Jehan Coursier

Jehan Coursier (1635 – 1663) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Miller line.

Jehan Coursier was born about 1635 in Île De Re, France.  He married Anne Perroteau before 1649 in Ste Marie De Re, Charente, Poitou-Charentes, France.  Jehan died 1663 in Île De Re, France

Anne Perroteau was born in 1630 in Île De Re, France. Anne died 1663 in Île De Re, France,

Children of Jehan and Ann

Name Born Married Departed
1. Anne COURSIER c. 1649 Rene REZEAU  22 Jun 1670 in Ste. Marie De Re, Charente Maritime, France. 18 Feb 1719 Elizabethtown, Union, NJ.
2. Marie Coursier 1660 in Île De Re, France Daniel Jouett 1679  Île De Re, France 1732 Elizabethtown, New Jersey

A text from the Protestant Museum in La Rochelle indidcates that Daniel and Marie Jouet were part of a group of Huguenots led by: Ezechial Carre – pastor of the colony, studied in Geneva, served 2 churches in France-Mirambeau in Saintonge and La Roche-Chalais,  Pierre Berthon de Marigny, and Pierre Ayrault – doctor from Angers.    These French Church New York City baptisms show a close connection between the two couple Anne & Rene and Marie & Daniel in the early 1690’s.

1691 Nov 01; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Courcier, Jean; Witnessed by Rene Rezeau and Suzanne Ratier wife of ??? Doucinet 1693 Feb 05;  To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Elisabeth; Witnessed by Pierre Filleux and Suzanne Rezeau (Rene and Anne’s daughter?) 1695 May 05; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Anne; Witnessed by Rene Rezeau and Anne Reseau

Children (2nd Gen)

1. Anne COURSIER (See Rene REZEAU  ‘s page)

2. Marie Coursier

Marie’s husband Daniel Jouett was born about 1660 in Île de Ré, France, near the Huguenot center of La Rochelle. Daniel died 13 Oct 1721 in Elizabethtown, Trenton, New Jersey.

He was of an old Norman family of Huguenot origin settled in Touraine,  His grandfather was  the noble Matthieu de Jouhet, Master of the Horse (Grand Écuyer) to Louis XIII of France, Lord of Leveignac, and Lieutenant in the Marshalsea of Limousin.

In 1685, Louis XIV issued the Edict of Fontainebleau, a revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Under the Edict of Nantes, Protestants were granted certain civil rights. Louis XIV’s new edict declared Protestantism illegal, and after its issuance, hundreds of thousands of Huguenots fled the country. The violence done to Huguenots in France prior to the Edict of Nantes is counted among history’s worst atrocities.

Among those Huguenots who escaped the violence that was sure to follow the Edict of Fontainebleau were Daniel Jouet, his wife, the former Marie Coursier, and their children Daniel and Pierre. Daniel Jouet was a sailmaker by trade. Daniel and his wife initially emigrated to London, England after the Edict of Fontainebleau. In late 1686 or early 1687, they received five pounds sterling to “go to Carolina” from the French Committee, who oversaw dispensation of funds to needy Huguenots in England. They would not leave for Carolina until 1695. First, they moved to Plymouth, where their third child, a daughter named Marie, was born. In 1688, they emigrated to Narragansett, Rhode Island.

In 1689, the Jouets relocated to New York City where their fourth child, Ézéchiel was born. Ézéchiel, another son Jean, and two more daughters, Élisabeth and Anne, were baptized in the French Church in New York. By 1695 the family “suddenly and surprisingly” left for Carolina at last. They petitioned for naturalization in 1696, but did not remain in Carolina long before once again relocating to Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Daniel Jouet’s will was proved on Oct 10, 1721. Daniel Jouet’s rootlessness is explained by Bertrand Van Ruymbeke as “symtomatic of the post-Revocation exodus and of the displaced Huguenots’ unusual capacity for mobility”

Children of Marie and Daniel (Gen 3)

i.  Matthew Pierre Jouett b. c. 1681 in Lisle De Re, Aunis, France; m.  Susannah Moore (1707– 1772); d. Jun 1746 in Hanover Co. Va.  Matthew Jouett patented large tracts of land in Hanover in 1732.

ii. Daniel Jouet Jr. b. c. 1681 in Lisle De Re, Aunis, France; m. 1697 in Ile De Re, France to Marie Cavalier d. Feb 1749 Elizabethtown, Essex, New Jersey

Daniel Jouet Jr’s son  Cavalier Jouet  remained in New Jersey; he was raised by his grandparents, Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier Jouet. He was imprisoned for his Loyalist sympathies, but escaped behind British lines in New York. His property and estate were confiscated, and he emigrated to England. He returned to America in 1792 to attempt to regain his property, but was apparently unsuccessful and returned to Rawreth, Essex in England, where he died in 1810.

Cavalier Jouet’s son Xenophon Jouet was also a Loyalist. He fought as ensign in the New Jersey Volunteers during the Revolution, then moved to Canada following the war. Our Rezeau descendants were also Loyalists and were removed to Canada after the Revolution. (See Nathaniel PARKS for details).

iii. Pierre Jouet b. 1683 Lisle De Re, France; d. 17 Dec 1743 Albemarle, VA

iv. Marie Jouet b.1685 in Plymouth, Devon, England; m. 1700 in Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey to William Dixon; d. 1713 Elizabeth, New Jersey,

v. Ezechial Jouett b. 2 Apr 1689 in French Church, New York; d. 1696 New Jersey

vi. Jean Jouet b. 28 Oct 1691 in New York; d. Virginia
Baptism Record 1691 Nov 01; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Courcier, Jean; Witnessed by Rene REZEAU and Suzanne Ratier wife of [__?__] Doucinet

vii. Elizabeth Jouet b. 28 Dec 1692 in New York; m. Absalom Ladner (b. 1667 – )
Baptism Record – 1693 Feb 05;  To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Elisabeth; Witnessed by Pierre Filleux and Suzanne Rezeau (Rene and Anne’s  REZEAU’s daughter)

viii. Anne Jouett b. 2 May 1695 in New York; d. 7 Jun 1711
Baptism Record – 1695 May 05; To Daniel Jouet and Marie Coursier; Anne; Witnessed by Rene REZEAU and Anne RESEAU

Daniel’s son Matthew, settled in Virginia. He was an imposing figure at 6’4″ and 220 pounds and contemporary accounts describe him as muscular and handsome.  Jouett’s family, based in Albemarle County, was very active in the revolutionary cause.  Among the earliest entries on the Court records of Albemarle in 1745, is a notice of the death of Matthew Jouett, and the appointment of John Moore as his executor.

Albemarle County, Virginia

Matthew’s son John Jouett Sr (Gen 4) and grandson John Jouett Jr  signed the Albemarle Declaration, a document renouncing King George III signed by 202 Albemarle citizens. During the Revolution, John Jouett Sr. supplied the military with meat for its rations, and his four sons all served in the military, including one who was killed at the Battle of Brandywine.

John Jouett, who was for many years a prominent citizen of Charlottesville.  In 1773 John purchased from John Moore one hundred acres adjoining the town on the east and north, and at that time most likely erected the Swan Tavern, of famous memory. Three years later he bought from the same gentleman three hundred acres south of the town, including the mill now owned by Hartman. In 1790 he laid out High Street, with the row of lots on either side, and by an act of the Legislature they were vested in trustees to sell at auction, after giving three weeks’ notice in the Virginia Gazette. He kept the Swan until his death in 1802.

John “Jack” Jouett Jr (Gen 5)

John Jouett Jr. is perhaps a more famous Patriot than he, however. Captain John “Jack” Jouett (wiki)  (1754 – 1822) was a politician and a hero of the American Revolution, known as the “Paul Revere of the South” for his late night ride to warn Thomas Jefferson, then the Governor of Virginia, and the Virginia legislature of coming British cavalry who had been sent to capture them.  Google Map Directions of Jack’s ride (of course he didn’t take I64 because the Whitecoats were on the highway)

The only known depiction of Jack Jouett Jr. made while he was living, a silhouette by his son, Matthew

Jack Jouett’s Ride

On June 1, 1781 British General Cornwallis learned from a captured dispatch that Gov. Thomas Jefferson and Virginia’s legislature had fled to Charlottesville, Virginia, the location of Jefferson’s home, Monticello. Virginia’s government had escaped to Charlottesville after Benedict Arnold, who had defected to the British, attacked Virginia’s capital, Richmond.

General Cornwallis had the Virginia Government on the run from Richmond to Charlottesville

Cornwallis ordered Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton, “Bloody Tarleton” the Continental Army called him, to ride to Charlottesville, Virginia and capture Gov. Jefferson and the Virginia legislature. Tarleton hoped to capture Jefferson and the many notable Revolutionary leaders who were Virginia legislators, including: Patrick HenryRichard Henry LeeThomas Nelson, Jr., and Benjamin Harrison V. On June 3, Tarleton left Cornwallis’s camp on the North Anna River  with 180 cavalrymen and 70 mounted infantry of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Tarleton marched his force covertly and planned to cover the last 70 miles to Charlottesville in 24 hours, an incredibly fast maneuver designed to catch the politicians completely unaware.

The Ride Begins

Many contend that Jack Jouett's Ride was far more important than that of Paul Revere.

Jouett, twenty-seven years old, lay asleep on the lawn of the Cuckoo Tavern  in Louisa County, Virginia on the night of June 3, 1781. During the night, he heard the sound of approaching cavalry and spotted the “White Coats,” the British cavalry led by Colonel Tarleton. Jouett correctly suspected that the cavalry was marching to Charlottesville to capture Virginia’s government. Jouett knew that the legislature was completely undefended. Very little fighting had taken place on Virginia soil from 1776 to 1780, so most of Virginia’s forces were deployed elsewhere. The British had only recently begun significant campaigns in Virginia, so few forces were in the state except a small group led by the Marquis de Lafayette, who was far from Charlottesville. With no possibility of defense, the only hope for Jefferson and the legislators was advanced warning and escape. Jouett quickly mounted his horse and, at about 10 P.M., began the 40 mile ride from Louisa to Charlottesville. With the British cavalry on the main highway, Jouett had to take the rough backwoods trails to the overgrown Old Mountain Road with perhaps only the full moonlight to guide him and still ride fast enough to beat the British.

Tarleton’s Travels

At 11 P.M., Tarleton paused for a three hour rest at Louisa Courthouse. He began his march again at about 2 A.M. He soon encountered a train of 11 supply wagons at Boswell’s Tavern bound for South Carolina where Nathanael GREENE led the main branch of the Continental Army in the South. Tarleton burnt the wagons and continued onwards.

Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds

Around dawn, Tarleton reached the plantations of Castle Hill, Doctor Thomas Walker‘s home, and splinter group of British arrived at Belvoir, the home of his son, Continental Congress member John Walker. Tarleton captured or paroled various important figures at the two plantations. Various legends have sprung up about the stop at Castle Hill. Supposedly, Dr. Walker prepared an elaborate breakfast (including alcohol), for Tarleton in order to give more time for Jefferson and the legislature to get warning of the cavalry. Tarleton’s account says he did pause at Castle Hill for a half-hour rest, but the story of Walker’s ploy is probably apocryphal.

Dr. Walker prepared an elaborate breakfast (including alcohol), for Tarleton in order to give more time for Jefferson and the legislature to get warning of the cavalry.

Jouett’s Warning and Monticello

Jouett’s route took him through a ford of the Rivanna River at the town of Milton. At about 4:30 A.M., he crossed the ford and ascended the mountain on which Jefferson’s Monticello sits. At Monticello, Jouett awoke Jefferson and his guests, several Virginia legislators. (According to the Giannini family, descendants of Jefferson’s gardener, Anthony Giannini, noted early riser Jefferson was in the gardens at Monticello with their ancestor when Jouett arrived.) Jefferson rewarded Jouett with some fine Madeira. Jouett then left to travel the extra two miles to warn the town of Charlottesville.

Jack Jouett Warning Thomas Jefferson as he was preparing for breakfast. Jack played by Stuart LilieJefferson by Colonial Williamsburg's Bill Barker

Jefferson did not rush. He had breakfast with the legislators, and began making arrangements to leave. He spent two hours gathering his papers together. When Captain Christopher Hudson rode to Monticello to warn of the imminent arrival of the British, Jefferson sent his family to Enniscorthy, a friend’s estate about 14 miles away. He himself continued to prepare to leave, setting a horse outside his estate for a quick escape.

Jefferson checking Charlottesville with his telescope for signs of the British.

Within a couple hours of Jouett’s departure, another American rider came. Captain Christopher Hudson told Jefferson that enemy troops were immediately behind him, working their way up the mountain to Jefferson’s home. Jefferson decided to check. He strapped on a light sword, walked to a vantage point away from the house and trained his telescope on the city. He saw no activity. He was walking home when he noticed that the sword was missing. Assuming he had dropped it, Jefferson retraced his steps to his viewing point and took another look at Charlottesville. Tarleton’s red-and-green uniformed men filled the streets.

Jefferson jumped on a stallion and flew into the woods, bound for the Shenandoah Valley, eighteen miles west beyond the Blue Ridge. He disappeared just as an enemy detachment reached his front door. Jefferson spent the night at a nearby home.  The British detachment sent to Monticello was led by Captain Kenneth McLeod. Upon their arrival, the British found Jefferson’s slaves hurriedly hiding his valuables.

Jouett and Charlottesville

After Monticello, Jouett rode to the tavern where most of legislators were staying, the Swan Tavern (owned by Jouett’s father). The legislators decided to flee and reconvene in Staunton, 35 miles west, in three days, June 7.  Jouett’s warning allowed most legislators to escape, but seven were caught.

Tartleton captured a few people, among them legislator and frontiersman Daniel Boone. He detained them briefly, and paroled them. The British did comparatively little damage. Monticello was unharmed, though some wine disappeared. Tarleton left Charlottesville on June 5. With his departure, the British considered the matter closed. Cornwallis wandered to Yorktown, where General George Washington trapped his army in October and forced its surrender.

Jouett displayed more heroics and helped General Edward Stevens escape. The general was recovering from wounds he received at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. From the Swan Tavern, Jouett rode with Gen. Stevens as he made his escape, but the wounded Stevens could not ride fast enough to keep the British from catching up.  Fortunately, Jouett had the eccentric habit of dressing in ornate military costume, and Stevens was dressed in shoddy clothing. British cavalry assumed that Jouett, dressed in a scarlet coat and wearing a plumed hat, must be a high military officer, so they ignored the shabby Stevens and chased Jouett, who successfully eluded them. Stevens later returned to the battlefield to lead a brigade of 750 men at the Siege of Yorktown.

Aftermath and Honors

In Staunton, the legislature elected Thomas Nelson to be the next governor, since Jefferson’s term had actually expired on June 2.

Recognizing its debt to Jouett, the legislature passed a resolution on June 15 to honor him. The legislature resolved to give Jouett a pair of pistols and a sword in gratitude. Jouett received the pistols in 1783,  The state’s poverty explains why Jouett got the pistols in 1783 and the sword twenty years later in 1804.

Jack Jouett has, for the most part, fallen through the cracks of history. Jouett has retained some recognition including an elementary school in Louisa County, Virginia and a middle school in Albemarle County named in his honor. Many contend that his ride was far more important than that of Paul Revere. However, Revere’s ride had the benefit of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem to enshrine it in the American consciousness. In an attempt to help promote Jouett’s memory, the Charlottesville Daily Press published the following poem on October 26, 1909:

“Hearken good people: awhile abide
And hear of stout Jack Jouett’s ride;
How he rushed his steed, nor stopped nor stayed
Till he warned the people of Tarleton’s raid.

The moment his warning note was rehearsed
The State Assembly was quickly dispersed.
In their haste to escape, they did not stop
Until they had crossed the mountain top.
And upon the other side come down.
To resume their sessions in Staunton Town.

His parting steed he spurred,
In haste to carry the warning
To that greatest statesman of any age,
The Immortal Monticello Sage.

Here goes to thee, Jack Jouett!
Lord keep thy memory green;
You made the greatest ride, sir,
That ever yet was seen.”.

Later life

His wife was Sarah Robards, a sister of the first husband of President Jackson’s wife.   In 1782, Jouett moved to what is now Kentucky. A family story says that, on his way to Kentucky, Jouett heard a woman’s screams coming from a house. He burst into the house and found a wife being abused by her husband. He attempted to help by knocking down the husband, but the wife did not appreciate his involvement and struck him over the head with a pot. The pot’s bottom gave out, and the pot became stuck around Jouett’s neck. Jouett fled the scene and travelled 35 miles before he found a blacksmith to remove the pot.

Mercer County, Kentucky

Jouett settled in Mercer County. He served as a Virginia state legislator and, when Kentucky became an independent state, a Kentucky state legislator from Mercer and later Woodford County when he moved there. Jouett was a prominent citizen of Kentucky. He had friendships with Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay. In business, he focused on livestock raising and breeding, importing animals from England.

While in Mercer, Jouett married Sallie Robard. Together they had 12 children, including the famous painter Matthew Harris Jouett.

Jack Jouett died March 1, 1822 at his daughter’s house in Bath County, Kentucky.  He is buried in Bath County at the “Peeled Oak” farm in an unmarked grave. The site of the grave was lost until the 20th century.

The Jack Jouett House  is open today for docent led tours.  It is six miles southwest of Versailles on McCowan’s Ferry Rd. Follow the signs from downtown to High Street which becomes McCowan’s Ferry Rd. Go six miles and turn right onto Craig’s Creek Rd.

Matthew Harris Jouett (Gen 6)

Matthew Harris Jouett Self Portrait

Matthew Harris Jouett (wiki)  (1788 Mercer County, Kentucky,  – 1827 Lexington, Kentucky) was a well-known artist, especially for his portraits of Thomas Jefferson and other patriots.

Matthew Harris Jouett's portrait of Thomas Jefferson

Matthew’s father sent him to Transylvania University and encouraged him to study law, but Matthew spent much of his time painting. The frustrated father commented “I sent Matthew to college to make a gentleman of him, and he has turned out to be nothing but a damned sign painter.”

Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834), about 1825, by Matthew Harris Jouett

Jouett served as a lieutenant of the 28th infantry in the War of 1812. He was promoted to captain. After the war, he studied portraiture and went to Boston to study with Gilbert Stuart in 1816. Jouett painted in New Orleans, Natchez, Mississippi, and Kentucky. He was commissioned by the Kentucky legislature to paint a portrait of the Marquis de Lafayette. Jouett also painted Thomas Jefferson.

Henry Clay 1818 by Matthew Harris Jouett

Jouett was the father of James Edward Jouett, a naval officer.  Matthew Jouett is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery.

James Edward Jouett (Gen 7)

James Edward Jouett,(1826 – 1902), a naval officer. James served with Admiral David Farragut and was immortalized in Farragut’s famous quote “Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead! Jouett full speed!”

James Edward Jouett

Rear Admiral James Edward Jouett , known as “Fighting Jim Jouett of the American Navy”, was an officer in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War. His father was Matthew Harris Jouett, a notable painter, and his grandfather was Revolutionary War hero Jack Jouett.

Born near Lexington, Kentucky, Jouett was appointed Midshipman 10 Sep 1841. He served on the African coast on the Decatur with Matthew C. Perry and on the John Adams during the Mexican-American War.

American Civil War

At the beginning of the Civil War, Jouett was captured by Confederates at Pensacola, Florida but was soon paroled. He then joined the blockading forces off Galveston, Texas, distinguishing himself during the night of 7 to 8 November 1861 in the capture and destruction of Confederate schooner Royal Yacht, while serving on USS Santee. Jouett later commanded the Montgomery and R. R. Cuyler on blockading duty and in September 1863 took command of the Metacomet.

Damn the Torpedoes

In the Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864, Jouett’s ship, the Metacomet, was lashed to Admiral David Farragut‘s flagship Hartford as the ships entered the bay. Monitor Tecumseh was sunk by an underwater “torpedo“, but the ships steamed on, inspired by Farragut’s famous command: “Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead! Jouett full speed!”Metacomet was sent after two Confederate gunboats, and in a short chase Jouett riddled Gaines and captured the Selma.

Post-Civil War and last years

Jouett had various commands ashore and afloat after the Civil War, taking command of the North Atlantic Squadron in 1884. In 1889 he commanded a naval force which forced the opening of the isthmus of Panama, threatened by insurrection.

Admiral Jouett was named President of the Board of Inspection and Survey and served from June 1886 – February 1890.

Rear Admiral Jouett retired in 1890. A special act of Congress granted him full pay for the rest of his life as a reward for his brilliant service  He lived most of his remaining years at “The Anchorage,” Sandy Spring, Maryland. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery section 1, site 85A.

Three ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Jouett in his honor..


Posted in 12th Generation, Line - Miller | 1 Comment

William Fiske III

William FISKE III (1663 – 1745) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 256 in this generation of the Miller line.

William Fiske was born 30 Jan 1663 in Wenham, Essex, Mass. His parents were William FISKE II and Sarah KILHAM. He married Marah [__?__] William died 10 Dec 1745 in Andover, Essex, Mass.

Marah [__?__] was born 1668 in Ipswich, Essex, Mass. Marah died 13 Dec 1760 in Tewksbury, Middlesex, Mass.

It appears there were two first cousins, William Fiske’s daughter and Joseph Fiske’s daughter, both named Ruth, born a couple years apart  who both immigrated to New Brunswick.  Many genealogies mix these two women up, but it’s not possible that the same woman was mother to both Richard Estey’s children and David Kilborne’s children because they were born at the same time.  It”s more likely that William Fiske’s daughter was our ancestor, but I’m including posts for both families.

Our Ruth Fiske was born 20 Aug 1707 in Andover, Mass.  Her parents were William FISKE and Marah [__?__].  She married Richard ESTEY on May 7, 1728.  Ruth died in 1787 Sheffield, Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada.

The other Ruth Fiske was born 18 Oct 1709 in Ipswich, Mass.  Her parents were Joseph FISKE  and Susannah Warner.   She married David Kilburn on 6 Mar 1730/31. Ruth and David had 10 children between 1734 and 1748 so it is not possible that the same woman was the mother of both Richard Estey’s and David Kilburn’s children.   This Ruth died in June, 1774 in Sheffield, New Brunswick, Canada.

David Kilburn was born 12 Mar 1688/89 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. His parents were Samuel Kilburn and Mary Foster. Another clue that David was Joseph Fiske’s son-in-law is his brother Jedediah Kilburn married his wife Ruth’s sister, Susanna Fiske. David died 25 Oct 1775 in Sheffield, New Brunswick, Canada.

Children of Richard and Ruth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. William Fiske 30 Nov 1695
Wenham, Essex, Mass
2. Ruth Fisk 15 Feb 1697
Wenham, Essex, Mass
14 Apr 1704
Wenham, Essex, Mass
3. Lydia Fisk 1698
Wenham, Essex, Mass
4. Mary Fisk 2 Oct 1699
Wenham, Essex, Mass
14 Apr 1704
5. Joseph Fisk 6 Sept 1701
Wenham, Essex, Mass
Mary Sitton
5 Oct 1728
Enfield, Hartford, CT
14 Feb 1705?
Andover, Essex, Mass
6. Ebenezer Fisk 15 Aug 1703
Wenham, Essex, Mass
Susannah Buck
10 Jan 1730
Andover, Essex, Mass.
24 May 1783
Reading, Middlesex, Mass
7. Jonathan Fisk 1705
8. Sarah Fiske 5 Jun 1707 in Wenham, Essex, Mass 14 Jun 1707 in Wenham, Essex, Mass
9. Ruth FISKE 18 Oct 1709 in Wenham, Essex, Mass Richard ESTEY
7 May 1729
Ipswich, Mass.
Sheffield, Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada

The Fiske Family by Albert Augustus Fiske, 1867

William Fiske, eldest son of Dea. William, resided in Wenham until about 1710, when he removed to Andover, Mass. By wife, Marah, he had sons William (born 1695), Joseph (1701), Ebenezer (1703), Jonathan, and daughters Sarah, Ruth, Lydia and Mary. All these were living in Andover in 1726, and had property distributed to them by deed from their father, who died there in 1745, in his 83d year. His wife Marah (often called Mary) was living in Andover as late as 1734, as appears by her signature to a deed of that date.


5. Joseph Fisk

Joseph’s wifew Mary Sitton was born about 1705 in Pomfret, Windham, CT. Her parents were Benjamin Sitton and Lydia Kibbey. Mary died 15 Feb 1734 in Enfield, Hartford, CT.

6. Ebenezer Fisk

Ebenezer’s wife Susannah Buck was born 8 Jul 1705 in Woburn, Middlesex, Mass. Her parents were Ephraim Buck and Esther Waget. Susannah died 28 Mar 1754 in Tewksbury, Middlesex, Mass.

9. Ruth FISKE (See Richard ESTEY‘s page)


Posted in 10th Generation, 90+, Line - Miller, Missing Parents | 7 Comments

William Collier

William COLLIER (1585 – 1671) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather in two ways, through his granddaughters Mercy Freeman and Sarah Howes, making him  two of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

William Collier Coat of Arms

William Collier was born about 1585/1586 in Southwark, Surrey, England. His parents were Abraham COLLIER and [__?__].

“One of the last public services rendered by Mr. William Collier was a testimony given by him, 16 April 1668. . . It will be seen to be of great value from the fact that it is the only document so far as known in New England which gives any idea as to the time of his birth. It reads as follows: – ‘Mr William Collier aged 85 or thereabouts Testifieth . . .’ ” – Anna C. Kingsbury, A Historical Sketch of William Collier, (Self-published, 1925).

William was a London merchant. Records refer to his as a grocer and owner of a brew house in London. In his youth, he was apprenticed to William Russell for eight years and was entered and sworn in the Gorcers’ Company of London on 16 August 1609. He married Jane CLARKE 16 May 1611 at St. Olave, Southwark, Surrey, England. He was a member of Worshipful Company of Grocers  and the Company of Merchant Adventurers  and helped finance the Leiden Separatists in founding Plymouth Colony.  After the partnership between the Pilgrims and the Adventurers was terminated, he came to Plymouth himself, sailing with four daughters (Sarah, Rebecca, Mary and Elizabeth) on the ship Mary & Jane in 1633.

Once he arrived in the colony himself, he took a prominent role.  He served as magistrate and as Assistant Governor for 28 years.  He was a businessman, and assisted in settling the accounts of the Merchant Adventurers and other colony business.  He was the richest many in the colony.  He was admitted freeman in Plymouth 1 Jan 1633/4 and removed to Duxbury in 1639.William died after 29 May 1670 (in list of Duxbury freemen) and before 5 July 1671 (administration granted on estate).

Jane Clarke was born 20 Oct 1591 in London, Middlesex, England.  Her parents were NOT John CLARK and Elizabeth HOBSON.  I think some hobbiest filled in John and Elizabeth for lack of anything else.  Jane died after 28 Jun 1666 when she consented to a deed made by her husband in Plymouth Colony.

On 19 Nov 1645 Nathaniel Warren, son of Richard Warren married at Plymouth Sarah Walker. On 7 Jun 1653 “Mrs. Jane Collyare in behalf of her grandchild the wife of the said Nathaniel Warren” petitioned Plymouth Court in a land dispute. The petition suggests this grandchild was kin to her and not to her husband William Collier. John Insley Coddington has suggested that when William Collier married her, Jane Clark was a widow, and that by her Clark husband she had a daughter who married a Walker. Coddington further suggests that the Sara, daughter of William Walker, who was baptized at St. Olave’s, Southwark, on 10 Nov 1622 was the grandchild of Jane Collier who married Nathaniel Warren. If this solution proves to be correct, it would also explain the 1650 land transaction in which William Collier granted to “my kinsman William Clark”

Children of William and Jane

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mary COLLIER bapt.
18 FEB 1611/12
St Olave, an area of south-east London in the London Borough of Southwark.
Gov. Thomas PRENCE
1 Apr 1635 Plymouth, Plymouth County.
5 Nov 1688 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
2. Hannah Collier bapt.
14 SEP 1613
St Olave
31 Aug 1625 of Plague
St Olave
3. Rebecca Collier bapt.
10 JAN 1614/15
St Olave
Job Cole
15 Mar 1634 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.
29 Dec 1698
Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass
4. Sarah Collier bapt.
30 APR 1616
St Olave
Love Brewster (wiki) (son of Elder William BREWSTER)
15 May 1634 in Plymouth, Mass
Richard Parke
1 Sep 1656 Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass
26 Apr 1691
Plymouth, Mass
5. John Collier bapt.
18 MAR 1617/18
St Olave
24 Aug 1618
St Olave
6. Elizabeth Collier bapt.
09 MAR 1618/19
St Olave
Constant Southworth
2 Nov 1637 Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass
7. John Collier bapt. 23 MAR 1619/20
St Olave
6 Aug 1625 of Plague
St Olave
8. Catheren Collier buried
13 Jan 1621/22
St Olave
9. James Collier bapt.
16 Mar 1622/23
St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey
24 Aug 1624
St Olave
10. Martha Collier bapt.
28 Mar 1624
St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surrey
30 May 1625 of Plague
St Olave
11. William Collier 1625 12 Aug 1625 of Plague
St Olave
12. Liddia Collier bapt.
8 Mar 1626/27
St Olave
12 Mar 1625/26 of Plague
St Olave

Death records in the St. Olave parish indicate there were other children, namely Catherine and William, and that the Plague of 1625 probably took the life of Martha, John, William, Hannah and Liddia who all died in 1625.

St Olave's Exterior

St. Olave’s  became redundant and was demolished in 1926.  It located at the foot of the steps leading down from London Bridge Station to Tooley Street where a millennium ago St. Olaf saved the city of London from its and his enemy, the Danes.  Olav Haraldsson, an early King of Norway, attempted to convert his people to Christianity and was martyred for his trouble in 1030. Before this, in 1014, he was a prince and an ‘ally’ (ie mercenary) of King Æthelræd II ‘the Unready’ fighting the Danes. They were occupying London Bridge. He is said to have tied his long-boats to the bridge supports and rowing away pulled it down.

The Nursery Rhyme London Bridge is Falling Down records the story. St. Olaf was converted to Christianity in England and took the faith home to his native Norway, where, after his death in battle against his old enemy, the Danes, he was adopted as the country’s Patron Saint. His bones rest in Trondheim Cathedral.

St Olave's Interior

John Hunt demonstrated that William “Collyer” was apprenticed to William Russell for eight years and was entered and sworn in the Grocers’ Company of London 16 Aug 1609. John Arnold, dyer, and William Hurdman, pewterer, were sureties for William Collyer for two years beginning 15 Aug 1612.

William was a Grocer and the owner of a brew house in London.  Since his parish church was on Tooley Street near London Bridge, maybe his brew house was too.  Here’s a listing of historical London public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in Southwark St Olave, Surrey,  London.

William became a partner in Southwark with “Mr. Monger” and was sworn a free brother of the Grocers’ Company 3 Mar 1627/28.

Grocers Coat of Arms

The Worshipful Company of Grocers is one of the 108 Livery Companies of the City of London. It is ranked second in the order of precedence of the Companies and, having been established in 1345, is one of the original Great Twelve City Livery Companies.

The Company was founded in the fourteenth century as the Guild of Pepperers, which dates from 1180. The Company was responsible for maintaining standards for the purity of spices and for the setting of certain weights and measures.    In 1428, two years after founding its first hall in Old Jewry, the Company was granted a Royal Charter by King Henry VI.  It is said that the Grocers’ Company used to be first in the order, until Queen Elizabeth I, as Honorary Master of the Mercer’s Company, found herself in procession, after her coronation, behind the Grocers’ camel which was emitting unfortunate smells. As a result, the Mercers’ Company were promoted.

Today, the Grocers’ Company exists as a charitable, constitutional and ceremonial institution which plays a significant role in the election of the Lord Mayor and the Sheriffs of the City of London.   The Company also maintains banquet and conference facilities at Grocers’ Hall in Prince’s Street, next to the Bank of England.

The Merchant Adventurers

William was also a member of the Merchant Adventurers. The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London brought together London’s leading overseas merchants in a regulated company, in the nature of a guild. Its members’ main business was the export of cloth, especially white (undyed) broadcloth. This enabled them to import a large range of foreign goods.

In June 1619, after declining the opportunity to settle south of Cape Cod in New Netherland, because of their desire to avoid the Dutch influence, the Leiden Congregation obtained a land patent from the London Virginia Company, allowing them to settle at the mouth of the Hudson River. They then sought financing through the Merchant Adventurers, a group of businessmen who principally viewed the colony as a means of making a profit. Upon arriving in America, the Pilgrims began working to repay their debts.

We know that the merchant adventurers invested between £1200 and £1600 before the Mayflower sailed. We also know that the Pilgrims were dangerously short of supplies. Shares were issued, each worth £10. The merchant adventurers bought their shares. The adult colonists – who were, after all, putting life and livelihood on the line – were each given one share and given the option to purchase more shares.

Using the financing secured from the Merchant Adventurers, the Colonists bought provisions and obtained passage on two ships, the Mayflower and the Speedwell. Though they had intended to leave early in 1620, difficulties in dealing with the Merchant Adventurers, including several changes in plans for the voyage and in financing, resulted in a delay of several months.

In 1621, the second ship, the Fortune, arrived in time for the first Thanksgiving. It carried a letter from the Merchant Adventurers chastising the colony for failure to return goods with the Mayflower that had been promised in return for their support. The Fortune began its return to England laden with £500 worth of goods (£83,000 as of 2010), more than enough to keep the colonists on schedule for repayment of their debt, however the Fortune was captured by the French before she could deliver her cargo to England, creating an even larger deficit for the colony.

The first letter known to have borne the name of William Collier was one written from London, Apr. 7, 1624. by James Shirley, Thomas Brewer, William Collier, Joseph Pocock, Thomas Fletcher, John Ling, William Thomas, Robert Reayne, and reads as follows: —

“To our beloved and right well esteemed friend Mr William Bradford Governour these, but inscribed thus: To our beloved friends Mr. William Bradford, Mr. Isaac Allerton, Mr. Edward Winslow, and the rest whom they think fit to acquaint therewith.

Two things (beloved friends) we have endeavoured to effect, touching Plymouth plantation, first, that the planters there might live comfortably and contentedly. 2d that some returns might be made hither for the satisfying and encouragement of the adventurers, but to neither of these two can we yet attain At a word, though we be detected of folly, ignorance, want of judgment, yet let no man charge us with dishonesty, looseness or unconscionableness; but though we lose our labours or adventures, or charges, yea our lives; yet let us not lose one jot of our innocence, integrity, holiness, fear and comfort with God.

And, thus ceasing for this time to trouble you further; praying God to bless and prosper you, and sanctify all your crosses and losses, that they may turn to your great profit and comfort in the end, with hearty salutations to you all, we lovingly take leave of you, from London, Apr. 7, 1624.

Your assured lovers and friends

In 1625 a letter was written by some of the Adventurers, William Collier among them, stating that “joint-account” had been closed, that £1400 remained due on it, and that goods to meet this should
be shipped to them as trade permitted. They had consigned to Edward Winslow and Isaac Allerton a stock of cloth, hose, shoes, leather, etc., and four black heifers which were to be sold on the account of these Adventurers at seventy per cent profit. The line of dry goods was poor in quality and did not sell well. The names of three of the black heifers, which sold very readily, were Raghorn, the Smooth-horned Heifer and the Blind Heifer. One of the Adventurers, James Shirley, sent as a gift a red heifer to be kept for the benefit of the poor of the colony.

Arber, in his Story of the Pilgrim Fathers, states that these Adventurers who were about seventy in number were from different walks in life, “not a Corporation; but knit together by a voluntary combination, in a Society, without constraint or penalty; aiming to do good, and to plant Religion.

William Collier appears on the 1626 list of adventurers in Bradford’s Letter Book . Bradford records that Mr. Allerton [Isaac ALLERTON] “in the first two or three years of his employment, he had cleared up £400 and put it into a brew-house of Mr. Collier’s in London, at first under Mr. Sherley’s name…”.

The number of investors was initially about fifty, but began to drop substantially as various internal disputes arose.  From a letter written in 1626, we learn the names of the remaining Merchant Adventurers:

John White Samuel Sharp Thomas Hudson
John Pocock Robert Holland Thomas Andrews
Robert Kean James Shirley Thomas Ward
Edward Bass Thomas Mott Fria. Newbald
William Hobson
[William COLLIER’s
mother-in-law was
Elizabeth HOBSON.]
Thomas Fletcher Thomas Heath
William Penington Timothy Hatherley Joseph Tilden
William Quarles Thomas Brewer William Penrin
Daniel Poynton John Thorned Eliza Knight
Richard Andrews Myles Knowles Thomas Coventry
Newman Rookes William COLLIER Robert Allden
Henry Browning John Revell Laurence Anthony
Richard Wright Peter Gudburn John Knight
John Ling Emmanuel Altham Matthew Thornhill
Thomas Goffe John Beauchamp
[son-in-law of
Edmund FREEMAN Sr.]
Thomas Millsop

For the first 7 years, everything remained in the “common stock,” owned by all the shareholders. The common stock would furnish the Pilgrims with food, clothing and tools. At the end of the 7 years, the shareholders (Pilgrims and merchant adventurers alike) would divide equally the capital and profits (lands, houses and goods).

In the meantime, the Pilgrims planned to engage in businesses such as lumbering and fishing, sending wood and fish to England to be sold.

In actuality, however, instead of sending back goods, the Pilgrims had to ask the merchant adventurers for even more money, again and again and again. The Pilgrims’ debt became very large very quickly. The merchant adventurers were NOT happy and the Pilgrims agreed to buy them out.

The year 1626 marked a change in the manner of negotiations between the Adventurers and the Planters. In November of that year a “Composition” was signed by forty-two Adventurers, William Collier among them, agreeing to recover from the Planters £200 a year for nine years. These names are preserved in Gov. Bradford’s letter-book heretofore mentioned. Shirley, writing from Bristol, Eng., 19 March 1629/30, says of William Collier,

“For Mr. Collier verily I could have wished it would have sorted his other affairs, to have been one of us, but he could not spare money, and we thought it not reasonable to take in any partner, unless he were willing and able to spare money, and to lay down his portion of the stock; however, account of him as a sure friend, both ready and willing to do you all the offices of a firm friend.”

In 1631, James Shirley, in a letter, mentions putting a certain sum into the brew-house of William Collier in London.

So beginning in 1628, the Pilgrims were to pay the merchants £200 a year until they had paid £1800.

By that time, with the extra money invested in the struggling little colony, the debt may have been as high as £7000. The merchants decided, however, that they would rather be sure of having some of their investment returned, instead of running the risk of losing it all.   After much financial problems, the flailing company reorganized in 1628, with James Shirley, Richard Andrews, John Beauchamp, and Timothy Hatherley, and a large group of Plymouth colonists buying out the remaining shareholders.

Although the money to be repaid was not nearly as much as they had borrowed, it was still a large amount of money for the Pilgrims. One of the ways they found to make the money they needed to repay their debt was through the fur trade, particularly the trade in beaver fur.

And where were the best furs to be found? In Maine, where Native Americans had been hunting beaver for generations. By 1625, the Pilgrims had established a fur-trading business in Maine with a permanent trading base on the Kennebec. They then extended operations farther north, moving into the Penobscot area, territory already claimed by the French. When the Pilgrims received their official boundaries as determined by the Warwick/Bradford Patent of 1629, a significant grant of land in Maine was included. This was as much “Plymouth Colony” as the town of Plymouth itself!

William in America

Evidence as to the time that William Collier arrived in the Plymouth Colony is furnished by three letters from England in 1633, — one from Emmanuel Downing [son of our ancestor George DOWNING] and another from Francis Kirby, dated 18 June, and the third from James Shirley, 24 June of that year.

The letter written by Emmanuel Downing is “To his very loving cozen Mr. John Winthrop at the Mattachusetts in New England,” and subscribed “Your very lovinge Uncle Em: Downinge.” He sent love to Mr. Collier among others.

Francis Kirby, in his letter to his friend John Winthrop, Jr., writes, “I hope you have received the goods I shipped in the Mary & John per Mr. Collier, wherin I sent all the things you wrote for but sope ashes & old musket barreles, which were not to be had;”

Shirley, too, stated, 24 June 1633, that his last letter was “sente in ye Mary & John by Mr William Collier,” etc.

After the partnership between the Pilgrims and the Adventurers was terminated, he came to Plymouth. He immediately took a prominant position in the Plymouth Colony and was Magistrate and assistant Governor of Plymouth Colony for 28 years. He was a businessman and assisted in the settlement of accounts with the Merchant Adventurers and handled the business of the colony. He was commissioner at the first meeting of United Colonies in 1643 and served on the Council of War.

He was among the first purchasers of land in Duxbury, Mass. and was the first settler in Duxbury. He was the wealthiest man in the colony, as he paid the highest taxes.” He settled in the southeastern part, near Standish and Brewster. He also had land west of North hill (granted 1635), and a tract called Billingsgate.

William Collier Timeline

1 Jan 1633/34 – Admitted freeman Plymouth

25 Mar 1633 – “Mr. Collier’s men” assessed 18s. in Plymouth tax list

27 Mar 1634 – “Mr. Will[iam] Collier” assessed £2 5s. The list numbered eighty persons. Of these William Collier and Edward Winslow had the same rate, the highest. The rates of the other seventy-eight were all under £2.

1 Jul 1633 – In allocation of mowing ground on reference is made to ground “that Mr. Collier hath”

1 Oct 1634 Committee to assess colony taxes, Wiilliam Collier was appointed with others on a committee to treat with the partners about trade, and, with Capt. Miles Standish, Jonathan Brewster, Wiilliam Palmer and Stephen Tracey for Duxbury side to lay out highways.

1635-37, 1639-51, 1654-65 – Plymouth Colony Assistant, In less than a year after Collier arrived in Plymouth Colony he was chosen Assistant to Gov. Bradford, From that time until 1665 He was appointed to that position of trust, with the exception of three years, 1638, 1652 and 1653, serving twenty – eight years in all.

5 Jul 1635 – Mr. William Collier was granted a parcel of land in the woods called North Hill, with some “tussicke march ground” The bounds to this land were set by John Alden, Christopher Wadsworth and William BASSETT as late as Feb. 1638/9.

2 Mar 1635/36 – Committee to lay out highways, for “Duxbery side,”. Committee to view farm land,

7 Mar 1636/37 – In list of freemen

6 Aug 1637 – William Morris, of Royston, in the county of Hertford, butcher, having been indentured 4 Apr 1637 to William Collier, gentleman, for five years, was, by the consent of Mr. Collier, assigned to “dwell and abide as a servant with Love Brewster, of Ducksborrow, yeom,” for the residue of the five years of service due to Mr. Collier. Love Brewster had become the son-in-law of Collier by marriage to his daughter Sarah, 15 May 1634.

6 Mar 1637/38 – Committee to set bounds for Scituate, The Governor, Mr. Prence, Mr. Collier, Mr. Alden, Mr. Browne and Mr. John Rowland were appointed, “to view that porcon of ground on the north side the Sowth River, and if they finde it more beneficiall for farmes to Scituate then to these pts, then to allot them; if not, to reserue it.”

1639 – In Plymouth section of list of 1639 (where his name is crossed out and reentered in the Duxbury section) In Duxbury section of lists of 1658 and 29 May 1670 (where his name is crossed out and marked “deceased”

4 Feb 1638/39 – Committee to view North Hill and set bounds,

5 Mar 1638/9 – The Court ordered Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. William Collyer “to take a view of the heigh wayes towards Greenes Harbor and Scituate from Plymouth, and to cause them to be amended that are in decay, or to alter them to more conveniency and either of them to call one or two w’ them to do yt.”

7 Nov 1639 – William Collier subscribed to the agreement between the inhabitants of “Duxborrow” and George Pollard “late inhabitant of the town of Stokeclere, yeoman” and William Hiller of New Plymouth, carpenter”

1640 – Collier was called upon with others to view and lay out lots at Green Harbor or north of the South River. Among those to receive lands were William BASSETT, William Wetherell, the Southworth brothers, Thomas PRENCE and Daniel Cole. The name of Rexhame was given to the Green’s Harbor lands by 1641, but in 1642 that locality became known as Marshfield. The southeastern part of Marshfield retains the name of Green Harbor, the portion of the town, probably, to be first developed.

1641 – The relations between James Shirley and others in England with the partners in Plymouth had become trying. To the end of coming to an agreement, Shirley wrote a letter to Mr. John Atwood and Mr. William Collier, two of his special acquaintances, in 1641, —

“Sir,  My love remembered, &c. I have writte so much concerning ye ending of accounts betweexte us, as I profess I know not what more to write, &c. If you desire an end, as you seemeth to doe, there is (as I conceive) but 2. waise, that is to parfecte all accounts, from ye first to ye last, &c. Now if we find this difficulte, and tedious, haveing not been so stricte & carefull as we should and oughte to have done, as for my owne parte I doe confess I have been somewhat to remisse, and doe verily thinke so are you, &c. I fear you can never make a perfecte accounte of all your pety viages, out, & home too & againe, &c.

So then ye second way must be, by biding or compounding; and this way, first or last, we must fall upon, &c. If we must warr at law for it, doe not you expecte from me, nether will I from you, but to cleave ye heare, and then I dare say ye lawyers will be most gainers, &c.

Thus let us set to ye worke, one way or other, and end, that I may not allways suffer in my name & estate. And you are not free; nay, ye gospell suffers by your delaying, and causeth ye professors of it to be hardly spoken of, that you, being many, & now able, should combine &: joyne togeather to oppress & burden me, &:c. Fear not to make a faire & reasonable offer; beleeve me, I will never take any advantage to plead it against you, or to wrong you; or else let Mr. Winslow come over, and let him have such full power & authority as we mav ende by compounding; or else, ye accounts so well and fully made up, as we may end by reconing.

Now, blesed be God, ye times be much changed here, I hope to see many of you returne to your native countrie againe, and have such freedom & libertie as ye word of God prescribs. Our bishops were never so near a downfall as now; God hath miraculously confounded them, and turned all their popish & Machavillian plots &c projects on their owne heads, &c. Thus you see what is fitt to be done concerning our perticulere greevances. I pray you take it seriously into consideration; let each give way a little that we may meete, &c. Be you and all yours kindly saluted, &c. So I ever rest,

Your loving friend,
(Signed) James Shirley
Clapham, May 18, 1641

On the 15th of the following October articles of agreement were made between the partners, James Shirley, John Beacham and Richard Andrews, of London, merchants, and William Bradford, Edward Winslow, Thomas Prence, Myles Standish, William Brewster, John Alden & John Rowland, with Isaac Allerton in a trade of beaver skins and other furs of New England. Differences had arisen about the charge of two ships, “The White Angele, of Bristow,” and “The Frindship, of Barnstable.” John Atwood, with the advice and consent of William Collier, for and in behalf of James Shirley, and with William Bradford, agreed that Shirley should give release and William Bradford and others be bound for the payment of £1200 in satisfaction of all demands. The following year this “long and tedious bussiness came to some issue though not to a finall ende with all ye parties.”

1643 – Plymouth Commissioner to United Colonies,

1643 – Edward Winslow called “Mr. Collier” “my partner” in a letter to John Winthrop. Winslow also reported that “Mr. Collier [was]… absent to our grief” at the vote over liberty of conscience in Plymouth Colony in 1645.

7 Mar 1642/43, 10 Jun 1650 – Committee to treat with Massachusetts Bay, The Court afterwards considered it proper to make further preparations for defence; and a committee, consisting of Mr. Collier, Mr. Winslow, Mr. Hatherly, and Capt. Standish, were sent to Massachusetts Bay to conclude on a junction with them in their present state of affairs ; and of this number Winslow and Collier were afterwards authorized to subscribe the articles of Confederation. This union was fully consummated and concluded, and the articles signed at Boston, May 19, 1643, Connecticut and New Hampshire being also included in the compact; and this era of the Confederate union of the Colonies, may be properly looked upon as the grand epoch, when the germ of the present American Republic first appeared in embryo.

Aug 1643 – Commissioners, Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. William Collyer were ordered to procure a standard bushel and half-bushel measure, according to the Massachusetts Bay standard, that the measures be uniform. At the same August Court two each from Plymouth, Duxbury and Marshfield were appointed to revise the laws of the Plymouth Colony, “that such as are necessary may be established, such as are vnnecessary may be repealed, and such as are defective may be altered, and such as are wanting may be pared, and penalties to be fixed to eich law as far as may be; that upon the approbacon of them by the Court they may be confirmed at the Genall Court.”

27 Sep 1642, 10 Oct 1643, 1 June 1658 – Council of War – In 1643 constituted a council of war: the Governor, Mr. Winslow, Mr. Prence, Mr. Collier, Mr. Hatherly, Mr. John Brown, Mr. Wiihani Thomas, Mr. Edmund Freeman, Mr. William Vassel, Capt. Staudish, Mr. Thomas Dimmack, Mr. Anthony Thacher. A sale of moose skins was then ordered to furnish means for procuring powder and lead ; and then they passed the following order : ” The first Tewsday in July the ma^f^’s meete and eich Towne are to send such men as they shall think fit to joyne with them in consult about a course to saveguard ourselves from surprisall by an enemie.”

2 Jun 1646 – Coroner,

7 July 1646 – Committee to draw up the excise

1 June 1647 – The certificate of election of William Bradford and John Browne as Commissioners from Plymouth Colony was signed by William Collier, along with Myles Standish and William Thomas.

20 Dec 1648 – John Balden bound himself to “Mr. William Colliar of Duxburrow” for a term of five years, in return for which Collier was to give him “meat, drink and clothing, lodging and washing, and at the end of four years’ service … a heifer of two years old”

June 1649 – Committee for the letting of trade

6 Mar 1649/50 – William “Colliar” made over his right to a ten acre parcel of upland in “Duxborrow” to “my kinsman William Clark”

5 June 1651 – The court of agreed that payment should be raised for Mr. “Collyar” for his service as magistrate. They were still going about raising this money 29 June 1652.

3 July 1656 – Auditor

3 June 1657 – Committee to review the laws

7 June 1659 – At court, “In regard that Mr. Collyare, by reason of age and much business on him, cannot attend the country’s business at courts but with great difficulties, the Court have appointed the Treasurer to procure him a servant, and do allow him for that purpose the sum of £10”

6 Dec 1659 – At court “Josepth Prior” was summoned to answer the charge of Mr. William “Collyares” that Prior was guilty of “pilfering and purloining practices, and other unworthy carriages relating thereunto, viz. in alluring a young maid, a kinswoman to Mr. William Collyares, to help him … to sundry things pertaining to the said Mr. Collyare, without knowledge of or leave from Mr. Collyare or Mis[tress] Jane Collyare, his wife” . Mr. Collier was called to the next court to prosecute the case.

6 Dec 1659 – Upon the Court records appears the following:; — “Mr” Willam Collyare oweth the state of England the sume of £20″ Goodwin designated him as “the richest man in the Colony.”

1660 – Mr. Collier was licensed to sell “strong water” to his neighbors in Duxbury; and it can be justly considered that one, who is well known to have been one of the wealthiest among them, would not have selected this as a means of gain, but rather at the instance of the magistrates, who well knew him to be a sober and discreet man, and one who would not be likely to sufffer any transgression of their laws.”

3 Oct 1662 – “Mr. Collyare” complained that the records of his grant at the North Hill were lost and could not be found, and the court ordered that the land be viewed and the report of it be recorded

2 July 1667 – The court agreed to a grant of thirty or forty acres of land for Mr. William Collyare’s grandchild, “that grand child who is now servicable unto him”

2 Mar 1668/69 – The court granted him fifty acres in the tract of land at Namassakett

5 Jul 1671 – The court appointed Gov. Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr. Thomas Clarke, and “Benjamine Barlett,” or any three of them to administer the estate of “Mr. William Collyare,” deceased

29 Oct 1671 – The court ordered that “Daniell Cole” was to have all such particulars out of the estate of “William Collyare” that are extant

He was one of the fifty-eight Purchasers [PCR 2:177].


1. Mary COLLIER (See Gov. Thomas PRENCE‘s page)

3. Rebecca Collier

Rebecca’s husband Job Cole was born 1605 in St Olave Southwark, Surrey, England. His parents were James Cole (1584 – 1630) and Mary Deleble (1584 – 1605). Job died 5 Jun 1672 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

The will of Zaccheus Cole of St Olave, Southwark, citizen and grocer of London, named mother Frances, brothers Nathaniel, John and Daniel Cole, and appointed brother Job Cole executor. The location of Zaccheus Cole in the same parish as William Collier, Job Cole’s future father-in-law, makes it likely that this is the correct family.

Will of John Cole, proved at Plymouth 7 Jan 1637/38, names brother Job Cole, sister Rebecca [possibly Job’s wife, Rebecca Collier], Elizabeth Collier, and “my brother Daniel” and and left legacies to “each of Master Collyer’s men,” Edward, Joseph, Arthur, Ralph and John. Partly on the basis of this document Stratton suggests that Job Cole may have been one of “Mr. Collier’s men” who appear in the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633. If this is the case, then Job Cole was probably included in the household of William Collier in the tax list of 27 March 1634, less than two months before Cole married Collier’s daughter.)

Job Cole, apprentice in New England of William Collier and then his son-in-law, was likely the brother of Zaccheus Cole. This connection and others are discussed in TAG 42:119-21.

Job Cole Timeline

28 Oct 1633 – The estate of Richard Lanckford owed Job Cole 3s. 9d.

18 Feb 1634/35 – Job Cole owed the estate of Thomas Evans an unspecified amount

4 Jun 1638 – Granted “a parcel of land on Duxborrow side, when they are viewed,”

2 Jul 1638 – Granted forty acres upland, with some meadow, at Green’s Harbor

6 May 1639 – The service of Thomas Gray was transferred from John Atwood to Job Cole

3 Mar 1639/40 – Admitted Freeman in Plymouth

1639 list of Plymouth freemen – Job Cole is entered first in the Duxbury section, then is crossed off and added to the Yarmouth section of the same list He is then found in the Eastham section of the lists of Plymouth freemen of 1658, 29 May 1670 and 1683/84

2 Mar 1640/41 – Duxbury constable (replaced during the year)

6 Jun 1643 – Plymouth grand jury

1643 – In Yarmouth section of Plymouth list of men able to bear arms

5 Jun 1644 – Deputy for Yarmouth to Plymouth General Court (apparently replaced during the year),

7 Jun 1648 – “Naussit” [Eastham] constable

2 Oct 1650 – “Jobe Cole of … Nawsett” sold to Thomas Chillingsworth of Marshfield, shoemaker, land at Marshfield, being about forty acres of upland and six acres of meadow.

13 Aug 1651 – “Job Cole of Eastham” sold to Christopher Wadsworth of Duxborough “a house and land lying against a place called Morton’s hole with meadow and fencing.” Rebecca acknowledged this deed

6 Jun 1654 – Eastham surveyor of highways

8 Jan 1680[/1?] Samuel Cole of Eastham sold to Samuel Smith of Eastham “all that my parcel of meadow or marsh ground lying and being in the township of Eastham … which was granted unto my father Job Cole by the town”

5 Apr 1710 – The Barnstable judge of probate ordered that “whereas it appears to me that there is some land & meadow laid out lying at Little Billinsgate in Eastham to the name or heirs of Job Cole late of said Eastham now deceased & not yet settled or legally disposed of and it appearing to me that Rebecca Nickerson widow daughter of said deceased hath not had anything material of her deceased father’s estate and was at some charge in supporting of her mother after the decease of her father the said land and meadow is therefore settled upon and ordered unto the said Rebecca Nickerson”

4. Sarah Collier

Sarah’s first husband Love Brewster was born 1611 in Leyden, Holland. His parents were Elder William BREWSTER and Mary WENTWORTH. Love died 31 Jan 1650 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

Sarah’s second husband Richard Parker was born 8 Aug 1609 in London, Middlesex, England. His parents were William Parke and Mary Manning. He first married 1628 in St Butolphs, Middlesex, England to Margery Crane (b. 1595 in London – d. 31 Mar 1656 in Cambridge, Mass.) Richard died 12 Jul 1664 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass.

At about 9 yrs. old Love Brewster came to Plymouth, MA from England aboard “The Mayflower“. He  became a freeman and was a volunteer to fight in the Pequot War of 1637, but at that time, volunteers from his county were not needed. He raised his family in Duxbury, Mass, volunteered for the milita under Captain Myles Standish and lived out his life in that town. His wife Sara survived him for about 30 more years. Together they had 4 children.

Love’s servant Thomas Granger,  (1625? – September 8, 1642) was the first person hanged in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (the first hanged in any of the colonies of New England being John Billington) [Our family relationship  to Billington isn’t especially close, he was Richard MARTIN’s  daughter-in-law’s grandfather, but the first Englishman to be convicted of murder in what would become the United States is a noteworthy black sheep.]

Granger the first known juvenile to be sentenced to death and executed in the territory of today’s United States.   Graunger, at the age of 16 or 17, was convicted of “buggery with a mare, a cowe, two goats, divers sheepe, two calves, and a turkey”, according to court records of 7 September 1642

Graunger confessed to his crimes in court privately to local magistrates, and upon indictment, publicly to ministers and the jury, being sentenced to “death by hanging until he was dead”. He was hanged on September 8, 1642. Before Graunger’s execution, following the laws set down in Leviticus 20:15 (“And if a man shall lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast”), the animals involved were slaughtered before his face and thrown into a large pit dug for their disposal, no use being made of any part of them  .An account of Graunger’s acts is recorded in Gov. William Bradford‘s diary Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647.

Will of Love Brewster, Oct. 6, 1650:

“The last will and Testament of Love Brewster Deseassed exhibited at the general Court holden at New Plym: the 4th of March 1650 upon th e oath of Captaine Miles Standish

Witnesseth these psents that I Love Brewster of Duxburrow in New England and in the goverment of New Plym: being in pfect memory doe ordeaine & appoint this to bee my last will and Testamente And first my will is that if the lord shall please to take mee out of this life that my body bee buried in a decent mannor and that my funerall expences bee taken out of my whole estate; Next my will is; That all my Just and lawfull debts bee paied out of the Remainder of my said estate allso I give unto my Children that is to say Nathaniell, William, Wrasteling and Sara each of them a kettle and further my will is that my three sonns shall have each of them a peece that is to say a gun; allso I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Sara Brewster all the Residue of my whole estate both goods and Chattles and land at Duxburrow for her bringing up of her and my Children the time of her life and after her decease I doe give the aforsaid lands to my eldest sonn and heire apparent Nathaniell Brewster and in Case god should take him away out of this life without Issew I give and bequeath the said lands to Duxburrow to my second sonn William Brewster and in like case to my youngest sonn Wresteling Brewster; And for those books I have that my wife would destribute them to herselfe and Children at her discresion allso my will is and I doe by the same give unto my three sonns equally to be devided amongst them all such land as of Right due to mee by Purchase and first coming into the land Which was in the yeare 1620 allso I doe make Constitute and appoint my beloved wife Sara Brewster sole executrix of this my last will and Testament in Witnes Whereof I have put to my hand and Seale this sixt of october 1650

Winess heerunto
Love Brewster
Myles Standish”.

6. Elizabeth Collier

Elizabeth’s husband Constant Southworth was born 1615 in Leyden, Sholland, Netherlands. His parents were Edward Southworth and Alice  Carpenter .  His paternal grandparents were Sir Thomas Southworth and Rosamond Lister.  His maternal grandparents were our ancestors Alexander CARPENTER and Priscilla DILLEN.  Constant died 10 Mar 1679 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass.

Constant Southworth Pedigree

Constant, born in Leyden and was about fourteen years old when he came over in 1628 with his brother Thomas. Settled at Duxbury, was a volunteer in Pequot war, 1637. Had five daughters and three son. He was for seventeen years deputy from Duxbury and for sixteen years was the Colony’s treasurer. Was commissary in King Philip’s war although then sixty-one year old.

Constant’s Public Service

2 Jan 1637/8 – Freeman. In Duxbury section of Plymouth Colony lists of freemen of 1639, 1658 and 29 May 1670

7 Jun 1659 thru 3 Jun 1668 – Colony treasure.

7 Jun 1670 thru 5 Jun 1678 – Assistant Plymouth

3 Jun 1652, 6 Apr 1653, 7 Jun 1653, 6 Jun 1654, 8 Jun 1655, 3 Jun 1656, 1 Jun 1658, 7 Jun 1659, 6 Jun 1660, 2 Oct 1660, 4 Jun 1661, 3 Jun 1662, 1 Jun 1663, 8 Jun 1664, 7 Jun 1665, 5 Jun 1666, 5 Jun 1667, 3 Jun 1668 – Deputy (from Duxbury)

7 Mar 1653/54, 3 Oct 1659 Deputy (from Plymouth)

2 Mar 1640/41, 1 Jun 1641, 5 Jun 1644 – Duxbury constable,

1643 – In Duxbury section of Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms

5 Jun 1644 – Grand jury,

4 Jun 1645, 3 Jun 1656, 6 Oct 1659, 1 May 1660, 13 Jun 1660, 2 Oct 1660, 5 Feb  1660/1, 1 Jun 1663 – Committee to divide lands and settle ways

7 Jul 1646 – Ensign

1 Jun 1647, 8 Jun 1649, 4 Jun 1650, 5 Jun 1651 – Committee member

Jun 1649 – Committee to treat the letting of the trade

6 Jun 1654 – Committee to supply towns and soldiers

7 Aug 1655 – Committee to organize the mending of: Joanses River bridge

5 Mar 1655/56 – Committee to consider the trade at Kennebeck

1 Jun 1658 – Committee to oversee the building of a house of correction

1 Jun 1658, 2 Apr 1667, 2 Jul 1667 – Council of war

1 Mar 1658/59 – Committee to negotiate the ownership of Hogg Island with Rhode Island

6 Oct 1659 – Committee to settle the bounds of Taunton

10 Jun 1662 – Duxbury invoicer of liquors, powder, shot and lead

1 Jun 1663 – Committee to settle the bounds of Sandwich and Plymouth

27 Jul 1664 – Committee to organize the mending of Barstowes Bridge

3 Oct 1665 – Committee to oversee the purchase of lands from Indians

1 May 1666 – Committee to organize the mending of Penquine Hole.

5 Jun 1678 – Committee to revise laws

Constant’s Estate

6 Oct 1636 – Land was granted to Mr. William Bradford “for Constant & Thomas Southward, the land now in occupation of George Sowle”

6 Apr 1640 – “Constant Southwood and Thomas Southwood, his brother … [were] granted fifty acres apiece of upland … at the North River, with proportionable meadow ground”

10 Nov 1646 – William Hillier of Duxbury, carpenter, sold to Constant Southworth of Duxbury, planter, his right in “the mill at Duxbury standing upon Stonie River being in partnership between him and Georg[e] Pollerd late of Duxbury,” being a half share

2 Feb 1646/47 – Constant Southworth sold to William Bradford of Plymouth “all his lands & meadows lying at the Island Creek”

26 Feb 1648 – “Constant Sowthworth of Duxbery and Thomas Sowthworth of Plymouth his brother” sold to Francis Godfrey of Duxbury, carpenter, one hundred acres of land at the North River

7 Jun 1665 – “A competency” of land was granted to four men, including “Mr. Constant Southworth” at Namasskett

In his will, dated 20 Feb 1678/79 and proved 7 June 1679, Constant Southworth Esq. of Duxbury bequeathed to

“my dear and loving wife Elizabeth Southworth for and during the term of her natural life my dwelling house with the outhousing and mill belonging unto it and all my uplands and meadows” in Duxbury or Marshfield, along with £50 and some furniture;

to “my son Edward Southworth after the decease of my aforesaid wife Elizabeth my aforesaid dwelling house with the outhousing and mill belonging to it and all my upland and meadows” in Duxbury and Marshfield, along with £12;

to “my son Nathaniell Southworth the one half of my share of lands that lyeth near Taunton called by the name of the freemen’s lands”;

to “my three daughters Marcye Freeman, Allice Church and Mary Alden my other one-half of the freemen’s land”;

to “my daughter Elizabeth Southworth” moveables “provided that she do not marry Willam Vobbes,” otherwise to have 5s.; to “my daughter Presilla Soutworth” moveables;

to “my son Willam Southworth” moveables; to “my grandson Constant Freeman all those my lands and meadows that I have at a place commonly called Pawomett” in Eastham;

to “my sons Edward and Nathaniell and daughters Elizabeth and Presilla equally all my part of the profits that shall or may arise by the fishing at the Cape”;

wife Elizabeth to be sole executrix and residuary legatee, to be assisted by sons Edward and Nathaniel.

The inventory of Constant Southworth, taken 15 Mar 1678/79, was totalled, but the arithmetic is incomprehensible and impossible. A list of real estate, without valuation, was appended: “about twenty-five acres of land in the town of Duxburrow whereon standeth his dwelling house and barn and one grist mill”; “a parcel of land at the North Field the quantity we know not”; “several parcels of meadow lying in the towns of Duxburrow and Marshfield about 12 acres’; “one share of land in a place commonly called the freemen’s land near Taunton”; and a “parcel of land and meadow at a place commonly called Paomett in the town of Eastham” .


A historical sketch of William Collier (1925)

History of the town of Duxbury, Massachusetts : with genealogical registers”

Posted in 13th Generation, First Comer, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Tavern Keeper | Tagged | 7 Comments

First Comers

Under the original agreement with the “merchant adventurers”, those who came and worked as partners in the Plymouth venture would all benefit from the 1627 Division of the colony assets. While we tend to give the Mayflower passengers special consideration as “The Pilgrims” (a term they did not use to denote themselves that came into use at the end of the 18th century), the Plymouth colonists classified all those who arrived on the first four ships alike, and referred to them as the “Old Comers” or “First Comers” (which also included a few stragglers such as Phineas Pratt)

Our ancestors are indicated by  First LAST  such as  Elder William BREWSTER,

Elder William Brewster on US Capital Dome – The painting of William Brewster is part of a thematic representation in the President’s room of the Senate Wing, signifying Religion. The other themes are: Discovery (Christopher Columbus); History (Benjamin Franklin); and Exploration (Americus Vespucius).

The Speedwell

The Speedwell had a colorful history. Originally named Swiftsure, she was built in 1577 and took part in the English defeat of the Spanish Armada. She was renamed Speedwell in 1605. At sixty tons she was only a third the size of Mayflower.

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims’ ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. — Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

The Congregation and the other colonists finally boarded the Speedwell in July 1620 in the Dutch port of Delfshaven. The Mayflower arrived in Southampton, England, to rendezvous with the Speedwell and to pick up supplies and additional passengers. Among the passengers to join the group in Southampton were many Pilgrims including Elder William BREWSTER, who had been in hiding for the better part of a year, and a group of passengers known to the Leiden congregation as “The Strangers”.

This group was largely made up of passengers recruited by the Merchant Adventurers to provide governance for the colony and additional hands to work for the colony’s ventures. Among the Strangers were Myles Standish, who would be the colony’s military leader, Christopher Martin, who had been designated by the Merchant Adventurers to act as Governor for the duration of the trans-Atlantic trip, and Stephen HOPKINS (wiki), a veteran of a failed colonial venture that may have been the inspiration for Shakespeare’s The Tempest.

The departure of the Mayflower and Speedwell for America was beset by delays. Further disagreements with the Merchant Adventurers held up the departure in Southampton. A total of 120 passengers, 90 on the Mayflower and 30 on the Speedwell, finally departed on August 15.   Leaving Southampton, the Speedwell experienced significant leakage, which required the ships to immediately put in at Dartmouth. After repairs were completed and a further delay ensued awaiting favorable winds, the two ships made it only two hundred miles beyond Land’s End before another major leak in the Speedwell forced the expedition to return again to England, this time to the port of Plymouth.

The Speedwell was determined to be unseaworthy; some passengers abandoned their attempt to emigrate, while others joined the Mayflower, crowding the already heavily burdened ship. Later, it was speculated that the master of the Speedwell had intentionally sabotaged his ship to avoid having to make the treacherous trans-Atlantic voyage.

William RING, Mary RING and Thomas BLOSSOM were  among the passengers who could not fit aboard the Mayflower when the Speedwell was deemed unseaworthy.

At Dartmouth, on August 17th, after leaks forced the ship into port, one of the separatist leaders,  agent Robert CUSHMAN wrote that “Poor William RING and myself do strive who shall be meat first for the fishes, but we look for a glorious resurection.” When the “Mayflower” set out alone on September 6th, neither William nor Mary were aboard.

William RING returned to Leiden and died there sometime between 1620 and 1629. Mary RING and were children including Susannah arrived in Plymouth in 1629 or 1630 most probably on the second Mayflower, which also brought Thomas BLOSSOM and his family,  sailing from Gravesend in March, and landed at Salem Mass on 15 May 1629.

The Mayflower

Mayflower Replica

The Mayflower, carrying 102 settlers, left Plymouth on September 6, 1620, without the Speedwell, and sailed for the New World with a land patent allowing them to settle specifically at the mouth of the Hudson River. The voyage took almost two months as it was drawn out by strong westerly winds and by the Gulf Stream. Turbulent seas and storms added to this delay.

John Howland was pitched overboard. Painting by Mike Haywood

In one such episode, John HOWLAND was thrown overboard, but managed to grab a topsail halyard that was trailing in the water and was hauled back aboard safely. Land was sighted on November 9 off the coast of Cape Cod. The Mayflower made an attempt to sail south to the designated landing site at the mouth of the Hudson but ran into trouble in the region of Pollack Rip, a shallow area of shoals between Cape Cod and Nantucket Island. With winter approaching and provisions running dangerously low, the passengers decided to return north and abandon their original landing plans.

The location in Cape Cod Bay settled by the Plymouth Colony was outside the territory of the London Company, which had granted its patent. The northern coastal territory had been granted to the Plymouth Company, but this patent fell into disuse after the failure of the Popham Colony. It was reorganized under a sea-to-sea charter under the Plymouth Council for New England. The actual Plymouth Colony would obtain land patents from the Plymouth Council in 1621 and in 1630, but it was governed independently from the Council under the Mayflower Compact.

MayflowerPassenger List

The Pilgrims — Leyden congregation and families The Strangers — Planters recruited by London merchants and Hired men
* Mary NORRIS ALLERTON, wife (Newbury, Berkshire) died 25 Feb 1621, reportedly in childbirth, baby was stillborn.
Bartholomew, 7, son (Leiden)
Remember, 5, daughter (Leiden)
Mary ALLERTON CUSHMAN, 3, daughter (Leiden), the last survivor of the Mayflower company
* John Hooke, (probably Norwich, Norfolk) age 13, apprenticed to Isaac Allerton
William Bradford, (Austerfield, Yorkshire) (later married Alice Carpenter Southworth – daughter of Alexander CARPENTER)
* Dorothy (May) Bradford, wife (Wisbech, Cambridgeshire) Fell the side of the Mayflower and drowned.

Dorothy Bradford comes to America By Annie Bissett

Many historians, suggest that Dorothy may have committed suicide due to despair over her separation from her only son John and fear of settling in a dangerous wilderness.  John Bradford Jr. later immigrated and married Martha Bourne, daughter of  Thomas BOURNE
Elder William BREWSTER , (Doncaster, Yorkshire)
Love/Truelove , 9, son (Leiden)
Jonathan, 7-8, (Scrooby, Nottinghamshire)
Wrestling , 6, son (Leiden)
Fear, daughter m. Isaac ALLERTON. as his second wife
Richard More, (Shipton, Shropshire), brother to Jasper and Mary More, age 6, indentured to William Brewster
* Mary More, (Shipton, Shropshire), sister to Jasper and Richard More, age 4, indentured to William Brewster, died during the first winter
* John Carver (Son of James CARVER) Died of sun stroke in April 1621
* Catherine (Leggett) (White) Carver, wife (Sturton-le-Steeple, Nottinghamshire) Died in May or June 1621
Dorothy [__?__], teenager, maidservant of John Carver.
John HOWLAND (Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire), age about 21, manservant for Governor John Carver
William Latham, age 11, servant/apprentice to the John Carver family
* Jasper More, (Shipton, Shropshire), brother to Richard and Mary More, age 7, indentured to John Carver, died in 1620 while the ship was still anchored at Cape Cod harbor
* Roger Wilder, age under 21, servant in the John Carver family
* James Chilton (Canterbury)
* Mrs. Susanna Chilton, wife
Mary , 13, daughter (Sandwich, Kent)
Francis COOKE
John , 13, son (Leiden, Netherlands)
* John Crackstone Sr., (Stratford St. Mary, Suffolk)
John Crackstone, son
Louise Crutcher, , wife
Jack Crutcher, son
* Moses Fletcher, (probably Canterbury, Kent)
* Edward Fuller, (Redenhall, Norfolk)
* Agnes Carpenter Fuller, wife (daughter of Alexander CARPENTER)
Samuel , 12, son
Samuel Fuller, (Redenhall, Norfolk), (brother to Edward)
* William Butten, age: “a youth”, servant of Samuel Fuller, only person who died during the voyage
* John Goodman
Desire Minter, (Norwich, Norfolk)
* Degory Priest
* Thomas Rogers, (Watford, Northamptonshire)
Joseph, 17, son
* Edward Tilley, (Henlow, Bedfordshire)
* Ann (Cooper) Tilley (Henlow, Bedfordshire) wife of Edward and aunt of Humilty Cooper and Henry Samson
Henry Samson, 16, (Henlow, Bedfordshire) child in company of his  aunt
Humility Cooper, 1, (probably Leiden,) baby daughter of Robert Cooper, in company of her aunt
* John TILLEY  (Henlow, Bedfordshire)
* Joan (HURST) (ROGERS) TILLEY, wife (Henlow)
Elizabeth TILLEY, 13, daughter (Henlow, Bedfordshire) Her parents had died the first winter and she had become the foster daughter of Governor Carver and his wife who were childless.  She married John HOWLAND
* Thomas Tinker
* Mrs. Thomas Tinker, wife
* boy Tinker, son,
* John Turner
* boy Turner, son,
* boy Turner, younger son.
* William White
Susanna White , wife widowed February 21, 1621, subsequently married Edward Winslow – first Plymouth wedding
Resolved White, 5, son, wife was Judith Vassal
Thomas, (Great Yarmouth, Norfolk)
Peregrine White first white child born in in New England. Married Sarah Bassett, daughter of William BASSET.
* William Holbeck, age likely under 21, servant to William White
* Edward Thompson, age under 21, in the care of the William White family, first passenger to die after the Mayflower reached Cape Cod.
Edward Winslow, (Droitwich, Worcestershire)
* Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow, wife
* Ellen More, (Elinor), (Shipton, Shropshire), sister, age 8, indentured to Edward Winslow
George Soule, 21-25, servant or employee of Edward Winslow
* Elias Story, age under 21, in the care of Edward Winslow

John Billington, (Spalding, Lincolnshire) [Our family relationship  to Billington isn’t especially close, he was Richard MARTIN’s  daughter-in-law’s grandfather, but the first Englishman to be convicted of murder in what would become the United States is a noteworthy black sheep.]
Eleanor Billington, wife
John Billington, 16, son
Francis Billington, 14, son
* Richard Britteridge,
Peter Browne, (Dorking, Surrey)
* Richard Clarke,
Francis Eaton, (Bristol, Avon )
* Sarah Eaton, wife
Samuel Eaton, 1
Richard Gardiner, (Harwich, Essex)
Stephen HOPKINS, (Upper Clatford, Hampshire)
Elizabeth (Fisher) Hopkins, wife
John Guild,  (Essex)
Constance HOPKINS, 14, daughter by first marriage (Hursley, Hampshire) She married Nicholas SNOW. Their son Mark married Jane Prence, daughter of Gov. Thomas PRENCE
Giles Hopkins, 12, son by first marriage
Damaris Hopkins, 1-2, daughter married Jacob Cooke, son of Francis COOKE
Oceanus Hopkins, born en route
Edward Doty, (Lincolnshire) age probably about 21, servant to Stephen Hopkins
Edward Leister, (Kensington), aged over 21, servant to Stephen Hopkins
* Edmund Margesson,
* Christoper Martin (Billericay, Essex)
* Mary (Prower) Martin, wife
* John Lancemore, (Shropshire or Worcestershire), age under 21, servant to the Christopher Martin
* William Mullins, (Dorking, Surrey)
* Alice Mullins, wife
Priscilla Mullins, 18, daughter
* Joseph Mullins, 14, son
* Robert Carter, teenager, servant or apprentice to William Mullins, shoemaker.
* Solomon Prower, (Billericay, Essex)
* John Rigsdale,
* Alice Rigsdale, wife
Myles Standish, (Chorley, Lancashire)
Rose Standish, wife
Richard Warren, (Hertford, England)
Gilbert Winslow, (Droitwich, Worcestershire), brother to “Pilgrim” Edward Winslow but not known to have lived in Leiden.
Men hired to stay one year
John Alden, (Harwich, Essex) – considered a ship’s crewman (he was the ship’s cooper) but joined settlers
* John Allerton, was listed as a hired man but was apparently related to  Isaac Allerton.
Richard Ely, hired as seaman,
William Trevore, hired as seaman
George Kerr – Carpenter
The Mayflower likely carried a crew of about 25 or 30. Unfortunately there was no list of the names of the crew members recorded, so only a few names are actually known.
MASTER: Christopher Jones
While the Pilgrims were exploring Cape Cod and Plymouth Harbor, the shallop was caught in a storm and Clark brought them safely ashore at an Island, which is to this day known as Clark’s Island.
MASTER’S MATE: Robert Coppin
At least two dogs are known to have participated in the settling of Plymouth. In Mourt’s Relation Edward Winslow writes that a female mastiff and a small springer spaniel came ashore on the first explorations of what is now Provincetown.

* Died the first winter 1620/21

Other Deaths
Thomas English
Thomas Williams
Alice Closford, October 24

Four of the those listed as family servants were small children, given over by Samuel More of Shropshire into the care of senior Mayflower Pilgrims. This was all due to scandal involving the children’s mother and her husband Samuel’s effort to dispose of the children by sending them away to Virginia as indentured servants. Long ago, Richard More and his siblings were even thought to have even been parentless London street waifs, but in 1959 a 1622 document revealed the whole scandal and the reason behind the children being sent on the Mayflower.

The Mayflower was kept tied up there all through the first winter to provide shelter. Even then, half the pilgrims died during that first winter of exposure and starvation. Once the cold had gone, the Mayflower set sail for England with her holds empty. This did not make the company happy at all and produced the small relief effort on the Fortune.

One Congregation

 Pastor Robinson, who continued to shepherd the flock in Lieden until such time as the Society was able to send over to America others of the congregation.

Two such embarkations took place prior to the death of the pious old preacher in 1625, and the remaining members embarked in subsequent voyages about 1630. The ship “Fortune” in Nov 1621, brought over twenty-five members of the church besides children; and in Aug 1623, the “Ann” and “Little James” carried across sixty more church members in addition to children.

The Pilgrim church in Leyden and its transported membership at New Plymouth in America continued as one body. The branch in the New World never chose a pastor so long as Pastor Robinson was living. During the interim, Elder Brewster presided over the spiritual concerns of the struggling congregation at Cape Cod until 1629.

The Fortune

In Nov 1621, one year after the Pilgrims first set foot in New England, a second ship sent by the Merchant Adventurers arrived. The “Fortune,” a small ship carrying only 35 passengers, left England in July 1621 and didn’t arrive at Plymouth until November 10th of that year.  On arrival they found that half the “Mayflower” passengers had not made it through their first winter in Plymouth.   The Fortune was only 55 tons, compared to 350 tons for the Mayflower, too small to carry anything more than what was needed for the journey.   As the ship had arrived unexpectedly, and also without many supplies, the additional settlers put a strain on the resources of the colony. Among the passengers of the Fortune were several additional people of the original Leiden congregation, including Elder William BREWSTERs son Jonathan and Edward Winslow’s brother John.

Vessels – Fortune – 1. Captain’s Charthouse 2. Quarterdeck 3. Great Cabin 4. Steerage 5. Capstan 6. Main Deck 7. Fo’c’sle 8. The Tiller Flat 9. Beakhead 10. The Tween Decks 11. Anchor Windlass 12. Main Hold

The Fortune also carried a letter from the Merchant Adventurers chastising the colony for failure to return goods with the Mayflower that had been promised in return for their support.

The Fortune began its return to England laden with “cargo of good clapboard as full as she could stow, and two hogsheads of beaver and other skins” which showed the great potential for settling in America,  £500 worth of goods (£83,000 as of 2010), more than enough to keep the colonists on schedule for repayment of their debt.

On the crossing, the Fortune had been blown off course and found itself in French waters where the French navy captured the unarmed ship and held it and crew captive for several weeks, creating an even larger deficit for the colony. Once the French realized the English would never pay for their freedom, they took what cargo was aboard and allowed the ship and crew to continue the voyage to England

The Fortune carried only twenty-one passengers. These were not pilgrims themselves. In fact, the company had hired them specifically because they were adventurers. They had agreed to locate treasure and this they would share with the company. The company sent with them, instructions for the pilgrims to follow (which they did). The pilgrims were to house these men, and care for them.

This passenger list is based on the 1623 Division of Land, compiled by Charles Edward Banks in Planters of the Commonwealth, and by the information found in Eugene Aubrey Stratton’s Plymouth Colony: Its History and its People, 1620-1691.

Fortune Passenger List

John Adams
Elizabeth BASSETT (Wife)
William Beale
Jonathan Brewster [son of Elder William BREWSTER]
Clement Briggs married Joan Allen, daughter of George ALLEN
Edward Bumpas
John Cannon
William Conner
Robert CUSHMAN |
Thomas  CUSHMAN, (Son)
Philipe de la Noye
Stephen Deane married Elizabeth Ring, daughter of William RING  Their daughter Miriam married John WING II as his second wife Their daughter Susannah married Nicholas SNOW‘s son Stephen
Thomas Flavell & Son
[__?__] Ford
Martha Ford (Wife)
Martha Ford (daughter)
John Ford (son)
Thomas Flavell & Son
Robert Hickes (his daughter Lydia Hicks married our ancestor Edward BANGS,though we descend from his second wife Rebecca HOBART)
William HILTON Sr.
Bennet Morgan
Thomas Morton [our ancestor Benjamin CRISPE was a servant of Edward Gibbons  at Morton’s  free-loving Merrymount in the 1620’s],
Austen Nicolas
William Palmer
William Palmer (son)
William Pitt
Gov. Thomas PRENCE
Moses Simonson
Hugh Statie
James Steward
William Tench
John Winslow
William Wright

Ann & Little James

In July 1623, two more ships arrived named the Anne, under the command of  Master, William Peirce, and the Little James  with her Captain, Emanuel Altham, and Master, John Bridges ten days later, carrying 96 new settlers, among them the wives and children that had been left behind and  Leideners,  including William Bradford‘s future wife, Alice Carpenter Southworth (daughter of Alexander CARPENTER)

Ann and Little James

Some of the passengers who arrived on the Ann were either unprepared for frontier life or undesirable additions to the colony and returned to England the next year. According to Gleason Archer,  “those who remained were not willing to join the colony under the terms of the agreement with the Merchand Adventureres. They had embarked for America upon an understanding with the Adventurers that they might settle in a community of their own, or at least be free from the bonds by which the Plymouth colonists were enslaved. A letter addressed to the colonists and signed by thirteen of the merchants recited these facts and urged acceptance of the new comers on the specified terms.” The new arrivals were alloted land in the area of the Eel River, known as Hobs Hole, which became Wellingsley, a mile south of Plymouth Rock.

Anthony Annabal, wife
Jane Annabal, and children: Sarah, Hannah
Edward BANGS “Edward Bangs, from Panfield, Essex Co., Shipwright.”
Robert Bartlett
Fear Brewster (married Isaac ALLERTON as his second wife)
Patience BREWSTER; (daughters of Elder WILLIAM BREWSTER)
Mary Bucket
Edward Burcher
Deacon Thomas CLARK
Christopher Conant
Hester COOKE (joined her husband and son, both Mayflower passengers), and children: Jane, Jacob, and Mary
Godbert Godbertson
Sarah (Priest) Godberston, and children: Marrah Priest, Sarah Priest , and Samuel.  Sarah and Digory Priest’s son John married Sarah Allerton, daughter of Isaac ALLERTON
Anthony Dix
John Faunce married 1633 to fellow passenger Patience Morton, daughter of George MORTON
Mr. Pierce’s two servants.
Joshua Pratt
James Rand
Robert Ratcliffe and his wife
Nicholas SNOW his son Mark married Jane Prence, daughter of Gov. Thomas PRENCE
Alice Carpenter (Daughter of Alexander CARPENTER) (m1. Edward Southworth) (m2. Gov. William Bradford)
Francis Sprague, and either his wife or daughter Anna, and daughter Mercy.  His son John married Ruth Bassett, daughter of William BASSETT.
Barbara — (Standish)
Thomas Tilden and wife
Stephen Tracy His son John Tracy married Mary Prence, daughter of Gov. Thomas PRENCE
Ralph Wallen and wife Joyce,  (After Ralph died, Joyce married Thomas LUMBERT as his fourth wife.)
Goodwife Flavell
Edmund Flood
Bridget Fuller
Timothy Hatherly
William Heard
Margaret Hickes and her children (wife of Robert Hickes, who came in the Fortune): Lydia, Phoebe, Samuel and Ephraim
William HILTON’s wife Mary [__?__] and children: William HILTON Jr., and Mary
Edward Holman.
John Jenny
Sarah Jenny, and children: Samuel,Abigail and Sarah
Manasseh Kempton [son of George KEMPTON] (2nd husband of Juliana CARPENTER  MORTON )
Robert Long
Experience Mitchell m. Jane Cooke, daughter of Francis COOKE
George MORTON,  and his wife Julianna CARPENTER MORTON KEMPTON, and children: Nathaniel, Patience, John, Sarah, and Lt. Ephraim MORTON
Thomas Morton, Jr.; son of Thomas Morton, who came in the Fortune
Ellen Newton
John Oldham and his sister, Lucretia.  Lucretia married Jonathan Brewster, son of Elder William BREWSTER
Frances Palmer; wife of William Palmer, who came in the Fortune
Christian Penn
Elizabeth Warren, wife of Richard (Mayflower), and children: Mary, Anna, Sarah (married John Cooke, son of Francis COOKE John was the last male survivor of the Mayflower passengers.) , Elizabeth, and Abigail

Ignatius Thompson’s “Genealogy of John Thompson” says he came to America in “the third embarkation,” a company under the patronage of Thomas Weston, a merchant of distinction in London. The company contained 60 or 70 men, some of them with families. Among them was John TOMSON, then 6 years old. They landed at Plymouth early in May 1622. However, there seems to be some errors in Ignatius’s account.

What is properly called the “third embarkation,” the “Little James and Anne,” actually arrived in Aug 1623 with 60 passengers. There were other other arrivals, the “Sparrow” in May 1622, with seven passengers, was indeed sent by Thomas Weston. Still another arrival was the “Charity and Swan” in Jul 1622, also sent out by Thomas Weston, with sixty colonists bound for Wessagusset or Weymouth, which stopped at Plymouth with letters from Mr. Weston stating that he had quit the “Adventurers.” John Thompson may have indeed arrived in May 1622 as Ingnatius Thompson said, but this was not termed the “third embarkation.”

In September 1623, another ship carrying settlers destined to refound the failed colony at Weymouth arrived and temporarily stayed at Plymouth. In March 1624, a ship bearing a few additional settlers and the first cattle arrived. A 1627 division of cattle lists 156 colonists divided into twelve lots of thirteen colonists each.  Another ship also named the Mayflower arrived in August 1629 with 35 additional members of the Leiden congregation. Ships arrived throughout the period between 1629 and 1630 carrying new settlers; though the exact number is unknown, contemporary documents claimed that by January 1630 the colony had almost 300 people.

In 1643 the colony had an estimated 600 males fit for military service, implying a total population of about 2,000. By 1690, on the eve of the dissolution of the colony, the estimated total population of Plymouth County, the most populous, was 3,055 people. It is estimated that the entire population of the colony at the point of its dissolution was around 7,000.  For comparison it is estimated that between 1630 and 1640, a period known as the Great Migration, over 20,000 settlers had arrived in Massachusetts Bay Colony alone, and by 1678 the English population of all of New England was estimated to be in the range of 60,000. Despite the fact that Plymouth was the first colony in the region, by the time of its annexation it was much smaller than Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Saints and Strangers

Besides the Pilgrims, or “Saints”, the rest of the Mayflower settlers were known as the “Strangers”. This group included the non-Pilgrim settlers placed on the Mayflower by the Merchant Adventurers, and later settlers who would come for other reasons throughout the history of the colony and who did not necessarily adhere to the Pilgrim religious ideals. A third group, known as the “Particulars”, consisted of a group of later settlers that paid their own “particular” way to America, and thus were not obliged to pay the colony’s debts.

The presence of outsiders such as the Strangers and the Particulars was a considerable annoyance to the Pilgrims. As early as 1623, a conflict between the Pilgrims and the Strangers broke out over the celebration of Christmas, a day of no particular significance to the Pilgrims. Furthermore, when a group of Strangers founded the nearby settlement of Wessagussett (later Weymouth), the Pilgrims were highly strained, both emotionally and in terms of resources, by their lack of discipline. They looked at the eventual failure of the Wessagussett settlement as Divine Providence against a sinful people.


Posted in First Comer, History | 9 Comments

Everard “Greenleaf” Digby

Everard DIGBY Esquire (1414-1461)  was  Alex’s 17th Great Grandfather; in the Miner line.

Since our Digby ancestors really were knights, their coat of arms belongs on each of their pages.

Everard “Greenleaf” DIGBY was born 1415 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.  His parents were Simon DIGBY  and Joan BELER. He married Agnes CLARKE on 1439 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England. Everard died 29 Mar 1461 at the Battle of Towton, West Riding, Yorkshire, England.

St Andrew’s Church Stoke Dry Rutlandshire contains several Digby effigies

Dating at least from the Norman period, Stoke Dry Church was largely rebuilt during the 13th (west tower) and 15th centuries. Although small, the church has many interesting features – a carved Norman arch, a 15th century oak rood screen and tombs belonging to the Digby family who once lived in Stoke Dry. Of special note are the splendid medieval wall paintings which show the martyrdom of St. Edmund.

Above the north porch is the priest’s room or parvise. Reached by a narrow staircase from the north aisle of the church, it is said to be where Everard Digby planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.  There is  little truth in this tale however. Although Sir Everard Digby was one of the plotters he did not live at Stoke Dry at that time.

Agnes Clarke was born 1419 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England. Her parents were Francis Clarke and  Agnes Flore 1st husband was Richard Seddall. (Nichols says he was 2nd husband.)

Agnes Digby St Andrew’s Stoke Dry Rutland — c. 1479 Slab fragment of a lady wearing a steeple headdress -lost Inscription is recorded as
‘Hic jacent Ricardus Digbi & Agnes uxor ejus qui quidem Ricardus obiit xvii° die mensis Octobris & Agnes obiit penultimo die mensis Octobris A° Domini m . . . ccc . . . septuagesimo nono, quorum animabus propicietur Deus Amen’ 

Children of  Everard and Agnes:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Everard DIGBY Esq. 1440 in , Leicestershire, England. Jacquetta ELLIS
Stoke Dry, Rutland
Feb 1509 in Tilton, Leicestershire, England.
2. Devorguila Digby
3. John Digby
4. Margaret Digby William Skeffington

Everard was High Sheriff of Rutland 1434

Everard Digby, in the reign of Edward IV, was killed, together with his three brothers, fighting for the house of Lancaster at the battle of Towton 29 March 1461. His seven sons fought for Henry VII at the battle of Bosworth Field 22 August 1485.

Manor of Stokes Dry

Stok (xi cent.); Stokes, Dristok, Drie Stok, Stokedreye (xiii cent.).

Stoke Dry Rutland

Stoke Dry borders on Leicestershire, and though mainly in Wrandike Hundred, a small portion known as Holy Oaks Liberty extends into Stockerston parish in Gartree Hundred (co. Leic.). The parish covers an area of 992 acres of rich loam and is nearly all under pasture. The land rises from the Eye Brook, which forms the county and parish boundary on the west, to over 500 ft. above the Ordnance datum in the north of the parish at Stoke Great Wood.   In 2007 it had a population of 39. With only 14 homes this is a quiet village with its mediaeval church dedicated to Saint Andrew.

The small village lies on the west side of the road from Uppingham to Kettering, and is prettily situated on the western slope of a ridge with a fringe of trees on its south side. The church is on the east side of the village street, with the rectory to the south of it. On the opposite side of the road is the Grange, which probably belonged to the Knights Hospitallers.

Stoke Dry was the ancient residence of the famous and ancient family of Digbys,  but nothing now exists of the house they formerly occupied. There remained until about 1871, behind some farm buildings south-east of the church, what appears to have been part of the stabling, or other outbuildings, of the Digby manor house. This consisted of an oblong stone building measuring internally about 48 ft. 6 in. by 16 ft. 6 in., and apparently of late 16th or early 17th century date. It had been long used as a farm store, and the internal partitions and dividing walls removed.

The tenants of Stoke Dry formerly had common rights in Beaumont Chase, which lies to the north-west of the parish, and they received compensation in lieu of them under the Inclosure Act for Liddington in 1798.

Much of Stoke Dry is now covered by Eyebrook Resevoir

STOKE (DRY) was entered in the Domesday Survey as pertaining, with Snelson and Caldecote, to the Bishop of Lincoln’s 2 hides in Liddington (q.v.). The bishops of Lincoln had as tenants at Stoke Dry in the 13th century a branch of the family of Neville. Gilbert de Neville, who held five knights’ fees of the Bishop of Lincoln in 1156 and 1166, was holding lands in Rutland in 1158.  He died before 1169, leaving a son Geoffrey who died in 1193 and was succeeded by his son Henry. At the death of Henry in 1227 without issue, his property went to his sister Isabel, wife of Robert Fitz Meldred, and so to the Nevilles of Raby. (Hasculf de Neville with Christine his wife, who held lands in Rutland in 1250,  probably belonged to a cadet branch of these Nevilles. Hasculf de Neville had four sons: Robert, Thomas, Peter and Stephen.  Robert sided with the Baronial party, and after the battle of Evesham in 1265 his lands in Stoke Dry were seized but restored to him in the same year.He settled his lands on his son Thomas and his heirs, with remainder to his brother Thomas.   His son Thomas was dealing with lands in Stoke Dry in 1297  and died in 1303.   One part of his property in Stoke Dry went to Theobald, son of Peter de Neville (d. c. 1276), brother of Thomas’s father Robert, and the other to John son of Stephen de Neville, another brother of Robert.   The Bishop of Lincoln claimed the land as an escheat on account of the outlawry of Peter, but Peter, before his outlawry in 1272, had enfeoffed his son Theobald, who was in the king’s service in Scotland. The Nevilles seem to have maintained their right to the property  and, probably for assurance of title, conveyed the two estates in 1304 to Walter de Langton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.   In 1313 John de Neville granted the manor of Stoke Dry to Roger de Morwode and his wife Joan (probably John’s daughter) and their issue, with remainder to his own heirs. John de Neville of Stoke appears, however, in a commission of oyer and terminer in 1316. The Bishop of Lincoln and Roger de Morwode were in 1316 assessed to an Aid for Liddington, Stoke Dry, Snelson and Caldecote.

Roger de Morwode was succeeded by his son another Roger,   and in 1368 William, son of the latter Roger, recovered seisin against Thomas de Stanes, parson of the church of Upminster, and John le Rous of Howes,   to whom William de Burton and Eleanor his wife, probably the mother of William de Morwode, had previously conveyed the manor.  In 1379 William de Morwode and Lora his wife were dealing with lands here,   and in 1383 Nicholas de Morwode of Stoke Dry was killed by Richard, son of Richard, son of Robert of Stoke Dry.

William de Morwode, who had settled the manor on his wife Lora, died seised of it in 1386, leaving a son and heir William aged 18.  In 1391 Richard Salyng and Lora his wife, evidently the widow of the elder William de Morwode, levied a fine of the manor with John, Edmund, and Robert Morwode and others.  William Morwode of Stoke Dry appeared in a plea of debt in May 1398,   though in 1395 John Wakefield of London held the manor,   possibly as mortgagee. In 1419 it was held by Roger Flore of Oakham, several times Speaker of the House of Commons, and John Clarke of Whissendine, both of whom were executors of the will of William Dalby, founder of the hospital of St. John and St. Anne at Oakham.  Roger died in 1428, when John Clarke had sole possession. His son Francis married Agnes, daughter of Roger Flore.

Francis died in 1435 in his father’s lifetime,  leaving a son Francis who died in the following year, and a daughter Agnes who became his sole heir and married Simon, alias Everard DIGBY of Tilton;   thus the Digbys came to Stoke Dry, which they made their chief seat. Everard was killed at the battle of Towton in 1461 and was succeeded by his son Everard, who married Jacquetta ELLIS (d. 1496).  They had a son Everard, who succeeded to the property on his father’s death in 1509.   He married Margery, daughter of Sir John Heyton, kt., of Norfolk, and died in 1540, when his son Kenelm succeeded. Kenelm was dealing with the manor in 1553  and conveyed it in 1574 to his son Everard, charged with payments after his own death to Katherine, Elizabeth, Ursula and Bridget his daughters.  He settled the manor in 1588.  He died in 1590. His wife Anne, daughter of Sir Anthony Cope,  was still living at Stoke Dry at the death of their son Everard in 1592, who had settled on his wife Mary, daughter of Francis Neale of Keythorpe (co. Leic.), his manor of Tilton in that county.  Mary, too, survived Everard, who left a son and heir Everard, then in his fourteenth year.  The younger Everard’s wardship was bought by Roger Manners, lessee of the manor and of Holy Oaks,   who transferred it to Mary, Everard’s widow. Everard [the Gunpowder Plot Conspirator], who was knighted in 1603, married Mary, daughter of William Mulsho of Gayhurst or Gothurst (co. Bucks),  and was a prominent person at the court of James I, where he came under the influence of the Jesuit Gerrard. He settled the manor on his son Kenelm in 1604.  Being attainted and hanged for high treason for his share in the Gunpowder Plot in 1606, his lands were taken into the king’s hand.  Sir Everard’s wife survived him for a widowhood of nearly fifty years, and Holy Oaks in Stoke Dry, demised by her in 1645, was still under sequestration for her recusancy in 1653, by which date she was dead.

The manor passed under the above entail to Sir Everard’s son and heir Kenelm, aged two at his father’s death. He was dealing with it in 1624,  but his mother’s Gayhurst property, where he was born, became his principal seat. He was knighted in 1623, married a wife of extraordinary beauty, Venetia, daughter of Sir Edward Stanley of Shropshire, and was made Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Commissioner of the Navy, and Governor of Trinity House by Charles I. In 1628 he defeated the Venetians with a squadron equipped at his own expense.   His philosophical and scientific work brought him fame on the Continent and at home, and even, later, the friendship of Oliver Cromwell, though he was imprisoned and banished and his estates sequestered for his Royalist activities.

In 1639 he mortgaged the manors of Stoke Dry and Tilton to Daniel Harvey, Elias (or Eliab), Michael, and Matthew Harvey.  The transaction was allowed by the sequestrators in 1645, but after his banishment in 1649 it was the subject of petitions from 1650–1653 by claimants on his estate.  These petitioners included his mother, his father’s brother George Digby of Standon (co. Staffs), Eliab Harvey, who was guardian of the late mortgagee’s son Daniel, and his own son John Digby, who became his heir after the death of his eldest son Kenelm in 1649.  In 1655, with Daniel Harvey and his wife Elizabeth and Elias Harvey and his wife Mary, he conveyed the manor to John Morris for purposes of settlement.  Kenelm Digby died in 1665. His son John, who was buried at Gayhurst in 1673, left two daughters as co-heirs, Mary (or Margaret Maria), who married Sir John Conway, second and last bart. of Bodryddan (co. Flint), and Charlotte, who married the Conways’ kinsman, Richard Mostyn. Mary died in 1690, Charlotte in 1693–4. In 1704 Sir John Conway and Richard Mostyn obtained an Act of Parliament for the sale of the Digby estates.

The Battle of Towton was fought during the English Wars of the Roses on 29 March 1461, near the village of the same name in Yorkshire. It was the “largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil”.  According to chroniclers, more than 50,000 soldiers from the Houses of York and Lancaster fought for hours amidst a snowstorm on that day, which was a Palm Sunday. A newsletter circulated a week after the battle reported that 28,000 died on the battlefield. The engagement brought about a monarchical change in England—Edward IV displaced Henry VI as King of England, driving the head of the Lancastrians and his key supporters out of the country.

The Battle of Towson by Richard Caton Woodville (1856–1927)

Henry was weak in character and mentally unsound. His ineffectual rule had encouraged the nobles’ schemes to establish control over him, and the situation deteriorated into a civil war between the supporters of his house and those of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. After the Yorkists captured Henry in 1460, the English parliament passed an Act of Accord to let York and his line succeed Henry as king. Henry’s consort, Margaret of Anjou, refused to accept the dispossession of her son’s right to the throne and, along with fellow Lancastrian malcontents, raised an army. Richard of York was killed at the Battle of Wakefield and his titles, including the claim to the throne, passed to his eldest son Edward. Nobles, who were previously hesitant to support Richard’s claim to the throne, regarded the Lancastrians to have reneged on the Act—a legal agreement—and Edward found enough backing to denounce Henry and declare himself king. The Battle of Towton was to affirm the victor’s right to rule over England through force of arms.

On reaching the battlefield, the Yorkists found themselves heavily outnumbered. Part of their force under John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, had yet to arrive. The Yorkist leader Lord Fauconberg turned the tables by ordering his archers to take advantage of the strong wind to outrange their enemies. The one-sided missile exchange—Lancastrian arrows fell short of the Yorkist ranks—provoked the Lancastrians into abandoning their defensive positions. The ensuing hand-to-hand combat lasted hours, exhausting the combatants. The arrival of Norfolk’s men reinvigorated the Yorkists and, encouraged by Edward, they routed their foes. Many Lancastrians were killed while fleeing; some trampled each other and others drowned in the rivers. Several who were taken as prisoners were executed.

The power of the House of Lancaster was severely reduced after this battle. Henry fled the country, and many of his most powerful followers were dead or in exile after the engagement, letting Edward rule England uninterrupted for nine years, before a brief restoration of Henry to the throne. Later generations remembered the battle as depicted in William Shakespeare‘s dramatic adaptation of Henry’s life—Henry VI, Part 3, Act 2, Scene 5. In 1929, the Towton Cross was erected on the battlefield to commemorate the event. Various archaeological remains and mass graves related to the battle were found in the area centuries after the engagement.


1. Everard DIGBY (See his page)

4. Margaret Digby

Margaret’s husband Sir William Skeffington (c. 1465-1535), lord deputy of Ireland, belonged to a Leicestershire family and was sheriff of Leicestershire and Warwickshire under Henry VII. He was master of the ordnance and a a knight of the shire (Member of Parliament) for Leicestershire from 1529–1535 in the reign of Henry VIII., and in 1529 was appointed deputy in Ireland for Henry’s son, the duke of Richmond, the nominal lord lieutenant of that country.

Sir William was born in Skeffington, Leicestershire. His brother John was the patriarch of the Massareene family. He was appointed High Sheriff of Leicestershire and Warwickshire for 1508, 1515 and 1521 in the reign of Henry VII and was knighted by that king for his services. In 1523, he received from Henry VIII property near Tunbridge that had belonged to the executed traitor Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham.

He was appointed in 1529 deputy in Ireland to Henry’s son, the duke of Richmond, the nominal lord lieutenant of that country.  He crossed over in August 1529, but his power was so circumscribed by instructions from Henry that the head of the Fitzgeralds, Gerald, 9th earl of Kildare,, and not Skeffington, was the real governor of Ireland. This state of affairs lasted for three years and then in 1532 the deputy was recalled.

In 1534, Kildare being in prison in England and his son Thomas, afterwards the 10th earl, being in revolt, Skeffington was again appointed deputy , at approximately 70 years of age. After some delay he landed at Dublin in October 1534 and marched at once to relieve Drogheda, but further progress in the work of crushing the rebellion was seriously delayed by his illness. However, in the spring of 1535 he was again in the field. He took Maynooth Castle, killing and executing the entire garrison. The heavy artillery used by him on this occasion earning for him his surname of “The Gunner”; he forced some of Kildare’s allies to make peace and captured Dungarvan.

William died in Dublin on the 31st of December 1535, and was buried in St. Patrick’s Cathedral. He was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas.

He was last Roman Catholic to hold the office either of Lord Deputy or Lord Lieutenant, with the exception of the Duke of Tyrconnel in 1687-1689 and Lord Fitzalan in 1921-1922.

He first married Anne’s great aunt Margaret, daughter of Everard “Greenleaf” DIGBY William Skeffington was so fond of Digbys, that when she died, he married her great niece Anna, the daughter of Everard’s grandson John Digby of Kettleby.

William and Margaret had four sons, including Sir Leonard Skeffington, who would hold the post of Lieutenant of the Tower of London. Sir Leonard is credited with having invented the “Scavenger’s Daughter“, which was a torture device used in the Tower during Henry VIII’s reign Following Margaret’s death, William Skeffington married secondly, Anne Digby, a daughter of Sir John DIGBY of Kettleby and his wife, Katherine Giffin. This marriage produced two further sons and three daughters.


Posted in Artistic Representation, Line - Miner, Storied, Violent Death | Tagged , , | 5 Comments

Ezekiel Rogers

Ezekiel Rogers (1588-1661) (wiki) was an English nonconformist clergyman, and Puritan settler of Massachusetts. Of the 20 Yorkshire families that accompanied him from Rowley, Yorkshire and Rowley, Massachusetts, almost half were our direct ancestors.    We’re here in part because he didn’t like the Book of Sports.  What would he have thought of 10am start times for NFL football on the West Coast?

Ezekiel Rogers, St. Peter's Church Rowley, England -- The village of Rowley Yorkshire and town of Rowley Massachusetts enjoy close relations today. In 1994 the people of Rowley, Mass. gave to the church of St. Peter’s in Rowley Yorkshire. this stained glass window to honor the memory of their founder.

Ezekiel Rogers was born 5 Feb 1588 in Wethersfield, Essex, England .  His parents were Richard Rogers, who held the living of Wethersfield in Essex, and Barbara [__?__].  He was three times married: first, 1620 in Wethersfield to Joan Hartrop ; secondly, 1650 in Mass to Elizabeth Wilson, thirdly, 16 Jul 1651 to Mary, widow of Thomas Barker.  “That very night,” says Cotton Mather, “a fire burnt his dwelling house to the ground, with all the goods that he had under his roof.” His right arm was soon afterwards rendered useless by a fall from a horse; so that he was obliged to learn to write with his left hand. After a lingering illness, he died Jan. 23, 1660/61 in Rowley, Essex, Mass., aged 70 years. He gave the greater part of his lands and his house to the town and church of Rowley.

Wikipedia says he first married Sarah, widow of John Everard, but I can’t find confirmation elsewhere.

Sarah [__?__] was born xx.  She first married John Everard.

Joan Hartopp was born 1590 in Wethersfield, Essex, England. Joan died 8 May 1649 in Rowley, Essex, Mass.

Elizabeth Wilson was born 1623 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.  Her parents were  Rev. John Wilson, minister at First Church, Boston, and Elizabeth Mansfield, daughter of Sir John Mansfield.  Elizabeth died in Feb 1651 in Rowley, Essex, Mass. in child birth.

Mary [__?__] was born xx.  She first married Thomas Barker.

Ezekiel left no children

Ezekiel’s Father

Richard Rogers (1550-1618) was an English clergyman, a nonconformist under both Elizabeth I and James I.

Richard Rogers Unknown artist,print,1650

Richard  was born in 1551, son or grandson of Richard Rogers, steward to the earls of Warwick. He matriculated as a sizar of Christ’s College, Cambridge, in November 1565, and graduated B.A. 1571, M.A. 1574 He was appointed lecturer at Wethersfield, Essex, about 1577.

In 1583 he, with twenty-six others, petitioned the privy council against Archbishop John Whitgift‘s three articles, and against Bishop Aylmer‘s proceedings on them at his visitation. Whitgift suspended all the petitioners. After a suspension of eight months Rogers resumed his preaching, and was restored to his ministry through the intervention of Sir Robert Wroth.

Rogers espoused the presbyterian movement under Thomas Cartwright, and signed the Book of Discipline. He is mentioned by Richard Bancroft as one of a classis round Braintree side, together with Culverwell, Gifford, and others. In 1598 and 1603 he was accordingly again in trouble; on the former occasion before the ecclesiastical commission, and on the latter for refusing the oath ex officio. He owed his restoration to the influence of William Knollys, 1st Earl of Banbury. Under the episcopate of Richard Vaughan, bishop of London between 1604 and 1607, he enjoyed considerable freedom; but under Vaughan’s successor, Thomas Ravis, he was again in trouble.

Rogers died at Wethersfield on 21 April 1618, and was buried in the churchyard. Rogers was the father of Daniel Rogers and Ezekiel Rogers. He was succeeded at Wethersfield by Stephen Marshall.

Rogers wrote:

  • Seaven treatises containing such directions as is gathered out of the Holie Scriptures, 1603; 2nd edit. London, 1605, dedicated to King James; 4th edit. 1627, 2 parts; 5th edit. 1630. An abbreviated version, called The Practice of Christianity, is dated 1618, and was often reissued.
  • A garden of spirituall flowers, planted by R[ichard] R[ogers], W[ill] P[erkins], R[ichard] G[reenham], M. M., and G[eorge] W[ebbe], London, 1612, 1622, 1632, 1643 (2 parts), 1687 (2 parts).
  • Certaine Sermons, directly tending to these three ends, First, to bring any bad person (that hath not committed the same that is unpardonable) to true conversion; secondly, to establish and settle all such as are converted in faith and repentance; thirdly, to leade them forward (that are so settled) in the Christian life . . . whereunto are annexed divers . . . sermons of Samuel Wright, B.D., London, 1612.
  • A Commentary upon the whole book of Judges, preached first and delivered in sundrie lectures, London, 1615, dedicated to Sir Edward Coke.
  • Samuel’s encounter with Saul, 1 Sam. chap. xv, London, 1620.

Ezekiel’s Career

Ezekiel graduated M.A. from Christ’s College, Cambridge in 1604, and became chaplain in the family of Sir Francis Barrington in Essex. He was preferred by his patron to the living of Rowley in Yorkshire.

St. Peter's Church, Rowley, East Yorkshire

Rowley is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is situated 1 mile south of Little Weighton and approximately 6 miles south-west of Beverley town centre.  The civil parish is formed by the villages of Rowley and Little Weighton together with the hamlets of BentleyHigh HunsleyLow HunsleyRisby and part of the hamlet of Riplingham.  According to the 2001 UK census, Rowley parish had a population of 1,030.  The village of Rowley is now mostly depopulated, leaving only a few houses, and most of the population is now in Little Weighton.

In December 1638, after seventeen years of service, Rogers was discharged from his post as rector of Rowley, after he had refused to read The Book of Sports. Believing the future of Puritanism was at stake, he left for the New World with the members of twenty families of his congregation, including lots of our ancestors.

The “Book of Sports,” reprinted under Archbishop William Laud‘s direction, was conceived as a well-intentioned guide to permissible after-church leisure activities that people could engage in without violating rules of the Sabbath, it was seen by Puritans as a blasphemy. To them, the Sabbath was a day of worship, not of frivolities.

James I had first published the “Book of Sports” in the 1620’s, and now Charles I reissued it in 1633. The point of contention was that King Charles insisted that every pastor read it aloud to his congregation. Another of our Puritan ancestors Rev. Henry WHITFIELD, flatly refused to do so and was called before the Archbishop Laud’s Commission and censured.

Ezekiel’s brother Daniel Rogers was also a strict Calvinist minister and lecturer.   Daniel was especially morose. Firmin’s Real Christian was mainly written to counteract his gloom. Rogers’s stepbrother, John Ward, said of him that, although he “had grace enough for two men, he had not enough for himself..

Among the congregation were John BOYNTON, and his brother William.  Their cousin Sir Matthew Boynton (26 Jan 1591 – 12 Mar 1647), (Wikipedia)  helped finance the Rowley expedition.

They left Rowley in the summer of 1638 and travelled down into Hull where
they joined the ship John of London, lying in the Old Harbour on the River Hull. After
sailing out of the Humber, their ship called into London en route and there picked up
the Reverend Joseph Glover, a wealthy nonconformist minister, who brought with
him Stephen Daye, a printer, and also what is believed to be North America’s first
printing press.

Glover is thought to have first visited New England earlier in the 1630s and supported the foundation of Harvard College – which eventually became Harvard University, the oldest institute of higher education in the United States. Unfortunately, on the long and tortuous journey across the Atlantic, the Reverend Glover died before the vessel reached Salem Bay, Massachusetts in the December of 1638.  His widow later married the Rev. Henry Dunster first President of Harvard College.

Undoubtedly, Rev. Rogers kept records and a log during the voyage, but these, along with most of his belongings, were lost in the fire that destroyed his dwelling in Rowley, Mass. a few years after he and many of the group settled there.

Theophilus Eaton and John Davenport were then setting up their colony at New Haven; they tried to enlist Rogers, but without success.

George Lamberton took the settlers over to Boston where I believe he already had a house. There was some sort of dispute between him and the Rev. Ezekial Rogers. Lamberton, a seafarer trading down the eastern seaboard, wanted to join Davenport and go to New Haven (group of rich merchants, from London) He is listed on one of the best plots on the map of nine squares of New Haven. Just looking at the map, Rowley is slightly inland and would not have suited a sea captain. Edward Atwater in his History of the Colony of New Haven, mentions a minister of high standing in Yorkshire named Ezekiel Rogers who, having embarked at Hull on the Humber, with a company that personally knew him and desired to enjoy his ministry arrived in Boston late in the summer (in 1638). Rogers originally planned to join the colonists at Quinnipiac (New Haven) but something was not to his satisfaction (I don’t know what) and he remained in Massachusetts Bay Colony.   Rogers frequently corresponded with Winthrop, the governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. In one of his letters, he speaks of the New Haven planters as follows:

“Sir: Mr. Lamberton did us much wrong. I expected his coming to the Bay: but it seems he sits down at Quinnipiac : yet he hath a house in Boston: I would humbly crave your advice to Mr. Will Bellingham about it, whether we might not enter an action against him and upon proof get help by that house.”

Atwater says, “This evidently refers to Rogers’ disappointment in not receiving back those of his flock who staid in New Haven, and reads as if Lamberton were to be counted among them.”

The migrants probably spent a long first winter in Salem but in spring 1639 Ezekiel Rogers and his followers moved on to land some six miles outside of Ipswich, Massachusetts. House lots and properties were laid out along the township’s brook, allowing each family access to fresh water. Here the new arrivals built many houses and, bringing spinning and weaving skills with them from the East Riding of Yorkshire, they were amongst the first to establish a clothing industry in New England. They called their little township, Rowley after their East Riding village

Early in the spring of 1639 he and most of these twenty families settled in the town of Rowley, Massachusetts. Rowley was incorporated on September 4, 1639. Rogers was the pastor at Rowley until his death on 23 January 1661,

Rogers published The Chief Grounds of the Christian Religion set down by way of catechising, gathered long since for the use of an honourable Family, London, 1642. Several of his letters to John Winthrop are published in the Massachusetts Historical Collection(4th ser. vii.)

Ezekiel  was an eloquent speaker, and preached the election sermon before the General Court, in 1643, in which he maintained that the same person should not hold the office of governor for two successive years.

Rowley Pioneers

Rowley was incorporated, Sept. 4, 1639, and then embraced what is now extended from the sea to the Merrimac River: Bradford, Groveland, Georgetown, and part of Boxford, which was for some time known as “Rowley Village.” It received its named from Rowley, a parish of East Riding, York, Eng., whence its first minister, Ezekiel Rogers, had come. The boundaries of the town are Newbury on the north, from which it is, in part, separated by Parker River and Mud Creek, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Ipswich on the south, Boxford on the south-west, and Georgetown on the north-west.

The English, under the guidance of the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, commenced a settlement here as early as 1638. The Act of incorporation is thus briefly expressed: “4th day of 7th month 1639, ordered that Mr. Ezekiel Rogers plantation be called Rowley.”

On the 13th of May, 1640, it was declared by the General Court “that Rowley bounds is to be eight miles from their meeting house in a straight line; and then a cross line diameter from Ipswich Ryver to Merrimack Ryver when it doth not prejudice any former grant.” In October of the same year the Court ordered “that the neck of land on Merrimack, near Corchitawick be added to Rowley.”

On the “tenth of the eleventh Anno Dni 1643, Thomas Nelson, Edward Carlton, Humphrey Reynon & Francis PARROT, made a survey of the town and a register of the several house lots of from 1 1/2 to 6 acres then laid out to the settlers. They were as follows: On Bradford Street, Thomas Ellethrop, John Dresser, Hugh CHAPLIN, Peter Cooper, Thomas Sumner, John Burbank, Thomas Palmer, William Wilde, William Jackson, Hugh Smith, Michael Hopkinson, John BOYNTON, William Boynton [John’s brother], Thomas Dickinson,  Maximilian JEWETT, Joseph Jewett, [Maximilian’s brother]  Jane GRANT, John Spofford, George Kilborne & Margaret Stanton whose lot contained only one acre. On Wethersfield street, John Remington, James Barker, William Stickney, William Scales, Matthew Boyes, Jane Brocklebank, Thomas Mighill, Margery Shove, Humphrey Reynor, & Ezekiel Rogers who had six acres. On Holmes street John Miller, John Jarrat, Francis PARROT, Edward Carleton, Henry Sands, Thomas Leaver, John Trumble, John Haseltine, Thomas Tenney, Robert Haseltine, Richard Swan, Thomas Lilforth, Richard Thorlay [Richard THURLOW], Frances Lambert, Robert Hunter, William Acy, Thomas Miller, William Harris, John Harris, Thomas Harris, John Newmarch, William Bellingham, Thomas Nelson, Thomas Barker, Sebastian Briggam, George Abbot, Edward Bridges, Robert CROSBY & Richard Nalam. Sixteen other lots were soon afterwards laid out to the following persons, viz.: John Smith, Mark Prime, William Tenney, Nicholas JACKSON, Richard Leighton, John PEARSON, Edward Sawer, James Bailey, Richard Holmes, Thomas Burkley, John Tillison, Samuel Bellingham, Thomas Sawer, Daniel Harris, William Law & John Hill.

In addition to the settlers above mentioned,

  • John PICKARD Jr. (1622 – 1683) married married Jane CROSBY on 29 Oct 1644 in Rowley, Mass.
  • Leonard HARRIMAN being sixteen years of age and his brother John came to America  under the guidance of Rev. Ezekiel Rogers. did not yet have property in the 1643 inventory. Leonard was admitted freeman of Rowley in 1647. In the same year he bought of John Todd the house lot laid out to John Spofford on Bradford street, now corner of Bradford and Common streets. He was a farmer and mechanic, being a maker of looms. His shop is supposed to have been on the nearby brook and to have been operated by water power.
  • Edward HAZEN Sr. (1614 – 1683)   emigrated between 1643 and 1647.  He married Hannah GRANT in Feb 1649/50 in Rowley, Mass.

Map of Rowley Ancestor Plots - 10 of our ancestor families underlined in red had plots in Rowley in this 1642 map.


The common lands of the town were assigned to the settlers in proportion to the extent of their respective house-lots. A military company was soon formed of which Sebastian Brigham was appointed captain. It was to be drilled eight days during the year, and the fine for absence was five shillings per day. The people early distinguished themselves for the manufacture of cotton, hemp and flax cloth. “Our supplies from England,” says Winthrop, in 1643, “failing much, men began to look about them and fell to a manufacture of cotton, whereof we had store from Barbadoes, and of hemp & flax wherein Rowley, to their great commendation, exceeded all other towns.”

Of the early settlers here, Edward Johnson, in his “Wonder-working Providence,” says: “They consisted of about three score families. Their people, being very industrious every way, soon built as many houses, and were the first people that set upon making cloth in this western world; for which end they built a fulling-mill, and caused their little ones to be very diligent in spinning cotton-wool, many of them having been clothiers in England.”

This fulling-mill was built in 1643 by John PEARSON, in the parish of Byfield, which then belonged to Rowley.

The first-recorded marriage in town was that of Robert and Anna Haseltine, in 1639; and the first-recorded birth was that of Robert Carleton, in the same year.

In the minds of the people, the church was the leading institution; the minister the chief guide in things temporal as well as spiritual. Hence a plain meeting-house was erected some time during the first year of the settlement; a church was organized Dec. 3, and the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers installed as pastor.

Samuel Mather (Harvard College, 1643) was some time an assistant of Mr. Rogers in Rowley “where the Zeal of the People to have him settled, was the Cause of his not settling there at all.”‘

The closing days of Mr. Rogers were far from tranquil. Late in life he married a third wife, but “that very night,” says Cotton Mather, “a fire burnt his dwelling house to the ground, with all the goods that he had under his roof.” His right arm was soon afterwards rendered useless by a fall from a horse; so that he was obliged to learn to write with his left hand. After a lingering illness, he died Jan. 23, 1661, aged 70 years. He gave the greater part of his lands and his house to the town and church of Rowley.

Our ancestor Maximilian JEWETT was chosen Deacon of the church, Dec. 13, 1639, in which place he served forty-five years and for two hundred and twenty years a descendant of him or his younger brother, a fellow passenger has been in that office or minister, the whole time except eight years.”  Maximilian was overseer of the will of Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, signed April 17, 1660, and ” In the year 1665, five years after the death of Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, his relative Ezekiel Rogers, son of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, of Ipswich, brought an action against the widow of his uncle which occasioned the following: The testimony of Maximilian Jewett saith that I heard our Mr. Rogers express himself very much dissatisfied with the carriage of Ezekiel Rogers, in particularly his familiarity with John Smith, his servent, the Scotchman, & that in some times going behind the meeting house, which bred fears & jealousies in his mind. He also objected to him because he wore long haire.” He was a clothier and with his brother Joseph was about the first, if not the first, to manufacture woolen cloth in America..

Ezekiel’s property subsequently reverted to the use of Harvard College.

The Rev. Samuel Phillips (Harvard College, 1650) was settled in June, 1651, as teacher of Mr. Rogers’ church, on a a salary varying from £50 to £90 per annum. During the sickness of the pastor, Mr. Phillips performed the whole duties of the ministry, for which service the selectmen ordered that £5 should be paid to him. After the decease of Mr. Rogers, his widow, and those in sympathy with her, continued to annoy Mr. Phillips for the space of eighteen years, on account of his reception of this money, to which they persistently claimed he had no legal right. The case was decided in favor of the widow by the Ipswich court; but the decision was overruled by the General Court, and by a church council held on the 19th of Nov., 1679, and the course of Mr. Phillips justified.

On the 15th of Nov., 1665, Samuel Shepard (Harvard College, 1658) was ordained pastor of the church, Mr. Phillips still acting as teacher. Mr. Shepard dying, April 7, 1668, Mr. Phillips was then ordained as pastor, in which office he continued until his death, which occurred, April 26, 1696, after a ministry, either as teacher or pastor, of forty-five years. During the last thirty years of his life, fifty-four were added to the church, and at his death the office of teacher in that church is supposed to have ceased.


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Everard Digby (Tilton)

Everard DIGBY Esquire (1440-1510)  was  Alex’s 16th Great Grandfather; in the Miner line.

Since our Digby ancestors really were knights, their coat of arms belongs on each of their pages.

Everard DIGBY Esquire was born 1440 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England. His parents were Everard “Greenleaf” DIGBY and Agnes CLARKE. He married  1463 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England to Jacquetta ELLIS  Everard died Feb 1510 in Tilton, Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.

St Andrew's Stoke Dry Rutland -- Here lies Everard Digby, Lord of Tilton and Stoke Dry who died 21st January 1510. May God protect his soul

Jacquetta ELLIS was born 1445 in Combe Raleigh, Devon, England.  Her parents were Sir John ELLIS (1430 in Devon) and Eleanor RUSSELL (b: 1432). She died 1483 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.

St Andrew's Stoke Dry Rutland --- 1497 Jaquetta daughter of Str John Ellis with her 14 children, she was the wife of Everard Digby 1510 who is buried at Tilton


Incised slab to Jaquetta Digby (d. 1496), in the south aisle St Andrew's Stoke Dry, Rutlandshire

Children of  Everard and Jacquetta:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Sir John DIGBY 1464 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England. Katherine GRIFFIN
Eye Kettleby (Ab Kettleby),
Leicestershire,  England
Sancha Willoughby
24 Oct 1517 in Eye Kettleby
May 1533
Eye Kettleby,
Leicestershire, England
2. Sir Simon Digby Knight 1466
Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.
Alice Walleys
Coleshill, Warwickshire, England
Coleshill, Warwickshire, England
3. Agnes Digby 1468
Coleshill, Warwickshire, England.
Sir John Villiers  K.B.
Brooksby, Leicestershire,  England.
4. Sir Everard Digby Knight 1470
Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.
Margery Heydon on 1509
Stoke Dry, Rutland, England
Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.
5. Rowland Digby 1472
Stoke Dry, Rutland
Agnes Shilton [Sheldon?]
6. Sir Thomas Digby Knight 1474
Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.
Olney, Bucks., England
7. Sir Libaeus Digby Knight  1476 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England  [__?__] Hunt
8. Benjamin Digby 1479 in Stoke Dry, Rutland, England.

Everard and his six brothers fought for Henry VII at the battle of Bosworth 22 August 1485.  This time, the Digbys were on the winning side.

Tomb of Everard Digby -- Digby Chapel St Andrews Dry Stoke Rutland

The Battle of Bosworth Field  was the penultimate battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century. Fought on 22 August 1485, the battle was won by the Lancastrians. Their leader Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, became the first English monarch of the Tudor dynasty by his victory and subsequent marriage to a Yorkist princess. His opponent Richard III, the last king of the House of York, was killed in the battle. Historians consider Bosworth Field to mark the end of the Plantagenet dynasty, making it one of the defining moments of English history.

A stained-glass window in St. James Church, Sutton Cheney, commemorates the Battle of Bosworth Field and the leaders of the combatants, Richard III (left) and Henry VII (right).

Richard’s reign began in 1483 when he seized the throne from his twelve-year-old nephew Edward V. The boy and his younger brother soon disappeared, to the distress of many, and Richard’s support was further eroded by rumours of his involvement in the death of his wife. Across the English Channel Henry Tudor, a descendant of the greatly diminished House of Lancaster, seized on Richard’s difficulties and laid claim to the throne. Henry’s first attempt to invade England in 1483 was frustrated by a storm, but his second arrived unopposed on 1 August 1485 on the southwest coast of Wales. Marching inland, Henry gathered support as he made for London. Richard hurriedly mustered his troops and intercepted Henry’s army south of the town of Market Bosworth in LeicestershireLord Thomas Stanley and Sir William Stanley also brought a force to the battlefield, but held back while they decided which side it would be more advantageous to support.

Richard divided his army, which outnumbered Henry’s, into three groups (or “battles”). One was assigned to the Duke of Norfolk and another to the Earl of Northumberland. Henry kept most of his force together and placed it under the command of the experienced Earl of Oxford. Richard’s vanguard, commanded by Norfolk, attacked but struggled against Oxford’s men, and some of Norfolk’s troops fled the field. Northumberland took no action when signalled to assist his king, so Richard decided to gamble everything on a charge across the battlefield to kill Henry and end the fight. Seeing the king’s knights separated from his army, the Stanleys intervened; Sir William led his men to Henry’s aid, surrounding and killing Richard. After the battle, Henry was crowned king on Crown Hill.

Henry hired chroniclers to portray his reign favourably; the Battle of Bosworth Field was popularised to represent his Tudor dynasty as the start of a new age. From the 15th to 18th centuries the battle was glamorised as a victory of good over evil, and as the climax of Shakespeare’s Richard III about Richard’s rise and fall, it provides a focal point for critics in later film adaptations. The exact site of the battle is disputed because of the lack of conclusive data, and memorials have been erected at different locations. The Bosworth Battlefield Heritage Centre was built, in 1974, on a site chosen based on a theory that has been challenged by several scholars and historians in the following years. In October 2009, a team of researchers, who had performed geological surveys and archaeological digs in the area from 2003, suggested a location two miles  southwest of Ambion Hill.


1. Sir John DIGBY (See his page)

2. Sir Simon Digby Knight (Wiki)

Sir Simon’s wife Alice Walleys was born 1472 in Haddon, Devon, England.

Everard Digby Esq Family Tree from The Visitation of the County of Nottingham

Simon was Constable of Coleshill, in Warwickshire in the 15th century.

Simon de Montford was executed in 1495 for contributing to the fund of Perkin Warbeck, who was plotting to oust King Henry VII from the throne. During de Montford’s imprisonment in the Tower of London, the King granted his lands at Coleshill to Simon Digby as he was Constable. Descendants of Simon Digby (Wingfield-Digby) still hold the titles.

The oldest Digby tomb in Colehsill church, in the north-east corner, is to Simon Digby, died 27 February 1519 (1520), and Alice his wife (date not completed). The tomb and effigies are of alabaster. The man’s head rests on his helm, which has lost its crest. He wears full plate and mail armour of the period and a collar of S.S., a sword on his left, and the remains of his dagger on his right. His hands are in prayer; the gauntlets lie by his right leg. His feet rest against a lion. The woman, on his left, has her head resting on cushions with tiny angels, now headless, holding the corner tassels. She wears a veiled pedimental headdress, a chain necklace, a tight corsage below a sideless gown which has a full skirt. About her waist is a girdle with tasselled pendant cords and a medallion from which is suspended a chain and pomander sachet. At her feet are two tiny dogs. The sides of the tomb are panelled with foiled diamonds in squares enclosing shields. At the angles are twisted shafts painted black. The capping is moulded and has a frieze on which is carved the inscription in Latin. The moulded plinth is enriched with flower or foliage paterae. The shields are painted with the arms of Digby and Walleys.

Simon’s great grandson, John Digby first Earl of Bristol was an English diplomat and a moderate royalist during the English Civil War. See his cousin Everard DIGBY’s page for details

Simon died in 1520 Coleshill, Warwickshire, England and is buried in a tomb, made in his lifetime, bearing superb effigies of himself and his wife, in the sanctuary of Coleshill Church. Alice Walleys was born 1472 in Haddon, Devon, England.

Simon Digby was succeeded by his son Reginald Digby, whose mother Alice in her will of 1496 left a messuage [At one time messuage had a more extensive meaning than that conveyed by the words house or site, but such distinction no longer survives.]) valued at £1 10s. 8d. [a house and land worth only a pound and change?, Maybe that was the annual rent] and certain rents to be distributed on the following conditions:

Coleshill Church in Warwickshire

Every day in the year immediately after the Sacring of the High Mass in the Church of Colshill, and at the end of the same Altar, where the said Mass should so happen to be sung, to a Child, viz. male or female, whose parents are Householders dwelling within the Parish, and under the age of ix (9) years, that can and will, before the said sacring kneel down at the said Altar’s end, and say five Pater nosters (Our Fathers), five Aves (Hail Marys) and a Creede, for the soul of Simon Digby her late husband, hers, her Childrens’ and all Christen souls, a peny of silver sterling; beginning first at the House next to the Church, and so in order passing on from House to House till all be gone through: and to the Dean of the said Church, for the time being, yearly for his labour and diligence in seeing the said Prayers so performed; and himself also saying at the said time a Pater noster, an Ave, and a Creed for the souls abovesaid, the yearly summe of vis. Viiid (8 pence). And that the remainder shall be to maintain a solemn Obit in the said Church, for the souls abovesaid, with the number of three Priests, whereof the Vicar of Colshill to be one, and the Deacon and the Clerke besides; the said Vicar, in case he be present, to have viiid (8 pence). and to xii (12) poor people, the same time kneeling about the Herse and saying our Ladies Psalter, xiid (12 pence). To the Bell-ringers vd (5 pence). For Waxe and Torches, burnt then likewise, xiid (12 pence).

At the Reformation the land and revenues given to maintain the charity were confiscated, but the townspeople acquired the income to maintain the Grammar School and also made a distribution to a child that should come to the church at 10 each morning and repeat the Lord’s Prayer before the clerk, who for hearing the child and ringing the bell had a yearly allowance.

3. Agnes Digby

Agnes’ husband Sir John Villiers K.B. was born 1462 in Brooksby, Leicestershire, England.  His parents were John Villiers and Elizabeth Sothill. He died 2 Dec 1506 in Brooksby, Leicestershire, England.

Sir John was sheriff of Leicestershire and Warwickshire during 6, 10 and 15 of Henry VII and afterwards knighted at the marriage of Prince Arthur, the king’s son.

4. Sir Everard Digby Knight

Sir Everard’s wife Margery Heydon was born 1493 in Baconsthorpe, Norfolk, England. Her parents were Sir John Heydon K.B and Katherine Willoughby.

Tilton-on-the-Hill, Leics: Military effigy on tomb chest with shields,

Everard and Margery’s son  Kenelm Digby (Wiki) (c1518–1590) was an English MP and High Sheriff.  He was born in Stoke Dry  in Rutland, the eldest son of Sir Everard Digby and Margery (née Heydon) Digby and educated at Brasenose College, Oxford and the Middle Temple. He should not be confused with Sir Kenelm Digby (1603–1665), also son of a Sir Everard Digby (executed for taking part in the Gunpowder Plot), of Buckinghamshire.

He was first elected to parliament as MP for Stamford in 1539. He was then appointed High Sheriff of Rutland in 1541.  He was returned as MP for Rutland (as senior knight of the shire) in successive parliamentary elections in 1545, 1547, 1553 (March) and 1553 (October), 1555, 1558, 1559, 1571, 1572 and 1584. He was also appointed High Sheriff of Rutland a further six times in 1549, 1553, 1561, 1567, 1575 and 1585. He was custos rotulorum for Rutland from c.1559 until his death.

He died in 1590 at the age of 70 plus and was buried in the church at Stoke Dry where his effigy lies. He had married Anna Cope, the daughter of Sir Anthony Cope; they had three sons and six daughters.

His great grandson Sir Everard Digby  was was a member of the group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Although he was raised in a Protestant household, and married a Protestant, Digby and his wife were converted to Catholicism by the Jesuit priest John Gerard. In the autumn of 1605 he was part of a Catholic pilgrimage to the shrine of St Winefride’s Well in Holywell. About this time he met Robert Catesby, a religious fanatic who planned to blow up the House of Lords with gunpowder, killing James I. Catesby then planned to incite a popular revolt, during which a Catholic monarch would be restored to the English throne.  See his cousin Everard DIGBY’s page for details


The visitations of the county of Nottingham in the years 1569 and 1614

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