Rev Stephen Bachiler

Stephen BACHILER (c.1561 – 1656) (Wikipedia) was an English clergyman who was an early proponent of the separation of church and state in America. He was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation.

Morgan ascribed this coat of arms to “Stephen Bachiler, the first Pastor of the church of Lygonia in New England, the plough to signify his ploughing up the fallow ground of their hearts, and the sun in allusion to his motto Sol Justitiae Exoritur.” But its meaning goes beyond that. The motto is translated as “The sun rises equally over all,” and the plow and rising sun together perfectly describe the hopes and aspirations of Bachiler’s Company of Husbandmen, those would-be farmers who in 1630 obtained a 1,600 square mile grant of land on the coast of Maine but never settled upon it.

He was one of our most complicated ancestors and one of my favorites.  His story represents America. He had the most setbacks and the most second, (third, fourth, fifth …. ) acts late in life that I can imagine.

Here’s his story in operatic form:

Prologue – When he was 7, he was kicked out of Flanders with his parents and a small contingent of Huguenots

1st Act Ends  – When he was 44, he was ejected from the peaceful riverside parish where he had preached acceptably for eighteen years

Comic Interlude  – When he was 52, his son was expelled from Oxford and both Bachiler and his son Stephen were sued by a nearby clergyman for libel because it was alleged that father and son had written “some scandalous verse” about the clergyman and had been “singing them in divers places.”

2nd Act Ends  – When he was 70, his Colony of Lygonia failed. Their first little shipload, sent from England six months after Winthrop’s well found colony, appears to have landed on their grant in the hard winter of 1631.   Bachiler had been chosen as the pastor of the colony and invested 60 pounds or more in the enterprise which may explain the sale of his properties in 1630.

When he was 72, ““Mr. Batchel’r is required to forbeare exercising his gifts a a pastor or teacher publiquely in our pattent, unless it be to those he brought with him, for his contempt of authority and till some scandles be removed.”

3rd Act Ends – When he was 75, he was dismissed as pastor from the Church at Saugus Mass

4th Act Ends – When he was 77, he walked 100 miles from Newbury to Cape Cod, but he failed to establish a colony there

5th Act Ends – When he was 80, he was excommunicated by the Hampton church on unfounded charges of scandal

6th Act Ends – When he was 83, the General Court at Boston did not allow Exeter, NH to start a church, thereby preventing them from hiring Bachiler

Epilogue – When he was 90 , his last wife had an affair with another man.  She was sentenced, after her approaching delivery, to be whipped and branded with the letter “A,” the “Scarlet Letter”of Hawthorne’s romance.

Not only was our Stephen fined £10 for not publishing his marriage according to law. (He had performed his last wedding ceremony himself.) but the court ordered “Mr. Batchelor and his wife shall live together as man and wife, as in this court they have publicly professed to do; and if either desert one another, then hereby the court doth order that the marshall shall apprehend both the said Mr. Batchelor and Mary, his wife, and bring them forthwith to Boston.

Denied a divorce by the Massachusetts Court, Bachiler finally returned to England about 1653. He died near London, and was buried at All Hallows Staining on October 31, 1656.

Postcript – His unfaithful wife sued her husband in 1656 for support based on various untrue charges including a claim that Bachiler had married a new wife while still legally married to her.  Stephen had already died a few days before.



Stephen Bachiler was born  in 1561 in  Tournai, Hainaut Province (now Belgium).  His parents were Philip BACHILER and Anne FLANDERS.   A small colony of Walloons came to Southampton about 1568, driven from their shops and studies by Philip II, a devout Catholic and self-proclaimed protector of the Counter-Reformation.  Among them were a father and son named Bachelier from Tournai.

The teacher of this band of Protestants was Adrien de Saravia, a champion of Calvin.  Adrien was born in Artois, his father a Spaniard, his mother a Fleming, and he was a minister in Antwerp until driven to the Channel Islands in 1560. From there he came to Southampton for a few peaceful years, returned to Leyden in 1582 as professor of divinity, and was again driven back to Protestant England, where he ended his days. It’s fun to imagine that Stephen Bachiler was Adrien’s charge and absorbed from him an opposition to tyranny and abuse which marked and marred his life.

During the 16th century, Tournai was a bulwark of Calvinism, but eventually it was conquered by the Spanish governor of the Low Countries, the Duke of Parma, following a prolonged siege in 1581. After the fall of the city, its Protestant inhabitants were given one year to sell their possessions and emigrate, a policy that was at the time considered relatively humane, since very often religious opponents were simply massacred.

First Act

Stephen married Deborah BATES in Hampshire, England, on 7 June 1588.  He was married a total of four times.  After Deborah died, he married Christian Weare 3 Mar 1624 in Suffolk, England.   After Christian died, he married Helena Mason  26 Mar 1627 in Abbots Ann, Hampshire, England.   After Helena died, he married Mary Magdelene [__?__] Beedle widow of Robert Beedle 14 Feb 1648 in Kittery, Maine.   He returned to England probably by Oct 1651.   Stephen died on 31 Oct 1656 at Allhallows Staining, London, England.

Stephen Bachiler – Memorial Stone from Founder’s Park, Hampton N.H. Location: Founder’s Park, Hampton N.H.

Hampton, NH Founders Park

Deborah Bates was born c. 1565 in Hampshire, England and died about 1616.   She was mother of all his children and was probably a sister of Rev. John Bate, Bachiler’ successor at Wherwell, Hampshire.

Helena [__?__] was born 1583 in Hackney, Surrey, England. She first married Rev. Thomas Mason. Helena died 1647 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire.

Richard Dummer of Roxbury and Newbury married first Jane Mason, a daughter of Reverend Thomas Mason, and resided late in his life at North Stoneham, Hampshire; Stephen Bachiler married as his third wife Helena Mason, widow of Reverend Thomas Mason, and resided just before his departure for New England at South Stoneham, Hampshire. These marriages made Bachiler the step-father-in-law of Dummer, and explains their close connection in the activities of the Plough Company.

Mary Magdelene [__?__] Beedle Bachiler  was born about 1633 in England.  She apparently had two children while she was married to the aged minister, but in view of her adulterous propensities and the fact that she and Mr. Bachiler did not live together at the time, it seems highly likely that those children were not his.   George Rogers of Kittery, Maine, was probably been their father. One of them is never seen by name and may have died young, while the other, Mary, survived and married William Richards.  She died in 1660 in Hackney, Surrey, England.

Children of Stephen and Deborah:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Nathaniel Bachiler c. 1590 Wherwell, Hampshire, England Hester Mercer or LeMercier
Margery [__?__] by 1645
9 April 1645 Southampton, Hampshire, England
2. Deborah BACHILER 23 Jun 1591/92
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Rev. John WING(E) [Wynge] in 1608. In 1632, shortly after the death of her husband, she emigrated from England to New England with her father Date of death unknown
3. Stephen Bachiler 1594
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Sarah [__?__] 1680
London, England
4. Mary Batchelder 1596 in Hackney, Middlesex, England
5. Theodate Bachiler 1596 in Wherwell, Hampshire, England Christopher Hussey
15 Jan 1628 in England
20 Oct 1649
Hampton, Rockingham, NH
6. Samuel Bachiler 1597
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Gorcum, Holland
7. Ann Bachiler 1600/01
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
John Samborne 1619 Southampton, Hampshire, England
Henry Atkinson
20 Jan 1632 in Strood, Kent, England
between 1641 and 1649 at (Unknown), Kent, England.
8. William Bachiller 1607
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Jane Cowper
7 Oct 1632
Stanford Dingley, Berkshire, England
22 Feb 1669
Charlestown, Mass.

Children of Stephen and Mary Magdelene: (In view of her adulterous propensities and the fact that she and Mr. Bachiler did not live together at the time, it seems highly likely that those children were not his.   George Rogers of Kittery, Maine, was probably been their father. )

Name Born Married Departed
9. Mary Bachiller 1650 William Richards
10. Child Bachiller Died Young

Stephen began his studies at Oxford, St John’s College in 1581 and graduated with a B.A. in Feb 1586.   Perhaps he then became a chaplain to Thomas WEST 1st  Baron of De La War [coincidently, also our ancestor], who presented him in 1587 to the vicarage of Wherwell, Hampshire, a small retired parish on the River Test, whose ” troutful stream,” celebrated by Isaak Walton, is still a favorite of anglers today.  Bachiler preached in Wherewell for twenty years, and  he doubtless hoped to end his days there. No more peaceful and beautiful place is to be found in sunny Hampshire, lying as it does in the middle of verdant and fertile meadows. Wherwell was the seat of an ancient abbey, founded in 986 by Queen Aelfrida, the widow of King Edgar. At the Dissolution, the abbey was granted to Thomas West, Lord La Warr or Delaware, and it soon became the principal seat of that great family.

Stephen was vicar of Wherwell Hampshre (1587 – 1605).   Wherewell Village is very quaint and its houses still has thatched roofs today. Stephen’s church was rebuilt in 1858.

Stephen probably was one of the thousand English puritan ministers who signed the 1603 Millenary Petition to King James, which greeted the Scotch monarch on his coming to the English throne. This carefully worded document expressed Puritan distaste regarding the state of the Anglican Church, and took into consideration James’ religious views as well as his liking for a debate, as written in James’ Basilikon Doron.  The petition urged the King to reform the abuses of the established church, and appealed to him to allow the Puritan pastors to continue their ” prophesyings and preachings” undeterred by the persecutions of their bishops.

As a result of this petition King James called the Hampton Court Conference in 1604.  John Rainoldes, John Knewstub, Lawrence Chaderton, and Henry Sparke  represented the Puritan party.  Against them were ranged eight English prelates, headed by the next Archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Bancroft, their bitter opponent.  Lord Delaware was a member of this conference, which resulted badly for the popular party, for on Rainoldes’s mentioning the word presbyter King James’s wrath was aroused, and he dismissed the conference with bitter reproaches, telling the Puritans that he would ” make them conform or harry them out of the land.”

Even though Stephen would soon be out of a job, the Hampton Court Conference  also bore fruit for the Puritans, who insisted that man know God’s word without intermediaries.  The conference led to James’s commissioning of that translation in English now known as the King James Version..

The following year was marked by the ejection of hundreds of Puritans, who declined to follow the hated ceremonies of the church. In May, 1605, Archbishop Bancroft held an ecclesiastical court at Winchester, and undoubtedly instructed the willing Thomas Bilson, Bishop of Winchester, to dismiss all his non-conforming clergymen. Among these was Stephen Bachiler, who was ejected in August, 1605, from the peaceful riverside parish where he had preached acceptably for eighteen years.

Comic Interlude

In 1610 Bachiler’s son Stephen was entered at Magdalen College in Oxford, the family college of the Wests, Lords Delaware.  His son’s college career was cut short by expulsion and in 1613 both Bachiler and his son Stephen were sued by a nearby clergyman for libel because it was alleged that father and son had written “some scandalous verse” about the clergyman and had been “singing them in divers places.”

2nd Act

We don’t know much about the next twenty years  of Bachiler’s life. Winthrop says he “suffered much at the hands of the Bishops” and family tradition alleges that he fled to Holland like the little band of Separatists from Scrooby, who in 1620 formed the Pilgrim colony at Plymouth. Bachiler was at 45, in the prime of his powers.   We know that many of his parishioners followed him from the church at Wherwell to his ministrations under Puritan auspices at the adjoining hamlet of Newton Stacy. In 1607 Henry Shipton, a wealthy tanner of Shawe, across the border in Berkshire, left him a small legacy, and in 1616 Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverell, a rich Essex squire, bequeathed him a similar sum.

In 1621 the diary of Adam Winthrop, father of the Massachusetts Governor, says that he had “Mr. Bachiler the preacher” to dine with him. That he was not without means is shown by the Hampshire land records, which recite, between 1622 and 1630, his purchase and sale of small properies in Newton Stacy. A petition of Sir Robert Payne, Sheriff of Hampshire in 1632, states that several of his tenants, ” having been formerly misled by Stephen Bachiler, a Notorious inconformist, demolished a chapel at Newton Stacy, and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the bishop.

Thus preaching, persecuted, and adhered to by his former parishioners, Bachiler passed twenty years and reached the age of seventy. His children had grown up and married;  one son had become a chaplain in an English regiment in Holland, and one a merchant in Southampton.  Deborah married Rev. John WING, an English Puritan minister at Flushing and The Hague; and Theodate married Christopher Hussey, perhaps a relative of the mayor of Winchester of the same name, who married a daughter of the Hampshire Puritan Renniger;  Ann married a Hampshire Samborne, probably connected with James Samborne, the Winchester scholar and Oxford graduate, Puritan vicar of Andover and rector of Upper Clatford, neighboring villages to Wherwell.

With the accession of Charles I in 1625 Puritanism received another blow, and many of the English reformers, encouraged by the success of the Plymouth Pilgrims of 1620, decided to seek in the New World a freer atmosphere for their religious opinions. By this time Bachiler had reached an age when most men become weary of struggling, anxious to lay aside contention and strife, and to obtain a few years of rest. Not so Stephen as you will see.

In 1630 a small band of London merchants, perhaps friends of Bachiler’s son Nathaniel, formed a colonizing company, called the “Company of Husbandmen” and obtained from Sir Ferdinando Gorges, a patent to some 1600 square miles in his province of New England south of the river Sagadahock.  The colony was to be called “Lygonia” after Cecily Lygon, mother of New England Council president Sir Ferdinando Gorges.   Bachiler was chosen as the pastor of the colony and invested £60 or more in the enterprise which may explain the sale of his properties in 1630 in Newton Stacy.

Gorges had received his land patent in 1622, along with John Mason, from the Plymouth Council for New England for the Province of Maine, the original boundaries of which were between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers. In 1629, he and Mason divided the colony, with Mason’s portion south of the Piscataqua River becoming the Province of New Hampshire and Gorges retaining Maine.

This Company of Husbandmen sent to America in the fall of 1630 a small ship called the “Plough,” with a meagre band of colonists to settle on their new patent, probably about where the present city of Portland stands. The grant from Gorges seems to have conflicted with other grants, and the original patent is lost, so that we cannot exactly locate the land, which the Husbandmen thought embraced the seacoast from Cape Porpoise to Cape Elizabeth.

In 1631 Stephen Bachiler was in Holland where he was associated with two well-known dissenting clergymen, Hugh Peters  (given charge of the church in Salem in 1635) and John Davenport (co-founder of the colony of New Haven)

The Plough, sent from England six months after Winthrop’s well found colony, appears to have landed on their grant in the hard winter of 1631, and were much disappointed in the outlook. The upper coast of New England was sterile and forbidding, bare of settlements except for a few scattering fishing stages, and the Husbandmen were probably poorly equipped for colonization. The first letter from the London managers, dated in March, 1631, and sent to their New England colonists, speaks as though Bachiler had been engaged in the Company’s work for some time.  In this letter the London members ask the colonists to remember their duty to return thanks to God who:

“hath filled the heart of our reverend pastor so full of zeal, of love and of extraordinary affection toward our poor society. Notwithstanding opposition yet he remaineth constant, persuading and exhorting, — yea and as much as in him lieth-constraining all that love him to join together with us. And seeing the Company is not able to bear his charge over, he hath strained himself to provide provision for himself and his family, and hath done his utmost endeavor to help over as many as he possibly can, for your further strength and encouragement.”

For another year, or until the spring of 1632, the Plough Company worked in England to secure more colonists and to enlarge their resources. The London members were not rich, but all were bound together by some mystical religious fellowship, the exact significance of which has been lost.     John Dye, Grace Hardwin, and Thomas Jupe, three London merchants of limited education and narrow resources, were the principal factors of the Company of Husbandmen.   John Crispe, Bryan Binckes, and John Carman came over on the first ship and seem to have had some authority in the company, but the records disclose nothing of note about them. The loosely knit little company seems to have been organized and kept alive by the strenuous efforts of Bachiler and his kinsmen.

A second shipment of goods and colonists was sent out in March 1632, on two ships, the “William and Francis” and the “Whale.” The colonists on the former ship were captained by Bachiler, now over 70, and the party on the “Whale” by his relative, Richard Dummer, also a Hampshire man, who had not joined the religious circle of the Husbandmen, but who was doubtless induced by Bachiler to finance the enterprise to some extent. Dummer was a man of breadth and ability, whose connection must have been of value to the struggling company, though he soon foresaw its failure and identified himself with Winthrop’s more permanent enterprise.

While Bachiler, Dummer, and the London members of the Company were thus helping on the enterprise in England, imagining that the colony of the Sagadahock River was firmly planted in the new soil, that poor-spirited crew had left its northern settlement, aghast at the practical difficulties of colonization, and perhaps torn by some dissension. With their shaky little craft, the Plough, they had drifted down the coast looking for more substantial settlements, and Winthrop’s journal of July 6, 1631, records their arrival at Watertown as follows: “A small ship of 60 tons arrived at Natascot, Mr. Graves master. She brought ten passengers from London. They came with a patent for Sagadehock, but not liking the place they came hither. Their ship drew ten feet and went up to Watertown but she ran on ground twice by the way.”

The Husbandmen, with their vague and mysterious religious tenets, were with some reason looked on askance by the compact and intolerant Massachusetts Bay Colony. They had failed in their enterprise, and had come from the neighborhood of those fishing settlements along the north coast, whose rude and lawless members were in bad odor with the magistrates.  John Winthrop wrote in his Journal that most of the passengers on the Plough were Familists. The Family of Love or Familists was a mystic religious sect founded by Henry Nicholis.  Their radical message, based on a traditional mystic Christian idea derived from the writings of Paul, said that a part of God is in every person. They believed they had so much of God’s spirit in them that they were a part of the Godhead.   As the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition says:

Nicholis’s followers escaped the gallows and the stake, for they combined with some success the wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove. They would only discuss their doctrines with sympathizers; they showed every respect for authority, and considered outward conformity a duty. This quietist attitude, while it saved them from molestation, hampered propaganda.

The outward trappings of his system were Anabaptist; his followers were accused of asserting that all things were ruled by nature and not directly by God, of denying the dogma of the Trinity, and repudiating infant baptism. They held that no man should be put to death for his opinions, and apparently, like the later Quakers, they objected to the carrying of arms and to anything like an oath; and they were quite impartial in their repudiation of all other churches and sects.

Reverend Bachiler, his second wife Helena, his daughter Deborah with her four sons (John, Daniel , Joseph and Stephen), son Nathaniel Bachiler, and son-in-law John Samborn with his children, William and Stephen, landed near Boston on 17 June 1632.  The ill-fated little venture was already doomed. The earnest letter which Bachiler brought over from the London merchants was addressed to a band already in disorder, and it seems probable that they remained near Boston only long enough to deliver their patent to the newcomers, coupled with such gloomy reports of the northern coast as effectually put an end to any further attempt at colonization. The Company of Husbandmen was practically dead, its assets in the hands of the Massachusetts court, and its members scattered; some went back to England and some to Virginia.

As the project for establishing the Lygonia Colony had failed, the backers of the company wrote to John Winthrop requesting him to dispose of the goods which had been sent over and use the proceeds to pay off some of the investors including Stephen Bachiler. As late as June 3, 1633, Bachiler was in communication with Winthrop regarding the disposal of part of the cargo.

The £1,400 of joint stock was a complete loss, and apparently the patent was seized on by Dummer as some security for his advances. This Plough Patent was for years a source of dispute, being assigned some time later to one of Cromwell’s commanders, Alexander Rigby, whose agent, George Cleeves, disputed the bounds of the royal province of Gorgeana which fell to the heirs of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. The constant quarrels between the two factions existed until Massachusetts, through its agents in England, bought up their claims and established Maine as a dependency of the Bay Colony.

It seems possible that the only person who derived a profit from the defunct Plough Company was Richard Dummer, who perhaps bought out Bachiler’s interest in the patent, and who sold it through Cleeves to Rigby. Bachiler had disposed of his small estate in Hampshire to provide funds for the colony; had brought over a little company of adherents and his own children and grandchildren; and found himself at 71 stranded in Newtown without a settlement or a pastorate, and equipped with a very moderate sum of money, a library of fair size, and a somewhat legendary coat of arms.

Eventhough Lygonia failed, Stephen still got a coat of arms from the deal.  His coat of arms is real, even if not granted by the College of Heraldry or any other authority. It was included in a 1661 work on the origins of heraldry by Sylvanus Morgan

The motto is translated as “The sun rises equally over all,” and the plow and rising sun together perfectly describe the hopes and aspirations of Bachiler’s Company of Husbandmen, those would-be farmers who in 1630 obtained a 1,600 square mile grant of land on the coast of Maine but never settled upon it.

While some have cited this coat of arms as evidence of Bachiler’s “gentle blood”, he never claimed noble or even “old family” ancestry, nor did any of his contemporaries ever refer to such. His forebears remain unknown, and both his parents must have died when Bachiler was quite young–possibly from the plague that was endemic in England during the year of his birth in 1561. Bachiler’s education at St. John’s, Oxford may have been sponsored by neighbor Sir William West, lst Baron de la Warr, who seems to have been his patron in giving him a “living” upon graduation as Vicar of Wherwell in County Hants (Hampshire). We are left with a remarkable man, “a Man of Fame in his Day” and “a Gentleman of Learning and Ingenuity” (Prince, Annals of New England), but– somewhat unusual for a well-known person– without a visible pedigree.

Even though Lygonia Colony failed, Bachiler’s arrival in the new colony was welcomed. Winthrop mentions it in his journal, and it was undoubtedly a matter of moment that the aged Oxford scholar had chosen to settle in the Bay, with a considerable group of followers. A man of education and cultivation, as his letters show him to have been, was a positive addition to Winthrop’s settlement. Although contrary to the direct statements of Lewis and Newhall, the historians of Lynn, Bachiler and his little colony may not have immediately established a church at Lynn. Bachiler’s own letter to Winthrop shows his first residence was at Newtown, now Cambridge. Here, too, we find the name of John Kerman, one of the Plough Company, as an early settler.  Perhaps Bachiler set up a church with the handful of colonists left of the Plough Company.  The arbitrary General Court of Winthrop’s colony promptly suppressed the influence of these doctrines, which were perhaps more tolerant, and thus more acceptable to many of the newly arriving colonists not yet firmly bound to the compact and narrow limits of the oligarchy. Bachiler and his adherents had not joined the church covenant by taking the “freeman’s oath.” The Court on Oct. 6, 1632, ordered that

“Mr. Batchel’r is required to forbeare exercising his gifts a a pastor or teacher publiquely in our pattent, unless it be to those he brought with him, for his contempt of authority and till some scandles be removed.”

Apparently he had attempted to organize a church without first securing permission from the proper authorities but as to where this was done is not clear from the records.

3rd Act

Saugus, Essex, Mass

Probably after this he moved from Newtown to Saugus (now Lynn) and established his church there. Massachusetts was fast filling up with immigrants, and new settlements were being established. These plantations either kept no records of their first years, or, if such there were, they have been lost. Thus the only definite data of these early years are contained in the records of the General Court, and in the fragmentary notes of Winthrop’s journal. On March 4, 1633, the inhibition of the Court was removed, and Bachiler was free to preach at will.   It is likely he started ministering at Saugus at this time.

He continued preaching to his own little flock for three years, and gradually attaching others to them until his church numbered twenty families.   This increase became less coherent as newcomers settled at Saugus, and on March 15, 1635, Winthrop records that

“divers of the brethren of that church, not liking the proceedings of the pastor and withal making a question whether they were a church or not, did separate from church communion.”

Bachiler and his followers asked the advice of the other churches, who, wishing to hear both sides, offered to meet at Saugus about it. Bachiler then asked the separatists to put their grievances in writing, which they refused to do. At this Bachiler’s quick temper flared up, and he wrote to the other churches that he was resolved to excommunicate these objectors, and therefore the conference at Saugus was not needed. This hasty proceeding (as Winthrop calls it) met with no approval at the lecture in Boston where Bachiler’s letter was read, and the elders at once went to Saugus to pacify the contending parties. After hearing both sides it was agreed that, though not at first regularly constituted as a church, their consent and practice of a church estate had made them a church, and so, Winthrop concludes, all were reconciled.

Probably these reconciling elders pointed out to Master Bachiler that he had not yet conformed to their custom and become a “freeman”; and indeed the Lynn church resembled rather the voluntary assemblings of the early Christians than the formal and solemn installations practised in the Bay.  At all events, on May 6, 1635, Bachiler yielded to their practice, became a freeman and stemming this controversy.

This period was one of extreme danger for the Massachusetts Puritans. The Bay was fast filling up with English settlers from different counties, and each little band was headed by some disestablished or nonconforming clergyman whose dislike for English intolerance was probably equalled by his determination to submit to no arbitrary church government in the new country. Thus, in America the leaders of the Bay Colony were confronted with the opposition of countless involved theological beliefs at variance with their own, while in England the King and Archbishop Laud were determined if possible to suppress the spread of Puritan strength by handicapping the new colony with a Governor-General from England, whose autocracy should be firmly allied with the English church and the Stuart dynasty.

The colony of Winthrop and Dudley was thus attacked from within and from without. Small blame to them for determining actively to expel the contestants here, and passively to ignore the church-and-state rule of England.

Roger Williams’ Statue, no such statue exists of Stephen Batchiler

The banishment of Roger Williams marks the first concerted move to stamp out theological division in their own body. In October of 1635 Williams was expelled from Massachusetts. Stephen Bachiler was the only clergyman to dissent.  In some ways the character of the two men was similar. Both were theorists, both intolerant of arbitrary rule, but history has magnified the success of one and nearly obliterated the record of the other. The constructive talents of Roger Williams resulted in the establishment of the province of Rhode Island where toleration was the rule of life, while the character of Bachiler, always in opposition to authority, made his life work ineffectual.

In January, 1636, Bachiler was called before the magistrates because he and some of his congregation had asked to be dismissed from the Saugus church in order to form a new church presumably in another place. The dismissal was granted but he and his followers, instead of leaving, started a rival church in Saugus. The members of the first church thereupon complained and Bachiler was ordered to desist until the matter had been reviewed. He refused to be bound by the order so a marshal was sent to bring him in, whereupon he agreed to obey and promised to move out of Saugus within three months. Samuel Whiting replaced him in the Saugus or Lynn church   Winthrop records:

” Mr. Batchellor of Saugus was convented before the magistrates. Coming out of England with a small body of six or seven persons and having since received in many more at Saugus, and contention coming between him and the greatest part of his church, who had with the rest received him for their pastor, he desired dismission for himself and first members, which being granted upon supposition that he would leave the town (as he had given out), he with the said six or seven persons presently renewed their old covenant, intending to raise another church in Saugus; whereat the most and chief of the town being offended, for that it would cross their intention of calling Mr. Peter or some other minister, they complained to the magistrates, who seeing the distraction which was like to come by this course had forbidden him to proceed in any such church way until the cause were considered by the other ministers. But he refused to desist, whereupon they sent for him, and upon his delay day after day the marshal was sent to fetch him. Upon his appearance and submission and promise to remove out of the town within three months, he was discharged.”.

4th Act

Among his church, however, many besides his own family disliked the change, and several began a new settlement on Cape Cod, among them John Carman, the Plough Company man.

Bachiler himself is said to have removed in February, 1636, to Ipswich, where the younger Winthrop had established a settlement.   No record exists of this move and it’s possible that he and his son-in-law Christopher Hussey followed Richard Dummer to Newbury, where their cousin had taken up a farm of five hundred acres, and where Bachiler and Hussey likewise received extensive grants of land.

When Rev. Stephen moved away from Saugus, he apparently gave the property to John WING II. This is deduced from the fact that John Wing was the grantor who sold the property to William Tilton after the Wing family moved to Sandwich.

Stephen Bachiler’s chair was on loan to the New Hampshire Historical Society from 1958 to 1986. The loan was returned to the heirs of the lender in 1986 at their request. The chair was then sold by the heirs and is now (2010) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City

The tyrannical rule of the New England Puritans met with little favor in Old England, where general sentiment favored toleration, and much disapproved arbitrary self-government in a colony. Mr. Stansby, a silenced Puritan in Norfolk, writing to John Wilson, the Boston pastor, in 1637, complains:

” that many of the ministers are much straited with you: others lay down the ministry and became private members, as Mr. Bachiler, Mr. Jenner and Mr. Nathaniel Ward. You are so strict in admission of members to your church that more than one-half are out of your church in all your congregations: this may do you much hurt.”

And now the threatened insurrection broke out into a flame. The Fast Day sermon of John Wheelwright arrayed the Massachusetts settlements in two distinct factions, which we may term Antinomians and Arbitrarians.  While there is wide agreement within  Christianity that “antinomianism” is heresy, what constitutes antinomianism is often in disagreement.  Vane was elected Governor; Cotton as teacher ruled the Boston church; the brilliant, if undisciplined, Ann Hutchinson lent distinction to the party of toleration. To the north lay the fishing settlements of Gorges and Mason, allied with the English church; to the south Roger Williams and his colony of broader views.

The Massachusetts Puritans saw no wiser way of treating the spread of these heretical opinions than by suppression. The new election was won for the Arbitrarians; Winthrop and Dudley went back into office, and the Court of Assistants was theirs by an overwhelming majority. The defeated party did what they could by electing Antinomian deputies, but their power was for the moment gone. After some verbal sparring between Winthrop and Vane, the Massachusetts Synod, entirely Arbitrarian, denounced eighty erroneous doctrines, and at the November session of the General Court the iron hand was applied. The leaders of the opposition were banished, disfranchised, or disarmed. Massachusetts presented a stern front against toleration. Wheelwright and his adherents began a settlement beyond the bounds of Massachusetts, at Squamscott (now Exeter, NH). Richard Dummer, who was among those disarmed, had too much at stake to abandon his possessions at Newbury, but returned to England and brought back with him in 1638 a small band of relatives and friends who strengthened his hand.

Bachiler and Hussey, living quietly at Newbury and having been dealt with the year before, were spared in this dictatorial devastation, but the inaction was not to Bachiler’s liking. In the severe winter of 1637-38,   the venerable Puritan walked on foot through the wilderness to Cape Cod, where he and his little party hoped to begin a settlement near that which had been established a year before by John Carman and the company from Saugus. The rigor of the season and the difficulty of the enterprise discouraged them. Winthrop says:

“The undertaker of this (the settlement at Mattakees, now Yarmouth) was one Mr. Batchellor late pastor at Saugus, being about 76 years of age: yet he walked thither on foot in a very hard season. He and his company, being all poor men, finding the difficulty gave it over, and others undertook it.”

Stephen Bachiler Map

5th Act

As early as 1635 the great Council of Plymouth surrendered its charter to the King, and the Attorney-General, Sir John Banks, began quo warranto proceedings to annul the Massachusetts patent. The whole coast line from Sagadahock to Narragansett was parceled out among the eight remaining members. To Gorges was allotted the northern district, as far south as the Piscataqua. Mason’s share adjoined this and ran south to Naumkeag, now Salem harbor. The coast from there to Narragansett fell to Lord Edward Gorges. Thus a paper division shut out Winthrop’s colony from any Royal privileges, and the proposed appointment of their enemy, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, as Governor-General completed the pen-and-ink overthrow of the Bay Puritans.

But paper was all that Charles could give; money and resources he had none, and he was indeed keeping his own coffers barely filled by illegal and unpopular ” ship money” and other taxes. With a singular lack of perspective, after sweating his English subjects by these money getting tactics, Charles and Laud added the last straw by attempting to force the Anglican church establishment upon Scotland. The storm which this raised at home quite blotted out all plans for colonial government and extension. Sir Ferdinando was left to his own resources to fit out the ship which should carry the Royal Governor to his happy New England tenantry; and the doughty Elizabethan knight foundered in the attempt, just as his newly launched vessel broke to pieces on her way off the stocks.

Meanwhile the narrow limits of the Massachusetts patent “from the Merrimack to the Charles” began to press hard on Winthrop’s expanding colony. Each year new settlers flocked there from England, and new settlements were needed to accommodate them. In 1635 a band of Wiltshire men, headed by Thomas Parker, had planted the Massachusetts flag on the southern bank of the Merrimack at Newbury, and soon the tide overflowed into Salisbury, Haverhill, and Rowley.

Here began the debatable land of Mason’s patent of 1629, stretching from the Merrimack to the Piscataqua and joining Gorges’s province of Maine. Few and scattering were the settlements. Depositions made by early planters say that in 1631 there were but three houses on all that side of the country adjoining the Piscataqua. Captain Neale was sent out by Mason and Gorges in the same month as Winthrop’s fleet, and on June 1, 1630, settled in the stone house built by Thomson, the Scotch trader, in 1623 at Little Harbor. These absentee landlords had large plans, and built a manor house or two, set up sawmills and fishing stages, but their colonies lacked the effective personal element which the Bay Colony possessed, and they came to little.

By the close of 1637 Mason was dead, Gorges was busy in the King’s cause, and the vast regions along the Piscataqua between New Hampshire and Maine contained but a few dismembered plantations. The Antinomian heretics were banished from Massachusetts or disarmed; ship-loads of immigrants friendly to the Bay Colony were arriving, and they must be provided with suitable plantations. The “Lords Brethren” of the Bay scanned their patent and saw that its northern line was the Merrimack.

Merrimack River Basin.  The Piscataqua is between New Hampshire and Maine

Now that river reaches the sea at Newbury, but its head waters lie far to the North. “The wish was father to the thought.” Winthrop and his oligarchy looked the ground over and decided that the King’s intention was that their patent should include all the country south of the headwaters. As early as 1636 the General Court passed an order that a plantation should be begun at Winnicunnet, some fifteen miles north of Newbury, and that Richard Dummer and John Spencer should press men to build a house there. The exact location of this house, intended to mark possession, but afterwards called the ” Bound House,” cannot now be definitely determined. It was, says Wheelwright in 1665, ” three large miles North of the Merrimack,” apparently within the limits of the present town of Seabrook, NH.   The settlement planned was not completed, and in 1637 the inhabitants of Newbury were by court order allowed to settle there. Except for Nicholas Easton and a Mr. Geoffrey the Newbury settlers did not take up the new grant, and the two mentioned were unwelcome to the Massachusetts authorities, Easton (afterwards Governor of Rhode Island) having been disarmed as an Antinomian.

Stephen Bachiler founded  Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire

In the autumn of 1638, Bachiler and others successfully petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to begin a new plantation at Winnacunnet, to which he gave the name Hampton when the town was incorporated in 1639.The comany included the adherents of Bachiler, his son-in-law and his four grandchildren, and with them were also one or two Norfolk men who had settled first in Watertown and then in Newbury. The Court ruled also (perhaps remembering past difficulties with Bachiler) that John Winthrop, Jr., [btw John Winthrop Jr was a good friend of Thomas MINER] and Mr. Bradstreet should go with the little band of settlers, and no decisive act should be done without the affirmation of these two Massachusetts officials.

Stephen Bachiler – Hampton Foundation Plaque

Oct 1638 – The reverend Stephen BACHILER and his company, who had received permission from the general court when united together by church covenant, commenced a settlement at Winicowett. He was at this time residing in Newbury. On Mr. Rawson’s request, the place was called Hampton. The following persons, residents of Newbury, went with Mr. Bachiler. John Berry, Thomas COLEMAN, Thomas Cromwell [Giles CROMWELL‘s brother], James DAVIS, William Easton, William Fifield, Maurice Hobbs, Mr. Christopher Hussey [BACHILER’s son-in-law], Thomas Jones, Thomas Marston, William Marston, Robert Marston, John Moulton, Thomas Moulton, William Palmer, William SARGENT, and Thomas Smith. Smith, however, soon returned to Newbury. A few went to Salisbury.

Our ancestos’ lots are underlined in red. Rev. Stephen Bachiler’s lot was on today’s Park Avenue. — Map of the homes of the original settlers of Hampton, NH, recreated from published maps and ancient records in 1892

  • Lafayette Road, and Winnacunnet Road, Hampton, NH on Google Maps
  • The main road going horizontally across the top of the map then, at right, angling down to the right corner, is today’s Winnacunnet Road. At the bottom right corner it leads “To The Sea”.
  • Today’s Lafayette Road/Route One starts in the top left and goes vertically down (south) into the thicker road, then about 2/3 of the way down angles sharply off to the left corner in the small road reading “To Salisbury”. That road today is pretty much straight as an arrow north to south.
  • Midway down that same road a small road angles off to the left that reads “To Drake Side”. That is today’s Drakeside Road.
  • The fat road leading from the point where Route One angles off “To Salisbury” to the right and its meeting with Winnacunnet Road, is today’s Park Ave.
  • The two roads leading off the bottom of the map both say “To the Landing”, and at the time were both ends of a single road that went in a loop. Today they are still there, called Landing Road, but are cut off in the middle by a new highway.
  • Lastly the small road in the top right is Mill Road.

First called the Plantation of Winnacunnet, Hampton was one of four original New Hampshire townships chartered by the General Court of Massachusetts, which then held authority over the colony. “Winnacunnet” is an Algonquian Abenaki word meaning “pleasant pines” and is the name of the town’s high school.

In March 1635, Richard Dummer and John Spencer of the Byfield section in Newbury, came round in their shallop, came ashore at the landing and were much impressed by the location. Dummer, who was a member of the General Court, got that body to lay its claim to the section and plan a plantation here. The Massachusetts General Court of March 3, 1636 ordered that Dummer and Spencer be given power to “To presse men to build there a Bound house”.

The town was settled in 1638 by a group of parishioners led by Reverend Stephen Bachiler, who had formerly preached at the settlement’s namesake:Hampton, England.  Incorporated in 1639, the township once included SeabrookKensingtonDanvilleKingstonEast KingstonSandownNorth Hampton and Hampton Falls.

A letter from Bachiler to the younger Winthrop dated Oct. 9, 1638, still extant, shows that the actual date of the trip from Newbury, which was made in a shallop, was October 14th. On this pleasant fall day the settlement was made, and Stephen probably felt he would spend his remaining days in peace in this new plantation.  His adherents were united to him, a pleasant and fertile spot had been chosen, and one at the farthest northern end of the Massachusetts patent, if not indeed really outside of its limits. To the west lay Wheelwright and his little colony, farther up the coast were the independent settlements of Strawberry Bank and Cocheco. It looked as though liberty indeed lay before him.

Stephen Bachiler – Hampton Meeting House

Rev Timothy DALTON, [our sometimes ancestor] was sent to the town as “teaching assistant” by the Boston church after New Hampshire was absorbed by Massachusetts in 1641. Dalton was a relative of Winthrop, and a man loyal to the Massachusetts doctrines.  He was soon to be Stephen’s nemesis.

Dalton was a Cambridge graduate, ejected from his Suffolk rectory of Woolverstone for non-conformity, who had come to New England in 1635, settling in the Puritan colony at Dedham.  Bachiler and Dalton, nominally head of the church and assistant, were as far apart as the poles. Stephen was old, educated, controversial, versed in polemical discussion, and wedded to his own ideas. Timothy was younger, less cultivated, equally obstinate, and determined to uphold the tenets of his cousin and neighbor, Winthrop. Probably dissension began at once, but time has obliterated nearly all traces of the quarrel. The town records contain no reference to it. The church records have disappeared.

Bachiler was excommunicated by the Hampton church on unfounded charges of “scandal”, but protested to Governor Winthrop and was later reinstated.  The charges involve the disruption of churches and an alleged proposal to commit adultery with the wife of a neighbor in Hampton.

An occasional gleam flashed out until in 1641 the dissensions at Hampton culminated in the sorry incident related in Winthrop’s journal under date of Nov. 12, 1641. No personal criticism of Stephen Bachiler has up to this date been discovered, no breath of scandal has touched his character. That he was opposed to the arbitrary rule of the Bay oligarchy is unquestioned, but it was left to the “reverend, grave and gracious Mr. Dalton” to defame his character and blacken his memory by the story which Winthrop recites with that gusto with which similar incidents, real or falsified, were treated by early Puritan historians. Winthrop says:

“Mr. Stephen Batchellor, the pastor of the church at Hampton, who had suffered much at the hands of the Bishops and having a lusty comely woman to his wife, did solicit the chastity of his neighbor’s wife, who acquainted her husband therewith; whereupon he was dealt with, but denied it, as he had told the woman he would do, and complained to the magistrates against the woman and her husband for slandering him. The church likewise dealing with him, he stiffly denied it, but soon after when the Lord’s Supper was to be administered he did voluntarily confess the attempt, and that he did intend to defile her if she had consented. The church being moved by his full confession and tears silently forgave him, and communicated with him; but after finding how scandalous it was they took advice of other elders, and after long debate and much pleading and standing upon the church’s forgiving and being reconciled to him in communicating with him after he had confessed it, they proceeded to cast him out. After this he went on again in a variable course, sometimes seeming very penitent, soon after again excusing himself and casting blame upon others, especially his fellow elder Mr. Dalton (who indeed had not carried himself in this cause so well as became him, and was brought to see his failing and acknowledged it to the elders of the other churches who had taken much pains about this matter). So he behaved himself to the elders when they dealt with him. He was off and on for a long time, and when he had seemed most penitent so as the church were ready to have received him in again, he would fall back again and as it were repent of his repentance. In this time his house and near all his substance was consumed by fire. When he had continued excommunicated for near two years, and much agitation had been about the matter, and the church being divided so as he could not be received in, at length the matter was referred to some magistrates and elders, and by their mediation he was released of his excommunication but not received to his pastor’s office. Upon occasion of this mediation Mr. Wilson, pastor of Boston, wrote this letter to him.” [Wilson’s letter no longer exists].

Edward Johnson of Woburn, Massachusetts wrote about 1650 of Bachiler as follows:

“Through Ocean large Christ brought thee for to feede,
His wandering flock with’s word thou hast oft taught,
Then teach thy selfe with others thou hast need
Thy flowing fame unto low ebbe is brought”

This detailed account by Winthrop  is all that remains; the court records, district or general, contain no trace of it, no letters mention the case. . No published or manuscript record except Winthrop’s gives us any facts.    During the controversy Bachiler’s house was burned and he lost all of his books and papers.

The story apparently comes from his enemy Dalton, whose writings afford us nothing, unless we may consider a large bequest to Bachiler’s grandson Nathaniel as a tardy attempt at reparation.   It is interesting to note that Dalton and Hugh Peter were also responsible for the slanderous account of Knollys’ and Larkham’s offenses against decency, perpetuated in Winthrop, but now generally disbelieved.

In 1640 Thomas Larkham left with his family for New England, going first to Massachusetts, but moved on to Dover called also then Northam. Here he became minister, ousting Hansard Knollys. Larkham’s conduct in taking on civil as well as religious authority led to much discontent and even open warfare, and commissioners from Boston, of whom Hugh Peters was one, were sent to arbitrate. They found both parties in fault. Larkham remained at Dover until the end of 1642, when, in the account of John Winthrop, he left for England after promising not to; Winthrop also mentions the birth of an illegitimate child of which Larkham was admitted to be the father.

Both Winthrop and Belknap say that “a discovery was made of Knolly’s failure in point of chastity,” and that he himself confessed it before the church, — at least to the extent of some improper “dalliance” with two young women that lived in his family, and that on this account he was dismissed by the church and removed from Dover.

It is unlikely that the ardent and spiritual Knollys, the founder of the Baptist church, could have “sullied with that filthy and indelible stain a life otherwise pure”. Thomas Larkham’s life in England is blameless. The fact is that the settlements north of the Merrimack were looked on by the Bay Puritans as reeking with impurity, and any garbled accounts of misconduct there were exaggerated.

Here’s what Bachiler and his friends and neighbors have to say. Himself, writing to Winthrop in 1643, says:

” I see not how I can depart hence” [that is from Hampton, to accept one of two calls he had received, to Casco and to Exeter], “till I have, or God for me, cleared and vindicated the cause and wrongs I have suffered of the church I yet live in; that is, from the Teacher, who hath done all and been the cause of all the dishonor that hath accrued to God, shame to myself, and grief to all God’s people, by his irregular proceedings and abuse of the power of the church in his hands,–by the major part cleaving to him, being his countrymen and acquaintance in old England. Whiles my cause, though looked slightly into by diverse Elders and brethren, could never come to a judicial searching forth of things, and an impartial trial of his allegations and my defence; which, if yet they might, I am confident in God, upon certain knowledge and due proof before yourselves, the Teacher’s [Dalton’s] act of his excommunicating me (such as I am, to say no more of myself), would prove the foulest matter, –both for the cause alleged of that excommunication, and the impulsive cause,–even wroth and revenge. Also the manner of all his proceeding throughout to the very end, and lastly his keeping me still under bonds,–and much worse than here I may mention for divers causes,–which, to bear on my shoulder in going hence, is so uncomfortable that, tho’ I can refer it to God’s revenging hand and wait on him, yet then I am taught again that such sins endanger the very state of church and commonwealth, for neglecting of the complaints of the afflicted in such a state, wherein Magistrates, Elders, and brethren all are in the sincerest manner set to find out sin, and search into the complaints of the poor,–not knowing father nor mother, church nor Elder. In such a State, I say,–in such a wine-cellar to find such a cockatrice, and not to kill him,–to have such monstrous proceedings passed over, without due justice,–this again stirs up my spirit to seek for a writ ad melius inquirendum. Towards which the enclosed letter tendeth, as you may perceive. Yet if your wisdoms shall judge it more safe and reasonable to refer all my wrongs (conceived) to God’s own judgment, I bless the Lord for his grace, if I know mine own heart herein, I can submit myself to be overruled by you. To conclude,–if the Apostle’s words be objected, that this is thanksworthy, that a man for conscience’s sake shall endure grief, suffering wrongfully,– and therefore I ought in this aforesaid cause of mine to endure the grief thereof in whatsoever I suffer wrongfully, without seeking redress or justice against the offender,–I profess it was more absolutely necessary so to suffer, when the Church had no civil power to seek unto, than in such a land of righteousness as our New England is.”

In the light of the available material we are faced with the question of whether or not Bachiler was guilty of the accusation made against him. His age, for he was about eighty years old, the fact that he won his case for unpaid wages against the town of Hampton and his letter to John Winthrop are in his favor but he did make a confession before the church and that weighs against him, that is if we can believe John Winthrop. Perhaps the best that we can do is give Bachiler the benefit of the doubt and say that the accusation was made but not completely proven and unfortunately not disproven.

So far as we know, Bachiler’s son-in-law Hussey and his grandchildren, who were by this time prominent among the younger Hampton settlers, stood by the slandered patriarch. While the turmoil was at its height Bachiler was asked by Thomas Gorges, deputy governor of the Province of Maine, to act as arbitration “umpire” (deciding judge) in a Saco Court land dispute between George Cleeve and John Winter. His award was adverse to Winter, but the Rev. Robert Jordan, writing to his father-in-law Winter in July, 1642, says:

” Mr. Stephen Bachiler, the pastor of a church in the Massachusetts Bay, was, I must say, a grave, reverend, and good man; but whether more inclined to justice or mercy, or whether carried aside by secret insinuations, I must refer to your own judgment. Sure I am that Cleeve is well nigh able to disable the wisest brain.”

When the five years’ struggle at Hampton was over and the Bachiler party defeated, the 80 year old Puritan minister decided to leave Hampton, and cast about in his mind where to settle. By this time Massachusetts had strengthened its lines, and had reached out to the Piscataqua settlements to take them into its fold. One by one Strawberry Bank, Dover, and Exeter joined the Bay Colony. Wheelwright, the punished heretic, had withdrawn into Maine, and Exeter was without a pastor. The Maine settlements were free from the rule of the Bay, since Alexander Rigby, one of Cromwell’s commanders, had bought the Plough patent from Bachiler’s Company of Husbandmen, was actively at war with the Gorges heirs over his title, and yet was opposed to the arbitrary encroachments of Winthrop’s colony.

6th Act

Both Exeter and Casco’s settlement sought to secure Bachiler for their pastor.  Both were neighboring plantations to Hampton, and must have heard of the Hampton slander. Apparently they disbelieved it, and certainly they invited him to settle with them.

By 1644 Cleeve had become deputy governor of Lygonia, a rival province to that of Gorges’ in Maine established from a resurrected Plough Patent, and asked Bachiler to be its minister at Casco. Bachiler deferred, having already received a call to be minister for the new town of Exeter.

In February, 1644, Bachiler laid the matter before the church at Boston, and the elders apparently advised him merely to remove from Hampton, leaving him to decide between the two calls. In May he decided to accept the call to Exeter; and wrote to Winthrop as an old friend to acquaint him with the decision, asking him to urge ” his brother Wilson” to attend the ordination at Exeter, and ” make it a progresse of recreation to see his ould friend and thus to do me this laste service save to my buriall.”

But the Boston elders, having apparently advised somewhat against his removing to Casco, now looked with dismay at his gathering a church at Exeter, which the Bay authorities now claimed lay within their patent. The General Court held at Boston- May 29, 1644, passed this order:

” Whereas it appears to this Court that some of the inhabitants of Exeter do intend shortly to gather a church and call Mr. Bachiler to be their minister: and forasmuch as the divisions there are judged by this Court to be such as for the present they cannot comfortably proceed in such weighty and sacred affairs, it is therefore ordered that direction shall be sent to defer the gathering of a church or any such proceeding until this court or the Court at Ipswich, upon further satisfaction of their reconciliation and fitness, shall give allowance thereunto.”

Winthrop’s journal,mentioning this order, adds,–“And besides Mr. Batchellor had been in three places before, and through his means, as was supposed, the churches fell to such divisions as no peace could be till he was removed.”

Jefferson Street within the Strawbery Banke Historical District

The call to Casco declined, and the gathering of a church at Exeter being forbidden, Bachiler was now 83 years old and quite adrift.  In 1644 he was forced to sell his great farm at Hampton, and went as a missionary to Strawberry Banke [now an outdoor history museum located in the South End historic district of Portsmouth, New Hampshire) ], where he lived for some years, preaching to the godless fishermen of that seaside parish. With him went his godchild and grandson, Stephen Samborne, and they settled on the Kittery side of the Piscataqua. At this time, Richard Gibson’s Anglican church establishment having been disrupted, and James Parker, that ” Godly man and scholar ” having gone to the Barbadoes, the missionary at Strawberry Bank also had the hamlet of Kittery and the fishing settlements of the isles of Shoals. Here dwelt a type of men different from the devout colony of Hampton and of Exeter, a rude, lawless race of deep sea fishermen, often also deep drinkers and roisterers.

In April, 1647, Bachiler gave to the four grandchildren he had brought to New England what remained of his Hampton property. He petitioned the General Court in 1645 for some allowance for his six years’ pastorate at Hampton, but was referred to the district court. While his case was pending he wrote from Strawberry Bank to Winthrop in May, 1647:

“I can shew a letter of your Worship’s occasioned by some letters of mine, craving some help from you in some cases of oppression under which I lay,–and still do,– wherein also you were pleased to take notice of those oppressions and wrongs; that in case the Lord should give, or open a door of opportunity, you would be ready to do me all the lawful right and Christian service that any cause of mine might require. Which time being, in my conceit, near at hand, all that I would humbly crave is this,–to read this inclosed letter to my two beloved and reverend brothers, your Elders (Cotton and Wilson), and in them to the whole Synod. Wherein you shall fully know my distressed case and condition; and so, as you shall see cause, to join with them in counsel, what best to do for my relief.


While he was in Strawberry Bank, he married in 1648 (as fourth wife) a young widow, Mary Beedle of Kittery, Maine. In 1651, she was indicted and sentenced for adultery with a neighbor.

Bachiler wrote:

“It is no news to certify you that God hath taken from me my dear helper and yokefellow. And whereas, by approbation of the whole plantation of Strawberry Bank, they have assigned an honest neighbor, (a widow) to have some eye and care towards my family, for washing, baking, and other such common services,–it is a world of woes to think what rumors detracting spirits raise up, that I am married to her, or certainly shall be; and cast on her such aspersions without ground or proof, that I see not how possibly I shall subsist in the place, to do them that service from which otherwise they cannot endure to hear I shall depart. The Lord direct and guide us jointly and singularly in all things, to his glory and our rejoicing in the day and at the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ! And so, with my humble service to your worship, your blessed and beloved yokefellow, (mine ancient true friend) with blessing on you both, yours and all the people of God with you, I end and rest your Worship’s in the Lord to commend.”

He married this “honest neighbor “Mary surnamed Magdalene,” the widow of an obscure seaman named Beetle, whose adultery with a local rascal, George Rogers, was soon detected. Rogers was a renegade seaman or servant of Trelawny, who had settled at Kittery, across the river from Strawberry Bank.  His affair with Mary Bachiler was punished in March, 1651/52, by the Court at York, which sentenced Rogers to be flogged, and the erring wife, after her approaching delivery, to be whipped and branded with the letter “A,” the “Scarlet Letter”of Hawthorne’s romance.

But before the York court had passed its sentence Bachiler had doubtless discovered his last wife’s true nature and probably left her and returned to Hampton, applying for a divorce. The district court at Salisbury on April 9, 1650, gave him a judgment against the town of Hampton for £40, “wage detained,” and at the same session fined him £10 for not publishing his marriage according to law. It then entered the following atrocious order:

“That Mr. Batchelor and his wife shall live together as man and wife, as in this court they have publicly professed to do; and if either desert one another, then hereby the court doth order that the marshall shall apprehend both the said Mr. Batchelor and Mary, his wife, and bring them forthwith to Boston, there to be kept till the next Quarter Court of Assistants, that farther consideration thereof may be had, both of them moving for a divorce: Provided, notwithstanding, that if they put in 50 pounds each of them, for their appearance, that then they shall be under their bail to appear at the next court; and in case Mary Batchellor shall live out of the jurisdiction, without mutual consent for a time, then the clerk shall give notice to the magistrate at Boston of her absence, that further order may be taken therein.”

By October, 1650, (the next term of court) when the Maine court presented Rogers and Mary Batchellor for adultery, the local justices had probably learned the actual offence and remitted half the fine imposed in April.  Perhaps they ignored the incomprehensible order referred to, for we hear no more of it; but life in New England had become impossible for the venerable Puritan. Old England seemed a sure haven. There Cromwell and the Parliament had overthrown his ancient foes, the bishops, and there he had grandchildren living in comfort. Sometime in 1654, accompanied by one grandson and his family, he sailed from New England, the Arcadia of his hopes, to England, the land of his earliest struggles. His last act on leaving America was to turn over what remained of his property to Christopher Hussey and his wife ” in consideration that the said Hussey had little or nothing from him with his daughter as also that the said son Hussey and his wife had been helpful unto him both formerly and in fitting him for his voyage.” This kindly act is the last that we have of authentic record concerning Bachiler, who it may be hoped returned to prosperous and friendly kindred in old England to linger out his last years.


The graceless Mary Bachiler was sentenced by the Maine courts for sexual irregularities in 1651, 1652, and 1654, and lived to cast one more slander at her aged and deceived victim.  She claimed Bachiler married a new wife while still legally married to her. She petitioned the Massachusetts General Court in 1656, stating:

“Whereas, your petitioner having formerly lived with Mr. Stephen Bachiler in this Colony as his lawful wife (and not unknown to divers of you, as I conceive), and the said Mr. Bachiler, upon some pretended ends of his own, has transported himself into old England, for many years since, and betaken himself to another wife, as your petitioner hath often been credibly informed, and there continues; whereby your petitioner is left destitute not only of a guide to herself and her children, but also made incapable of disposing herself in the way of marriage to any other without a lawful permission. . . . And were she free of her engagement to Mr. Bachiler, might probably so dispose of herself as that she might obtain a meet helper to assist her to procure such means for her livelihood, and the recovery of her children’s health, as might keep them from perishing,– which your petitioner, to her great grief, is much afraid of, if not timely prevented.”

This allegation rests on her unsupported and discredited statement, and may be taken as an utter falsehood. A Dover court record of March 26, 1673, seems to indicate that the daughter of Mary Bachiler (born in coverture and therefore legally Stephen Bachiler’s daughter, though undoubtedly disowned by him) attempted to secure some part of Bachiler’s estate. Her husband, William Richards, was given power of administration to the estate of ” Mr. Steven Batchelor dec’d,” being also prudently enjoined to bring in an inventory thereof to the next court, and to put up ” sufficient security to respond ye estate any yt may make better claim unto it.” As no further record exists of this matter, we may conclude this ” fishing expedition ” resulted in nothing. Tradition states that the ancient Hampshire parson died in England in 1660, having rounded out a century, and that the last six years of his life were spent in tranquility with prosperous descendants in England. Later research proved that the Rev. Bachiler was buried on 31 October 1656 in the Allhallows Staining Church cemetery, in London, England.

Denied a divorce by the Massachusetts Court, Bachiler finally returned to England about 1653. He died near London, and was buried at All Hallows Staining on October 31, 1656.

Stephen Bachiler – All Hallow’s Staining, London, England burial Location

The statements of Winthrop’s journal are diametrically opposed to what we know elsewhere of Bachiler’s life, his spirit and his character.

Two portraits are offered of him. In one, you may see an erring and disgraced old man, hunted from place to place by his own mistakes, fleeing from England to America, and finally hiding in England from the result of his senile misconduct.  In the other a highminded but unsuccessful patriarch, with the defects of his qualities, at variance with the Massachusetts Bay oligarchs, spending his life in the vain search for religious freedom, and rebelling at the limitations and prescriptions which time was to show were impossible in a free and gradually enlightened democracy. Driven from place to place by the autocracy first of the English church and then of the Winthrop colony,  the principles of social and religious enfranchisement, for which he spent his life, his means, and his best ambitions were ultimately triumphant.

Bachiler’s many descendants include James Dean, Winston Churchill, Daniel Webster, and presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. Perhaps the best summation of his career is in the biographical entry in Robert Charles Anderson’s The Great Migration Begins (NEHGS, Boston 1995): “Among the many remarkable lives lived by early New Englanders, Bachiler’s is the most remarkable.”

Stephen Bachiler – Signature


1. Nathaniel Bachiler

Nathaniel wife Hester Mercer was born 1 Aug 1602 in Southampton, Hampshire, England. Her parents were John Mercer and Jeanne Le Clercq. Hester died 1631 in Southampton, Hampshire, England

m. (2) by 1645 Margery _____ (on 9 April 1645 “Margerie Batchellor” the widow of Nathaniel Bacheler of Southampton, Hampshire, was granted administration on his estate [PCC Admon. Act Book 1645, f. 22]); he did not come to New England, but his son Nathaniel did, and resided at Hampton.

2. Deborah BACHILER (See Rev. John WING(E) [Wynge]‘s page)

3. Stephen Bachiler

Stephen’s wife Sarah [__?__]

Stephen matriculated at Oxford 18 June 1610 from Magdalen College, aged 16. “Stephen Bachiler of Edmund Hall” was ordained deacon at Oxford 19 September 1613 [Bishop’s Register, Diocese of Oxford]; with his father, accused in 1614 of circulating slanderous verses no further record.

5. Theodate Bachiler

Theodate’s husband Christopher Hussey was born 18 Feb 1599 in Dorking, Surrey, England. His parents were John Hussey and Mary Wood. He was perhaps a relative of the mayor of Winchester of the same name who married a daughter of the Hampshire Puritan Renniger. Christopher died 6 Mar 1686 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire,

Christopher was lieutenant and then captain of the train band in Hampton.  A
copy of the book of abatements for Hampton was brought to court in November 1679, indicating that Christopher Hussey of Hampton had been granted one hundred and fifty acres of upland, meadow and marsh, for a farm [EQC 7:285].
On 2 April 1681 Christopher Hussey of Hampton granted to his son John Hussey of Hampton one half acre of land of “my farm in Hampton” in a place convenient for the setting up of a grist mill [NHPLR A:65; EIHC 49:34-35]. On 8 April 1673, Edward Colcord, aged about fifty-six and William Fifield deposed that “when Mr. Steven Batcheller of Hampton was upon his voyage to England they heard him say to his son-in-law Mr. Christopher Hussey that as Hussey had no dowry with Batcheller’s daughter when he married her, and that he had given to said Hussey all his estate” [Essex Ant5:173, citing Old Norfolk County Records].

He was one of the eight purchasers of Nantucket in 1659, and in 1671 sold his land to his sons John and Stephen [Nantucket Land 53, 69]. On 6 December 1681 Christopher Hussey confirmed a deed of 23 October 1671 in which he had sold all his lands and rights on the island of Nantucket to his sons Stephen Hussey and John Hussey [NHPLR 3:168a].

6. Samuel Bachiller

Samuel lived at Gorcum in Holland, where he was a minister, and had a wife and children.

7. Ann Bachiler

Ann’s first husband John Samborne was born 1606 in Brimpton, Berkshire, England. His parents were Edward Samborne and Margaret [__?__].  He was probably connected with James Samborne, the Winchester scholar and Oxford graduate, Puritan vicar of Andover and rector of Upper Clatford, neighboring villages to Wherwell.  John died in 1630 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire

Ann’s second husband Henry Atkinson was born 1600 in London, Middlesex, England. Henry died in 1640

8. William Bachiller

William’s wife Jane Cowper 1603 in Hurst, Berkshire, England. Jane died 28 May 1676 in Charleston, Suffolk, Mass.

Their first son, named Seaborne was born 12 Dec 1634.


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Rev John Wynge

Rev. John WYNGE (1584 – 1630) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation.

Rev. John Wygne  was baptized on 12 Jan 1584 in St. Mary’s Church, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. . His parents were Matthew WINGE and Mary [__?__] . He married Deborah BACHILER circa 1608.  He was planning to come to America, but he died at probate (will-proved), St. Mary Aldermary, London, England, between 2 November 1629 and 4 August 1630 before he had the chance.

Deborah Bachiler was born 23 Jun 1591 in Wherwell Hampshire, England.  She was the  the oldest child of Rev. Stephen BACHILER and Deborah BATES.   In 1632, shortly after the death of her husband, she emigrated from England to New England with her father, Stephen Bachiler. Deborah and her 4 sons came to New England on the ship William & Francis with her father and his wife, Helena Mason Bachiler. The date of death for Deborah is unknown. While some Wing family historians believe that she was the “Olde Goody Wing” who died in Yarmouth in JAN 1691/92, she was not mentioned in the delayed probate record of her son, Matthew Wing, in 1680 so was almost certainly already deceased at that date.

Children of Rev. John Wing and Deborah Bachiler:

John Wynge – Baptisms – Deborah Wing was the oldest child of Rev. John Winge and Deborah Bachiler. She was baptized at Strood, Kent on 12 OCT 1609. As her father was the parish priest, this baptismal record is in his own hand. John Wing was the second child, and oldest son of Rev. John Winge and Deborah Bachiler. He was baptized at Strood, Kent, England on 1 SEP 1611. He had reached his age of majority shortly after the family arrived at Saugus in 1632.

Name Born Married Departed
1. Debora(h) Winge c.  Jan 1611 Edward Ford
2 Nov 1629
London, England,
27 Aug 1680
2. John WINGE II 1613 Elizabeth DILLINGHAM
Miriam Deane
31 Jan 1692/93
c Apr 1699 Harwich, Barnstable, MA
3. Daniel Winge 1618, Flushing, Zealand Hannah Swift 5 Nov 1642
Sandwich, PC
Anna Ewer
Jun 1666
Sandwich, PC
10 Mar 1664 at Sandwich, MA
4. Joseph Winge 5 Nov 1618 5 Nov 1618 Hamburg, Germany
5. Stephen Winge 1621 at prob. Flushing, Zeeland Oseah Dillingham
Oct 1646
Sandwich, PC
(Elizabeth’s sister and daughter of Edward DILLINGHAM)
Sarah Briggs
7 Jan 1654/55
Sandwich, PC
24 Apr 1710 Sandwich, MA, Interred at Spring Hill Cemetery.
6. unnamed daughters Winge c 1625
7. Matthew Winge The Hague, Netherlands, after 1627 Joan(e) Newman (Nicholson)
c 1650
Stroud, Kent, England
bef. 1653Stroud, Kent, England

John Wynge – Bio

John Winge entered Oxford University on 15 Oct 1599, and at the age of 14, was at that time the youngest student ever to be enrolled.  He graduated with a B.A. from Queen’s College, Oxford on 12 Feb 1603/4.

St. Nicholas Church, Strood, Kent, England

John was first installed as a minister at St. Nicholas Church, Strood, Kent, England by late 1608, upon the death of the previous priest (Undoubtedly the “Mr Williams” who died 5 Dec 1608) . A study of the handwriting of the parish register indicates that John may have been there as early as 1605 (possibly assisting the previous pastor).  At about the same time John married Deborah Bachiler, the eldest daughter of Rev. Stephen Bachiler. John continued to preach there until the latter part of Nov 1614. The first two children of John and Deborah (coincidentally named Deborah and John) were baptized at Strood in 1609 & 1611 respectively.

St. Nicholas Church, Strood, Kent, England Interior

John lived in Sandwich, Kent, England at one time. The only time available would have been during the period between his serving at Strood and his becoming pastor to the Merchant Adventurers at Hamburg.  Rev. John’s sermon “The Crown Conjugall” was preached here. This was his earliest sermon that he later published (in Nov 1620). Their son, Daniel was likely born there during this time period. If so, Daniel would have the distinction of being the only original settler of Sandwich in Plymouth Colony to have been born at its namesake city.

Rev. John Winge became the minister to the Society of Merchant Adventurers at Hamburg by 1617. During his stay at Hamburg, John published at least two of his sermons:  “Jacob’s Staffe” and “Abel’s Offering” both published in 1617.  While these were the two earliest sermons he published, he drafted them after his sermon “The Crown Conjugall.” While living at Hamburg, John and Deborah had a son (Joseph) baptized (5 Nov 1618). However, this son apparently died young.

Rev. John was installed as the pastor of the English Church at Flushing on 19 Jun 1620. While living at Flushing, he also periodically preached at Middelburg. It appears that Stephen, and possibly other children, were born at Flushing. He removed to The Hague, where he was installed the priest of the English Church there about 10 Mar 1627. The youngest son, Matthew, apparently was born while the family lived at Flushing.

It appears that life in the Dutch cities ruined John’s health. As early as 1620, in the dedication of his book “The Crown Conjugal” he spoke of “afflection upon mine external state, doe daily provoke and deeply challenge from me…” In his letter to Sir Dudley Carleton Rev. John stated that he had been so ill he could not even hold a quill pen to write.

It appears that Rev. John had decided to emigrate to New England, but his health worsened, and he died before plans can be finalized. He left a will at St. Mary Aldermary, London, dated 2 Nov 1629. The will stated all of his property was to be sold and the monies divided between his widow and his children. It is believed that he may have also had made out a will at The Hague.

When Sandwich, Mass was settled in 1637, the Wings were among the first there. Although Deborah’s name does not appear on the list of founding fathers of Sandwich (it having been a man’s world) she was and is still considered the “Matriarch of Sandwich

Deborah was widowed while in her early fourties. In 1632, shortly after the death of her husband, John Winge, she emigrated from England to New England with her father, Stephen Bachiler. Deborah and her 4 sons came to New England on the ship William & Francis with her father and his wife, Helena Mason Bachiler. Deborah remained in Saugus (now Lynn), Mass where her father was pastor until 1637. That was the year he removed to mid-Cape Cod (Yarmouth). She removed with her sons to upper, or western Cape Cod and there she became a founder of Sandwich. In Sandwich history, she is referred to as “the Matriarch”. Her husband, John Wing, had lived in Sandwich, England; a connection, if any, is not known.

There have been accounts that Deborah moved with her son John Wing to Sautucket (originally part of Yarmouth, later Harwich, but now Brewster) in 1657.  There is also an account that she lived with her son Stephen at the Wing (Old Fort) Home. All of these accounts could be true…but not proven…or all of them could be speculation because there is nothing mentioned about Deborah after she and her sons moved to Sandwich.

The troubles that her father (Rev. Stephen Bachiler) suffered must have had an effect on Deborah and her sons, but there are no known recorded events that indicate their involvement with him during that time. It has been stated that John Wing went with Rev. Bachiler when he attempted to settle Mattakeese, near Yarmouth, It was during the 1640’s that three of Deborah’s four sons would marry. Daniel, her 2nd son, 3rd child, marries in the year 1641 to Hannah Swift. John Wing, her oldest son, 2nd child, marries about 1645 to Elizabeth, Dillingham, daughter of Edward Dillingham of Sandwich.  Then Stephen, her 3rd son, 4th child marries Oseah Dillingham in 1646…after appearing before the General Court for having had carnal knowledge of Oseah before their marriage. By this time Deborah’s youngest son, Matthew, is 19 or 20 years old…yet you hear nothing about Matthew until about 1655 when you learn that Matthew married Joane Newman in Stroud, Kent, England…and there is still no mention of Deborah.

One theory is that Deborah died in the 1640’s…when 3 of her 4 sons married…not only married but Daniel bought property from Andrew Hallett in 1640…when he was about 23 years old. Stephen supposedly attained and made the Old Fort House a home in 1641, at the age of 20 years…and John received 6 acres of meadowland at Sandwich, Plymouth Colony in 1641. John was by then about 28 years old…and he marries in 1645 at about the age of 32 years. Perhaps John’s marriage is the most significant since he was considered the head of the Wing household in Sandwich.

We may never know when Deborah Bachiler Wing died for certain. We can only be sure that her life had changed dramatically in New England from what she had experienced in England or Holland. I am sure there must have been several times she longed for the austerity of her former life. How many times she must have yearned to see her daughter (also named Deborah) and perhaps she either wrote to her or had one of her sons sit by the fireplace with her while she dictated to them what she wanted to say. Those letters would have been delivered by someone who was going to a port where a ship was leaving for England and by the time it got to the ship, it would already be weeks old. Deborah’s letter would have been added to the pile that was already large for delivery in either London, Yarmouth or another port where hopefully it would be delivered with care to yet another town, village or vicarage. By some means, Deborah’s daughter, would be notified that there was a letter waiting for her. By the time Deborah read the letter her mother had sent to her, the letter would be months old.

There was a poem written about Deborah Bachiler Wing in 1903 by Mrs. Elizabeth Hoxie Ware of Sandwich, Mass.  It was read at the dedication of a bronze tablet marking the Sandwich location where Deborah Bachiler Wing raised her sons:

Long years ago in England,

When England yet was young,

Where the River Test flows softly,

Twixt banks of brightest green,

And Queen Elfrida’s convent,

through the arching trees is seen.

Softly she sang her childish thoughts,

As the daises her small feet pressed;

Softly she touched the fragrant flowers,

Or watched the wild birds nest.

And this is the song the wee maid sang:

“There’s never a day without a cloud

Or a joy without a sorrow

And the sun that sets in the rain tonight

Will shine for me tomorrow.”

The preacher prayed inside the church

or a conscience freed from sin

While the little child in innocence

Caught the heavenly voice within–

“Father I stood by the river

just as the moon went down,

And it lighted the church of Wherewell

As if with a golden crown

And Father, I saw a vision;

Dost thou think that children may?”

“And what was the vision daughter?

Tell it to me, pray.”

Her dark eyes grew more earnest,

While steady and strong was she;

“I saw four boys and a woman

In a vessel upon the sea.

And she was sad and lonely;

And a man that looked like thee

Stood near; and there was sound of weeping,

And the woman looked like me.”

“Didst see aught else, my daughter?”

And he thought of the threatening storm

Of church and state and conscience,

And his weary heart grew warm.

For might not his little maiden

Be chosen of God to warn

Benighted, priest ridden England

Of the rise of a brighter dawn?

Earnest and still that fair child stood,

As Deborah stood of old,

And God’s grace shone upon her

While she her vision told.

It came again unto her,

The same foreshadowing truth;

And with a tiny hand extended,

She saw through the bounds of youth.

Father, I see the vessel,

And many are there, who make

The air resound with prayers

For God and conscience sake.”

Scarce eighteen summers now have come and gone,

With each clouds of sunshine on the way;

Life’s story glimmers bright with youthful song,

And earnest hours have changed from foolish play.

The little child unto a maiden fair has grown;

A strong souled man has looked into her eyes

And from her heart her girlhood’s song has flown.

While in it’s place thoughts strange and sweet arise

Across her sunny pathway

With young love’s wooing came

Young John, the stalwart preacher,

With words of sweetest flame.

“Deborah, beloved maiden,

Thou art dear, and unto thee

Give I all my heart; now answer,

Givest thou thine to me?”

Deborah, the gentle maid,

With her eyes of dusky brown,

Answered softly, “John, I love thee”

With her fair face drooping down.

Think ye then that John the preacher

E’er remembered priestly gown,

With that sweet faced maid before him

With her hair of burnished brown?

Nay, for in his arms he gathered

Her love unto his heart;

“God do ill and more to me, love

If I fail to do my part.”

Came there then no thought or vision?

Forgotten was the prophesy

the sad-eyed lonely woman

Out upon the stormy sea.

A few more years have come and gone

While joy and sadness into life have grown

We see the blessings of the children five,

We hear the sadness of the widow’s moan.

The vision given in the fleeting years long gone,

Seems nearing now it’s strange, sad truth to prove

the woman on the stormy sea forlorn,

In spirit hath no confines to her love.

Ah rare indeed that company

The Lord did send out that day!

Did the little ship The Francis

Sail calmly on it’s way?

Sail, stately ship, more proudly;

Tbanners all unfurled;

Thou carry’st wondrous tidings

Unto an unknown world.

Oh, Shawme Lake, by Indians called, how fair!

We greet thee now, unknown to world and fame.

Oh Sandwich! Unto thee we give our love–

For in her longing heart she gave thee name

The following article was condensed from a biographical sketch compiled about 1914 by Col. George W. Wing (1856-1924), first president of the Wing Family of America.

John Wing, born in England in the latter 1500’s. Died about 1629, The Hague, Holland or 1630 in England. Married probably about 1610 to Deborah Bachiller. They probably were married in Holland.

Like his father-in-law, Stephen Bachiler, John Wing was an English minister who moved to Holland and became a Puritan pastor there, most likely for similar reasons. He had been residing at Sandwich, County Kent, England on the Strait of Dover and then at Banbury before migrating to Holland. There he became pastor of an English Puritan Congregation in Flushing, Province of Zealand. It is likely that he was associated in some way in Holland with Stephen Bachiler, as he married Stephen’s daughter. Pope, in PIONEERS ON MASSACHUSETTS, states that John Wing died in the Hague, Holland in 1629. Lovell, in SANDWICH: A CAPE COD TOWN, states that he died in England in 1630. An early Wing family genealogist, writing in 1881, stated that John came to America and settled in Sandwich. But more recent research proves that the writer must have confused John Wing with John Wing, Jr., his son, who did accompany his widowed mother, brothers, and Stephen Bachiler to America in 1632, and settled first in Lynn, and later in Sandwich.

Elizabeth ruled England with an iron hand. The Puritans were in a majority in the House of Commons, but the severe reprimands they had met with from the throne deterred them from enacting any religious laws. The prelates of the Church of England were still in the haughty exercise of all religious prerogatives. So that when Matthew, or perchance Mary, carried the infant John in their arms up the stately aisles of old St. Mary’s to the Saxon baptismal font, he was baptized with the parents and attendants kneeling at the sacrament, which was sealed by the sign of the cross. Every question of ceremony was regulated by Queen Elizabeth. Even the size and height of the ruff about Matthew’s neck was determined by the Queen’s edict.

The very year of John’s birth, Elizabeth consigned the religious life of England into the keeping of forty-four commissioners, who were enpowered by all means and ways they could devise, by juries, by the rack, by torture, by inquisition, by imprisonment, to reform all heresies and schism, and to punish all breaches of uniformity of worship. so we may well imagine that John was christened by his parents with strict regard to the country’s laws.

Matthew and Mary were not permitted to invite their neighbors to read and discuss the scriptures. All such gatherings, without the Queen’s special permission, were unlawful. And if, perchance, Matthew (who was a tailor) in his business sold a suit of clothes to a nobleman, he was obliged to wait that gentlman’s knightly pleasure for payment. If he sued to recover the price, he was liable to imprisoment himself. It was only during the succeeding generations that the noble principles of liberty took root. Executions took place for robbery, theft and felonies; whippings and burnings in the hand hand were legal modes of punishment for lesser crimes. In fact, the “Merrie England” of the days of Matthew and the boyhood of John affords us no reason to be in love with the picture of the absolute monarchy or with the government of “good Queen Bess.”

The boyhood of John was spent in Banbury. The square about the old Banbury cross was undoubtedly a playground, and time and again he must have passed and entered the old Reindeer Inn. The schools of the day were known as grammar schools, and undoubtedly John made good use of them, for he was able to matriculate at Oxford when but fifteen years of age. We cannot doubt that he was a regular Sunday attendant at St. Mary’s. His deeply spiritual nature was a surety of that. The sermons in the English churches at that time were merely homilies prepared by the prelates and given the vicars to read, exhorting their congregations to obey the Queen and extolling her goodness.

In John’s fourteenth year, all England was aflame with the approach of the great Spanish Armada. His father at that time was forty-eight years of age, and his brothers, Fulk and Thomas, twenty-four and twenty-two respectively. Unquestionably they were enrolled among the nation’s defenders. The year following the excitement attending the Armada, John Wing entered Oxford University. The school was only twenty-three miles from his home. The matriculation entry is as follows:

“John Wynge of Oxon, pleb. St. Alban’s Hall, 15 October, 1599, aged 14.”

On 12 February, 1603, Queen’s College invested him with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. During the days of John’s schooling there, Oxford was particularly active in the literary movement of that day, and undoubtedly the youth became acquainted there with many of the great lights who dazzled the world with their writings in the generation following.

That we may better appreciate the scholarly attainments of young John Wing, B.A., nineteen years of age, when he left the shadows of Queen’s College in 1603, a review of the times may prove interesting. Of the peers of the realm during Elizabeth’s reign only about sixty knew their letters. In the rual districts, to read and write were considered rare accomplishments, and even among the gentry below the first degree there was little difference in literary accomplishments between master and the boorish attendants. As we descend a step lower we reach a class wholly illiterate. Shakespeare’s father was High Bailiff of Stratford, but he could neither read nor write. Of nineteen aldermen of Stratford only six could write their names. Nor was the ignorance confined to the laymen. In1578, according to Neal, of one hundred and forty clergymen in Cornwall belonging to the established church, not one was capable of preaching, and throughout the kingdom, those who could preach were in the proportion of one to four.

The time of the induction of John into the holy order is conjectural. Oxford at the time of his graduation was, under Elizabeth’s reign, the fountain head of English church theology. His parents were members of the established church, and it was quite likely with a view of taking the orders that he pursued his studies at the University. It is most likely that the young Oxford graduate secured a position in some country village as a curate or assistant to the vicar of some parish and, while acting in that capacity, met Deborah Bachiler, daughter of the Vicar of Wherwell in Hampton.

Stephen Bachiler, the Vicar of Wherwell, had gained considerable reputation among his clerical brethren for learning and ability. A man of willful independent and forceful character, he had refused conformity with the requirements of his superiors in the chuch and in 1605 was deprived of his living at Wherwell. He immediately secured another following in the vicinity of Wherwell and continued to preach the gospel as a Presbyterian. It was an age of fierce religious controversy, and it was during the period immediately following Bachiler’s expulsion from his living at Wherwell that the young Oxford graduate met and courted Deborah. It will not for an instant be believed by those who have studied Bachiler’s dominating and forceful character that he would permit his daughter to marry a clergyman of the Church of England. Tradition says that he refused to give his youngest daughter, Theodate, in marriage to young Christopher Hussey until the latter would promise to take her to New England, where he himself proposed to settle. The influence of the courtship and the marriage of John and Deborah, and the subsequent associations with the father of the latter, may have had much to do with the breaking of the young man’s relations with the mother church.

John Wing and Deborah Bachiler were married about the year 1609-10. It may be conjectured that because John’s brother named a daughter Deborah, born to him in 1608, that the marriage occurred even earlier. At the time of his marriage, John was about twenty-five years of age and Deborah barely eighteen. The oldest child, Deborah was born in 1611. John, the second child, is said by some student of family history to have been born at Yarmouth. He is mentioned in his grandfather’s will made in 1614, so that it is probably that his birth occurred in 1613.

In 1617, John Wing is found preaching to the famous society of Merchant Adventurers of England in Hanover, Germany, and it is known definitely that he was in charge of a congregation at the old Roman cinque port of Sandwich in Kent at some period prior to 1620. The proof of this is contained in the dedication of his first book, “The Crown Conjugall”, printed in November, 1620. He thus inscribed it:

“To The Right Worshipfull Master Matthew Peke Esquire, Mayor of the Towne and Port of Sandwich, and to the Worshipfull, the Jurates of his brethren, the Common Counsell and whole Corporation for the same JOHN WING, doth with Grace and Peace and all good form from the living God through the love of our Lord Jesus Christ, by the worke of the Holy Ghost, (our former favours, and the abundant fruits of your love Right Worshipfull and welbeloved in the Lord) which I have from time to time experienced ever since it pleased the Lord to cast affliction upon mine external state, doe daily provoke and deeply challange from me, the manifestation of a thankfull hart unto you all to whose kindnes I stand a Debtor much engaged to this day.”

Mr. Stevens, in his “History of Presbyterianism” thus makes mention of our ancestor:

“Mr. Wing, a pious man, and edifying preacher, was first at Sandwich, but had latterly been chaplain to the Merchants Adventurers of England residing at Hamburg. He exerted himself much for the good of his people her (Flushing) until he removed to the Hague in 1627.”

On 19 June, 1620, he had been ordained as pastor of the churches of Flushing and Middleburg (in Holland) under the direction of Mr. John Paget of Amsterdam, assisted by two Dutch clergymen, and in the presence of the burgomaster and other magistrates.

There are many theories as to the exact religious beliefs of the Rev. John Wing. Robert Browne, the founder of English Congregationalism, as early as 1581, had emigrated to Middleburg, in Zealand, with his followers, and it was from here that he published his several works. His followers became distracted and divided on matters of discipline and were finally disbanded. It may have been remnants of Brown’s old congregation at Middleburg that John Wing preached to in 1620. The fact that the Dutch government recognized and materially aided the Rev. John Wing in his ministrations at the Hague and in his induction into the Pastorate at Middleburg, leads to the belief that he was a Presbyterian in his belief and teachings. He was the first settled English pastor at the Hague, being admitted 11 May, 1627. The states of Holland allowed him a subsidy of 300 pounds year, which, by a decree of 1628, was augmented to 500 pounds. A subscription of 100 pounds was raised by the English, and expended in repairing and beautifying the chapel. This church, or chapel, was much frequented by the royal family, and especially by Elizabeth, daughter of King James, wife of the ex-King of Bohemia. It was here that Mr. Wing preached 18 May, 1624, his sermon “The Saint’s Advantage, or the Wellfare of the Faithfull in the Worst Times” before Queen Elizabeth. The sermon was given at the Hague while Mr. Wing was still in the pastorate at Middleburg. It was printed in London, in 1624, by John Dawson for John Bellamie, and was sold at his shop the the Three Golden Lions, near the Royal Exchange.

A number of the sermons of the Rev. John Wing were published. Samuel Austin Allibone, in his “Dictionary of Authors” mentions some of the publications:

“1. The Crowne Conjugall, or the Spouse Royall, Middleburg, 1620

2. Jacob’s Staffe to Beare up the Faithful and Beat Down the Profane, Flushing, 1621

3. The Best Merchandis, 1622″

To those should be added “Abel’s Offering” and “The Saint’s Advantage.” The former was printed in 1622 and is dedicated “To the Right Worshipfull and worthy fellowship of Merchants Adventurers of England, residents of Delft, in Holland.” It had been preached in Middleburg, in Zealand. The book contains 138 pages. The latter sermon preached at Hamburg in November 1617, and was printed at Flushing in October of 1621.

Five of the volumes of John Wing’s publications are held by the British Museum and have been seen and examined there by several members of the Wing Family of America. At least one copy of each of the five publications is now in America. a Copy of the “Crown Conjugall” was secured by the late Col. George W. Wing, first president of the Wing Family of America, having been purchased in a London bookstore in 1903. A copy of the book “The Saint’s Advantage” is part of the John Adams collection in the Boston Public Library, carefully guarded under lock and key. On the title page of this copy is the following notation placed by Mr. Thomas Prince who owned the book at one time:

“This Wing was Pastor of ye English Puitan Chh. at Middleborough in Zeeland, wh. wido bro’t her children to Sandwich in New England who afterwards turned Quaker and frm whm ye Wings at Sandwich, Wareham, Rochester and Dartmouth are descended.”

In Septmeber, 1908, Mr. George Wing Sisson, at that time Vice President of the Wing Family of America, received from Miss Miriam H. L. wing, of Coventry, England, a bound volume cotaining “Jacob’s Staffe,” “The Best Merchandise”, and “Abel’s Offering”, bound within the same covers. Miss Wing was the daughter of an English Clergyman and stated that the volume had been purchased by her father from a London bookseller merely because the author bore his surname.

The religious views and teachings of the Rev. John Wing are not conjectural to his descendants. Over 800 pages of his writings or preachings are accessible to those of his posterity living today. They reveal to us a man of strong spituality, classic learning, masterful character, ready wit, fierce invective, a facile pen and a ready tongue. He lived in an age of cant and long-winded sermons, and at times his preachings take on the color of the age, but through them all gleams the effort to be of sincere use to his fellowmen.

Fully fifteen years of the lives of John Wing and his wife Deborah were spent in Germany and Holland as practical exiles from their native England. Hamburg and The Hague were cities of note and cosmopolitian beyond their contemporaries in Europe. Their associates, and the members of their congregations, were people of note and keen enterprise. The salary of 500 pounds a year while at The Hague afforded him the means of living in affluence. Reckoned for its purchasing power at that time, it would equal the modern salary of $10,000 given to favored ministers of the gospel, and speaks for itself of the value placed upon his services.

What changes of fortune brought him and his family to London before his death we are unable to determine. Perhaps it was a fatal illness: possibly the growing power of the Puritan movement: perhaps he too had caught the fever to emigrate to America. He sickened and died in London in 1630, probably during the summer, in his forty-sixth year, and his wife, Deborah, at thirty-eight was left a widow with five children.

No picture comes down to us through the ages of the Rev. John Wing. The Puritan and Presbyterian clergy of that period affected a small chin beard with mustaches, hair rather long and flowing, high hats with rather broad trims, black clothes and cloak, with knee breeches and silver- buckled shoes. The office of the clergy carried with it a great dignity and sterness of bearing. The Rev. John at all times felt the responsibilities of his mission.

The English recods contain this synopsis of his will:

“John Winge, late of the Hague in Holland, clerk, now living in St. Mary Aldermary, London, 2 November, 1629, proved Aug. 4, 1630. Certain lands (freehold) in Crickston and Stroud, Kent, shall be sold as conveniently may be and the money thereof arising shall be with all other goods, etc, divided into equal parts, the one to be had, received and enjoyed unto by my loving wife, Debora, and the other part or moiety to be equally and indifferently had, parted, divided and enjoyed unto amongst all my children, share and share alike, except unto and by my daughter Debora whom I have already advanced in marriage. Wife Debora to be executrix and Edward Foord of London, merchant, and Andrew Blake of Stroud, in Kent, yeomen, overseers.”

It is not unusual circumstance for the Rev. John Wing to be styled a “clerk” in his will. His father-in-law, also a minister, was so designated in at least three conveyances made by him about the same time. The term evidently had a broader meaning than is now ascribed to it, and was used to designate a scholarly gentleman.

A brief review of the family and surroundings of the widow Deborah Wing and her children at this period may bring the situation nearer home to us. Deborah herself was still a young woman of thirty-eight. Her only daughter, Deborah, aged about nineteen, had but recently married. Her eldest son, John, was but seventeen, her son Daniel a year or two younger than John, Stephen but nine and Matthew still younger. Her younger sister, Ann Sanborn, also widowed with a family , was living on the strand in London and her brothers, Samuel and Nathaniel, probably living in Holland. The freehold estate mentioned by Rev. John Wing in his will was located at Crickston and Stroud in Kent, a few miles distant from Sandwich. There is a tradition among the New England members of the family that Matthew Wing, Deborah’s youngest son, “went back to England to look after some property left behind.” We have positive knowledge that Matthew Wing returned to Stroud, married, lived and died there. The size, importance and value of the estate left by John to his wife and sons is not known; but it appears probable that they were provided with some means when they set out for America in the spring of 1632.

An Interesting History of Rev. John Wing…submitted by John Jackson…a Wing descendant.

This history was sent to me by a cousin…John Jackson. I found it so interesting that I had to include it on the website. The actual history was written by Elizabeth Wing Kurfman (the rest of her history is included in the section of Stephen Wing and His Descendants. Alice’s sources for this article include: 1. ) The Compedium of American Genealogy. 2.) Pioneers of Massachusetts…Pope. 3. ) Genealogical Dictionary of The First Settlers of New England…Savage. 4. ) Cape Cod…A guide by Donald Wood. Thank you John for this contribution.

“Parents cannot doe all and performe their owne and their childrens parts also. The good which the parent doth endeavor, cannot come unto the childe, if he nglect himself. And therefore, all children that ever hope to be happy in this, or any other estate, must most humbly and sincerely seeke the face of the Lord and betake themselves to him, who will crown all such.”

The above is a quotation from a sermon preached by Rev. John Wing at Flushing, Zeeland in 1620. Seven volumes of his sermons are preserved in the British Museum. At least 3 copies are in America : one was at the Wing reunion held in Chicago in 1912, one was owned by George Wing Sisson at that time and the third is in the Boston Public Library. It is believed the latter was brought by Deborah Bachiler Wing to America in 1632, eventually coming into the possession of John Quincy Adams. It is now a part of the Adams Collection the the Boston Public Library. The Owl Editor stated that, “his sermons show a discrimenating, analytical mind, and a most intimate knowledge of the Bible.”

“Tring, Wing and Ivanhue Three manors did Hampton forego, for the striking of a blow.” (author unknown) Two manors in England bore the name Wing and Matthew descended from the Rutlandshire Wings. It is believed his people originally came out of Wales. Matthew was a tailor and apparently quite sucessful. He died in 1614 and he and Mary are both buried in St. Mary’s Churchyard at Banbury.

John Wing entered Queen’s College, Oxford University, at age 14, graduating in 1603. He was inducted into holy orders and rose rapidly in political esteem. He was one of seven men to whom King James granted the Charter of Banbury in 1606: an office he was supposed to hold for his lifetime. A few miles away lived Deborah, the eighteen year old daughter of Rev. Stephen Bachiler, Vicar of Wherwell. Deborah and John Wing were married in 1609-10. Their firstborn was a daughter, who they named Deborah. The Owl printed a picture of a wood carving, which was suppose to be a likeness of John, Deborah and their little daughter. In 1613 their son John, was born at Yarmouth, Daniel was next and Stephen, was born at Flushing in 1621. Their youngest son, Matthew, was born about 1625-26.

Rev. John Wing developed convictions, which made it impossible for him to conform to the established Church of England of that period. King James I, believed in the divine right of kings, and he severly persecuted both Roman Catholics and Puritans. When Charles I came to the throne in 1625, he continued to persecute the Puritans. John Wing was at Yarmouth, then Sandwich, where history records he suffered great hardships. An old document of Sandwich, Massachusetts, written by an early American Wing, states that Rev. John Wing fled England ot escape severe persectuion and when he later returned was put to death. Other sources record that he died at the Hague.

In 1617 to 1624 he was preaching in Flushing, Holland, Middleburg Zeeland and Hamburg, Germany. He was ordained pastor at the Hague in 1627, for which he received a yearly grant of 300 pounds from the Dutch government. That amount was increased to 500 pounds the following year. ( A laborer received 5 pounds. ) At the Hague, he preached before Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of King James I of England. His first volume of sermons were printed in 1620 with the title, “The Crown Conjugal, a Discovery of the True Honor and Happiness of Christian Matrimony.” Two more volumes were printed in 1621, a fourth in 1622 and in 1624, “The Saints Advantage”.

Some historians say Rev. John Wing died at the Hague in 1630, others claim he visited England in 1629 and was put to death there. His family came to America without disposing of his property in England, because records show that young Matthew later returned to claim his fathers estate in County Kent, near Sandwich. Matthew married Joann Newman, but he died young, without children. The widow Deborah and sons, in the company of her father and other family members, sailed for America March 9, 1632 in the ” William and Francis”. They arrived at Lynn, Massachusetts in 1632 and settled at Sandwich in 1637. There on Cape Cod they built their homes, some of which may still be seen today.


The number of children had by John and Deborah Wing remains a matter of some uncertainty. We have no evidence that he had any daughters, and very little to make us suspect that he had more than three sons. A vague tradition relates that one son, Matthew, came with the family to America, but returned and died in England. All our reliable accounts, however, speak only of Daniel, John and Stephen, who came with him in the same vessel, and accompanied him until his settlement in Sandwich.

1. Debora(h) Winge

Deborah’s husband Edward Ford was born 1605 in London, Middlesex, England

Deborah and Edward did not immigrate.

2. John WINGE II (See his page)

3. Daniel Winge

Daniel’s first wife Hannah Swift was born 9 Apr 1625 in Bocking, Essex, England. Her parents were William Swift and Joan Sisson. Hannah died 31 Jan 1664 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass

Daniel’s second wife Anna Ewer was born 1635 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Ewer and Sarah Learned. Anna died 1720 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass

Daniel came with his father from England, and accompanied him until he was settled at Sandwich. They resided near one another, and perhaps in the same house.

In 1640, June 28, Andrew HALLETT Jr, being about to remove to Yarmouth, conveyed certain landed property to Daniel Wing, the instrument being witnessed by John WINGE II and Edward DILLINGHAM. This was undoubtedly a farm in the immediate neighborhood of the paternal mansion. The house in which he resided was probably not far from the spot which we have supposed to be the residence of his father.

With his brothers he was enrolled in 1643 among those who were at that time between the ages of 16 and 60, and therefore liable to bear arms. Even at this early period some apprehensions of hostile movements on the part of the Narragansetts on the west of the Bay which now bears their name, began to be entertained, and the people were called upon for military drills and equipments. In Sandwich as well as in Plymouth and other places, twelve or more persons “were enjoined to bring their muskets with shot and powder every Lord’s Day to the meeting with their sword and furniture to every piece, ready for service if need should require.”

The taking of fish was an important matter in the commerce of the town and the profits of the leases of the Herring River, and the cutting up of whales and other large fish which had escaped after being wounded from their pursuers and been stranded upon the shores of the Bay, were no inconsiderable item in defraying the expenses of the schools.  Accordingly in 1652 “an agreement was made with Daniel Wing and Michael Blackwell for the taking of the fish in Herring River; and it was ordered that Edmund FREEMAN, Daniel Wing and four others who are named “shall take care of all the fish that Indians shall cut up within the limits of the town, so as to provide safely for it, and shall dispose of the fish for the town’s use; also, that if any man that is an inhabitant shall find a whale and report it to any of these six men, he shall have a double share; and that these six men shall take care to provide laborers and whatever is needful, so that whatever whales either Indian or white man gives notice of, they may dispose of the proceeds to the town’s use, to be divided equally to every inhabitant.”

An earlier building of a mill for the accommodation of the inhabitants, having failed, in 1654, four persons were engaged to build one, “the town paying twenty pounds;” and this sum was at once voluntarily subscribed by Daniel Wing and twenty-one other inhabitants. This and another mill were soon after erected, and millers were appointed by the town “to grind and have the toll for their pains.”

It was during the year 1655 that the names of Daniel Wing and a number of the prominent citizens of Sandwich are first mentioned in connection with a serious religious dissension in the town.  From the first settlement of the place, its inhabitants were looked upon by the authorities at Plymouth, as more than commonly indifferent to the execution of the laws in favor of uniformity in worship. Many persons had been subjected to fines for speaking disrespectfully of the laws, and of the mode of conducting public worship. So great became the falling off of attendance upon the ministrations of Mr. Leverich, the first minister, that, (about 1654) he concluded to leave the’ place, and for nearly twenty years the people were destitute of a regular pastor. In the meantime Mr. Richard Bourne and Mr. Thomas Tupper, persons “of a religious turn of mind, and possessed of some powers of public speaking but without a regular ordination,” conducted the services on the Lord’s day. “Each of them had his party, and each was the occupant of the pulpit according as he might have the most adherents.” The congregation had become much reduced in numbers, and was not formally divided, though distracted by factions. One portion of them are said to have been tinged with fanaticism and were much blamed for driving away the late pastor. Another portion is said to have been disgusted with such a state of things and to have mainly withdrawn frompublic worship. These last are said by Rev. Mr. Fessenden, the minister of Sandwich 1722-46, to have embraced “Antinomian and Familistical errors, under the ministry of Rev. Stephen BACHILER, the first minister of Lynn.”

And yet Daniel Wing’s name appears with eighteen others of the most respectable and conservative of the church members, attached to a call given about 1655/56, to some person engaged as a temporary supply. The call was entered upon the regular minutes of that time though it is now without superscription indicating to whom itwas addressed or its precise date.

Such notices prepare us to appreciate the position of Daniel Wing and others who acted with him in political and religious affairs. As early as 1646, a general movement was made throughout the Plymouth Colony in behalf of toleration.

A petition was extensively signed and presented to the General Court “to allow and maintain fulland free tolerance of religion to all men that would preserve the civil peace and submit to government.  It was supported by numbers of the Deputies, and by a large portion of the inhabitants of Sandwich. It was however overruled by the arbitrary act of Gov.Bradford. In 1654,it is recorded that “the people of both colonies began about this time to be indifferent to the ministry, and to exercise their own gifts, doubting the utilityof public preaching.” Up to this time Daniel acted with the church of Sandwich, and his contributions were among the largest in the support ofMr. Leverich and in the repairs of the parsonage. His name does not appear among the opponents of that minister, and the probability is that he was one of those who were offended at the proceedings which resulted in the long vacancy.

In 1657, “the people called Quakers” made their first appearance in Sandwich.  (See my postings Puritans v. Quakers) In Bowden’s “History of the Society of Friends in America,”it is mentioned that two English Friends named ‘Christopher Holden and John Copeland came to Sandwich on the 20th of 6th month ,1657, and had a number of meetings, and that their arrival was hailed with feelings of satisfaction by many who had long been burdened with a lifeless ministry and dead forms in religion. But the town had its advocates of reliigous intolerance and no small commotion ensued.” The Governor issued a warrant for their arrest, but when a copy of the warrant was asked for by Wm. Newland at whose house the meetings had been held, it was refused and its execution was resisted. A severe rebuke and a fine was then inflicted upon them. The two prisoners were sentenced to be whipped, but the selectmen of the town declined to act in the case and the marshal was obliged to take them to Barnstable to find a magistrate willing to comply with the order.

Tradition reports that many meetings were held at a secluded spot in the woods which from the preacher’s Christian name was afterwards known as “Christopher’s Hollow.” Numerous complaints were made against divers persons in Sandwich for “meetings at private houses and inveighing against magistrates;” and several men and women were publicly whipped for “disturbing public worship, for abusing the ministers,” for “encouraging” others in holding meetings, for “entertaining the preachers and for unworthy speeches.” Daniel Wing, with three others, was arrested “for tumultuous carriage at a meeting of Quakers.” and severely fined, though there is no evidence that a single Quaker, besides the preachers, was present, and it is certain that neither of these persons professed at that time any adherence to the new sect.

Daniel and Stephen Wing refused to take the “oath of fidelity,”not on the ground that they declined all oaths, but because this particular oath pledged them to assist in the execution of an intolerant enactment.

Among the fines inflicted on Daniel Wing we find March 1658 for entertaing Quakers, 20 shillings. For refusing to take the oath of fidelity,£5. imposed 4 times: Oct 1658, Oct 1669, Mar 1660, Jun 1660. December, 1658, excluded from the number of freemen. For refusing to aid the marshal, £10.

Indeed, so generally were the laws against free worship condemned in Sandwich, that the constable was “unable to discharge his duty by reason of many disturbent persons there residing,” and itwas enacted that “a marshal be chosen for such service in Sandwich, Barnstable and Yarmouth.” In 1658 a list was made out by the Governor and other magistrates of “certain persons who refused to take the oath of fidelity” and for that reason had no legal right to act as inhabitants. They were, therefore, each fined five pounds to the colony’s use, and it was ordered that each and every one of them should henceforth have no power to act in any town meeting till better evidence appeared of their legal admittance, nor to claim title or interest in any town privileges as town’s men, and that no man should henceforth be admitted an inhabitant of Sandwich, or enjoy the privileges thereol, without the approbation of the church and of Mr. Thomas PRENCE (the Governor), or of the assistants whom they shall choose. Many were summoned to Plymouth to account for nonattendance upon public worship, and distraints were exacted from these recusants in Sandwich to satisfy for fines to the amount of six hundred and sixty pounds. Of these fines Daniel Wing paid not less than twelve pounds.

Up to this time Daniel Wing, with others who acted with him appear simply as friends of toleration and resisters of an oppressive law. But it was not long before he and most of these sympathizers became active converts to the persecuted sect. “In 1658 no less than eighteen families in Sandwich recorded their names” in one of the documents of the Society. Writers of that period (1658-60) say: “We have two strong places in this land, the one at Newport and the other at Sandwich; almost the whole town of Sandwich is adhering towards them,” and the Records of Monthly Meetings of Friends show that “the Sandwich Monthly Meeting was the first established in America.”  Its records extend as far back as 1672, which is earlier than any other known in this country. It was not until the accession of King Charles the Second (about 1660) that these proceedings against the Quakers were discontinued by the royal order, and the most obnoxious laws were repealed in the colony of Plymouth, when we are told that “the Quakers became the most peaceful, industrious and moral of all the religious sects.” la the fervor of religious zeal, and while smarting under severe injuries, they doubtless at this early period provoked the authorities by indiscretions which none of their successors in the faith would attempt to justify, and yet every descendant of the Puritans must regret that those who had themselves suffered so much for their conscientious convictions should have inflicted such severities upon dissenters from their own views.

In 1658 the true bounds of every inhabitant’s lands were laid out and ordered by the General Court, so that the lands might be brought to record. There were fifty-five such owners whose names are recorded, among whom Daniel and Stephen Wing are mentioned. According to some records Daniel died in the year 1664, but Freeman and Savage make his death five years earlier (1659). His will was dated May 3, 1659, but as one of his children was born in 1660 and another later in the year 1664, we agree withthe Plymouth records inplacing his death near the latter date. He married, 9th month, 5, 1641, Hannah, adaughter of John Swift. The Swifts were numerous in the western part of the town, especially at Scusset (West Sandwich), where an inn was for many years kept by one of the name, of such notoriety as to give the place itself a considerable reputation Hannah died Dec. 1st, 1664, soon after the birth of her youngest child. Her father’s will, dated the twelfth day of the eighth month, 1662, bequeaths certain amounts to Samuel and John, the sons of his daughter Hannah ; and the inventory of his property was made May 1, 1666. by Stephen Wing and Stephen Skiffe.

5. Stephen Winge

Stephen’s first wife Oseah Dillingham was born Feb 1622, Cotesbach, England.  Her parents were Edward DILLINGHAM and Ursula CARTER.   Oseah died 29 Apr 1654 Sandwich, Plymouth Colony.

Stephen married Oseah Dillingham in 1646, after appearing before the General Court for having had carnal knowledge of Oseah before their marriage.

Because of her father’s reputation, Oseah Dillingham must have enjoyed a prominent position among her peers in the small village of Sandwich, Massachusetts. Therefore it must have been doubly humiliating for Oseah to have to endure the censure of the magistrates because of her pregnancy before her marriage to Stephen Wing.

“Whereas Steven Wing, of Sandwich, [and] Oseah Dillingham, were found to haue had carnall knowledge each of others body before contract of matrimony, which the said Steven Wing, coming into the face of the Court, freely acknowledging, he was, according to order of Court, fined in x li, and so is discharged.” Plymouth Court Records, March 2, 1646/47.

There are no any historical records that have survived that describe the outrage the Edward Dillingham must have experienced when he learned the news that Stephen Wing had taken advantage of his daughter. Chances are that Stephen Wing got a good thrashing in the woods followed by a severe upbraiding by Edward Dillingham and Stephen’s older brothers, John and Daniel Wing.

Stephen’s second wife Sarah Briggs was born 1641 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Briggs and Catherine [__?__]. Sarah died 26 Mar 1689 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Stephen resided in Sandwich. It is contended by some that he continued to live with his father even after his marriage. Tradition, however, with considerable confidence and probability, fixes his precise location on a farm not far from Spring Hill, now in the possession of a descendant.

A part of the house which he built in 1644 is said to be still in existence.  From his business as a town official, we conclude that for a while at least he must have lived at the central village of Sandwich. In 1646-7, he was married to Oseah, the daughter of Edward Dillingham, one of the nine associates to whom the town had been granted April 3, 1637. In accordance with the rigid laws of that period, and which were enforced against all, however high their position in society, some objections were made against him and a fine was laid upon him. by the Court at Plymouth, March 2, 1646/47 for the too early birth of his first child after marriage. He appears however to have been an earnest advocate of religion and was a strenuous supporter of religious meetings and of public order. Yet he with many others of that period came in conflict with the exclusiveness and intolerance to which both church and state were then committed. From the first the whole family of his father and his mother’s father were inclined to a greater freedom in worship and life than the customs and laws of the colonies permitted. In this they had the sympathies of what seems to have been for many years a majority of the inhabitants of Sandwich.

The religious difficulties of the town by no means originated as has been supposed, with the advent of the Quakers. Loud complaints were made respecting those who resisted the severe and arbitrary laws of the colony long before any meetings forbidden by law were set up, or the name of Quaker was known And yet the prevalence of such a spirit and sentiment prepared (he people of Sandwich to decline enforcing and even to resist the cruel laws against the Quakers when these people made their appearance, in 1657 when Nicholas Upsall visited Sandwich there was a great commotion Public proclamation was made that for every hour’s entertainment of him “a severe fine was to be exacted.” In spite of such a law, several families at that time nol at allinclined to Quakerism, not only received him to their bouses, but allowed him and others to bold meetings and attended upon them. Stephen, with his brother Daniel, began first with contending for tolerance, and soon their sympathy with suffering was exchanged for conversion to the faith of the sufferers. Severe fives were imposed upon him, imprisonment was threatened if not absolutely inflicted on him, and even the town privileges of a freeman were withdrawn from him and his friends because he declined for a time to take the oath of fidelity which bound him to assist in the execution of such laws. He had been admitted a freeman and enrolled among those “liable to bear arms” in 1643, and had been assigned his proper proportion and boundary of land in 1658. So large, however, was the number of converts to the Friends, and so general the disposition to tolerate them among the people of Sandwich, that the laws against them could not be enforced, and if any punishments were inflicted it had to be done out of town. Stephen and his family became permanently connected with the Society of Friends, and his posterity have in all their generations remained true to his example.

In 1667 he with William Griffith presented to probate the will of his father-in law, Edward Dillingham,and in 1669 he was chosen town clerk. In 1675 the town voted to record his name with many others as having a just right to the privileges of the town. In 1678 he seems to have overcome his scruples about taking the oath of fidelity for his name that year appears among those on the list ofits receivers.

Oa the 9th day of the 4th month 1653-4, his wife Oseah died ;and on the 7th of the 11th month of the same year he married Sarah, the daughter of Johu Briggs, who came to America in 1635, aged 20. She died 3d month, 26, 1689 ; but the period of his own death is uncertain. One account gives it as 2d month, 24, 1710 (OldStyle). The will of one named Stephen Wing is given inthe records, dated Dec 2 1700, and proved July 13, 1710;and it mentions sons Nathanael, Elisha and John, and daughters Sarah Giflbrd and Abigail Wing, and a grandson, Jeremiah Gifford. “Ebenezer Wing and Matthew Wing, sons of the deceased/ were appointed by the judge to be executors of the will. From this date we infer that Stephen continued to live through the first decade of the last century, although he must then have been not less than eighty-eight years of age.

7. Matthew Winge

Matthew’s wife Joan(e) Newman (Nicholson) was born 1627 in Sandwich, Kent, England. Her parents were Robert Newman and [__?__]. Joan died 27 Aug 1680 in Stroud, Kent, England

There is a tradition among the New England members of the family that Matthew Wing, Deborah’s youngest son, “went back to England to look after some property left behind.” We have positive knowledge that Matthew Wing returned to Stroud, married, lived and died there.


Quaker family of Daniel Wing in America  Historic Wing Sites in Sandwich Very Cool

Posted in 12th Generation, Artistic Representation, Dissenter, Historical Church, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer | Tagged , , , | 9 Comments

John Winge II

John WINGE II (1613 -1699)  was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

John Wing – Coat of Arms

John Winge was baptized on 1 Sep 1611 at Strood, Kent, England .  His parents were Rev. John WINGE and Deborah BACHILER.  In 1632, shortly after the death of his father, he emigrated to New England with his three brothers, his mother, her father, Stephen BACHILER and her mother Helena Mason Bachiler on the ship William & Francis He married Elizabeth DILLINGHAM at Sandwich, Plymouth Colony, around 1645.  After Elizabeth died, he married Miriam Deane on 31 Jan 1692/93 .  John’s will is dated 13 Apr 1696 and he died at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, around Apr 1699.

John Wynge’s Island – Returning to 6A you will pass the Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, also worth a stop, as a stunning nature trail out to Wing’s Island (Photo) will take you to one of the Saquatuckett Indians’ summer encampments, and later the property of one of Satucket’s first English settlers, another Quaker named John Wing.

Elizabeth  Dillingham was born at Cotesbach, Leicester, England, before 2 April 1616.  Her parents were Edward DILLINGHAM and Ursula CARTER. Elizabeth died at Yarmouth, Mass, on 31 Jan 1692 and she is buried at Dillingham Cemetery at  Yarmouth (now Brewster), Mass.

Miriam Deane was born at Plymouth about 1634.  Her parents were Stephen Deane and Elizabeth Ring.  Her grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT.  Miriam is the oldest first time bride in our family tree.  She was 59 when she married John.   She is also interred at Dillingham Cemetery. Miriam’s will dated 24 May 1701 proved 8 Jan 1702/03 gives all her property to Dean Smith, “son of my Kinswoman, Bethiah Smith of Monomoy.” Bethiah was Miriam’s niece, daughter of her sister Susannah Dean and Stephen Snow.

Children of John and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Ephraim Wing 30 May 1648 11 Dec 1648  Drowned in the snow
2. Ephraim Wing 4 Apr 1649
Harwich, Mass
11 Dec 1649
Sandwich, Mass.
3. Joseph Wing 12  Sep 1650
Sandwich, Mass
Jerusha Mayhew
(granddaughter of Gov. Thomas Mayhew)
12 Apr 1676
Yarmouth, Mass
31 May 1679
Plymouth, Mass
4. Ananias Wing c 1652
Harwich, Mass
Hannah Freeman? (See discussion below)
1686 in Harwich, Mass
Hannah Tilton Tisbury, MA
Harwich, Mass
30 Aug 1718
Harwich, MA
5. Oseah Wing c 1654 Nathan Turner Scituate, PC, circa 1679
Joseph White Jr. at Scituate, Plymouth, MA, 16 Sep 1696.
13 Jun 1729
Truro, MA
6. John WING (III) 16 Nov 1655 Yarmouth, Mary DILLINGHAM
c. 1677
9 Jun 1683
Barnstable, Mass
7. Susannah Wing c 1657 William Parslow Yarmouth, PC, circa 1680. 2 Aug 1717
Harwich, Mass

It is believed that the Winge family lived with their maternal grandfather,Rev. Stephen BACHILER while at Saugus. When Rev. Stephen moved away from Saugus, he apparently gave the property to John. This is deduced from the fact that John Wing was the grantor who sold the property to William Tilton after the family moved to Sandwich.

This Plaque of The Ten Men from Saugus, who were the Founders of Sandwich, is on the wall of the Selectmans’s office in City Hall, Town of Sandwich, Massachusetts. The ten families from Saugus, Mass. (near Lynn, Mass.) just north of Boston were allotted property on Cape Cod at Sandwich, Mass. in 1637

In 1637, ten influential citizens from Saugus had petitioned the General Court of Plymouth Colony to found a new settlement on Cape Cod. Whether their decision to settle in that area was influenced by Rev. Stephen Bachiler’s attempt to found a settlement at Mattacheese (now Yarmouth) is not known. It is known that The Wings were among the “three score” [about 60] families who moved to the new settlement shortly after it was granted. Even at this early date, Massachusetts Bay Colony was fast outstripping the older Plymouth Colony, both in population and political clout. The Bay colony could well afford to lose some colonist to its neighbor, and the relationship between the two colonies were always amicable. It is unknown how it was decided to name the new settlement Sandwich, Mass.  It was clearly named after the city of Sandwich in Kent County, England as it bears some physical resemblance to the old Cinque Port city. The Wings were the only family in the new town who are known to have lived in its namesake town in England.

John was originally the head of the household for the whole Wing family. It is believed by many that the house they lived in was called The Orchard House. In Jun 1640 his brother Daniel purchased the homestead of Andrew Hallett and moved there. His brother Stephen was granted (or purchased) the “Fort House” on Spring Hill circa 1645. At about the same time (circa 1645) John married at the relatively advanced age of 34 to Elizabeth Dillingham, daughter of Edward Dillingham, another early settler of Sandwich. The Dillingham 2000 project [comparable to the Wing Family of America, Inc., at one time on-line, but not found at the present time] has accepted this lineage for the John’s wife. It is believed the marriage took place in Sandwich, before the family moved.

The Wings and the Edward Dillingham family were near neighbors in what was called the “Upper Field” by the late Charles Dillingham. The first houses they built were doubtless like those of the rest of the new town, a frame of heavy beams resting on corner rocks, with a dirt floor later boarded over, and the space under the beams filled with sod to keep out the draft. These early rough shelters did not survive for long because the bottom rotted quickly, but they served until the farm was established and a bigger and better built house could be raised on a permanent foundation of split fieldstones. Even with these, there was no full cellar, only a deep root cellar.

Around 1647 John moved further down the Cape to the town of Yarmouth. It is believed that his mother, Deborah (Bachiler) Wing, and possibly his brother, Matthew, moved with him. In 1659 he removed further east to what was originally called Sautucket. This territory was originally within the bounds of Yarmouth, but in 1694 was incorporated as the town of Harwich and in 1803 became the town of Brewster.  The precise spot on which John Wing settled is supposed to have been a high piece of land surrounded by swamp or meadow land, subsequently called “Wing’s Island,” about a mile northeast of the present town of Brewster.  Wing’s Island is adjacent to the Cape Cod Musuem of Natural History and is administered by the museum.  Google Map.

JOHN WING TRAIL (1.3 miles) is their most popular field walk that passes through the coastal pitch pine woodlands, across a salt marsh, to Wing’s Island and finally descends through a salt marsh swale to the barrier beach and tidal pools of Cape Cod Bay. This is truly a microcosm of the Cape’s landscape. A Museum naturalist guide will point out many of the interesting ecological features and explain the natural and human development which have shaped our fragile land from geological times to the present. The tidal flats and creeks are home to a variety of fish, crabs, shellfish, worms, horseshoe crabs and snails as well as many seaside plants, grasses and trees.

Wing’s Island Trail Map Source: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History

Walking Wing’s Island Source: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History

John was the first settler of this area and was originally taken to court in March 1659 as it was thought that the land was not within the limits of the grant of Yarmouth. It was proven that his land was indeed within the grant of the township, so he was allowed to continue his settlement there.

John Wing Nature Trail Boardwalk

John Wing Nature Trail. John harvested salt hay from this marsh and may have farmed the uplands.

John Wing Nature Trail – Beach

John Wing Nature Trail – Beach & Mud Flats

It is not known if John embraced the Quaker faith, like his brothers Daniel and Stephen. It is known that most of his descendants belonged to the established First Parish Church of Harwich [later Brewster.] Living several miles from the nearest church, John may not have been a regular attendant of any church. It is known that he was instrumental in assisting his brother Daniel saving his possessions during the Quaker persecution by arranging to have Daniel’s estate probated during his lifetime. John was also mentioned in the Quaker men’s meeting of Sandwich on 4 3mo [May] 1683 and on 2 11 mo [Jan] 1684/85.

John’s wife, Elizabeth was the “Old Goody Wing” who died at Yarmouth on 31 Jan 1692/93. John later married Miriam Deane, born at Plymouth about 1632. John wrote his will between 13 Apr – 2 May 1696 and had added a codicil to it dated 6 Feb 1698/99. This will was proved 10 Aug 1699, so he died sometime between the last two dates. His widow’s will was dated 24 May 1701 and was probated in Jan 1702/03. John and both of his wives probably were buried in the Dillingham Cemetery at Sautucket (now Brewster).

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

1. JOHN WING was the original progenitor of nearly all who bear the name in America so far as they are known to us. Nothing is known of him before his arrival at Boston and his residence at Saugus (Lynn), except that he had married Deborah, the second daughter of Stephen Batchelder  and was one of that minister’s company. [Actually it was John’s father who married Deborah Bachiller and he died in England shortly before she came to America.]

Some have inferred that he had been with his father-in-law during his sojourn in Holland, and that he had some near connection with the Rev John Wing, who was the pastor of an English congregation in Flushing, in the Province of Zealand, in Holland. He does not appear to have been, any more than his associates, possessed of peculiar means beyond what were requisite for his voyage, and when a removal from Saugus became desirable, his aim was to find a suitable home on the cheaper lands beyond the limits of the older settlements.

He was probably one of the number who performed the journey with Mr. Batchelder for the settlement of the Mattacheese, and though that enterprise failed, he perhaps then became acquainted with the region afterwards known as the Peninsula of Cape Cod. The land there was perhaps no more inviting for agricultural purposes than that which then generally engrossed attention within the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but it had some advantages for fishing purposes, it was not encumbered by heavy forests, it was easy of cultivation, it might be had free by all acceptable occupants, and the Indians in possession of it were remarkable for their uniform friendship for the English. It was within the jurisdiction of the Plymouth Colony, though beyond the limits of any organized town.

About ten years before (1627), a trading house had been located at a place called Manomet, at the head of Buzzard’s Bay, with the view of maintaining commerce with the southern coast and of avoiding the dangerous navigation around the Cape;but for some reason this enterprise had been abandoned, or was confined to the business of mere transportation.

In 1637  Edmund FREEMAN and nine others who had been residents at Saugus, formed an assocuition “to erect a plantation or town within the precincts of his Majesty’s General Court at Plymouth,” and near the neck of land between the opposite shores of Barnstable and Buzzard’s Bays. On the third day of April, in the same year, the General Court at Plymouth gave to these persons the right to form said plantation or town, “and to receive in more inhabitants to them according to order, and duly to dispose of said lands to such as were or should be orderly admitted to them insaid township.

They were soon on the ground, and with them about fifty others who were called “assodates,” chiefly from Saugus, Duxbury and Plymouth. The names of Edward FREEMAN and Edward DILLINGHAM  appear among the original “Ten men of Saugus,” and the name of John WINGE II occurs as the 45th in the list of their first associates. Nearly all those mentioned took families with them, and by the terms of the act granting them permission to settle none were allowed to become housekeepers or to build any cottage or dwelling to reside singly or alone, or if their characters were not acceptable to the Governor. Church membership, communion at the Lord’s Table and a regular attendance upon and a proper support of public worship at authorized plates were indispensable requisites to becoming a freeman. The whole body of freemen in the town had the right to decide by vote whether any one should be admitted a member of their community, subject, however, to the revision of the Governor and his Assistants. A sufficient quantity of land was granted to the original association to provide liberally for three score families, according to the number and ability of each householder’s family. Under the direction of committees appointed by the Court the true bounds of every inhabitant’s land were laid out and ordered.

In 1651, when the conditions on which the grant of the township was made had been complied with a deed of the plantation was executed by the Governor to Mr. FREEMAN, who then made conveyances to his associates. The town was incorporated as early as 1639, and the Indian name of Shawme was exchanged for that of Sandwich.

In addition to these private “holdings,” certain meadows or marshy lands on the shore near the town were left for the grazing of cattle, as town’s commons, and controlled by the town as such. In time these became the property of the representatives of the original freemen. Other woodlands were at first free for every one to obtain from them timber and fuel for private use, but not for exportation.

In what part of the township John Wing had his residence it is now perhaps impossible to determine. The old traditional home of one branch of the family for subsequent generations was situated about a mile from the present village of Sandwich, near a stream of water between two beautiful ponds, and on a highland overlooking the lower sheet of water and the town. This seems as likely as any other spot to have been selected as his residence. No more attractive location could be found in the town. Very probably the limits of the lower pond have been much increased inlater years by a dam thrown across its outlet, by which power has been gained for mills and other manufacturing establishments ; but even before this enlargement the scenery from that point must have been more than commonly fine.

A number of farms are situated upon the neck of land between the two ponds (formerly known as “Wolf-trap Neck”), some of which have been in the possession of John’s descendants until the present time [1881].  The exact spot, however, which has generally been regarded as the original home of the progenitor is an eminence near the point where the stream from the upper pond falls into the lower, and since occupied as a factory for nails. Near the present building is an artificial cavity about fifteen feet square and several feet deep, which must once have been a cellar, and is even now surrounded by a few very ancient fruit and ornamental trees. The buildings which once were over and near it are gone, with every other relic of them, and the mansion which has been the residence of his descendants is situated about 200 rods westward. The farm which has usually been connected with this homestead consists of two or three hundred acres of valuable land up the stream and along the borders of the lower pond. Immediately before it across the sheet of water, which lies in the form of a semicricle about a mile in length, and within the arc of the semicircle, is an ancient cemetery, where the earlier inhabitants were buried On the outer and right margin of the lower end of the pond lies the main village, consisting principally of one street, along which are a grist mill, marble works, the town hall, an academy, several churches, a Masonic hall find two or three hotels. This part of the town has remained without essential alteration from the mosl ancient period of which we have any account.

In 1638, almost immediately on the settlement of the town a church was formed, and there can be no doubt that public worship was maintained there from the very first. A rude building for that purpose must have been at once erected, for as early as in 1644 the one which was used for worship was calied “the old meeting house.” The ministers of that day in all the towns were invariably men of respectable talents and learning, such as everywhere commanded confidence and respect. There was something, however, in the disposition of the original inhabitants of Sandwich which was unfavorable to the harmony and growth of the original congregation The experience which some of them had had at Saugus was perhaps ill adapted to make-them cordial in its support. Even if the strict laws in relation to communion and ministerial subsistence and attendance upon public worship were observed, it is evident that a considerable degree of laxness was from the very first allowed. The freemen of the town were more than once censured by the General Court for allowing persons to settle and reside among them whose views were looked upon as disorderly. The stipends were poorly paid and often were reluctantly collected, the minister complained that few attended upon his ministrations and serious dissensions prevailed among the people.

In one instance these are spoken of as caused by a party which had once been under the influence of Rev. Stephen BACHILER . The town authorities are said to have been unwilling, or from the state of public feeling unable to enforce the laws relating to public worship, and-.what were called irregularities. Some of the most respectable inhabitants, like Mr. Edward FREEMAN and Edward DILLINGHAM , among the original associates, were complained of before the Court and fined. An early record of the church shows only eleven male members, and neither in this nor in any subsequent notice of the business of the church does the name of John Wing nor any of his family for many years appear.

They had probably all been communicants at Saugus, and they were doubtless decidedly religious people, but inclined to greater freedom in worship and in ecclesiastical affairs. We shall see that this spirit soon took a direction which led a large portion of the family to forsake the church and the forms of worship established by the civil authority.

Very little can be learned from the meagre records of the town, the church or the general colony regarding the family history of John Wing. He appears to have been a plain man of ordinary intelligence, never aspiring to political distinction, and only ambitious to cultivate his land and decently to bring up his family. In a few instances, however, his name occurs on the records of the General Court as one well qualified for public business. In 1641 he is allowed six acres for his share of the meadow lands held at first in common, but divided afterwards annually for the use of the inhabitants in severally.

On another occasion he was concerned in the construction of a road connecting Sandwich withthe earlier settlements. For some time the people had been obliged either to reduce their corn to meal by the slow and laborious Indian process by means of a mortar and pestle, or transport it all the way to Plymouth on their own shoulders or on the back of a horse or cow.

Tradition points out the old Indian path by which the people on the Cape thus wearily conveyed their grist to and from Plymouth. In 1652 the Court appointed a jury of thirteen persons to lay out the most convenient track for a road from Sandwich to Plymouth. John Wing was the seventh on this list. The jury was empanelled three days afterwards (Feb. 27) and commenced their work, but two years from that time the road was not completed, and ‘”both Plymouth and Sandwich were presented for not having the country highway between these places cleared so as to be passable for man and horse.”

Some apprehensions began early to be felt that the Indians of the West were hostilely inclined toward the settlers, and a law was enacted to prevent all Indians from having the use of firearms. A number of persons were complained of (about 1642) for allowing Indians to use such weapons even in hunting. Among these were the Assistant Governor Freeman and John Wing for lending guns to Indians.

The date of John Wing’s or of his wife’s death is not recorded. The first part of the Book of Records of Sandwich either has been lost, or was originally so defective that very little can be made of them.

The clerk of each town in the colony was by law required to keep a full register of all the births, marriages and deaths which occurred in his town, and these records form a valuable repository to which antiquarians and genealogists can now resort, but no public enactments could secure them against the negligence or the unskilfulness of the officials, the remissness of those who ought to have reported the facts or the ravages of fire in later times. Even the wills of many of the older settlers, from which much information might have been gained, are not unfrequently unrecorded in the county records.

John Wing’s Will;

The Will of John Wing of the Town of Harwich in the County of Barestable was dated 13 April, 1696, at the beginning, but signed on May 2, 1696 and a codicil was added February 6, 1698/99. The will was probated August 10, 1699.

“All that my parcel of marsh lying on the North Side of the Island called Bangs his Island form the middle of the Mill river to the River or Creek that parts betwixt me and John Dillingham Shall belong to my lands at Satucket Eastward from the Mill River and So to be Reputed and used forever only provided that if the heirs of my Son Joseph be discontented in Regard of his intrest therin So that they will not allow therof then my will is that the heirs of my sd Son Joseph shall have their third part of the sd marsh…at the westt end of the sd parcel of marsh next the sd John Dillinghams and the Remainder to ly and belong to my other lands as abovesd.”

“To my son Annanias Wing all my lands and meadows lying on the easter Side of Satucket River or the Mill River both divided and undivided together with the meadow on the North side of Banges his Island as aboves…excepting a piece of land of about ten acres lying nere Williame Miricks and my will is that for as much as I vallue the sd Lands and meadows above sd given to Annanias at sixty pounds I do hereby will that my sd son shall give one third part of that vallue to my Grand Children by my Natural sons and daughters in Equal portion and if I do Improve any of the sd lands or meadows by sale in my life time then to abate So much of the sd Sum of Sixty pounds as I do so Improve and further I do give my Silver Boul to my sd Son Annanias Wing “also” all my wearing cloths all Redy made and all the Cloth I have bought to make me cloths though not made up if any be.”

“To “my Grand Son John WING IV my dwelling house out housings, orchards, yards, lands, meadows that is to say all the third part where I now live (beside Annanias and Josephs) both divided and undivided…only Reserving and my will is that if it so happen that my sd Grandson John Wing die not having an heir lawfully begotten…then all my sd house, lands, meadows and premised Shal be my Grand Son Elnathan Wings and his heirs and assigns.

“To “my loving wife Meriam [his second wife, who he married when he was 81 years old] (during her being my widow) liberty to live or dwell in my now dwelling house untill my Grand Son John Wing comes to the age of twenty and one years [1702, six years after the will was written and three after it was proved]  but if it so happen that he dies before that age then she may live in it So long as She lives as my widow…during which time She shall have one third part of my lands, meadows and Priveledges of commons unto which third part she shall have one third part of my old orchard but so as she shall not farme out or Lett the Same to any person without the good liking or approbation of him that is in the present Improvement of the other two thirds of the sd lands and premises he taking it at a Reasonable and Just value or price . Also I do give to her…one third part of my moveable Estate (Excepting my Neat Cattel and Hors Kind) only one cow which she shall have to the halves So long as sd cow Shall live and she shall have the use of the old mare to Ride on as she shall have ocation and my son Annanias can conveniently spare her And that what so ever estate she hath brought with her and is left at my decease she shall take to herself and she shall have the use of the Garden wholly to her own use as part of her thirds of the land and the one third of the pears and beside her third of the old orchard I do give her the fruit of two appel trees, one a sweeting, the northermost of the seetings in the lower yard and the westermost tree by the highway.”

“To “my Grand Daughter Elisabeth Turner one cow…when she attaines the age of fifteen years.”

“I do give my other two thirds of moveable Estate Neat Cattel and horse kind to be equally divided to my three Children Annanias Wing and Susanna Parslow and Oseah Turner.”

“Concerning my Grand Son John Wing my will further is that my executor here after Named shall take care and manage the house and Lands above given to him for his best advantage till he coms of age and shall Reserve the one half of the proffits arising therefrom for the boy when he coms to age and that the sd John Wing shall in case he farme out or left or sell the sd lands and premises he shall give the Refusing or farming the same to his Uncle Annanias Wing or his heirs and upon the Refusing it Shall be tendred to the heirs or possessers of his Uncle Josephs land and if they all Refuse he may do with it as he pleases.”

“To “my son Annanias Wing…that eight acres of land I formerly gave to him nere about where his house stands.”

“”my son Annanias Wing sole exector to this my last will.”

The witnesses were; John Thacher, John Dillingham, William Griffeth Jr. (by a mark) and William Parslow.

[I was wondering what would happen to Miriam if she lived past 1702 until I read the following] “Further more my will is that whereas on a contract of marriage with my now wife I did Ingage her a Room to built att the end of the house where I now dwell but to prevent further strife my will now is she being so content that if she shall live longer than while my afore Named Grand Child John Wing arrives at the age of twenty years that then my now wife Miriam Wing shall have twelve pounds paid her out of my estate….to build her a comfortable Room to dwell in at the end of this house wherein I now Dwell. Futher my will is that if my sd Grand Child John Wing should die before he arrive to the age of twenty years yett my wife shall have that above sd twelve pounds paid her…for the use aforesd.”

“Further more my will is that after my decease my Son Annanias Wing shall have…my ten acres of land which lyies near William Mirickes in Harwich.”

This codicil was signed by a mark and witnessed by Jonathan Sparrow, William Parslow and John Dillingham.

On August 10, 1699, “John Thacher and John Dillingham” made oath to the first part of the will and “Jona Sparrow and John Dillingham Jur” made oath to the codicil; and administration was granted to “Annanias Wing the son of sd deceased.”

The inventory was taken at Harwich, May 8, 1699 by Kenelm Winslow, Sr. and Kenelm Winslow, Jr. The real estate was “the lands and meadows willed to Annanias Wing” valued at 80 pounds, the lands and meadows willed to John Wing at 100 pounds, and one parcel of meadow lying by the Swan Pond River, 9 pounds. “One Silver Cupp” was valued at 2 pounds, 6 shillings.

“Annanias Wing made oath to this Inventory and so did Meriam Wing, wid relict of said deceased John Wing.” on August 10, 1699, “excepting only a little flax unbraked out and the money received by sd Annanias for land sold belonging to the sd estate.”

“August the 5th, 1699, Serjant William Gray and Daniel Baker both of Yarmouth having praised a praced of meadow that was John Wings deceased that lyes on the easter side of the easter Swan Pond River, praised at nine pounds and they say…nine pounds is the full value of sd meadow.

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

8. JOHN, the second son of John and Deborah Batchelder Wing(l) of Sandwich, was born in England and came to America with his father in 1632. His age at that time is not known, and we have no means of learning it from any subsequent dates. He went with his father and brothers from Saugus to Sandwich on the first settlement of the latter town, but must have left home at an early period to form a new settlement on the Cape, eastward. The town of Yarmouth was incorporated in 1639, but in the last month of the same year Barnstable was set off between it and Sandwich. It extends from Barnstable Bay on the north to the sound on the south. A part of its northern shore was originally called Mattacheese from an Indian tribe residing there, on whose lands his maternal grandfather, Rev Stephen Batchelder, had, with a few friends, made a fruitless attempt to form a settlement.

The precise date of his removal cannot be determined, as the early records of the town of Yarmouth were, in 1674, destroyed by fire and the first twenty pages of the Harwich records are entirely lost.

The records ofthe “Monthly Meeting of Sandwich” show that the Society in that place was probably the earliest and for many years the largest of the same denomination in America. Regular worship has been maintained there since 1656, which was about 12 years after the rise of the sect in England, and before it had been generally established there.

The township of Harwich was set off from Yarmouth in 1694; in 1703 that of Dennis from Yarmouth on the east; and in 1803 that of Brewster from Harwich on the north.

From incidental notices in the records of the Court of Plymouth and at Barnstable we gather a few items The first reference of any interest to our history is under the date of March 1st, 1659, as follows: “The Court, taking notice that John Wing is erecting a building in a place that is out of the bounds of the township, and conceiving that such practices if permitted may prove prejudicial to the whole, do order that the said John Wing, and others that have done or shall do so, be prohibited to persist therein until it be further cleared to what township such lands belong on which they build.”

This order refers to a requirement of that period, that no persons should settle upon lands which were not included within the chartered limits of towns, and under the permission of the

Court and body of freemen incorporated by the government. There was some doubt whether Sautucket, the place at which John Wing had commenced building, was within the limits which had been given to Yarmouth township, and until that question had been decided it was deemed proper to prohibit its settlement. As, however it was reputed to be, and was soon afterwards proved to be within the chartered limits of the township, John Wing had already begun to build and soon established himself there.

Indeed there are some indications that for an indefinite time before this he had purchased and lived upon a piece of land in the vicinity. It was in the northern part of the town, in the neighborhood of the sea coast. The Indians were then and for some time afterwards numerous in that region, but they were peaceable and never engaged in any hostile proceedings against the English. The precise spot on which John Wing settled is supposed to have been a high piece of land surrounded by swamp or meadow land, subsequently called “Wing’s Island,” about a mile northeast of the present town of Brewster. It was doubtless selected on account of its fertility and adaptation to the grazing of cattle. Freeman calls him and Lieut John Dillingham (also from Sandwich) “large land owners.” The line on the east of Brewster, for a long time called ‘Wing’s Line” was the base of future surveys, and indicates a tract of land extending across the peninsula from the northern to the southern coast. A large pond also in Brewster bears the name of Wing to the present time [1881, I don’t think it’s called Wing Pond anymore].

In 1677, at a town meeting May 30, “the townsmen of Yarmouth did forewarn John Wing and our neighbors of Sawfucket from purchasing any lands in the bounds of our township of any Indian, or to take any possession thereof from them as being contrary to Court order. The order here referred to was one which prohibited any pnvale purchases from the aboriginal possessors of the soil; in the first place because no private Indian was really the owner of tribal lands in severally, and in the second place because advantage was often taken of Indians by selfish and dishonest persons.

It appears, however, that some transactions of this kind were allowed, especially with certain chiefs or sachems, who were actual owners of individual property. The very transaction here alluded to was subsequently allowed, and became the legal title to a large body of land. In the Book of Evidences of lands for the jurisdiction of New Plymouth there is recorded a deed of land, of which the following is the purport, viz: On the first of March 1676/77, John Wing and John Dillingham, in behalf of themselves and others’ associated with them, (viz: Thomas Clarke, Kenelm Winslow, Paul Sears and Ananias and Joseph Wing,) purchased of Robin (Indian), of Maltacheese, and Sarah his wife, daughter of Nepaitan, sachem of Mattacheese. of Samson, of Nobscusset, and Panasamust his wife, and of Ralph of Nobscusset, and Menetatomust his wife, other daughters of Nepaitan; all that tract of land, both upland and meadow, which they had in common or partnership lying in Saquetucket in the liberties of Yarmouth between the place commonly called Bound Brook on the west, and the middle of Saquetucket river on the east.

Nepaitan was a chief under Massasoit, the principal sachem of the Wampanoags, a friendly tribe of Indians which had jurisdiction over all the Indians along the south shore of Massachusetts Bay He belonged to a tribe which went by the name of Mattaoheeaetts or Mattecheese. He with another chief of  the same tribe with their heirs and assigns had been guaranteed the possession of a large parcel of land “bordering to the seawards between Bound Brook and the Sautnoket Elver;provided they should liveupon the same, and ifthey should ever sell the same, should sell it to the inhabitants of Barnstable before any other.” Freeman, Vol.I. pp.159-60. The names of Robin and Samson frequently appear in the Indian history of those times and always in acts of friendship toward the white settlers. See Drake’s  Book of the Indians, Book 11. p.47.

In this purchase John Wing was to have a third part of four shares, Dillingham two shares, Clarke one share, Winslow two shares, and Ananias and Joseph Wing each one third of four shares. The division was made and the land was deeded to each April 16, 1677/78. The original deed is said to be in the possession of Amos Otis, Esq., but a copy of it in full has been taken by the writer. The land lies within the limits of the present township of Brewster and is said to be among the most valuable in that vicinity.

On the 15th of March, 1680, it appears from the town records that an agreement was made “with our neighbors, the purchasers or proprietors of the land between Stoney Brook and Bound Brook, subsequently signed by Ananias Wing, Paul Sears, Kenelm Winslow and John Dillingham, jun., on the one part, and by John Thacher and others on behalf of the town.” This was probably the final settlement of the question between the town and the association in the above mentioned purchase.

The years 1675-6 were memorable for the war with the Indians commonly called Philip’s war. In consequence of the friendly attitude which had always been maintained by the tribes on the Cape, the inhabitants there were not molested at their homes, but they were subjected to severe losses both of men and money for the supply of troops. John Wing was assessed, in 1776, “towards the charge in the late war, five pounds, sixteen shillings and three pence.”

No traces are now perceptible of the residence in which John Wing lived for more than forty years. His first wife’s name was Elizabeth, and Savage thinks that he found her in Saugus (Lynn). She was the mother of all his children She was probably the person meant in the record of Yarmouth, which says: “Jan. 31, 1692— The last of January Old Goody Wing died.” “In 1723 the pew No. 9 in the new meeting house was assigned to John Wing, Sen.,” for which he paid five pounds ten shillings, this being the ninth according to the dignity and valuation of the pews. For his second wife he married Miriam the daughter of Stephen Deane, of Plymouth, one of the “oldcomers.” (The “old comers” were certain of the colonists who came over in the three vessels which first arrived, viz. :the Mayflower, the Fortune and the Anne)  John Wing died in 1699. His will was dated May 2d, 1696, and was witnessed by John Thatcher, John Dillingham and William Griffith. A codicil is dated Feb. 6, 1798-9. This will,which is very lengthy, was presented to probate Aug 10, 1699, and it is now on record at Barnstable. It makes mention of his wife Miriam, his three children, Ananias, Susannah Parslow, and Oseah  Turner, his grandsons John and Elnathan and the children of his deceased son Joseph. He probably never bore office in his town, although he appears to have been public spirited and much respected. He was devoted rather to agriculture and the acquisition of land for himself and his children.

His wife survived him for two or three years. She made a will,which was dated May 24, 1701, and was probated in January 1702/03. It gives the principal part of her property, inherited from her wealthy parents, to Deane Smith of Chatham whose mother was “her sister Bethia Smith of Monomoith.” The inventory of her personal property was taken in January, 1702/03, and its value was assessed at “seventy-eight pounds, twelve shillings and two pence.


3. Joseph Wing

Joseph’s wife Jerusha Mayhew was born 1654 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Mayhew and Jane Paine. Her grandfather was Thomas Mayhew, Sr. (593 – 1682) established the first English settlement of Martha’s Vineyard in 1642.  After Joseph died, she married 12 Dec 1684 in Mass to Thomas Eaton (b. 1660 in Portsmouth, Rhode Island – d. 26 Nov 1688 in Shrewsbury, Monmouth, New Jersey). Jerusha died in 1717 in Shrewsbury, Monmouth, New Jersey (granddaughter of Gov. Thomas Mayhew)

Joseph married April 12,1676, Jerusha Mayhew, and thus formed a connection with the celebrated missionary family of the Mayhews of Martha’s Vineyard. In the will of his father his sons are spoken of, but their names are not given. He was one of the shareholders in the land association which purchased the section between Privet Creek and Sauquatucket River. He was buried May 31, 1679.

4. Ananias Wing

Ananias’ first wife Hannah Freeman was born 1666 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  Sources do not give Hannah’s parents, which is surprising because there was only one Freeman clan living in Cape Cod at the time.    Hannah died 9 Dec 1730 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass., the same date of Hannah Tilton’s death.  I’m beginning to think there was no Hannah Freeman.

Ananias’ second wife Hannah Tilton was born 15 Sept. 1663  Her parents were Samuel Tilton and Hannah Moulton. Ananias’ father John sold the family homestead in Lynn to William Tilton after the family moved to Sandwich. Hannah died 9 Dec 1730 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.,

We do know that Ananias married a girl named Hannah from Tisbury … and Samuel Tilton mentions his daughter Hannah Wing in his will.  We also must bear in mind that around this time we only had one Nathaniel Wing and certainly one Ananias Wing.

Walter Goodwin Davis, the family historian for the Tilton family, states that the will of Samuel Tilton of Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard which was made on Jun 5, 1718 names a daughter Hannah Wing.  Davis mistakenly thought that Hannah Tilton married  Nathaniel Wing, but the only Nathaniel Wing around at that time was the son of Stephen Wing and he would marry Sarah Hatch around 1687.

Samuel Tilton  came to the Vineyard with Isaac Chase, a Quaker, and was related to him by marriage, and Parson Homes, in his diary states that he was “against swearing”, i. e. in taking the legal oath in the name of Deity, it is a strong inference that he was a Quaker, or in accord with their beliefs.

Ananias  settled in that part of Yarmouth which has since been incorporated as Brewster. He was among the “inhabitants of Yarmouth who lost horses in the first expedition to Mount Hope under Capt. John GORHAM against King Philip in 1675,” and he was assessed £3 16 00.

He united with many others in petitioning Governor Josiah Winslow and the General Court on the subject of a war against the Narragansett Indians, and finally went as a private soldier under Captain John GORHAM in the second expedition against that tribe in 1676 when the troops suffered so severely.

In 1733 grants were made of lands to those who had served in the Indian wars, and Ananias was one of the few who survived to share in this tardy expression of gratitude. He died Aug. 30, 1718, and his will dated March 5, 1717, shows that he was possessed of a large landed estate. His widow Hannah lived many years after his death and died Dec. 9, 1730.

Ananias Wing Bio – The note that John Gorham never married is incorrect. He was one of my direct ancestors, see above — From A Historical and Genealogical Register of John Wing, of Sandwich, Mass. and His Descendants, 1632-1888, p. 64

Children of Ananias and Hannah:

i. Deborah Wing b. 2 May 1687 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 9 Feb 1726 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 15 Oct 1714 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to George Weeks (b. 20 Mar 1689 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Mass. – d. 10 Apr 1772 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass), His parents were Ammiel Weeks and Abigail Prescott.

ii. Hannah Wing b. 2 Aug 1690 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 13 Sep 1720 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 7 Feb 1712 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to Robert Astin (b. 1685 – d. 25 Feb 1718 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.)

iii. Elnathan Wing b. 20 Oct 1692 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 14 May 1772 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass; m. 7 Oct 1726 in Chilmark, Dukes, Mass to Hannah Allen (b. 1707 in Chilmark, Dukes, Mass. – d. 22 Sep 1763 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Her parents were Samuel Allen and Mary Tilton.

iv. Samuel Wing b. Aug 1694 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Apr 1774 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 3 May 1733 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to his first cousin once removed  [I think that’s it]  Mercy Wing (b. 25 Dec 1713 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass – d. 1758 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Her parents were John Wing and Bethia Winslow. Her grandparents were John WING (III) and Mary DILLINGHAM and her great grandparents were John WING(E) (II) and Elizabeth DILLINGHAM.

v. Rachel Wing b. 20 Dec 1697 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 20 Apr 1778 Mansfield, Tolland, CT; m. 25 Aug 1720 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to John Fletcher (b. 1700 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 29 Jun 1773 in Mansfield, Tolland, CT)

vi. Elizabeth Wing b. Feb 1700 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Jul 1783 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; m. 24 Oct 1723 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Ralph Chapman (b. 19 Jan 1695 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass – d. 8 Feb 1779 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass) His parents were Isaac Chapman and Rebecca Leonard.

vii. John Wing b. 3 Apr 1702 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1773 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 21 Feb 1728 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to Mary Knowles (b. Oct 1709 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. : 8 Apr 1773 in Mass.) Her parents were John Knowles and Mary Sears.

viii. Mary Wing b. 18 May 1704 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1741 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 16 Nov 1734 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to John Rogers (b. 1 Aug 1701 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass – d. 29 Aug 1739 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) His parents were John Rogers and Priscilla Hamblin.

ix. Joseph Wing b. 17 Sep 1707 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 24 May 1749 Brewter, Barnstable, Mass; m. 17 Feb 1737 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Susanna Kendrick (b. 21 Jan 1714 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Her parents were Edward Kendrick and Deborah Tucker.

5. Oseah Wing

Oseah’s first husband Nathan Turner was born 1 Mar 1654 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Thomas Turner and Sarah Hyland. Nathan died 15 Aug 1693 in Voyage, Virginia

Oseah’s second husband Joseph White Jr. was born 1 May 1674 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. Joseph died 21 Jul 1715 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass

6. John WING (III) (See his page)

7. Susannah Wing

Susannah’s husband William Parslow was born 1646 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. William died in 1721 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.


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John Wing III

John WING III (1655 – 1683) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

John Wing III was born 16 Nov 1655 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony.  His parents were John WING(E) (II) and Elizabeth DILLINGHAM. He married Mary DILLINGHAM at Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony circa 1677.  John died at Sandwich, Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony, before 9 June 1683 when he was only 28 years old.

Mary Dillingham was born 23 Dec 1653 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Henry DILLINGHAM and Hannah PERRY. Mary died Aug 1702 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass

Children of John and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
1. [poss.] Hannah Wing c. 1678
Yarmouth, Mass
Moses Barlow
23 Mar 1696
Rochester, Barnstable, MA
Her body was interred at Rochester, Plymouth, MA
2. John WING IV c. 1681
Harwich, Mass
Rebecca FREEMAN Vickerie
24 Jul 1723 in Harwich, Mass
12 Jun 1758
Brewster, Barnstable, Mass

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

JOHN, son of John and Elizabeth Wing , married Mary ,and died about the year 1683. His widow, with the assistance of Jonathan Bangs, (whose son James married Bethia Wing in 1735-6), settled up his estate, the inventory of which was taken June 9. 1683 They left but one child whose name was John.


1. Hannah Wing

Hannah’s husband Moses Barlow was born about 1665 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were George Barlow (1640 – 1684) and Mary Vincent Stetson (1642 –  ). He first married in 1691 to Mary Dexter. Moses died after 2 Apr 1736 in Rochester, Plymouth, Mass.

Mary Dexter was born 11 Aug 1649 Gloucester, Essex, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Dexter (1620 – 1686) and Mary Vincent (1630 – 1714) She first married in 1688 in Gloucester to Daniel Allen (1665 – ) and had one son Joseph Allen (1690 – ). Moses and Mary had two children: Mary ( – 1695) and Ebenezer (1692 – 1754)

Children of Hannah and Moses

iii. Anne Barlow b. 23 Mar 1699 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass.; d. 11 Jan 1778 in Rochester; Burial: Friends Cemetery, Mattapoisett, Plymouth, Mass.; m1. 1726 Rochester to Samuel Sprague (b. 23 Jun 1704 Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 21 Jun 1727 Rochester); Samuel’s parents were Samuel Sprague (1672 – 1740) and Ruth Alden (1674 – 1758). Anne and Samuel had one child: Susanna Sprague (1727 – 1821).

m2. 5 Jan 1728 Rochester to Samuel Wing (b. 12 Nov 1704 in Rochester – d. 4 Mar 1773 in Rochester; Burial: Friends Cemetery, Mattapoisett, Plymouth, Mass.) Samuel’s parents were John B Wing (1656 – 1717) and Martha Spooner (1658 – 1714) Hannah and Samuel had seven children born between 1729 and 1740.

Samuel was a farmer in Rochester, where he was town-clerk for most of the time from 1729 to 1750, selectman’for more than twelve years, town-treasurer in 1732, and a representative in the Legislature in 1746, 1748, 1751, and 1758.

iv. Deacon Joseph Barlow b. 12 Feb 1702 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 29 Jan 1797 Hardwick, Worcester, Mass.; m. 23 Jul 1732 Rochester to Abigail Wiatt (Wyatt) (b. 26 Sep 1707 Rochester – d. 29 Jan 1793 Hardwick) Abigail’s parents were William Wiatt (1665 – 1711) and Elizabeth [__?__] (1690 – ), Joseph and Abigail had eight children born between 1833 and 1850.

v. Mary Barlow b. 9 Feb 1704 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass; d. Nov 1746 Rochester; m. 18 Jun 1728 Rochester to Barzillai Hammond (b. 09 Mar 1706 in Rochester – d. 1779 in Rochester) Barzillai’s parents were Benjamin Hammond II 1673 – 1747) and Elizabeth Hunnewell (1673 – 1747) Mary and Barzillai had ten children  born between 1726 and 1750.

Barzillai Hammond, fourth son of Benjamin 2d [Benjamin, William], sometimes referred to as the ” Wizard,” was a farmer, and lived near the southwesterly part of the late Hiram Hammond farm, Mattapoisett Neck. He was a Selectman and Assessor for Rochester for several years.

Barzillai (barzillay) was a Gileadite of Rogelim who brought provisions to David and his army to Mahanaim, in their flight from Absalom (2 Samuel 17:27-29). When David was returning to Jerusalem after Absalom’s defeat, Barzillai conducted him over Jordan, but being an old man of 80 years of age, he declined David’s invitation to come to live in the capital, and sent instead his son Chimham (2 Samuel 19:31-39). David before his death charged Solomon to “show kindness unto the sons of Barzillai.” (1 Kings 2:7).

vi. George Barlow b. 15 Jan 1706 Plympton, Plymouth, Mass; d. 21 Feb 1775  Rochester; Plymouth, Mass; Burial: Barlow Cemetery, Mattapoisett, Plymouth, Mass.; m.  19 Feb 1730 to Ruth Barrows (b. 13 Jun 1705 Mass. – d. 3 Apr 1776 Rochester) Ruth’s parents were   John Barrows (1667 – 1720) and   Sarah Briggs Barrows (1675 – 1727)

2. John WING IV (See his page)


Posted in 10th Generation, Line - Shaw | Tagged | 5 Comments

John Wing IV

John WING IV (1681 – 1758) was Alex’s 7th Great Grandfather; one of 256 in this generation of the Shaw line.

John Wing was born about 1681 at Wing Island, Yarmouth (now Brewster), Mass. He was the son of John WING III and Mary BANGER. He married  Achsah (maiden name unknown)  Winslow at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, on 16 Oct 1712.  She lived after her marriage, but a short time, for 5 Mar 1713, he married Bethiah Winslow at Harwich, Barnstable, MA.   She also died  young, 19 Jun 1720, aged 29.  For his third wife,  he married Mrs. Rebecca FREEMAN Vickerie on 24 Jul 1723 at Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.   John died at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, on 12 Jun 1758 and was buried at the Old Burial Ground in Harwich (now Brewster).

John Wing IV – Headstone – “Here lies buried the body of Mr. John Wing, who died June 12, 1758, in the 78th year of his age.”

Achsah Winslow was born in 1685. She was probably a widow of Joseph Winslow of Harwich. Achsah died Nov 1712.

Bethiah Winslow was born about 1691 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Kenelm Winslow and Bethiah Hall. Bethiah died 19 JUN 1720 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Rebecca Freeman was born at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, on 26 April 1694. Her parents were Deacon Thomas FREEMAN and Rebecca SPARROW.  She first married before 1718 in Harwich, Mass to Joseph Vickery (b. 4 Jan 1690 in Hull, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 4 Mar 1718 in Harwich).  Rebecca died after 1 Sep 1761 at Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of John Wing IV and Bethiah Winslow

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mercy Wing 25 Dec 1713 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass Samuel Wing
3 May 1733 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
bef. 13 Nov 1757 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
2. Bethiah Wing 22 Jan 1715/16 James Bangs
7 Feb 1736 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
Elisha Cobb
12 Feb 1742 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
3. Rebecca Wing 26 Mar 1718 Lot Chase
28 Dec 1738 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
bef. 1757
4. John Wing V 8 Jun 1720 Mary [__?__]
Rebecca [__?__]
bef. 1757


Children of John Wing and Rebecca Freeman:

Name Born Married Departed
5. Hannah Wing 7 May 1724 Harwich, Mass Samuel Bangs
5 Apr 1744 Harwich
29 Oct 1757 Fredericstown (now Carmel), New York
6. Thankful Wing 20 Aug 1725 Harwich Thomas Jenkins
23 Apr 1752 Harwich
4 Sep 1785 Harwich
7. Phebe Wing 20 Jan 1726/27 Harwich Nathaniel Foster
21 Jun 1746 Harwich
c 1767 at Brewster, Dutchess, NY
8. Josepeh Wing Jr. 21 Aug 1728 Harwich Experience Hopkins
22 Feb 1749 Harwich
ca. 1800 Chatham, MA
9. David Wing 12 Apr 1730 Harwich 10 Aug 1732 Harwich
10. David WING 10 Aug 1732 Harwich Temperance O’KELLEY
19 Mar 1761 Harwich
c 1806
Dennis, Mass.
11. Thomas Wing 4 May 1735 Harwich Unmarried before 1 Sep 1761 Harwich

John’s father died in 1683, 16 years before his grandfather John WING II whose will is dated 13 Apr 1696 and who died at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, around Apr 1699.  His grandfather gave generously to his grandson John in his will.  I haven’t ruled out another cousin named John, but I think this bequest was direct to our John WING IV.

… “To “my Grand Son John Wing my dwelling house out housings, orchards, yards, lands, meadows that is to say all the third part where I now live (beside Annanias and Josephs) both divided and undivided…only Reserving and my will is that if it so happen that my sd Grandson John Wing die not having an heir lawfully begotten…then all my sd house, lands, meadows and premised Shal be my Grand Son Elnathan Wings and his heirs and assigns.

“To “my loving wife Meriam [his second wife, who he married when he was 81 years old] (during her being my widow) liberty to live or dwell in my now dwelling house untill my Grand Son John Wing comes to the age of twenty and one years [1702, six years after the will was written and three after it was proved]  but if it so happen that he dies before that age then she may live in it So long as She lives as my widow…during which time She shall have one third part of my lands, meadows and Priveledges of commons unto which third part she shall have one third part of my old orchard but so as she shall not farme out or Lett the Same to any person without the good liking or approbation of him that is in the present Improvement of the other two thirds of the sd lands and premises he taking it at a Reasonable and Just value or price . Also I do give to her…one third part of my moveable Estate (Excepting my Neat Cattel and Hors Kind) only one cow which she shall have to the halves So long as sd cow Shall live and she shall have the use of the old mare to Ride on as she shall have ocation and my son Annanias can conveniently spare her And that what so ever estate she hath brought with her and is left at my decease she shall take to herself and she shall have the use of the Garden wholly to her own use as part of her thirds of the land and the one third of the pears and beside her third of the old orchard I do give her the fruit of two appel trees, one a sweeting, the northermost of the seetings in the lower yard and the westermost tree by the highway.”

“Concerning my Grand Son John Wing my will further is that my executor here after Named shall take care and manage the house and Lands above given to him for his best advantage till he coms of age and shall Reserve the one half of the proffits arising therefrom for the boy when he coms to age and that the sd John Wing shall in case he farme out or left or sell the sd lands and premises he shall give the Refusing or farming the same to his Uncle Annanias Wing or his heirs and upon the Refusing it Shall be tendred to the heirs or possessers of his Uncle Josephs land and if they all Refuse he may do with it as he pleases.”

[I was wondering what would happen to Miriam if she lived past 1702 until I read the following] “Further more my will is that whereas on a contract of marriage with my now wife I did Ingage her a Room to built att the end of the house where I now dwell but to prevent further strife my will now is she being so content that if she shall live longer than while my afore Named Grand Child John Wing arrives at the age of twenty years that then my now wife Miriam Wing shall have twelve pounds paid her out of my estate….to build her a comfortable Room to dwell in at the end of this house wherein I now Dwell. Futher my will is that if my sd Grand Child John Wing should die before he arrive to the age of twenty years yett my wife shall have that above sd twelve pounds paid her…for the use aforesd.”

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

JOHN, the son of John and Mary Wing, married, Oct 16. 1712, Achsah Winslow (probably a widow of Joseph Winslow, of Harwich). She lived after her marriage but a short time, for March 5th, 1712-13, he married Bethia, the daughter of Kenelm Winslow. She also died June 19, 1720, aged 29 and for his third wife he married, July 24, 1723, Rebecca Vickerie. His servant, Jeremiah Joe, “went in Capt Peter West’s company to the war with the French from March 7, 1757, to Feb. 23, 1758, fifty weeks and three days.” He had land on the Cane Pond Neck. His place of burial in the old burying ground at Brewster is marked by a head-stone with this inscription: “Here lies buried the body of Mr. John Wing, who died June 12, 1758, in the 78th year of his age.” His will was dated Nov. 15, 1757, and was proved Aug. 15, 1758. Joseph Wing and his wife Rebecca were his executors, and his estate was appraised at 855 pounds, nine shillings and eleven pence. In the inventory is mentioned some property in a part of a school house.


1.Mercy, born Dec. 25, 1713.

2.Bethia, born Jan. 22, 1715-6.

3.Rebecca, bom March 26, 1718.

4.John, bom June 8, 1720.

5. Hannah born May 7, 1724.

6. Thankful, born Aug. 20, 1725.

7. Phebe, born Jan. 20, 1726-7.

8. Joseph, born Aug. 21, 1728.

9. David,born Aug. 10, 1732.

10. Thomas.


1. Mercy Wing

Mercy’s husband Samuel Wing was her first cousin once removed.  He was born Aug 1694 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Ananias Wing and Hannah Freeman. His grandparents were John WING(E) (II) and Elizabeth DILLINGHAM.  Samuel died 11 Apr 1774 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Mercy and Samuel:

i. Hannah Wing b. 15 Feb 1733 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 17 Oct 1796 Barrington, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada; m. 12 Jul 1753 in Harwich to Elisha Hopkins (b. 1721 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 28 Dec 1743 in Barrington, Nova Scotia) Elisha’s parents were Elisha Hopkins Sr. and Experience Scudder. Hannah and Elisha had seven children born between 1757 and 1756.

Barrington forms the southernmost part of the province and contains Cape Sable, the eastern boundary between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Maine.

ii. Capt. Edward Wing b. 11 Oct 1735 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 7 Feb 1814 Goshen, Hampshire, Mass; m. 7 Aug 1774 in Warren, Rhode Island to Elizabeth Miller (b. 18 Jul 1753 in Warren, Rhode Island – d.2 Sep 1839 in Ashfield, Mass.) Her parents were Benjamin Miller and Hope Cole. Edward and Elizabeth had ten children born between 1776 and 1796.

Cole reports that Elizabeth Miller married “Mr. Niles of Conway, Mass.”, while her sister Patience married “Mr. Wing of Ashfield.” However, the will of Edward Wing of Goshen, dated 7 Oct. 1812, names his wife Elizabeth and lists these same children. After her husband’s death, the widow Elizabeth Wing went to live in the household of her daughter Rebecca Clark in Ashfield, Mass., where “Mrs. Elizabeth Wing” died in 1839 at an age which is in reasonable agreement with her birthdate as Elizabeth Miller of Warren, R.I. Thus there seems no reason to doubt that Benjamin and Hope Miller’s daughter Elizabeth actually married Edward Wing and lived successively in Warren, Conway, Goshen and Ashfield.

iii. Samuel Wing b. 2 Aug 1737 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 8 Mar 1828 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass;

iv. Isaac Wing b. 4 Sep 1739 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Oct 1739 Harwich

v. Mercy Wing b. 24 Dec 1742 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 12 May 1763 in Harwich to Jonathan Snow (b. 4 May 1747 in Harwich – d. 3 Mar 1828 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.) His parents were Jonathan Snow Sr. and Sarah Bangs. Mercy and Jonathan had three children.

After Mercy died, Jonathan married 14 Jan 1768 in Brewster to Mehitable Hopkins (b. 29 Apr 1744) and had nine more children between 1768 and 1784. He next married 24 Jul 1787 in Brewster to Elizabeth Crosby ( – d 17 Jan 1813) and had three more children between 1788 and 1792 making 15 children in all. Busy Jonathan married a fourth time in 29 Mar 1813 in Brewster to Huldah Cobb (b. 2 Dec 1762 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1837)

Captain Edward Cobb’s company that marched from Bridgewater to Bristol, Rhode Island, April 21, 1777, for two months’ service: [Not sure if this is our Jonathan, but it fits]
Time in Service…………………… M. W. D.
Daniel Howard, First Lieutenant, . . . . . 2 4 0
Hezekiah Packard, Fifer, . . . . . . . . . 2 0 4 1/2
Barzillai Field, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 4 1/2
Zechariah Gurney, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 4 1/2
Oliver Packard, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 4 1/2
Jonathan Snow, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 4
Hugh Carr, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 0 4

vi. Capt. Seth Wing b. 19 Aug 1744 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1801 Pittsfield, Berkshire, Mass.; m. 16 Apr 1768 in Harwich to Huldah Myrick (b. 10 Nov 1746 in Harwich – d. 12 Jun 1824 in Hinsdale, Berkshire, Mass.) Huldah’s parents were Thomas Merrick and Hannah Hopkins. Seth and Huldah had six children born between 1768 to 1776.

In the 1790 and 1800 census, Sedh was living in Partridgefield, Berkshire, Massachusetts

vii. Rebecca “Rebkah” Wing b. 7 Dec 1746 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 28 Aug 1799 in Dalton, Berkshire, Mass to William Sibley (b. ~1742 Dalton, Berkshire, Mass.) William’s parents were Robert Gladstone Sibley and Mary Louise Kerr.

viii. Zerviah Wing b. 28 Aug 1748 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1749

ix. Thankful Wing b. 23 Sep 1750 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 26 Aug 1821 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass

x. Abner Wing b. 14 Aug 1752 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Dec 1787 Harwich; m. 8 May 1777 Wellfleet, Barnstable, Mass. to Sarah Higgins (b. 11 Feb 1756 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass) Sarah’s parents were Jonathan Higgins and Sarah Coombs. Abner and Sarah had three children born between 1778 and 1783.

xi. Elisha Wing b. 3 May 1755 in Harwick, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 16 Jun 1835 Hinsdale, Berkshire, Mass; m. 6 Nov 1783 in Hinsdale, Berkshire, Mass. to to Anna Boardman (b. 27 Mar 1751 in Wethersfield, Hartford, CT – d. 21 Oct 1825 in Hinsdale) Anna’s parents were Daniel Boardman and Eunice Belden. Elisha and Anna had nine children born between 1784 and 1799.

Wing, Elijah (also given Elisha).Private, Capt. Ebenezer Merry’s co., Col. Hyd’s (Hyde’s) regt.; entered service Oct. 30, 1781; discharged Nov. 5, 1781; service, 7 days; company ordered to march to the Westward under command of Maj. Oliver Root. Roll endorsed “on the Alarm at the Northard.”

2. Bethiah Wing

Bethiah’s first husband James Bangs was born 4 Apr 1716 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. Bethiah’s sister Hannah marrried James’ brother Samuel.  Their parents were Jonathan Bangs and Experience Berry. His grandparents were John Bangs and Mary Mayo and his great grandparents were our ancestors  Edward BANGS and  Rebecca HOBBART.  James died in 1742 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

Berthiah’s second husband Elisha Cobb was born 24 Dec 1702 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were James Cobb and Elizabeth Hallett, Elisha first married 25 Feb 1725 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass to Mary Harding (b. 15 Sep 1707 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.) Elisha died 11 Nov 1752 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Bethiah and James

i. Reuben Bangs b. 28 Jun 1736 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1836;

Bangs, Reuben.Private, Capt. Salmon White’s co., Col. David Wells’s regt.; marched to Ticonderoga May 10, 1777; discharged July 10, 1777; service, 2 mos. 10 days. Roll sworn to in Hampshire Co.

Bangs, Reuben.Private, Capt. Russell Kellogg’s co., Col. Ruggles Woodbridge’s regt.; enlisted Aug. 17, 1777; discharged Aug. 19, 1777; service, 5 days, on an alarm at Bennington; roll sworn to at Boston; also, Lieut. Kellogg’s co., Col. Ezra May’s regt.; enlisted Sept. 20, 1777; discharged Oct. 14, 1777; service, 30 days; marched to Stillwater and Saratoga.

Bangs, Reuben, Williamsburg. Private, Capt. Samuel Fairfield’s co., Col. Nathan Sparhawk’s regt.; enlisted Sept. 23, 1778; service, 2 mos. 25 days, at Dorchester.

ii. James Bangs b. 1738 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1810 Stanstead, Quebec, Canada; m. 10 Mar 1757 in Barnstable, Mass to Susanna Hallett (b. 1738 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1838 in Harwich) Susannah’s parents were Samuel Hallett and Susannah Clark. James and Susannah had twelve children between 1758 and 1783. The family moved to Williamsburg, Hampshire, Mass in the western part of the state about 1770.

Bangs, James, Williamsburg. Sergeant, Capt. Abel Thayer’s co., which marched April 21, 1775, in response to the alarm of April 19, 1775; service, 7 days; reported enlisted into the army April 28, 1775; also, Capt. Thayer’s co., Col. John Fellows’s regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enlisted April 28, 1775; service, 3 mos. 11 days; also, company return dated Dorchester, Oct., 1775.

iii. Joshua Bangs b. bef. 1742 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass ; m. Sep 1796 in Harwich to his first cousin once removed Thankful Wing (b. Harwich) Thankful’s parents were Joshua’s cousin Abner Wing and Sarah Higgins.(See above)

3. Rebecca Wing

Rebecca’s husband Lot Chase was born 11 Mar 1716 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Isaac Chase and Mary Berry. Lot died 25 Mar 1749 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. His grandparents were our ancestors  John CHASE and Elizabeth BAKER.

Children of Rebecca and Lot:

i. Bethiah Chase b. 22 Feb 1740 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 28 Jun 1762 – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Benjamin Lincoln(b. 18 Jun 1735 in Harwich) Benjamin’s parents were John Lincoln and Hannah Hopkins. Major General Benjamin Lincoln was born two years before 24 Jan 1733 in Hhingham, Mass.

ii. Lot Chase b. 1750; d. 25 Mar 1754 Hyannis, Barnstable, Mass.

4. John Wing V

John’s first wife Mary [__?__] was born

John’s second wife Rebecca [__?__] was born in 1724.

Child of John and Mary

i.  Mary Wing b. 2 Jan 1750

5. Hannah Wing

Hannah’s husband Samuel Bangs was born 23 Sep 1722 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. Hannah’s sister Bethiah married Samuel’s brother James.  Their parents were Jonathan Bangs and Experience Berry. His grandparents were John Bangs and Mary Mayo and his great grandparents were our ancestors  Edward BANGS and Rebecca HOBBART.  Samuel died 1 Mar 1787 in Oblong, Dutchess, New York.

Putnam County was slow to be settled compared to other parts of the Hudson Valley, for two reasons. Firstly, it was privately owned and settlement was limited to tenent farmers willing to pay a portion of their earnings to Phillipse. Secondly, it was mostly hilly and rocky and unattractive to farmers looking for tillable cropland, and therefore was limited to dairy farming and wood cutting. The first non-tenent settlers in the county were along its eastern edge, due to an ambiguous border with Connecticut, which attracted farmers from New England, who presumed that the disputed area was not owned by Phillipse. The problem with the Connecticut border is that the colony of New York claimed roughly 20 miles east of the Hudson River, but the river veers slightly to the west in the Highlands. Thus, the eastern roughly 2 miles of the county (and parts of Dutchess and Westchester counties) were in “The Oblong”, the narrow band thought by some to be in Connecticut.

The first village in the county was Fredericksburg, now the hamlet of Patterson. The border dispute was solved after the Revolution, and the heavily settled oblong was incorporated as the first of two versions of the Town of Southeast, named thus as it was the southeasternmost town in Dutchess County. Due to the increasing population of Dutchess County and the great distance from its county seat, Poughkeepsie, Putnam detached from Dutchess in 1812, and created its own county with Carmel as the seat.

Children of Hannah and Samuel

i. Hannah Bangs b. 1747 in Carmel, Putnam, New York; d. 19 Oct 1820
Wilson, New York; m. 1768 in Mass to Sgt. Ebenezer Hartwell (b. 1746 in Carmel, Putnam, New York – d. 2 Apr 1813 in Castleton, Rutland, Vermont; Burial: Congregational Cemetery ) Ebenezer’s parents were Peter Hartwell and Mary Coleman. Hannah and Ebenezer had 15 children born between 1767 and 1795.

Ebenezer was a sergeant in the Revolution.

Inscription of Ebenezer’s gravestone – “Here lies my kind companion dear,A mould”ring back to clay;For death on him hath laid his hand,And summons him away.But thro’the goodness of the Lord,I trust he’s won the prize;Let Angels guard his sleeping dust,Till Jesus bids it rise.”

ii. John Bangs b. 1749; d. 30 Mar 1784 Frederickstown, Putnam, New York; m. 1777 to Lydia Hopkins (b. 30 Jul 1747 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Lydia’s parents were Jonathan Hopkins and Rebecca Freeman. Lydia first married 3 Nov 1774 in Dutchess, New York to Samuel King (b. 1747)

John Bangs American Revolution Membership Application

6. Thankful Wing

Thankful’s husband Thomas Jenkins was born 8 Mar 1726 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Ebenezer Jenkins and Jude White. Thomas died 4 Sep 1785 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

Thomas Jenkins Sons American Revolution Membership Application

Children of Thankful and Thomas:

i.Judith Jenkins b. 1752 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Sep 1831 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; Burial: Brewster Cemetery; m. 25 Aug 1778 to Deacon Abner Robbins (b. 10 Jul 1758 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass. – d. Jan 1842Brewster, Barnstable, Mass; Burial: Brewster Cemetery) Abner’s parents were William Robbins and Hannah Vincent. Judith and Abner had four children born between 1779 and 1790.

ii. Thomas Jenkins b. 1761 Barnstable, Mass; d. 10 Sep 1808 – Hudson, Columbia, New York; The Thomas Jenkins that married Judith Folger was the son of Matthew Jenkins (b: 1691) and Mary Gardner (b: 1686)

iii. Amiel Jenkins b. 25 Nov 1764

In the 1790 census, Amiel was a resident of Hudson, Columbia, New York with two females and one boy in his household.

A list of the Names of the persons who have died in New-York, of the Yellow Fever, from the 29th of July, to the beginning of November, 1795. includes Jenkins, Amiel, Merchant, Water Street

7. Phebe Wing

Phebe’s husband Nathaniel Foster was born 17 Apr 1725 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Deacon Chillingsworth Foster and Susanna Grey. After Phebe died, he married in 1770 to Charity Knowlton (b 1730 in Bedford, Westchester, New York – d. 1790 in Dutchess, New York). He third married Rebecca Vickery. Nathaniel died 1787 in Danbury, CT.

On 22 Nov 1752, Nathaniel bought 500 acres on Milltown Rd. which connected Brewster, NY and Danbury, CT

Nathaniel was a Corporal in the American Revolution.

Nathaniel was a member of a committee that requested lances [to be made available to Revolutionary forces] in order to “prove most formidable to out inveterate and Tyrannical Enemies.” Vol. 2 pg. 55, “New York in the Revolution”

Nathaniel was a member of the committee appointed in 1777 to represent the south-east precinct in the general committee and appears on a military order to organize a guard, dated Oct. 8, 1777. He appears as having served from Connecticut in the Revolution as a Corporal in Captain Watbridge’s Company in 1777 and was a prisoner June 30 of that year. Residence near Danbury, Conn. At South-east New York. He died in 1787.”

Children of Phebe and Nathaniel:

i. Nathaniel Foster b. 1748 in Brewster or Harwich, Mass.; d. 9 Oct 1795; m. Lydia Crosby (b. 1746 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass) Lydia’s parents were Joshua Crosby and Lydia Hopkins. Nathaniel and Lydia had five children born between 1780 and 1791.

ii. Thankful Foster b. 1747

iii. Ruth Foster b. 1750 in Southeast, Putnam, New York; d. 1 Oct 1816 Southeast, Putnam, NY; Burial: Old Southeast Church Cemetery; m. 1764 in Mass. to Abner Crosby (b. 25 Dec 1744 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 5 May 1813 in Southeast, Putman, New York; Burial: Sears Burying Ground, Southeast [Doansburg]) Abner’s parents were David Crosby (b. 13 Apr 1709 Harwich, Barnstable Mass. – d. 20 Oct 1793 Southeast, Dutchess, New York) and Reliance Hopkins (b. 24 Jul 1715 Harwich – d. 25 Feb 1788 Southeast, Dutchess, New York_. Ruth and Abner had at least five children born between 1768 and 1797.

Abner served in the American Revolution.

iv. John Foster b. 15 Nov 1751 in Oblong, Dutchess, New York; d. 2 May 1823 Hancock, Berkshire, Mass; m. 1773 in Connecticut to Deborah Elwell (b. 1752 in Connecticut – d. 15 Sep 1829 in Hancock, Mass.) John’s sister Phebe married Deborah’s brother John. Their parents were Jabez Elwell and Tabitha Jones. John and Deborah had six children born between 1773 and 1790.

v. Phebe Foster b. 1755; d. 1805; m. 1773 to John Elwell (b. 1755 in Connecticut – d. 1788) Phebe’s brother John married John’s sister Deborah. Their parents were were Jabez Elwell and Tabitha Jones.

vi. Thomas Foster b. 1756 in Oblong, Dutchess, New York; d. 9 Jul 1832 Calais, Washington, Vermont; Burial: Fairview Cemetery; m. 6 Apr 1780 in Kent, Litchfield, Connecticut to Hannah Bliss (b. 9 Jun 1754 – d. 5 Apr 1841 Burial: Fairview Cemetery, East Calais) Thomas and Hannah had eight children born between 1780 and 1795.

Thomas served in the American Revolution.

Sergeant Thomas Foster enlisted in the Revolutionary army–in the Connecticut militia–and served through the war. Part of the time he was sergeant of his company. Soon after the war he moved from Kent, Conn., to Vermont, locating in Strafford; followed farming and later moved to Calais. March 4, 1831 he was granted a pension for Rev. war service, and paid $93.30 for back pension. He made an application for pension on April 2, 1818, at which time he was sixty-two years of age, and residing at Calais, VT, and his pension was allowed for eighteen months’ actual service as a, private and sergeant in the New York troops. He served under Capt. William Pierce and Colonel Swartwout. Place of his enlistment not stated. His widow, Hannah, made application and, received a pension for the service of her husband as stated above. Thomas Foster’s name appears on the Roll of Enlisted Men in the Regiment of Minute Men, Duchess County (N.Y.) Militia, Col. Jacobus Swartout, Commander.

The Stafford, Vt., town clerk writes “Thomas Foster elected a highway surveyor, March 17, 1795; fence viewer. March 6, 1797. The first deed to Thomas Foster, called of Kent, Litchfield county, Conn., is dated Nov. 9, 1781. Many deeds to and from him followed up to 1793.”

vii. David Foster b. 1758 in Danbury, CT; d. 3 Jan 1821 Williamstown, Berkshire, Mass.; Burial: Westlawn Cemetery; m. 1781 in Williamstown, Mass. to Susanna Lydia White (b. 1756 in Fishkill, Dutchess, New York – d. 20 Apr 1828 in Williamstown, Mass.; Burial: Westlawn Cemetery) Susanna’s parents were John White and Tabitha Ellis. David and Susanna had ten children born between 1784 and 1802.

David fought in the Revolutionary War as a Private in New York, Dutchess County Militia, 3rd Regiment, enlisted. Source: Dutchess County Militia, Regiment of Minute Men. His gravestone is marked by the “Soldier in the Revolutionary War” signia. The stone is located at West Cemetery, Williamstown, MA. Also noted in “Foster Genealogy” pg. 562. Fought under Cols. Henry Ludenton and Jacob Swartout.

viii. Samuel Foster b. 1760 in Harwich, Mass.; m. [__?__] Lucky

ix. Jerusha Foster b. 1762 Dutchess County, New York; d. 31 Oct 1820 South Berne, Albany, New York; Burial: Baptist Church Burying Ground, Berne; m. John Crosby (b. 1758 – d. 18 Apr 1803 Berne Albany, New York)

The inscripton on John’s gravestone states:
(New York), Pvt. Field’s Co., 3rd Dutchess Co. Reg., N.Y. Millitia, Rev. War.

x. Susanna Foster b. 1764 Dutchess, New York

8. Josepeh Wing Jr.

Joseph’s wife Experience Hopkins was born 1729 in Chatham, Mass. Her parents were Elisha Hopkins and Experience Scudder. Experience died after 1800.

According to John Wing and his Descendants, Joseph built a house upon the place where the late John Atwood lived. He died not far from the year 1800.” He was a man of much humor, and finally became somewhat dissipated in his habits.

Children of Joseph and Experience

i. Reliance Wing b. 28 Jul 1750 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 27 Dec 1795 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 16 Nov 1769 in Harwich to Reuben Snow (b. May 1748 in Harwich – d. 17 Dec 1795 in Harwich) Reuben’s parents were Nathaniel Snow and Thankful Gage. Reliance and Reuben had ten children born between 1770 and 1795 in Harwich.

Reuben Snow served in the Revolutionary War

The inscription on Reuben’s gravestone reads:
In Memory of
Deacon Reuben Snow
Died Decr. 17th
Aged 47 Years
6 Months & 27 Days

The inscription on Reliance’s gravestone reads:
In Memory of
Reliance Snow
Widow of
Deacon Reuben Snow
Who died Dec. 27
Aged 44 Years
10 Mo & 24 Days

ii. John Wing b. 4 Jun 1754 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Elizabeth Wing b. 5 Apr 1756 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 25 Feb 1758 Harwich

iv. Obed Wing b. 20 Nov 1758 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

There was another Obed Wing born20 Mar 1758 Pocasset (now Bourne), Barnstable Co., Mass
whose parents were Joseph Wing and Mehitable Hatch. This Obed married Deliverence Wing and died 15 Mar 1789 in Sandwich, Barnstable Co., Mass.

Wing, Obed, Sandwich. Private, Capt. Joshua Tobey’s co.; enlisted July 12, 1775; service, 6 mos. 4 days; also, list of men belonging to Capt. Abijah Bangs’s co. raised from various towns in Barnstable Co., dated Dorchester, Sept. 4, 1776; also, Corporal, Capt. Bangs’s co., Col. Dike’s regt.; pay roll for travel allowance from home and return, etc., dated Boston, Nov. 26, 1776; credited with allowance for 3 days travel; mileage for 120 miles to and from camp also allowed; also, Private, Capt. Joseph Palmer’s co., Col. Josiah Whitney’s regt.; arrived at camp May 16, 1777; discharged July 12, 1777; service, 2 mos. 3 days, at Rhode Island, including 7 days (150 miles) travel to and from camp; company raised to serve for 2 months; roll dated Camp at South Kingston; also, Corporal, Capt. Ward Swift’s co., Col. Freeman’s regt.; service, 10 days, on an alarm at Dartmouth and Falmouth Sept. 6, 1778; also, Private, Capt. [p.612] Benjamin Godfrey’s co., Maj. Zenath Winslow’s regt.; service, 6 days, on alarms at Bedford and Falmouth in Sept., 1778; also, Capt. Matthias Tobey’s co., Lieut. Col. Hallet’s regt.; entered service July 30, 1780, 3 days preceding march; discharged Nov. 2, 1780; service, 3 mos. 7 days, at Rhode Island, including 3 days (53 miles) travel home; regiment detached to reinforce Continental Army for 3 months.

v. Thomas Wing b. 24 Nov 1762 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. Edward Wing b. 26 Nov 1764 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

vii. Levi Wing b. 3 Aug 1767 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 22 Jun 1827 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; m. Elizabeth Howes (b. ~1763 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass – d. 09 Sep 1837 in Chatham) Levi and Elizabeth had three children born between 1797 and 1804 in Chatham.

viii. Rebecca Wing b. 14 May 1770 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

10. David WING (See his page)

According to John Wing and his Descendants, the Probate Courts of Harwich make him the first in the order of four brothers, viz: David, Thomas, Joseph and John; but the town records of births give the order and dates as we have given them this way. He is said to have had a residence, for a time at least, in Dennis, Barnstable county, Mass. The father, David, died about 1806.


Wing Family of America – John Wing IV

Posted in -9th Generation, Historical Monument, Line - Shaw | Tagged | 8 Comments

David Wing

David WING IV (1732 – 1806) was Alex’s 6th Great Grandfather; one of 128 in this generation of the Shaw line.

David Wing was born at Harwich (now Brewster), MA, on 10 Aug 1732. His parents were  John WING (IV) and Rebecca FREEMAN Vickerie. He married Temperance O’KELLEY at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, on 19 Mar 1761. David died at Dennis, Mass, about  1806.

Temperance O’Kelley was born at Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA, on 21 Mar 1742. Her parents were Stephen O’KELLEY and Thankful CHASE.

Children of  David Wing and Temperance O’Kelly:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Thankful Wing 22 Sep 1762 Harwich MA Jeremiah Chase
11 Aug 1789 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.
Rev. Enoch Chase
11 Mar 1792 Barnstable, Mass
Bef. 1812 Harwich Mass.
2. Temperance Wing 1764
Harwich, Mass
Isaac Eldredge
13 Mar 1784 – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.
25 Jun 1857 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; Burial:
Seaside Cemetery
3. William Wing ~ 1765
Harwich, Mass
Unmarried circa 1800 at sea. Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia
4. Jedidah Wing 4 Aug 1767 Harwich, Mass Archelus Chase
8 Dec 1789 Harwich,  Mass.
Thomas Kelley
18 Dec 1810 Harwich
31 Aug 1862
5. Hannanh Wing ~1770
Harwich, Mass
John Hammond
15 May 1788
9 May 1847 Chatham, Mass.
6. Tamzin WING Oct 1772
Harwich, Mass
9 Mar 1794 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
17 Oct 1844 Vassalboro, Maine
7. David Wing 20 Mar 1773 Harwich, Mass Desire Vincent
13 Jan 1791 Yarmouth, Mass
19 Nov 1839 Homer, Cortland, NY,
8. Capt. John Wing Between 1774 and 1775 Hannah Foster
Mar 1796 Brewster, Mass
6 Aug 1830 Harwich, MA
9. Silva Wing ~1775
Harwich, Mass
William Gardner
18 Aug 1797 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
12 Nov 1831 Vassalboro,  Maine
10. Rebecca Wing ~1780
Harwich, Mass
11. Abigail Winslow Wing 11 Mar 1778 Harwich, Mass Capt. Alpheus Adams
10 Mar 1803 Sandwich, Mass

22 Feb 1869
Mosswood Cemetery, Cotuit, Barnstable County, Mass
12. [poss.] Elizabeth Wing ~1782
Harwich, Mass

19 Apr 1775 – Private David Wing, Sandwich, Capt. Ward Swift’s (2nd Sandwich) co. of militia, which marched in response to the alarm.   On April 19, 1775, British and American soldiers exchanged fire in the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem “Paul Revere’s Ride” tells how a lantern was displayed in the steeple of Christ Church on the night of April 18, 1775, as a signal to Paul Revere and others. See my post Minutemen – April 19, 1775

6 Sep 1778 – Also, Capt. Swift’s co., Col Freeman’s regiment. service 10 days, on an alarm at Dartmouth and Falmouth.

1778 – In Capt. Ward Swift’s company of militia, which marched on the Lexington Alarm

Harwich, Brewster, Dennis and Yarmouth are all towns in Barnstable County which is coextensive with Cape Cod.

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

DAVID,a son of John and Rebecca Vickerie Wing, married, March 9, 1761, Temperance Kelly of Yarmouth.  The Probate Courts of Harwich make him the first in the order of four brothers, viz: David, Thomas, Joseph and John; but the town records of births give the order and dates as we have given them in No. 40. He is said to have had a residence, for a time at least, in Dennis, Barnstable county, Mass. They had twelve children, viz: time sons, David, John and William, and nine daughters, Jedidah (who married a Chase), Thankful (who married Enoch Chase), Temperance (who married Isaac Eldridge, Hannah (who married John Hammond), Tamzin (who married Isaac House), Sylvia (who married William Gardner), Abigail (who married Alpheus Adams), Rebecca (who remained unmarried), and Elizabeth, of whom We have no account. The father, David, died about 1806.


1. Thankful Wing

Thankful’s first husband Jeremiah Chase  was born 5 Apr 1765 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  He was Thankful’s first cousin.  His parents were Edmund Chase and Abigail Harris.  His grandparents were William CHASE and Dorcas BAKER   Jeremiah died 1798 Harwich

Thankful’s second husband Rev. Enoch Chase was born 3 Dec 1762 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Ebenezer Chase and Susanna Berry. Enoch died 29 Feb 1852 in Tiverton, Rhode Island.

Children of Thankful and Enoch

i. Fessenden Chase b. 9 Nov 1792 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; Enlisted as Private in 40th US Infantry Col Denny McCobb 15 Mar 1814; m. 27 May 1830 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Hannah Hinkley (b. 21 Jan 1803 in Harwich – d. Aug 1848) Hannah’s parents were Thomas Hinckley (1775 – ) and Phebe Chase (1780 – )

Fessenden Chase 1814 Enlistment


Fessenden Chase 1817 Enlistment

ii. Dean Chase b. 15 Feb 1794 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 May 1874, Pawtucket, Providence, Rhode Island, Mineral Spring Cemetery; m1. 7 Nov 1811 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Priscilla Long (b. 15 Jun 1791 in Harwich – d. 20 Sep 1828 in Pawtucket, Providence, Rhode Island, Mineral Spring Cemetery); Her parents were Edmund Long and Zilpha Cahoon. Dean and Priscilla had four children born between 1813 and 1820.

m2. Abigail [__?__] (b. 17 May 1805 – d. 22 Feb 1875)

Dean was a broker, his business was in the fork of the road across from the old railroad freight house (now a McDonald’s Restaurant).  He lived in two different houses down the side street from his business.

In the 1860 census, Dean and Abby were living in North Providence, Providence, Rhode Island where Dean was a waste dealer.

iii. Calvin Brooks Chase b. 15 Sep 1795 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 26 Dec 1882 Harwich; m. 21 Dec 1837 in Harwich to   Ruth Crowell Nickerson (b: 17 Oct 1817 in Harwich) Her parents were cousins Zenas Nickerson (b: 23 Dec 1790 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. ) and his cousin Abigail Nickerson (b: 01 May 1796 in Harwich)

Ruth married second 20 Jun 1844 in New Bedford, Bristol, Mass. to Samuel Perry Winegar (b: 1824). Some assume Calvin died before this marriage, but maybe he lost his mind.

A Calvin Chase (b. 1795) was institutionalized in the 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 censuses in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  He was listed as a Pauper and Indigent Inhabitant in Institutions, Poor-Houses or Asylums, Boarded at Public Expense.

iv. Tamzin Chase b. 27 Aug 1797 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Aft 1850; m. to Jacob Mann (b. 1797 Mass. – aft 1850)

In the 1850 census, Jacob and Tamzen were living in North Providence, Providence, Rhode Island where Jacob was a butcher. Living in the households were daughters Olive C (b. 1827 CT) and Susan T (b. 1831 Mass) and Tamzin’s father Enoch Chase.

v. Olive Chase b. 18 Sep 1799 in Harwich, Mass.; d. 8 Sep 1852 Providence, Rhode Island; m. 26 Jan 1827 Attleboro, Bristol, Mass. to John S Barrow (b. 1797 – bef. 1850)

In the 1850 census, Olive was a widow in North Providence, Providence, Rhode Island with a daughter Maria (b. 1832 Rhode Island)

vi. Laban “Loring” Chase b. 7 Jul 1801 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 29 Dec 1869 Windham Connecticut of a fall; m1. 09 Dec 1824 in Harwich to Sarah [__Chase?__] and had one son Hiram (b. 1831)

m2. Amanda Ann “Nancy” Fitch (b. ~1805 in Willimatic, Connecticutt – d. Aft 1860 census CT) Her parents were Jabez Fitch (1767 – 1814) and Lydia Elderkin (1773 – ) Laban and Nancy had four children born between 1834 and 1844.

In the 1850 census, Laban and Nancy were farming in Windham, Windham, Connecticut.

vii. Rosanna Chase b. 14 Aug 1803 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 20 Sep 1806 Harwich

viii. Charlotte Chase b. 21 Nov 1808 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.;

2. Temperance Wing

Temperance’s husband Isaac Eldredge was born on 24 March 1755 at Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were cousins Zephaniah Eldredge and his cousin Phebe Eldredge. Isaac died 13 Feb 1838 in Chatham.

Temporance did not marry John Pope Tobey. That was Temporance’s namesake niece, daughter of her brother David Jr. (See below)

Temperance Wing Eldrigde Headstone – Seaside Cemetery, Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

wife of Isaac- 85 years 11 months 3 days

Isaac Eldridge Headstone Seaside Cemetery, Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. — Also includes sons Freeman Eldredge (1785 – 1811) and William Eldredge (1803 – 1831)

Children of Temperance and Isaac

i. Freeman Eldredge b. 16 Dec 1785 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 13 Sep 1811 Chatham; m. 25 Oct 1807 in Chatham to Deborah Mayo (b: 12 Jun 1786 in Chatham) Her parents were Paul Mayo and Azubah Crowell (b: 17 Feb 1749 in Yarmouth). Freeman and Deborah had one daughter Ruana (b: 04 Nov 1809 in Chatham)

After Freeman died, Deborah married another Freeman 20 Dec 1812 in Harwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts. — Freeman Robbins b: 15 Jun 1782 in Harwich, Barnstable, Massachusetts. They had nine children born betwen 1813 and 1831.

ii. Phebe Eldredge b. 28 Nov 1786 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

iii. Rebecca Eldredge b. 20 Dec 1788 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 21 Oct 1828 – New Bedford, Bristol, Mass.; m. 1 May 1808 – Dartmouth, Bristol, Mass. to Abraham Akin (b. 3 Jan 1769 in Dartmouth – d. Sep 1845 in Dartmouth) His parents were Elihu Akin (1720 – 1794) and Ruth Perry (1728 – 1790). Rebecca and Abraham had seven children born between 1809 and 1824.

iv. Bethany Eldredge b. 3 Nov 1791 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Oct 1855 in Chatham; m. 28 Apr 1816 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to David Clark (b. 6 Nov 1789 in Harwich – d. 28 Mar 1841 Chatham) His parents were David Clark (1757 – 1838) and Mehitable Weeks (1758 – ). Bethany and David had five children born between 1816 and 1824.

In the 1850 census, Bethany was living with her son-in-law Moses Martin and daughter Dorcas in Peterborough, Hillsborough, New Hampshire

v. Isaac Eldredge b. 30 Mar 1794 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 24 Sep 1845 in Chatham; Burial: Seaside Cemetery; m. 3 Mar 1818 in Chatham to Rebecca Hamilton (b. 30 Sep 1796 in Chatham – ) Rebecca’s parents were Richard Hamilton (b: 26 Jul 1751 in Chatham ) and Leah Maddox (b. 1754 – d. 3 Apr 1847 age 93 Chatham) Isaac and Rebecca had two children Nathan( b. 1822 ) and Meranda (b. 1824).

An Isaac Eldredge (b. 1791 Mass.) married Abigail Luraney Nickerson (b. ~1797 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1880 in Barnstable, Mass. of Diarrhea) Her parents were Jonathan Nickerson (1754 – 1807) and Bethia Young (1755 – 1834). In the 1850 census, Isaac and Abagail were living in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Isaac was a laborer and his sons Isaac Jr. (b. 1816), Joseph A (b. 1823), Martin Eldridge (b. 1827) and John C (b. 1831) were all sailors.

vi. Capt. David Eldredge b. 24 Aug 1796 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 12 Aug 1855 Chatham, Mass.; Burial: Seaside Cemetery ; m. Aft. 05 May 1822 in int, Brewster, Barnstable, Mass. to Sarah “Sally” Crosby (b: 13 Mar 1799 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – 13 May 1871 Chatham; Burial: Seaside Cemetery). Sally’s parents were Samuel Crosby Jr.( b: 1767 ) and Mercy Wing (b: 24 Jan 1772 in Harwich (now Brewster), Barnstable, Mass.) David and Sally had five children born between 1823 and 1835.

In  the 1850 census.   David was a sailor and was living with Sally and three daughters Mary (b. 1831 Mass.), Lucina (b. 1834 Mass.) and Arzelia C. (b. 1838 Mass.) in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. Arzelia married 20 Jan 1861 to Henry E. Bates.

David Eldridge Gravestone — Seaside Cemetery, Chatham, Barnstable County, Mass.

Many genealogies say David married 23 Nov 1825 – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to Jemimah Weeks (b. 28 Nov 1803 in Harwich  – d. 19 Aug 1873 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass); Her parents were Isaac Weeks (1780 – 1841) and Elizabeth Allen (1784 – 1868). This David and Jemimah had six children born between 1826 and 1846. However, the 1850 and 1860 census records say this David was born about 1804, eight years after Temperance and Isaac’s birth record.

In the 1850 census, this David and Jemima were living in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. David was a laborer and his teenage sons Ambrose and Trueman were seamen. It appears this David was married to Phoebe S. [__?__] (b. 1812 Mass.) and living in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. in the 1880 census.

vii. Zephaniah Eldredge (male) b. 17 Jan 1799 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 13 Mar 1833 in Chatham; m. 06 Dec 1826 in Chatham . to Sukey Allen (b: in of Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. ) Zephaniah and Sukey had two children Phebe Ann ( b: 16 Oct 1829 in Chatham) and Betsey Seabury b: 07 May 1832 in Chatham)

Several genealogies state that Zephaniah married 31 Mar 1835 – Chatham, Mass. to Zerviah E Ryder (1810 – 1888) Her parents were Kimball Ryder (1775 – 1825) and Ruth Eldredge (1780 – 1848). Zephaniah and Zerviah had a daughter Modena Ryder (b. 21 Sep 1847 Chatham, Barnstable. Mass. d. 20 Mar 1939, Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. People’s Cemetery Inscription:  91y 5m 27d)

In the 1850 census, Zephaniah and Zerviah were living in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass with their daughter Modesea “Modena

This Zephaniah was a Master Mariner.

However, I found a birth record that this Zephaniah Eldredge was born ten years later 29 Apr 1809 and his parents were Reuben Eldredge and Jenney Eldredge. Census records in 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 all show the later birthdate, as does Zephaniah’s gravestone 21 Sep 1880 - Inscription: 73y 4m 22d Peoples Cemetery, Chatham, Barnstable, Massachusetts,

Zephaniah,  son of Cushi, and great-grandson of Hezekiah, ninth in the literary order of the minor prophets. He prophesied in the days of Josiah, king of Judah (B.C. 641-610), and was contemporary with Jeremiah, with whom he had much in common. The only primary source from which we obtain our scanty knowledge of the personality and the rhetorical and literary qualities of this individual is the Book of Zephaniah which contains in its three chapters the fundamental ideas of his preaching.

Zeruiah , daughter of King Nahash of Ammon (2 Samuel 17:25) and stepdaughter of Jesse of the Tribe of Judah, was an older sister of King David. Zeruiah had three sons, AbishaiJoab, and Asahel, all of whom were soldiers in David’s army.  Very little is told of her. However, her sons are invariably mentioned with the matronymic “son of Zeruiah”, in marked contrast to most other Biblical characters (and people in many other cultures) who are known by a patronymic. This seems to indicate that she was an exceptionally strong or important woman, though the specific circumstances are not given.

viii. William Eldredge b. 22 May 1801 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass;d. 15 Oct 1831 Chatham; Burial: Seaside Cemetery; m. Bethiah Harding or Lovina [__?__] William and Bethiah had one son Jonathan (b: 18 Jul  1821 in Chatham)

ix. Temperance Eldredge b. 13 Sep 1803; m. Int. 31 Oct 1819 Chatham, Barnstable, Massachusetts to Isaac Howes (b. Chatham) Temperance and Isaac had one daughter Lyza Howes( b: 12 Mar 1820 in Chatham)

x. Sylvia Eldredge b. 26 Nov 1805 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

xi. Catherine Eldredge b. 09 Oct 1812 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

4. Jedidah Wing

Jedidah’s first husband Archelus Chase was born 3 Mar 1771 in Harwich. His parents were second cousins William Chase (II) ( b: ~1732 in Yarmouth) and Mercy Chase (b: 11 Feb 1733/34 in Yarmouth).   Archelus drowned fishing with his sons Warren, Archelus Jr, and Ensign on 4 Feb 1808 in Harwich, Mass. His paternal grandparents were our ancestors William CHASE III and Dorcas BAKER.

Jedidah’s second husband Thomas Kelley was born 8 Jan 1775 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. He was Jedidah’s second cousin. His parents were Eleazer O’Killey (1728 – 1803) and Hannah Baker (1728 – ) His grandparents were Eleazer O’Kelly and Sarah Browning and his great grandparents were our ancestor Jeremiah O’KELLY and Sarah CHASE.

Here is what Josiah Paine has to say about Archelus and his sons:

Archelus Chase, son of Wm. md. Jedidah Wing, dau. of David of the north Parish, 8 Dec 1789 (see p. 186). He had in 1798 a house near Herring River, a lot of land west by Dennis, north by Enos Nickerson’s. Had 4 acres east & south by Isaiah Chase & land bought of Isaac Eldredge & land west of Wm Chase. He was drowned with 3 sons near Point Gammon from a boat 4 Feb 1808. Jedediah Chase lived a widow & d. 31 Aug 1862, ae 95 JP

Children of Jediah and Archelus:

i. Warren Chase b. 26 Nov 1791 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Feb 1808 Drowned while Fishing

ii. Elizabeth Chase b. 20 Oct 1792 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1847; m. 4 Nov 1813 to William Fuller (b. ~1789 – d. 10 Feb 1875 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.)

iii. Archelus Chase Jr. b. 08 Jun 1794 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 04 Feb 1808 in drowned with his father and brother Warren, off Harwich.

iv. Ensign Chase b. 18 Dec 1796 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; drowned 4 Feb 1808 fishing with his father and brothers.

v. Mercy Chase b. 17 Sep 1797 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 24 Apr 1830 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to James Crowell (b. 06 Dec 1782 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 31 Aug 1832) James parents were David Crowell (1759 – 1828) and Thankful Eldredge (1763 – ). James first married his cousin Ruth Crowell (b. 03 Sep 1785 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 30 Aug 1829) and had seven children born between 1804 and 1825. Mercy and James had one daughter, Rebecca born in 1831.

m2. 18 Dec 1835 in Harwich to Edward Hains (Haynes)

vi. Cynthia Chase b. 10 Nov 1799 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; Never married; In the 1860 census, Cynthia was living with her mother in Harwich, Mass. and working as a seamstress.

vi. George Washington Chase b. 11 Jun 1802 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 4 Feb 1830 to Mercy Freeman (b. 9 Mar 1808 – d. 20 Jul 1837); Mercy’s parents were John Freeman (b: 10 Nov 1761 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass) and Abigail Hopkins (b: 19 Sep 1764 in Eastham); m2  int. filed . 27 Sep 1842  to Rebecca C. Flanders (b: South Hampton, NH)

vii. Samuel Chase b. 27 Jan 1804 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 19 Oct 1826; m. 9 May 1827 in Harwich to Sally Eldredge (b. 30 Oct 1805 in Harwich – d. 2 Jan 1861)

viii. Loring Chase b. 1805 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

ix. Archelus Chase b. 20 Oct 1807 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 28 Sep 1885; m1. 06 Feb 1834 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mas to Emeline Baker (b. 21 Jul 1817 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.); Emeline’s parents were Seth Baker and Thankful [__?__]; m2. 23 Dec 1849 in Chatham, Mass. to Ann Stetson (b. 30 Aug 1808 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass – d. Aft. 1880 census)

In the 1850 census, Archelus had three daughters at homw: Hannah age 15, Amanda age 13 and Matilda S age 7. In the 1870 census, Archelus and Ann were retired near Dennis Port, Harwich.

5. Hannanh Wing

Hannah’s husband John Hammond was born 15 Mar 1766 in Chatham, Mass. His parents were Calvin Hammond and Patience Young. John died 8 Aug 1839 in Chatham, Mass.

During the War of 1812, John was taken from a fishing boat off the cost of Chatham, Mass and forced to act as a pilot for a British privateer for several weeks, but was finally landed at Chatham. The sons of this family were mariners and masters of vessels and lived in Chatham unless otherwise stated.

Children of Hannah and John

i. Elizabeth “Eliza” Hammond b. 2 Nov 1788 in Chatham, Mass.; d. 13 Aug 1870 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. burial Osterville Hillside Cemetery; m. William Davis (alias Blount) (b: 28 Jun 1790 in Snow Hill, London, England – d. 16 Apr 1871 in Osterville, Barnstable, Mass] When he was a young man, William was aboard the British ship Guerriere when she was captured by the US Frigate Constitution. He called himself William Blount, probably to escape impressment in the English service. Eliza and William had seven children born between 1816 and 1831.

Eliza Hammond Blount (1788 – 1870)

In the 1850 census, William and Eliza Blonnt were living in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass where William was a ship wright.

William Blount-Davis (1790-1871)

The USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere, was a single ship action between the two ships during the War of 1812. It took place shortly after war had broken out, and would prove to be an important victory for American morale.

USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere by Michel Felice Corne (1752–1845)

At 2.00 p.m. on August 19, 1812 the Constitution sighted a large ship to leeward, and bore down to investigate. The weather was cloudy, and the wind was brisk. The strange ship proved to be the Guerriere, whose crew recognized Constitution at about the same moment. Both ships prepared for action, and shortened sail to “fighting sail”, i.e. topsails and jibs only. As the Constitution closed, the Guerriere’s Captaine Dacres first hove to to fire a broadside, which fell short, and then ran before the wind for three quarters of an hour with the Constitution on her quarter. Dacres yawed several times to fire broadsides at the Constitution, but the Guerriere’s broadsides were generally inaccurate, while the few shots fired from Constitution’s foremost guns had little effect. After one cannon-ball bounced “harmlessly” off the side of the Constitution, a crew member is said to have yelled “Huzzah! Her sides are made of iron!” [Hence Old Ironsides that we know today.]

Once the range had closed to within a few hundred yards, Captain Hull ordered extra sail (the foresail and main topgallant sail) to be set, to close the distance quickly. Dacres did not match this manoeuvre, and the two ships began exchanging broadsides at “half pistol-shot”, with the Constitution to starboard and Guerriere to port. After fifteen minutes of this exchange, during which Guerriere suffered far more damage than the Constitution due to the latter’s larger guns and thicker hull, Guerriere’s mizzenmast fell overboard to starboard, acting like a rudder and dragging her around. This allowed Constitution to cross ahead of Guerriere, firing a raking broadside which brought down the main yard. Hull then wore ship to cross Guerriere’s bow again, firing another raking broadside, but the manoeuvre was cut too close and the Guerriere’s bowsprit became entangled in the rigging of the Constitution’s mizzenmast.

Constitution fires into the burning hulk of Guerriere, now badly damaged.

On both ships, boarding parties were summoned, while musket fire broke out from each ship. Lieutenant Charles Morris and Captain Dacres were both wounded by musket shots. Only the narrow bowsprit provided a way between the ships, and in the heavy sea, neither side could venture across it. Some of the gunners aboard Guerriere fired at point-blank range into Hull’s stern cabin, setting the American ship on fire briefly. The two locked ships slowly rotated clockwise until they broke free. The Guerriere’s foremast and mainmast both then fell “by the board” i.e. snapped off at deck level, leaving her helpless and rolling heavily. Dacres attempted to set sail on the bowsprit to bring his ship before the wind, but it too had been damaged and broke. The Constitution meanwhile ran downwind for several minutes, repairing damage to the rigging, before once again wearing and beating upwind to return to battle.

As Constitution prepared to renew the action, the Guerriere fired a shot in the opposite direction to the Constitution. Sensing that this was an attempt to signal surrender, Hull ordered a boat to take a Lieutenant over to the British ship. When the Lieutenant walked onto the Guerriere and asked if Guerriere was prepared to surrender, Captain Dacres responded “Well, Sir, I don’t know. Our mizzen mast is gone, our fore and main masts are gone-I think on the whole you might say we have struck our flag.”

Guerriere Demasted — Thomas Chambers The Constitution and the Guerriere

Captain Dacres was escorted aboard the Constitution. Hull refused to accept Dacres’ sword of surrender, saying he could not accept the sword from a man who had fought so gallantly. He also ordered that Dacres’ mother’s Bible be returned to him. The Guerriere was clearly sinking, and the wounded were transferred to the Constitution. Hull found that ten impressed Americans had been serving aboard Guerriere but Dacres had permitted them to stay below decks instead of fighting their countrymen.

Hull wanted the Guerriere towed in as a prize ship. The Constitution lay by the Guerriere during the night but at daybreak it was obvious that the Guerriere could not be salvaged. The prisoners and the American salvage parties were brought aboard Constitution and at three o’clock in the afternoon, the Guerriere was set on fire, and soon blew up.

Although Constitution was capable of continuing its cruise (it was substantially undamaged and still had two thirds of its ammunition), Hull wanted the American public to have news of the victory. He reached Boston ten days later, and his news (with the obvious proof of more than two hundred prisoners of war) caused rejoicing. The Guerriere had been one of the most active ships of the Royal Navy in stopping and searching American merchant vessels, and the news of its defeat was particularly satisfying to the American seafaring community. Ironically, Hull was never to hold another fighting command.

USS Constitution in 2012 — Commander Matt Bonner, during the bicentennial observances of the War of 1812, sailed the Constitution under her own power on August 19, 2012, the anniversary of her defeat of the Guerriere. Bonner is Constitution’s 72nd commanding officer.

Once released by exchange of prisoners and returned to Halifax, Dacres was tried by court martial, as was customary in the case of a Royal Navy ship lost from any cause. He put forward as his defense the facts that the Guerriere was originally French-built, captured by the Royal Navy in 1806, and therefore not as sturdy as British-built ships, and more importantly, that the Guerriere was badly decayed and in fact on its way to refit in Halifax at the time, and the fall of the mizzen mast which crippled the Guerriere early in the fight had been due as much to rot as battle damage. There was no suggestion that Dacres and his men had not done their utmost, or that Dacres had been unwise to engage the Constitution. (Early in the War of 1812, it was accepted in the Royal Navy that a British 38-gun frigate could successfully engage a 44-gun frigate of any other nation.) Dacres was therefore acquitted.

ii. Calvin Hammond b. 18 Oct 1790 in Chatham, Mass.; d. 7 Jun 1853/54 Seaside Cemetery, Chatham, Mass; m. 12 Jan 1816 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Deborah Eldridge (b. 1791 – d. 24 Jul 1867 Seaside Cemetery Chatham, Barnstable, Mass)   Calvin and Deborah had six children born between 1819 and 1834.

In the 1850 census, Calvin was a sailor in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

iii. Capt. Luther Hammond b. 10 Jan 1792 in Chatham, Barnstable Mass.; d. 9 Mar 1854 Chatham.; Burial: Methodist Church Cemetery; m. 11 Mar 1817 – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Sarah “Sally” Gould (b. 11 Jun 1797 in Chatham – d. 17 May 1872 in Chatham) Sally’s parents were Josiah Gould (1766 – 1858) and Azuba Dexter (1768 – 1800.) Luther and Sally had seven children born between 1818 and 1833.

iv. John Hammond b. 23 Oct 1793 in Chatham, Mass.; d. 2 Apr 1864; m. 16 Sep 1817 to Mercy Hopkins (b. 1797 in Chatham – d. 27 Sep 1870 Chatham) Mercy’s parents were William Hopkins (b: 02 Feb 1766 in Chatham) and Dorcas Doane (b: 20 Jul 1771 in Chatham) John and Mercy had ten children born between 1820 and 1842.

In the 1850 census, John was a sailor in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Stephen Hammond b. 24 Jul 1795 in Chatham, Mass.; d. 9 Aug 1871; m. 18 Jan 1820/21 to Betsey L. Ryder (b. 6 Mar 1797 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 28 Nov 1880 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass) Betsey’s parents were Edward Ryder (1761 – 1817) and his cousin Mercy Godfrey Ryder (1764 – 1850); Stephen and Betsey had seven children born between 1821 and 1837.

In the 1850 census, Stephen was a sailor in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. William Hammond b. 19 Jun 1799 in Chatham, Mass.; d. 1829; m. 5 May 1820 to Reliance Wing (b. 05 Aug 1801 in Chatham – d. 7 Jan 1875Chatham; Burial Seaside Cemetery) Reliance was William’s second cousin. Her parents were Levi Wing (b: 03 Aug 1766 in Chatham) and Elizabeth Howes (b: ~1763 in Yarmouth (now Dennis)) Her grandparents were Joseph Wing and Experience Hopkins. Her great grandparents were our ancestors John WING IV and Rebecca FREEMAN Vickerie. William and Reliance had three children born between 1821 and 1827.

After William died, Reliance married 28 Oct 1827 in Chatham to William Hamilton (b: 04 Jan 1789 in Chatham – d. 14 Jan 1879 Chatham Seaside Cemetery) and had eight more children between 1829 and 1846.

vii. Elisha Hammond b. 2 Aug 1801 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 13 Sep 1888 Chatham; m. 29 Jan 1824 int. filed, Harwich to Lydia C. Allen (b. 24 Aug 1801 in Harwich – d. 23 Oct 1892 in Chatham) Her parents were Paine Allen (b: 09 Sep 1764 in Harwich) and Lydia Eldredge. Elisha and Lydia had five children born between 1828 and 1844. Elisha was a master mariner.

In the 1850 census, Elisha was a sailor in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

viii. Zebediah “Zebedee” Hammond b. 21 Aug 1803 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 28 Oct 1833 to Betsey Fessenden; Zebeedee and Betsey had five children born between 1834 and 1839.

In the 1850 census, Zebedee was a sailor in Chatham.

ix. Hannah Hammond b. 6 Sep 1805 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Mar 1886 Chatham; Burial:Seaside Cemetery; m. 11 Aug 1834 to Captain Francis Allen Patterson (b. 7 Sep 1803 Mass – d. 7 Feb 1876 Chatham; Burial:Seaside Cemetery)

In the 1870 census, F A and Hannah W were living in Chatham where Francis was a laborer.

6. Tamzin WING (See Isaac HAWES‘s page)

7. David Wing

David’s wife Desire Vincent was born 18 Jan 1771 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were David Vincent and Mehitable Taylor. Desire died 4 Nov 1842 in Homer or South Cortlandville, Cortland, New York.

David Wing Memorial Cortland Rural Cemetery, Cortland, Cortland , New York,, Plot: Sec. F, Lot 11

David Wing
Aged 77 Years
Desire Wing
Aged 72 Years
Hitty Simonds
Aged 25 Years
Joanna Hayden
Aged 26 Years
Abigail Wing
Aged 24 Years
Rosanna S. Wing
Aged 42 Years
Wells D. Hayden
Aged 17 Years

Note: Peck/Wing Monument

David Wing Memorial Detail

Cortland Rural Cemetery
Cortland County
New York, USA
Plot: Sec. F, Lot 11

Children of David and Desire

i. Mehitable “Hitty” Wing b. 10 Dec 1791 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 20 Aug 1816 Burial: Sec. F, Lot 11, Courtlandville aka Cortland Rural Cemetery, Cortland, Cortland, New York’ m. John Simons

ii. [__Infant__] Wing b. 6 Jan 1794 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 10 Jan 1794 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass

iii. Temperance Wing b. 26 Jan 1795 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 27 Jan 1826 Smyrna, Chenango, New York; m. 18 Feb 1816 in Smyrna, Chenango, New York to John Pope Tobey (b. 5 Jun 1790 in Smyrna, Chenango, New York – d. 3 Apr 1888 in Smyrna, Chenango, New York) His parents were Joseph Tobey (b: 1759 in of Dartmouth, Bristol, Mass.) and Elizabeth Pope (b: 13 May 1765 in Lebanon, New London, CT) Temperance and John had seven children born between 1816 and 1831.

In the 1860 census, John and Temperance were farming in Smyrna, Chenango, New York with one daughter Antonett (b. 1831) at home.

iv. Arathusa Wing b. 28 Apr 1797 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 23 Feb 1859 Union Cemetery, Westfield, Chautauqua, New York; m. Lewis Sperry ( b: 06 Apr 1793 CT – 01 Mar 1879 Union Cemetery, Westfield, Chautauqua, New York) Arathusa and Lewis had five children born between 1821 and 1837.

In the 1850 census, Lewis and Evathusa were farming in Chautauqua, Chautauqua, New York.

v. Otis Wing b. 10 Apr 1799 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 30 Apr 1898 Newton Jct, New Hampshire No children; m1. 09 Oct 1836 in Manchester, Essex, Mass. to Lucy Woodberry Masters (b: 15 Nov 1791 in Beverly, Essex, Mass.) Her parents were Asa Woodberry (1747 – 1830) and his cousin Anna Woodbury (1753 – 1844). Lucy first married 2 Feb 1813 Beverly, Essex, Massachusetts to James Woodbury Marshall (1787 – 1816). After James died, she married 30 Aug 1821 Beverly, Essex, Mass. to Andrew Marsters (1791 – 1835). Finally she married Otis at age 44.

Divorced: Libalant: Otis Wing Libelee: Lucy Wing nee Masters.

In the 1860 census, Otis was a Baptist Minister living with Rufus and Ellen Hopkin’s extended family in DeKalb, DeKalb, Illinois.

Otis and Lucy were at least separated, if not divorced. Lucy was living with her son, Woodbury Marsters at Chester, Rockingham Co., NH in the 1870 Census( and was using the last name Marsters)

m2. 16 Mar 1879 in Merrimack, Essex, Mass. to Nancy Short Dwindells (b: 09 Mar 1845 in W. Newbury, Essex, Mass.) Her parents were Jacob G. Dwindells (b. ~1813 in Mass.) and Achsah H. Short (b: ~1810 in Mass.) Nancy was 45 years younger than Otis. Even her parents were more than ten years younger! Nancy first married [__?__] Sider.

In the 1880 census, Otis was a clergyman in West Newbury, Essex, Mass, He and Nancy were living with Nancy’s parents Jacob G. and Achsam H. Dwinnels.

vi. Desire Wing b, 14 Jun 1801 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 14 Dec 1880 in home of her son, Walter G. Stone, Chicago, IL; m. 14 JUL 1821 in Homer, Cortland, New York to Thomas Stone (b. ~1797 – d. Bef. 1850 in Homer, Cortland, New York). His parents were Thomas Stone Sr and Rachel Marsh. Desire and Thomas had ten children born between 1822 and 1841.

In the 1850 census, Desire was living in Homer, Cortland, New York with two daughters Delia A age 24 and Julia E age 11

vii. Joanna Wing b. 18 Apr 1803 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 3 Apr 1829 in Friendship, Allegheny, New York Burial: Sec. F, Lot 11, Courtlandville aka Cortland Rural Cemetery; m. ~1825 to Harry Hayden ( b: ~1800 in of Friendship, Allegheny, New York)

viii. Abigail Wing b. 3 Jul 1805 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 5 Jul 1829 Cortland, NY Burial: Sec. F, Lot 11, Courtlandville aka Cortland Rural Cemetery,

Abigail Wing Gravestone = Peck/Wing Monument Cortland Rural Cemetery Cortland Cortland County New York, Plot: Sec. F, Lot 11 Inscription: David Wing Aged 77 Years —- Desire Wing Aged 72 Years —- Hitty Simonds Aged 25 Years —- Joanna Hayden Aged 26 Years —- Abigail Wing Aged 24 Years —- Rosanna S. Wing Aged 42 Years —- Wells D. Hayden Aged 17 Years

ix. Persis Wing b. 2 Sep 1807 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 8 Dec 1897 in at home, 604 University Ave., Syracuse, New York; m. 13 Oct 1831 to Jesse Truesdell Peck (wiki) (b. 4 Apr 1811 in Middlefield, Otsego, New York – d. 17 May 1883 Oakwood Cemetery, Syracuse, New York) His parents were Luther Peck and Annis Collier.

Jesse was the youngest of five sons of Luther and A. Peck, all of which became Methodist preachers. He was one of the founders of Syracuse University, serving as the first Chairman of the Board of Trustees. He developed the plan for the construction of buildings on land donated by George F. Comstock, each dedicated to a different academic discipline.

He was an American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, elected in 1872 and was a delegate to the First Ecumenical Conference in 1881.

Jesse Truesdell Peck (1811-1883)

Jesse’s grandfather, also named Jesse, died in Washington’s army. His father, Luther, was a blacksmith and lifelong class leader, whose five sons (of whom Jesse T. was the youngest) all became Methodist preachers. The trend in his family toward the Methodist ministry led his great-nephew, the novelist Stephen Crane, to say: “Upon my mother’s side, everyone in my family became a Methodist clergyman as soon as they could walk, the ambling-nag, saddlebag, exhorting kind.

Bishop Peck was converted to christanity at the age of sixteen. He sensed a call to preach almost immediately. He entered the Traveling Ministry as a circuit rider of the Oneida[disambiguation needed] Annual Conference of the M.E. Church in 1832. He was ordained by Bishops Elijah Hedding and Beverly Waugh. Prior to his election to the Episcopacy, Peck served as a pastor and a presiding elder. As a Bishop, he was a delegate to the First Ecumenical Conference, 1881.

In 1848, he was elected the tenth president of Dickinson College, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. During his presidency, Peck was unpopular with the students. In one student prank, he was detained in an insane asylum in Staunton, Virginia, where he had traveled for a church conference.. Students locked Peck in a railroad boxcar overnight and another time, shot, and killed, his dog. On top of all of these problems with the students, Peck proved to be an inadequate fundraiser for the College; in June 1851, he announced his intention to leave the institution the following year, citing his belief that he was ill-suited to the tasks associated with the job. In July 1852, he gave the address to the graduating class, entitled God in Education.

Though not a college graduate himself, Peck was prominent in the beginnings of Syracuse University, serving as the first Chairman of its Board of Trustees. At its founding on March 24, 1870, the state of New York granted the University its charter independent of Genesee College. The City of Syracuse offered $100,000 to establish the school.[26] Bishop Jesse Truesdell Peck donated $25,000 to the proposed school and was elected the first president of the Board of Trustees.

Peck developed what became, in effect, the University’s first master plan: a scheme for the construction of seven buildings on land donated by George F. Comstock, also a member of the Board. Each building was to be dedicated to a different academic discipline. Peck’s vision for the new campus was one of stylistic eclecticism; on one occasion declaring that the new university should “demonstrate the perfect harmony and indissoluble oneness of all that is valuable in the old and the new.” The first building completed under this plan was the Hall of Languages, built at the summit of University Avenue in Syracuse. Nationally renowned architect Horatio Nelson White was the designer of this French Second Empire structure

In the 1850 census Jesse and Persis were living in Carlisle, Cumberland, Pennsylvania. In 1848 Jesse was elected the tenth president of Dickinson College

In the 1860 census, Jesse was a minister in San Francisco and in 1870 a Clergyman in Syracuse.

Selected Writings of Bishop Peck

Sermon: Talent, in Clark, D.W., The Methodist Pulpit, 1897.
The Central Idea of Christianity, 1857.
The True Woman, 1857.
What Must I Do to Be Saved?, 1858.
Sermon: The Life Battle, in The New York Pulpit in the Revival of 1858, A Memorial Volume.
Address: Centenary Conv., Boston, 1866, Proceedings.
History of the Great Republic, 1868.
Biography of Mary Brison, in Our Excellent Women, pub. by James Miller, 1872.
Addresses State Convs, N.J., 1870, political; N.Y., 1870, Public Schools, N.Y., 1871, Political Reform.
Sermon in Fraternal Camp-Meeting Sermons, Round Lake, 1875.
Reader of the Address published by the First Ecumenical Methodist Conference, City Road, London, 1881. The preparation of the paper was largely in his hands.

x. David Wing b. 21 Jun 1810 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 1885 Trempealeau, Trempealeau, Wisconsin; m1. 23 Aug 1832 to Jane Lobdell (b. 19 Oct 1809 in of No. Salem, Westchester, New York) ; Jane’s parents were Daniel Lobdell and Sally Keeler. David and Jane had six children born between 1833 and 1848.

m2. 13 Sep 1855 in Cherry Valley, Winnebago, IL to Lorinda Richardson (04 Aug 1833 in (now Canada)- d. Jun 1907 in Washougal, Clark, WA Burial: Washougal Memorial Cemetery,) Lorinda’s parents were Clark W. Richardson (b: 1802 in New York) and Mary “Polly” Herrington [Harrington] (b ~1809 in Ontario) David and Lorinda had another eight children born between 1856 and 1869.

In the 1870 census, David and Lorinda were farming near Plum River, Stockton, Jo Daviess, Illinois.

xi. Rosanna Sears Wing b. 19 Jun 1812 in Sonyrue, Chenango, or Sonyea, Livingston, New York; d. 05 Jul 1855 in Cortland, Cortland, New York; Burial: Sec. F, Lot 11, Courtlandville aka Cortland Rural Cemetery, Cortland, Cortland, New York; Unmarried

xii. Joseph Vincent Wing b. 14 Oct 1814 in Homer, Cortland, New York; d. 1907 Belvidere, Illinois; m. 15 Sep 1840 in Courtland, New York to Sarah Adeline Johnson (b. 15 Sep 1820 in (Unknown), Orange, New York – d. 12 Mar 1905 Belevidere Cemetery, Belvidere, Boone, Illinois) Joseph and Sarah had six children between 1842 and 1857.

In the 1870 census, Joseph was a wagon maker in Belvidere, Boone, Illinois.

8. Capt. John Wing

John’s wife Hannah Foster was born 1777 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were David Foster (b. b: 24 Mar 1742 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) and Phebe Freeman (b: 19 Nov 1747 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass). Hannah died in 1848.

Children of John and Hannah

i. Charlotte Foster Wing b. 26 Jun 1797 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 6 Mar 1882; m1. 19 May 1816 to Benjamin Freeman (b. 30 Jun 1793 in Eastham (now Orleans), Barnstable, Mass. – d. 24 Oct 1845 in Ross Township, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Burial: Yorkville Cemetery) Benjamin’s parents were John Freeman (b: 10 Nov 1761 in Eastham ) and Abigail Hopkins (b: 19 Sep 1764 in Eastham) Charlotte and Benjamin had 13 children born between 1817 and 1841. Between 1830 and 1832, they moved to Victor, Ontario, New York.

m2. 27 Feb 1848 Battle Creek, Calhoun, MI to Deacon William Betterly (b. 6 Oct 1788 New Fane, Vermont – d. 10 July 1871 Oak Hill Cemetery, Battle Creek, Calhoun, MI.) His parents were Thomas Betterly (1751 – 1836) and Lydia Warren (1752 – 1837). He first married 17 Jan 1811 Battle Creek, Calhoun, Michigan to Phebe S Hayford (11 May 1791 – 29 Nov 1847 in Battle Creek, Calhoun, Michigan)

In the 1850 census, William and Charlotte were farming in Battle Creek, Calhoun, Michigan with one child from William’s previous marriage and six from Charlotte’s.

ii. Capt. Josiah Wing b. 3 Apr 1799 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Oct 1874 Suisan, Solano, California;  m1. 12 Oct 1822 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass. to Phebe Lincoln (b. 29 Dec 1800 in Brewster – d. 1837 in South Perinton, Monroe, New York); Phebe’s parents were Nathaniel Lincoln III (b: Bef. Dec 1770 in Harwich.) and Rebecca Cobb (b:~ 1767 – d. 30 Apr 1816 age 49 Harwich) Josiah and Phebe had five children born between 1824 and 1836 in Brewster, Mass. These children stayed in the Midwest.

m2. 5 Nov 1837 to Mrs. Mercy Hurd. Mercy Foster Crosby (b. 1808 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 9 Jan 1885 in Suisun, Solano, California; Burial: IOOF Block 44 Grave 7, Fairfield-Suisun Cemetery) Mercy’s parents were Sylvanus Crosby II (b: 11 Nov 1777 in Harwich (now Brewster)) and Polly Crosby Foster (b: 8 Jun 1778 in Harwich)  Mercy first married [__?__] Hurd.  Josiah and Mercy and six more children born between 1838 and 1848, two in South Perinton, Monroe, New York, three in Medina, Orleans, New York and one in Wheatland, Hillsdale, Michigan. These children came with their parents to California.

Josiah sailed his ship Diantha around the horn to San Francisco in 1851. He purchased a the Ann Sophia, and sailed between San Francisco and Sacramento and in the process founded Suisun City on the Delta. Late in live he mastered the brig Pride of the West to catch fish in the North Pacific. The next year he took command of the Dominga and for the next five years he sailed to Petropoulski, on the Okhotsk Sea, returning each autumn with 70,000 to 100,000 codfish. Other fishing expeditions took him to New Zealand.

In 1822 when he was 23 years old, Josiah was captured by pirates while on a voyage in brig “Iris.” Warren Lincoln recorded the adventure : [Click the link for the rest of the story]

We sailed from Boston about the first of November, 1822, in the brig “Iris,” owned by William Parsons, Esq., of Boston. Our crew consisted of eleven, all told, viz.: Freeman Mayo, of Brewster, master ; Richard Rich of Bucksport, Me., first mate; Sylvanus Crosby of Brewster [Josiah’s father-in-law], second mate; Brewster Mayo of Brewster, seaman, who was the first child born in Brewster, or rather, he was a twin; Josiah Wing of Brewster, seaman; two other seamen; _____ Hooper of Boston, seaman; negro for cook; Mr. Greenleaf of Baltimore, a passenger, and the cabin boy 12 years old belonging in Brewster and the teller of this story.

This was my first voyage, and for the first three days out I was very homesick and seasick. Nothing remarkable occurred until about the 20th. We had passed the Bahama Banks and passed the Double Headed Shot Keys during the night. About sunrise I was called to my duty, which was to keep the cabin tidy, set the table, clear it away, wash the dishes, etc. When I came on deck the island of Cuba was in sight about 30 miles distant, the wind light, the water smooth. We were sailing by the wind, as the sailors term it, “full and by.” I soon noticed the first mate in earnest conversation with the man at the helm and came near enough to hear the mate say :

“They may be pirates,” referring to two vessels in-shore of us, “and I will call the captain.”

He went into the cabin and called Captain Mayo. His first exclamation, spy-glass in hand, was,

“Damn ‘em, they are pirates! Call all hands on deck, put up your helm and keep her off ; square the yards, set the fore-topmast studding sail; bear a hand ! ” …

From Jerry Bowen and Sabine Goerke-Shrode ”Solano: The Way It Was,” Sunday, Jan 7, 2007 – Capt. Wing steered Suisun City’s early course

After Phebe’s death, Josiah went back to Brewster, Mass., where he married a widow, Mercy Hurd. He sold the farm in New York and moved to Michigan.

The gold discovery in California drew him away from farming to try his hand at the more lucrative business of transporting passengers and cargo to the gold fields. He moved the family to Cape Cod, Mass.

Once in California, he went into the business of supplying building materials, goods and food for the miners. He established a very profitable business when he began sailing out of San Francisco to Sacramento. Josiah also converted the ship that he sailed around the horn, The Diantha, into a store ship and then built the Pine Street Hotel in San Francisco from the timber that he had brought with him.

San Francisco Harbor 1851

Evidently The Diantha never sailed again and was broken up or allowed to sink in the bay, the fate of hundreds of ships whose crews jumped ship to pursue the lure of gold.

Followed the acquisition of the schooner Ann Sophia, in 1852, Josiah Wing  came to Suisun. He purchased Suisun “Island” and a tract of adjoining marshland, about 600 acres in all, for $500. He established a permanent wharf at Suisun and built a warehouse with sleeping quarters, then moved   his wood-frame home from its location on Pine Street in San Francisco to Suisun.

He also discovered, that at low tide, Suisun was not an island. Using willow logs, he raised the low-tide connection between the island and the Suisun Valley shoreline. Later this connection would be called Union Avenue.

Next, he sent for his family back in Massachusetts. His wife, Mercy, and children reached San Francisco in August of 1852..

With wife Mercy, and the 10 children from both their marriage and his previous marriage, the family became the founders of Suisun City.

The embarcadero quickly grew into a bustling business district, especially for the farming community in the upper county area. During the first summer of 1851, the settlement’s first store opened, operated by John W. Owens and A.W. Hall.

Records of 1852 note shipments of potatoes, another of the early local attempts to develop a variety of agricultural commodities.

In 1854, Capt. Wing began plans for the layout of the new town, with street grids and lot subdivisions with assistance by Owens to be called Suisun City.

Suisun waterfront, today

By 1857, the old wood-frame home became too small for the Wing family. Never hesitating to acquire new land and to settle anew, Capt. Wing purchased a 23-acre farm west of the town, built a new house and moved his family [to what is now Fairfield]. This would remain their home until 1874.

An early settler, James Thomas Wells, recalled in 1925 “There was not much here” except a slaughter house and Captain Wing used to have the wild grain around here harvested and then take it down to San Francisco in his schooner. Allen Miller and J. B. Lemon, his brother-in-law, were already settled here, having come to California in search of gold.

“They were then engaged in stock raising. Wing’s schooner used to carry away the grain which was brought in from the valleys, being hauled to Suisun by teams of sixteen to twenty mules. I can remember when the stagecoaches came in here, one line running from Benicia to Fairfield and the other from Napa to Sacramento.”

By 1855, the Solano Herald already said about the flourishing town: “It is the point of embarkation of the produce of the county and has for the past few months been the busiest place in the county.”

Suisun became a bustling port of commerce where fortunes were made. At the time, there was a wheat boom. There was a huge demand in Europe for flour.

Entrepreneurs moved to Suisun to set up mills with stone grinding wheels to meet the demand. These mills would have run round the clock – 24/7, if it wasn’t for the fact that the steam boilers that ran the grinding stones had to be cleaned out periodically

In the 1850 census, Josiah was ship master in Brewster, Barnstable, Massachusetts. In the 1860 census, Josiah was a seaman in Suisan, California.

By the late 1850s, he sold part of his landholdings in Suisun, including the wharf.  Josiah kept sailing his new ship, The Ann Sophia, on the Sacramento River, and was especially busy at harvest time. He found the land holdings to be a distraction from his first love of shipmaster,   He continued to use the wharf for his business until 1864, when he also sold the Ann Sophia.

In 1857 he purchased a 23-acre farm a few miles west of town, put it in Mercy’s name and connected it to Rockville Road by a plank lane built by Chinese workers. The new farmhouse would remain the Wing home until after Josiah’s death in October of 1874, when Mercy went to live with her son.

In 1868, residents petitioned the Solano County Board of Supervisors that steps be taken to grant the country town the rights and privileges of a city. The big moment came on Oct 9, 1868, when the Solano County Board of Supervisors voted to accept the petition. To do so, petitioners had to prove that Suisun had more than 200 residents, all of whom had lived there for more than 30 days, and that a majority of these residents supported the incorporation by signing the petition. The drive to incorporate was spearheaded by Samuel Breck, who was the supervisor representing the area on the Board of Supervisors.

Surprisingly, Capt. Wing’s name is not among the petitioners recorded in the Board of Supervisors’ minutes. Nor is his name among the list of voters for the federal election or the election to form the first Suisun City government, although his son, Chillingsworth Wing, is listed.

Instead of local politics, Josiah’s interests had shifted back to the sea. Over the previous decade, he had made changes to his holdings that eventually allowed him to be gone for much of the year.

In the spring of 1866, at age 67, Josiah Wing went back to sea. This time, the North Pacific beckoned with its highly profitable fishing grounds.   . He mastered the brig Pride of the West to catch fish in the North Pacific. His voyage was “crowned with success,” according to news reports.For the next five years, he fished the Pacific Northwest, sailing all the way to the Okhotsk Sea, off the Russian Coast. In some years, he would return with nearly 100,000 caught codfish.

The next year he took command of the Dominga and for the next five years he sailed to Petropoulski, on the Okhotsk Sea, returning each autumn with 70,000 to 100,000 codfish.  Other fishing expeditions took him to New Zealand.

In 1871, he planned on arriving back in Suisun to give the bride away, when his daughter Laura married, but he was delayed for 18 days by calm winds.   His final voyage ended in November 1871. At age 72, he left the sea for good  and he decided to open a fish market.

Some of the earlier historical resources sometimes hint at a rivalry between the two local sea captains and city founders, Capt. Robert Waterman of Fairfield and Wing of Suisun. Looking at Wing’s life and interests, especially in his later years, I don’t see this as a factor in his life.

Both men had very different experiences as captains. Captain Waterman was a clipper ship captain sailing to China, where he met his partner, Capt. Archibald Ritchie. Wing on the other hand was a packet captain sailing along the East Coast. It is doubtful that the two knew each other prior to coming to Solano County.

Wing chanced onto the land in Suisun Bay while sailing between San Francisco and Sacramento and recognized the location as an opportunity to establish a good home base for his business and his family.

Although this decision resulted in the founding of Suisun, after the first few years, he seemed not to have participated actively in its growth or political formation. Rather, he continued to do what he loved best – raise his family, farm his land, and – foremost – sail the high seas.

Wing died on Oct. 4, 1874, and was mourned by the community as a well-liked member, according to his obituary in the Weekly Solano Republican on Thursday, Oct. 8, 1874.

Josiah Wing Gravestone — Burial: IOOF Block 44 Grave 6, Fairfield-Suisun Cemetery;

“The early settlers of this county will regret to learn of the demise of one of their number in the person of Capt. Josiah Wing, of this place, who died on the morning of the 4th instant, at the age of 76 years and five months, having been born on the 4th day of April 1798, at Brewster, a town on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Capt. Wing came to California in 1850, bringing with him in his vessel the frame and material of a house which he erected in San Francisco, but which was subsequently – 1852 – taken down and brought to this place and occupied by his family (which arrived earlier that year) and is the one now occupied by E. Littrell as a restaurant.

“He was the first person who ever navigated Suisun Slough, and he erected the first dwelling-house and the first warehouse in this place. A few years later he removed to a farm about two miles from town, where his family has ever since resided, though he was usually absent at sea until within the last two years.

‘He was a person of a robust constitution and enjoyed excellent health until quite recently, and was able to walk about town within six or eight hours of his death. His genial social qualities made him a favorite with old and young and he was held in the highest estimation by all who knew him. His funeral took place on Wednesday, and was more largely attended than any that has ever occurred here. The flags in town were at half-mast on Wednesday in token of respect for the deceased.”

Here’s a side note — Increasing prosperity allowed the Wings, like many families at the time, to employ a number of servants to run the family home and farm.

Among the earliest servants mentioned is Adam Willis, whose personal history illustrates an often-ignored aspect of California history. Willis was of African-American descent and came to Solano County as a slave. Willis was born in Missouri in 1824 and was later either inherited or bought by the Vaughn family in Saline County, Mo. In 1846, Maj. Singleton Vaughn decided to move west, accompanied by Willis. Vaughn first settled in Woodland and then moved to Benicia.

In 1852, he decided to bring his whole family. Willis, then age 23, was put in charge of the overland trek.

Willis remained with the Vaughn family until he was given his freedom on Sept. 25, 1855. The letter recording his manumission recently was discovered in the Solano County Historical Archives and will be part of an upcoming exhibit at the Museum of the African Diaspora in San Francisco.

Once free, Willis set out as a cook, working in the Suisun area. One of the families he cooked for was that of Capt. Wing. Willis also worked as a cook for various other families, several hotels and the Solano County Hospital in Fairfield. He died Nov. 20, 1902.

iii. John Wing b. 1801 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 Sep 1822 Boston, Suffolk, Mass. John died in quarantine Bainsford Island in Boston Harbor.

iv. Betsy Wing b: 11 Sep 1803 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass; d. 19 Dec 1806 in Brewster

v. Capt. George Wing b. 5 May 1805 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 29 Oct 1877 Vienna, Genesee, Michigan; m. 13 Jan 1828 to Betsy Hopkins (b. 3 Feb 1807 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass – d. 14 Nov 1886 Clio, Genesee, Michigan, Burial: Block B, Woodlawn Cemetery) Betsy’s parents were Moses Hopkins (b: 12 Mar 1783 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) and Betsey Crocker (b: 1784) Betsy’s brother George married George’s sister Betsey (and visa versa) George and Betsey had twelve children born between 1829 and 1851.

In the 1850 census, George was a carpenter in Tonawanda, Erie, New York.

vi. Betsy Wing b. 22 Dec 1808 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.;d. 24 Dec 1866 in Williamsburgh (now Brooklyn), New York; Burial: The Evergreens Cemetery, Williamsburgh;; m. int. filed 10 Oct 1829 in Brewster to William Hopkins (b: 15 Mar 1804 in Brewster  – d. Aft. 1866 in prob. Brooklyn) His parents were also Moses Hopkins and Betsey Crocker. Betsy’s brother George married George’s sister Betsey (and visa versa!) Betsy and George had three children born between 1831 and 1836.

In the 1860 census, William and Betsey were living in Williamsburgh, Brooklyn with a large extended family, one Wing, eleven Hopkins, and six people with different last names. They also had lots of various people living with them in 1850 Williamsburgh. In 1880 William was a carpenter living at 1014 Broadway, Brooklyn. Today an elevated train goes down the street.

vii. Hannah Wing b. 12 Apr 1816 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 02 May 1865 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York; m. 30 Jun 1834 in int filed, Brewster to Judah Berry II (b: ~1813 in Mass. – 7 Nov 1863 in Brooklyn Burial: The Evergreens Cemetery,) Hannah and Judah had six children between 1837 and 1854.

In the 1850 census, Hannah and Judah were living in Ward 7 District 2, New York City where Judah was a stevedore. The district’s boundaries were Liberty St – Maiden Lane – South St – Peck Slip – Ferry St – Gol St – Spruce St – William St. Today this neighborhood centers around the South Street Pier tourist area. Like Hannah’s sister in Brooklyn Betsey, they had a large extended family of 14 in the household.

9. Silva Wing

Silva as a girl’s name is a variant of Silvana (Italian), Silvia (Latin) and Sylvia (Latin), and the meaning of Silva is “woodland, forest; woods, forest”.

Silva’s husband William Gardner was born in 1774 in Nantucket, Mass. His parents were Jethro Gardner (1740 – 3 Apr 1814) and Love Gardner (1742 – 10 Jul 1836). William died on 22 May 1855 at Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine. His body was interred at Cross Hill Cemetery.

William Gardner and Silva Wing Gardner Gravestone — Cross Hill Cemetery

Children of Silva and William:

i. [__?__] Gardner b: ~1798  in Vassalboro, Lincoln (now Kennebec), Maine

ii. Jethro Gardner b: ~1800 in Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine; d. 1875 Vasalboro; Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery; m. int pub 23 Aug 1829 in Vassalboro to Olive N. Hall (b: ~1808 Falmouth, Cumberland, Maine – d. 1878 Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery) Jethro and Olive had seven children born between 1832 and 1846.

In the 1860 census, Jethro and Olive were farming in Vassalboro. Their daughters Angelia G (age 25), Vesta R (age 23), Almira (age 19) and Adelia (age 16) were teachers.

iii. Polly Gardner b: ~1800 Poss living with father (unmarried), in 1850 Census. also poss. this Polly was a second wife of William.

iv. Barzilla Gardner b: ~1803 in of Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine; d. 10 Jun 1842 in Vassalboro; Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery; m. 24 Jun 1832 in Cumberland, Cumberland, Maine to Hannah Russell Harris (b. 09 Oct 1804 in North Yarmouth, Cumberland, Maine – d. 16 Feb 1881 West Cumberland, Cumberland, Maine; Burial: Farris Cemetery). Hannah’s parents were Ozni Harris (1765 – 1843) and Miriam H. Haskell (1778 – 1863).

In the 1880 census, Hannah was living with her son Ozney (William Ozni) in Sidney, Kennebec, Maine.

v. [__?__] Gardner b: ~1805

vi. [__?__] Gardner b: ~1807

vii. William Gardner (II) b: ~ 1810 in of Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine; m. Mary A. [__?__]. (b. 1813 Maine)

In the 1850 census, William and Marry were farming in Sidney, Kennebec, Maine and had four children at home ages 8 to 15.

viii. Robert Gardner b: 20 Aug 1813 Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine; d. 20 Feb 1892 Vassalboro;Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery; m. 30 Dec 1838 in Hartford, Oxford, Maine to Melintha Stephens (b: 15 Jul 1812 in Hartford, Oxford, Maine – d. 9 Feb 1892 Vassalboro Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery) Melintha’s parents were Lemuel Stephens (b: 1788) and Deborah Fuller (b: 1787) Robert and Melintha had two sons, Edward (b. 1839) and Albert (b. 1845) in Vassalboro.

In the 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 censuses, Robert and Melintha were farming in Vassalboro.

ix. Stephen Gardner b: Oct 1816 in Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine; d. 11 Apr 1868 in Vassalboro; Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery; m. 02 Jan 1841 in Vassalboro to Mercy W. Randall (b: ~1813 – d. 10 Nov 1880 Vassalboro Burial: Cross Hill Cemetery) Stephen and Mercy had four children born between 1843 and 1857.

In the 1860 census, Stephen and Mercy W were farming in Vassalboro.

11. Abigail Winslow Wing

Abigail’s husband Capt. Alpheus Adams was born 28 Oct 1774 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Nathaniel Adams and Thankful Chadwick. He was 3rd great grandson of the same immigrant Henry Adams (21 Jan 1583 in Somerset, England – 06 Oct 1646 in Braintree, Norfolk, Mass) who was the ancestor of Samuel, John and John Quincy Adams. Alpheus died 16 Feb 1869 in Cotuit Port, Mass.

He was sea captain; his vessel waa captured by the British in the war of 1812-14.

An Alpheus Adams was Surgeon’s Mate in the War of 1812 in Columbia County, New York.

Alpheus Adams Family Headstone — Mosswood Cemetery, Cotuit, Barnstable County, Mass Photograph supplied by Natalie Baer August 2004.

Died Feb. 16, 1869
Aged 95 Years
his Wife
Died Feb. 22, 1869
aged 89 Years
lost at sea
Died 1836
Aged 23 Years
Son of
Alpheus & Abigail Adams
Died Dec. 10, 1823
Aged 5 Years

Children of Abigail and Alpheus:

i. Martha H. Adams b. 13 Sep 1804 in Barnstable, Mass; d. 13 Apr 1874 in New Bedford, Bristol, Mass; m. 17 Jan 1825 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass to Capt. Calvin Fish (1799 – 1882) Martha and Calvin had seven children born between 1826 and 1842.

In the 1850 census, Calvin was a master mariner in Mashpee, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. William W Adams b. 5 May 1806 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 17 Feb 1890 in Victor, Ontario, New York; Burial: South Perinton Cemetery, Perinton, Monroe County, New York,; m. 21 Oct 1840 Cazenovia, Madison, New York to Matilda Austin (b. 22 Oct 1822 in Cazenovia, Madison, New York – d. 04 Mar 1910 in Rochester, Monroe, New York Burial: South Perinton Cemetery, Perinton, Monroe County, New York) Matilda’s parents were Philomen Lee Austin (1787-1842) and Matilda Seeley End (1792-1824). William and Matilda had seven children born between 1841 and 1852.

William went to sea at age 12 and remained a coasting sailor until 1836 when he moved to Western New York.

William W. Adams (1806-1890)

In the 1850 census, William and Matilda were farming in Perinton, Monroe, New York.

Matilda Austin Adams (1822-1910)

From Ontario County Journal February 1890 — Captain W. W. Adams, an old and respected citizen of Victor, died there last Monday, aged 84 years. He had an attack of the grip, which resulted in congestion of the lungs. He was formerly a seafaring man, but had lived in Victor the past 50 years. He leaves a widow and five children.

iii. Mercy Adams b. 4 Feb 1808 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass; d. 06 Mar 1876 in Barnstable; m. 1836 21 Feb 1836 Barnstable to David Gardner (b. 25 Apr 1807 in Vassalboro, Kennebec, Maine – d. Jan 1880 in Barnstable)

In the 1870 census, David and Mercy were farming in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. Zenas Lovell Adams b. 7 Nov 1809 in Barnstable, Mass; d. 29 Nov 1882 in New Bedford, Bristol, Mass; m. 18 Jan 1835 Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass to Sarah C. Hinkley (30 Apr 1813 in [__?__], Barnstable, Mass. – d. 23 Mar 1895 in New Bedford, Bristol, Mass) Zenas was a master mariner. Zenas and Sarah had five children born between 1833 and 1840.

In the 1850 census, Zenas was a trader in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.

v. Freeman Eldredge Adams b. 26 Jul 1811 in Cotuit, Barnstable, Mass; d. 19 Feb 1876 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.; m. 9 Mar 1835 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass to Eunice Hopkins Nickerson (b. 12 Nov 1811 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass – d. 23 Sep 1900 – Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass) Eunice’s parents were Samuel Nickerson (b. 15 JAN 1780 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) and Rhoda “Polly” Hopkins (b: 22 MAY 1783 in Harwich (now Brewster)). Freeman was a master mariner. Freeman and Eunice had three children born between 1835 and 1843.

In the 1860 census, Freeman was a grain merchant in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.

vi. Alpheus Adams b. 16 Sep 1813 in Barnstable, Mass.; d. 18 Dec 1837 at Sea, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia “on his Passage from the Mediterranean, fell overboard and was drowned,”

vii. David W. Adams b. 16 Nov 1815 in Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 Dec 1823 in Cotuit, Barnstable, Massl Burial: Mosswood Cemetery

viii. Alexander Murray Adams b. 26 Oct 1817 in Cotuit, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 16 Jan 1898 in Fall River, Bristol, Mass.; m. 30 Jun 1839 Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass to Sarah H. Hinckley (b. 23 Oct 1814 in Osterville, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 13 Sep 1880 in Fall River, Bristol, Mass of Typhoid fever) Alexander and Sarah had nine children born between 1840 and 1855.

In the 1870 census, Alexander was a house carpenter in Fall River.

Alexander lived at 129 Davol Street Fall River, Bristol, Mass., today across the street from Fall River Heritage State Park.

ix. Alden Hammond Adams b. 13 Apr 1820 – Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 Sep 1910 – Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.; m. 26 Dec 1844 – Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass. to Electa Morton Hinckley (b. 2 Jan 1822 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 4 Jun 1910 – Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass) Electra’s parents were Heman Hinckley (1792 – 1874) and Prudence Bourne (1792 – 1855). Alden and Electra had four children born between 1847 and 1856.

In the 1870 census, Alden was a mariner in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.

x. James H. Adams b. 14 May 1822 in Cotuit, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 16 Feb 1904 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass; m. 15 Mar 1846 Nantucket, Mass to Phoebe Ann Bunker (b. 2 Jul 1821 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass. – d. 8 Dec 1905 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass) Phebe’s parents were Owen Bunker (1775 – 1864) and Phebe Gardner (1780 – 1860).

In the 1870 census, James was a house carpenter in New Bedford Ward 2, Bristol, Mass.

xi. Lewis Lincoln Adams b. 18 Jan 1824 in Cotuit, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 20 Jul 1907 in Providence, Providence, Rhode Island; m. 5 Oct 1865 Nantucket, Mass to Mary Jane Coleman (b. 27 Sep 1834 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass – d. 1904). Mary Jane’s parents were Obed Coleman (b: 03 May 1809 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.) and Ruth Butler (b: 1806 in of Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass.) Lewis was a sea captain.

In the 1870 census, Lewis was a mariner living in Providence Ward 6, Providence, Rhode Island


A History and Genealogy of the Descendants of William Hammond of London England 1600 – 1894  By Roland Hammond


Posted in -8th Generation, Line - Shaw, Veteran | Tagged , | 11 Comments

Stephen O’Kelley

Stephen O’KELLEY (1718 – ) was Alex’s 7th Great Grandfather; one of 256 in this generation of the Shaw line. Stephen was born 22 Sep 1718 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Stephen O’Kelley was born 22 Sep 1718 in that part of Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass which later became Dennis.  His parents were  Joseph O’KELLEY and Tabitha BAKER. He married Thankful CHASE 20 Feb 1741/42 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Thankful Chase  was born 6 Mar 1720/21 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Massachusetts.  Her parents were  William CHASE III and Dorcas BAKER.  Thankful died in 1768.

Children of Stephen and Thankful

Name Born Married Departed
1. Temperance O’KELLEY 21 Mar 1742 Yarmouth, Mass David WING
19 March 1761 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
Harwich, Mass
2. Stephen O’Kelley 26 Jul 1745 Yarmouth Thankful Baker?
c. 1772
Mary Oliver
15 Jan 1783 – Washington or Cumberland, Providence, RI
14 Mar 1840 – Freedom, Waldo, Maine
3. Jeremiah O’Kelley 30 Sep 1748 Yarmouth Zilpha Robbins
1 Oct 1768
4. William O’Killey 15 Apr 1751 Yarmouth
5. Daniel O’Killey 16 Aug 1755 Yarmouth Dorcas Baker
19 Nov 1778
6. Salome Kelley 25 Oct 1759 Yarmouth David Chase Jr
26 Mar 1780 Harwich
24 Feb 1828 Harwich
7. James O’Killey 9 Aug 1765 Dennis, Mass Elizabeth O’Killey (2nd cousin 2x over)
15 Jul 1787
15 Feb 1835 Dennis, Mass

Some sources drop the O’ showing the name Stephen Kelly, certainly, the O’ was gone in his grandchildren’s generation. Many sources show Stephen and Thankful’s birth, but none show their dates of death.


1. Temperance O’KELLEY (See David WING‘s page)

2. Stephen O’Kelley

Many genealogies state Stephen married Thankful Baker. Yarmouth town records show Thankful was born 12 Nov 1750 to David Jones Baker (1719 – 1768) and Thankful Lawrence Twining Baker (1719 – ) Her paternal grandparents were John Baker (1672 – 1760) and Hannah Jones (1675 – ). Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors William BAKER and Mercy LAWRENCE.

Genealogies are less consistent about Thankful’s life. Some say she married Stephen O’Kelley and had nine children, but I can’t find evidence of this list of children beyond the names and birthdates which are repeated in many geneaolgies.

Other geneaologies say Thankful married at age: 18 on 15 Nov 1768 Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass to Reuben Swain (b. 1747 in Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass. – d. 24 Oct 1792 in Nantucket) Reuben’s parents were Jethro Swain (1710 – 1791) and Dorcas Ryder (1716 – 1788). Ruben and Thankful had at least three children – Betsey Swain (1783 – 1820) – Reuben Swain (1787 – 1859) – Rebecca Swain (1788 – 1825)

Possible Children of Stephen and Thankful:

i. Electa Kelley b, 27 Dec 1773

ii. Samuel Kelley b. 12 Jul 1775

iii. Charles Kelley b. 17 Mar 1777

iv. Silas Kelley b. 12 May 1779

v. Anna Kelley b. 28 Mar 1781

vi. Lucy Kelley b. 28 Mar 1781; d. at age of 10 days

vii. Solomon Kelley b. 7 Aug 1784

viii. Siball Kelley b. 15 Jun 1787

ix. Philander Kelley b. 27 Feb 1791

Stephen’s wife Mary Oliver was born about 1763. Mary died 1847 in Freedom, Waldo, Maine. Children of Stephen and Mary

i. Oliver Kelley b. 27 Jul 1784 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Mar 1863 in Freedom, Waldo, Maine; Burial Kelley Cemetery; m1. 27 Mar 1809 Vassalborough, Kennebec, Maine to Eunice Gould (b. 14 Jun 1787 in Vassalborough – d. 31 Mar 1846 in Freedom, Waldo, Maine); Eunice’s parents were Nehemiah Gould (1752 – 1817) and Molly Kemp (1756 – 1830). Oliver and Eunice had nine children born between 1810 and 1832. m2. 4 Feb 1849 Montville, Waldo, Maine to Jerusha Bradshaw (b. 1804 Montilee, Waldo, Maine)

In the 1850 census, Oliver and Jerusha were farming in Freedom, Waldo, Maine

ii. Freeman O’Kelley b. 10 Mar 1789 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 1821; m. 6 Nov 1811 Albion, Kennebec, Maine to Charlotte Hussey.

Freeman’s estate was filed on 18 May 1822 at Monroe County, Illinois. ? Freeman was head of household on the 1820 US Census at Monroe County, Illinois. The household consisted of one male under 10, one male 26 to 44, two females under 10, one female 16 to 25, one female 26 to 44, and one female 45 or older.3 He appeared on the Illinois state census of 1820 at Monroe County. The household consisted of one male 21 or older and six other white persons.4 His estate papers included a note signed by Freeman on 17 November 1821.2

iii. Huldah O’Kelley b. 2 Aug 1791 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 28 Feb 1858 in Freedom, Waldo, Maine; Burial: Kelley Cemetery; m. Josiah Danforth (b. 6 Feb 1789 in Frankfort, Waldo, Maine – d. 28 Oct 1858 in Frankfort, Waldo, Maine; Burial: Kelley Cemetery) Josiah’s parents were Philip Danford (1759 – 1841) and Mary Tibbets (1757 – 1837).

In the 1850 census, Josiah and Hulda were farming in Freedom, Waldo, Maine with five children at home ages 14 to 29.

iv. Temperance O’Kelley b. 9 Feb 1794 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass

v. Susanna O’Kelley b. 5 Jul 1799 in Freedom, Waldo, Maine; d. 23 Jun 1845 in Knox, Waldo, Maine; m. 30 Dec 1815 Freedom, Waldo, Maine to Stephen Danforth (b. 03 Mar 1795 in Frankfort, Waldo Maine – d. 1872 in Verona Island, Hancock, Maine) Stephen’s parents were Phillip Danforth (1759 – 1841) and Mary Tibbetts (1757 – 1837) Susanna and Stephen had eleven children born between 1816 and 1839.

After 1850, Stephen married Sarah [__?__] (b. 1805 Maine). In the 1860 census, Stephen and Sarah were farming in Thorndike, Waldo, Maine.

3. Jeremiah O’Kelley

Jeremiah’s wife Zilpha Robbins was born 2 Nov 1738 in Yarmouth, Mass. Her parents were Richard Robbins and Hannah Berry. Children of Jeremiah and Zilpha

i. Richard Kelley b. 28 Jul 1769 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 8 Nov 1850 or 5 Nov 1856 – Dennis, Mass

ii. Jedidah “Jediah” Kelley b. 27 Nov 1773; d. 26 Jul 1833 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; m. Henry Baker

iii. William Kelley b. 23 Apr 1776 Dennis, Mass; m. ~1798 to Achsah [__?__] (b. ~1777)

iv. Stephen Kelley b. 19 Sep 1779 Dennis, Mass;

v. Jeremiah Kelley b. 23 Mar 1782 Dennis, Mass;

vi. Elijah Kelley b. 25 Aug 1784 Dennis, Mass; d. Feb 1855; m. 13 Jan 1805 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to Dorcas Nickerson (b. ~1785 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 16 Jun 1840 in Harwich) Elijah and Dorcas had seven children born between 1806 and 1820.

5. Daniel O’Killey

Daniel’s wife Dorcas Baker was his 3rd cousin.   She was born 18 Jun 1752 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Joseph Baker (1715 – 1781) and Elizabeth Berry (1718 – ). Her grandparents were Nathaniel Baker Jr. (1672 – 1757) and Elisabeth Hannah Baker. Her great grandparents were Nathaniel Baker (1642 – 1691) and Desire Gray (1645 – 1691). Her 2nd great grandparents were  Francis BAKER and Isabel TWINING. Children of Daniel and Dorcas:

i. Daniel Kelley (twin) b. 11 Oct 1779 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; m. 28 Feb 1805 – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass, to his 1st cousin once removed and 3rd cousin Anna Chase (b. 10 Aug 1774 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 10 Aug 1863 in Dennis,) Anna’s parents were Daniel Chase (1746 – ) and Hannah Broadbrooks (1748 – ). Her grandparents were Joseph Chase (1718 – ) and Sarah O’Killey (1721 – ) Her great grandparents were Thomas Chase (1679 – 1767 – ) and Sarah Gowell (1684 – ) and Joseph O’KELLEY and Tabitha BAKER . Her 2nd great grandparents were John CHASE and Elizabeth BAKER.

Anna first married 25 Mar 1790 Age: 15 Harwich, Barnstable Co., MA to Eleazer Robbins (b. 9 Jan 1739/40 in Harwich – d. 1798 At Sea)

In the 1850 census, Ana was living with Seth and Mercy Chase in Harwich.

ii. Molly Kelley (twin) b. 11 Oct 1779 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; m. James Marchant; m. 10 Nov 1801 Age: 22 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. to Shubal Crowell (b. 22 May 1780 in Yarmouth) His parents were Shubal Crowell (1754 – 1814) and Abigail Parker. Molly and Shubal had ten children born between 1802 and 1820.

iii. Betsey “Betty” Kelley (twin) b. 12 Sep 1781 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 5 Jan 1860 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. m. 26 Jun 1805 – Yarmouth to her third cousin George Baker (b. 3 Oct 1777 in Yarmouth – d. 06 Apr 1861 in Yarmouth) His parents were Daniel Baker (1733 – ) and Temperance Gage (1718 – ). His grandparents were Jacob Baker (1707 – 1785) and Thankful Chase (1711 – 1751). His great grandparents were Nathaniel Baker (1672 – 1757) and Elizabeth Hannah Baker (1686 – 1770). His 2nd great grandparents [through Elizabeth Hannah Baker] were  Daniel BAKER and Eliabeth CHASE.  Betsey and George had seven children born between 1805 and 1817.

iv. Thankful Kelley (twin) b. 12 Sep 1781 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass;

v. Joseph Kelley b. 27 Jun 1784 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 20 Nov 1852 Harwich; Burial Baptist Church Cemetery, Depot Street;  m. 13 Feb 1805 – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to his second cousin Edith “Ede” Chase (5 Jul 1785 in Harwich – d. 8 Mar 1839 Harwich). Edith’s parents were James Chase , Sr. (1761 – 1804) and Mercy Eldredge (1765 – ) Her grandparents were Job Chase (1736 – 1833) and Edith / Ede Bassett (1740 – 1774). Her great grandparents were William CHASE III and Dorcas BAKER.

vi. Dorcas Kelley b. 30 Oct 1786

vii. Anna Kelley b. 11 Jan 1790 Yarmouth; d. 7 Apr 1871 in Yarmouth; m. 23 Jan 1818 Age: 28 Yarmouth to her 3rd cousin once removed Josiah Baker (b. 11 May 1783 in Yarmouth – d. 12 Sep 1838) Josiah’s parents were Moody Baker (1750 – 1816) and Mary [__?__] (1754 – ). His grandparents were Joseph Baker (1715 – 1781) and Elizabeth Berry (1718 – ). His geat grandparents were Nathaniel Baker Jr. (1672 – 1757) and Elisabeth Hannah Baker. His 2nd great grandparents were Nathaniel Baker (1642 – 1691) and Desire Gray (1645 – 1691). His 3rd great grandparents were  Francis BAKER  and Isabel TWINING.

viii. William Kelley b. 10 Apr 1793; m. 1816 – Dennis, Mass to his first cousin once removed Abigail Wixon (b. 25 Oct 1795 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 07 Sep 1883 in Dennis) Abigail’s parents were Barnabas Wixon (1762 – 1849) and Jerusha Chase (1772 – 1861.) Her maternal grandparents were Sylvanus Chase and Charity Chase. Her maternal great grandparents were were  William CHASE III and Dorcas BAKER. After William died, Abigail married in 1825 in Dennis to Benjamin Howland (1780 – 1873).

ix. Levi Kelley b. 4 Nov 1795 Yarmouth; d. 27 Mar 1871 – Yarmouth; In the 1860 census, Levi was a laborer in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

6. Salome Kelley

Salome’s husband David Chase Jr was born 26 Apr 1759 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. He was Salome’s 2nd cousin two ways. His parents were David Chase (1729 – ) and Susannah Baker (1734 – ). His maternal grandparents were Silas Baker (1674 – 1752) and Deliverance O’Killey (1674 – 1751) His paternal grandparents were Jeremiah Chase (1683 – 1767) and Hannah Baker (1699 – 1731). His paternal great grandparents were John CHASE and Elizabeth BAKER. His maternal great grandparents were Jeremiah O’KELLY and Sarah CHASE. David died 24 Feb 1828 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Salome and David

i. Jeremiah Chase b. 12 Jan 1782 – Yarmouth

ii. Abigail Chase b. 23 Sep 1781 in Yarmouth; d. 8 May 1813; m. 16 Feb 1800 Age: 18 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass to Rev. Peter Yost (b. 17 Aug 1778 in Barnstable, Massa. – d. 27 Jan 1851 in Goshen, Clermont, Ohio; Burial: Goshen Cemetery ) Peter’s parents were Peter Yost and Mary Smith (1755 – 1836). After Abigail died, he married 24 May 1814 to Eleanor Fults (22 May 1789 in PA, died 31 Dec 1864 in Mediapolis, Des Moines, Iowa). Peter was a minister.

In the 1850 census, Peter and Elanor were farming in Goshen, Clermont, Ohio.

iii. Hiram Chase b. 7 Jan 1786 – Yarmouth; d. 24 Jun 1866 in Middleboro, Mass; m. Cynthia Swift (b. ~1789 in Waquoit (Falmouth), Mass. – d. 1887 in Middleboro, Mass)

Hiram was a veteran of the War of 1812, came to Holmes Hole [now called Vineyard Haven] Martha’s Vineyard from Sandwich by 1816, and is listed in the Tisbury censuses of 1820 and 1840. He is listed as a Tisbury hatter in 1850 and 1865, as well as his 1866 death record.

John Holmes Jr. and Charles A. Luce wrote about the house that was at the site of Ernest Tilton’s / Vineyard Dry Goodsbefore the 1883 fire: “

Mrs. Cynthia Chase House. Widow of Hiram Chase. Was ninety-six years time of fire. Not certain when built, probably early in nineteenth century by Dr. Benjamin Trask, who occupied previous to 1805. About 1810 occupied by Mr. Hanson, Baptist preacher, then by Jennie Godfrey. Jenny Godfrey was a character, very much afraid of the water. Never took but one trip off the Island, that to New Bedford before the times of steam or even decked packets, in open boat of Capt. William Harding. On return, dead calm, captain and mate had to pull every inch of the was, under a broiling sun, arriving home late at night. Jenny always alluded to this passage as a most enjoyable one, since which time long passages, in consequence of calms, have always been referred to as ‘Jennie Godfrey times’. Mr. Chase came here from Sandwich and opened a hat factory. He was one of the early Methodists of the village. He was fond of telling this story.

“At one time when he was about to sit down to dinner he heard a supernatural voice saying to him ‘To the vestry, to the vestry,’ and he dared not disobey. Proceeding to the vestry, he then commenced praying in a Boanerges-like voice. The people in the neighborhood, hearing the outcry, rushed with one accord to the vestry, and the result was the initiation of a great ritual.

“Mr. Chase’s rats caused Capt. William Cottle, whose store was across the street, to complain to Mr. Chase, but his complaints made no impression on the prevailing odor and he took the case into court, but was defeated.”

In April 1821 Dr. Benjamin Trask sold this property for $800 to Tisbury hatter Hiram Chase. Holmes and Luce speculated that Dr. Trask built the house that stood here until the 1883 fire, and this is borne out by the fact that while no house is mentioned in the deed by which Dr. Trask bought the property in 1802, the 1821 sale to Chase refers to the northern boundary of this property as “over the middle of the well and to the center between the two houses till it corner square with first poplar tree and hatters shop in the center, thence to the poplar tree within two feet…” The deed also includes a right-of-way to “the Hatters Shop” and to “the Porch of the dwelling house.”

Chase bought an adjoining lot in the rear of his house lot for $1700 from widow Mrs. Mary C. (West) Carey in September 1840 which extended his property by about fifty-five feet in the back.

In 1833, the first Methodist Church in town was built nearby on Church Street (which later became the Masonic Hall and today is the Playhouse.) According to an article written by Mrs. Howes Norris and quoted in a June 1942 Gazette, “Over the doors and windows were placed fan-like blinds which so distressed Mrs. Cynthia Chase that she saw strange sights. She said, ‘They were little hypocrites and saw little black devils dancing over there every night – and it was wicked and sinful to ornament God’s house in such a manner.'”

Eleanor Mayhew’s book mentions hatter Hiram Chase at this site, and makes reference the “odor emanating from Chase’s dye vats.”

Rev. Warren Luce, in his childhood memories published in a March 1923 Gazette, wrote: “My dear old friend was the hatter, Chase – opposite the Barrow Bros, store of those days. He had an eccentric and yet deeply pious son, who was paralyzed on his left side, incapacitating him for manual labor. So he spent much of his time in visiting the homes of the people, intent on doing some good. Many a time I’ve seen him stop, on some street corner, take a little New Testament from his pocket, and turning its pages consult them for instructions and guidance, as to whom to visit next.”

Hiram and Cynthia’s son Alfred Chase (1809 – 1881) was born in Falmouth. He is listed as an “invalid” in the 1865 Tisbury census, and lived his entire life in the home of his parents. Their other children were Salome K. Chase (who married James M. Coombs and was living in Middleboro by 1866) and Harriet W. Chase (who married Parmenas Parsons and moved to New Bedford by 1866).

Hiram Chase died in 1866, and the estate, valued at less than $1500, was inherited by his widow Cynthia. Following his death, or perhaps in his retirement, the Chase’s evidently sold the front portion of the property, which apparently contained his hatter’s shop (see below). They retained a narrow right-of-way from Main street to their home and property in the rear.

In September 1878, Cynthia Chase deeded this lot and buildings to her daughters Salome K. Coombs and Harriet W. Parsons “provided, that in the event of my son, Alfred, coming to want, he shall the privilege of residing in said building while he remains in that condition.” The elderly widow, perhaps illiterate or handicapped, signed this document with an ‘X’. The 1880 Tisbury Census lists “Cynthy Chase,” age 92, keeping house with her son Alfred Chase, age 70. Alfred died in January 1881 of “retention of urine.” He was listed as an unemployed widower.

In Apr 1882, Cynthia Chase again deeded her L-shaped lot (“the homestead of Hiram Chase”) to her children Salome K Brown and Harriet W. Parsons for $400 “with a privilage of a way to pass and repass to the Shop and to the Porch of the Dwelling house standing on said premises.”

Chase’s house was among the first to catch fire on the night of the great fire in August 1883. Her uninsured dwelling was valued at $800. The 95-year old widow was listed in the newspapers among those families “left nearly destitute.” Cynthia Chase died in May 1887, at the age of about ninety-eight.

In the 1850 census, Hiram and Cynthia were living in Tisbury, Dukes, Mass. (Martha’s Vineyard) where Hiram was a hatter. In the 1860 census, he was a merchant.

iv. Esther Chase b. 27 Oct 1788 in Harwich; d. 1 Jul 1872 in , Barnstable, Mass; m. 6 Jul 1810 Age: 21 to Abner Linnell (b. 18 Apr 1780 in , Barnstable, Mass. – d. 29 Nov 1837) Abner’s parents were Jonathan Linnell and Bathsheba Freeman or James Linnell (b: ~1736 in Centerville, Mass) and Anna Childs (b: ~1740). Esther and Abner had seven children born between 1811 and 1830.

David Chase, Abner, James and John Linnell were dismissed from the East Parish church 2 Jan. 1808 to organize a new church. But by 1815 Abner was a member of the Methodist Chruch in Barnstable. In his enthusiasm for Methodism, he would name a son John Wesley.

v. Isaiah Chase b. 11 Sep 1788 – Harwich, m. ~1815 to Tabitha Doane (b. 02 Mar 1795 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 28 Feb 1877 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.) Tabitha’s parents were

Samuel Doane (1751 – 1827) and Mariah Eldredge (1750 – 1830).

vi. Salome Chase b. 15 Sep 1792 in Harwich; m. ~1812 to Robert Luscomb (b. ~1792 Harwich)

vii. Arnold Chase b. 7 Oct 1795 in Harwich d. 24 Sep 1858 in Nantucket, Mass; m. 20 Apr 1816 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass. to Pamelia Butler (b. 8 Jul 1798 in Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 2 Feb 1882 in Nantucket, Mass) Pamelia’s parents were Benjamin Butler (1744 – 1795) and Phebe Gage (1767 – 1837). Arnold and Pamelia had three children born between 1818 and 1823.

viii. David Chase b. 4 Oct 1797 in Harwich

ix. Betsey Chase b. 10 Nov 1800 in Harwich; m. 4 Dec 1821 – Barnstable, Massa to Reuben Hillman (b. ~1800 in Harwich) His parents were Reuben Hillman (1775 – ) and Elizabeth Beard

x. Susan Chase b. 15 Jan 1802 in Harwich; m. 22 Mar 1822 – Harwich to George Washington Kelley (b. ~1802 Harwich – d. 1829 At Sea)

7. James O’Killey

James’ wife Elizabeth O’Killey was his 2nd cousin at least two times over.  She was born 14 Mar 1770 in Dennis, Mass. Her parents were Eleazer OKilley (1728 – 1803) and Hannah Baker (1728 – ) Her paternal grandparents were Eleazer O’Killey (1697 – 1775) and Sarah Browning (1694 – 1741). Her paternal great grandparents were Jeremiah O’KELLY and Sarah CHASE.  Her maternal grandparents were Silas Baker (1674 – 1752) and Deliverance O’Killey (1674 – 1751) Her maternal great grandparents were also Jeremiah O’KELLY and Sarah CHASE.. Elizabeth died 20 Mar 1825 in Dennis, Mass Children of James and Elizabeth:

i. Anthony Kelley b. 10 Apr 1788 in Dennis, Mass.; d. Aft. 1870; m. Anna Butler “Lizzie” Look (b. 1793 in Addison, Washington, Maine – d. 1832) Lizzie’s parents were George Look (1764 – 1839) and Elizabeth Holbrook Stevens (1740 – 1824) In the 1870 census, Anthony was living with Richard and Marth Orn in Hermon, Penobscot, Maine. Anthony had moved to Hermon before 1820.

ii. Betsey Kelley b. 26 Sep 1790 in Dennis, Mass.; d. 21 Dec 1877 – Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; m. 30 Oct 1811 to Joseph Eldridge (b. 11 Dec 1790 in Harwich – d. 10 Feb 1855 in Harwich) Joseph’s parents were Ebenezer Eldridge (1755 – 1844) and Sarah Chase (1754 – 1850); m2. 26 Jul 1865 Dennis to Eldridge Sears (b. 25 Sep 1790 in Dennis – d. 9 Jul 1875 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass)

iii. Bathsheba Kelley b. 20 Nov 1794 in Dennis, Mass.; d. 1 Oct 1875 – Dennis; m. 1813 – Dennis to Hiram Whittamore (b. 1788 in Dennis – d. 7 Jul 1853 in Dennis; Burial: Ancient Cemetery South Dennis) Hiram’s parents were Edward Lloyd Whittemore (1746 – 1821) and Priscilla Bunker (1749 – 1776). Bathsheba and Hiram had seven children born between 1813 and 1827. After Hiram died, Bathsheba married 14 Dec 1856 to Amos Cook.

In the 1850 census, Hiram and Abashba were farming in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. James Kelly b. 25 Apr 1797 in Dennis, Mass.; d. 17 Oct 1876 Yarmouth; m. Marriage Bann 12 Jan 1821 Yarmouth to Elizabeth Baker (b. 21 Jan 1798 in Providence, Providence, Rhode Island – d. 6 Jul 1876) Elizabeth’s parents were Levi Baker (1757 – ) and Elizabeth Jenkins. James and Elizabeth had five children born between 1822 and 1836.

In the 1850 census, James and Elizabeth were living in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. where James was a sailor.

v. Hannah Kelley b. 6 May 1800 in Dennis, Mass.; d. 5 Jan 1869 Dennis, Mass; m. Apr 1818 in Dennisport, Mass to William Kelly Nickerson (b. 31 Dec 1796 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Oct 1871 in Dennisport, Mass.) William’s parents were Isaac Nickerson (1746 – ) and Mary Kelly (1768 – ) Hannah and William had ten children born between 1818 and 1843.

vi. Sarah Kelley b. 30 Sep 1802 in Dennis, Mass.; m. 24 Oct 1824 to Reuben Hopkins Alternatively, Sarah married ~1822 to her second cousin Sylvester Chase (b.13 Oct 1798 in Harwich) Sylvester’s parents were James Chase (1761 – 1804) and Mercy Eldredge (1764 – 1839) His grandparents were Job Chase (1736 – 1833) and Edith / Ede Bassett (1740 – 1774) and his great grandparents were William CHASE III and Dorcas BAKER.

vii. Polly Kelley b. 11 Jun 1805 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; d. 18 May 1889; m. Henry Terry (b. 1800 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass or Connecticut- d. 7 Mar 1876)

In the 1860 census, Henry and Polly were farming in South Dennis with three children at home ages 12 to 19.

viii. Delisha Kelley b. 14 Apr 1817 in Dennis, Mass.; d. 1834


David O’Killia, the immigrant of Old Yarmouth, Massachusetts with his descendants and allied families, 1651-1962. Darmouth, Mass.?: E.K. Randall, 1962

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