Poten Hoek, near Kinderhook, in partnership with Robert Van Dusen, with all the tools. I leave to the children of Fytie, wife of Andrew Kittell, deceased, all my real and personal estate in Kinderhook, and my right in the Town Patent, being 1/30. Also 1/2 of my right in the land bought of Rykert Hansen, and 1/2 of my right in the sawmill and stream at Poten Hoek. Also 2 negroes. I leave to my daughter, Eytie, widow of John Moore, late of Claverack, £200 out of the estate I have given to the children of my daughter, Fytie. I leave to my granddaughter Anna, who now lives with me (daughter of my son Hendrick) £35 and 2 cows. I leave to the children of my daughter, Maria, late wife of Jurge Van Hoesen, a negro man. To Jan, the son of my daughter, Fytie Kittell, my gun. My son-in-law, Andrew Kittell, is to have charge of my estate while he remains a widower and no longer. I make my grandsons, Jan and Lambert Borghart, and Peter B. Vosburgh, executors. As for my negro ‘Piet,’ I give him free of being anybody’s negro.

Witnesses, Lauris Goes, John Van Alstine, Laurens Van Dyck.
Proved, October 1, 1764… Abstracts of New York City Wills – Volume 6 page 350 … New York City Wills – Liber 24 page 495

8. Jan Hendrickse Van Wie

Jan’s wife Catharine Huyck was born 1683 in Albany, Albany, New York. Her parents were Andries Hanse Huyck and Catrym Lambertse Van Valkenburg. Catharine died 3 Sep 1748 in Albany, Albany, New York.

9. Hendrick Hendrickse Van WIE (See his page)

10. Andries Gardenier

Andries’ wife Josyna Gardenier, Andries’ first cousin was born 5 Nov 1691 in Kingston, Tryon, New York. Her parents were Hendrick Gardenier and [__?__]. Josyna died Oct 1756 in Kinderhook, New York.

12. Arie Gardenier

Arie’s wife Lysbeth Van Slyck was born 2 Feb 1690 in Kinderhook, Columbia, New York.

Sources:

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/vw/hegvwie6571.html

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=34366629&st=1

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/b/u/r/Milbrey-O-Burgett/GENE1-0031.html

http://www.schenectadyhistory.org/families/hmgfm/vanwie.html

http://home.inreach.com/burghart/vanwie.html

https://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/vw/hegvwie6571.html

Dutch Settlers Society of Albany, 1929-30 Yearbook, p. 34

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=34366629

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=33653440

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ny0023/

http://www.simonhoyt.com/vanwie.html

Posted in 11th Generation, Artistic Representation, Historical Monument, Historical Site, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw, Missing Parents, Place Names, Veteran, Violent Death | Tagged , , , , | 14 Comments

Hendrick Hendrickse Van Wie

Hendrick Hendrickse Van WIE (1689 – 1744) was Alex’s 8th Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hendrick Hendrickse Van Wie was born in 17 Mar 1689 Albany, NY . His parents were Hendrick Gerritse Van WIE and Eytje ARIAANSZ  He married Hilletje BECKER on 11 Mar 1715 in Albany, NY.  Hendrick died 20 Dec 1746.

Hilletje Becker was born 10 Sep 1693 in Albany, NY.  Her parents wereJohannes BECKER and Anna VAN DER ZEE. Hilletje was buried 23 Dec 1744.

Children of Benjamin and Ida:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Hendrick Hendrickse Van Wie 20 Jan 1717
Albany, NY
Johanna Gardinier
c. 1746
Albany, NY
1806
Albany
2. Antje Van Wie 28 Jun 1719
Albany, NY
Albert Wouterse Van Der Zee
1 May 1741
Albany
3. Ariantje Van Wie 5 Nov 1721
Albany, NY
Died Young
4. Ariantje (2) Van Wie 22 Jan 1724
Albany, NY
5. Johannes Van Wie 3 Jul 1726
Albany, NY
6. Eytje (Ida Ita, Eitje, Eida, Yta or Eita) Van WIE (Weyen) 15 Sep 1728 in Albany, NY Benjamin TURK
c. 1741 in Kingston, Ulster New York
7. Elizabeth Van Wie 8 Aug 1731
Albany, NY
Died Young
8. Maria Van Wie 1 Sep 1734
Albany, NY
Died Young
9. Catharyna Van Wie 7 May 1738
Albany, NY
Died Young

Children

1. Hendrick Hendrickse Van Wie

Hendrick’s wife Johanna Gardinier was born 1723 in Kinderhook, Columbia, New York.

Hendrick  was a resident of Van Wie’s Point, on the Hudson, about eighty miles below Albany, and in 1774 removed to Palatine, Montgomery County, New York where he purchased land of Jellis Fonda [Peter WINNE I's son-in-law]  The deed for this land is a choice heirloom in the family, who jealously guard it. He did not remain in Palatine, but returned to Van Wie’s Point, where he died an old man.

2. Antje Van Wie

Antje’s husband Albert Wouterse Van Der Zee was born 20 May 1716 in Albany, New York. His parents were Wouter Storm Van Der Zee and Jannetje Swart. His grandparents were Storm Albertse Van Der ZEE (Bradt) (1663 – 1712)  and Hilletje LANSING.

Antje and Wouter were cousins once removed.   Antje’s grandmother Anna Van Der Zee and Albert’s father Wouter Storm were siblings.

4. Ariantje (2) Van Wie 22 JAN 1724

6. Eytje (Ida Ita, Eitje, Eida, Yta or Eita) Van WIE (Weyen) (See Benjamin TURK‘s page)

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=34366651

http://www.our-genealogy.com/houghtaling/ancestry-van-wie/hendrick-h-van-wie.html

http://www.schenectadyhistory.org/families/hmgfm/vanwie.html

http://www.simonhoyt.com/h-linage/g146.html#I2932

Posted in 10th Generation, Line - Shaw | Tagged , , | 4 Comments

(Johann) Friedrich Merkle

(Johann) Friedrich MERKLE (1669 – 1735) was Alex’s 9th Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Location of Palatinate in Rhineland-Palatinate

(Johann) Friedrich Markle was born in 1669 in Bayern, Pfalz, Germany. The southern part of what is today the German State of Rheinland-Pfalz was actually once part Bavaria. Historically, this area has been known as as the “Rheinpfalz”, “Rhennish Pfalz”, “Rheinbayern” or “Palatinate” region. His parents may have been Hendrick Felix MERKLE and Eva SPRANGER. The father/son relationship between Felix and Friederich Merckel is highly speculative and is supported solely by the fact that Ellsabetha (Merckel) Würth, daughter of Felix Merckel, was sponsor at the baptism of Friederich’s daughter Elisabetha in 1704. (See discussion below)

Friedrich married Anna [Magdalena Schuettendubel?] in 1690 in Bad Dürkheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. In 1689, the town was almost utterly destroyed when French troops in the Nine Years’ War (known in Germany as the Pfälzischer Erbfolgekrieg, or War of the Palatine Succession) carried out a scorched-earth campaign in Electoral Palatinate. This time, though, reconstruction was swifter, leading to Count Johann Friedrich of Leiningen granting Dürkheim town rights once more as early as 1700. Alternatively, they married in Neustadt, Bergstrasse, Hessen, Germany.

He next married Anna Barbara Allman before 4 Aug 1710 in Neustadt, Germany.  Alternatively, Friedrich and Anna married on a ship at sea on their way over to America or soon after their arrival.  The family emigrated in 1710 as refugees from the German Palatine. Their trek to the New World had led them by way of Holland and England.    Friedrich died in 1735 in Kingston, Ulster, NY.

In 1709 Protestant Germans from the Pfalz or Palatine region of Germany escaped conditions of hardship, traveling first to Rotterdam and then to London. The Queen helped them get to her colonies in America. The trip was long and difficult to survive because of the poor quality of food and water aboard ships and the infectious disease typhus, or Palatine fever. Many immigrants, particularly children, died before reaching America in June 1710.

Emigrants Leaving the Palatinate for America Source: Imhof, Andreas Lazarus von. Neu-eröffneter historischer Bildersaal, Vol. 9: Geschichten, welche sich unter Carolo VI, von dem Jahr 1723 auf das Jahr 1733 zugetragen. Nuremberg: Buggel, 1735. Courtesy of PD Dr. Helmut Schmahl, Mainz University.

The Palatine immigration of about 2100 people who survived was the largest single immigration to America in the colonial period. Most were first settled along the Hudson River in work camps, to pay off their passage. By 1711, seven villages had been established in New York on the Robert Livingston manor.

“Johann” is a saint’s name commonly given to German boys at baptism.  Since there is no baptismal record for Friederich, and since in 12 years of searching Kirsten Bowman has yet to find a single record showing him that way, she believes the “Johann” was added arbitrarily by a researcher (perhaps Bennett) somewhere along the way and has been perpetuated by copycats.  The records published by professionals show him simply as Friederich, but just about every passalong tree on the Internet has him as Johann Friederich.  She has sometimes considered listing that alias for him in her tree on RootsWeb just so the page will be found in searches, but has not yet mustered the nerve to cave in to that general misconception.  On the other hand, I am more liberal and have even been known to include a romantic story or two  even those that are not very likely

Anna Magdalena Schuettendubel was born in 1669 in Haßloch, Bad Durkheim, Rheinland-Pfalz , (Palatinate, Rheinland), Germany.   In 1621, during the Thirty Years’ War, Haßloch was laid waste by the Spaniards. In 1689, it met the same fate again, more than once, in the Nine Years’ War (known in Germany as the Pfälzischer Erbfolgekrieg, or War of the Palatine Succession), this time at the hands of the Spaniards and the French. Anna Magdalena died in Germany.

Anna Barbara Allman was born in 1685 – Haßloch, Bad Durkheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany.  She is listed with her husband, Christoph[er?] Mey, a vine dresser, as immigrants in London waiting for transport to New York. The Hunter Lists then show her as a widow at West Camp, and a month later there’s a notation.  From Henry Z. Jones:

Christoph Mey aged 35, his wife, and a daughter aged 3, Ref., husbandman and vinedresser, were in the 3rd arrivals in England later that yr. [1709] (London Lists).”

“Barbara Meyin, a wid., made her only appearance on the Hunter Lists 4 Oct 1710 with 1 pers. over 10 yrs. of age. As she was registered but one name away from Friderich Merkel, this Barbara Meyin probably was the same person as #490 Christoph May’s Wid (Anna Barbara Alman) who md. Friederich Mercke

“Christoph May’s Widdow [sic] had but one entry on the Hunter Lists, on 4 July 1710 with 1 pers. over 10 yrs.; a note in the Ledger section of these rolls notes she md. with Frederic Merckel. (Merckel’s wife was named Anna Barbara Alman).”

After Friedrich died,  Anna Barbara (Alman) Mey Merckel married Nicholas Keator on 11 Mar 1736 and moved to Marbletown, New York.  Anna Barbara died in 1742 in Kingston, NY.

Children of Friedrich and Anna:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Heinrich Merckel? (See discussion) 1691
Germany
Mary Estes 1781 Stone Arabia, Montgomery, New York
2. Johann Jacob Merckel? (See discussion) 1693
Germany
Elizabeth Shultes
c. 1715
6 May 1717
West Camp, Ulster, New York
3. Laurens (Loretnz) Merckel 1697
Hoegdugsland Germany
Zivilia Catrina Kehl (Sibylla Catharina Keel)
6 Apr 1724 Kingston, NY
After 1767
Burke County, North Carolina
4. Antje (Annatje) MERKEL 1698
Haßloch,
Palatinate, now Rhineland Pfalz, Germany
Peter WINNE IV
25 Nov 1720 Kingston
23 Jan 1763  or 1781 Ulster, NY
5. Anna Maretje (Maria) Merckel 21 Dec 1701,
Haßloch, Germany
Johann Michael Planck
20 Nov 1738  Katsbaan, Ulster, NY
1781
6. Johann Mathius Markle 20 Jun 1703
Haßloch, Germany
Margaretha Kehl
New York
1778
Ulster, NY
7. Elisabetha Merckel 24 Dec 1704,
Haßloch, Germany
Not Ludwig Würth (He was her uncle and bapt. sponsor) 1784
Haßloch Churchbook
8. Johann Andreas Merckel 5 Sep 1706,
Haßloch, Germany
No Further Record, Probably died in Germany
9. Margaretha Phillipina Merckel 23 Dec 1708,
Haßloch, Germany
No Further Record, Probably died in Germany

.

Children of Friedrich and Anna Alman:

Name Born Married Departed
10. Johann Adam Merckel 10 Dec 1711
bapt.
26 Dec 1711
West Camp, NY
Elizabeth [__?__] Bef Feb 1756 Williams Township, Northampton, Pennsylvania
11. Maria Elisabetha Merckel 12 Feb 1712
Saugerties, Ulster, NY
Jacob Cornelis BRINK Bef.
1735
Probate
24 Oct 1757
Ulster, County, NY
12. Berhardt (Barent) Merckel 5 Jun 1715
Kingston, NY
Cornelia Van Der Merken
bef. 1739
Kingston, NY
.
Barbara Van der Merken
13 Sep 1747
Kingston, NY
19 Jun 1789
Ulster, New York,
13. Eva Merckel 21 Dec 1716bapt.
7 Jan 1717
Jeremias Kittelon (Kittle)
16 Sep 1739
14. Elisabetha Merckel 16 Feb 1719
bapt.
20 Feb 1719
West Camp
Thomas Bosch
9 Mar 1739 in Kingston, Ulster, New York
15. Johannes Merckel 25 Sep 1720 Elisabetha Anna Snauber (Schnaub)
10 Sep 1746
Smithfield, (now Oldwick, Tewksbury, Hunterdon), Pennsylvania
16. Whilhelmus Markle 22 Jul 1722
Kingston, NY
Sarah Koch
4 Apr 1752
Kingston, NY
Jan 1813
Ancaster township, Westworth, Ontario, Canada
17. Petrus Merkel 14 Feb 1724/25 Mar 1724/25
18. Petrus Merckel 25 Sep 1726 Sarah Westbroek
c. 1759
19. Anna Merckel 18 May 1729
Churchland, Saugerties, Ulster, NY
Jacobus Bosch
13 Oct 1745
Kingston, Ny

The evidence for Felix as Friederich’s father is very skimpy. Here’s what Henry Z. Jones says to clarify:

“Searches in Dr. Arta Johnson’s collections of the records of 6733 Haßloch/Bohl reveal the probable father of the emigrant Friederich Merckel may have been Felix Merckel: Elisabetha, d/o the late Felix Merckel, md. 13 Aug 1704 Johann Ludwig Würth there, and this same Elisabetha Würth sp. the emigrant 1709er Friederich Merckel at Haßloch in 1704 also! Arta was also kind enough to transcribe the Haßloch Gerichtbuch [Court book] and share the results with me; she noted “Fridrich Merckel, von hier [from here]” was listed 26 Nov 1700.”

When Jones says Elisabetha “sp. the emigrant 1709er Friederich Merckel” he actually means that Elisabetha was the sponsor for the baptism of Friederich’s daughter.

One source states that Hendrick Felix died in Kingston, New York in 1723.  However, if Felix was Friedrich’s father, it’s a mystery why none of Friedrich’s children were named for him, especially since he had so many sons to choose from.

There is no record of any wife of Felix, and the marriage record for his daughter Elisabetha refers to her as the “daughter of the late Felix Merckel.”  The names offered online for Felix’s wife may be due to some uninformed thrashing around in German records. If Henry Z Jones and his team of professional researchers on site using original records didn’t find a wife for Felix,  there probably is not any reliable record.

The Haßloch churchbooks identify the mother of Friederich’s children as Anna Barbara. This has caused all sorts of contortions among American family historians because his second wife was also Anna Barbara, but it’s a common German name and they were two different people.

It actually makes a very simple and straightforward chronology if people would just stick to the records and stop making conjectures about Friederich’s second marriage happening in Germany, Johann Adam being born aboard ship, and/or Friederich remarrying the first Anna Barbara at Nutten Island after they reached New York–all of which have been presented as fact.

From “The Mohawk Valley and Its People by Barth Lefferts

Along the beautiful Rhine in Europe, at the time of the Schenectady massacre, [ The Schenectady Massacre was an attack against the village of Schenectady in the colony of New York on 8 Feb 1690.   A party of over 200 French commandos and Sault and Algonquin Indian raiders went from Montreal to attack English outposts to the south. They were retaliating for a series of devastating Iroquois raids for which the English had provided weapons and ammunition. Isolated northern and western settlements were the targets.]  was a district known as the Palatinate (Pa lat’ i-nat). It was naturally a fertile land, but it had the misfortune to be a border region. Over it swept the bloody disputes of the rulers who from time to time tried to settle their contests by the sword.

As at Schenectady, these Palatinate dwellers saw their homes burned, their property stolen, their farms laid waste; and if stray bullet or cannonball took the life of some peaceful person — well, that was a “fortune of war.”

At last many of the Palatinate dwellers could stand no more of such dreadful happenings. Their ruler had forbidden them to emigrate, but suffering breaks a multitude of laws, and a number of them, peasants and merchants, farm-dwellers and town-dwellers, managed over a period of a few years to leave their country. The first to leave found kind treatment in Holland and England; a considerable party reached America and settled along the Hudson where Newburgh stands today.

Encouraged by the friendship which had been shown, an army of the “Palatines” set out, group after group, in the spring of 1709.  As they reached the city of Rotterdam in Holland, the people there sent them across the North Sea to London, and by autumn there were thirteen thousand of these refugees. Many found homes in England, four thousand were shipped to Ireland, and the rest were given passage to various places in America.
While these German Palatines were sheltered at various places in and about London, Peter Schuyler, mayor of Albany, came to England on business. He brought with him five Indian chiefs. One of them died on the voyage, but the others attracted much attention, as they liked to walk about the streets. Seeing the “poor Palatines” in such numbers, one chief, a Mohawk, declared that these people, who were akin to the Dutch whom he liked, could find new homes along Schoharie Creek, west of Schenectady. From that time, the Palatines thought of “Schoharie” and Paradise as the same.

A new governor was being sent out to the colony of New York, a man of kind feeling and high character.  Governor Hunter proposed that three thousand Palatines should be sent to New York when he went, and that they should be employed in making pitch and tar for English ships from the pines that abounded there. This was done, but Schoharie seemed so far away that they were placed north of Esopus Creek, on both sides of the Hudson. Those on the west side, where Saugerties stands today, were soon left to their own devices to clear the land and to make homes. On the east side there were about twelve hundred Germans who were supposed to begin tarmaking early in the spring.

The Germans did not like the prospect. True, they were being fed and provided for by Governor Hunter, but they had intended to be farmers in the New World, not tarmakers. As honest people, they expected to labor for a while in order to repay the favors which they had received but around the evening fire they never ceased to talk among themselves of the promised land of “Schorie.”

Governor Hunter had expected great things from his Palatine experiment. After his first grant of money from the English government he had used his own private fortune, hoping to be repaid some day. If he had really known trees, however, he would have been saved money and disappointment, for the so-called “pitch-pine” of our Northern States, while its sap is sticky enough, produces little pitch. It is the “Georgia pine” of the Southern States which is valuable for that purpose.

Two winters on the Hudson served to exhaust the Governor’s purse and the Germans’ patience. At last Hunter had to tell the Palatines that they must shift for themselves. Now they felt free to set out for their land of Canaan. Seven of their leading men traveled to get permission from the Indians. From Albany, guided by an Indian, they crossed the Helderberg heights until Fox Creek led them down into the deep, broad, and beautiful valley which they had longed to see.

The Indians received them and gave consent. In the autumn of the year of 1712 fifty families set out, and though a road had to be cut into the valley, they built cabins before winter began. The redmen gave them corn from their own scanty stock, but inside the cabins there was much hunger. The following March a hundred more families arrived, driving their sledges on a two weeks’ journey through snow which lay on the highlands a yard deep.

The Palatines then left behind never removed to Schoharie. They left the manor of Patroon Livingston, where the settlement of “Germantown” is their memorial, and took up land a little south. Today we find their traces in the names of Rhinecliff and Rhinebeck. [Where Chelsea Clinton got married]  The Schoharie emigrants settled in seven villages along the Schoharie, each one kindly named after one of the leaders who had explored the road.

Times continued to be hard with the Palatines. Until their first crop of corn ripened, their hunger “was scarcely to be endured,” and a few of the boys went to live in the wigwams of their red friends. When the corn at last was harvested, there was no mill in the valley to grind it. The strongest of the women would carry on their backs heavy sacks of corn all the way to Schenectady, have it ground, and bear the meal back again, all in the same day.

Though the Germans had settled and cultivated the valley, they had no title to the land, and Governor Hunter, indignant that the Government would not pay him back for his heavy expenses, would not grant the runaways any title. Troubles with those who did receive grants bothered the Palatines for nearly ten years. At last, out of the eight hundred Schoharie settlers, about three hundred decided to pay rent to the legal owners, unjust as they thought it was. Many others turned their steps to Pennsylvania, where one of them, Conrad Weiser [son of  Conrad WEISER Sr.], became a prominent man.

MERCKEL FAMILY MIGRATION AND NAME HISTORY
The first of this family to come to America, arrived in the year 1710. They came as refugees from the German Palatine. Their trek to the New World had led them by way of Holland and England.

The name was originally spelled Merkel or Merckel and pronounced in German as “Mare-kil”. The Palatines settled among, and intermarried with, the Dutch in Ulster County, New York. Here they soon were using the prevailing language which was Holland Dutch. (At Kingston church preaching was in Dutch until 1809).

In 1673, twenty-five years after the “Thirty Years War” ended in 1648, Louis XIV of France began his marauding expeditions for the purpose of exterminating the Protestant heretics. Destructive raids laid waste to the Palatine countryside. This ruthless pillage continued until 1688 when the French King himself entered the land “to make it a wilderness” as he declared.

The villages, towns and farms of the Rhine regions were pillaged and burned, and their inhabitants tortured, ravished or slain. Few escaped the country. Those who survived were spared further horrors when, in 1705, England, Holland, Sweden, and Prussia intervened and threatened reprisals unless this carnage ceased. The way of Spanish Succession followed (1701-1713) but it touched only lightly on the already devastated country.
Added to the horrors of the war, there came further to harass the unfortunate Palatines the unusually severe winters of 1703 and 1709. Vineyards and orchards were blasted by the cold. Birds froze on the wing, fires failed to warm the shivering populace. Also, there came ecclesiastical regulations that made still more unbearable the life of these “poor, protestant, Palatines.”

Their only salvation lay in migrating to other lands. The first group of 41 (men, women and children) left for England by way of Holland in 1708. They were led by the Rev. Joshua Von Kocherthal, a Lutheran minister, whose wife and three children were among the refugees. In London, they petitioned Queen Anne for permission to sail to one of the British Colonies in America. Hearing of their extreme poverty the good Queen granted them each a shilling a day towards their sustenance until a decision was reached.

England desired to expand her frontiers in the New World, so transportation for “these honest and laborious Palatines” was arranged on the British ship “Globe”. A special act of naturalization made them “denizens of the Kingdom.” (It is perhaps for reasons of gratitude that some of their immediate descendants, in the days of the American Revolution, seemed to have Tories and British sympathies, even to the extent of moving to Canada.”

This first group of Palatines  landed 60 miles up the Hudson River and built a town they called “Neuberg”, now called Newburgh, New York.  Queen Anne supplied them with agricultural implements and foodstuffs for one year. In exchange, the Palatines were to supply lumber for the Royal Navy.

A year later, when pastor Von Kocherthal returned to England for additional aid, he found 3000 refugees there. They were living in tents on the Black Heath of London. The queen acceded to his wishes that they too be sent to America to join the others. This time a whole flotilla of vessels was needed. They sailed from London in January, 1710. Among the ships was the “Globe”, making it’s second crossing with Palatine refugees.

For months this fleet of sailing ships with human cargo was tossed about on the stormy winter’s sea. At least one ship was wrecked and 470 immigrants died during the voyage. Another 250 succumbed after landing in New York on the 14th of June, 1710. After a period of quarantine on Nutten (now Governor’s Island, they proceeded upriver and settled on both sides of the Hudson, above Neuberg (New Town).

As time passed, some of the settlers moved on into the Schoharie Valley of New York and into parts of Pennsylvania. In the next few years Palatines migrated to the new land. Some of the ships landed at New York and some at Philadelphia.

One of the towns settled on the Hudson’s west bank was West Camp (now Saugerties) near Kingston. Here the minister who worked with Pastor Von Kocherthal was Dominie Haeger of the Dutch Reformed Church. It is in the records of the Dutch Church at West Camp that we first find mention of the name “MERKEL”. It was here, on 26 Dec 1711, that a baby born on the ship “Globe” was baptized. It was Johan Adam Merkel, son of Fredrik Merkel and Barbara Alman. [Adam was actually born 10 Dec 1711 in West Camp, Albany, New York]

We have no record of all the names in that second massive migration of the Palatine refugees, but from the baptismal record we know that Fredrik Merkel and his wife, Barbara, arrived with them.

The Winter of 1708/09 was one of the coldest on record in Europe with many rivers freezing over

Another account ….

“The first boats packed with refugees began arriving in early May 1709. The first nine hundred of them were given housing, food and supplies by a number of wealthy Englishmen who felt them deserving of charity. The immigrants were called ‘Poor Palatines': ‘poor’ in reference to their pitiful and impoverished state upon arrival in England, and ‘Palatines’ since many of them came from lands controlled by the Elector Palatine. Yet the majority came from regions outside the Palatinate, and against the wishes of their respective rulers they fled by the thousands to the Dutch city of Rotterdam, whence the majority embarked for London. Throughout the summer, ships unloaded thousands of refugees, and almost immediately their numbers overwhelmed the initial attempts to provide for them. By summer, most of the Poor Palatines were settled in Army tents in the fields of Blackheath and Camberwell, and a Committee dedicated to coordinating their settlement and dispersal sought ideas for their employment. This proved difficult, as the Poor Palatines were unlike previous migrant groups – skilled, middle-class, religious exiles such as the Huguenots or the Dutch in the 16th century – but were instead mostly unskilled laborers, neither sufficiently educated nor healthy enough for most types of employment.”

When the flood of emigrants from the Palatinate region of Europe poured into England in 1709 , discussions were held as  to where they should be settled in the New World.  Colonel Robert Hunter, who had recently been appointed to the governorship of the Province of New York submitted his proposal for the settlement of Palatines in the frontiers of his province. His arguments were persuasive. A proposal was submitted to Queen Anne, and she approved it in early January, 1710.

A Commission was established to find the funds necessary to pay for ships to carry the Palatines to America. Arrangements were made  with the owners of ten ships to pay £5  ƒ10 per head for 3,300 Palatines.The Germans were scheduled to be boarded upon the ships between the 25th and 29th of December, 1709. That boarding took place as scheduled, but the convoy of ships  got no farther than Nore, fifty miles from London, when seven of the ten ships refused sailing orders. The actual date on which the ships set sail across the Atlantic is not certain but most accounts indicate 10 April, 1710 was the likely date of departure for the New World.

Whether lying in port on the Thames, or on the Atlantic Ocean, the Palatines were on board the ships, in conditions suited to the low rate which had been paid the ships owners, for nearly six months. The conditions were harsh and uncomfortable. Landfall was made at New York for the first ship on 13 June, 1710.  The death toll on the journey amounted to 446 by the end of July, and during the first month in the New World, that number rose to 470. The ships docked at Nutten Island. Due to the reports of disease among the emigrants, the people of New York City showed no hospitality toward them.

Four tracts of land had been suggested as the eventual site for the Palatine’s to settle in New York Province. There was a tract on the Mohawk River above Little Falls, a tract on the Schoharie River, a tract on the east side of the Hudson River and one on that river’s west side. The tracts  were still claimed by the Mohawk Indians. Governor Hunter began negotiations with them and on 22 August, 1710 the Indians made a gift of the tract on the Schoharie River to Governor Hunter to be used for the settlement of the Palatines.

A Mohawk spokesman said at the time:

“We are told that the great queen of Great Britain has sent a considerable number of People with your Excy to setle upon the land called Skohere, which was a great surprise to us and we were mush Disatisfyd at the news, in Regard the Land belongs to us.
Nevertheless since Your Excellcy has been pleased to desire the said land for christian settlements, we are willing and do now surrender…to the Queen…for Ever all that tract of Land Called Skohere.”

From that moment on, most of the Palatine emigrants thought of Schoharie as Paradise. But, Schoharie was not to be their destination.

The Schoharie tract was not really suited to the manufacture of naval stores or pitch and tar because no pitch pine trees grew in its vicinity, so  a tract of land closer to New York City along the east side of the Hudson River was chosen by Governor Hunter for the Palatine settlement.  The tract of 6,000 acres was (conveniently) owned by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Robert Livingston. Governor Hunter entered into an agreement for the purchase of the tract with the option to remove the pitch pine trees growing on Livingston’s neighboring lands. A third tract of 800 acres was purchased from Thomas Fullerton. The name given to the three tracts on which the Palatines were to be settled was Livingston Manor.

In early-October 1710, the movement of the Palatines to  Livingston Manor  was begun. They had been encamped on Nutten Island (later renamed Governor’s Island) since their arrival in New York in June.

Initially, life seemed to hold promise for the Palatine emigrants, and the Palatines worked hard to fulfill their part of the emigration contract that guaranteed each family 40 acres of land. Under the contract, passage was to be paid by Britain and Queen Anne. The contract stated that seven years after they had forty acres a head given to them, they were to repay the Queen with Hemp, Mast Trees, Tar and Pitch, or anything else. In reality, they quickly learned that they were having to work under different expectations, with no time frame within which to complete their service. They believed the changed circumstances made them no better than indentured servants and, claiming that they had been deceived and cheated into servitude, complained bitterly to Governor Hunter. A number of them secretly decided that they would resettle to Schoharie to claim rights that were previously promised to them by the Queen and  Indian leaders. After futile efforts by Governor Hunter to dissuade them with words, they were eventually disarmed and suppressed.

Children

There were several families with the surname of Merckel/Merkel who migrated to New York State in the 1700″s. During the 1950’s researchers thought these families had all descended from Johann Friedrich Merckle who came with the first Palatine Migration in 1709/10.    Threee other early Merckel families lived in New York, and fortunately they settled in distinctly different places so they’re not too difficult to separate with the records available today.  Those locations were Stone Arabia, New Dorlach (now Sharon), and Schoharie.  Friederich spent a few years at West Camp and then settled in Kingston, Ulster County, relatively far from the others.

Some researchers show the following to be children of Johann and Anna, but they probably had different parents.

Christopher Merckel b. 1693 in Durlach, Karlsruhe, Baden, Germany; m.  Catharina Kurtz bef. 1718 in Germany; d.  1722 in New York.   Ejvor Merkley, has done extensive research on the Merckels of New Dorlach (now Sharon) and has hired professional researchers in Germany to supplement her work. She has found clear documentation that brothers Hans Michael, Christopher Friederich, and Joseph Friederich immigrated from Hoheneck, Germany, in about 1755 and settled in New Dorlach. The brothers were tentatively listed as possible descendants of Friederich of Ulster County by genealogist Archibald Bennett (as was Henrich, above) and Bennett cautioned in his manuscript that further research could prove the connection wrong. It has, but unfortunately most people ignore the warning and treat the tentative and faulty connections as proven fact.

Hendrick Merckel b 1718 at Fonda: He doesn’t fit too well with Friederich’s family, having been born in Fonda.

1. Heinrich Merckel?

Heinrich’s wife Mary Estes was born 1706 in Germany. Her parents were xx. Mary died 1786 in Stone Arabia, Montgomery, New York.

It is most likely that Henrich was not Friederich’s son.  He and Maria lived at Stone Arabia while Friederich and his family are all readily traceable to Kingston. Henrich’s son Jacob was born in Germany in 1725 and son Johann Henrich was born at Stone Arabia in 1727, indicating that the parents immigrated about 1726 while Friederich immigrated in 1710. Some people rationalize by saying Johann was married in 1690 and it makes sense he had children born before 1697.  They say Henrich at age 19 stayed in Germany when his family immigrated in 1710 and came on his own later.

2. Johann Jacob Merckel?

Jacob’s first wife Elizabeth Shultes was born 1695 in Germany. Elizabeth died in 1717.

Johann Jacob  Merckel b. 1695 Kingston, NY; m. Elisabetha Schultheis;  d. 6 May 1717
West Camp, Ulster, NY.    Johann and Elisabetha were living at West Camp/Schoharie as late as 1716 when they sponsored a baptism there–after Friederich’s family had moved to Kingston. If J. Jacob was old enough to have been married before 1716, then he probably would have been born about 1691 and would be rather old for a son of Friederich. That, combined with the Schoharie vs Kingston locations makes me doubt that Johann Jacob was a son of Friederich. These families were very close-knit and almost always migrated together in the early years.

3. Laurens (Loretnz) Merckel

Laurens’ wife Zivilia Catrina Kehl (Sibylla Catharina Keel) was born about 1705 in Hoogduysland, Germany. Her parents were Georg Wihelm Kahl (Kell) and Anna Gertraud Winnen. Zivila died 1743 in Kingston, Ulster, New York.

4. Antje (Annatje) MERKEL (See Peter WINNE IV‘s page)

5. Anna Maretje (Maria) Merckel

Anna’s husband Johann Michael Planck baptized  7 Jan 1711 in N.Y. . . conf. 15 April 1729, aged 19 yrs. at Newton (N.Y. City Luth. Cbk.). . . He first Maria Magdalena (Marlena) Eberhardt, d/o Johannes, 4 Feb 1734 at Kisk[etamenesey] in Joh. Phil. Kreisler’s house (Loonenburg Luth. Chbk.). He married second Maria Merckel 20 Nov 1738 (Katsbaan Ref. Chbk.). He md. third as a widower 21 April 1746 to Anna Meyer.

6. Johann Mathius Markle

Johann’s baptism sponsors were Joh. Mathes Löffler (?) – Gemeinsmann [Common man] and butcher here (Haßloch Chbk.).

His wife Margaretha Kehl was born 1716 in Kingston, Ulster, New York. Her parents were Georg Wihelm Kahl and Anna Gertraud Winnen. Margaretha died in 1784 in Ulster, New York.

Johann Wilhelm Kähl (Hunter Lists #354): “The ch. of Hans Peter and Anna Kell at Melsbach were: . . . Georg Wilhelm, bpt. 9 April 1681. . . md. 26 June 1704 Gertraut, d/o Johannes Winnen at Rockenfeldt. . . The ch. of Georg Wilhelm Kähl and Gertraud were:
1) Sybilla Catharina (HJ) md. 6 April 1724 Lorentz Merckel (Kingston Ref. Chbk.).
2) Margaretha (HJ), md. Mattheus Merckel (HJ)

7. Elisabetha Merckel

The sponsor was Elisabetha (Merckel) Würth is believed to have been Friederich’s sister. Ludwig Würth was Elisabetha’s uncle, not her husband.

8. Johann Andreas Merckel

Andreas’ baptism sponsor was Joh. Andr. Schabebauer here (Haßloch Chbk.).

10. Johann Adam Merckel

Johann Adam’s baptism sponsors were Johann Adam Friderich and wife Regina (West Camp Lutheran Chbk.). (from the Kocherthal Records). It appears that someone has mistaken Regina as being the child’s wife rather than his sponsor.

His wife’s name was Elizabeth [__?__]

It’s commonly reported that J. Adam was born at sea, but this is another rationalization in an attempt to explain confusion about Friederich’s two marriages. The Hunter Lists show Friederich as a widower in mid 1710 and then a marriage to Anna Barbara (Alman) Mey in August 1710. J. Adam’s birth on 10 Dec 1711 is recorded in the Kocherthal Records as transcribed in The Book of Names by Lou D. MacWethy.

Adam lived in Williams Township, Northampton, PA, and died in late 1755 or early 1756 leaving five minor children. His brother Lorentz inventoried the estate, and his brother Johannes was one of the creditors listed in the probate record.

Adam Markell died before 27 Feb 1756 and left no will. Among creditors in the estate are listed William Kehl, John Marckell, and Lawrence Markell. The widow was instructed to pay the debts of the estate and divide the remainder among herself and five children.

11. Maria Elisabetha Merckel

Maria Elisabetha’s baptism sponsor was Maria Elisabetha Straub (West Camp Lutheran Chbk.)

Her husband Jacob Cornelis BRINK was baptized 5 Jan 1695/96 in Saugerties, Ulster county, NY.  His parents were Cornelius Lambertsen BRINK and Markjen Egertse MEYNDER. He married Annatje POST 17 May 1722 at the Dutch Reformed Church in Kingston, NY. After Antje died, he married second Maria Elisabeth Merkel, 22 Dec 1732. He married, third, Mareitje Elich  of West Camp 25 Nov 1735. Jacob died 24 Oct 1757  in Kingston, NY.

Jacob Brink was listed as a soldier in the foot company of the Militia of the Corporation of Kingston in 1738. He is listed in 1755 as owning three slaves: Dick, Charles, and Peg.

12. Berhardt (Barent) Merckel

Berhardt’s baptism sponsors were Barent Berhans and Margriet Jansz.

His first wife Cornelia Van Der Merken was born 10 Jan 1714 in Kingston, Ulster, New York. Her parents were Jacob Vandermark and Jannetjen Sluyter. Cornelia died in 1747 in Marbletown, Ulster, New York.

Berhardt’s second wife Barbara Van der Merken was Cornelia’s sister.

13. Eva Merckel

Eva’s baptism sponsor was Eva Mueller (West Camp Lutheran. Chbk.)

Her husband Jeremias Kittelon (Kittle) was born about 1712 in Marbletown, Ulster, New York.  His parents were Jeremiah Kittle and  Catherine Guderis. His first wife was Sara Veel,

Kingston Reformed Dutch Church, Marriage Records, p 578: “Jeremie Kittel, born in Mormel (Marbletown) widower of Sara Veel, and Eva Merkle, j. d, born at Kerkeland [Churchland/ Saugerties] both resid. in Mormel (Marbletown). Banns registered 16 Sept.” [Married Oct. 1739.]

14. Elisabetha Merckel

Elisabetha’s  baptism sponsors were Johann Klein and wife (West Camp Lutheran Chbk.)

Her husband Thomas Bosch was born 28 Feb 1714 – Marbletown, Ulster, New York.  His parents were Jacobus Bosch and Eycke Van Der Mark.  Thomas died 1774 – Ulster, New York

Records of the Kingston Dutch Church: “Thomas Bosch, j. m., born and resides under the jurisdiction of Mormel (Marbletown), and Lisabeth Merkel, J. D., born at Kerkeland (Churchland/ Saugerties) and resides in Kingston. Married 9 March 1739. Banns Registered 18 Feb.”

15. Johannes Merckel

Johannes’ baptism sponsors were Johann Klein and wife (West Camp Lutheran Chbk.).

His wife Elisabetha Anna Schnaub (Schnauben, Snover) was born about 1724 in Punstadt, Aabauerschaft, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany. Her parents were Johannes Schnauber Snover and Anna Elisabeth Windemuth. She immigrated with her parents in 1738.    Elisabetha before 26 May 1770 when her father’s will was recorded in Trenton, NY or 16 Aug 1807 – Smithfield, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania,

Johannes and Elisabetha were married in Smithfield Pennsylvania,  the original name given to the town when it was founded at the turn of the 18th century by Ralph Smith. German settlers began to arrive in Smithfield over the next few decades, and in 1758 the name changed to New Germantown. It remained New Germantown until 1918 at the end of World War I, when world affairs warranted a name change and Oldwick (meaning Old Village) was adopted.

Records of Baptisms of the Reformed Church at Machackemeck (Deerpark).
Reformed Church at Machackemeck (Deerpark, Orange County, New York Colony)

Vol 42, p 243: 11 Sep 1746, Maria Margreta and Maria Juliana, daughters of Johan Jory Windemuth and Johanna Margreta Elisabetha Bernhardin. Sp Johannes Snauber and wife, Anna Elisabetha Windemoedin, Jory Philip Windenmuth, Maria Juliana Huber, his wife.

Vol 42, p 247: 25 Oct 1747, Johannes, son of Jury Philip Windemoet and Maria Juliana Huber. Sp Johannes Merckel, Anna Elizabetha Snauber.

16. Whilhelmus Markle

Whilhelmus’ baptism sponsors were Wilhelmus Brandouw and Elisabeth Brandouw (Kingston Ref. Chbk).

His wife Sarah Koch  was born about 1730 in Marbletown , Ulster, New York. Her parents were Samuel Koch and Bridget Middaugh. Sarah died between 1790 and 1800 in Marbletown Township, Ulster County, New York.

17. Petrus Merckel

Petrus’ baptism sponsors were Pieter Overbag and Maria Overbag (Kingston Ref. Chbk.).

18. Petrus Merckel

Petrus’ baptism sponsors were  Manus Hommel and Grietjen Snyder (Kinston Ref. Chbk.).

His wife Sarah Westbroek was born about 1730.  Her parents were Dirk Westbrook and Janneken Van Keuren. Sarah died after 1784.

19. Anna Merckel

Anna’s baptism sponsors were Zacharias Bakker and Maria Merkel.

Her husband Jacobus Bosch was born 10 Mar 1723 – Kingston, Ulster, New York.  His parents were Jacobus Bosch and Eyke Van Der Mark

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=31607606

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=vikingtree&id=I5264

The Palatine Families of New York: A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710, 2 volumes  By  Henry Z. Jones,  Universal City, California: H. Z. Jones, 1985,

According to the Hunter Lists, Friederich had four children when he reached West Camp although there are baptismal records in Haßloch churchbooks for others.  Obviously several died young and never reached New York.  I believe the four who survived were Lorentz, Anna (Antje), Anna Maria, and Johann Matthias.  They most closely match the ages and sexes as given in the Hunter Lists, and there are later records for marriages of these four in the Kingston churchbooks.

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/m/c/n/Nancy-Mcnicol/PDFGENE22.pdf

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/15988137/person/560991892?ssrc=

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~kykinfolk/web/heinrichm/pafg02.h

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/s/o/l/John-O-Solis/BOOK-0001/0189-0001.html

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~merkley/Intro.htm

The Markle DNA Project

Posted in 11th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw, Storied | Tagged , , , | 10 Comments

Dutch Names

Before the British captured New Netherland in 1664, Dutch families did not use surnames. They took their father’s first name and added “se” as in Pieter Pieterse.

The genealogical information given in the marriage and baptism registers is often sufficient in itself to assemble a skeleton pedigree, because of the following helpful Dutch customs:

1. A couple was betrothed in the Dutch Reformed Church and then married after three
banns had been read. The betrothal (marriage intentions) and/or marriage record ordinarily gives marital status and place of origin (which is usually place of birth).

2. A woman normally (but not always) continued to use her maiden name after marriage.

3. The first two children of each sex were often (but not always) named for the four grandparents.

4. Children were baptized shortly after birth and usually had relatives as godparents.
(Source: The New York Genealogical & Biographical Newsletter, Summer 1996)

Therefore, it was customary for Dutch couples to name children after their own respective parents, alternating between paternal and maternal grandparents, often in an orderly fashion, but not always.

If the first child was a son he would have likely been named after his paternal grandfather, then usually the eldest daughter would be named for the maternal grandmother, but once again not necessarily. Since they also tended to have large families, it was not unusual to find a child named for each of the four grandparents and not always in some preordained order.

However, the British capture of New Netherland in 1664 marked the beginning of the end of the Dutch patronymic system in the colonies and the introduction of surnames. However, it appears to have been a slow phased process implemented in the last quarter of the 17th century, with some Dutch families adopting their new surnames sooner than others.

Like French and like German, Dutch apparently has dipthongs and gutturals … but they’re not the same dipthongs and gutturals, so we can’t make any assumptions along those lines.  Here are the few pointers I’ve accumulated (a/k/a the essence of my ignorance):

  • As in English, the first syllable of a word receives the emphasis more often than not.
  • E is generally pronounced like an English hard A; double-EEs are invariably like a hard A.
  • Double-OOs are pronounced like hard Os (ROWS not ROOZ).
  • Double-AAs are pronounced like soft As.
  • Vowel combinations such as EU and OE … are impossible to describe coherently.
  • Letter Gs are neither hard nor soft, but almost nonexistent; you’re better off to think of a sharply-attacked letter H.
  • Letter Js are pronounced like Ys, except…
  • The IJ combination apparently usually sounds like a hard A.
  • The SCH combination sounds like SHK.
Given Names
Dutch Name Pronounciation English Equivalent
Aeltje OWLT-yeh
Anneke AHN-ne-keh Anna
Antje Diminutive form of Anna
Arie Diminutive of Adrian
Arjan AR-yan
Berend BAYR-end
Berendina BAYR-en-DEEN-uh
Betje BAYT-yeh Betty
Boudewyn BOW-de-wayn Baldwin
Brevoort Bray-FORT
Claes KLAYS Claude
Constantija Kon-STAN-tee-yah Constance
Cornelis Kor-NAYL-eess Cornelius
Derk DAYRK Dirk
Dries DREESS Andrew
Emke AIM-keh
Engelbertus AIN-hel-BAYR-tus
Geertruid Hayr-TROWDT Gertrude
Geesje
Gerrit Hay-REET Gerard
Geertje Diminutive form of Gertrude
Gesina Hay-SEEN-ah
Gosselick HOSS-uh-LEEK
Greetje Diminutive form of Margaret
Harmanus HAR-man-us
Hendrickje Feminine form of Hendrick
Jaap YAHP Jacob
Jan YAHN John
Janna YAHN-nuh Johanna
Janneke Feminine form of Jan
Jannetje Feminine form of Jan
Jenneken YAY-neh-ken Joan
Karel KAH-rel Charles
Lodewyk LOW-de-wik Ludwig/Louis
Lotje LAHT-yeh Charlotte
Machtel MAK-tull Matilda
Marijke Mar-AY-keh Maria
Marinus MAR-uh-nus
Mathijs Mat-TICE Matthew
Petrus PAY-truss Peter
Pier Dutch form of Peter, used especially in Flanders.
Powles POW-less Paul
Roosje ROW-sheh Rosie
Rykert RY-kayrt Richard
Saal SAHL Saul
Teunis TEH-niss Diminutive form of Anthony
Teuntje Feminine form of Anthony
Theunis Varient of Teunis
Toontje TOANT-yeh Antonia
Tryntje Diminutive form of Catherine
Vrijdag FRY-dah Friday
Willem VIL-lum William
Willemina VIL-lum-MEEN-uh
Wim VIM
Wouter VOH-ter Walter

Sources:

http://www.jonathancarriel.com/02/02dutch.htm

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