Elder William Brewster

Elder William BREWSTER (1567 – 1644)  was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation.

Elder William Brewster on US Capital Dome

When the Mayflower colonists landed at Plymouth, Brewster became the senior elder of the colony, serving as its religious leader and as an adviser to Governor William Bradford.  As the only university educated member of the colony, Brewster took the part of the colony’s religious leader until a pastor, Ralph Smith, arrived in 1629.

Brewster, Mass. was first settled in 1656 as a northeastern parish of the town of Harwich, Massachusetts. The town separated from Harwich as the northern, more wealthy parish of Harwich in 1693, and was officially incorporated as its own town in 1803 when the less wealthy citizens of Harwich were upset that the town’s institutions were all on Brewster’s main street (Route 6A), including the town hall and churches. Brewster was named in honor of Elder William Brewster, the first religious leader of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony

William Brewster was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact

William Brewster was probably born 1566/7  in Doncaster, Yorkshire, England, although no birth records have been found, and raised in Scrooby in north Nottinghamshire. He was the son of William BREWSTER and Mary SMYTHE (Simkinson).  He had a number of half-siblings. His paternal grandparents were William Brewster and Maud Mann. His maternal grandfather was Thomas Smythe. He married Mary WENTWORTH  in 1591 at England.  He was a Pilgrim colonist leader and preacher who reached what became the Plymouth Colony in the Mayflower in 1620. He was accompanied by his wife, Mary Brewster, and his sons, Love Brewster [Isn’t that a great name?] and Wrestling Brewster [Wrestling with Faith?].  Son Jonathan joined the family in November 1621, arriving at Plymouth on the ship Fortune, and daughters Patience [I’m glad our ancestor was Patience instead of Fear ]and Fear arrived in July 1623 aboard the Anne. William Brewster died on 10 Apr 1644 and was likely buried in Plymouth, possibly upon Burial Hill.

An imaginary likeness of William Brewster. There is no known portrait of him from life.

Mary Wentworth was born about 1569 in Scooby, Nottinghamshire. Her parents were Thomas WENTWORTH and Grace GASCOIGNE.  Mary died 17 Apr 1627 at Plymouth, Mass.

Children of William and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Jonathan Brewster (Wiki) Scrooby
12 Aug  1593
Lucretia Oldham
10 Apr 1624
7 Aug 1659
Norwich, New London, CT
buried in Brewster’s Plain, Norwich, CT
2. Patience BREWSTER c. 1600
Gov Thomas PRENCE
5 Aug 1624
In 1634 during the outbreak of “pestilent feaver.”
3. Fear Brewster c. 1605  Scrooby Isaac ALLERTON
c.  1625
as his second wife
In 1634 during the outbreak of “pestilent feaver.”
4. Love Brewster c. 1607 Scrooby Sarah Collier (Daughter of William COLLIER)
15 May 1634
1650 in Duxbury. His name was recorded by a grandson as “Truelove.”
5. William Brewster Buried
20 Jun 1609 at St. Pancras, Leiden
6. Wrestling Brewster c. 1611
Leiden Holland
Unmarried Between 1627 and 1651

Early Life

Scrooby, England is where the Pilgrims were originally from.  It is  a small village, on the River Ryton and near Bawtry, in the northern part of the English county of Nottinghamshire. At the time of the 2001 census it had a population of 329.  Until 1766, it was on the Great North Road so became a stopping-off point for numerous important figures including Queen Elizabeth I and Cardinal Wolsey on their journeys. The latter stayed at the Manor House briefly, after his fall from favour.

Scrooby Manor was in the possession of the Archbishops of York. Brewster’s father, William Sr.,  had been the estate bailiff for the archbishop for thirty-one years from around 1580. With this post went that of postmaster, which was a more important one than it might have been if the village had not been situated on the Great North Road, as Scrooby was then.

The only remaining wing of the original Scrooby Manor House. William Brewster resided here and this is the place where the Pilgrims first met in secret following their separation from the Church of England.

William Jr. studied briefly at Peterhouse, Cambridge before entering the service of William Davison in 1584.   In 1585, Davison went to the Netherlands to negotiate an alliance with the States-General. In 1586, Davison was appointed assistant to Queen Elizabeth’s Secretary of State Francis Walsingham, but in 1587 Davison played a key functional role in the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, and was made the scapegoat for this event in British history.


Cambridge was a centre of thought concerning religious reformism, but Brewster’s time in the Netherlands, in connection with Davison’s work, gave him opportunity to hear and see more of reformed religion. While, earlier in the sixteenth century, reformers had hoped to amend the Anglican church, by the end of it, many were looking toward a split.

On Davison’s disgrace, William returned to Scrooby. There, from 1590 to 1607, he held the position of postmaster. As such he was responsible for the provision of stage horses for the mails, having previously, for a short time, assisted his father in that office. By the 1590s, William’s brother, James, was a rather rebellious Anglican priest, vicar of the parish of Sutton cum Lound, in Nottinghamshire. From 1594, it fell to James to appoint curates to Scrooby church so that Brewster, James and leading members of the Scrooby congregation were brought before the ecclesiastical court for their dissent. They were set on a path of separation from the Anglican Church. From about 1602, Scrooby Manor, William’s home, became a meeting place for the dissenting Puritans. In 1606, they formed the Separatist Church of Scrooby.


Restrictions and pressures applied by the authorities convinced the congregation of a need to emigrate to the more sympathetic atmosphere of Holland, but leaving England without permission was illegal at the time, so that departure was a complex matter. On its first attempt, in 1607, the group was arrested at Scotia Creek, but in 1608 Brewster and others were successful in leaving from The Humber (a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England). In 1609, he was selected as ruling elder of the congregation.

Initially, the Pilgrims settled in Amsterdam, and worshiped with the Ancient Church of Francis Johnson and Henry Ainsworth. Offput by the bickering between the two, though (which ultimately resulted in a division of the Church), the Pilgrims left Amsterdam and moved to Leiden, after only a year.

In Leiden, the group managed to make a living. Brewster taught English and later, in 1616-1619, printed and published religious books for sale in England though they were proscribed there, as the partner of one Thomas Brewer. In 1619, the printing type was seized by the authorities under pressure from the English ambassador Sir Dudley Carleton and Brewster’s partner was arrested. Brewster escaped and, with the help of Robert Cushman, obtained a land patent from the London Virginia Company on behalf of himself and his colleagues.

In 1620 William joined the first group of Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower on the voyage to North America. When the colonists landed at Plymouth, Brewster became the senior elder of the colony, serving as its religious leader and as an adviser to Governor William Bradford.

Plimoth Plantation  Recreation of 1627 Village

Plimoth Plantation Recreation of 1627 Village

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

As the only university educated member of the colony, Brewster took the part of the colony’s religious leader until a pastor, Ralph Smith, arrived in 1629. Thereafter, he continued to preach irregularly until his death in April 1644.

Brewster was granted land amongst the islands of Boston Harbor, and four of the outer islands (Great Brewster, Little Brewster, Middle Brewster and Outer Brewster) now bear his name. Brewster, Massachusetts is also named for him as is the Brewster Chair. In 1632 Brewster received lands in nearby Duxbury, and removed from Plymouth to create a farm in Duxbury.

William Brewster Chair made of: Fraxinus Americana (American white ash).

Pilgrim Hall has had this chair since the early 1830s when it was donated by the Brewster family of Duxbury.

At the time of his death, Elder Brewster had one chair worth 4 shillings, and another worth 1 shilling.  While the inventory does not describe the most expensive chair, the value of 4 shillings is comparable to the value of the two “great wooden chairs” mentioned in William Bradford’s inventory, worth an average of 4 shillings.

Along with the very similar Bradford chair, this chair is one of the earliest chairs made in America. We know the Brewster chair was made here rather than in England because the species of ash is native to America.

Brewster Chest — Pilgrim Hall Museum

It is believed that Elder Brewster brought this chest from Holland to England on the Speedwell and to America on the Mayflower in 1620.

At the time the Pilgrims lived in Holland, pine from Norway was plentiful, as a result of extensive trade between the two countries. A chest was the single most important piece of furniture a colonist could bring. It could be used not only for storage, but also as a table surface, seat, or even bed.

The dark reddish-brown paint is probably original. Iron straps reinforce the chest and it has inside hinges, typical of the era. The six-board form dates from the 16th century.

Brewster, Barnstable, Mass

Brewster, Mass was first settled in 1656 as a northeastern parish of the town of Harwich, Massachusetts. The town separated from Harwich as the northern, more wealthy parish of Harwich in 1693, and was officially incorporated as its own town in 1803 when the less wealthy citizens of Harwich were upset that the town’s institutions were all on Brewster’s main street (Route 6A), including the town hall and churches. Brewster was named in honor of Elder William Brewster, the first religious leader of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony. The town’s history grew around Stony Brook, where the first water-powered grist and woolen mill in the country was founded in the late 17th century. There were also many rich sea captains in the town, who built many of the mansions and stately homes which now constitute the town’s inns and bed-and-breakfasts

William Brewster Inventory


1. Jonathan Brewster

Jonathan’s wife Lucretia Oldham was born 14 Jan 1600 in Derby, Derbyshire, England.  Her parents were William Oldham and Philippa Sowter. Her brother was Captain John Oldham, whose slaying led to the Pequot Indian war.  Lucretia died 4 Mar 1679 in Preston, New London, CT.

Lucretia Brewster re-enactor and her father-in-law, William, prepare mussels and other food for a 17th-century-style meal. (Photos by Pat Greenhouse/Globe Staff)

Lucretia Brewster re-enactor and her father-in-law, William, prepare mussels and other food for a 17th-century-style meal.

Brewster did not join his family on the Mayflower in 1620, however. He stayed behind in Leiden instead with his wife, who died soon after, and their infant son, who also died. Brewster would have been 27 at the time. Brewster came to America on the ship Fortune in 1621.

John Oldham was born in Derbyshire, England in 1592, and was baptized at the Church of All Saints in Derby on July 15, 1592. A follower of the Puritans from an early age, he emigrated to Plymouth Colony with his wife, children, and sister Lucretia in July 1623 aboard the Anne.

Oldham is proof that relations among the Pilgrims were not always harmonious. Over half of those who sailed on the Mayflower had come for economic opportunity, rather than religious motivations.  In 1624, Rev. John Lyford came over to America, and was welcomed at first, but soon disgruntled members of the group who wanted to worship as they had in England, gravitated to him. Lyford gave them encouragement and met with them in secret. Oldham was a supporter of Lyford, and the two of them were looked upon by Pilgrim leader William Bradford as trying to destroy the colony.

Oldham and Lyford wrote letters back to England, disparaging the Pilgrim authorities. Bradford intercepted some of these letters and read them, which greatly angered Oldham. Oldham then refused to stand guard, and argued with the Pilgrims’ military advisor, Miles Standish. Standish had a reputation among the Pilgrims as being argumentative and having a hot temper. A short man (he had to cut six inches off his rapier so it wouldn’t drag on the ground when he walked), he was described by Puritan historian William Hubbard as “A little chimney is soon fired.”

Drawing his knife on Standish, Oldham angrily denounced him as a “Rascall! Beggarly rascal!” Lyford and Oldham were put on trial for “plotting against them and disturbing their peace, both in respects of their civil and church state.” As a result, they were banished from Plymouth – an extreme punishment in this wild frontier.

Oldham recovered nicely though. He grew rich in coastal trade and trading with the Indians. He became a representative to the General Court of Massachusetts from 1632 to 1634. He was the overseer of shot and powder for Massachusetts Bay Colony. Oldham’s company granted ten acres in assignment of lands in 1623 presumably for each person in Oldham’s family and for the following:Conant, Roger, Penn, and Christian,

In the aftermath of the expulsion of Lyford and Oldham, others who were disaffected left as well. The colony lost about a quarter of its residents, with some going to live at Oldham’s settlement at Nantasket, and some going to Virginia or back to England.

As a trader, Captain Oldham sailed to Virginia and England, but by 1630 he was back in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

He took up residence on an island in the Charles River and was a member of the church at Watertown. Oldham represented Watertown in the colony’s first General Court or assembly in 1634. He continued in the Indian trade, sailing the coast from Maine toNew Amsterdam.

In 1633 or 1634, Oldham led a group of ten men (which included Captain Robert Seeley), along the Old Connecticut Path to establish Wethersfield, Connecticut, the first English settlement on the Connecticut River.

In July 1636 he was on a voyage to trade with Indians on Block Island. On July 20 he was boarded by hostile Indians, presumed to be Pequots. He and five of his crew were killed, and two young boys with him were captured. The ship’s cargo was looted. A fishing vessel rescued the boys and tried to tow his sloop to port. When adverse winds affected them, they scuttled the ship but brought the two boys home.

The Bay Colony was outraged at this latest incident, and sent John Endicott to Block Island with a force to retaliate, leading to the PEQUOT WAR.

2. Patience BREWSTER (See Gov Thomas PRENCE‘s page)

3. Fear Brewster (See Isaac ALLERTON‘s page)

4. Love Brewster (wiki)

Love’s wife Sarah Collier was baptized 30 APR 1616 in St Olave, Southwark, Surrey, England.  Her parents were William COLLIER and Jane CLARKE.  After Love died, she married Richard Parke 1 Sep 1656 Duxbury, Plymouth, MassSarah died 26 Apr 1691
Plymouth, Mass.

Love’s servant Thomas Granger,  (1625? – September 8, 1642) was the first person hanged in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (the first hanged in any of the colonies of New England being John Billington) [Our family relationship  to Billington isn’t especially close, he was Richard MARTIN’s  daughter-in-law’s grandfather, but the first Englishman to be convicted of murder in what would become the United States is a noteworthy black sheep.]

Granger the first known juvenile to be sentenced to death and executed in the territory of today’s United States.   Graunger, at the age of 16 or 17, was convicted of “buggery with a mare, a cowe, two goats, divers sheepe, two calves, and a turkey”, according to court records of 7 September 1642

Graunger confessed to his crimes in court privately to local magistrates, and upon indictment, publicly to ministers and the jury, being sentenced to “death by hanging until he was dead”. He was hanged on September 8, 1642. Before Graunger’s execution, following the laws set down in Leviticus 20:15 (“And if a man shall lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast”), the animals involved were slaughtered before his face and thrown into a large pit dug for their disposal, no use being made of any part of them  .An account of Graunger’s acts is recorded in Gov. William Bradford‘s diary Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647.

Click here for Love Brewster’s Last Will and Testament


William Brewster in 17th century documents


Wikipedia – William Brewster (pilgrim)

A genealogical profile of William Brewster




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Gov. Thomas Prence

Gov. Thomas  PRENCE (1599 – 1673) was a co-founder of Eastham, Massachusetts, a political leader in both the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies, and governor of Plymouth (1634, 1638, and 1657 – 1673).  He was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather in two ways, through Mercy and John Freeman and through Sarah and Jeremiah Howes making him  two of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.  In addition, his daughter Elizabeth married the son of our ancestor Arthur Howland.

Gov. Thomas Prence was born in 1599 at Lechlade, Gloucestershire, England a son of  Thomas PRENCE Sr. an English carriage maker, and  Elizabeth TODLERBY.   Thomas emigrated to America in 1621 on the ship Fortune, arriving in Plymouth on 9 Nov 1621, just a few days after the first Thanksgiving.    Prence married four times.  He married Patience BREWSTER on 5 Aug 1624 at Plymouth, (the ninth marriage recorded in the colony).  Their daughter Mercy is our ancestor.   He married a second time to Mary COLLIER on 1 Apr 1635 at Plymouth, Plymouth County. Their daughter Sarah is also our ancestor.  He married a third time to Appia Quicke before 8 Dec 1662 at Plymouth, Mass.  Finally, he married his fourth wife Mary Burr HOWES between Feb 26 1665/66 and Aug 1 1668.  Thomas  died on 29 Mar 1673 at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Patience Brewster,  a passenger on the Anne which arrived in Plymouth in 1623. She was born circa 1600 probably in Scrooby a small village, where her father was born, in the northern part of the English county of Nottinghamshire.   Her prents were Elder William BREWSTER , the Pilgrim leader and spiritual elder of the Plymouth Colony and a passenger on the Mayflower and Mary LOVE.  Patience died before 12 Dec 1634 in Plymouth, Massachusetts, of a “pestilent fever.”

Mary Collier was baptized in 1612 at St Olave, Southwark, an area of south-east London in the London Borough of Southwark.  Her parents were William COLLIER and Jane CLARKE. Mary died 5 Nov 1688 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. in the house of her son-in-law Jeremiah HOWES.

Appia Quicke  was born in 1602 – Kent, England.  Her parents were William Quick (Quicke) and  Elizabeth Hodges. She first married Samuel Freeman on 14 July 1624 at Saint Anne Blackfair, London, England. Appia and Samuel divorced, though the exact date is not known, see discussion below.  She married Gov. Thomas Prence , before 8 Dec 1662 at Plymouth, Mass. Appia died before 1 Aug 1668 at Plymouth, Mass.  I don’t think Thomas Prence’s son-in-law John FREEMAN is closely related to Samuel Freman.

Mary Burr was the widow of our ancestor Thomas HOWES. Her parents and origins are unknown, and though her maiden name of “Burr” is known, her ancestry is largely unproven.Her son Jeremiah married Thomas’ daughter Sarah (see below)  Mary died 9 Dec 1695 Yarmouth, Barnstable County, Mass. and is buried at Howes Burial Ground, Dennis, Barnstable, Massachusetts.

There are marriages all around in this family with many family ancestors instead of the traditional one. To summarize:

  • Thomas’ first wife Patience Brewster is mother of our ancestor Mercy Prence Freeman
  • Thomas’ second wife Mary Collier is mother of our ancestor Sarah Prence Howes
  • Thomas’s fourth wife Martha Burr Howes is our ancestor through her first marriage to Thomas Howes
  • Thomas’ eldest daughter Rebecca married Edmond Freeman Jr, the son of our ancestor Edmond Freeman
  • Thomas’s daughter Hannah was the second wife of our ancestor Jonathan Sparrow
  • Thomas’s daughter Elizabeth married Arthur Howland, son of our ancestor Arthur Howland

Thomas Prence descendants whose genealogy is documented are eligible for membership in the Hereditary Order of Descendants of Colonial Governors.  [Tee Hee!]

Children of Thomas and Patience

  Name Born Married Departed
1. Rebecca Prence c. 1625 Plymouth before the Cattle division
22 May 1627
Edmond Freeman Jr.
(son of Edmond FREEMAN)
22 Apr 1646 at Plymouth
18 Jul 1651 Sandwich, Mass.
2. Thomas Prence c. 1627 Plymouth, before the Cattle division May 22 1627   before
13 Mar 1672 at Probably, England; date of father’s will.
3. Hannah Prence c. 1629 Plymouth Nathaniel Mayo
14 Feb 1648/49 at Eastham

Jonathan SPARROW

Jun 1667 at Eastham [Jonathan’s first wife Rebecca BANGS is our ancestor]
23 Nov 1698 Eastham
4. Mercy PRENCE c. 1631 John FREEMAN
(brother of Edmund)
13 Feb 1649/50 at Eastham
28 Sep 1711 Eastham

Children of Gov. Thomas Prence and Mary Collier:

  Name Born Married Departed
5. Jane Prence 1 Nov 1637
Mark Snow (Son of our ancestor Nicholas SNOW)
9 Jan 1659/60
Jun 1712
6. Mary Prence 1639
John Tracy 28 Sep 1711
7. Sarah PRENCE ca. 1643
Duxbury, Mass.
Jeremiah HOWES
Eastham, Mass
31 Mar 1707
Yarmouth, MA
8. Elizabeth Prence ca. 1645
Arthur Howland
(Son of our ancestor Arthur HOWLAND)
9 Dec 1667
9. Judith Prence ca. 1647
Isaac Barker
28 Dec 1665

Thomas Prence (1599 – March 29, 1673) was a co-founder of Eastham, Massachusetts, a political leader in both the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies, and governor of Plymouth (1634, 1638, and 1657 – 1673).4

Thomas Prence House – 1880’s   Built 1646 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Demolished.

Thomas Prence – House Diagram

Thomas Prence was not part of those religious dissenters who sought religious freedom in America, but he apparently sympathized with them. Perhaps not knowingly, he took two steps that led to his leadership role. He married Patience Brewster, daughter of the community’s religious leader, Elder William Brewster, and in 1627 he became one of eight colony members who assumed the pilgrims’ debt to the London merchants who had backed establishment of the colony.

A chair belonging to Thomas Prence which now resides in the Pilgrim Hall Museum.  Note that the back spindles on the Prence chair are flat for comfort.

He was allowed to join with Bradford, Isaac ALLERTON  and Standish as a member of the Trade Monopoly.

Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

Later, in 1644, he and several other prominent families left Plymouth for better land and founded the community of Eastham, Massachusetts.  Eastham was the site where in 1621 a hunting expedition comprised from the crew of the sailing vessel Mayflower, which had stopped in Provincetown harbor on Cape Cod Bay after a rough crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, which led to the first encounter of the Pilgrims and the local Nauset Indians at First Encounter Beach. The area would not be settled by Europeans, however, until 1644.  Today, Eastham is mostly known as the “Gate” to the Cape Cod National Seashore,

He became governor of Plymouth, for the first time, in 1634; he was elected again in 1638 and served from 1657 to 1673. After the death of Governor Bradford in 1653, he became the leader of the Plymouth Colony serving in that capacity until his death.

1659 – Thomas Prence and Edward BANGS each promised to furnish a man and horse at his own expense for two years. ” As their contribution to the militia

He was distinguished for his religious zeal, and opposed those that he believed to be heretics, particularly the Quakers. He became infamous for the banishment of those who would not conform to his specific church law, including Samuel Gorton, the first governor of Rhode Island. He restructured the local government to secure his position and led the persecution of numerous people for offenses such as smiling in church, harboring non-church members, and tending garden during the Sabbath.

He also procured revenue for the colony’s grammar schools so future generations would be better educated.

George Willison in Saints and Strangers noted that in 1646, Thomas Prence was opposed to religious tolerance and, in 1657, was a leader in Quaker and Baptist persecutions. In Duxbury, the policy of Gov. Prence “met stiff opposition led by Henry and Arthur HOWLAND [our ancestors] and others. Henry Howland was up on the malicious charge of ‘improperlie entertaining’ a neighbor’s wife, and his young son, Zoeth, was put in the stocks for saying that he ‘would not goe to meeting to hear lyes, and that the Divill could preach as good a sermon as the ministers,’ with which many townspeople seemed to agree, choosing to pay a fine rather than attend public worship.”

Imagine Gov. Prence’s feelings when he discovered that “one of his chief enemy’s sons, young Arthur Howland [also our ancestor], was surreptitiously courting his daughter Elizabeth. As the law forbade ‘making motion of marriage’ to a girl without her parents’ consent, the irascible old governor promptly hauled the ‘impudent’ youth into court and fined him five pounds for ‘inveigeling’ his daughter. The young lovers were not discouraged and remained constant, for seven years later Arthur was again in court, was fined and put under bond of 50 pounds ‘to refrain and desist.’ The couple continued to behave ‘disorderlie and unrighteously,’ finally breaking the iron will of the old governor.” They were married and, “in good time the names of their children, Thomas Howland and Prence (Prince) Howland, were inscribed on the baptismal roll of the church.”

Prence gave Metacomet the nickname King Philip and thus indirrectly named King Philip’s War

Governor Prence gave to Wamsutta and Metacomet, the sons of Massasoit, the names Alexander and Philip as a compliment to their warlike character.  While governor, Prence developed an important relationship with the powerful Wampanoag sachem Metacomet. On the death of the governor in 1673, Metacomet, known to the English as King Philip, was left to work with the new governor, Josiah Winslow, who he hated. The Wampanoag-English relationship soon broke down and the bloody King Philip’s War followed in 1675.

1657 –  Arthur Howland Jr., an ardent Quaker, was brought before the court.   Elizabeth Prence, daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence  and Arthur Howland Jr., fell in love. The relationship blossomed and matrimony seemed inevitable. However, it was illegal and punishable by court sanction for couples to marry without parental consent. Thomas Prence urged Elizabeth to break off the relationship, but to no avail. He then used powers available to him as Governor. Arthur Howland, Jr., was brought before the General Court and fined five pounds for

inveigling of Mistris Elizabeth Prence and making motion of marriage to her, and prosecuting the same contrary to her parents likeing, and without theire mind and will…[and] in speciall that hee desist from the use of any meanes to obtaine or retaine her affections as aforesaid.”

2 Jul 1667 – Arthur Howland, Jr., was brought before the General Court again where he “did sollemly and seriously engage before the Court, that he will wholly desist and never apply himself for the future as formerly he hath done, to Mistris Elizabeth Prence in reference unto marriage.” Guess what happened! They were married on December 9, 1667 and in time had a daughter and four sons. Thus a reluctant Thomas Prence acquired a Quaker son-in-law, Quaker grandchildren and innumerable Quaker in-laws of Henry Howland.

5 Jun 1673 – Thomas’ estate was probated. He was buried on 8-Apr-1673 at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts  He left a will on 13-Mar-1672/73. The Inventory of Gov. Thomas Prence was taken Totalled £422 10s. 7d. On 23-Apr-1673

Appia Quicke Freeman Prence

Apphia Quick and Samuel Freeman immigrated, arriving 1630. Their son Henry traveled with them

From The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1943, vol. 97, p. 393 by Ella F. Elliot, Somerville, Mass.

The fact that Samuel and Apphia (Quicke) Freeman were divorced has, apparently, escaped the attention of historians of this interesting Watertown couple. The proof, conclusive though indirect, was seen by this contributor many years ago while preparing an article on the marriages of Governor Thomas Prence of Plymouth and Eastham, Mass., who became Apphia’s second husband. (Mayflower Descendant, 6: 230-235.) The long cherished hope of finding the direct evidence has not been realized; possibly the records no longer exist.

Among the files of the Supreme Court of Suffolk County, Mass., is the case of Jane (also called Joane) Halsall vs. George Halsall for divorce. (File No. 257.) The papers in this case bear dates in 1655 and 1656; and the case of “Mrs. Freeman sometimes of Watertown” is cited as a precedent.

Up to 1656 only two Freeman couples are known to have lived in Watertown: Samuel and Apphia (Quicke) Freeman and their son Henry and Hannah (Stearns) Freeman, his first wife. The latter couple is readily eliminated. They were married in Watertown 25 Dec. 1650, the town clerk erroneously calling him “Samuel” on the records at a time when his father Samuel had been dead four years and his brother Samuel was but twelve years old. That Hannah was not divorced is clear from the following entry in the Town Records (1:5): “Hannah wife of Henry Freeman was buried June 17, 1656.”

Lacking the trial records, the time of the divorce of Samuel and Apphia cannot be stated; but it can be approximated, rather roughly. Samuel Freeman made a business trip to England, a full account of which appears in the valuable contribution of Mr. Willis Freeman in American Genealogist (vol. 11, pp. 174-9.) That he returned to Watertown by July 1637 may be deduced from the birth record there of “Samuel Freeman son of Samuel and Apphia,” 11 May, 1638. The date of his death is unknown; but it was between 22 July 1640, when as “Samuel Freeman now of Watertown in New England,” he gave a Letter of Attorney to Andrew Walker of London, Eng. (Thomas Lechford’s Note-Book: 155), and 12 Dec. 1646, when “Henry Freeman son of Samuel Freeman late of Watertown deceased,” gave Power of Attorney to John Newgate of Boston to receive a legacy left him by his grandmother Priscilla Freeman of Blackfriars in London. (Boston Records, 32:68.)

From mentions of his name in the Watertown Land Grants, it seems likely that he was alive in 1644, or later.

William Freeman of Portland, Maine, whose grandfather Enoch Freeman, after graduating from Harvard in 1729, removed to Portland, then Falmouth, Maine, in 1741, becoming one of the foremost citizens of the town and county, published a Freeman Genealogy, which, although undated, bears evidence of being written later than 1831. In this he made this statement regarding his early ancestors: “After the death of Samuel Freeman, his widow married Thomas Prince Governor of Plymouth, who carried her and her youngest son, Samuel, then a boy, with him to Eastham. As Mr. Prince began settlement of Eastham in the year 1644, it is probable that about that time he was married to Mrs. Freeman.”

William Willis, in his History of Portland (pp. 1805-6), seems to have accepted this supposition as a fact, stating that Samuel Freeman’s “widow in 1644 married Governor Thomas Prince and settled at Eastham.”

If this surmise of her descendant, which seems very reasonable, could be proved to be a verity, we should then know that the Prence-Freeman marriage took place between 1 July 1644 and the end of that year; for on 1 July 1644, as “Apphia Freeman,” she signed as a witness to the will of Rev. George Phillips of Watertown. (N.E. Hist. & Gen. Reg., 3:78.)

Note: A resume of the Halsall divorce case may be seen in Whitmore’s Colonial Laws, 1890 edition, pp. 99-100.

The late Dr. C.E. Banks, in his “The Winthrop Fleet,” 1930, in his list of passengers, made this brief statement: “Freeman, Apphia, wife of Samuel. Daughter of William Quicke of London. She divorced him and married (2) Gov. Thomas Prence.”

Children of Appia and Samuel

i. Henry Freeman b. 1625 in London, England; d. 12 Nov 1672 Watertown, Middlesex, Mass. m. 25 Dec 1650 in Watertown, Middlesex, Mass to Hannah Stearns ( b. 5 Oct 1628 in Stoke-Nayland, Suffolk, England – d. 17 Jun 1656 in Watertown, Mass.)

ii. Apphia Freeman b. abt 1632 in Watertown, Mass. d. 1692

iii. Samuel Freeman b. 11 May 1638 in Watertown, Mass; d. 25 Nov 1712; m. 12 May 1658 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass to Mercy Southworth (b. 11 May 1638 in Druxbury, Mass – d. 25 Nov 1712)

iv. Abigail Freeman b. Abt 1640 in Watertown, Mass.; m1. 1659 to John Niles (1638 – 1683); m2. 11 Jun 1701 to John Banning


1. Rebecca Prence

Rebecca’s husband Edmond Freeman Jr. was born 26 Nov 1620 in Billingshurst, Sussex, England.  His parents were Edmond FREEMAN and Bennet  HODSOLL.  Edmond died before 5 Jan 1703/04.

3. Hannah Prence (See Jonathan SPARROW‘s page)

4. Mercy PRENCE (See John FREEMAN‘s page)

5. Jane Prence

Jane’s husband Mark Snow was born 9 May 1628 in Plymouth. His parents were our ancestors Nicholas SNOW and Constance HOPKINS.  Nicholas arrived on the Ann & Little James in 1623. Constance was a 14 year old Mayflower passenger traveling with her father and stepmother.  Mark first married 18 Jan 1654 Eastham to Anna Cooke and had one daughter Anne Snow (b. 1656), three weeks before Anna’s death.  Mark died 9 Jan 1695.

Constance’s  father   Stephen HOPKINS (wiki), was recruited by the Merchant Adventurers to provide governance for the colony as well as assist with the colony’s ventures. He was a member of a group of passengers known to the Pilgrims as “The Strangers” since they were not part of the Pilgrims’ religious congregation. Hopkins was one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact and was an assistant to the governor of the colony through 1636.  He was a veteran of a failed colonial venture that may have been the inspiration for Shakespeare’s The Tempest.

Anna Cooke was born in 1636 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony.  Anna died 25 Jul 1656 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were  Josiah Cooke (b: ~ 1610 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland) and  Elizabeth Ring  (bapt. 23 Feb 1603 in Ufford, Suffolk, England)  Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT.

Children of Jane and Mark:

ii. Mary Snow b: 30 Nov 1661 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Nicholas Snow b: 6 Dec 1663 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Elizabeth Snow b: 9 May 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Thomas Snow b: 6 Aug 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Sarah Snow b: 10 May 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Prence Snow b: 22 May 1674 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Elizabeth Snow b: 20 Jun 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ix. Hannah Snow b: 16 Sep 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

6. Mary Prence

Mary’s husband John Tracy was born 1633, Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Stephen Tracy (ch. 1596->1655) and Tryphosa Lee (~1597-<1655) Stephen immigrated in Aug 1623, Plymouth aboard the Ann. Tryphosa immigrated in 1625, Plymouth aboard the Jacob. John died 3 May 1718, Windham, Windham, CT in his 85th year.

7. Sarah PRENCE (See Jeremiah HOWES‘ page)

8. Elizabeth Prence

Elizabeth’s husband Arthur Howland was born ca. 1633 England.  His parents were Arthur HOWLAND and [__?__].  Arthur died 2 APR 1697 in Marshfield, Mass.

9. Judith Prence

Judith’s husband Isaac Barker was born in 1642.  His parents were Robert Barker and Luce [__?__].  Robert’s wife Luce was not dau of John and Anne Williams. Robert’s brother John did marry Anne Williams dau of John Williams.  Isaac died in 1710.

“Isaac was surveyor of Duxbury in 1674, constable in 1687 and a well to do farmer

His father Robert came to America 1632 to Plymouth, MA removed to Marshfield, Plymouth, MA 1643 and then to Duxbury 1653. Robert was first an apprentice of John Thorpe and then of William Palmer. Robert held serval offices in each town he lived in. Robert was a bricklayer in 1640 and bought 40 acres of upland that year, was part owner of the ferry his brother John ran in 1641. Robert bought 100 acres in Marshfield, Plymouth, MA and was a member of the Marshfield military company under Lt. Nathaniel Thomas in 1643. He was a surveyor at Marshfield in 1645 and 1648 and at Duxbury in 1654, 1672, 1677 and 1679. Was Constable at Marshfield, Grand juryman and admitted freeman 6 June 1654. In July 1646 he was licensed to keep an inn in Marshfield to retail wine which he stopped in 1666.



Wikipedia – Thomas Prence







Posted in 12th Generation, Double Ancestors, First Comer, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Public Office, Storied, Wikipedia Famous | Tagged , , , , , , , | 43 Comments

Edmund Freeman

Edmund FREEMAN (1596 – 1682)  (Wikipedia) was was one of the nine founders of Sandwich, Massachusetts and an Assistant Governor of Plymouth Colony under Governor William Bradford.  He was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor - Freeman Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor – Freeman Coat of Arms

Edmund Freeman was born on 25 Jul 1596 at Pulborough, Sussex, England.  His parents were Edmund  FREEMAN Sr. and Alice COLES.  He married  Bennet  HODSOLL on 16 Jun 1617 at Cowford, Sussex, England. After Bennet died, he married Elizabeth [Raymer?] 10 Aug 1632 in England.   Freeman along with his second wife Elizabeth and his family set sail from Plymouth, England on 4 June 1635 aboard The Abigail.  Edmond’s brother John and family also made the trip.  During the crossing an epidemic of smallpox broke out on shipboard. They arrived in Boston on 8 Oct 1635 and then settled in Saugus.  Edmund died on 2 Nov 1682 at Sandwich, at age 86. He is buried in a well-known, marked private burial plot in Sandwich along with his second wife Elizabeth.

Edmond Freeman – Gravemarker – The grave is located on the original Freeman Farm site in Sandwich, Mass

Bennet Hodsoll was born between 1597 and 1598 at Pulborough, Sussex, England.  Her parents were Robert HODSOL and Faith GRATWICK.  Bennet died on 12 Apr 1630 at Pulborough, Sussex, England.

If Edmond’s second wife is indeed Elizabeth Raymer, they married 10 August 1632 at Shipley, Sussex, England,  Other possible Elizabeths include Gravely?, Bennett? or Beauchamp or Perry?   Homer Worthington Brainard says she was a widow, Elizabeth Perry.  Both Rosemary Canfield and Henry J. Perry suggest that she may have been the Elizabeth Raymer who married at Shipley, Sussex, 10 Aug 1632 ,Edmund Freeman.  Elizabeth died 14 Feb 1676 in Sandwich, Mass.

Edmound Freeman’s stone lies next to his wife’s, the only two graves in Saddle and Pillion Cemetery.

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  1888 — In his intercourse with his neighbors and associates, he was affable and obliging, and to his kindred and intimate friends, he was ever kind and affectionate. He rested from his labors at Sandwich in 1682, at the i”ipe old age of 92 years. His wife died Feb. 14, 1676, aged 76. She was buried on a rising ground on his own farm. He was then 86, and had lived 59 years in the married state. Some little time after her decease he summoned together his sons and his grandsons, they placed a large flat rock resembling a pillion, over the grave of the wife. He then placed another, resembling in shape a saddle, beside it ; and addressing his sons, he said : “when I die, place my body under that stone, your mother and I have travelled many long years together in this world, and I desire that our bodies rest here till the resurrection, and I charge you to keep this spot sacred, and that you enjoin it upon your children and your children’s children, that they never desecrate this spot.” .

A substantial wall was built around these simple but suggestive monuments, and his descendants to this day with pious hands protect them from desecration. Many of them regard this spot as their Mecca, which it is their duty to visit at least once in their lives.

Children of Edmund and Bennet:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Alice Freeman 4 Apr 1619
Pulborough, Sussex, England
William Paddy
24 Nov 1639
Sandwich, Mass
24 Apr 1651
Plymouth, Mass.
2. Edmond Freeman 26 Nov 1620
Billingshurst, Sussex, England
Rebecca Prence
(Mercy’s sister daughter of Gov. Thomas PRENCE)
22 Apr 1646
Margaret Perry
(Daughter of Edmund PERRY)
18-Jul-1651 Sandwich
5 Jan 1703/04
3. Bennett Freeman 20 Jan 1621/22
Sussex, England
3 Jan 1633/34
Plymouth MA
4. Elizabeth Freeman 11 Apr 1624
Sussex, England.
Lt. John Ellis
4 Jun 1645
24 Jun 1692
Rochester, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, at age 68.
5. Maj John FREEMAN 28 Jan 1626/27
Billingshurst, Sussex, England
13 Feb 1649/50
Eastham, Mass.
28 Oct 1719
Eastham, Mass
6. Nathaniel Freeman 2 Sep 1629
Pulborough, Sussex, England
12 Sep 1629

Children of Edmond and Elizabeth Beauchamp:

Name Born Married Departed
7. Mary Freeman 2 Jun 1632 London, England Edward Perry (Son of Edmund PERRY)
c. 1633
5 Nov 1688 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.
8. Cicelia Freeman 1633
Young, London

There were a lot of Freemans on board the Abigail .
Freeman John 35, #45
Freeman Marie 50, #58
FREEMAN John: 9, #59
Freeman Sycillie 4, #60
Freeman Thomas 24, #91
FREEMAN Edmund 45, #107
Freeman Edward 34, husbandman #135
Freeman Elizabeth 35, wife of Edward #136
Freeman Elizabeth 12, #149
Freeman Alice 17, #150
Freeman Edmund 15, #152
Freeman John 8, #153

“This year many new inhabitants appear in Lynn, and among them worthy of note Mr. Edmond Freeman, who presented to the Colony twenty corsletts, or pieces of plate armor.”  It is interesting to note that he was given the title of “Mr.” which, at that time, was reserved for men of importance, who in most instances had been gentlemen in England and hence had borne the title before coming to New England.  Another clue to his status in England is the fact that he brought with him the “twenty corsletts or pieces of plate armor” which represented a considerable amount of money.

23 Jan 1637 – Edmund (or Edmond) Freeman was admitted freeman at Plymouth

1637 – Edmund was one of the nine founders of Sandwich, Massachusetts along with George ALLEN.

1638 – In spite of the evident good standing of Edmond in the community, he occasionally offended in small matters and he was promptly taken to task, as when in 1638 he and others were fined ten shillings apiece for “being defective in armes”; that same year he was one of several who were presented “for keeping swine unringed”;

1641 – He was before the Court for lending a gun to an Indian and in 1646 he was fined eighteen pence for absence from General Court.

1640 – 1643 – Assistant Governor to William Bradford.

He became an Assistant in Plymouth Colony, but was not reelected in 1646, and Edward Winslow wrote to Gov. John Winthrop in Boston that “I suppose the country left [Freeman] out in regard of his professed Anabaptistry & Separacon from the Churches” (MHS Collections, 4th Series, 6:178). The Dawes-Gates account shows also that he was of an unorthodox nature for his time and place, and was later sympathetic to the Quakers. He had business interests of his own in New England, and he had a power of attorney in behalf of his brother-in-law, John Beauchamp, who had continued as one of the four London Undertakers after the other Adventurers sold out their interests.

Sandwich was first settled in 1637 by a group from Saugus with the permission of the Plymouth Colony. It was named for the seaport of Sandwich, Kent, England. It is the oldest town on Cape Cod. As of the census  of 2000, there were 20,136 people in the town.

Edmund Freeman is the first named  of the Ten Men of Saugus who founded Sandwich, Mass

Historians assert, that religious considerations also led the ten Saugus (Lynn) pioneers to seek this first plantation of the Cape. Whatever their motives, after deliberation they concluded that the Plymouth colony could be no more stringent than the Massachusetts, nor present more obstacles to their aspirations; so they sought and obtained permission from the colony of Plymouth to locate a plantation at Shaume, now Sandwich. The record says: ”April 3, 1637, it is also agreed by the Court that these ten men of Saugus, viz., Edmund FREEMAN, Henry Feake, Thomas DEXTER, Edward DILLINGHAM, William Wood, John Carman, Richard Chadwell, William Almy, Thomas Tupper, and George Knott, shall have liberty to view a place to sit down, and have sufficient lands for three-score families, upon the conditions propounded to them by the governor and Mr. Winslow.”

That year these men except Thomas Dexter, who came subsequently, settled with their families in and near that part of the town now occupied by the village of Sandwich.

Sandwich was the site of an early Quaker settlement. However, the settlement was not well-received, as their beliefs clashed with those of the Puritans who founded the town. Many Quakers left the town, either for further settlements along the Cape, or elsewhere. Early industry revolved around agriculture, with fishing and trading also providing for the town. Later, the town grew a small industrial component along the Scusset River and Old Harbor Creek and its tributaries.


1. Alice Freeman

Alice’s husband Deacon William Paddy  was born 1615 in England. After Alice died, William married Mary Greenough on 3 Dec 1651 in Boston, Mass. William died 24 Aug 1658 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.

“William Paddy, skinner, merchant from London, came in the James April 5, 1636, deputy, 1639.  Removed to Boston.  He was one of the lessees of the trade at Kennebeck up to 1650.  Mr. John Beauchamp, one of the partners in Plymouth Company, calls him cousin in letter in Plym. Deeds, II; refers also to bro. Freeman, Paddy’s father, and to bro. Coddington.  He m. 24 Nov 1639, Alice, dau of Edmund Freeman; she d. 24 Apr 1651”

Children of Alice and Paddy

i. Thomas Paddy b. Plymouth.

ii. Samuel Paddy b. Plymouth.

2. Edmond Freeman

Edmond’s first wife Rebecca Prence was born about 1625 Plymouth before the Cattle division 22 May 1627.  Her parents were Gov. Thomas PRENCE and Patience BREWSTER.  Edmund Jr died before 5 Jan 1703/04.

Edmond’s second wife Margaret Perry was born in 1625.  Her parents were Edmund PERRY and Sarah CROWELL.

Edmund Freeman of Sandwich died intestate bef. 5 Jan 1703/04, when Ezra Perry was appointed administrator of his estate. The inventory was taken Mar 1703/04 and was valued at 42 pounds, 14 shillings with all but two items supposedly in the custody of Edmund, the Son. It was also designated that the son owed the estate an additional 8 pounds. The son Edmund disputed the accounting, but it must have been upheld by the
Barnstable Court, for he appealed the case to the Superior Court on 12 Mar 1704/05 maintaining the “insufficiency and uncertainty of the allegation therein” and declaring the testimony of his uncle John Freeman, Esq. a “pack of lyes.” The case was decided against Edmund Freeman. Final distribution of the estate, 9 June 1705, named Edmund Freeman, Isaac Pope and Alis his wife, Richard Allen of Sandwich, John Fish and Margaret his wife, John Launders and Rachel his wife, Patience Burg, widow, and Ezra Perry and Rebecca his wife.

Child of Edmund and Rebecca

i. Rebecca Freeman m. Ezra Perry

Children of Edmund and Margaret:

ii. Margaret Freeman b. 02 Oct 1652.

iii. Edmund Freeman, b. 05 Oct 1655; d. 1720.

iv. Alice Freeman, b. 29 Mar 1658; m. Abt. 1687; to  Isaac Pope,  b. Abt. 1664.

v. Rachel Freeman, b. 04 Sep 1659; m. John Landers.

vi. Sarah Freeman, b. 06 Feb 1662; m. Richard Landers.

vii. Deborah Freeman, b. 09 Aug 1665; m. Thomas Landers.

4. Elizabeth Freeman

Elizabeth’s husband Lt. John Ellis was baptized 14 Sep 1623 at St. Budolph, Bishop’s Gate, London, England. His parents were in Leyden, Holland in 1619 according to records. As soon as he arrived at the age of 21 he took the oath of a freeman, June 2, 1641 in Boston…” John died before 23 May 1677.

5 Jun 1651 – John was chosen to be a member of “the Grand Enquest.”

9 Jun 1653 – The General Court of Plymouth Colony, sitting at Plymouth commissioned John Ellis to be the Lieutenant, (then Commander) of the Military Company at Sandwich.

7 Nov 1652 he and five others were selected to buy all the fish offered by the Indians; to provide casks, and to prepare the fish for use by the Town.

24 Feb 1652 he and others were selected by the General Court to survey and build a road-on the most convenient line-from Sandwich to Plymouth, which task they completed satisfactorily and so reported to the General Court, June 20, 1654.

13 Dec 1653 – He and two others were given a monopoly on whales captured within the water line of Sandwich, under condition that they pay 16 pounds apiece for each whale.

1659 – Je and others were appointed to take charge of extraction of oil from whales and fish for the public use. 6 Jun 1660 – As the Lieutenant commanding the Military Company he was allowed, two pounds of powder for his command on “Training Day,” which was the first Wednesday in July, 1660.

6 Jul 1671 the Town of Sandwich gave Lieut. Ellis 20 acres of land from his then-owned land down to the beach. .July 13 he as Lieutenant, with four others, was selected as “Tax rater.” Aug. 26, 1671 “John Ellis, Senior” and one other surveyed a parcel of fund, on the order of the town.

28 Feb 1675 he, Lieutenant, and  Benjamin Hammond, Constable, called a Town Meeting to make arrangements for protection of lives and property and to make new land available for cultivation because of the dangers incident to King Philip’s War.

10 May 1676 he as Lieutenant and Thomas Tobie, Sen. and Stephen Skiff as agents of the Town, were obligated to form “Sandwich Town Scouts,” to hire as many men as they chose for that purpose, and the Town promised to pay all such engagements.

23 May 1677 – The inventory of his estate was taken by  Richard Bourne, John Smith and Thomas Tobey.  May 23, 1677 and exhibited to the Court held at Plymouth June 5, 1677, on the oath of his widow, Elizabeth Ellis.

5. Maj John FREEMAN (See his page)

7. Mary Freeman

Mary’s husband Edward Perry was born 1630 Devonshire, England,  His parents were Edmund PERRY and Sarah CROWELL  Edward died 16 Feb 1694/95 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

When Edward was only nine-years-old, his family immigrated to New England (1639).

By the time Edward was 23 years old, he had moved to the little town of Sandwich,
where many of the Quakers settled.

Due to his Quaker beliefs, when Edward married Mary Freeman, he refused the services of the authorized magistrate, choosing a Quaker ceremony instead.  On March 7, 1653/54, the Court fined him five pounds for not being legally married and ordered him to have the marriage ratified. He refused and at the next session of the Court, on June 6, 1654, the Court ordered “Edward Perrry, for refusing to have his marriage ratified before Mr.Prence according to order of Court, is fined five pounds for this present Court and so five pounds for each General Court that shall be during the time of his said neglect for the future.”

Note that Edward employed a Quaker wedding ceremony in 1654, 3 years before the first Quaker congregation was established in Plymouth Colony, and 4 years before he formally joined that organization. The Quaker religious movement had been going since the late 1640’s, so there is nothing strange about him being a practicing Quaker before a Quaker “meeting” (congregation) existed in his area. The fact that his father-in-law, a very tolerant Puritan, was Lt Governor helped to deflect some of the Puritan anger, but the fines were still massive.

On August 1, 1654, Edward was again fined. The final outcome of the conflict isn’t know but Edward’s difficulties didn’t cease.  At the beginning of June 1658, he and thirteen other men from Sandwich appeared before the Court to give reason for refusing to take the oath of fidelity. Because of their religion, they replied that it was unlawful for them to take the oath. The Court fined them 10 pounds apiece.

During that same year (1658), the Quakers in Sandwich began having monthly meetings and the Court issued the third decree against them. It forbid, under severe penalties, holding or attending meeting. Following the decree, the fines and complaints against Quakers became so numerous that in June (1658), a marshal was chosen to help the constable.  That October, Edward and ten other men appearaed before the Court “to answer for their refusing to take the oath of fidelity and remaining obstinate.”
The Court fined each of them ten pounds. In addition, “Edward Perry for using threatening speeches to abuse the marshal is fined to the use of the colony twenty shillings.”

The following March, 1659/60, the Court summoned him and six other men to answer about whether they would take the oath of fidelity. Edward and another man didn’t appear. The men who did appear said that they had not been duly summoned. There isn’t a record of them being fined.

On June 13, 1660, the Court summoned Edward and eleven other men and asked them if they would take the oath. After all of the men refused to do, the Court fined them five pounds each. That is the last record of them being summoned or fined for refusing to take the oath of fidelity. The cause for some of the relief from fines and punishments appears to be due to interference from King Charles.

However, Edmund’s legal troubles didn’t end. In 1665, he was fined for writing a “railing letter to the Court of Plymouth.” In 1658 -60, his fines amounted to 89 pounds, 18 shillings and several head of cattle – at the time five pounds was considered a fortune. Edward’s fines were the heaviest imposed in the colony.

Edward published religious writings between 1767 and 1690, with titles such as “A Warning to New England,” “To the Court of Plymouth, this is the Word of the Lord,”  “A Testimony Concerning the Light,” “Concerning True Repentance,” etc. The “Warning to
New England” was a series of visions and prophecies against the sins of the day.  The Court fined him 50 pounds for such words as “The Voice that called unto me: Blood
toucheth Blood, and Blood for Blood. The Word spoken: O, what lamentation shall be taken up for New England to Countervail or equalize Abominations in drunkenness, swearing, lying, stealing, whoredoms, adultery and fornication, with many other Abominations, but above all Blood, Blood, even the Blood of My Children, and servants which my cruelty and cruel hands have been shed in the midst of her.

The name of Edward Perry first appears in the records of Sandwich, Plymouth Colony, for
November 1652 when he was a member of a committee to acquire and store fish for the town’s use. In 1653 he was appointed a grand juryman. He was surveyor of highways in 1657, 1658, and 1674.

As early as 1654 he was fined for conduct unacceptable to the established church.
It could be argued that the Perry family group came to Sandwich with a widowed step-mother in order to live under the protection of one of the pioneer Sandwich families to whom the widow’s husband and/or these minor children may have been closely related. Edward Perry married about 1653. From this fact it has been assumed he was born about 1630.

The Plymouth Colony records contain an entry for 7 Mar 1654 under the heading of “fines”: “Edward Perry, for unorderly proceeding, contrary to order of the Court, about his marriage, is fined five pound.” On the same date: “Thomas Tupper, for his negligence in not causing Edward Perry, of Sandwidg, to bee by him orderly married, being by the Court appointed to merry persons there, was required henceforth to desist, and is not intrusted with that business any more.” On 6 Jun 1654 the Court again imposed a fine: “Edward Perry, for refusing to have his marriage rattifyed before Mr. Prence according to the order of Court, is fined five pounds for this present Court, and soe five pounds for every Generall Court that shall bee during the time of his said neglect for the future.” Edward Perry was one of many colonists whose religious beliefs differed from the majority view.

About 1657, he joined the newly formed Society of Friends. Regularly throughout the years his name appeared in the court records. In 1658, 1659, and 1660 he and other Quakers were fined for refusing the oath of fidelity. In 1659 he was fined for “using threatning speeches” to the marshall. In 1663 he was called to account for a “rayling letter which hee wrote to the Court”. Nevertheless, he was respected enough to be appointed to share in community duties. In 1671 he and Ezra Perry were to view the damage done to the Indians by the “Horses and Hoggs of the English” and he and James Skiffe were appointed to “have inspection of the ordinaries”. Reportedly, Edward was the clerk of the Sandwich meeting of Friends from 1672 to 1694. One historian states that Edward was the author of several tracts setting forth the Quaker philosophy. This claim has not yet been substantiated. Edward Perry named his wife Mary as executrix of his will written at Sandwich 29 Dec 1694. The will was proved 12 Apr 1695. Edward requested that he be buried at “Spring Hill burying place, among my friends there”. This spot is a short distance from the present Quaker meeting house and cemetery in Sandwich, Mass. Nine children were named in his will, all referred to by their first names only.

Sandwich December 29, 1694
I Edward Perry of Sandwich being sick of body but of sound mind and disposing memory praised by God for it do make this make this my last will and testament in mannder and form following:
First, I commit my soul into ye hand of ye Lord my Savior and my body to be decently buried at Spring Hill burying place among my friends there when God shall please to take me hence and for ye disposal of my outward estate which God hath graciously given me my mind and will is that it shall be disposed in such manner as in this my last will is declared.
Imprimis my mind and will is and I do hereby give unto my well beloved wife Mary ye use and profit of all my housing and land for her comfort during ye term of her natural life and after her decease to be disposed as followeth (that is to say) my will is that my eldest Samuel shall have my dwelling house and all my out housing and ye land thereunto belonging bounded southerly upon ye highway or country road and westerly on ye way that leads to a place known by ye name of ye Great Spring from
said road bounded easterly by John Wing and northerly by Scoton River including all ye meadow as upland within said boundaries and on lot of land of about nine acres be it more or less which is within fence lying on ye south side of ye said highway or country road and bounded with ye fence that is about it this land and meadow with all ye housing thereon I give as foresaid to my son Samuel to have and to hold to him and
his heirs and assigns forever.

It. I give and bequeath unto my son Edward to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assignings forever all ye remaining part of ye tenement on which I dwell both upland and marsh lying on ye westerly side of ye lands above given to Samuel. And as is bounded southerly by ye highway or country road and northern by Scorten River and westerly by ye land in ye occupation of Joseph Hallett and easterly by ye aforesaid way which leads form ye country road to ye great spring aforesaid which way is to be divination between ye lands of my sons aforesaid and is to lie common for ye use of both ye creek that runs from said Great Spring into Scoton River is to be ye division of their marsh and my mind is that Edward shall have as belonging to said nement all my land on ye south side of ye highway except ye lot given to Samuel.

It. I give and bequeath to my youngest son Benjamin both upland and meadow lying on Scoton Neck to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assignees forever, it is to be understood that all my lands given to my three sons shall be for ye use of my said wife Mary during ye term of her natural life aforesaid.

It. My will is that my daughter Deborah shall have twenty pounds in money paid to her by my son Edward as a legacy out of ye land given to him within one year after my wife’s decease and my daughters Peace and Rest shall have each of them ten pounds in money.

It. My mind and will is that my son Benjamin shall pay in legacies out ye lands given to him thirty pounds in within one year after he comes to twenty one years of age and to enjoy ye land given to him, ten to my daughter Dorchas and ten to my daughter Sara and five to my daughter Peace and five to my daughter Rest.

It. My will is that my daughter Mary shall have five pounds besides what she hath already had to be paid to her by her mother my executrix here after named in such time and manner as she shall see meet and six pounds to by granddaughter Hannah Easton.

It. I give and bequeath to my said wife all my moveable estate whatsoever for her comfort and support in her age, and what she shall not have need to be expend, to be disposed of as she shall se cause, she having paid ye bequest given to my daughter last (named) Mary. I do nominate and appoint my said well beloved daughter Mary to be my sole Executrix to this my last will and testament.
Signed sealed and declared to be my last will and testament ye day and year above written.
I ye within mentioned Edward Perry do desire and appoint Skeffe and John Otis to be ye overseers of this my last will as it is above written that so it may be truly performed.
Edward Perry (seal).
In the presence of Ebenezer Wing, John Hoxcy, John Otis. Proved April 9, 1695.



Wikipedia – Edmond Freeman

Genealogical notes of Barnstable families  Being a reprint of the Amos Otis Papers originally published in the Barnstable Patriot in 1861; Revised by Charles  F. Swift Largely made from notes made by the author (1888)

Posted in 12th Generation, Dissenter, Historical Monument, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Public Office, Wikipedia Famous | Tagged , , | 23 Comments

Maj. John Freeman

Maj. John FREEMAN (1627 – 1719) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Maj. John Freeman was baptized on 28 Jan 1626/27 at Billingshurst, Sussex, England.  His parents were Edmund FREEMAN and Bennet HODSOLL.  John along with his father, stepmother Elizabeth and brothers and sisters set sail from Plymouth, England on 4 June 1635 aboard The Abigail, Captain Hackwell,.  John was  listed as eight years old on the Customs House rolls.  During the crossing an epidemic of smallpox broke out on shipboard. They arrived in Boston on 8 Oct 1635 and then settled in Saugus.  He married Mercy PRENCE,  on 13 Feb 1649/50 at Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts; or Feb 14 1649/50.     John died on 28 Oct 1719 at Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, at the age of 92.

Maj John Freeman Gravestone – Cove Burying Ground Eastham MA

Mercy Prence was born about 1631 in Plymouth.   Her parents were  Gov. Thomas PRENCE and  Patience BREWSTER. Mercy died 28 Sep 1711 in Eastham, Mass.

Mercy Prence Freeman – Headstone – Here lies buried the body of Marcy Freeman wife to Major John Freeman aged 80 years Dec Sep 28 1711 – Cove Buring Ground, Plot # 38

Children of John and Mercy:

Name Born Married Departed
1. John Freeman 2 Dec 1651 Eastham Sarah Merrick
18 Dec 1673 Eastham
Mercy Hedge
(Daughter of William HEDGE)
21 Apr 1696
Harwich, Mass.
21 Jul 1721 Harwich
2. Dec. Thomas FREEMAN 16 Sep 1653 Eastham, Mass. Rebbeca SPARROW
(Daughter of Jonathan SPARROW)
31 Dec 1673 Harwich, Mass
9 Feb 1715/16 Harwich MA
3. Hannah Freeman ca. 1656 Eastham John Mayo
14 Apr 1681 Hingham, Mass.
15 Feb 1743/44 Harwich Mass
4. Lt. Edmund Freeman Jun 1657 Eastham Ruth Merrick
Jan 1677/78
Sarah Mayo
c 1680 at Eastham
10 Dec 1717
5. Mercy Freeman 23 Jun 1659 Eastham Samuel Knowles
15 Dec 1679
19 Jun 1737 Eastham
6. Patience Freeman ca.  1660 Eastham Samuel Paine
31 Jan 1681/82 Eastham
15 Feb 1745/46 Eastham
7 William Freeman Oct 1662 Eastham Lydia Sparrow
(daughter of Jonathan SPARROW)
1685 Eastham, Mas
31 May 1687 Eastham
8. Prince Freeman 3 Feb 1664/65 Eastham ~1665/1666 – Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
or bef. 1676
1747 Eastham
9. Nathaniel Freeman 20 Mar 1668/69 Eastham Mary Howland
9 Jan 1760 Eastham
10. Bennett Freeman 7 Mar 1670/71 Eastham John Paine
14 May 1689 Eastham,
30 May 1716 Eastham

Major John Freeman was one of the early settlers of Eastham.  Today, Eastham is mostly known as the “Gate” to the Cape Cod National Seashore, which was founded in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy to protect Cape Cod’s coast from erosion and overpopulation.

First as a Lieutenant, then as Captain, and later as Major, John took an active part in the Indian Wars including King Philip’s War.  For many years he was a Deacon of the Eastham Congregational Church.

Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

“The militia companies at Barnstable, Eastham, Sandwich, and Yarmouth, were organized into a regiment called “The Third Regiment” of which John Freeman, of Eastham, was commissioned Major Commandant. The company at Falmouth was added in 1689, and company of Rochester, 1690. A company at Harwich was added in 1694 and one at Chatham in 1712. The colonial regiment continued until June 2, 1685, when the colony was divided into 3 counties, and the militia of each county was made to constitute a regiment of itself, from that time. See Great Swamp Fight – Regiments.

1650 – He removed from Sandwich to that part of Nausett called Namskeeket, now within the limits of Orleans”

5 Jun 1651 –  Eastham freeman

1653 to  1666 – Deputy to Colony Court

1653 – Surveyor of highways at Eastham

Aug 1653 – A member of the military company of Sandwich

6 Mar 1654/55 – Made ensign bearer of the Eastham Company

Oct 1658 – As ensign bearer became, by order of the Council of War, a member of the Council or Staff of Maj. Josias Winslow.  Winslow served as governor of Plymouth Colony from 1673 to 1680.

6 Oct 1659 – Having apparently become a lieutenant before,  he was then made an officer of that grade in the Cavalry Company raised at large in the Colony. (Troop of Horse) under Captain William Bradford.

1662, 1664, 1673 –  John was called upon to assist in auditing the books of the Treasurer of the Colony. In 1663, he and two others were appointed for a year to hold certain wampum belonging to the colony and to pay from it fifteen shillings bounty to each Indian who would bring in a wolf’s head.

Cape Code Library of Local History and Genealogy, Vol I

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

In 1665, to settle the difficulty at Monomoy, now Chatham between William Nickerson and the Colonial government respecting the illegal purchase of land of the Indian sachem there, Nickerson was allowed one hundred acres of the purchased land, and Major John FREEMAN, with Thomas Hinckley, William Sargeant, Anthony Thacher, Nathaniel Bacon, Edmund HAWES,  Thomas HOWES, Sr,  Thomas FOLLAND, Sr and Lt. Joseph Rogers was allowed a grantee of the remaining portion with the privilege with the above named to purchase adjacent land.

In 1672,  Major Freeman disposed of his right to William Nickerson; and in 1674 Major Freeman and  Capt. Jonathan SPARROW were appointed to lay out Nickerson’s land with instructions, but for some cause the work was not accomplished by the committee until 1692.

Native American tribes who lived in the Chatham before European colonization include the Nauset, specifically the Manomoy or Monomoy people. “Manamoyik” was a Nauset village located near present-day Chatham. Explorer Samuel de Champlain landed here in 1606, contacting (and skirmishing with) the Nauset. English settlers first settled in Chatham in 1665, and the town was incorporated in 1712, naming it after Chatham, Kent, England. Located at the “elbow” of Cape Cod, the community became a shipping, fishing, and whaling center. Chatham’s early prosperity would leave it with a considerable number of 18th century buildings, whose charm helped it develop into a popular summer resort.

1667 – Of nine Indians who had stolen a cask of liquor, three were sentenced to be whipped and the other six were ordered to pay £10 to John as agent for the colony, in ‘Indian corne, or porke, or feathers.’

1663 to 1672 – Served as a selectman

1666 to 1686 and 1689 to 1691. An assistant to the Governor. The break in his term of service from 1686 to 1689 was caused by the usurpation of Gov. Andros and the cessation of all colonial offices for that period. [Thomas CLARK’s son Nathaniel was Andros’ primary deputy, see CLARK’s page for details.]  His duties in the latter capacity were quite incessant and much more varied than those of a Judge of our present-day courts.

1667 -76 Served as a member Council of War

Apr 1667 – As a result of a menace to the colonies by the French and the ‘Duch,’ there was appointed a council in each town to assist the regular officers and Lt. John was so named for Eastham.

1670 – William Clarke and Edward Gray of Plymouth; Richard Bourne and William Swift of Sandwich; Thomas Hinkley and Thomas HUCKINS of Barnstable; Samuel Sturgis, of Yarmouth and John FREEMAN of Eastham, formed a company to engage and regulate the making and disposing of all the tar made in the colony, at the price of 8 shillings for every small barrel, and 12 shillings for every great barrel, during the full term of 2 years.”**

Jun 1670 –  He and Jonathan SPARROW were a Committee for Eastham to ‘looke after the Minnesters Rate.’

1670 – The Court had ordered that no tar which was made within the colony should be sold outside of it, and that its price for a two-year term should be eight shillings in money for a small barrel containing not less than sixteen gallons, beer measure, or twelve shillings for a ‘great barrell’ and that John should handle all that was made in Eastham. ‘

8 Jul 1671 – At a meeting of the Council of War held at Plymouth, relative to the menace to the colony of King Philip and his followers it was decided to impress a body of one hundred men and ‘forty of our trustiest Indians’ for a campaign against them during the following month and Lt. John was to be second in command under Maj. Josias Winslow. This action was followed on August 23rd by a decision to send letters to the neighboring colonies asking their advice and cooperation and the letter to Massachusetts Bay was sent by the hand of Lt. John.

15 Sep 1673 the Court, with him present as an Assistant, ‘haveing considered the information given concerning the Duch theire actings att New York and places adjacent’ ordered that the ‘troop of horse allowed by the Court shal be sixty, whoe shall have horse pistols, and each of them a carbine, with other acculterments fitt for service’; that volunteers should be encouraged to bring the membership to that number and that in case of attack at any given town, the portion of the personnel of this troop which was resident in a near-by town might, by direction of their local council, hasten to their relief and might even ‘presse horses for their better expedition if they shall see cause.

Jul 1674 – A certain Indian called Hoken was a ‘notoriouse theife’ and was finally put in prison, but broke out and stole a horse on which to escape. The Court, stating the belief , that he ‘will not be reclaimed, but lyeth sherking and lurking about, whereby many persons are greatly in feare and danger of him’ ordered that ‘Leiftenant Freeman or any other magistrate that can light off the said Hoken, that they cause him to be apprehended and sold or sent to Barbadoes, for to satisfy his debts and to free the collonie from so ill a member.’

1675 – Served as captain in the fight against Indians at Taunton.

]In June 1675 Taunton suffered an attack by Indians, in which the houses of James Walker and John Tisdell were burned and the latter was killed. At the same time two soldiers from Eastham, who were on duty there, were killed including Edward BANGS son-in-law John Knowles.  Capt. Freeman whose daughter Mercy  John Knowles brother Samuel  Knowles afterwards married, was in command of the Barnstable County company, and in his report to Governor Winslow, under date of Taunton, 3 Jun 1675, said:

“This morning three of our men are slain close by one of our courts of guard, (two of them, Samuel Atkins and John Knowles, of Eastham); houses are burned in our sight; our men are picked off at every bush.”

Three Indians were tried, 6 Mar. 1676/77, for the murder of John Knowles, John Tisdell, Sr., and Samuel Atkins. The jury found grounds of suspicion against two and acquitted one, but all three were sold into slavery as ‘prisoners of war.’ The sum of £10 was presented by the Colony to ‘Apthya widow of John Knowles lately slain in the service.’ In 1676 Lieut. Jonathan SPARROW and Jonathan Bangs were delegated by the Court to asssist the yound widow in settleing her husband’s affairs. “ The inventory of his estate, taken 8 Mar 1676, included ‘one dwellinghouse and three or four acres of land, and a small parcel of broked sedge and meadow.’

4 Oct 1675 –  As a Captain, was one of a committee to take an account of the charges ‘arising by this psent warr’, meaning King Philip’s War. He also served actively in that campaign and as a result his estate received a grant of land in Narragansett Township No. 7, at what is now Gorham, Maine. This section was not assigned to the heirs of the participants until 1733, or fifty-eight years after the battle occurred, but it finally assured lot No. 34 to the estate of John.  (Gorham Maine is named after our ancestor John Gorham)

1675-6 – While John Freeman and Jonathan SPARROW were members of the council of Eastham their duties included the assignment of men to both watch and ward, to keep garrison and to do scout duty; included also arrangement for the supply, conservation and apportionment of the town’s stock of ammunition and for laying a tax to cover the purchase of the same. ‘Watch’ implied service from sunset to sunrise and ‘ward’ from sunrise to sunset. If anyone who was called for such service failed to appear, he was to be fined five shillings for each failure and a distress warrant therefor levied on his estate; or if he had no property he was ‘to be sett necke and heeles (a punishment described as tying the neck and heels together so as to force the body into a round ball) not exceeding halfe an houre.’ Fines were also specified for those who were tardy in arrival as watchmen or who came without ‘fixed armes and suitable ammunition.’

Jun 1676 –  The Treasurer’s account showed that ‘Capt. Freeman’ owed the Colony £1 for a gun. ‘The suffering and loss occasioned to the colonies by King Philip’s War stirred the sympathies of many people across the water and contributions were made which were apportioned between the colonies, Plymouth receiving a share of over £120.

March 1677 – The Court ordered the ‘destribution of this collonies pte of the contribution made by divers Christians in Ireland for the releiffe of such as are impoverished, destressed, and in nessesitie,’ and named ‘Captain Freeman’ to handle Eastham’s share. Innumerable instances are found where John was called upon to make surveys, to divide land, set bounds, etc.

1677 – A major in the expedition against Indians at Saconet.

June, 1678 –  Taunton still owed the colony certain sums ‘for billetting Captaine Freeman and his men and theire horses’ ‘in the late warr with the Indians,’ ‘likewise to pay for beef which was disposed off when Capt. Freeman was att youer towne, either by Capt. Freeman or any of youer celect men for the releiffe of some of youer poor, whoe were in extreamyty.’

Nov 1679 – Thomas Clark asked £50 damage from him, claiming that John had pulled up a boundary stake by Clark’s land and the jury gave the plaintiff ten shillings and costs to the amount of £3.

Feb 1682-3 – For unseen reason, the Deputy Governor, John Freeman, Jonathan SPARROW, John Doane, and John Miller departed this Court before it was finished, all being members thereof,’ therefore, ‘this Court orders that if att June Court they render not a suffient excusse they shalbe fined according to law.’

2 Jun 1685 – The military companies of Barnstable, Sandwich, Yarmouth, and Eastham were made the 3rd Regiment and John Freeman was commissioned Major Commandant thereof, with other companies added later.

1685 –  Appointed Deputy at Eastham for eight years.

1691 – the town of Eastham mortgaged to him two islands, as security for the payment of L76 which he had advanced as the town’s proportion of the expense of obtaining the new charter from England.

4 Nov 1690 – In order to prevent all possible lawsuits and controversies between those who went whaling, the General Court appointed a ‘viewer’ in each coast town, whose word and record should report all whales killed, or wounded and left at sea, describing the wounds so given with time and place where they occurred. The further requirement was made that when any whale was brought or cast on shore that it should be ‘viewed’ and record made of its injury and the time and place of its landing before any mutilation took place, so that its rightful ownership might be established. If anyone ignored the last ruling, he lost all right to the fish and was fined £10 beside. The viewer received a fee of six shillings for each whale viewed and recorded and had permission to appoint a Deputy if he chose. One who found a drift whale a mile from shore ‘not appearing to be killed by any man’ might claim such by paying ‘an hogshead of oyle to ye county for every such whale.’ Major John held this office of viewer for Eastham in 1690. ‘

7 Dec 1692,- Appointed to the Bench of the Court of Common Pleas after the Union of the Colonies.

An interesting original deed contains, among others, the signatures of Thomas PRENCE, Jonathan SPARROW, and John Freeman. It covered an exchange between Hannah (Prence) Mayo and John Freeman of two pieces of land given them by Thomas Prence who was respectively father and father-in-law of the principals.

The inventory of the estate of Thomas PRENCE taken in Apr 1673 shows a debt of £17 owing to John Freeman and in a codicil dated on 28 Mar 1673, to his will of a year earlier, the former gave to the latter ‘Speeds Cronicle and Wilson’s Dictionary and the abridgement; and Simpsons History of the Church and Newmans Concordance.’ Through a long term of years John was a Deacon of the Eastham Church. He was a large landholder and possessed considerable means.

His will was dated 1 Jun 1716, and a codicil was added on 16 Jun 1718. The document was probated on 10 Nov 1719 and the controversy which had arisen between the heirs was settled by an agreement signed by them on 27 Jan 1719/20. The will gave to Edmond a number of tracts of land and a share of the personal estate. It gave £10 in money to each of the testator’s two grandchildren, Lydia (Freeman) Godfrey and William Freeman, children of his deceased son William, and gave their freedom to his negroes ‘Tobye’ and Bess, with the added gifts of four acres of land, a horse and a cow. The inventory shows a bountiful estate including such items as one hundred sixty-one pounds weight ‘In silver money and Plate.’ The agreement of the heirs includes the name of Israel Doane who had married and who signed in behalf of his wife Ruth Freeman, daughter of Edmond.’

His grave-stone, at Eastham, bears the inscription: ‘Here lies the body of Major John Freeman. Died October ye 28th 1717 in ye 98th year of his age.’ His wife, Mercy, died Sept. 28, 1711, age eighty. There were few men in the colony of his day that bore a better reputation than Major Freeman. He was upright and impartial in all his acts while a public servant, and correct in his religious walks through life.


1. John Freeman

John’s first wife Sarah Merrick was born 1 Aug 1654 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and  Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686). Sarah died 21 Apr 1696 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass of consumption after a long sickness.

John’s second wife Mercy Hedge was born about 1658 in Yarmouth, Mass.  Her father was our ancestor Capt. William HEDGE.   On 4 July 1673 the court at Plymouth Colony; authorized Lt. Thomas Howes of Yarmouth, son of our ancestor Thomas HOWES as Guardian of “Marcye Hedge” [Mercy Hedges].  Mercy first married Elkanah Watson of Plymouth. Elkanah died in a shipwreck off the shore of Boston on Feb 8, 1690. According to Savage, he was drowned in company with the second Edward Doty and his son John, by shipwreck. on the Gurnet’s Nose, in a passage from his Boston home, 8 Feb. 1690.  Mercy died 27 Sep 1721 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass..

Mercy Hedge Watson Freeman Headstone Old Burying Ground Brewster, Barnstable, Mass

John was settled in the north part of Harwich before 1680. He settled upon his father’s land near the meadow eastward of Stoney Brook. He received from his father in 1695 a deed of the land, and buildings standing thereon, together with a large tract adjoining. He was one of the founders of the church in that part of the town October 16, 1700. He was a man of standing and means. He held the office of selectman in 1716 and 1717. He was engaged in agricultural pursuits, and died Jul 27 1721 aged 69 years.

John Freeman Jr Headstone Old Burying Ground Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of John and Sarah:

i. John Freeman b: 3 Sep 1674 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. xxx

ii. Sarah Freeman b: Sep 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 23 Aug 1739 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1695 to Edward Snow (b. 26 Mar 1672 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass – Will proven 20 Sep 1758 Harwich, Mass.) Edward parents were our ancestors Jabez SNOW and Elizabeth SMITH.

iii. John Freeman b: Jul 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 1767 in Rochester, Plymouth, Mass.; m. Mercy Hodge Watson ( b ~ 1680 in Plymouth , Plymouth , Mass. – d. 27 Sep 1721 in Harwich)

John’s daughter Mercy (bapt. 24 Apr 1706 in Harwich) was reprimanded by the Harwich Church

Mercy, Daughter of Mr. John FREEMAN …. made her publick confession …. with expressions of sorrow … asking forgiveness &c. 15 May 1726. Wherupon the chh voted to forgive her, and accept her again into their favor, on condition of future gospell-becoming conversation.

iv. Rebecca Freeman b: 28 Jan 1680 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Nathaniel Freeman b: 17 Mar 1683 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Benjamin Freeman b: Jul 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Mercy Freeman b: 3 Aug 1687 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 7 Jul 1720) – Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m.  Chillingworth Foster

viii. Patience Freeman b: 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ix. Susanna Freeman b: 1691 in Eastham, Massachusetts

x. Mary Freeman b: Abt 1693 in Harwich, Massachusetts

2. Dec. Thomas FREEMAN (See his page)

3. Hannah Freeman

Hannah’s husband John Mayo was born 15 Dec 1652 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass or a little later in Oyster Bay, Nassua, New York..  His parents were   Capt Samuel Mayo (1620 – 1664) and   Tamsen Lumpkin  (1625 – 1709)  John was the first representative to the General Court from Harwich.  John died 1 Feb 1725 in Harwich. Barnstable, Mass.

John Mayo Gravemarker Old Burying Ground Brewster, Barnstable, Mass

John’s grandfather John Mayo (died 1676) was the first minister of Old North Church in Boston also known as Second Church or Paul Revere’s Church. Increase and Cotton Mather took over this church upon his retirement.  This is the Old North Church that was in North Square (across the street from what became Paul Revere’s house) until the church was dismantled and used by the British for firewood during the occupation of Boston during the Revolutionary War.

John Mayo of Northamptonshire, a commoner’s son, was one of 504 students who matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford University in 1615. He came to New England in 1638. In order to travel, the harassed clergy had to disguise themselves and use assumed names. His wife was named Tamsen but we don’t know where or when they were married. John Mayo was in Barnstable by 1639, where he was ordained a minister on April 15, 1640. Governor William Bradford, Thomas Prence, and Captain Myles Standish were in attendance when Mr. John Mayo of Barnstable was admitted as a Freeman by the court of Plymouth on March 3rd in the 13th year of his Majesty’s Reign, 1640. In 1646 he moved to the newly settled town of Nausett (Eastham), where he served as the minister until 1654. While in Boston, he served as an overseer of Harvard College and the Boston Latin School.

In April 1653, John’s father Samuel Mayo together with Peter Wright and William Leveridge bought of Assiapum alias Moheness, an Indian sachem, the land now the village of Oyster Bay on Lond Island. The grantees by endorsement on the deeds gave to seven other persons equal rights with themselves in the land purchased. William Leveridge had been the first pastor of the church in Sandwich, MA and employed Samuel Mayo, who owned the vessel named Desire, to transport his goods to Oyster Bay. This vessel was captured by one Thomas Baxter in Hempstead Harbor under pretense of authority from Rhode Island for intercourse with the Dutch,, but Mayo recovered a judgement 0f £150 against Baxter because of the capture. Mayo was at Oyster Bay for some time. He did not settle, but John was born there.

Hannah Freeman Mayo Headstone

4. Lt. Edmund Freeman

Edmund’s first wife Sarah Merrick was born in15 May 1652 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were William Merrick and Rebecca Tracy.  Sarah died in 1679 or 1680

Edmund’s second wife Sarah Mayo was born 19 Dec 1660 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass.  Her parents were Samuel Mayo and Tamesin Lumpkin.  See her brother John above for the story of her father and grandfather.  Sarah died 5 Mar 1745 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

” [ Edmund] was a man of distinction, and many years selectman of E[astham].” He is referred to as Lieutenant on his tombstone inscription.

Edmund Freeman Headstone Cove Burying Ground Eastham, BarnstableHERE LYES YE BODYOF LIEUT EDMONDFREEMAN DECD FEBRY11TH 1718 IN YE6_RD YEAR OF HIS AGE.

5. Mercy Freeman

Mercy’s husband Samuel Knowles was born 17 Sep 1651 in Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Richard Knowles and Ruth Bowers.  Samuel died 19 Jun 1737 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Samuel’s brother John married Apphia Bangs, daughter of our ancestor Edward BANGS.  John was killed in King Philip’s War and Samuel inherited his property.  Ironically, John was under the command of Samuel’s future father-in-law Capt. John Freeman.

John Knowles was one of nineteen men Eastham furnished for the King Philip war, and was one of the slain, as appears in the action of the colony government in providing for his widow. Freeman (vol. I, p. 280) says, “and provision was especially made for Apphiaj widow of John Knowles, of Eastham, lately slain in the service.” From a note at the foot of p. 366, vol. II, the conclusion is drawn that he was killed near Taunton, June 3d, 1675 (i. e. 3d day, 4th month, O. S.).

“ In June 1675 Taunton suffered an attack by Indians, in which the houses of James Walker and John Tisdell were burned and the latter was killed. At the same time two soldiers from Eastham, who were on duty there, were killed. Capt. John FREEMAN whose daughter Mercy Samuel Knowles afterwards married, was in command of the Barnstable County company, and in his report to Governor Winslow, under date of Taunton, 3 Jun 1675, said:

“This morning three of our men are slain close by one of our courts of guard, (two of them, Samuel Atkins and John Knowles, of Eastham); houses are burned in our sight; our men are picked off at every bush.”

Three Indians were tried, 6 Mar. 1676/77, for the murder of John Knowles, John Tisdell, Sr., and Samuel Atkins. The jury found grounds of suspicion against two and acquitted one, but all three were sold into slavery as ‘prisoners of war.’ The sum of £10 was presented by the Colony to ‘Apthya widow of John Knowles lately slain in the service.’ In 1676 Lieut. Jonathan SPARROW and Jonathan Bangs were delegated by the Court to asssist the yound widow in settleing her husband’s affairs. “ The inventory of his estate, taken 8 Mar 1676, included ‘one dwelling house and three or four acres of land, and a small parcel of broked sedge and meadow.’

His house must have stood on the southern slop of the high land north of the road recently built form the State Road to the Town Landing. At a town meeting held 15 Mar. 1724/25 it was “‘ Voted, to allow Samuel Knowles to fence in the land on the northwest side of his field or land which was formerly his brother John Knowles so far as the fence & ditch which did formerly enclose the said land did formerly stand and no further.’ “ Samuel afterwards had his land, and two town records refer to the road dividing Samuel Knowles’s ‘original land,’ on the east of the road, from the land that was of John Knowles, deceased, on the west of the road.”


6. Patience Freeman

Patience’s husband

Samuel Paine was born in 1652 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Thomas Paine (1611 – 1706) and  Mary Snow (1630 – 1704).  Samuel died 12 Oct 1712 in Eastham Mass.

 7. William Freeman

William’s wife Lydia Sparrow was born 19 Nov 1660 Eastham, MA.  Her parents were our ancestors Capt. Jonathan SPARROW and  Rebecca BANGS. After William died she married Jonathan Higgins after  31 May 1687 Eastham, Mass.  Lydia died 16 Mar 1707/08
Eastham, MA.

William died after only a couple years of marriage before May 31, 1687 when Lydia took out letters of administration of his estate.

KC Higgins questioned Lydia’s identification as Sparrow, by Stanley Smith, as unproven.
Presumably Hannah and Samuel were children by a prior marriage of Jonathan.

“Deacon” Jonathan Higgins left no will and there is nothing on the Probate Records at Barnstable at present to show who his children were, neither are they recorded on the town records. Hence the list of his children has to be conjectural. (from KC Higgins, 1919)

9. Nathaniel Freeman

Nathaniel’s wife Mary Howland was born 23 Dec 1665 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass. Her parents were  Zoeth Howland and Abigail[__?__] Howland of Newport,RI. . Mary died 29 Jan 1743 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

22 Dec 1657 – Mary’s father Zoeth, her grandfather Henry Howland and her great uncle [our ancestor] Arthur HOWLAND, were called before the Plymouth court to answer for entertaining a Quaker, and suffering and inviting sundry to hear said Quaker.  They were fined for using thier homes for Quaker meetings.’   The families of Arthur Howland and his brother  Henry, were two Plymouth families most identified as practicing Quakers. The families ceased attending Plymouth religious services and allowed their homes for the conduct of Quaker meetings.

No marriage record has been found for Nathaniel Freeman. The given name of the mother of his children was Mary, as was the name of his wife of his old age, allowing for the possibility for her to be one and the same individual. [MD 8:91; NEHGR 20:61], [Barnstable Co. PR 8:91], [MFIP Wm Brewseter p.96] “A circumstantial case for the identity of Nathaniel’s wife as Mary Howland, has been proposed for the naming of the grandchildren of Nathaniel and Mary Freeman. Their daughter, Abigail Freeman married Samuel Smith and had a son named Zoeth Smith. Zoeth was an unusual name and was found in relatively few families. A search of the family of Zoeth Howland revealed a daughter Mary, born 1665/66. The age at death of widow Mary Freeman makes it possible for her to be one and the same as Mary Howland.”

Nathaniel served Eastham as a Justice of the Peace in 1707, and town clerk and selectman.  He inherited all his father’s land and housing marsh & meadow in the town of Eastham at a place called Menaskeakett, obtaining it in the estate settlement of 27 Jan 1720.

Nathaniel Freeman Headstone Orleans Cemetery East Orleans,  Barnstable MassHere lies the Body ofNATHANIEL FREEMAN ESQ’Rwho Died in the month ofJanuary 4th 1760in the 91st Yearof his Age

10. Bennett Freeman

Bennett’s husband Deacon John Paine was born 14 Mar 1661 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Thomas Paine (1611 – 1706) and  Mary Snow (1630 – 1704).  

After Bennett died, he married  3 Mar 1718/19 in Eastham to Alice Mayo. John and Alice had four children born between 1721 and 1728.  John died 26 Oct 1731 in Eastham, Mass.

Alice Mayo was born 1685. Her parents were Nathaniel Mayo,(b. 1652) and [__?__] Alice died 12 Oct 1748 Al

Bennett Freeman Paine Headstone Cove Burying Ground Eastham, Barnstable, Mass


John Paine Headstone Orleans Cemetery East Orleans, Barnstable MassInscription:70y 7m 12d

Children of Bennett and John:

i. John Paine b. 18 Sep 1690 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

ii. Mary Paine b. 28 Jan 1693 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 Mar 1770
Eastham; m. 9 Oct 1712 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. to Samuel Freeman (b. 1 Sep 1688 in Eastham – d. 30 May 1751 in Eastham)

iii. William Paine b. 6 Jun 1695 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

iv. Sarah Paine b. 14 Apr 1699 in Eastham, Plymouth, Mass.;

v. Elizabeth Paine b. 2 Jun 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 6 Jul 1772 in Eastham; Burial: Cove Burying Ground, Eastham. m. 27 Oct 1720 in Eastham to Deacon Jabez Snow (b. 22 Jul 1696 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 6 Sep 1760 Eastham)  Jabez’ parents were Jabez Snow and Elizabeth Treat.  His grandparents were our ancestors Jabez SNOW and Elizabeth SMITH.  Elizabeth and Jabez had six children between 1722 and 1740.

v. Theophilus Paine b. 7 Feb 1704 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

vi. Josiah Paine b. 8 Mar 1706 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

vii. Nathaniel Paine b. 18 Nov 1707 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

viii. Rebecca Paine b. 30 Oct 1709 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

ix. Mercy Paine b. 3 Apr 1712 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

x. Benjamin Paine b. 18 May 1714 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.






Posted in 11th Generation, 90+, Historical Monument, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Public Office, Veteran | Tagged , | 22 Comments


27 Jul 1609 – Wreck of the Sea Venture

Stephen HOPKINS was the only Mayflower passenger who had previously been to the New World. His adventures included surviving a the Sea Venture’s 1609 shipwreck [ including being pardoned for mutiny!]  in Bermuda and working from 1610–14 in Jamestown as well as knowing the legendary Pocahontas, who married John Rolfe, a fellow Bermuda castaway. Some Shakespearean scholars believe he was the model for the rogue Stephano in the Tempest.

The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

On Jun  2 1609, the Sea Venture, under the command of Sir George Somers, admiral of the fleet, with Christopher Newport as captain and Sir Thomas Gates, Governor of the colony, departed from Plymouth, England followed by the rest of the Virginia Company’s fleet, the Falcon,DiamondSwallowUnityBlessingLion, and two smaller ships.

Hodges writes,

“For seven weeks the ships stayed within sight of each other, often within earshot, and captains called to one another by way of trumpets. On the Sea Venture all was peaceful. Morning and evening, Chaplain Buck and Clerk Hopkins gathered the passengers and crew on deck for prayers and the singing of a psalm.”

The ships were only eight days from the coast of Virginia, when they were suddenly caught in a hurricane, and the Sea Venture became separated from the rest of the fleet.  The Sea Venture fought the storm for three days. Comparably sized ships had survived such weather, but the Sea Venture had a critical flaw in her newness: her timbers had not set. The caulking was forced from between them, and the ship began to leak rapidly. All hands were applied to bailing, but water continued to rise in the hold. The ship’s guns were reportedly jettisoned (though two were salvaged from the wreck in 1612) to raise her buoyancy, but this only delayed the inevitable.

William Strachey chronicled the Sea Venture’s final days:

“On St. James Day, being Monday, the clouds gathering thick upon us and the wind singing and whistling most unusually, a dreadful storm and hideous began to blow from out the northeast, which, swelling and roaring as it were by fits, at length did beat all night from Heaven; which like a hell of darkness, turned black upon us . . . For four-and-twenty hours the storm in a restless tumult had blown so exceedingly as we could not apprehend in our imaginations any possibility of greater violence; yet did we still find it not only more terrible but more constant, fury added to fury, and one storm urging a second more outrageous than the former . . . It could not be said to rain. The waters like whole rivers did flood in the air. Winds and seas were as mad as fury and rage could make them. Howbeit this was not all. It pleased God to bring greater affliction yet upon us; for in the beginning of the storm we had received likewise a mighty leak.”

Sea Venture in the Storm by William Harrington

Sea Venture in the Storm by William Harrington

The ship had begun to take on water and every man who could be spared went below to plug the leaks and work the pumps. The men worked in waist-deep water for four days and nights, but by Friday morning they were exhausted and gave up.

Another chronicler, Silvester Jourdain, wrote that some of the men,

“having some good and comfortable waters [gin and brandy] in the ship, fetched them and drunk one to the other, taking their last leave one of the other until their more joyful and happy meeting in a more blessed world.”

Then there was a crash and the Sea Venture began to split seam by seam as the water rushed in. Jourdain continues:

“And there neither did our ship sink but, more fortunately in so great a misfortune, fell in between two rocks, where she was fast lodged and locked for further budging; whereby we gained not only sufficient time, with the present help of our boat and skiff, safely to set and convey our men ashore . . . “

The Sea Venture had been thrown upon a reef about a mile from Bermuda, then known as the “Isle of the Devils.” Those who could swim lowered themselves into the waves and grasped wooden boxes, debris, or anything that would keep their heads above water. Stephen made it to shore clutching a barrel of wine. The entire crew, including the ship’s dog, survived.

As it turned out, the Sea Venture did not break apart and the men were able to retrieve the tools, food, clothing, muskets, and everything that meant their survival. Most of the ship’s structure also remained, so using the wreckage and native cedar trees, the 150 castaways immediately set about building two new boats so that they could complete their voyage to Jamestown.

Wreck of the Sea Venture by Christopher Grimes

Wreck of the Sea Venture by Christopher Grimes

The ship’s longboat was fitted with a mast and sent to Virginia for help, but it and its crew were never seen again.

The men were pleasantly surprised to find that the island’s climate was agreeable, food plentiful, and shelters easily constructed from cedar wood and palm leaves. The Isle of the Devils, turned out to be paradise, and a few began to wonder why they should leave.

Strachey recounts that some of the sailors, who had been to Jamestown with the Second Supply, stated that

“in Virginia nothing but wretchedness and labor must be expected, there being neither fish, flesh, or fowl which here at ease and pleasure might be enjoyed.”

The first attempt at mutiny was made by Nicholas Bennit who “made much profession of Scripture” and was described by Strachey as a “mutinous and dissembling Imposter.” Bennit and five other men escaped into the woods, but were captured and banished to one of the distant islands. The banished men soon found that life on the solitary island was not altogether desirable and humbly petitioned for a pardon, which they received. But the clemency of the Governor only encouraged the spirit of mutiny.

William Strachey notes that while Stephen HOPKINS was very religious, he was contentious and defiant of authority and had enough learning to wrest leadership from others. On January 24, while on a break with Samuel Sharpe and Humfrey Reede, Stephen argued:

“. . . it was no breach of honesty, conscience, nor Religion to decline from the obedience of the Governor or refuse to goe any further led by his authority (except it so pleased themselves) since the authority ceased when the wracke was committed, and, with it, they were all then freed from the government of any man . . .[there] were two apparent reasons to stay them even in this place; first, abundance of God’s providence of all manner of good foode; next, some hope in reasonable time, when they might grow weary of the place, to build a small Barke, with the skill and help of the aforesaid Nicholas Bennit, whom they insinuated to them to be of the conspiracy, that so might get cleere from hence at their own pleasures . . . when in Virginia, the first would be assuredly wanting, and they might well feare to be detained in that Countrie by the authority of the Commander thereof, and their whole life to serve the turnes of the Adventurers with their travailes and labors. “

The mutiny was brought to a quick end when Sharpe and Reede reported Stephen to Sir Thomas Gates who immediately put him under guard. That evening, at the tolling of a bell, the entire company assembled and witnessed Stephen’s trial:

“. . . the Prisoner was brought forth in manacles, and both accused, and suffered to make at large, to every particular, his answere; which was onely full of sorrow and teares, pleading simplicity, and deniall. But he being onely found, at this time, both the, Captaine and the follower of this Mutinie, and generally held worthy to satisfie the punishment of his offence, with the sacrifice of his life, our Governour passed the sentence of a Maritiall Court upon him, such as belongs to Mutinie and Rebellion. But so penitent hee was, and made so much moane, alleadging the ruine of his Wife and Children in this his trespasse, as it wrought in the hearts of all the better sorts of the Company, who therefore with humble entreaties, and earnest supplications, went unto our Governor, whom they besought (as likewise did Captaine Newport, and my selfe) and never left him untill we had got his pardon.”

Stephen begged and moaned about the ruin of his wife and children, and was pardoned out of sympathy.  After pleading his way out of a hanging, Stephen continued his duties as Minister’s Clerk and worked quietly with the others to finish the construction of the ships from Bermuda cedar and materials salvaged from the Sea Venture, especially her rigging.

Some members of the expedition died in Bermuda before the Deliverance and the Patienceset sail on 10 May 1610. Among those left buried in Bermuda were the wife and child of John Rolfe, who would found Virginia’s tobacco industry, and find a new wife in Chief Powhatan‘s daughter Matoaka (Pocahontas). Two men, Carter and Waters, were left behind; they had been convicted of unknown offences, and fled into the woods of Bermuda to escape punishment and execution. 

On May 10, 1610, the men boarded the newly built Deliverance and Patience and set out for Virginia. They arrived in Jamestown on May 24, almost a full year after they had left England.

The Tempest 
The story of the Sea Venture shipwreck (and Hopkins’ mutiny) is said to be the inspiration for The Tempest by William Shakespeare. Stephen Hopkins is said to be the model for the character Stephano.

The shipwreck in Act I, Scene 1, in a 1797 engraving based on a painting by George Romney

The shipwreck in Act I, Scene 1, in a 1797 engraving based on a painting by George Romney

22 Jul 1620  – Speedwell
William RING had been aboard the  sister ship to the Mayflower, intending to voyage across the Atlantic in 1620. William was, however, among the passengers who could not fit aboard the Mayflower when the Speedwell was deemed unseaworthy. When the “Speedwell” sailed from Delfthaven on July 22, 1620, William was aboard. At Dartmouth, on August 17th, after leaks forced the ship into port, agent Robert Cushman wrote that “Poor William Ring and myself do strive who shall be meat first for the fishes, but we look for a glorious resurection.” When the “Mayflower” set out alone on September 6th, neither William nor Mary were aboard. William returned to Leiden and died there sometime between 1620 and 1629.  Mary emigrated as a widow 9 years later on the Second Mayflower (see below)

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims' ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. -- Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

The ships shown in this seascape are the approximate size of the Pilgrims’ ill-fated ship, the Speedwell. — Ships in Harbor (Dutch seascape) By Abraham VerWer (1585-1650).

Thomas BLOSSOM (1580 -1633)  began the journey in the Speedwellsister ship of the famous Mayflower, but when the Speedwell had to turn back, Thomas returned to Leiden.  After Pastor Robinson died, in 1625, Thomas Blossom wrote sorrowfully to Governor  William Bradford of this event and of the distress of the church, and strenuous efforts were put forth by the Pilgrim congregation to bring over to America the remainder of the parent Society in Leyden.   Thomas and his family later arrived in Plymouth Colony on the second  Mayflower in 1629.   He was named Deacon of the Church at Plymouth and and was called “a holy man and experienced Saint”.   He died of smallpox in 1633.

Robert CUSHMAN (1578 – 1625)  was a Pilgrim leader and made arrangements for the Leiden congregation to immigrate to North America. He did not complete the initial trip to the New World with the other Pilgrims on board the Mayflower, as the ship he was travelling on, the Speedwell, developed leaks and had to return to England. He instead took the Fortune to the New World the next year.

In 1620, Francis COOKE, his son John, and nephew Philippe de Lannoy boarded Speedwell at Delftshaven. Francis left Hester and their younger children behind to follow when the colony was established. The Leiden Separatists bought the ship in Holland. They then sailed it to Southampton, England to meet the Mayflower, which had been chartered by the merchant investors. In Southampton they joined with other Separatists and the additional colonists hired by the investors.

George Giddings arrived with servants Thomas CARTER 25, Michael Willmson 30, and Elizabeth Morrison 12, cert. from St. Albans, Herts, Eng., came in the Planter April 2, 1635.  Settled at Ipswich; propr.; frm. Sept. 7, 1638

The two ships began the voyage on 5 Aug 1620, but the Speedwell leaked badly and had to return to Dartmouth to be refitted at great expense and time. On the second attempt, the two ships sailed about 100 leagues beyond Land’s End in Cornwall, but the Speedwell was again found to be leaky. Both vessels returned to Plymouth where the Speedwell was sold. It would later be revealed that there was in fact nothing wrong with the ship. The crew had sabotaged it in order to escape the year long commitment of their contract.

1620 – Mayflower –  List of Mayflower Passengers

John CLARK He was the pilot of the Mayflower and while the Pilgrims were exploring Cape Cod and Plymouth Harbor in their shallop, he brought them safely ashore at an Island, which is to this day known as Clark’s Island.  There the Pilgrims celebrated their first Sabbath.  Click for Google Map’s Satellite View of Clark’s Island  .

When the colonists landed at Plymouth, Elder William BREWSTER became the senior elder of the colony, serving as its religious leader and as an adviser to Governor William Bradford. As the only university educated member of the colony, Brewster took the part of the colony’s religious leader until a pastor, Ralph Smith, arrived in 1629.

Stephen HOPKINS  (Wiki),was the only Mayflower passenger who had previously been to the New World.  His adventures  included surviving a the  Sea Venture’s  1609 shipwreck in Bermuda  and working from 1610–14 in Jamestown as well as knowing the legendary Pocahontas, who married John Rolfe, a fellow Bermuda castaway.  Some Shakespearean scholars believe he was the model for the rogue Stephano in the Tempest.

Constance HOPKINS   (Wiki) is the central character in Patricia Clapp’s young adult novel Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth.  It must be a popular book as I found three different cover portraits.

The second daughter of Stephen HOPKINS by his first wife, Mary.   Constance, at the age of fourteen, along with her father and his second wife Elizabeth (Fisher), accompanied by brother Giles, half-sister Damaris as well as two servants   Edward Doty and Edward Lester were passengers on the Mayflower .  Constance married Nicholas SNOW, shortly before the 1627 division of cattle.

Eleven people from the Speedwell (including Francis COOKE and his son John ) boarded the Mayflower, leaving 20 people (including Robert Cushman and Philippe de Lannoy) to return to London while a combined company of 103 continued the voyage. For a third time, the Mayflower headed for the New World. She left Plymouth on September 6, 1620 and entered Cape Cod Harbor on 11 Nov 1620.

At the age of 21, John HOWLAND was employed by John Carver, a Puritan minister who joined with William Bradford in bringing his congregation from Leiden, Netherlands to the New World.  Howland, while formally a servant, was in fact Carver’s assistant in managing the migration.

The arduous voyage very nearly ended his life as he was thrown overboard in turbulent seas, but managed to grab a topsail halyard that was trailing in the water and was hauled back aboard safely.  The following account describing this incidence was written by William Bradford, political leader of the Pilgrim Colony:

“In sundry of these storms the winds were so fierce and the seas so high, as they could not bear a knot of sail, but were forced to hull for divers days together. And in one of them, as they thus lay at hull in a mighty storm, a lusty young man called John Howland, coming upon some occasion above the gratings was, with a seele of the ship, thrown into the sea; but it pleased God that he caught hold of the topsail halyards which hung overboard and ran out at length. Yet he held his hold (though he was sundry fathoms under water) till he was hauled up by the same rope to the brim of the water, and then with boat hook and other means got into the ship again and his life saved. And though he was something ill with it, yet he lived many years after and became a profitable member both in church and commonwealth.”

John Howland was pitched overboard. Painting by Mike Haywood

John TILLEY and his wife Joan embarked on the Mayflower along with their teenage daughter Elizabeth Tilley Howland and John’s brother Edward and his wife Ann. Edward and Ann brought along Ann’s relatives Henry Sampson and Humility Cooper. They left behind their older children, who were married by this time. They arrived at what would become Plymouth in November. John and brother Edward were amongst the men who signed the Mayflower Compact.

Unfortunately, the first winter after their arrival was extremely difficult and a number of the settlers died. Amongst these were John, wife Joan, brother Edward, and sister-in-law Ann. William Bradford reported, “…Edward Tillie, and his wife both dyed soon after their arrivall; and the girle Humility their cousen, was sent for unto Ento England, and dyed ther But the youth Henery Sampson, is still liveing, and is married, & hath .7. children. John Tilley and his wife both dyed, a litle after they came ashore…” This left daughter Elizabeth the only surviving member of the Tilley family in America. The orphan was taken in by John Carver but he and his wife both died that spring. Elizabeth later married John HOWLAND, Carver’s former servant, and became our ancestor.

The Mayflower was originally bound for the mouth of the Hudson River, in land granted in a patent from the Crown to the London Virginia Company. Storms during the crossing, including the one that blew Howland overboard, caused the Mayflower to land farther north, in what is now Massachusetts. This inspired some of the “strangers” to proclaim that since the settlement would not be made in the agreed-upon Virginia territory, they “would use their own liberty; for none had power to command them….” To prevent this, many of the other colonists decided to establish a government and memorialized the event with the drafting of the Mayflower Compact, of which Howland was the 13th of the 41 signers.

1621 – Fortune Master Thomas Barton

Vessels – Fortune – 1. Captain’s Charthouse 2. Quarterdeck 3. Great Cabin 4. Steerage 5. Capstan 6. Main Deck 7. Fo’c’sle 8. The Tiller Flat 9. Beakhead 10. The Tween Decks 11. Anchor Windlass 12. Main Hold

The “Fortune,” a small ship carrying only 35 passengers, left England in July 1621 and didn’t arrive at Plymouth until November 10th of that year. On arrival they found that half the “Mayflower” passengers had not made it through their first winter in Plymouth and had died. The “Fortune” sailed back to England carrying a “cargo of good clapboard as full as she could stow, and two hogsheads of beaver and other skins” which showed the great potential for settling in America, and the hopes of selling this cargo and ensuring future settlement at Plymouth. Unfortunately, before reaching port in England, the ship was stopped by the French who seized the cargo and that intended profit for the small colony back in Plymouth was lost

The Fortune was a much smaller ship than the Mayflower; only some 55 tons compared to 350 tons. The company in England, the Dorchester Company that is, sent the Fortune as a relief ship for the pilgrims. The Mayflower had been expected to return to England filled with valuables from the New World. The company was to have sent another large vessel with supplies the Pilgrims were sure to be in need of. The Fortune however, was too small to carry anything more than what was needed for the journey. As a result, the Pilgrims had to wait to receive any relief.

The Mayflower was kept tied up there all through the first winter to provide shelter. Even then, half the pilgrims died during that first winter of exposure and starvation. Once the cold had gone, the Mayflower set sail for England with her holds empty. This did not make the company happy at all and produced the small relief effort on the Fortune.

The Mayflower journey to Plymouth had been a commercial venture. It was actually the only way the pilgrims could secure passage. They had to agree to work for the company once there, for several years. This they did. They regularly sent portions of their crops back to England.

The Fortune carried only twenty-one passengers. These were not pilgrims themselves. In fact, the company had hired them specifically because they were adventurers. They had agreed to locate treasure and this they would share with the company. The company sent with them, instructions for the pilgrims to follow (which they did). The pilgrims were to house these men, and care for them.

On the return voyage to England, the Fortune left Plymouth empty and traveled south to Jamestown, Va. where it took on cargo (such as it was) for England. On the crossing, the Fortune had been blown off course and found itself in French waters where the French navy captured the unarmed ship and held it and crew captive for several weeks. Once the French realized the English would never pay for their freedom, they took what cargo was aboard and allowed the ship and crew to continue the voyage to England.

This passenger list is based on the 1623 Division of Land, the passenger list compiled by Charles Edward Banks in Planters of the Commonwealth, and by the information found in Eugene Aubrey Stratton’s Plymouth Colony: Its History and its People, 1620-1691.

– Gov. Thomas PRENCE arrived  in Plymouth on 9 Nov 1621, just a few days after the first Thanksgiving. William BASSETT,   William  HILTON Sr. and his brother Edward, Robert CUSHMAN and his son Thomas CUSHMAN (age 14), George ALLEN’s son-in-law Clement Briggs and  Elder William BREWSTER’s son Jonathan were also aboard, .

Jul 1623 – Anne
The Anne and the Little James left London, England with her Master, William Peirce, and arrived in Plymouth June or July of 1623, carrying   forty-two adult passengers, besides children many family members left behind from the Mayflower and The Fortune.

Ann and Little James

Thomas CLARKE brought with him considerable property, especially cattle, and had land allotted to him near Eel River, now Chiltonville.  He has been suggested as son of John Clark, pilot of the Mayflower, who gave his name to Clark’s island, of which he took possession, December 8, 1620.  The Great Migration Begins, states “the hypothesis is very attractive, and was accepted by [Donald Lines] Jacobus, but remains under proven.”
Edward BANGS arrived in Plymouth on with three unnamed family members.
  and William HILTON Jr. and his mother were also passengers on the Anne.

After the Mayflower sailed, Thomas was financial agent at London for the Pilgrims and  continued to orchestrate business affairs in Europe and London for their cause, arranging for the 1622 publication of, and perhaps helping write, Mourt’s Relation. In 1623 George MORTON himself emigrated on the shipAnn to Plymouth Colony with his wife Juliana Carpenter and her sister, Alice Southworth, who was to become the second wife of Governor William Bradford.

Nicholas SNOW arrived in Plymouth on the “Anne” in 1623. He married about  1 Jun 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony to Constance HOPKINS. He was among the first settlers of Eastham, in 1644.

Lt.  Ephraim MORTON was born in 1623 on the Ann on  the passage to Plymouth Colony.

Hester le Mahieu Cooke and their daughters Jane and Elizabeth and son Jacob arrived on the Anne in 1623.

The Little James and the Anne were third and fourth arrivals following the Mayflower and the Fortune.   The Little John  and the Anne arrived at Plymouth a week apart during the summer of 1623 to find a tiny settlement decimated by illness. Its survivors had struggled to endure many hardships, clinging to the beliefs which had led them to America in search of freedom and self-determination. Tensions eased. Friends, family members and other new settlers were welcomed. Much needed provisions were unloaded Governor William Bradford tells of the ship’s arrival in Plymouth :

“About fourteen days after came in this ship, called the Anne, whereof  Mr. William Peirce was master; and about a week or ten days after came in the pinnace which, in foul weather, they lost at sea, a fine, new vessel of about 44 tun, which the Company had built to stay in the country. They brought about 60 persons for the General, some of them being very useful persons and became good members to the body; and some were the wives and children of such as were here already.”

30 Jun 1629  – Lyons’s Whelp The Talbot and the Lion’s Whelp sailed from Gravesend on Saturday, April 25, 1629, at seven o’clock in the morning,  On Tuesday, June 30, Governor Endecott went on board the Talbot, bade the passengers welcome to Salem.

Thomas MINER was onboard, a young man of 21.  His name does not appear  Alternatively, he arrived on the John Winthrop’s flag ship Arabella.

Simon HOYT came to America aboard the Lions Whelp. He landed at Salem in 1628 or 1629, and shortly afterward went to Charlestown, Mass. to live, as one of the first settlers.

Now in this year 1629, a great company of people (The Higginson Fleet) of good rank, zeal, means and quality have made a great stock, and with six good ships in the months of April and May, they set sail from Thames for the Bay of the Massachusetts, otherwise called Charles River.  The fleet consisted of, the George Bonaventure of twenty pieces of ordnance; the Talbot nineteen; the Lion’s Whelp eight; the Mayflower fourteen; the Four sisters fourteen and the Pilgrim four, with 350 men women and children, also 115 head of cattle, as horses, mares, cows and oxen, 41 goats, some conies (rabbits), with all provision for household and apparel, 6 pieces of great ordnance for a fort, with muskets, pikes, corselets, drums, colors, and with all provisions necessary for a plantation for the good of man.”  (The True Travels, Adventures and Observations of Captain John Smith – London 1630)

I found a Journal of the Voyage, kept by Rev. Francis Higginson, London, 1630.  It’s a dramatic tale of sea sickness, whales, gales, icebergs and small pox among the passengers.  However, only one sickly girl and one man already sick of consumption died on the voyag.  “By noon of Friday, they were within three leagues of Cape Ann; and as they sailed along the coast saw “every hill and dale and every island full of gay woods and high trees.  An increased longing for the new world came upon them as they saw the woods and flowers. Saturday night, June 27, they anchored at the old fishing station at Cape Ann. Some of the men went upon the little island in the harbor, and brought back ripe strawberries and gooseberries and sweet single roses. This was the first taste of the fruit of the new land.”

June 1629 – Four Sisters
The Four Sisters, left Gravesend, England April 5, 1629 along with the Higginson Fleet, five other ships, George Bonaventure, Lyon, Lyon’s Whelp, the Mayflower and the Talbot, arriving  in Salem June 1629.

Our ancestors on board include Walter PALMER,  and his children Jonah PALMER and Grace PALMER MINER.  None of Walter Palmer’s children are listed in any known passenger list, nor is the name of his wife.  It is assumed that his wife died before he left England and that his first five children accompanied him.

15 May 1629 – Second Mayflower
Mary Durrant Ring was a member of the Leiden Separatist community.   She arrived in Plymouth as a widow with her daughter Elizabeth RING CLARKE  on the second Mayflower, which sailed from Gravesend in March, and landed at Salem MA.  bringing 35 passengers, several of whom were from the Pilgrim colony which had been living for a number of years in the Netherlands including Thomas BLOSSOM and his family.   This was not the same ship that made the original voyage with the first settlers. This voyage began in May and reached Plymouth in August. This ship also made the crossing from England to America in 1630, 1633, 1634, and 1639. It attempted the trip again in 1641, departing London in October of that year under master John Cole, with 140 passengers bound for Virginia. It never arrived. On Oct 18, 1642 a deposition was made in England regarding the loss.

1630 – Mary and John I

Thomas Lumbert – Mary and John     Left Plymouth, England March 20, 1630 with her unknown Master, arriving in Nantasket Point, now Dorchester, Mass., at the entrance of Boston Harbor on March 20, 1630, two weeks before the Winthrop Fleet arrived.These families and passengers were recruited by the Reverend John White of Dorchester, Dorset. Nearly all of the Mary and John 1630 passengers came from the West Country counties of Somerset, Dorset , Devon, and West Country towns of Dorchester, Bridport, Crewkerne and Exeter.The passengers of the Mary and John 1630 founded one of the first towns in New England, Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1630 and also founded the town of Windsor, Connecticut five years later in 1635Other information says the master was Thomas Chubb, and they landed in Dorchester. “140 passengers, but the list has never been found.”Thomas Lumbert emigrated in 1630 with the Winthrop Fleet on the Mary and John, first settling in Dorcester, Mass.1630 – Winthrop Fleet – A group of eleven sailing ships under the leadership of John Winthrop that carried approximately 700 Puritans plus livestock and provisions from England to New England over the summer of 1630.          Arabella

Winthrop Fleet – Great Migration Mar 1630

John MASTERS, Jane Cox Masters and their children’s names are from the passenger list of the Arbella and from his will.

William CHASE Sr, his wife Mary and son William CHASE Jr. emigrated in 1630 in the Great Migration with Gov Winthrop.

A wealthy group of leaders obtained a Royal Charter in March 1629 for a colony at Massachusetts Bay.  A fleet of five ships departed within the month for New England that included approximately 300 colonists, led by Francis HIGGINSON However, the colony leaders and the bulk of the colonists remained in England for the time being, to plan more thoroughly for the success of the new colony. Later that year, the group who remained in England elected John Winthrop to be Governor of the Fleet and the Colony. Over the ensuing winter, the leaders recruited a large group of Puritan families, representing all manner of skilled labor, to ensure a robust colony.

The total count of passengers is believed to be about seven hundred, and presumed to have included the following people. Financing was by the Mass. Bay Company. The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, theMayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.

The group departed Yarmouth, Isle of Wight on April 8.  Seven hundred men, women, and children were distributed among the ships of the fleet.  Because Edward FITZ RANDOLPH  came from a titled family, perhaps he had passage on the flagship, the “Arbella” with Winthrop himself.  The voyage itself was rather uneventful, the direction and speed of the wind being the main topic in Winthrop’s Journal, as it affected how much progress was made each day. There were a few days of severe weather, and every day was cold. The children were cold and bored, and there is a description of a game played with a rope that helped with both problems. Many were sick during the voyage, but nearly all survived it. The group landed at Salem, Massachusetts on June 12 after nine weeks at sea. The passengers took up residence in Salem, Boston, and the nearby area.

During his voyage aboard the Arbella, Winthrop wrote his famous sermon, “A Model of Christian Charity,” containing the often quoted phrase, “City upon a Hill.” This phrase is used to this day to symbolize certain essential characteristics of the American spirit.

The Winthrop Fleet was a well planned and financed expedition that formed the nucleus of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. However they were not the first settlers of the area. There was an existing settlement at Salem, started in about 1626, populated by a few hundred Puritans, most of whom had arrived in 1629, and who were governed by John Endicott. Winthrop superseded Endicott as Governor of the Colony upon his arrival in 1630.

Winthrop Passenger List

William BEAMSLEY and his wife Anne

Anthony COLBY  to Boston and Salisbury
his wife Mrs. Susanna Haddon

John Dillingham (Rev. Henry DILLINGHAM‘s son) of Bitteswell, Leicestershire to Boston
Mrs. Sarah Dillingham
Sarah Dillingham

Edward FITZRANDOLPH of Sutton in Ashfield, Notts to Scituate

Samuel GRAVES Sr.
Samuel GRAVES Jr.

Possibly Thomas MINER on the Arabella, though the Lyon’s Whelp in 1629  is a better bet

Robert POND of Groton, Suffolk to Boston
Mrs. Mary Pond
John Pond (Robert’s brother) of Groton, Suffolk to Boston

May 1631 – Lyon –  left Bristol, England 5 Feb  1630/31 with her Master, William Peirce, arriving in Salem May 1630/31

The Lyon was famous in the history of the early emigration to Massachusetts, and her Master, William Peirce, was equally noted for his skillful seamanship and his sympathy with the policy of the Puritan leaders. In 1630, 1631, and 1632 she made four voyages hither in quick succession under his command with the regularity and safety of a ferry, and on one of them saved the new settlement from starvation and death by her timely arrival with provisions and anti-scorbutics. The official connection of the Lyon with the Winthrop Fleet is of the same character as related of the Mary and John, as both were doubtless approved by the Governor and Assistants. In his letter of March 28, 1630, to his wife, written from the Arbella, off the Isle of Wight, after noting the sailing of the Mary and John, Winthrop wrote: ‘and the ship which goes from Bristowe (Bristol) carrieth about eighty persons’, This was the Lyon and she probably sailed from that port to accommodate passengers living In the West Counties — Lancashire, Cheshire, Warwick, Gloucestershire, and Somerset.

The date of her departure is not known (probably in March) but her arrival at Salem is reported ‘in the latter part of May’ some time before the Arbella reached that port. The identity of this ship is not established as there were several of her name in existence at that period. In view of her valuable services to the Colony it is to be hoped that the necessary search may be made to fix her home port, previous history, tonnage, and ownership.

Of Captain William Peirce, her Master, more particulars are known. He had sailed to Plymouth in 1623 as Master of the Anne of London, bringing the last lot of passengers to the Pilgrim settlement. He was then a resident of Ratcliffe, parish of Stepney, London, and at that date was about thirty-one years old. He made a voyage to Salem in 1629 as Master of the Mayflower (not the Pilgrim ship) and thereafter he was in constant traffic in passengers and merchandise across the Atlantic. He took up his residence in Boston in 1632 and was admitted freeman 14 May 1634. His wife, Bridget, joined the church 2 Feb 1632/33; perhaps a second wife, as a William Peirce, mariner of Whitechapel, was licensed in 1615 to marry Margaret Gibbs. Whitechapel and Stepney are adjoining parishes. He became a Town and Colony official and was engaged In coastwise shipping thereafter. He compiled an Almanac for New England which was the second issue in 1639 from the Daye press at Cambridge. In 1641 he was killed by the Spaniards while on a voyage to the island of New Providence, Bahamas Group, whither he was taking passengers for settlement.

John PERKINS arrived in Boston 5 Feb 1631 on the first trip of the Lyon after a “very tempestuous voyage.” Roger Williams was one of their fellow passengers.

Rev. Roger Williams, bound for Salem
Mrs. Mary Williams

Mrs. Margaret Winthrop (wife of Governor), bound for Boston
Adam Winthrop
Anne Winthrop
John Winthrop, Jr., of Groton, Suffolk, bound for Boston

John Perkins, of Hilmorton, Warwick, bound for Boston
Mrs. Judith Perkins
John Perkins
Elizabeth Perkins
Mary Perkins
Thomas Perkins
Jacob Perkins

1632 – William & Francis
Shortly after the death of her husband, Deborah Bachiler emigrated from England to New England with her father, Stephen BACHILER,  his wife, Helena Mason Bachiler and her four sons.

16 Sep 1632 – Lyon (4)

There were Four Lyon trips: 1630, 1631, 1632, 1632. The Lyon hit a reef April 10, 1633 (Peirce was ‘driving’) and it sunk, replaced by the Rebecca, built in the colonies.

Sailed from London June 22, 1632, arriving in Boston September 14/16, 1632. The master, William Pierce, brought 123 passengers.

“He brought one hundred and twenty three passengers, whereof fifty children, all in health. They had been twelve weeks aboard and eight weeks from Land’s End.”

John BENJAMIN arrived with his family in Boston Harbor, Sunday evening, 16 Sep 1632, on board the Lion, after a voyage of twelve weeks, being eight weeks from Lands End.  William Peirce, Master, sailed from London June 22.   ‘He brought one hundred and twenty three passengers, whereof fifty children, all in health.   His brother, Richard Benjamin, came with him on the Lion and settled in Southold, Long Island.

BROWNE, John and wife Dorothy, children Mary, John [Jr.], James and William
(From Hawkedon, Suffolk, bound for Watertown. Ref: Bond 124. 36 pg 15

Benjamin, John of Heathfield, Sussex and wife Abigail (From Haethfield, Sussex, bound for Cambridge and Watertown. Ref: Banks Mss. 36 pg 171. Listed with a Richard Benjamin.

15 Jun 1633 – Elizabeth Bonaventure 

John Graves, Master, left Yarmouth, Norfolk, the first week in May and arrived at Boston on June 15, 1633 with ninety five passengers. The ship sailed into the small harbor called Bare Cove, so called because only the bare flats could be seen at low tide. They stopped in Charlestown for a time, and then received permission to scout out a place for their new town Hingham.  Included on board were 14 men and women  from from Hingham, Norfolk, England who together founded Hingham, Mass.

Edmund HOBART  of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Margaret Hobart,  Nazareth, Edmond,  Thomas, Joshua, Rebecca,Elizabeth, and Sarah

Henry Gibbs of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Ralph SMYTH of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Nicholas Jacob of Hingham, Norfolk to Watertown  with Mrs. Mary, Jacob, John, Jacob,  Mary and Jacob

Thomas Chubbock  of Hardingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Alice Chubbock, Sarah and Rebecca

Mrs. Elishua Crowe  to  Charlestown

Simon Huntington   of Norwich, Norfolk to  Roxbury  with Mrs. Margaret Huntington, Christopher, Anne, Simon,  and Thomas.

The Elizabeth Bonaventure was a very famous name for a ship, because it was the name of a warship that Sir Frances Drake used as his flagship on at least a couple of his expeditions including the 1587 attack on Cadiz which destroyed much of the armada that was massing to attack England. That attack was delayed and occurred the next year.  A year later it was part of the fleet to face the Spanish Armada.  It was also involved in the rescue of the lost Colony of Roanoke that was under attack. The fate of the vessel is not known.

This may not be the same vessel that brought the Hobarts and Ralph Smyth over, but there is no other record of this vessel under the command of Captain John Graves. There where ninety-five passengers on board for that voyage. It was a fast trip for a ship of that time, and reflected the advancements in ship building that was common in English warships, and being copied by other countries. By 1633 it would have been over seventy years old, but on the other hand there aren’t records about the retirement or loss of the warship by that name, and famous ships can often live longer because of the pride in that vessel’s history.

24 Mar 1634 – Mary & John II
Left Southampton, England on 24 March 1634 with her Master, Robert Sayres, and arrived at Boston, MA on 24 May 1634.

Stephen JORDAN sailed with his family sailed for America on the ship “Mary and John“.  Stephen took the oath of supremacy and allegiance on 24 Mar 1633/34, a necessary act in order to sail.

Robert CROSS sailed from Ipswich, England to Ipswich, Massachusetts on the “John & Mary” in 1634.He met Anna Jordan on board and married her 20 Aug 1635 in Ipswich Mass.

William CLARKE left England on the ship ‘Mary and Jane’, which sailed from London on March 24, 1633, arriving in New England in June of that year.

William COLLIER –  William was a London merchant, a member of Worshipful Company of Grocers  and the Company of Merchant Adventurers  and helped finance the Leiden Separatists in founding Plymouth Colony.  After the partnership between the Pilgrims and the Adventurers was terminated, he came to Plymouth himself, sailing with four daughters (Sarah, Rebecca, Mary and Elizabeth) .

Francis Kirby, in his letter to his friend John Winthrop, Jr., writes, “I hope you have received the goods I shipped in the Mary & John per Mr. Collier, wherin I sent all the things you wrote for but sope ashes & old musket barreles, which were not to be had;”

James Shirley, too, stated, 24 June 1633, that his last letter was “sente in ye Mary & John by Mr William Collier,” etc.

30 April 1634 – Francis
Capt. John CUTTING (1593 – 1659) was a “Master” mariner; the first record shows him in command of the ship “Francis” of Ipswich, England which set sail the last of April 1634 with some eighty passengers aboard.

Passengers include  Robert PEASE Jr. Robert was accompanied by his brother John, his eldest son Robert PEASE – The Former, a Miss Clark, aged fifteen, who was the daughter of a fellow passenger, and a Miss Greene, aged fifteen, perhaps a servant. Robert Pease’s second son John PEASE may have been aboard as well.

The Francis left Ipswich, Suffolk, England mid (30th) April1634 with her master, John Cutting, arriving in Massachusetts Bay.

30 April 1634. Passengers of the Francis of Ipswich, Mr. John CUTTING, captain, bound for New England (landed at Plymouth or Boston, MA): from the Public Record Office, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU, England)

04 Feb 1634 Henry Dade writes from Ipswitch to the Archbishop of Canterbury that the Francis and the Elizabeth with 60 men in each intend to sail for New England on about March 10 and he supposes they are debtors or persons disaffected with the established church. Note: These ships and nine others bound for New England were stayed but on 28 Feb allowed to proceed on condition that the passengers took the oath opf allegiance. Colham pg 111.

12 Nov 1634: John CUTTING and William Andrews pray to be released from bonds of presentation of certificates, enclosing that passangers of the 30 May 1634 Francis and 30 May 1634 Elizabeth did not take the oaths.

21 Jan 1635: John CUTTINGE, Master of the Francis and William Andrewes, Master of the Elizabeth, both of Ipswitch, have brought a list of all the passengers that went in their ships to New England in April 1634 with certificates of their having taken the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance.

30 Apr 1634: Passengers from Ipswitch by the Francis of Ipswitch, Mr. John CUTTING, bound for New England: Coldham pg 114 list

1634 – Elizabeth Dorcas
Edward BOSWORTH,  emigrated to Hingham Mass in 1634 who with his wife Mary had with them their sons…a daughter Mary, and her husband William BUCKLAND .  They sailed on the ship Elizabeth Dorcas, which was detained at Gravesend, Eng., from 22 Feb 1634, until early spring, while it was ascertained that all passengers had secured the necessary paper work for immigration. The ship had many deaths, both among the passengers and animals. One of those who survived the trip was Edward, but he died in Boston Harbor on arrival.” Though dying, he asked to be carried up to the deck so he might see the land to which he was bringing his wife, two younger sons, and daughter and her husband. After seeing land, he died, was carried ashore, and was buried in Boston.

Edward had borrowed money from Henry Sewall to pay the passage over to New England for his family. His wife was left penniless and was helped by the town. The money was a loan and the amount was about 100 pounds. The debts were assumed by the three sons and the son-in-law, William Buckland, who had married Mary Bosworth. Jonathan, 22, Benjamin, 20, and Nathaniel, not quite 18 years old, each paid about 20 pounds of the debt.

30 Apr 1634 – Elizabeth–  left Ipswich, Suffolk, England mid April of 1634 with her master, William Andrewes (Andres), arriving in Massachusetts Bay.

04 Feb 1634 Henry Dade writes from Ipswitch to the Archbishop of Canterbury that the Francis and the Elizabeth with 60 men in each intend to sail for New England on about March 10 and he supposes they are debtors or persons disaffected with the established church. Note: These ships and nine others bound for New England were stayed but on 28 Feb allowed to proceed on condition that the passengers took the oath opf allegiance. Colham pg 111.

12 Nov 1634: John CUTTING and William Andrews pray to be released from bonds of presentation of certificates, enclosing that passangers of the 30 May 1634 Francis and 30 May 1634 Elizabeth did not take the oaths.

21 Jan 1635:  John CUTTINGE, Master of the Francis and William Andrewes, Master of the Elizabeth, both of Ipswitch, have brought a list of all the passengers that went in their ships to New England in April 1634 with certificates of their having taken the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance.

Passenger List

Richard WOODWARD his wife  Rose Stewart  and their sons George WOODWARD and John emigrated  on the Elizabeth in 1634.

Woodward Richard 45, miller #3
From Suffolk, bound for Watertown. 36 pg 166
Woodward Rose 50, wife of Richard #4
Woodward George 13, #57
Woodward John 13, #58

Sailing from Ipswich,  Richard KIMBALL emigrated to New England with his wife, seven of their children including John KIMBALL, Ursula’s mother and brother Thomas Scott and his family, and Henry Kemball (probably Richard’s brother) and his family.  The crossing took almost three months and they landed in Boston.   “A Note of all the names and ages of all those which did not take the Oath of Allegiance or Supremacy being vnder age shipped in or Port. In the Elizabeth of Ipswich Mr Willia(m) Andrew(e)s  Master bound for new England the last of Aprill 1634.” (listed in “Planters” as with Richard Kimball)
Kemball Henry 44, from Rattlesden, Suffolk #13
From Rattlesden, Suffolk, bound for Watertown. 36 pg 159
Kemball Susan 35, wife of Henry #14
Kemball Elizabeth 9, child of Henry #74
Kemball Susan 7, child of Henry #75
Kemball Richard 39, from Rattlesden, Suffolk #15
Born 1595, from Rattlesden, Suffolk, bound for Watertown, Ipswitch. Ref: NEGR 57/331. 36 pg 159
Kemball Ursula unk age, wife of Richard #16
Kemball Henry 15, child of Richard #77
Kemball Richard 11, child of Richard #78
Kemball Mary 9, child of Richard #79
Kemball Martha 5, child of Richard #80
Kemball John 3, child of Richard #81
Kemball Thomas 1, child of Richard #82
Kemball Elizabeth 13, Thurston Raynor’s step daughter #69
Martha WHATLOCK SCOTT , widow of Henry SCOTT emigrated to New England with her daughter Ursula, son-in-law Richard Kimball and their seven children, son Thomas and his family, and Henry Kemball (probably Richard’s brother) and his family. .

Thomas SCOTT            40  from Rattlesden Suffolk, bound for Ipswich
SKOTT, Elizabeth          40  Wife of Thomas
SKOTT, Elizabeth            9      with Thomas Scott
Skott, Abigail               7      with Thomas Scott
Skott, Thomas             6      with Thomas Scott…
These took the Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy.  Ipswich Customhouse, 12 Nov12 1634.
…Skott, Thomas     40   from Rattlesden, Suffolk,  bound for Cambridge
(wife) Elizabeth       40
Kemball, Henery      44  from Rattlesden, Suffolk,   bound for Watertown
(wife) Susan            35
Kemball, Richard 39  from Rattlesden, Suffolk,  bound for Watertown
(wife) Ursula [blank]…
…Scott, Martha       60      (listed in “Planters” as with Thomas Scott)…

John Kimball’s future wife, Mary Bradstreet and future in-laws, Humphrey and Bridget BRADSTREET were on this same voyage.
Bradstreet Humphrey 40, from Capel Saint Mary, Suffolk #29
Bradstreet Bridget 30, wife of Humphrey #30
Bradstreet Anna 9, #89
Bradstreet John 3, #90
Bradstreet Martha 2, #91
Bradstreet Mary 1, #92

18 Sep 1634 – Griffin Left England Aug 1, 1634 with her master, ?, arriving in September 18, 1634,  at Boston with about one hundred passengers and cattle for the plantations.

Passenger List
Lothrope John Reverand
Lothrop Mrs, wife
Lothrop Thomas, son
Lothrop Samuel, son
Lothrop Joseph, son
Lothrop John, son
Lothrop Benjamin, son
Lothrop Jane, daughter
Lothrop Barbara, daughter

Rev.  John LATHROP brought The Lothrop Bible with him  on his trip to America in During the voyage, while at evening devotions, he spilled hot candle wax on the open book which burned through several pages, causing holes about the size of a shilling. Before landing, he carefully repaired most of the damaged paper and filled in the missing text from memory. A few of the holes in the pages remain.

Lothrop Bible

Richard SCOTT was born 9 Sep 1605 probably in Clemsford, Suffolk, England. He married Katherine MARBURY on 7 Jun 1632 in England.  They emigrated in 1634 on the “Griffin” and was admitted to the church at Boston, 28 Aug 1634

1635 – Increase
The Increase left London, England April 1635 with her master, Robert Lea, arriving in Massachusetts Bay.

It is said by some Warner genealogists  William WARNER and three children sailed on the ship,”Increase” I just see William’s son John listed , perhaps as a servant of Matthew Marvyn.

April 15, 1635 – Certificate source not given.

#49 Marvynn Matthew 35, husbandman ((Marvin, Matthew and Reginald, from Bentley Magna, Essex, bound for Hartford.)
50 Marvyn Elizabeth 31, wife of Matthew
51 Marvyn Elizabeth 31, sister or duplicate
52 Marvyn Matthew 8, child of Matthew
53 Marvyn Marie 6, child of Matthew
54 Marvyn Sara 3, child of Matthew
55 Marvyn Hanna 1/2 , child of Matthew
56 Warner Jo, 20, listed below Marvyns  (John from Boxted, Essex, bound for Ipswich).
57 More Issac 13, listed below Marvyns ((From Boxted, Essex, bound for Windsor)

William PAYNE‘s son William (1598 – 1660) and daughter Dorothy Ayres (1598 – ) were on the same ship

#69 Payne William 22, husbandman  (should be age 42, Anna’s  age is right)
70 Payne Anna 40, wife of William
71 Payne William 10, child of William
72 Payne Anna 5, child of William
73 Payne Jo. 3, child of William
74 Payne Daniel 8 wks, child of William
75 Bitton James 27
76 Potter William 25
77 Wood Elizabeth 38
78 Beardes Elizabeth 24
79 Payne Susan 11

#32 Ayres Symon 48, chirurgion [(archaic) a surgeon]
#94 (From Laverham, Suffolk, bound for Watertown. Ref: NEGR 69/250 36 pg 157) Ayres Dorothy 38, wife of Symon
#95 Ayres Marie 15, child of Symon
#96 Ayres Thomas 13, child of Symon
#97 Ayres Symon 11, child of Symon
#98 Ayres Rebecca 9, child of Symon
#99 Ayres Christian 7, child of Symon
#108 Ayres Anna 5, child of Symon
#109 Ayres Benjamin 3, child of Symon
#110 Ayres Sara 3 mos, child of Symon

2 Apr 1635 – Planter
Nicholas Trerice, Master. She sailed from London 2 Apr 1635 and arrived at Boston on Sunday, 7 Jun 1635.

“22 Mareij 1634. Theis under written names are to be imbarqued in ye Planter Nico.Trarice Mr bound for New England p Certificate from Stepney pish, and Attestacon from St Tho: Jay, Mr Simon Muskett 2 Justices of the Peace. the Men have taken the oaths of Supremacie & Allegeance”

The Planter, under Master Nicholas Trerice/Travice, the Planter sailed from London April 2 or 11, 1635, arriving at Boston June 7, 1635. Hotten has Nico Trarice for the master.

Francis BAKER immigrated from England  landing in Boston April 2 1635. He was described as a tailor (Hotten Ship List par. 45) and brought with him a certificate from the minister at Great St. Albans, Herfordshire, England, his last place of residence.  From Winthrop Society: Passanger on Planter: Francis Baker, Tailor, Age: 24, Date of Record: 1 Apr 1635, Note: Swore oath at St Albans, Herts, Roll #: 45

Thomas JEWELL is listed as “Jewell (Jernell), Thomas 27, miller”

5 Apr 1635 – James– William Cooper Master

The James left London, England April 6, 1635 with her master, William Cooper, arriving in Boston on 3 June 1635.    Fifty-three men (plus women and children) embarked at Southampton in the James of London.

Edmund HAWES, cutler, late of London,” was included in the passenger list of the James, about to sail from Southampton

Thomas COLEMAN of Marlborough, Wiltshire, bound for Newbury and Nantucket   His wife,  Susan Raulines also made the trip.

Anthony MORSE,shoemaker of Marlborough, Wiltshire, his wife Mary Cox their daughter Ann MORSE THURLOW were also on this voyage.  Anthony’s brother William, was also aboard also listed as a shoemaker.
The manifest of the ship “James” shows only “Thomas BROWN – Weaver”. It is assumed that his wife Mary Healy and their first born child, Francis BROWN, age 2, was with him on this journey.  The manifest of the ship “James” actually reflected two entries for “Thomas Brown-Weaver”. The second entry noted him as being a servant of one Thomas Antram “returning to New England.”  As the name “Thomas Antram” does not appear in other records, there is some doubt as to the viability of our Thomas Brown being “a servant of Thomas Antram”.

Edward WOODMAN and his half-brother, Archelaus Woodman, arrived in Newbury aboard the “James”  or he came on the “Abigail” a few weeks later.   The passenger list for the Abigail shows a Richard Woodman.  The passenger list for the James shows a Hercules Woodman.

14 Apr 1635 – Susan and Ellen

John PROCTOR 40 sailed on the Susan and Ellen which left London on 14 April 1635 with her master, Edward Payne, arriving in Massachusetts Bay  on 9 May 1635.with his wife Martha Harper 28,  and two children, Marie, aged 1, and 3-year-old John, Jr.  John was listed first on the roll as Husbandman #1.

May 1635 – Elizabeth and Ann
The “Elizabeth and Ann” left London, England, arriving in Massachusetts Bay. Registration was open between May 6 -14 1635. Her master was Robert Cooper. (sometimes Cowper)

The following roll is from her departure point, not necessarily who landed.  Passengers embarked in the Elizabeth and Ann, Mr. Roger Cooper, bound [from London] to New England. Coldham pages 135-136

#54 Courser William 26, shoemaker… William COUSER, of Boston, supposed to have been the first of the name in this country, was born Aug., 1609 in England.  He married Joanna [__?__] before 1638 in Boston, Mass.

#87 Holloway Jo. 21  – Joseph HOLLOWAY (Holly)

8 May 1635 – Hopewell
Edmund MARSHALL emigrated on the Hopewell.  John Driver, master, sailed from Weymouth in Dorsetshire, England, May 8, 1635. The ship’s passenger list names 18 men, but does not list their wives, children or servants.

Robert TITUS , his wife Hannah and their two children, John TITUS and Edmond  sailed from London on April 3rd, 1635 on board the Hopewell.

Elder John STRONG sailed in on the Hopewell, Master John Driver from Weymouth, Dorsetshire, England on 8 May 1635.with his wife and their two children:  John Jr age 2 and an infant plus John’s sister Eleanor age 22.

4 Jun 1635 – Abigail under Captain Robert Hackwell left London in mid-July.

John HOUGHTON traveled with the  family of Ralph Shepherd
Houghton, Jo. 4 #25 (John from Eaton Bray, Bedfordshire to Deham, Mass, Ref: Pope. 36
Sheppard Ralph 29, #119
Sheppard Thanks 23, wife of Ralph #120
Sheppard Sara 2, child of Ralph #121

xxth June,, 1635

In the Abbigall de Lond. Hackwell bnd. fro New England p’r Cert. Fro of his Conformitie from Justices of Peace and minister Eaton Bray In Com. Bedford.

Joh: Houghton 4

Edmond FREEMAN along with his wife Elizabeth and children including Maj. John FREEMAN were among the passengers. John was  listed as eight years old on the Customs House rolls. Edmond’s brother John also made the trip with his family.  There were a lot of Freemans on board the Abigail .  Identified relatives are highlighted.  During the crossing an epidemic of smallpox broke out on shipboard. They arrived in Boston on 8 October 1635 .
Freeman John 35, #45
Freeman Marie 50, #58
Freeman Jo: 9, #59
Freeman Sycillie 4, #60
Freeman Thomas 24, #91
Freeman Edmund 45, #107
Freeman Edward 34, husbandman #135
Freeman Elizabeth 35, wife of Edward #136
Freeman Elizabeth 12, #149
Freeman Alice 17, #150
Freeman Edmund 15, #152
Freeman John 8, #153

17 Junij, 1635 Theis under written names are to be transported to New England, imbarqued in the Abigall, Robert Hackwell Mr. P’r Cert. From the minister and Justices of Peace of their Conformitie, being no Subsedy men. The have taken the oaths of Alleg: and Supremacy being all Husbandmen:

Jno. ffreeman 35
Marie ffreeman 50
Jo: ffreeman 9
Sycillie ffreeman 4

Elizabeth EPPS, daughter of Daniel EPPS and Martha READE later the wife of  James CHUTE Sr  sailed on the Abigail in the care of the Winthrop family.

Wynthropp John 27, #169 (the Younger)
Wynthropp Elizabeth 19, #170
Wynthropp Deane 11, #171
Goade Thomas 15, #172
EPPS Elizabeth 13, #173

Martha Reade was born on 13 July 1602 at Wickford, Essex, England. She was the daughter of Col. Edmund READE and Elizabeth COOKE. She married Daniel EPPS before 1622 in Wickford, Essex, England. After Daniel’s death, she married George Samuel Symonds in 1637. It was probably as wife of Symonds that the combined Epps-Symonds family emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Also in this extended family are Martha Read’s two sisters. Her sister Elizabeth maried  John Winthrop, Jr., the son of Governor Winthrop, and one of the founders of Ipswich. Martha died in 1662 at Ipswich, Mass.

Family history says her other sister Mrs. Margaret Lake, with her daughters Hannah and Martha, accompanied her sister Elizabeth (Read) Winthrop, the new wife of Gov. John Winthrop, Jr., who returned to America in this ship with commissions from Lord’s Say, Brook and others. She left a son in England who never came to America.   I don’t see any of the Lakes on the manifest, however Harry and Henry Vane , soon to be Governor of Massachusetts was also traveling with the Winthrops and were not on the manifest either.

In 1631 [John Winthrop] followed his father to Massachusetts Bay and was one of the “assistants” of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635, 1640 and 1641, and from 1644 to 1649. He was the chief founder of Agawam (now Ipswich, Massachusetts) in 1633, went to England in 1634, and in the following year returned as governor of the lands granted to the Lords Say and Sele and Brooke,[1] sending out the party which built the fort at Saybrook at the mouth of the Connecticut River..

1635 – Assurance
In “The Original Lists of Person of Quality; 1600-1700″ there is a Nicholas JACKSON, age 22 on the Assurance emigrating from London to America, July 24, 1635

8 Oct 1635 – Defense left London, England late July 1635 with her master, Edward Bostocke, arriving in Massachusetts Bay October 8th.

John GOULD from Towchester, Northamptonshire, England, arriving at Boston October 8. John is listed as “25, of Towcester, county Northants”, bound for Charlestown. With him is Mrs. Grace Gould, also 25.

William REEDE , his wife Mabel, 30; George, 6; Ralph, 5; and Justus (later Abigail Justice Reed WYMAN), 18 months

Late Nov 1635 – Truelove left London, England Sept 1635 with her master, John Gibbs, arriving in Massachusetts Bay.  Passenger count was listed as 66, but there are 67 names listed. This information was transcribed in the 19th century by James Savage from records found in London, at the Augmentation Office, Rolls Court, Westminster.

“xix Sept 1635 Theis under-written names are to be transported to New england imbarqued in the Truelove Jo: Gibbs Mr, the Men have taken the oaths of Alleg: & Suprem.”

Tomkins, Ralph 50 #29 (Ralph TOMPKINS)
TOMPKINS, Katherine 58, wife #30
Tomkins, Elizabeth 18 #31
Tomkins, Marie 14 #32 (later to marry  John FOSTER Sr.)
Tomkins, Sammuel 22 #33

1636 – Arms of Rensselaerswyck
Albert Andriese BRADT was born 26 Aug 1607 in Fredrikstad, Smaalenenes (now Otsfold, Norway). In America he was known as “de Noorman” which meant “of Norway”.  He was listed as a 24 year old sailor when he married Annatje Barentse Van Rotmers  on 11 Apr 1632 at the Oude Kerke, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

1636 – Expedition
Richard PRATT emigrated on the “Expedition“, arriving in Malden, Mass about 1636.

15 May 1637 – Mary Anne

Instead of taking passage on another ship, Thomas Payne (1586 – 1639) bought the vessel Mary Anne.  He invited other Puritans to join him for the passage and engaged Mr. William Goose to be the Master.   Thomas was the grandson of our ancestor William PAYNE Sr.    Thomas’ cousin William PAYNE (1565 – 1648) didn’t immigrated, but he had six children who did.  It was relatively rare for the English gentry to participate in the Great Migration.  So far I’ve only identified 22 immigrants who  had family crests at the time, out of more than 400 immigrants in all. (See my tag  Immigrant Coat of Arms)  Since it’s rare, I’ve had a fun time tracing the Payne family estates and their Tudor era friends.  Ironically, many of the Payne family associates were Roman Catholic Recusants.   While seemingly opposite, both groups defied religious authority.    See William PAYNE Sr.’s page for details.

Descendants of Thomas Payne

Source: Descendants of Thomas Payne

Thomas Payne 11
Thomas Payne 12

Thomas Payne 13
Thomas Payne 14
Elizabeth GOODALE came to  Newbury, Mass on the Mary Anne in 1637. With her came her children Ann, Susanna & her husband Abraham Toppan two children and a maid, Joanna and Elizabeth.

Austin KILHAM and his family sailed from England on the ship Mary Anne for New England  on 15 May  1637 out of Ipswich, England.  She did not land in Salem, MA, but in Boston on 20 Jun 1637. William Goose was the master. Many people assume the ship went to Salem because Austin’s examination record show him as “being desirous to goe to Salem in New England”.  Kilham doesn’t appear in the above list, but his name does appear in “Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England 1620 – 1650” by Charles Edwards Banks, Edited and Indexed by Elijah Ellsworth Brownell, 1957

May 1637 – Friendship
John CHIPMAN was 17 when he came to New England in May, 1637, in the service of his cousin Mr. Richard Derby, who settled in Plymouth. Some records say in the month of July and aboard the ship ‘Friendship‘. However, no ships roster or other authoritative document has yet come to light confirming this report.

29 Sep 1637 – John & Dorothy of Ispwich and The Rose of Yarmouth, 1637

A small parchment volume (also in the Rolls Office) labelled on the cover”T G 27.299 A. D, 1637—13 Car. I” is occupied with a record of persons”desirous to pass beyond seas.” Its upper right hand corner has been destroyed, by which much of the record is gone. What is not destroyed of the title of the volume is “A Register of the … of such persons a … and upwards and have … to passe into formigne partes … March 1637 to the 29th day of Septe… by verts of a commission granted to Mr Thomas Mayhew gentleman.” ” These people went to New England with William Andrews of Ipswich, Mr of the John and Dorothay of Ipswich, and with William Andrewes his Sons Mr of the Rose of Yarmouth.

8 Apr 1637 – The Register of persons about to pass in forraigne part on the ships John & Dorothy, and The Rose
Michael METCALF Sr, The examination of  Michill Metcalf, of Norwich, dornixweaver, aged 45 years, and Sarrah, his wife, aged 39 years, with 8 children, Michill [Michael METCALF Jr.], Thomas, Marey, Sarrah, Elizabeth, Martha, Joane, and Rebecca, and his servant Thomas Cumberbach, aged 16 years. Are desirous to pass to Boston in New England, to inhabitt.

Metcalfe Michill Norwich, Dornix weaver 45 boston in New England
Metcalfe Sarrah wife 39 boston in New England
Metcalfe Michill child boston in New England
Metcalfe Thomas child boston in New England
Metcalfe Marey child boston in New England
Metcalfe Sarah child boston in New England Arpill 8th 1637
Metcalfe Elizabeth child boston in New England
Metcalfe Martha child boston in New England
Metcalfe Joane child boston in New England
Metcalfe Rebecca child boston in New England
Cumberbach Thomas servant 16 boston in New England

1637 – Sparrow Hawk crashed upon reaching New England.  Matthew BECKWITH swam ashore.   After a query from a reader, I found the Sparrow Hawk actually crashed in 1626 when Matthew would have been only 16 years old.  Here’s a book on the subject.

1637 – Hercules
Thomas CALL
  and his nephew Philip CALL I arrived in America 1637 on “Hercules” to Charlestown, MA. To Malden in 1649. Being of Faversham, County Kent, Eng. embarked 1636 with wife and 3 children.

Joseph BATCHELLER immigrated to America in 1636  on the ship “Hercules“. with his wife, son Mark, three servants and brothers Henry, John and Daniel. He was listed as a tailor on the roll of persons who made the passage from Sandwich for the American plantations.

11 Apr 1638 – The Confidence
Robert RING
 (1614 – 1691)  sailed  on The Confidence from Southampton April 11, 1638 or April 24, with Master John Gibson, and 84 passengers.  He was a servant of John Sanders bound for Salisbury, Mass.  He returned to England about 1643 and married Elizabeth JARVIS there before 1649.

Spring 1638 –  Den Dolphyn
Barent Jacobsen KOOL sailed on the ship Den Dolphyn to New Amsterdam in early 1638 with his father-in-law, Leendert Arentsen DeGrauw. It is presumed that his wife and her brothers and sisters were also on board. On April 19, 1638, the crew of the Den Dolphyn made a formal complaint to the provincial secretary about how the ship leaked during the voyage and that the captain had not provided enough food for the passengers. Barent and DeGrauw testified that several children belonging to Jan Schepmoes and his wife didn’t receive enough food.

Leendert Arentsen De GRAUW immigrated on 7 Sep 1637 from Amsterdam to New Amsterdam with wife Leuntje Janje LYDECKER and children on the Dolphin.

1638 – Abigail
Richard ORMSBY came from the Parish of Ellsworth, Cambridgeshire, England, to York, Maine, in 1638 on the ship  “Abigail”.

1638 – John of London 
Richard THURLOW , his wife Jane and their children Francis THURLOW , Thomas and Mary, sailed in 1638 from Hull, Yorkshire to Boston on the ship, “John of London.” He was one of a group consisting of about 60 families led by the Rev. Ezekiel ROGERS, most of whom had been residents of the Yorkshire village of Rowley and it’s surrounding area.”  Undoubtedly, Rev. Rogers kept records and a log during the voyage, but these, along with most of his belongings, were lost in the fire that destroyed his dwelling in Rowley, Mass. a few years after he and many of the group settled there.

Other ancestors sailing with Rogers’ Company include Francis PARRATT, bringing his sisters Ann and Faith,  Hugh CHAPLIN,  John BOYNTON,  Jane GRANTRobert CROSBYLeonard HARRIMAN  & Nicholas JACKSON,

10 Aug 1638 –Diligent of Ipswich, John Martin, Master. She sailed from Ipswich, Suffolk, in June 1638 and arrived August 10, 1638 at Boston, with about one hundred passengers, principally from Hingham, Norfolk, destined for Hingham, Massachusett

Robert PECK and family, including Anne PECK MASON, sailed for America in the ‘Diligent‘ of Ipswich (master John Martin – left in June and arrived Boston 10 Aug 1638 with about 100 passengers) and joined settlement of Hingham – many important residents went with him (Buck, Chamberlain, Cooper, Cushing, Foulsham, Gates, James , Joseph Peck , Ripley and Tufts).  Joseph PECK, Robert’s brother, is also our ancestor and sailed with second wife and four children (Joseph, Nicholas, Simon, and Rebecca) plus two men servants and three maid servants. Robert took his wife Anne (nee Lawrence) their children including -Joseph and Robert and/or Thomas and Ann) and two servants.

John SUTTON brought his family in 1638 while Hannah was still a baby and John, Jr., was already a man of 21 years. They were part of a group of 133 passengers who traveled to Ipswich, the capital of Suffolk County in SE England, and booked passage on the ship Diligent, captained by John Martin of Ipswich

Stephen GATES I, his wife Anne Veare and their children including Stephen GATES II sailed on the Diligent in 1638.

Partial Passenger List
Gates Stephen
Gates Mrs. Anne
Gates Elizabeth
Peck Rev. Robert
Peck Mrs.
Peck Anne
Peck Joseph
Peck Joseph
Peck Mrs. ……
Sutton John
Sutton Mrs. Elizabeth
Sutton Hannah
Sutton John, Jr.
Sutton Nathaniel
Sutton Elizabeth
And about 20 servants

1638 – Bevis Left Southampton May 1638 for New England with her master Robert Batten.

The following Lists of New England Emigrants are from Her Majesty’s State Paper Office Southampton.— The list of the names of Passeng. Intended to shipe themsleues, In the Beuist of Hampton of CL. Tonnes, Robert Batten Mr for Newengland, And thsu by vertue of the Lord Treasurers warrant of the second of May w’th was after the restrayat and they some Dayes gone to sea Before the Kinges Mat’es Proelamacon Came boto South’uon. No. of Persons.

The preamble to the ship’s passenger list, dated 2 May 1638, indicates that “they had been some Dayes gone to sea” They landed probably at Boston in June or July 1638.

Bevis Passenger List
Alcocke Francis 26, servant
Banshott Tho 14, Carpenter servant
Carpenter William of Horwell /Wherwell 62, carpenter (From Wherwell, Hampshire, bound for Weymouth and Rehoboth, MA. Ref: Pope. 36 pg 64)
Carpenter William Jr. of Horwell 33, carpenter
Carpenter Abigael 32
Carpenter children, 4 10 or under
Dum Richard of New England 40 (Dummer, Richard, listed as aboard the Whale. 36 pg 60)
Dum Alice 35
Dum Tho 19 (Dummer, Thomas, from North Stoneham, Hampshire, bound for Newbury. Ref: Pope. 36 pg 62)
Dum Joane 19
Dum Jane 10
Dum Steephen, husbandman (Dummer, Stephen from Bishop’s Stoke, Hampshire, bound for Mewbury. Ref: Pope. 36 pg 60)
Dum Dorothie 6
Dum Richard 4
Dum Tho 2
Hutchinson John 30, carpenter, servant
Knight John, carpenter and Littlefield servant
Knight Robert 37, Carpenter Servant to R. Austin
Littlefield Annis 38
Littlefield children, 6
Moll Adam 19, Taylor, servant
Parker Nathaunel 20, servant of London Backer
Pond Rebecca,18, Batt Servant
Poore Samuel 18, servant
Poore Da’yell 14, servant
Poore Alce 20, servant
Reemes Tho, Byley servant (Reeves, Thomas, from Salisbury, Wiltshire, boudn for Roxbury. Ref: Hotten. 36 pg 180)
Wackefeild Anna 20, Servant Wackefeild Will. 22, servant

John HUTCHINGS and his future wife Frances Alcock were servants to the Richard Drummer family.

William CARPENTER Sr, his wife, four children including  William CARPENTER Jr embarked at Southampton, Hampshire, on the Bevis.

Annis LITTLEFIELD came from Titchfield to Boston in 1638 aboard the ship “Bevis” commanded by Capt. Townes. She came with two servants, Hugh Durdal and John Knight and six children including John LITTLEFIELD .

Edward SHEPARD came with his family from England in 1639, he being the captain of his own ship, and settled in Cambridge, Suffolk, Mass.

1639 – Jonathan
Percival LOWELL his wife and sons, John LOWELL and Richard, and daughters, Joan and Anne, sailed in the “Jonathan” to Newbury, Mass. in 1639.  Joan’s husband, John Oliver, his partner William Gerrish, his clerk Anthony Somerby, Anthony’s brother Henry, and Richard Pole who was apprenticed to son John, all came over with the family

1639 – St. John
In 1639 Rev. Henry WHITFIELD  resigned as Rector of St Margaret’s Church in Ockley and led a  group of 25 families to America. They sailed on the vessel St. John, which left London in June, 1639, and arrived about September 10, 1639 in Guilford CT.

25 Oct 1640 – Den Waterhondt
Gysje Geesje Barentsdotter was born in 1591 in Altenbruch, Province of Schleiswig, Holstein, Germany. She was known as Barents and Barentsdr. (Barentsdotter) meaning “d/o a man named Barent”.  At the time Gissel was living on the Schaepensteegje or Sheep Alley in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Geesie’s husband Barent ROTTMER is never listed, so it is assumed he died before 1632.  After Barent died, she married Pieter Jacobse Van Rynsburgh.  They emigrated on the Den Waterhondt which  sailed from the Texel 15 June 1640 and had arrived in New Amsterdam by 25 Oct 1640.

Ryckje (Ryckie) Ulrica Van DYCK was born about 1636 in Utrecht, Holland. Her parents were Hendrick Thomasse Van DYCK and Divertje Cornelise BOTJAGERS. She sailed with her parents from Amsterdam, 25 May 1640, in the ship ‘WATERHONDT‘, her father bearing a commission of ‘Ensign Commandant’ in the service of The Dutch West India Company, and accompanied by a company of foot-soldiers to reinforce the garrison of Fort Amsterdam.

11 Aug 1642 – Den Houttuyn
The Den Houttuyn left Texel Holland 6 Jun 1642 and arrived New Amsterdam 11 Aug 1642.   Hendrick ALBERTS, his wife Geertruyd Andrissen Van Doesburgh and Geertruyd’s younger brother Hendrick made the trip.

1647 – Princess Amelia
Macheil MESSECAR was born about 1620 in Frankenthal, Rhineland-Palatinate
He and his family arrived in New Amsterdam in 1647 after an approximate nine week crossing .  A Michiel Mesger from Frankendael was a passenger on the Princess Amelia in 1647 bound for New Amsterdam.  (Frankendael Park is in Amsterdam.  Could Frankendael just be the embarkation?)

Nov 1653 – King Solomon
(Coninck Salomon) Sailed from Amsterdam Aug 1653 Captain Cornelis Conradsen van Campen Arrived New Amsterdam Nov 1653
Jan Juriaensen BECKER was sent over by the West India Company to serve as its clerk. He was doubtless a very young man. We know that he was from Amsterdam and that he had a fair education. He arrived at New Amsterdam in 1653 on the ship “King Solomon”

April, 1655 – Swarte Arent
Johannes De DECKERS arrived in New Amsterdam on the ship “Swarte Arent”. He served as the Supercargo on this voyage, and he bore a letter dated 23 Nov., 1654 from the Director of the Amsterdam Charter of the Dutch West Indies Company, addressing his fine qualities, and great abilities. This letter was addressed to Pieter Stuyvesant, the Governor of the New Amsterdam colony.

1656 – Speedwell
Matthew EDWARDS was born about 1631 in England.  He came to New England in the Speedwell 1656, from London, but he had come near 20 years before with his widowed mother who married Robert Hawes, and in her will of 12 Jun 1645, mentions him and his brother Robert.

6 Aug 1661 – De St. Jan Baptist Captain. Jan Bergen
Two brothers, both ancestors, sailed together with their respective families.  Arent Teunisse PIER married Geesje Jans  2 Oct 1660 in Amsterdam.  The couple with Geesje’s two children sailed 9 May 1661 and arrived New Amsterdam 6 Aug 1661 on The Dutch ship De St. Jan Baptist
Arent Teunissen [Pier] from Amsterdam, wife and 2 children 7 & 4

Jan Teunissen  PIER from Amsterdam, wife and 2 children 4 & 1 1/2

Jul 1664 – de Endracht (The Concord or Unity)
Sailed from Amsterdam April 17, 1664 Captain Jan Bergen.  Arrived at New Amsterdam July, 1664.  Hendrick Gerritse Van WIE came to New Netherlands on ship “de Endracht (Unity)

13 Jun 1710 – Lyon
Queen Anne of Great Britain was sympathetic toward the German Palatines, and allowed them to stay in England. However, as their numbers grew, the Board of Trade and Plantations prepared a plan to send them to America, where the Crown promised them free land after they worked off their passage by producing naval stores. Johann Conrad WEISER Sr. and family including Anna Magdalena Weiser DeLONG remained in England for a few months. They left England December of 1709 on the Lyon, one of ten ships carrying 2,800 people to America, including Weiser and his family. The Lyon arrived in New York on June 13, 1710.

The 2,400 who survived the voyage to New York—more than half the number of people in Manhattan at the time—were at first confined in the harbor, by typhus, to what is now called Governor’s Island.  After the disease ran its course, the surviving refugees were taken up the Hudson River to Livingstone’s manor a 160,000 acre  tract of land granted to Robert Livingston the Elder through the influence of Governor Thomas Dongan, and confirmed by royal charter of George I of Great Britain in 1715,

14 Jun 1710 – Globe
In 1709 the first group of Palatines  landed 60 miles up the Hudson River and built a town they called “Neuberg”, now called Newburgh, New York.  Queen Anne supplied them with agricultural implements and foodstuffs for one year. In exchange, the Palatines were to supply lumber for the Royal Navy.

A year later, in 1710, when pastor Von Kocherthal returned to England for additional aid, he found 3000 refugees there. They were living in tents on the Black Heath of London. The queen acceded to his wishes that they too be sent to America to join the others. This time a whole flotilla of vessels was needed. They sailed from London in January, 1710. Among the ships was the “Globe”, making it’s second crossing with Palatine refugees.
For months this fleet of sailing ships with human cargo was tossed about on the stormy winter’s sea. At least one ship was wrecked and 470 immigrants died during the voyage. Another 250 succumbed after landing in New York on the 14th of June, 1710. After a period of quarantine on Nutten (now Governor’s Island, they proceeded upriver and settled on both sides of the Hudson, above Neuberg (New Town).

Johann Friedrich MARKLE and his  family emigrated in 1710 as refugees from the German Palatine. Their trek to the New World had led them by way of Holland and England  It is in the records of the Dutch Church at West Camp that we first find mention of the name “MERKEL”. It was here, on 26 Dec 1711, that a baby born on the ship “Globe” was baptized. It was Johan Adam Merkel, son of Fredrik Merkel and Barbara Alman.

30 June 1710
Martin BUCK’s name appears on the Second Ship List of 1710 of Palatine Refugees, arrival from London by 30 June 1710. This list is made up of the second half (62 names) of the 30 June 1710 subsistence list along with any who appear to have been part of their household. Interestingly, a Margretha Schmid appear immediately following Martin on this list.  Martin Buck’s name also appears on a list of  Palatine Heads of Families From Governor Hunter’s Ration Lists June, 1710 to September, 1714.

1763 – The Falls or 1764 – Prince of Wales
William McCAW was born about 1740 in  County Antrim, Northern Ireland.  According to family tradition, the McCaws were from Ballymoney, Antrim where a Presbyterian Conventer Church was located.   William and his family (including his son James McCAW) emigrated between 1762 when Elizabeth was born in County Antrim, Ireland and 1765 when Martha was born in Chester County, SC. Two ships sailed from Belfast to Charleston in that time period.  The Falls in 1763 and the Prince of Wales in 1764.

22 Dec 1772 – The Freemason
Samuel  Senton PATTERSON Sr, his wife  Mary and their first six children (including Samuel PATTERSON Jr.)  were part of a large group of Presbyterians who followed an emigration led by the Reverend William Martin in 1772.   The Pattersons sailed on The Freemason departing from Newry on 27 Oct 1772  and arrived in Charleston on 22 Dec 1772.  Samuel received a land grant of 350 acres in Abbeville District, South Carolina, 100 acres for himself and 50 acres for each child under 16.  His eldest daughter Mary received 100 acres.

There were five ships in the emigration led by Reverend William Martin, all of which sailed in 1772.  The first two sailed from Larne, the next two from Belfast, and the last one from Newry.   The emigrants settled throughout western South Carolina, many in the Abbeville area.  Reverend Martin himself settled in the general area of Abbeville, South Carolina (Rocky Creek in Chester County).  After the British burned his church in 1780, he took refuge in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.

The James and Mary sailed first on August 25 from Larne. There was smallpox on board (five children died) when they arrived in Charleston harbor on October 16.  They were required to remain on board in quarantine, lying off Sullivan’s Island for over seven weeks, until the first part of December. “Ulster Emigration to Colonial America: 1718-1775″, page 253 by Dickson. “English America: American Plantations & Colonies”, by Thomas Langford, contains ship lists of voyages to English America from 1500 to 1825. See also “The Vessels, Voyages, Settlements, and People of English America 1500 – 1825″.

The next ship to sail was the Lord Dunluce that left Larne on October 4 and arrived in Charleston on December 20. This is the only ship that listed “Rev. Wm. Martin (Kellswater)” as an agent. The original sailing date was to have been Aug 15. The sailing was delayed until Aug 20, and then rescheduled for Sep 22. On Aug 28, the ship announced that passengers must give earnest money by Sep 5 since a greater number had offered to go than could betaken. On Sep 15, the ship advertised that, since some families had drawn back, two hundred more passengers could be accommodated. Reverend Martin was on this ship when it finally sailed on Oct 4. One man and several children died of small pox on the trip.

The Pennsylvania Farmer, whose destination had originally been advertised as Philadelphia, sailed from Belfast on Oct 16 and arrived in Charleston on December 19. (Dickson, page 248).   Aboard the Pennsylvania Farmer was Andrew Paterson (250 acres).

The Hopewell sailed from Belfast on October 19 and arrived in Charleston on December 23. (Dickson, page 248).   There were five Patersons aboard the Hopewell: Agnes (350 acres), Janet (100 acres), John (250 acres), John (100 acres), William (350 acres).

The Freemason sailed from Newry on October 27 and arrived in Charleston on December 22 (Dickson, page 252). Aboard the FreeMason were: Samuel Patterson (350 acres) and Mary Patterson (100 –  unable to pay). According to Council Journal 37, Province of South Carolina, under date of 6 Jan 1773, the brigantine Free Mason, out of Ireland (port not specified), discharged at Charles Town, South Carolina, the following among its Irish Protestant immigrant passengers who were authorized the amount of land, in South Carolina, indicated opposite their names:

In the Province of South Carolina in 1773, land was granted under the Crown, as follows: Single man or woman (16 yrs. of age or older) – 100 acres Married man or widow – 100 acres for self and 50 acres for each child under 16 years Married woman – none Samuel Paterson named above would have had five children under 16 years of age on his arrival.  Mary Patterson, referred to above, was 16 years of age or older and was single (or a widow with no eligible children).  Prior to this time, the “Bounty Act” had expired and no bounty could be paid to the individuals. There was, therefore, no list of the passengers for the purpose of determining “family rights”. Family members and other individual passengers who were not eligible (e.g., under 15) to petition for free land (still available under the eighth clause of the General Duty Act of June 14, 1751) are not listed. See “The Five Ships and the People who came with the Rev. Martin”. The names of the emigrants have been reconstructed from letters written home to Ulster and published in the paper and from extractions of the South Carolina Quarter Session Minutes, by Janie Revill and Jean Stephenson.

20 Aug 1773 – Elliott – under the command of John Waring.
Thomas Gibson CARSON immigrated in 1773 to Charleston, SC from Newry, Ulster, Ireland, sailing in the ship “Elliott” on June 30 and arriving on Aug 20, 1773.  It was a hard trip, and storms added sailing time. It is said it took four months to cross from Ireland to America. There were about 40 people in the group, including Carsons, McGoughs  (McGaw’s?) and McDowells, who were all friends and neighbors..

Oct 1783 – Duke of Richmond – 865 ton warship captained by Richard Davis.
Nathaniel PARKS and his family, including his son Jonathan PARKS, were evacuated from New York with The N.J. Volunteers  (known as Skinners Greens) to Canada arriving in Parrtown New Brunswick  in Oct 1783 aboard the Duke of Richmond (Parrtown was renamed Saint  Johns in 1785.  ”Saint” is written out to distinguish it from St. John’s Newfoundland.).  Nathaniel and his son Joseph enlisted in the loyalist 3rd Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers  on 6 June 1778.  Nathaniel was 40 when he enlisted and his son was 18 years old.Both Nathaniel and Joseph are on the battalion land grant list for King’s County, New Brunswick on 14 July 1784.

Parks, Nathaniel  w: Elizabeth Parlee. Child: John, Jonathan, David, Mary, Nathan, Sarah, Rachel. Fr: New Jersey ? Stl: St. Martins, NB, CA Reg: Sargent in 2nd, NJ Volun.

20 Jul 1927 –  President Wilson

On 20 Jul 1927, Effie Miner West (1899 – 1994) sailed from Alexandria, Egypt, aboard the S.S. President Wilson bound for New York where he arrived on 11 Aug 1927 with her husband Philip and son John following 4 years of missionary work in Abyssinia. Here is her passport application

Teacher & unmarried living w/ father Harvey Latta MINER at 3045 29th Street San Diego at time of application for passport with intention to travel aboard the S.S. Patria on 13 Jul 1922 to Abyssinia via Italy & Egypt to do missionary work.

President Truman – 1990’s

President Truman

Mark MINER worked for American President Lines for many years.  In the 1980’s I helped organize the retirement party for the last passenger agent.   Up to 12 passengers were allowed on a freighter before a doctor was required onboard.  Alex Haley wrote Roots on an APL ship.

While the age of ocean passenger travel was long gone, I did get to ride the President Truman overnight from San Pedro to Oakland.  The single screw, powered by a single Sulzer diesel, 57,000 HP @ 95 RPM. was an impressive show of mechanical power.

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Capt. Edward Bangs

Capt. Edward BANGS(1591 – 1678) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation.

Edward Bangs Coat of Arms

Edward Bangs was baptized on 28 Oct 1591 at Penfield, Essex, England.  His parents were John BANGS and Jane CHAIRE (CHAVIS).  Reports that Edward was born  at Chichester, Sussex, England are thought to be incorrect.  He emigrated on 31 Jul 1623 to Plymouth Colony sailing on the Anne.  He is listed as “Edward Bangs, from Panfield, Essex Co., Shipwright.”  He married Lydia Hicks around  1633 at Plymouth.  After Lydia died, he married Rebecca HOBART between 1634 and 1636 at Eastham MA. Edward died between 19 Oct 1677 (date of will) and 5 Mar 1678 (date of probate) at Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.

Edward Bangs – Headstone Erected by Edward Bangs’ descendants 1918

Lydia Hicks was born around 1633 at Plymouth. Her parents were Robert Hicks and Margaret Winslow. Robert Hicks had arrived in Plymouth in 1621 on the Fortune. The rest of the Hicks family – Robert’s wife Margaret, and their three children, Samuel, Phoebe and Lydia, arrived on the Anne (as did Edward Bangs).

Rebecca Hobart was baptized on 29 Dec 1611 at Wymondham, Norfolk, England. Her parents were  Edmund HOBART and Margaret DEWEY.  She  may also have been known as Rebecca Hubbard.  She immigrated in 1633 with her parents and siblings Edmund, Thomas, Alice, Joshua and Sarah. Rebecca died in 1679 in Plymouth, Mass. Child of Edward and Lydia Hicks:

Name Born Married Departed
1. John Bangs 1634 Plymouth Hannah Smiley
23 Jan 1660 Eastham, Mass.
17 May 1708 Eastham, Mass

Children of Edward and Rebecca:

Name Born Married Departed
2. Rebecca BANGS c. 1636 Capt. Jonathan SPARROW
26 Oct 1654 Eastham Mass.
19 Oct 1677
Eastham. Barnstable, Mass
3. Sarah Bangs c. 1638 Eastham, Mass. Capt. Thomas Howes Jr (Son of Thomas HOWES)
c. 1657 Yarmouth, MA
28 Feb 1682/83
Yarmouth, Mass.
4. Capt. Johnathan Bangs c. 1640 Plymouth, Plymouth County Mary Mayo,
16 Jul 1664 Eastham, MA
Sarah [_?_]
before Jun 1719
Ruth Cole 23 Jul 1720 Eastham, MA

9 Nov 1728
Brewster, Barnstable,Mass.
5. Lydia Bangs c. 1642 Eastham or Plymouth Benjamin Higgins
24 Dec 1661 Eastham
13 Feb 1706 at Eastham, MA
6. Hannah Bangs c. 1644 John Doane,
30 Apr 1662 Eastham
1677 Plymouth
7. Lt. Joshua Bangs c. 1646 Hannah Scudder,
1 Dec 1669 Eastham
14 Jan 1709/10
8. Berthia Bangs 24 May 1650 Gershom Hall
1668 Yarmouth, Mass

15 Oct 1696
Harwich, Mass
9. Apphia Bangs 15 Oct 1651 John Knowles
28 Dec 1670 Eastham
Stephen Atwood
Jun 1676 Eastham, Mass.
12 Jun 1722
10. Mercy Bangs 15 Oct 1651 Stephen Merrick
28 Dec 1670 Eastham, Mass.
After 1684 when her last child was  born

Spelling variations include Bank, Banke, Banck, Banckes and others.

Edward Bangs  was a shipwright and served on several town committees, holding a responsible position within the community. Edward Bangs signed his will and several deeds. He superintended the building of a forty or fifty ton barque which tradition say was the first vessel built at Plymouth.

He was also an Innkeeper  “Liberty is granted unto Edward Bangs to draw and sell wine and strong waters at Eastham, provided it be for the refreshment of the English, and not to be sold to the Indians,” Edward Bangs and his family moved to Cape Cod in the 1640s when the town of Nauset (later renamed Eastham) was being established. In Nauset, Edward was licensed to sell alcohol. 1623 – Granted land in the amount of four acres as a passenger of the Anne  in the division of land  at Plymouth,.

In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle “Edward Banges” was the thirteenth person in the twelthe company.

3 Jan 1627/28 – On committee to lay out land Plymouth, MA

1633 – Listed as a freeman at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

1 Jul 1633 – Held the position of committee to divide meadow

1 Oct 1634 : ”Apoynted for laying out of highwayes : For Duxbery side, Capt Miles Standish, Mr William Colier, Jonathan Brewster, William Palmer, Steuen Trace. For Plimouth, John Jeney, Francis COOKE, [George KEMPTON’s son], Manaseh Kempton, Edward BANGS, Nicholas Snow, John Winsloe, James Hurst. The high wayes to be layd out before the 15 of Nouember next.”

5 Jan 1634/35  and 1 Mar 1635/36 – On committee to assess taxes, Plymouth, MA 14 Mar 1635/36 – Plymouth representative to reunite Plymouth and Duxbury (but did not serve)

4 Oct-1636,  3 Jan-1636/37, 3-Sep-1639, 3-Dec-1639, 3-Mar-1639/40, 3-Aug-1641, 6-Sep-1641, 7-Dec-1641, 1-Mar-1641/42, 6-Jun-1643, 7-Nov-1643. – Petit Jury, Plymouth, MA

7 Mar-1636/37 Edward Bangs was listed as a freeman at Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.

7 Mar-1636/37, 5-Jun-1638, 2-Jun-1640, 1-Mar-1641/42, 7-Jun-1652. – Held the office of  Grand Jury, Plymouth, MA

20 Mar 1636/37, 2 Oct 1637, 1 Jun-1640 – Committee to allocate hay ground, Plymouth, MA.

1639 – Listed as a freeman at Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts; listed as gone in Plymouth County.

2-Nov-1640 – Granted ten acres of meadow in the South Meadows.

1-Feb-1640/41,  24-Feb-1652 – Committee to lay out highway and land, Plymouth, MA

7-Sep-1641  – “Edward Banges” was granted a parcel of fourscore acres of upland about “Warrens Wells.”

17-Oct-1642 “Wheras fourscore of upland are formerly granted to Edward Banges at Waren’s Wells, he now desiring to have some land near his house, it is granted that he shall look out a parcel of land, which upon view shall be laid fourth for him, and to be deducted out of the 80 acres he should have at Warren’s Wells.”

1643 – In Plymouth section of list of men able to bear arms.

7-Sep-1643 – He from Joyce Wallen, widow for £8 “all that her house and messuage situate and being at Hobs Hole or Wellingsly with the garden place and uplands thereunto adjoining.

Before 1645 – He resided at at Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. The officers elected at Nauset’s first town meeting in June, 1646 were Edward Bangs, Treasurer; Nicholas Snow, Clerk; and Josias Cook, Constable. He was treasurer, Eastham, MA between 1646 and 1665.

1 Jun 1647, 4-Jun-1650, and  3-Jun-1651- Eastham highway surveyor.

1 June 1647 – “Supvisors of the Highwaies. “… Nawsett [Eastham], Nicholas SNOW & Edward  BANGES.

22 Jun 1651 – He sold land to Samuel Hicks of Plymouth for £3, 10s “a parcel of marsh meadow lying at the high pines on the Salthouse Beach” at Eastham

7 Jun 1652 –  Deputy to Plymouth Court for Eastham

6 Oct 1657 – Innkeeper at Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.

1658 – [As his contribution to the militia]  Edward Bangs provided two horses and two men, and Richard Higgins one horse and one man.

1659 – [Gov] Thomas PRENCEand Edward Bangs each promised to furnish a man and horse at his own expense for two years. ”

28 Nov 1664 – An account of liquor brought into Eastham included “Edward Bangs, six gallons of liquor”

30 Oct 1667 – Coroner’s jury, Plymouth County, MA .

29 May 1670 – Listed as a freeman at Eastham

19 Oct 1677 – Left a will at Eastham

23 Feb  1676 – Edward Bangs of Eastham for “my tender love and fatherly love unto my natural son Joshua Bangs” deeded him “all that my messuage, dwelling house and housing and lands, both upland and meadowing, lying and being in the township of Eastham,” viz: five acres of upland “granted to me by the town for a houselot,” with the dwelling house on it; four acres granted to Daniel Cole Sr. for a houselot; three acres granted to George Crispe for a houselot; four acres and half granted to John Jenkins for a houselot; two acres granted to Job Cole; fourteen acres granted to Ralph Smith; three acres “of meadow granted me by the town”; four acres of meadow at Great Blackfish River; one acre of meadow granted to John Jenkins; all of which parcels “ap­pear more at length in the town book of records” . In his will, dated 19 Oct 1677 and proved 5 Mar 1677/78, “Ed­ward Banges, aged 86 years,”

made son Jonathan sole executor and be­queathed to him “all my purchased land at Namskekett,” two acres and a half of meadow, “all my purchase land at Pocomett[?],” an acre and a half of meadow “at a place called the acars,” one acre at the harbor’s mouth, “a parcel of upland and meadow lying at Rock harbour which I had in exchange of John Done,” and “all those things which I have at his house”;

to son John “that twenty acres of upland at Pochett that he hath built upon,” five acres adjoining to the twenty acres, “that land which I have at Pochett Island,” two acres of meadow at Boat Meadow, and three-quarters of an acre at the head of Boat Meadow;

to son Joshua “the house that I lived in and all the housing belonging to it,” twenty-eight acres of land adjoining, three acres of meadow at Boat Meadow, one acre of meadow at Boat Meadow, four acres of meadow at the head of Blackfish Creek, and fourteen acres of upland at Pochett;

to son Jonathan’s eldest son Edward Bangs twenty-five acres of upland at Pochett Field, one acre of meadow at Rock Harbor, and “half an acre of meadow lying at Great Namscekett which I bought of Daniell Cole”;

to “my daughter Howes, my daughter Higgens, my daughter Done, my daughter Hall, my daughter Merricke, and my daughter Attwood, four pounds apiece at my decease, and I give to my grandchildren, viz: the children of my daughter Rebecka deceased four pounds at my decease”


1. John Bangs

John was born in Plymouth MA say 1634, but if his deed to George Partridge, recorded in 1657, is correctly dated 21 June 1652, then he was probably born as early as 1631, which would also push back the date on which his father married Lydia Hicks.

John’s wife Hannah Smalley was born 14 Jun 1641 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. Her parents were John Smalley and [__?__]. Hannah died 1708 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

2. Rebecca BANGS (See Capt. Jonathan SPARROW‘s page)

3. Sarah Bangs

Sarah’s husband Capt Thomas Howes was born in 1636 in England.  His parents were Thomas HOWES and Mary BURR.  Thomas died 20 Nov 1676 in Yarmouth, Mass.

Thomas Howes purchased land  on 5 October 1658 at a certain farm lying in the liberties of Yarmouth, Yarmouth; confirmation of a sale by Capt. Miles Standish to Mr. Thomas Howes of Yarmouth. On 4 July 1673 the court at plymouth Colony; authorized Lt. Thomas Howes of Yarmouth as Guardian of “Marcye Hedge” [Mercy Hedges]. Mercy was the daughter of our ancestor William HEDGE.

4. Captain Jonathan Bangs

Jonathan’s first wife Mary Mayo was born Feb 1648/49 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were   Samuel Mayo (1620 – 1664) and  Tamsen (THomasine) Lumpkin Sunderlin (1625 – 1709)  Mary died 26 Jan 1711 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass at the age of 62.

Jonathan’s second wife Sarah [__?__] was born in 1641. Sarah died 11 Jun 1719. Died in her 78th year.

Jonathan’s third wife Ruth Cole was born 15 Apr 1651 in Mass. Her parents were Daniel Cole and Ruth Collier. She first married John Young(s), born 16 Nov 1649 Plymouth MA; died 1718; son of John Young(s) and Abigail [__?_], possibly Howland. 2m Capt. Jonathan Bangs on 23 Jul 1720 in Eastham, Barnstable Co., MA. Also possibly married to Job Winslow. Found a lot of conflicting information about her including several death dates (often listed as 1694, with the marriage date with Jonathan listed as 1720), as well as several birth locations (Eastham, Swansea), and several death locations (Harwich, Freetown, and Brewster). Ruth died 22 Ju 1728 in Mass.

Jonathan was deputy to the Colony Court at Plymouth 1676, 1682, 1683, 1687, 1688. In 1674. He was Representative to the General Court at Boston in 1692.

Jonathan Bangs Headstone Old Burying Ground Brewster, Barnstable, Mass


Jonathan Bangs Gravesite

5. Lydia Bangs

Lydia’s husband Benjamin Higgins was born in June 1640 at Plymouth.  His parents were   Richard Higgins (1603 – 1674) and   Lydia Chandler

6. Hannah Bangs

Hannah’s husband John Doane was born in 1635 in Plymouth, Mass. His parents were John Doane (1590 – 1685) and Ann Perkins. John died 15 Mar 1708 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. After Hannah died, he married second, on Jan 14,1684/85 to Rebecca Pettee (b. 1640 in Plymouth, Mass – d. 1708 in Mass.)

Children (by first marriage): John Doane, John Doane III (whose second wife was Hannah Hobart Snell Doane), Ann Doane Young, Rebecca Doane Paine, Hannah Doane Collins, Isaac Doane, Samuel Doane, and David Doane.

7. Lt. Joshua Bangs

Joshua’s wife Hannah Scudder was born 19 Jun 1649 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mas. Her parents were John Scudder and Hannah [__?__]. After Joshua died, she married, second, about 1712 as the third of his four wives, Moses Hatch. She died 13 May 1739 at Falmouth, Mass.

Some sources say Joshua had one son, Joshua, who died young. No children are mentioned in his will of Feb 13,1707.

8. Bethiah Bangs

Bethiah Bangs Hall Headstone Inscription:Here lyes ye BodyOf Mrs Bethiah HallWife to Mr GershomHall Who DiedOctober 15, 1696Aged 55 years  Hall Cemetery Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

Bethiah’s husband Gershom Hall was born 6 Mar 1648 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John Hall (1605 – 1696) and Elizabeth Learned.(1621-1683)  After Bethiah died, he married Martha Beard. Gershom died 31 Oct 1732 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Gershom Hall Headstone – Here lyes Buried ye Body of MrGershom HallWho died Octobr31 Anno Dom 1732Aged 85 Years Hall Cemetery Dennis, Barnstable, Mass  follow path behind Cape Playhouse.

9. Apphia Bangs

Apphia was born a twin to Mercy Bangs 15 October 1651.  Apphia and Mercy were married on the same day.

Apphia’s first husband John Knowles was born in Oct 1640 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Richard Knowles and Ruth Bowers. John died on 3 Jun 1675 in Taunton, Bristol, Mass.

The earliest appearance of John Knowles may have been while he was still a minor. In the court held 3 Mar 1662/63 Ephraim Doane, Thomas Ridman, John Knowles, and John Wilson were tried and were fined 25s. each for trading of liquors with the Indians at Cape Cod.

In the same court Ephraim Doane and John Knowles were bound over under heavy bonds, pending investigations into the circumstances of the death of Josiah, the Indian sachem at Eastham. This matter was dropped. soon after his marriage his name appears at the head of a cattle page, the entry reading “John Knowles 1 mare colt 4 Aug. 1671.” His earmark was transferred to his grandson, Williard Knowles, 28 Jun 1737.

John Knowles was one of nineteen men Eastham furnished for the King Philip war, and was one of the slain, as appears in the action of the colony government in providing for his widow. Freeman (vol. I, p. 280) says, “and provision was especially made for Apphia widow of John Knowles, of Eastham, lately slain in the service.” From a note at the foot of p. 366, vol. II, the conclusion is drawn that he was killed near Taunton, June 3d, 1675 (i. e. 3d day, 4th month, O. S.). “ In June 1675 Taunton suffered an attack by Indians, in which the houses of James Walker and John Tisdell were burned and the latter was killed. At the same time two soldiers from Eastham, who were on duty there, were killed. Capt. John FREEMAN whose daughter Mercy Samuel

Knowles afterwards married, was in command of the Barnstable County company, and in his report to Governor Winslow, under date of Taunton, 3 Jun 1675, said:

“This morning three of our men are slain close by one of our courts of guard, (two of them, Samuel Atkins and John Knowles, of Eastham); houses are burned in our sight; our men are picked off at every bush.”

Three Indians were tried, 6 Mar. 1676/77, for the murder of John Knowles, John Tisdell, Sr., and Samuel Atkins. The jury found grounds of suspicion against two and acquitted one, but all three were sold into slavery as ‘prisoners of war.’

The sum of £10 was presented by the Colony to ‘Apthya widow of John Knowles lately slain in the service.’ In 1676 Lieut. Jonathan SPARROW and Jonathan Bangs were delegated by the Court to asssist the yound widow in settleing her husband’s affairs. “

The inventory of his estate, taken 8 Mar 1676, included ‘one dwellinghouse and three or four acres of land, and a small parcel of broked sedge and meadow.’ His house must have stood on the southern slop of the high land north of the road recently built form the State Road to the Town Landing. At a town meeting held 15 Mar. 1724/25 it was “‘ Voted, to allow Samuel Knowles to fence in the land on the northwest side of his field or land which was formerly his brother John Knowles so far as the fence & ditch which did formerly enclose the said land did formerly stnad and no further.’ “

John Knowles’s brother afterwards had his land, and two town records refer to the road dividing Samuel Knowles’s ‘original land,’ on the east of the road, from the land that was of John Knowles, deceased, on the west of the road.” John and Apphia Knowles had three children: Edward, November 7, 1671; John, July 10, 1673; Deborah, March 2, 1675.

When the father died no one of his children was old enough to appreciate their deprivation. Edward, older son, married (first) Ann Ridley, and (second) the widow Sarah Mayo, and was the father of six children. He was known in town annals as Deacon Knowles, and died November 16, 1740. Apphia’s second husband Stephen Atwood was born 1653 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Stephen died Jul 1722 in Wellfleet, Barnstable, Mass. Apphia and John’s son Col. John Knowles was born 10 Jul 1673 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  John died 3 Nov 1757 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. He married  Mary Sears (1672 – 1745).

John’s father died before his recollection and apparently was brought up by his uncle, Joshua Bangs, for whom his first son, Joshua, seems to have been named. He must have been given a good schooling and evidently from youth up was exceptionally efficient and well regarded. The earliest occurence of his name after he grew up is in the registration of an earmark for his cattle, 24 Apr 1695. The records of the county not destroyed in 1827 contain frequent references to him in trusted capacities. A juryman in 1701, he was chosen as early as 1706 a member of a board of arbitration. In 1715, as Lieut. John Knowles, he was elected one of five townsmen to apportion the remaining common lands. He was for many years coroner and was commander of the Second Barnstable Regiment.

10. Mercy Bangs

Mercy was born a twin to Apphia Bangs 15 October 1651.

Mercy’s husband Stephen Merrick was born 2 May 1646 in Eastham, Mass. His parents were William Merrick and Rebecca Tracy. Stephen died 11 Mar 1731 in Taunton, Bristol, Mass.

Mercy and Stephen moved to Norwich, Connecticut about 1674.


http://www.conovergenealogy.com/ancestor-p/p20.htm#i42046 Piigrim Hall Museum – Edward Bangs Piigrim Hall Museum – The Last Will and Testament of Edward Bangs Piigrim Hall Museum – Edward Bangs in the Historical Record in the 17th Century

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Richard Sparrow

Richard SPARROW (1605 – 1660) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather.  One of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Richard Sparrow Coat of Arms

Richard Sparrow was born in 1605 in Kent England.  He was married to Pandora BANGS in 1629. He immigrated in 1632 from England.  Richard died on 8 Jan 1660/61 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Burial in Cove Burying Ground

Our ancestor Capt. Jonathan SPARROW was  his only child.

Pandora Bangs  was born in 1605 in Panfield, Braintree, Essex, England. Her parents were Edward BANGS and Rebecca HOBART. Pandora died after Jan 1665 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony and is burried in Cove Burying Ground.

Richard Sparrow House 1640 — one of the oldest houses remaining in Plymouth – open as a museum

Richard was a Yeoman and a Surveyor,

01 Jan 1632/33 – Lived in Plymouth, Mass as a freeman

On or before 1653 – Moved to Eastham, Massachusetts

Richard Sparrow Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable County, Mass

Buried: Eastham Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable Co, Massachusetts. Marker reads:



Richard Sparrow, his wife Pandora, and son Jonathan, left their home in England, and arrived in New  Plimoth by 1633.  As a freeman, Richard was granted a house tract of six acres in 1636, which required him to construct a house within four years.   The original two-story house contained one room on each level and utilized cross summer beam construction.  With its large rooms, leaded glass windows and paneled walls, it was a grand home on the banks of what is now known as Town Brook.

By Seventeenth Century standards, Richard’s family was small, which dictated the demanding work of colonial life be completed by only three family members.  In 1639, Mary Moorecock was apprenticed to Richard and Pandora for nine years in exchange for food, lodging, clothes and a ewe lamb.  The lamb was to be kept by Mary’s stepfather, who was to “keep one third of the increase for labor”.

Richard Sparrow was a surveyor by trade.  He was actively involved in the Colony and appointed to “View of the Meadows” in 1640.  During the same year and the following one, he served as Constable for the Colony.  Between 1640 and 1653 he was named Surveyor of Highways seven times, and sat on over twenty-eight juries.  By 1642 Sparrow’s land base grew, adding seven or more tracts to his original six acre house lot.

In 1644 Richard and Pandora adopted Elizabeth Hopkins, increasing the family size to five members.  The Sparrow family remained in this house until 1653 when it was sold to George Bonum.  The family soon after moved to Eastham.  While in Eastham, Richard remained active in the colonial government, serving as Eastham’s representative to Plymouth, as well as deputy to the General Court.  In 1657, Sparrow sold his remaining land holdings in Plymouth to Gyles Rickard.

Upon Richard Sparrow’s death on January 8, 1660, he was buried in Eastham and his estate was divided among his wife, son and three surviving grandchildren.

EDUCATION: He signed his name to an agreement regarding the Kennebec trade, 6 October 1659. His inventory included “a Bible [and] 2 small books” valued at 10s.

Deputy from Eastham to Plymouth General Court, 6 Apr 1653, 8 Jun 1655, 3 Jun 1656
Grand jury, 4 Jun 1639, 6 Jun 1643, 7 Jun 1653, 7 Jun 1659
Jury, 3 Mar 1639/40, 1 Sep 1640, 1 Feb 1640/1, 1 Jun 1641, 6 Jul 1641, 6 Sep 1641, 7 Dec 1641, 7 Jun 1642, 7 Nov 1643, 3 Mar 1644/5, 28 Oct 1645, 7 Jul 1646, 2 Mar 1646/7, 7 Jun 1648, 3 Oct 1648, 6 Mar 1648/9, 29 Oct 1649, 6 Mar 1649/50, 6 Jun 1650, 2 Oct 1650, 4 Mar 1650/1, 7 Jun 1651, 4 Jun 1652, 4 Jun 1657
Petit jury, 1 Jun 1647, 4 Oct 1648 of life and death for Allice Bishope
Coroner’s jury, 5 Jun 1638, 1 Aug1648 on the body of a child of Allis Bishop
committee to survey land, 5 May 1640
committee on Kennebec trade, 3 Oct 1659
Plymouth constable, 3 Mar 1639/40, 2 Jun 1640, 7 Mar 1642/3
Highway surveyor, 3 Mar 1639/40, 2 Jun 1640, 4 Jun 1645, 1 Jun 1647, 7 Jun 1648
Tax collector, 4  Jun 1650
Eastham surveyor of highways, 1 Jun 1658
In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms

Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 Mar 1633 and 27 Mar 1634
7 Nov 1636 _ Granted six acres at Plymouth “to belong to their dwelling houses there, & not to be sold from their houses”
5 Mar 1637/8 – Granted forty acres “at the north end of Fresh Lake, and a parcel of marsh for meadow lying on the south side of Fresh Lake”
1 Jun 1640 – Granted five acres of meadow
2 Nov 1640 – Granted five acres at Lakenham
12 Jan 1639/40 – John Barnes of Plymouth sold to Richard Sparrow of the same four two-year-old steers and one three-year-old bull, for £83 Richard Sparrow immediately sold the bull and two of the steers to Josias Winslow of Plymouth, for £50.
16 Sep 1641 – Richard Sparrow was granted two acres of meadow ground at Wood Island “which was Mris Fullers”
7  Dec 1641 – Granted a parcel of upland 7 December 1641
17 Oct 1642 – Granted four acres of upland at the head of Mr. Hicks’s field.
1653 (day and month not given) – Richard Sparrow of Eastham sold to George Bonum of Plymouth “all that his house and garden plot on which the house standeth being scituate in Plymouth aforesaid in the South Street near the mill together with six acres of upland … in the new field”
4 Jun 1657 – “Richard Sparrow of Eastham, planter,” sold to Giles Rickard Sr. of Plymouth, weaver, “a parcel of upland meadow in the meadow commonly called Doten’s Meadow in the township of Plymouth aforesaid containing five acres”
6 Oct 1657 – Richard Sparrow and others were allowed to claim lands about thirteen English miles from Rehoboth
1 Jun 1658 – Granted a portion of land between Bridgewater and Weymouth

4 Oct 1658 – Richard Sparrow of Eastham, planter, sold to Abraham Sampson of Duxbury, carpenter, “a parcel of marsh meadow containing three acres and three quarters or thereabouts … lying on the east side of the great wood island in the township of Marshfield … whereof two acres of the said three acres and three quarters was at first granted to Joshua Pratt and by him sold to Josias Cooke, and by him sold to Richard Sparrow; and the other acre and three quarters granted to Mistress Bridgett Fuller and exchanged with Richard Sparrow for two acres in Dotie’s Meadow”; “the wife of the said Richard Sparrow hath given her consent”

In his will, dated 19 Nov 1660 and proved 5 Mar 1660/61, Richard Sparrow bequeathed to “Pandora my loving wife my dwelling house and housing with my garden plot adjacent in the Township of Eastham during her life and then to belong to Jonathan Sparrow my son” (along with some movables); “as for my uplands at Poche and my meadow ground … the one half I have already given to Jonathan my son and the other half … I give to John Sparrow my grandchild as his propere inheritance only my wife to have the use of my meadow or as much as she shall need during her life”; “whatsoever land shall befall to me from the country as my right it being purchased I give to John Sparrow my grandchild; “to the church of Eastham one ewe sheep to be disposed of according to the discretion of my overseers”; to “Pressila Sparrow my grandchild one ewe sheep to be improved in a small stock for her, and the rest of my ewe sheep I give to John and Rebecca Sparrow my grandchildren to be improved as a stock for them; to “Jonathan Sparrow my son my great cloth coat, and for the rest of my wearing apparel, my wife to dispose of them as she see cause”; wife Pandora and son Jonathan to be executors; friends and brethren Mr. Thomas Prence of Eastham, Mr. Thomas Willett of Rehoboth and Lieutenant Thomas Southworth of Plymouth to be overseers; residue of estate to be equally divided between wife and son The inventory of the estate of Richard Sparrow was taken 22 Jan 1660/61 and totalled £85, with no real estate included

MARRIAGE: By about 1629 Pandora _____ (assuming she was mother of Jonathan); she survived her husband. (According to some sources, in “1665 the widow [Pandora] and son [Jonathan] sold the Eastham home and removed to what is now East Orleans where Pandora probably died” [ Dawes-Gates 2:765, citing CCL 32:3]; this transaction is not recorded in the Plymouth Colony land records.)


24 Jun 1639  – “Mary Moorecock hath of her own voluntary will, with consent of her father-in-law, Thomas Whitton, put herself apprentice with Richard Sparrow, of Plymouth, and Pandora, his wife,” for a term of nine years   in exchange for food, lodging, clothes and a ewe lamb.The lamb was to be kept by Mary’s stepfather, who was to “keep one third of the increase for labor”.

5 Nov 1638  – “Richard Sparrow, of Plymouth, yeo[man],” was surety for William Burne (i.e., Bourne) of Duxbury.

24 Jun 1639 – Mary Moorecock, with the consent of her father-in-law (step father) apprenticed herself to Richard Sparrow and his wife Pandora for nine years (PCR 1:128-9). It is likely Richard and Pandora needed help running their household.

7 Dec 1641  – Richard was one of eight men who brought various actions against James Luxford, primarily for trespass

1644 – Adoption of  Elizabeth Hopkins. Willed by her mother Ruth to be raised “as his own” until married or 19 years old. Transfer carried out by Myles Standish and Caleb Hopkins. On 5 October 1656, Captain Myles Standish brought suit against Richard Sparrow of Eastham, on behalf of Elizabeth Hopkins, charging that Sparrow had not performed the terms of an agreement concerning Elizabeth.

2 Oct 1650 Thomas Shrive was presented to the court for pilfering corn from Richard Sparrow’s barn, and Richard Sparrow was censured for concealing Shrive’s crime (PCR 2:162). Was Richard a compassionate man who understood Shrive’s need for food and forgave him for the theft?

7 Mar 1653/54 – Sparrow won an action against Nathaniel Mayo for defamation

5 Oct 1656  – Captain Myles Standish brought suit against Richard Sparrow of Eastham, in behalf of Elizabeth Hopkins, charging that Sparrow had not performed the terms of an agreement concerning Elizabeth

6 Oct 1657 – Richard Sparrow won his suit against Ralph Smith for taking away a piece of timber, though having been forbidden, and refusing to give it back





In 1931 Mary Walton Ferris published a typically thorough study of Richard Sparrow and his son Jonathan [Dawes-Gates 2:763-68], and in 1960 Donald Lines Jacobus also prepared a briefer account [ Ackley-Bosworth 41-42]..




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