Richard Sparrow

Richard SPARROW (1605 – 1660) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather.  One of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Richard Sparrow Coat of Arms

Richard Sparrow was born in 1605 in Kent England.  He was married to Pandora BANGS in 1629. He immigrated in 1632 from England.  Richard died on 8 Jan 1660/61 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Burial in Cove Burying Ground

Our ancestor Capt. Jonathan SPARROW was  his only child.

Pandora Bangs  was born in 1605 in Panfield, Braintree, Essex, England. Her parents were Edward BANGS and Rebecca HOBART. Pandora died after Jan 1665 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony and is burried in Cove Burying Ground.

Richard Sparrow House 1640 — one of the oldest houses remaining in Plymouth – open as a museum

Richard was a Yeoman and a Surveyor,

01 Jan 1632/33 – Lived in Plymouth, Mass as a freeman

On or before 1653 – Moved to Eastham, Massachusetts

Richard Sparrow Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable County, Mass

Buried: Eastham Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable Co, Massachusetts. Marker reads:



Richard Sparrow, his wife Pandora, and son Jonathan, left their home in England, and arrived in New  Plimoth by 1633.  As a freeman, Richard was granted a house tract of six acres in 1636, which required him to construct a house within four years.   The original two-story house contained one room on each level and utilized cross summer beam construction.  With its large rooms, leaded glass windows and paneled walls, it was a grand home on the banks of what is now known as Town Brook.

By Seventeenth Century standards, Richard’s family was small, which dictated the demanding work of colonial life be completed by only three family members.  In 1639, Mary Moorecock was apprenticed to Richard and Pandora for nine years in exchange for food, lodging, clothes and a ewe lamb.  The lamb was to be kept by Mary’s stepfather, who was to “keep one third of the increase for labor”.

Richard Sparrow was a surveyor by trade.  He was actively involved in the Colony and appointed to “View of the Meadows” in 1640.  During the same year and the following one, he served as Constable for the Colony.  Between 1640 and 1653 he was named Surveyor of Highways seven times, and sat on over twenty-eight juries.  By 1642 Sparrow’s land base grew, adding seven or more tracts to his original six acre house lot.

In 1644 Richard and Pandora adopted Elizabeth Hopkins, increasing the family size to five members.  The Sparrow family remained in this house until 1653 when it was sold to George Bonum.  The family soon after moved to Eastham.  While in Eastham, Richard remained active in the colonial government, serving as Eastham’s representative to Plymouth, as well as deputy to the General Court.  In 1657, Sparrow sold his remaining land holdings in Plymouth to Gyles Rickard.

Upon Richard Sparrow’s death on January 8, 1660, he was buried in Eastham and his estate was divided among his wife, son and three surviving grandchildren.

EDUCATION: He signed his name to an agreement regarding the Kennebec trade, 6 October 1659. His inventory included “a Bible [and] 2 small books” valued at 10s.

Deputy from Eastham to Plymouth General Court, 6 Apr 1653, 8 Jun 1655, 3 Jun 1656
Grand jury, 4 Jun 1639, 6 Jun 1643, 7 Jun 1653, 7 Jun 1659
Jury, 3 Mar 1639/40, 1 Sep 1640, 1 Feb 1640/1, 1 Jun 1641, 6 Jul 1641, 6 Sep 1641, 7 Dec 1641, 7 Jun 1642, 7 Nov 1643, 3 Mar 1644/5, 28 Oct 1645, 7 Jul 1646, 2 Mar 1646/7, 7 Jun 1648, 3 Oct 1648, 6 Mar 1648/9, 29 Oct 1649, 6 Mar 1649/50, 6 Jun 1650, 2 Oct 1650, 4 Mar 1650/1, 7 Jun 1651, 4 Jun 1652, 4 Jun 1657
Petit jury, 1 Jun 1647, 4 Oct 1648 of life and death for Allice Bishope
Coroner’s jury, 5 Jun 1638, 1 Aug1648 on the body of a child of Allis Bishop
committee to survey land, 5 May 1640
committee on Kennebec trade, 3 Oct 1659
Plymouth constable, 3 Mar 1639/40, 2 Jun 1640, 7 Mar 1642/3
Highway surveyor, 3 Mar 1639/40, 2 Jun 1640, 4 Jun 1645, 1 Jun 1647, 7 Jun 1648
Tax collector, 4  Jun 1650
Eastham surveyor of highways, 1 Jun 1658
In Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms

Assessed 9s. in the Plymouth tax lists of 25 Mar 1633 and 27 Mar 1634
7 Nov 1636 _ Granted six acres at Plymouth “to belong to their dwelling houses there, & not to be sold from their houses”
5 Mar 1637/8 – Granted forty acres “at the north end of Fresh Lake, and a parcel of marsh for meadow lying on the south side of Fresh Lake”
1 Jun 1640 – Granted five acres of meadow
2 Nov 1640 – Granted five acres at Lakenham
12 Jan 1639/40 – John Barnes of Plymouth sold to Richard Sparrow of the same four two-year-old steers and one three-year-old bull, for £83 Richard Sparrow immediately sold the bull and two of the steers to Josias Winslow of Plymouth, for £50.
16 Sep 1641 – Richard Sparrow was granted two acres of meadow ground at Wood Island “which was Mris Fullers”
7  Dec 1641 – Granted a parcel of upland 7 December 1641
17 Oct 1642 – Granted four acres of upland at the head of Mr. Hicks’s field.
1653 (day and month not given) – Richard Sparrow of Eastham sold to George Bonum of Plymouth “all that his house and garden plot on which the house standeth being scituate in Plymouth aforesaid in the South Street near the mill together with six acres of upland … in the new field”
4 Jun 1657 – “Richard Sparrow of Eastham, planter,” sold to Giles Rickard Sr. of Plymouth, weaver, “a parcel of upland meadow in the meadow commonly called Doten’s Meadow in the township of Plymouth aforesaid containing five acres”
6 Oct 1657 – Richard Sparrow and others were allowed to claim lands about thirteen English miles from Rehoboth
1 Jun 1658 – Granted a portion of land between Bridgewater and Weymouth

4 Oct 1658 – Richard Sparrow of Eastham, planter, sold to Abraham Sampson of Duxbury, carpenter, “a parcel of marsh meadow containing three acres and three quarters or thereabouts … lying on the east side of the great wood island in the township of Marshfield … whereof two acres of the said three acres and three quarters was at first granted to Joshua Pratt and by him sold to Josias Cooke, and by him sold to Richard Sparrow; and the other acre and three quarters granted to Mistress Bridgett Fuller and exchanged with Richard Sparrow for two acres in Dotie’s Meadow”; “the wife of the said Richard Sparrow hath given her consent”

In his will, dated 19 Nov 1660 and proved 5 Mar 1660/61, Richard Sparrow bequeathed to “Pandora my loving wife my dwelling house and housing with my garden plot adjacent in the Township of Eastham during her life and then to belong to Jonathan Sparrow my son” (along with some movables); “as for my uplands at Poche and my meadow ground … the one half I have already given to Jonathan my son and the other half … I give to John Sparrow my grandchild as his propere inheritance only my wife to have the use of my meadow or as much as she shall need during her life”; “whatsoever land shall befall to me from the country as my right it being purchased I give to John Sparrow my grandchild; “to the church of Eastham one ewe sheep to be disposed of according to the discretion of my overseers”; to “Pressila Sparrow my grandchild one ewe sheep to be improved in a small stock for her, and the rest of my ewe sheep I give to John and Rebecca Sparrow my grandchildren to be improved as a stock for them; to “Jonathan Sparrow my son my great cloth coat, and for the rest of my wearing apparel, my wife to dispose of them as she see cause”; wife Pandora and son Jonathan to be executors; friends and brethren Mr. Thomas Prence of Eastham, Mr. Thomas Willett of Rehoboth and Lieutenant Thomas Southworth of Plymouth to be overseers; residue of estate to be equally divided between wife and son The inventory of the estate of Richard Sparrow was taken 22 Jan 1660/61 and totalled £85, with no real estate included

MARRIAGE: By about 1629 Pandora _____ (assuming she was mother of Jonathan); she survived her husband. (According to some sources, in “1665 the widow [Pandora] and son [Jonathan] sold the Eastham home and removed to what is now East Orleans where Pandora probably died” [ Dawes-Gates 2:765, citing CCL 32:3]; this transaction is not recorded in the Plymouth Colony land records.)


24 Jun 1639  – “Mary Moorecock hath of her own voluntary will, with consent of her father-in-law, Thomas Whitton, put herself apprentice with Richard Sparrow, of Plymouth, and Pandora, his wife,” for a term of nine years   in exchange for food, lodging, clothes and a ewe lamb.The lamb was to be kept by Mary’s stepfather, who was to “keep one third of the increase for labor”.

5 Nov 1638  – “Richard Sparrow, of Plymouth, yeo[man],” was surety for William Burne (i.e., Bourne) of Duxbury.

24 Jun 1639 – Mary Moorecock, with the consent of her father-in-law (step father) apprenticed herself to Richard Sparrow and his wife Pandora for nine years (PCR 1:128-9). It is likely Richard and Pandora needed help running their household.

7 Dec 1641  – Richard was one of eight men who brought various actions against James Luxford, primarily for trespass

1644 – Adoption of  Elizabeth Hopkins. Willed by her mother Ruth to be raised “as his own” until married or 19 years old. Transfer carried out by Myles Standish and Caleb Hopkins. On 5 October 1656, Captain Myles Standish brought suit against Richard Sparrow of Eastham, on behalf of Elizabeth Hopkins, charging that Sparrow had not performed the terms of an agreement concerning Elizabeth.

2 Oct 1650 Thomas Shrive was presented to the court for pilfering corn from Richard Sparrow’s barn, and Richard Sparrow was censured for concealing Shrive’s crime (PCR 2:162). Was Richard a compassionate man who understood Shrive’s need for food and forgave him for the theft?

7 Mar 1653/54 – Sparrow won an action against Nathaniel Mayo for defamation

5 Oct 1656  – Captain Myles Standish brought suit against Richard Sparrow of Eastham, in behalf of Elizabeth Hopkins, charging that Sparrow had not performed the terms of an agreement concerning Elizabeth

6 Oct 1657 – Richard Sparrow won his suit against Ralph Smith for taking away a piece of timber, though having been forbidden, and refusing to give it back


In 1931 Mary Walton Ferris published a typically thorough study of Richard Sparrow and his son Jonathan [Dawes-Gates 2:763-68], and in 1960 Donald Lines Jacobus also prepared a briefer account [ Ackley-Bosworth 41-42]..

Posted in 12th Generation, Historical Monument, Historical Site, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Public Office | Tagged | 4 Comments

Capt. Jonathan Sparrow

Capt. Jonathan SPARROW (1633 -1707) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Capt. Jonathan Sparrow was born 26 Oct 1633 in Kent, England.  Hia parents were Richard SPARROW and Pandora [__?__]. He maried Rebecca BANGS 26 Oct 1654 in Eastham MA.  Our ancestor, Rebbeca Sparrow was his first daughter.  After Rebecca died, Jonathan  married Hannah Prence Mayo (widow of Nathaniel Mayo) on 5 Jul 1667 at Eastham MA. He married a third time to  Sarah Lewis Cobb (widow of James Cobb) on 23 Nov 1698.  Jonathan  died on 21 Mar 1706/07 at Eastham MA at age 73.


Jonathan Sparrow Headstone 2

Eastham Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable Co, Massachusetts
This gravestone along with that of Thomas Mulford is the oldest on the Outer Cape from Orleans to Provincetown. The side borders are deeply carved with fruits and gourds. It is carved in the style of William Mumford or Nathaniel Emmes.

Jonathan Sparrow Reverse Grave

Jonathan Sparrow Headstone Detail

Rebecca Bangs was born 1632 in Plymouth MA. She was the daughter of Edward BANGS and Rebecca HOBBART. Rebecca  died before 1678.

Hannah Prence  was  born 1628 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.  Her parents were  our ancestors  Gov.Thomas PRENCE and  Patience  BREWSTER.   Hannah first married 13 Feb 1650 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to Nathaniel Mayo (b. 1627 in England d. 1662 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.)  After Nathaniel died, she married 5 Jun 1667 in Mass. to Jonathan Sparrow. Hannah died 23 Nov 1698.

Children of Hannah Prence and Nathaniel Mayo:

i. Thomas Mayo b: 7 Dec 1650 Eastham

ii. Nathaniel Mayo b: 13 Nov 1652 Eastham; m. Elizabeth Wixam (1660 – ).

iii. Samuel Mayo b: 12 Oct 1655 Eastham;  d. 29 Oct 1738 in Eastham; m. 26 May 1681 to Ruth Hopkins (b: Jun 1653 in Eastham –  d. dates given online vary from 1693 to 1738, in Eastham or Harwich) Ruth’s parents were Gyles Hopkins and Katherine Wheldon  All four of her grandparents were our ancestors:  Gabriel WHELDONJane [__?__] and Stephen HOPKINSMary [__?__] Samuel and Ruth had seven children born between 1682 and 1696. Later, Samuel married 31 Aug 1728 in Eastham to Mary Sweat (b: 1701 in Eastham).

iv. Hannah Mayo b: 17 Oct 1657 Eastham

v. Theophilus Mayo b: 17 Dec 1659 Eastham

vi. Bathsheba Mayo b: 1661 Eastham

Sarah Lewis was born 2 Feb 1644 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were George Lewis and Sarah Jenkins. She first married 26 Dec 1663 in Barnstable  to James Cobb (b. 14 Jan 1634 in Plymouth, Mass – d. 1695 in Barnstable)  After James died, she married 23 Nov 1698 in Barnstable  to Jonathan Sparrow.  Sarah died 11 Feb 1735 in Barnstable.

Children of Jonathan and Rebecca

Name Born Married Departed
1. Rebecca SPARROW 30 Oct 1655
Eastham MA
Deacon Thomas FREEMAN 15 Feb 1739/40 in Harwich MA
2. John Sparrow 2 Nov 1656
Eastham, MA
Apphia Tracy
5 Dec 1683
Eastham, MA
23 Feb 1734/35 Eastham, MA
3. Priscilla Sparrow 13 Feb 1657/58
Eastham, MA
Edward Gray
ca. 1679
Eastham, Mass.
29 Mar 1682
4. Jonathan Sparrow Jul 9 1665 Rebecca Merrick
Sarah Snow (Daughter of our ancestor Jabez SNOW)
9 Mar 1639
West Brewster, MA
5. Mary Sparrow 10 Mar 1658/59
Eastham, MA
6. Lydia Sparrow 19 Nov 1660 Eastham, MA William Freeman
(son of our ancestor John FREEMAN)
1685 Eastham, MA
Jonathan Higgins
31 May 1687 Eastham, MA
16 Mar 1707/08
Eastham, MA
7. Elizabeth Sparrow ca. 1661 Eastham, Mass. Samuel Freeman
5 Feb 1683/84
31 Aug 1688
Eastham, Mass.

Children of Jonathan and Hannah Prence:

Name Born Married Departed
8. Richard Sparrow 17 Mar 1669/70
Eastham, MA
Mercy Cobb
4 Feb 1700/01
East Hampton, CT
13 Apr 1728 – Eastham, MA
9. Patience Sparrow 25 Oct 1675
Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
John Paine
27 May 1691 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
John Jenkins
23 Nov 1715 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
25 Oct 1745
Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
10. Abigail Sparrow 1677 Samuel Mayo
8 Jun 1713

Jonathan Sparrow, Esq.  was a very active citizen, being a school-master, constable, deacon of the church and justice of the peace; he was elected deputy nineteen times and selectman ten times. In King Phillip’s war he began as an ensign, then lieutenant, receiving his captaincy in 1689.

Cape Code Library of Local History and Genealogy, Vol I

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

Chatham, Barnstable, Mass

In 1665, to settle the difficulty at Monomoy, now Chatham between William Nickerson and the Colonial government respecting the illegal purchase of land of the Indian sachem there, Nickerson was allowed one hundred acres of the purchased land, and Major John FREEMAN, with Thomas Hinckley, William Sargeant, Anthony Thacher, Nathaniel Bacon, Edmund HAWES,  Thomas HOWES, Sr,  Thomas FOLLAND, Sr and Lt. Joseph Rogers was allowed a grantee of the remaining portion with the privilege with the above named to purchase adjacent land.

In 1672,  Major Freeman disposed of his right to William Nickerson; and in 1674 Major Freeman and  Capt. Jonathan SPARROW were appointed to lay out Nickerson’s land with instructions, but for some cause the work was not accomplished by the committee until 1692.

Native American tribes who lived in the Chatham before European colonization include the Nauset, specifically the Manomoy or Monomoy people. “Manamoyik” was a Nauset village located near present-day Chatham. Explorer Samuel de Champlain landed here in 1606, contacting (and skirmishing with) the Nauset. English settlers first settled in Chatham in 1665, and the town was incorporated in 1712, naming it after Chatham, Kent, England. Located at the “elbow” of Cape Cod, the community became a shipping, fishing, and whaling center. Chatham’s early prosperity would leave it with a considerable number of 18th century buildings, whose charm helped it develop into a popular summer resort.

10 Jun 1673 – John FREEMAN, Jonathan SPARROW, John Tracy, Mark Snow, Jeremiah Howes, Arthur HOWLAND and Isaac Barker receipted to “our mother-in-law Mrs. Mary Prence late wife and executrix to our father Thomas Prence Esquire deceased” for their shares of the estate of Thomas Prence.

1675 – Jonathan was Lietenant in the 2nd Barnstable Company, Plymouth Regiment in the war with King Phillip.  Our ancestor Captain John GORHAM was Jonathan’s Captain in the same company.  While they are both related to us, they are five generations removed from each other.  John led his troops in the Great Swamp Fight (or Massacre) of December 19, 1675, was wounded and died two months later..

10 Jun 1676 – Josiah Winslow, Esquire, “attorney for … Susanna Prence at Catheren Gate near the Tower in London …, singlewoman”; and John Freeman in the right of Mary his wife and as attorney for “Mary Prence, relict and executrix of the last will and testament of the honored Thomas Prence, late Governor … deceased,” and of Jonathan Sparrow and Hannah his wife, Marke Snow and Jane his wife, and Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah his wife, daughters of the said Thomas Prence; and John Tracye and Mary his wife, Arthur Howland and Elizabeth his wife, and Isacke Barker and Judith his wife, daughters also of the said Thomas Prence, sold to Constant Southworth, treasurer and agent of Plymouth Colony, “all that our dwelling house, messuage or tenement” in Plymouth “at a place commonly called Plain Dealing”; signed by Josiah Winslow, John Freeman, John Trasye, Arthur Howland and Isack Barker.

1679  – “Select Courts” “being establishe by law, Capt. Jonathan Sparow , Mr Mark Snow and Mr. John Doane were commissioned to hold them in this town.” Eastham, MA.


1. Rebecca SPARROW (See Deacon Thomas FREEMAN‘s page)

2. John Sparrow

John’s wife Apphia Tracy was born 1663 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Mass. Her parents were John Tracy and Mercy Prence. Apphia died 15 Dec 1739 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

John Sparrow Gravestone — Orleans Cemetery, East Orleans, Barnstable County, Mass

78y 7m 20d

3. Priscilla Sparrow

Priscilla’s husband Edward Gray was born 1656 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Gray and Hannah Lumpkin. After Priscilla died, he married 16 Jul 1684 in Yarmouth, Cape Cod, Mass to Melatiah Lewis (b. 13 Jan 1664 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1729 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.) Edward died 7 Jun 1726 in Tiverton, Bristol, Mass

4. Jonathan Sparrow

Jonathan’s first wife Rebecca Merrick was born 28 Nov 1668 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were William Merrick (1643 – 1732) and Abigail Hopkins (1644 – ). Rebecca died before 5 May 1723 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Jonathan’s second wife Sarah Snow was born 16 Feb 1672/73 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were our ancestors Jabez SNOW and Elizabeth SMITH. She first married Henry Young (b. 17 Mar 1671/72 in Eastham – d. 26 Apr 1706 in Eastham) His parents were John Young (b. 1624) and Abigail Howland (1629 – 1692). His maternal grandparents were Quakers Henry Howland and Mary Newland and his great grandparents were our ancestors Henry HOWLAND Sr and Margaret AIRES.

There is an inconsistency between Rebecca Merrick’s reported death before 5 May 1723 and Sarah’s and Jonathan’s reported 1712 marriage.

Many genealogies say that Sarah and Jonathan had a son Jabez Sparrow born in 1712.  I can find no further information on Jabez nor Rebecca’s death (the “before” note indicates a probate record existed) or Sarah and Jonathan’s marriage.

Some genealogies say that Jonathan and Sarah had a daughter Sarah Sparrow (b. ~ 1705 in Eastham – d. ~ 1784 in Eastham) who married Enos Knowles (30 Apr 1712 in Eastham – d. ~1784 in Eastham) Enos’ parents were Samuel Knowles (1682 – 1750) and Bethiah Brown (1685 – ). Enos and Sarah had six children betwen 1736 and 1744.

Other genealogies say Enos’ wife Sarah’s parents were Jonathan’s brother Richard Sparrow and Mercy Cobb. However, Richard and Mercy’s daughter Sarah Sparrow (b. 1708 in Eastham – d. 1790 in Eastham) married Edmund Freeman (b. 1703 in Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Jul 1782 in Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.) and had at least two children Jonathan (b. 1730) and Edmund Jr. (b. 1731). Edmund, married first, April 22, 1725 to Lois Paine, and second Sep 25, 1729 to Sarah Sparrow.

Some thoughts:

  •  It’s a little unusual that Rebecca had six children between ages 22 and 34 and then none after.
  • The seventeen years between Henry’s death in 1706 and Rebecca’s death in 1723 is a long time to be a widow and then remarry.
  • Divorce was unusual in 18th C Massachusetts  and court records plentiful.
  • It seems likely that their were two cousins named Sarah Sparrow, one who married Enos Knowles and another who married Edmund Freeman.
  • Sarah Sparrow and Sarah Snow share the same first name.
  • Jabez was Sarah’s father’s name.

Therefore, my conclusion in that Sarah and Jonathan married shortly after Henry Young’s 26 Apr 1706 death and Rebecca Merrick died WELL before 5 May 1723.   If any knows more, please post a reply, thanks.,

Jonathan Sparrow Jr Gravestone —  Orleans Cemetery, East Orleans, Barnstable County, Mass Find A Grave Memorial# 47232439

Children of Jonathan and Rebecca:

i. Hannah Sparrow b. 1690 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

ii. Abigail Sparrow b. 1691 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

iii. Jonathan Sparrow b. 1695 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

iv. Joseph Sparrow b. 1699 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

v. John Sparrow b. 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

vi. Rebecca Sparrow b. 15 Sep 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.;

6. Lydia Sparrow

Lydia’s first husband William Freeman was born Oct 1662 Eastham, Mass.  His parents were John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE.  William died 31 MAY 1687 Eastham, Mass.

Lydia’s second husband Jonathan Higgins was born Aug 1664 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Jonathan Higgins and Elizabeth Rogers. Lydia died 2 Nov 1754 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

7. Elizabeth Sparrow

Elizabeth’s husband Samuel Freeman Capt Samuel Freeman was born 26 Mar 1662 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  His parents were Samuel Freeman and Mercy Southworth.  After Elizabeth died 31 Aug 1688 Eastham, Mass during the birth of their second child, he married 1693 to Eastham, Mass to Bathsheba Lathrop, daughter of Barnabas LATHROP and  Susanna CLARK.  Samuel died 30 Jan 1743 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

8. Richard Sparrow

Richard’s wife Mercy Cobb was born 9 Apr 1685 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were James Cobb (1634 – 1694) and Sarah Lewis (1644 – 1735). After Richard died in 1728, she married 19 Apr 1729 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to Israel Doane (b. 1672 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass/ – d. 5 Jun 1740 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.) Mercy died 1732 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass

Richard Sparrow Headstone — Orleans Cemetery, East Orleans, Barnstable County, Mass


The gravestone has sunk and part of the inscription is below ground.

9. Patience Sparrow

Patience’s first husband John Paine was born 14 Mar 1661. His parents were Thomas Paine and Mary Snow. John died 1 Oct 1712 in Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.

Patience’s second husband John Jenkins was born 13 Nov 1659 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John Jenkins and Mary Ewer. John died 8 Jul 1736 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass

10. Abigail Sparrow

Abigail’s husband Samuel Mayo was born about 1682 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Samuel Mayo and Ruth Hopkins. Samuel died 07 Oct 1761 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass


Posted in 11th Generation, Historical Monument, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Public Office, Veteran | Tagged | 25 Comments

Deacon Thomas Freeman

Thomas FREEMAN (1653 – 1716) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Deacon Thomas Freeman was born 16 Sep 1653 in Eastham Mass.  He was the son of John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE.  He married Rebecca SPARROW 31 Dec 1673.   Thomas died 9 Feb 1715/16 in Harwich MA.

Deacon Thomas Freeman Headstone — Brewster Old Burial Ground, Route 6A behind Unitarian Church – Here lyes ye body of Deacon Thomas Freeman —  Findagrave #54176374

Rebecca Sparrow was born 30 Oct 1655 in Eastham MA.  She was the daughter of Jonathan SPARROW and Rebecca BANGS.  She died 15 Feb 1739/40 in Harwich MA at the age of 84.

Rebecca Sparrow Freeman Headstone — Old Burying Ground, Brewster, Barnstable County, Mass

Children of Thomas and Rebecca:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Henry Freeman (twin) 30 Oct 1674 Harwich MA
2. Mercy Freeman (twin) 30 Oct 1674 Harwich, MA Paul Sears
1693 Harwich, Mass
30 Aug 1747 W Brewster MA
3. Thomas Freeman 12 Oct 1676 Harwich, MA Bathsheba Mayo
22 Aug 1706 Eastham, MA
Mary Smith
13 Nov 1707 Eastham, MA
22 Mar 1715/16 Orleans, Barnstable, MA
4. Jonathan Freeman 11 Nov 1678 Eastham, MA Mercy Bradford
12 Oct 1708 Eastham, MA
27 Apr 1714 Harwich, MA
5. Col. Edmund Freeman 11 Oct 1680 Eastham, MA Phebe Watson
Barnstable, Mass
10 Mar 1744/45 Eastham, MA
6. Capt. Joseph Freeman 10 Feb 1681/82 Eastham, MA Lydia Thacher
13 Oct 1709 Barnstable, MA
Mary Watson
9 Sep 1736 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.
Mar 1756 Eastham, MA
7. Joshua Freeman 7 Mar 1683/84 Harwich, MA bef.
4 Feb 1715/16
8. Hannah Freeman 28 Sep 1687 Harwich, MA 25 Aug 1707 Harwich, MA
9. Prince (Prence) Freeman 3 Jan 1688/89 Harwich, MA Mary Doane
20 Mar 1710/11 Barnstable, MA
14 Apr 1769 Middletown, CT
10. Hatsuld Freeman 27 Mar 1691 Harwich, MA Abigail Hallett (daughter of Jonathan HALLETT)
18 Jun 1719 Barnstable, MA
23 May 1773 Eastham, MA
11. Rebecca FREEMAN 26 Apr 1694 Harwich, MA John WING IV
24 Jul 1723 Harwich,Mass
1 Sep 1761 Harwich MA

Thomas Freeman was a very prominent citizen.  He was one of the petitioners for the town of Harwich’s incorporation, the first town clerk and one of the first selectman of Harwich.  He helped to found the first church in 1700 and was elected deacon 23 Nov 1700.

On Oct. 16, 1700, the church in Harwich consisting of eight persons was gathered and the following men signed the Church Covenant & the Confession of Faith:

Nathll STONE
Joseph PAIN

On the same day, Nathanaell Stone was Ordained Pastor of this Church in Harwich.
On Nov 28  1700, the Church made choice of Mr. Thomas FREEMAN to the office of Deacon.

Rebecca FREEMAN, Patience PAIN, Ruth BANGS, Suzannah GREY, Mary CROSBEY & Hannah SNOW all admitted 22 Jun 1701

On 25 Mar 1716, after the Death of Deacon FREEMAN, Mr. Thomas CROSBEY & Mr. Thomas LINCOLN were chosen by ye Chh, with ye concurrence of their Pastor to Succeed in that office.  

  • At Deacon FREEMAN’s death was seven pounds overplus of ye contributions for ye Sacrament, the one half of which was returned to ye Chh, and the other given by them to his family
Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Harwich is situated on the southside of Cape Cod, with expansive white-sand beaches that run along Nantucket Sound, which is on average 10 degrees warmer than the open Atlantic Ocean on a typical summer day. Those who prefer freshwater will find a score of pristine kettlehole ponds, formed by the glaciers.

Harwich was first settled in 1670 as part of Yarmouth. The town was officially incorporated in 1694 and took its name from a town in England.   The original settlement and first meetinghouse were located in what later became the North Parish, now Brewster.  Early industry involved fishing and farming. The town is considered by some to be the birthplace of the cranberry industry, with the first commercial operation opened in 1846.

Local old-timers refer to those from Harwich as “Hairleggers.” While the origin for this unseemly term is somewhat foggy now, one theory points to the absence of socks on the town baseball team back in the 1800’s.


2. Mercy Freeman

Mercy’s husband Paul Sears was born 15 Jun 1669 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Paul Sears and Deborah Willard. Paul died 14 Feb 1738/39 W. Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.

“Mr Paul Sears” lived on Quivet Neck, and was prominent in the church of the East precinct of Yarmouth, to which he was adm. Jun 23, 1728, and his wife Aug 6, 1727.

4 Aug 1724 – Paul Sears was one of Committee to inform Mr. Taylor of call to ministry;”

5 Oct 1725, one of Committee “to lay out meeting-house floor for pews;

24 Jun 1726, “to receive Mr. Dennis answer;”

16 Mar 1727, On Com. “on ordination of Mr. Dennis.”

I find no record of administration upon the estate of Paul Sears, and he perhaps divided his property before his death, but all early records in Reg. Deeds Barns. have been destroyed by fire.
He is buried by the side of his wife in the old family burying-ground at Bound Brook in West Brewster.

The will of his wife known as “Marcy Paul, dated Dec. 13,1746, was filed Sep. 9, 1747, by Daniel and Edmund Sears, Exrs.; and names, children, Ebenezer, Paul, Thomas, Joshua, Daniel, Edmund, Rebecca Hall, Deborah Howes, Mercy Blackmore and Ann Bangs. The estate was appraised at £ 562 04 02.

Paul Manassa and Peter Dugamus, servants to Paul Sears in Capt Nick Barnes Co., May 12 – Jul 14,1725, and Peter Duganus servant to Paul Sears was in Capt Wm Canaada (Canedy) Co serving against indians in Maine. “he Run”

Marcy Freeman Sears Headstone Sears Cemetery East Dennis, Barnstable Mass74 yrs wife of Paul


Paul Sears Headstone Sears Cemetery East Dennis, Barnstable Mass

Children of Mercy and Paul:

i. Ebenezer Sears b. 15 Aug 1694 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1748 East Hampton, Middlesex, CT; m. 26 May 1720 Yarmouth to Sarah Howes (b. 22 Jan 1700 Yarmouth – d. 1748 East Hampton)  Sarah’s brother Thomas married Ebenzer’s sister Deborah. ‘ sister Sarah married Deborah’s brother Ebenezer.   Their parents were Capt. Ebenezer Howes and Sarah Gorham. His grandparents were  Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE.  Ebenezer and Sarah had eleven children born between 1721 and 1744.

ii. Paul Sears b. 21 Dec 1695 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1771 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass.; m. 30 May 1721 Rochester to Charity Whittredge (b. 1702   Beverly, Essex, Mass. – d. 1765   Rochester) Charity’s parents were William Whitridge ( – 1726) and Mercy Blashfield (1685 – 1750). Paul and Charity had six children born between 1725 and 1741.

iii. Elizabeth Sears b. 27 Aug 1697 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 28 Feb 1729 Yarmouth; m. 10 Feb 1725  Yarmouth to Nathaniel Crosby (b. 1700 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. — d. 1780 Massachusetts)  Nathanie’ls parents were  Simon Crosby (1665 – 1717) and  Mary Nickerson (1669 – 1746). Elizabeth and Nathaniel had one child Moses (b. 1726)

After Elizabeth died, Nathaniel married 9 Mar 1731 Barnstable, Mass to Esther Young (1706 – 1763) and had five more children between 1733 and 1746.

iv. Thomas Sears b. 6 Jun 1699 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 17 Jul 1755 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass; m. 16 May 1734  Plymouth to Elizabeth Bartlett (b. 2 Mar 1707  Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 21 Mar 1752 Plymouth)  Elizabeth’s parents were  Robert Bartlett (1663 – 1718) and   Sarah Cooke (1671 – 1745).  Thomas and Elizabeth had six children born between 1738 and 1748.

A month after Elizabeth’s death, Thomas married 23 Apr 1752 Yarmouth to Mehitable Fish (b. 1731) and had two more children in 1753 and 1755.

The will of Thomas Sears of Plymouth, dated July 2, 1755, was allowed July 17; Jeremiah Howes, Execr; it names wife Mehitable, sons Thomas and Willard, and daus. Bettye, Rebecca, Chloa, Sarah and Mary Sears.

The inventory of widow Mehitable Sears, late of Sandwich, was filed Feb. 6, 1769, by Prince Tupper, Admr, and foots up £ 26 13 8.

v. Rebecca Sears b. 2 Apr 1701 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 Mar 1791 Dennis; m. 15 Oct 1719 Yarmouth to Deacon Joseph Hall (b. 6 Aug 1697 Yarmouth – d. 22 Feb 1772 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; Burial: Hall Cemetery, Dennis) Joseph’s parents were Joseph Hall (1663 – 1736) and Hannah Miller (1666 – 1710). Rebecca and Joseph had nine children born between 1723 and 1744.

vi. Mercy Sears b. 7 Feb 1702 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 17 May 1780 New Marlboro, Berkshire, Mass; m. 9 Jan 1725 Rochester, Plymouth, Mass to Joseph Blackmore (b. 4 Sep 1697  Rochester, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 14 Mar 1771 New Marlborough) Joseph’s parents were Peter Blackmer ( – 1717) and Elizabeth [__?__] (1673 -1711). Mercy and Joseph had seven children born between 1726 and 1737.

vii. Deborah Sears b. 11 Mar 1705 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Sep 1781 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; Burial: Howes Cemetery, Dennis; m. 1723 Yarmouth to Thomas Howes (b. 22 Jan 1699  Yarmouth – d. 12 Nov 1764 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.)  Thomas’ sister Sarah married Deborah’s brother Ebenezer.   Their parents were Capt. Ebenezer Howes and Sarah Gorham. His grandparents were  Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE. Deborah and Thomas had nine children born between 1724 and 1749.

viii. Ann Sears b. 27 Dec 1706 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1733 Massachusetts; m. 18 Dec 1727 to Ebenezer Bangs (b . 8 Feb 1702 Brewster, Mass. – d. Barnstable, Mass.) Ebenezer’s parents were Edward Bangs (1665 – 1746) and Ruth Allen ( – 1738). Ann and Ebenezer had nine children born between 1728 and 1748.

Their son Barnabas (1728-1808) was a matross  in Capt. Abner Lowell’s artillery company from Jul 15 1776 to Dec 31 1776 serving in Falmouth and Cumberland counties, Maine.   The duty of a matross was to assist the gunners in loading, firing and sponging the guns. They were provided with firelocks, and marched with the store-wagons, acting as guards. In the Continental army a matross ranked as a private of artillery.

ix. Joshua Sears b. 20 Nov 1708 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 27 Sep 1753 Middletown, Middlesex, CT; m. 10 Feb 1732 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to Rebecca Mayo (b. 10 Oct 1713 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1776 Middletown) Rebecca’s parents were John Mayo (1691 -1756) and Susannah Freeman. Joshua and Rebecca had twelve children born between 1732 and 1751.

Joshua was Constable of Harwich in 1745.  He was a man of large stature, and of great strength and hardihood.
In 1746, he removed to Middletown, CT, and purchased land on the east side of the Conneticut river, in that part of town afterward set off as Chatham.

In Col. Rec. Ct., vol. X, we find the memorial of Rebecca Sears, admx, to the Assembly, setting forth that debts exceeded personal estate by £ 135 16 10, and asking liberty to sell real estate.

9 Mar 1732, Ebenr Nickerson deeded to Joshua Sears, for the consideration of £532, “about 36 acres of land with the buildings, &c., eastward of Point of Rocks, Harwich, 3 Lots: First, the eastern-most originally laid out to Capt. Jona. Bangs; —. Second, to successors Mark Snow; –. Third, the westward to Thos. Clark, bounded on Dea. Chillingsworth Foster, Nathaniel Hopkins, John Freeman, and Clark & Cole lot.”.

x. Daniel Sears b. 16 Jul 1710 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 28 Nov 1771 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.; Burial: Sears Cemetery, East Dennis. m. 13 Jan 1736 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. to Mercy Snow (b. 16 Sep 1713 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 8 May 1790 West Brewster, Mass) Mercy’s parents were Micajah Snow (1669 – 1754) and Mercy Young (1669 – 1753). Daniel and Mercy had seven children born between 1738 and 1752.

Daniel lived in the East precinct of Yarmouth, now East Dennis, and with his wife was admitted to the church there, May 16, 1742. Mar.7 1749, Daniel Sears on committee “to keep boys in order on the Sabbath day,” and again Mar. 22,1750-51. Dec. 16, 1760, appd. on committee to locate school.

His will, dated Nov. 29, 1771, was proved Dec. 5, 1771, by Daniel Sears and Paul Sears, Execrs., and mentions Phebe Sears, Micajah, Daniel, Paul and Enos. Real Estate  £ 578. Personal, £ 179 13 2.

xi. Edmund Sears b. 6 Aug 1712 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Aug 1796 West Brewster, Barnstable, Mass; Burial: Sears Cemetery, East Dennis, Barnstable;  m. 7 Apr 1743  Yarmouth to Hannah Crowell (b. 9 Sep 1725 Yarmouth – d. 22 Jun 1802 West Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.) Hannah’s parents were Christopher Crowell (1698 – 1781) and Sarah Matthews (1703 -1774) Edmund and Hannah had nine children born between 1744 and 1766.

Edmund Sears and his wife were admitted to the church in East Yarmouth, May 12, 1745. He was a sea captain during many years. It is related of him that at the time of the “Boston Tea Party,” he was unloading his vessel in the vicinity. He went on board the vessels and participated in throwing the tea overboard.

Upon his return to the Cape soon after, though he had been long absent from home, on entering the house he went straight to the “bowfat,” and without saying a word to any one, seized the teapot and caddy, and threw them into the garden with a crash. His astonished wife whispered to the children, “your poor father has come home crazy.” He then proclaimed that from that time henceforth none of his family were to drink tea, or wear any articles of British manufacture. His four sons were in the Revolutionary Army, but nevertheless, when a landing was threatened on the Cape, he mounted his horse and galloped to the spot to offer his services.

He set up the first chaise, and owned the first ingrain carpet in the town. His will, dated June 20, 1796, was witnessed by John Chapman, Peter Sears and Joseph Sears; a codicil bears no date. He mentions wife Hannah; daus. Mary Sears, Elizh. Homer, Jane Hallet, Temperance Clark and Hannah Sears; and sons Christopher, Elkanah, Edmund and Joshua.

xii. Hannah Sears b. 6 Mar 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 9 Nov 1739 Yarmouth; m. 4 Jul 1734  Yarmouth to Thomas Howes (b. 27 Jun 1706 Yarmouth – d. 12 Mar 1771.) Thomas’ parents were Prince Howes (1669 – 1753) and Dorcas Joyce (1674 – 1757) His grandparents were Jeremiah HOWES and Mercy PRENCE. Hannah and Thomas had two childdren Sarah Howes (b. 1735) and Thomas (b. 1737).

After Hannah died, Thomas married 15 Oct 1741 Yarmouth to Bethiah Sears (1718 – 1788) Bethiah’s parents were Joseph Sears (1669 – 1750) and Hannah Hall (1682 – 1753)  Thomas and Bethiah had three more children born between 1743 and 1748.

3. Thomas Freeman

Thomas’ first wife Bathsheba Mayo was born 23 Sep 1683 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Nathaniel Mayo (1652 – 1709) and Elizabeth Wixam (1660 – ). Bathsheba died  in 1706 Eastham, Mass.  Her grandparents were Nathaniel Mayo and Hannah Prence. Hannah later married our ancestor Jonathan SPARROW as his second wife.

Thomas’ second wife Mary Smith was born  24 May 1685 in Durham, Stafford New Hampshire.  Her parents, James Smith and Sarah Davis were killed in King William’s War,  her father in 1690 and her mother in the Oyster  River Massacre  18 Jul 1694 in Durham, New Hampshire. Her grandparents were our ancestors Ensign John DAVIS and Jane PEASLEE  (see their page for more details of the massacre.)  After Thomas died, she married again aft. Mar 1717 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. to Hezekiah Doane (1672 – 1752) Mary died in  1732 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

The Story of Mary Smith

Most genealogies say Ensign John DAVIS (1621 – 1686) was killed at the Oyster River Massacre,  he actually died a few years earlier, but the actual toll to his family is bad enough; daughter Sarah, son John Jr, daughter-in-law Elizabeth, grandson James and grandson Samuel all killed, two to four grandchildren carried off to Canada, one to live for fifty years as a French nun. Another son and grandson were killed by Indians in 1720 and 1724.

Did Mary escape or was she captured and taken to Canada?   How did she get  Mary get the 150 miles from New Hampshire to Harwich?   Was the attack a treacherous massacre or justified act of war?  I decided to make this post to share what I found out. Oyster River Massacre – 1694

Here’s a romanticized version I found where Thomas was a mariner who had business at Oyster River where he met Mary, fell in love and brought her home to the Cape to be married.  I’m not sure of the author,but,  I’ve updated a little of the florid 19th Century language and omitted incorrect details like their mother scooping babes Samuel and James into her arms since they were actually 11 and 13 years old.

In the days of the French and Indian Wars, the  town of Durham,  [today home to the University of New Hampshire], was called Oyster River. The scattered farmhouses were guarded by six or eight garrison houses. Nothing lay between the settlements and Quebec, but the unbroken wilderness known only to the Indians, the fur traders and the marauding war parties which were sent out against each other by Catholic Canada and Protestant New England.

Mary Smith lived at the Inn which was kept by her father James Smith and her mother Sarah Davis in Oyster River N.H.  The people lived in constant terror of attack. Mary’s father was killed by the Indians, and Mary’s mother took her five children and moved into the garrison house near by with her brother Ensign John Davis.

July 18, 1694 some 200 Indians led by 20 French Canadians and 2 Catholic Priests burst, without warning, on the sleeping village.  The garrison house of Ensign Davis, Mary’s Uncle, was quickly surrounded. One of the French leaders and a Catholic priest promised safety for him and his household if he surrendered. He took them at their word, realizing all too well, that alone he could not hold out long. The instant he unbolted the door, he was rushed upon by the Indians, tomahawked and scalped, together with is wife and two of their children while the two older girls were seized as captives. When Mary’s mother saw what was happening, she  shouted for her  children to run for their lives out the back door. Somehow, Mary, her sister Sarah, and brother John made their escape and hid in the woods.  [Mary’s brothers James (1681 – 1694) and Samuel (1683 – 1694) were not so lucky.]

Twenty-eight of Mary’s closest relatives met death that morning.  In all, 104 inhabitants were killed and 27 taken captive,  with half the dwellings, including the garrisons, pillaged and burned to the ground. But Mary was not to be taken captive. In a few days Captain Tom Freeman from Cape Cod was heading his lumber schooner in toward Oyster River for a load of sawn boards. He found several frightened, bewildered people who told him of the massacre. He loaded no lumber that trip but began to search along the bank and in the woods for all those he could possibly save.

Among this group was our ancestor Mary Smith. She was taken to Tom Freeman’s father’s home which was in Harwich, Mass. Mary was reared and educated by those fine people and when she grew up she married the youthful sea captain who had rescued her – Captain John Freeman _ Mary Smith Freeman.

From the family Bible – we read in Mary’s own precise handwriting –

Mary Smith born May 24, 1685 Md Tom Freeman November 13, 1707

In a short ten years her husband was dead and she a widow at thirty-three with four little children. The final line of the record reads – My husband Thomas Freeman deceased March 22, 1718.

Mary’s sister Sarah came to Eastham to marry Joshua Harding in 1702. So a more likely scenario is that Mary came to visit, or even live, with Sarah and met Thomas then.

Hezekiah Doane was son of Ephraim Doane and Mercy Knowles. He first married to Hannah Snow, second to Mary Smith Freeman, widow of Thomas Freeman of Harwich. After Mary died, he married Mrs. Sarah Knowles of Eastham in 1744.

Hezekiah Doane appears as a surveyor of highways in Eastham in 1691 and 1692. He early resided in what is now Provincetown, where he was engaged in the whale fishery. He attended church at Truro where some of his children were baptized. On 15 May 1705 he and Samuel Treat, Jr., were admitted inhabitants of Pamet, now Truro, and on 01 Nov 1711, when a church was organized there with Rev. John Avery as pastor, Hezekiah Doane was chosen deacon and ruling elder. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1710 and held the office many years, his name appearing as a Justice on old documents as late as 1736, at which time he was residing in Provincetown.

Thomas Freeman Jr. Gravestone

Here Lyes Ye Body Of Mr Thomas Freeman Who Dec’d March Ye 22d 1716/7 In Ye 41st Year Of His Age
Old Burying Ground Brewster

Children of Thomas and Mary

i. Thomas Freeman b. 13 Sep 1708 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 19 Jan 1766 of smallpox in Eastham; m.  1730  to Dorothy Cole (b. 1705/10)  Dorothy’s parents were Timothy Cole (1679 – ) and Apphia Pepper (1684 – )

The first census of Massachusetts, taken by order of Royal Governor Francis Bernard in 1765, enumerated a population of 678 for the farming and fishing community of Chatham in Barnstable County. In the autumn of 1765,Smallpox appeared in the town in its most virulent form and in a short time became epidemic. It raged throughout December 1765 and January 1766. In all 61 persons were attacked, of whom only 24 recovered. Over sixty per cent of those attacked died. The cases numbered nine per cent of the population. Isolated cases of the disease had previously appeared in the town from time to time among soldiers returning from frontier armies or sailors from the West Indies. Unusual precautions were always taken to prevent the spread of the dreaded disease, and in nearly every case it had been confined to the person or family first attacked.

The smallpox epidemic of 1765-66, according to contemporary reports, began in the family of Deacon Paul Crowell, a prominent citizen. One account stated that it emanated from a bale of cotton imported from the South and sold at a store near the residence of Reuben Rider, who contracted the disease. Another alleged that it was brought in with a package of clothing from the West Indies —garments washed in the house of Deacon Crowell.

Dr. Samuel Lord, the town’s physician, served unstintingly in caring for the sick
before falling victim himself and dying on January 12, 1766. Mr. Thomas Freeman, who lived at Harwich at the head of Pleasant Bay not far from the Chatham line, and was considered skillful in medicine, also caught the disease and died on January 19. Chatham historian C.W. Smith noted in 1917. “His gravestone may still be seen in the field at So. Orleans near where he lived.” The exact location of the gravestone and whether it exists today is not known.

Every known method of combating the disease was employed. Schools were closed, business abandoned, and the community was in a state of fear and consternation. Whole families were almost wiped out. Mr. John Rider and his wife, aged and well-to-do people, were taken away, their maiden daughter Bethiah, their son Zenas and his wife, their son Stephen, his wife and nine of his ten children and the wife of their son Reuben. Deacon Stephen Smith, his wife and two of his daughters died and other families lost two or three members each/

To avoid the danger of spreading the disease, the usual funeral services were omitted, and the bodies of the deceased were taken out by the members of the family and buried in the rear of their respective farms, where many of them lay buried today, their resting places being marked in some cases by substantial slate gravestones.

The plight of the Chatham people elicited sympathy from the neighboring towns of Harwich, Eastham and Yarmouth. Money was raised in several Cape Cod churches for assistance to the bereaved. Mr. John Hawes, of Chatham, was chosen to receive this money, and a committee, consisting of Messrs. John Young and Barnabas Eldredge and 3 selectmen, was designated to distribute these funds. Mr. Eldredge (and later Captain Joseph Doane) was appointed town agent to the General Court of the Colony to solicit additional recompense for the widowed, orphaned and infirm. A petition on behalf of the town, accompanied by written evidence from its selectmen, in 1768, was recognized by Court Statute two years later. This device remitted the sum of £98, s.7, d.9, from Province Tax monies for the year 1769, “for the Relief of Poor Persons and others, who were visited with the Small Pox in said town from the first of November 1765 to the first of August 1766.”

Some of these charges doubtless included the expense of demolishing houses to erase contagion. The executor of theestate of Hezekiah Eldredge, for example, charged off the following items: ‘House and Barn taken down of Necessity by reason of the Small Pox and appraised at £17.”

ii. James Freeman b. 9 Oct 1710 Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1740 Provincetown, Barnstable, Mass; m. his first cousin Mary Freeman (b. May 1721 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass) Mary’s parents were Prince Freeman and Mary Doane (See below) After Thomas died, Mary married 2 Feb 1745 in Eastham to Isaac Smith (b. 1721 in Harwich – d. East Hampton, Middlesex, Mass)

iii. Bathsheba Freeman b. 2 Mar 1713 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. d. 1725 Provincetown, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. Major Samuel Freeman b. 8 Aug 1715 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Apr 1783 Liverpool, Queens, Nova Scotia; m1. 1735 to Margaret Smith (b. 1715 – d. 1755) Samuel and Margaret had six children born between 1736 and 1754.

m2. 27 Oct 1755 in Trinity Church, Newport, RI to Mary Mayo (b. 13 Aug 1725 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Oct 1811 Port Medway, Queens, Nova Scotia) Mary’s parents were Judah Mayo (1691 – 1761) and Mary Hamilton (1699 – 1736) Mary first married Joseph Doane. On 2 Dec 1761 Thomas Hamilton was appointed guardian of Hezekiah and Mary, the two surviving children from her first marriage. Samuel and Mary had nine more children between 1756 and 1767.

Following the Expulsion of the Acadians during the French and Indian War (1754–1763), Liverpool was founded by New England Planters (commercially organized settlers) as a fishing port in 1759, and was named after Liverpool in England – which also lies along its own Mersey River.

Liverpool was at first sympathetic to the cause of the American Revolution, but after repeated attacks by American privateers on local shipping interests and one direct attack on the town itself, Liverpool citizens turned against the rebellion. Ports on either side of Liverpool – Port Medway and Port Mouton – were almost continuously at the service of the Americans throughout the war.

On April 24, 1778, the HMS Blonde ran aground the French ship Duc de Choiseul in Liverpool Harbor. There was an exchange of cannon fire for over three hours. A number of the French crew were killed, drowned and wounded. The 100 remaining French crew were taken prisoner. The arms that were on the wrecked ship continued to attract American privateers over the following month. Consequently, on May 1, American privateers raided Liverpool, ravaging and pillaging a number of the houses and stores. Three weeks later, on May 21, the same privateers returned and tried to tow the wreck of the Duc de Choiseul out to sea. Cannon fire was exchanged by the British militia and the American privateers. The privateers continued to fire at the town for almost an hour.

After suffering three years of similar sporadic raids, the people of Liverpool, on June 2, 1779 built a battery for the artillery and on October 31 launched their own privateer vessel named Lucy to bring battle to their adversaries.

The most dramatic privateer raid occurred on September 13, 1780, when two American privateers captured the fort in the town and took some of the men prisoners. Simeon Perkins engineered the capture of one of the privateer captains, and arranged for the recovery of the fort and the release of the prisoners. Within a few hours “every thing [was] restored to its former Situation without any Blood Shed.” Liverpool was not bothered by privateers for the remainder of the war.

The town grew with the arrival of American colonial refugees known as Loyalists in 1783 Samuel died a month before the Loyalists arrived. From Simeon Perkins Diary:

[1783] 4 Apr. Fri. : Samuel Freeman, Esq. died in night. *… 16 Apr. Wed. : Capt. Joseph Freeman is taken ill. 5 May Mon. : A sloop arrives from New York, bound to Halifax. They report that 570 families of refugees are sailed from New York for this province, Port Roseway (Shelburne), I suppose. They say the cessation (of hostilities) took place the 3rd of April. 7 May Wed. : Two small schooners from Halifax with people for Roseway came in here in the night.

Another Freeman, Elisha Freeman wiki (b 9 Dec 1701, Eastham, Barnstable, MA, d 19 May 1775, Milton, Liverpool Falls, Queens County) was also a Nova Scotia Planter. His parents were Samuel Freeman (1662 – 1744) and Bathsheba Lothrop (1671) He married Lydia Freeman 7 May 1725, Plymouth or Barnstable MA, daughter of Nathaniel Freeman and Mary Howland. His grandparents were Samuel Freeman and Mercy Southworth and his great grandparents were Samuel Freeman and Apphia Quicke Apphia divorced Samuel and later married our ancestor Gov. Thomas PRENCE.

Elisha Freeman went to Liverpool, Nova Scotia around 1760. Freeman owned a sawmill there.  Through the years the family expanded their timberland holdings and lumbering industry and became one of the most prominent families in Liverpool Township.  He was the first town clerk for Liverpool and also served as a justice of the peace. In 1764, he was named a justice in the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for Queen’s County. Freeman was also named a judge of probate in the same year. He resigned his seat in the provincial assembly in October 1767 due to age.

I don’t think Thomas Prence’s son-in-law [and Samuel’s great grandfather] John FREEMAN is closely related to Samuel Freman.  On the other hand Elisha’s in-laws, Nathaniel Freeman and Mary Howland were Samuel Freeman’s great uncle and great aunt.

4. Jonathan Freeman

Jonathan’s wife Mercy Bradford was born 20 Dec 1681 Plymouth, Mass. Her parents were Major John Bradford (b. 20 Feb 1652 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 8 Dec 1736 Kingston, Plymouth, Mass.) and Mercy Warren (b. 23 Sep 1653 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. – d. Mar 1747 Kingston, Plymouth, Mass.)

After Jonathan died, she married second Isaac Cushman Jr. (1676 -1727) and had four more children born between 1718 and 1722. Isaac’s parents were Isaac Cushman Sr and Rebecca Harlow.  His grandparents were Thomas CUSHMAN Sr. and Mary ALLERTON.   Isaac and his first wife Sarah Warner Gibbs (1683 – 1716) had six previous children born between 1705 and 1715. Mercy died 27 Jun 1738 Plymouth, Mass.

Mercy’s father Major John Bradford was the eldest of ten children of Maj. William Bradford and his wife Alice Richards. He was the grandson of Gov. William Bradford of the Mayflower.

John married Mercy Warren on Jan. 6, 1673/74 in Plymouth. She was the daughter of Joseph and Priscilla (Faunce) Warren, and the granddaughter of Richard Warren of the Mayflower. John and Mercy shared common ancestors as do we in Alexander CARPENTER and Priscilla DILLON, who were the father and mother-in-law of Gov. William Bradford.

John inherited Gov. William Bradford’s precious manuscript, “Of Plimouth Plantation,” one of the most important documents of early American history. He passed it down to his son Samuel. At some point, the work was loaned to Rev. Thomas Prince who was using it as a reference for his own book that he was writing. He kept it in his library in Boston’s Old South Church. The British, who occupied the Old South Church during the Revolution, then got hold of it. Later it turned up in the Bishop of London’s palace and was only returned to the state of Massachusetts, after some negotiation, in 1897.

Major Bradford was prominent in civic affairs. He was not only a military leader, but served as representative to the First General Court at Boston and helped to incorporate Plymouth as a separate town.

Major John Bradford Homestead. 50 Landing Road in Kingston, Massachusetts was built in 1714. The Jones River Village Historical Society is located in the house. The house served as the Bradford’s homestead for sixty-two years and was lived in continuously until it was purchased by the Jones River Village Club, predecessor to the current historical society, in 1921.

Maj. Bradford’s home in Kingston, built in 1675, is still standing and open to the public today. According to tradition, the Indians attempted to burn John’s house during King Philip’s War. The Major discovered the fire. He spied an Indian on Abrams Hill waving a blanket and shouting to his fellows, and shot him. But on approach, he could not find the body. After the war, the Indian met Bradford and showed him the scars of his wound.

Jonathan Freeman Headstone — Old Burying Ground, Brewster, Barnstable County, Massachusetts Findagrave #47024642

Mercy Bradford Cushman Headstone — Hillcrest Cemetery, Plympton, Plymouth, Mass.

Children of Jonathan and Mercy:

i. Jonathan Freeman b. 26 Mar 1709 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 13 Jul 1748 Halifax, Plymouth, Mass; m. 19 Dec 1728  Plymouth to Sarah Rider (b. 25 Dec 1712 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 19 Jan 1800 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass.) Sarah’s parents were John Rider (1663 -1735) and Mary [__?__] (1685 -1766)

After Jonathan died, Sarah married 31 Jan 1751 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass to Edward Curtis (1707 -1795)

ii. Mercy Freeman b. 24 Apr 1711 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1760 Plympton, Plymouth, Mass; m. 12 Jun 1728 Plympton to Thomas Waterman (b. Oct 1707 Plympton, Plymouth – d. 22 Aug 1789 Plympton) Thomas’ parents were Robert Waterman (1682 – 1750) and  Mary Cushman (1682 – 1723). Mercy and Thomas had seven children born between 1733 and 1748.

After Mercy died, Thomas married 5 Jan 1763 Plympton to Joanna Paddock (1719 – 18 Aug 1764) and again 1 Aug 1765 Kingston, Plymouth, Mass to Lydia Faunce ( 1714 – 1784)

iii. Bradford Freeman b. 15 Aug 1713 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 9 Nov 1758 Harwich ; m. 4 Sep 1734  Kingston, Plymouth, Mass to Sarah Church (b. 26 Feb 1718 Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. -d. 17 Oct 1758 Plympton, Plymouth, Mass.) Sarah’s parents were Charles Church (1684 – 1726) and Mary Pope ( 1686 – 1736). Bradford and Sarah had six children born between 1737 and 1757.

iv. Ichabod Freeman b. 2 Aug 1714 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Jan 1782 Columbia, CT; m. Anne Hutchinson (b. 17 Jan 1727/28 Lebanon, New London, CT – 10 Feb 1792  Columbia, Tolland, CT) Anne’s parents were Eleazer Hutchinson (1704 – ) and Jemima Wright ( 1707 – )

5. Edmund Freeman

Edmund’s wife Phebe Watson was born in 1681 Plymouth, Mass. Phebe’s sister Mary married Edmond’s brother Joseph. Their parents were Elhanah Watson (1656 -1690) and Mercy Hodges (~1656 – 1721). Her mother was the daughter of our ancestor William HEDGE.  Phebe died in 1647.

Mercy was still under age when both her parents died and on 4 July 1673 the court at Plymouth Colony; authorized Lt. Thomas Howes of Yarmouth, son of our ancestor Thomas HOWES as Guardian of “Marcye Hedge” [Mercy Hedges].   Her father Elkanah died in a shipwreck off the shore of Boston on Feb 8, 1690. According to Savage, he was drowned in company with the second Edward Doty and his son John, by shipwreck. on the Gurnet’s Nose, in a passage from his Boston home.  After Elkanah died, her mother Mercy married Edmund’s uncle John Freeman as his second wife.  Phebe died before 22 Mar 1748/49 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

Boston News-Letter (MA), March 20, 1746, p. 1:

On the 10th instant died at Harwich, Edmund Freeman, Esq; aged about 66. He was Colonel of a Regiment in the County of Barnstable ; and representatives for the town of Harwich

Col. Edmund Freeman Headstone Old Burying Ground Brewster, Barnstable Mass.

Children of Edmund and Phebe:

i. Watson Freeman b. 24 Sep 1704 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 17 Feb 1757 Harwich; m. 30 Jan 1724 Harwich to Sarah Gray (b. 18 Feb 1704  Harwich – d. 21 Aug 1783  Harwich).   Sarah’s sister Anna married Watson’s cousin Thacher (See below) Their parents were John Gray (1671 – 1732) and Susanna Clark (1674 – 1732). Watson and Sarah had six children born between 1725 and 1738. After Watson died, Sarah married 7 Jul 1757 to Chilingsworth Foster.

ii. Capt. Joshua Freeman b. May 1706 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 23 Sep 1770 Portland, Maine; m. 17 Sep 1728 Ispwich, Essex, Mass. to Patience Rogers (b. 4 Sep 1710 – d. 31 Dec 1769  Portland, Maine); Patience’s parents were Daniel Rogers (1667 – ) and Sarah Appleton (1671 – 1755). Joshua and Patience had four children born between 1731 and 1743.

iii. Hannah Freeman b. 28 Feb 1709 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Dec 1730 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 27 Nov 1729  Harwich to Isaac Lothrop (b. 13 Feb 1707  Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 26 Apr 1750 Plymouth) Isaac’s parents were  Isaac Lothrop (1673 – 1743) and  Elizabeth Barnes (1677 – 1757)

Hannah died four days after her only child Freeman Lothrop was born. The next year, Isaac married 9 Sep 1731 Plymouth to Priscilla Thomas (1706 – 1796) and had five more children.  Priscilla had first married  John Watson (1678 – 1731).

Isaac was Justice of the Court of Common Pleas He possessed a
large estate, and transacted extensive business in the mercantile line.

iv. Edmund Freeman b. 28 Nov 1710 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1775 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 7 Oct 1731  Harwich to Mary Clark (b. 17 Apr 1712 Harwich –  d. 1797 Harwich) Mary’s brother Nathaniel married Edmund’s cousin Lydia (See below) Their parents were Scotto Clark (1680 – 1742) and Mary Haskell (1684 – 1741). Edmund and Mary had seven children born between 1732 and 1761, the last Seth born 25 Oct 1761 when Mary was 49 years old.

6. Capt. Joseph Freeman

Joseph’s first wife Lydia Thacher was born 11 Feb 1683/84 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Thacher (1639 – 1713) and Lydia Gorham (1661 – 1744). Her maternal grandparents were John GORHAM and Desire HOWLAND. Lydia died 3 Sep 1724 Harwich, Mass.

Joseph’s second wife Mary Watson was born about 1688. Mary’s sister Phebe married Joseph’s brother Edmund.  Their parents were Elhanah Watson (1656 – ) and Mercy Hodges (1650 – 1721).   (See above for the parent’s shipwreck story.)  Mary first married Nathaniel Freeman (1683 – 1735) and had five children born between 1712 and 1721.  He was Joseph’s first cousin, his parents were John Freeman and Sarah Merrick and grandparents John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE.  Nathaniel’s step mother Mercy Hedge, was the daughter of William HEDGEyet another example of how the early settlers of Cape Cod were a close knit group.

Joseph was Selectman, Justice of the Peace and Captain of the Train Band.

Children of Joseph and Lydia:

Joseph Freeman’s children viz: Thatcher, Elizebeth, Joseph, Lidea, Rebekka, & Thomas baptized at Harwich 8 Mar 1723/4.

i. Thacher Freeman b. 3 Dec 1710 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 15 Aug 1784 Becket, Berkshire, Mass; m. 27 Jan 1732  Harwich to Anna Gray (b. 30 Nov 1714 Harwich – d. 30 Nov 1797 Becket) Anna’s sister Sarh married Thacher’s cousin Watson (See above) Their parents were John Gray (1671 – 1732) and Susanna Clark (1674 – 1732). Thacher and Anna had ten children born between 1733 and 1756.

ii. Elizabeth Freeman b. 14 Dec 1712 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 8 Feb 1792 Harwich; m. 1754 as his third wife to Ebenezer Perry (b. 1706  Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. d. 1775) Hardwick, Worcester, Mass Ebenezer’s parents were Samuel Perry (1667 – 1751) and Elizabeth Taber (1671 – 1749).  Ebenezer first married Abigail Fessendan Presbury (1703 – 1749) and had eight children born between 1729 and 1743. Second, he married Abigail Hammond (1717 – 1753).

iii. Joseph Freeman b. 15 Mar 1715 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1717

iv. Lydia Freeman b. 22 Oct 1717 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Sep 1761 Harwich; m. 22 Sep 1743 Harwich to Nathaniel Clark (b. 19 Jun 1719 Harwich – d. 18 Mar 1761 Harwich) Nathaniel first married 26 Oct 1739 to Mary North. Nathaniel’s sister Mary married Lydia’s cousin Edmond (See above). Their parents were Scotto Clark (1680 – 1742) and Mary Haskell (1684 – 1741). Lydia and Nathaniel had six children born between 1744 and 1756.

v. Rebecca Freeman b. 23 Apr 1720 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 15 Jan 1801 Carmel, Putnam, New York; m. 4 Oct 1744 Harwich to Jonathan Hopkins (b. 12 Feb 1720 Harwich – d. Dutchess, New York) Jonathan’s parents were Joseph Hopkins (1688 – 1771) and Mary Mayo (1694 – 1771). Rebecca and Jonathan had nine children born between 1745 and 1761.

About 1755 Joseph, Rebecca and family removed to “The Oblong” now Putnam County, New York. On Aug 1, 1755 they were dismissed from the First Church of Harwich to the pastoral care of Rev. Mr. James Kniblow in Oblong.

vi. Thomas Freeman b. 23 Mar 1722 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1753; Different sources have Thomas marrying Susannah Latham (1728 – 1753), Mary Gillen “Gilliam, Galyean” (1725 – 1789) or Esther Ryder (1735 – 1802)

8. Hannah Freeman

Hannah Freeman Headstone — Died at Age 20 — Old Burying Ground, Brewster, Barnstable County, Mass.

9. Prince (Prence) Freeman

Prince’s wife Mary Doane was born 15 Nov 1691 Eastham, Mass. Her parents were Joseph Doane (1669 – 1757) and Mary Godfrey (1672 – 1722). Mary died 2 Jul 1725 in Middletown, Middlesex, CT.

Children of Prince and Mary:

i. Nathaniel Freeman b. 9 Mar 1713 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 16 Sep 1791 Middle Haddam, Middlesex, CT; m. 19 Feb 1737 Eastham, Barnstable, Mas. to Martha Brown (b. 8 Jul 1720  Eastham – d. 31 Mar 1803 Middle Haddam) Martha’s parents were Samuel Brown (1690 – 1739) and Lydia Fish (1692 – 1734)

ii. Priscilla Freeman b. 6 Mar 1714 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Feb 1776 Mass; m. 11 Mar 1738   Harwich to Seth Winslow (b. 1715 Harwich – d. 12 Aug 1754 Harwich) Seth’s parents were
Kenelm Winslow (1668 – 1729) and   Bethiah Hall   (1672 – 1745).  Seth first married 15 Jan 1736 Harwich to Thankful Sears (1718 – 1737) and had one son Nathaniel Winslow (b. 29 Jun 1736 Note – 5 months after marriage) Priscilla and Seth had at least three children born between 1739 and 1753.

iii. Hatsuld Freeman b. 17 May 1716 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Jul 1739 Eastham Barnstable, Mass

iv. Hannah Freeman b. 31 May 1719 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 16 Oct 1735 Harwich to Samuel Knowles (b. 6 Oct 1715 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1769  Barrington, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada) Samuel’s parents were Samuel Knowles Sr. (1682 – 1750) and Bethia Brown (1685 – ). Hannah and Samuel had four children born between 1736 and 1742.

(Zerviah,  widow of  Joshua Harding,  a Liverpool  proprietor,  marr. Prince Knowles, s.o. Samuel Knowles of Liverpool Feb. 4, 1762.)

v. Mary Freeman b. May 1721 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. her cousin James Freeman (b. 9 Oct 1710 Orleans, Barnstable, Mass – d. 1740  Provincetown, Barnstable, Mass) James’ parents were Thomas Freeman and Mary Smith (See above) ; m2. 2 Feb 1745 Eastham to Isaac Smith (b. 1721 Harwich – d. East Hampton, Middlesex, Mass)

vi. Susannah Freeman b. May 1723 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Oct 1749 Rochester, Mass; m. 24 Sep 1747  Middle Haddam, Middlesex, CT to William Taylor (b. 1719  Middle Haddam, Middlesex, CT)

vii. Barnabas Freeman b. 20 Feb 1724 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1799 Middle Haddam, Middlesex, CT; m. Achsah [__?__]

viii. Keziah Freeman b. Oct 1726 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 17 Mar 1814 Chatham, Middlesex, CT; m1. 1745   Harwich to Timothy Baker (1726 – );

m2. 3 Mar 1748 Chatham, Middlesex, CT to Johnson Pelton (b. 1714 Canterbury, Windham, CT – d. 13 Dec 1804 Portland, Middlesex, CT) Johnson’s parents were John Pelton (1682 – 1735) and Jemima Johnson (1678 -1735) Keziah and Johnson had six children born between 1754 and 1770

Johnson died in 1804 in what was then Chatham, Ct. Which later became Portland. Chatham had originally separated from Middletown.

ix. Capt. Moses Freeman b. 11 Nov 1730 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1782 lost at sea; m. 28 Aug 1755 Middletown, Middlesex, CT to Susannah Brooks (b. 1 Aug 1732 Haddam, Middlesex, CT – d. 12 Feb 1783 Haddam). Susannah’s parents were Abraham Brooks (1703 – 1782) and Martha Porter (1710 – ) Moses and Susannah had seven children born between 1756 and 1769.

x. Elizabeth Freeman b. 15 Oct 1733 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 25 Jul 1751  Middle Haddam, Middlesex, CT to Isaac Merrick (b. 1728  Middle Haddam)

10. Hatsuld Freeman

I can’t find Hatsuld in any baby name site, but there were Hatsulds in every generations of the Freeman family.  He is called “Hatsul” in Harwich church records.

Hatsuld’s wife Abigail Hallett was born 15 Nov 1698 Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jonathan HALLETT and Abigail DEXTER. Abigail died 9 Dec 1796 Harwich, Mass.

Hatsuld Freeman Gravestone — Old Burying Ground , Brewster, Barnstable County, Mass; Plot: Map#99

Children of  Hatsuld and Abigail:

Hatsul Freeman’s wife admited 12 May 1723 & baptized at ye  same time, Hatsul Freeman’s son Daved also baptized 12 May 1723;  Abigail baptized 2 Jun 1723

i. David Freeman b. 18 Jul 1720 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Jul 1796 – Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Thankful Blossom of Yarmouth, perhaps late in life.

In Memory of Mr David Freeman who departed this life July 3rd 1796 Aged 76 years,11 months & 15 days

ii. Abigail Freeman b. 26 May 1723 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 Apr 1807 – Barre, Worcester, Mass; m. Ebenezer Childs (b. 10 Apr 1723 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass) Ebenezer’s parents were Ebenezer Childs Sr. (1690 – 1756) and Hope Huckins (1689 – 1721). He first married Hannah Crocker (1718 – 1755) and had four children born between 1747 and 1754. Abigail and Ebenezer had four more children born between 1757 and 1763.

iii. Jonathan Freeman b. 1 May 1725 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 27 Jun 1776 Harwich

iv. Sarah Freeman b. 10 Dec 1727 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 31 Dec 1770 – Harwich; m. 15 Nov 1758 – Harwich to John Freeman (b. 29 Jul 1729 Harwich – d. 20 Oct 1813 Brewster, Barnstable, Mass.) John’s parents were Benjamin Freeman (1685 – 1758) and Temperance Dimmock (1689 – 1773) His grandparents were John Freeman and Sarah Merrick and his great grandparents were John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE.

John first married 23 Oct 1755 to Thankful Foster (1733 – 1759) Sarah and John had five children born between 1760 and 1770.

v. Betty Freeman b. 11 Mar 1730 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Nov 1823; m. 15 Aug 1754  Harwich to Benjamin Chipman (b. 7 Nov 1726 Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 17 Mar 1811) Benjamin’s parents were John Chipman (1697 – 1757) and Hannah Fessenden (1701 – 1746) Betty and Benjamin had eight children born between 1755 and 1774.

Betty was baptized as Betty, not Elizabeth.

vi. Hatsuld Freeman b. 4 Jun 1732 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1732 Harwich

vii. Mary Freeman b. 27 Mar 1735 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 May 1757 to Seth Perry

viii. Seth Freeman b. 1737 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Harwich

ix. Jerusha Freeman b. 1739  Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Oct 1826 in Brewster, Barnstable, Mass; m. 6 May 1764 Harwich to Capt. Reuben Clark (b. 1 Aug 1735 in Harwich – d. 23 Dec 1814 in Brewster) Reuben’s parents were  Scotto Clark (1709 – 1795) and   Thankfull Crosby (1714 – 1802). Jerusha and Reuben had five children born between 1765 and 1775.

Lt. Reuben Clark, Benjamin Berry’s (Harwich) co., Maj. Zenas Winslow’s regt.; service, 7 days, on an alarm at Bedford and Falmouth Sept. 7, 1778. Roll sworn to in Barnstable Co.

“‘Sacred to the memory of Reuben Clark, who departed this life Dec 23 1814 in the 80th year of age. He lived much beloved, and died much lamented. The righteous have hope in death.'”

11. Rebecca FREEMAN (See John WING IV‘s page)


Dr. Samuel Lord and the Smallpox Epidemic of 1756/66 at Chatham, Massachusetts by Fred B. Rogers, M.D., Philadelphia 1967

Posted in 10th Generation, Historical Monument, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Twins | Tagged | 9 Comments

New England Pioneers


1632 – John Johnson was among the first settlers who went to Agawam (afterwards Ipswich)

1635 – The first mention of John Johnson at Ipswich when his name appears on the list of “Earliest Settlers.” There he had a “Commonage Right,” which also indicated that he was one of the original proprietors.

Ipswich location in Essex County, Mass.

Native Americans called the area Agawam, meaning “lowland, marsh or meadow (with water).” Here they hunted and caught fish, especially shellfish, leaving behind mounds of shells. Captain John Smith wrote about the region in 1614, referring to it as “an excellent habitation, being a good and safe harbour.” A plague of about 1617, perhaps smallpox brought from abroad, devastated the once populous Indian tribe. In 1633, John Winthrop, the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, sent his son, also named John, and 12 men aboard a shallop to settle the area. It was incorporated in 1634 as Ipswich, after Ipswich in the county of Suffolk, England, the source of prominent early settlers. Nathaniel Ward, an assistant pastor in town from 1634 to 1636, wrote the first code of laws for Massachusetts and later published the religious/political work, The Simple Cobbler of Aggawam in America in England.

Pioneers would become farmers, fishermen, shipbuilders or traders. The tidal Ipswich River provided water power for mills, and salt marshes supplied hay for livestock. A cottage industry in lace-making developed. But in 1687, Ipswich residents, led by the Reverend John Wise, protested a tax imposed by the governor, Sir Edmund Andros. As Englishmen, they argued, taxation without representation was unacceptable. Citizens were jailed, but then Andros was recalled to England in 1689, and the new British sovereigns, William and Mary, issued colonists another charter. The rebellion is the reason the town calls itself the “Birthplace of American Independence.”

Newbury Mass.

Newbury Plantation was settled and incorporated in 1635. The Rev. Thomas Parker and cousin Rev. James Noyes along with his brother Nicholas Noyes led a group of approximately 100 pioneers fromWiltshire, England. They sailed from the River Thames aboard the ship Mary and John, first landing in Agawam (now Ipswich) in 1634. They arrived the next spring at the Quascacunquen River, now the Parker River. A commemorative stone marks the spot where Nicholas Noyes was the first of the new settlers to leap ashore at Newbury. The site had once been a village of the Pawtucket Indians, who hunted, fished orfarmed. Many settlers would do the same. In 1791, 3,000 head of cattle grazed town lands, or on the region’s abundant salt marsh hay. Other trades included tanning and shipbuilding. Newbury originally included Newburyport, set off in 1764, and West Newbury, set off in 1819.

Quascancunquen means “waterfall,” referring to the falls in Byfield where Central Street crosses the Parker River. In 1636, the first water powered mill was established at the falls. Gristmills and sawmillswere built, and in 1794, the first textile mill in Massachusetts.

Edward WOODMAN and his half-brother, Archelaus Woodman, arrived in Newbury aboard the “James” in Apr 1635 or he came on the “Abigail” a few weeks later. Both brothers were settled at the Newbury plantation by 1635.  Both brothers lived in Newbury on Woodman Lane, now Kent Street.  Dates for Edward’s death vary, 3 Jul 1692 or 14 Oct 1702 all agreee in Newbury, Mass. Both Edward and Joanna are likely buried in the cemetery opposite the old Coffin mansion. A monument to Edward Woodman stands in the First Settlers Burying Ground in Newbury, Mass.

1635 – Thomas COLEMAN received two lots in Newbury.

c. 1639 – Capt. John CUTTING removed to Newbury.   in 1641 a document shows Capt. John and his son, John, of Newbury, as Master Mariners of the good ship “Desire”, were bound to pay Lawrence Hazzard, shipwright of London, and Robert Crisp and William Wilbert, mariners, noted sums of money upon arrival of the ship “Desire” in London, England. In 1642, Capt. John Cutting was a “freeholder”,i.e., owner of a freehold, a form of tenure by which an estate, land/house etc, is held for life. He was one of the eight commissioners appointed to arrange for the moving of the village from Parker River to the Merrimac River. By 1645 Capt. John had received many other land grants including a 200 acre farm bounded by Falls River on the south.

1642 – Newbury, MA was organized with 90 proprietors, of whom were Percival LOWELL and his son and John

1642 – One of John LOWELL’s largest public responsibilities was as a member of the commission of eight appointed  to consider the desirability of moving the village to a new location. Four years later, these plans were carried out and the village was relocated about two miles north of the old site

3 May 1654 – The General Court noted that Richard THORLEY, having built a bridge over Newbury (Parker) River at his own expense was at liberty to collect toll for cattle, but passengers to go free. This was the first bridge erected over navigable waters within the limits of Old Newbury, and over navigable waters within the limits of Newbury, and comes third in the list of bridges that have been in continuous use in New England for two centuries and a half. It had been rebuilt and repaired several times but the location remained the same and it stands on the same site it occupied 350 yrs ago.

Hingham Mass.

The Elizabeth Bonaventure, John Graves, Master, left Yarmouth, Norfolk, the first week in May and arrived at Boston on June 15, 1633 with ninety five passengers. The ship sailed into the small harbor called Bare Cove, so called because only the bare flats could be seen at low tide. They stopped in Charlestown for a time, and then received permission to scout out a place for their new town Hingham.  Included on board were 14 men and women  from from Hingham, Norfolk, England who together founded Hingham, Mass.

Edmund HOBART  of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Margaret Hobart,  Nazareth, Edmond,  Thomas, Joshua, RebeccaElizabeth, and Sarah

Henry Gibbs of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Ralph SMYTH of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Nicholas Jacob of Hingham, Norfolk to Watertown  with Mrs. Mary, Jacob, John, Jacob,  Mary and Jacob

Thomas Chubbock  of Hardingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Alice Chubbock, Sarah and Rebecca

Mrs. Elishua Crowe  to  Charlestown

Simon Huntington   of Norwich, Norfolk to  Roxbury  with Mrs. Margaret Huntington, Christopher, Anne, Simon,  and Thomas.

Location of Hingham, Mass.

The town of Hingham was dubbed “Bare Cove” by the first colonizing English in 1633, but two years later was incorporated as a town under the name “Hingham”  The town was named for Hingham, a village in the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia, whence most of the first colonists came. Hingham was born of religious dissent. Many of the original founders were forced to flee their native village in Norfolk with both their vicars, Rev. Peter Hobart, son of Edmund HOBART and Rev. Robert PECK, when they fell foul of the strict doctrines of Anglican England.  While most of the early Hingham settlers came from Hingham and other nearby villages in East Anglia, a few Hingham settlers like Thomas Miner came from the West Country of England.  As of the census of 2000, there were 19,882 people in Hingham.

1636 –  The Thomas MINER Family arrived
4 Mar 1638 – Clement MINER baptized

Windsor, Conn.

In 1635, 60 or more people, led by the Reverends Maverick and Warham arrived, having trekked overland from Dorchester, Massachusetts. They had arrived in the New World five years earlier on the ship “Mary and John” from Plymouth, England and settled in Dorchester.Reverend Warham promptly renamed the settlement Dorchester. During the next few years, more settlers arrived from Dorchester, outnumbering and soon displacing the original Plymouth contingent, who mostly returned to Plymouth.

In 1637, the colony’s General Court changed the name of the settlement from Dorchester to Windsor, named after the town of Windsor England on the River Thames.

Simon HOYT was an early settler in seven different colonies in New England , in most of them one of the first. He was hardly located in one, before he gave up his farm and home and began to clear another part of the wilderness for a new home.  There were few pioneers who moved more often than he.

He removed to Dorchester in 1632 or earlier. He was appointed “to see to the fences for the east field” at Dorchester , 8 Oct 1633, and in January following had a grant of marsh land. Early in 1635 he left Dorchester and located at Scituate, where he and his wife joined the church, 19 Apr 1635.   Here he built his house between September, 1634, and October, 1636.

He next moved to Windsor, Connecticut , about 1639 , where he had a grant of land, 28 Feb 1640.   His house was on the east side of the river near what is still known as Hoyt’s Meadow. He sold his land at Windsor in 1648 and moved to Fairfield, Connecticut , before 1649.

Dedham, Mass.

In 1635 there were rumors in the Massachusetts Bay Colony that a war with the local Indians was impending and a fear arose that the few, small, coastal communities that existed were in danger of attack. This, in addition to the belief that the few towns that did exist were too close together, prompted the Massachusetts General Court to establish two new inland communities. The towns of Dedham and Concord, Massachusetts were thus established to relieve the growing population pressure and to place communities between the larger, more established coastal towns and the Indians further west.

The grant from the colony gave them over “two hundred square miles of virgin wilderness, complete with lakes, hills, forests, meadows, Indians, and a seemingly endless supply of rocks and wolves. Aside from “several score Indians, who were quickly persuaded to relinquish their claims for a small sum, the area was free of human habitation. The original grant stretched from the border of Boston to the Rhode Island border.

13 Mar 1639 – John HUNTING was admitted a freeman  in Dedham.  He was one of the founders of the church at Dedham and was its first ruling elder.  He had been a wandering evangelist in England. After some political-religious skirmishes in the formation of the first church in Dedham and the selection of the first pastor (John Allin), Hunting became the first Ruling Elder of the Dedham church.

Capt. Thomas BAYES arrived in  the summer of 1636 when Dedham was settled by “about thirty families excised from the broad ranks of the English middle classes” traveling up the Charles River from Roxbury and Watertown traveling in rough canoes carved from felled trees. These original settlers paddled up the narrow, deeply flowing stream impatiently turning curve after curve around Nonantum until, emerging from the tall forest into the open, they saw in the sunset glow a golden river twisting back and forth through broad, rich meadows

Jonathan FAIRBANKS signed the Covenant when the town was founded and named.

Fairbanks House
The house was built in several stages; the center portion of the present house is oldest, with a gable-roofed portion at the center. It was once a lobby-entry, hall-parlor house of two stories with a center chimney bay. The lean-to was added later, contrary to the note on the first floor plan (see image). The oak lintel over its parlor fireplace has been dated by dendrochronology to 1637. Since timber was not seasoned before use in the 17th century, this provides a plausible date for the house’s initial construction. Other houses claiming to be older have yet to be scientifically dated

The first public meeting of the plantation they called Contentment was held on August 18, 1636 and the town covenant was signed; eventually 125 men (including Thomas and Jonathan) would ascribe their names to the document. As the Covenant stipulated that “for the better manifestation of our true resolution herein, every man so received into the town is to subscribe hereunto his name, thereby obliging both himself and his successors after him forever.” They swore that they would

“in the fear and reverence of our Almighty God, mutually and severally promise amongst ourselves and each to profess and practice one truth according to that most perfect rule, the foundation whereof is ever lasting love.”

They also agreed that “we shall by all means labor to keep off from us all such as are contrary minded, and receive only such unto us as may be probably of one heart with us, [and such] as that we either know or may well and truly be informed to walk in a peacable conversation with all meekness of spirit, [this] for the edification of each other in the knowledge and faith of the Lord Jesus…” Before a man could join the community he underwent a public inquisition to determine his suitability. Every signer of the Covenant was required to tell all he knew of the other men and if a lie was uncovered the man who spoke it would be instantly excluded from town.

The covenant also stipulated that if differences were to arise between townsmen that they would submit the issue to between one and four other members of the town for resolution,

“eschew[ing] all appeals to law and submit[ting] all disputes between them to arbitration. The commitment in the Covenant to allow only like-minded individuals to live within the town explains why “church records show no instances of dissension, Quaker or Baptist expulsions, or witchcraft persecutions.”

Sandwich, Mass.

Location of Sandwich, Mass.

1637 –Edmund Freeman (1596 – 1682)  was was one of the nine founders of Sandwich, Massachusetts and an Assistant Governor of Plymouth Colony under Governor William Bradford.

Edmond Freeman – Founder of Sandwich, Mass

Ten influential citizens from Saugus petitioned the General Court of Plymouth Colony to found a new settlement on Cape Cod.   The Wings were among the “three score” [about 60] families who moved to the new settlement shortly after it was granted. Even at this early date, Massachusetts Bay Colony was fast outstripping the older Plymouth Colony, both in population and political clout. The Bay colony could well afford to lose some colonist to its neighbor, and the relationship between the two colonies were always amicable. It is unknown how it was decided to name the new settlement Sandwich, Mass.  It was clearly named after the city of Sandwich in Kent County, England as it bears some physical resemblance to the old Cinque Port city. The Wings were the only family in the new town who are known to have lived in its namesake town in England.

In 1637, Edward DILLINGHAM was living at Saugus (Lynn), and with nine other men was by the Plymouth court, granted liberty to view a place in the old colony to sit down on, and have sufficient land for three score families, on the conditions propounded to them by the Government and Mr Winslow. These nine men were Edmond Freeman, Henry Feake, Thomas Dexter, William Wood, John Carman, Richard Chadwell, William Amey, Thomas Tupper, and George Knott. Most of these men settled at Sandwich, and in a list of Freemen of Sandwich, in 1643, are the names of Dillingham, Feake, Freeman, Knott, Chadwell and Tupper.

Mr Dillingham brought over from Bitteswell a herd of cattle which he took from his neighbors on shares; that is, he was to return the cattle with part of their increase in subsequent years. The fulfillment of this agreement is provided for in his will.

He was elected Deputy of Sandwich in 1643. Mr D. was one of the founders of Sandwich and a much respected citizen.

Sanwich  is the oldest town on Cape Cod. It was the site of an early Quaker settlement. However, the settlement was not well-received, as their beliefs clashed with those of the Puritans who founded the town. Many Quakers left the town, either for further settlements along the Cape, or elsewhere, including places like Dartmouth. It’s population was 20,136 at the 2000 census.

Marshfield, Mass.

Robert CARVER was the nephew of the first Governor of Plymouth Colony, John  Carver, came to the Plymouth colony later, and settled at Marshfield before 1638 having been granted 20 acres of land at Greene’s Harbor.

Robert and Christian Carver – Founders Monument Marshfield, Mass

Other ancestors on the Marshfield founder’s monument include: Thomas BOURNE, John LOW and Rev. Nehemiah SMITH

John and Elizabeth (Howland) Low are listed on the Marshfield founder’s monument.

Barnstable, Mass.

11 Oct 1639 – Rev John Lothrop and a large company arrived in Barnstable,   bringing with them the crops which they had raised in Scituate.  There, within three years they had built homes for all the families.  Rev Lothrop had petitioned Gov. Thomas Prence (Our Ancestor) in Plymouth for a “place for the transplanting of us, to the end that God might have more glory and wee more comfort.”

Sturgis Library constructed in 1644 for the Reverend John Lothrop, founder of Barnstable

1644 – Lothrop completed construction on a larger sturdier meeting house by Coggin’s (or Cooper’s) Pond.  This building, now part of the Sturgis Library in Barnstable, Massachusetts is one of John Lothrop’s original homes and meeting houses, and is now also the oldest building housing a public library in America.  Since Reverend Lothrop used the front room of the house for public worship,  the library is also the oldest structure still standing in America where religious services were regularly held. This room, now called “The Lothrop Room,” with its beamed ceiling and pumpkin-colored wide-board floors, retains the quintessential early character of authentic Cape Cod houses.

Barnstable in Barnstable County, Mass.

Barnstable is named after Barnstaple, Devon, England. The area was first explored by Bartholomew Gosnold in 1602. It was one of the first towns to be settled, in 1638, and was incorporated in 1639, as were the other Cape towns of Sandwich and Yarmouth. The early settlers were farmers, but soon fishing and salt works became major industries in town.  The population in the 2000 census was 47,821.

Barnstable is the largest community, both in land area and population, on Cape.  The Town of Barnstable contains seven villages:

Hampton, NH.

Location of Hampton in Rockingham County, New Hampshire

1638- Steven Bachiler (Wikipedia) and others successfully petitioned to begin a new plantation at Winnacunnet, to which he gave the name Hampton when the town was incorporated in 1639.  Bachiler had formerly preached at the settlement’s namesake:  Hampton, England. His ministry in the new town became embroiled in controversy when Rev. Timothy DALTON was sent to the town as “teaching assistant” by the Boston church after New Hampshire was absorbed by Massachusetts in 1641. Shortly thereafter, Bachiler was excommunicated by the Hampton church on unfounded charges of “scandal”, but protested to Governor Winthrop and was later reinstated.

Hampton Meeting House 1638 Map

The settlement of Hampton, NH , (formerly  known as Winnacunnet)  was led by our ancestor Reverend Stephen BACHILER, who had formerly preached at the settlement’s  namesake:  Hampton,  England. It was authorized by General Court in 1638, and incorporated in 1639,

Roger SHAW’s name appearing as one of the petitioners. In 1640 he bought of “John Crosse” land in the new town, and 15 Nov 1647 he obtained a grant of lands from Charles II which, included with his former purchase, constituted a large estate. In 1648, he moved to Hampton, selling his real estate in Cambridge, Mass., consisting of a house and two hundred acres of land, and settled on his first purchase, some part of which were still owned by his descendants in the 1880’s.  The original house was enlarged and improved by his son Benjamin and grandson Edward, and was used in colonial times as a garrison [see frontispiece] . It was taken down, however, sometime in the 1850’s to make room for a “modern one.”

John BROWN became a freeman two years after arriving in 1635, then moved to Hampton, New Hampshire.  He received a grant of 4 acres for a house lot on Brown’s River. He eventually became the third wealthiest man and the largest landowner in Hampton, owning four farms. John served as Selectman in 1651 and 1656

Incorporated in 1639, the township once included Seabrook,  KensingtonDanville,  KingstonEast Kingston,  Sandown,  North Hampton and Hampton Falls.The population of Hampton was 14,937 at the 2000 census.  Hampton is home to Hampton Beach State Park at Hampton Beach, a summer tourist destination.

Stonham Mass.

Stoneham was first settled in 1645 and was originally a part of Charlestownthe original settlers of the area were Whigs. In 1678, there were six settlers with their families, all in the northeast part of the town, probably because of its proximity to the settlement in Reading (now Wakefield)

By 1725, the population of the area, called Charlestown End, had increased until there were sixty-five male inhabitants paying taxes;however, they were miles away from the settlement in Charlestown and could not conveniently reach its church or school. For this reason, Captain Benjamin Geary and fifty-three other residents of the area petitioned Charlestown to allow them to be separated. The town refused their petition at first, but on December 17, 1725, the General Court passed an act to establish the new township of Stoneham, separating it from Charlestown, and releasing its residents from the obligation to pay taxes to Charlestown, provided that within two years they would erect a suitable church and hire a minister and a schoolmaster

John GOULD was an official inhabitant of Charlestown, Mass.  by 1635.   Once here, he also changed his profession from Husbandman to Carpenter. He was still taxed in Charlestown in 1658. He lived in the section of Charlestown that became Stoneham. He had a double lot there in 1636. . He fought in King Phillip’s War and was in the militia until he was 72.

. By 1636, John Gould owned 6 lots in Charlestown: his own house-lot was north of Mill Hill and he had title to 1 cow common. In addition, he owned 4 acres in Linefield; 1.5 acres in the Mystic marshes; 10 acres in the Mystic woods and 25 acres in the Waterfield That same year, he also acquired 1/2 of hay-lot number 3. His house was at the west end of what is now Gould Street, Wakefield, Mass.

Reading Mass.

Many of the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s original settlers arrived from England in the 1630s through the ports ofLynn and Salem. In 1639 some citizens of Lynn petitioned the government of the colony for a place for an inland plantation. They were initially granted six square miles, followed by an additional four. The first settlement in this grant was at first called Lynn Village and was located on the south shore of the Great Pond, now known as Lake Quannapowitt. On June 10, 1644 the settlement was incorporated as the town of Reading, taking its name from the town of Reading in England.

John POOLE “was one of the earliest settlers of Reading, and probably the wealthiest. He lived on the present [1874] site of Wakefield’s rattan factory where he built the first grist-mill and fulling mill of the town. He also owned much land at the north end of the Great Pond including the farm lately owned by Dea. Caleb Wakefield, and extending easterly, included the late Newcomb mill, where said Poole erected the first saw-mill, and included also the present farm of heirs of Benjamin Cox, of Lynnfield. He divided his estate between his son Jonathan and his grandson John.”

John Poole (Pool) settled in Cambridge, Mass about 1632; he later resided in Lynn, Mass. where he was a proprietor before 1638. He moved to Reading,. Mass by 1644 where, in that year, he made a contract with the town to build a dam, turn the course of a stream, erect and maintain a water mill for the use of the inhabitants.

He was a proprietor of Reading and a town officer, involved in a lawsuit about his mill in 1652. His wife Margaret sold the land and house in 1653

Rowley Mass.

Location of Rowley in Essex County in Massachusetts

Rowley was originally settled as a plantation by Reverend Ezekiel Rogers, who had arrived from England on the ship John of London with approximately twenty families.

The following spring, on September 4, 1639, the town was incorporated, and included portions of modern dayByfieldGeorgetown, and Haverhill. The town was named after Rowley, East Riding of Yorkshire, where Rogers had served as pastor for twenty years before his suspension due to non-conformist puritanical beliefs. Rogers was installed as Rowley’s pastor on December 3.

In the summer of 1638, towards the end of this great migration from the England of Charles I, Rev. Ezekiel Rogers and his followers set sail on the ship “John” from Hull England. On board were about twenty families, nearly all from Yorkshire, under the leadership of Rev. Rogers of Rowley, England, near Hull. Among the families were Frances Lambert, from Holme-on-Spaulding-Moor;  Richard THURLOW from Holme-Upon-Spaulding-Moor,Edward Carleton, from Barnston; Hugh CHAPLIN, Maximillian and Joseph Jewett, from Bradford; Robert and John Hazeltine, from Biddeford in Devon; William Jackson, from Rowley, and William and John BOYNTON, Thomas Nelson, John Spofford and Thomas Tenney.

The ship landed in Salem Harbor where they stayed the winter and spent the time looking for a more permanent location to settle. Rev. Rogers appeared before Mr. Wilson’s church of Boston in the year 1638 and requested for himself, and his people, to join with Mr. Wilson’s church. His request was granted. Rev. Rogers was urged to join a company, being formed to colonize Quinnipiack, now New Haven, Conn., but chose not to go. Before the winter was over Ezekiel Rogers request of the General Court, a tract of land between Ipswich and Newbury. His request was granted and the settlement began in the spring of 1639.

Thomas and Jane GRANT came from England in 1638. No record of their death is known, but as Widow Jane Grant she had a house lot on Bradford Street, Rowley, in 1643, and was taxed for two cows in 1653.

1643 – John PEARSON brought  with him from England machinery for a fulling mill, which was the first in this country.  Fulling is a step in woollen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth  to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and making it thicker.  Supposing America had no wood that would stand water, he brought cedar posts also. Some of those posts were taken up about 1800, and found in a good state of preservation.

1644 – On the “tenth of the eleventh Anno Dni 1643, Thomas Nelson, Edward Carlton, Humphrey Reynon & Francis Parrot made a survey of the town and a register of the several house lots of from 1 1/2 to 6 acres then laid out to the settlers including John Pearson.

By 1645, sixteen additional families had arrived in Rowley, including James Bailey,Nicholas JACKSON, and John PEARSON.

1643 and 1645 saw the construction of a fulling mill and grist mill, respectively. The town became known for its hemp and flax cloth, as well as cotton.

In a survey,  made before 1647,

Certaine Divisions of Meadow laid out in the Meadow Called Crane Meadow:
To Edward HASSENthree Acres of meadow lying on the South east side of John Smithes meadow the northeast end abutting upon a pond the south west end upon the upland.
To Leonard HARRIMAN seaven Acres of meadow lying on the Southeast side of Edward Hassens meadow pt of it bought of William Hobson and pt of John Harris the east end abutting upon a brooke the west end upon the upland —
Uplands laid out at the plaine Called the Great plaine Imp
To Edward Hassen foure Acres & an halfe of upland at the plaine Called the great plaine lying next the south ffence by the Country way the east end abutting toward the fence the west end towards other.

Rehoboth, Mass.

1643 – Incorporated making it one of the earliest Massachusetts towns to be incorporated

24  Aug 1643 – Walter PALMER, and his good friend William Chesebrough, whose fortunes closely coincided during their lives left Charlestown along with other planters and started a new settlement at a place known as “Seacuncke” (Black Goose). His home was located along the 10 Mile River in an area called Sowams. The area was to become independent of other organizations until they could decide on a government. At a meeting in 1643, before a division of land had been made other than for house-lots, those attending were required individually to give the value of their estates, in order that the allotments of land might be made accordingly. Will. Cheesebrough was listed 450 pounds and Walter Palmer at 419 pounds.  By constant acquisitions he was able to increase his land holdings from 2 acres to more than 150

Location of Rehoboth

9 Dec 1644 – Walter was one of the nine members of the First Board of Selectmen .

2 and 9 Jun 1645 – Walter Palmer and William Cheseborough were on lists concerning lots to be drawn for divisions of land. Walter’s name seemed to appear in every group selected for any purpose, which seems to indicate his high standing in the community.

4 Jun 1645 – Seacuncke was renamed Antient Rehoboth (a town by the river) and assigned itself to The Plymouth Colony.  Richard Wright was the first Deputy to be elected to represent Rehoboth to the Court at Plymouth, however he had been a strong advocate of the Massachusetts Bay Colony rather than the Plymouth Colony, and refused to acknowledge that the final decision was in favor of the Plymouth Colony.

28 Oct 1645 – Admitted a Freeman, Walter Palmer was immediately sworn in as a Deputy in Wright’s place.  Palmer was later Rehoboth surveyor of highways and constable.

When it first became part of Plymouth colony, it included all of Seekonk,Massachusetts and East Providence, Rhode Island, and parts of the nearby communities of Attleboro,  North AttleboroughSwansea and  Somerset in Massachusetts, and Barrington,  Bristol,  Warren,  PawtucketCumberland, and Woonsocket,Rhode Island. The populations of Rehoboth in the 2000 census was 10,172.

Woburn, Mass

14 Aug 1642 – When the church was constituted in Woburn,  Samuel Richardson,, his two brothers, with John Mousall, Edward Johnson, Edward Convers, and William Leonard, solemnly stood forth, as the nucleus around which the church was to be gathered.

Woburn Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts

That whole territory was then a wide, uncultivated waste. In the February following, the commissioners built a bridge over the Aberjona River, as the Mystic River is called, north of Mystic Pond. This bridge was known in after times as Convers’ Bridge, from Edward Convers, the proprietor of the adjacent mill.

Deacon Edward Converse House 1640 First House Built in Woburn, Massachussetts

The earliest record of Edward WINN in America is whe he appears at the house of Mr. Thomas Graves in Charlestown, as one of the Commissioners, at their first meeting, 18 Dec 1640, held for consulting on the affairs of the contemplated town of Woburn.

The conditions for inhabiting the new town of Woburn were stated in five separate orders.The first order fixed the price of land at six pence an acre. The second order required return of lots if they were not improved in 15 months. The remaining orders concerned fencing, inmates (archaic usage: boarders, etc.), and timber.Among the 32 signatories was Edward Winne.

Edward Winn was one of the original planters of Woburn.  On 8 Feb 1640/41, the commissioners came from Charlestown to find a location. After two days’ search, they pitched upon a spot, unquestionably on Aberjona River, over which, 10 Feb 1640/41, they built a bridge near the house of Edward Convers. To this spot they came, in March and May following, and laid out house lots, and buildings were doubtless erected during the year.

Edward’s son Increase was the first born child entered in the records of Woburn:  born (5th) of 10th mo: 1641.

Francis  WYMAN traveled from England to Massachusetts with his brother John and were in Woburn as  early as 1640.

Woburn was first settled in 1640 near Horn Pond, a primary source of the Mystic River, and was officially incorporated in 1642. At that time the area included present day towns of Woburn, Winchester, Burlington, and parts of Stoneham and Wilmington. Woburn got its name from Woburn, Bedfordshire. Woburn played host to the first religious ordination in the Americas 22 Nov 1642 .Rev. Thomas Carter was sworn in by many of the most prominent men of New England. The establishment of the church preceded the incorporation of the town, as was customary in those days. The population of Woburn was 37,258 at the 2000 census.

New London , CT

1645 – Thomas joined John Winthrop Jr.’s colony of Massachusetts Puritans in the settlement of New London, CT.   During the years that Thomas lived in New London, his son Mannassah and his daughters Ann and Mary were born.  Manassah was the first white child born in New London.

Stonington, CT

1649 -The founders of Stonington were Thomas MINER ,Walter PALMER, William Chesebrough and Thomas Stanton.   After several years in Hingham, the  Miner family moved south to the Wequetequock area of present-day Stonington, where Miner and his son Ephraim helped found the Road Church.  The first European colonists established a trading house in the Pawcatuck section of town in 1649. The present territory of Stonington was part of lands that had belonged to the Pequots who referred to the areas making up Stonington as “Pawcatuck” (Stony Brook to Pawcatuck River) and “Mistack” (Mystic River to Stony Brook).  As of the 2000 census, there were 17,906 people residing in the town.

Thomas Miner – Stonnington

1653 – Miner bought land west of Stonington, across Quiambaug Cove near present-dayMystic, and built a house for his family.

1658- It was named “Souther Towne” or Southerton, by Massachusetts.

1662 – Officially became part of Connecticut when Connecticut received its royal charter.

1665 – Southerton was renamed as Mistick

1666 – Again renamed as Stonington.

1790’s – Stonington first gained wealth when its harbor was home to a fleet engaged in the profitable sealing trade in which the skins of seals clubbed on islands off the Chilean and Patagonian coasts were sold as fur in China.

30 Aug 1775 Stonington repulsed British naval bombardment during the American Revolution, t by Sir James Wallace in the frigate Rose.

9 Aug 1814 –  During the War of 1812, four British vessels HMS Ramillies,  HMS Pactolus,  HMS Dispatch,  and HMS Terror, under the command of Sir Thomas Hardy, appeared offshore. The British demanded immediate surrender, but Stonington’s citizens replied with a note that stated, “We shall defend the place to the last extremity; should it be destroyed, we shall perish in its ruins.” For three days the Royal Navy pounded the town, but the only fatality was that of an elderly woman who was mortally ill. The British, after suffering many dead and wounded, sailed off on 12 August. The American poet Philip Freneau wrote (in part):

“The bombardiers with bomb and ball
Soon made a farmer’s barrack fall,
And did a cow-house badly maul
That stood a mile from Stonington.
They kill’d a goose, they kill’d a hen
Three hogs they wounded in a pen—
They dashed away and pray what then?
This was not taking Stonington.
But some assert, on certain grounds,
(Beside the damage and the wounds),
It cost the king ten thousand pounds
To have a dash at Stonington

East Greenbrush, New York.

Evert PELS was an enterprising man. After his 6 year contract as a brewer was finished; on 28 Feb 1648, he leased a farm on Papscanee Island for six years, at f560 a year, but after building a new house and barns, he transferred the lease 14 Jan 1649, to Juriaen Bestvall and Jochem Kettelheym.  Both Bestvall and Kettelheym  had come to the New Netherlands on the same ship as Evert.  These two men had come to the colony by contracting with the patroon to work for 6 years as laborers. Their time was now served and they were able to lease a farm and work for themselves. Evert Pels turned the farm over to them on 25 Mar 1649.

18 Nov 1649, he leased jointly with Willem Fredericksz (Bout), a farm in Greenbush, for which he is charged in the accounts with an annual rent of f400, from 1 May 1649 until 1661 when he moved to the Esopus; the same day they also leased the saw and grist mill in Greenbush, for which he is charged with an annual rent of f125, from 1 May 1649, till 1 May 1658.

Both Papacanee Island and Greenbush are a couple miles south of present day Albany. Today, a part of the island has been set aside as the Papscanee Island Nature Preserve, drawing birdwatchers, hikers, kayakers, and picnickers. Scenic trails cover seven miles and include interpretive signs to educate visitors about the island’s plants, trees, and shrubs.


With rich soil and abundant water, Papscanee Island has long been home to farmers, beginning with the Mohican (Mahikan) Indians and then Dutch settlers. Actually a peninsula that stretches out into the eastern side of the Hudson River, Papscanee Island, named for a high-ranking Mohican chief, can be seen from the steps of the capitol in Albany, six miles away.

Today, a part of the island has been set aside as the Papscanee Island Nature Preserve, drawing birdwatchers, hikers, kayakers, and picnickers. Scenic trails cover seven miles and include interpretive signs to educate visitors about the island’s plants, trees, and shrubs.

Greenbush was part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, and Albany County prior to Rensselaer County’s creation in 1791. Early settlement along the Hudson River shoreline occurred around 1628/9 and in 1669 a fort was built on Papscanee Island.

He also owned a sloop on the river and a lot on Broadway in Manhattan, which he sold in 1656. In 1657 he sent down to New Amsterdam 2100 beaver skins. He advised the Director of the colony on Horses and other farm animals.

Phippsburg, Maine

Thomas ATKINS(1619 -1716) was a fisherman, who purchased from the  sachemMowhotiwormet,  commonly called Chief Robinhood, the southern end of Phippsburg Maine. Atkins Bay bears his name

Phippsburg was the site of the Popham Colony, Phippsburg was — between 1607 and 1608 — the first English settlement attempted in New England. During its brief existence, colonists built Virginia of Sagadahoc, the first ship in Maine’s long history of shipbuilding.

The next British settlement at the mouth of the Kennebec River began in 1653; Thomas Atkins, a fisherman, purchased from the sachem Mowhotiwormet, commonly called Chief Robinhood, the southern end of Phippsburg (with the exception of Popham). Atkins Bay bears his name. The population gradually increased until King Philip’s War, when  Indians in August 1676 attacked the eastern side of the Kennebec River,massacring and scalping the colonists, or else carrying them into captivity. Dwellings were burned and stocks of cattle killed. The entire area was abandoned.

Resettlement commenced in 1679 at Newtown, located on the southern end of Arrowsic Island (across the river from present-day Phippsburg Center), but in 1689 the area was again destroyed and deserted during King William’s War. With the Treaty of Portsmouth in 1713, conflict was formally ended between the Abenaki Indians and English settlements.

The Popham Colony (also known as the Sagadahoc Colony) was a short-lived English colonial settlement inNorth America that was founded in 1607 and located in the present-day town of Phippsburg, Maine near the mouth of the Kennebec River by the proprietary Virginia Company of Plymouth. It was founded a few months later in the same year as its more successful rival, the Jamestown Settlement, which was established on June 14, 1607 by theVirginia Company of London in present-day James City County, Virginia, as the first permanent English settlement in the present United States.

Five years after the settlement attempt at Cuttyhunk in what is now Massachusetts, the Popham Colony was the second English colony in the region that would eventually become known as New England. The colony was abandoned after only one year, apparently more due to family changes in the leadership ranks than lack of success in the New World. The loss of life of the colonists in 1607 and 1608 at Popham was far lower than the experience at Jamestown.

The first ship built by the English in the New World was completed during the year of the Popham Colony and was sailed back across the Atlantic Ocean to England. The pinnace, named Virginia of Sagadahoc, was apparently quite seaworthy, and crossed the Atlantic again successfully in 1609 as part of Sir Christopher Newport’s 9 vessel Third Supply mission to Jamestown. The tiny Virginia survived a massive three day storm en route which was thought to have been a hurricane and which wrecked the mission’s large new flagship Sea Venture on Bermuda.

The exact site of the Popham Colony was lost until its rediscovery in 1994. Much of this historical location is now part of Maine’s Popham Beach State Park

Wells, Maine

The town of Wells, Maine, a seacoast town in the southern most county of York, was named for the cathedral city of Wells, in Somerset, England.  From Drakes Island to Moody the marine shoreline sweeps in a crescent, bordering the Atlantic Ocean with sandy beaches and rocky promontories.  Behind the dunes a tidal river flows through the green and gold marshes and is met by many smaller streams, which originate inland among the forests and distant hills.  Everywhere is found evidence of the last glacial age; in the stone walls of the pastures, the great boulders in the fields and forests, the bare scoured ledges and in the rocks along the shore.

The Abenaki Indians called the area Webhannet, meaning “at the clear stream,” a reference to the Webhannet River. In 1622, the Plymouth Company in England awarded to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Lord Proprietor of Maine, territory which included the Plantation of Wells. His young cousin, Thomas Gorges, acting as deputy and agent, in 1641 granted to Rev.John Wheelwright and other settlers from Exeter, New Hampshire the right to populate the land from northeast of the Ogunquit River to southwest of the Kennebunk River.

Wells, Maine

Long before Wells incorporation in 1653, as the third town in Maine, temporary residences were built on the beaches by traders and fishermen.  Edmund LITTLEFIELD, the father of Wells, established a permanent home, sawmill and gristmill as early as 1640-41 at the falls of the Webhannet River.   Reverend John Wheelwright soon followed and by 1642 was attempting to provide religious freedom here for himself and his followers

Following the death of the elder Gorges in 1647, the Massachusetts Bay Colony laid claim to Maine. In 1653, Wells was incorporated, the third town in Maine to do so, and named after Wells, England, a small cathedral city in the county of Somerset. It then included Kennebunk, set off the year Maine became a state in 1820, and Ogunquit, designated a village within Wells by the legislature in 1913, then set off in 1980. [1]

Wells was the resilient northeastern frontier of English settlement. Except for a few forts and garrisons, early attempts to colonize Maine above Wells were abandoned because of attacks by Native Americans allied with New France, which resented encroachment by New England in territory it considered its own, Acadia. Wells endured three major attacks, most famously the Raid on Wells in 1692. The region became less dangerous, however, after the Battle of Louisburg in 1745.

Amesbury, Mass.

Settled in 1654, Amesbury was first recognized as “Salisbury New Town” in 1666 when it formally separated from Salisbury. It was incorporated as “Amesbury” in 1668, after  Amesbury in Wiltshire,  England.  As of the census of 2000, there were 16,450 people,  residing in the city.

Originally the boundary between Amesbury and Salisbury was the Powwow River. In 1876 Merrimac was created out of West Amesbury. In 1886 West Salisbury was annexed to Amesbury so the mill area on the Powwow River was unified.

Beginning as a modest farming community, it would develop an aggressive maritime and industrial economy. The 90 foot drop in the falls of the Powwow River provided water power for sawmills and gristmills.

Amesbury Monument – The Golgotha Burying Ground is also found on Rt. 110 (Macy St.), in Amesbury Massachusetts about a half a mile east. It is the first burial ground in Amesbury but there are no markers.

Over half the first settlers names on this memorial are our ancestors.  They are: Richard Currier, Orlando BAGLEY Sr., John Bailey, William BARNES, Thomas Barnard, Henry Blaisdell, Philip Challis, Anthony COLBY,  John COLBY, Edward Cottle, Jarret Haddon, John HOYT, William Huntington, Thomas Macy, George MARTIN, Valentine Rowell, William SARGENT and John Weed.

Martha’s Vineyard, Mass.

18 DEC 1658 – Peter Tallman bought 9 acres in Portsmouth. He was one of the early purchasers of land on Martha’s Vineyard, and was very active in the settlement of that island.

Norwich, CT

Jun 1659 – The nine square miles of land for the town of Norwich was purchased from the Indian Sachems of Mohegan for £70 in Jun 1659.  Thomas FITCH’s son and Capt John FITCH’s brother  James was the founding settler of Norwich  Connecticut. Rev. James Fitch was minister of the Saybrook Congregational Church and the first ordained minister of the First Congregational Church of Norwich. He was instrumental in getting Uncas and the Mohegans and the Pequot Indians to side with the English against King Philip’s Narragansett tribes. Their fair dealings with the Indians spared these settlers who were on the very frontier at that time.

Jun 1659 – Rev. Nehemiah SMITH was one of the original proprietors of Norwich, Connecticut, which was bought in June, 1659, of the Indian Chief Uncas and his sons. His home lot was laid out in November, 1659. He had the largest tract of any of the first settlers, and received other grants at later times. His house was about fifty-seven feet north of the oldest burying ground, known as the Post and Gager burying ground.

John MASON was one of the most trusted men in Connecticut during his three and a half decades of residence there, in both civil and military matters. In his latter years the formal colony records referred to him simply as “the Major,” without forename or surname. Only a sampling of his activities can be presented here.

John removed his family to Old Saybrook, Middlesex County, Connecticut in 1647. He was awarded land by the state of Connecticut where Lebanon, New London County, Connecticut was founded and in 1660 united with a number of distinguished families in the settlement of Norwich, New London County, Connecticut where he was Deputy/Lieutenant Governor (1660-1669), and Major General of the forces of Connecticut.

Norwich was settled in the spring of 1660. In 1660 the Rev. James Fitch, pastor of the Saybrook, and most of his congregation moved to Norwich. James continued as pastor at Norwich until – old and infirm – he resigned in 1696. Rev. James Fitch’s reputation rests on his missionary work among the Connecticut Indians, particularly the Mohegans. He mastered their language and was particularly useful to the colonists during King Philip’s War.

Norwich Falls, oil on canvas, John Trumbull, 1806

In the 19th century, Norwich came to be known as a manufacturing city because of its many large mills. The population in the 2000 census was 36,117.

Nantucket ,Mass.

1659 – Thomas COLEMAN was one of the partners and purchasers of 1/20th part of the Island of Nantucket being of those chosen by one of the first 10 purchasers as his partner.  He had a house, lot and other lands set off to him at different times by the committee for laying out lands.

The Island of Nantucket, situated about 30 miles south of the mainland, was discovered in 1602 by Bartolomew Gosnold, an Englishman, and in 1641 was deeded to Thomas Mayhew and his son, by James Forrett, Agent of the Earl of Stirling.  The right of the Mayhews was bought by a company of ten persons, who, finding it necessary to encourage immigration agreed at a meeting held at Salisbury, Mass in 1659, for each owner to take a partner or assistant which should be left the choice of each individual to elect one.

Thomas Mayhew sold his interests to the “nine original purchasers”: Tristram Coffin, Thomas Macy, Christopher Hussey, Richard Swayne, Thomas Bernard, Peter Coffin, Stephen Greenleafe, John Swayne, and William Pike for, “thirty pounds…and two Beaver hats one for myself and one for my wife.”

10 May 1660. Thomas was chosen by John Swain as his partner

East Haddam, CT.

Haddam and East Haddam were once one colony. It was about 1662 when this tract of land, lying fifteen miles from the mouth of the Connecticut and 30 miles south of Hartford, was purchased from the Indians by a party of young men for a value not exceeding $100.00 The name of Haddam, which was given to the town about 1668 was presumably taken from the name Great Haddam in England. There were no settlements on the east side of the river until around 1670. There was but one ecclesiastical society before 1700, when the inhabitants formed the second. But it was not until 1754 that the community was formally and agreeably divided into two towns, the colony on the west bank keeping the name of Haddam and the one on the east taking the name of East Haddam.

The original settlers of East Haddam laid out the town into nine sections, each three-fourths of a mile square, and the roads were laid out that distance apart as boundaries. Among some of the old turnpikes or post-roads were the “East Haddam and Colchester Turnpike”, granted in 1809: a post road from Middletown, through Chatham to East Haddam Landing, and thence to New London and one from Norwich to New Haven, granted in 1817.

Hadley Mass.

1661 – Thomas Coleman was an original signer at Hadley MA

Location of Hadley in Hampshire County, Mass

Hadley was first settled in 1659 and was officially incorporated in 1661. Its settlers were primarily a discontented group of families from the puritan colonies of Hartford and Wethersfield, Connecticut, who petitioned to start a new colony up north after some controversy over doctrine in the local church. At the time, Hadley encompassed a wide radius of land on both sides of the Connecticut River, but mostly on the eastern shore. In the following century, these were broken off into precincts and eventually the separate towns of HatfieldAmherstSouth HadleyGranbyand Belchertown. The population in the 2000 census was 4,793.

Westfield, Mass.

Abel WRIGHT appears on record in Springfield in 1655 while the town was still in its infancy  Abel settled in that part of Springfield, then known as Endfield (now Enfield and Somers, Connecticut), where his name and that of his son Joseph are found as witnesses to a deed in 1715 from Daniel Miller to Thomas Jones. Hannah’s mother.

Lieutenant Abel represented his town at the General court, Boston, 1695 Lived at Westfield, Mass. in 1655.

The area was originally inhabited by the Pocomtuc tribe, and was called Woronoco (meaning “the winding land”. Trading houses were built in 1639-40 by settlers from the Connecticut Colony. Massachusetts asserted jurisdiction, and prevailed after a boundary survey. In 1647, Massachusetts made Woronoco part of Springfield, Massachusetts.Land was incrementally purchased from the Indians and granted by the Springfield town meeting to English settlers, beginning in 1658. The area of Woronoco or “Streamfield” began to be permanently settled in the 1660s. In 1669 (OS), “Westfield” was incorporated as an independent town  in 1920, it would be re-incorporated as a city.

From its founding until 1725, Westfield was the westernmost settlement in Massachusetts Colony. On 26 July 1708, seven or eight Indians rushed into the house of Lt Abel WRIGHT of Skipmuch (Skepmuck, later to become the present town of Westfield)  in Springfield, and killed two soldiers, Aaron Parsons of Northampton and Benjah Hulbert of Enfield; scalped the wife of Lt Wright, who died Oct 19; took Hannah, the wife of Lt.Wright’s son Henry, and probably slew her; killed her infant son Henry in a cradle and knocked in the head of her daughter Hannah, aged 2 years, in the same cradle; the latter recovered.

George SEXTON moved to Westfield, Mass. before 1671, where his son Benjamin was born, said to be the first white child born in the town. This would put George’s presence there at 1666-1667.

Middleborough, Massachusetts

On 3 Mar 1645  John TOMSON purchased a house and garden of Samuel Eddy near Spring Hill in Plymouth.

He purchased his first farm in Sandwich, in that part called Nobscusset, where he lived for a few years. He soon came to the conclusion that he could better his fortune by moving further into the interior.

He selected a place 13 miles west of the village of Plymouth on the outskirts of Bridgewater, Middleborough, and what later became Halifax. He purchased land of William Wetispaquin, sachem of the Neponsets, the purchase having been approved by the Court. The deed is recorded in Book 4, page 41, in the Registry of Deeds for Plymouth County. His homestead, including other purchases other than the above deed, contained more than six thousand acres. It was later divided into more than one hundred farmsteads. It commenced at the herring brook in the northern part of Halifax and extended nearly five miles south into Middleborough. He built a log house in Middleborough, about twenty rods west of the Plymouth line, where he lived until it was burned by the Indians.

Tradition says that he began clearing land with the intention of locating his house near where the saw mill of Ephriam B.Thompson later stood. After working for a while, he became thirsty and went into a valley near by to search for water. Upon finding a lively brook of pure water, he came to the conclusion that the spring could not be far away. He followed the brook up about one hundred rods and came to the fountain of pure, gushing water. A clearing was made here and a log house built. Charles H. Thompson says, “The importance of locating near a spring of never failing water, instead of attempting to dig wells, at that time, is apparent when we consider that shovels and spades in those times were made of wood instead of iron; wooden shovels were used by the third and fourth generations from John Thomson. When Ebenezer, a grandson of his, had a wooden shovel pointed or shod with iron, it was considered a very great improvement and was borrowed by the neighbors far and near. The ancient practice of building dwelling houses near springs and running water accounts for the very crooked roads in many localities of the old colony.”

He served as representative from Barnstable in 1671 and 1672. He was a sergeant of the military company in 1673. He became a representative for Middleboro about 1674 and served for the next eight years. He became a Lieutenant of the military company in 1675, and was in that year a commander of a garrison in King Philips War.

Northampton, Massachusetts

In May of 1653, William CLARKE was one of 24 petitioners to the Mass. General Court who desired to inhabit Northampton. All except Clarke were from Connecticut.  On October 3, 1653, the first meeting of the proprietors of Northampton was held at either Springfield or Hartford, and William Clarke attended and signed as a proprietor. However, he didn’t move there because in 1654 he was chosen as a “Boundsman” to lay out a way to the burial grounds and to determine the bounds between Dorchester and Braintree. In 1655, between Dorchester and Dedham; and in 1658 between Dorchester and Braintree and Dorchester and Roxbury.

William CLARKE was the first citizen of Northampton to be elected deputy to the General Court, and 14 times between 1663 and 1682 was elected to that office, although not consecutively. He was Associate Justice of county court for 26 years; In 1662, he was authorized by the General Court to solemnize marriages, being the first person in that town to hold that responsible position. Frequently appointed by the Court to deal with Indians.

He was chosen Lieutenant of the first military company ever organized in Northampton, when that was the office of highest rank to which the company, on account of its small number of men was entitled, and was in active service during King Philip’s War and was at the same time a member of the military committee of the county

Hurley, New York

Arriving at New Amsterdam Lambert Huybertse (BRINK) had the son born at sea baptized Cornelis and then his family traveled up the Hudson River to the Esopus (name of river and Algonquin indian tribe) area to Wiltwyck (soon Kingston).   He was one of the first settlers at Nieuw Dorp (soon Hurley) and in 1662 signed a five year lease with the Dutch West India Company (DWIC) Director Stuyvesant on land there west of the creek.

In the Spring of 1662, Peter Stuyvesant, Dutch Governor of Niew Amsterdam, established the village of Niew Dorp on the site of an earlier Native American Settlement. On 7 Jun 1663, during the Esopus Wars the Esopus Indians attacked and destroyed the village, and took captives who were later released. England took over the Dutch Colony on 6 Sep 1664. On 17 Sep 1669, the village, abandoned since the Esopus Indian attack, was resettled and renamed Hurley. It was named after Francis Lovelace, Baron Hurley of Ireland.

After Director Stuyvesant declared war on the Esopus Indians and attacked and killed and captured and shipped some out as slaves, the Indians retaliated with the 7 Jun 1663 destroying of Nieuw Dorp [Hurley] and Wiltwyck in which they burned and killed and took captives including Lambert’s wife Hendrickje (pregnant) and children Hytbert, Jannetje, and Cornelis who were rescued after about 3 months.

In 1667 at the end of his land lease agreement, Lambert  purchased the land he had leased and more land also from the English who had taken over in 1664 (and mandated surnames) and the deed was dated 5 Aug 1667 and was filed at Kingston, NY. Nieuw Dorp, at that time, included parts of present-day Rosendale, Marbletown, Woodstock, and New Paltz.  The area was settled around 1669 but received its patent (to Henry Beekman, Thomas Garton, and Charles Brodhead) only in 1703. The community of Marbletown once served briefly as the state capital. The Town of Marbletown is near the center of Ulster County, southwest of the City of Kingston.

Lambert  was one of the Dutch settlers to protest their treatment by the British military in the “mutiny at the Esopus” in 1667. The Wiltwyck document concerning this was signed by 31 men including Lambert on 28 Apr 1667.

Lebanon, Connecticut.

The town of Lebanon has its origins with the settlers of Norwich, who wanted to expand beyond the “nine miles square” they had bought from the Mohegan sachemUncas. In 1663, the first grant in the area was given in to Maj. John MASON (Wikipedia), deputy governor of the Connecticut colony; the next year, Mason accepted 500 acres (2.0 km2) northwest of Norwich. This area, known as “Pomakuck” or “Pomocook” by the Mohegans, is now the Goshen Hill area of Lebanon. In 1666, Connecticut granted an additional 120 acres  to the Rev. James FICTH , (

Thomas FITCH’s son and Capt John FITCH’s brother)

minister of Norwich, adjacent to Maj. Mason’s land which was now known as Cedar Swamp. The Mohegans conferred their blessing on the grants by giving an additional seven-mile (11 km) strip to Maj. Mason’s son in 1675, who split the land with the Rev. Fitch, his father-in-law. This area is now known as “Fitch and Mason’s Mile,” or just “The Mile. In 1692, Uncas’ son, Sachem Oweneco, sold twenty-five miles to four men from Norwich and Stonington (including Sam Mason, another son of Maj. Mason), known as the “Five Mile Purchase” or “Five Mile Square” (being five miles (8 km) on each side). With the Purchase, most of the modern-day town of Lebanon was established.

The town of Lebanon, Connecticut was incorporated by the General Assembly of the Connecticut Colony on October 10, 1700. The town’s name was the idea of one of the Rev. Fitch’s sons, because of “the height of the land, and a large cedar forest.” Lebanon was the first town in Connecticut colony to be given a Biblical name Originally (and now) in New London County, it was part of Windham County from 1726 to 1824.

In 1698, except for his oldest daughter, who had married, William CLARKE and his family moved to Lebanon where he was one of 51 original proprietors. On May 2, 1700, he and Josiah Dewey of Northampton bought a large tract of wilderness in what is now Lebanon and the surrounding towns from Owanecho, Sachem of the Mohegans, commonly called the Clark-Dewey purchase. William immediately became prominent in the new settlement. William was chosen as the first Deputy to the General Assembly from Lebanon in May 1705 and represented the town again in 1706 through 1713,1715, 17, 18 and 1719.

Swansea, Massachusetts

Swansea was named for Swansea, Wales which had been the hometown of some original settlers. John Miles, the founder of the first Baptist Church in Wales, moved to Swansea in 1662/3. William Brenton had purchased the land from Native Americans.  Parts of its territory were originally part of Rehoboth, Massachusetts.

In 1667 the first Baptist church in Massachusetts relocated to Swansea from Rehoboth, Massachusetts after experiencing religious intolerance there, and Swansea was incorporated as an independent town.

Joseph CARPENTER was one of seven founding members of the Swansea Baptist Church. Formed at Rehoboth in the fall of 1666, it was relocated to neighboring Swansea about a year later, when the latter town was established.

On June 20, 1675 the first Indian attack of King Philip’s War had all 70 settlers confined to their stockade. By June 25 the entire town had been burned, although a handful of the colonists escaped to Taunton. When the active war ended in 1676, the town was soon rebuilt.

Enfield, Connecticut.

In 1679, Enfield’s first settlers, John PEASE, Jr. and Robert PEASE, arrived from Salem, Massachusetts, and spent their first winter camping in a shelter dug into the side of a hill.  The next Spring, they were joined by their families and other settlers from Salem; by the end of that year (1680) about 25 families had settled in the area.  In 1683, the Town of Enfield was incorporated.  At this time, the town extended east ten miles from the Connecticut River and south six miles from Longmeadow Brook.

Enfield Settlement Historical Marker – Erected by Town of Enfield 1976

Five years later, on March 16, 1688, the townspeople purchased Enfield from a Podunk Indian named Notatuck for 25 pounds Sterling.  It is unclear what claim Notatuck actually had to the land, or whether he was selling the land or the rights to use it.

Enfield’s population was growing.  Little villages with names like Wallop and Scitico were settled within Enfield’s 60 square miles during the first decades of the 1700s.  In 1734 the eastern-most village was incorporated as the Town of Somers.

As a result of an error in the survey done in 1642 by Woodward & Saffery, Enfield was settled as part of Massachusetts Colony.  A 1695 survey corrected the error, showing that Enfield, as well as Suffield and Somers, was within Connecticut Colony’s borders.  Apparently unhappy with the Massachusetts government, the citizens of Enfield first discussed separating from Massachusetts at a 1704 Enfield town meeting.  Perhaps they weren’t really that unhappy, because it wasn’t until 1747 that Enfield began to officially pursue becoming part of Connecticut.  Legal action was taken in both the Massachusetts and Connecticut Legislatures and in court in London, England.  In 1750 Enfield seceded from Massachusetts and became part of Connecticut Colony.

Tarrytown, New York.

Location of village within Westchester County

The earliest settler on the shore north of Tarrytown was Robert WILLIAMS who settled in Kitchewan (Croton) Point where he married in 1689 Grace Cerant or Haring widow of John Beselie. Shortly after he moved down into Philipsburgh and lived on a leasehold a little below the Croton River. Some time between 1711 and 1714 his step-son Francie Beselie settled on a leasehold just north of his.

Nineteen families are on record as living in Philipsburg  in 1698 – Lourens Matthys Bankers (7), Deliverance Conklin (4), David Davids (3), Barent de Witt (5), Abraham de Revier (3), Wolfert Ecker (5), Jan Ecker 94), John Foseur (4), Francois Guiliamse (6), Jan Harmse (3), John Hyatt (7), Thomas Hyatt (2), David Storm (4), Peter Storm (3), Isaac Sie (5), Peter Sie (2), Jochem Woutersz Van Wert (6), Gerret Van Wert (5) and Robert Williams (5). The number in parentheses are the number of persons in each family as determined from church and other records, totaling 83. A few other families who were definitely here shortly after 1698 may have come before that date. The census of 1698 lists twenty one families living in Yonkers, Lower Yonkers.

The settlement before 1700 would seem to have been confined to the shore of the Hudson except for the See family at Nanegeeken, now Thornwood, and David Storm at East View. The earliest Dutch, Huguenor and Walloon families were located chiefly in the vicinity of Tarrytown and Irvington, with a few to the north of Tarrytown.

Washington Irving’s story “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” is set in Tarrytown. The name “Sleepy Hollow” comes from a secluded glen located in Tarrytown and is not the name of the town in which the story takes place. In the mid-nineties the residents of North Tarrytown voted to have their name changed to Sleepy Hollowin honor of the story.

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Rev Stephen Bachiler

Stephen BACHILER (c.1561 – 1656) (Wikipedia) was an English clergyman who was an early proponent of the separation of church and state in America. He was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation.

Morgan ascribed this coat of arms to “Stephen Bachiler, the first Pastor of the church of Lygonia in New England, the plough to signify his ploughing up the fallow ground of their hearts, and the sun in allusion to his motto Sol Justitiae Exoritur.” But its meaning goes beyond that. The motto is translated as “The sun rises equally over all,” and the plow and rising sun together perfectly describe the hopes and aspirations of Bachiler’s Company of Husbandmen, those would-be farmers who in 1630 obtained a 1,600 square mile grant of land on the coast of Maine but never settled upon it.

He was one of our most complicated ancestors and one of my favorites.  His story represents America. He had the most setbacks and the most second, (third, fourth, fifth …. ) acts late in life that I can imagine.

Here’s his story in operatic form:

Prologue – When he was 7, he was kicked out of Flanders with his parents and a small contingent of Huguenots

1st Act Ends  – When he was 44, he was ejected from the peaceful riverside parish where he had preached acceptably for eighteen years

Comic Interlude  – When he was 52, his son was expelled from Oxford and both Bachiler and his son Stephen were sued by a nearby clergyman for libel because it was alleged that father and son had written “some scandalous verse” about the clergyman and had been “singing them in divers places.”

2nd Act Ends  – When he was 70, his Colony of Lygonia failed. Their first little shipload, sent from England six months after Winthrop’s well found colony, appears to have landed on their grant in the hard winter of 1631.   Bachiler had been chosen as the pastor of the colony and invested 60 pounds or more in the enterprise which may explain the sale of his properties in 1630.

When he was 72, ““Mr. Batchel’r is required to forbeare exercising his gifts a a pastor or teacher publiquely in our pattent, unless it be to those he brought with him, for his contempt of authority and till some scandles be removed.”

3rd Act Ends – When he was 75, he was dismissed as pastor from the Church at Saugus Mass

4th Act Ends – When he was 77, he walked 100 miles from Newbury to Cape Cod, but he failed to establish a colony there

5th Act Ends – When he was 80, he was excommunicated by the Hampton church on unfounded charges of scandal

6th Act Ends – When he was 83, the General Court at Boston did not allow Exeter, NH to start a church, thereby preventing them from hiring Bachiler

Epilogue – When he was 90 , his last wife had an affair with another man.  She was sentenced, after her approaching delivery, to be whipped and branded with the letter “A,” the “Scarlet Letter”of Hawthorne’s romance.

Not only was our Stephen fined £10 for not publishing his marriage according to law. (He had performed his last wedding ceremony himself.) but the court ordered “Mr. Batchelor and his wife shall live together as man and wife, as in this court they have publicly professed to do; and if either desert one another, then hereby the court doth order that the marshall shall apprehend both the said Mr. Batchelor and Mary, his wife, and bring them forthwith to Boston.

Denied a divorce by the Massachusetts Court, Bachiler finally returned to England about 1653. He died near London, and was buried at All Hallows Staining on October 31, 1656.

Postcript – His unfaithful wife sued her husband in 1656 for support based on various untrue charges including a claim that Bachiler had married a new wife while still legally married to her.  Stephen had already died a few days before.



Stephen Bachiler was born  in 1561 in  Tournai, Hainaut Province (now Belgium).  His parents were Philip BACHILER and Anne FLANDERS.   A small colony of Walloons came to Southampton about 1568, driven from their shops and studies by Philip II, a devout Catholic and self-proclaimed protector of the Counter-Reformation.  Among them were a father and son named Bachelier from Tournai.

The teacher of this band of Protestants was Adrien de Saravia, a champion of Calvin.  Adrien was born in Artois, his father a Spaniard, his mother a Fleming, and he was a minister in Antwerp until driven to the Channel Islands in 1560. From there he came to Southampton for a few peaceful years, returned to Leyden in 1582 as professor of divinity, and was again driven back to Protestant England, where he ended his days. It’s fun to imagine that Stephen Bachiler was Adrien’s charge and absorbed from him an opposition to tyranny and abuse which marked and marred his life.

During the 16th century, Tournai was a bulwark of Calvinism, but eventually it was conquered by the Spanish governor of the Low Countries, the Duke of Parma, following a prolonged siege in 1581. After the fall of the city, its Protestant inhabitants were given one year to sell their possessions and emigrate, a policy that was at the time considered relatively humane, since very often religious opponents were simply massacred.

First Act

Stephen married Deborah BATES in Hampshire, England, on 7 June 1588.  He was married a total of four times.  After Deborah died, he married Christian Weare 3 Mar 1624 in Suffolk, England.   After Christian died, he married Helena Mason  26 Mar 1627 in Abbots Ann, Hampshire, England.   After Helena died, he married Mary Magdelene [__?__] Beedle widow of Robert Beedle 14 Feb 1648 in Kittery, Maine.   He returned to England probably by Oct 1651.   Stephen died on 31 Oct 1656 at Allhallows Staining, London, England.

Stephen Bachiler – Memorial Stone from Founder’s Park, Hampton N.H. Location: Founder’s Park, Hampton N.H.

Hampton, NH Founders Park

Deborah Bates was born c. 1565 in Hampshire, England and died about 1616.   She was mother of all his children and was probably a sister of Rev. John Bate, Bachiler’ successor at Wherwell, Hampshire.

Helena [__?__] was born 1583 in Hackney, Surrey, England. She first married Rev. Thomas Mason. Helena died 1647 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire.

Richard Dummer of Roxbury and Newbury married first Jane Mason, a daughter of Reverend Thomas Mason, and resided late in his life at North Stoneham, Hampshire; Stephen Bachiler married as his third wife Helena Mason, widow of Reverend Thomas Mason, and resided just before his departure for New England at South Stoneham, Hampshire. These marriages made Bachiler the step-father-in-law of Dummer, and explains their close connection in the activities of the Plough Company.

Mary Magdelene [__?__] Beedle Bachiler  was born about 1633 in England.  She apparently had two children while she was married to the aged minister, but in view of her adulterous propensities and the fact that she and Mr. Bachiler did not live together at the time, it seems highly likely that those children were not his.   George Rogers of Kittery, Maine, was probably been their father. One of them is never seen by name and may have died young, while the other, Mary, survived and married William Richards.  She died in 1660 in Hackney, Surrey, England.

Children of Stephen and Deborah:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Nathaniel Bachiler c. 1590 Wherwell, Hampshire, England Hester Mercer or LeMercier
Margery [__?__] by 1645
9 April 1645 Southampton, Hampshire, England
2. Deborah BACHILER 23 Jun 1591/92
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Rev. John WING(E) [Wynge] in 1608. In 1632, shortly after the death of her husband, she emigrated from England to New England with her father Date of death unknown
3. Stephen Bachiler 1594
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Sarah [__?__] 1680
London, England
4. Mary Batchelder 1596 in Hackney, Middlesex, England
5. Theodate Bachiler 1596 in Wherwell, Hampshire, England Christopher Hussey
15 Jan 1628 in England
20 Oct 1649
Hampton, Rockingham, NH
6. Samuel Bachiler 1597
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Gorcum, Holland
7. Ann Bachiler 1600/01
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
John Samborne 1619 Southampton, Hampshire, England
Henry Atkinson
20 Jan 1632 in Strood, Kent, England
between 1641 and 1649 at (Unknown), Kent, England.
8. William Bachiller 1607
Wherwell, Hampshire, England
Jane Cowper
7 Oct 1632
Stanford Dingley, Berkshire, England
22 Feb 1669
Charlestown, Mass.

Children of Stephen and Mary Magdelene: (In view of her adulterous propensities and the fact that she and Mr. Bachiler did not live together at the time, it seems highly likely that those children were not his.   George Rogers of Kittery, Maine, was probably been their father. )

Name Born Married Departed
9. Mary Bachiller 1650 William Richards
10. Child Bachiller Died Young

Stephen began his studies at Oxford, St John’s College in 1581 and graduated with a B.A. in Feb 1586.   Perhaps he then became a chaplain to Thomas WEST 1st  Baron of De La War [coincidently, also our ancestor], who presented him in 1587 to the vicarage of Wherwell, Hampshire, a small retired parish on the River Test, whose ” troutful stream,” celebrated by Isaak Walton, is still a favorite of anglers today.  Bachiler preached in Wherewell for twenty years, and  he doubtless hoped to end his days there. No more peaceful and beautiful place is to be found in sunny Hampshire, lying as it does in the middle of verdant and fertile meadows. Wherwell was the seat of an ancient abbey, founded in 986 by Queen Aelfrida, the widow of King Edgar. At the Dissolution, the abbey was granted to Thomas West, Lord La Warr or Delaware, and it soon became the principal seat of that great family.

Stephen was vicar of Wherwell Hampshre (1587 – 1605).   Wherewell Village is very quaint and its houses still has thatched roofs today. Stephen’s church was rebuilt in 1858.

Stephen probably was one of the thousand English puritan ministers who signed the 1603 Millenary Petition to King James, which greeted the Scotch monarch on his coming to the English throne. This carefully worded document expressed Puritan distaste regarding the state of the Anglican Church, and took into consideration James’ religious views as well as his liking for a debate, as written in James’ Basilikon Doron.  The petition urged the King to reform the abuses of the established church, and appealed to him to allow the Puritan pastors to continue their ” prophesyings and preachings” undeterred by the persecutions of their bishops.

As a result of this petition King James called the Hampton Court Conference in 1604.  John Rainoldes, John Knewstub, Lawrence Chaderton, and Henry Sparke  represented the Puritan party.  Against them were ranged eight English prelates, headed by the next Archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Bancroft, their bitter opponent.  Lord Delaware was a member of this conference, which resulted badly for the popular party, for on Rainoldes’s mentioning the word presbyter King James’s wrath was aroused, and he dismissed the conference with bitter reproaches, telling the Puritans that he would ” make them conform or harry them out of the land.”

Even though Stephen would soon be out of a job, the Hampton Court Conference  also bore fruit for the Puritans, who insisted that man know God’s word without intermediaries.  The conference led to James’s commissioning of that translation in English now known as the King James Version..

The following year was marked by the ejection of hundreds of Puritans, who declined to follow the hated ceremonies of the church. In May, 1605, Archbishop Bancroft held an ecclesiastical court at Winchester, and undoubtedly instructed the willing Thomas Bilson, Bishop of Winchester, to dismiss all his non-conforming clergymen. Among these was Stephen Bachiler, who was ejected in August, 1605, from the peaceful riverside parish where he had preached acceptably for eighteen years.

Comic Interlude

In 1610 Bachiler’s son Stephen was entered at Magdalen College in Oxford, the family college of the Wests, Lords Delaware.  His son’s college career was cut short by expulsion and in 1613 both Bachiler and his son Stephen were sued by a nearby clergyman for libel because it was alleged that father and son had written “some scandalous verse” about the clergyman and had been “singing them in divers places.”

2nd Act

We don’t know much about the next twenty years  of Bachiler’s life. Winthrop says he “suffered much at the hands of the Bishops” and family tradition alleges that he fled to Holland like the little band of Separatists from Scrooby, who in 1620 formed the Pilgrim colony at Plymouth. Bachiler was at 45, in the prime of his powers.   We know that many of his parishioners followed him from the church at Wherwell to his ministrations under Puritan auspices at the adjoining hamlet of Newton Stacy. In 1607 Henry Shipton, a wealthy tanner of Shawe, across the border in Berkshire, left him a small legacy, and in 1616 Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverell, a rich Essex squire, bequeathed him a similar sum.

In 1621 the diary of Adam Winthrop, father of the Massachusetts Governor, says that he had “Mr. Bachiler the preacher” to dine with him. That he was not without means is shown by the Hampshire land records, which recite, between 1622 and 1630, his purchase and sale of small properies in Newton Stacy. A petition of Sir Robert Payne, Sheriff of Hampshire in 1632, states that several of his tenants, ” having been formerly misled by Stephen Bachiler, a Notorious inconformist, demolished a chapel at Newton Stacy, and executed many things in contempt of the canons and the bishop.

Thus preaching, persecuted, and adhered to by his former parishioners, Bachiler passed twenty years and reached the age of seventy. His children had grown up and married;  one son had become a chaplain in an English regiment in Holland, and one a merchant in Southampton.  Deborah married Rev. John WING, an English Puritan minister at Flushing and The Hague; and Theodate married Christopher Hussey, perhaps a relative of the mayor of Winchester of the same name, who married a daughter of the Hampshire Puritan Renniger;  Ann married a Hampshire Samborne, probably connected with James Samborne, the Winchester scholar and Oxford graduate, Puritan vicar of Andover and rector of Upper Clatford, neighboring villages to Wherwell.

With the accession of Charles I in 1625 Puritanism received another blow, and many of the English reformers, encouraged by the success of the Plymouth Pilgrims of 1620, decided to seek in the New World a freer atmosphere for their religious opinions. By this time Bachiler had reached an age when most men become weary of struggling, anxious to lay aside contention and strife, and to obtain a few years of rest. Not so Stephen as you will see.

In 1630 a small band of London merchants, perhaps friends of Bachiler’s son Nathaniel, formed a colonizing company, called the “Company of Husbandmen” and obtained from Sir Ferdinando Gorges, a patent to some 1600 square miles in his province of New England south of the river Sagadahock.  The colony was to be called “Lygonia” after Cecily Lygon, mother of New England Council president Sir Ferdinando Gorges.   Bachiler was chosen as the pastor of the colony and invested £60 or more in the enterprise which may explain the sale of his properties in 1630 in Newton Stacy.

Gorges had received his land patent in 1622, along with John Mason, from the Plymouth Council for New England for the Province of Maine, the original boundaries of which were between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers. In 1629, he and Mason divided the colony, with Mason’s portion south of the Piscataqua River becoming the Province of New Hampshire and Gorges retaining Maine.

This Company of Husbandmen sent to America in the fall of 1630 a small ship called the “Plough,” with a meagre band of colonists to settle on their new patent, probably about where the present city of Portland stands. The grant from Gorges seems to have conflicted with other grants, and the original patent is lost, so that we cannot exactly locate the land, which the Husbandmen thought embraced the seacoast from Cape Porpoise to Cape Elizabeth.

In 1631 Stephen Bachiler was in Holland where he was associated with two well-known dissenting clergymen, Hugh Peters  (given charge of the church in Salem in 1635) and John Davenport (co-founder of the colony of New Haven)

The Plough, sent from England six months after Winthrop’s well found colony, appears to have landed on their grant in the hard winter of 1631, and were much disappointed in the outlook. The upper coast of New England was sterile and forbidding, bare of settlements except for a few scattering fishing stages, and the Husbandmen were probably poorly equipped for colonization. The first letter from the London managers, dated in March, 1631, and sent to their New England colonists, speaks as though Bachiler had been engaged in the Company’s work for some time.  In this letter the London members ask the colonists to remember their duty to return thanks to God who:

“hath filled the heart of our reverend pastor so full of zeal, of love and of extraordinary affection toward our poor society. Notwithstanding opposition yet he remaineth constant, persuading and exhorting, — yea and as much as in him lieth-constraining all that love him to join together with us. And seeing the Company is not able to bear his charge over, he hath strained himself to provide provision for himself and his family, and hath done his utmost endeavor to help over as many as he possibly can, for your further strength and encouragement.”

For another year, or until the spring of 1632, the Plough Company worked in England to secure more colonists and to enlarge their resources. The London members were not rich, but all were bound together by some mystical religious fellowship, the exact significance of which has been lost.     John Dye, Grace Hardwin, and Thomas Jupe, three London merchants of limited education and narrow resources, were the principal factors of the Company of Husbandmen.   John Crispe, Bryan Binckes, and John Carman came over on the first ship and seem to have had some authority in the company, but the records disclose nothing of note about them. The loosely knit little company seems to have been organized and kept alive by the strenuous efforts of Bachiler and his kinsmen.

A second shipment of goods and colonists was sent out in March 1632, on two ships, the “William and Francis” and the “Whale.” The colonists on the former ship were captained by Bachiler, now over 70, and the party on the “Whale” by his relative, Richard Dummer, also a Hampshire man, who had not joined the religious circle of the Husbandmen, but who was doubtless induced by Bachiler to finance the enterprise to some extent. Dummer was a man of breadth and ability, whose connection must have been of value to the struggling company, though he soon foresaw its failure and identified himself with Winthrop’s more permanent enterprise.

While Bachiler, Dummer, and the London members of the Company were thus helping on the enterprise in England, imagining that the colony of the Sagadahock River was firmly planted in the new soil, that poor-spirited crew had left its northern settlement, aghast at the practical difficulties of colonization, and perhaps torn by some dissension. With their shaky little craft, the Plough, they had drifted down the coast looking for more substantial settlements, and Winthrop’s journal of July 6, 1631, records their arrival at Watertown as follows: “A small ship of 60 tons arrived at Natascot, Mr. Graves master. She brought ten passengers from London. They came with a patent for Sagadehock, but not liking the place they came hither. Their ship drew ten feet and went up to Watertown but she ran on ground twice by the way.”

The Husbandmen, with their vague and mysterious religious tenets, were with some reason looked on askance by the compact and intolerant Massachusetts Bay Colony. They had failed in their enterprise, and had come from the neighborhood of those fishing settlements along the north coast, whose rude and lawless members were in bad odor with the magistrates.  John Winthrop wrote in his Journal that most of the passengers on the Plough were Familists. The Family of Love or Familists was a mystic religious sect founded by Henry Nicholis.  Their radical message, based on a traditional mystic Christian idea derived from the writings of Paul, said that a part of God is in every person. They believed they had so much of God’s spirit in them that they were a part of the Godhead.   As the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition says:

Nicholis’s followers escaped the gallows and the stake, for they combined with some success the wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove. They would only discuss their doctrines with sympathizers; they showed every respect for authority, and considered outward conformity a duty. This quietist attitude, while it saved them from molestation, hampered propaganda.

The outward trappings of his system were Anabaptist; his followers were accused of asserting that all things were ruled by nature and not directly by God, of denying the dogma of the Trinity, and repudiating infant baptism. They held that no man should be put to death for his opinions, and apparently, like the later Quakers, they objected to the carrying of arms and to anything like an oath; and they were quite impartial in their repudiation of all other churches and sects.

Reverend Bachiler, his second wife Helena, his daughter Deborah with her four sons (John, Daniel , Joseph and Stephen), son Nathaniel Bachiler, and son-in-law John Samborn with his children, William and Stephen, landed near Boston on 17 June 1632.  The ill-fated little venture was already doomed. The earnest letter which Bachiler brought over from the London merchants was addressed to a band already in disorder, and it seems probable that they remained near Boston only long enough to deliver their patent to the newcomers, coupled with such gloomy reports of the northern coast as effectually put an end to any further attempt at colonization. The Company of Husbandmen was practically dead, its assets in the hands of the Massachusetts court, and its members scattered; some went back to England and some to Virginia.

As the project for establishing the Lygonia Colony had failed, the backers of the company wrote to John Winthrop requesting him to dispose of the goods which had been sent over and use the proceeds to pay off some of the investors including Stephen Bachiler. As late as June 3, 1633, Bachiler was in communication with Winthrop regarding the disposal of part of the cargo.

The £1,400 of joint stock was a complete loss, and apparently the patent was seized on by Dummer as some security for his advances. This Plough Patent was for years a source of dispute, being assigned some time later to one of Cromwell’s commanders, Alexander Rigby, whose agent, George Cleeves, disputed the bounds of the royal province of Gorgeana which fell to the heirs of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. The constant quarrels between the two factions existed until Massachusetts, through its agents in England, bought up their claims and established Maine as a dependency of the Bay Colony.

It seems possible that the only person who derived a profit from the defunct Plough Company was Richard Dummer, who perhaps bought out Bachiler’s interest in the patent, and who sold it through Cleeves to Rigby. Bachiler had disposed of his small estate in Hampshire to provide funds for the colony; had brought over a little company of adherents and his own children and grandchildren; and found himself at 71 stranded in Newtown without a settlement or a pastorate, and equipped with a very moderate sum of money, a library of fair size, and a somewhat legendary coat of arms.

Eventhough Lygonia failed, Stephen still got a coat of arms from the deal.  His coat of arms is real, even if not granted by the College of Heraldry or any other authority. It was included in a 1661 work on the origins of heraldry by Sylvanus Morgan

The motto is translated as “The sun rises equally over all,” and the plow and rising sun together perfectly describe the hopes and aspirations of Bachiler’s Company of Husbandmen, those would-be farmers who in 1630 obtained a 1,600 square mile grant of land on the coast of Maine but never settled upon it.

While some have cited this coat of arms as evidence of Bachiler’s “gentle blood”, he never claimed noble or even “old family” ancestry, nor did any of his contemporaries ever refer to such. His forebears remain unknown, and both his parents must have died when Bachiler was quite young–possibly from the plague that was endemic in England during the year of his birth in 1561. Bachiler’s education at St. John’s, Oxford may have been sponsored by neighbor Sir William West, lst Baron de la Warr, who seems to have been his patron in giving him a “living” upon graduation as Vicar of Wherwell in County Hants (Hampshire). We are left with a remarkable man, “a Man of Fame in his Day” and “a Gentleman of Learning and Ingenuity” (Prince, Annals of New England), but– somewhat unusual for a well-known person– without a visible pedigree.

Even though Lygonia Colony failed, Bachiler’s arrival in the new colony was welcomed. Winthrop mentions it in his journal, and it was undoubtedly a matter of moment that the aged Oxford scholar had chosen to settle in the Bay, with a considerable group of followers. A man of education and cultivation, as his letters show him to have been, was a positive addition to Winthrop’s settlement. Although contrary to the direct statements of Lewis and Newhall, the historians of Lynn, Bachiler and his little colony may not have immediately established a church at Lynn. Bachiler’s own letter to Winthrop shows his first residence was at Newtown, now Cambridge. Here, too, we find the name of John Kerman, one of the Plough Company, as an early settler.  Perhaps Bachiler set up a church with the handful of colonists left of the Plough Company.  The arbitrary General Court of Winthrop’s colony promptly suppressed the influence of these doctrines, which were perhaps more tolerant, and thus more acceptable to many of the newly arriving colonists not yet firmly bound to the compact and narrow limits of the oligarchy. Bachiler and his adherents had not joined the church covenant by taking the “freeman’s oath.” The Court on Oct. 6, 1632, ordered that

“Mr. Batchel’r is required to forbeare exercising his gifts a a pastor or teacher publiquely in our pattent, unless it be to those he brought with him, for his contempt of authority and till some scandles be removed.”

Apparently he had attempted to organize a church without first securing permission from the proper authorities but as to where this was done is not clear from the records.

3rd Act

Saugus, Essex, Mass

Probably after this he moved from Newtown to Saugus (now Lynn) and established his church there. Massachusetts was fast filling up with immigrants, and new settlements were being established. These plantations either kept no records of their first years, or, if such there were, they have been lost. Thus the only definite data of these early years are contained in the records of the General Court, and in the fragmentary notes of Winthrop’s journal. On March 4, 1633, the inhibition of the Court was removed, and Bachiler was free to preach at will.   It is likely he started ministering at Saugus at this time.

He continued preaching to his own little flock for three years, and gradually attaching others to them until his church numbered twenty families.   This increase became less coherent as newcomers settled at Saugus, and on March 15, 1635, Winthrop records that

“divers of the brethren of that church, not liking the proceedings of the pastor and withal making a question whether they were a church or not, did separate from church communion.”

Bachiler and his followers asked the advice of the other churches, who, wishing to hear both sides, offered to meet at Saugus about it. Bachiler then asked the separatists to put their grievances in writing, which they refused to do. At this Bachiler’s quick temper flared up, and he wrote to the other churches that he was resolved to excommunicate these objectors, and therefore the conference at Saugus was not needed. This hasty proceeding (as Winthrop calls it) met with no approval at the lecture in Boston where Bachiler’s letter was read, and the elders at once went to Saugus to pacify the contending parties. After hearing both sides it was agreed that, though not at first regularly constituted as a church, their consent and practice of a church estate had made them a church, and so, Winthrop concludes, all were reconciled.

Probably these reconciling elders pointed out to Master Bachiler that he had not yet conformed to their custom and become a “freeman”; and indeed the Lynn church resembled rather the voluntary assemblings of the early Christians than the formal and solemn installations practised in the Bay.  At all events, on May 6, 1635, Bachiler yielded to their practice, became a freeman and stemming this controversy.

This period was one of extreme danger for the Massachusetts Puritans. The Bay was fast filling up with English settlers from different counties, and each little band was headed by some disestablished or nonconforming clergyman whose dislike for English intolerance was probably equalled by his determination to submit to no arbitrary church government in the new country. Thus, in America the leaders of the Bay Colony were confronted with the opposition of countless involved theological beliefs at variance with their own, while in England the King and Archbishop Laud were determined if possible to suppress the spread of Puritan strength by handicapping the new colony with a Governor-General from England, whose autocracy should be firmly allied with the English church and the Stuart dynasty.

The colony of Winthrop and Dudley was thus attacked from within and from without. Small blame to them for determining actively to expel the contestants here, and passively to ignore the church-and-state rule of England.

Roger Williams’ Statue, no such statue exists of Stephen Batchiler

The banishment of Roger Williams marks the first concerted move to stamp out theological division in their own body. In October of 1635 Williams was expelled from Massachusetts. Stephen Bachiler was the only clergyman to dissent.  In some ways the character of the two men was similar. Both were theorists, both intolerant of arbitrary rule, but history has magnified the success of one and nearly obliterated the record of the other. The constructive talents of Roger Williams resulted in the establishment of the province of Rhode Island where toleration was the rule of life, while the character of Bachiler, always in opposition to authority, made his life work ineffectual.

In January, 1636, Bachiler was called before the magistrates because he and some of his congregation had asked to be dismissed from the Saugus church in order to form a new church presumably in another place. The dismissal was granted but he and his followers, instead of leaving, started a rival church in Saugus. The members of the first church thereupon complained and Bachiler was ordered to desist until the matter had been reviewed. He refused to be bound by the order so a marshal was sent to bring him in, whereupon he agreed to obey and promised to move out of Saugus within three months. Samuel Whiting replaced him in the Saugus or Lynn church   Winthrop records:

” Mr. Batchellor of Saugus was convented before the magistrates. Coming out of England with a small body of six or seven persons and having since received in many more at Saugus, and contention coming between him and the greatest part of his church, who had with the rest received him for their pastor, he desired dismission for himself and first members, which being granted upon supposition that he would leave the town (as he had given out), he with the said six or seven persons presently renewed their old covenant, intending to raise another church in Saugus; whereat the most and chief of the town being offended, for that it would cross their intention of calling Mr. Peter or some other minister, they complained to the magistrates, who seeing the distraction which was like to come by this course had forbidden him to proceed in any such church way until the cause were considered by the other ministers. But he refused to desist, whereupon they sent for him, and upon his delay day after day the marshal was sent to fetch him. Upon his appearance and submission and promise to remove out of the town within three months, he was discharged.”.

4th Act

Among his church, however, many besides his own family disliked the change, and several began a new settlement on Cape Cod, among them John Carman, the Plough Company man.

Bachiler himself is said to have removed in February, 1636, to Ipswich, where the younger Winthrop had established a settlement.   No record exists of this move and it’s possible that he and his son-in-law Christopher Hussey followed Richard Dummer to Newbury, where their cousin had taken up a farm of five hundred acres, and where Bachiler and Hussey likewise received extensive grants of land.

When Rev. Stephen moved away from Saugus, he apparently gave the property to John WING II. This is deduced from the fact that John Wing was the grantor who sold the property to William Tilton after the Wing family moved to Sandwich.

Stephen Bachiler’s chair was on loan to the New Hampshire Historical Society from 1958 to 1986. The loan was returned to the heirs of the lender in 1986 at their request. The chair was then sold by the heirs and is now (2010) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City

The tyrannical rule of the New England Puritans met with little favor in Old England, where general sentiment favored toleration, and much disapproved arbitrary self-government in a colony. Mr. Stansby, a silenced Puritan in Norfolk, writing to John Wilson, the Boston pastor, in 1637, complains:

” that many of the ministers are much straited with you: others lay down the ministry and became private members, as Mr. Bachiler, Mr. Jenner and Mr. Nathaniel Ward. You are so strict in admission of members to your church that more than one-half are out of your church in all your congregations: this may do you much hurt.”

And now the threatened insurrection broke out into a flame. The Fast Day sermon of John Wheelwright arrayed the Massachusetts settlements in two distinct factions, which we may term Antinomians and Arbitrarians.  While there is wide agreement within  Christianity that “antinomianism” is heresy, what constitutes antinomianism is often in disagreement.  Vane was elected Governor; Cotton as teacher ruled the Boston church; the brilliant, if undisciplined, Ann Hutchinson lent distinction to the party of toleration. To the north lay the fishing settlements of Gorges and Mason, allied with the English church; to the south Roger Williams and his colony of broader views.

The Massachusetts Puritans saw no wiser way of treating the spread of these heretical opinions than by suppression. The new election was won for the Arbitrarians; Winthrop and Dudley went back into office, and the Court of Assistants was theirs by an overwhelming majority. The defeated party did what they could by electing Antinomian deputies, but their power was for the moment gone. After some verbal sparring between Winthrop and Vane, the Massachusetts Synod, entirely Arbitrarian, denounced eighty erroneous doctrines, and at the November session of the General Court the iron hand was applied. The leaders of the opposition were banished, disfranchised, or disarmed. Massachusetts presented a stern front against toleration. Wheelwright and his adherents began a settlement beyond the bounds of Massachusetts, at Squamscott (now Exeter, NH). Richard Dummer, who was among those disarmed, had too much at stake to abandon his possessions at Newbury, but returned to England and brought back with him in 1638 a small band of relatives and friends who strengthened his hand.

Bachiler and Hussey, living quietly at Newbury and having been dealt with the year before, were spared in this dictatorial devastation, but the inaction was not to Bachiler’s liking. In the severe winter of 1637-38,   the venerable Puritan walked on foot through the wilderness to Cape Cod, where he and his little party hoped to begin a settlement near that which had been established a year before by John Carman and the company from Saugus. The rigor of the season and the difficulty of the enterprise discouraged them. Winthrop says:

“The undertaker of this (the settlement at Mattakees, now Yarmouth) was one Mr. Batchellor late pastor at Saugus, being about 76 years of age: yet he walked thither on foot in a very hard season. He and his company, being all poor men, finding the difficulty gave it over, and others undertook it.”

Stephen Bachiler Map

5th Act

As early as 1635 the great Council of Plymouth surrendered its charter to the King, and the Attorney-General, Sir John Banks, began quo warranto proceedings to annul the Massachusetts patent. The whole coast line from Sagadahock to Narragansett was parceled out among the eight remaining members. To Gorges was allotted the northern district, as far south as the Piscataqua. Mason’s share adjoined this and ran south to Naumkeag, now Salem harbor. The coast from there to Narragansett fell to Lord Edward Gorges. Thus a paper division shut out Winthrop’s colony from any Royal privileges, and the proposed appointment of their enemy, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, as Governor-General completed the pen-and-ink overthrow of the Bay Puritans.

But paper was all that Charles could give; money and resources he had none, and he was indeed keeping his own coffers barely filled by illegal and unpopular ” ship money” and other taxes. With a singular lack of perspective, after sweating his English subjects by these money getting tactics, Charles and Laud added the last straw by attempting to force the Anglican church establishment upon Scotland. The storm which this raised at home quite blotted out all plans for colonial government and extension. Sir Ferdinando was left to his own resources to fit out the ship which should carry the Royal Governor to his happy New England tenantry; and the doughty Elizabethan knight foundered in the attempt, just as his newly launched vessel broke to pieces on her way off the stocks.

Meanwhile the narrow limits of the Massachusetts patent “from the Merrimack to the Charles” began to press hard on Winthrop’s expanding colony. Each year new settlers flocked there from England, and new settlements were needed to accommodate them. In 1635 a band of Wiltshire men, headed by Thomas Parker, had planted the Massachusetts flag on the southern bank of the Merrimack at Newbury, and soon the tide overflowed into Salisbury, Haverhill, and Rowley.

Here began the debatable land of Mason’s patent of 1629, stretching from the Merrimack to the Piscataqua and joining Gorges’s province of Maine. Few and scattering were the settlements. Depositions made by early planters say that in 1631 there were but three houses on all that side of the country adjoining the Piscataqua. Captain Neale was sent out by Mason and Gorges in the same month as Winthrop’s fleet, and on June 1, 1630, settled in the stone house built by Thomson, the Scotch trader, in 1623 at Little Harbor. These absentee landlords had large plans, and built a manor house or two, set up sawmills and fishing stages, but their colonies lacked the effective personal element which the Bay Colony possessed, and they came to little.

By the close of 1637 Mason was dead, Gorges was busy in the King’s cause, and the vast regions along the Piscataqua between New Hampshire and Maine contained but a few dismembered plantations. The Antinomian heretics were banished from Massachusetts or disarmed; ship-loads of immigrants friendly to the Bay Colony were arriving, and they must be provided with suitable plantations. The “Lords Brethren” of the Bay scanned their patent and saw that its northern line was the Merrimack.

Merrimack River Basin.  The Piscataqua is between New Hampshire and Maine

Now that river reaches the sea at Newbury, but its head waters lie far to the North. “The wish was father to the thought.” Winthrop and his oligarchy looked the ground over and decided that the King’s intention was that their patent should include all the country south of the headwaters. As early as 1636 the General Court passed an order that a plantation should be begun at Winnicunnet, some fifteen miles north of Newbury, and that Richard Dummer and John Spencer should press men to build a house there. The exact location of this house, intended to mark possession, but afterwards called the ” Bound House,” cannot now be definitely determined. It was, says Wheelwright in 1665, ” three large miles North of the Merrimack,” apparently within the limits of the present town of Seabrook, NH.   The settlement planned was not completed, and in 1637 the inhabitants of Newbury were by court order allowed to settle there. Except for Nicholas Easton and a Mr. Geoffrey the Newbury settlers did not take up the new grant, and the two mentioned were unwelcome to the Massachusetts authorities, Easton (afterwards Governor of Rhode Island) having been disarmed as an Antinomian.

Stephen Bachiler founded  Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire

In the autumn of 1638, Bachiler and others successfully petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to begin a new plantation at Winnacunnet, to which he gave the name Hampton when the town was incorporated in 1639.The comany included the adherents of Bachiler, his son-in-law and his four grandchildren, and with them were also one or two Norfolk men who had settled first in Watertown and then in Newbury. The Court ruled also (perhaps remembering past difficulties with Bachiler) that John Winthrop, Jr., [btw John Winthrop Jr was a good friend of Thomas MINER] and Mr. Bradstreet should go with the little band of settlers, and no decisive act should be done without the affirmation of these two Massachusetts officials.

Stephen Bachiler – Hampton Foundation Plaque

Oct 1638 – The reverend Stephen BACHILER and his company, who had received permission from the general court when united together by church covenant, commenced a settlement at Winicowett. He was at this time residing in Newbury. On Mr. Rawson’s request, the place was called Hampton. The following persons, residents of Newbury, went with Mr. Bachiler. John Berry, Thomas COLEMAN, Thomas Cromwell [Giles CROMWELL‘s brother], James DAVIS, William Easton, William Fifield, Maurice Hobbs, Mr. Christopher Hussey [BACHILER’s son-in-law], Thomas Jones, Thomas Marston, William Marston, Robert Marston, John Moulton, Thomas Moulton, William Palmer, William SARGENT, and Thomas Smith. Smith, however, soon returned to Newbury. A few went to Salisbury.

Our ancestos’ lots are underlined in red. Rev. Stephen Bachiler’s lot was on today’s Park Avenue. — Map of the homes of the original settlers of Hampton, NH, recreated from published maps and ancient records in 1892

  • Lafayette Road, and Winnacunnet Road, Hampton, NH on Google Maps
  • The main road going horizontally across the top of the map then, at right, angling down to the right corner, is today’s Winnacunnet Road. At the bottom right corner it leads “To The Sea”.
  • Today’s Lafayette Road/Route One starts in the top left and goes vertically down (south) into the thicker road, then about 2/3 of the way down angles sharply off to the left corner in the small road reading “To Salisbury”. That road today is pretty much straight as an arrow north to south.
  • Midway down that same road a small road angles off to the left that reads “To Drake Side”. That is today’s Drakeside Road.
  • The fat road leading from the point where Route One angles off “To Salisbury” to the right and its meeting with Winnacunnet Road, is today’s Park Ave.
  • The two roads leading off the bottom of the map both say “To the Landing”, and at the time were both ends of a single road that went in a loop. Today they are still there, called Landing Road, but are cut off in the middle by a new highway.
  • Lastly the small road in the top right is Mill Road.

First called the Plantation of Winnacunnet, Hampton was one of four original New Hampshire townships chartered by the General Court of Massachusetts, which then held authority over the colony. “Winnacunnet” is an Algonquian Abenaki word meaning “pleasant pines” and is the name of the town’s high school.

In March 1635, Richard Dummer and John Spencer of the Byfield section in Newbury, came round in their shallop, came ashore at the landing and were much impressed by the location. Dummer, who was a member of the General Court, got that body to lay its claim to the section and plan a plantation here. The Massachusetts General Court of March 3, 1636 ordered that Dummer and Spencer be given power to “To presse men to build there a Bound house”.

The town was settled in 1638 by a group of parishioners led by Reverend Stephen Bachiler, who had formerly preached at the settlement’s namesake:Hampton, England.  Incorporated in 1639, the township once included SeabrookKensingtonDanvilleKingstonEast KingstonSandownNorth Hampton and Hampton Falls.

A letter from Bachiler to the younger Winthrop dated Oct. 9, 1638, still extant, shows that the actual date of the trip from Newbury, which was made in a shallop, was October 14th. On this pleasant fall day the settlement was made, and Stephen probably felt he would spend his remaining days in peace in this new plantation.  His adherents were united to him, a pleasant and fertile spot had been chosen, and one at the farthest northern end of the Massachusetts patent, if not indeed really outside of its limits. To the west lay Wheelwright and his little colony, farther up the coast were the independent settlements of Strawberry Bank and Cocheco. It looked as though liberty indeed lay before him.

Stephen Bachiler – Hampton Meeting House

Rev Timothy DALTON, [our sometimes ancestor] was sent to the town as “teaching assistant” by the Boston church after New Hampshire was absorbed by Massachusetts in 1641. Dalton was a relative of Winthrop, and a man loyal to the Massachusetts doctrines.  He was soon to be Stephen’s nemesis.

Dalton was a Cambridge graduate, ejected from his Suffolk rectory of Woolverstone for non-conformity, who had come to New England in 1635, settling in the Puritan colony at Dedham.  Bachiler and Dalton, nominally head of the church and assistant, were as far apart as the poles. Stephen was old, educated, controversial, versed in polemical discussion, and wedded to his own ideas. Timothy was younger, less cultivated, equally obstinate, and determined to uphold the tenets of his cousin and neighbor, Winthrop. Probably dissension began at once, but time has obliterated nearly all traces of the quarrel. The town records contain no reference to it. The church records have disappeared.

Bachiler was excommunicated by the Hampton church on unfounded charges of “scandal”, but protested to Governor Winthrop and was later reinstated.  The charges involve the disruption of churches and an alleged proposal to commit adultery with the wife of a neighbor in Hampton.

An occasional gleam flashed out until in 1641 the dissensions at Hampton culminated in the sorry incident related in Winthrop’s journal under date of Nov. 12, 1641. No personal criticism of Stephen Bachiler has up to this date been discovered, no breath of scandal has touched his character. That he was opposed to the arbitrary rule of the Bay oligarchy is unquestioned, but it was left to the “reverend, grave and gracious Mr. Dalton” to defame his character and blacken his memory by the story which Winthrop recites with that gusto with which similar incidents, real or falsified, were treated by early Puritan historians. Winthrop says:

“Mr. Stephen Batchellor, the pastor of the church at Hampton, who had suffered much at the hands of the Bishops and having a lusty comely woman to his wife, did solicit the chastity of his neighbor’s wife, who acquainted her husband therewith; whereupon he was dealt with, but denied it, as he had told the woman he would do, and complained to the magistrates against the woman and her husband for slandering him. The church likewise dealing with him, he stiffly denied it, but soon after when the Lord’s Supper was to be administered he did voluntarily confess the attempt, and that he did intend to defile her if she had consented. The church being moved by his full confession and tears silently forgave him, and communicated with him; but after finding how scandalous it was they took advice of other elders, and after long debate and much pleading and standing upon the church’s forgiving and being reconciled to him in communicating with him after he had confessed it, they proceeded to cast him out. After this he went on again in a variable course, sometimes seeming very penitent, soon after again excusing himself and casting blame upon others, especially his fellow elder Mr. Dalton (who indeed had not carried himself in this cause so well as became him, and was brought to see his failing and acknowledged it to the elders of the other churches who had taken much pains about this matter). So he behaved himself to the elders when they dealt with him. He was off and on for a long time, and when he had seemed most penitent so as the church were ready to have received him in again, he would fall back again and as it were repent of his repentance. In this time his house and near all his substance was consumed by fire. When he had continued excommunicated for near two years, and much agitation had been about the matter, and the church being divided so as he could not be received in, at length the matter was referred to some magistrates and elders, and by their mediation he was released of his excommunication but not received to his pastor’s office. Upon occasion of this mediation Mr. Wilson, pastor of Boston, wrote this letter to him.” [Wilson’s letter no longer exists].

Edward Johnson of Woburn, Massachusetts wrote about 1650 of Bachiler as follows:

“Through Ocean large Christ brought thee for to feede,
His wandering flock with’s word thou hast oft taught,
Then teach thy selfe with others thou hast need
Thy flowing fame unto low ebbe is brought”

This detailed account by Winthrop  is all that remains; the court records, district or general, contain no trace of it, no letters mention the case. . No published or manuscript record except Winthrop’s gives us any facts.    During the controversy Bachiler’s house was burned and he lost all of his books and papers.

The story apparently comes from his enemy Dalton, whose writings afford us nothing, unless we may consider a large bequest to Bachiler’s grandson Nathaniel as a tardy attempt at reparation.   It is interesting to note that Dalton and Hugh Peter were also responsible for the slanderous account of Knollys’ and Larkham’s offenses against decency, perpetuated in Winthrop, but now generally disbelieved.

In 1640 Thomas Larkham left with his family for New England, going first to Massachusetts, but moved on to Dover called also then Northam. Here he became minister, ousting Hansard Knollys. Larkham’s conduct in taking on civil as well as religious authority led to much discontent and even open warfare, and commissioners from Boston, of whom Hugh Peters was one, were sent to arbitrate. They found both parties in fault. Larkham remained at Dover until the end of 1642, when, in the account of John Winthrop, he left for England after promising not to; Winthrop also mentions the birth of an illegitimate child of which Larkham was admitted to be the father.

Both Winthrop and Belknap say that “a discovery was made of Knolly’s failure in point of chastity,” and that he himself confessed it before the church, — at least to the extent of some improper “dalliance” with two young women that lived in his family, and that on this account he was dismissed by the church and removed from Dover.

It is unlikely that the ardent and spiritual Knollys, the founder of the Baptist church, could have “sullied with that filthy and indelible stain a life otherwise pure”. Thomas Larkham’s life in England is blameless. The fact is that the settlements north of the Merrimack were looked on by the Bay Puritans as reeking with impurity, and any garbled accounts of misconduct there were exaggerated.

Here’s what Bachiler and his friends and neighbors have to say. Himself, writing to Winthrop in 1643, says:

” I see not how I can depart hence” [that is from Hampton, to accept one of two calls he had received, to Casco and to Exeter], “till I have, or God for me, cleared and vindicated the cause and wrongs I have suffered of the church I yet live in; that is, from the Teacher, who hath done all and been the cause of all the dishonor that hath accrued to God, shame to myself, and grief to all God’s people, by his irregular proceedings and abuse of the power of the church in his hands,–by the major part cleaving to him, being his countrymen and acquaintance in old England. Whiles my cause, though looked slightly into by diverse Elders and brethren, could never come to a judicial searching forth of things, and an impartial trial of his allegations and my defence; which, if yet they might, I am confident in God, upon certain knowledge and due proof before yourselves, the Teacher’s [Dalton’s] act of his excommunicating me (such as I am, to say no more of myself), would prove the foulest matter, –both for the cause alleged of that excommunication, and the impulsive cause,–even wroth and revenge. Also the manner of all his proceeding throughout to the very end, and lastly his keeping me still under bonds,–and much worse than here I may mention for divers causes,–which, to bear on my shoulder in going hence, is so uncomfortable that, tho’ I can refer it to God’s revenging hand and wait on him, yet then I am taught again that such sins endanger the very state of church and commonwealth, for neglecting of the complaints of the afflicted in such a state, wherein Magistrates, Elders, and brethren all are in the sincerest manner set to find out sin, and search into the complaints of the poor,–not knowing father nor mother, church nor Elder. In such a State, I say,–in such a wine-cellar to find such a cockatrice, and not to kill him,–to have such monstrous proceedings passed over, without due justice,–this again stirs up my spirit to seek for a writ ad melius inquirendum. Towards which the enclosed letter tendeth, as you may perceive. Yet if your wisdoms shall judge it more safe and reasonable to refer all my wrongs (conceived) to God’s own judgment, I bless the Lord for his grace, if I know mine own heart herein, I can submit myself to be overruled by you. To conclude,–if the Apostle’s words be objected, that this is thanksworthy, that a man for conscience’s sake shall endure grief, suffering wrongfully,– and therefore I ought in this aforesaid cause of mine to endure the grief thereof in whatsoever I suffer wrongfully, without seeking redress or justice against the offender,–I profess it was more absolutely necessary so to suffer, when the Church had no civil power to seek unto, than in such a land of righteousness as our New England is.”

In the light of the available material we are faced with the question of whether or not Bachiler was guilty of the accusation made against him. His age, for he was about eighty years old, the fact that he won his case for unpaid wages against the town of Hampton and his letter to John Winthrop are in his favor but he did make a confession before the church and that weighs against him, that is if we can believe John Winthrop. Perhaps the best that we can do is give Bachiler the benefit of the doubt and say that the accusation was made but not completely proven and unfortunately not disproven.

So far as we know, Bachiler’s son-in-law Hussey and his grandchildren, who were by this time prominent among the younger Hampton settlers, stood by the slandered patriarch. While the turmoil was at its height Bachiler was asked by Thomas Gorges, deputy governor of the Province of Maine, to act as arbitration “umpire” (deciding judge) in a Saco Court land dispute between George Cleeve and John Winter. His award was adverse to Winter, but the Rev. Robert Jordan, writing to his father-in-law Winter in July, 1642, says:

” Mr. Stephen Bachiler, the pastor of a church in the Massachusetts Bay, was, I must say, a grave, reverend, and good man; but whether more inclined to justice or mercy, or whether carried aside by secret insinuations, I must refer to your own judgment. Sure I am that Cleeve is well nigh able to disable the wisest brain.”

When the five years’ struggle at Hampton was over and the Bachiler party defeated, the 80 year old Puritan minister decided to leave Hampton, and cast about in his mind where to settle. By this time Massachusetts had strengthened its lines, and had reached out to the Piscataqua settlements to take them into its fold. One by one Strawberry Bank, Dover, and Exeter joined the Bay Colony. Wheelwright, the punished heretic, had withdrawn into Maine, and Exeter was without a pastor. The Maine settlements were free from the rule of the Bay, since Alexander Rigby, one of Cromwell’s commanders, had bought the Plough patent from Bachiler’s Company of Husbandmen, was actively at war with the Gorges heirs over his title, and yet was opposed to the arbitrary encroachments of Winthrop’s colony.

6th Act

Both Exeter and Casco’s settlement sought to secure Bachiler for their pastor.  Both were neighboring plantations to Hampton, and must have heard of the Hampton slander. Apparently they disbelieved it, and certainly they invited him to settle with them.

By 1644 Cleeve had become deputy governor of Lygonia, a rival province to that of Gorges’ in Maine established from a resurrected Plough Patent, and asked Bachiler to be its minister at Casco. Bachiler deferred, having already received a call to be minister for the new town of Exeter.

In February, 1644, Bachiler laid the matter before the church at Boston, and the elders apparently advised him merely to remove from Hampton, leaving him to decide between the two calls. In May he decided to accept the call to Exeter; and wrote to Winthrop as an old friend to acquaint him with the decision, asking him to urge ” his brother Wilson” to attend the ordination at Exeter, and ” make it a progresse of recreation to see his ould friend and thus to do me this laste service save to my buriall.”

But the Boston elders, having apparently advised somewhat against his removing to Casco, now looked with dismay at his gathering a church at Exeter, which the Bay authorities now claimed lay within their patent. The General Court held at Boston May 29, 1644, passed this order:

” Whereas it appears to this Court that some of the inhabitants of Exeter do intend shortly to gather a church and call Mr. Bachiler to be their minister: and forasmuch as the divisions there are judged by this Court to be such as for the present they cannot comfortably proceed in such weighty and sacred affairs, it is therefore ordered that direction shall be sent to defer the gathering of a church or any such proceeding until this court or the Court at Ipswich, upon further satisfaction of their reconciliation and fitness, shall give allowance thereunto.”

Winthrop’s journal,mentioning this order, adds,–“And besides Mr. Batchellor had been in three places before, and through his means, as was supposed, the churches fell to such divisions as no peace could be till he was removed.”

Jefferson Street within the Strawbery Banke Historical District

The call to Casco declined, and the gathering of a church at Exeter being forbidden, Bachiler was now 83 years old and quite adrift.  In 1644 he was forced to sell his great farm at Hampton, and went as a missionary to Strawberry Banke [now an outdoor history museum located in the South End historic district of Portsmouth, New Hampshire) ], where he lived for some years, preaching to the godless fishermen of that seaside parish. With him went his godchild and grandson, Stephen Samborne, and they settled on the Kittery side of the Piscataqua. At this time, Richard Gibson’s Anglican church establishment having been disrupted, and James Parker, that ” Godly man and scholar ” having gone to the Barbadoes, the missionary at Strawberry Bank also had the hamlet of Kittery and the fishing settlements of the isles of Shoals. Here dwelt a type of men different from the devout colony of Hampton and of Exeter, a rude, lawless race of deep sea fishermen, often also deep drinkers and roisterers.

In April, 1647, Bachiler gave to the four grandchildren he had brought to New England what remained of his Hampton property. He petitioned the General Court in 1645 for some allowance for his six years’ pastorate at Hampton, but was referred to the district court. While his case was pending he wrote from Strawberry Bank to Winthrop in May, 1647:

“I can shew a letter of your Worship’s occasioned by some letters of mine, craving some help from you in some cases of oppression under which I lay,–and still do,– wherein also you were pleased to take notice of those oppressions and wrongs; that in case the Lord should give, or open a door of opportunity, you would be ready to do me all the lawful right and Christian service that any cause of mine might require. Which time being, in my conceit, near at hand, all that I would humbly crave is this,–to read this inclosed letter to my two beloved and reverend brothers, your Elders (Cotton and Wilson), and in them to the whole Synod. Wherein you shall fully know my distressed case and condition; and so, as you shall see cause, to join with them in counsel, what best to do for my relief.


While he was in Strawberry Bank, he married in 1648 (as fourth wife) a young widow, Mary Beedle of Kittery, Maine. In 1651, she was indicted and sentenced for adultery with a neighbor.

Bachiler wrote:

“It is no news to certify you that God hath taken from me my dear helper and yokefellow. And whereas, by approbation of the whole plantation of Strawberry Bank, they have assigned an honest neighbor, (a widow) to have some eye and care towards my family, for washing, baking, and other such common services,–it is a world of woes to think what rumors detracting spirits raise up, that I am married to her, or certainly shall be; and cast on her such aspersions without ground or proof, that I see not how possibly I shall subsist in the place, to do them that service from which otherwise they cannot endure to hear I shall depart. The Lord direct and guide us jointly and singularly in all things, to his glory and our rejoicing in the day and at the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ! And so, with my humble service to your worship, your blessed and beloved yokefellow, (mine ancient true friend) with blessing on you both, yours and all the people of God with you, I end and rest your Worship’s in the Lord to commend.”

He married this “honest neighbor “Mary surnamed Magdalene,” the widow of an obscure seaman named Beetle, whose adultery with a local rascal, George Rogers, was soon detected. Rogers was a renegade seaman or servant of Trelawny, who had settled at Kittery, across the river from Strawberry Bank.  His affair with Mary Bachiler was punished in March, 1651/52, by the Court at York, which sentenced Rogers to be flogged, and the erring wife, after her approaching delivery, to be whipped and branded with the letter “A,” the “Scarlet Letter”of Hawthorne’s romance.

But before the York court had passed its sentence Bachiler had doubtless discovered his last wife’s true nature and probably left her and returned to Hampton, applying for a divorce. The district court at Salisbury on April 9, 1650, gave him a judgment against the town of Hampton for £40, “wage detained,” and at the same session fined him £10 for not publishing his marriage according to law. It then entered the following atrocious order:

“That Mr. Batchelor and his wife shall live together as man and wife, as in this court they have publicly professed to do; and if either desert one another, then hereby the court doth order that the marshall shall apprehend both the said Mr. Batchelor and Mary, his wife, and bring them forthwith to Boston, there to be kept till the next Quarter Court of Assistants, that farther consideration thereof may be had, both of them moving for a divorce: Provided, notwithstanding, that if they put in 50 pounds each of them, for their appearance, that then they shall be under their bail to appear at the next court; and in case Mary Batchellor shall live out of the jurisdiction, without mutual consent for a time, then the clerk shall give notice to the magistrate at Boston of her absence, that further order may be taken therein.”

By October, 1650, (the next term of court) when the Maine court presented Rogers and Mary Batchellor for adultery, the local justices had probably learned the actual offence and remitted half the fine imposed in April.  Perhaps they ignored the incomprehensible order referred to, for we hear no more of it; but life in New England had become impossible for the venerable Puritan. Old England seemed a sure haven. There Cromwell and the Parliament had overthrown his ancient foes, the bishops, and there he had grandchildren living in comfort. Sometime in 1654, accompanied by one grandson and his family, he sailed from New England, the Arcadia of his hopes, to England, the land of his earliest struggles. His last act on leaving America was to turn over what remained of his property to Christopher Hussey and his wife ” in consideration that the said Hussey had little or nothing from him with his daughter as also that the said son Hussey and his wife had been helpful unto him both formerly and in fitting him for his voyage.” This kindly act is the last that we have of authentic record concerning Bachiler, who it may be hoped returned to prosperous and friendly kindred in old England to linger out his last years.


The graceless Mary Bachiler was sentenced by the Maine courts for sexual irregularities in 1651, 1652, and 1654, and lived to cast one more slander at her aged and deceived victim.  She claimed Bachiler married a new wife while still legally married to her. She petitioned the Massachusetts General Court in 1656, stating:

“Whereas, your petitioner having formerly lived with Mr. Stephen Bachiler in this Colony as his lawful wife (and not unknown to divers of you, as I conceive), and the said Mr. Bachiler, upon some pretended ends of his own, has transported himself into old England, for many years since, and betaken himself to another wife, as your petitioner hath often been credibly informed, and there continues; whereby your petitioner is left destitute not only of a guide to herself and her children, but also made incapable of disposing herself in the way of marriage to any other without a lawful permission. . . . And were she free of her engagement to Mr. Bachiler, might probably so dispose of herself as that she might obtain a meet helper to assist her to procure such means for her livelihood, and the recovery of her children’s health, as might keep them from perishing,– which your petitioner, to her great grief, is much afraid of, if not timely prevented.”

This allegation rests on her unsupported and discredited statement, and may be taken as an utter falsehood. A Dover court record of March 26, 1673, seems to indicate that the daughter of Mary Bachiler (born in coverture and therefore legally Stephen Bachiler’s daughter, though undoubtedly disowned by him) attempted to secure some part of Bachiler’s estate. Her husband, William Richards, was given power of administration to the estate of ” Mr. Steven Batchelor dec’d,” being also prudently enjoined to bring in an inventory thereof to the next court, and to put up ” sufficient security to respond ye estate any yt may make better claim unto it.” As no further record exists of this matter, we may conclude this ” fishing expedition ” resulted in nothing. Tradition states that the ancient Hampshire parson died in England in 1660, having rounded out a century, and that the last six years of his life were spent in tranquility with prosperous descendants in England. Later research proved that the Rev. Bachiler was buried on 31 October 1656 in the Allhallows Staining Church cemetery, in London, England.

Denied a divorce by the Massachusetts Court, Bachiler finally returned to England about 1653. He died near London, and was buried at All Hallows Staining on October 31, 1656.

Stephen Bachiler – All Hallow’s Staining, London, England burial Location

The statements of Winthrop’s journal are diametrically opposed to what we know elsewhere of Bachiler’s life, his spirit and his character.

Two portraits are offered of him. In one, you may see an erring and disgraced old man, hunted from place to place by his own mistakes, fleeing from England to America, and finally hiding in England from the result of his senile misconduct.  In the other a highminded but unsuccessful patriarch, with the defects of his qualities, at variance with the Massachusetts Bay oligarchs, spending his life in the vain search for religious freedom, and rebelling at the limitations and prescriptions which time was to show were impossible in a free and gradually enlightened democracy. Driven from place to place by the autocracy first of the English church and then of the Winthrop colony,  the principles of social and religious enfranchisement, for which he spent his life, his means, and his best ambitions were ultimately triumphant.

Bachiler’s many descendants include James Dean, Winston Churchill, Daniel Webster, and presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. Perhaps the best summation of his career is in the biographical entry in Robert Charles Anderson’s The Great Migration Begins (NEHGS, Boston 1995): “Among the many remarkable lives lived by early New Englanders, Bachiler’s is the most remarkable.”

Stephen Bachiler – Signature


1. Nathaniel Bachiler

Nathaniel wife Hester Mercer was born 1 Aug 1602 in Southampton, Hampshire, England. Her parents were John Mercer and Jeanne Le Clercq. Hester died 1631 in Southampton, Hampshire, England

m. (2) by 1645 Margery _____ (on 9 April 1645 “Margerie Batchellor” the widow of Nathaniel Bacheler of Southampton, Hampshire, was granted administration on his estate [PCC Admon. Act Book 1645, f. 22]); he did not come to New England, but his son Nathaniel did, and resided at Hampton.

2. Deborah BACHILER (See Rev. John WING(E) [Wynge]‘s page)

3. Stephen Bachiler

Stephen’s wife Sarah [__?__]

Stephen matriculated at Oxford 18 June 1610 from Magdalen College, aged 16. “Stephen Bachiler of Edmund Hall” was ordained deacon at Oxford 19 September 1613 [Bishop’s Register, Diocese of Oxford]; with his father, accused in 1614 of circulating slanderous verses no further record.

5. Theodate Bachiler

Theodate’s husband Christopher Hussey was born 18 Feb 1599 in Dorking, Surrey, England. His parents were John Hussey and Mary Wood. He was perhaps a relative of the mayor of Winchester of the same name who married a daughter of the Hampshire Puritan Renniger. Christopher died 6 Mar 1686 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire,

Christopher was lieutenant and then captain of the train band in Hampton.  A
copy of the book of abatements for Hampton was brought to court in November 1679, indicating that Christopher Hussey of Hampton had been granted one hundred and fifty acres of upland, meadow and marsh, for a farm [EQC 7:285].
On 2 April 1681 Christopher Hussey of Hampton granted to his son John Hussey of Hampton one half acre of land of “my farm in Hampton” in a place convenient for the setting up of a grist mill [NHPLR A:65; EIHC 49:34-35]. On 8 April 1673, Edward Colcord, aged about fifty-six and William Fifield deposed that “when Mr. Steven Batcheller of Hampton was upon his voyage to England they heard him say to his son-in-law Mr. Christopher Hussey that as Hussey had no dowry with Batcheller’s daughter when he married her, and that he had given to said Hussey all his estate” [Essex Ant5:173, citing Old Norfolk County Records].

He was one of the eight purchasers of Nantucket in 1659, and in 1671 sold his land to his sons John and Stephen [Nantucket Land 53, 69]. On 6 December 1681 Christopher Hussey confirmed a deed of 23 October 1671 in which he had sold all his lands and rights on the island of Nantucket to his sons Stephen Hussey and John Hussey [NHPLR 3:168a].

6. Samuel Bachiller

Samuel lived at Gorcum in Holland, where he was a minister, and had a wife and children.

7. Ann Bachiler

Ann’s first husband John Samborne was born 1606 in Brimpton, Berkshire, England. His parents were Edward Samborne and Margaret [__?__].  He was probably connected with James Samborne, the Winchester scholar and Oxford graduate, Puritan vicar of Andover and rector of Upper Clatford, neighboring villages to Wherwell.  John died in 1630 in Hampton, Rockingham, New Hampshire

Ann’s second husband Henry Atkinson was born 1600 in London, Middlesex, England. Henry died in 1640

8. William Bachiller

William’s wife Jane Cowper 1603 in Hurst, Berkshire, England. Jane died 28 May 1676 in Charleston, Suffolk, Mass.

Their first son, named Seaborne was born 12 Dec 1634.


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Rev John Wynge

Rev. John WYNGE (1584 – 1630) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation.

Rev. John Wygne  was baptized on 12 Jan 1584 in St. Mary’s Church, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. . His parents were Matthew WINGE and Mary [__?__] . He married Deborah BACHILER circa 1608.  He was planning to come to America, but he died at probate (will-proved), St. Mary Aldermary, London, England, between 2 November 1629 and 4 August 1630 before he had the chance.

Deborah Bachiler was born 23 Jun 1591 in Wherwell Hampshire, England.  She was the  the oldest child of Rev. Stephen BACHILER and Deborah BATES.   In 1632, shortly after the death of her husband, she emigrated from England to New England with her father, Stephen Bachiler. Deborah and her 4 sons came to New England on the ship William & Francis with her father and his wife, Helena Mason Bachiler. The date of death for Deborah is unknown. While some Wing family historians believe that she was the “Olde Goody Wing” who died in Yarmouth in JAN 1691/92, she was not mentioned in the delayed probate record of her son, Matthew Wing, in 1680 so was almost certainly already deceased at that date.

Children of Rev. John Wing and Deborah Bachiler:

John Wynge – Baptisms – Deborah Wing was the oldest child of Rev. John Winge and Deborah Bachiler. She was baptized at Strood, Kent on 12 OCT 1609. As her father was the parish priest, this baptismal record is in his own hand. John Wing was the second child, and oldest son of Rev. John Winge and Deborah Bachiler. He was baptized at Strood, Kent, England on 1 SEP 1611. He had reached his age of majority shortly after the family arrived at Saugus in 1632.

Name Born Married Departed
1. Debora(h) Winge c.  Jan 1611 Edward Ford
2 Nov 1629
London, England,
27 Aug 1680
2. John WINGE II 1613 Elizabeth DILLINGHAM
Miriam Deane
31 Jan 1692/93
c Apr 1699 Harwich, Barnstable, MA
3. Daniel Winge 1618, Flushing, Zealand Hannah Swift 5 Nov 1642
Sandwich, PC
Anna Ewer
Jun 1666
Sandwich, PC
10 Mar 1664 at Sandwich, MA
4. Joseph Winge 5 Nov 1618 5 Nov 1618 Hamburg, Germany
5. Stephen Winge 1621 at prob. Flushing, Zeeland Oseah Dillingham
Oct 1646
Sandwich, PC
(Elizabeth’s sister and daughter of Edward DILLINGHAM)
Sarah Briggs
7 Jan 1654/55
Sandwich, PC
24 Apr 1710 Sandwich, MA, Interred at Spring Hill Cemetery.
6. unnamed daughters Winge c 1625
7. Matthew Winge The Hague, Netherlands, after 1627 Joan(e) Newman (Nicholson)
c 1650
Stroud, Kent, England
bef. 1653Stroud, Kent, England

John Wynge – Bio

John Winge entered Oxford University on 15 Oct 1599, and at the age of 14, was at that time the youngest student ever to be enrolled.  He graduated with a B.A. from Queen’s College, Oxford on 12 Feb 1603/4.

St. Nicholas Church, Strood, Kent, England

John was first installed as a minister at St. Nicholas Church, Strood, Kent, England by late 1608, upon the death of the previous priest (Undoubtedly the “Mr Williams” who died 5 Dec 1608) . A study of the handwriting of the parish register indicates that John may have been there as early as 1605 (possibly assisting the previous pastor).  At about the same time John married Deborah Bachiler, the eldest daughter of Rev. Stephen Bachiler. John continued to preach there until the latter part of Nov 1614. The first two children of John and Deborah (coincidentally named Deborah and John) were baptized at Strood in 1609 & 1611 respectively.

St. Nicholas Church, Strood, Kent, England Interior

John lived in Sandwich, Kent, England at one time. The only time available would have been during the period between his serving at Strood and his becoming pastor to the Merchant Adventurers at Hamburg.  Rev. John’s sermon “The Crown Conjugall” was preached here. This was his earliest sermon that he later published (in Nov 1620). Their son, Daniel was likely born there during this time period. If so, Daniel would have the distinction of being the only original settler of Sandwich in Plymouth Colony to have been born at its namesake city.

Rev. John Winge became the minister to the Society of Merchant Adventurers at Hamburg by 1617. During his stay at Hamburg, John published at least two of his sermons:  “Jacob’s Staffe” and “Abel’s Offering” both published in 1617.  While these were the two earliest sermons he published, he drafted them after his sermon “The Crown Conjugall.” While living at Hamburg, John and Deborah had a son (Joseph) baptized (5 Nov 1618). However, this son apparently died young.

Rev. John was installed as the pastor of the English Church at Flushing on 19 Jun 1620. While living at Flushing, he also periodically preached at Middelburg. It appears that Stephen, and possibly other children, were born at Flushing. He removed to The Hague, where he was installed the priest of the English Church there about 10 Mar 1627. The youngest son, Matthew, apparently was born while the family lived at Flushing.

It appears that life in the Dutch cities ruined John’s health. As early as 1620, in the dedication of his book “The Crown Conjugal” he spoke of “afflection upon mine external state, doe daily provoke and deeply challenge from me…” In his letter to Sir Dudley Carleton Rev. John stated that he had been so ill he could not even hold a quill pen to write.

It appears that Rev. John had decided to emigrate to New England, but his health worsened, and he died before plans can be finalized. He left a will at St. Mary Aldermary, London, dated 2 Nov 1629. The will stated all of his property was to be sold and the monies divided between his widow and his children. It is believed that he may have also had made out a will at The Hague.

When Sandwich, Mass was settled in 1637, the Wings were among the first there. Although Deborah’s name does not appear on the list of founding fathers of Sandwich (it having been a man’s world) she was and is still considered the “Matriarch of Sandwich

Deborah was widowed while in her early fourties. In 1632, shortly after the death of her husband, John Winge, she emigrated from England to New England with her father, Stephen Bachiler. Deborah and her 4 sons came to New England on the ship William & Francis with her father and his wife, Helena Mason Bachiler. Deborah remained in Saugus (now Lynn), Mass where her father was pastor until 1637. That was the year he removed to mid-Cape Cod (Yarmouth). She removed with her sons to upper, or western Cape Cod and there she became a founder of Sandwich. In Sandwich history, she is referred to as “the Matriarch”. Her husband, John Wing, had lived in Sandwich, England; a connection, if any, is not known.

There have been accounts that Deborah moved with her son John Wing to Sautucket (originally part of Yarmouth, later Harwich, but now Brewster) in 1657.  There is also an account that she lived with her son Stephen at the Wing (Old Fort) Home. All of these accounts could be true…but not proven…or all of them could be speculation because there is nothing mentioned about Deborah after she and her sons moved to Sandwich.

The troubles that her father (Rev. Stephen Bachiler) suffered must have had an effect on Deborah and her sons, but there are no known recorded events that indicate their involvement with him during that time. It has been stated that John Wing went with Rev. Bachiler when he attempted to settle Mattakeese, near Yarmouth, It was during the 1640’s that three of Deborah’s four sons would marry. Daniel, her 2nd son, 3rd child, marries in the year 1641 to Hannah Swift. John Wing, her oldest son, 2nd child, marries about 1645 to Elizabeth, Dillingham, daughter of Edward Dillingham of Sandwich.  Then Stephen, her 3rd son, 4th child marries Oseah Dillingham in 1646…after appearing before the General Court for having had carnal knowledge of Oseah before their marriage. By this time Deborah’s youngest son, Matthew, is 19 or 20 years old…yet you hear nothing about Matthew until about 1655 when you learn that Matthew married Joane Newman in Stroud, Kent, England…and there is still no mention of Deborah.

One theory is that Deborah died in the 1640’s…when 3 of her 4 sons married…not only married but Daniel bought property from Andrew Hallett in 1640…when he was about 23 years old. Stephen supposedly attained and made the Old Fort House a home in 1641, at the age of 20 years…and John received 6 acres of meadowland at Sandwich, Plymouth Colony in 1641. John was by then about 28 years old…and he marries in 1645 at about the age of 32 years. Perhaps John’s marriage is the most significant since he was considered the head of the Wing household in Sandwich.

We may never know when Deborah Bachiler Wing died for certain. We can only be sure that her life had changed dramatically in New England from what she had experienced in England or Holland. I am sure there must have been several times she longed for the austerity of her former life. How many times she must have yearned to see her daughter (also named Deborah) and perhaps she either wrote to her or had one of her sons sit by the fireplace with her while she dictated to them what she wanted to say. Those letters would have been delivered by someone who was going to a port where a ship was leaving for England and by the time it got to the ship, it would already be weeks old. Deborah’s letter would have been added to the pile that was already large for delivery in either London, Yarmouth or another port where hopefully it would be delivered with care to yet another town, village or vicarage. By some means, Deborah’s daughter, would be notified that there was a letter waiting for her. By the time Deborah read the letter her mother had sent to her, the letter would be months old.

There was a poem written about Deborah Bachiler Wing in 1903 by Mrs. Elizabeth Hoxie Ware of Sandwich, Mass.  It was read at the dedication of a bronze tablet marking the Sandwich location where Deborah Bachiler Wing raised her sons:

Long years ago in England,

When England yet was young,

Where the River Test flows softly,

Twixt banks of brightest green,

And Queen Elfrida’s convent,

through the arching trees is seen.

Softly she sang her childish thoughts,

As the daises her small feet pressed;

Softly she touched the fragrant flowers,

Or watched the wild birds nest.

And this is the song the wee maid sang:

“There’s never a day without a cloud

Or a joy without a sorrow

And the sun that sets in the rain tonight

Will shine for me tomorrow.”

The preacher prayed inside the church

or a conscience freed from sin

While the little child in innocence

Caught the heavenly voice within–

“Father I stood by the river

just as the moon went down,

And it lighted the church of Wherewell

As if with a golden crown

And Father, I saw a vision;

Dost thou think that children may?”

“And what was the vision daughter?

Tell it to me, pray.”

Her dark eyes grew more earnest,

While steady and strong was she;

“I saw four boys and a woman

In a vessel upon the sea.

And she was sad and lonely;

And a man that looked like thee

Stood near; and there was sound of weeping,

And the woman looked like me.”

“Didst see aught else, my daughter?”

And he thought of the threatening storm

Of church and state and conscience,

And his weary heart grew warm.

For might not his little maiden

Be chosen of God to warn

Benighted, priest ridden England

Of the rise of a brighter dawn?

Earnest and still that fair child stood,

As Deborah stood of old,

And God’s grace shone upon her

While she her vision told.

It came again unto her,

The same foreshadowing truth;

And with a tiny hand extended,

She saw through the bounds of youth.

Father, I see the vessel,

And many are there, who make

The air resound with prayers

For God and conscience sake.”

Scarce eighteen summers now have come and gone,

With each clouds of sunshine on the way;

Life’s story glimmers bright with youthful song,

And earnest hours have changed from foolish play.

The little child unto a maiden fair has grown;

A strong souled man has looked into her eyes

And from her heart her girlhood’s song has flown.

While in it’s place thoughts strange and sweet arise

Across her sunny pathway

With young love’s wooing came

Young John, the stalwart preacher,

With words of sweetest flame.

“Deborah, beloved maiden,

Thou art dear, and unto thee

Give I all my heart; now answer,

Givest thou thine to me?”

Deborah, the gentle maid,

With her eyes of dusky brown,

Answered softly, “John, I love thee”

With her fair face drooping down.

Think ye then that John the preacher

E’er remembered priestly gown,

With that sweet faced maid before him

With her hair of burnished brown?

Nay, for in his arms he gathered

Her love unto his heart;

“God do ill and more to me, love

If I fail to do my part.”

Came there then no thought or vision?

Forgotten was the prophesy

the sad-eyed lonely woman

Out upon the stormy sea.

A few more years have come and gone

While joy and sadness into life have grown

We see the blessings of the children five,

We hear the sadness of the widow’s moan.

The vision given in the fleeting years long gone,

Seems nearing now it’s strange, sad truth to prove

the woman on the stormy sea forlorn,

In spirit hath no confines to her love.

Ah rare indeed that company

The Lord did send out that day!

Did the little ship The Francis

Sail calmly on it’s way?

Sail, stately ship, more proudly;

Tbanners all unfurled;

Thou carry’st wondrous tidings

Unto an unknown world.

Oh, Shawme Lake, by Indians called, how fair!

We greet thee now, unknown to world and fame.

Oh Sandwich! Unto thee we give our love–

For in her longing heart she gave thee name

The following article was condensed from a biographical sketch compiled about 1914 by Col. George W. Wing (1856-1924), first president of the Wing Family of America.

John Wing, born in England in the latter 1500’s. Died about 1629, The Hague, Holland or 1630 in England. Married probably about 1610 to Deborah Bachiller. They probably were married in Holland.

Like his father-in-law, Stephen Bachiler, John Wing was an English minister who moved to Holland and became a Puritan pastor there, most likely for similar reasons. He had been residing at Sandwich, County Kent, England on the Strait of Dover and then at Banbury before migrating to Holland. There he became pastor of an English Puritan Congregation in Flushing, Province of Zealand. It is likely that he was associated in some way in Holland with Stephen Bachiler, as he married Stephen’s daughter. Pope, in PIONEERS ON MASSACHUSETTS, states that John Wing died in the Hague, Holland in 1629. Lovell, in SANDWICH: A CAPE COD TOWN, states that he died in England in 1630. An early Wing family genealogist, writing in 1881, stated that John came to America and settled in Sandwich. But more recent research proves that the writer must have confused John Wing with John Wing, Jr., his son, who did accompany his widowed mother, brothers, and Stephen Bachiler to America in 1632, and settled first in Lynn, and later in Sandwich.

Elizabeth ruled England with an iron hand. The Puritans were in a majority in the House of Commons, but the severe reprimands they had met with from the throne deterred them from enacting any religious laws. The prelates of the Church of England were still in the haughty exercise of all religious prerogatives. So that when Matthew, or perchance Mary, carried the infant John in their arms up the stately aisles of old St. Mary’s to the Saxon baptismal font, he was baptized with the parents and attendants kneeling at the sacrament, which was sealed by the sign of the cross. Every question of ceremony was regulated by Queen Elizabeth. Even the size and height of the ruff about Matthew’s neck was determined by the Queen’s edict.

The very year of John’s birth, Elizabeth consigned the religious life of England into the keeping of forty-four commissioners, who were enpowered by all means and ways they could devise, by juries, by the rack, by torture, by inquisition, by imprisonment, to reform all heresies and schism, and to punish all breaches of uniformity of worship. so we may well imagine that John was christened by his parents with strict regard to the country’s laws.

Matthew and Mary were not permitted to invite their neighbors to read and discuss the scriptures. All such gatherings, without the Queen’s special permission, were unlawful. And if, perchance, Matthew (who was a tailor) in his business sold a suit of clothes to a nobleman, he was obliged to wait that gentlman’s knightly pleasure for payment. If he sued to recover the price, he was liable to imprisoment himself. It was only during the succeeding generations that the noble principles of liberty took root. Executions took place for robbery, theft and felonies; whippings and burnings in the hand hand were legal modes of punishment for lesser crimes. In fact, the “Merrie England” of the days of Matthew and the boyhood of John affords us no reason to be in love with the picture of the absolute monarchy or with the government of “good Queen Bess.”

The boyhood of John was spent in Banbury. The square about the old Banbury cross was undoubtedly a playground, and time and again he must have passed and entered the old Reindeer Inn. The schools of the day were known as grammar schools, and undoubtedly John made good use of them, for he was able to matriculate at Oxford when but fifteen years of age. We cannot doubt that he was a regular Sunday attendant at St. Mary’s. His deeply spiritual nature was a surety of that. The sermons in the English churches at that time were merely homilies prepared by the prelates and given the vicars to read, exhorting their congregations to obey the Queen and extolling her goodness.

In John’s fourteenth year, all England was aflame with the approach of the great Spanish Armada. His father at that time was forty-eight years of age, and his brothers, Fulk and Thomas, twenty-four and twenty-two respectively. Unquestionably they were enrolled among the nation’s defenders. The year following the excitement attending the Armada, John Wing entered Oxford University. The school was only twenty-three miles from his home. The matriculation entry is as follows:

“John Wynge of Oxon, pleb. St. Alban’s Hall, 15 October, 1599, aged 14.”

On 12 February, 1603, Queen’s College invested him with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. During the days of John’s schooling there, Oxford was particularly active in the literary movement of that day, and undoubtedly the youth became acquainted there with many of the great lights who dazzled the world with their writings in the generation following.

That we may better appreciate the scholarly attainments of young John Wing, B.A., nineteen years of age, when he left the shadows of Queen’s College in 1603, a review of the times may prove interesting. Of the peers of the realm during Elizabeth’s reign only about sixty knew their letters. In the rual districts, to read and write were considered rare accomplishments, and even among the gentry below the first degree there was little difference in literary accomplishments between master and the boorish attendants. As we descend a step lower we reach a class wholly illiterate. Shakespeare’s father was High Bailiff of Stratford, but he could neither read nor write. Of nineteen aldermen of Stratford only six could write their names. Nor was the ignorance confined to the laymen. In1578, according to Neal, of one hundred and forty clergymen in Cornwall belonging to the established church, not one was capable of preaching, and throughout the kingdom, those who could preach were in the proportion of one to four.

The time of the induction of John into the holy order is conjectural. Oxford at the time of his graduation was, under Elizabeth’s reign, the fountain head of English church theology. His parents were members of the established church, and it was quite likely with a view of taking the orders that he pursued his studies at the University. It is most likely that the young Oxford graduate secured a position in some country village as a curate or assistant to the vicar of some parish and, while acting in that capacity, met Deborah Bachiler, daughter of the Vicar of Wherwell in Hampton.

Stephen Bachiler, the Vicar of Wherwell, had gained considerable reputation among his clerical brethren for learning and ability. A man of willful independent and forceful character, he had refused conformity with the requirements of his superiors in the chuch and in 1605 was deprived of his living at Wherwell. He immediately secured another following in the vicinity of Wherwell and continued to preach the gospel as a Presbyterian. It was an age of fierce religious controversy, and it was during the period immediately following Bachiler’s expulsion from his living at Wherwell that the young Oxford graduate met and courted Deborah. It will not for an instant be believed by those who have studied Bachiler’s dominating and forceful character that he would permit his daughter to marry a clergyman of the Church of England. Tradition says that he refused to give his youngest daughter, Theodate, in marriage to young Christopher Hussey until the latter would promise to take her to New England, where he himself proposed to settle. The influence of the courtship and the marriage of John and Deborah, and the subsequent associations with the father of the latter, may have had much to do with the breaking of the young man’s relations with the mother church.

John Wing and Deborah Bachiler were married about the year 1609-10. It may be conjectured that because John’s brother named a daughter Deborah, born to him in 1608, that the marriage occurred even earlier. At the time of his marriage, John was about twenty-five years of age and Deborah barely eighteen. The oldest child, Deborah was born in 1611. John, the second child, is said by some student of family history to have been born at Yarmouth. He is mentioned in his grandfather’s will made in 1614, so that it is probably that his birth occurred in 1613.

In 1617, John Wing is found preaching to the famous society of Merchant Adventurers of England in Hanover, Germany, and it is known definitely that he was in charge of a congregation at the old Roman cinque port of Sandwich in Kent at some period prior to 1620. The proof of this is contained in the dedication of his first book, “The Crown Conjugall”, printed in November, 1620. He thus inscribed it:

“To The Right Worshipfull Master Matthew Peke Esquire, Mayor of the Towne and Port of Sandwich, and to the Worshipfull, the Jurates of his brethren, the Common Counsell and whole Corporation for the same JOHN WING, doth with Grace and Peace and all good form from the living God through the love of our Lord Jesus Christ, by the worke of the Holy Ghost, (our former favours, and the abundant fruits of your love Right Worshipfull and welbeloved in the Lord) which I have from time to time experienced ever since it pleased the Lord to cast affliction upon mine external state, doe daily provoke and deeply challange from me, the manifestation of a thankfull hart unto you all to whose kindnes I stand a Debtor much engaged to this day.”

Mr. Stevens, in his “History of Presbyterianism” thus makes mention of our ancestor:

“Mr. Wing, a pious man, and edifying preacher, was first at Sandwich, but had latterly been chaplain to the Merchants Adventurers of England residing at Hamburg. He exerted himself much for the good of his people her (Flushing) until he removed to the Hague in 1627.”

On 19 June, 1620, he had been ordained as pastor of the churches of Flushing and Middleburg (in Holland) under the direction of Mr. John Paget of Amsterdam, assisted by two Dutch clergymen, and in the presence of the burgomaster and other magistrates.

There are many theories as to the exact religious beliefs of the Rev. John Wing. Robert Browne, the founder of English Congregationalism, as early as 1581, had emigrated to Middleburg, in Zealand, with his followers, and it was from here that he published his several works. His followers became distracted and divided on matters of discipline and were finally disbanded. It may have been remnants of Brown’s old congregation at Middleburg that John Wing preached to in 1620. The fact that the Dutch government recognized and materially aided the Rev. John Wing in his ministrations at the Hague and in his induction into the Pastorate at Middleburg, leads to the belief that he was a Presbyterian in his belief and teachings. He was the first settled English pastor at the Hague, being admitted 11 May, 1627. The states of Holland allowed him a subsidy of 300 pounds year, which, by a decree of 1628, was augmented to 500 pounds. A subscription of 100 pounds was raised by the English, and expended in repairing and beautifying the chapel. This church, or chapel, was much frequented by the royal family, and especially by Elizabeth, daughter of King James, wife of the ex-King of Bohemia. It was here that Mr. Wing preached 18 May, 1624, his sermon “The Saint’s Advantage, or the Wellfare of the Faithfull in the Worst Times” before Queen Elizabeth. The sermon was given at the Hague while Mr. Wing was still in the pastorate at Middleburg. It was printed in London, in 1624, by John Dawson for John Bellamie, and was sold at his shop the the Three Golden Lions, near the Royal Exchange.

A number of the sermons of the Rev. John Wing were published. Samuel Austin Allibone, in his “Dictionary of Authors” mentions some of the publications:

“1. The Crowne Conjugall, or the Spouse Royall, Middleburg, 1620

2. Jacob’s Staffe to Beare up the Faithful and Beat Down the Profane, Flushing, 1621

3. The Best Merchandis, 1622”

To those should be added “Abel’s Offering” and “The Saint’s Advantage.” The former was printed in 1622 and is dedicated “To the Right Worshipfull and worthy fellowship of Merchants Adventurers of England, residents of Delft, in Holland.” It had been preached in Middleburg, in Zealand. The book contains 138 pages. The latter sermon preached at Hamburg in November 1617, and was printed at Flushing in October of 1621.

Five of the volumes of John Wing’s publications are held by the British Museum and have been seen and examined there by several members of the Wing Family of America. At least one copy of each of the five publications is now in America. a Copy of the “Crown Conjugall” was secured by the late Col. George W. Wing, first president of the Wing Family of America, having been purchased in a London bookstore in 1903. A copy of the book “The Saint’s Advantage” is part of the John Adams collection in the Boston Public Library, carefully guarded under lock and key. On the title page of this copy is the following notation placed by Mr. Thomas Prince who owned the book at one time:

“This Wing was Pastor of ye English Puitan Chh. at Middleborough in Zeeland, wh. wido bro’t her children to Sandwich in New England who afterwards turned Quaker and frm whm ye Wings at Sandwich, Wareham, Rochester and Dartmouth are descended.”

In Septmeber, 1908, Mr. George Wing Sisson, at that time Vice President of the Wing Family of America, received from Miss Miriam H. L. wing, of Coventry, England, a bound volume cotaining “Jacob’s Staffe,” “The Best Merchandise”, and “Abel’s Offering”, bound within the same covers. Miss Wing was the daughter of an English Clergyman and stated that the volume had been purchased by her father from a London bookseller merely because the author bore his surname.

The religious views and teachings of the Rev. John Wing are not conjectural to his descendants. Over 800 pages of his writings or preachings are accessible to those of his posterity living today. They reveal to us a man of strong spituality, classic learning, masterful character, ready wit, fierce invective, a facile pen and a ready tongue. He lived in an age of cant and long-winded sermons, and at times his preachings take on the color of the age, but through them all gleams the effort to be of sincere use to his fellowmen.

Fully fifteen years of the lives of John Wing and his wife Deborah were spent in Germany and Holland as practical exiles from their native England. Hamburg and The Hague were cities of note and cosmopolitian beyond their contemporaries in Europe. Their associates, and the members of their congregations, were people of note and keen enterprise. The salary of 500 pounds a year while at The Hague afforded him the means of living in affluence. Reckoned for its purchasing power at that time, it would equal the modern salary of $10,000 given to favored ministers of the gospel, and speaks for itself of the value placed upon his services.

What changes of fortune brought him and his family to London before his death we are unable to determine. Perhaps it was a fatal illness: possibly the growing power of the Puritan movement: perhaps he too had caught the fever to emigrate to America. He sickened and died in London in 1630, probably during the summer, in his forty-sixth year, and his wife, Deborah, at thirty-eight was left a widow with five children.

No picture comes down to us through the ages of the Rev. John Wing. The Puritan and Presbyterian clergy of that period affected a small chin beard with mustaches, hair rather long and flowing, high hats with rather broad trims, black clothes and cloak, with knee breeches and silver- buckled shoes. The office of the clergy carried with it a great dignity and sterness of bearing. The Rev. John at all times felt the responsibilities of his mission.

The English recods contain this synopsis of his will:

“John Winge, late of the Hague in Holland, clerk, now living in St. Mary Aldermary, London, 2 November, 1629, proved Aug. 4, 1630. Certain lands (freehold) in Crickston and Stroud, Kent, shall be sold as conveniently may be and the money thereof arising shall be with all other goods, etc, divided into equal parts, the one to be had, received and enjoyed unto by my loving wife, Debora, and the other part or moiety to be equally and indifferently had, parted, divided and enjoyed unto amongst all my children, share and share alike, except unto and by my daughter Debora whom I have already advanced in marriage. Wife Debora to be executrix and Edward Foord of London, merchant, and Andrew Blake of Stroud, in Kent, yeomen, overseers.”

It is not unusual circumstance for the Rev. John Wing to be styled a “clerk” in his will. His father-in-law, also a minister, was so designated in at least three conveyances made by him about the same time. The term evidently had a broader meaning than is now ascribed to it, and was used to designate a scholarly gentleman.

A brief review of the family and surroundings of the widow Deborah Wing and her children at this period may bring the situation nearer home to us. Deborah herself was still a young woman of thirty-eight. Her only daughter, Deborah, aged about nineteen, had but recently married. Her eldest son, John, was but seventeen, her son Daniel a year or two younger than John, Stephen but nine and Matthew still younger. Her younger sister, Ann Sanborn, also widowed with a family , was living on the strand in London and her brothers, Samuel and Nathaniel, probably living in Holland. The freehold estate mentioned by Rev. John Wing in his will was located at Crickston and Stroud in Kent, a few miles distant from Sandwich. There is a tradition among the New England members of the family that Matthew Wing, Deborah’s youngest son, “went back to England to look after some property left behind.” We have positive knowledge that Matthew Wing returned to Stroud, married, lived and died there. The size, importance and value of the estate left by John to his wife and sons is not known; but it appears probable that they were provided with some means when they set out for America in the spring of 1632.

An Interesting History of Rev. John Wing…submitted by John Jackson…a Wing descendant.

This history was sent to me by a cousin…John Jackson. I found it so interesting that I had to include it on the website. The actual history was written by Elizabeth Wing Kurfman (the rest of her history is included in the section of Stephen Wing and His Descendants. Alice’s sources for this article include: 1. ) The Compedium of American Genealogy. 2.) Pioneers of Massachusetts…Pope. 3. ) Genealogical Dictionary of The First Settlers of New England…Savage. 4. ) Cape Cod…A guide by Donald Wood. Thank you John for this contribution.

“Parents cannot doe all and performe their owne and their childrens parts also. The good which the parent doth endeavor, cannot come unto the childe, if he nglect himself. And therefore, all children that ever hope to be happy in this, or any other estate, must most humbly and sincerely seeke the face of the Lord and betake themselves to him, who will crown all such.”

The above is a quotation from a sermon preached by Rev. John Wing at Flushing, Zeeland in 1620. Seven volumes of his sermons are preserved in the British Museum. At least 3 copies are in America : one was at the Wing reunion held in Chicago in 1912, one was owned by George Wing Sisson at that time and the third is in the Boston Public Library. It is believed the latter was brought by Deborah Bachiler Wing to America in 1632, eventually coming into the possession of John Quincy Adams. It is now a part of the Adams Collection the the Boston Public Library. The Owl Editor stated that, “his sermons show a discrimenating, analytical mind, and a most intimate knowledge of the Bible.”

“Tring, Wing and Ivanhue Three manors did Hampton forego, for the striking of a blow.” (author unknown) Two manors in England bore the name Wing and Matthew descended from the Rutlandshire Wings. It is believed his people originally came out of Wales. Matthew was a tailor and apparently quite sucessful. He died in 1614 and he and Mary are both buried in St. Mary’s Churchyard at Banbury.

John Wing entered Queen’s College, Oxford University, at age 14, graduating in 1603. He was inducted into holy orders and rose rapidly in political esteem. He was one of seven men to whom King James granted the Charter of Banbury in 1606: an office he was supposed to hold for his lifetime. A few miles away lived Deborah, the eighteen year old daughter of Rev. Stephen Bachiler, Vicar of Wherwell. Deborah and John Wing were married in 1609-10. Their firstborn was a daughter, who they named Deborah. The Owl printed a picture of a wood carving, which was suppose to be a likeness of John, Deborah and their little daughter. In 1613 their son John, was born at Yarmouth, Daniel was next and Stephen, was born at Flushing in 1621. Their youngest son, Matthew, was born about 1625-26.

Rev. John Wing developed convictions, which made it impossible for him to conform to the established Church of England of that period. King James I, believed in the divine right of kings, and he severly persecuted both Roman Catholics and Puritans. When Charles I came to the throne in 1625, he continued to persecute the Puritans. John Wing was at Yarmouth, then Sandwich, where history records he suffered great hardships. An old document of Sandwich, Massachusetts, written by an early American Wing, states that Rev. John Wing fled England ot escape severe persectuion and when he later returned was put to death. Other sources record that he died at the Hague.

In 1617 to 1624 he was preaching in Flushing, Holland, Middleburg Zeeland and Hamburg, Germany. He was ordained pastor at the Hague in 1627, for which he received a yearly grant of 300 pounds from the Dutch government. That amount was increased to 500 pounds the following year. ( A laborer received 5 pounds. ) At the Hague, he preached before Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of King James I of England. His first volume of sermons were printed in 1620 with the title, “The Crown Conjugal, a Discovery of the True Honor and Happiness of Christian Matrimony.” Two more volumes were printed in 1621, a fourth in 1622 and in 1624, “The Saints Advantage”.

Some historians say Rev. John Wing died at the Hague in 1630, others claim he visited England in 1629 and was put to death there. His family came to America without disposing of his property in England, because records show that young Matthew later returned to claim his fathers estate in County Kent, near Sandwich. Matthew married Joann Newman, but he died young, without children. The widow Deborah and sons, in the company of her father and other family members, sailed for America March 9, 1632 in the ” William and Francis”. They arrived at Lynn, Massachusetts in 1632 and settled at Sandwich in 1637. There on Cape Cod they built their homes, some of which may still be seen today.


The number of children had by John and Deborah Wing remains a matter of some uncertainty. We have no evidence that he had any daughters, and very little to make us suspect that he had more than three sons. A vague tradition relates that one son, Matthew, came with the family to America, but returned and died in England. All our reliable accounts, however, speak only of Daniel, John and Stephen, who came with him in the same vessel, and accompanied him until his settlement in Sandwich.

1. Debora(h) Winge

Deborah’s husband Edward Ford was born 1605 in London, Middlesex, England

Deborah and Edward did not immigrate.

2. John WINGE II (See his page)

3. Daniel Winge

Daniel’s first wife Hannah Swift was born 9 Apr 1625 in Bocking, Essex, England. Her parents were William Swift and Joan Sisson. Hannah died 31 Jan 1664 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass

Daniel’s second wife Anna Ewer was born 1635 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Ewer and Sarah Learned. Anna died 1720 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass

Daniel came with his father from England, and accompanied him until he was settled at Sandwich. They resided near one another, and perhaps in the same house.

In 1640, June 28, Andrew HALLETT Jr, being about to remove to Yarmouth, conveyed certain landed property to Daniel Wing, the instrument being witnessed by John WINGE II and Edward DILLINGHAM. This was undoubtedly a farm in the immediate neighborhood of the paternal mansion. The house in which he resided was probably not far from the spot which we have supposed to be the residence of his father.

With his brothers he was enrolled in 1643 among those who were at that time between the ages of 16 and 60, and therefore liable to bear arms. Even at this early period some apprehensions of hostile movements on the part of the Narragansetts on the west of the Bay which now bears their name, began to be entertained, and the people were called upon for military drills and equipments. In Sandwich as well as in Plymouth and other places, twelve or more persons “were enjoined to bring their muskets with shot and powder every Lord’s Day to the meeting with their sword and furniture to every piece, ready for service if need should require.”

The taking of fish was an important matter in the commerce of the town and the profits of the leases of the Herring River, and the cutting up of whales and other large fish which had escaped after being wounded from their pursuers and been stranded upon the shores of the Bay, were no inconsiderable item in defraying the expenses of the schools.  Accordingly in 1652 “an agreement was made with Daniel Wing and Michael Blackwell for the taking of the fish in Herring River; and it was ordered that Edmund FREEMAN, Daniel Wing and four others who are named “shall take care of all the fish that Indians shall cut up within the limits of the town, so as to provide safely for it, and shall dispose of the fish for the town’s use; also, that if any man that is an inhabitant shall find a whale and report it to any of these six men, he shall have a double share; and that these six men shall take care to provide laborers and whatever is needful, so that whatever whales either Indian or white man gives notice of, they may dispose of the proceeds to the town’s use, to be divided equally to every inhabitant.”

An earlier building of a mill for the accommodation of the inhabitants, having failed, in 1654, four persons were engaged to build one, “the town paying twenty pounds;” and this sum was at once voluntarily subscribed by Daniel Wing and twenty-one other inhabitants. This and another mill were soon after erected, and millers were appointed by the town “to grind and have the toll for their pains.”

It was during the year 1655 that the names of Daniel Wing and a number of the prominent citizens of Sandwich are first mentioned in connection with a serious religious dissension in the town.  From the first settlement of the place, its inhabitants were looked upon by the authorities at Plymouth, as more than commonly indifferent to the execution of the laws in favor of uniformity in worship. Many persons had been subjected to fines for speaking disrespectfully of the laws, and of the mode of conducting public worship. So great became the falling off of attendance upon the ministrations of Mr. Leverich, the first minister, that, (about 1654) he concluded to leave the’ place, and for nearly twenty years the people were destitute of a regular pastor. In the meantime Mr. Richard Bourne and Mr. Thomas Tupper, persons “of a religious turn of mind, and possessed of some powers of public speaking but without a regular ordination,” conducted the services on the Lord’s day. “Each of them had his party, and each was the occupant of the pulpit according as he might have the most adherents.” The congregation had become much reduced in numbers, and was not formally divided, though distracted by factions. One portion of them are said to have been tinged with fanaticism and were much blamed for driving away the late pastor. Another portion is said to have been disgusted with such a state of things and to have mainly withdrawn frompublic worship. These last are said by Rev. Mr. Fessenden, the minister of Sandwich 1722-46, to have embraced “Antinomian and Familistical errors, under the ministry of Rev. Stephen BACHILER, the first minister of Lynn.”

And yet Daniel Wing’s name appears with eighteen others of the most respectable and conservative of the church members, attached to a call given about 1655/56, to some person engaged as a temporary supply. The call was entered upon the regular minutes of that time though it is now without superscription indicating to whom itwas addressed or its precise date.

Such notices prepare us to appreciate the position of Daniel Wing and others who acted with him in political and religious affairs. As early as 1646, a general movement was made throughout the Plymouth Colony in behalf of toleration.

A petition was extensively signed and presented to the General Court “to allow and maintain fulland free tolerance of religion to all men that would preserve the civil peace and submit to government.  It was supported by numbers of the Deputies, and by a large portion of the inhabitants of Sandwich. It was however overruled by the arbitrary act of Gov.Bradford. In 1654,it is recorded that “the people of both colonies began about this time to be indifferent to the ministry, and to exercise their own gifts, doubting the utilityof public preaching.” Up to this time Daniel acted with the church of Sandwich, and his contributions were among the largest in the support ofMr. Leverich and in the repairs of the parsonage. His name does not appear among the opponents of that minister, and the probability is that he was one of those who were offended at the proceedings which resulted in the long vacancy.

In 1657, “the people called Quakers” made their first appearance in Sandwich.  (See my postings Puritans v. Quakers) In Bowden’s “History of the Society of Friends in America,”it is mentioned that two English Friends named ‘Christopher Holden and John Copeland came to Sandwich on the 20th of 6th month ,1657, and had a number of meetings, and that their arrival was hailed with feelings of satisfaction by many who had long been burdened with a lifeless ministry and dead forms in religion. But the town had its advocates of reliigous intolerance and no small commotion ensued.” The Governor issued a warrant for their arrest, but when a copy of the warrant was asked for by Wm. Newland at whose house the meetings had been held, it was refused and its execution was resisted. A severe rebuke and a fine was then inflicted upon them. The two prisoners were sentenced to be whipped, but the selectmen of the town declined to act in the case and the marshal was obliged to take them to Barnstable to find a magistrate willing to comply with the order.

Tradition reports that many meetings were held at a secluded spot in the woods which from the preacher’s Christian name was afterwards known as “Christopher’s Hollow.” Numerous complaints were made against divers persons in Sandwich for “meetings at private houses and inveighing against magistrates;” and several men and women were publicly whipped for “disturbing public worship, for abusing the ministers,” for “encouraging” others in holding meetings, for “entertaining the preachers and for unworthy speeches.” Daniel Wing, with three others, was arrested “for tumultuous carriage at a meeting of Quakers.” and severely fined, though there is no evidence that a single Quaker, besides the preachers, was present, and it is certain that neither of these persons professed at that time any adherence to the new sect.

Daniel and Stephen Wing refused to take the “oath of fidelity,”not on the ground that they declined all oaths, but because this particular oath pledged them to assist in the execution of an intolerant enactment.

Among the fines inflicted on Daniel Wing we find March 1658 for entertaing Quakers, 20 shillings. For refusing to take the oath of fidelity,£5. imposed 4 times: Oct 1658, Oct 1669, Mar 1660, Jun 1660. December, 1658, excluded from the number of freemen. For refusing to aid the marshal, £10.

Indeed, so generally were the laws against free worship condemned in Sandwich, that the constable was “unable to discharge his duty by reason of many disturbent persons there residing,” and itwas enacted that “a marshal be chosen for such service in Sandwich, Barnstable and Yarmouth.” In 1658 a list was made out by the Governor and other magistrates of “certain persons who refused to take the oath of fidelity” and for that reason had no legal right to act as inhabitants. They were, therefore, each fined five pounds to the colony’s use, and it was ordered that each and every one of them should henceforth have no power to act in any town meeting till better evidence appeared of their legal admittance, nor to claim title or interest in any town privileges as town’s men, and that no man should henceforth be admitted an inhabitant of Sandwich, or enjoy the privileges thereol, without the approbation of the church and of Mr. Thomas PRENCE (the Governor), or of the assistants whom they shall choose. Many were summoned to Plymouth to account for nonattendance upon public worship, and distraints were exacted from these recusants in Sandwich to satisfy for fines to the amount of six hundred and sixty pounds. Of these fines Daniel Wing paid not less than twelve pounds.

Up to this time Daniel Wing, with others who acted with him appear simply as friends of toleration and resisters of an oppressive law. But it was not long before he and most of these sympathizers became active converts to the persecuted sect. “In 1658 no less than eighteen families in Sandwich recorded their names” in one of the documents of the Society. Writers of that period (1658-60) say: “We have two strong places in this land, the one at Newport and the other at Sandwich; almost the whole town of Sandwich is adhering towards them,” and the Records of Monthly Meetings of Friends show that “the Sandwich Monthly Meeting was the first established in America.”  Its records extend as far back as 1672, which is earlier than any other known in this country. It was not until the accession of King Charles the Second (about 1660) that these proceedings against the Quakers were discontinued by the royal order, and the most obnoxious laws were repealed in the colony of Plymouth, when we are told that “the Quakers became the most peaceful, industrious and moral of all the religious sects.” la the fervor of religious zeal, and while smarting under severe injuries, they doubtless at this early period provoked the authorities by indiscretions which none of their successors in the faith would attempt to justify, and yet every descendant of the Puritans must regret that those who had themselves suffered so much for their conscientious convictions should have inflicted such severities upon dissenters from their own views.

In 1658 the true bounds of every inhabitant’s lands were laid out and ordered by the General Court, so that the lands might be brought to record. There were fifty-five such owners whose names are recorded, among whom Daniel and Stephen Wing are mentioned. According to some records Daniel died in the year 1664, but Freeman and Savage make his death five years earlier (1659). His will was dated May 3, 1659, but as one of his children was born in 1660 and another later in the year 1664, we agree withthe Plymouth records inplacing his death near the latter date. He married, 9th month, 5, 1641, Hannah, adaughter of John Swift. The Swifts were numerous in the western part of the town, especially at Scusset (West Sandwich), where an inn was for many years kept by one of the name, of such notoriety as to give the place itself a considerable reputation Hannah died Dec. 1st, 1664, soon after the birth of her youngest child. Her father’s will, dated the twelfth day of the eighth month, 1662, bequeaths certain amounts to Samuel and John, the sons of his daughter Hannah ; and the inventory of his property was made May 1, 1666. by Stephen Wing and Stephen Skiffe.

5. Stephen Winge

Stephen’s first wife Oseah Dillingham was born Feb 1622, Cotesbach, England.  Her parents were Edward DILLINGHAM and Ursula CARTER.   Oseah died 29 Apr 1654 Sandwich, Plymouth Colony.

Stephen married Oseah Dillingham in 1646, after appearing before the General Court for having had carnal knowledge of Oseah before their marriage.

Because of her father’s reputation, Oseah Dillingham must have enjoyed a prominent position among her peers in the small village of Sandwich, Massachusetts. Therefore it must have been doubly humiliating for Oseah to have to endure the censure of the magistrates because of her pregnancy before her marriage to Stephen Wing.

“Whereas Steven Wing, of Sandwich, [and] Oseah Dillingham, were found to haue had carnall knowledge each of others body before contract of matrimony, which the said Steven Wing, coming into the face of the Court, freely acknowledging, he was, according to order of Court, fined in x li, and so is discharged.” Plymouth Court Records, March 2, 1646/47.

There are no any historical records that have survived that describe the outrage the Edward Dillingham must have experienced when he learned the news that Stephen Wing had taken advantage of his daughter. Chances are that Stephen Wing got a good thrashing in the woods followed by a severe upbraiding by Edward Dillingham and Stephen’s older brothers, John and Daniel Wing.

Stephen’s second wife Sarah Briggs was born 1641 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were John Briggs and Catherine [__?__]. Sarah died 26 Mar 1689 in Sandwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Stephen resided in Sandwich. It is contended by some that he continued to live with his father even after his marriage. Tradition, however, with considerable confidence and probability, fixes his precise location on a farm not far from Spring Hill, now in the possession of a descendant.

A part of the house which he built in 1644 is said to be still in existence.  From his business as a town official, we conclude that for a while at least he must have lived at the central village of Sandwich. In 1646-7, he was married to Oseah, the daughter of Edward Dillingham, one of the nine associates to whom the town had been granted April 3, 1637. In accordance with the rigid laws of that period, and which were enforced against all, however high their position in society, some objections were made against him and a fine was laid upon him. by the Court at Plymouth, March 2, 1646/47 for the too early birth of his first child after marriage. He appears however to have been an earnest advocate of religion and was a strenuous supporter of religious meetings and of public order. Yet he with many others of that period came in conflict with the exclusiveness and intolerance to which both church and state were then committed. From the first the whole family of his father and his mother’s father were inclined to a greater freedom in worship and life than the customs and laws of the colonies permitted. In this they had the sympathies of what seems to have been for many years a majority of the inhabitants of Sandwich.

The religious difficulties of the town by no means originated as has been supposed, with the advent of the Quakers. Loud complaints were made respecting those who resisted the severe and arbitrary laws of the colony long before any meetings forbidden by law were set up, or the name of Quaker was known And yet the prevalence of such a spirit and sentiment prepared (he people of Sandwich to decline enforcing and even to resist the cruel laws against the Quakers when these people made their appearance, in 1657 when Nicholas Upsall visited Sandwich there was a great commotion Public proclamation was made that for every hour’s entertainment of him “a severe fine was to be exacted.” In spite of such a law, several families at that time nol at allinclined to Quakerism, not only received him to their bouses, but allowed him and others to bold meetings and attended upon them. Stephen, with his brother Daniel, began first with contending for tolerance, and soon their sympathy with suffering was exchanged for conversion to the faith of the sufferers. Severe fives were imposed upon him, imprisonment was threatened if not absolutely inflicted on him, and even the town privileges of a freeman were withdrawn from him and his friends because he declined for a time to take the oath of fidelity which bound him to assist in the execution of such laws. He had been admitted a freeman and enrolled among those “liable to bear arms” in 1643, and had been assigned his proper proportion and boundary of land in 1658. So large, however, was the number of converts to the Friends, and so general the disposition to tolerate them among the people of Sandwich, that the laws against them could not be enforced, and if any punishments were inflicted it had to be done out of town. Stephen and his family became permanently connected with the Society of Friends, and his posterity have in all their generations remained true to his example.

In 1667 he with William Griffith presented to probate the will of his father-in law, Edward Dillingham,and in 1669 he was chosen town clerk. In 1675 the town voted to record his name with many others as having a just right to the privileges of the town. In 1678 he seems to have overcome his scruples about taking the oath of fidelity for his name that year appears among those on the list ofits receivers.

Oa the 9th day of the 4th month 1653-4, his wife Oseah died ;and on the 7th of the 11th month of the same year he married Sarah, the daughter of Johu Briggs, who came to America in 1635, aged 20. She died 3d month, 26, 1689 ; but the period of his own death is uncertain. One account gives it as 2d month, 24, 1710 (OldStyle). The will of one named Stephen Wing is given inthe records, dated Dec 2 1700, and proved July 13, 1710;and it mentions sons Nathanael, Elisha and John, and daughters Sarah Giflbrd and Abigail Wing, and a grandson, Jeremiah Gifford. “Ebenezer Wing and Matthew Wing, sons of the deceased/ were appointed by the judge to be executors of the will. From this date we infer that Stephen continued to live through the first decade of the last century, although he must then have been not less than eighty-eight years of age.

7. Matthew Winge

Matthew’s wife Joan(e) Newman (Nicholson) was born 1627 in Sandwich, Kent, England. Her parents were Robert Newman and [__?__]. Joan died 27 Aug 1680 in Stroud, Kent, England

There is a tradition among the New England members of the family that Matthew Wing, Deborah’s youngest son, “went back to England to look after some property left behind.” We have positive knowledge that Matthew Wing returned to Stroud, married, lived and died there.


Quaker family of Daniel Wing in America  Historic Wing Sites in Sandwich Very Cool

Posted in 12th Generation, Artistic Representation, Dissenter, Historical Church, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer | Tagged , , , | 9 Comments

John Winge II

John WINGE II (1613 -1699)  was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

John Wing – Coat of Arms

John Winge was baptized on 1 Sep 1611 at Strood, Kent, England .  His parents were Rev. John WINGE and Deborah BACHILER.  In 1632, shortly after the death of his father, he emigrated to New England with his three brothers, his mother, her father, Stephen BACHILER and her mother Helena Mason Bachiler on the ship William & Francis He married Elizabeth DILLINGHAM at Sandwich, Plymouth Colony, around 1645.  After Elizabeth died, he married Miriam Deane on 31 Jan 1692/93 .  John’s will is dated 13 Apr 1696 and he died at Harwich, Barnstable, MA, around Apr 1699.

John Wynge’s Island – Returning to 6A you will pass the Cape Cod Museum of Natural History, also worth a stop, as a stunning nature trail out to Wing’s Island (Photo) will take you to one of the Saquatuckett Indians’ summer encampments, and later the property of one of Satucket’s first English settlers, another Quaker named John Wing.

Elizabeth  Dillingham was born at Cotesbach, Leicester, England, before 2 April 1616.  Her parents were Edward DILLINGHAM and Ursula CARTER. Elizabeth died at Yarmouth, Mass, on 31 Jan 1692 and she is buried at Dillingham Cemetery at  Yarmouth (now Brewster), Mass.

Miriam Deane was born at Plymouth about 1634.  Her parents were Stephen Deane and Elizabeth Ring.  Her grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT.  Miriam is the oldest first time bride in our family tree.  She was 59 when she married John.   She is also interred at Dillingham Cemetery. Miriam’s will dated 24 May 1701 proved 8 Jan 1702/03 gives all her property to Dean Smith, “son of my Kinswoman, Bethiah Smith of Monomoy.” Bethiah was Miriam’s niece, daughter of her sister Susannah Dean and Stephen Snow.

Children of John and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Ephraim Wing 30 May 1648 11 Dec 1648  Drowned in the snow
2. Ephraim Wing 4 Apr 1649
Harwich, Mass
11 Dec 1649
Sandwich, Mass.
3. Joseph Wing 12  Sep 1650
Sandwich, Mass
Jerusha Mayhew
(granddaughter of Gov. Thomas Mayhew)
12 Apr 1676
Yarmouth, Mass
31 May 1679
Plymouth, Mass
4. Ananias Wing c 1652
Harwich, Mass
Hannah Freeman? (See discussion below)
1686 in Harwich, Mass
Hannah Tilton Tisbury, MA
Harwich, Mass
30 Aug 1718
Harwich, MA
5. Oseah Wing c 1654 Nathan Turner Scituate, PC, circa 1679
Joseph White Jr. at Scituate, Plymouth, MA, 16 Sep 1696.
13 Jun 1729
Truro, MA
6. John WING (III) 16 Nov 1655 Yarmouth, Mary DILLINGHAM
c. 1677
9 Jun 1683
Barnstable, Mass
7. Susannah Wing c 1657 William Parslow Yarmouth, PC, circa 1680. 2 Aug 1717
Harwich, Mass

It is believed that the Winge family lived with their maternal grandfather,Rev. Stephen BACHILER while at Saugus. When Rev. Stephen moved away from Saugus, he apparently gave the property to John. This is deduced from the fact that John Wing was the grantor who sold the property to William Tilton after the family moved to Sandwich.

This Plaque of The Ten Men from Saugus, who were the Founders of Sandwich, is on the wall of the Selectmans’s office in City Hall, Town of Sandwich, Massachusetts. The ten families from Saugus, Mass. (near Lynn, Mass.) just north of Boston were allotted property on Cape Cod at Sandwich, Mass. in 1637

In 1637, ten influential citizens from Saugus had petitioned the General Court of Plymouth Colony to found a new settlement on Cape Cod. Whether their decision to settle in that area was influenced by Rev. Stephen Bachiler’s attempt to found a settlement at Mattacheese (now Yarmouth) is not known. It is known that The Wings were among the “three score” [about 60] families who moved to the new settlement shortly after it was granted. Even at this early date, Massachusetts Bay Colony was fast outstripping the older Plymouth Colony, both in population and political clout. The Bay colony could well afford to lose some colonist to its neighbor, and the relationship between the two colonies were always amicable. It is unknown how it was decided to name the new settlement Sandwich, Mass.  It was clearly named after the city of Sandwich in Kent County, England as it bears some physical resemblance to the old Cinque Port city. The Wings were the only family in the new town who are known to have lived in its namesake town in England.

John was originally the head of the household for the whole Wing family. It is believed by many that the house they lived in was called The Orchard House. In Jun 1640 his brother Daniel purchased the homestead of Andrew Hallett and moved there. His brother Stephen was granted (or purchased) the “Fort House” on Spring Hill circa 1645. At about the same time (circa 1645) John married at the relatively advanced age of 34 to Elizabeth Dillingham, daughter of Edward Dillingham, another early settler of Sandwich. The Dillingham 2000 project [comparable to the Wing Family of America, Inc., at one time on-line, but not found at the present time] has accepted this lineage for the John’s wife. It is believed the marriage took place in Sandwich, before the family moved.

The Wings and the Edward Dillingham family were near neighbors in what was called the “Upper Field” by the late Charles Dillingham. The first houses they built were doubtless like those of the rest of the new town, a frame of heavy beams resting on corner rocks, with a dirt floor later boarded over, and the space under the beams filled with sod to keep out the draft. These early rough shelters did not survive for long because the bottom rotted quickly, but they served until the farm was established and a bigger and better built house could be raised on a permanent foundation of split fieldstones. Even with these, there was no full cellar, only a deep root cellar.

Around 1647 John moved further down the Cape to the town of Yarmouth. It is believed that his mother, Deborah (Bachiler) Wing, and possibly his brother, Matthew, moved with him. In 1659 he removed further east to what was originally called Sautucket. This territory was originally within the bounds of Yarmouth, but in 1694 was incorporated as the town of Harwich and in 1803 became the town of Brewster.  The precise spot on which John Wing settled is supposed to have been a high piece of land surrounded by swamp or meadow land, subsequently called “Wing’s Island,” about a mile northeast of the present town of Brewster.  Wing’s Island is adjacent to the Cape Cod Musuem of Natural History and is administered by the museum.  Google Map.

JOHN WING TRAIL (1.3 miles) is their most popular field walk that passes through the coastal pitch pine woodlands, across a salt marsh, to Wing’s Island and finally descends through a salt marsh swale to the barrier beach and tidal pools of Cape Cod Bay. This is truly a microcosm of the Cape’s landscape. A Museum naturalist guide will point out many of the interesting ecological features and explain the natural and human development which have shaped our fragile land from geological times to the present. The tidal flats and creeks are home to a variety of fish, crabs, shellfish, worms, horseshoe crabs and snails as well as many seaside plants, grasses and trees.

Wing’s Island Trail Map Source: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History

Walking Wing’s Island Source: Cape Cod Museum of Natural History

John was the first settler of this area and was originally taken to court in March 1659 as it was thought that the land was not within the limits of the grant of Yarmouth. It was proven that his land was indeed within the grant of the township, so he was allowed to continue his settlement there.

John Wing Nature Trail Boardwalk

John Wing Nature Trail. John harvested salt hay from this marsh and may have farmed the uplands.

John Wing Nature Trail – Beach

John Wing Nature Trail – Beach & Mud Flats

It is not known if John embraced the Quaker faith, like his brothers Daniel and Stephen. It is known that most of his descendants belonged to the established First Parish Church of Harwich [later Brewster.] Living several miles from the nearest church, John may not have been a regular attendant of any church. It is known that he was instrumental in assisting his brother Daniel saving his possessions during the Quaker persecution by arranging to have Daniel’s estate probated during his lifetime. John was also mentioned in the Quaker men’s meeting of Sandwich on 4 3mo [May] 1683 and on 2 11 mo [Jan] 1684/85.

John’s wife, Elizabeth was the “Old Goody Wing” who died at Yarmouth on 31 Jan 1692/93. John later married Miriam Deane, born at Plymouth about 1632. John wrote his will between 13 Apr – 2 May 1696 and had added a codicil to it dated 6 Feb 1698/99. This will was proved 10 Aug 1699, so he died sometime between the last two dates. His widow’s will was dated 24 May 1701 and was probated in Jan 1702/03. John and both of his wives probably were buried in the Dillingham Cemetery at Sautucket (now Brewster).

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

1. JOHN WING was the original progenitor of nearly all who bear the name in America so far as they are known to us. Nothing is known of him before his arrival at Boston and his residence at Saugus (Lynn), except that he had married Deborah, the second daughter of Stephen Batchelder  and was one of that minister’s company. [Actually it was John’s father who married Deborah Bachiller and he died in England shortly before she came to America.]

Some have inferred that he had been with his father-in-law during his sojourn in Holland, and that he had some near connection with the Rev John Wing, who was the pastor of an English congregation in Flushing, in the Province of Zealand, in Holland. He does not appear to have been, any more than his associates, possessed of peculiar means beyond what were requisite for his voyage, and when a removal from Saugus became desirable, his aim was to find a suitable home on the cheaper lands beyond the limits of the older settlements.

He was probably one of the number who performed the journey with Mr. Batchelder for the settlement of the Mattacheese, and though that enterprise failed, he perhaps then became acquainted with the region afterwards known as the Peninsula of Cape Cod. The land there was perhaps no more inviting for agricultural purposes than that which then generally engrossed attention within the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but it had some advantages for fishing purposes, it was not encumbered by heavy forests, it was easy of cultivation, it might be had free by all acceptable occupants, and the Indians in possession of it were remarkable for their uniform friendship for the English. It was within the jurisdiction of the Plymouth Colony, though beyond the limits of any organized town.

About ten years before (1627), a trading house had been located at a place called Manomet, at the head of Buzzard’s Bay, with the view of maintaining commerce with the southern coast and of avoiding the dangerous navigation around the Cape;but for some reason this enterprise had been abandoned, or was confined to the business of mere transportation.

In 1637  Edmund FREEMAN and nine others who had been residents at Saugus, formed an assocuition “to erect a plantation or town within the precincts of his Majesty’s General Court at Plymouth,” and near the neck of land between the opposite shores of Barnstable and Buzzard’s Bays. On the third day of April, in the same year, the General Court at Plymouth gave to these persons the right to form said plantation or town, “and to receive in more inhabitants to them according to order, and duly to dispose of said lands to such as were or should be orderly admitted to them insaid township.

They were soon on the ground, and with them about fifty others who were called “assodates,” chiefly from Saugus, Duxbury and Plymouth. The names of Edward FREEMAN and Edward DILLINGHAM  appear among the original “Ten men of Saugus,” and the name of John WINGE II occurs as the 45th in the list of their first associates. Nearly all those mentioned took families with them, and by the terms of the act granting them permission to settle none were allowed to become housekeepers or to build any cottage or dwelling to reside singly or alone, or if their characters were not acceptable to the Governor. Church membership, communion at the Lord’s Table and a regular attendance upon and a proper support of public worship at authorized plates were indispensable requisites to becoming a freeman. The whole body of freemen in the town had the right to decide by vote whether any one should be admitted a member of their community, subject, however, to the revision of the Governor and his Assistants. A sufficient quantity of land was granted to the original association to provide liberally for three score families, according to the number and ability of each householder’s family. Under the direction of committees appointed by the Court the true bounds of every inhabitant’s land were laid out and ordered.

In 1651, when the conditions on which the grant of the township was made had been complied with a deed of the plantation was executed by the Governor to Mr. FREEMAN, who then made conveyances to his associates. The town was incorporated as early as 1639, and the Indian name of Shawme was exchanged for that of Sandwich.

In addition to these private “holdings,” certain meadows or marshy lands on the shore near the town were left for the grazing of cattle, as town’s commons, and controlled by the town as such. In time these became the property of the representatives of the original freemen. Other woodlands were at first free for every one to obtain from them timber and fuel for private use, but not for exportation.

In what part of the township John Wing had his residence it is now perhaps impossible to determine. The old traditional home of one branch of the family for subsequent generations was situated about a mile from the present village of Sandwich, near a stream of water between two beautiful ponds, and on a highland overlooking the lower sheet of water and the town. This seems as likely as any other spot to have been selected as his residence. No more attractive location could be found in the town. Very probably the limits of the lower pond have been much increased inlater years by a dam thrown across its outlet, by which power has been gained for mills and other manufacturing establishments ; but even before this enlargement the scenery from that point must have been more than commonly fine.

A number of farms are situated upon the neck of land between the two ponds (formerly known as “Wolf-trap Neck”), some of which have been in the possession of John’s descendants until the present time [1881].  The exact spot, however, which has generally been regarded as the original home of the progenitor is an eminence near the point where the stream from the upper pond falls into the lower, and since occupied as a factory for nails. Near the present building is an artificial cavity about fifteen feet square and several feet deep, which must once have been a cellar, and is even now surrounded by a few very ancient fruit and ornamental trees. The buildings which once were over and near it are gone, with every other relic of them, and the mansion which has been the residence of his descendants is situated about 200 rods westward. The farm which has usually been connected with this homestead consists of two or three hundred acres of valuable land up the stream and along the borders of the lower pond. Immediately before it across the sheet of water, which lies in the form of a semicricle about a mile in length, and within the arc of the semicircle, is an ancient cemetery, where the earlier inhabitants were buried On the outer and right margin of the lower end of the pond lies the main village, consisting principally of one street, along which are a grist mill, marble works, the town hall, an academy, several churches, a Masonic hall find two or three hotels. This part of the town has remained without essential alteration from the mosl ancient period of which we have any account.

In 1638, almost immediately on the settlement of the town a church was formed, and there can be no doubt that public worship was maintained there from the very first. A rude building for that purpose must have been at once erected, for as early as in 1644 the one which was used for worship was calied “the old meeting house.” The ministers of that day in all the towns were invariably men of respectable talents and learning, such as everywhere commanded confidence and respect. There was something, however, in the disposition of the original inhabitants of Sandwich which was unfavorable to the harmony and growth of the original congregation The experience which some of them had had at Saugus was perhaps ill adapted to make-them cordial in its support. Even if the strict laws in relation to communion and ministerial subsistence and attendance upon public worship were observed, it is evident that a considerable degree of laxness was from the very first allowed. The freemen of the town were more than once censured by the General Court for allowing persons to settle and reside among them whose views were looked upon as disorderly. The stipends were poorly paid and often were reluctantly collected, the minister complained that few attended upon his ministrations and serious dissensions prevailed among the people.

In one instance these are spoken of as caused by a party which had once been under the influence of Rev. Stephen BACHILER . The town authorities are said to have been unwilling, or from the state of public feeling unable to enforce the laws relating to public worship, and-.what were called irregularities. Some of the most respectable inhabitants, like Mr. Edward FREEMAN and Edward DILLINGHAM , among the original associates, were complained of before the Court and fined. An early record of the church shows only eleven male members, and neither in this nor in any subsequent notice of the business of the church does the name of John Wing nor any of his family for many years appear.

They had probably all been communicants at Saugus, and they were doubtless decidedly religious people, but inclined to greater freedom in worship and in ecclesiastical affairs. We shall see that this spirit soon took a direction which led a large portion of the family to forsake the church and the forms of worship established by the civil authority.

Very little can be learned from the meagre records of the town, the church or the general colony regarding the family history of John Wing. He appears to have been a plain man of ordinary intelligence, never aspiring to political distinction, and only ambitious to cultivate his land and decently to bring up his family. In a few instances, however, his name occurs on the records of the General Court as one well qualified for public business. In 1641 he is allowed six acres for his share of the meadow lands held at first in common, but divided afterwards annually for the use of the inhabitants in severally.

On another occasion he was concerned in the construction of a road connecting Sandwich withthe earlier settlements. For some time the people had been obliged either to reduce their corn to meal by the slow and laborious Indian process by means of a mortar and pestle, or transport it all the way to Plymouth on their own shoulders or on the back of a horse or cow.

Tradition points out the old Indian path by which the people on the Cape thus wearily conveyed their grist to and from Plymouth. In 1652 the Court appointed a jury of thirteen persons to lay out the most convenient track for a road from Sandwich to Plymouth. John Wing was the seventh on this list. The jury was empanelled three days afterwards (Feb. 27) and commenced their work, but two years from that time the road was not completed, and ‘”both Plymouth and Sandwich were presented for not having the country highway between these places cleared so as to be passable for man and horse.”

Some apprehensions began early to be felt that the Indians of the West were hostilely inclined toward the settlers, and a law was enacted to prevent all Indians from having the use of firearms. A number of persons were complained of (about 1642) for allowing Indians to use such weapons even in hunting. Among these were the Assistant Governor Freeman and John Wing for lending guns to Indians.

The date of John Wing’s or of his wife’s death is not recorded. The first part of the Book of Records of Sandwich either has been lost, or was originally so defective that very little can be made of them.

The clerk of each town in the colony was by law required to keep a full register of all the births, marriages and deaths which occurred in his town, and these records form a valuable repository to which antiquarians and genealogists can now resort, but no public enactments could secure them against the negligence or the unskilfulness of the officials, the remissness of those who ought to have reported the facts or the ravages of fire in later times. Even the wills of many of the older settlers, from which much information might have been gained, are not unfrequently unrecorded in the county records.

John Wing’s Will;

The Will of John Wing of the Town of Harwich in the County of Barestable was dated 13 April, 1696, at the beginning, but signed on May 2, 1696 and a codicil was added February 6, 1698/99. The will was probated August 10, 1699.

“All that my parcel of marsh lying on the North Side of the Island called Bangs his Island form the middle of the Mill river to the River or Creek that parts betwixt me and John Dillingham Shall belong to my lands at Satucket Eastward from the Mill River and So to be Reputed and used forever only provided that if the heirs of my Son Joseph be discontented in Regard of his intrest therin So that they will not allow therof then my will is that the heirs of my sd Son Joseph shall have their third part of the sd marsh…at the westt end of the sd parcel of marsh next the sd John Dillinghams and the Remainder to ly and belong to my other lands as abovesd.”

“To my son Annanias Wing all my lands and meadows lying on the easter Side of Satucket River or the Mill River both divided and undivided together with the meadow on the North side of Banges his Island as aboves…excepting a piece of land of about ten acres lying nere Williame Miricks and my will is that for as much as I vallue the sd Lands and meadows above sd given to Annanias at sixty pounds I do hereby will that my sd son shall give one third part of that vallue to my Grand Children by my Natural sons and daughters in Equal portion and if I do Improve any of the sd lands or meadows by sale in my life time then to abate So much of the sd Sum of Sixty pounds as I do so Improve and further I do give my Silver Boul to my sd Son Annanias Wing “also” all my wearing cloths all Redy made and all the Cloth I have bought to make me cloths though not made up if any be.”

“To “my Grand Son John WING IV my dwelling house out housings, orchards, yards, lands, meadows that is to say all the third part where I now live (beside Annanias and Josephs) both divided and undivided…only Reserving and my will is that if it so happen that my sd Grandson John Wing die not having an heir lawfully begotten…then all my sd house, lands, meadows and premised Shal be my Grand Son Elnathan Wings and his heirs and assigns.

“To “my loving wife Meriam [his second wife, who he married when he was 81 years old] (during her being my widow) liberty to live or dwell in my now dwelling house untill my Grand Son John Wing comes to the age of twenty and one years [1702, six years after the will was written and three after it was proved]  but if it so happen that he dies before that age then she may live in it So long as She lives as my widow…during which time She shall have one third part of my lands, meadows and Priveledges of commons unto which third part she shall have one third part of my old orchard but so as she shall not farme out or Lett the Same to any person without the good liking or approbation of him that is in the present Improvement of the other two thirds of the sd lands and premises he taking it at a Reasonable and Just value or price . Also I do give to her…one third part of my moveable Estate (Excepting my Neat Cattel and Hors Kind) only one cow which she shall have to the halves So long as sd cow Shall live and she shall have the use of the old mare to Ride on as she shall have ocation and my son Annanias can conveniently spare her And that what so ever estate she hath brought with her and is left at my decease she shall take to herself and she shall have the use of the Garden wholly to her own use as part of her thirds of the land and the one third of the pears and beside her third of the old orchard I do give her the fruit of two appel trees, one a sweeting, the northermost of the seetings in the lower yard and the westermost tree by the highway.”

“To “my Grand Daughter Elisabeth Turner one cow…when she attaines the age of fifteen years.”

“I do give my other two thirds of moveable Estate Neat Cattel and horse kind to be equally divided to my three Children Annanias Wing and Susanna Parslow and Oseah Turner.”

“Concerning my Grand Son John Wing my will further is that my executor here after Named shall take care and manage the house and Lands above given to him for his best advantage till he coms of age and shall Reserve the one half of the proffits arising therefrom for the boy when he coms to age and that the sd John Wing shall in case he farme out or left or sell the sd lands and premises he shall give the Refusing or farming the same to his Uncle Annanias Wing or his heirs and upon the Refusing it Shall be tendred to the heirs or possessers of his Uncle Josephs land and if they all Refuse he may do with it as he pleases.”

“To “my son Annanias Wing…that eight acres of land I formerly gave to him nere about where his house stands.”

“”my son Annanias Wing sole exector to this my last will.”

The witnesses were; John Thacher, John Dillingham, William Griffeth Jr. (by a mark) and William Parslow.

[I was wondering what would happen to Miriam if she lived past 1702 until I read the following] “Further more my will is that whereas on a contract of marriage with my now wife I did Ingage her a Room to built att the end of the house where I now dwell but to prevent further strife my will now is she being so content that if she shall live longer than while my afore Named Grand Child John Wing arrives at the age of twenty years that then my now wife Miriam Wing shall have twelve pounds paid her out of my estate….to build her a comfortable Room to dwell in at the end of this house wherein I now Dwell. Futher my will is that if my sd Grand Child John Wing should die before he arrive to the age of twenty years yett my wife shall have that above sd twelve pounds paid her…for the use aforesd.”

“Further more my will is that after my decease my Son Annanias Wing shall have…my ten acres of land which lyies near William Mirickes in Harwich.”

This codicil was signed by a mark and witnessed by Jonathan Sparrow, William Parslow and John Dillingham.

On August 10, 1699, “John Thacher and John Dillingham” made oath to the first part of the will and “Jona Sparrow and John Dillingham Jur” made oath to the codicil; and administration was granted to “Annanias Wing the son of sd deceased.”

The inventory was taken at Harwich, May 8, 1699 by Kenelm Winslow, Sr. and Kenelm Winslow, Jr. The real estate was “the lands and meadows willed to Annanias Wing” valued at 80 pounds, the lands and meadows willed to John Wing at 100 pounds, and one parcel of meadow lying by the Swan Pond River, 9 pounds. “One Silver Cupp” was valued at 2 pounds, 6 shillings.

“Annanias Wing made oath to this Inventory and so did Meriam Wing, wid relict of said deceased John Wing.” on August 10, 1699, “excepting only a little flax unbraked out and the money received by sd Annanias for land sold belonging to the sd estate.”

“August the 5th, 1699, Serjant William Gray and Daniel Baker both of Yarmouth having praised a praced of meadow that was John Wings deceased that lyes on the easter side of the easter Swan Pond River, praised at nine pounds and they say…nine pounds is the full value of sd meadow.

John Wing of Sandwich Mass and his Descendants 1881

8. JOHN, the second son of John and Deborah Batchelder Wing(l) of Sandwich, was born in England and came to America with his father in 1632. His age at that time is not known, and we have no means of learning it from any subsequent dates. He went with his father and brothers from Saugus to Sandwich on the first settlement of the latter town, but must have left home at an early period to form a new settlement on the Cape, eastward. The town of Yarmouth was incorporated in 1639, but in the last month of the same year Barnstable was set off between it and Sandwich. It extends from Barnstable Bay on the north to the sound on the south. A part of its northern shore was originally called Mattacheese from an Indian tribe residing there, on whose lands his maternal grandfather, Rev Stephen Batchelder, had, with a few friends, made a fruitless attempt to form a settlement.

The precise date of his removal cannot be determined, as the early records of the town of Yarmouth were, in 1674, destroyed by fire and the first twenty pages of the Harwich records are entirely lost.

The records ofthe “Monthly Meeting of Sandwich” show that the Society in that place was probably the earliest and for many years the largest of the same denomination in America. Regular worship has been maintained there since 1656, which was about 12 years after the rise of the sect in England, and before it had been generally established there.

The township of Harwich was set off from Yarmouth in 1694; in 1703 that of Dennis from Yarmouth on the east; and in 1803 that of Brewster from Harwich on the north.

From incidental notices in the records of the Court of Plymouth and at Barnstable we gather a few items The first reference of any interest to our history is under the date of March 1st, 1659, as follows: “The Court, taking notice that John Wing is erecting a building in a place that is out of the bounds of the township, and conceiving that such practices if permitted may prove prejudicial to the whole, do order that the said John Wing, and others that have done or shall do so, be prohibited to persist therein until it be further cleared to what township such lands belong on which they build.”

This order refers to a requirement of that period, that no persons should settle upon lands which were not included within the chartered limits of towns, and under the permission of the

Court and body of freemen incorporated by the government. There was some doubt whether Sautucket, the place at which John Wing had commenced building, was within the limits which had been given to Yarmouth township, and until that question had been decided it was deemed proper to prohibit its settlement. As, however it was reputed to be, and was soon afterwards proved to be within the chartered limits of the township, John Wing had already begun to build and soon established himself there.

Indeed there are some indications that for an indefinite time before this he had purchased and lived upon a piece of land in the vicinity. It was in the northern part of the town, in the neighborhood of the sea coast. The Indians were then and for some time afterwards numerous in that region, but they were peaceable and never engaged in any hostile proceedings against the English. The precise spot on which John Wing settled is supposed to have been a high piece of land surrounded by swamp or meadow land, subsequently called “Wing’s Island,” about a mile northeast of the present town of Brewster. It was doubtless selected on account of its fertility and adaptation to the grazing of cattle. Freeman calls him and Lieut John Dillingham (also from Sandwich) “large land owners.” The line on the east of Brewster, for a long time called ‘Wing’s Line” was the base of future surveys, and indicates a tract of land extending across the peninsula from the northern to the southern coast. A large pond also in Brewster bears the name of Wing to the present time [1881, I don’t think it’s called Wing Pond anymore].

In 1677, at a town meeting May 30, “the townsmen of Yarmouth did forewarn John Wing and our neighbors of Sawfucket from purchasing any lands in the bounds of our township of any Indian, or to take any possession thereof from them as being contrary to Court order. The order here referred to was one which prohibited any pnvale purchases from the aboriginal possessors of the soil; in the first place because no private Indian was really the owner of tribal lands in severally, and in the second place because advantage was often taken of Indians by selfish and dishonest persons.

It appears, however, that some transactions of this kind were allowed, especially with certain chiefs or sachems, who were actual owners of individual property. The very transaction here alluded to was subsequently allowed, and became the legal title to a large body of land. In the Book of Evidences of lands for the jurisdiction of New Plymouth there is recorded a deed of land, of which the following is the purport, viz: On the first of March 1676/77, John Wing and John Dillingham, in behalf of themselves and others’ associated with them, (viz: Thomas Clarke, Kenelm Winslow, Paul Sears and Ananias and Joseph Wing,) purchased of Robin (Indian), of Maltacheese, and Sarah his wife, daughter of Nepaitan, sachem of Mattacheese. of Samson, of Nobscusset, and Panasamust his wife, and of Ralph of Nobscusset, and Menetatomust his wife, other daughters of Nepaitan; all that tract of land, both upland and meadow, which they had in common or partnership lying in Saquetucket in the liberties of Yarmouth between the place commonly called Bound Brook on the west, and the middle of Saquetucket river on the east.

Nepaitan was a chief under Massasoit, the principal sachem of the Wampanoags, a friendly tribe of Indians which had jurisdiction over all the Indians along the south shore of Massachusetts Bay He belonged to a tribe which went by the name of Mattaoheeaetts or Mattecheese. He with another chief of  the same tribe with their heirs and assigns had been guaranteed the possession of a large parcel of land “bordering to the seawards between Bound Brook and the Sautnoket Elver;provided they should liveupon the same, and ifthey should ever sell the same, should sell it to the inhabitants of Barnstable before any other.” Freeman, Vol.I. pp.159-60. The names of Robin and Samson frequently appear in the Indian history of those times and always in acts of friendship toward the white settlers. See Drake’s  Book of the Indians, Book 11. p.47.

In this purchase John Wing was to have a third part of four shares, Dillingham two shares, Clarke one share, Winslow two shares, and Ananias and Joseph Wing each one third of four shares. The division was made and the land was deeded to each April 16, 1677/78. The original deed is said to be in the possession of Amos Otis, Esq., but a copy of it in full has been taken by the writer. The land lies within the limits of the present township of Brewster and is said to be among the most valuable in that vicinity.

On the 15th of March, 1680, it appears from the town records that an agreement was made “with our neighbors, the purchasers or proprietors of the land between Stoney Brook and Bound Brook, subsequently signed by Ananias Wing, Paul Sears, Kenelm Winslow and John Dillingham, jun., on the one part, and by John Thacher and others on behalf of the town.” This was probably the final settlement of the question between the town and the association in the above mentioned purchase.

The years 1675-6 were memorable for the war with the Indians commonly called Philip’s war. In consequence of the friendly attitude which had always been maintained by the tribes on the Cape, the inhabitants there were not molested at their homes, but they were subjected to severe losses both of men and money for the supply of troops. John Wing was assessed, in 1776, “towards the charge in the late war, five pounds, sixteen shillings and three pence.”

No traces are now perceptible of the residence in which John Wing lived for more than forty years. His first wife’s name was Elizabeth, and Savage thinks that he found her in Saugus (Lynn). She was the mother of all his children She was probably the person meant in the record of Yarmouth, which says: “Jan. 31, 1692— The last of January Old Goody Wing died.” “In 1723 the pew No. 9 in the new meeting house was assigned to John Wing, Sen.,” for which he paid five pounds ten shillings, this being the ninth according to the dignity and valuation of the pews. For his second wife he married Miriam the daughter of Stephen Deane, of Plymouth, one of the “oldcomers.” (The “old comers” were certain of the colonists who came over in the three vessels which first arrived, viz. :the Mayflower, the Fortune and the Anne)  John Wing died in 1699. His will was dated May 2d, 1696, and was witnessed by John Thatcher, John Dillingham and William Griffith. A codicil is dated Feb. 6, 1798-9. This will,which is very lengthy, was presented to probate Aug 10, 1699, and it is now on record at Barnstable. It makes mention of his wife Miriam, his three children, Ananias, Susannah Parslow, and Oseah  Turner, his grandsons John and Elnathan and the children of his deceased son Joseph. He probably never bore office in his town, although he appears to have been public spirited and much respected. He was devoted rather to agriculture and the acquisition of land for himself and his children.

His wife survived him for two or three years. She made a will,which was dated May 24, 1701, and was probated in January 1702/03. It gives the principal part of her property, inherited from her wealthy parents, to Deane Smith of Chatham whose mother was “her sister Bethia Smith of Monomoith.” The inventory of her personal property was taken in January, 1702/03, and its value was assessed at “seventy-eight pounds, twelve shillings and two pence.


3. Joseph Wing

Joseph’s wife Jerusha Mayhew was born 1654 in Edgartown, Dukes, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Mayhew and Jane Paine. Her grandfather was Thomas Mayhew, Sr. (593 – 1682) established the first English settlement of Martha’s Vineyard in 1642.  After Joseph died, she married 12 Dec 1684 in Mass to Thomas Eaton (b. 1660 in Portsmouth, Rhode Island – d. 26 Nov 1688 in Shrewsbury, Monmouth, New Jersey). Jerusha died in 1717 in Shrewsbury, Monmouth, New Jersey (granddaughter of Gov. Thomas Mayhew)

Joseph married April 12,1676, Jerusha Mayhew, and thus formed a connection with the celebrated missionary family of the Mayhews of Martha’s Vineyard. In the will of his father his sons are spoken of, but their names are not given. He was one of the shareholders in the land association which purchased the section between Privet Creek and Sauquatucket River. He was buried May 31, 1679.

4. Ananias Wing

Ananias’ first wife Hannah Freeman was born 1666 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.  Sources do not give Hannah’s parents, which is surprising because there was only one Freeman clan living in Cape Cod at the time.    Hannah died 9 Dec 1730 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass., the same date of Hannah Tilton’s death.  I’m beginning to think there was no Hannah Freeman.

Ananias’ second wife Hannah Tilton was born 15 Sept. 1663  Her parents were Samuel Tilton and Hannah Moulton. Ananias’ father John sold the family homestead in Lynn to William Tilton after the family moved to Sandwich. Hannah died 9 Dec 1730 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.,

We do know that Ananias married a girl named Hannah from Tisbury … and Samuel Tilton mentions his daughter Hannah Wing in his will.  We also must bear in mind that around this time we only had one Nathaniel Wing and certainly one Ananias Wing.

Walter Goodwin Davis, the family historian for the Tilton family, states that the will of Samuel Tilton of Chilmark, Martha’s Vineyard which was made on Jun 5, 1718 names a daughter Hannah Wing.  Davis mistakenly thought that Hannah Tilton married  Nathaniel Wing, but the only Nathaniel Wing around at that time was the son of Stephen Wing and he would marry Sarah Hatch around 1687.

Samuel Tilton  came to the Vineyard with Isaac Chase, a Quaker, and was related to him by marriage, and Parson Homes, in his diary states that he was “against swearing”, i. e. in taking the legal oath in the name of Deity, it is a strong inference that he was a Quaker, or in accord with their beliefs.

Ananias  settled in that part of Yarmouth which has since been incorporated as Brewster. He was among the “inhabitants of Yarmouth who lost horses in the first expedition to Mount Hope under Capt. John GORHAM against King Philip in 1675,” and he was assessed £3 16 00.

He united with many others in petitioning Governor Josiah Winslow and the General Court on the subject of a war against the Narragansett Indians, and finally went as a private soldier under Captain John GORHAM in the second expedition against that tribe in 1676 when the troops suffered so severely.

In 1733 grants were made of lands to those who had served in the Indian wars, and Ananias was one of the few who survived to share in this tardy expression of gratitude. He died Aug. 30, 1718, and his will dated March 5, 1717, shows that he was possessed of a large landed estate. His widow Hannah lived many years after his death and died Dec. 9, 1730.

Ananias Wing Bio – The note that John Gorham never married is incorrect. He was one of my direct ancestors, see above — From A Historical and Genealogical Register of John Wing, of Sandwich, Mass. and His Descendants, 1632-1888, p. 64

Children of Ananias and Hannah:

i. Deborah Wing b. 2 May 1687 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 9 Feb 1726 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 15 Oct 1714 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to George Weeks (b. 20 Mar 1689 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Mass. – d. 10 Apr 1772 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass), His parents were Ammiel Weeks and Abigail Prescott.

ii. Hannah Wing b. 2 Aug 1690 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 13 Sep 1720 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 7 Feb 1712 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to Robert Astin (b. 1685 – d. 25 Feb 1718 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.)

iii. Elnathan Wing b. 20 Oct 1692 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; d. 14 May 1772 Falmouth, Barnstable, Mass; m. 7 Oct 1726 in Chilmark, Dukes, Mass to Hannah Allen (b. 1707 in Chilmark, Dukes, Mass. – d. 22 Sep 1763 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Her parents were Samuel Allen and Mary Tilton.

iv. Samuel Wing b. Aug 1694 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Apr 1774 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 3 May 1733 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to his first cousin once removed  [I think that’s it]  Mercy Wing (b. 25 Dec 1713 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass – d. 1758 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Her parents were John Wing and Bethia Winslow. Her grandparents were John WING (III) and Mary DILLINGHAM and her great grandparents were John WING(E) (II) and Elizabeth DILLINGHAM.

v. Rachel Wing b. 20 Dec 1697 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 20 Apr 1778 Mansfield, Tolland, CT; m. 25 Aug 1720 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to John Fletcher (b. 1700 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 29 Jun 1773 in Mansfield, Tolland, CT)

vi. Elizabeth Wing b. Feb 1700 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 4 Jul 1783 Dennis, Barnstable, Mass; m. 24 Oct 1723 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Ralph Chapman (b. 19 Jan 1695 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass – d. 8 Feb 1779 in Dennis, Barnstable, Mass) His parents were Isaac Chapman and Rebecca Leonard.

vii. John Wing b. 3 Apr 1702 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1773 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 21 Feb 1728 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to Mary Knowles (b. Oct 1709 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. : 8 Apr 1773 in Mass.) Her parents were John Knowles and Mary Sears.

viii. Mary Wing b. 18 May 1704 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1741 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 16 Nov 1734 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to John Rogers (b. 1 Aug 1701 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass – d. 29 Aug 1739 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) His parents were John Rogers and Priscilla Hamblin.

ix. Joseph Wing b. 17 Sep 1707 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 24 May 1749 Brewter, Barnstable, Mass; m. 17 Feb 1737 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Susanna Kendrick (b. 21 Jan 1714 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) Her parents were Edward Kendrick and Deborah Tucker.

5. Oseah Wing

Oseah’s first husband Nathan Turner was born 1 Mar 1654 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. His parents were Thomas Turner and Sarah Hyland. Nathan died 15 Aug 1693 in Voyage, Virginia

Oseah’s second husband Joseph White Jr. was born 1 May 1674 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. Joseph died 21 Jul 1715 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass

6. John WING (III) (See his page)

7. Susannah Wing

Susannah’s husband William Parslow was born 1646 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. William died in 1721 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.


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