Hendrick Hendrickse Van Gouts

Hendrick HENDRICKSE Van Gouts (1598 – 1639 ) was Alex’s 11th Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hendrick Hendrickse Van Gouts was born about 1598  in Zeltbommel, Gelderland, Netherlands.  He married Kiis [__?__].  He was believed to be in the group that opened Fort Orange, but families didn’t begin arriving until late 1624. He was an accountant with the West India Company; worked in Brazil during 1630s  Hendrick died about 1639 in Fort Orange (Now Albany), New Netherlands.

Zeltbommel, Gelderland, Netherlands

Zeltbommel, Gelderland, Netherlands

Kiis [__?__] was born about 1608 in the Netherlands.

Children of Hendrick and Kiis:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Margriet HENDRICKS c. 1622 Holland Mathijs Jansen Van KEULEN
c. 1640
Recife, Brazil
.
Thomas “Clapboard” Chambers, the “lord of the Manor of Foxhall” at Kingston, NY.
1703
Kingston, NY
2. Willem Hendrickse c. 1620
Holland

Hendrick Hendrickse Van Gouts sponsored a baptism in 1637 for a Willem Hendricks, and a Margriet Hendricks was also a sponsor. From this and other evidence it is believed that Hendrick Hendrickse Van Gouts was the father of the Margriet Hendrickse that married Mathijs Van Keulen.

Children

2. Willem Hendrickse

Willem is found listed on the July 1639 manifest of the West Indies Raven (Harbor manifest, Court of New Amsterdam) that travelled from Recife, Brazil to New Amsterdam, New York. Along with him is his future brother-in-law Mathijs Jansen Van KEULEN.

Sources:

http://www.our-genealogy.com/bettes/ancestry-van-keuren/hendrick-hendrickse-van-gouts.html

http://genforum.genealogy.com/jansen/messages/260.html

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Posted in 13th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw | Tagged , , | 3 Comments

Hendrick Alberts

Hendrick ALBERTS (1613 – 1649) was Alex’s 10th Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hendrick Alberts was born 1613 in London, England. He married Geertruyd Andrissen Van DOESBURGH in 1640 in Holland, Reusel-de Mierden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands. They emigrated in 1642. The Den Houttuyn left Texel Holland 6 Jun 1642 and arrived New Amsterdam 11 Aug 1642.   Geertruyd’s younger brother Hendrick accompanied the couple on the trip.   Hendrick died 1649 in Albany, NY.

Geertruyd Andrissen (Geertruijt Dries) Van Doesburgh (Doesbruch) was born 1619 in Doesburg, Gelderland, Netherlands.  Her parents were NOT Andries LUYCASZEN and Jannetje SEBYNS (See discussion below). After Hendrick died, she married Jacob Janszen Stol and had one child, Jan Jacobsen Stol, born 1658, Esopus, NY. Finally, after Jan did, she married Aard Martenz Dooren in Oct 1659.   Geertruyd died 1679 in Kingston, NY.

Jacob Janszen Stol was born 1610 in Holland and died in Oct 1659 in Esopus, NY.

Aard Martenz Dooren was born in Well, Glederland, Netherlands.

Children of Hendrick and Geertruyd:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Engeltje Hendricks 1645
Fort Orange, Albany, NY
Frederick Pietersen Maurits
27 Jan 1666
Kingston, NY
1672
Fort Orange, Albany, NY
2. Peer Jan HENDRICKS c. 1638  or 1645
Fort Orange, New York
Annetje Matthyssen Jansen Van KEUREN
11 Mar 1667/1668 in the Kingston Dutch Reformed Church. She took the name Annetje Hendrickse.
22 Mar 1707/08 Kingston NY

Many sources show Geertruyd’s parents to be Andries Luycaszen and Jannetje Sebyns. However Andries was from Fredrickstad, Ostfold, Norway, not Doesburgh. His first son, Jan Andriesen was born in Fredrickstad in 1625.  It seems unlikely that they were Geertruyd’s parents.

Gertruy Andriesen the real daughter of Andries Luycaszen and Jannetje Sebyns.

The Den Houttuyn left Texel Holland 6 Jun 1642 and arrived New Amsterdam 11 Aug 1642. Kiliaen van Rensselaer wrote the names in a memo to Domine Johannes Megapolensis dated 3 June 1642.

-De [Domine] Johanned Megapolensis, Machtelt Willems, his wife, Hillegont, Dirrick, Jan and Samuel, their children. Abraham Staes, surgeon, his servant, Evert PELS, [another of our ancestors ] beer brewer, his wife, his servant Cornelis Lambertsen van doorn. Hendrick Albertsz van Londen, 29 years old, Geertruijt Dries [Andries] van Doesburch, his wife, 23 years old, hendrick dries [Andries], 21 years old, her brother. Jochim Kettelheun,  Johan Helms van Barlt, Johan Carstensen van Barlt, Juriaen Bestvael van Luijderdorp, Claes Jansen van Waelwijck, Paulus Jansen van Geertruijdenbergh, Hans vos van Badens, Juriaen Pauwelsen van Sleswyck.–

Children

1. Engeltje Hendricks

Engeltje’s husband Frederick Pietersen Mouritz was born 1641 in Ulster, Ulster, New York. His parents were Pieter Maurits and [__?__]. Frederick died 30 May 1709 in New York City, Kings, New York.

Probate Records in the Office of Surrogate County Clerk’s Office at Kingston:
Fredrick Pietersen Mouritz of Marbletown dated 5/30/1709 written in Dutch:
Excerpts:
myn huysvrouw Engeltie
myn outse Soon Pieter
myn seven kinders mett naamen Pieter, Jannetie, Mourits, Engeltie, Oeyke, Geertruy, ende Elisabeth
Transciption of a portion: My wife E (Engeltie) shall possess and remain in possession of my whole Estate during her life, on condition that if she should marry it shall go to my heirs named below.  My eldest son P (Pieter) 30 schepels of winter wheat, his right of primogenitur.  To my 7 children, P (Pieter), J (Jannetie), M(Mourits) E(Engeltie), O(Oeyke), G(Geertruy) and E(Elisabeth) my entire Estate to be equally divided among them with the exception of the schepels of wheat given to P (Pieter).  Wife appointed Executrix.  Signed by the Testator.
Hendrick Boggart (his mark), Jans Middagh, Joris Middagh, William Nottingham appeared before the Court on 5/30/1709 prooving the Will.
Added by the transcriber is the following information:
“Frederick Pietersen (Mourits) m Engeltje Hendrick” (all records below are in the Dutch Church of Ulster, NY)

2. Peer Jan HENDRICKS (See his page)

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=1344104

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=REG&db=mcramer65&id=P3407892408

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/u/n/w/Jay-P-Unwin/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0681.html

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~luke/Luycaszen,_Andries.html

http://w-westfall.tripod.com/c.html

Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw | Tagged , | 3 Comments

Mathijs Jansen Van Keulen

Mathijs Jansen Van KEULEN (1602 -1648) was Alex’s 10th Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Van Kuelen Coat of Arms - As a part of the creation of the Zwaanendal Colony, Matthys was “granted the armorial bearings of an earl”.

Mathijs  (Matthys) Jansen Van Keulen (Ceulen) was born  during a family trip to London and was baptized on 2 Feb 1601/02 in the Austin Friars Dutch Reformed Church in London, England. His parents were both from the Netherlands; Jan Mathijs Van KEULEN and Annetje JANS. His Residence before 1639 was Recife, Brazil. He Immigrated in Jun 1639 to New Amsterdam and married  Margriet HENDRICKSE about 1640 in New Amsterdam.  Mathijs died on 16 Oct 1648 in Fort Orange, NY.

Mathijs was baptized in the Austin Friars Dutch Reformed Church in London, England, said to be the oldest Dutch language Protestant church in the world.

Margriet (Margarita) Hendrickse was born about 1622 in The Netherlands. Her parents were Hendrick HENDRICKS Van Gouts and Kiis [__?__].  After Matijs died,  Margariet married again before 16 Dec 1648 to Capt. Thomas “Clapboard” Chambers, the “lord of the Manor of Foxhall” at Kingston, NY.

Margriet Hendricks died about 1675, and her second husband Thomas Chambers married a second time to Laurentin Kellenaer, Widow of Dom. Van Gaasbeeck in 1681, who had children by her previous marriage. Thomas and Laurentia had no children together; he died and Laurentia married Wessel Ten Broeck in September 1694. She died in 1703 and Wessel in 1704.

Children of Mathij and Margriet:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Catryntje (Katryn) Matthyssen 1640
Fort Orange (Albany), NY
Jan Jansen Van Amesfoort
3 Oct 1660
Kingston Dutch Reformed Church.
c. 1678
2. Annetje Matthyssen (Mattesen) Jansen Van KEUREN 1645
Fort Orange, NY
PEER Jan Hendricks
11 Mar 1667/1668 Kingston Dutch Reformed Church
3 Feb 1722
Kingston, NY
3. Jan Matthyssen Jansen 1646
Fort Orange, NY
Magdalena Blanchan
28 Sep  1667
Kingston Dutch Reformed Church
Nov 1727
Kingston
4. Capt. Matthys Matthyssen 1648
Fort Orange, NY
Tjatte Charity DeWitt (Rescued from Indians by PEER Jan Hendricks)
1677
Kingston, NY
1730
Kingston

Van Cuelen Coat of Arms — Courtesy http://www.angelfire.com/id/vancuren/home.html

This is the Coat of arms used by the van Ceulens/van Keulens living in Amsterdam in the early 1600s, and believed to be the one described by the Dutch West Indies Charter, which empowered the Lord-Director Mathij Jansen van Ceulen with the “ARMORIAL BEARINGS OF AN EARL”. The family had a close association with the prince of Orange, who, technically, was the authority behind the colonization of New Netherlandt. The top left quarter is a red background behind a gold crown of five florets(alludes to family wealth). The bottom left quarter is a black background behind a golden cask(black for fur lined robes of Nobility, and the family were also wine merchants). The right half is a gold background behind a red rampant lion, pawing the air(denotes courage and intellect in loyal service to the crown). Mathij van Ceulen had four children. His sons, Matthys and Jan are progenitors of the Van Keuren(also spelled Van Kuren and Van Curen) and Jansen(also Jonson, Johnson) families in America. The daughters, Katryn and Annetje became the maternal progenitors of the Van Steenberghen(also Van Steenbergh, Steenbergh) and Peersen(also Person, Pearson) families.

The first Van Keuren in America was Matthys Jansen van Keulen, the Patroon of Zwaanendal. (The name was sometimes also spelled “Ceulen”.) He was a young lord-directors of the Dutch West Indies Company (GWC), which bought Manhattan Island from the Indians.

Like the VOC, the company had five offices, called chambers (kamers), in AmsterdamRotterdamHoornMiddelburg and Groningen, of which the chambers in Amsterdam and Middelburg contributed most to the company. The board consisted of 19 members, known as the Heeren XIX (the Lords Nineteen).  The company was initially relatively successful; in the 1620s and 1630s, many trade posts or colonies were established.

This association was divided in four chambers for convenience, established in different cities of the Netherlands, the managers of which were called Lord-Directors. Of these, Amsterdam was the most important, and to this Chamber was entrusted the management of the New Netherlands. Of the 19 delegates who constituted the board of managers, Amsterdam furnished nine. Each director had to have 6000 Guilders of his own money invested in the company, and his pay was one percent commissions on the outfit and returns, and prizes, with one half percent on the gold and silver. Commissions on prizes were an important part of a managers fees, as on Sep 9th, 1628, Admiral Pieter Pietersen Heyn proceeded to the West Indies, and captured the Mantanzas, the entire spanish plate fleet, with cargos valued at 5,000,000 Guilders.

Amoung the names of these Lord-Directors who served the company from the Chamber at Amsterdam, we find five who are designated as Principal Partner Directors. These are Pieter Ranst, Carel Looten, Jehan Raye, Killaen Van Rensselaer, and Matthys Van Ceulen. On the 16th of Oct, 1630, Van Rensselaer, Bloomer, deLaet, Van Ceulen, Hendrick Hamel, and other directors formed an association for planting a colony on the South Delaware River. Equalizing all expected advantages, they equipped a ship and a yacht for that quarter, where they designed to raise tobacco, and grain, and to prosecute the whaling industry.

In the meantime, such had been the activity of the agents employed by the Patroons to purchase their colonies, that the titles from the Indians were laid, duly authenticated, by the Director-General and the council at Fort Amsterdam, before the Assembly of 19, on Nov 28 of 1630, when the new Patroons received the congratulations of the other Directors of the company. The formal registration of the Patens followed a few days afterward and on Dec 2, 1630, they were sealed with the seal of New Netherland. Fourteen days after, complete lists of the several Patroonships were delivered to the companies solicitor, and the whole transactions were unanimously confirmed by the Assembly of 19, at the meeting of that body in Zeeland, in the beginning of the following Year (Jan 8, 1631)

3 June 1621- Mathijs, at the age of 20, signed the Dutch West India Charter  as a Principal Partner, Lord-Director. Under the Charter Agreement, the Principal Partners were “empowered with the Armorial Bearing of an Earl” The newly incorporated Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie or GWC) obtained a twenty four year trading monopoly in America and Africa and sought to have the New Netherland area formally recognized as a province.

It looks like Matthys got in on the ground floor of a good thing.  I haven’t figured out how he managed this appointment at such a young age as I haven’t found any evidence his parents were wealthy or connected to power.

When we read of the Dutch West India Company in school, it is generally portrayed as a trading company, securing raw materials from the New World for Dutch Manufaturing. In reality, 75% of the company’s profit in the first 10 years was from the pirating of Spanish and Portugese cargo ships. One such, the capture of the Spanish Plate Fleet in September of 1628, yielded a ‘take’ of some $5,000,000 worth of gold, silver, and trade goods. The “trading” fleet of the West Indies company in 1631 consisted of 14 new warships (32 cannon each) and 7 fully armed Yachts (17 cannon each).

Mathijs was payed on commission, 1% of trade and 1/2% of new gold/silver. He received a commission of 50,000 guilders on a cargoe that Admiral Piet Heyn relieved from the Spanish Plate Fleet, which he caught in the mid Atlantic, the largest success for the GWC in its history. Privateering was at first the most profitable activity.

Nautical chart of Zwaanendael, 1639

1631 – Mathijs and Killaen van Rennsalaer were given Patroonship of Zwaanendael Colony (Swan Valley, a 12 mile stretch of the Delaware River.  (See details below)

In the United States, a patroon (from Dutch patroon, owner or head of a company) was a landholder with manorial rights to large tracts of land in the 17th century Dutch colony of New Netherland in North America.  Through the Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions of 1629, the Dutch West India Company first started to grant this title and land to some of its invested members. These inducements to foster immigration (also known as the “Rights and Exemptions”), are the basis for the patroon system.

The deeded tracts were called patroonships and could span 16 miles in length on one side of a major river, or 8 miles if spanning both sides. In 1640 the charter was revised to cut new plot sizes in half, and to allow any Dutch American in good standing to purchase an estate.

The title of patroon came with powerful rights and privileges, similar to a lord in the feudal period. A patroon could create civil and criminal courts, appoint local officials and hold land in perpetuity. In return, he was commissioned by the Dutch West India Company to establish a settlement of at least 50 families within four years on the land. Astenants working for the patroon, these first settlers were relieved of the duty of public taxes for ten years, but were required to pay the patroon in money, goods, or services in kind. A patroonship had its own village and other infrastructure, including churches which recorded births, baptisms, and marriages.

5 Oct 1632 – He sailed From Texel to Reciffe, Brazil

5 Dec 1632  - He landed at Reciffe, aboard Schip de Fama (Faith)

15 Dec 1632 – He assumed Command of the Brazil armed Forces.  His decisive victory in 1633 secured his standing in The Netherlands.  Some documents mention him helping defend the Dutch forts on the coast of Brazil. One fort was named Van Keuren Fort.

Feb 1633 – The fort on the Rio Formoso was conquered by the Dutch

Mar 1633  - The “arraial” of Afogados was also conquered and a fort was built there.

Jun 1633  - The island of Itamaracá was occupied and a settlement was found there

Itamaracá

Dec 1633 – Mathijs captured the Fort of Reis Magos (Dutch Fort Ceulen) at the mouth of the Rio Grande.  He renamed the fort after himself as “Ceulens Foort”.   Forte de Reis Magos, or Three Wise Men Fort, stands at the mouth of the Potengi River, separated from Natal by a sand bar that is covered by high tides. Construction of the fort started on 6 Jan 1598, a day when Catholic Portugal celebrated Epiphany, hence the name.  Construction of the fort preceded the foundation of Natal (“Christmas”), on 25 Dec 1599.   In 1633, the fort was taken by Mathijs’ Dutch forces who invaded northeastern Brazil.  It was recovered by the Portuguese colonizers in 1654.  Natal today is a city of 800,000 inhabitants and is one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Forte de Reis Magos (Ceulen’s Foort 1633 – 1654)

Sep 1634 – Mathijs returned to Amsterdam, where his name is found almost daily in the records of the Amsterdam Camer, Dutch West Indische Compagnie.

1636 - Mathijs was appointed to the Hooghen Secreten Raad (High and Secret Council) and became a co-Governor of the Dutch South American Holdings, under a 5 year contract.

20 Nov 1636 –  Mathijs left Texel Island for Recife to take his place on “Hoogh Secreeten Raad”(the South American Governing Council).

Dutch Brazil, also known as New Holland, was the northern portion of Brazil, ruled by the Dutch during the Dutch colonization of the Americas between 1630 and 1654. The term ‘New Holland’ should not be confused with the later term for present-day Western Australia.

From 1630 onward, the Dutch Republic came to control almost half of Brazil, with their capital in Recife. The Dutch West India Company (GWC) set up their headquarters in Recife. The governor, Johan Maurits, invited artists and scientists to the colony to help promote Brazil and increase immigration.

Mauritsstad (or Mauritiopolis) was the capital of Dutch Brazil, and is now a part of the Brazilian city of Recife. The city was built on the island of Antonio Vaz opposite Recife, and designed by architect Pieter Post. It was named after Governor Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen, who had founded the city and palace Vrijburgh. Mauritsstad was the cultural center of the New World, with the first botanical garden and the first zoo in America, and a museum with three hundred stuffed monkeys. The city’s Jewish population constructed the first American synagogue.

The GWC gained control of Olinda by 16 Feb 1630, and Recife and António Vaz by 3 Mar.  Matias de Albuquerque, the Portuguese governor, led a strong Portuguese resistance which hindered the Dutch from developing their forts on the lands which they had captured. By 1631, the Dutch left Olinda and tried to gain control of the Fort of Cabedello on Paraíba, the Rio Grande, Rio Formoso, and Cabo de Santo Agostinho. These attempts were also unsuccessful.

Still in control of António Vaz and Recife, the Dutch later gained a foothold at Cabo Santo Agostinho.  (Maybe this was Matthys’ battle) However, after the Portuguese regained Porto Calvo, the GWC gave control of Nieuw Holland to Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen due to the great advantage the Portuguese had over the Dutch by controlling Porto Calvo. By 1634 the Dutch controlled from the coastline of the Rio Grande do Norte to Pernambuco’s Cabo de Santo Agostinho. They still maintained control of the seas as well. By 1635 many Portuguese settlers were choosing Dutch-occupied land over Portuguese-controlled land. The Dutch offered freedom of worship and security of property.

July 1639 – Mathijs is found listed on the manifest of the West Indies Raven (Harbor manifest, Court of New Amsterdam) that travelled from Recife, Brazil to New Amsterdam, New York. Along with him is Willem Hendrickse, brother of Margriet Hendrickse. They are believed to be children of Hendrick HENDRICKSE Van Gouts, a company accountant.

Aug 1639 – Mathijs is recorded on the land of brother, Conraet Jansen van Ceulen (aka van Keulen) in North Harlem…a plot called “Keulens Hook”(History of Harlem).

Van Keulen’s Hook - In 1639, Conraet van Keulen secured a Patens for 100 Morgens at Otterspoor, renamed Van Keulens Hook. This being located between present day 108th and 125th Streets, along the River, in Harlem. He was also named as a Lessor on a parcel called Bestevears Kreupelbosch(Leather Swamp) in a document dated 14 December, 1640.    - Mathijs Jansen van Ceulen received a land Patens for 50 Morgens of land at the North East tip of Manhattan Island in August, 1646, which was named Van Keulens Bouwerie. Today that land is occupied by Columbia University, Bakers field, and lands to the East of route 9. Route 9 is approxiamitely where the ferry to the mainland was located in the 1600s.

By Oct 1639 - Mathijs returned to Recife.   Mathijs and Margriet appear numerous times in the records of the Recife DRC.

Jul 1641 – Mathijs term on the council was up, and he then moved to Fort Orange (Albany).

Back to the story of Zwaanendael 

Zwaanendael or Swaanendael,  a Dutch colonial settlement in Delaware,  was built in 1631. The name is archaic Dutch spelling for “swan valley”. The site of the settlement later became the town of Lewes, Delaware.

Zwaanendael Colony Location

On 6 Oct 1630 as a Lord-Director Principle Partner of the Dutch West Indies Charter from the beginning of the company, Matthys joined with Killaen Van Rennsalaer and others to introduce a tenant farming colony along the Delaware River. Numerous entries in Van Rennsalaer’s personal journals relate to Mathij Van Kulen.  Matthys traveled to America, possibly several times, around 1630-35, apparently with two of his brothers.  In America in about 1630, with about ten other investors, he helped found a colony which they named “Zwaanendal”,  Indians destroyed the colony a year later. It was rebuilt later on, and became the basis for the existence of Delaware as an independent state. As a part of the creation of the colony, Matthys was “granted the armorial bearings of an earl”. Matthys eventually settled around the Hudson River near what is now Kingston, NY.

Two directors of the Amsterdam chamber of the Dutch West India Company, Samuel Blommaert and Samuel Godyn, bargained with the natives for a tract of land reaching from Cape Henlopen to the mouth of Delaware River. This was in 1629, three years before the charter of Maryland, and is the oldest deed for land in Delaware. Its water-front nearly coincides with the coast of Kent and Sussex Counties. The purchase was ratified in 1630 by Peter Minuit and his council at Fort Amsterdam.

A company including, besides the two original proprietors, Kiliaen van Rensselaer (Patroon of Rensselaerswyck), Johannes De Laet (the geographer), and David Pietersen de Vries was formed to colonize the tract. A ship of eighteen guns was fitted out to bring over the colonists and subsequently defend the coast, with incidental whaling to help defray expenses. A colony of more than thirty people was planted on Lewes creek, a little north of Cape Henlopen, and its governorship was entrusted to Gillis Hosset. This settlement antedated by several years any in Pennsylvania, and the colony at Lewes practically laid the foundation and defined the singularly limited area of the state of Delaware, the major part of which was included in the purchase. A palisaded fort was built, with the “red lion, rampant,” of Holland affixed to its gate, and the country was named Swaanendael or Zwaanendael Colony, while the water was called Godyn’s bay. The estate was further extended, on 5 May 1630, by the purchase of a tract twelve miles square on the coast of Cape May opposite, and the transaction was duly attested at Fort Amsterdam.

The existence of the little colony was short, for the Indians came down upon it in revenge for an arbitrary act on the part of Hosset, and it was destroyed, with no Dutch escaping to tell the tale.  Our Matthys must have been elsewhere.  The details of the attack were recounted to Dutch observers by Nanticoke Indians:

“He then showed us the place where our people had set up a column to which was fastened a piece of tin, whereon the arms of Holland were painted. One of their chiefs took this off, for the purpose of making tobacco-pipes, not knowing that he was doing amiss. Those in command at the house made such an ado about it that the Indians, not knowing how it was, went away and slew the chief who had done it, and brought a token of the dead to the house to those in command, who told them that they wished that they had not done it; that they should have brought him to them, as they wished to have forbidden him not to do the like again. They went away, and the friends of the murdered chief incited their friends, as they are a people like the Indians, who are very revengeful, to set about the work of vengeance. Observing our people out of the house, each one at his work, that there was not more than one inside, who was lying sick, and a large mastiff, who was chained, – had he been loose they would not have dared to approach the house, – and the man who had command standing near the house, three of the stoutest Indians, who were to do the deed, bringing a lot of bear-skins with them to exchange, sought to enter the house. The man in charge went in with them to make the barter, which being done, he went to the loft where the stores lay, and in descending the stairs one of the Indians seized an axe and cleft his head so that he fell down dead. They also relieved the sick man of life, and shot into the dog, who was chained fast, and whom they most feared, twenty-five arrows before they could dispatch him. They then proceeded towards the rest of the men, who were at work, and, going amongst them with pretensions of friendship, struck them down. Thus was our young colony destroyed, causing us serious loss.”

In 1633, de Vries negotiated a treaty with the Indians and sailed up the Delaware River, attempting to trade for beans and corn. Failing his objective there, de Vries sailed to Virginia, where was successful in obtaining provisions for the colonists in Zwaanendael, to which he returned.

1635 – Mathij became the second Patroon of Zawaanendal in 1635, after the death of Sam Godyn. He arrived in New York between 1635 and 1638. His name appears on a shipping manifest of the West Indies Raven, 27 Jun, 1639. 2 of his brothers were crew aboard the Raven

Google Maps Satellite View  of Mathijis’ Haarlem Patent at the extreme northern tip of Manhattan Island

12 Aug 1646 - Mathijs  received a land Patens in Harlem, NY for 50 Morgens of land near Conraet’s land on Manhattan. This was known as Van Ceulens Bouwerie. The land today is located at the point where 9W crosses the Harlem River at Columbia University’s Baker’s Field.  I wonder what these 100 acres of land in Manhattan are worth today?    Said land was confirmed to his heirs, including Matthys Mathyssen, in 1667.

Here’s today’s Street View looking back from the 220th Street Bridge (Highway 9)

2 Jul 1667 – (page 665, Court records of New Netherlandt)

Land valuation and division of the patromonial estate of Mathijs Jansen van Keulen to his children. Case identifies land in the Esopus belonging to this estate, suggesting Mathijs had a land patens in the Esopus prior to his death in 1648. Matthys received: 20 Morgens of land (about 40 acres), previously owned by Evert PELS (our ancestor) , with house, barn and outbuildings, valued at 900 sch. Also, a horse identified as a grey stallionand a plow valued at 180 guilders. Matthys to pay his sister Anna 167 sch, 60 guilders, and 267 sch, 60 guilders to brother Jan, to equalize the shares. Notes the undivided land in the pappermemmins (Man Hats, Manhattan)”

Margriet’s second husband, Thomas Chambers, willed his coat of arms to his two stepsons, so the Van Keuren family has a second coat of arms in addition to an earlier coat of arms from Holland. The blazon for this second coat of arms is:

Argent, a chamber piece fesswise sable, fired proper (a small cannon pointed horizontally, black with colored fire coming out of it) There are two crests above the shield that have been associated with the coat of arms.  A demi-eagle displayed, per pale argent and sable, the heads counterchanged imperially crowned or (an eagle with only wings and two heads, colored silver and black in four quadrants, with a gold crown on each head)

15 Oct, 1648 -A court case between Margriet, listed as “widow of Mattys Jansz”, and Willem Jeuriansz was put over to the next court day.

22 Oct, 1648 – The director promises to “help the widow” recover the 50 florins owed her by Willem Juriaensz.

Chambers Coat of Arms — Courtesey http://www.angelfire.com/id/vancuren/

16 Dec 1648 – A court proceeding over 2 ankers of Brandy on that date showed Margriet married to Thomas Chambers showing Thomas as “husband and guardian of his wife”.

Margriet took Mathijs’ lands at Wildwyck after his death. She was one of the 17 original communicants at the Old Dutch Church, Kingston.  Mrs Van Keuren Chambers was one of the first settlers of Kingston, by virtue of an Indian deed dated 5 June 1652. A Dutch patent for 76 acres was issued to her by Gov. Peter Stuyvesant on 8 Nov, 1653.

Jan 1656 –  Margriet and Thomas were granted a house lot on wagon road outside Albany. The last record of Margriet and Thomas in Albany was July, 1656.

1656 – Suit was filed against “Margriet Clabborts” for beer and other liquors fetched at the tavern of Herman Bamboes. Clabborts, or Clapboard, was a commonly used reference for Thomas Chambers.

Either late 1656, or sometime during 1657, Thomas and Margriet moved to Esopus

First Esopus War

May 1658 – In a letter from Thomas Chambers to Governor Stuyvesant, he writes in substance:  “I saw that the Indians had an anker (ten-gallon keg) of brandy lying under a tree.  I tasted myself and found it was pure brandy.  About dusk they fired at and killed Harmen Jacobsen, who was standing in a yacht in the river; and during the night  they set fire to the house of  Jacob Adrijansa, and the people were compelled to flee for their lives.  Once before we were driven away and expelled from our property; as long as we are under the jurisdiction of the West India Company we ask your assistance, as Esopus could feed the whole of New Netherland.  I have informed myself among the Indians who killed Harmen, and they have promised to deliver the guilty party in bonds.  Please do not begin the war too suddenly, and not until we have constructed a stronghold for defense.”

Oct 1658 – Eight Esopus Indians broke off corn ears for Thomas Chambers. When they finished work the Indians said, “Come give us brandy.” Chambers replied, ” When it is dark.” When evening was come he gave a large bottle with brandy to the Indians. They retired to a place at no great distance from the fort and sat down to drink. The eight Indians drank there until midnight; by that time they were drunk, and they began to yell. At length the brandy came to an end. One Indian said, “Buy more brandy; we still have wampum.” The Indian who was afterwards killed went to Chambers‘ house to get more brandy. Chambers said, ” I have given you all I had.”

The Indian then went to where the soldiers were, taking with him the bottle which he hid under his cloak. “Have you any brandy?” said the Indian. “Yes, I have brandy,” answered a soldier. ” Here is wampum, give me brandy for it.” “What is wampum, and what can I do with it? where is your kettle?” said the soldier. “I have no kettle, but I have a bottle here under my cloak,” replied the Indian. The soldier filled the bottle, but would take nothing for the brandy.

The Indian came to his comrades who were lying about and crying, and asked them, “Why do you cry? I have brought brandy!” Whereupon they changed their cry, and asked if he had given all the wampum. “No, a soldier gave it to me.” They replied “that is very good,” and began to drink lustily from the bottle, because they had no goblet or ladle. When the bottle was passed around the Indians began to wrangle and fight. Two of them presently said to each other, “We have no cause to fight, let us go away;” so they went away, leaving six. After a little time one of the remaining Indians said, “Come let us go away; I feel that we shall be killed.” Said the other, “You are crazy; who should kill us? We would not kill the Dutch, and have nothing to fear from them or the other Indians.” “Yes,” replied he, “but I nevertheless am so heavy-hearted.”

The bottle was passed twice, and the Indian said again, “Come, let us go; my heart is full of fears.” He went off and hid his goods in the bushes at a little distance. Coming back once more they heard the bushes crackle as the Dutch came there, without knowing who it was. Then this Indian went away, saying “Come, let us go, for we all shall be killed;” and the rest laid down together, whereupon the Dutch came and all of them fired into the Indians, shooting one in the head and capturing another. One drunken Indian was continually moving about, whereupon the Dutch fired upon him repeatedly, nearly taking his dress from his body.

Ensign Smith knew what the consequences of this outbreak would be, and he sought to ascertain who ordered the firing contrary to his express instructions. The Dutch cast all the blame on the Indians, saying that the latter fired first. The affairs of the colony being in such an unsatisfactory state, and finding the people would not respect his authority, Smith announced his intention of leaving for New Amsterdam next day. Great excitement was manifested when this became known. The people tried to dissuade him from his purpose by representing their exposed condition, and making assurances of future obedience on their part. Smith was intractable, and continued making preparations for his departure; but by an adroit measure of Stohl and Chambers, who hired all the boats in the neighborhood, he found himself unable to carry out his resolution. It was deemed expedient, however, to acquaint the Governor of the state of affairs, and accordingly Christopher Davis was dispatched down the river in a canoe for that purpose.

Davis was escorted to the river by a company of eight soldiers and ten citizens, under Sergeant Lawrentsen, Sept. 21st, 1659. On the return of the escort to the village they fell into an ambuscade near where now stands the City Hall; the Sergeant and thirteen men surrendered without firing a shot, the rest making their escape. War now began in earnest. More than five hundred Indians were in the vicinity of the fort, who kept up a constant skirmish with settlers. By means of firebrands they set fire to the House of Jacob Gebers; numbers of barracks, stacks and barns were in like manner destroyed. One day they made a desperate assault on the palisades which came near being successful. Failing in this, the Indians slaughtered all the horses, cattle and hogs they could find outside the defenses. Three weeks was a constant siege kept up so that “none dare go abroad.” Unable to take the town they vented their fury on the unfortunate prisoners.

Jacob Jansen Van Stoutenburgh, Abram Vosburg, a son of Cornelius B. Sleight, and five or six other were compelled to run the gauntlet; they were next tied to stakes, and, after being beaten and cut in the most cruel manner, were burned alive. Thomas Clapboard [Chambers], William the carpenter, Peter Hillebrants [son of Hildebrand PIETERSEN] and Evert PELS‘ son were among the captives.

These are the only names mentioned in the early records. Clapboard was taken by six warriors down the Esopus kill. At night he removed the cords by which he was bound, and successively knocked five of his captors in the head while they were asleep, killing the sixth before he could fly, and making good his escape. Another prisoner, a soldier, got home safely after a somewhat rough experience. Peter Laurentsen and Peter Hillebrants were ransomed; Hendrick Vosberg Pel, then a mere youth, was adopted into the tribe and married among them. Overtures were afterwards made to the Indians by the friends of the lad for his return; but the Indians answered that he “wished to stay with his squaw and pappoose, and he ought to.”

News of these events filled the whole colony with fear and forebodings. Stuyvesant had only six or seven soldiers in garrison at New Amsterdam, and they were sick and unqualified for duty. He then sent to Fort Orange and Rensselaerwyck for reinforcements; but the inhabitants of Fort Orange could not succor without leaving their own homes defenseless. The Governor asked for volunteers, offering Indians as prizes; only six or seven responded, lie then conscripted all the garrison at Amsterdam, the Company’s servants, the hands in his brewery and the clerks. The people made great opposition to this, averring that “they were not liable to go abroad and fight savages.”

Notwithstanding these hindrances Governor Stuyvesant set sail October 9th with about 160 men, and reached Esopus next day. Here he found the siege had been raised thirty-six hours before, and that the Indians had retreated to their homes whither the Governor’s troops could not follow them, for the country was then innundated with nearly a foot of water from the frequent rains.

In the spring of 1660, there was a renewal of hostilities; an Indian castle having been plundered, and several Indians taken captive, the Indians sued for peace and proposed an exchange of prisoners. Stuyvesant declined their overtures, and prosecuted the war with vigor, sending some of the captive chiefs, then in his hands, to Curaçao  as slaves to the Dutch.

The clans now held a council. Said Sewackenamo, the Esopus chief, “What will you do?” “We will fight no more,” said the warriors. “We wish to plant in peace,” replied the squaws. “We will kill no more hogs,” answered the young men.

Stuyvesant met their propositions with an extravagant demand for land. The fertile corn-planting grounds of the Walkill and Rondout valleys had excited the cupidity of the colonists. The Indians were loath to give up so much of their territory, but they finally acceded to the Governor’s demand. During the negotiations the Indians plead for the restoration of their enslaved chiefs. But in pursuance of Stuyvesant’s policy, those ancient sachems had become the chattels of Dutchmen, and were toiling, under the lash, in the maize and bean-fields among the islands of the far-off Caribbean Sea; so the Governor replied that they must be considered dead. Although deeply grieved at this, the chiefs agreed to the treaty, and departed.

Second Esopus War

Some acts of crimination and recrimination having occurred between the Dutch settlers of Kingston and Hurley and their Indian neighbors, growing out of a misunderstanding in regard to some lands, the feud finally terminated  the “Massacre at the Esopus.” To be more certain of success the Esopus clans endeavored to get the Wappinger Indians of Duchess, and other of the neighboring clans, to join them, and succeeded partially. To lull the suspicions of the whites, a proposition for a new treaty was made only two days before the attack.

7 Jun 1663 - A band of two hundred Indians entered Wildwyck and New Diep (now Kingston and Hurley) in the morning, from different points, and dispersed themselves among the dwellings in a friendly manner, having with them a little maize and a few beans; under pretense of selling these they went about from place to place to discover the strength of the men. After they had been in Kingston about a quarter of an hour, some people on horseback rushed through the mill-gate crying out-’ “The Indians have destroyed the New Village!”  And with these words the Indians immediately fired their guns, and made a general attack on the village from the rear, hewing down the whites with their axes and tomahawks. They seized what women and children they could and carried them prisoners outside the gates, plundered the houses, and set the village on fire to windward, it blowing at the time from the south. The remaining Indians commanded all the streets, firing from the corner houses which they occupied, and through the curtains outside along the highways, so that some of the inhabitants while on their way to their houses to get their arms were wounded and slain. When the flames had reached their height the wind veered to the west, otherwise the flames would have been much more destructive.  The attack was so rapdi that those in different parts of the village were not aware of what was transpiring until they happened to meet the wounded in the streets. Few of the men were in the village, the rest being abroad at their field labors.

Capt. Thomas Chambers, who was wounded on coming in from the fields, issued immediate orders to secure the gates, to clear the gun and drive off the Indians, which was accordingly done. After the few men in the village had been collected, and by degrees others arriving from different quarters, being attracted by the columns of smoke and the firing, they mustered in the evening sixty-nine efficient men. The burnt palisades were immediately replaced with new ones, and the people distributed, during the night, along the bastions and curtains to keep watch.

In this attack on the two villages fifteen men, four women and two children were killed. Most of the women and children killed were burned to death. Of the prisoners taken by the Indians at this outbreak there were thirteen women, thirty children, and one man. At Kingston twelve houses were burned, while the New Village was entirely destroyed.

Soldiers including PEER Jan Hendricks  were now sent up from New York, and the Indians were hunted from mountain to mountain.  The rescued children included Tjerck Claessen en de Witt’s oldest daughter. (Mathijs Jansen Van KEULEN’s future daughter-in-law) Peer Jan Hendrick married Mathijs’ daughter Annetje.  See his  page for details about the rescue.

Among those killed was “Thomas Chambers’ negro murdered on the farm”

Three thousand guilders was taken from the estate of Mathijs Jansen van Ceulen were used to build the Original First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Kingston as it appeared before 1721

1663 - Three thousand guilders was taken from the estate of Mathijs Jansen van Ceulen at the direction of Margriet Hendrickse, for the building of the Dutch Reformed Church of Kingston.

2 Jul  1667 – The Court of New Amsterdam confirmed Van Ceulens Bouwerie to the heirs, Katryn, Annetje, Jan & Matthys, stepfather Thomas Chambers acting on their behalf.

Will of Thomas Chambers

THOMAS CHAMBERS. In the name of God, Amen, the 5 April, 1694. I, Thomas Chambers, Lord of the Manor of Fox Hall, in the County of Ulster, being sick in body. I leave to my wife’s daughter, Jacomintie Gaasbeck, and to her heirs and assigns, a certain tract of land, situate, lying and being in the Manor of Fox Hall, called and known by the name of Brandywynes Hoek, and likewise out of my estate herein bequeathed unto Abraham Gaasbeck Chambers, a corn mill is to be built for the use of her and her heirs, where I have already begun to make a dam. And all the water out of my meadow or Vly is to be drawn there to drive said mill. Also a free path to said mill and land. Also 2 acres of land to the southward of said dam, where it may be most convenient to build a house on.

I leave to my wife’s daughter, Maria Salisbury, and to her heirs and assigns, all that certain tract of land now in possession of Dirck Hendricks de Gayer, and commonly called and known by the name of Wiggwansinck.

I leave to my wife’s son Abraham Gaasbeck Chambers all my other estate, to wit, the Manor of Fox Hall, with all the appurtenances (except what is above bequeathed), likewise my mill and house at the Strand, with all that wood or upland as it is mentioned in my General Patent, for the Lordship of Fox Hall. And all the movable goods. My will is that the said estate shall be kept whole and entire, to the next heir of him the said Abraham Gaasbeck Chambers, (He and his heirs always using the surname of Chambers,) and to be entailed from generation to generation.

In default of male heirs the estate is to go to his eldest sister Jacyntie Gaasbeck, with this proviso, that she take the name of Chambers, and whoever marries her shall take the name of Chambers. If she should die without issue, then the estate is to go to her sister, Maria Salisbury, on the same conditions. My wife is to remain in full possession of all the estate until her son Abraham Gaasbeck Chambers is of age, and then she is to have the use of one half for life.

I will that Dirck Hendricks shall have the use of the tract of land called Wiggwansinck, he paying 65 scheppels of wheat yearly, as long as he or his wife lives. But if he goes off, then the house and barn are to be valued, and the value allowed to him.

I will that Cornelius Wouterse shall have maintenance during his life, out of my estate, likewise lodging, and whatever else is needful for a man of his quality. I leave to my wife Laurentia my house and lot in Kingston, for life, and then to her children. I appoint my wife Laurentia executor, and William De Meyer, of Kingston, to be her assistant. In testimony I have set my hand and seal in Fox Hall.

Witnesses, Henry Beekman, Wessell Ten Broeck, W. De Meyer. Sworn to by Colonel Henry Beekman, Captain Wessell Ten Broeck, Justice of the Peace, and Mr. William De Meyer, before Teunis Gorton, Judge of Common Pleas, May 18, 1694. Entered in Records of Ulster County, No. A, fol. 301-5 by me, W. De Meyer, Clerk. Proved before Governor Hunter, May 23, 1713, upon oath of Henry Beekman, the other witnesses being deceased, the original will being in the handwriting of William De Meyer, And Letters of administration are granted to Abraham Gaasbeck Chambers, the widow of Thomas Chambers having died without having proved the will.

Children

“Van Keuren” has no direct Dutch/German meaning, as it is a corruption of the original name, meaning “Of Cologne”. The family left Cologne in the 1540s, and added the van suffix at that time.  Mathijs’ children all used the patronymic “Matthyssen”, but in 1715, his grandsons decided to abandon the patronymic and begin using the “Van” name, adopting the spelling “Van Keuren”.  It is thought that the long time period between the death of Mathijs Jansen van Ceulen in 1648 and the attempt to revive the name in 1715 is likely the cause of the spelling variation. Virtually all Van Curens, Van Kurens, Van Kurins, Van Kurans, Van Curons, and Van Keurens in America are direct descendants of Mathijs van Ceulen

Matthys’s son Jan Matthysen took the patrynomic Jansen and his descendants use that name today.

Of the two sons, Matthys Matthysen was the ancestor of the Van Keuren family and Jan Matthysen the ancestor of Ulster County’s Jansen family.

After Matthys’s death,  the surname was not used by the family for 68 years.  It was revived when his grandsons through his son  Matthys Matthysen attempted to reclaim the name of nobility in 1716, they were unsure of the spelling. Van Keuren is what they ended up with.  There are several different spellings of the name, including “Keulen”, “Kuren”, and “Curen”, but all people that we have found are descended from Matthys Matthysen Van Keuren.

1. Catryntje (Katryn) Matthyssen

Catyrntje’s husband Jan Jansen Van Amesfoort was born 1630 in Amersfoort, Utrecht, Holland. Jan died 1688 in Kingston, Ulster, New York.

Thoomas Chambers sued Van Amesfoort for calling Thoomas’ wife (Van Amesfoort’s mother-in-law)  a whore, a hog, and a beast. Several times he appeared in court for physically abusing his wife and/or mother-in-law. Finally, in February of 1668, he was exiled from the colony, while still being required to pay the support of his family. Perhaps this is the first case of New York Alimony.

His children all bore the surname Van Steenberghen, probably changed as a result of said legal action. It is uncertain where the Van Steenberghen name came from, or why they began using it.

As an added note, the name of Matthys’ son-in-law “Van Steinburgh” is also a corruption. His daughter Catryn  married Jan Jansen van Amersfoort in 1660. Jan had numerous appearances in court (theft, spouse abuse, drunkenness, etc) and was exiled from the colony in 1667. In 1684, their children adopted the surname Van Steenberghen, which eventually became Van Steenbergh, Van Steenburgh, and Van Steinburgh.

2. Annetje Matthyssen (Mattesen) Jansen Van KEUREN (See PEER Jan Hendricks‘ page)

3. Jan Matthyssen Jansen

Son Jan, who preferred to use the patronymic “Jan Tyssen”, is the progenitor of the Ulster County Jansens.

Jan’s wife Magdalena Blanchan was born 7 Mar 1646 in Manheim, Baden, Germany.  Her parents were Matthys Blanchan (1600 – 1688) and Magdalena Brissen Joire or Jorisse (1611 – 1688).Magdalena died 9 Jul 1757 in New York.

Magdalena’s father Matthew was born about 1610. In his testamentary deposition in 1665, he stated that he was born in the village of Noeuville o corne in the parish Ricame in the province of Artois France.  Before 1633, Matthew moved to Armentieres, France and married about 15 Oct 1633 Magdeline Joire (1611-?).

Magdeline  Joire was born on October 27, 1611 in Armentierres, France. She may have been the daughter of Petrus Joire and Jacoba Le Blanc. Or, she may have been Magdeline Jorise, the daughter of Joris Serge. Further research needs to be undertaken to resolve her parentage.

Before 1647, the couple moved to England.  By 1651 they resided in Mannheim Germany, probably persuaded to go there by the new tax laws and provisions made to induce Huguenot merchants and manufacturers to help rebuild this territory.

On 26 Apr 1660, they arrived at New Amsterdam on the Gilded Otter listed as Mattheus Blanchand, farmer, from Artois, wife and three children 12, 9, and 5 years old. Matthew was granted a Deed of Confirmation by Governor Nicholls 18 June 1664 “for a house and lot of ground lying and being at Wiltwyck, at Esopus.” Matthew was there as early as Oct 1661 when he was levied an excise tax for wine and beer. He acquired considerable property at Esopus. Sometime prior to 25 April 1663 they went to New Dorp which was destroyed by the Esopus Indians in June of 1663. Two of his children were carried away into captivity by the Indians and were rescued months later.

4. Matthys Matthyssen

Mattys’ wife Tjatte Charity DeWitt was born in 1659 in Albany New York. Her parents were Tjerk Claessen DeWitt b. 1620 in Saterland, Netherlands and Barbara Andriessen. Tjatte died before 1724 in Kingston, Ulster, New York.  (Rescued from Indians by her future brother in law PEER Jan Hendricks (See his page for details)

Tjerck Claeszn DeWitt, son of Claes DeWitt, immigrant ancestor of the family in this country, first appears in the records of New Amsterdam in 1656, when he married , Barbara Andriessen, who came from Amsterdam, Holland. He resided in New Amsterdam until 1657, when he re- moved to Albany, and he finally located, in 1661, at Wiltwyck (now Kingston), Ulster county. New York, where he resided until he died, 17 Feb 1700. His widow, Barbara, died July 6, 1714.

In 1667, when the British sent Captain Broadhead and thirteen soldiers to take possession of Kingston, DeWitt was one of those who opposed British occupation and among the complaints made afterward by the Burghers was the following: “Captain

Broadhead has beaten Tjerick Claeszen DeWitt without reason and brought him to prison. Ye reason why Capy. Broadhead abused Tjerick DeWitt was because he would keep Christmas day on ye day according to ye Dutch and not on ye day according to ye English observation.” The remonstrance of the burghers sent to the governor against the imprisonment of Tarentson Slight, was signed among others by DeWitt. He was granted leave, April 8. 16()q. to build a house, barn and stables on land between Kingston and Hurley. He appears to have been well-to-do and brought servants with him to Kingston. Complaint was made by an Indian before the court that DeWitt had refused to pay wages due and the court appears to have taken a rather absurd snap judgment, ordering DeWitt’s banishment and fining him six hundred guilders, upon appeal, the order of banishment was rescinded and the fine remitted, and DeWitt was ordered, instead, to pay a reasonable sum for his services to the complaining Indian — about eighty cents. DeWitt was granted the right to occupy a mill site about five miles from Kingston and to erect and operate a mill there and a tract of seventy acres a mile farther distant, known as”Dead Men’s Bones,” was added for his subsistence.

Matthys should have been named Hendrick, in honor of his maternal grandmother. When his father, Mathijs, died in Oct, 1648, Matthys had not yet been born, so following a Dutch tradition, he was named for his dead father instead.

28 May 1667 – Manhattan land grant confirmed to Matthys and Jan, as rightful heirs. Confirmation was later overturned and land transferred to new owners.

2 Jul 1667 – (page 665, Court records of New Netherlandt) Land valuation and division of the patromonial estate of Mathijs Jansen van Keulen to his children. Case identifies land in the Esopus belonging to this estate, suggesting Mathijs had a land patens in the Esopus prior to his death in 1648. Matthys received: 20 Morgens of land(@@ 40 acres), previously owned by Evert PELS (our ancestor) , with house, barn and outbuildings, valued at 900 sch. Also, a horse identified as a grey stallion and a plow valued at 180 guilders. Matthys to pay his sister Anna 167 sch, 60 guilders, and 267 sch, 60 guilders to brother Jan, to equalize the shares. Notes the undivided land in the pappermemmins (Man Hats, Manhattan)

Jan 1675 – Gave up Dutch commission as Captain to accept a British rank of Sargent. By 1687, he would have the rank of Captain in the British Army

13 Aug  1680 – Grant of the court of Kingston to John and William Demeyer and Mathys Matthyssen of 6 acres of land under the falls at the Plattekill. Also the woodland, for as far as they need to cut wood for the sawmill.

2 Nov 1680 – Certificate of ownership showing that brothers, Mathys and Jan Matthyssen, are in partnership in the ownership in a mill and kiln, known as the “Plattekill”

16 Jun 1685 – Land survey for 83 Acres on the south side of the Esopus Kill and the House lot in Kingston, by Phillip Welles, surveyor. Indicates Matthys’ home was already built, although it fails to note exact location.

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=134355289

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~deadrelatives/pyag416.htm#12074

http://otal.umd.edu/~walt/gen/htmfile/3890.htm

http://www.ttinet.com/rsvk/family/vankeurenmj.html

http://www.searchforancestors.com/surnames/origin/v/vankeuren.php

http://genforum.genealogy.com/jansen/messages/260.html

http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/america/brazil/dutch.html

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/county/orange/legends/esopuspg7.htm

http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?Matthys::vancuren::11.html

http://www.angelfire.com/id/vancuren/home.html

Olde Ulster; an Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Volume 9 By Benjamin Myer Brink pages 305-309, October,1910

Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Immigrant Coat of Arms, Line - Shaw, Place Names, Public Office, Storied, Veteran | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 21 Comments

Peer Jan Hendricks

Peer Jan HENDRICKS (1638 -1708) was Alex’s 9th Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Peer Jan Hendricks was born about 1638 in Fort Orange, New York. His parents were Hendrick ALBERTSand Geertruyd Andrissen Van DOESBURGH. He married Annetje Matthyssen Jansen Van KEUREN on 11 Mar 1667/1668 in the Kingston Dutch Reformed Church. She took the name Annetje Hendrickse.  He died on 22 Mar 1707/1708 in Kingston NY.

Annetje Matthyssen (Mattesen) Jansen Van Keuren was born in 1645 in Fort Orange, Albany, NY. Her parents were Mathijs Jansen Van KEULEN and Margaret HENDRICKS.   Annetje died 3 Feb 1722 in Kingston, NY.

Children of Matthys and Annetje:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Geertruy Peersen 12 Mar 1668/69
Kingston NY
Gerrit Tyssen
14 Oct 1696
Kingston
2. Matthys Peersen 19 May 1671
Ulster County, NY
Tanna Winne
7 Dec 1701
Kingston
21 Apr 1751
Kingston
3. Sara Jansen Peersen 1673
Kingston, NY
Myndert (Meindert) Schut
16 Nov 1694 Kingston, NY
1733
4. Hendrick Peersen 2 Jun 1675
Kingston
4. Margriet Peersen 28 Sep 1679
Kingston
Bastian De Witt
5 Mar 1703/04
Kingston
5. Jacob Peersen 25 Sep 1681
Kingston
6. Jan Peersen 2 Sep 1683
Kingston
Annetje Catryn Post
(Daughter of Jan Jansen POSTMAEL)
1701
1750
Kingston
7. Blandina PEERSON 1685 Brabant, Ulster, NY Jonas DeLANGE
15 Nov 1718
Kingston
5 Dec 1765 in Dutchess County New York.
8. Thomas Peersen 23 May 1686 in Kingston Maria De Londjue
21 Dec 1717
Kingston.

In Peer Jan Hendricks’ time, the Dutch were still practicing patronymics. This was outlawed when the British took over 1687. Each family had to declare their sirnames and then pass that on to their children.  Children of a man named Peer, would become Peersen. that is why there are so many variations of surnames. It went from Peer to Peerson, to Person to Persend to Personeus to Personius.

Peer was a Sargent in the Dutch West India Company’s troops sent to Esopus Jun 1663 under Capt. Martin Krieger in Colonel Cragier’s regiment.  He took part in the rescue of the women and children captured in the Esopus raid on Wiltwyck (Kingston), June, 1663.  Two months after the raid, the Indians were engaged at the Esopus and the captives freed, including Tjaatje and Jannetje DeWitt, and Jannaken Van Vliet.   Tjaatje Dewitt would be his future sister-in-law by later marrying Matthys Matthyssen,  Annetje’s brother and progenitor of the Van Keuren family.

An Account of the Burning of Wildwyck
7 Jun 1663 as  Translated from the Original Dutch Manuscript and published in The Documentary History of the State of New York in 1849.  A letter from the residents of Wildwyck to the governing Council of New Netherland describing the June 7th, 1663 Indian attack on the village, listing all the dead and wounded residents, and pleading for aid and assistance.

June 20,1663

The Court at Wildwyck to the Council of New Netherland:

Right Honorable, most respected, wise, prudent and very discreet Lords.

We, your Honors’ faithful subjects have to report, pursuant to the order of the Right Honorable Heer Director General, in the form of a Journal, that in obedience to his Honor’s order, received on the 30th of May last, we caused the Indian Sachems to be notified on the 5th of June, to be prepared to expect the arrival of the Right Honorable Heer Director General, to receive the promised presents, and to renew the peace. This notification was communicated to them through Capt. Thomas Chambers, to which they answered: If peace were to be renewed with them, the Honorable Heer Director General should, with some unarmed persons, sit with them in the open field, without the gate, as it was their own custom to meet unarmed when renewing peace or in other negotiations.

But they, unmindful of the preceding statement, surprised and attacked us between the hours of 11 and 12 o’clock in the forenoon on Thursday the 7th instant. Entering in bands through all the gates, they divided and scattered themselves among all the houses and dwellings in a friendly manner, having with them a little maize and some few beans to sell to our Inhabitants, by which means they kept them within their houses, and thus went from place to place as spies to discover our strength in men. And after they had been about a short quarter of an hour within this place, some people on horse back rushed through the Mill gate from the New Village, crying out: The Indians have destroyed the New Village !”

And with these words, the Indians here in this Village immediately fired a shot and made a general attack on our village from the rear, murdering our people in their houses with their axes and tomahawks, and firing on them with guns and pistols; they seized whatever women and children they could catch and carried them prisoners outside the gates, plundered the houses and set the village on fire to windward, it blowing at the time from the south. The remaining Indians commanded all the streets, firing from the corner houses which they occupied and through the curtains outside along the highways, so that some of our Inhabitants, on their way to their houses to get their arms, were wounded and slain. When the flames were at their height the wind changed to the west, were it not for which the fire would have been much more destructive.

So rapidly and silently did Murder do his work that those in different parts of the village were not aware of it until those who had been wounded happened to meet each other, in which way the most of the others also had warning. The greater portion of our men were abroad at their field labors, and but few in the village. Near the mill gate were Albert Gysbertsen with two servants, and Tjerck Claesen de Wit; at the Sheriff’s, himself with two carpenters, two clerks and one thresher; at Cornelius Barentsen Sleght’s, himself and his son; at the Domine’s, himself and two carpenters and one laboring man; at the guard house, a few soldiers; at the gate towards the river, Henderick Jochemsen and Jacob, the Brewer; but Hendrick Jochemsen was very severely wounded in his house by two shots at an early hour.

By these aforesaid men, most of whom had neither guns nor side arms, were the Indians, through God’s mercy, chased and put to flight on the alarm being given by the Sheriff. Capt. Thomas Chambers [husband of Margriet HENDRICKSEwas wounded on coming in from without, issued immediate orders (with the Sheriff and Commissaries) to secure the gates; to clear the gun and to drive out the Savages, who were still about half an hour in the village aiming at their persons, which was accordingly done. The burning of the houses, the murder and carrying off of women and children is here omitted, as these have been already communicated to your Honors on the 10th June. After these few men had been collected against the Barbarians, by degrees the others arrived who, it has been stated, were abroad at their field labors, and we found ourselves when mustered in the evening, including those from the new village who took refuge amongst us, in number 69 efficient men, both qualified and unqualified. The burnt palisades were immediately replaced by new ones, and the people distributed, during the night, along the bastions and curtains to keep watch.

On the 10th inst., 10 horseman were commanded to ride down to the Redoubt and to examine its condition. They returned with word that the soldiers at the Redoubt had not seen any Indians. They brought also with them the Sergeant, who had gone the preceding morning to the Redoubt, and as he heard on his return of the mischief committed by the Indians in the village, he went back to the Redoubt and staied there. In addition to the Sergeant they brought the men who had fled from the new village.

On the 16th, towards evening, Sergeant Christiaen Niessen went with a troop of soldiers, sent us by your Honors, being 42 men, and three wagons, to the Redoubt, with letters for the Manhatans, addressed to your Honors, and to bring up ammunition from the Redoubt. On their return, the Indians made an attempt, at the first hill, to take the ammunition from these troops. The Sergeant, having divided his men into separate bodies, evinced great courage against the Indians, skirmishing with them from the first, to past the second hill, and defending the wagons so well that they arrived in safety in the village. He had, however, one killed and six wounded. The dead man was brought in next morning, having been stripped naked, and having had his right hand cut off by the Indians. Some of the Indians were also killed, but the number of these is not known. This skirmishing having been heard in the village, a reinforcement of horse and foot was immediately ordered out, but before they arrived the Indians had been put to flight by the above named Sergeant.

This, Right Honorable Lords, is what we have deemed necessary to communicate to you in the form of a journal as to how and in what manner the Indians have acted towards us and we towards them in the preceding circumstances. And we humbly and respectfully request your Honors to be pleased to send us hither for the wounded by the earliest opportunity, some prunes and linen with some wine to strengthen them, and whatever else not obtainable here your Honors may think proper; also, carabines, cutlasses, and gun flints, and we request that the carabines may be Snaphaunce, as the peopIe here are but little conversant with the use of the arquebuse (vyer roer); also some spurs for the horsemen. In addition to this, also, some reinforcements in men inasmuch as harvest will commence in about 14 days from date. Herewith ending, we commend your Honors to God’s fatherly care and protection. Done, Wildwyck this 20th June 1663.

ROELOF SWARTWOUT, (first sheriff of Esopus and son-in-law of Albert Andriessen BRADT )
the mark of ALBERT GYSBERTSEN TIERECK CLASSEN DE WITT,
THOMAS CHAMBERS,
GYSBERT VAN IMBROCH,
CHRISTIAEN NYSSEN,
HENDRICK JOCHEMSEN

List of Soldiers and settlers Killed at the June 7th raid on Wyltwyck:

MEN:
Barent Gerretsen, murdered in front of his house
Jan Albertse, killed in his house
Lichten Dirrick, killed at the farm
Willem Jansen Seba, killed before his door
Willem Jansen Hap, in Peter van Hael’s house
Jan de Smit, in his house
Hendrik Jansen Looman, on the farm
Thomas Chambers Negro, on the farm
Hey Olferts, in the gunners house

SOLDIERS:
Hendrik Martensen, on the farm
Dominicus, in Jan Albertse’s house
Christian Andriessen, in the street

WOMEN:
Lichten Dirricks wife burnt, with her fruit lost, behind Barent Gerritsen’s house
Mattys de Capito’s wife, Killed and burnt in the house
Jan Albertsen’s wife, big with child, killed in fron of her house
Pieter van Hael’s wife, shot and burnt in her house

CHILDREN:
Jan Albertse’s daughter, murdered with her mother
William Hap’s child, burnt alive in the house

TAKEN PRISONER:
Rachel de la Montagne, Gysbert van Imbroch’s wife
Hester Douwes
Sara, daughter of Hester Douwes
Grietje, Domine Laer’s wife
Femmentje, sister of Hilletje, being recently married to Joost Ariaens
Tjaatje, daughter of Tjerck Claussen de Witt (Future Daughter-in-law of Mathijs Jansen Van KEULEN and Hendrick’s future sister-in-law)
Domine Laer’schild
Ariaen Gerritsen van Vliet’s daughter
Two little boys of Mattys Roeloffsen

Killed in New Village (Hurley)

MEN:
Marten Hammensen, found dead and stripped naked behind the wagon
Jacques Tyssen, killed beside Barent’s house
Dirrick Ariaensen, shot on his horse
Pieter Jacobsen ( Femmetje Albertse PIETERSEN Westercamp‘s son-in-law)

PRISONERS:
Jan Gerritsen at Volkerts Bouwery

Women/Children taken prisoner: (name of husband father)
Louwis Dubois 1/3
Mattheu Blanchan 0/2
Antoni Crupel 1/1
Lambert Huybertsen (BRINK) 1/3
(rescued after about 3 months including our ancestor Cornelis Lambertsen BRINK).
Marten Hammensen 1/4
Jan Joosten 1/2
Barent Harmensen 1/1
Grietje Westercamp (daughter of Femmetje Albertse PIETERSEN Westercamp).1/3
Jan Barents 1/1
Michiel Ferre 0/2
Hendrick Jochems 0/1
Hendrik Martensen 0/1
Albert Heymans Roosa 0/2

Total taken prisoner: 8 women, 26 children

Houses Burnt in Wildwyck

Of Michiel Ferre, 1
Of Hans Carolusen, 1
Of Willem Hap, 1
Of Pieter van Hael, 1
Of Mattys Roeloffsen, 1
Of Jacob boerhans, 2
Of Albert Gerretsen, 1
Of Barent Gerretsen, 2
Of Lichten Dirrick, 1
Of Mattys, 1

……… …Houses 12

The new village is entirely destroyed except a new uncovered barn, one rick and a little stack of reed.

Wounded in Wildwyck

Thomas Chambers, shot in the woods
Henderick Jochemsen, shot in his house.
Michiel Ferre, shot in front of his house (died of his wounds on the 16th June.)
Albert Gerretsen, shot in front of his house.
Andries Barents, shot in front of his house.
Jan du parck, shot in the house of Aert Pietersen Tack
Henderick the Heer Director General’s Servant In the street in front of Aert JACOBSEN (Van Wagenen)
Paulus the Noorman in the street.

On the 26th of July a party of upwards of two hundred men, including forty-one Long Island Indians and seven negroes, left Kingston to attack the Indians at their fort about thirty miles distant, “mostly” in a southwest direction.  They had as a guide a woman who had been a prisoner of the Indians, and took with them two pieces of cannon and two wagons.  The cannon and wagons they were forced to abandon before reaching the fort.  They intended to surprise the Indians, but found the fort untenanted except by a solitary squaw.

The next day they sent a force to surprise the Indians on the mountain, but were unable to surprise any.  For two days and a half the whole party then employed themselves in destroying the growing crops and old maize of the Indians, the latter of which was stored in pits.  Over two hundred acres of corn, and more than one hundred pits of corn and beans, were rendered worthless by the invading forces.  The natives witnessed these proceedings from their lookout stations on the Shawangunk and neighboring mountains, but made no resistance.  Quinlan supposes this fort to have been on the headwaters of the Kerhonkson.

After this expedition the Indians proceeded to build a new fort thirty-six miles south-southwest of Kingston.  The site of this fort is on the right bank of the Shawangunk kill, near the village of Bruynswick.  Against this fort  Capt. Kregier marched the following September, with a force of fifty-five men and an Indian guide. Kregier says in his journal, in substance:

     It having rained all day the expedition must rest for the present.  Asked the Sheriff and commissaries whether they could not get some horses to accompany us, so that we may be able to place the wounded on them if we should happen to have any.  After great trouble obtained six horses, but received spiteful and insulting words from many of the inhabitants.  One said, let those furnish horses who commenced the war.  Another said, if they want anything they will have to take it by force.  The third said he must first have his horse valued and have security for it.

About one o’clock on the afternoon of the 3d we started from Fort Wiltwyck; marched about three miles to the creek and lay there that night, during which we had great rain.  The next morning we found such high water and swift current in the kill that it was impossible to ford it. Sent men on horseback to Fort Wiltwyck for axes and rope to cross the creek.  Crossed over about two o’clock in the afternoon and marched four miles further on, where we bivouacked for the night. Set out again at we discovered two squaws and a Dutch woman who had come from their new fort that morning to get corn.  But as the creek lay between us and the corn-field, though we would fain have the women, we could not ford the stream without being discovered; we therefore turned in through the wood so as not to be seen.

About two o’clock in the afternoon we arrived in sight of their fort, which we discovered situated on a lofty plain.  Divided our force in two, and proceeded in this disposition along the kill so as not to be seen and in order to come right under the fort.  But as it was somewhat level on the left of the fort, the soldiers were seen by a squaw who was piling wood there, who thereupon set up a terrible scream. This alarmed the Indians who were working upon the fort, so we instantly fell upon them. The Indians rushed through the fort towards their houses in order to secure their arms, and thus hastily picked up a few bows and arrows and some of their guns, but we were so close at their heels they were forced to leave some of them behind. We kept up a sharp fire on them and pursued them so closely that they leaped into the creek which ran in front of the lower part of their maize land. On reaching the opposite side of the kill they courageously returned our fire, so that we were obliged to send a party across to dislodge them.

In this attack the Indians lost their chief, fourteen other warriors, four women and three children, whom we saw lying on this and on the other side of the creek; but probably many others were wounded. We also took thirteen of them prisoners, besides an old man who accompanied us about half an hour, but would go no farther. We took him aside and gave him his Last meat.  We also recovered twenty-three Christian prisoners out of their hands. A captive Indian child died on the way, so that there remained eleven of them still our prisoners.

We next reviewed our men and found we had three killed, and one more wounded than we had horses. We then held a council of war; after deliberation it was determined to let the maize stand for the present. We however plundered the houses, wherein was considerable booty, such as bear and deer skins, blankets, elk hides, besides other smaller articles, many of which we were obliged to leave behind us, for we could well have filled a sloop.  We destroyed as much as we could; broke the kettles into pieces, took also twenty four guns, more than half of which we smashed, and threw the barrels here and there in the stream.  We found also several horns and bags of powder, and thirty-one belts and some strings of wampum.  We took the best of the booty along and resolved to set off.  We placed the wounded on horses and had one carried in a blanket on poles by two soldiers in turns.  The first day we marched two miles from the fort.

The Christian prisoners informed us that they were removed every night into the woods, each night to a different place, through fear of the Dutch, and brought back in the morning; but on the day before we attacked them, a Mohawk visited them, who remained with them during the night. When about to convey the Christian captives again into the woods the Mohawk said to the Esopus Indians-” What, do you carry the Christian prisoners every night into the woods?” To which they answered “Yes.” Hereupon the Mohawk said, “Let them remain at liberty here, for you live so far in the woods that the Dutch will not come hither, for they cannot come so far without being discovered before they reach you.” So they kept the prisoners by them that night. The Mohawk departed in the morning, leaving a new blanket and two pieces of cloth, which fell to us as a booty.

Early on the morning of the 6th we resumed our journey. The same day came just beyond the Esopus kill, where we remained that night. At this place the Indian child died, which we threw into the creek. Arrived at Wiltwyck about noon of the following day.

On the 22d a detachment was sent out from Wiltwyck to guard some plowmen while they labored in the fields. About midnight the party passed along the kill where some maize lay, about two hours march from the village. On arriving there they found only a small patch of maize, as it had all been plucked by some straggling Indians or bears. Our people carried off what remained. The Indian prisoners whom we held had first informed us, to-day, that a small spot of corn had been planted there principally to supply food to stragglers who went to and fro to injure the Christians. Should they come again they’ll not find any food.

About eleven o’clock on the following night, a party was sent about three miles in a northeasterly direction from Wiltwyck, having been informed there was some Indian maize at that place, to see if they could not remove it either by land or water. They returned about two o `clock in the afternoon of the next day and reported they had been on the Indians’ maize plantation, but saw no Indians, nor anything to indicate they had been there for a long time, for the maize had not been hoed, and therefore had not come to its full growth, and had been much injured by wild animals. One plantation however was good, having been hoed by the Indians, but that was likewise much injured by wild beasts. They said it was beautiful maize land, suitable for a number of bouweries, and for the immediate reception of the plow. On Sunday afternoon, September 30th, powder and ball were distributed to the soldiers and friendly Indians, in the proportion of one pound of powder, one pound of lead and three pounds of biscuit for each man, who was to accompany an expedition into the Indian country. On Monday marched from Wiltwyck with 108 men and 46 Marseping Indians. About two o’clock of the following day we came to the fort of the Esopus Indians that we had attacked on the 5th of September, and there found five large pits into which they had cast their dead. The wolves had rooted up and devoured some of them. Lower down on the kill were four other pits full of dead Indians and we found further on the bodies of three Indians, with a squaw and a child, that lay unburied and almost wholly devoured by the ravens and the wolves. We pulled up the Indian fort and threw the palisades, one on the other, in sundry heaps and set them on fire, together with the wigwams around the fort, and thus the fort and houses were destroyed and burnt. About 10 o’clock we marched thence down along the creek where lay divers maize plantations, which we also destroyed and cast the maize into the creek. Several large wigwams also stood there, which we burnt. Having destroyed everything we returned to Wiltwyck, reaching there in the evening of the next day.

About noon of Sunday, October 7th, a girl was brought up from the Redoubt [Rondout], who, the day before, had arrived on the opposite bank at that place, and was immediately conveyed across the stream. The girl said she had escaped from an Indian who had taken her prisoner, and who resided in the mountain on the other side of the creek about three miles from Wiltwyck, where he had a hut, and a small patch of corn which he had pulled, and had been there about three weeks to remove the corn. She had tried to escape before, but could not find her way out of the woods, and was forced to return to the hut. Forty men were at once sent out to try and catch the Indian. They reached the hut before sunset, which they surrounded with the intention of surprising the savage, but the hut was found to be empty. They found a lot of corn near the hut, and another lot at the kill, part of which they burned, and a part they brought back with them. They remained in the hut during the night and watched there. On the 10th of that month, Louis Du Bois, the Walloon, went to fetch his oxen which had gone back of Juriaen Westphaelen’s land. As he was about to drive home the oxen, three Indians, who lay in the bush with the intention of taking him prisoner, leaped forth. One of the savages shot at him with an arrow, slightly wounding him, whereupon Louis struck the Indian a heavy blow on the breast with a piece of palisade, and so escaped through the kill, and brought the news to the fort. Two detachments were instantly dispatched to attack them, but they had taken to flight and retreated into the woods.

The Indians were finally cowed. Their principal warriors had been slain, their fort and wigwams burned, and their food and peltries destroyed. A long hard winter was before them, and the ruthless white soldiers ready to swoop down upon them at any moment. Under these circumstances the Delawares sued for peace, and the truce was observed for a period of about ninety years, or until the breaking out of the French and Indian war.

When Capt. Kregier marched against the new fort his forces probably crossed the Shawangunk kill at Tuthilltown, and keeping along the high ground came in rear of the fort. A portion of the command marched down the hill directly on the fort, while the other detachment cut off their escape in the other direction. This fort stood on the brow of a hill overhanging the creek; in the side of this hill there is a living spring with the Indian path still leading to it. The old Wawarsing trail led from this fort, crossing the Shawangunk mountain near Sam’s Point.

Children

1. Geertruy Peersen

Geertruy’s husband Gerrit Tyssen was born about 1668 in Amseterdam, Holland.

2. Matthys Peersen

Matthys’ wife Tanna (Tanne) Winne was born 1672 in Albany, Albany, New York.  Her parents were Adam Winne and Anna Loockermans. Her grandparents were Pieter WINNE and Tannatje Adams..  Tanna died 5 Aug 1763 in Ulster, New York

3. Sara Jansen Peersen

Sara’s husband Myndert (Meindert) Schut was born 1669 in Marbletown, Ulster, New York. His parents were William Jansen Schutt and Gritie Jacobs. Myndert died 1744 in Saugerties, Ulster, New York.

4. Margriet Peersen

Margriet’s husband Bastian De Witt was born 1682 in Long Island, New York. His parents were Jacob Bastiaansz De Wit and Barbar Gybertz. Bastian died in Ulster, New York.

6. Jan Peersen

Jan Peersen was baptism #322 in the Kingston Reformed Dutch Church recorded in Hoes on page 19. He was sponsored by his mother’s brother, Jan Matthyssen, progenitor of the Ulster County Jansen family. In the baptismal record, his parents’ names are given as “Jan Hendricz and Annetje Matysz”.

Jan’s wife Annetje Catryn Post was born 6 Apr 1684 in Kingston, New York. Her parents were Jan Jansen POSTMAEL  and Jannetje LOZIER.  Annetje died in 1707.

7. Blandina PEERSON (See Jonas DeLANGE‘s page)

8. Thomas Peersen

Thomas’ wife Maria De Londjue was born about 1690 in Ulster New York,

Sources:

http://otal.umd.edu/~walt/gen/htmfile/1944.htm

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~deadrelatives/pyag277.htm

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/7103948/person/145498463

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=42436242

http://www.jwwerner.com/history/BURNINGACCOUNT.html

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/county/orange/legends/2esopus.htm

Posted in 11th Generation, Line - Shaw, Veteran | Tagged , , , | 12 Comments

Gerrit Frederickse Lansing

Gerrit Frederickse LANSING (1610 – c. 1655) was Alex’s 10th Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Coat of Arms of Hasselt, Overijssel, Netherlands

Gerrit Frederickse Lansing  may have been born about 1610 in  Hasselt, Overijssel, the Netherlands.   He was the father of the Lansing family – the most numerous family group to live in early Albany.    He married Elizabeth HENDRIX in 1636 in Hasselt, Overijssel, Netherlands.

Painting Hasselt, 17th century

About 1640 with their six children, these Lansings emigrated to New Netherland and settled in what became  Beverwyck where Lansing was known as baker.

17th Century Albany

Although sometimes confused with his son and namesake, Gerrit Frederickse was dead by October 1679. At that time, he was identified as “deceased” and “in his lifetime,” a “burgher of Hassell.” His widow had remarried and was living in Albany. A more specific senario fixes his death during the 1650s.

Alternatively, Gerrit died in Holland prior to 1654, Lysabeth married second Wolter Albertsz van den Uythoff shortly after 31 January 1654. She and Wolter, also a baker, sailed for America in September 1655 with her children by Gerrit.

Elizabeth Hendrix was the matriarch of the Lansing family – the largest family group to live in early Albany. She was born in 1615 – Borne, Overijssel, Netherlands.  Following the death of Gerrit Frederickse – perhaps during the mid-1650s, Elizabeth Hendrix married another baker, widower Wouter Albertse Van Den Uythoff. They became Albany mainstays in a second marriage that lasted more than four decades.  In 1678, Wouter and Elizabeth filed a joint will. She was characterized by the notary as “virtuous” but “sickly.” The will noted that their marriage produced no children but that she had six children from her first marriage living at the time.  She was accounted for within the household of Wouter Albertse on the Albany census of 1697. In 1699, Wouter was dead and she was identified as his widow.

Children of Gerrit and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Aeltjen Lansing bapt.
23 Oct 1637
Hasselt, Overijsseel, Holland
Gerritt Van Slick Ten Horst
bef. 1660
Sep 1685
2. Gysbertje (Gisbert) Lansing 1639
Reusel-de Mierden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands
Hendrick Janse Roseboom
1679
Albany
1695
Albany, NY
3. Gerrit Lansing 1641
Hasselt, Overijssel, Netherlands
Elsie Van Wythorst
1660
Albany, NY
11 Jul 1709
Rensselaerwyck, New York
4. Hendrick Gerrit Lansing 1639
Hasselt, Overijssel, Netherlands
Lysbeth Casperse Hallenbach
c. 1674
Albany, NY
11 Jul 1709 Albany, NY
5. Jan Lansing 1640
Hasselt,  Overijssel, Netherlands
Geertje Goosense Van Schaick
1678 in Albany, Albany, New York
26 Feb 1727
Albany
6. Hilligien LANSING 1648 in Hasselt, Overijssel, Netherlands Storm Albertse Van Der ZEE
c. 1666
.
Willem Ketelhuyn – who took over her husband’s tavern
10 Sep 1693 Albany, NY.

With more than 400 family members in the city before 1800, the Lansings are, by far, the largest early Albany family. After Beverwyck became Albany in 1664, the Lansings became mainstays in the colonial city, spread throughout the region, then settled across New York and the United States. Today, they are one of the most widespread and broadly successful of the New Netherland-era early Albany families.

The Albany Lansings are the descendants of Gerrit Frederickse and his wife Elizabeth Hendrix who came to America with their European-born children about 1640. Within a few decades of settling in Albany, Gerrit Frederickse was dead but three sons and three daughters had found partners and were raising families of their own. The city census of 1697 listed the households of sons baker/contractor Gerrit Lansing, butcher/trader Hendrick, trader/landholder Jan Lansing, grandson Abraham G. Lansing, and also the home of Wouter Albertse Van Den Uythoff – a widowed baker who had married widow Elizabeth Hendrix several decades earlier. Of the daughters, Gysbertje – the wife of Hendrick Roseboom, and Hilletie Ketelhuyn – the widow of Storm Vanderzee, were living in the city.

Over the next century, the Lansings spread out in Albany and in the greater region. More so than most New Netherland families, the Lansings maintained a strong and even expanded presence in the city of Albany. The mix of trades, crafts, and business activities of the householders of 1697 was characteristic and became even more diversified through succeeding generations. The Lansings were prominent within the Albany community and more widely known as silver and gun smiths. Middling with some upward mobility, Lansing sons often followed in their father’s footsteps while daughters were well-represented as wives in traditional and newcomer city homes. Thirteen Lansing-named families appeared on the census of householders taken by the British army in 1756.

Although the family continued to expand into the growing countryside, in 1790, the census still listed seventeen Lansing-named households in the city of Albany. These included the homes of gunsmith Robert Lansing, baker Sanders Lansing, and businessman Abraham G. Lansing who married the daughter of Abraham Yates, Jr.

Always involved in city affairs, the American Revolution elevated the Lansing family to new prominence. Several Lansings attended the Albany Committee of Correspondence as members and associates while others served in the military and on supply lines. John Lansing, Jr., a one-time clerk and secretary, was elected to the New York State Assembly, appointed mayor of Albany, delegate to the Federal Convention of 1787, and later became chancellor of New York State.

Robert, Sander, or Jeremiah. However, the historical detective is often thwarted by the fact that so many Lansings were named either Gerrit, Jacob, or John. For example, after Jan Lansing, more than fifty city Lansings born before 1800 were christened Johannes or one of its variants – thus creating perplexing problems in the development of individual biographies.

John Lansing, Jr. (the younger – even though he was the son of Gerrit), orJohn 5 Lansing – an innkeeper who was the fifth generation “John” in his particular line. The Gerrits, Jacobs, Marias, and other Lansings pose similar predicaments.

More often than most early Albany families – and possibly abetted by the shear size and Albany focus of the family, Lansing cousins frequently intermarried!

LansingburghLansing Manor, and places and people named “Lansing” across the country recall the family’s formative role in early American History

Elizabeth Hendrix Lansing’s second husband Wouter Albertse Van Den Uythoff was an emigre to New Netherland.  By the mid-1650s, he was a widower with at least one child of his own when he married Elizabeth Lansing. He was a baker in Beverwyck and then Albany for the remainder of the century. He was a longtime member and supporter of the Albany Dutch church.

In 1658, he purchased a house and lot from fellow baker Jochem Wesselse - although subsequent court actions were required for Wesselse to secure payment. In 1660, he was among the fur traders who petitioned for more liberal trading policies. Over the years, he occasionally appeared before the Albany court as principal, witness, attorney, mediator, and juror. He also bought and sold real estate in Albany.

In April 1676, the Albany court called him “Wouter de Backer” when it appointed him a carman. In June 1678, Wouter Albertse and Elizabeth Hendrix filed a joint will. It named his six step-children. A year later, his home was included on a census of Albany householders.

Schenectady 

Wouter and Catherine owned a house lot and Bowery #10 in Schenectady.  The town was destroyed and its people killed or kidnapped in the  Schenectady Massacre of Feb. 08, 1689/90.   See Andries Arentse BRADT’s  page (Hilligien LANSING’s father-in-law) for details.  I haven’t found how Catherine and Woulter fared.

Schenectady Map 1690 showing the homes of many of colonists killed in the massacre -- Blue X marks the home of Elizabeth Hendrix and Wouter Albertse Van Den Uythoff. -- Red X marks the home of Barent Janse Van Ditmars, Catalyntje De Vos Bradt Van Ditmarsand Andries & Arentse Bradt

How the Schenectady Lands Purchased by Van Curler from the Mohawks in 1661, Were Divided Among the First Proprietors

Schenectady Original Owners of the Farms in the Bouwery -- Farm #1: our relative Catalynje De Vos Bradt Farm #10 was later owned by Catherine Lansing and Wouter Uythoff and sold for 540 beavers

Farm No. 10

The double bouwery No. 10, was first patented to Teunis Cornelise Swart, June 16, 1664, and confirmed Jan. 16, 1667. Patents, 309.

Elizabeth, widow of Teunis Swart, then wife of Jacob Meese Vrooman, of Albany, Feb. 20, 1685/6, conveyed to her son Jesaias Swart, eight acres of land out of this farm to be taken from the extreme south end. Deeds, III, 310.

26th April, 1692. Wouter Uythoff (third husband of Elizabeth), and said Elizabeth his wife, for 540 beavers conveyed the whole bouwery No. 10, to Claas Laurense Van Purmerend (alias Van der Volgen). Deeds, IV, 35.

Jan. 4, 1692/3. Claas Laurense Van Purmerend sold to Claas Janse Van Boekhoven for 147 pounds the half of farm No. 10 lying between the highway and the river, — eleven morgens. Deeds, IV, 34.

And Jan. 5, 1692/3. Claas Janse conveyed to Dirk Arentse Bratt, his stepson for 73 1/2 pounds, five and one-half morgens of the above purchase, being the easterly half of that portion lying north of the highway. Deeds, IV, 38.

On the same day, to wit, Jan. 5, 1692/3, in consideration of a sum of money paid him by Catharine Glen, sometime widow of Cornelis Barentse Van Ditmars, eldest son of Barent Janse Van Ditmars, Claas Janse Van Boekhoven conveyed to said Catharine Glen (and as her dower), now wife of Gerrit Lansing, Jr., a piece of land out of farm No. 10, being the westerly half of that portion lying between the highway and the river — consisting of five and one-half morgens.Deeds, IV, 37.

In 1697, Wouter and Elizabeth were alone in their second ward home. In July 1699, Wouter Albertse was identified in the city records as the deceased husband of Elizabeth Hendrix. In that year, he joined in swearing allegiance to the king of England. After 1699, his name dropped community rolls.

Children

1. Aeltjen Lansing

Aeltjen’s husband Gerritt Van Slick Ten Horst ( Van Schlichtenhorst) was born 1635 – Nijkerk, Gelderland, Netherland. His parents were Brandt (Arent) Van Slichtenhorst and Aeltje (Gysbrecht) Van Wenckum. Gerritt died 9 Jan 1684 – Kingston, Ulster, New York.

2. Gysbertje (Gisbert) Lansing

Gisbert’s husband Hendrick Janse Roseboom was born 1640 in Dingsterveen, Overijssel, Netherlands. His parents were xx. Hendrick died 4 Nov 1703 in Albany, Albany, New York,

3. Gerrit Lansing

Gerrit’s first wife Elsie Van Wythorst was born 1630. Her parents were Wouter Van Wythorst and [__?__] . Elsie died in 1690.  Some sources say she was Elsie Van Den Uythoff, the daughter of his mother’s second husband.

Jan. 5, 1692/3, in consideration of a sum of money paid him by Catharine Glen, sometime widow of Cornelis Barentse Van Ditmars, eldest son of Barent Janse Van Ditmars, Claas Janse Van Boekhoven conveyed to said Catharine Glen (and as her dower), now wife of Gerrit Lansing, Jr., a piece of land out of farm No. 10, being the westerly half of that portion lying between the highway and the river — consisting of five and one-half morgens.Deeds, IV, 37.

4. Hendrick Gerrit Lansing

Hendrick’s wife Lysbeth Casperse Hallenbach was born 1650 in Albany, Albany, New York. Her parents were Caspar Jacobse Hallenbeck and Lysbeth Hoffmeyer. Lysbeth died 1713 in New York.

By 1679, Hendrick was identified as an Albany householder. For the next three decades, he was a pillar of the Albany community – serving on juries, acting as surety, and appearing in cases before the Albany court. Like his brothers, he was a fur trader whose property ranked him with other middling Albany businesssmen. In 1697, his second ward home was configured on the city census - next to that of his mother and step-father. Two years later, he joined with other Albany mainstays in signing a loyalty oath to the King of England.

5. Jan Lansing

Jan’s wife Geertje Goosense Van Schaick was born 1649 in Albany, Albany, New York. Her parents were Goosen Gerritse Van Schaick and Geertje Van Nieukerke. Geertje died Dec 1739 in Albany, Albany, New York.

He was the first of more than fifty early Albany people to be named John Lansing.

Jan was a fur trader who was able to amass a considerable fortune while still a young man. By 1679, he had established his own residence within the Albany stockade following his marriage to Geertie Van Schaick, the widow of Hendrick Coster – who brought with her several growing children. Over the next two decades, their household on Pearl Street grew again with the birth of six Lansing children.

Jan Lansing was one of Albany’s city fathers - being appointed one of the original assistants by the governor in 1686. Two years later he was elected as alderman to represent the second ward on the Common Council. Except for the hiatus of 1689-90, he served on the council until 1698. During that time, he sat on a number of committees and courts and regularly performed contract duties. As his children grew into adulthood, the city-based Lansing continued to prosper and invested in real estate. By the early 1700s, Jan Lansing was one of the wealthiest Albany merchants – as his property was among the highest valued on city assessment rolls.

A lifelong Reformed church member, Lansing served on the consistory and was actively involved in church business. In 1715, he joined a number of European-born Albany people who became naturalized British subjects. Living on into his eighties, Jan Lansing died in February 1728 and was buried under the Dutch church.

6. Hilligien LANSING (See Storm Albertse Van Der ZEE‘s page)

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=43074621&st=1

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/l/lansing.html

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/l/geflansing3060.html#sources

http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~legends/lansing.html

Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Place Names, Tavern Keeper | Tagged | 3 Comments

Barent Van Rotmers

Barent Van ROTMERS (1595 – 1632) was Alex’s 11th Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Wappen Otterndorf

Barent Van Rotmers (Röttmer) was born in 1591 or 1595 in Osterbruch, Hannover, Preußen, Germany or Otterndorf (about five miles from Altenbruch, also in Hannover).  He married Gysje Geesje BARENTSDOTTER in 1611 in Osterbruch, Hannover. Barent died in Europe before 1632 and did not emigrate.

Gysje (Gissel or Geesie) Geesje Barentsdotter was born in 1591 in Osterbruch,  Germany. She was known as Barents and Barentsdr. (Barentsdotter) meaning “daughter of a man named Barent”.  At the time Gissel was living on the Schaepensteegje or Sheep Alley in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Geesie’s husband Barent Rottmer is never listed, so it is assumed he died before 1632.  After Barent died, she married Pieter Jacobse Van Rynsburgh.  They emigrated on the Den Waterhondt which  sailed from the Texel on 15 June 1640 and had arrived in New Amsterdam by 25 Oct 1640.

Pieter Jacobsz  Van Rynsburgh was the  gunner at Fort Orange. He filed a joint will with Gysje  in June 1642 in New Amsterdam.  On 12 Apr 1658 Pieter made the first of three payments to the deacons for an adult pall at Fort Orange, so it is likely that Geesjie had died that previous winter or in the spring. Pieter went on to marry Elisabeth d’Honneur.

Children of Albert and Annatje:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Annatje Barentse Van ROTMERS c. 1608
Oudenbroek, (now Altenbruch, Niedersachsen, Germany)
Albert Andriese BRADT
11 Apr 1632 at the Oude Kerke, Amsterdam
1661 in Albany, NY.
2. Barent Barentsen Van Rottmers 1610
Amsterdam
Annetie Jans van Schoonhoven
21 Aug 1632 Amsterdam, Netherlands .
Cathalina Michiels
25 Nov 1634 in Evan, Amsterdam
.
Annetie Jans van Amsterdam 17 Sep 1644 Amsterdam
1663
Netherlands

Gissel or Geesie Barentsdr. [Barentsdochter] assisted her daughter Annatie Barents Van Rottmer at the signing of banns on 27 March 1632 for her marriage to Albert Andriessen. Annetie was 24 years old. When Annatie’s brother Barent Barents signed his banns at the age of 22, on 21 Apr. 1632 he too was assisted by his mother. At the time Gissel was living on the Schaepensteegje or Sheep Alley in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Geesie’s husband Barent Rottmer is never listed, so it is assumed he died before 1632.

The passenger list of Den Waterhondt, which sailed from The Texel in June or July 1640 for New Netherland, lists Gijsje Berents, wife of Pieter Jacobsz. Gijsje was charged with board on den Waterhondt in 1640 and credited with 28 days work done by her husband at the home of Arent van Curler. Pieter Jacobsz may have been the “constapel” of Fort Orange, who on 15 April 1652 by order of Johannes Dyckman, tore van Slichtenhorst’s proclamation from the house of Gijsbert Cornelisz, tavern keeper.

1662 . . . Baptismal record transcription from church records by Hoes 81 – March 13. Cornelia, daughter of Eva Bratt and Roleof Swartwout, had as her baptismal sponsors Cornelis Slecht, Jannetje Pels, Willemje Jacobs, and Geesje Barents. Geesje Barents was the child’s maternal great grandmother.

1667 . . . Baptismal sponsor as noted. Child: Cornelia. Reference ID: 81. Bapt. Date: 13 Mar 1667. Parents: Roeloff Swartwout and Eva Swartwout. Sponsors: Cornelis Slecht; Jannetje Pels; Willempje Jacobs; Thomes Loodewycksen and Geesje Barents . Source: Kingston Baptismal Register.

Children

1. Annatje Barentse Van ROTMERS (See Albert Andriese BRADT‘s page)

Annetje Barents Van Rotmers d. in 1662, and on 10 July, 1663, her children gave to Storm Albertsen Van Der Zee, her eldest son, power of attorney to collect property inherited from Pieter Jacobsen van Rendsburgh (Rynsburgh), husband of Geesie Barents, their maternal grandmother (Notary Papers at Albany, p. 347). This right enabled Storm to sell a share in a house and lot at New Amsterdam inherited from his mother and occupied by Burgomaster Allard Anthony. Geesie Barents was in this country as earlv as 1642, for in June of that year Pieter Jacobsen, b. in Rendsburgh (probablY Rendsburg, a town of Prussia, in Holstein, on the Eider), and “Gysje Pieters” (Pieters meaning wife of Pieter), both of Fort Orange, made a joint will (Berthold Femow’s Calendar of Wills, No. 956) in which real and personal property was left to her dau. “Annitje Alberts*’ (Alberts meaning wife of Albert). In 1667 Geesie Barents was at Kingston, N. Y., standing as one of the sponsors for Cornelia, dau. of Roelof Swartwout and Eefgen Albertse Bratt.

2. Barent Barentsen Van Rottmers

Barent’s second wife Cathalina Michiels was born 1612 in Leyden, Germany. Her father was Michiel Christiaenss,  Cathalina died in 1644.

Barent Barentsen Van Rottmers (1610-1663) is known to have worked in Amsterdam in the silk industry and perhaps his father Barent Van Rottmers worked in the textile industry there also.  Barent Van Rottmers died in Amsterdam, Netherlands in the 1620s or 1630s.

Sources:

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=270510&st=1

http://boydhouse.com/michelle/dehooges/barentvanrottmers.html

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/19608492/person/828799012

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ratchfordschmidt/pafn17.htm#1196

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jmweaver1&id=I112

http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/surnames/bradt.shtml

Posted in 13th Generation, Immigrant - Continent, Line - Shaw | Tagged , | 4 Comments

Albert Andriessen Bradt

Albert Andriessen BRADT (1607 – 1686) was one of the earliest Norwegian settlers in New Netherland.   Alex’s 10th Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Albert Andriese Bradt was born 26 August 1607 in Fredrikstad, Smaalenenes (now in Østfold, Norway)  a town at the mouth of the Glommen, the largest river in Norway. Fredrikstad was a brand new city when Albert was born.  After Sarpsborg was burned to the ground during the Northern Seven Years’ War, the ruling king, King Frederik II, of Denmark, decided by to rebuild the city 15 kilometers south of the original location. The name Fredrikstad was first used in a letter from the King dated 6 February 1569. The temporary fortification built during the Hannibal War (1644–1645)  became permanent in the 1660s.

In the early records he is often called Albert de Noorman (the Norwegian). After 1670 he became known as Albert Andriesz Bradt. His parents were Andries Arentse BRADT and Aeffi Eva Pieterse KINETIS.  Whether he was related to the Bratts of Norwegian nobility, can not be ascertained. The Bratt family lived in Bergen, Norway, before the early part of the fifteenth century, when it moved to the northern part of Gudbrandsdalen. It had a coat of arms until about the middle of the sixteenth century. Since that time the Bratts belong to the Norwegian peasantry. They have a number of large farms in Gudbrandsdalen, Hedemarken, Toten, and Land.

He was listed as a 24 year old sailor when he married Annatje Barentse VAN ROTMERS on 11 Apr 1632 at the Oude Kerke, Amsterdam, Netherlands.  They emigrated on the Arms of Rensselaerswyck which had a particularly long voyage, beginning at Amsterdam 25 Sep 1636,  sailing from Texel on 8 Oct 1636, and not arriving in Rensselaerwyck (Albany NY) until 7 Apr 1637.  After Annatje  died, he married Pieterje Jans. Pieterje died in 1667 and he married third Geertruy Pieterse Coeymans.  Albert died 7 Jun 1686 near Albany, NY.

Albert was born in Østfold County, Norway

Annatje Barentse Van Rotmers was born in 1608 Oudenbroek.   Oudenbroek may now be that place called Altenbruch, Niedersachsen, Germany.  Her parents were Barent VAN ROTTMER and Gissel (Geesie) BARENTSDR (Baerens). Annatja died 1661 in Albany, NY.

Geertruyt Pieterse Coeymans was the  widow of Abraham Pietersen Vosburgh.  Her marriage with Albert Bradt was  unhappy. She filed a court petition for separation and alimony on 13 Janurary 1669 and after a long court battle they were legally separated “because of strife and differences that hath arisen between them” on 24 October 1670 and she received annual alimony of 80 schepels in apples and beavers.  Geertruty died in 1695.

Children of Albert and Annatje:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Eva Albertsen Bradt bapt
9 Jan 1633
Ev. Lutheran Church in Amsterdam
Anthony de Hooges
20 Oct 1647
Albany, NY
.
Roeloff Swartout
13 Aug 1657
Albany, Albany, New York
1689 Hurley, NY
2. Barent Albertse Bradt bapt 22 Oct 1634
Ev. Lutheran Church in Amsterdam
Susanna Dirkse Mayer
Albany, NY
3. Storm Van Der ZEE 2 Nov 1636 at Sea lattitude 41 degrees 50 minutes on the Arms of Rensslaerswyck Hilletje LANSING May 1679 Albany, NY.
4. Engeltje Bradt c. 1637
Albany, NY
Teunis Slingerlandt
c. 1674
1683
Albany
5. Geseltje Bradt c. 1640
Albany, NY
Jan van Eschelen
1658
Albany
.
Hendrick
Willemsen
1668
1677
Albany
6. Andries Albertse Bradt c. 1642
Albany, NY
[__?__]
.
Neeltje [__?__]
.
Cornelia Teunisse van Wie (Vervay)
Albany
3 Jun 1662
Albany, NY
1706
New York
7. Jan Albertse Bradt c. 1648 Maria Post
c. 1674
1697
Greene Co., NY
8. Dirck Albertse Bradt c. 1650 Unmarried 1698
Albany

The name of Albert Andriessen occurs for the first time in a document bearing the date August 26, 1636, an agreement between him and  millwright Pieter Cornelisen and carpenter Claes Jansen  on the one hand, and the patroon of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, Kiliaen van Rensselaer, on the other to build and operate a saw mill. The agreement was made and signed in Amsterdam. It states that Andriessen was a tobacco planter. He may have learnt the cultivating of tobacco in Holland, where tobacco was raised as early as 1616.

In the name of the Lord, Amen. On conditions hereafter specified, we, Pieter Cornelissen van munnickendam, millwright, 43 years of age, Claesz jans van naerden, 33 years of age, house carpenter, and albert andriessen van fredrickstadt, 29 years of age, tobacco planter, have agreed among ourselves, first, to sail in God’s name to New Netherland in the small vessel which now lies ready and to betake ourselves to the colony of Rensselaerswyck for the purpose of settling there on the following conditions made with Mr. Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, as patroon of the said colony, etc”Thus done and passed, in good faith, under pledge of our persons and property subject to all courts and justices for the fulfillment of what is aforewritten, at Amsterdam, this 26th of August [1636].

‘In witness whereof we have signed these with our own hands in the presence of the undersigned notary public . .

“Kiliaen Van Rensselaer
“Pieter Cornelissen
“albert and riessen . . -. “Claes jansen.
“J. Vande Ven, Notary.”

Bradt’s Sawmill - Tawasentha was the site of a powerful waterfall where Albert Andriesen Bradt operated saw mills. It became known as Norman Kil after Albert Andriesen Bradt “de Noorman”. Albert Andriesen Bradt worked a farm and these two saw mills at Bushwyck a few miles south of Albany on land he leased from Van Rensselaer and there is a record that he paid f250 annual rent 04 May 1652-04 May 1672.

Most of the settlers who came to Rensselaerswyck in 1637 came on the vessel of the same name. Additionally a handful of settlers who first appeared in accounts of the colony are described as probably passengers on the vessel. The log of the voyage of the Rensselaerswyck was translated by Van Laer and included in The Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts. The journey was an unusually long one, beginning at Amsterdam 25 Sep 1636 It sailed from Texel on 8 Oct 1636, not arriving in Rensselaerwyck (Albany NY) until 7 Apr 1637.

Difficult weather was invariably the culprit. When not beset by severe storms, still, calm, windless days made the ship drift for days at a time. For 17 days the ship was off course and near the coast of Spain when the captain at last decided they must head back because of limited supplies of food and because more and more people were growing ill daily. His goal was the south coast of England. There, at Ilfracombe, on 8 Dec, Cornelis Thomasz was stabbed by his helper, Hans van Sevenhuysen. Thonasz died the following day – a Tuesday – and the captain noted in his log how all the people in this neighborhood went to pray on account of the severe sickness which God is sending them.

The Rensselaerswyck at last arrived at Manhattan on Wednesday, 4 Mar, but could not travel to Fort Orange because the Hudson River was still closed by ice. On Sunday, the 8th, two children born on board the vessel were baptised at the Manhattan church. On Sunday, the 22nd, the widow of the murdered Cornelis Thomasz, a smith, married Arent Steffeniers. Finally on March 26th, the vessel left for Fort Orange and arrived there Tuesday, April 7th. Since some of the passengers are first listed in accounts of April 3rd, these men evidently traveled to Fort Orange via yacht. The Rensselaerswyck left Fort Orange on 29 May.

Andriessen and his partners were to operate a mill. But not long after his arrival he took the liberty of dissolving partnership and established himself as a tobacco planter. After about a year he and his brother began growing tobacco for the patroon and participating in the fur trade.  Van Renssselaer had sent greetings to him in a letter dated September 21, 1637, (addressed to the partner of Andriessen, Pieter Cornelisz, master millwright) but in a subsequent letter, of May 8, 1638, to Cornelisz he wrote: “Albert Andriessen separated from you, I hear that he is a strange character, and it is therefore no wonder that he could not get along with you.”

Nevertheless, Van Rensselaer entertained the hope that Albert Andriessen would succeed as a tobacco planter. On December 29, 1637, he wrote to Director William Kieft that he should assign some of the young men on board the “Calmar Sleutel”, commanded by Pieter Minuit and sailing in the same month, to tobacco planting with Aiidriessen “if he has good success,” otherwise they were to serve with the farmers.

These young men were inexperienced, it seems. One, Elbert Elbertz, from Nieukerck, eighteen years old, was a weaver; Claes Jansen, from the same place, seventeen years old, was a tailor; Gerrit Hendricksz, also from the same place, fifteen year old, was a shoemaker. Gerrit must have served Andriessen for a term of at least three years; for his first three years’ wages, from April 2, 1638 to April 2, 1641, are charged to Andriessen.

In a letter of May 10, 1638, Van Rensselaer advised Andriessen that he had duly received his letter stating that the tobacco looked fine. But he was desirous to get full particulars as to how the crop had turned out, and to get a sample of the tobacco. He expressed dissatisfaction at Andriessen having separated from Pieter Cornelisz, and liked to know the cause of his dispute with the officer and commis Jacob Albertsz Planck and his son. He informed Andriessen that he was obliged to uphold his officers. and promised him to stand by him and cause him to be “provided with everything.” But he would not suffer bad behavior. He also informed him that it was apparent from the news he had received from several people that he was “very unmerciful to his children and very cruel” to his wife; he was to avoid this “and in all things have the fear of the Lord” before his eyes and not follow so much his own inclinations. But there was also another matter for which Van Rensselaer censured him: he had traded beaver furs with Dirck Corszen Stam contrary to contract, defrauded and cheated him. For seven pieces of duffel he had given him only the value of twenty-five merchantable beavers.

Van Rensselaer also addressed a letter, of the same date, to Jacob Albertsz Planck informing him that he had written to Andriessen that he should have more respect for the officers. Planck was instructed to notify Andriessen and all others living in the colony not to engage in “such detrimental fur trade,” for he did not care to suffer in his colony those who had their eyes mainly on the fur trade.’

Notwithstanding, it was Dirck Corszen that was an unfaithful supercargo. And Van Rensselaer requested, in a letter of May 13, 1639, of Andriessen, that he should write him the truth of the matter and pay him what he still owed Corszen. If he saw that Andriessen acted honestly herein, he would do all in his power to help him. Andriessen should go to the superintendent of the colony, Arent van Curler, and purchase necessaries for himself and his own people at an advance in price of 50 per cent. He should get merchandise for the Indian trade at an advance of 75 per cent. In return he was to furnish Van Curler with skins at such a price that he could make something on the transaction.

Van Rensselaer also informed Andriessen that he would try to sell his tobacco at the highest price and furthermore give him 25 per cent more than his half of the net proceeds would amount to. He would moreover grant him 25 per cent discount on the grain which he bought. In fact, Van Rensselaer’s confidence in Andriessen seemed to be increasing. For he not only acknowledged that he had received several letters from him, but also wished to say to his credit that he had received returns from no one. but him. He complained, however, of the tobacco which had been sent to him in barrels. It was a great loss to both that the “tobacco was so poor and thin of leaf that it could not stand being rolled.” This. he thought, was likely due to Andriessen having left too many leaves on the plants. But not this alone: the weight was short. One barrel, put down at 292 lbs., weighed but 220 lbs. This was perhaps due to deception on the part of a certain Herman, a furrier. But anything like this should be avoided in the future. The tobacco amounted to 1,156 pounds net, which was sold for 8 st. (16 cents) a pound. Had it not been so bad and wretched, it could have been sold for twenty cents a pound. A higher price could be obtained if Andriessen would be more careful in the future and leave fewer leaves on the plants. He should try to grow “good stuff”, for the tobacco from St. Christopher, an island in the West Indies, was so plentiful in Netherland that it brought but 3 stivers a pound. Andriessen should also each year make out a complete account of all expenses and receipts from tobacco, so Van Rensselaer could see whether any progress was made.

But Andriessen was a poor accountant. Neither Van Rensselaer nor his nephew, the former Director Van Twiller, could understand his accounts.  Van Rensselaer therefore gave him directions to follow in making his entries and statements, claimingthat any other procedure would “leave everything confused and mixed up.” He complained that Andriessen laid certain transactions before the patroon, which should be laid before the commis. He expressed the sentiment that Andriessen was making him his servant when he wrote to him “about soap and other things.” He also complained that Andriessen caused great loss by making him hold the tobacco too high: it was safest to follow the market price in Netherland. Finally he censured him for buying unwisely – he had paid f. 200 for a heifer, “which is much too high.” is The patroon and Andriessen had several disagreements.

Albert, with his brother Arent Andriessen, sent to the patroon sometime in 1642, 4,484 lbs. of tobacco. It was sold on an average of eight and one half st. a lb. Deducting 270 lbs. for stems, the net weight brought a sum of f. 1790:19. But the duty, freight charges, and convoy charges amounted to f. 629:15. The patroon said he would deduct only half of this if Andriessen compensated him according to his ordinance for his land on which the tobacco grew. But as long as he was in dispute with him he would deduct the whole sum. Andriessen did not suffer. Van Rensselaer complained in letter of March 16, 1643, to Arent van Curler that he did not know what privilege Albert Andriessen had received, since “his cows are not mentioned in the inventory sent him.” He stated he would not want any one, no matter who he was, to own any animals which were not subject to the right of preemption. Therefore, Curler should include Andriessen’s animals in the inventory, or make him leave the colony and pay for pasturing and hay during the past year.

In September 5, 1643, the patroon stipulated the following with respect to Andriessen, whose term had long before expired without his having obtained a new lease or contract.

He “shall . . . be continued for the present but shall not own live stock otherwise than according to the general rule of one half of the increase belonging to the patroon and of the right of preemption and, in case he does not accept this, his cattle shall immediately be sent back to the place whence they came, with the understanding, however, that half of the increase bred in the colony shall go to the patroon in consideration of the pasturage and hay which they have used; and as to his accounts he shall also be obliged to close, liquidate and settle the same; and as far as the conditions after the expiration of his lease are concerned, the patroon adopts for him as well as for all others this fixed rule, of which they must all be notified and if they do not wish to continue under it must immediately leave the colony, namely, that every freeman who has a house and garden of his own shall pay an annual rent of 5 stivers per Rhineland rod and for land used in raising tobacco, wheat or other fruits 20 guilders per Rhineland morgen, newly cleared land to be free for a number of years, more or less, according to the amount of labor required in such clearing.

Andriessen not only cultivated tobacco. He operated “two large sawmills,” run by a “powerful waterfall,” worth as much as f. 1000 annual rent, but the patroon let him have them for f. 250 annual rent. 17 From May 4, 1652, to May 4, 1672, Andriessen is charged with the annual rent for these two mills and the land on Norman’s Kill.

Tawasentha was the site of a powerful waterfall where Albert Andriesen Bradt operated saw mills. It became known as Norman Kil after Albert Andriesen Bradt “de Noorman”. Albert Andriesen Bradt worked a farm and these two saw mills at Bushwyck a few miles south of Albany on land he leased from Van Rensselaer and there is a record that he paid f250 annual rent 04 May 1652 – 04 May 1672.

Originally this Kill was called Tawasentha, meaning a place of the many dead. The Dutch appelative of Norman’s Kill is derived from Andriessen.  The Vale of Tawasentha, referred to in Longfellow’s The Song of Hiawatha, is now named Normans Kill after Albert Andriese Bradt. The Dutch word Norman means Norseman after Albert’s Norwegian origin. The Dutch word “kill” means creek.  Normans Kill is the first tributary of the Hudson River south of the city of Albany.

From the Vale of Tawasentha,
From the Valley of Wyoming,
From the groves of Tuscaloosa,
From the far-off Rocky Mountains,
From the Northern lakes and rivers
All the tribes beheld the signal,
Saw the distant smoke ascending,
The Pukwana of the Peace-Pipe. …

“In the Vale of Tawasentha,
In the green and silent valley,
By the pleasant water-courses,
Dwelt the singer Nawadaha.
Round about the Indian village
Spread the meadows and the corn-fields,
And beyond them stood the forest,
Stood the groves of singing pine-trees,
Green in Summer, white in Winter,
Every sighing, ever singing.

“And the pleasant water-courses,
You could trace them through the valley,
By the rushing in the Spring-time,
By the alders in the Summer,
By the white fog in the Autumn,
By the black line in the Winter;
And beside them dwelt the singer,
In the Vale of Tawasentha,
In the green and silent valley.

“There he sang of Hiawatha,
Sang the Song of Hiawatha,
Sang his wondrous birth and being,
How he prayed and how he fasted,
How he lived, and toiled, and suffered,
That the tribes of men might prosper,
That he might advance his people!”

Ye who love the haunts of Nature,
Love the sunshine of the meadow,
Love the shadow of the forest,
Love the wind among the branches,
And the rain-shower and the snow-storm
And the rushing of great rivers
Through their palisades of pine-trees,
And the thunder in the mountains,
Whose innumerable echoes
Flap like eagles in their eyries;–
Listen to these wild traditions,
To this Song of Hiawatha!

Ye who love a nation’s legends,
Love the ballads of a people,
That like voices from afar off
Call to us to pause and listen,
Speak in tones so plain and childlike,
Scarcely can the ear distinguish
Whether they are sung or spoken; –
Listen to this Indian Legend,
To this Song of Hiawatha!

Normans Kill Creek

Whether known as Petanock, Tawasentha, Godyn’s Kil or Norman’s Kill (Norwegian’s Creek in Dutch), this meandering stream figures prominently in Bethlehem history. Though patroon Kiliaen van Rensselaer contracted earlier to have mills built where the lower falls meet the Hudson, the first permanent settler on the mainland was Albert Andriesen (Bratt after 1670) of Norway. Albert came in 1637 and lived 49 years conducting a tobacco farm and mills along its shores. His neighbors were farmer and miller Pieter WINNE I (de Vlamingh, the Fleming) and fur trader Teunis C. Slingerland. Scot Archibald McCormack bought land in 1787 on both sides of the Normans Kill that reached to McCormack Road. The road’s hollow, where it drops down to the creek, was for a time called “Molasses Hollow” for the molasses that once spilled here. Barrels of the stuff rolled off a tipped over cart and broke on the way down the hill. People scurried to capture the precious sweetener in any way they could.

The Normans Kill forms the northern border of the town. The Normanside Country Club covers a fair length of a creek and offers a glimpse of its once pastoral nature. In May of 2000 a landslide along its slippery clay slopes carried a produce stand down with it and prompted a major reshaping of the Delaware Avenue overpass area.

Normansville was originally called Upper Hollow for the deep ravine carved by the Normans Kill that the unincorporated village sits in.

In New Amsterdam he had acquired a house and lot from Hendrick Kip, August 29, 1651. It lay northeast of fort Amsterdam.” Under date of October 5, 1655, we find that he was taxed fl. 20 for this house and lot.

In May, 1655, before the court of the Burgomasters and Schepens in New Amsterdam, Roeloff Jansen, a butcher, appeared and made a complaint against Christiaen Barentsen, attorney for Andriessen. Jansen had leased a house and some land belonging to Andriessen who was to give him some cows. But the house was not tight” and “not enclosed,” and the cows were missing. might still suffer. The defendant, as attorney for Andriessen, replied that it was not his fault that the demand had not been complied with according to the contract. He requested time to write to his principal about it. The Court granted him a month’s time in which to do this. In due time, however, the court ruled that Andriessen should make the necessary repairs.

He had a reputation for a violent temper and cruelty to family members and quarrelsomeness with others. He was censured in a 10 May 1638 letter from Van Rensselaer for being “very unmerciful to his children and very cruel to his wife” and he was told to avoid this behavior.

On 15 May 1658 Albert Andriesen Bradt and Wilem Martensen Hues advertised to sell to the highest bidder their “sloop as it rides at anchor and sails” (as is). Willem Martensen Hues was the highest bidder.

After wife Annetje Barentse Van Rotmers died in 1661, widower Albert Andriesen Bradt sold the New Amsterdam property and lived at Norman’s Kill. He created a document dated 03 June 1662 whereby he paid all of his children for their shares in all of their mother’s estate: Eva (Roeloff) Swartwout, Barent Albertsen, Storm Albertsen, Engeltje (Teunis) Slingerlandt, Gisseltje (Jan) Van Echelen, Andreis Albertsen (minor), Jan Albertsen (minor), and Dirck Albertsen (minor).

Albert Andriesen Bradt married second Pieterje Janse, widow of Albert Andriesen Bradt’s deceased partner in a sawmill venture, and she died in 1667. Albert Andriesen Brandt married third Geertruyt Pieterse Coeymans, widow of Abraham Pietersen Vosburgh, in 1668 and this marriage was unhappy. She filed a court petition for separation and alimony on 13 Janurary 1669 and after a long court battle they were legally separated “because of strife and differences that hath arisen between them” on 24 October 1670 and she received annual alimony of 80 schepels in apples and beavers. In 1672 Albert Andriesen Bradt turned the saw mills over to son Barent Albertsen Bradt. In his old age, Albert Andriesen Bradt’s behavior became even worse and his children were ordered to deal with him. Albert Andriesen Bradt lived his last few years with unmarried son Dirck Albertsen Bradt in Albany, NY.

Children

1. Eva Albertsen Bradt

Eva’s first husband Anthony de Hooges was baptized 14 Dec 1620 in the Nieuwkerk (New Church), Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands.  His parents were Johannes de Hooges and Maria Tijron. A shareholder and bookkeeper in the Dutch West Indies Company at Amsterdam named Johannes de Hooges may have been his father.  Anthony died 11 Oct 1655 in Albany, Albany, New York.

Eva’s second husband Roeloff Swartwout was born 1 Jun 1634 in Amsterdam, Holland. His parents were Thomas Swartwout and Hendrickjen Otsen. Roeloff became the Sheriff of the Esopus in 1660. Eva must have died before 22 Nov 1691 because Roeloff is found remarrying in Bergen, New Jersey then.  Roeloff died 30 Mar 1714 in Hurley, Ulster, New York.

In 1641 when Anthony de Hooges entered the employ of Rensselaerwyck, sailing on den Coninck David, the skipper being commanded to allow him to eat and sleep in the cabin. He brought letters of introduction to William Kieft, Director-General, and also to Arent van Curler to whom he was sent as an assistant. He later became the Secretary of the Colony. Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, the patron, seems to have had a great deal of concern and respect for Anthony.

He kept a journal of his long voyage for the patron. It begins:

” In the year of our Lord 1641, the 30th of July, I commenced this journal in the name of the Lord. May the Lord conduct us to the place of our destination in order that on our arrival we may offer to the Lord the offering of our lips to His honor and our salvation. Amen.”

They had an unusually stormy passage. He closes his journal saying:

“At daybreak we ran to the sand point (Sandy Hook) and we rounded it too close. We got aground on a reef which had formed there within a year. After two hours we got afloat again. God be praised we suffered no damage and with good speed passed between the Hoofden (the headlands at the sides of the Narrows) and in the afternoon came to qanchor at the Manhatens, in front of Smits Vly (on the East River). Thus the Lord delivered us at last, after much adversity, for which He be praised forever, Amen. The next day a dead horse overboard.

(Endorsed)
“Journal of Anthony de Hooges, of his voyage to New Netherland beginning 30 July ending 29 November 1641.”

One year later Kiliaen van Rensselaer writes him that the journal had been received and had given him great satisfaction. The letter is filled with advice and van Rensselaer evidently felt a great interest in him. “In the beginning,” he writes, “hear and see, notice and learn, obey and make yourself agreeable and liked; in that way you will be able to accomplish much.” That he considers his counsel worth seeking was shown by a letter to Domine Megapolensis urging him “to confer sometimes with de Hooges and extract the quintessence of his discourse.”

Van Curler, De Hooges’ superior officer, was somewhat dissipated and, going from bad to worse, all his papers were turned over to de Hooges. Then van Rensselaer writes again to Domine Megapolensis: “Every effort ought to be made to stop the excessive drinking and now that there is a public brewer (Evert PELS) I hope that private brewing will cease. I hope that Anthony de Hooges will conduct himself well. What I fear most for him is that he may become strongly addicted to drink against which he must be strongly warned. His sweetheart here in the Netherlands, Anneken Sporom, married at Campen so that he need not wait for her any longer. I have sometimes thought that his thoughts were too much concentrated on her and that he liked the country less on that account. You may tell him this when there is an opportunity or have someone else tell him in order that he may be at ease…Let him behave well and have patience and he will be advanced in due time.”

That he stood high in the opinion of van Rensselaer a letter to van Curler shows for he told the latter “not to lightly reject the advice of Hooges although he is younger than you and so experienced. I consider him an upright young man. March 18, 1643, the patron writes to de Hooges:”I have your letters of the first of March and the 23th of August of last year, 1642…I have recommended you well, as you will learn from de Megapolensis, but I must admonish you to be righteous and faithful and especially to guard yourself drunkenness and lewd women. There are many rumors current about the first, but you can best test the matter yourself; heed the faithful admonitions of your pastor, de Megapolensis, and do not follow the footsteps of those who may be guilty thereof, but fear the Lord; do right and fear no one. You will do well to keep and send me a daily journal, giving a truthful account of affairs, for I have no use for things that are not true…I hope that you will have more and more satisfaction; all new things are difficult but matters will turn out to your advantage if you conduct yourself well. I must thank you for communicating to me the text of the first sermon of de Megapolensis; no other foundation can and ought to be laid. Vale.”

The position of De Hooges was a responsible one. He was commissioner and administrator of goods suitable for merchandise and was to pay the laborers. We find him leasing farms and making contracts for buildings. From the departure of van Curler for Holland October 1, 1646 until the arrival of Brant Aertz van Slichtenhorst March 22, 1648, he was entrusted with the business management of the colony. In a petition for the payment of his salary he states that he must have a house built for him.

“A certain fish of considerable size, snow-white in color, round in the body, and blowing water out of its head,” made at the same time his appearance, March stemming the impetuous flood. What it portended, “God the Lord only knew.” All the inhabitants were lost in wonder, for ” at the same instant that this fish appeared to us, we had the first thunder and lightning this year.” The public astonishment had scarcely subsided, when another monster of the deep, estimated at forty feet in length, was seen, of a brown color, having fins on his back, and ejecting water in like manner, high in the air. Some seafaring people, “who had been to Greenland,” now pronounced the strange visitor a whale. Intelligence was shortly after received that it had grounded on an island at the mouth of the Mohawk, and the people turned out in numbers to secure the prize, which was, forthwith, subjected to the process of roasting, in order to extract its oil. Though large quantities were obtained, yet so great was the mass of blubber, the river was covered with grease for three weeks afterwards, and the air infected to such a degree with the stench, as the fish lay rotting on the strand, that the smell was perceptibly offensive for two (Dutch) miles to leeward. The whale, which had first ascended the river, stranded, on its return to sea, on an island some forty miles from the mouth of the river, near which place four others grounded, also, this year.

…These particulars are taken from an old book kept by Antonie de Hooges, Secretary of Rensselaerswyck, endorsed, “Copye van eenige acten ende andere aenmerckelycke notitien,” and from Van der Donck’s Beschryv. van N. N. The island at the mouth of the Mohawk goes since by the name of Walvisch, or Whale Island. De Hooges refers to the visit of a similar large fish ” many years ago,” which caused great wonder at the time, but he does not mention the year, nor furnish any further particulars of the circumstance.

On 13 August 1657 at Fort Orange, in the marriage agreement between Roelof Swartwout and Eva Albertsen Bradt, widow of Anthonie de Hooges, the bride serves for each of her children with her former husband, Marichen, Anneken, Catrina, Johanis and Eleanora de Hooges, one hundred guilden each. Roelof Swartwout and his bride moved to Esopus in Ulster County, New York, where he was the first sheriff.

See Peer Jan HENDRICKS’ page for details about the Esopus raid on Wiltwyck (Kingston), June, 1663 and Roelof’s June 20, 1663 letter from The Court at Wildwyck to the Council of New Netherland describing the massacre.

Marinus Schoonmaker, History of Kingston, New York(1888), p.489;
John O. Evjen,  Scandinavian Immigrants in New York (1916), pp.30-33.

“In the name of the Lord Amen, be it known by the contents of this present instrument, that in the year 1657, on the 13th day of the month of August, appeared before me Johannes La Montagne, in the service of the General Privileged West India Company, deputy at Fort Orange and village of Beverwyck, Roeloff Swartwout , in the presence of his father, tomas Swartwout , on the…, and Eva ALBERTSEN (BRATT), widow of the late Antony de Hooges, in the presence of Albert ANDRIESSEN (BRATT), her father of the other side, who in the following manner have covenanted this marriage contract, to wit, that for the honor of God the said Roeloff Swartwout and Eva Albertse after the manner of the Reformed religion respectively held by them shall marry; secondly, that the said married people shall contribute and bring together all their estates, personal and real, of whatsoever nature they may be, to be used by them in common, according to the custom of Holland, except that the bride, Eva Albertse, in presence of the orphanmasters, recently chosen, to wit, Honorable Jan VERBEECK and Evert WENDELS, reserves for her a hundred guilders, to wit, for Maricken, Anneken, Catrina, Johannes, and Eleanora de Hooges, for which sum of one hundred guilders for each child respectively (she) mortgages her house and lot, lying here in the village of Beverwyck; it was also covenanted, by these presents, by the mutual consent of the aforewritten married people, that Barent ALBERTSE (BRATT) and Teunis Slingerland, brother and brother-in-law of the said Eva Albertse, and uncle of said children, should be guardians of said children, to which the aforesaid orphanmasters have consented; which above written contract the respective parties promise to hold good, etc. — “Done in Fort Orange, ut supra in the presence of Pieter Jacobsen and Johannes Provost, witnesses, for that purpose called.
“Roeloff Swartwout , (x) Eva ALBERTSE, Thomas SWARTWOUT,
“Albert ANDRIESSEN, Jan VERBEECK, Evert WENDEL, “Teunis CORNELISSEN
“Witnesses: Johanes Provoost, (+) Pieter Jacobsen
“Acknowledged before me, La Montagne, Deputy at Fort Orange.”

2. Barent Albertse Bradt

Barent’s wife Susanna Dirkse Mayer was born about 1634. Her parents were Dirck Dirckse and Maria Jans of Norway. Susanna died 8 May 1722 in Albany, New York.

Barent Albertse Bradt was born in Amsterdam, Holland and baptized in the Lutheran church there in October 1634.   He came to America with his parents in 1637.

Growing up on his father’s Rensselaerswyck farm, he learned the mechanics of farming, milling, and trading. Those skills enabled him to represent his father and then establish himself in the new village of Beverwyck. About that time, he married Susanna Dircks - the mother of his eight children. The marriage suffered from Barent’s intemperate behavior which led to several court appearances on battery and assault charges!

Barent derived his income from sawing – probably at his father’s Normanskill mill. At the same time, he sought to take part in the fur trade. He sought acceptance in now Albany by joining the Dutch church. However, he found trading difficult as his family was fined several times for illegal trading.

Instead, Barent Albertse found success in real estate – acquiring several parcels and using boards cut at the Bradt mill to build houses in Albany and outside the stockade. By 1682, he was living outside the north gate. In 1684, his Albany taxes were in arrears. Fives years later, he was listed among the farmers employed by Marte Gerritse but was assessed no money for defense. Raising a large family, he also was the guardian of a number of related children and a frequent baptism sponsor for family members and neighbors.

By the 1690s, he had become an Albany mainstay. He served on juries and as firemaster and roadmaster. In 1697, Barent, Susanna, and one child were living in his Market Street house just outside the north gate. Assessment rolls for ensuing years place him among the moderately wealthy Albany householders.

He also acquired lots at Halfmoon and Schaghticoke. Barent Albertse Bradt disappeared from Albany rolls after 1712. His four sons further established the Bradt name in Albany and its hinterland.

3. Storm Van Der ZEE (See his page)

4. Engeltje Bradt

Engeltje’s husband Teunis Cornelisse Slingerland was born 7 Apr 1617 in Amsterdam, Holland.  After Engeltje died, he married 9 Apr 1684 in Albany, Albany, New York to Geertie Fonda. Teunis died 5 Mar 1805 in Hackensack, Bergen, New Jersey.

He immigrated New Amsterdam, New Netherlands and settled on the Onisquethaw flats near Albany, New York, aka Beverwyck. Teunis and Engeltje had 8 children. Teunis and 2nd wife Geertie Fonda had one child, Johannes in 1685. He was named guardian of Eva Bradt’s children; Engeltje, Geeseltje, Andries, Jan, Dirck and Storm on 13th August 1657 in Albany New York. There appears to be seven years between the first child Engeltje and Arent. This is most unusual for this periond of time and indicates that either the birth dates are wrong or two or three children are missing.

In 1652 he purchases a tract of land lying east of the present Chapel Street and traversed, in part, by State Street, in Albany. In 1665, with his son-in-law Johannes Apple, he purchased 9874 acres from the Indians. The three chiefs who sold the land used sign manuals of “Bear”, “Wolf” and “Turtle”, the totems of the three tribes involved. This land lies east of the Helderberg Mountains and in the present towns of New Scotland and Bethlehem, and a NY. State Historical Marker may be found on NY. Route, just west of the village of Feura Bush, stating that this was the site of the “Slingerland house, built by Tunis Cornelise Slingerland, Dutch Emigrant, 1650, on land purchased from Indians.”. This land also includes the pretty village of Slingerlands on the Delaware and Hudson Railroad. This purchase was confirmed by Governor Thomas Dongan on 6 March 1684. Of this tract, Tunis Slingerland retained 2000 acres, the remainder going to the van Rensselaers. He was appointed commissary by Governor Dongan.” He moved to Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey in 1693. He died between 1701 and 1705 in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey.

5. Geseltje Bradt

Geseltje’s first husband Jan van Eschelen was born 1633.  Jan died 23 Mar 1668 in Albany, NY.

Geseltje’s second husband Hendrick Willemsen was born 1633 in Reusel-de Mierden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands. His parents were Daniel Hendrickson and Emma Van Guelder.  Hendrick died in 1677 in Albany, New York.

6. Andries Albertse Bradt

Andries’ first wife Neeltje [__?__]

Andries’ second wife Cornelia Teunisse van Wie (Vervay) was born 1640 in Albany, Albany, New York,

7. Jan Albertse Bradt

Jan’s wife Maria Post was  baptized 6 Jun 1649 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.   Her parents were Adrian Crijnen Post and Claretje (Clara) Moocerks (Source: Doopregister Hollanders in Brazilie, 1633-1654.).  After Jan died, she married 26 Nov 1699 in Albany, Albany, New York to Eduwart Carbert.   Maria died Nov 1695 in Albany, New York.

Adriaen Crijnen Post married Claartje Moockers. They were possibly from the Hague, Netherlands (one of the children is listed in his marriage record as being from the Hague. The first known record of the Post family was when they lived for a while in West India Company’s colony in Recife, Brazil. After returning home to the Netherlands, the family sailed for the colony of New Netherland 30 June 1650 aboard the “New Netherland’s Fortune” and arrived on 19 December 1650.

As the representative of Baron Hendrick van der Capellen, Adriaen led a group in settling a successful colony on Staten Island.   Captain Post  had cultivated friendly relations with the Indians and familiarized himself with their language, an acquisition which was destined to be of much service to him at a most critical period in his career.

The colony was attacked and burned by Hackensack Indians on 15 Sep 1655 as a result of the Peach Tree War. Among the sixty-seven prisoners were Adriaen, Claartje, their five children (Adrian, Maria, Lysbeth, and two unknown children) , and two servants of the Post family.

Chief Penneckeck sent Adriaen to bargain with Peter Stuyvesant for the prisoners’ release that October. Adriaen traveled to and from Manhattan and the Natives’ base at Paulus Hook, New Jersey several times before a negotiation was made. Many of the prisoners, including Claartje and the children, were exchanged for ammunition, wampum, and blankets.

By van der Capellen’s orders, Adriaen and the other survivors returned to Staten Island to build a fort. He gathered the cattle that had survived the attack, butchering some and using others for milk, in an effort to feed his group. By the next spring, Adriaen was too ill to perform his duties. Claartje asked that someone else be appointed agent to van der Capellen and, in April, she petitioned Stuyvesant to keep soldiers on the island. Stuyvesant decided against it since there were so few people there.

When Van der Capellen heard of the great havoc made by the Indians in his colony, he instructed Captain Post to gather together the survivors and to erect a fort on the Island and also  to keep the people provisioned. This, however, was impracticable, as the Captain with his starving family during the ensuing winter were obliged tocamp out under the bleak sky without any protection or means of defense. The authorities recognized the insurmountable difficulties in the way of protecting the colony, and decided to withdraw the soldiers and abandon him to his fate unless he would remove with his people and his patron’s cattle to Long Island. (N.Y. Col. Doc.,XIII, 60-1.)

The creditors of Van der Capelle, seeing the desperate condition of the colony, he began to harass Post for the payment of the Baron’s debts, and suit was brought by Jacob Schellinger and others against him as agent for the Baron for payment of a note; and Janneke Melyn claimed as hers some of the few cattle still in Post’s possession.

The attempt at colonizing Staten Island by individual enterprise having failed, the Island was purchased by the West India Company, to whom nineteen persons presented a petition, August 22, 1661, for tracts of land on the south side, in order to establish a village, which was allowed by the Company, Captain Post being one of the grantees. (N.Y. Col. Docs.,XIII., 206) It is probable, however, that he did not avail himself of the grant, but removed to Bergen (now Jersey City, N.J.) about this time, if, indeed, he was not already a resident there. In 1662, he was one of petitioners to have a clergyman settled at Bergen, and promised to contribute twenty florins therefore yearly. (N.Y. Col Docs MSS XIII,,233.)

The family later moved to what is now Bergen, New Jersey, becoming some of the first settlers of the Acquackononk Tract. Adriaen remained active in public life. As an ensign in the Bergen Burgher Guard, he took an oath of allegiance on 22 November 1665. Philip Carteret, the governor of New Jersey, requested Adriaen as an interpreter in a meeting to purchase land from the sachem, Oraton, in May of 1666. Adriaen also served on jury at the Admiralty Court at Elizabethtown in May of 1671, was elected as a representative of Bergen to the New Jersey General Assembly on 7 June 1673, and became a Lieutenant in Bergen’s militia in 1675. Adriaen was buried 18 February 1677 in Bergen, Hudson, New Jersey.

8. Dirck Albertse Bradt

Dirck Albertse Bradt was born during the 1640s.  He grew up on his father’s farm and mill on the Normanskill and at Albert Andriesse’s house in Beverwyck/Albany.

He seems to not have married but was identified as a householder in Albany in 1679 and participated in real estate and other transactions with his father and other family members. In 1681, he joined with oher Albany burghers in petitioning the court regarding the Indian trade. In 1684, his Albany taxes were in arrears.

By the early 1680s, Dirck Albertse’s aging and irascible father came to live in his Albany home. Dirck Albertse occasionally appeared before the Albany court. But, following the death of his father in 1686, his life in the community’s record is best described as marginal.

Dirck Albertse Bradt died sometime after 1702 when he was elected constable for Canastigione.

Sources:

http://www.crossmyt.com/hc/gen/chfmclc3.html#cx1382

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/14071817/person/61441759

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/b/bradt.html

http://trees.ancestry.com/owt/person.aspx?pid=134385479

http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/b/baalbradt4182.html

http://www.boydhouse.com/michelle/dehooges/anthonydehooges.html

http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/surnames/bradt.shtml

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