Gregorio Fernando A. Mercado

Gregorio Fernando A. MERCADO (1 ) was Socorro’s 3nd great grandfather.  He was also Jose Rizal’s uncle.

Gregorio Fernando A. Mercado was born xx. His parents were Juan MERCADO and Cirila ALEJANDRO.He first married Eulalia TRIVIÑO. He next married Remegia Abarientos. Gregorio died xx.

Eulalia Triviño was born xx.

Remegia Abarientos was born xx.

Children of Gregorio and Eulalia:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Jose Triviño MERCADO Dorotea Moxica QUIZON


Children of Gregorio and Remegia:

Name Born Married Departed
2. Restituto Mercado Crescencia Yamson Fuentes
3. Filomeno A. Mercado Consolacion ch. Neri
4. Francisca. A. Mercado
5. Monica A. Mercado Leon R. Chavez
6. Doroteo A. Mercado Carmen P. Zayas
7. Aquilina A. Mercado Macrobio R. Chaves
8. Demetria A. Mercado Nicolas Pelaez
9. Hermana A. Mercado
10. Cresencia A. Mercado Pedro Neri

Other sources state that Juan Mercado and Cirila Alejandro had 14 children: Gregorio Fernando becoming Gregorio and Fernando, two separate persons.

Jose Rizal’s uncles were forced by Spanish harassment  to move.  Gregorio Mercado  ended up in San Juan and married  Eulaia Trivino.

The Mercado-Quizon family has their ancestral properties in the northeastern part of San Juan including some in the adjacent towns of Quezon just across the Malaquing Ilog

Gregorio de Mercado may have been elected gobernadorcillo of San Juan in 1856.

San Juan Batangas was a relatively new place, not settled until the mid 1800’s.  The Angkan families evolved their own local culture of common survival and existence. As emigrants to the new place, many found it socially convenient to rely more on each other if only to maintain their regional customs and expand family holdings. Clearly, they had strong respect for family ties and territorial rights that may have influenced their active nationalism when it was expected of them during times of crisis. The fact that many early Angkan members came from the same region (sharing the same values and customs) and were related to each other through marriage helped further this process along and ensure harmony in the place.

“The Triviño’s are one of San Juan’s oldest families.” (Martin Tinio Jr., Batangas Forged in Fire, p. 189). The Triviño roots were originally from Tiaong (Quezon) who intermarried with the Quizon, Maralit, Mercado, and Perez families of San Juan.

Tiaong, Quezon

The roster of town Tinientes includes a Mamerto Triviño (1839-1840) and a Juan Triviño (1843). Hipolito Mercado, a cabeza de barangay of one of San Juan’s original barangay in 1848, married Maria Triviño. In 1878, Santiago Triviño and Francisco Triviño were cabezas de barangay. Approaching the year 1900, Ciriaco Triviño was a punong bayan of the town. By the 1920s, neighboring heritage houses along Rizal Street leading to the church were built by brothers Emilio and Liduvino Triviño for their families. Some in the Triviño clan moved on and settled in Naga City after the war where they made a name for themselves.

The early San Juan community started in what is now the barangay of Pinagbayanan (the old town site) along the coast of Tayabas Bay. The original immigrants to San Juan mostly appropriated the surrounding virgin territory for themselves and established the first haciendas in the town. The first indication about the profile of those who were responsible for shaping San Juan’s landscape is partly provided through parish and town records. In 1836, a census of the town showed that it had a population of 6,508 residents.


For more on San Juan, click here for The San Juan Batangas Legacy.pdf  by Leon Mayo.

Posted in -6th Generation, Socorro | 3 Comments

José Triviño Mercado

José Triviño MERCADO (18xx –  ) was Socorro’s 2nd great grandfather.  He was also José Rizal’s first cousin.

José Triviño Mercado was born 18xx. His parents were Gregorio Fernando A. MERCADO and Eulalia TRIVIÑO. He married Dorotea Moxica QUIZON. Santos died xx.

Dorotea Moxica Quizon was born in 1857. Her parents were Vicente QUIZON and Gregoria MOXICA. Dorotea died 18 Feb 1929 San Juan, Calabarzon, Philippines.

Dorotea Moxica Quizon

Dorotea had two brothers and six sisters, named Regino, Juan Sr., Evarista, Urbana, Lutgarda, Estanislawa, Julia and Maxima. She was the youngest of the nine children. Married Jose when she was 13. Became a widow at 21. She died at the age of 72 on February 18th, 1929. Buried in San Juan, Batangas.

Children of José and Dorotea:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Maria MERCADO Santos LOPEZ
2. Leon Quizon Mercado

Three other children died of small pox.

Dorotea’s mother was Gregoria Moxica.  The Moxica family was one  of the earliest landlords in San Juan. “The Moxicas had a lot of land, properties said to have come from Fray Damaso Moxica, the friar who built the town’s (earlier) church.” (Martin Tinio Jr., Batangas Forged in Fire, p. 188). The Fray who came from his previous post in Imus, Cavite arrived in San Juan in 1847 and was the town parish priest for more than 30 years. Lore has it that four children whom the Fray brought with him from Cavite may have descended from the Fray. Later, another child born in San Juan was also said to be a descendant of the Fray. The Mojica children (interchangeable with Moxica) were however mostly female and thus the name is not found in San Juan today. The line however helped produced some of the oldest and wealthiest Angkan families in San Juan including the  Quizon, Mercado, Javier and Magtibay families. This Angkan’s ancestral lands are found in the  northeastern quadrant of the town and include areas of Quezon province close to the Malaking Ilog


1. Maria MERCADO (See Santos LOPEZ‘s page)

2. Leon Quizon Mercado

Leon Quizon Mercado, also known as “Kapitan Leon”, was a Katipunero from San Juan who joined the Revolution at age seventeen. He studied in Letran and was fluent in Latin and Greek. He joined the Revolution at seventeen and was known as Kapitan Leon.

The Katipunan was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinosi in Manila in 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution. The society was initiated by Filipino patriots Andrés BonifacioTeodoro PlataLadislao Diwa, and others on the night of July 7, when Filipino writer José Rizal was to be banished to Dapitan. Initially, the Katipunan was a secret organization until its discovery in 1896 that led to the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.

Flag of the Katipunan in 1897

The word “katipunan”, literally meaning ‘association’, comes from the root word “tipon”, a Tagalog word meaning “gather together” or society

Being a secret organization, its members were subjected to the utmost secrecy and were expected to abide with the rules established by the society.   Aspirant applicants were given standard initiation rites to become members of the society. At first, membership in the Katipunan was only open to male Filipinos; later, women were accepted in the society. The Katipunan had its own publication, Kalayaan (Liberty) that had its first and last print on March 1896. Revolutionary ideals and works flourished within the society, and Philippine literature were expanded by some of its prominent members.

In planning the revolution, Bonifacio contacted Rizal for his full-fledged support for the Katipunan in exchange for a promise of rescuing Rizal from his detainment. On May 1896, a delegation was sent to the Emperor of Japan to solicit funds and military arms. The Katipunan’s existence was revealed to the Spanish authorities after a member named Teodoro Patiño confessed the Katipunan’s illegal activities to his sister, and finally to the mother portress of Mandaluyong Orphanage. Seven days after the Spanish authorities learned of the existence of the secret society, on August 26, 1896, Bonifacio and his men tore their cedúlas during the infamous Cry of Balintawak that started the Philippine Revolution.

(Wikipedia says – “Kapitan” Leon Quizon Mercado – Katipunero, Participated in the insurrection against the US, Farmer, “Coconut King of Batangas” till the early 1960’s)

After the revolution against Spain, Leon also participated in the Philippine-American War (1899-1902).

Leon Quizon Mercado was a young katipunero who served out his term as one of the appointed punong-bayan of San Juan Batangas between the revolutionary years 1892-1899.

In each province where there were Katipunan members, a provincial council called Sangguniang Bayan was established and in each town was an organized popular council called Sangguniang Balangay. Each Bayan and Balangay had its own set of elected officials: Pangulo (president); Kalihim (secretary); Tagausig (fiscal); Tagaingat-yaman (treasurer); Pangalawang Pangulo (vice president); Pangalawang Kalihim (vice secretary); mga kasanguni (councilors); Mabalasig (terrible brother);  Taliba (guard); Maniningil (collector/auditor); Tagapamahala ng Basahan ng Bayan(custodian of the People’s Library);   Tagapangasiwa (administrator);   Manunulat (clerk);   Tagatulong sa Pagsulat (assistant clerk); Tagalaan (warden); and Tagalibot (patroller).   Each Balangay were given a chance to expand their own spheres of influence, through a triangle system in order to elevate their status to Sangguniang Bayan.    Every Balangay that did not gain Sanggunian Bayan status were dissolved and annexed by greater provincial or popular councils.

During the war it is said that Leon captured an American soldier and spared his life. In exchange, the American soldier taught Leon how to speak English.

“Among the other towns in the province of Batangas, San Juan fought harder against the
Americans that it necessitated an order from Gen. Franklin Bell to activate the repressive zona system in the town. This caused hardship to San Juan where perhaps in the whole Tagalog  region, San Juan lost the most number of people (from disease, if not from battle wounds).”  In an account of the Philippine-American war  it was written that “one (zona) camp 2 miles wide by one mile long housed 8,000 Filipinos and sometimes over 200 were confined to one building. In camps in Lobo and San  Juan, over 20% of the population died.”

The 1903 census declared mortality rates in Batangas  Province as follows:

Town Population (1903 Census) Mortality Pct
San Juan  11,853 3,276 27.6%
Taal  17,525 1,971 11.2%
San Jose   8,996 1,061 11.8%
Rosario   8,326    864 10.4%
Lobo  5,781    805 13.9%
Total Batangas Province  52,481 7,977 15.2%

An account of the Philippine-American War in 1899-1902 in the province of Batangas. Glenn Anthony May, an Oregon History Professor fuels controversy in this examination of the Philippine-American War. He rejects  previously accepted explanations , popularized by Teodoro Agoncillo, that the Philippine Revolution was a revolt of the masses. Instead, he argues that the experience of Batangas was unique because it was the political and economic elite of the province who became the backbone of local resistance, serving as military leaders and extending financial and other forms of assistance to the revolutionary troops.
(Yale University Press, 1991.).

Once the war with the Americans was over, Leon became a successful farmer and was known as the “Coconut King of Batangas”.  Like the Triviño and Marasigan families, Leon Mercado also invested in more coconut plantations in Naga City after the war. Leon Mercado and his wife Emiliana Sales built the Mercado heritage house Casa Leon along Burgos Street in the north side of town. Leon died in the 1960s.

The Bahay na bato, the colonial Filipino house, followed the nipa hut’s arrangements such as open ventilation and elevated apartments. The most obvious difference between the two houses would be the materials that was used to build them. The bahay na bato was constructed out of brick and stone rather than the traditional bamboo materials. It is a mixture of native Filipino, Spanish and Chinese influences.

He had twelve children including Dominador Mercado who developed Corinthian Gardens and Tahanan Village, and Leon Antonio Mercado, architect of Legaspi Towers.

(Wikipedia says: Architect Leon Sales Mercado Jr. – Philippine Architect. Founder/Principal Architect/President of LAS Mercado and Associates from the 1960’s to the 90’s, a firm that specialized/pioneered in the design of large residential development/condominium complexes and private residences in the greater Manila area and suburbs (First to break the 20 floor barrier for high-rise construction in the Philippines). Designer of various higher education facilities (UP). President and founder of “Rainbow Philippines” a citizen’s band radio organization in the 70’s. Youngest son of “Kapitan” Leon Quizon Mercado)

Leon’s children include Angie Marasigan (the grandmother of the famous talented jeweler Ciara Marasigan), Rosing Mayo (f), Dedes (f), Mameng Manalo (f), Ines Gonzales, Pepe Meracdo, Daddy Mercado, Goring Mercado, Bandok Mercado, Loring Mercado and Tony Mercado (the architect who built Legaspi Towers).


For more on San Juan, click here for The San Juan Batangas Legacy.pdf  by Leon Mayo.

Posted in -5th Generation, Socorro | 3 Comments

Santos Lopez

Santos LOPEZ (18xx – ) was Socorro’s great grandfather.

Santos Lopez was born in Lipa, Bantagas. His parents were xx. He married  Maria MERCADO. Santos died xx.

Lipa Batangas

Santos Lopez and Soledad Lopez

Santos Lopez

Santos Lopez

Maria Mercada was born xx. Her parents were Jose Trivino MERCADO and Dorotea Moxica QUIZON. Maria died xx.

Children of Santos and Maria:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Miguel Lopez Catalina Mercado Javier
2. Arsensio Lopez Angeles Rodriguez
Pianing (Pia) Salud
3 Soledad LOPEZ 1905
San Juan Batangas
Eusebio M. LOPEZ
4. Leonor Lopez Dr. Jose (Pepe) Soco

Santos and Soledad oversee a basketball game on the internet

The Lopez ancestral home was built by Lolo Santos Lopez and Lola Maria Mercado. Santos Lopez of Lipa built their heritage bahay-na-bato house in Mojica  Street.   Their pictures still hang in the dining room. See Eusebio’s page for more pictures.

The traditional Filipino “Bahay na bato” style for the large houses  built of stone and wood combines Filipino, Spanish and Chinese style elements.

The two major rivers of San Juan are the Malaking Ilog and the Lawaye rivers. “Malaking Ilog has the largest watershed area among the rivers of Batangas. It drains an area of about 820 square kilometers that includes most of Malepunyo Volcano, two-thirds of San Cristobal Volcano and the southwest quadrant of Banahaw Volcano. Because of its extensive watershed, the lower reaches of Malaking Ilog are prone to flooding and flash floods which early settlers might have experienced perennially.

On October 28, 1883, San Juan experienced a catastrophe due to continuous high winds and storm rain. “Water in the town rose to a height of three meters; houses were destroyed, livestock drowned and planted crops were washed away.

In agreement with the parish authorities, the town officials initiated the petition for the transfer of the lumang bayan upstream to a new site on January 18, 1886. On December 12, 1890 the bagong bayan or new town location in Calitcalit was formally approved by the Government. Two years later by 1893, the Maura Law was passed and all the town heads under the new set up were formally designated and given the title of Capitan Municipal. Four Tinientes (deputies) would make up the Tribuna Municipal or Municipal Council.

San Juan Batangas

The relatively urgent relocation of the township due to the floods actually gave the people a fresh base to start their life anew. Despite its new town setting, however, the socio-economic setup in San Juan retained its feudal character. The large plantations that fostered the tenancy system and were owned by a few families remained the order of the day. As these plantations grew in the hinterlands around the town, the families that established them clustered together in the new poblacion (town urban center). There they built their fine houses at about the same time and socialized with their peers even as their tenant workers lived out their simple life in their nipa huts in the rural field.


1. Miguel Lopez

Miguel’s wife Catalina Mercado Javier

 Don Miguel Lopez (San Juan Mayor 1934-1942)

Don Miguel Lopez (San Juan Mayor 1934-1942)

Children of Miguel and Catalina

i. Marcelo Lopez m. Naty [__?__] Children: Mario, Maricsi, Baby, Lito Lopez

Marcelo Lopez

ii. Natividad Lopez m. Rolando Cueto Child Cesar Cuerto

iii. Librada (Lily) Javier Lopez m. Rudy Asuncion Children: Lolly, Greg, Lydia, Bernie, Phil, and Jun

2. Arsenio Lopez


San Juan West Central School – Founder’s Bench

Child of Arsensio and his first wife Angeles Rodriguez.

i. Dennis Lopez m. Noemi Mariano

Children of Arsensio and his second wife  Pianing (Pia) Salud

ii.Nora Lopez m. Atty. Adelfo M. Maceda Children Pia,  Regina Eloisa, Carlos, Johnny and Renato (Tato).

Pia Maceda

Regina Eliosa Maceda

Johnny Maceda

Renato Maceda

Me, Renato Maceda, Socorro Alcid, and Cherry Maceda in their new Jersey City condo on the Hudson.

iii. Jun Lopez m. Ofelia Ledesma; Children Cecil Alcantara, Argie Lopez, Manny Lopez, John Paul Lopez, Pia Lorenzo, Mark Lopez

iv. Zenaida Lopez m. [__?__] Fernandez Children: Noli Lopez Fernandez, Ma. Pia Lopez Fernandez,  Monica Fernandez Ocampo, Mario Lopez Fernandez, Martin Lopez Fernandez, Isidro Fernandez, Pia Fernandez, Martin Fernandez, Mai Mai Fernandez, Monica Ocampo, Noli Fernandez

3. Soledad LOPEZ (See Eusebio M. LOPEZ‘s page)

4. Leonor Lopez

A huge painting of Lola Leonor Lopez Soco – sister of Lola Soledad greets one and all

Leonor Soco

Leonor’s husband Dr. Jose (Pepe) Soco was 15 years older than her.  He was from Hagonoy, Bulacan.

Leonor Lopez Soco

Children of Leonor and Jose

i. Leonor Soco m. Jun Magbag

Lena Magbag

ii. Aggie Lopez-Soco m. Jenny [__?__] Daughter Maan Soco, son JF’s wedding on 6-9-12 in Tagaytay.

iii. Rene Lopez-Soco  m.  Trina Montemayor-Misa of Alaminos, Pangasinan. Children are Angela, Jose Miguel (Mitch), and Jose Paolo (Paul). Angela married Bill Mitchell. Angela’s children are Reid (son 12-23-09) and Ryan (daughter 3-23-12). Mitch married Charlene Arguelles. Paolo married Rebecca Dixon. Paul’s first child is expected October 2012.

BTW, Trina (wife of Rene) and son Mitch; and Lena arrived in PI for JF’S Wedding on 6-9-12 in Tagaytay. JF is son of Aggie Lopez-Soco and Jenny.

iv. Digos Lopez-Soco

v. Boy Lopez-Soco Children Yeyet Soco (son) and Nico Soco (son)

vi. Titol Lopez-Soco m. Ruffy [__?__] Child: Banjo Lopez-Soco


Posted in -4th Generation, Socorro | 11 Comments

Invasion of Canada – 1775

The Invasion of Canada in 1775 was the first major military initiative by the newly-formed Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. The objective of the campaign was to gain military control of the British Province of Quebec, and convince the French-speaking Canadiens to join the revolution on the side of the Thirteen Colonies.

One expedition left Fort Ticonderoga under Richard Montgomery, besieged and captured Fort St. Johns, and very nearly captured British General Guy Carleton when taking Montreal.

The other expedition left Cambridge, Massachusetts under Benedict Arnold, and traveled with great difficulty through the wilderness of Maine to Quebec City. The two forces joined there, but were defeated at the Battle of Quebec in December 1775

American Attack on Quebec

Montgomery’s Expedition

General Richard Montgomery (1738-1775)

Montgomery’s expedition set out from Fort Ticonderoga in late August, and began besieging Fort St. Johns, the main defensive point south of Montreal, in mid-September. After the fort was captured in November, Carleton abandoned Montreal, fleeing to Quebec City, and Montgomery took control of the city before heading for Quebec with an army much reduced in size by expiring enlistments. There he joined Arnold, who had left Cambridge in early September on an arduous trek through the wilderness that left his surviving troops starving and lacking in many supplies and equipment.

In May 1775, aware of the light defenses and presence of heavy weapons at the British Fort Ticonderoga, Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen led a force of colonial militia that captured Fort Ticonderoga and Fort Crown Point, and raided Fort St. Johns, all of which were only lightly defended at the time.  Ticonderoga and Crown Point were garrisoned by 1,000 Connecticut militia under the command of Benjamin Hinman in June.

Nathan BALCOM (1741 Attleboro – 1787 Attleboro)

Nathan Balcom was part of Capt Sedgwick’s company, Col. Benjamin Hinman ’s regiment which went from Winchester CT to Fort Ticonderoga in 1775.’

Fort Ticonderoga from Mount Defiance

With the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, Hinman  was commissioned in May 1775 as a captain of the 4th Connecticut Regiment. In May 1775 Benedict Arnold had stabilized Fort Ticonderoga which had been captured by the Americans. On June 17, 1775 Hinman arrived with a thousand troops from Connecticut to rebuild the fort. Because of his rank he claimed authority but Benedict Arnold objected until the three man committee of inspection including Silas Deane from Congress told him he must allow Hinman to command. Benedict Arnold later disbanded his troops and returned home.

4th Connecticut Regiment– Authorized 27 April 1775 in the Connecticut State Troops. Organized 1-20 May 1775 to consist of ten companies from Litchfield and Hartford Counties. Each company to consist of 1 captain or field grade officer. 2 lieutenants, I ensign, 4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 drummer. 1 fifer, and 100 privates.

COMMANDER: Colonel Benjamin Hyman (Hinman) May 1, 1775-Dec  20,1775.

Adopted 14 June 1775 into the Continental Army.  Took part in the Invasion of Canada, Battle of Quebec (Autumn and Winter 1775). Two companies from this regiment were garrisoned at Fort Ticonderoga.

Disbanded in December 1775 in Canada, less two companies disbanded 19-20 December 1775 at Cambridge, Massachusetts. These latter two were Lieutenant Colonel Ozias Bissell’s and Captain Hezekiah Parsons’ Companies, which stayed behind to serve at the Siege of Boston.

The Siege of Fort St. Jean, conducted by American Brigadier General Richard Montgomery on the town and fort of Saint-Jean in  Quebec  lasted from Sep  17 to Nov 3, 1775.

After several false starts in early September, the Continental Army established a siege around Fort St. Jean. Beset by illness, bad weather, and logistical problems, they established mortar batteries that were able to penetrate into the interior the fort, but the defenders, who were well-supplied with munitions, but not food and other supplies, persisted in their defence, believing the siege would be broken by forces from Montreal under General Guy Carleton.  On Oct 18, the nearby Fort Chambly fell, and on Oct 30, an attempt at relief by Carleton was thwarted. When word of this made its way to St. Jean’s defenders, combined with a new battery opening fire on the fort, the fort’s defenders capitulated, surrendering on Nov 3.

The fall of Fort St. Jean opened the way for the American army to march on Montreal, which fell without battle on Nov 13. General Carleton escaped from Montreal, and made his way to Quebec City to prepare its defences against an anticipated attack.

Arnold’s Expedition

Benedict Arnold (1741-1801)

Benedict Arnold, who had been rejected for leadership of the Champlain Valley expedition, returned to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and approached George Washington with the idea of a supporting eastern invasion force aimed at Quebec City.  Washington approved the idea, and gave Arnold 1,100 men, including Daniel Morgan‘s riflemen, for the effort.   Arnold’s force sailed from Newburyport, MA to the mouth of the Kennebec River and then upriver to Fort Western (present day Augusta, Maine).

Arnold’s expedition was a success in that he was able to bring a body of troops to the gates of Quebec City. However, the expedition was beset by troubles as soon as it left the last significant outposts of civilization in present-day Maine. There were numerous difficult portages as the troops moved up the Kennebec River, and the boats they were using frequently leaked, spoiling gunpowder and food supplies. The divide between the Kennebec and the Chaudière River was a swampy tangle of lakes and streams, where the traversal was complicated by bad weather, resulting in one quarter of the troops turning back. The descent down the Chaudière resulted in the destruction of more boats and supplies as the inexperienced troops were unable to control the boats in its fast-moving waters.

Ebenener’s FOSTER‘s son Bartholomew died on the way to the Siege of Quebec in Oct 1775

Benjamin NEWCOMB’s grandson Tryal Tanner (1751-1833)  was a sergeant in Gen. Arnold’s disastrous campaign in Canada, and in common with all the soldiers with him, suffered incredible hardships in the retreat of 500 miles. At the close of this campaign he enlisted in a Continental Connecticut regiment as a lieutenant and was promoted to the adjutancy of the regiment, and in this capacity was in the battle of Monmouth.

Thomas JEWELL III’s grandson Joseph Jewell (1759 – 1812) was a private in Capt William H. Ballard’s company, Col. James Frye‘s 10th Massachusetts Regiment May 1775, It served in the Siege of Boston until its disbandment at the end of 1775. Col. Frye’s report of Oct 6 1775 places Joseph Jewell as having gone on the Quebec Expedition

John BRADLEY (1736 Haverhill, Mass – bef. 1830 New Brunswick, Canada)

A tall strong man with a fiery temper, John joined Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain boys in Vermont. When the Revolutionary war began, Bradley was with Ethan Allen at the capture of Ft Ticonderoga.

The Flag of the Green Mountain Boys is still used by the Vermont National Guard

When Benedict Arnold started his march through Maine, Bradley was chosen as a scout and hunter. Arnold expected to find enough wild game to feed his men, but game was scarce. After hunting all day, Bradley returned with only one partridge. Arnold sent for him and called him a worthless loafer. Bradley talked back to the commander who then drew his sword, which Bradley knocked from his hand. The fighting continued and Aaron Burr came with a file of soldiers and had Bradley arrested and bound to a tree. A man had been shot that morning and Bradley had no doubt that he would also be shot. He finally managed to twist the straps free from his wrists and attempted to escape. A guard tried to stop him and he killed the guard. Bradley had no weapons and his enemies were behind him as he ran into the woods. (See more of Bradley’s fantastic tale on his page)

By the time Arnold reached the outskirts of civilization along the Saint Lawrence River in November, his force was reduced to 600 starving men. They had traveled almost 400 miles through untracked wilderness. When Arnold and his troops finally reached the Plains of Abraham on November 14, Arnold sent a negotiator with a white flag to demand their surrender, but to no avail. The Americans, with no cannons, and barely fit for action, faced a fortified city. Arnold, after hearing of a planned sortie from the city, decided on November 19 to withdraw to Pointe-aux-Trembles to wait for Montgomery, who had recently captured Montreal.

Battle and Siege of Quebec

On Dec 2, Montgomery finally came down the river from Montreal with 500 troops, bringing captured British supplies and winter clothing. The two forces united, and plans were made for an attack on the city.  Three days later the Continental Army again stood on the Plains of Abraham and began to besiege the city of Quebec.

The Battle of Quebecfought on Dec 31, 1775 , was the first major defeat of the war for the Americans, and it came at a high price. General Richard Montgomery was killed, Benedict Arnold was wounded, and Daniel Morgan and more than 400 men were taken prisoner. The city’s garrison, a motley assortment of regular troops and militia led by Quebec’s provincial governor, General Guy Carleton, suffered a small number of casualties.

Governor Carleton had escaped from Montreal to Quebec,  and last-minute reinforcements arrived to bolster the city’s limited defenses before the attacking force’s arrival. Concerned that expiring enlistments would reduce his force, Montgomery made the end-of-year attack in a blinding snowstorm to conceal his army’s movements. The plan was for separate forces led by Montgomery and Arnold to converge in the lower city before scaling the walls protecting the upper city. Montgomery’s force turned back after he was killed by cannon fire early in the battle, but Arnold’s force penetrated further into the lower city.

Death of Montgomery

Arnold was injured early in the attack, and Morgan led the assault in his place before he became trapped in the lower city and was forced to surrender. Arnold and the Americans maintained an ineffectual blockade of the city until spring, when British reinforcements arrived.

In the battle and the following siege, French-speaking Canadiens were active on both sides of the conflict. The American forces received supplies and logistical support from local residents, and the city’s defenders included locally raised militia. When the Americans retreated, they were accompanied by a number of their supporters; those who remained behind were subjected to a variety of punishments after the British re-established control over the province.

Posted in History, Veteran | 3 Comments

William Boynton

William BOYNTON (1580 – 1615) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Miller line.

John Boynton – Coat of Arms

William Boynton was born 1580 Knapton Wintringham, Yorkshire, England. His parents were William BOYNTON and Janet WOODE. He married Elizabeth Janet CHAMBERS 1 Apr 1607 in Knapton Wintringham, Yorkshire, England. William died 2 Jul 1615 in Knapton Wintringham, Yorkshire, England

Elizabeth Janet Chambers was born 1581 in Knapton Wintringham, Yorkshire, England. Elizabeth died in 1640 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.

Children of William and Elizabeth

Name Born Married Departed
1. William Boynton 1605
East Riding, Yorkshire, England
Elizabeth Jackson
1630 in England
8 Dec 1686
Ipswich, Essex, Mass
2. Anne Boynton 1606
Knapton, Wintringham, North Riding Yorkshire
3. Edward Boynton 1608
Knapton, Wintringham, North Riding Yorkshire
1 Apr 1609
Wintringham, Yorkshire, England
4. Margerie Boynton 1610
Knapton, Wintringham, North Riding Yorkshire
5. John BOYNTON 1614 in Knapton, Wintringham, North Riding Yorkshire Elinor PELL
21 Feb 1643 in Boston, Mass.
18 Feb 1669/70 in Rowley, Mass.

William was the youngest son and executor of his father’s estate.

William’s Ancestry

Parents – William BOYNTON was born about 1545 in Knapton, Wintringham, York,  He died on 2 Jul 1615 in Knapton.   m1. Janet WOODE; m2.  Margaret [__?__]. Left second wife Margaret as widow. Four sons: Francis who died at Knapton in 1638, Daniel of East Heslerton, John, William. Two daughters: Anne and Margaret.

Grandparents – Roger BOYNTON was born in 1518 in Knapton, Wintringham, York, Eng. He died in 1558 in Knapton.   He married Jenet WATSON in 1540 in England. Four sons: James, Richard, William, Edmund. One daughter: Alice.

Great Grandparents – James BOYNTON was born about 1495 in Wintringham, Yorkshire, Eng. He died about 7 Mar 1542 in Wintringham. He married Jane [__?__]. three sons: Roger, William, and Christopher)

2nd Great Grandparents – Robert BOYNTON  was born about 1465 in East Heslerton, York, Eng. He died in 1526. He married Mary Agnes STROPE. Four sons: John of East Heslerton, Richard of Newton who died in 1539, William a priest, and James.

3rd Great Grandparents – Sir Christopher BOYNTON of Sadbury was born about 1445. – Had estates in Heslerton, Newton, and in the Parish of Wintringham. First married Elizabeth Wanford. One son William died without issue. His second wife was Jane STRANGEWAYS, daughter of Robert STRANGEWAYS of Kelton. Two sons: Sir Christopher and Robert. Two daughters: Elizabeth and Jane.

4th Great Grandparents – Sir Christopher BOYNTON was born in Sadbury, Yorkshire, England. He married Elizabeth COIGNES who was born in Ornesbury, England and was daughter of Sir John COIGNES of Ormesbury

5th Great GrandparentsSir Thomas BOYNTON of Acklam  m. Isabel NORMANVILLE, daughter of Sir William NORMANVILLE of Kildwick. Two sons, Henry (eldest and heir from whom descends present Baronet) and Christopher.  This is where the ancestry of immigrants John and William split from Sir Matthew Boynton, 1st Baronet who financed their expedition to found a settlement in what became Rowley Massachusetts settlement.

By his will dated 25 Jan 1460, and proved at York 15 Oct 1461. Sir Thomas left an annuity to his two sisters, Elizabeth and Alice, 100s. each out of his land in Boynton-on-the-Wold ; and all his goods he leaves to Isabel his wife and Henry his son, and appoints them his executors.

6th Great GrandparentsWilliam BOYNTON, of Acklam. William married Jane HARDING, daughter of Simon HARDING.

Children of William and Jane:

i. Thomas  

ii.. Elizabeth, mentioned in her brother’s will.

iii.. Alice, mentioned in her brother’s will.

Twenty years and two kings after his father lost his head in a Percy rebellion, William Boynton appealed to Henry VI for the return of the family lands. William was heir to his brother Thomas who died without issue.  He presented a petition to the King that two messuages [A dwelling house with outbuildings and land assigned to its use in other words a farm], three cottages and sixteen bovates  of land in Boynton which his father Henry had assigned to his brother’s wife, Margaret, in dower, might be restored to him.

Farm-derived units of measure

Farm-derived units of measure.

  1. The rod is a historical unit of length equal to 5½ yards. It may have originated from the typical length of a mediaeval  ox-goad.
  2. The furlong (meaning furrow length) was the distance a team of oxen could plough without resting. This was standardized to be exactly 40 rods.
  3. An acre was the amount of land tillable by one man behind one ox in one day. Traditional acres were long and narrow due to the difficulty in turning the plough.
  4. An oxgang was the amount of land tillable by one ox in a ploughing season. This could vary from village to village, but was typically around 15 acres. Bovate is another word for Oxgang.   [16 bovates would have been about 240 acres or about 100 hectares]
  5. virgate was the amount of land tillable by two oxen in a ploughing season.
  6. carucate was the amount of land tillable by a team of eight oxen in a ploughing season. This was equal to 8 oxgangs or 4 virgates
  7. Knight’s Fee – 9 Carucates – A knightly fee was supposed to be sufficient for a knight to support himself and family.

This property had been forfeited through Henry Boynton’s revolt against King Henry IV, and was still in the King’s hands. William petitions for the restoration of the manor of Roxby and the moiety of the manor of Newton-under-Osenburgh, and of a messuage, a cottage, five bovates and forty acres of land in Snainton, North Riding, Yorkshire. All this property had been forfeited by reason of his father’s revolt.

William’s Appeal:

1425. Membrane 13d.
June 11. Westminister.

Commission to Robert Tirwhyt, John Preston and James Strangways, or any two of them, to hold inquisition in the county York, and certify the result into the chancery, relative to a petition presented by William Boynton, as follows: A certain Ingelram de Muncels by deed within the time of legal memory, gave with Alice his daughter in marriage to a certain William de Boynton, who did marry her, and to their heirs of their bodies, 2 messuages, 3 cottages, and 16 bovates of land in Boynton, co. York, by the name of 3 carucates of land in Boiunton, the whole being in the demesne  [The land which was retained by a lord of the manor for his own use and support, under his own management, as distinguished from land sub-enfeoffed by him to others as sub-tenants.] except 2 bovates which Henry, son of Peter held; which 2 bovates are part of the said 3 carucates, together with a capital messuage in the said town.

By virtue of which gift the said William and Alice were peaceably seised in the time of king Edward I, and from them the right of the premises successively descended to Ingelram, their son and heir, Walter, his son and heir, Thomas, his son and heir, Thomas son and heir of the said Thomas, Henry son and heir of the said Thomas son of Thomas, Thomas son and heir of the said Henry, and, the last named Thomas dying without heir of his body, to William Boynton the petitioner, his brother and heir. But the premises came into the hands of Henry IV because it was found by inquisition taken at Gysburn on 24 Juanary, 10 Henry IV, before Thomas de Santon, escheator in the county of York, that Margaret late the wife of Thomas de Boynton, knight, held in dower on the day of her death, 2 messuages, 3 cottages and 16 bovates of land in Boynton by assignment of Henry de Boynton, knight, with reversion to him and the heirs of his body;

and this Henry on 10 July, 6 Henry IV, at Berwyk on Tweed, rose against his said king, for which insurrection and for holding the castle of Berwyk on Tweed against the king’s power, he was adjudged to death; by which forfeiture the said messuages, cottages and bovates after the death of the said Margaret, came to the hands of Henry IV, and are still in the king’s hands. Now the Henry de Boynton mentioned in the inquisition is the same person as Henry the petitioner’s father, and the petitioner prays that right may be done him in the matter. By p.s.

The like commission to the same on another petition presented by the said William as follows: A certain fine was levied at Westminister in the quinzaine of Michaelmass,  [Michaelmas was the feast of St Michael the Archangel – 29 Sept – and the Quinzaine of any feast was the day two weeks later – in this case, 13 October (‘quinzaine’ means ‘fifteenth’, i.e. the fifteenth day after the feast, including the feast day itself in the calculation).]  14 Edward III, before John de Stonore and his fellows, then justices of the common Bench, between Thomas son of Walter de Boynton and Catherine his wife, plaintiffs, and William Moubray, clerk, deforciant, whereby the said Thomas and Catherine recognised the manor of Rouceby and the moiety of the manor of Neuton under Osenburgh, co. York, to be the right of the said William Moubray, by their gift;

and the said William Moubray, in return, granted the premises to them and the heirs of their bodies; of virtue of which fine they were seised, and from them the right descended successively to Thomas their son and heir, Henry his son and heir and so forth as above.

The said manor of Rouceby was granted for life to Elizabeth, late the wife of the said Henry, by letters patent of Henry IV by the name of the town of Rouceby, with the appurtenances;

and after her death came into the hands of Henry V, and is in the king’s hands; and the moiety of the said manor of Neuton came into the hands of Henry IV by virtue of the said inqisition before Thomas de Santon. By p.s.

The like commission on a petition by the same William Boynton relative to a messuage, a cottage and 5 bovates and 40 acres of land in Snaynton, co. York, granted by deed by William de Boiunton to Ingelram his eldest born son and Margaret his wife and the heirs of their bodies, by the name of all the land which he had in the town of Snaington in desmesne, free service, bondage and cottier service (cotagio) with all foreign tillages (forinsecis culturis) which he had in the same town, whereof the said Ingelram and Margaret were seised in the time of Edward I. From them the right descended as mentioned in the last commission but one, the land being in the king’s hands by virtue of the inquisition before Thomas de Santon, already twice mentioned. By p.s.

Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry VI, 1422-1429, printed for his Majesty’s Stationery Office, pp. 301-302.

the Authorization of return of the land.

July 14. 1427. Westminster. Membrane 2.

To the escheator in Yorkshire. Order to give William Boynton brother of Thomas livery of two messsuages, three cottages and sixteen bovates of land in Boynton;

as upon the finding of an inquisition, taken in York castle 7 August 3 Henry VI before Robert Tirwhit, John Preston and James Strangways by virtue of a commission to them addressed, that Ingram de Muncels by writing made after the time of memory gave the premises to William de Boninton in marriage with Alice his daughter, to them and the heirs of their bodies, by name of three carucates of land in Boninton, namely all in demesne except two bovates held by Henry son of Peter which are those three carucates, together with a capital messuage there, that they were thereof seised by the form of the gift in the time of King Edward I, taking the esplees as in letting of messuages and cottages, the corn, herbage and other kinds of issues amounting to half  mark and more, that from them the right descended, and ought to descent to Ingram as their son and heir, and from him to Walter as his son and heir, and from Walter to Thomas as his son and heir, and from Thomas to Thomas as his son and heir, and from Thomas son of Thomas to Henry as his son and heir, and from Henry to Thomas as his son and heir, and from Thomas son of Henry, for that he died without issue, to William Boynton as his brother and heir, that the same came to the hands of King Henry IV for that it was found by inquisition, taken at Gysburne 24 January 10 Henry IV  [1409] before Thomas de Santon then escheator, that Margaret who was wife of Thomas de Boynton knight at her death held the premises in dower by assignment of Henry de Boynton knight with reversion to him and the heirs of his body, that on 20 July 6 Henry IV  [1405] Henry de Boynton rose in insurrection at Berwyk upon Twede, contrary to his allegiance, that he was convicted of insurrection and of holding Berwyk castle against that king’s power, and was adjudged to death, that by reason of his forfeiture the same pertained to King Henry IV after the death of the said Margaret, that they are the same which are specified by William Boynton in his petition to the king, that Henry de Boynton named in that inquisition was the same as Henry father of William Boynton, and that by letters patent on 5 March 10 Henry IV that king committed to Christopher de Boynton the keeping of the same;

and after upon petition of William Boynton brother of Thomas, praying that the commission to the said Christopher should be revoked and livery of the premises given to the petitioner, the king ordered the sheriff to give the said Christopher notice to be in chancery at a day now past in order to shew cause wherefore the commission to him in respect of the premises ought not to be revoked etc., and the sheriff returned that he gave him notice accordingly; and at that day the said Christopher came not, wherefore by advice of the justices, serjeants at law and others of the council learned in the law it was determined that the same should be revoked in respect of the premises, and William Babthorp suing for the king came and alleged that divers charters, muniments etc. affecting the king’s right were in the treasury it was said, in the keeping of the treasurer and the chamberlains, and it seemed good to the justices, serjeants at law and others of the council aforesaid that before further proceedings were taken in that cause the king should be fully certified concerning the same, if any there were, and at request of William Babthorp and the said serjeants the king commanded the treasurer and the chamberlains to make search of records, rolls, memoranda, charters, muniments etc. in the treasury in their keeping which concerned the premises, and at days now past to certify in chancery what they should find, and they did certify that search was made, and none were found, and deliberation being had with the justices etc. it was after determined that livery should be given to William Boynton.

To [the same]. Like order, mutatis mutandis, concerning a messuage, a cottage, five bovates and 40 acres of land in Snayton, upon a finding that after the time of memory William Boninton by deed gave the same to Ingram his firstborn son and to Margaret his wife and the heirs of their bodies, by name of all the land of William de Boninton in Snaington in desmesne and free service in bondage and cottage with all foreign culture which he had there, that they were thereof seised taking esplees to the amount of 20s. and more, that from them the right descended to Walter etc. (as above), that the said messuage, cottage, close and five bovates were held in dower by Margaret who was wife of Thomas etc., and that the keeping thereof was committed to Christopher de Boynton etc. (as above).

June 28. 1427.

To [the same]. Like order, mutatis mutandis, concerning a moiety of the manor of Neuton under Ounesbegh, upon a finding that a fine levied at Westminster in the quinzaine of Michaelmas 14 Edward III between Thomas son of Walter de Boynton and Katherine his wife plaintiffs and William Moubray clerk deforciant of the manor of Rouceby and a moiety of the manor of Neuton under Osenbergh, whereby the plaintiffs acknowledged the right of the deforciant, and he made a grant of the said manor and moiety to them and the heirs of their bodies, that they were thereof seised, taking the esplees as in letting of messuages, corn, herbage, mowing of the meadow, falling of wood and underwood, rents, arrears etc. (as before), that the late king granted the manor of Rouceby to Elizabeth who was wife of Henry Boynton for her life, by name of the town of Rouceby which was of the said Henry and was forfeit by reason of his rebellion that after her death, the same came to the late king’s hands and is yet in the king’s hand, that the said moiety came to the hands of King Henry IV etc. (as before), was held in dower by Margaret who was wife of Thomas, and the keeping thereof was committed to the said Christopher (as before).

July 14. 1427.

To the same. Like order, mutatis mutandis, concerning the manor of Rouceby.

7th Great GrandparentsSir Henry BOYNTON of Acklam was beheaded on 2 Jul 1405 at Berwick-on-Tweed Castle. m. Elizabeth MERRIFIELD, daughter of Sir John MERRIFIELD

Alternatively, Sir Henry married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Conyers, of Sockburne, in the Bishopric of Durham ; she afterwards became the wife of John Felton.

He had joined Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, Thomas Mowbray, and Richard le Scrope Archbishop of York who had taken up arms in the Northern Rising against Henry IV in 1405. They were defeated and Henry was executed with 7 others.

A mandate was issued to the Mayor of Newcastle-on-Tyne to receive the head of Henry Boynton, “chivaler,” [Archaic. a knight.] and to place it on the bridge of the town to stay there as long as it would last, but within a month another mandate* was issued to the Mayor to take down the head, where it was lately placed by the King’s command, and to deliver it to Sir Henry’s wife for burial.

Sir Henry  was young and unexperianced, probably in his late twenties, when he succeeded his grandfather Sir Thomas in 1402 and inherited the Boynton family fortune.  He was suspected to be in the interest of Henry (Percy) Earl of Northumberland and his son Henry Hotspur, who had taken arms against the King, Henry IV, for in the fourth year of his reign, when the battle of Shrewsbury (Jul 21 1403) was fought. (See Henry IV Part 1 where  Hotspur was slain)

John Wockerington, Gerald Heron and John Mitford were commissioned to tender an oath to this Henry de Boynton and others,  to be true to the King and renounce Henry, Earl of Northumberland and his adherents

Yet two years after the Percys defeat  at the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403,   Sir Henry was involved in the Northern Rising against Henry IV.

In 1405 Northumberland, joined by Lord Bardolf, again took up arms against the King. The rising was doomed from the start due to Northumberland’s failure to capture Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland. Scrope, together with Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk, and Scrope’s nephew, Sir William Plumpton, had assembled a force of some 8000 men on Shipton Moor on 27 May, but instead of giving battle Scrope parleyed with Westmorland, and was tricked into believing that his demands would be accepted and his personal safety guaranteed.  (For Shakespeare’s take on this meeting in Henry IV Part 2 Act IV Scenes i-iii, see my post   Shakespearean Ancestors.)

Henry IV Part 2 Act IV Scene 3

Henry IV Part 2 Act IV Scene 3

Once their army had disbanded on 29 May, Scrope and Mowbray were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle to await the King, who arrived at York on 3 June. The King denied them trial by their peers, and a commission headed by the Earl of Arundel and Sir Thomas Beaufort sat in judgment on Scrope, Mowbray and Plumpton in Scrope’s own hall at his manor of Bishopthorpe, some three miles south of York.

The Chief Justice, Sir William Gascoigne, refused to participate in such irregular proceedings and to pronounce judgment on a prelate, and it was thus left to the lawyer Sir William Fulthorpe to condemn Scrope to death for treason. Scrope, Mowbray and Plumpton were taken to a field belonging to the nunnery of Clementhorpe which lay just under the walls of York, and before a great crowd were beheaded on 8 June 1405, Scrope requesting the headsman to deal him five blows in remembrance of the five wounds of Christ.

Although Scrope’s participation in the Percy rebellion of 1405 is usually attributed to his opposition to the King’s proposal to temporarily confiscate the clergy’s landed wealth, his motive for taking an active military role in the rising continues to puzzle historians.

Pope Innocent VII excommunicated all those involved in Scrope’s execution. However Archbishop Arundel failed to publish the Pope’s decree in England, and in 1407 Henry IV was pardoned by Pope Gregory XII

Reconstruction of Berwick Castle

Reconstruction of Berwick Castle

Meanwhile Sir Henry fled to Berwick  Castle.  Henry de Boynton was  beheaded on 2 Jul 1405 along with six other knights who were captured when the castle at Berwick upon Tweed was taken. Henry Percy escaped into Scotland.

Ruins of Berwick Castle Today

Ruins of Berwick Castle Today

A mandate was issued to the Mayor of Newcastle-on-Tyne to receive the head of Henry Boynton, “chivaler,” [Archaic. a knight.] and to place it on the bridge of the town to stay there as long as it would last, but within a month another mandate* was issued to the Mayor to take down the head, where it was lately placed by the King’s command, and to deliver it to Sir Henry’s wife for burial.

Tyne bridge, Newcastle-Gateshead Today

Tyne bridge, Newcastle-Gateshead Today  — Not the one where Sir Henry’s head was placed

After the insurrection had been crushed Henry IV inserted into the record of Parliament the perfidy of Henry Percy. Among the indictments was the claim that Henry Percy had appointed Henry Boynton to negotiate for him with the kings of Scotland and France. Whether he engaged in negotiations or was only appointed to engage in negotiations is not clear from the text. But it suggests a close — if surreptitious — working relationship. A relationship that cost Henry Boynton his head.

Sir Henry’s property, the manor of Acklam in Cleveland, with all members being forfeited and in the King’s hands, was granted to Roger de Thornton, Mayor of Newcastle-on-Tyne but in the following August*” a grant was made for life to Elizabeth, late the wife of Henry Boynton, who had not wherewithal to maintain herself and six children or to pay her late husband’s debts, of the towns of Roxby and Newton, late the said Henry’s and forfeited to the King, on account of his rebellion, to hold to the value of £20 yearly, and there was granted to her also all his goods, likewise forfeited, to the value of £20, and she must answer for any surplus.

The Percy Rebellion (1402–1408) was three attempts by the Percy family and their allies to overthrow Henry IV:

  • Battle of Shrewsbury (1403). King Henry IV defeated a rebel army led by Henry Hotspur Percy who had allied with the Welsh rebel Owain Glyndŵr. Percy was killed in the battle by an arrow in his face. [In hand to hand combat with Prince Hall in Henry IV Part I]. Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, Sir Richard Venables and Sir Richard Vernon were publicly hanged, drawn and quartered in Shrewsbury on 23 July and their heads publicly displayed. The Earl of Northumberland flees to Scotland.
  • Archbishop of York Richard le Scrope lead a failed rebellion in northern England (1405). Scrope and other rebel leaders including  Sir Henry BOYNTON are executed. The Earl of Northumberland again flees to Scotland.
  • Battle of Bramham Moor (1408). The Earl of Northumberland invades Northern England with Scottish and Northumbrian allies but is defeated and killed in battle.

Children of Sir Henry and Elizabeth:

i. Thomas (1393-1424), son and heir of Sir Henry,’ aged 12 in 1405, married Margaret, daughter of Peter Mirfield, and died without issue.

ii. William 

iii. Henry

iv. Elizabeth, m. Thomas Marton, of Marton-in-Cleveland.

v. Jennett m. John Wydysforth.

vi. Another child.

8th Great Grandparents – Sir Thomas de  BOYNTON ( – 1381/86) was lord of Acklam,  in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Thomas died  in the lifetime of his father.   He probably married twice. (m1.) A daughter of the house of Conyers, by whom he had no issue.

(m2.) Margaret  SPEETON, daughter of John SPEEDTON, of Sawcock.* She died in 1409. By her Sir Thomas had issue, two sons, Henry, and Christopher.

Village of Acklam  Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England although it is historically part of the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is situated approximately 19 miles north east of York city centre

Village of Acklam Ryedale district of North Yorkshire. Although it is historically part of the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is situated approximately 19 miles north east of York city center.

Sir Thomas was Lieutenant and Constable of Carlisle under Henry Percy, son of the Earl of Northumberland in 1383.  Carlisle Castle, still relatively intact, was built in 1092 by William Rufus, and having once served as a prison for Mary, Queen of Scots

He is probably the Thomas Boynton, Kt., who held one acre of land at Smithpole, in Little Burdon, in the parish of Bishopwearmouth in the time of Bishop Hatfield.

His family had held land in Boynton and added land in Acklam and Roxby to their holdings as early as 1230. Thomas’ family , was moderately wealthy and they were distinguished persons in the history of the county. Just north of Acklam was County Durham. The Prince Bishop of Durham had his own army, money, taxes, and justice system. Thomas served as sheriff of Durham for bishop John of Fordham, 1385-1387, and also for Walter of Skirlaw from 1391 to 1401. He also served as escheator for bishop Walter.

In addition to his work for the bishop of Durham Thomas worked with the Percys in several ways, but, apparently, not economically. The North Riding Boyntons did not hold land from the Percys  nor are there any economic charters that involve them. However, they clearly knew each other and worked together in other arenas. Thomas visited the castle at Alnwick in 1376 to celebrate a religious holiday. He worked with Henry Percy on the Commission of Peace for the North Riding of Yorkshire. They were both members of the Commission in 1385 and 1386.

When Hotspur, the son of the earl of Northumberland, became warden of Carlisle in 1390 he appointed Thomas Boynton constable of the castle  . The king said that Hotspur could take advantage of “meadows, pastures, and fisheries” that other wardens had used. It seems likely that Thomas could take part of that as the constable. Thomas Boynton and the Percys do not seem to have shared land other than the land valued at 1 s. per person he shared with Henry Percy and 31 other families. Since he was twice on the Percy list — the charter in 1376 and the roll of 1388 — he must have been involved in Percy led battles against the Scots. And there is one other bit of evidence that he was a warring person. In his will he made provision for his “armaments.”

Children of Sir Thomas and Margaret:

i. Henry

ii. Christopher – Died on the Saturday before the Feast of St. Lucy, 30 Henry VI (1451), and Sir William Bowes, Kt., and John Ruddeston, clerk, were seized of Castle Levington to the uses of his will.’m. Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir to Sir Robert Conyers, of Ormesby, in the County of York, and by her had a son Christopher

Christopher founded the Sedbury branch of the Boynton family. He was an executor of his father’s will, and is said to have been guardian to his nephew Thomas, son of Sir Henry Boynton
in the time of Henry IV.

Christopher Boynton, Henry’s younger brother, took up law, and threw in with the Nevilles, the other distinguished family from the north. He had a long and distinguished career as a public lawyer. He was the lawyer who could make a quorum for the Commission of Peace in the North Riding. He served on the Commissions of Peace, Assize, and Gaol Delivery in Durham. He was on retainer to the city of York, and he served the king on many ad hoc commissions.

In 11 Henry IV (1410) there was a Commission issued to Christopher Boynton and others to inquire into the capture of salmon and fry in the Rivers Humber, Ouse, Don, Aire, Derwent, Wharf, Nidd, Yore, Swale and Tees, contrary to the statute of Westminster, and to punish offenders. Later, in 1414, he was one of those who had to inquire into the report that certain lands, held by John de Darcy, chivaler, and Elizabeth, late the wife of Philip, late Lord of Darcy on the days of their deaths, were more than were specified in the inquisitions taken.  In 1417 he was on a Commission concerning walls and ditches in the East Riding of Yorkshire.

During the same year he was one of the Commissioners of array for the defense of the realm during the King’s absence in foreign parts,’ and in 1418, he acts as escheator in the County of York. In 1419 he is called upon with others to treat about a loan to be paid to the King for the resistance of the malice of the King’s enemies; in 1422 with others he is “to inquire into the report that whereas divers progenitors of the King, Kings of England, in the first foundation of the Hospital of St. Leonard, York, granted to the master, brethren and poor people of it, a thrave of corn [24 sheaves] each year from all ploughs in the Counties of York, Lancaster, Westmorland and Cumberland for the maintenance of the said brethren and poor people, and Pope Alexander III confirmed the alms, and the master and brethren have had the same, nevertheless divers men of the said parts, religious and others, refuse to render the thraves to Robert FitzHugh, clerk, now master, and the brethren. And during the same year Christopher Boynton with William Stapulton are to survey all defects in the Castle of Carlisle and the other houses and buildings of the Castle, and the walls of the town, and report thereon.s We hear no more of this Christopher Boynton until in 1439-40 he is party to a deed relating to the Manor of Quicke in Sadleworthfrith.

9th Great Grandparents Sir Thomas de BOYNTON of Acclam (known to be alive between 1340-1402) m. Katherine ROSSELLS, daughter and co-heir of Sir Gifford ROSSELLS of Newton-under-Roseberry. Lord of the ancient demense in Boynton of Acclome and Aresome (in right of his mother) and of Rouseby, Newton and Swaynton (by his wife).

There is a fine dated in the quinzane of Michaelmas 14 Ed. Ill (1340) between Thomas, son of Walter de Boynton, and Katherine his wife plaintiffs, and William Moubray, clerk, deforciant, whereby the said Thomas and Katherine recognized the manor of Roxby and the moiety of the manor of Newton under Osenburgh to be the right of the said William Moubray by their gift, and the said William Moubray in return granted the premises to them and the heirs of their bodies.* There is another fine in 1340, between the same, but coupling Acklam with Roxby, whereby Thomas and Katherine and the heirs of their bodies are to hold the said properties, with remainder as to Acklam and Roxby to
the heirs of the body of Thomas, with remainder to his right heirs ; remainder as to Newton to the heirs of the body of Katherine, with remainder to the heirs of the body of Thomas, with remainder to the right heirs of Katherine.

Sir Thomas’s will is dated 26th July, and proved 6 Sep 1402. He desires to be buried in the Church of Acklam.

In 1366 Sir Thomas had free warren in Acklam, Airesome, Roxby, Newton, Stainton and Boynton.’

Children of Sir Thomas and Katherine:

i. Thomas   died before his father.

ii. Henry, who used a trefoil on his seal.

iii. Elizabeth, mentioned in her brother’s will.

iv. Alice, mentioned in her brother’s will.

10th Great GrandparentsSir Walter de BOYNTON 14 Edward III Knighted 1356 in the service of the Prince of Wales in Brittany — m. Katherine ALTON, daughter of William ALTON

Lord of Acklam.’ He was in the service of the Black Prince in 1356, and had the King’s letters of protection. He is mentioned in a grant of land to Handale Priory in Cleveland,” and also in a deed without date concerning land in Roxby, naming a yearly payment of a pair of spurs at a penny price.* He is mentioned as receiving the honor of knighthood and being lord of the manor of Roxby .

Children of Sir Walter and Katherine

i. Thomas.

ii. John, mentioned in his brother’s will. He is probably the John who witnesses a Thornholm deed in 1412.

iii. William.

11th Great GrandparentsIngelram (Ingraham) BOYNTON (c. 1300 – c. 1340) m. Margaret GRINDALL

Held three parts of a Knight’s fee in Acklam, Linthorpe, Thornton, Marton, Tollesby and Roxby. His father, Sir William Boynton, had given him (his eldest born son) and Margaret his wife and the heirs of their bodies, by the name of all the land which he had in the town of Snainton in demesne, free service, bondage and cottier service [cotagio) with all foreign tillages {forenescis culluris) which he had in the same town whereof Ingelram and Margaret were seized in the time of Edward I.-

In 1310 Ingelram de Bovington gave to the canons of Helagh Park in frank-almoign, a toft and croft in Marton in Cleveland, which he bought from William, son of Aylmer, in the town of Marton, paying yearly to the donor and his heirs one penny at Easter.*

In Dugdale I p. 427, there is a confirmation of a gift of land by Engeram de Bovington to Handale Priory .

12th Great GrandparentsSir William BOYNTON (known to be alive 1249 – 1310) aged 60, 21st March, 3 Edw. II (1309-10). m. Alice de MONCEAUX (Muncels) daughter of Ingelram de MONCEAUX (Muncels) who married for her second husband William de Percy . This lady in her widowhood gave two oxgangs of land in Boynton to Nunappleton Priory.

There is a Release by Alice de Monccll, widow of William de Bovington to Sir Richard de Percy of all lands she had in dower in the vill of Herghum (now Arram) on Hull, and in return Percy paid Ingelram, her eldest son, 40 marks of silver to free him from the debts (ad quieiandum se de Judaismo) he owed Aaron and Manasser and other Jews. (Dodsworth. MSS. Ixxiv. lid.)

‘ In 1262 he appears as a juror, and 22nd October, 1279, he appears with others who say that Peter de Brus held of the King in chief sixteen Knights fees, whereof Roger de Merley held two in Burton Annes and elsewhere, William de Bovington one fee and half a carucate of land in Acclum.

In 1277 he made a grant of lands in Scaling whereby he obliged his tenants there to grind all their corn at his mill.’ According to Kirkby’s Inquest, p. 56, William de Bouyngton and John de Munceus held five carucates of land in Bouyngton. The same authority (p. 127) says that William de Bovington held three parts of a fee in Acklam, Linthorpe, Thometon near Stainton, Marton, Tollesby and Roxby, where ten carucates make a fee et redd, hallivo domini regis pro fine iijs {noteijs).

In the time of Henry VI a claim was made of the lands forming the gift of Ingelram de Monceaux to Alice his daughter. It is stated that Ingelram de Muncels by deed, gave with Alice, his daughter, in marriage to a certain William de Bojoiton who did marry her, and to the heirs of their bodies, two messuages, three cottages and sixteen bovates of land in Boynton, in the County of York, by the name of three carucates of land in Boynton, the whole being in demesne except two bovates which Henry, son of Peter held, which two bovates are part of the said three carucates together with a capital messuage in the said town. By virtue of which gift the said William and Alice were peacably seised in the time of Edward I and from them the right of the premises successively descended.’

Children of Sir William and Alice

i Ingelram

ii. Walter, died without issue.

13th Great Grandparents – Ingraham BOYNTON (known to be alive 1222 – 1254) m1. Joan de ACCLUM, daughter of Roger de ACCLUM and widow of Peter de Amunderville Ingelram; m2. a daughter of William St. Quintin, of Harpham

Ingelram and his wife Joan, are mentioned in a Lincolnshire fine. It appears that three weeks from Easter Day, 6 Henry III (23rd April, 1222) there was a fine between Geoffrey, son of Baldwin, plaintiff, by Ralph de Warevill, put in his place, and Ingelram de Boynton and Joan his wife, deforciants, of two carucates of land in Orreby, to wit, of all lands and tenements which the said Ingelram and Joan held in dower of the said Joan, in Lindsey, of the inheritance of Peter de Amunderville, whose wife the said Joan was. And concerning which Geoffrey complained that IngeJram and Joan deforced him of the said tenement against an agreement made between them. Ingelram and Joan acknowledge the said agreement, and let the said land to farm to the said Geoffrey and Peter de Bath for twelve years.

In Michaelmas term 1254, the King commands the Sheriff of York for Ingeram de Bounton (inter alios) to answer to the King with his body together with the executors of Ada de Baylloll for debts to the said Ada in part payment.’

Sir Ingelram de Boynton was seated at Acklara and amersed fifty marks in 1245-6, and in 1248 granted a lease of lands to the miller of Scaling. [Amerce means to punish with an arbitrary penalty, or to punish by a fine imposed arbitrarily by the discretion of the court.]xxx

Ingelram and Joan his wife witness a deed of William, son of Roger de Acclum concerning land at Cleatham, and later confirm the same land to Durham Monastery. His seal which is attached to this deed, at Durham, bears a fess between three crescents differenced by a label of three points and the legend-|-SIGILL INGERAM DE B0V[INT]VNE.

Children of Ingelram and Joan

i. William

ii. Michael

iii. Joan

iv. Margaret

14th Great Grandparents – William de BOYNTON, son of Walter Boynton (I) known to be living in  1206, and is mentioned in Yorkshire fines of that year. He married and had two sons and two daughters:

i. Ingelram.

ii. Henry, who married a daughter of Adam Wastneys

iii. Jane, married to Sir Robert Octon. Kt.

iv. Ursula, married to Sir Roger Welwick, Kt.

15th Great GrandfatherWalter de BOYNTON, (Bovington) (known to be living 1182-1206)  Between 1182 and 1197, bought of Riches de Arnallia, two bovates of land in Arnallia (now Arnold), which he gave to Meaux Abbey, Walter’s brother William confirmed the gift. Walter was party to a fine about land in Burnby in 1201. In 1206 he was a justice itinerant, and held property in Yorkshire, and was one of the indententes named by the King to Robert de Stuteville, Sheriff of Yorkshire. He gave a bovate of land in Bempton to Bridlington Priory, and with William, his son, exchanged seven bovates of land and two tofts in Willardby with the Prior and Convent of Bridlington for six bovates in Bovington.

Walter married and had two sons and possibly a third, namely : —

i. William

ii. Rabod or Rabot, to whom his father, with the assent of William, his son and heir, granted land in Rotsea. Rabot gave a toft and fishery in Rotsea to Guisbrough Priory, and released the Canons from an annual payment of fourpence halfpenny which they used to pay to him,’ he also gave a bovate of land in Tibthorpe to Guisbrough Priory.

iii Geoffrey.


1. William Boynton

William’s wife Elizabeth Jackson was born in 1618 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. Her parents were William Jackson and [__?__].  Elizabeth died 1687 in Salisbury, Essex, Mass.

William, Elizabeth and William’s brother John immigrated  to Massachusetts  in 1638 on the ship John of London with the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers of Rowley, England, near Hull. and his followers, about 20 families from Yorkshire.   John and William’s cousin Sir Matthew Boynton (Wiki) (26 Jan 1591 – 12 Mar 1647),  helped finance the Rowley expedition. John and Sir Mathew were cousins, but not close ones. Their common ancestor was John’s 6th Great Grandfather – Sir Thomas Boynton whose will was proved at York on Sept 6 1408. He had two sons, Henry (eldest and heir from whom descends present Baronet) and our ancestor Sir Christopher.

William Boynton was from Yorkshire, England and was a planter, weaver, tailor, and teacher.    The earliest mention of a school in Rowley, Mass is 3 Feb 1656/57, when William was engaged by the town as a teacher for the term of seven years. This church then agreed to loan him £5, for enlarging his house for the accommodation of his school. He usually received £2 10s. yearly for sweeping the meeting-house, and for ringing the bell. He probably taught here for about twenty-four years, when he was followed, in 1682, by Mr. Simon Wainwright; after whom the Rev. Samuel Phillips was employed as a teacher.

Children of William and Elizabeth:

i. John Boynton  b. 19 Dec 1640 Rowley, Mass; d.  26 Mar 1665

ii. Elizabeth Boynton  b. 11 Dec 1642 Rowley; m. 9 Nov 1644 to John Simmons

iii. Zachariah Boynton b. 11 Oct 1644 Rowley; d. 4  Aug 1660

iv. Joshua Boynton  b. 10 Mar 1646 Rowley; d. 12 Nov 1736 Newbury, Mass);  m1. 9 Apr 1678 Newbury, Mass to Hannah Burnap (Barnet?) ( –    12 Jan 1722 ); m2. 29 Nov 1725 to Mary Daniels (Styles?), ( – 28 Jul 1727); m3.  30 Oct  1727 to Mary, widow of his cousin John Boynton

Joshua was a farmer and soldier in Narragansett wars 1675.

v. Mary Boynton b. 23 Jul 1648 Rowley;  m. 5 Nov 1670 Salisbury,  Mass. to John Eastman.

vi. Caleb  Boynton b. 7 Apr 1650 Rowley; d. 1696 Ipswich, Mass.; m. 24 Jun 1672 Newbury, Mass. to Mary Moore

vii. Sarah Boynton b. 1 Dec 1652 Rowley; d. 8 Aug 1654 Rowley

William Boynton gave a farm to each of his children in his lifetime. William Boynton joined the expedition (with his brother John) under the auspices of Sir Matthew Boynton in 1638 to settle in New England. While Matthew Boynton remained in England and joined the fortunes of Oliver Cromwell, the remainder of the party left Hull in the autumn of 1638 on the ship “John of London” and landed at Boston later the same year.

Many of the families were wealthy and they purchased a tract of land between Newbury and Ipswich. They took possession of the land in April 1639 and named it Rowley (Massachusetts) in honor of their minister Mr. Ezekiel Rogers who had been a preacher at St. Peter’s church in Rowley (Yorkshire, England) for many years.

5. John BOYNTON (See his page)

Zz cvfr4e3

Review of Sources of Boynton Family History – An introduction to those sources with appropriate warnings about how to read them and what to take seriously and what not to take seriousl

An account of the Boynton family and the family seat of Burton Agnes” –   by the Rev. Carus Vale Collier M.A., F.S.A. Rector of Langton, Yorkshire (Formerly Curate of Burton Agnes) 1914 — Carus Collier had two advantages over earlier Boynton genealogists: 1) the publication of medieval documents by county historical societies and the English government; 2) records privately held by the Boynton family. By 1900 the Yorkshire Archaeological Society had published 44 volumes of medieval records from Yorkshire in its Record series, and the Surtees Society had published 119 volumes of medieval records from northern England in its record series. The English government had published summaries of medieval government documents — patent rolls, close rolls, fine rolls, pipe rolls, inquisitions post mortem, ancient deeds, feudal aids and others — in great numbers. Collier had access to a wealth of published materials that had not been available earlier. In addition, the Boynton family had a substantial collection of deeds, wills, and other documents at Burton Agnes. The collection of more than 1,600 documents was deposited with the library of the University of Hull later in the 20th century. Many of those records are now available from the library on the internet. Collier also had a long standing interest in medieval history [obituary], which prepared him for documents in latin and the esoterica of medieval relationships. The result is the best documented account of the Boynton family available. The focus is almost wholly genealogy; the documentary evidence is used to substantiate the description of who begat whom. It leaves how Boyntons went about their lives to others. It is a little known book. It is infrequently cited, and we could find it in only two libraries — one in the U.S. and the other in York. The chapters about Boynton genealogy are available here. [Collier on Boyntons] With the benefit of records published later in the 20th century one can conclude that Collier was incorrect at some points, but considerably fewer than those who preceeded him.

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Jehan Coursier

Jehan Coursier (1635 – 1663) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Miller line.

Jehan Coursier was born about 1635 in Île De Re, France.  He married Anne Perroteau before 1649 in Ste Marie De Re, Charente, Poitou-Charentes, France.  Jehan died 1663 in Île De Re, France

Anne Perroteau was born in 1630 in Île De Re, France. Anne died 1663 in Île De Re, France,

Children of Jehan and Ann

Name Born Married Departed
1. Anne COURSIER c. 1649 Rene REZEAU  22 Jun 1670 in Ste. Marie De Re, Charente Maritime, France. 18 Feb 1719 Elizabethtown, Union, NJ.
2. Marie Coursier 1660 in Île De Re, France Daniel Jouett 1679  Île De Re, France 1732 Elizabethtown, New Jersey

A text from the Protestant Museum in La Rochelle indidcates that Daniel and Marie Jouet were part of a group of Huguenots led by: Ezechial Carre – pastor of the colony, studied in Geneva, served 2 churches in France-Mirambeau in Saintonge and La Roche-Chalais,  Pierre Berthon de Marigny, and Pierre Ayrault – doctor from Angers.    These French Church New York City baptisms show a close connection between the two couple Anne & Rene and Marie & Daniel in the early 1690’s.

1691 Nov 01; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Courcier, Jean; Witnessed by Rene Rezeau and Suzanne Ratier wife of ??? Doucinet 1693 Feb 05;  To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Elisabeth; Witnessed by Pierre Filleux and Suzanne Rezeau (Rene and Anne’s daughter?) 1695 May 05; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Anne; Witnessed by Rene Rezeau and Anne Reseau

Children (2nd Gen)

1. Anne COURSIER (See Rene REZEAU  ‘s page)

2. Marie Coursier

Marie’s husband Daniel Jouett was born about 1660 in Île de Ré, France, near the Huguenot center of La Rochelle. Daniel died 13 Oct 1721 in Elizabethtown, Trenton, New Jersey.

He was of an old Norman family of Huguenot origin settled in Touraine,  His grandfather was  the noble Matthieu de Jouhet, Master of the Horse (Grand Écuyer) to Louis XIII of France, Lord of Leveignac, and Lieutenant in the Marshalsea of Limousin.

In 1685, Louis XIV issued the Edict of Fontainebleau, a revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Under the Edict of Nantes, Protestants were granted certain civil rights. Louis XIV’s new edict declared Protestantism illegal, and after its issuance, hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled the country. The violence done to Huguenots in France prior to the Edict of Nantes is counted among history’s worst atrocities.

Among those Huguenots who escaped the violence that was sure to follow the Edict of Fontainebleau were Daniel Jouet, his wife, the former Marie Coursier, and their children Daniel and Pierre. Daniel Jouet was a sailmaker by trade. Daniel and his wife initially emigrated to London, England after the Edict of Fontainebleau. In late 1686 or early 1687, they received five pounds sterling to “go to Carolina” from the French Committee, who oversaw dispensation of funds to needy Huguenots in England. They would not leave for Carolina until 1695. First, they moved to Plymouth, where their third child, a daughter named Marie, was born. In 1688, they emigrated to Narragansett, Rhode Island.

In 1689, the Jouets relocated to New York City where their fourth child, Ézéchiel was born. Ézéchiel, another son Jean, and two more daughters, Élisabeth and Anne, were baptized in the French Church in New York. By 1695 the family “suddenly and surprisingly” left for Carolina at last. They petitioned for naturalization in 1696, but did not remain in Carolina long before once again relocating to Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Daniel Jouet’s will was proved on Oct 10, 1721. Daniel Jouet’s rootlessness is explained by Bertrand Van Ruymbeke as “symtomatic of the post-Revocation exodus and of the displaced Huguenots’ unusual capacity for mobility”

Children of Marie and Daniel (Gen 3)

i.  Matthew Pierre Jouett b. c. 1681 in Lisle De Re, Aunis, France; m.  Susannah Moore (1707– 1772); d. Jun 1746 in Hanover Co. Va.  Matthew Jouett patented large tracts of land in Hanover in 1732.

ii. Daniel Jouet Jr. b. c. 1681 in Lisle De Re, Aunis, France; m. 1697 in Ile De Re, France to Marie Cavalier d. Feb 1749 Elizabethtown, Essex, New Jersey

Daniel Jouet Jr’s son  Cavalier Jouet  remained in New Jersey; he was raised by his grandparents, Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier Jouet. He was imprisoned for his Loyalist sympathies, but escaped behind British lines in New York. His property and estate were confiscated, and he emigrated to England. He returned to America in 1792 to attempt to regain his property, but was apparently unsuccessful and returned to Rawreth, Essex in England, where he died in 1810.

Cavalier Jouet’s son Xenophon Jouet was also a Loyalist. He fought as ensign in the New Jersey Volunteers during the Revolution, then moved to Canada following the war. Our Rezeau descendants were also Loyalists and were removed to Canada after the Revolution. (See Nathaniel PARKS for details).

iii. Pierre Jouet b. 1683 Lisle De Re, France; d. 17 Dec 1743 Albemarle, VA

iv. Marie Jouet b.1685 in Plymouth, Devon, England; m. 1700 in Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey to William Dixon; d. 1713 Elizabeth, New Jersey,

v. Ezechial Jouett b. 2 Apr 1689 in French Church, New York; d. 1696 New Jersey

vi. Jean Jouet b. 28 Oct 1691 in New York; d. Virginia
Baptism Record 1691 Nov 01; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Courcier, Jean; Witnessed by Rene REZEAU and Suzanne Ratier wife of [__?__] Doucinet

vii. Elizabeth Jouet b. 28 Dec 1692 in New York; m. Absalom Ladner (b. 1667 – )
Baptism Record – 1693 Feb 05;  To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Elisabeth; Witnessed by Pierre Filleux and Suzanne Rezeau (Rene and Anne’s  REZEAU’s daughter)

viii. Anne Jouett b. 2 May 1695 in New York; d. 7 Jun 1711
Baptism Record – 1695 May 05; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Anne; Witnessed by Rene REZEAU and Anne RESEAU

Daniel’s son Matthew, settled in Virginia. He was an imposing figure at 6’4″ and 220 pounds and contemporary accounts describe him as muscular and handsome.  Jouett’s family, based in Albemarle County, was very active in the revolutionary cause.  Among the earliest entries on the Court records of Albemarle in 1745, is a notice of the death of Matthew Jouett, and the appointment of John Moore as his executor.

Albemarle County, Virginia

Matthew’s son John Jouett Sr (Gen 4) and grandson John Jouett Jr  signed the Albemarle Declaration, a document renouncing King George III signed by 202 Albemarle citizens. During the Revolution, John Jouett Sr. supplied the military with meat for its rations, and his four sons all served in the military, including one who was killed at the Battle of Brandywine.

John Jouett, who was for many years a prominent citizen of Charlottesville.  In 1773 John purchased from John Moore one hundred acres adjoining the town on the east and north, and at that time most likely erected the Swan Tavern, of famous memory. Three years later he bought from the same gentleman three hundred acres south of the town, including the mill now owned by Hartman. In 1790 he laid out High Street, with the row of lots on either side, and by an act of the Legislature they were vested in trustees to sell at auction, after giving three weeks’ notice in the Virginia Gazette. He kept the Swan until his death in 1802.

John “Jack” Jouett Jr (Gen 5)

John Jouett Jr. is perhaps a more famous Patriot than he, however. Captain John “Jack” Jouett (wiki)  (1754 – 1822) was a politician and a hero of the American Revolution, known as the “Paul Revere of the South” for his late night ride to warn Thomas Jefferson, then the Governor of Virginia, and the Virginia legislature of coming British cavalry who had been sent to capture them.  Google Map Directions of Jack’s ride (of course he didn’t take I64 because the Whitecoats were on the highway)

The only known depiction of Jack Jouett Jr. made while he was living, a silhouette by his son, Matthew

Jack Jouett’s Ride

On June 1, 1781 British General Cornwallis learned from a captured dispatch that Gov. Thomas Jefferson and Virginia’s legislature had fled to Charlottesville, Virginia, the location of Jefferson’s home, Monticello. Virginia’s government had escaped to Charlottesville after Benedict Arnold, who had defected to the British, attacked Virginia’s capital, Richmond.

General Cornwallis had the Virginia Government on the run from Richmond to Charlottesville

Cornwallis ordered Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton, “Bloody Tarleton” the Continental Army called him, to ride to Charlottesville, Virginia and capture Gov. Jefferson and the Virginia legislature. Tarleton hoped to capture Jefferson and the many notable Revolutionary leaders who were Virginia legislators, including: Patrick HenryRichard Henry LeeThomas Nelson, Jr., and Benjamin Harrison V. On June 3, Tarleton left Cornwallis’s camp on the North Anna River  with 180 cavalrymen and 70 mounted infantry of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Tarleton marched his force covertly and planned to cover the last 70 miles to Charlottesville in 24 hours, an incredibly fast maneuver designed to catch the politicians completely unaware.

The Ride Begins

Many contend that Jack Jouett's Ride was far more important than that of Paul Revere.

Jouett, twenty-seven years old, lay asleep on the lawn of the Cuckoo Tavern  in Louisa County, Virginia on the night of June 3, 1781. During the night, he heard the sound of approaching cavalry and spotted the “White Coats,” the British cavalry led by Colonel Tarleton. Jouett correctly suspected that the cavalry was marching to Charlottesville to capture Virginia’s government. Jouett knew that the legislature was completely undefended. Very little fighting had taken place on Virginia soil from 1776 to 1780, so most of Virginia’s forces were deployed elsewhere. The British had only recently begun significant campaigns in Virginia, so few forces were in the state except a small group led by the Marquis de Lafayette, who was far from Charlottesville. With no possibility of defense, the only hope for Jefferson and the legislators was advanced warning and escape. Jouett quickly mounted his horse and, at about 10 P.M., began the 40 mile ride from Louisa to Charlottesville. With the British cavalry on the main highway, Jouett had to take the rough backwoods trails to the overgrown Old Mountain Road with perhaps only the full moonlight to guide him and still ride fast enough to beat the British.

Tarleton’s Travels

At 11 P.M., Tarleton paused for a three hour rest at Louisa Courthouse. He began his march again at about 2 A.M. He soon encountered a train of 11 supply wagons at Boswell’s Tavern bound for South Carolina where Nathanael GREENE led the main branch of the Continental Army in the South. Tarleton burnt the wagons and continued onwards.

Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds

Around dawn, Tarleton reached the plantations of Castle Hill, Doctor Thomas Walker‘s home, and splinter group of British arrived at Belvoir, the home of his son, Continental Congress member John Walker. Tarleton captured or paroled various important figures at the two plantations. Various legends have sprung up about the stop at Castle Hill. Supposedly, Dr. Walker prepared an elaborate breakfast (including alcohol), for Tarleton in order to give more time for Jefferson and the legislature to get warning of the cavalry. Tarleton’s account says he did pause at Castle Hill for a half-hour rest, but the story of Walker’s ploy is probably apocryphal.

Dr. Walker prepared an elaborate breakfast (including alcohol), for Tarleton in order to give more time for Jefferson and the legislature to get warning of the cavalry.

Jouett’s Warning and Monticello

Jouett’s route took him through a ford of the Rivanna River at the town of Milton. At about 4:30 A.M., he crossed the ford and ascended the mountain on which Jefferson’s Monticello sits. At Monticello, Jouett awoke Jefferson and his guests, several Virginia legislators. (According to the Giannini family, descendants of Jefferson’s gardener, Anthony Giannini, noted early riser Jefferson was in the gardens at Monticello with their ancestor when Jouett arrived.) Jefferson rewarded Jouett with some fine Madeira. Jouett then left to travel the extra two miles to warn the town of Charlottesville.

Jack Jouett Warning Thomas Jefferson as he was preparing for breakfast. Jack played by Stuart LilieJefferson by Colonial Williamsburg's Bill Barker

Jefferson did not rush. He had breakfast with the legislators, and began making arrangements to leave. He spent two hours gathering his papers together. When Captain Christopher Hudson rode to Monticello to warn of the imminent arrival of the British, Jefferson sent his family to Enniscorthy, a friend’s estate about 14 miles away. He himself continued to prepare to leave, setting a horse outside his estate for a quick escape.

Jefferson checking Charlottesville with his telescope for signs of the British.

Within a couple hours of Jouett’s departure, another American rider came. Captain Christopher Hudson told Jefferson that enemy troops were immediately behind him, working their way up the mountain to Jefferson’s home. Jefferson decided to check. He strapped on a light sword, walked to a vantage point away from the house and trained his telescope on the city. He saw no activity. He was walking home when he noticed that the sword was missing. Assuming he had dropped it, Jefferson retraced his steps to his viewing point and took another look at Charlottesville. Tarleton’s red-and-green uniformed men filled the streets.

Jefferson jumped on a stallion and flew into the woods, bound for the Shenandoah Valley, eighteen miles west beyond the Blue Ridge. He disappeared just as an enemy detachment reached his front door. Jefferson spent the night at a nearby home.  The British detachment sent to Monticello was led by Captain Kenneth McLeod. Upon their arrival, the British found Jefferson’s slaves hurriedly hiding his valuables.

Jouett and Charlottesville

After Monticello, Jouett rode to the tavern where most of legislators were staying, the Swan Tavern (owned by Jouett’s father). The legislators decided to flee and reconvene in Staunton, 35 miles west, in three days, June 7.  Jouett’s warning allowed most legislators to escape, but seven were caught.

Tartleton captured a few people, among them legislator and frontiersman Daniel Boone. He detained them briefly, and paroled them. The British did comparatively little damage. Monticello was unharmed, though some wine disappeared. Tarleton left Charlottesville on June 5. With his departure, the British considered the matter closed. Cornwallis wandered to Yorktown, where General George Washington trapped his army in October and forced its surrender.

Jouett displayed more heroics and helped General Edward Stevens escape. The general was recovering from wounds he received at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. From the Swan Tavern, Jouett rode with Gen. Stevens as he made his escape, but the wounded Stevens could not ride fast enough to keep the British from catching up.  Fortunately, Jouett had the eccentric habit of dressing in ornate military costume, and Stevens was dressed in shoddy clothing. British cavalry assumed that Jouett, dressed in a scarlet coat and wearing a plumed hat, must be a high military officer, so they ignored the shabby Stevens and chased Jouett, who successfully eluded them. Stevens later returned to the battlefield to lead a brigade of 750 men at the Siege of Yorktown.

Aftermath and Honors

In Staunton, the legislature elected Thomas Nelson to be the next governor, since Jefferson’s term had actually expired on June 2.

Recognizing its debt to Jouett, the legislature passed a resolution on June 15 to honor him. The legislature resolved to give Jouett a pair of pistols and a sword in gratitude. Jouett received the pistols in 1783,  The state’s poverty explains why Jouett got the pistols in 1783 and the sword twenty years later in 1804.

Jack Jouett has, for the most part, fallen through the cracks of history. Jouett has retained some recognition including an elementary school in Louisa County, Virginia and a middle school in Albemarle County named in his honor. Many contend that his ride was far more important than that of Paul Revere. However, Revere’s ride had the benefit of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem to enshrine it in the American consciousness. In an attempt to help promote Jouett’s memory, the Charlottesville Daily Press published the following poem on October 26, 1909:

“Hearken good people: awhile abide
And hear of stout Jack Jouett’s ride;
How he rushed his steed, nor stopped nor stayed
Till he warned the people of Tarleton’s raid.

The moment his warning note was rehearsed
The State Assembly was quickly dispersed.
In their haste to escape, they did not stop
Until they had crossed the mountain top.
And upon the other side come down.
To resume their sessions in Staunton Town.

His parting steed he spurred,
In haste to carry the warning
To that greatest statesman of any age,
The Immortal Monticello Sage.

Here goes to thee, Jack Jouett!
Lord keep thy memory green;
You made the greatest ride, sir,
That ever yet was seen.”.

Later life

His wife was Sarah Robards, a sister of the first husband of President Jackson’s wife.   In 1782, Jouett moved to what is now Kentucky. A family story says that, on his way to Kentucky, Jouett heard a woman’s screams coming from a house. He burst into the house and found a wife being abused by her husband. He attempted to help by knocking down the husband, but the wife did not appreciate his involvement and struck him over the head with a pot. The pot’s bottom gave out, and the pot became stuck around Jouett’s neck. Jouett fled the scene and travelled 35 miles before he found a blacksmith to remove the pot.

Mercer County, Kentucky

Jouett settled in Mercer County. He served as a Virginia state legislator and, when Kentucky became an independent state, a Kentucky state legislator from Mercer and later Woodford County when he moved there. Jouett was a prominent citizen of Kentucky. He had friendships with Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay. In business, he focused on livestock raising and breeding, importing animals from England.

While in Mercer, Jouett married Sallie Robard. Together they had 12 children, including the famous painter Matthew Harris Jouett.

Jack Jouett died March 1, 1822 at his daughter’s house in Bath County, Kentucky.  He is buried in Bath County at the “Peeled Oak” farm in an unmarked grave. The site of the grave was lost until the 20th century.

The Jack Jouett House  is open today for docent led tours.  It is six miles southwest of Versailles on McCowan’s Ferry Rd. Follow the signs from downtown to High Street which becomes McCowan’s Ferry Rd. Go six miles and turn right onto Craig’s Creek Rd.

Matthew Harris Jouett (Gen 6)

Matthew Harris Jouett Self Portrait

Matthew Harris Jouett (wiki)  (1788 Mercer County, Kentucky,  – 1827 Lexington, Kentucky) was a well-known artist, especially for his portraits of Thomas Jefferson and other patriots.

Matthew Harris Jouett's portrait of Thomas Jefferson

Matthew’s father sent him to Transylvania University and encouraged him to study law, but Matthew spent much of his time painting. The frustrated father commented “I sent Matthew to college to make a gentleman of him, and he has turned out to be nothing but a damned sign painter.”

Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834), about 1825, by Matthew Harris Jouett

Jouett served as a lieutenant of the 28th infantry in the War of 1812. He was promoted to captain. After the war, he studied portraiture and went to Boston to study with Gilbert Stuart in 1816. Jouett painted in New Orleans, Natchez, Mississippi, and Kentucky. He was commissioned by the Kentucky legislature to paint a portrait of the Marquis de Lafayette. Jouett also painted Thomas Jefferson.

Henry Clay 1818 by Matthew Harris Jouett

Jouett was the father of James Edward Jouett, a naval officer.  Matthew Jouett is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery.

James Edward Jouett (Gen 7)

James Edward Jouett,(1826 – 1902), a naval officer. James served with Admiral David Farragut and was immortalized in Farragut’s famous quote “Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead! Jouett full speed!”

James Edward Jouett

Rear Admiral James Edward Jouett , known as “Fighting Jim Jouett of the American Navy”, was an officer in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War. His father was Matthew Harris Jouett, a notable painter, and his grandfather was Revolutionary War hero Jack Jouett.

Born near Lexington, Kentucky, Jouett was appointed Midshipman 10 Sep 1841. He served on the African coast on the Decatur with Matthew C. Perry and on the John Adams during the Mexican-American War.

American Civil War

At the beginning of the Civil War, Jouett was captured by Confederates at Pensacola, Florida but was soon paroled. He then joined the blockading forces off Galveston, Texas, distinguishing himself during the night of 7 to 8 November 1861 in the capture and destruction of Confederate schooner Royal Yacht, while serving on USS Santee. Jouett later commanded the Montgomery and R. R. Cuyler on blockading duty and in September 1863 took command of the Metacomet.

Damn the Torpedoes

In the Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, Jouett’s ship, the Metacomet, was lashed to Admiral David Farragut‘s flagship Hartford as the ships entered the bay. Monitor Tecumseh was sunk by an underwater “torpedo“, but the ships steamed on, inspired by Farragut’s famous command: “Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead! Jouett full speed!”Metacomet was sent after two Confederate gunboats, and in a short chase Jouett riddled Gaines and captured the Selma.

Post-Civil War and last years

Jouett had various commands ashore and afloat after the Civil War, taking command of the North Atlantic Squadron in 1884. In 1889 he commanded a naval force which forced the opening of the isthmus of Panama, threatened by insurrection.

Admiral Jouett was named President of the Board of Inspection and Survey and served from June 1886 – February 1890.

Rear Admiral Jouett retired in 1890. A special act of Congress granted him full pay for the rest of his life as a reward for his brilliant service  He lived most of his remaining years at “The Anchorage,” Sandy Spring, Maryland. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery section 1, site 85A.

Three ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Jouett in his honor..


Posted in 12th Generation, Line - Miller | 1 Comment

William Fiske III

William FISKE III (1663 – 1745) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 256 in this generation of the Miller line.

William Fiske was born 30 Jan 1663 in Wenham, Essex, Mass. His parents were William FISKE II and Sarah KILHAM. He married Marah [__?__] William died 10 Dec 1745 in Andover, Essex, Mass.

Marah [__?__] was born 1668 in Ipswich, Essex, Mass. Marah died 13 Dec 1760 in Tewksbury, Middlesex, Mass.

It appears there were two first cousins, William Fiske’s daughter and Joseph Fiske’s daughter, both named Ruth, born a couple years apart  who both immigrated to New Brunswick.  Many genealogies mix these two women up, but it’s not possible that the same woman was mother to both Richard Estey’s children and David Kilborne’s children because they were born at the same time.  It”s more likely that William Fiske’s daughter was our ancestor, but I’m including posts for both families.

Our Ruth Fiske was born 20 Aug 1707 in Andover, Mass.  Her parents were William FISKE and Marah [__?__].  She married Richard ESTEY on May 7, 1728.  Ruth died in 1787 Sheffield, Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada.

The other Ruth Fiske was born 18 Oct 1709 in Ipswich, Mass.  Her parents were Joseph FISKE  and Susannah Warner.   She married David Kilburn on 6 Mar 1730/31. Ruth and David had 10 children between 1734 and 1748 so it is not possible that the same woman was the mother of both Richard Estey’s and David Kilburn’s children.   This Ruth died in June, 1774 in Sheffield, New Brunswick, Canada.

David Kilburn was born 12 Mar 1688/89 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. His parents were Samuel Kilburn and Mary Foster. Another clue that David was Joseph Fiske’s son-in-law is his brother Jedediah Kilburn married his wife Ruth’s sister, Susanna Fiske. David died 25 Oct 1775 in Sheffield, New Brunswick, Canada.

Children of Richard and Ruth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. William Fiske 30 Nov 1695
Wenham, Essex, Mass
2. Ruth Fisk 15 Feb 1697
Wenham, Essex, Mass
14 Apr 1704
Wenham, Essex, Mass
3. Lydia Fisk 1698
Wenham, Essex, Mass
4. Mary Fisk 2 Oct 1699
Wenham, Essex, Mass
14 Apr 1704
5. Joseph Fisk 6 Sept 1701
Wenham, Essex, Mass
Mary Sitton
5 Oct 1728
Enfield, Hartford, CT
14 Feb 1705?
Andover, Essex, Mass
6. Ebenezer Fisk 15 Aug 1703
Wenham, Essex, Mass
Susannah Buck
10 Jan 1730
Andover, Essex, Mass.
24 May 1783
Reading, Middlesex, Mass
7. Jonathan Fisk 1705
8. Sarah Fiske 5 Jun 1707 in Wenham, Essex, Mass 14 Jun 1707 in Wenham, Essex, Mass
9. Ruth FISKE 18 Oct 1709 in Wenham, Essex, Mass Richard ESTEY
7 May 1729
Ipswich, Mass.
Sheffield, Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada

The Fiske Family by Albert Augustus Fiske, 1867

William Fiske, eldest son of Dea. William, resided in Wenham until about 1710, when he removed to Andover, Mass. By wife, Marah, he had sons William (born 1695), Joseph (1701), Ebenezer (1703), Jonathan, and daughters Sarah, Ruth, Lydia and Mary. All these were living in Andover in 1726, and had property distributed to them by deed from their father, who died there in 1745, in his 83d year. His wife Marah (often called Mary) was living in Andover as late as 1734, as appears by her signature to a deed of that date.


5. Joseph Fisk

Joseph’s wifew Mary Sitton was born about 1705 in Pomfret, Windham, CT. Her parents were Benjamin Sitton and Lydia Kibbey. Mary died 15 Feb 1734 in Enfield, Hartford, CT.

6. Ebenezer Fisk

Ebenezer’s wife Susannah Buck was born 8 Jul 1705 in Woburn, Middlesex, Mass. Her parents were Ephraim Buck and Esther Waget. Susannah died 28 Mar 1754 in Tewksbury, Middlesex, Mass.

9. Ruth FISKE (See Richard ESTEY‘s page)


Posted in 10th Generation, 90+, Line - Miller, Missing Parents | 7 Comments