Edward Fitz Randolph Sr.

Edward FITZ RANDOLPH Sr. (1565 – 1614) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Edward Fitz Randolph Sr was born about 1565Hucknall-under-Huthwaite in the parish of Sutton In Ashfield, Nottingham, England. His parents were Christopher FITZ RANDOLPH and Ann WOOD He first married Alice Tompson 16 Nov 1589 in Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England. After Ales died, he married Frances HOWES 17 Dec 1605 in Sutton, Nottingham, England. Edward died about 1614 in Normantown, Derby, England and is buried in Kneesall, Nottingham, England.  Alternatively, he died  between 13 Aug. 1647 (dated of will) and 27 Oct. 1647 (probate).

Alice Tompson was born 16 Nov 1569 in Sutton-In-Ashfield Laterof Kneesall, Nottinghamshire, England. Ales died 27 Dec 1604 in Sutton-In-Ashfield.

Frances Howes (Howls) was born about 1585 in Kneesall, Nottinghamshire, England. Her parents were Edward HOWES and Ann WELLS.  Frances died 7 Jun 1631 in Kneesall, Nottingham, England.

Edward moved after 1621 to Kirsall in the Parish of Kneesall, co. Nottingham, where he died. He was the 3rd son named in his father’s will, and was prob. the nephew Edward named in the will of his uncle Thomas Fitz Randolph, 21 May 1600.\

Original will of Edward Fitz Randolph at York Probate Registry, in which he bequeathed ten pounds sterling to his son Edward “if he cum to demand it.”)

Children of  Edward and Frances:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Edward FITZ RANDOLPH bapt.
5 Jul 1607 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England.
Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 Scituate, Plymouth Colony. 1675 in Piscataway, New Jersey
2. Anthony Fitz Randolph 24 Sep 1609  Sutton Ashfield, Nottingham, England Winifred [__?__] 13 Jul 1638 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham
3. Christopher Fitz Randolph May 1613  Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England
4. John Fitz Randolph 14 Jan 1615 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England 27 Oct 1647
5. Joseph Fitz Randolph 18 Nov 1621 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England

Fitz Randolph Ancestral Generations

1. Edward Fitz RANDOLPH and Francis HOWES.

Edward  was found and in whom was confirmed by the “Visitation” of 1614, the Fitz Randolph Arms substantially as borne by the Lords of Middleham and by the Spennithorne branch of Fitz Randolph. Died probably about 1635.

Edward was born in Sutton-in-Ashfield is a market town in the Ashfield district of Nottinghamshire, England.  Today, it has a population of around 43,000. It is situated four miles west of Mansfield, close to the Derbyshire border.  The area was first settled in Saxon times and the Saxon suffix “ton” means “an enclosure or fenced in clearing”. The town appears in the Domesday Book as “Sutone”. The  Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Sutton-in-Ashfield dates from the twelfth century The church is medieval but was rebuilt in 1854 and 1867.   It contains a rare 12th century pillar piscina and the remains of the font top from the original Norman church

2. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH, b. 1530 Normantown, Derby, England; d. 28 Jun 1588 Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham; m. Ann WOOD about 1565 in Normantown, Derby, England

Christopher was his parents’ fourth son, and was named in his mother’s will, dated 30 July 1573. His own will, dated 20 June 1588, was proved 1 Apr. 1589 in the Peculiar Court of the Manor of Mansfield (Notts. County Record Office, D.D.P. 17/69). Christopher’s wife, who predeceased him, was not named in his will. He had four sons, James, Anthony, Edward and Christopher, named in the will.

Ann Wood was born about 1545 in Normantown, Derbyshire, England. Her father was Hugh WOOD (1518 – 1548).  Ann died 1588 in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

Children of Christopher and Ann

i. Edward Fitz RANDOLPH b. 1565 in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, England

ii. Christopher Fitz Randolph b. 1569 in Sutton, Nottinghamshire, England

iii. Anthony Fitz Randolph b. 1578 in Sutton, Nottinghamshire, England

3. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH b. ~ 1495 Langdon, Nottingha, England; d. 28 Jun 1574 Ashfield, Nottingham, England;  Alternatively,  d. bef. 26 Apr. 1570 (adminstration granted on that date to his widow Jane and eldest son Thomas)  m. 1514 to Joan LANGTON (~1499 – d. betw. 30 July 1573 (date of will) and 2 Apr. 1574 (probate), daughter and heiress of Cuthbert LANGTON of Langton Hall who died in 1588.

Of Langston Hall in the Parish of Kirkby in Ashfield in the County of Nottingham. Appointed an executor of the will of Christopher Fitz-Randolph vicar of the said parish of Kirkby in Ashfield June 1, 1516. Administration granted 26 April 1570.

Joan was heiress to Langston Hall.  This home was a large ivy covered mansion for years before it descended to Joan and Christopher. This Langston Hall was still in the Randolph family when Edward Fitz-Randolph ,the pilgrim, sailed for America in 1630.

Christopher doubtless came to Kirkby-in-Ashfield, co Nottingham, because of his uncle Christopher Fitz Randolph, parson of that place, who d. 1516 leaving a will dated 1 Jun 1516 of which the nephew Christopher was named as one of the executors;

Cuthbert Langston Bio

Cuthbert Langston  –  Source:  History of Nottinghamshire, Volume 2
By Robert Thoroton — London 1797

6  H 8 is the sixth year of the reign of Henry VII or 1515.

Children of Christopher and Jane:

i. John Fitz Randolph b. 1516 in Birchwood, Derby, England

ii. Thomas Fitz Randolph b. 1518 in Birchwood, Derby

iii. Christopher Fitz RANDOLPH, b. 1530 in Normantown, Derby

iv. Edward Fitz Randolph b. 1532 in Birchwood, Derby

v. Isabel Fitz Randolph b. 1534 in Nottinghamshire

vi. Margaret Fitz Randolph b. 1536 in Nottinghamshire

vii. Margery Fitz Randolph b. 1538 in Nottinghamshire

4. John FITZ RANDOLPH  b. 1455 Spennithorne, Yorkshire, England; d. 1514
Yorkshire, England; m. 1472 in England to Edith [__?__] (b. 1452 in Langton Hall, Nottinghamshire – d. 1524 in England) daughter of the Earl of Sandwich.

John’s eldest brother, Sir Ralph, Lord of Spennithorne received inheritance

5.  John Fitz RANDOLPH (Fitz RANDALL) ( ~ 1420 –   5 Mar  1474/75  Yorkshire) ; m.  Joan CONYERS  (  ~1420  –  aft. 1483)  Joan’s parents were Sir. Christopher  CONYERS Knight of Hornby Castle, and Helen (Eleanor) ROLLESTON  ( ~1400 – 1444)

Lord of  Spennithorne in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire

6.  Sir Ralph Fitz RANDALL ( ~1398 –  ~1458) Lord of Spennithorne;  m.  Elizabeth [__?__]

Lord of Spennithorne He inherited his fathers lands.  under age in 1407, will dated 20 Jan. 1457/58, pr. ult. Jan. 1457/58;   (VCH cit. 1: 259; Sir Ralph’s Will is printed in Surtees Soc. Publ., 26: 4).

7. John Fitz RANDALL ( ~1374 – 1405) Lord of Spennithorne beheaded, 1405 for taking part in the rebellion of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, his son of Henry Percy, nicknamed “Harry Hotspur”, Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York, and other northern magnates.

7. Randall (Ranulf) FitzJOHN  ( ~1345 –  aft. 1388) Lord of Spennithorne

8. John FitzRANULPH de LASCELLES  ( ~1325 – by 1369) Lord of Spennithorne; m. Maud de CAMPANIA  After John died, Maude married (2) Robert De Hilton.

Held Spennithorne in 1367 -1368

9. Ranulph FitzRALPH de LASCELLES  ( ~  1300  – aft. 1354) Lord of Spennithorne; m. Isabel [__?__]

10. Ralph FitzRANULF  (1255? – by 1316)  m. Tiffany (Theophania) de LASCELLES ( ~ 1250 in Kirby-under-Knowles-Yorkshire,England.)

11. Ranulf (of Middleham) FitzRANULF ( b. ~  1222   – d. by 1294); m. Bertrama widow of Sir Roger de Ingoldsby

With this generation the Fitz Randolph name became well established. Ranulf bore the arms of Glanville.  Ranulf’s descendants in the male line continued at Spennithorne until the 16th century.

12. Randolph Fitz RANDULPH, Lord of Middleham aka Randolph (Ranulf) FitzRobert ( ~1180 Yorkshire – by 1252 buried in Coverham Abbey)

He married  Mary (le) BIGOD, (1188  – 1237) daughter of Roger BIGOD, (c. 1144/1150 – 1221)  2nd Earl of Norfolk    In most of the years of the reign of King John, the earl was frequently with the king or on royal business. Yet Roger was to be one of the leaders of the baronial party which obtained John‘s assent to Magna Carta, and his name and that of his son and heir Hugh II appear among the twenty-five barons who were to ensure the king’s adherence to the terms of that document. The pair were excommunicated by the pope in December 1215, and did not make peace with the regents of John’s son Henry III until 1217.  Roger Bigod and his wife Ida de Tosny are the main characters in Elizabeth Chadwick‘s The Time of Singing (Sphere, 2008), published in the USA as For the King’s Favor.

Randolph held 6 knights fees in the honor of Richmond. He bore the arms of his Grandfather Glanville.( Ralph ,eldest son b.1218,d. 1270 married Anastacia daughter of William DePercy.  This marriage produced only daughters. The eldest daughter,Mary married Robert DeNeville of Raby and conveyed her fathers lands to the Nevilles therefore the male line of the FitzRandolphs lost inhertance to Middleham

Children of Randolph and Mary:

i. Ralph Fitz Randolph  (1218 – 1270) Lord of Middleham who married  Anastasia (Anastance; de) Percy, daughter of William Percy, 6th Baron Percy (1193–1245) who founded the Gray Friars at Richmond, Yorkshire.

Ralph’s daughter Mary (aka Mary Tailboys) was the heiress of Middleham. When she married   Robert NEVILLE  ( ~1240 – 1271), the castle of Middleham passed to to the Neville family

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

The House of Neville became one of the two major powers in northern England along with the House of Percy and played a central role in the Wars of the Roses.

See below for Generations of the House of Neville   – From Fitz Randolf to Edward IV and Richard III ,

ii. Ranulf (of Middleham) Fitz RANULF ( b. ~ 1222   – d. by 1294); m. Bertrama

13. Robert FITZ RANULF, aka Robert Fitz Ralph (Talybois) of Middleham ( – ~1185)

Lord of Middleham and builder of the castle of Middleham. He married  Helen (Hawise Helewise) de GLANVILLE, who founded Coverham Abbey.

Middleham Castle

Middleham Castle is an impressive ruin, and the sense of its original strength and grandeur remains.

Middleham Castle in Wensleydale, in the county of North Yorkshire, was built by Robert Fitzrandolph, 3rd Lord of Middleham and Spennithorne, commencing in 1190. It was built near the site of an earlier motte and bailey castle. In 1270 it came into the hands of the Neville family, the most notable member of which was Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, known to history as the “Kingmaker”, a leading figure in the Wars of the Roses. Following the death of Richard, Duke of York at Wakefield in December 1460, his younger sons, George, Duke of Clarence and Richard, Duke of Gloucester, came into Warwick’s care, and both lived at Middleham with Warwick’s own family. Their brother King Edward IV was imprisoned at Middleham for a short time, having been captured by Warwick in 1469. Following Warwick’s death at Barnet in 1471 and Edward’s restoration to the throne, his brother Richard married Anne Neville, Warwick’s younger daughter, and made Middleham his main home. Their son Edward was also born at Middleham and later also died there.

Richard ascended to the throne as King Richard III, but spent little or no time at Middleham in his two-year reign. After Richard’s death at Bosworth in 1485 the castle remained in royal hands until the reign of James I, when it was sold. It fell into disuse and disrepair during the 17th Century. It was garrisoned during the Civil War, but saw no action.

14. RALPH (FITZ RANDULPH) Taillebois (Talybois) aka Radulphus de Alfreton ; poss. aka Ranulph (Radulf) Fitz Ribald  ( – 1168) m.    Agatha de BRUS  (1100 – )

Agatha was daughter of Robert I de BRUS, 1st Lord of Annandale (c. 1078 – 1141/1142) and father of the distinguished line of eight Bruces ending with Robert the Bruce (1274 – 1329) of Braveheart fame,  first son of Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale.

15. RIBALD, Lord of Middleham, d. 1121/1131, spending his days in retirement in St. Mary’s Abbey, York. aka Robert de Penthierve; aka Rybold FitzRANULPH; (Bretagne); Seigneur de Midelham; m. Beatrice de TAILLEBOIS-HEPHALL

16.  ODO, Count of Penthièvre ( ~999 – 1079) aka EUDES,(I; Regent) de Brittany; aka Eozen kont Penteur; of Tours; m. Agnes de CORNWALL



Following the death of his brother Duke Alan III, Eudes ruled as regent of Brittany in the name of his nephew Conan II, between 1040 and 1062, although some histories show 1057 as the year in which Conan II captures and imprisons him in chains. Eudes married Agnes of Cornouaille, sister of Hoel II of Brittany. At least two of Eudes’ sons (Alan and Brian) participated in the Norman conquest of England.

17. GEOFFREY I   Duke of Brittany (980 – 20  Nov 1008) ;  m. HAWISE of Normandy (c. 977 – 21 Feb 1034) daughter of RICHARD I

Geoffrey was the oldest son of Duke CONAN I and Ermengarde-GERBERGA of Anjou

When Geoffrey succeeded to Brittany he had several problems; Blois was encroaching on his territory, Vikings were threatening his shores and Anjou was offering protection.  He chose to align himself with the Duke of Normandy, marrying Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I of Normandy in 996. 

Geoffrey died en route while on a pilgrimage to Rome 20 November 1008.

19. RICHARD I Duke of Normandy , “The Fearless”, Duke of Normandy,  (933–996),who reigned more than a half century; m. GUNNORA, Duchess of Normandy

Richard I of Normandy

Richard I of Normandy

Children of Richard and Gunnora:

i. Richard II Duke of Normandy The Good”, (978/83 -1026), m.  c.1000, JUDITH (992–1017), daughter of Conan I of Brittany  He was father of Robert, “The Magnificent”, whose son was William the Conqueror .  Havoise who married Geoffry, Duke of Brittany, was hence aunt of William the Conqueror..

ii. Robert II (Archbishop of Rouen)

iii. Mauger

iv. Robert Danus

v. Willam?

vi. Emma of Normandy

vii. Maud of Normandy

viii. HAWISE of Normandy

ix. Geoffrey, Count of Eu (illegitimate)

x. William, Count of Eu (illegitimate)

xi. Beatrice of Normandy (illegitimate)

xii. Robert (illegitimate)

xiii. Papia (illegitimate)

20. WILLIAM of Normandy, “Longsword”, (c. 900 – 942)  m.  SPROTA The title duke (dux) did not come into common usage until the eleventh century and has been anachronistically applied to early Norman rulers.

Statue of William Longsword, part of the "Six Dukes of Normandy" series in Falaise.

Statue of William Longsword, part of the “Six Dukes of Normandy” series in Falaise.

21. ROLLO  (c. 846 – c. 931), was a Norse nobleman of Norwegian or Danish descent and founder and first ruler of the Viking principality which soon became known as Normandy. His descendants were the Dukes of Normandy, and by later extension, the King of England.

Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in Falaise town square.

Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in Falaise town square.

In the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911) with King Charles the Simple, Rollo pledged feudal allegiance to the king, changed his name to the Frankish version, and converted to Christianity, probably with the baptismal name Robert.  In return, King Charles granted Rollo land between the Epte and the sea as well as Brittany and according to Dudo of St. Quentin, the hand of the King’s daughter, Gisela, although this marriage and Gisela herself are unknown to Frankish sources.  He was also the titular ruler of Normandy, centered around the city of Rouen.

Generations of House of Neville

From Fitz Randolf to Edward IV and Richard III ,

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

House of Neville Armorial: Gules, a saltire argent

IRobert Neville  ( ~1240 – 1271,) married Mary Fitz Randolph  (aka Mary Tailboys) heiress of Middleham who survived him by 49 years dying in 1320.  The Fitz Randolph’s castle of Middleham passed to Robert Neville when he married Mary Fitz Randolph, daughter of 12. (Above)  Randolph Fitz RANDULPH, Lord of Middleham aka Randolph (Ranulf) FitzRobert ( ~1180 Yorkshire – by 1252 buried in Coverham Abbey)

II. Ralph Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Middleham, (18 Oct 1262 / 1270 – 18 Apr 1331) An English aristocrat and member of the powerful Neville family. He married first Euphemia de Clavering daughter of Robert de Clavering (5th Baron of Warkworth & Clavering) and Margaret La Zouche, with whom he had fourteen children. His second marriage was to Margery de Thwenge, daughter of John De Thwenge and Joan De Mauley.

III.  Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Middleham ( ~.1291 – 5 Aug 1367) He married  Alicia, daughter of Hugo de Audley. on 14 Jan 1326 with whom he had thirteen children:

Neville led the English forces to victory against the Scottish king David II of Scotland at the Battle of Neville’s Cross on  Oct 17 1346.

IV.  John Neville,  3rd  Baron Neville de Raby,Lord of Middleham, (btw 1337 – 40 Raby CastleDurham, – 17 Oct 1388)  He married Matilda Percy, Maud Percy ( – d. bef 18 Feb 1379), daughter of Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick, Northumberland, and Idoine de Clifford, daughter of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom he had two sons and five daughters.   She was the second of the Noble family of Percy to become allied with the Neville-Fitz Randolph line.

V. Ralph de Nevelle ( ~ 1363 – 1425) Lord of Middleham and first Earl of Westmoreland  4th Baron Neville de Raby.(1397),  who died 1435, Knight of the Garter; Marshall (later co-Regent) of England; Warden of west marches

Westmorland is portrayed in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Part 1Henry IV, Part 2, and Henry V.

In the opening scene of Henry IV, Part 1, Westmorland is presented historically as an ally of King Henry IV against the Percys, and in the final scenes of the play as being dispatched to the north of England by the King after the Battle of Shrewsbury to intercept the Earl of Northumberland.

In Act IV of Henry IV, Part 2, Westmorland is portrayed historically as having been principally responsible for quelling the Percy rebellion in 1405 by Archbishop Scrope almost without bloodshed by successfully parleying with the rebels on 29 May 1405 at Shipton Moor.

However in Henry V Westmorland is unhistorically alleged to have resisted the arguments made in favour of war with France by Archbishop Chichele in the Parliament which began at Leicester on 30 April 1414.

m1.  Margaret Stafford (d. 9 June 1396), the eldest daughter of Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, and Philippa Beauchamp, the daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by Katherine Mortimer, the daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March

m2. bef.  29 Nov 1396, at Château de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Anjou, Joan Beaufort, the widow of Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers,  daughter of John of Gaunt, son of Edward III  thus joining the English Royal line. Randolph and Joan had a daughter, Cicely Nevelle, called “The Rose of Raby”, who married Richard Plantagenent 3rd Duke of York who was killed in the battle of Wakefield in 1460.

The children were Edward IV and Richard III , Kings of the House of York.

Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV and granddaughter of Cicely, combined the Houses of York and Lancaster in the person of her son  Henry VIII, — she having married Henry VII, a Lancastrian  descendant of John of Gaunt—and thus ended definitely “The War of Roses”.





History of Nottinghamshire, Volume 2 By Robert Thoroton — London 1797

THOMAS VAIL, SALEM 1640 by Wm. PennVail, M.D. LDS Library Call 929.273


Posted in 13th Generation, Artistic Representation, Historical Monument, Historical Site, Line - Shaw, Royal Ancestors | Tagged , , , , | 5 Comments

Edward Fitz Randolph

Edward FITZ RANDOLPH (1607 – 1675) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor -Fitz Randolf Coat of Arms

Edward Fitz Randolph was baptized 5 Jul 1607 in Sutton-In-Ashfield, Nottingham, England. His parents were Edward FITZ RANDOLPH Sr. and Frances HOWES.  He came from a titled family, see his father’s page for our Royal ancestors.

In March 1630, he sailed with the great fleet of eleven emigrant ships assembled by John Winthrop from Groton, Suffolk out of London and landed att Naumkeag on the coast of Massachusetts on 13 June at what is now called Salem. Because Edward came from a titled family, perhaps he had passage on the flagship, the “Arbella” with Winthrop himself.

The total count of passengers is believed to be about seven hundred, and presumed to have included the following people. Financing was by the Mass. Bay Company. The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.

Edward married Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony. He died 1675 in Piscataway, New Jersey. By tradition he is buried in the west corner of Saint James Churchyard in Edison, New Jersey with Elizabeth in northwest corner close to Woodbridge Ave.     His tombstone  is thought to have been destroyed when the British built breastworks for encampment.

St James Church New Jersey

By tradition, Edward is buried in St James Churchyard, Edison  New Jersey

St James Church Edison New Jersey

St James Church Edison New Jersey. Edward’s tombstone is thought to have been destroyed when the British built breastworks for encampment.

Elizabeth Blossom was born about 1620 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. Her parents were Thomas BLOSSOM and Ann ELSDON. After Edward died, she married John Pike on 30 June 1685.Elizabeth died in 1703  in Piscataway, New Jersey.   Family tradition has her buried next to Edward, not her second husband.

Children of  Edward and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph 30 Aug 1640 Barnstable, Mass 10 Dec 1640 at age 4 months and buried “in the calf’s pasture.”
2. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph bapt.
15 May 1642 Barnstable, Mass
Mary Holloway (daughter of Joseph HOLLOWAY)
Nov 1662
Jane Curtis
12 Apr 1706/07 Haddonfield Meeting, Haddonfield, New Jersey
21 Nov 1713 Woodbridge,  New Jersey
3. Mary Fitz Randolph bapt.
6 Oct 1644 Barnstable, Mass
4. Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH 23 Apr 1648 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Jasper TAYLOR
6 Nov 1668 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
13 Apr 1705 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
5. Mary Fitz Randolph 2 Jun 1650 Barnstable, Mass Samuel Hinckley (brother of Gov. Thomas Hinckley of Plymouth)
15 Jan 1668/69
4 Jan 1738 West Barnstable, Mass
6. John Fitz Randolph 7 Oct 1653 Barnstable, Mass. Sarah Bonham
2 Oct 1681 Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
19 Jun 1727 Woodbridge, Middlesexm  New Jersey
7. Joseph  Fitz Randolph 1 Mar 1656 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Joannah Conger
16 Jan 1686/87
Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
8. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph ~1657 Barnstable, Mass Andrew Wooden
22 Aug 1676
9. Thomas Fitz Randolph 16 Aug 1659 Barnstable, Mass Elizabeth Manning
23 Nov 1686
25 Oct 1745  Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey
10. Hope Fitz Randolph ~1661 Barnstable, Mass Ezekiel Bloomfield
22 Dec 1680 Piscataway, New Jersey
Woodbridge, New Jersey
11. Benjamin Fitz Randolph ~1663 Barnstable, Mass. Sarah Dennis
1 July 1689 Piscataway
Margaret Robertson
14 May 1733
5 Oct 1746 Stoney Brooke, Princeton Township, Middlesex, New Jersey

Edward Fitz Randolph joined the  Rev. John LATHROP‘s  congregation in Scituate and moved with his flock to Barnstable.

Lothropp gained prominence in 1624, when he was called to replace Reverend Henry Jacob as the pastor of the First Independent Church in London, a congregation of sixty members which met at Southwark. Church historians sometimes call this church the Jacob-Lathrop-Jessey Church, named for its first three pastors, Henry Jacob, John Lothropp and Henry Jessey.

They were forced to meet in private to avoid the scrutiny of Bishop of London William Laud. Following the group’s discovery on April 22, 1632 by officers of the king, forty two of Lothropp’s Independents were arrested. Only eighteen escaped capture. They were prosecuted for failure to take the oath of loyalty to the established church. They were jailed in The Clink prison. All were released on bail by the spring of 1634 except Lothropp, who was deemed too dangerous to be set at liberty. While he was in prison, his wife Hannah House became ill and died. His six surviving children were according to tradition left to fend for themselves begging for bread on the streets of London. Friends being unable to care for his children brought them to the Bishop who had charge of Lothropp. The bishop ultimately released him on bond in May of 1634 with the understanding that he would immediately remove to the New World.

Lothrop was told that he would be pardoned upon acceptance of terms to leave England permanently with his family along with as many of his congregation members as he could take who would not accept the authority of the Church of England.

The State Papers in the new Record Office, Fetter Lane, London, have preserved some of the Star Chamber records of John Lothropp’s imprisoned days. The last record probably was the order of the court which opened the way for his escape to America. The record found on page 71 of Governor Winthrop’s Journal, quotes John Lothropp, a freeman, rejoicing in finding a “church without a bishop,” . . . “and a state without a king.”

Lathrop accepted the terms of the offer and left for Plymouth, Massachusetts. With his group, he sailed on the Griffin and arrived in Boston on Sep 18 1634.

They did not stay in Boston long. Within days, he and his group relocated to Scituate where they “joyned in covenaunt together” along with nine others who preceded them to form the “church of Christ collected att Scituate.”

Rev. LATHROP   wrote:

” The young master Fitzrandolphe ” built in 1636, the 38th house constructed in Scituate.

His house in order, Edward married Elizabeth BLOSSOM 10 May 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth Colony.

He joined Mr. Lathrop’s church in Scituate May 14, 1637 and his wife joined at Barnstable August 27, 1643.

The Congregation at Scituate was not a success. Dissent on the issue of baptism as well as other unspecified grievances and the lack of good grazing land and fodder for their cattle caused the church in Scituate to split in 1638.

Edward sold his house in that town to Deacon Richard Sealis, and removed in the spring of 1639 to Barnstable, and built a house on his lot containing eight acres,bounded east by the road to Hyanis.

Lothrop had petitioned Gov. Thomas PRENCE     (wiki) in Plymouth for a “place for the transplanting of us, to the end that God might have more glory and wee more comfort.” Mr. Lothrop and a large company arrived in Barnstable, October 11, 1639  bringing with them the crops which they had raised in Scituate.  There, within three years they had built homes for all the families.

1641: Edward serves as a juryman.

1643: Edward listed as able to bear arms in New Plymouth.

1 Jun 1649: Edward Fitzrandolphe  sells his home to our ancestor John CHIPMAN and removed to his farm in West Barnstable ,”a double great lot”  , containing 120 acres of upland, bounded north by the meadows, east by the Bursley farm, south by the commons, and west by the lands of Mr. Thomas Dexter.

The deed of which is in the records at Barnstable. The land included eight acres, bounded on the north by the County Road, presently Route 6A, east by the Hyannis Road, extending across the present line of the Railroad (now extinct), south by the commons and on the west by the homestead of George Lewis Sr. The deed also conveyed a garden spot and orchard on the north side of the County road.

In 1669 Edward Fitz Randolph, his family and several other families left their Barnstable home, for religious reasons and settled in East Jersey, near the mouth of the Raritan river, where he purchased from the Proprietary a large tract of land. Several of his older sons also taking up lands in their own right at the same time. At the time of Edward’s death in 1675 his land had not been surveyed.

The Stelton Baptist Church in Edison, New Jersey was formed in the spring of 1689. Until 1875, the church was known as the First Baptist Church of Piscataway. In 1870 portions of Piscataway, New Jersey and Woodbridge, New Jersey were used to form Raritan, New Jersey. The site of the church later became Edison, New Jersey.

History of the First Baptist Church of Piscataway, Stelton, NJ 1889 BY Oliver B. Leonard Esq.

The names of the first pioneers to settle on the Raritan were Hugh DunnJohn Martin, Hopewell Hull and Charles Gillman, with their families. On the 21st of May, 1666, they were granted the right as associates of the Woodbridge patentees, and December 18, following, were deeded by these New England neighbors from Newbury, one-third of their purchase obtained the week before. During the next year there came other members of the Gillman and Hull families, also Robert Dennis and John Smith.

So cheerful were the prospects and complete the liberties established; so peaceful the plantation and so generous the inducements offered, that additional emigration soon followed by friends and neighbors of the original pioneers. Before the year 1670 passed, the settlement of Piscataway had been increased by many new arrivals of associate planters from New England. Among them were Francis DrakeBenajah DunhamHenry Langstaff and John Martin, with their families, from New Hampshire; John Fitz Randolph, with his brothers, Thomas, Joseph and Benjamin, and sisters Elizabeth and Ruth, with their parents; Geoffry Manning, Nicholas Bonham, Samuel Walker and John Smalley, with their wives and children, from other New England districts, where the intolerance of the established Church order had restricted and restrained the exercise of free conscience and subjected them to many indignities and deprivations.

But the required number of actual settlers had not yet purchased land in Piscataway and made such improvements as were contemplated and specified by the Woodbridge grant of 1666, and the previous charter of 1664 to the Elizabethtown colony. Four years had now intervened without realizing the necessary accessions to the population or the required development of the territory. On the 20th of October, 1670, Governor Carteret made a public proclamation waiving all objections that might be made against the Piscataway settlement “on account of their not having come in exactly according to the time limited.” Stimulated by this official concession, renewed efforts were immediately made resulting in the greater improvement of the country and an increase of emigration thither.

By 1675-6 Piscataway had attained a notable prominence in the civil affairs of the province, and that year sent for the first time two deputies to the General Assembly, which had been held but twice before, (during the Spring and Winter of 1668). The few accessions made during the five years succeeding 1676-81 may have been caused by the disputed title of boundaries between Piscataway and Woodbridge, and the division of ownership in the colony and the unsettled condition of proprietorship, which was not definitely determined till 1682.

Up to this period nearly all the planters had come from plantations in New England or Long Island, and been under the influence of instruction tending to Baptist doctrines. Most all of the first original settlers in Piscataway were imbued with religious principles of this denomination, which had been discernible among the earliest adventurers to New England, and been preached by Hauserd Knollys in New Hampshire and taught by Roger Williams in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and advocated by William Wickenden among the towns on Long Island.

.Several of the Fitz Randolph families made East Jersey their home for many generations. But Benjamin in a few years moved to the site of the present town of Princeton. Our knowledge of his family is entirely due to the records left by his son Nathaniel Fitz Randolph of Princeton.

In October 1683 Edward’s widow was living in New Piscataqua ,New Jersey.  He is called in “deedes” a yeoman, or farmer,and does not appear to have been employed in any public office

Edward  was bequeathed 10 pounds sterling by his father if he came to demand it.


2. Nathaniel Fitz Randoph

Nathaniel’s first wife Mary Holloway was born 1643 in Sandwich, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were our ancestors Joseph HOLLOWAY and Rose Holly ALLEN. Mary died 12 Jul 1703 in Woodbridge, New Jersey

Nathaniel’s second wife Jane Curtis was born 11 Apr 1661 in Bugbrooke, Northamptonshire, England. Jane first married 1681 in Burlington, New Jersey to Samuel Ogborne (b. 1657 in Scotland – d. 8 Dec 1694 in Burlington, Burlington, New Jersey), second 1698 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey to John Hampton (b. 1640 in Ephingstown, East Lothian, Scotland – d. 23 Jan 1702 in Freehold, New Jersey), third to Nathaniel, and fourth 7 Aug 1719 in Haddonfield, Camden, New Jersey to John Sharp (b. 29 Dec 1661 in Flower, Northamptonshire, England – d. 1729 in Evesham, Burlington, New Jersey) Jane died 13 Dec 1731 in Buckingham, Bucks, Pennsylvania,

Nathaniel became a Quaker, and one of the most influential of the sect. He migrated to Woodbridge township in 1678-9, locating near the Blazing Star ferry. He was the father of eight children, and a man of remarkable usefulness and importance in the commonwealth, filling all the local and county offices and prominent in the colonial government.  His brothers, John, Joseph, Thomas and Benjamin , had moved to Piscataway ten years earlier- in 1668-9 and were all  Baptists except Benjamin. The emigration of this family to New Jersey was prompted by the severe enactments of the court of the old colonies, prohibiting the free exercise of individual consciences, compelling every person to sustain by tax the established Church worship, and imposing banishment upon any who opposed infant baptism.

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph was one of the four who first asked for religious tolerance for the Friends in New England. In 1677, having joined the Quakers years before, and had in consequence suffered much persecution from the Plymouth government, exchanged his house in Barnstable for land in Woodbridge, N.J., and in the year afterwards, 1678-9, moved with his family to New Jersey. He served as associate justice of Middlesex Co., N.J. in 1688, 1692, and 1698; and in 1693-5, he represented Woodbridge in Provisional Assembly. In 1683, on the death of James Bollen, first Secretary of the Province, he was one of the two guardians of his children, and, on the establishment of the Woodbridge Monthly Meeting of Friends in 1706, he became a prominent member of the Society, and for seven years the Meeting was held in his house, until the completion of the Meeting House in 1713, two months before his death.”

Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey

Nathaniel and his immediate descendants were the only members of this prominent family belonging to the Friends. It is thought Nathaniel joined the Society at his marriage in 1662.He suffered persecution from Plymouth government and was fined 10 pounds (1663) & 2 pounds, 2 shillings (1669) by Plymouth court. Before 1677, he received a severe beating from Puritan neighbors after a religious argument and that same year he exchanged house in Barnstable for land in Woodbridge, NJ. He was succesful in New Jersey serving on the Vigilance Committeeman, Assoc Justice & High Sheriff of Middlesex Co, NJ, State Assemblyman, Overseer of Highways, Woodbridge Town Committeeman. Before 1713 he was a patentee of 590 acres of land in Middlesex Co, NJ.

In 1704 his house was opened for weekly meetings of the Friends. He died in 1713. His descendants have married with the Hulls, the Kinseys, the Hartshorns, the Hamptons, the Marshes, the Vails, the Laings, the Websters, the Shotwells and the Smiths.

On the 24th of August, 1704, at a quarterly meeting held in Shrewsbury, it was “agreed” that “for time to come it [the meeting] should be kept at Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s house, in Woodbridge every first day of the week until Friends se kause to alter it.” “it was then and there proposed by some friends in and about Woodbridge, to wit, John Kensy, Benjamin Griffith, William Sutton and John Laing whether it might not be konvenient to have a Preparative-meeting setled there to be held once a month? the Question was considered by friends and they answered, that it was their sence that it might be Serviceable and agreed to it, and left the appointment of the day when it should be held, to the friends of Woodbridge meeting.”

The Woodbridge meetings, except two, (held at John Kinsey’s in November & December, 1707) continued from this time forward to be held at the house of Fitz Randolph until the Friends had completed their meeting house, in which the first session was held September 19th, 1713. We cannot tell where Fitz Randolph dwelt; hence we cannot designate the locality where the Quakers met, for so many years, in harmonious council. Nor are we wiser in regard to the house of Benjamin Griffith where the first Quaker meeting in the village was convened. In 1707 we find the latter spoken of as an inhabitant of Amboy, from which we infer that he had returned to that place, although he attended the Woodbridge meetings with unabated interest. It may not be out of place to state that some well-informed people believe Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s residence to have occupied the site of the building which was the property of the late John Barron, near the depot on Green Street.

On the 18th of August the building of a Meeting-house was again discussed, John Kinsy offering a plot of ground for the purpose. Kinsy’s offer was not accepted on account of the inconvenience of the locality in which his land lay. It was resolved, however, to select a suitable place. In September, Nathaniel Fitz Randolph reported that no eligible spot had been heard of; but in October he stated that a man willing to sell a desirable piece of ground had been found. He was authorized to effect the purchase of it.

On the 21st of January, 1706, he informed the Friends that the land, comprising of half an acre, could be obtained for six pounds. The meeting approved the proceedings of Fitz Randolph, and he was directed to make the purchase in his own name. A subscription of eleven shillings and six pence was paid, which was swelled at subsequent meetings to the full amount required. William Sutton, being about to remove from Piscataway to Burlington, on the 15th of June donated a year-old steer “towards building [the] Meeting-house.” The animal was taken to be “wintered” for 6s. by Thomas Sutton, son of William, by order of the Friends. At this date the land in question had been laid out by Nathaniel Fitz Randolph and John Allen; and a deed was written by the Clerk, Benjamin Griffith, by which the land was held in trust for the Quakers by Fitz Randolph and John Kinsy. John Allen, formerly minister of the Woodbridge Town Church, was the man from whom the plot was bought , the said Allen owning considerable property about where the Methodist Episcopal Church now stands. Many of our Woodbridge readers remember the Friends’ burial place recently occupied by the lecture-room of the Methodists; but few, if any, are aware that a Quaker Meeting House once stood there. Such is the fact, and the history of this ancient building, no trace of which is left, is that which we are now recounting. How soon, alas, perishes all the handiwork of man! This house cost much sacrifice and toil to complete it, as the records show; but what remains, except these yellow leaves, to tell us the struggles of the godly worshipers. May they sleep the sleep of the just in their unknown graves, for the story of their toils is know to One who giveth rest to His beloved.

Children of Nathaniel and Mary:

i. John Fitz Randolph b: 1 Feb 1663 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony

ii. Isaac Fitz Randolph b: 7 Dec 1664 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony

iii. Samuel Fitz Randolph b: 1668 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony

4. Hannah Fitz Randolph (See Jasper TAYLOR‘s page)

5. Mary Fitz Randolph

Mary’s husband Samuel Hinckley was born 24 Jul 1642 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony. His parents were Samuel Hinckley (b: 25 Jul 1587 in Harrietsham, Kent, England) and Sarah Soule (bapt. 8 Jun 1600 in Hawkhurst, Kent, England. He first married 14 Dec 1664 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony to Mary Goodspeed (bapt. 2 Sep 1647 in Barnstable – d.  20 Dec 1666 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass)  Samuel died 2 Jan 1727 in Barnstable, Massachusetts.

Samuel was born in England and migrated to Scituate with his parents, Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, in 1635. In 1639, he moved from Scituate to Barnstable

Samuel’s brother Thomas Hinckley (wiki) was the Governor Plymouth from 1680 to its merger with Massachusetts in 1692.

Samuel and Mary Hinkley Memorial -- West Barnstable Cemetery -- Findagrave # 5762111

Samuel and Mary Hinkley Memorial — West Barnstable Cemetery — Findagrave # 5762111

Children of Mary and Samuel:

i. Samuel Hinckley b. 6 Feb 1669 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Isaac Hinckley b. 20 Aug 1674 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Mary Hinckley b. May 1677 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. Mercy Hinckley b. 9 Apr 1679 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Ebenezer Hinckley b. 2 Aug 1685 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. Ichabod Hinckley b. 1686 Barnstable, Mass.

vii. Thomas Hinckley b. 1 Jan 1689 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

6. John Fitz Randolph

John’s wife Sarah Bonham was born 16 Feb 1664 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Nicholas Bonham, (1630 -1684) and Hannah Fuller (1636 -1683) Sarah died 16 Jan 1738 in Belvedere, New Jersey.

John was a constituent member of the First Baptist Church of Piscataway and one of the largest landholders in the township.

Children of John and Sarah:

i. Sarah Fitz Randolph b. 25 Apr 1682 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ii. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 18 Feb 1684 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iii. Francis Fitz Randolph (twin) b. 15 Jun 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Temperance Fitz Randolph (twin) b. 15 Jun 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

v. John Fitz Randolph b. 2 Nov 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vi. Edward Fitz Randolph b. 25 May 1698 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

7. Joseph Fitz Randolph

Joseph’s wife Joannah “Hannah” Conger was born 1670 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were John Conger ( – 1712) and Mary Kelly (1641 -1689). Hannah died 26 Jun 1742 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

Children of Joseph and Joannah:

i. Hannah Fitz Randolph b. 4 Feb 1688; m. Andrew Drake

ii. Joseph Fitz Randolph b. 11 Feb 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Rebecca Drake

iii. Mary Fitz Randolph b. 3 Aug 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Bethia Fitz Randolph b. 20 Sep 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

v. Lydia Fitz Randolph b. 4 Jan 1698 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vi. Moses Fitz Randolph b. 9 Apr 1700 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vii. Jonathan Fitz Randolph b. 15 Jun 1702 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Margaret Manning

viii. Susannah Fitz Randolph b. 23 Jun 1704 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ix. Ruth Fitz Randolph b. 11 Jun 1706 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

x. Anna Fitz Randolph b. 3 Sep 1708 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

xi. Prudence Fitz Randolph b. 30 Nov 1712 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Nathaniel Manning

xii. Isaac Fitz Randolph b. 21 Apr 1716 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

8. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph

Elizabeth’s husband Andrew Wooden was born 1662 in New Hampshire. His parents were John Wooden (1636 – 1720) and Audrey Medhurst (1638 – 1720). Andrew died 1702 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States

Children of Elizabeth and Andrew:

i. Elizabeth Wooden 1678 – 1682

ii. Hope Wooden 1680 – 1765

iii. Josiah Wooden 1682 – 1720

iv. Deliverence Wooden 1683 – 1719

v. Mercy Wooden 1683 – 1683

vi. Peter Wooden 1685 – 1776

9. Thomas Fitz Randolph

Thomas’ wife Elizabeth Manning was born 1669 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were Jeffrey Manning and Hepzibah Andrews (b.1645 – ) Elizabeth died 1 Mar 1732 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey.    She died from Small Pox, along with her daughter Elizabeth (Mar 19) and a grandson (Mar 21) within weeks of each other. All three are side by side in the Fitzrandolph family plots, and died within three weeks of each other.

Thomas  was Clerk of the township and one of the first group of Selectmen to manage the affairs of Piscataway, and served as deputy in the General Assembly.

Thomas was a weaver.

Elizabeth Manning Fitz Randolph Headstone

Elizabeth Manning Fitz Randolph Headstone — Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery, Edison, Middlesex, New Jersey. A metal marker was placed beside his wife’s gravestone in memory of Thomas. — Findagrave #16012924

Here lyes ye body of
Elizabeth ye Wife (of – missing/damaged)
Thomas Fitzrandolph
died With ye small
pox march ye 1, 1732
Age 63 years.

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth:

i. Thomas Fitz Randolph b. 20 Jul 1687 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ii. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 1689 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 19 Mar 1732 Burial: Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery, Edison, Middlesex, New Jersey

Here Lyes ye body
of Elizabeth Fitz
Randolph died
march ye 19 1732
Aged 43 years
daught. of Thomas
died with small

iii. David Fitz Randolph b. 1 Jan 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Jonathan Fitz Randolph b. 12 Jan 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

v. Bathsheba Fitz Randolph b. 24 Sep 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

vi. Dinah Fitz Randolph b. 10 Jul 1700 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 1775 and may be buried in Bethlehem, Hunterdon County, New Jersey?

vii. Luranah Fitz Randolph b. 19 Feb 1703 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

10. Hope Fitz Randolph

Hope’s husband Ezekiel Bloomfield was born 1 Nov 1653 Newburyport Essex, Mass. His parents were Thomas Bloomfield (1617 – 1684) and Mary Withers (1620 – 1686). Ezekiel died 15 Feb 1703 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey;

Ezekiel was called “youngest son” in the will of his father, and he received land and personal property in the will of his brother Thomas.

1 Jan 1687 – Ezekiel Bloomfield was elected a Deputy to the Colonial Assembly January 1, 1687.

– “We presume that Ezekiel Bloomfield was keeper of the pound for many years, for we read of animals being impounded very often; but up to 1700, Ezeskiel, who was elected to that distinguished position in 1692, is the only many whose name is used in connection with the office.”

20 Apr 1694 Recorded May 28, 1694. Deed. Ezekiel Blumfield wheelwright, to John Loofbourrow, miller, both of Woodbridge, for 25 acres of meadow, N. the Great Pond, W. meadow, sold by John Blomfield to John Barclay, S. and E. grantor’s meadow.

27 Nov 1697 – Deed. Ezekiel Blumfield of Woodbridge, carpenter, and with Hope to Richard Powell of the same place, Innholder, for 2 acres of saltmeadow there, S.E. John Blumfield, now George Browne, S. Samuel Moore, W. a small creek, N. Papiack Neck (NJ Arch., 21:276)

12 Jan 1702/03 – Will. Blomfield, Ezekiel, of Woodbridge, will of. Wife Hope; children- Timothy, Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Joseph, Benjamin, Mary, brother Thomas Bloomfield mentioned. Land in Langster’s Plain, salt marsh bought of John Lovebury, part of Rarington meadows, personal estate. Executors- wife and son Timothy. Witnesses- Samuel Hale, William Ellison and Joseph Fitz Randolph. Proved February 26, 1702/03

Children of Hope and Ezekiel:

i. Timothy Bloomfield b. 11 Feb. 1681; d. After 20 Sept. 1748 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; m. 2 April 1707 in Woodbridge to Rose Higgins.

Timothy married only about three months after the death of his mother. His father was already dead. Did he take in some of his younger siblings to raise? Is this why he married so quickly, or was he already engaged?

ii. Ezekiel Bloomfield b. 26 Nov 1683; d. 14 Jan 1748 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. 23 Dec 1706 in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey to Hester Rolfe (b. 1685 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 11 Sep 1742 Woodbridge) Hester was previously married to Jonathon Dunham.

iii. Rebeckah Bloomfield: b. 7 Jun 1686 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 25 Dec. 1688 at age 2 years, 6 months and 18 days. Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey

iv. Nathaniel Bloomfield: b. 9 Feb 1688 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 15 Oct. 1689 at age 1 year, 8 months and six days. Woodbridge, New Jersey. Death occurred only 9 months and 20 days after his sister’s death.

v. Jeremiah Bloomfield b. 28 Jan 1693 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 1746 Lycoming County, Pennsylvania; m. 8 Jan 1721/1722 to Katherine Weeks

vi. Joseph Bloomfield b. 21 March 1694/95 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; d. 16 May 1782 Woodbridge; m. 5 Sep 1721, probably in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey Eunice Dunham (b. 12 May 1702 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 30 Nov 1760 Woodbridge)

vii. Rebecca Bloomfield: b. 1697 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 1757 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; m. ~1715 in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey to Charles Salyer, Jr.

viii. Mary Bloomfield: b. ~ 1697 Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey; d. 30 Jun 1750 Woodbridge; m. Obadiah Ayers (b. 25 Dec 1703 Woodbridge – d. 1760 Woodbridge) Obadiah’s parents were Obadiah Ayers (1670 – 1729) and Joanna F Jones Ayers (1670 – )

ix. Benjamin Bloomfield: b. 1701; d. 26 May 1772 Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey; m. Susannah [__?__]

Were they Quakers? They are listed in an article about early Plainfield Quakers, but it isn’t stated whether they were Quaker, or even lived there. The great grandson was not, so if they were, that ended at least with some lines in a few generations.

11. Benjamin Fitz Randolph

Benjamin’s first wife Sarah Dennis was born 18 Jul 1673 in Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey. Her parents were John Dennis (1640 – 1689) and Sarah Bloomfield (1643 – 1689) Sarah died 22 Nov 1732 in Stoney Brook, New Jersey.

Benjamin’s second wife Margaret Robertson was born 1709 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey. Margaret died 1747 in Princeton, New Jersey.

Benjamin was taken in as a townsman of Piscataway in 1684. but moved to Princeton in 1696-9 with a colony of Friends whom William Penn induced to settle on a fertile plantation watered by Stony Brook, a tributary of the Millstone River.

Children of Benjamin and Sarah:

i. Sarah Fitz Randolph b. 14 Apr 1691 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

ii. Grace Fitz Randolph b. 25 Jan 1693 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iii. Ruth Fitz Randolph b. 8 Apr 1695 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey

iv. Hope Fitz Randolph b. 12 Feb 1697 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

v. Benjamin Fitz Randolph b. 24 Apr 1699 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey; d. Jan 1758
New Jersey; m. 10 Mar 1728 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey to Elizabeth Pridemore (b. 1709 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey – d. 1758 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey)

Benjamin FitzRandolph and Elizabeth Pridemore FitzRandoph left NJ and settled in North Carolina for a while. The N. C. Colonial Records show land grants for him in 1735 in Bladen Co., NC . They lived on the Cape Fear River and was referred to as a “Planter”. He is referenced as “Sr.” in the records , although he was the son of Benjamin of New Jersey who never came to North Carolina. This reference was most likely because he had a son Benjamin also. At some point Benjamin FitzRandolph and Elizabeth returned to NJ where they died. He was appointed POA for his brother- in-law, Ephraim Manning who had returned to NJ about 1739.

vi. Isaac FitzRandolph b. 10 Apr 1701 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey; d. 13 May 1750 Freehold, Monmouth, New Jersey; m. 28 Nov 1728 in Piscataway, Middlesex, New Jersey to Rebecca Seabrook (b. 8 Jun 1708 in Middletown, Monmouth, New Jersey – d. 25 Mar 1744 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey) Rebecca’s parents were James Seabrook (1685 – 1735)
and Hannah Grover (1687 – )

vii. Nathaniel Fitz Randolph b. 11 Nov 1703 in Princeton, New Jersey; d. 1780 Princeton, Mercer, New Jerseyp; m. 20 Oct 1729 in Mercer, Princeton, New Jersey to Rebekah Mershon (b. 10 Mar 1711 in Hunterdon, New Jersey – d. 12 Mar 1784 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey)

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph Memorial

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph Memorial

The four and a half acres of ground given by Mr. Fitz Randolph for the site of the College adjoined his own residence on the King’s Highway, now Nassau Street and the Lincoln Highway, behind which was the family burial ground. When Holder Hall was erected on this site in 1909, mo less than thirty-two tombs were discovered, one of them being that of Nathaniel Fitz Randolph.

The contents of the graves were carefully preserved in separate boxes. University President Woodrow Wilson directed the remains to be re-interred in a vault under the eastern arch of Holder Hall. A memorial tablet bears the inscription, “Near this spot lie the remains of Nathaniel FitzRandolph, the generous giver of the land upon which the original buildings of this university were erected. In agro jacet nostro immo suo (In our ground he sleeps, nay, rather in his own).”

Holder Hall, Princeton University

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph is interred in a vault under Holder Hall, Princeton University

Ironically, Holder Hall, built over Nathaniel Fitz Randolph’s grave is named for another of our Quaker relatives, Christopher Holder.

On Sep 16, 1658 by the order of Governor Endicott, Christopher Holder, a future son-in-law of Richard SCOTT, had his right ear cut off by the hangman at Boston for the crime of being a Quaker. Richard’s wife, Katherine MARBURY SCOTT  (Anne Hutchinson’s (wiki) sister), was present, and remonstrating against this barbarity, was thrown into prison for two months, and then publicly flogged ten stripes with a three-corded whip.   Mrs. Scott protested

“that it was evident they were going to act the work of darkness or else they would have brought them forth publicly and have declared them offences, that all may hear and fear.”

For this utterance the Puritan Fathers of Boston

“committed her to prison and they gave her ten cruel stripes with a three-fold corded knotted whip” shortly after “though ye confessed when ye had her before you that for ought ye knew she had been of unblamable character and though some of you knew her father and called him Mr. Marbury and that she had been well bred (as among men and had so lived) and that she was the mother of many children. Yet ye whipped her for all that, and moreover told her that ye were likely to have a law to hang her if she came thither again.”

To which she answered:

“If God calls us, woe be unto us if we come not, and I question not but he whom we love will make us not to count our lives dear unto ourselves for the sake of his name.”

To which vow, Governor Endicott, replied:

“And we shall be as ready to take any of your lives as ye shall be to lay them down.”

You can read the full story in my post Puritans v. Quakers – Boston Martyrs

Founding Princeton

Nathaniel FitzRandolph, a Quaker, was primarily responsible for raising the money and securing the land required by the trustees to locate the College in Princeton, which they did in 1756. He was a large land owner in and about Princeton, and one of its prominent citizens. A number of other locations for the college of New Jersey were considered. New Brunswick was more favored than any other site by the Trustees, but Fitz Randolph by his energy fulfilled the monetary requirements for the location of the college, where others failed, and won the prize.

The citizens of Princeton complied with the trustees’ request to raise £1,000 (actually they raised £1,700), provide ten acres of cleared land for the campus and 200 acres of woodland for fuel. FitzRandolph himself donated £20 and 4.5 acres of land.

According to legend, an agreement between Nathaniel FitzRandolph and the College of New Jersey (as Princeton was then known) was made in 1753. In exchange for donating the land on which Nassau Hall now resides, the College agreed to pay tuition for all of his descendants to attend the institution. Unfortunately, this is not true. No such provision was incorporated into the deed of gift.

Nathaniel wrote the following account “Of the College at Princeton, New Jersey:”

“When it was reported that a Charter was granted by Hamilton our Deputy Governor for a college to be erected some where in New Jersey, & twelve trustees appointed, I was the first man that proposed to set subscriptions on foot Sd Tower, also I was the first man that drew a subscription for that purpose, also the first man that rode to obtain subscriptions, also wrote twenty papers for that purpose, and helped to spread them. And did obtain about five hundred Pounds as subscriptions under sd Charter.

Also after a second Charter was granted by Gov. Jonathan Blecher for a College in New Jersey and twenty five trustees were appointed, the old subscription was dropped. And I wrote about fifteen subscription papers more, helping to spread sd subscription papers in which about seventeen hundred Pounds was obtained.

“I also gave four acres and a half of land to set the college on, and twenty Pounds, besides time and expenses for several years together, but whereas, I did sign but three acres in the subscription, so I took a receipt of some of the Trustees only, for the three acres of land to answer the subscription, and also the consideration mentioned in the deed I gave the Trustees for sd College land, is one hundred and fifty Pounds, I never did receive one penny of it, that was only to confirm title.” (signed “Nathaniel Fitz Randolph”

Nathaniel Fitz Randolph was the author of the “Book of Records,” now in the possession of Princeton University, which gives an account of the branch of the Fitz Randolph family to which he belonged.

Fitz Randolph Gates

In 1905 the FitzRandolph Gateway was erected through a bequest from Augustus van Winkle in honor of his ancestor Nathaniel FitzRandolph. This gateway adorns the main entrance of the campus from Nassau Street.

The myth surrounding Fitz Randolph Gate prevents most students from venturing out the main exit.

The FitzRandolph Gate was initially constructed to keep townspeople off the University campus. It was built in 1905 and kept closed and locked, except during the Parade and graduation. The graduation march through the gate, which is still observed, symbolizes the graduates’ transition from the University into the larger world.

The gate was also opened occasionally to honor notable visitors.  For example, President Grover Cleveland passed through the gate during his visit to campus.

In 1970, the gate was permanently cemented open, at the request of the Class of 1970. This gesture was intended to reflect improving relations with the town. The opening also embodied a greater significance.  Given the student uproar over Vietnam and Cambodia, it was an attempt to symbolize that Princeton was open and responsive to the world, and not just a cloistered ivy tower.  Since 1970, the gate has remained open for regular use. However, the superstition that emerged shortly after the opening has caused some students to avoid the gate.

According to the myth, students may imperil their graduation by exiting the gate towards Nassau Street.   While entering the gate is apparently safe, some students still take extra precaution.

“I know people that won’t walk in the gates,” said Emily Moxley ’05. “I always laugh at them when I walk in and they take an extra minute or two to go to one of the side gates.

Some alumni are still quite serious about observing FitzRandolph protocol. Michelle Yun ’06 visited campus as a pre-frosh with Thomas F. Schrader ’72. At the time, she was not aware of the myth and nearly walked out of the gate to take a photograph.  “Mr. Schrader jumped up . . . and grabbed me with both arms, pulling me back suddenly,” she said.  Since the incident, Yun says she will not enter or exit the gate and will not permit anyone walking with her to do so either.

viii. Grace Fitz Randolph b. 5 Oct 1706 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

ix. Elizabeth Fitz Randolph b. 31 Dec 1708 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

Children of Benjamin and Maragaret:

x. Mary Fitz Randolph b. 4 Apr 1734 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey

xi. Margaret Fitz Randolph b. 7 Nov 1736 in Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey









Posted in 12th Generation, Dissenter, Historical Church, Historical Monument, Historical Site, Immigrant - England, Immigrant Coat of Arms, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Place Names, Royal Ancestors | Tagged , , , | 16 Comments

Jasper Taylor

Jasper TAYLOR (1643 – 1719) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor

Jasper Taylor was born 21 Oct 1641, St. Andrew, Holborn, Middlesex, England. His parents were Richard TAYLOR (1610 – ) and [__?__]. He is sometimes called Jospeh Taylor.  He married Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH 6 Nov 1668 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Jasper died 1719 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Hannah Fitz Randolf was born 23 Apr 1648 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Edward FITZ RANDOLPH and Elizabeth BLOSSOM.Hannah died 13 Apr 1705 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass

Children of  Jasper and Hannah:

Name Born Married Departed
1. John Taylor 28 Jan 1670  Barnstable, Plymouth Colony 9 Feb 1669 Barnstable
2. Mercy TAYLOR 6 Nov 1671 Barnstable, Mass. Jonathan WHELDON
1 Dec 1698 Yarmouth
14 Mar 1742 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.
3. Hope Taylor 24 Oct 1674   Barnstable, Plymouth Colony Joseph Sturgis (Son of Edward STURGIS)
13 Apr 1705 Yarmouth, Massa
4. Seth Taylor 5 Sep 1677  Barnstable, Plymouth Colony Susanna Sturgis
20 May 1701
17 Dec 1721  Yarmouth
5. John Taylor 21 Mar 1680  Barnstable, Plymouth Colony 1681
6. Elinor Taylor 6 Apr 1682 Barnstable, Plymouth Colony 26 Apr 1682   Barnstable
7. Jasher Taylor 29 Apr 1684 Barnstable, Plymouth Colony Experience Cobb
18 Feb 1714 Yarmouth
31 Oct 1752 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Jasper Taylor’s Origins

Little is known about Jasper Taylor’s origins. Many genealogies say he was born in 1643 in Barnstaple, Barnstable, Mass and his parents were Stephen Taylor and Sarah Hosford. Other genealogies say his parents were Richard Taylor and Ruth Wheldon. I don’t think either of these two theories are supported, so I’m going with the ideas Jasper was born in England. I found this reference  showing a possible baptism

Stephen Taylor / Sarah Hosford Theory

Stephen Taylor was born about 1618, possibly in Spreyton, Devon, England, and died 1 Sep 1688 in Windsor, Conn.. He first married 1 Nov 1642 in Windsor, Conn. to Sarah Hosford (bapt. 11 Jan 1623/24 Beaminster, England – d. 1647 in Windsor, CT). Her parents were William Hosford and Florence Hayward. After Sarah died, he married 25 Oct 1649 in Windsor, CT to Elizabeth Nowell ( b. ~ 1630 – 5 Aug, 1689 in Windsor, CT). .Genealogies that show Jasper’s parents to be Stephen Taylor and Sarah Hosford, show him as an only child. In trees that show their other children, Jasper never appears.

Children of Stephen Taylor and Sarah Hosford:

i. Stephen Taylor b. 11 Mar 1643/44, Windsor, CT; d. 3 Aug 1707, Windsor; m.  Joanna Porter.

ii. Samuel Taylor 8 Oct 1647, Windsor, Conn.; d. 5 Aug 1723, Westfield, Mass.

Children of Stephen Taylor and Elizabeth Nowell:

iii. John Taylor b. 22 Mar 1651/52 Windsor, CT; d. 20 Jul 1726 Windsor; m1. Sarah Younglove; m2. Elizabeth Spencer

iv. Thomas Taylor b. 5 Oct 1655 Windsor, CT; d. 6 Jan 1740/41 Windsor

v. Abigail Taylor b. 19 Mar 1657/58 Windsor, CT; d. 17 Mar 1739/40 Suffield, CT

vi. Mary Taylor b,. 18 Jun 1661

vii. Mindwell Taylor b. 5 Nov 1663 Windsor, CT

Richard Taylor and Ruth Wheldon Theory

There were two contemporaneous Richard Taylors residing in early Yarmouth between 1643 and 1674 (the “tailor” and the “Rock”). I’m going with the theory that they married sisters Mary and Ruth Welden. Mary and Ruth were both daughters of our ancestor Gabriel WHELDON.   See Gabriel’s page for the 18 children of the two combined families.  I sorted out the children by family, but presented  in a single list.

One of Ruth’s children  has named “Jasher”  and another had a son named “Jasher”, though other accounts say he was the child of the subject of this sketch.

vii. Richard Taylor (Ruth) b: 9 Jun 1652  Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 15 Nov 1732 in Yarmouth,; m. ~1670 to Hannah [__?__] (b. 1648 – d. 18 Nov 1733 Yarmouth) Richard and Hannah had at least three children born in Yarmouth between 1683 and 1695.  Some genealogies say they had a son Jasher Taylor (1685 – 1752) , others say that Jasher was a son of Jaspser TAYLOR and Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH

Jasher’s son and grandson with the same name

Son – Jasher Taylor b. 6 Oct 1719 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 28 Nov 1795 Buckland, Franklin, Mass.; m. 20 Sep 1744 in Yarmouth to Thankful Sears (b. 11 Apr 1723 in Yarmouth)

Grandson – Lt. Jasher Taylor b. 12 Mar 1761 Yarmouth; d. 17 Feb 1806 Buckland, Franklin, Mass; m1. 13 Jan 1785 in Ashfield, Franklin, Mass to Susannah Kelley (b. 1757 in Ashfield – d. 5 Apr 1804 in Buckland; m2. 19 May 1805 in Ashfield to Marcy Taylor (b. 27 Jul 1765 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.)

xiii.  Jasher Taylor (Ruth)  b: 9 May 1659 or 9 Aug 1653 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony

A 1655 lawsuit was brought against Margaret Whelden, widow of Gabriel by four men, two of whom were: Richard Taylor, Taylor and Richard Taylor, Husbandman… [Source: Middlesex Court Files Folio 11; HLS #411 and/or Probate Court, Cambridge, Suffolk County]:

“To the Constable of maulden or his deputie. You are required to attach the body or goods of Margrett Weilden, late widdow of Gabriel Weilden, and to take bond of her to the value of fourscore plus tenn pounds with sufficient suerties for her appearance at the next Court holden at Cambrdge ye wd day of ye 8 mo. 55, then and there to anser ye complaynt of Henry Weilden John Weilden, Rich: Taylor Taylor and Rich: Taylor husbandman for withholding their parts or portions of an estate which their late father Gabriell Weilden was possessor or owner of in his life and soe make a true returne hereof under your hand. Dated the 28 of the 5th mo. 55. By the Court Tho: Starr”

Jasper and Jasher

There were Jasper and Jasher Taylors in early Yarmouth.  Are they two names, or variants on one?

Jasper is a variant of the Persian name Kasper–and related to the name of the third Magi, Gasper. In Scandinavian countries, the name is Jesper. The name dates far back, and was common enough to be used in the royal family of England. The uncle of Henry VII of England was Jasper Tudor (1431-1495), the second son of the scandalous relationship of Owen Tudor and Queen Catherine of Valois (widow of Henry V).

Jasher, pronounced jaw-shawr’, is Hebrew in origin and it’s meaning is righteous or upright. The Book of Jasher, or the Book of the upright is one of the several lost books of the Old Testament referenced in the Hebrew Bible. It was probably a collection of verses in praise of the heroes of Israel.

Biblical reference for baby name Jasher:
Joshua 10:13; 2 Samuel 1:18

2. Mercy Taylor (See Jonathan WHELDON‘s page)

3. Hope Taylor

Hope’s husband Joseph Sturgis was born about 1664 in Yarmouth, Plymouth colony
His parents were our ancestors Edward STURGIS and Temperance GORHAM. Joseph died 16 Mar 1747 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Hope and Joseph

i. Jasper Sturgis b: 1 Apr 1695 in Yarmouth, Mass.

ii. Temperance Sturgis b: 6 Sep 1696 in Yarmouth, Mass.

iii. Thankful Sturgis b: 15 Jul 1698 in Yarmouth, Mass.

iv. Hannah Sturgis b: 30 Jul 1701 in Yarmouth, Mass.

v. Fear Sturgis b: 15 Jan 1705 in Yarmouth, Mass.

4. Seth Taylor

Seth’s wife Susanna Sturgis was born 1683 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Thomas Sturgis and Abigail Lathrop. Her four grandparents were all our ancestors:  Edward STURGIS & Elizabeth HINCKLEY and  Barnabas LOTHROP & Susanna CLARK.  After Seth died, she married 9 Oct 1732 to John Throop. Examination of the original Bristol Vital records discloses the following wording, “Dea’n John Throop entered his intention of marriage with Susannah Taylor of Yarmouth, October 9th 1732.   She was admitted a member of the Bristol church between January of 1728 and May 13, 1741.  Susanna died 13 Oct 1768 in Bristol, Rhode Island.

Children of Seth and Susanna:

i. Barnabas Taylor b. 28 Jan 1702 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Abigail Taylor b. 6 Dec 1703 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Seth Taylor b. 1 Apr 1705  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

iv. James Taylor M 7 Feb 1707 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

v. Eleanor Taylor b. 8 May 1709 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. Ebenezer Taylor b. 10 Jun 1711  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

vii. William Taylor b. 23 Feb 1713  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

viii. John Taylor b. 5 Jul 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

ix. Thankful Taylor b. 8 Mar 1717  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

x. Thomas Taylor b. 5 Jul 1718 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

xi. Enoch Taylor b.  4 Mar 1720 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

xii. Nathaniel Taylor b.  18 Jun 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

7. Jasher Taylor

Some genealogies show Jasher’s parents as Richard Taylor (1652 – 1732) and Hannah Rice (1651 – 1707).  Richard’s parents were Richard Taylor and Ruth Wheldon and his grandparents were Gabriel WHELDON and Jane [__?__].

Jasher’s wife Experience Cobb was born 8 Jun 1692 in Barnstable, Mas. Her parents were Samuel Cobb (b. 12 Oct 1654 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony – 7 Sep 1727 ) and Elizabeth Taylor (b: ~1655 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony).   Experience died 17 Dec 1764 Burial: Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port, Barnstable, Mass.

Experience Cobb Headstone; Find A Grave Memorial# 43963005

Experience Cobb Headstone; Detail — Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port —  Find A Grave Memorial# 43963005


Jasher Taylor Gravestone -- Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port Barnstable, Mass -- Findagrave #43963059

Jasher Taylor Gravestone — Ancient Cemetery, Yarmouth Port
Barnstable, Mass — Findagrave #43963059

Here lyes Buried ye Body of Mr JASHER TAYLOR Who Departed this Life Oct’r 31 Anno Dom’ni 1752 In ye 67th Year of his Age

Children of Jasher and Experience

i. Ruth Taylor b: 28 Apr 1715 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 18 Jun 1737 Yarmouth

ii.  Capt. Isaac Taylor b: 14 Nov 1716 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 11 Dec 1786 Ashfield Franklin, Mass.; m. Sep 18,1755 in Yarmouth to Mary Joyce (1725 – 1779)

iii. Lydia Taylor?  b. 12 Jan 1717

iv.  Jasher Taylor b: 16 Oct 1719 in Yarmouth, Mass; d. 28 Nov 1795 in Buckland, Franklin, Mass; m. 20 Sep 1744 in Yarmouth to Thankful Sears

v. Betty Taylor? b: 27 Feb 1721

vi. David Taylor b: 24 May 1724; d. 24 Jan 1760; m. 23 Mar 1748 Ashfield, Franklin, Mass. to Thankful Hallet

vii. Jonathan Taylor b: 18 Feb 1726; d. 29 Dec 1794 in Ashfield, Franklin, Mass; m. Thankful Phinney (1733 – 1818)

viii. Stephen Taylor? b: 16 May 1728; d. 20 Dec 1759 in Yarmouth

ix. Thankful Taylor b: 2 Apr 1732; d. 11 Oct 1812 in Yarmouth; m. 27 Nov 1766 to Richard Taylor (1742 – 1838) Richard’s parents were William Taylor (1717 – 1808) and Anne Gorham (1717 – 1791)

x. Keziah Taylor b: 29 Mar 1734; d. 1 Aug 1801 in Yarmouth




Posted in 11th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw | Tagged , , | 9 Comments

Gabriel Wheldon

Gabriel WHELDON (~1590 – 1655) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Weldon Coat of Arms

Weldon Family Coat of Arms

Gabriel Wheldon was born about 1590, based on the 1612 baptism of his first child Thomas probably in Basford or Arnold, Nottinghamshire, England.  These are now adjoining suburbs just north of Nottingham, and about 10 miles south of “Shirewood Forest,” traditional home to Robin Hood some 400 years earlier.  His father was probably Henry WHELDON.

Gabriel’s Uncle Thomas made his will 8 March 1609/10 and was buried at Basford 11 April 1610. Thomas was a blacksmith.  The will indicates that Thomas Whelden had a brother Henry Whelden and  two sisters: Helen, wife of Mr. Stamford, and Jane, who had a daughter Mary Crampton, suggesting that Jane was the wife or widow of a Mr. Crampton. Evidently, Thomas Whelden had no children of his own and was quite fond of his nephew Gabriel Whelden. While the will does not identify Gabriel’s father, it is probable Henry was Gabriel’s father. Apparently Thomas was careful to leave something to all nieces, nephews, and godchildren, but he did not mention any children of brother Henry. Gabriel’s oldest son was named Thomas, presumably for his uncle, and the next son was named Henry, presumably for Gabriel’s father

…. I give unto Christobell myne espowsed wife for the Tearme of her life the occupation of this howse and the close adioyninge & one garden that is payled, reservinge that smithy and chamber with all the tooles belonginge to my trade of farryer And one garden att the howseend there wch I give and bequeath to Gabraell Whelden my Nephewe Itm I give vnto my sayde nephew Gabraell Twelve swathes of meadowe lying in Daboreck [Daybrook?] and moreover one close commonly called the longe close, to him & his heires for ever and after the decease of my wife, I doe give vnto my sayde Nephew the whole howse & close lyinge thereunto Also I give my land in Bagthorpe field to my sayde Wife & Nephew to occupye and enioye the same Ioyntly and equally between them, And after my wives decease to my sayde Nephewe and his heires I doe give the same Whollye for ever…..

He is reported to have married Mary Davis on 3 Aug 1617 in Arnold.  But no documentation has been offered, and no record found in the Parish Registers of Arnold, Basford, or Nottingham.  His first known wife JANE [__?__] was living on 15 Aug 1637.  He immigrated in 1638 or 1639.  He married again in Massachusetts about 1649 to Margaret Matthews.   Gabriel died 4 Apr 1655 Malden, Middlesex, Mass.  Burial: Bell Rock Cemetery, Malden.

Jane [__?__] was born about 1595. Jane died aft. 5 Aug 1637 in Nottingham, England.

Margaret Matthews was a sister of sister of Rev. Marmaduke Matthews and returned to Wales with her brother after Gabriel’s death in 1654

Children of  John and Jane:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Thomas Whelden bapt.
1 Feb 1611/12  St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
15 Apr 1615
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
2. Katherine Whelden bapt.
6 Mar 1616/17
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Giles Hopkins (son of Stephen HOPKINS)
9 Oct 1639 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
aft. 5 Mar 1688/89 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
3. Henry Wheldon bapt.
21 Feb 1617/18
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Eed or Edith [__?__]
25 Jan 1647/48 Yarmouth
28 Oct 1694 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
4. Mary Wheldon bapt. together
23 Dec 1621
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Richard Taylor
by 1648
found dead in a boat off Duxbury, Mass. bef. 4 Dec 1673, when there was an inquest
5. Martha Wheeldon bapt. together
23 Dec 1621
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
17 June 1639, drowned Dedham, Mass.
6. John Whelden bapt.
5 Nov 1623
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
before 4 Oct. 1630
7. Ruth Whelden bapt.
5 Jul 1626
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Richard Taylor
27 Oct 1646
btw. 28 Oct 1699 will & 6 Oct 1703 probate
8. John WHELDON bapt.
4 Oct 1630
St. Leodegarius, Basford, Notts
Mary FOLLAND 20 Nov 1711 in Yarmouth

The more common spelling is din or den although there were dozens of variations of spelling.


Gabriel inherited a blacksmith shop and tools of the farrier trade (horse-hoof care) from his uncle Thomas Whelden in July, 1610, along with a kiln, horse-powered mill, and land in Basford.  Other land in Bagthorpe Field went first to Thomas’ wife Christobel, then to Gabriel. Thomas’ daughter Margaret Fellowe received only a pewter dish and 12 pence.  Gabriel was co-executor of his uncle’s will, and therefore at least 21 years of age in 1610.  Christobel remarried Thomas Huitt 6 Apr 1611 in Basford.  She made her will 1 Feb 1618/9, which was proven 22 Apr 1619.  Thomas Whelden had a brother Henry Whelden and sisters Helen Stamford and Jane Crampton. Henry was mentioned in Christobel’s will in 1619.

4 Apr 1617 – Gabriel was a blacksmith in Basford, when he rented land from William Stafford,   tailor of Somercotes, Derbyshireon a 21-year lease [expired 4 Apr 1638].

“Gabriel Whelden, husbandman of Basford, and Jane his wife” exchanged the land in Bagthorpe Field for tracts in Quarry Field, Middle Field, and Neather Field from John Hutchinson 5 August 1637

1622 – Gabriel Whelden served as churchwarden at Basford in 1622.   His uncle Thomas Whelden had previously held this position in 1603.

15 Aug 1637 – John Hutchinson, gentleman of Basford, drew a deed of exchange of land in Basford and surrounding areas with Gabriel Whelden, “husbandman of Basford,” and his wife Jane.

10 Mar 1638 –  “Gabriel Whelden, yeoman of Basford,” leased his kiln, mill, and land in Basford to John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare.  Since Jane is listed in the first transaction but not in the second, she probably died in the time between them.  There is no record of Gabriel having a wife in America until he married Margaret.  On 20 Apr 1638 The Earl of Clare assigned the lease of the mill house and three acres “currently in the occupation of Gabriell Wheld” to Robert Wright for the next 21 years.

Thus Gabriel Whelden was putting his affairs in order, disposing of some of his property, and gaining capital so that he could depart for New England. Spring was the optimum time to set sail before the hurricane season began, and so it is likely Gabriel and his family emigrated in the spring of 1638. However, since the first certain record of the family in Massachusetts was not until June 1639, their emigration could have been in the spring of 1639.

The “wife of Gabriell Wheeldon, miller,” was one of two residents of Basford presented as “sectaries” (religious sectarians) before 1642. ] Persecution of those who failed to follow the tenets of the established Church of England was a major reason for the Great Migration to New England 1620–1640, and this record suggests that Gabriel Whelden’s immigration to New England may have been largely because of this religious persecution.

Legend of Gabriel’s Wampanoag Wife

There is a persistent but quite apocryphal story that Gabriel and one or two of his brothers arrived soon after the Mayflower, seamen who deserted ship, escaped to the Wampanoag Indian village at PoKoNet [Pokanoket?], and took wives among the daughters of Chief Massasoit’s brother Quadequina.

According to legend, Gabriel's wife was a Wampanoag woman

According to legend, Gabriel’s wife Margaret was a full blooded Wampanoag

Returning to Plymouth after the birth of several children, he was tried by the court at Plymouth and “sentenced to exile” at Mattacheese, on land donated by the Cape Tribes, regaining “Freeman” status only after many years. This “legend” appears to have started with a 1935 article by Franklyn BeArce, a claimed descendant of Massasoit, “From Out of the Past, Who Our Forefathers Really Were, Our White and Indian Ancestors Back to 1628,” supposedly based on information handed down for 300 years by word of mouth.

Wampanoag Map

Wampanoag Map

Historians and genealogists have demonstrated many fallacies in this story, such as documentation of Gabriel’s presence in England in 1637-8, and his grant of lands in Mattacheese as a Freeman, and holding office there within three years. That town was, in fact, not a place of exile, but a prestigious expansion community as Plymouth grew. There also is no record of a trial or sentence or sanctions of any kind in Plymouth; nor of the three-way, top level negotiations that would have been needed to obtain land for him from the Indians. A search of the records of Massachusetts Bay Colony also found no reference to any legal action against Gabriel under any spelling of his name. BeArce also identified Gabriel’s wife Margaret as a full-blooded Wampanoag, and mother of all of his children, when she is known to have been the sister of Reverend Marmaduke Matthews, Yarmouth neighbor and friend of Gabriel Whelden, and married Gabriel in 1649, and was possibly the mother of only his daughter Sarah.

However, one researcher quotes a note from Plimoth Plantation Records, yet to be found, that “Gabriell Wheildon – a fisherman came 1629 – ship Lyons Whelp to Salem (the voyage that brought my paternal ancestor Thomas MINER – see my post Lyon’s Whelp) Later in 1638 moved to Yarmouth” Whether this is the same person is not determined. But, as noted above, Gabriel is documented as still resident in England on 20 Apr 1638. Charles Banks’ The Planters of the Commonwealth names 14 of the 40+ passengers on the Lyon’s Whelp, (but not Gabriel), which sailed from Gravesend, east of London, 25 Apr 1629, arriving in Salem in the middle of July. She also brought “six fishermen from Dorchester,” without the usual fee, on a special agreement that they help feed the passengers, and spend some time fishing for the colony. They would then be allowed to return to England if they wished. Since the record at Plymouth says that Gabriell Wheildon was a fisherman, he was probably from Dorchester, and not the Gabriel Whelden, blacksmith and farmer, from Basford.

Although . . . The Court Orders of Plymouth Colony, 17 June 1641, record: “It is ordered by the Court, that Willim Lumpkine & Hugh Tilly shall pay to Gabriell Wheildon [15 shillings] for his third part of the skiffe or boate they were partners in, & his damnag sustayned in the want thereof to fetch fish to fish his corne wthall, and the boat or skiffe to be theires.” This would indicate that Gabriel Whelden of Yarmouth was, at least sometimes, a fisherman, as well as a blacksmith and a farmer. However, “to fish his corn” indicates that he used the fish he caught to fertilize his corn crop. Commonly in that time period, a hill of corn would be planted with a fish, or part of a fish, on top of the seeds as fertilizer.

A variation of the Indian story, seeking to claim Indian ancestry, tries to explain the birth of Gabriel’s half-Indian children in England by the claim that Oguina, daughter of Quadequina, was six years old in 1608 when she was picked up off the beach on Cape Cod (alternate story says Rhode Island) by a British fishing vessel, taken to England, baptized Margaret, and eventually married Gabriel Whelden.

Oguina’s descent is as follows:   1- WASANEGIN, born by 1554     2-QUADEQUINA, born 1576. This year is determined from the fact that he was born in the year when the “Great Light” went out. European astronomers noted in 1576 that there was a Solar Eclipse. He, QUADEQUINA begot     3-OGUINA, born 1602 @ Wampanoag village in what is today Rhode Island.

No explanation is offered of how she could have gotten from the fishermen on the coast to Nottinghamshire, no baptismal nor guardianship nor any other records. This myth derives from Gabriel’s will mentioning his wife Margaret, but ignores his wife Jane, party to the land exchange in 1637. The mention of “fishermen” in this story merely allows contact with the Indians on Cape Cod prior to 1620. The use of the same occupation in the Lyons Whelp story is entirely coincidental.

There is no record of Gabriel having a wife between his arrival in Plymouth in 1638 and his marriage to Margaret Matthews in 1649. If he had a alliance with an Indian woman during that time, no record has been found. One of the guesses of the birth of the alleged Oguina is 1614, which could have been possible; but she would still not have been the Margaret in Gabriel’s will, nor the mother of any of the children listed below, who were born in England before 1638.

The Wampanoag tribe of south-east Massachusetts and Rhode Island currently includes a prominent Weeden family. But they would more logically trace back to James Weeden (1585-1673) who settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island; or to a slave belonging to one of his descendants, who assumed his last name when freed.

New England

Gabriel Whelden was one of the first settlers in what is now the Township of Dennis in Barnstable County on Cape Cod. He was given permission on 3 Sep 1638 by Plymouth officials to settle on Cape Cod, which included a land grant. At the time the area was called “Mattacheeset”.  It was organized into Yarmouth in 1639. Gabriel appears in the Yarmouth records, 6 Oct 1639, so he settled in Yarmouth between Sep 1638 and Oct 1639.

Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

Dennis, Barnstable, Mass.

Dennis was first settled in 1639, by John Crowe (later Crowell) and Thomas HOWES, as part of the town of Yarmouth. The town officially separated and incorporated in 1793. It was named after resident minister, Josiah Dennis. There was not enough land for farming, so seafaring became the town’s major industry in its early history, centered around the Shiverick Shipyard.

Map of Old Yarmouth 1644 - Our Ancestors 13 Thomas Howes, 5 Edmund Hawes, 10 Edward Sturges and 9 William Hedge were pioneers in Yarmouh, Mass on Cape Cod.  Unfortunately, I can't quite make out the numbers on this map. Do you have better eyes?

Map of Old Yarmouth 1644 – Our Ancestors 13 Thomas Howes, 5 Edmund Hawes, 9 Edward Sturges and 10  William Hedge were pioneers in Yarmouh, Mass on Cape Cod. Unfortunately, I can’t quite make out the numbers on this map. Do you have better eyes?

The actual location of Gabriel Whelden’s homestead was on the north bank of Follins Pond on the Bass River near the intersection of Setucket Road and Mayfair Road. It straddles the Dennis – Yarmouth line and the neighborhood is sometimes called “The Head of the Point.”

Gabriel Whelden’s homestead was located near Setucket Road and Mayfair Road, Dennis, Barnstable, Mass (“A” on Map)

According to Nancy Thacher Reid in “Dennis Cape Cod: from Firstcomers to newcomers 1639 -1993” published by the Dennis Historical Society, descendents of Gabriel Welden resided on the property until the 1960’s.

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis:  1 . Francis Baker, 2.  Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase,  4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O'Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon.  Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

Nine of our ancestral families were first comers in Dennis: 1 . Francis Baker, 2. Daniel, Baker, 3. William Chase, 4. Thomas Folland, 5. Thomas Howes, 6. John Joyce, 7. David O’Kelley, 8. William Twining, 9. Gabriel Weldon. Map courtesy of Lynn Keller and Cape Cod Genealogical Society

Richard ‘the Taylor’ Taylor and Thomas Folland, also “Firstcomers” and future relatives by marriage settled next to Gabriel.  In receiving the land grant, Gabriel must have been first declared a “Freeman” in Plymouth even though there is no record of this declaration.

In 1641 and 42 Gabriel served as town officer, “Supervisor of Highways” in Yarmouth.

In 1643, there were growing problems with the Narragansett Tribe, under their chieftain Ningret. This drove Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Plymouth Colony and New Haven Colony to form the United Colonies of New England and to discuss preparedness for war. Rhode Island was excluded from this union since they harbored dissenters and others who did not accept the the tenents of the orthodox church. The immediate result in Yarmouth was a listing of all men between the age of 16 and 60 to serve in the militia. Fifty two names were on the Yarmouth list. Gabriel Whelden was not listed, his son Henry was. This seems to indicate that Gabriel was over 60 and Henry was over 16. Having one son in service was not grounds for avoiding military service, since William Chase and his son William, Jr. were listed. Henry was one of the five Yarmouth men who were called up to serve against the Narragansetts in 1645 when the Narragansetts attacked the Mohegans and the United Colonies came to the assistance of the Mohegans. The five men as part of the 50 man contingent from Plymouth Colony, marched to Seekonk in August and returned 2 September. The dispute was settled peacefully without the Yarmouth men having to fight. Before the march they were issued: one pound of powder, three pounds of bullets, and one pound of tobacco. The tobacco wasn’t just for smoking, it was also used as money, since hard cash was rare in the colonies.

The Plymouth Colony considered marriage a civil contract rather than a religious sacrament. The Pilgrims adopted this custom while in Holland. From this the court records reflect a romantic courtship involving Gabriel, his daughter Ruth and future son-in-law Richard Taylor. Richard Taylor, a single man, settled near the Wheldens, and in accordance with the law requested permission from Gabriel court his daughter Ruth. Although no reason is recorded, Gabriel refused. Richard persisted in his suit, and Gabriel refused to relent. Finally, Richard filed suit with the Court in 1646. Apparently the wise old men of the Colony sided with Richard and persuaded Gabriel to reconsider Richard as a future son-in-law. Gabriel at last relented and the young couple were soon married.

Gabriel Welden moved from Yarmouth to Lynn, then to Malden where he died in 1654.He and his youngest son John W. sold to William Crofts of Lynn, 21 Oct 1653, lands in Arnold and elsewhere in Nottinghamshire, England.

In his will, Gabriel gave the money still owed from this sale to his wife Margaret. This caused his sons Henry and John to file suit in court for their portions in 1655. According to “The American Genealogist” vol 48: 1972 page 5 “The fact that the will does not mention, either directly or by implication, any children, is unusual, and the most likely explanation is that Gabriel gave them their portions of his estate either at marriage or by gifts of money or deeds to Barnstable County land. If Margaret was a second wife, there may have been a pre-nuptial agreement setting forth the reasons why she was to have the entire estate at Gabriel’s death.”

According to Reid in “Dennis, Cape Cod” page 52, the custom was for one third of the estate to go to the widow as long as she was unmarried. Single daughters were allowed to live at home as long as they were single and frequently small legacies were given to married and unmarried daughters such as bedsteads and bedding, silver spoons or other valuable household articles. The real estate was divided up amongst the sons.

Abstract of Will from New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1862 vol 16 page 75 The spellings are as transcribed.

Written Maulden 1653, 11, 12. (this can be read as 12th day of the 11th month. Since 1 March was considered the New Year, the date would be 12 Jan 1653) In the name of God and in obedience to his comand (according to my boudend duty), I, Gabriell Whelding, of the Towne and Church of Maulden, being weake and sicke in body, do make my last will. My body to be layd asleepe in the bed of the grave, in the Comon buriing place for the Inhabitants of this Towne.

I give 10s as a Small testimony of my true Love to the Church of Maulden, to be payd into the give hands of the Deacons within a mo after my decease. I give all my estate in Maulden, consisting of house, Frame [farm?] Lands, cattle, and corne, (together [with] what money is due vnto me from Wiliam Croffts, of Linne) to Margaret Whedling, my wife, whom I appoynt my sole executrix. signed Gabriell Whedlon

In the presence of Nathaniell Vphame, james larnard, michaiah mathews, with others.4 (2) 1654 Jn Vphame and Nathaniell Vpaheme deposed. Invetroy of the goodes, Chattels and Chattell of Gabriell Wheldon lately of the Towne of maulden, prized by Edward Carrington & John Vphame. Amt. L40.11.08. Mentions William Crofts.In the original records the Whelden name is spelled Welden, Welding, Weldon, Wheeling, Wheilden, Whelden, Whelding, Whielding, etc.


4  Apr 1639 – A letter by Katherine Weelden to Mr John Shanvat of Nottingham touching the Death &c. of Martha Weelden of Dedham, Mass. who was Drowned about 12 Dayes before. She was a godly mayde by all probabilites in this letter testified. This letter is the only evidence found that Gabriel Whelden lived at Dedham before moving to Yarmouth (then called Mattacheeset)

The surname Shanvat (or Shamvat) has not been found in English records reviewed. It is possible that the surname was actually Chamlet, and that John “Shanvat” was related to Gabriel’s Uncle Thomas’ wife Christobel [__?__] (Whelden) Hewitt, whose will, mentions a sister Morris Chamlet.

6 Oct 1639 – “Gabriell Wheildon” was “lycensed to dwell at Mattacheese wth the consent of the committes of the place, & to haue land there.”

17 Jun 1641 – The Plymouth Colony Court ordered William Lumpkin and Hugh Tilly to pay “Gabriell Wheildon” fifteen shillings for his third part in their boat that was damaged.

1642 – Gabriel was surveyor of highways for Yarmouth and was reappointed for the same post 1 June 1647.

Bef. 14 May 1648 – Gabriel sold his property in Yarmouth to [our ancestor] Edward STURGIS.  Probably about this time Gabriel moved to Malden, Massachusetts

21 Oct 1653 – Not long before his death, Gabriel and his youngest son John sold to William Crofts of Lynn, Massachusetts, their property in Arnold, Nottinghamshire, England.  All of Gabriel Whelden’s children were baptized at St. Leodegarius Church in Basford,  three miles southwest of Arnold.


All of Gabriel Whelden’s children were baptized at St. Leodegarius Church in Basford, Nottinghamshire,  three miles southwest of Arnold. Both parishes are in Sherwood Forest, just north of Nottingham.

  • Thomas Whelden the sonne of Gabriel Whelden was baptized the first day of ffebruarie [1611/2]
  • Thomas Wilden the sonne of Gabriel Wilden was buryed the 15 of April [1614]
  • Kathren Weelden the daughter of Gabriel Weelden baptized the 6 of march [1616/7]
  • Henry Wheeldon the sonne of Gabriel Wheeldon baptized the one and twentieth day of ffebruarie [1618/9]
  • Mary Wheeldon the daughter of Gabriel Wheeldon [and] Martha Wheeldon the daughter of Gabriel Wheeldon [;] Both of them together baptized the third and twentieth day of December [1621]
  • John Wildon sonne of Gabriel Wildon was baptized the fifth day of November [1623]
  • Ruth Wheelding baptized fifth july the daughter of Gabriel Wheldon [1626
  • John Weelding son of Gabrill baptized 4 Oct 1630

St. Leodegarius Church, Old Basford. It dates from the 1180s but has been heavily restored and rebuilt between 1858 and 1859 by Arthur Wilson, and then when the tower collapsed in 1859, by Thomas Allom. In 1905 a new church of St. Aidan’s Church, Basford was created in the parish.

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford in 1831.   The new tower erected in the Victorian Restoration of 1859-60 is the dominant feature today

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford  (Restored)

St. Leodegarius Church, Basford  (Restored)  The new tower is in Early English style, topped off wtith eight tall pinnacles.  Other alterations in 1859-60 led to a sharply pitched roof, a new north aisle, north porch and clerestory

It is one of only four churches named after St. Leodegarius. The other three are Ashby St Ledgers,Hunston, West Sussex and Wyberton.

2. Katherine Whelden

Katherine’s husband Gyles Hopkins was baptized 30 Jan 1608 Hursley, Hampshire, England. His parents were our ancestors Stephen HOPKINS and Mary [__?__]. His will is dated 5 Mar 1689 Eastham, Plymouth Colony with probate 16 Apr 1690.

In 1637, Giles volunteered to go with his father and brother, Caleb, to fight against the Pequot Indians in 1637. By early 1639, he had moved from Plymouth to Yarmouth on Cape Cod. He and Catherine lived in the first house built by the English on Cape Cod south of Sandwich. Giles was made a surveyor of Highways in Yarmouth in 1643. He moved to Eastham on the Cape in 1644 where he also served as highway surveyor.

Giles signed a will on 19 Jan 1682 and also a codicil to the will dated 5 Mar 1688/89. His will was admitted to probate 16 Apr 1690.

Click here for the Last Will & Testament of Gyles Hopkins, 1682/1683

Children of Katherine and Gyles:

i. Mary Hopkins b: Nov 1640 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 20 Mar 1700 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; Burial:Cove Burying Ground Eastham; m. her cousin Samuel Smith (b. 26 May 1668 Eastham – d. 22 Sep 1692 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Ralph SMYTH and Grace [__?__]. Samuel and Grace had eight children born between 1667 and 1678.

Early in life, Samuel Smith engaged in the whale and mackerel fishery business, and was very successful at it. Later he was a trader and inn keeper in Eastham. He owned at one time more than a 1000 acres of land, 400 acres being in the South side of the town of Eastham and was known for many years afterwards as the “Smith Purchase.” He also bought two farms in Chatham, Mass, one at Tom’s Neck, comprising a considerable part of the present village of Chatham. His estate at his death was valued at more than 1200 pounds. The inventory shows he was in possession of over fifty head of cattle, 60 sheep and a number of horses. He held various local offices in Eastham, was styled “mister” in the records and Judge Samuel Sewell mentions him in his diary. He has been descrided as a “resolute and determined man.”

It seems Samuel Smith experienced considerable trouble from the law: He sued a Stephen Merrick for unlawfully taking a horse (25 Oct. 1668). The next year he appeared in Plymouth Colony Court to answer suits brought against him, Ralph Smith and Daniel Smith by Josias Cooke. He served as constable of Eastham in 1670 and the next year was sued by Joseph Harding for abuse of his duties in that position. On 7 July 1682 Thomas Clarke Sr of Plymouth sued Samuel Smith of Eastham for unjustly detaining profits of a Cape Cod fishing venture. On the first Tuesday in Oct. 1686 Samuel Smith and John Mayo of Eastham were charged with netting mackerel at Cape Cod in violation of a court order.”

ii. Stephen Hopkins b: Sep 1642 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 10 Oct 1718 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 23 May 1667 Eastham to Mary Merrick (1650 – 1692); Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Stephen and Mary had ten children born between 1667 and 1692. Mary may well have died after giving birth;

m2. 7 Apr 1701 Eastham to Bethiah Linnell (b: 7 Feb 1641 in Barnstable – d. 25 Mar 1726 Harwich) Bethiah’s parents were Robert Linnell and Penninah Howse. Her maternal grandparents were Rev. John HOWSE and Abigail LLOYD. She first married 25 Mar 1664 Eastham to Henry Atkins (b. 1617, England – d. 24 Aug 1700 Eastham)

iii. John Hopkins b: 1643 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 1643

iv. Abigail Hopkins b: Oct 1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 1691; m. 23 May 1667 Eastham to William Merrick b: 15 Sep 1643 Duxbury, Plymouth Colony – 30 Oct 1732 Harwich ) Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Abigail and William had eight children between 1668 and 1691.

v. Deborah Hopkins b: Jun 1648 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Bef Dec 1727 Eastham; m. 27 Jul 1668 Eastham to Josiah Cooke (b: 1645 Eastham – d. 31 Jan 1732 Eastham ) Josiah’s parents were Josiah Cooke and Elizabeth Ring.  Some say his grandparents were our ancestors Francis COOKE and Hester le MAHIEU but serious genealogists don’t believe in this connection.  Josiah’s maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT. Deborah and Josiah had eight children born between 1669 and 1686.

vi. Caleb Hopkins b: Jan 1651 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 22 May 1728 Harwich; m. Mary Williams (b: 1660 Eastham – d. 27 May 1709 Harwich) Mary’s parents were Thomas Williams (b: ~1615) and Elizabeth Tart (b: ~1620). Caleb and Mary had four children born between 1784 and 1709.

vii. Ruth Hopkins b: Jun 1653 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. dates given online vary from 1693 to 1738, in Eastham or Harwich; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Samuel Mayo (b: 12 Oct 1655 Eastham – d. 29 Oct 1738 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Nathaniel Mayo and Hannah Prence. His grandparents were Gov. Thomas PRENCE and Patience BREWSTER) Hannah Prence married our ancestor Jonathan SPARROW as his second wife. Ruth and Samuel had seven children born between 1682 and 1696. Later, Samuel married 31 Aug 1728 Eastham to Mary Sweat (b: 1701 Eastham)

viii. Joshua Hopkins b: Jun 1657 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Aug 1738; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Mary Cole (b: 10 Mar 1658 Eastham – d. 1 Mar 1733 Eastham) Mary’s parents were Daniel Cole (b: 1614) and Ruth Collier (b: 1627). Joshua and Mary had eight children born between 1684 and 1702.

ix. William Hopkins b: 9 Jan 1660 Eastham, Plymouth Colony

The will of William’s father, Giles, indicates that William was incapacitated physically or mentally, because William’s brother Stephen was required to take care of him decently: “Unto my son Stephen Hopkins and to his heirs forever: and half my stock of cattill for and in consideration of ye above sd Land and half stock of cattel my will is that after my decease my son Stephen Hopkins shall take ye care and oversight and maintaine my son William Hopkins during his natural Life in a comfortable decent manner.”

x. Elizabeth Hopkins b: Nov 1663 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Dec 1663 Eastham

3. Henry Whelden

Henry Wheldon’s wife name is unknown as the records are illegible Some interpret her first name as “Eed” others “Edith”

Henry served in the military in August, 1643 at Yarmouth Barnstable, Mass.  Henry was one of five men of a contingent of fifty who set out from Yarmouth to fight against the Narragansett Indians in August 23, 1645 after their chief, Ningret, attacked the Mohegan Tribe. The United Colonies came to the aid of the Mohegan Tribe. The colonial militia marched to Seekonk and returned home in September, 1645 after the dispute between the two tribes was settled peacefully without the Yarmouth men having to fight. (See my post – Uncas – War with the Narragansetts) Henry served again in the military during the Prince Philip’s War, 1675-1676.

Child of Henry and Eed

i. Sarah Whelden b. 21 June 1650 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

The Mystery of the Two Richard Taylors of Yarmouth – the “Taylor” and  the “Rock”

There were two contemporaneous Richard Taylors residing in early Yarmouth between 1643 and 1674 (the “tailor” and the “Rock”). I’m going with the theory that they married sisters Mary and Ruth Welden. I’ll try to sort out the children by family, but will present  in a single list.

James W. Hawes, Richard Taylor, Tailor and some of his descendants, Cape Cod Library History & Genealogy, #48, Yarmouthport, MA 1914:

“There were two men in Yarmouth in early times named Richard Taylor, the one, who appears to have been the older, was called Richard Taylor, tailor, from his trade, and the other, Richard Taylor of the Rock, from having built his house near a large rock near the boundary between Hockanom and Nobscusset in the northeastern part of the town.”

Frederick Freeman, The history of Cape Cod : annals of thirteen towns of Barnstable County, Volume II, Boston, MA 1862; Yarmouth chapter, p. 193 (footnote to 1674 death of Mr Richard Taylor):

“There were two contemporary Rd. Taylors. To distinguish them, one was called Rock, from the location of his dwelling; the other Tailor Taylor. We suppose this to have been the latter, and that his children were John, Joseph, Mary, Martha, Elizabeth, Anne, Hannah, and Sarah.” (Ironically, this same source, on p. 182, lists only one Richard Taylor as “liable to bear arms” in Yarmouth in 1643.)

A 1655 lawsuit was brought against Margaret Whelden, widow of Gabriel by four men, two of whom were: Richard Taylor, Taylor and Richard Taylor, Husbandman… [Source: Middlesex Court Files Folio 11; HLS #411 and/or Probate Court, Cambridge, Suffolk County]:

“To the Constable of maulden or his deputie. You are required to attach the body or goods of Margrett Weilden, late widdow of Gabriel Weilden, and to take bond of her to the value of fourscore plus tenn pounds with sufficient suerties for her appearance at the next Court holden at Cambrdge ye wd day of ye 8 mo. 55, then and there to anser ye complaynt of Henry Weilden John Weilden, Rich: Taylor Taylor and Rich: Taylor husbandman for withholding their parts or portions of an estate which their late father Gabriell Weilden was possessor or owner of in his life and soe make a true returne hereof under your hand. Dated the 28 of the 5th mo. 55. By the Court Tho: Starr”

4. Mary Welden (The “Taylor”)

Mary’s husband Richard Taylor was born about 1620 in England. Richard died in 1673 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony and his inventory was taken 13 Dec 1673.  No wife is named in his inventory. Named are children John, Joseph, Martha and Mary.

“In [Jan] or Dec 1673, the body of a drowned woman was found in a boat. An inquest in Duxbury identified her as “wife of Richard Taylor, sometimes of Yarmouth”, but the name of the drowned woman is not provided. [Plymouth Colony Records, Volume 5; pp.122-123]” There is evidence but no proof that this was Mary Whelden.

Richard’s estate was treated as though he were a widower.  Whether he died in the same shipwreck as his wife is unclear.

7. Ruth Whelden   (The “Rock”)

Ruth’s husband Richard Taylor was born about 1625 in England. Richard died 1 Aug 1703 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  He was presumably called “of the Rock either because his house was  made of stone, or because he lived near the boundary stone between Hockanom and  Nobscusset in the northeastern part of town.  His will is dated 28 Oct 1699 and was proved 6 Oct 1703. He is known as Richard “Rock” Taylor.

The Original Will of Richard Taylor, Written Sep 6 1693 codiciled 1699, proved 1703

Before [our ancestor] Barnabas LOTHROP, Esqu. judge of probate etc. for this County of Barnstable at Barnstable, the will of Richard Taylor, late of Yarmouth, deceased, to whose property annexed (?) was proved, approved, and allowed, who, having while he lived and at the time of his deathk, goods, chattels, rights, and audits in said county. And administration of all and singular the goods, chattels rights and audits of the deceased committed to Richard Taylor, Samuel Eldred (Eldrige), and Elisha Taylor in said will named executors. As in witness thereof, I, the said Barnabas Lothrop, have set my hand and seal of office, October 6th, 1703.”

27 Oct 1646 A Richard Taylor married Ruth, daughter of Gabriel Whelding of Yarmouth, on or closely after 27 Oct 1646 [Source: PCR Volume 2, p. 110: “In the case betweene Gabriell Whelding and Richard Taylor, about his daughter Ruth, the said Gabriell pmiseth his free assent and consent to theire marriage.”]

Same source (Annals of Barnstable Co….) p. 208:] “In 1703… Mr. Richard Taylor died Aug. 1.” Footnote: “Mr. Richard Taylor, called Farmer Rock, to distinguish him from another of the same name, m., prob. Ruth Burgess, and had Ruth, July 29, 1647, d. inf.; Anne 1648; Ruth 1650; Rd. Jan. 9, 1652, who served in the Indian war, 1675; Mehitable 1654; Keziah 1656; Joshua May 9, 1659; Hannah 1661; Elisha Feb. 10, 1664; and Mary 1667.”

Alternatively, Richard married Ruth Burgess.

Children of Mary & Richard  and Ruth & Richard

i. Ruth Taylor (Ruth) b: 29 Jul 1647 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 1648 Yarmouth.

ii.  Ann Taylor (Mary) b: 2 Dec 1648 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 29 Mar 1650 Yarmouth

iii.  Ruth Taylor (Ruth) b: 11 Apr 1649  Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; b. Bef. 1674

iv.  Mary Taylor (Mary) b: 1649 or 18 Dec 1640/41  Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony;d. 1 Feb 1718 Mass; m. 1673 in Yarmouth to Abisha Marchant (b. 10 Jan 1651 Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard – d. 1714)  Their daughter Elizabeth Marchant (1681 – 1718) married John WHELDON‘s  son  Thomas Whelden (1660 –Unknown)

v. Martha Taylor (Mary) b: 18 Dec 1650 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 28 Jan 1728 Barnstable, Mass.; m. 3 Dec 1676 in Barnstable to Joseph Bearse (b: 25 Jan 1652 Barnstable – d. 28 Jan 1728); Joseph’s parents were Austin Augustine Bearse and Mary “Little Dove” Hyanno

vi. John Taylor (Mary) b: Abt 1652 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; Will proved 18 Jan 1722 at Chatham; m. 15 Dec 1674 in Yarmouth to Sarah Matthews (b: 21 Jul 1649 Yarmouth)

vii. Richard Taylor (Ruth) b: 9 Jun 1652  Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 15 Nov 1732 in Yarmouth,; m. ~1670 to Hannah [__?__] (b. 1648 – d. 18 Nov 1733 Yarmouth) Richard and Hannah had at least three children born in Yarmouth between 1683 and 1695.  Some genealogies say they had a son Jasher Taylor (1685 – 1752) , others say that Jasher was a son of Jaspser TAYLOR and Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH

Confirm or deny that the Richard is the same Richard Taylor who married Hannah Rice Ward in Sudbury in October 1677 and had children, recorded as being born in Sudbury between 1678 and 1690.  Served in King Philip’s War.

1703 – Item. I given and bequeath unto my son Richard Taylor about twelve or fourteen acres of my land, be it more or less according to ye bounds wherin mentioned

viii. Mehitable Taylor (Ruth) b: 23 Jul 1654  Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; m. 29 Dec 1681 in Yarmouth to Jonathan Smith (b: ~1650 Yarmouth)

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Mehetabel four pounds.

ix. Elizabeth Taylor (Mary) b: Abt 1655 in Barnstable, Plymouth Colony; d. 4 May 1721  Barnstable; m. 20 Dec 1680 in Barnstable to Samuel Cobb (b: 12 Oct 1654 Barnstable – d. 7 Sep 1727 Burial: Cobb’s Hill Cemetery  Barnstable)

x. Keziah Taylor (Ruth) b: 18 Feb 1655 Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony; d. 20 Mar 1733 Yarmouth; m. 6 Feb 1681 Yarmouth to Samuel Eldridge (b: 1655 in Yarmouth – d. 3 Jan 1706 Yarmouth) Samuel’s parents were William Eldredge (1622 – 1679) and   Anne Lumpkin  (__ – 1676)

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Keziah Eldridge, four pounds.

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandson, Samuel Eldridge, twenty shillings.

xi. Hannah Taylor (Mary) b: 1658 or 17 Sep 1649 Yarmouth , Plymouth Colony; d. 14 May 1743 Barnstable, Mass; m. 19 Jul 1680 to Deacon Job Crocker (b: 9 Mar 1645 Barnstable)

xii. Ann Taylor (Mary) b: Abt 1659 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. Aft 1679; m. 25 Jun 1679 to Josiah Davis (b: Sep 1656  Barnstable)

xiii.  Jasher Taylor (Ruth)  b: 9 May 1659 or 9 Aug 1653 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony

xiv. Joseph Taylor (Mary) b: ~1660 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 13 Sep 1727 Marshfield, Mass; m. 25 Apr 1684 Experience Williamson; of Marshfield

xv. Sarah Taylor (Mary) b: ~1662 in Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 31 Jul 1695 in Barnstable; Unmarried

xvi.  Hannah Taylor (Ruth) b: 17 Sep 1661 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; m. Job Jenkins (b: ~1658)

1703 – Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Hanah Jenkins, twenty shillings, if she come for it, but not else. And if she doth not come for it within two years after my decease, I do give it equally to my two other daughters, Mehetable and Keziah

xvii. Elisha Taylor (Ruth) b: 10 Feb 1664 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 3 Feb 1740 Yarmouth; m. Rebecca [__?__] ( b: ~1665 Yarmouth)

1703 – And… my will is that my said son, Elisha (Tailor) Taylor, shall pay the sums in currant pay within two years after my decease.

xviii. Mary Taylor (Ruth) b: 12 Jun 1667 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony

8. John WHELDON  (See his page)






The suggestion that Gabriel’s wife Margaret was an American Indian is discussed (and disproved) in Donald Lines Jacobus, “Austin Bearse and His Alleged Indian Connections,” The American Genealogist 15 (1938–39):111–18 at 114–15.


Posted in 12th Generation, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Pioneer, Public Office | Tagged , | 14 Comments

John Wheldon

John WHELDON (1632 – 1711) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

John Wheldon was born in 1632  in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Gabriel WHELDON and Margaret DIGUINA [or OGUINA].   John died 20 Nov 1711 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Alternatively, John Whelden was baptized 4 Oct 1630 and died 20 Nov 1707.

Mary Folland was born 1630 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Thomas FALLAND and Elizabeth [__?__].  Mary’s name is often written Folland, but contemporary Yarmouth records consistently spell her father’s name Falland. Mary died 10 Dec 1700 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of  John and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Joseph Whilldin ~1654 or 1660 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Hannah Gorham (daughter of John GORHAM)
Cape May, New Jersey
2. John C Whilden ~1655 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Mary [__?__]
St James Santee, Charleston, South Carolina
3. Elizabeth Whelden ~1656 Unmarried Aft. 1711
4. Jonathan WHELDON bapt.
1 Jul 1658 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass
1 Dec 1698 Yarmouth 
11 May 1743 in Yarmouth
5. Thomas Wheldon ~1660 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Elizabeth Marchant
21 Dec 1698 Yarmouth

John signed the Oath of Fidelity in Yarmouth in 1657. He served in Plymouth’s 4th expedition against the Narragansett Indians, March, 1675, otherwise known as Pierce’s Ambush (See my post Nine Men’s Misery), then was exempted from military training in October, 1677 “on consideration that hee hath three sons fitted with armes for publicke service.”.


1. Joseph Whilldin

Joseph’s wife Hannah Gorham was born 28 Nov 1663 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were our ancestors John GORHAM and Desire HOWLAND. Hannah died 1728 in Cape May, New Jersey.

Joseph was a sea captain and they soon moved to Cape May in New Jersey about 1689.

Cape May is named for 1620 Dutch captain named Cornelius Jacobsen Mey who explored and charted the area between 1611–1614, and established a claim for the province of New Netherland. It was later settled by New Englanders from the New Haven Colony.  Cape May began hosting vacationers from Philadelphia in the mid 18th century and is recognized as the country’s oldest seaside resort

Cape May City and County, New Jersey

Cape May City and County, New Jersey

Joseph and Hannah had five children, the first two were born in Yarmouth, the rest in Cape May :

i. Hannah Whilldin b. 1683 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 1728 Cape May, New Jersey; m1. 18 May 1701 Thomas Leaming (b. 9 Jul 1674 in Southampton, Long Island, New York – d. 31 Dec 1723 in Cape May, New Jersey); m2. 1724 Philip Syng (b. 1676 in Ireland – d. 18 May 1739 in Annapolis, Maryland)

ii. Joseph Whilldin b. ~1689 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d. 18 Mar 1748 Cape May, New Jersey; m1. 1711 in Cape May to Mary Wilmon (b. 9 Dec 1689 in Cape May – d. 8 Apr 1743 in Cape May); m2. Abigail [__?__]

iii. Mary Whilldin b. ~1693 Cape May, New Jersey; m. 17 Dec 1708 Josiah Crowell (b. 1675 Cape May – d. 1734 in Cape May)

iv. Experience Whilldin b. 1696 in Cape May, New Jersey; m. 15 Nov 1712 to William Foster (b. 1692 in Burlington, New Jersey)

v. Isaac Whilldin b. 1698 in Cape May, Cape May, New Jersey;  d. 1730; m. Elizabeth [__?___]

2. John C Whilden

John’s wife Mary’s origins are not known.

The wars with the Indians had been discouraging, and new land scarce, so John and Mary took Gov. Danforth’s suggestion and moved to Maine, settling on Back Cove south of Falmouth (now part of Portland). His pastor there was Rev. George Burroughs, who had been in Salem 1680-83. King William’s War in 1689 persuaded them to move back to Massachusetts. They lived at Salem Village (now Danvers) between 1689 and 1696.

John was called to testify in the witchcraft trial of Rev. George Burroughs in August 1692. The atmosphere of the witch trials, continued Indian troubles, and the bad winter weather persuaded many families to move to better climates. John’s brother Joseph moved to New Jersey.

George Burroughs Fact Sheet

  • He was the second Salem Village minister, but quarreled over his salary and left.
  • He had five children.
  • He was widowed three times.
  • His second wife died about a year after their arrival in Salem Village.
  • After his second wife’s death, he remarried and moved to Maine.
  • He was rumored to have mistreated his wives.
  • One of his children was not baptized; a fact that was brought up in his trial.
  • He was well known for his physical strength.
  • Upon his arrest for witchcraft, his wife took everything that was valuable in the house, sold his books and loaned the money for interest. She then took her own daughter and left George’s children to fend for themselves.
  • During his trial, witnesses testified that his two dead wives came to them in their dreams explaining that he had killed them.
  • He was also identified by the afflicted girls as the “Black Minister” and leader of the Salem Coven.
  • At his execution, he repeated the Lord’s Prayer flawlessly.

John immigrated to Carolina in 1696 as part of a 52-person colony from Salem. The ship wrecked at Cape Fear, North Carolina, and it was with some delay and difficulty, but with the help of the Indians, that they reached their destination at Seewee Bay northeast of Charleston.

John purchased 500 acres of land in April, 1697, and 450 more in May, 1701. He died in 1706, his estate probated 20 Nov 1706 at Charleston. He was one of the founders of the Wappetaw Congregational Church in 1696, at a point located on Wando Neck about three miles west of Seewee Bay and about 14 miles northeast of the present day town of Mount Pleasant.

John’s family story (possibly partially fictionalized) was told in the celebration of the church’s tricentennial in 1999. S The Baptismal Record of the Salem church is missing the date column from 1694 to 1698. During that time, John Whilden’s wife (unnamed) and six children were baptized on the same day. The ages of the children are given. Since it shows Gershom aged 13, and his death is recorded about a year later, we may estimate the children’s years of birth from their age at baptism. The Wappetaw Meeting House was appropriated by the British as a headquarters in 1781; and burned, with all its records, when abandoned at the end of the war.

Children of John and Mary:

i.  Gershom Whilden (c.Oct 1681 – 25 Dec 1695) died in Salem, age 14y 2m

ii. John Whilden (c1683 – 1723) married after 1702 Mary (see below)

iii. Mary Whilden (c1685)

iv. Jonathan Whilden (c1687-1736) married before 1715 Elizabeth DuBose (b.1691-after 1642),  Elizabeth’s parents were  Isaac DuBose and [__?__]. John and Elizabeth had seven children born between 1715 and 1736.

Jonathan purchased 140 acres in Berkeley County 16 Feb 1709/10, and by 1734 owned 1,364 acres in his own name, and 250 acres as guardian to his nephew John, in Berkley and Craven Counties. His will was written 26 Jul 1736, and his estate was inventoried 2 Mar 1736/7. His son Jonathan was of age at the administration of his estate, indicating he was born by 1715. But C Michael Harrington’s well annotated The Whilden Family in the War Between the States estimates his son’s birth, and therefore Jonathan and Elizabeth’s marriage, as occurring in 1722.

v. Joseph Whilden (c.1690) undocumented report says born 19 Jan 1692/3, no further record found

vi. Samuel Whilden (c.1692-after 1731) Unmarried in St James Santee Parish in 1731, he deeded  all his property to his “loving cousins” Sarah and Ann Whilden, identity uncertain.

vii. Elisha Whilden (c.1695-after 1722) married Sarah. Witnessed a will in 1722.

Sarah xxx Elisha and Sarah had two childrem Elisha (b. 1719) and Hannah (b. 1724)

4.  Jonathan WHELDON  (See his page)

5. Thomas Wheldon

Thomas’s wife Elizabeth Marchant was born about 1675 or 1681 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.  She was Thomas’ second cousin.  Her parents were Abishai Marchant (1650 – 1717) and Mary Taylor (1650 – 1718); of Yarmouth. Her maternal grandparents were Richard Taylor (____ – 1673) and   Mary Whelden (1621 – 1673) and her great grandparents were Gabriel WHELDON and Jane [__?__].  Elizabeth died 9 Feb 1718

Thomas lived at Yarmouth and at Martha’s Vineyard.

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth

i. Samuel Wheldon b. May 1699 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; died young

ii.  Marcy Wheldon b. 9 Dec 1701 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass;

iii. Thomas Wheldon b. 15 Dec 1702 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass;

iv. John Wheldon (twin) b. 21 Jul 1707 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; d, efore Dec 1755; m. Abigail Chase (b. 30 Oct 1714 in Marthas Vineyard, Dukes, Mass)

v.  Elisha Wheldon (twin) b. 14 Nov 1707 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Unknown;  m1. Mary [__?__]; m2. 15 Apr 1731 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. to Lydia Nickerson (b. 1703 in Harwich).  Lydia’s parents were  William Nickerson (1678 – 1765) and   Lydia Maker (1684 –  ____)

vi.  Samuel Wheldon b. 8 May 1708? Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass;

vii. Thankful Wheldon b. Jun 1715 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass;

viii. Gershom Wheldon b. 9 Nov 1717 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass; m.24 Oct 1745 Priscilla Nickerson

ix.  Desire Wheldon b. 1 Oct 1723 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass;




Posted in 11th Generation, Line - Shaw, Veteran | Tagged | 5 Comments

Jonathan Wheldon

Jonathan WHELDON (1658 – 1743) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Jonathan Wheldon was baptized 1 Jul 1658 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John WHELDON and Mary FOLLAND. He married 1 Dec 1698 in Yarmouth to Mercy TAYLOR.  Jonathan died 11 May 1743 in Yarmouth.

Mercy Taylor was born  6 Nov 1671 in Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jasper TAYLOR and Hannah FITZ RANDOLPH. Mercy died  14 Mar 1742 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of  Jonathan and Mercy:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Capt. Seth Wheldon 14 Jan 1700  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Mary Mayo
26 Jan 1733 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
5 Jun 1773 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass
2. Mercy Wheldon 22 Jul 1702 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass James Cottle
14 Mar 1743
3. Hannah Wheldon 22 Oct 1704  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Unmarried Mar 1799 Yarmouth
4. Jonathan Wheldon (twin) 13 Jan 1707 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Mary Stephens
10 Aug 1732 Yarmouth
1 Sep 1793 Yarmouth
5. David Wheldon (twin) 13 Jan 1707  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass At Sea?
6. Ebenezer Wheldon 9 Sep 1708  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Ann Hallett
24 Aug 1738 Yarmouth
14 Mar 1743 Yarmouth
7. John Wheldon 14 Jan 1711  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Susanna Hallett
20 Dec 1739 Yarmouth
Lydia Taylor
21 Sep 1752
23 Sep 1757 Yarmouth
30 Jun 1797 Yarmouth
8. Mary WHELDON 1713  Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass Joseph BASSET Jr. 
25 Feb 1737 or 29 Mar 1738 Yarmouth,
15 Jan 1804  Yarmouth, Mass.

Jonathan Weldon is sometimes called John.  Actually, he had a older brother John  (~1655-1706) who moved from Salem, Mass to South Carolina in 1696.

Jonathan was already 40 years old when he married in 1698.  An alternative date of birth is 1 Oct 1686 in  Yarmouth in which case he would have married at age 12.

Some say that John wrote his will 9 Feb 1722/23 in South Carolina, and it was probated  Dec 1723, but this was actually Jonathan’s nephew.  (See Jonathan’s father’s page for details –  John WHELDON Sr.)


Yarmouth town birth records for Jonathan Wheldon family

Yarmouth town birth records for Jonathan Wheldon family

1. Capt. Seth Wheldon

Seth’s wife Mary Mayo was born in 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Daniel Mayo (1664 – 1715) and Sarah Howes (1679 – ) Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE.  Mary’s cousins Ann and Susanna Hallet married Seth’s brothers Ebenezer and John.  Mary died 12 Jun 1777 in Yarmouth

Children of Seth and Mary:

i. Thankful Whelden b. 16 Apr 1736 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

ii. Seth Whelden b. 26 May 1738 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

iii. Sarah Whelden b. 18 Sep 1740 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.;

iv. Mary Whelden b. 9 Apr 1743 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.;

v. Elizabeth Whelden b. 1 Apr 1746 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

vi. David Whelden b. 18 Jul 1750 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass;

vii.. Miller Whelden b. 13 Jun 1752 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.;

viii. Margery Whelden b. 2 Mar 1757 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.;

2. Mercy Weldon

Mercy’s husband James Cottle was born about 1710 in Tisbury, Dukes, Mass. (Martha’s Vineyard). His parents were James Cottle Sr. (1668 – 1750) and Elizabeth Looke(1675 – aft. 1742). After Mercy died he married Thankful Norton (b. ~ 1722 – d. 15 Dec 1774). James and Thankful had five children: Judith (b. 1745), Merry, Lot (b, 1748), Thankful (b. 1750), and Elizabeth. James died 18 June 1790 at Nantucket to which place he rem. after 1755.

Child of Mercy and James:

i. Mercy Cottle b. ~ 1734 in Tisbury, Dukes, Mass.; d. 30 Nov 1787 Nantucket, Nantucket, Mass.; m. Francis Mooers (b. 20 Sep 1738 Nantucket)

3. Hannah Wheldon

Yarmouth town record showing the deaths of John (J) and Hannah (H) Weldon at a ripe old age.

Yarmouth town record showing the deaths of John (J – 1797 in his 87th year ) and Hannah (H – 1799 in 95 year of her age) Weldon at two ripe old ages.

4. Jonathan Wheldon

Some sources say Jonathan died 17 Apr 1746 in Christ Church Parish, South Carolina, instead of dying 1 Sep 1793 in Yarmouth.  Jonathan’s  Uncle John moved to South Carolina in 1698.  John’s son Jonathan (this Jonathan’s cousin) died in 1736 South Carolina. It’s possible Jonathan moved south to join his cousins, but not likely as his children were borna couple years before in Yarmouth.

Jonathan’s wife Mary Stephens was born 2 Feb 1710 in Stonington, New London, CT. Her parents were Richard Stevens (1679 – 1754) and Sarah Harker (1681 -1754). Mary died after 4 Mar 1793 in Yarmouth.

Children of Jonathan and Mary:

i. Jonathan Whelden b. 1 Nov 1733 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass

ii. David Whelden b. 7 Sep 1736 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1834 in Suffolk, Livingston, New York

iii. Sarah Whelden b. 1 Jun 1738 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Feb 1739

iv. Ebenezer Whelden b. 24 May 1741 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 22 Sep 1794 Orrington, Penobscot, Maine; m. 23 Feb 1764 – Wellfleet, Barnstable, Mass. to Rebecca Young

5. David Wheldon

David was a sailor.

6. Ebenezer Wheldon

Ebenezer’s wife Ann Hallett was born 1 Nov 1714 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Ann’s sister Susannah married Ebenezer’s brother John. Their parents were Ebenezer Hallet and Rebecca Howes.    Both sets of grandparents were our ancestors: Jonathan HALLETT & Abigail DEXTER  and  Jeremiah HOWES Sarah PRENCE.   Ann’s cousin Mary Mayo married Ebenezer’s and John’s brother Seth Wheldon.  After Ebenezer’s death in 1743, Ann remarried 12 Nov 1752 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass to Joseph Crowell (1696 – 1783) and had four more children born between 1753 and 1761 in Yarmouth. Ann died Oct 1795 in Yarmouth.

Child of Ebenezer and Ann:

i. Ebenezer Whelden b. 29 Apr 1739 in Provincetown, Barnstable, Mass.

7. John Wheldon

John’s first wife Susanna Hallett was born 25 Jan 1722 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Susannah’s sister Ann married John’s brother Ebenezer.   Their parents were Ebenezer Hallet   and Rebecca Howes.   Both sets of grandparents were our ancestors: Jonathan HALLETT & Abigail DEXTER  and  Jeremiah HOWES Sarah PRENCE,   Susanna’s cousin Mary Mayo married Ebenezer’s and John’s brother Seth Wheldon. Susanna died 12 Nov 1751 in Yarmouth.

John’s second wife Lydia Taylor was born 12 Jul 1718 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Jasher Taylor (1685 – 1759) and Experience Cobb (1692 – 1764)

Children of John and Susanna

i. Susannah Whelden b. 1 May 1742 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

ii. Rebecca Wheldon b. 15 Sep 1743 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

iii. John Whelden b. 5 Mar 1745 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

iv. Temperance Wheldon b. 6 Jun 1747 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

v. Marcy Whelden b. 30 Sep 1749 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.;

Child of John and Lydia:

vi. Joshua Whelden b. 10 Jun 1757 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass

8. Mary Weldon (See Joseph BASSET Jr. ‘s page)






Posted in 10th Generation, Line - Shaw | Tagged | 6 Comments

Stephen Hopkins

Stephen HOPKINS (1580 – 1644) (wiki) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hopkins Coat of Arms

Hopkins Coat of Arms

Stephano Quote

Stephen was the only Mayflower passenger who had previously been to the New World.  His adventures  included surviving a the  Sea Venture’s  1609 shipwreck in Bermuda [including being pardoned for mutiny!] and working from 1610–14 in Jamestown as well as knowing the legendary Pocahontas, who married John Rolfe, a fellow Bermuda castaway.  Some Shakespearean scholars believe he was the model for the rogue Stephano in the Tempest.

Stephano in theTempest, here played by Alfred Molina in the 2010 film version

Stephen may be the real life inspiration for Stephano in the Tempest, played in the 2010 film version by Alfred Molina

Stephen Hopkins was baptized 30 Apr 1581 in the Church of All Saint, Upper Clatford, Hampshire, England. His parents were John HOPKINS and Elizabeth WILLIAMS. Not much is known about his early life in Hampshire, but his family appears to have removed to Winchester  by 1586. His father died there in 1593, and by 1604 he had moved to Hursley, He first married about 1602 to Mary [__?__]. He next married 9 Feb 1617/18 in St. Mary Matfelon, Whitechapel, London to Elizabeeth Fisher. Stephen died Jul 1644 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony.

Stephen was baptized in Church of All Saints Upper Clatford

Stephen was baptized in Church of All Saints Upper Clatford – Originally built during the reign of Henry I

Mary [__?__] was born about 1585 in England.  Her father may have been Giles MACHELL.  Stephen and Mary named their first son Gyles.  Mary died 9 May 1613  in Hursley, Hampshire, England.  Her death occurred while her husband was in Jamestown, Virginia.  The administration of her estate for her children presumes that her husband was either missing or dead. It certainly supports the evidence for Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower being the same person as Stephen Hopkins of the Sea Venture in 1609

Elizabeth Fisher was born about 1595 in England. Elizabeth died about 1643 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony.

Elizabeth Hopkins Reenactor

Elizabeth Hopkins Reenactor

Plimoth Plantation 1627 Village

Plimoth Plantation 1627 Village

Stephen was referred to as a tanner or leathermaker at the time of the voyage and a merchant and planter in Plymouth Colony records. He also apparently was a tavern keeper. He kept his home at what is now the corner of Main Street and Leyden Street for his entire life, except a brief time in Yarmouth where he did not stay, giving that land to his son Giles. He built the first wharf on record in Plymouth Harbor.

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Children of Stephen and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Elizabeth Hopkins bapt.
13 May 1604 Hursley, Hampshire, England
1613-1620 in England
2. Constance HOPKINS bapt.
11 May 1606  Hursley, Hampshire, England
Nicholas SNOW
1 Jun 1627 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
25 Nov 1677  Eastham, Plymouth Colony
3. Gyles Hopkins bapt.
30 Jan 1608 Hursley, Hampshire, England
Katherine Whelden (Daughter of Gabriel WHELDEN)
9 Oct 1639 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
5 Mar 1689 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
16 Apr 1690


Children of Stephen and Elizabeth

Name Born Married Departed
4. Damaris Hopkins 1618 England 1624 in Plymouth Colony
5. Oceanus Hopkins Btw. 16 Sep and 11 Nov 1620 at Sea (the only child to be born on the Mayflower) Bef. 1627 Plymouth Colony
6. Caleb Hopkins 1623 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Btw. 1644 and 1651 Barbados
7. Deborah Hopkins 1625 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Andrew Ring (son of our ancestor William RING)
23 Apr 1646 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
Bef. 1674 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
8. Damaris Hopkins 22 May 1627 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Jacob Cook (son of our ancestor Francis COOKE)
10 Jun 1646 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
1668 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
9. Ruth Hopkins ~ 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. 1644-1651 Plymouth Colony
10. Elizabeth Hopkins ~ 1632 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony ~ Oct 1659  Plymouth Colony


Upper Clatford as it might have looked when Stephen was growing up

Upper Clatford as it might have looked when Stephen was growing up

Stephen was fined on 19 May 1608 at the Merdon Manorial Court, however, the reason was not recorded. Stephen’s lease at Hursley’s Merdon Manor was turned over to a “Widow Kent.”  The Hopkins family either moved out or was forced out.

In 1609 Stephen left his wife and three small children to sign on with the Third Supply, a fleet of nine ships taking 500 settlers and supplies to Jamestown. Having no money to invest, and no rank of any kind, Stephen’s name does not appear on the list of Virginia Company investors. Instead, he is lumped with the anonymous “sailors, soldiers, and servants” on the fleet’s flagship, the Sea Venture.

In his contract with the Virginia Company, Stephen would serve three years as an indentured servant, his labors profiting those who had financed the venture. In exchange, he would receive free transportation, food, lodging, and 10 shillings every three months for his family back home. At the end of three years, he would be freed from his indenture and given 30 acres in the colony.

He is later described by William Strachey, who chronicled the voyage of the Sea Venture, as “A fellow who had much knowledge in the Scriptures, and could reason well therein” and therefore was chosen by Jamestown’s future minister,  Rev. Richard Buck “to be his Clarke, to reade the Psalmes, and chapters upon Sondayes at assembly of the Congregation under him.”

[The Reverend Richard Buck, a close friend of William Shakespeare, sealed the peace between Jamestown colonists and local Algonquians in 1614 by marrying planter John Rolfe and Pocahontas, the daughter of the Powhatan Mamanatowick , or supreme chief. Buck acquired 750 acres of land in the Neck-of-Land area on January 20, 1619. He and his wife had perished by 1624 and were survived by six of their children– Elizabeth, Bridget, Mara, Gercian, Benoni, and Peleg. Several of the Buck children were born with disorders and the children’s estate was the focus of frequent battles between custodians who tried to acquire sizable portions of Buck land legally and otherwise. Historical court records detailed the disputes of Neck-of-Land’s inhabitants, providing elaborate descriptions of mismanaged inheritance, land squabbles, diseased cattle, kidnappings, and murder. During the approximate 20-year occupation, the land passed from Richard Buck’s son-in-law Sergeant Thomas Crump to the Reverend’s eldest son Gercian to his youngest son Peleg, and finally to his eldest daughter Elizabeth]

On May 15 1609, Stephen boarded the  Sea Venture the new flagship of the Virginia Company.  Also on board were the Admiral of the Company himself, Sir George Somers,  Jamestown’s next Governor, Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Gates, the ship’s captain Christopher Newport, Sylvester Jordain,  and secretary William Strachey),

Wife Mary, two daughters Elizabeth and Constance and son Giles, barely a year old were left behind to fend for themselves until he returned or send for them.  There is some evidence Mary may have had a side business as a shop keeper.

Mary died in 1613 before Stephen returned.

“An inventory of the goods and Chattells of Mary Hopkins of Hursley in the Countie of South[amp]ton widowe deceased taken the tenth day of May 1613 as followeth vizt.

Inprimis certen Beames in the garden & wood in the back side
It[e]m the ymplem[en]ts in the Beehouse
It[e]m certen things in the kitchin
It[e]m in the hall one table, one Cupboorde & certen other things
It[e]m in the buttry six small vessells & some other small things
It[e]m brasse and pewter
It[e]m in the Chamber over the shop two beds one table & a forme with some other small things
It[e]m in the Chamber over the hall one fetherbed & 3 Chests & one box
It[e]m Lynnen & wearing apparrell
It[e]m in the shop one shopboarde & a plank
It[e]m the Lease of the house wherin she Late dwelled
It[e]m in ready mony & debts by specialitie & without specialitie
S[um] total xxv xj [25 pounds 11 shillings]

Gregory Horwood (his X mark)
William Toot
Rychard Wolle”

Wreck of the Sea Venture

The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

On Jun  2 1609, the Sea Venture, under the command of Sir George Somers, admiral of the fleet, with Christopher Newport as captain and Sir Thomas Gates, Governor of the colony, departed from Plymouth, England followed by the rest of the Virginia Company’s fleet, the Falcon,DiamondSwallowUnityBlessingLion, and two smaller ships.

Hodges writes,

“For seven weeks the ships stayed within sight of each other, often within earshot, and captains called to one another by way of trumpets. On the Sea Venture all was peaceful. Morning and evening, Chaplain Buck and Clerk Hopkins gathered the passengers and crew on deck for prayers and the singing of a psalm.”

The ships were only eight days from the coast of Virginia, when they were suddenly caught in a hurricane, and the Sea Venture became separated from the rest of the fleet.  The Sea Venture fought the storm for three days. Comparably sized ships had survived such weather, but the Sea Venture had a critical flaw in her newness: her timbers had not set. The caulking was forced from between them, and the ship began to leak rapidly. All hands were applied to bailing, but water continued to rise in the hold. The ship’s guns were reportedly jettisoned (though two were salvaged from the wreck in 1612) to raise her buoyancy, but this only delayed the inevitable.

William Strachey chronicled the Sea Venture’s final days:

“On St. James Day, being Monday, the clouds gathering thick upon us and the wind singing and whistling most unusually, a dreadful storm and hideous began to blow from out the northeast, which, swelling and roaring as it were by fits, at length did beat all night from Heaven; which like a hell of darkness, turned black upon us . . . For four-and-twenty hours the storm in a restless tumult had blown so exceedingly as we could not apprehend in our imaginations any possibility of greater violence; yet did we still find it not only more terrible but more constant, fury added to fury, and one storm urging a second more outrageous than the former . . . It could not be said to rain. The waters like whole rivers did flood in the air. Winds and seas were as mad as fury and rage could make them. Howbeit this was not all. It pleased God to bring greater affliction yet upon us; for in the beginning of the storm we had received likewise a mighty leak.”

Sea Venture in the Storm by William Harrington

Sea Venture in the Storm by William Harrington

The ship had begun to take on water and every man who could be spared went below to plug the leaks and work the pumps. The men worked in waist-deep water for four days and nights, but by Friday morning they were exhausted and gave up.

Another chronicler, Silvester Jourdain, wrote that some of the men,

“having some good and comfortable waters [gin and brandy] in the ship, fetched them and drunk one to the other, taking their last leave one of the other until their more joyful and happy meeting in a more blessed world.”

Then there was a crash and the Sea Venture began to split seam by seam as the water rushed in. Jourdain continues:

“And there neither did our ship sink but, more fortunately in so great a misfortune, fell in between two rocks, where she was fast lodged and locked for further budging; whereby we gained not only sufficient time, with the present help of our boat and skiff, safely to set and convey our men ashore . . . “

The Sea Venture had been thrown upon a reef about a mile from Bermuda, then known as the “Isle of the Devils.” Those who could swim lowered themselves into the waves and grasped wooden boxes, debris, or anything that would keep their heads above water. Stephen made it to shore clutching a barrel of wine. The entire crew, including the ship’s dog, survived.

As it turned out, the Sea Venture did not break apart and the men were able to retrieve the tools, food, clothing, muskets, and everything that meant their survival. Most of the ship’s structure also remained, so using the wreckage and native cedar trees, the 150 castaways immediately set about building two new boats so that they could complete their voyage to Jamestown.

Wreck of the Sea Venture by Christopher Grimes

Wreck of the Sea Venture by Christopher Grimes

The ship’s longboat was fitted with a mast and sent to Virginia for help, but it and its crew were never seen again.

The men were pleasantly surprised to find that the island’s climate was agreeable, food plentiful, and shelters easily constructed from cedar wood and palm leaves. The Isle of the Devils, turned out to be paradise, and a few began to wonder why they should leave.

Strachey recounts that some of the sailors, who had been to Jamestown with the Second Supply, stated that

“in Virginia nothing but wretchedness and labor must be expected, there being neither fish, flesh, or fowl which here at ease and pleasure might be enjoyed.”

The first attempt at mutiny was made by Nicholas Bennit who “made much profession of Scripture” and was described by Strachey as a “mutinous and dissembling Imposter.” Bennit and five other men escaped into the woods, but were captured and banished to one of the distant islands. The banished men soon found that life on the solitary island was not altogether desirable and humbly petitioned for a pardon, which they received. But the clemency of the Governor only encouraged the spirit of mutiny.

William Strachey notes that while Stephen HOPKINS was very religious, he was contentious and defiant of authority and had enough learning to wrest leadership from others. On January 24, while on a break with Samuel Sharpe and Humfrey Reede, Stephen argued:

“. . . it was no breach of honesty, conscience, nor Religion to decline from the obedience of the Governor or refuse to goe any further led by his authority (except it so pleased themselves) since the authority ceased when the wracke was committed, and, with it, they were all then freed from the government of any man . . .[there] were two apparent reasons to stay them even in this place; first, abundance of God’s providence of all manner of good foode; next, some hope in reasonable time, when they might grow weary of the place, to build a small Barke, with the skill and help of the aforesaid Nicholas Bennit, whom they insinuated to them to be of the conspiracy, that so might get cleere from hence at their own pleasures . . . when in Virginia, the first would be assuredly wanting, and they might well feare to be detained in that Countrie by the authority of the Commander thereof, and their whole life to serve the turnes of the Adventurers with their travailes and labors. “

The mutiny was brought to a quick end when Sharpe and Reede reported Stephen to Sir Thomas Gates who immediately put him under guard. That evening, at the tolling of a bell, the entire company assembled and witnessed Stephen’s trial:

“. . . the Prisoner was brought forth in manacles, and both accused, and suffered to make at large, to every particular, his answere; which was onely full of sorrow and teares, pleading simplicity, and deniall. But he being onely found, at this time, both the, Captaine and the follower of this Mutinie, and generally held worthy to satisfie the punishment of his offence, with the sacrifice of his life, our Governour passed the sentence of a Maritiall Court upon him, such as belongs to Mutinie and Rebellion. But so penitent hee was, and made so much moane, alleadging the ruine of his Wife and Children in this his trespasse, as it wrought in the hearts of all the better sorts of the Company, who therefore with humble entreaties, and earnest supplications, went unto our Governor, whom they besought (as likewise did Captaine Newport, and my selfe) and never left him untill we had got his pardon.”

Stephen begged and moaned about the ruin of his wife and children, and was pardoned out of sympathy.  After pleading his way out of a hanging, Stephen continued his duties as Minister’s Clerk and worked quietly with the others to finish the construction of the ships from Bermuda cedar and materials salvaged from the Sea Venture, especially her rigging.

Some members of the expedition died in Bermuda before the Deliverance and the Patienceset sail on 10 May 1610. Among those left buried in Bermuda were the wife and child of John Rolfe, who would found Virginia’s tobacco industry, and find a new wife in Chief Powhatan‘s daughter Matoaka (Pocahontas). Two men, Carter and Waters, were left behind; they had been convicted of unknown offences, and fled into the woods of Bermuda to escape punishment and execution. 

On May 10, 1610, the men boarded the newly built Deliverance and Patience and set out for Virginia. They arrived in Jamestown on May 24, almost a full year after they had left England.

The Tempest 

The story of the Sea Venture shipwreck (and Hopkins’ mutiny) is said to be the inspiration for The Tempest by William Shakespeare. Stephen is said to be the model for the character Stephano.

The shipwreck in Act I, Scene 1, in a 1797 engraving based on a painting by George Romney

The shipwreck in Act I, Scene 1, in a 1797 engraving based on a painting by George Romney

William Strachey‘s A True Reportory of the Wracke and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight, an eyewitness report of the real-life shipwreck of the Sea Venture in 1609 is considered by most critics to be one of Shakespeare’s primary sources because of certain verbal, plot and thematic similarities.  Although not published until 1625, Strachey’s report, one of several describing the incident, is dated 15 July 1610, and critics say that Shakespeare must have seen it in manuscript sometime during that year.

Strachey was no stranger to the theater people who met regularly at the Mermaid Tavern, so it’s probable that Shakespeare was among those who got a preview of the work.

Several years later, the Virginia Company published a heavily sanitized version of Strachey’s A True Reportory fearing that if the public knew the truth about Jamestown, there would be no more recruits.

In the 19th century Sylvester Jourdain’s pamphlet, A Discovery of The Barmudas (1609), was proposed as that source, but this was superseded in the early 20th century by the proposal that “True Reportory” was Shakespeare’s source because of perceived parallels in language, incident, theme, and imagery.

The Tempest is believed to have been written in 1610–11, and thought by many critics to be the last play that Shakespeare wrote alone. It is set on a remote island, where Prospero, the rightful Duke of Milan, plots to restore his daughter Miranda to her rightful place using illusion and skillful manipulation. He conjures up a storm, the eponymous tempest, to lure his usurping brother Antonio and the complicit King Alonso of Naples to the island. There, his machinations bring about the revelation of Antonio’s low nature, the redemption of the King, and the marriage of Miranda to Alonso’s son, Ferdinand.

Stephano, Caliban and Trinculo

Stephano, Caliban and Trinculo

Stephano   is a boisterous and often drunk butler of King Alonso.  He, Trinculo and Caliban plot against Prospero. In the play, he wants to take over the island and marry Prospero’s daughter, Miranda. Caliban believes Stephano to be a god because he gave him wine to drink which Caliban believes healed him.

Stephano’s Quotes
The master, the swabber, the boatswain, and I,
The gunner, and his mate,
Lov’d Mall, Meg, and Marian, and Margery,
But none of us car’d for Kate;
For she had a tongue with a tang,
Would cry to a sailor Go hang!
She lov’d not the savour of tar nor of pitch,
Yet a tailor might scratch her where’er she did itch.
Then to sea, boys, and let her go hang!
This is a scurvy tune too; but here’s my comfort. (Drinks)
Act 2: Scene II

Caliban: Hast thou not dropp’d from heaven?
Stephano: Out o’ th’ moon, I do assure thee; I was the Man i’ th’ Moon, when time was.
Caliban: I have seen thee in her, and I do adore thee. My mistress show’d me thee, and thy dog and thy bush.
Act 2: Scene II

Flout ’em and scout ’em, and scout ’em and flout ’em;
Thought is free.
Act 3: Scene II

He that dies pays all debts.
Act 3: Scene II

Hodges writes, “To have provided some of the fabric for Shakespeare’s vision of The Tempest and to appear in the play, even in the absurd disguise as Stephano, this in itself is a kind of immortality for Stephen Hopkins.”


The shipwreck and castaway was not the end of the survivors’ ordeals.  Over the winter of 1610, food in Jamestown had become so scarce that the settlers had been compelled to eat their horses, dogs, and even the flesh of those who had died. Only 60 of the 500 colonists remained. In contrast, the Bermuda crew were well-fed and healthy. Jamestown was judged to be unviable.

Strachey wrote of Jamestown,

“the palisades torn down, the ports open, the gates off the hinges, and empty houses rent up and burnt, rather than the dwellers would step into the woods a stone’s cast off to fetch other firewood. The Indians killed as fast, if our men but stirred beyond the bounds of their blockhouse, as famine and pestilence did.”

The new arrivals calculated that the meal cakes they had brought with them would feed everyone for no longer than ten days. So it appeared that abandonment of the settlement was their only hope. The plan was for all to board the Patience and Deliverance and sail up the coast to Newfoundland where, at this time of year, they could find fishing vessels to take them home to England. They anchored that night off an island near the mouth of the James. The next morning they were surprised by an approaching longboat which brought the news that Lord Delaware  [our ancestor Governor Thomas WEST 3rd Baron de la Warr (1577 – 1618)] was following with three shiploads of settlers and provisions to feed 400 for a year. The settlers from Jamestown returned to the abandoned colony and were at the gate of the fort to welcome the new governor when he dropped anchor on June 10th.

All the settlers were relanded at the colony, but there was still a critical shortage of food. Somers returned to Bermuda with the Patience to secure provisions, but died there in the summer of 1610. His nephew, Matthew, the captain of the Patience, sailed for England to claim his inheritance, rather than return to Jamestown. A third man, Chard, was left behind in Bermuda with Carter and Waters, who remained the only permanent inhabitants until the arrival of the Plough in 1612.

West immediately set about restoring the broken down fort. By midsummer the gate and palisade were repaired, and there was a new chapel and three rows of houses inside the triangular fort. Jamestown finally seemed to be on solid footing.

The English in Jamestown and those later in Plymouth were the antithesis of each other — with those in Virginia composed of titled leaders who were in charge of often inexperienced settlers and soldiers who were veterans of European wars, such as Capt. John Smith. All at Jamestown were focused on returning a profit to their London investors, and under great stress when no gold, minerals or anything else of much value to London was found in the Chesapeake area. The colonists could not/would not farm, tried to barter for food with the Indians and later stole food from them, leading to much violence, which continued for years.

Stephen does not appear on any of the lists of Jamestown colonists and, after his attempted mutiny, the assumption is that he was put on the first ship back to England. However, he is not in England in 1613 when his wife dies, and his later familiarity with Indians in Plymouth suggests that he may have spent several years in Jamestown.  Hopkins returned to England sometime between 1613 and 1617.   The Hopkins family is considered one of the First Families of Virginia.


By late 1617 Stephen and his children had settled into a home just outside of the east wall of London, where he was said to be working as a tanner. On Feb 9 1618, in the local church of St. Mary Matfellon in Whitechapel he married Elizabeth Fisher. In late 1618 Elizabeth and Stephen added another child to the family, a daughter they named Damaris.

Nearby the Hopkins’ home was the famous Henage House, a mansion that had been converted into apartments which housed a number of nonconformists. Among these were Robert CUSHMAN, John Carver, and William BREWSTER, members of the Scrooby Separatist congregation who had fled to Leyden, Holland years earlier to escape religious persecution. The three had returned to raise money for a patent to create a settlement in the New World for their congregation now living in exile in Holland.

Hopkins was recruited by the Merchant Adventurers to provide governance for the colony as well as assist with the colony’s ventures. He was a member of a group of passengers known to the Pilgrims as “The Strangers” since they were not part of the Pilgrims’ religious congregation. Hopkins was one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact and was an assistant to the governor of the colony through 1636.

John Carver was the first to sign the Mayflower Compact  The Mayflower Compact, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930)

The Mayflower Compact, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930)

Stephen appears to have been a bit of a rebel on board the Mayflower, a dissenter questioning the authority of the Separatist leaders, just as he had a decade earlier on the Sea Venture.    Stephen was a member of a group of passengers known to the Pilgrims as “The Strangers” since they were not part of the Pilgrims’ religious congregation.  Storms forced the landing to be at the hook of Cape Cod in what is now Massachusetts. This inspired some of the passengers perhaps led by Stephen to proclaim that since the settlement would not be made in the agreed upon Virginia territory, they “would use their own liberty; for none had power to command them…”

To prevent this, many of the other colonists chose to establish a government and sign the Mayflower Compact, a document outlining how their new society would run.    Hopkins was one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact and was an assistant to the governor of the colony through 1636.

Stephen Hopkins was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact and may have been the instigator

Stephen Hopkins was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact and may have been the instigator

Hopkins arrived at Plymouth on the 1620 Mayflower accompanied by his wife, Elizabeth, and his sons Giles and Oceanus, and daughters Constance and Damaris, Oceanus having been born at sea on the Mayflower, plus two servants, Edward Doty and Edward Leister. Damaris died during the early years, and Hopkins and his wife later had a second daughter Damaris.

Page from Bradford's history listing the Hopkins family

Page from Bradford’s history listing the Hopkins family


Stephen Hopkins Reenactor

Stephen Hopkins Reenactor

On 15 Nov. 1620 16 men went ashore “under the conduct of Captaine Miles Standish, unto whom was adjoyned for counsell and advise, William Bradford, Stephen HOPKINS, and Edward Tilley.” They arrived back at the ship on the 17th.

Stephen Hopkins was a member of the early Mayflower exploratory parties while the ship was anchored in the Cape Cod area. As he was well-versed in the hunting techniques and general lifestyle of American Indians from his years in Jamestown Virginia, which was later found to be quite useful to the Pilgrim leadership.

The story of the “First Encounter” appears both in Mourt’s Relation by George MORTON, published in London in 1622, and (in a condensed version) in William Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation.

“Wednesday, the sixth of December [1620]. It was resolved our discoverers should set forth … So ten of our men were appointed who were of themselves willing to undertake it, to wit, Captain Standish, Master Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, John TILLEY, Edward Tilley, John HOWLAND, and three of London, Richard Warren, Stephen HOPKINS, and Edward Doten, and two of our seamen, John Alderton, and Thomas English. Of the ship’s company there went two of the master’s mates, Master Clarke and Master Coppin, the master gunner, and three sailors …”

” … the 6th of December [1620] they sent out their shallop again with ten of their principal men and some seamen, upon further discovery, intending to circulate that deep bay of Cape Cod. The weather was very cold and it froze so hard as the spray of the sea lighting on their coats, they were as if they had been glazed. Yet that night betimes they got down into the bottom of the bay, and as they drew near the shore they saw some ten or twelve Indians very busy about something. They landed about a league or two from them … they made themselves a barricado with logs and boughs as well as they could in the time, and set out their sentinel and betook them to rest, and saw the smoke of the fire the savages made that night. When morning was come they divided their company, some to coast along the shore in the boat, and the rest marched through the woods to see the land, if any fit place might be for their dwelling. They came also to the place where they saw the Indians the night before, and found they had been cutting up a great fish like a grampus …

“So they ranged up and down all that day, but found no people, nor any place they liked. When the sun grew low, they hasted out of the woods to meet with their shallop … of which they were very glad, for they had not seen each other all that day since the morning. So they made them a barricado as usually they did every night, with logs, stakes and thick pine boughs, the height of a man, leaving it open to leeward, partly to shelter them from the cold and wind (making their fire in the middle and lying round about it) and partly to defend them from any sudden assaults of the savages, if they should surround them; so being very weary, they betook them to rest. But about midnight they heard a hideous and great cry, and their sentinel called “Arm! arm!” So they bestirred them and stood to their arms and shot off a couple of muskets, and then the noise ceased. They concluded it was a company of wolves or such like wild beasts, for one of the seamen told them he had often heard such noise in Newfoundland.

“So they rested till about five of the clock in the morning; for the tide, and their purpose to go from thence, made them be stirring betimes. So after prayer they prepared for breakfast, and it being day dawning it was thought best to be carrying things down to the boat …

“But presently, all on the sudden, they heard a great and strange cry, which they knew to be the same voices they heard in the night, though they varied their notes; and one of their company being abroad came running in and cried, “Men, Indians! Indians!” And withal, their arrows came flying amongst them. Their men ran with all speed to recover their arms, as by the good providence of God they did. In the meantime, of those that were there ready, two muskets were discharged at them, and two more stood ready in the entrance of their rendezvous but were commanded not to shoot till they could take full aim at them. And the other two charged again with all speed, for there were only four had arms there, and defended the barricado, which was first assaulted. The cry of the Indians was dreadful, especially when they saw their men run out of the rendezvous toward the shallop to recover their arms, the Indians wheeling about upon them. But some running out with coats of mail on, and cutlasses in their hands, they soon got their arms and let fly amongst them and quickly stopped their violence …

“Thus it pleased God to vanquish their enemies and give them deliverance; and by his special providence so to dispose that not any one of them were either hurt or hit, though their arrows came close by them and on every side [of] them; and sundry of their coats, which hung up in the barricado, were shot through and through. Afterwards they gave God solemn thanks and praise for their deliverance, and gathered up a bundle of their arrows and sent them into England afterward by the master of the ship, and called that place the FIRST ENCOUNTER.”

Jan 1621 : “Saturday, the 17th day, in the morning, we called a meeting for the establishing of military orders among ourselves; and we chose Miles Standish our captain, and gave him authority of command in affairs. And as we were in consultation hereabouts, two savages presented themselves upon the top of a hill, over against our plantation, about a quarter of a mile and less, and made signs unto us to come unto them; we likewise made signs unto them to come unto us. Whereupon we armed ourselves and stood ready, and sent two over the brook, towards them, to wit, Captain Standish and Stephen Hopkins, who went towards them. Only one of them had a musket, which they laid down on the ground in their sight, in sign of peace and to parley with them. But the savages would not tarry their coming. A noise of a great many more was heard behind the hill; but no more came in sight.”

On 17 Feb 1620/21 two Indians appeared on the top of a hill and motioned for the settlers to come to them. Miles Standish and Stephen were sent to them but, they disappeared.

The first formal meeting with the Indians was held at Hopkins’ house and he was called upon to participate in early Pilgrim visits with the Indian leader Massasoit. Over the years Hopkins assistance to Pilgrims leaders such as Myles Standish and Edward Winslow regarding his knowledge of the local Indian languages was found to be quite useful.

Steven Hopkins meeting with the colonists Wampanoag Indian interpreter Hobbamock

Steven Hopkins meeting with the colonists’ Wampanoag Indian interpreter Hobbamock

When Samoset first came to the settlement on 16 Feb 1620/21, the Englishmen were suspicious of him, and they “lodged him that night at Steven Hopkins house, and watched him” (Mourt’s Relation, p. 33).

On 2 July 1621 Edward Winslow and Stephen were sent by Gov. Carver to see Chief Massasoit  and visited he chief at his residence in Warren, RI with the assistance of Squanto. They arrived back at Plymouth on 7 July.

Interview of Samoset with the Pilgrims

12 July 1621 : “Having in some sort ordered their business at home, it was thought meet to send some abroad to see their new friend Massasoit, and to bestow upon him some gratuity to bind him the faster unto them; as also that hereby they might view and country and see in what manner he lived, what strength he had about him, and how the ways were to his place, if at any time they should have occasion.

So the second of July they sent Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. Hopkins, with the foresaid Squanto for their guide; who gave him a suit of clothes and a horseman’s coat, with some other small things, which were kindly accepted; but they found but short commons and came both weary and hungry home. For the Indians used then to have nothing so much corn as they have since the English have stored them with their hoes, and seen their industry in breaking up new grounds therewith.

“They found his place to be forty miles from hence, the soil good and the people not many, being dead and abundantly wasted in the late great mortality, which fell in all these parts about three years before the coming of the English, wherein thousands of them died. They not being able to bury one another, their skulls and bones were found in many places lying still above the ground where their houses and dwellings had been, a very sad spectacle to behold. But they brought word that the Narragansetts lived but on the other side of that great bay, and were a strong people and many in number, living compact together, and had not been at all touched with this wasting plague.”

When Massasoit returned, the Englishmen greeted him by firing their guns in salute. He welcomed them into his house, where Squanto acted as interpreter. They gave Massasoit a red cotton horseman’s coat and copper necklace, which he immediately donned and modeled for the entertainment of his tribe.

As diplomat, Winslow suggested that Massasoit’s people should only come to Plymouth with the consent of the chief, since the colony was short of food and could no longer entertain an unlimited number of guests. They also stated that they wanted to repay the Nauset for the corn they had taken from their mounds, and asked if Massasoit would send word to them. Winslow also asked for trading goods, such as beaver skins, which could be sent back to England.

Massasoit agreed to all their requests and gave a lengthy speech explaining the matter to his people and naming all thirty of his villages that were bound by the agreement. He ended his speech after pledging loyalty to the English King, and telling the pilgrims that he felt sorry for King James whose wife, Queen Anne, had died in 1619. He then lit tobacco for them, and they discussed matters in England, particularly how the King was getting along without a wife.

When the group retired, Stephen and Winslow were invited to join the chief and his wife in their bed. By custom, the bed had to be full, so two other tribal leaders crowded in the remaining space. The four Wampanoags quickly put themselves to sleep through rhythmic chanting, but the Pilgrims had a restless night. The bed was full of lice and fleas, but moving outside meant they would be eaten alive by mosquitoes. Winslow later complained that they were more weary “of their lodging, than of their journey.”

The next day the Wampanoags held games with beaver skins as prizes. The pilgrims didn’t participate, but were asked to demonstrate their skills as marksmen. At noon, forty men gathered to share a meager lunch of three large fresh water fish. The Pilgrims spent another night with the Wampanoags, but told the chief they must be returning home to keep the Sabbath.

They rose before sunrise the next day and departed with the six Indians who had brought them. They shared the last of their food with their guides who surprised them the next morning with a breakfast of fresh fish. They were caught in a “great storm” on the last day and reachedPlymouth wet and weary, but elated with success.

Stephen and Squanto had barely recuperated from their trip, when they were asked to join a search party to find young John Billington. They soon learned that he had been found in the woods by the unfriendly Nausets, so they gathered their courage and rowed the shallop to the Nauset village.

Hearing that the pilgrims were coming, Chief Aspinet met the boat with “no less than a hundred of his men,” but the colonists had nothing to fear. With Squanto’s help, they understood that the pilgrims had come in peace and wished to pay for the corn they had taken. A great train of men then carried the boy through the water to the boat unharmed and bedecked with beads. The colonists thanked Chief Aspinet and the man who had found Billington with gifts of knives.

Plymouth’s first criminal act was committed by Stephen’s indentured servants, Edward Dotey and Edward Leister. While Stephen was off on one of his expeditions that first summer in Plymouth, the two men began to compete for the affections of his daughter, Constance. After an open quarrel, they went into the woods with swords and daggers and returned with wounds in the hand and thigh.

Dueling was illegal, and Stephen returned home to find his servants in handcuffs and awaiting trial. After finding the men guilty, Governor Bradford consulted William Brewster’s book of English law which prescribed that the men have their necks tied to their feet and remain in that agonizing position for twenty-four hours in the town square.

Stephen couldn’t bear their suffering and implored Governor Bradford and Captain Standish to set the men free. “Within an hour,” says an early record, “because of their great pains, at their own and their master’s humble request, they were released by the Governor.”

In 1623 Stephen was alloted 6 acres in the division of land on the south side of the brook.

The Rear of Stephen Hopkins Plymouth Home as seen from the goat enclosure fence

The Rear of Stephen Hopkins Plymouth Home as seen from the goat enclosure fence

22 May 1627 — The cows and goats were divided among the settlers with Lot No. 7 going to Stephen and his family, the Snows, Palmers, and Billingtons. This lot consisted of two calves and two goats:

“At a publique court held the 22th of May it was concluded by the whole Companie, that the cattell wch were the Companies, to wit, theCowes & the Goates should be equally devided to all the psonts of the same company … & so the lotts fell as followeth, thirteene psonts being pportioned to one lot… “the seauenth lott fell to Stephen Hopkins & his company Joyned to him (2) his wife Elizabeth Hopkins (3) Gyles Hopkins (4) Caleb Hopkins (5) Debora Hopkins (6) Nickolas SNOW (7) Constance SNOW (8) William Pallmer (9) ffrances Pallmer (10) Willm Pallmer Jnor (11) John Billington Senor (12) Hellen Billington (13) ffrancis Billington.

The Hopkins home sat across from Governor Bradford’s on the eastern corner of Main and Leyden. It was one of the largest houses inPlymouth to accommodate its large family. By 1627 each house had a fenced garden with flowers and herbs. The Hopkins also had a barn, dairy, cow shed, and small apple orchard. Both Damaris and Oceanus died around 1626, but five new children, Caleb, Deborah, Damaris (again), Ruth, and Elizabeth, were born between 1622 and about 1630. Constance moved out in 1628 when she married carpenter Nicholas Snow who had sailed on the Anne.

Stephen was probably also one of the dissenters at Plymouth whose actions led to the necessity for drafting the Mayflower Compact. Bradford,, and Mourt’s Relation, p. 40, tell how in 1621 the colonists sent Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. Stephen Hopkins on a mission to visit Massasoit. Mourt’s Relation, pp. 7-8, also shows how Hopkins warned colonists on an early expedition about an Indian trap to catch deer, and how Bradford, not hearing the warning, stepped on the trap and was immediately caught by his leg.

Hopkins was an Assistant at least as early as 1633, and he continued in 1634, 1635, and 1636. He was on the original freeman list.  He was a volunteer in the Pequot War  (See my post)

Jan 1 1633 : “At this Court, Mr Thomas PRENCE was elected Govr for the yeare following, and to enter upon the place the first of March or the 27 of the same, and to execute the office of Govr for one whole yeare from the time of his entry.
“At the same time, Edw: Wynslow, Mr Will Bradford, Mr Isaack ALLERTON, Mr Joh Alden, Mr Joh HOWLAND, & Mr Stephen HOPKINS chosen to the office of Assistant to the said Govr, & to enter therupon with the said Govr elect as foresaid.”

Keeping in mind the delicate balance in Plymouth between “covenant” and “noncovenant” colonists, it is reasonable to assume that Hopkins must have been a leader of the non-Separatist settlers, and in his career at Plymouth can be seen some of the ambiguity that attached to the non-Separatists living in a Separatist colony.

7 Jun 1636 – At a time when Hopkins was an Assistant, the General Court found him guilty of battery against John Tisdale, and he was fined £5, and ordered to pay Tisdale forty shillings, the court observing that he had broken the King’s peace, “wch [p.309] he ought after a speciall manner to have kept”

2 Oct 1637 – He was presented twice, first for suffering men to drink in his house on the Lord’s day before meeting ended, and for allowing servants and others to drink more than proper for ordinary refreshing, and second for suffering servants and others to sit drinking in his house (contrary to orders of the court), and to play at shovel board and like misdemeanors is therefore fined fourty shillings.”

2 Jan 1637/38 – Hopkins was presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house “as old Palmer, James Coale, & William Renolds”

Jan 2 1637 : “Presentment by the Grand Jury.
“1. William Reynolds is psented for being drunck at Mr Hopkins his house, that he lay vnder the table, vomitting in a beastly manner, and was taken vp betweene two. The witness hereof is Abraham Warr, als Hoop, als Pottle, and sayth that there was in company Francis Sprague, Samuell Nash, & Georg Partrich.
2. Mr Hopkins is psented for sufferinge excessiue drinking in his house, as old Palmer, James Coale, & William Renolds, John Winslow, Widdow Palmers man, Widdow Palmer, Thomas Little, witnesss & Stepheen Travy

5 Jun 1638 – He was presented for selling beer for two pence a quart which was not worth a penny a quart, and for selling wine at excessive rates “to the oppressing & impovishing of the colony”; he was fined £5 for some of these offenses, including selling strong waters and nutmegs at excessive rates

5 June 1638 : “Presentments by the Grand Jury…
“Mr Steephen Hopkins is prsented for selling beere for ij d the quart, not worth j d a quart. Witness, Kenelme Winslow.
“Item, for selling wine at such excessiue rates, to the opressing & impouishing of the colony. Kenelme Winslow & John Winslow, witnesses.”

1638 – He was fined for not dealing fairly with an apprentice-girl, Dorothy Temple. In the Temple case  he was “committed to ward for his contempt to the Court, and shall so remayne comitted untill hee shall either receive his servant Dorothy Temple, or els pvide for her elsewhere at his owne charge during the terme shee hath yet to serve him” (PCR 1:112).

Story of Dorothy Temple

Story of Dorothy Temple

Dorothy Temple 2

4 Feb 1638 – “Concerning Mr Steephen Hopkins and Dorothy Temple, his servant, the Court doth order, with one consent, that in regard by her couenant of indenture shee hath yet aboue two yeares to serue him, that the said Mr Hopkins shall keepe her and her child, or puide shee may be kept with food and rayment during the said terme ; and if he refuse so to doe, that then the collony pruide for her, & Mr Hopkins to pay it…

“Mr Steephen Hopkins is committed to ward for his contempt to the Court, and shall so remayne comitted vntill hee shall either receiue his servant Dorothy Temple, or else puide for her elsewhere at his owne charge during the terme shee hath yet to serue him …

8 Feb 1638 – “The viijt of Februar., 1638. Memorand : That whereas Dorothy Temple, a mayde servant dwelling with Mr Stephen Hopkins, was begotten with child in his service by Arthur Peach, who was executed for murther and roberry by the heigh way before the said child was borne, the said Steephen Hopkins hath concluded and agreed with Mr John Holmes, of Plymouth, for three pounds sterl., and other consideracons to him in hand payd, to discharge the said Steephen Hopkins and the colony of the said Dorothy Temple and her child foreuer ; and the said Dorothy is to serue all the residue to her tyme with the said John Holmes, according to her indenture.”

3 Dec 1639 – He was presented for selling a looking glass for sixteen pence which could be bought in the Bay Colony for nine pence, and he was also fined £3 for selling strong water without license” (PCR 1:137).

3 December 1639 : “Mr Steephen Hopkins, vpon his psentment for selling a lookeing glasse for 16d, the like whereof was bought in the Bay for ix d is referred to further informacon.
“Mr Steephen Hopkins, for selling strong water wthout lycense, proued & confesed in Court, is fyned iiij li.”(probably to the sucker who bought the mirror!)

Jonathan Hatch, who from the records seems to have been a recurring disciplinary problem in the colony, on 5 April 1642 was ordered by the court to dwell with Mr. Stephen Hopkins, “& the said Mr Hopkins to have a speciall care of him” (PCR 2:38).

All these misdemeanors  no way indicated he was disloyal to the Colony–in fact, he was Assistant Governor from 1633 to 1636, and he volunteered to fight in the Pequot War of 1637.”

7 Aug 1638 – “Liberty is graunted to Mr Steephen Hopkins to erect a house at Mattacheese, and cutt hey there this yeare to winter his cattle, puided that it be not to wthdraw him from the towne of Plymouth.” Mattacheese was later called Yarmouth.

8 June 1642 – William CHASE mortgaged his house and land in Yarmouth to Stephen  for £ 5.

Stephen Hopkins was a friend of Myles Standish, in England, where they were “merchant adventurers.”  They were both in the Military Company of Barque Mayflower, Capt. Myles Standish.

The last Will and Testament of Mr. Stephen Hopkins exhibited upon the Oathes of mr Willm Bradford and Captaine Miles Standish at the generall Court holden at Plymouth the xxth of August Anno dm 1644 as it followeth in these wordes vizt.

The sixt of June 1644 I Stephen Hopkins of Plymouth in New England being weake yet in good and prfect memory blessed be God yet considering the fraile estate of all men I do ordaine and make this to be my last will and testament in manner and forme following and first I do committ my body to the earth from whence it was taken, and my soule to the Lord who gave it, my body to b eburyed as neare as convenyently may be to my wyfe Deceased

And first my will is that out of my whole estate my funerall expences be discharged

secondly that out of the remayneing part of my said estate that all my lawfull Debts be payd

thirdly I do bequeath by this my will to my sonn Giles Hopkins my great Bull wch is now in the hands of Mris Warren. Also I do give to Stephen Hopkins my sonn Giles his sonne twenty shillings in Mris Warrens hands for the hire of the said Bull

Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Constanc Snow the wyfe of Nicholas Snow my mare

also I give unto my daughter Deborah Hopkins the brodhorned black cowe and her calf and half the Cowe called Motley

Also I doe give and bequeath unto my daughter Damaris Hopkins the Cowe called Damaris heiffer and the white faced calf and half the cowe called Mottley

Also I give to my daughter Ruth the Cowe called Red Cole and her calfe and a Bull at Yarmouth wch is in the keepeing of Giles Hopkins wch is an yeare and advantage old and half the curld Cowe

Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth the Cowe called Smykins and her calf and thother half of the Curld Cowe wth Ruth and an yearelinge heiffer wth out a tayle in the keeping of Gyles Hopkins at Yarmouth

Also I do give and bequeath unto my foure daughters that is to say Deborah Hopkins Damaris Hopkins Ruth Hopkins and Elizabeth Hopkins all the mooveable goods the wch do belong to my house as linnen wollen beds bedcloathes pott kettles pewter or whatsoevr are moveable belonging to my said house of what kynd soever and not named by their prticular names all wch said mooveables to be equally devided amongst my said daughters foure silver spoones that is to say to eich of them one,

And in case any of my said daughters should be taken away by death before they be marryed that then the part of their division to be equally devided amongst the Survivors.

I do also by this my will make Caleb Hopkins my sonn and heire apparent giveing and bequeathing unto my said sonn aforesaid all my Right title and interrest to my house and lands at Plymouth wth all the Right title and interrest wch doth might or of Right doth or may hereafter belong unto mee, as also I give unto my saide heire all such land wch of Right is Rightly due unto me and not at prsent in my reall possession wch belongs unto me by right of my first comeing into this land or by any other due Right, as by such freedome or otherwise giveing unto my said heire my full & whole and entire Right in all divisions allottments appoyntments or distributions whatsoever to all or any pt of the said lande at any tyme or tymes so to be disposed

Also I do give moreover unto my foresaid heire one paire or yooke of oxen and the hyer of them wch are in the hands of Richard Church as may appeare by bill under his hand

Also I do give unto my said heire Caleb Hopkins all my debts wch are now oweing unto me, or at the day of my death may be oweing unto mee either by booke bill or bills or any other way rightfully due unto mee ffurthermore my will is that my daughters aforesaid shall have free recourse to my house in Plymouth upon any occation there to abide and remayne for such tyme as any of them shall thinke meete and convenyent & they single persons And for the faythfull prformance of this my will I do make and ordayne my aforesaid sonn and heire Caleb Hopkins my true and lawfull Executor ffurther I do by this my will appoynt and make my said sonn and Captaine Miles Standish joyntly supervisors of this my will according to the true meaneing of the same that is to say that my Executor & supervisor shall make the severall divisions parts or porcons legacies or whatsoever doth appertaine to the fullfilling of this my will

It is also my will that my Executr & Supervisor shall advise devise and dispose by the best wayes & meanes they cann for the disposeing in marriage or other wise for the best advancnt of the estate of the forenamed Deborah Damaris Ruth and Elizabeth Hopkins Thus trusting in the Lord my will shalbe truly prformed according to the true meaneing of the same I committ the whole Disposeing hereof to the Lord that hee may direct you herein

June 6th 1644
Witnesses hereof By me Steven Hopkins
Myles Standish (wiki)
William Bradford (wiki)

“The inventory of the goods of Stephen Hopkins, deceased 1644

£    s   d
Inpris one brod horne Cowe                                                   05 10 00
it Mottlis Cowe                                                                         05 10 00
it Damaris heifer                                                                        05 00 00
it Red Cowe                                                                               05 05 00
it Curld Cowe                                                                            05 05 00
it Symkins Cowe                                                                       05 00 00
it brod Hornes calf                                                                   00 12 00
it white faced calf                                                                     00 15 00
it Cooles calf                                                                             00 14 00
it Symkins calfe                                                                        00 12 00
it a great Bull                                                                            08 00 00
it a mare                                                                                     06 00 00
it a yeong bull                                                                          01 05 00
it a yearling heiffer wthout a tayle                                     01 05 00
it a yok of oxen                                                                        15 00 00
it 2 pigges                                                                                 00 04 00
it poultry                                                                                   00 10 00
it a bed & boulster & one pillow                                           03 10 00
it another bed & boulster & pillow                                       03 10 00
it another feather bed & pillow                                              03 00 00
it another bed & boulster wth an old straw bed                02 00 00
it 3 white blankets                                                                    01 00 00
it one covering                                                                          00 12 00
it one covring                                                                            00 04 00
it a yellow Rugg                                                                        00 08 00
it a greene Rugg                                                                        00 06 00
it 2 checkr blanketts                                                                  00 14 00
it curtaines and vallence                                                          00 10 00
it a scarfe                                                                                    00 06 00
it a pair of flanell sheets                                                           00 07 00
it one old paire of sheets                                                          00 05 00
it one paire of sheets                                                                 00 08 00
it 3 sheets                                                                                    00 10 00
it 4 pillow beares                                                                        00 12 00
it 5 napkins                                                                                 00 03 06
it 1 diapr napkins                                                                       00 02 06
it 3 table clothes                                                                         00 04 00
it 4 dymothy caps                                                                      00 02 00
it 2 white capps                                                                          00 03 00
it 2 wrought caps                                                                       00 02 06
it 2 shirts                                                                                     00 12 00
86 06 06

it two paire of shooes                                                               00 06 00
it prs of cotton stockings                                                         00 02 06
it 4 spoones                                                                                01 08 00
it in money                                                                                  00 00 06
it claspes                                                                                     00 00 02
it a pair of garters                                                                       00 00 04
it 2 Ruffe                                                                                      00 07 00
it a paire of drawers                                                                   00 00 04
it a moheire petticote                                                                 01 15 00
it a petticote of phillip & cheny                                               01 00 00
it a grogorm coate                                                                      01 00 00
it a prpetuam coate                                                                    01 00 00
it a cloth coate                                                                            01 00 00
it a cloake                                                                                     01 10 00
it a gray cloak                                                                              01 10 00
it a suit of cloth                                                                            00 08 00
it a pair of breeches                                                                     00 03 00
it an old coate & jerkine                                                              00 10 00
it a muffe                                                                                        00 06 00
it 3 cusheons & a pair of breeches                                          00 04 00
it a chest                                                                                        00 08 00
it a chest                                                                                        00 06 00
it a case & bottel & box                                                              00 03 00
it a hogshead                                                                                00 01 00
it an old warmeing pann                                                            00 02 00
it a frying pann                                                                             00 01 00
it 6 porringers                                                                               00 05 00
it 2 porringers                                                                               00 01 00
it 4 wine measures                                                                       00 06 00
it 3 quart potts                                                                             00 06 00
it chamber potts                                                                           00 02 00
it 2 laten candlesticks                                                                 00 01 00
it 1 puter candlestick                                                                   00 01 00
it a pestell & morter                                                                     00 03 06
it a beere bowle & wine cup                                                       00 01 06
it a beaker                                                                                      00 00 06
it a salt seller                                                                                 00 01 00
it 2 funnells                                                                                   00 01 00
it 2 basens                                                                                     00 06 00
it a great dish                                                                                00 05 00
it 6 dishes                                                                                      00 14 00
it a little dish                                                                                 00 00 02
it earthen potts                                                                             00 00 06
it an Iron pott                                                                                00 05 00
it a bras pott                                                                                  00 08 00
it a cast skellet                                                                              00 05 00
it a smale skellet                                                                           00 01 06
it a great kettle                                                                              01 02 00
it a lesse kettle                                                                              00 06 00
it a smaler ketle                                                                             00 04 00
it another kettle                                                                            00 07 00
it 5 spoones                                                                                  00 01 00
it 1 dossen & half trenchers                                                       00 01 00
it two graters 2s                                                                            00 02 00
it a shooeing horne                                                                      00 00 01
it a paire of bellowes                                                                    00 01 00
it 4 paire of old pothookes                                                          00 03 00
it a fireshovell & tongs                                                                00 04 00
it two spitts                                                                                    00 03 06
it 3 paire of links                                                                            00 07 06
it a peece of a bar of Iron                                                             00 01 06
it a gridiron                                                                                     00 01 00
it 9 trayes                                                                                        00 09 00
it a churne                                                                                       00 04 00
it 2 chees vtts                                                                                 00 01 00
it a old Cullender                                                                            00 00 02
it 2 payles                                                                                        00 01 04
it wodden Mo                                                                                 00 01 06
it 2 wheeles                                                                                     00 07 00
it 2 chaires                                                                                       00 08 00
it 2 stooles                                                                                       00 02 00
it latten pans                                                                                   00 00 06
it a tubb & forme                                                                            00 12 00
it a cheane                                                                                       00 06 00
it a sive                                                                                            00 00 06
it old chest                                                                                      00 02 00
it a bakeing Tub                                                                             00 02 00
it old tubbs                                                                                     00 01 00
it feathers                                                                                        00 03 00
it 3 hoopes of Iron                                                                         00 01 06
it 1 sawe                                                                                          00 01 06
it a cheese rack                                                                              00 04 00
it 4 skins                                                                                         00 03 00
it an axe                                                                                          00 01 06
it a prcell hemp                                                                              00 02 06
it scales and waights                                                                    00 05 00
it Debts                                                                                           16 05 00
it Divers bookes                                                                            00 12 00
it more in Debts                                                                             01 01 00
it a hatt                                                                                            00 01 00

The inventory amounted to £128/16/7.

20 August 1644 : “Captaine Miles Standish & Mr Willm Bradford deposed to the last will & testament of Mr Steephen Hopkins, deceased. Caleb Hopkins, constituted executr thereof, exhibited an inventory all his goods & cattells vpon his oath.”

29 June 1652 : “The Court haue agreed with Captaine Standish about the house that was Mr Hopkinses, in which hee is to see that a convenient place bee made to keepe the common stocke of powder and shott, and the countrie to make vse thereof as they shall haue occation for the meetings of the comitties & juryes and oter such like vses; and it is to bee repaired att the countryes charge, provided, that when the owners doe make vse thereof, they are to make satisfaction for the repairing thereof.”


“And seeing it hath pleased Him to give me [William Bradford] to see thirty years completed since these beginnings, and that the great works of His providence are to be observed, I have thought it not unworthy my pains to take a view of the decreasings and increasings of these persons and such changes as hath passed over them and theirs in this thirty years…

“Mr Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above twenty years in this place and had one son and four daughters born here. Their son became a seaman and died at Barbadoes, one daughter died here and two are married; one of them hath two children, and one is yet to marry. So their increase which still survive are five. But his son Giles is married and hath four children.
“His daughter Constanta is also married and hath twelve children, all of them living and one of them married.”

2. Constance HOPKINS (See Nicholas SNOW‘s page)

3. Gyles Hopkins

Gyles’ wife Katherine Whelden was baptized 6 Mar 1617 in St. Leodegarius Church, Basford, Nottingham, England. Her parents were our ancestors Gabriel WHELDEN  and Jane [__?__].  Katherine died after 15 Mar 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony.

In 1637, Giles volunteered to go with his father and brother, Caleb, to fight against the Pequot Indians in 1637. By early 1639, he had moved from Plymouth to Yarmouth on Cape Cod. He and Catherine lived in the first house built by the English on Cape Cod south of Sandwich. Giles was made a surveyor of Highways in Yarmouth in 1643. He moved to Eastham on the Cape in 1644 where he also served as highway surveyor.

Giles signed a will on 19 Jan 1682 and also a codicil to the will dated 5 Mar 1688/89. His will was admitted to probate 16 Apr 1690.

Click here for the Last Will & Testament of Gyles Hopkins, 1682/1683

Children of Gyles and Katherine:

i. Mary Hopkins b: Nov 1640 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 20 Mar 1700 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; Burial:Cove Burying Ground Eastham; m. her cousin Samuel Smith (b. 26 May 1668 Eastham – d. 22 Sep 1692 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Ralph SMYTH and Grace [__?__]. Samuel and Grace had eight children born between 1667 and 1678.

Early in life, Samuel Smith engaged in the whale and mackerel fishery business, and was very successful at it. Later he was a trader and inn keeper in Eastham. He owned at one time more than a 1000 acres of land, 400 acres being in the South side of the town of Eastham and was known for many years afterwards as the “Smith Purchase.” He also bought two farms in Chatham, Mass, one at Tom’s Neck, comprising a considerable part of the present village of Chatham. His estate at his death was valued at more than 1200 pounds. The inventory shows he was in possession of over fifty head of cattle, 60 sheep and a number of horses. He held various local offices in Eastham, was styled “mister” in the records and Judge Samuel Sewell mentions him in his diary. He has been descrided as a “resolute and determined man.”

It seems Samuel Smith experienced considerable trouble from the law: He sued a Stephen Merrick for unlawfully taking a horse (25 Oct. 1668). The next year he appeared in Plymouth Colony Court to answer suits brought against him, Ralph Smith and Daniel Smith by Josias Cooke. He served as constable of Eastham in 1670 and the next year was sued by Joseph Harding for abuse of his duties in that position. On 7 July 1682 Thomas Clarke Sr of Plymouth sued Samuel Smith of Eastham for unjustly detaining profits of a Cape Cod fishing venture. On the first Tuesday in Oct. 1686 Samuel Smith and John Mayo of Eastham were charged with netting mackerel at Cape Cod in violation of a court order.”

ii. Stephen Hopkins b: Sep 1642 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 10 Oct 1718 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 23 May 1667 Eastham to Mary Merrick (1650 – 1692); Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Stephen and Mary had ten children born between 1667 and 1692. Mary may well have died after giving birth;

m2. 7 Apr 1701 Eastham to Bethiah Linnell (b: 7 Feb 1641 in Barnstable – d. 25 Mar 1726 Harwich) Bethiah’s parents were Robert Linnell and Peninnah Howse. Her grandparents were Rev. John HOWSE and Abigail LLOYD. She first married 25 Mar 1664 Eastham to Henry Atkins (b. 1617, England – d. 24 Aug 1700 Eastham)

iii. John Hopkins b: 1643 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 1643

iv. Abigail Hopkins b: Oct 1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 1691; m. 23 May 1667 Eastham to William Merrick b: 15 Sep 1643 Duxbury, Plymouth Colony – 30 Oct 1732 Harwich ) Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Abigail and William had eight children between 1668 and 1691.

v. Deborah Hopkins b: Jun 1648 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Bef Dec 1727 Eastham; m. 27 Jul 1668 Eastham to Josiah Cooke (b: 1645 Eastham – d. 31 Jan 1732 Eastham ) Josiah’s parents were Josiah Cooke and Elizabeth Ring.  Some say his grandparents were our ancestors Francis COOKE and Hester le MAHIEU but serious genealogists don’t believe in this connection.  Josiah’s maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT. Deborah and Josiah had eight children born between 1669 and 1686.

vi. Caleb Hopkins b: Jan 1651 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 22 May 1728 Harwich; m. Mary Williams (b: 1660 Eastham – d. 27 May 1709 Harwich) Mary’s parents were Thomas Williams (b: ~1615) and Elizabeth Tart (b: ~1620). Caleb and Mary had four children born between 1784 and 1709.

vii. Ruth Hopkins b: Jun 1653 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. dates given online vary from 1693 to 1738, in Eastham or Harwich; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Samuel Mayo (b: 12 Oct 1655 Eastham – d. 29 Oct 1738 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Nathaniel Mayo and Hannah Prence. His grandparents were Gov. Thomas PRENCE and Patience BREWSTER) Hannah Prence married our ancestor Jonathan SPARROW as his second wife. Ruth and Samuel had seven children born between 1682 and 1696. Later, Samuel married 31 Aug 1728 Eastham to Mary Sweat (b: 1701 Eastham)

viii. Joshua Hopkins b: Jun 1657 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Aug 1738; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Mary Cole (b: 10 Mar 1658 Eastham – d. 1 Mar 1733 Eastham) Mary’s parents were Daniel Cole (b: 1614) and Ruth Collier (b: 1627). Joshua and Mary had eight children born between 1684 and 1702.

ix. William Hopkins b: 9 Jan 1660 Eastham, Plymouth Colony

The will of William’s father, Giles, indicates that William was incapacitated physically or mentally, because William’s brother Stephen was required to take care of him decently: “Unto my son Stephen Hopkins and to his heirs forever: and half my stock of cattill for and in consideration of ye above sd Land and half stock of cattel my will is that after my decease my son Stephen Hopkins shall take ye care and oversight and maintaine my son William Hopkins during his natural Life in a comfortable decent manner.”

x. Elizabeth Hopkins b: Nov 1663 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Dec 1663 Eastham

6. Caleb Hopkins

Caleb Hopkins volunteered to fight the Pequots with his father (Stephen) and brother Gyles.

Great Migration Begins: ” Caleb, b. Plymouth say 1624; “became a seaman & died at Barbadoes” between 1644 and 1651 [Bradford 445].”

7. Deborah Hopkins

Deborah’s husband Andrew Ring was born in 1618 in Pettistree, Suffolk, England. His parents were William RING and Mary DURRANT.  After Deborah died in  he married after 3 Oct 1673 Middleboro, Mass to Lettice Kempton.  Andrew died 22 Feb 1693 in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

There were two woman named Lettice [joy in Latin] in early Plymouth.   Lettice Hanford and Lettice Kempton  are often mixed up with four marriages between them.  There is only one recorded death:  22 Feb 1691.  Here’s my crack at unsorting the tangle.

Andrew’s second wife Lettice Kempton was about 1629 in London.  Her parents were our ancestors Ephraim KEMPTON and Hannah [__?__].  Lettice first  married 1648 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass to John Morton, son of George MORTON (b. 1616 in Leyden, Holland – d. 3 Oct 1673 in Plymouth, Mass.). Lettice died 22 Feb 1691 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Mass.

Lettice Hanford was baptized  8 June 1617,at Alverdiscott, Devonshire.  Her parents were Jeffrey Hanford and Eglin Hatherley.   Lettice Hanford clearly preceded her mother & younger sisters to New England.  On 10 Apr 1635, Eglin Hanford,” aged 46, & “2 daughters, Margaret Manford,” aged 16, & “Eliz[abeth] Hanford,” aged 14, along with “Rodolphus Elmes,” aged 15. & “Tho[mas] Stanley,” aged 16, were enrolled at London as passengers for New England on the Defence.)

Lettice Hanford first married  8 Apr 1635 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. to Edward Foster (b. 24 Jan 1590 in Frittendon, Kent, England – d. 25 Nov 1643 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass.)  at Mr. Cudworth’s [Scituate] by Captain Standish. She was admitted to Scituate church (as “Goody Foster”) 25 December 1636. They had 3 children: Timothy, Timothy again, & Elizabeth Hewett Ray.

After Edward died, she married Edward Jenkins (1618  Kent, England – d. 1699 Scituate, Plymouth, Mass)  On 4 March 1634/5, “Edw[ar]d Jeakins,” one of seven servants of Nathaniel Tilden of Tenterden, Kent, was included in the list of passengers of the Hercules of Sandwich.  Lettice and Edward had 3-4 children: Samuel (b. 1645), (probably) Sarah Bacon, Mary Atkinson Cocke, & Thomas.  In the late 1660s and early 1670s Edward Jenkins had to come to the aid of two of his children who experienced a number of problems. On 5 Mar 1666/67, “Dinah Silvester, Sarah Smith, and the daughter of Edward Jenkens, [are] summoned to the next court.

Children of Deborah and Andrew

i. Samuel Ring b: 1649 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

ii. Elizabeth Ring b: 19 Apr 1652 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

iii. William Ring b: 1653 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

iv. Eleazer Ring b: 1655 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

v. Mary Ring b: 1657 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

vi. Deborah Ring b: 1659 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

vii. Susanna Ring b: 1661 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

8. Damaris Hopkins

Damaris’ husband Jacob Cooke was born 1618 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. His parents were Francis COOKE and Hester le MAHIEU. After Damaris died in 1668, he married 18 Nov 1669 in Plymouth to Elizabeth Lettice. Jacob and Elizabeth had two children: Sarah (b. 1671) and Rebecca (b. 1675). Jacob died 18 Dec 1675 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

Jacob’s second wife Elizabeth Lettice was born 1636 in Lincolnshire, England. Her parents were Thomas Lettice and Anna [__?__]. Elizabeth died 31 Oct 1693 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

Children of Damaris and Jacob:

i. Elizabeth Cooke b: 18 Jan 1648/49 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

ii. Caleb Cooke b: 29 Mar 1651 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

iii. Jacob Cooke b: 26 Mar 1653 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

iv. Mary Cooke b: 12 Jan 1657/58 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

v. Martha Cooke b: 16 Mar 1659/60  Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

vi. Francis Cooke b: 5 Jan 1662/63 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

vii. Ruth Cooke b: 17 Jan 1665/66 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony


http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=oldmankew&id=I926 An excellent book on Stephen Hopkins:

Here Shall I Die Ashore: Stephen Hopkins: Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor and Mayflower Pilgrim. By Caleb Johnson 2007



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