Stephen Hopkins

Stephen HOPKINS (1580 – 1644) (wiki) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather; one of 2,048 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Hopkins Coat of Arms

Hopkins Coat of Arms

Stephano Quote

Stephen was the only Mayflower passenger who had previously been to the New World.  His adventures  included surviving a the  Sea Venture’s  1609 shipwreck in Bermuda [including being pardoned for mutiny!] and working from 1610–14 in Jamestown as well as knowing the legendary Pocahontas, who married John Rolfe, a fellow Bermuda castaway.  Some Shakespearean scholars believe he was the model for the rogue Stephano in the Tempest.

Stephano in theTempest, here played by Alfred Molina in the 2010 film version

Stephen may be the real life inspiration for Stephano in the Tempest, played in the 2010 film version by Alfred Molina

Stephen Hopkins was baptized 30 Apr 1581 in the Church of All Saint, Upper Clatford, Hampshire, England. His parents were John HOPKINS and Elizabeth WILLIAMS. Not much is known about his early life in Hampshire, but his family appears to have removed to Winchester  by 1586. His father died there in 1593, and by 1604 he had moved to Hursley, He first married about 1602 to Mary [__?__]. He next married 9 Feb 1617/18 in St. Mary Matfelon, Whitechapel, London to Elizabeeth Fisher. Stephen died Jul 1644 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony.

Stephen was baptized in Church of All Saints Upper Clatford

Stephen was baptized in Church of All Saints Upper Clatford – Originally built during the reign of Henry I

Mary [__?__] was born about 1585 in England.  Her father may have been Giles MACHELL.  Stephen and Mary named their first son Gyles.  Mary died 9 May 1613  in Hursley, Hampshire, England.  Her death occurred while her husband was in Jamestown, Virginia.  The administration of her estate for her children presumes that her husband was either missing or dead. It certainly supports the evidence for Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower being the same person as Stephen Hopkins of the Sea Venture in 1609

Elizabeth Fisher was born about 1595 in England. Elizabeth died about 1643 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony.

Elizabeth Hopkins Reenactor

Elizabeth Hopkins Reenactor

Plimoth Plantation 1627 Village

Plimoth Plantation 1627 Village

Stephen was referred to as a tanner or leathermaker at the time of the voyage and a merchant and planter in Plymouth Colony records. He also apparently was a tavern keeper. He kept his home at what is now the corner of Main Street and Leyden Street for his entire life, except a brief time in Yarmouth where he did not stay, giving that land to his son Giles. He built the first wharf on record in Plymouth Harbor.

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Children of Stephen and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Elizabeth Hopkins bapt.
13 May 1604 Hursley, Hampshire, England
1613-1620 in England
2. Constance HOPKINS bapt.
11 May 1606  Hursley, Hampshire, England
Nicholas SNOW
1 Jun 1627 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
25 Nov 1677  Eastham, Plymouth Colony
3. Gyles Hopkins bapt.
30 Jan 1608 Hursley, Hampshire, England
Katherine Whelden (Daughter of Gabriel WHELDEN)
9 Oct 1639 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
5 Mar 1689 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
16 Apr 1690


Children of Stephen and Elizabeth

Name Born Married Departed
4. Damaris Hopkins 1618 England 1624 in Plymouth Colony
5. Oceanus Hopkins Btw. 16 Sep and 11 Nov 1620 at Sea (the only child to be born on the Mayflower) Bef. 1627 Plymouth Colony
6. Caleb Hopkins 1623 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Btw. 1644 and 1651 Barbados
7. Deborah Hopkins 1625 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Andrew Ring (son of our ancestor William RING)
23 Apr 1646 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
Bef. 1674 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
8. Damaris Hopkins 22 May 1627 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Jacob Cook (son of our ancestor Francis COOKE)
10 Jun 1646 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
1668 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony
9. Ruth Hopkins ~ 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. 1644-1651 Plymouth Colony
10. Elizabeth Hopkins ~ 1632 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony ~ Oct 1659  Plymouth Colony


Upper Clatford as it might have looked when Stephen was growing up

Upper Clatford as it might have looked when Stephen was growing up

Stephen was fined on 19 May 1608 at the Merdon Manorial Court, however, the reason was not recorded. Stephen’s lease at Hursley’s Merdon Manor was turned over to a “Widow Kent.”  The Hopkins family either moved out or was forced out.

In 1609 Stephen left his wife and three small children to sign on with the Third Supply, a fleet of nine ships taking 500 settlers and supplies to Jamestown. Having no money to invest, and no rank of any kind, Stephen’s name does not appear on the list of Virginia Company investors. Instead, he is lumped with the anonymous “sailors, soldiers, and servants” on the fleet’s flagship, the Sea Venture.

In his contract with the Virginia Company, Stephen would serve three years as an indentured servant, his labors profiting those who had financed the venture. In exchange, he would receive free transportation, food, lodging, and 10 shillings every three months for his family back home. At the end of three years, he would be freed from his indenture and given 30 acres in the colony.

He is later described by William Strachey, who chronicled the voyage of the Sea Venture, as “A fellow who had much knowledge in the Scriptures, and could reason well therein” and therefore was chosen by Jamestown’s future minister,  Rev. Richard Buck “to be his Clarke, to reade the Psalmes, and chapters upon Sondayes at assembly of the Congregation under him.”

[The Reverend Richard Buck, a close friend of William Shakespeare, sealed the peace between Jamestown colonists and local Algonquians in 1614 by marrying planter John Rolfe and Pocahontas, the daughter of the Powhatan Mamanatowick , or supreme chief. Buck acquired 750 acres of land in the Neck-of-Land area on January 20, 1619. He and his wife had perished by 1624 and were survived by six of their children– Elizabeth, Bridget, Mara, Gercian, Benoni, and Peleg. Several of the Buck children were born with disorders and the children’s estate was the focus of frequent battles between custodians who tried to acquire sizable portions of Buck land legally and otherwise. Historical court records detailed the disputes of Neck-of-Land’s inhabitants, providing elaborate descriptions of mismanaged inheritance, land squabbles, diseased cattle, kidnappings, and murder. During the approximate 20-year occupation, the land passed from Richard Buck’s son-in-law Sergeant Thomas Crump to the Reverend’s eldest son Gercian to his youngest son Peleg, and finally to his eldest daughter Elizabeth]

On May 15 1609, Stephen boarded the  Sea Venture the new flagship of the Virginia Company.  Also on board were the Admiral of the Company himself, Sir George Somers,  Jamestown’s next Governor, Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Gates, the ship’s captain Christopher Newport, Sylvester Jordain,  and secretary William Strachey),

Wife Mary, two daughters Elizabeth and Constance and son Giles, barely a year old were left behind to fend for themselves until he returned or send for them.  There is some evidence Mary may have had a side business as a shop keeper.

Mary died in 1613 before Stephen returned.

“An inventory of the goods and Chattells of Mary Hopkins of Hursley in the Countie of South[amp]ton widowe deceased taken the tenth day of May 1613 as followeth vizt.

Inprimis certen Beames in the garden & wood in the back side
It[e]m the ymplem[en]ts in the Beehouse
It[e]m certen things in the kitchin
It[e]m in the hall one table, one Cupboorde & certen other things
It[e]m in the buttry six small vessells & some other small things
It[e]m brasse and pewter
It[e]m in the Chamber over the shop two beds one table & a forme with some other small things
It[e]m in the Chamber over the hall one fetherbed & 3 Chests & one box
It[e]m Lynnen & wearing apparrell
It[e]m in the shop one shopboarde & a plank
It[e]m the Lease of the house wherin she Late dwelled
It[e]m in ready mony & debts by specialitie & without specialitie
S[um] total xxv xj [25 pounds 11 shillings]

Gregory Horwood (his X mark)
William Toot
Rychard Wolle”

Wreck of the Sea Venture

The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

The coat of arms of Bermuda features a representation of the wreck of the Sea Venture

On Jun  2 1609, the Sea Venture, under the command of Sir George Somers, admiral of the fleet, with Christopher Newport as captain and Sir Thomas Gates, Governor of the colony, departed from Plymouth, England followed by the rest of the Virginia Company’s fleet, the Falcon,DiamondSwallowUnityBlessingLion, and two smaller ships.

Hodges writes,

“For seven weeks the ships stayed within sight of each other, often within earshot, and captains called to one another by way of trumpets. On the Sea Venture all was peaceful. Morning and evening, Chaplain Buck and Clerk Hopkins gathered the passengers and crew on deck for prayers and the singing of a psalm.”

The ships were only eight days from the coast of Virginia, when they were suddenly caught in a hurricane, and the Sea Venture became separated from the rest of the fleet.  The Sea Venture fought the storm for three days. Comparably sized ships had survived such weather, but the Sea Venture had a critical flaw in her newness: her timbers had not set. The caulking was forced from between them, and the ship began to leak rapidly. All hands were applied to bailing, but water continued to rise in the hold. The ship’s guns were reportedly jettisoned (though two were salvaged from the wreck in 1612) to raise her buoyancy, but this only delayed the inevitable.

William Strachey chronicled the Sea Venture’s final days:

“On St. James Day, being Monday, the clouds gathering thick upon us and the wind singing and whistling most unusually, a dreadful storm and hideous began to blow from out the northeast, which, swelling and roaring as it were by fits, at length did beat all night from Heaven; which like a hell of darkness, turned black upon us . . . For four-and-twenty hours the storm in a restless tumult had blown so exceedingly as we could not apprehend in our imaginations any possibility of greater violence; yet did we still find it not only more terrible but more constant, fury added to fury, and one storm urging a second more outrageous than the former . . . It could not be said to rain. The waters like whole rivers did flood in the air. Winds and seas were as mad as fury and rage could make them. Howbeit this was not all. It pleased God to bring greater affliction yet upon us; for in the beginning of the storm we had received likewise a mighty leak.”

Sea Venture in the Storm by William Harrington

Sea Venture in the Storm by William Harrington

The ship had begun to take on water and every man who could be spared went below to plug the leaks and work the pumps. The men worked in waist-deep water for four days and nights, but by Friday morning they were exhausted and gave up.

Another chronicler, Silvester Jourdain, wrote that some of the men,

“having some good and comfortable waters [gin and brandy] in the ship, fetched them and drunk one to the other, taking their last leave one of the other until their more joyful and happy meeting in a more blessed world.”

Then there was a crash and the Sea Venture began to split seam by seam as the water rushed in. Jourdain continues:

“And there neither did our ship sink but, more fortunately in so great a misfortune, fell in between two rocks, where she was fast lodged and locked for further budging; whereby we gained not only sufficient time, with the present help of our boat and skiff, safely to set and convey our men ashore . . . “

The Sea Venture had been thrown upon a reef about a mile from Bermuda, then known as the “Isle of the Devils.” Those who could swim lowered themselves into the waves and grasped wooden boxes, debris, or anything that would keep their heads above water. Stephen made it to shore clutching a barrel of wine. The entire crew, including the ship’s dog, survived.

As it turned out, the Sea Venture did not break apart and the men were able to retrieve the tools, food, clothing, muskets, and everything that meant their survival. Most of the ship’s structure also remained, so using the wreckage and native cedar trees, the 150 castaways immediately set about building two new boats so that they could complete their voyage to Jamestown.

Wreck of the Sea Venture by Christopher Grimes

Wreck of the Sea Venture by Christopher Grimes

The ship’s longboat was fitted with a mast and sent to Virginia for help, but it and its crew were never seen again.

The men were pleasantly surprised to find that the island’s climate was agreeable, food plentiful, and shelters easily constructed from cedar wood and palm leaves. The Isle of the Devils, turned out to be paradise, and a few began to wonder why they should leave.

Strachey recounts that some of the sailors, who had been to Jamestown with the Second Supply, stated that

“in Virginia nothing but wretchedness and labor must be expected, there being neither fish, flesh, or fowl which here at ease and pleasure might be enjoyed.”

The first attempt at mutiny was made by Nicholas Bennit who “made much profession of Scripture” and was described by Strachey as a “mutinous and dissembling Imposter.” Bennit and five other men escaped into the woods, but were captured and banished to one of the distant islands. The banished men soon found that life on the solitary island was not altogether desirable and humbly petitioned for a pardon, which they received. But the clemency of the Governor only encouraged the spirit of mutiny.

William Strachey notes that while Stephen HOPKINS was very religious, he was contentious and defiant of authority and had enough learning to wrest leadership from others. On January 24, while on a break with Samuel Sharpe and Humfrey Reede, Stephen argued:

“. . . it was no breach of honesty, conscience, nor Religion to decline from the obedience of the Governor or refuse to goe any further led by his authority (except it so pleased themselves) since the authority ceased when the wracke was committed, and, with it, they were all then freed from the government of any man . . .[there] were two apparent reasons to stay them even in this place; first, abundance of God’s providence of all manner of good foode; next, some hope in reasonable time, when they might grow weary of the place, to build a small Barke, with the skill and help of the aforesaid Nicholas Bennit, whom they insinuated to them to be of the conspiracy, that so might get cleere from hence at their own pleasures . . . when in Virginia, the first would be assuredly wanting, and they might well feare to be detained in that Countrie by the authority of the Commander thereof, and their whole life to serve the turnes of the Adventurers with their travailes and labors. “

The mutiny was brought to a quick end when Sharpe and Reede reported Stephen to Sir Thomas Gates who immediately put him under guard. That evening, at the tolling of a bell, the entire company assembled and witnessed Stephen’s trial:

“. . . the Prisoner was brought forth in manacles, and both accused, and suffered to make at large, to every particular, his answere; which was onely full of sorrow and teares, pleading simplicity, and deniall. But he being onely found, at this time, both the, Captaine and the follower of this Mutinie, and generally held worthy to satisfie the punishment of his offence, with the sacrifice of his life, our Governour passed the sentence of a Maritiall Court upon him, such as belongs to Mutinie and Rebellion. But so penitent hee was, and made so much moane, alleadging the ruine of his Wife and Children in this his trespasse, as it wrought in the hearts of all the better sorts of the Company, who therefore with humble entreaties, and earnest supplications, went unto our Governor, whom they besought (as likewise did Captaine Newport, and my selfe) and never left him untill we had got his pardon.”

Stephen begged and moaned about the ruin of his wife and children, and was pardoned out of sympathy.  After pleading his way out of a hanging, Stephen continued his duties as Minister’s Clerk and worked quietly with the others to finish the construction of the ships from Bermuda cedar and materials salvaged from the Sea Venture, especially her rigging.

Some members of the expedition died in Bermuda before the Deliverance and the Patienceset sail on 10 May 1610. Among those left buried in Bermuda were the wife and child of John Rolfe, who would found Virginia’s tobacco industry, and find a new wife in Chief Powhatan‘s daughter Matoaka (Pocahontas). Two men, Carter and Waters, were left behind; they had been convicted of unknown offences, and fled into the woods of Bermuda to escape punishment and execution. 

On May 10, 1610, the men boarded the newly built Deliverance and Patience and set out for Virginia. They arrived in Jamestown on May 24, almost a full year after they had left England.

The Tempest 

The story of the Sea Venture shipwreck (and Hopkins’ mutiny) is said to be the inspiration for The Tempest by William Shakespeare. Stephen is said to be the model for the character Stephano.

The shipwreck in Act I, Scene 1, in a 1797 engraving based on a painting by George Romney

The shipwreck in Act I, Scene 1, in a 1797 engraving based on a painting by George Romney

William Strachey‘s A True Reportory of the Wracke and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight, an eyewitness report of the real-life shipwreck of the Sea Venture in 1609 is considered by most critics to be one of Shakespeare’s primary sources because of certain verbal, plot and thematic similarities.  Although not published until 1625, Strachey’s report, one of several describing the incident, is dated 15 July 1610, and critics say that Shakespeare must have seen it in manuscript sometime during that year.

Strachey was no stranger to the theater people who met regularly at the Mermaid Tavern, so it’s probable that Shakespeare was among those who got a preview of the work.

Several years later, the Virginia Company published a heavily sanitized version of Strachey’s A True Reportory fearing that if the public knew the truth about Jamestown, there would be no more recruits.

In the 19th century Sylvester Jourdain’s pamphlet, A Discovery of The Barmudas (1609), was proposed as that source, but this was superseded in the early 20th century by the proposal that “True Reportory” was Shakespeare’s source because of perceived parallels in language, incident, theme, and imagery.

The Tempest is believed to have been written in 1610–11, and thought by many critics to be the last play that Shakespeare wrote alone. It is set on a remote island, where Prospero, the rightful Duke of Milan, plots to restore his daughter Miranda to her rightful place using illusion and skillful manipulation. He conjures up a storm, the eponymous tempest, to lure his usurping brother Antonio and the complicit King Alonso of Naples to the island. There, his machinations bring about the revelation of Antonio’s low nature, the redemption of the King, and the marriage of Miranda to Alonso’s son, Ferdinand.

Stephano, Caliban and Trinculo

Stephano, Caliban and Trinculo

Stephano   is a boisterous and often drunk butler of King Alonso.  He, Trinculo and Caliban plot against Prospero. In the play, he wants to take over the island and marry Prospero’s daughter, Miranda. Caliban believes Stephano to be a god because he gave him wine to drink which Caliban believes healed him.

Stephano’s Quotes
The master, the swabber, the boatswain, and I,
The gunner, and his mate,
Lov’d Mall, Meg, and Marian, and Margery,
But none of us car’d for Kate;
For she had a tongue with a tang,
Would cry to a sailor Go hang!
She lov’d not the savour of tar nor of pitch,
Yet a tailor might scratch her where’er she did itch.
Then to sea, boys, and let her go hang!
This is a scurvy tune too; but here’s my comfort. (Drinks)
Act 2: Scene II

Caliban: Hast thou not dropp’d from heaven?
Stephano: Out o’ th’ moon, I do assure thee; I was the Man i’ th’ Moon, when time was.
Caliban: I have seen thee in her, and I do adore thee. My mistress show’d me thee, and thy dog and thy bush.
Act 2: Scene II

Flout ’em and scout ’em, and scout ’em and flout ’em;
Thought is free.
Act 3: Scene II

He that dies pays all debts.
Act 3: Scene II

Hodges writes, “To have provided some of the fabric for Shakespeare’s vision of The Tempest and to appear in the play, even in the absurd disguise as Stephano, this in itself is a kind of immortality for Stephen Hopkins.”


The shipwreck and castaway was not the end of the survivors’ ordeals.  Over the winter of 1610, food in Jamestown had become so scarce that the settlers had been compelled to eat their horses, dogs, and even the flesh of those who had died. Only 60 of the 500 colonists remained. In contrast, the Bermuda crew were well-fed and healthy. Jamestown was judged to be unviable.

Strachey wrote of Jamestown,

“the palisades torn down, the ports open, the gates off the hinges, and empty houses rent up and burnt, rather than the dwellers would step into the woods a stone’s cast off to fetch other firewood. The Indians killed as fast, if our men but stirred beyond the bounds of their blockhouse, as famine and pestilence did.”

The new arrivals calculated that the meal cakes they had brought with them would feed everyone for no longer than ten days. So it appeared that abandonment of the settlement was their only hope. The plan was for all to board the Patience and Deliverance and sail up the coast to Newfoundland where, at this time of year, they could find fishing vessels to take them home to England. They anchored that night off an island near the mouth of the James. The next morning they were surprised by an approaching longboat which brought the news that Lord Delaware  [our ancestor Governor Thomas WEST 3rd Baron de la Warr (1577 – 1618)] was following with three shiploads of settlers and provisions to feed 400 for a year. The settlers from Jamestown returned to the abandoned colony and were at the gate of the fort to welcome the new governor when he dropped anchor on June 10th.

All the settlers were relanded at the colony, but there was still a critical shortage of food. Somers returned to Bermuda with the Patience to secure provisions, but died there in the summer of 1610. His nephew, Matthew, the captain of the Patience, sailed for England to claim his inheritance, rather than return to Jamestown. A third man, Chard, was left behind in Bermuda with Carter and Waters, who remained the only permanent inhabitants until the arrival of the Plough in 1612.

West immediately set about restoring the broken down fort. By midsummer the gate and palisade were repaired, and there was a new chapel and three rows of houses inside the triangular fort. Jamestown finally seemed to be on solid footing.

The English in Jamestown and those later in Plymouth were the antithesis of each other — with those in Virginia composed of titled leaders who were in charge of often inexperienced settlers and soldiers who were veterans of European wars, such as Capt. John Smith. All at Jamestown were focused on returning a profit to their London investors, and under great stress when no gold, minerals or anything else of much value to London was found in the Chesapeake area. The colonists could not/would not farm, tried to barter for food with the Indians and later stole food from them, leading to much violence, which continued for years.

Stephen does not appear on any of the lists of Jamestown colonists and, after his attempted mutiny, the assumption is that he was put on the first ship back to England. However, he is not in England in 1613 when his wife dies, and his later familiarity with Indians in Plymouth suggests that he may have spent several years in Jamestown.  Hopkins returned to England sometime between 1613 and 1617.   The Hopkins family is considered one of the First Families of Virginia.


By late 1617 Stephen and his children had settled into a home just outside of the east wall of London, where he was said to be working as a tanner. On Feb 9 1618, in the local church of St. Mary Matfellon in Whitechapel he married Elizabeth Fisher. In late 1618 Elizabeth and Stephen added another child to the family, a daughter they named Damaris.

Nearby the Hopkins’ home was the famous Henage House, a mansion that had been converted into apartments which housed a number of nonconformists. Among these were Robert CUSHMAN, John Carver, and William BREWSTER, members of the Scrooby Separatist congregation who had fled to Leyden, Holland years earlier to escape religious persecution. The three had returned to raise money for a patent to create a settlement in the New World for their congregation now living in exile in Holland.

Hopkins was recruited by the Merchant Adventurers to provide governance for the colony as well as assist with the colony’s ventures. He was a member of a group of passengers known to the Pilgrims as “The Strangers” since they were not part of the Pilgrims’ religious congregation. Hopkins was one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact and was an assistant to the governor of the colony through 1636.

John Carver was the first to sign the Mayflower Compact  The Mayflower Compact, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930)

The Mayflower Compact, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930)

Stephen appears to have been a bit of a rebel on board the Mayflower, a dissenter questioning the authority of the Separatist leaders, just as he had a decade earlier on the Sea Venture.    Stephen was a member of a group of passengers known to the Pilgrims as “The Strangers” since they were not part of the Pilgrims’ religious congregation.  Storms forced the landing to be at the hook of Cape Cod in what is now Massachusetts. This inspired some of the passengers perhaps led by Stephen to proclaim that since the settlement would not be made in the agreed upon Virginia territory, they “would use their own liberty; for none had power to command them…”

To prevent this, many of the other colonists chose to establish a government and sign the Mayflower Compact, a document outlining how their new society would run.    Hopkins was one of forty-one signatories of the Mayflower Compact and was an assistant to the governor of the colony through 1636.

Stephen Hopkins was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact and may have been the instigator

Stephen Hopkins was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact and may have been the instigator

Hopkins arrived at Plymouth on the 1620 Mayflower accompanied by his wife, Elizabeth, and his sons Giles and Oceanus, and daughters Constance and Damaris, Oceanus having been born at sea on the Mayflower, plus two servants, Edward Doty and Edward Leister. Damaris died during the early years, and Hopkins and his wife later had a second daughter Damaris.

Page from Bradford's history listing the Hopkins family

Page from Bradford’s history listing the Hopkins family


Stephen Hopkins Reenactor

Stephen Hopkins Reenactor

On 15 Nov. 1620 16 men went ashore “under the conduct of Captaine Miles Standish, unto whom was adjoyned for counsell and advise, William Bradford, Stephen HOPKINS, and Edward Tilley.” They arrived back at the ship on the 17th.

Stephen Hopkins was a member of the early Mayflower exploratory parties while the ship was anchored in the Cape Cod area. As he was well-versed in the hunting techniques and general lifestyle of American Indians from his years in Jamestown Virginia, which was later found to be quite useful to the Pilgrim leadership.

The story of the “First Encounter” appears both in Mourt’s Relation by George MORTON, published in London in 1622, and (in a condensed version) in William Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation.

“Wednesday, the sixth of December [1620]. It was resolved our discoverers should set forth … So ten of our men were appointed who were of themselves willing to undertake it, to wit, Captain Standish, Master Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, John TILLEY, Edward Tilley, John HOWLAND, and three of London, Richard Warren, Stephen HOPKINS, and Edward Doten, and two of our seamen, John Alderton, and Thomas English. Of the ship’s company there went two of the master’s mates, Master Clarke and Master Coppin, the master gunner, and three sailors …”

” … the 6th of December [1620] they sent out their shallop again with ten of their principal men and some seamen, upon further discovery, intending to circulate that deep bay of Cape Cod. The weather was very cold and it froze so hard as the spray of the sea lighting on their coats, they were as if they had been glazed. Yet that night betimes they got down into the bottom of the bay, and as they drew near the shore they saw some ten or twelve Indians very busy about something. They landed about a league or two from them … they made themselves a barricado with logs and boughs as well as they could in the time, and set out their sentinel and betook them to rest, and saw the smoke of the fire the savages made that night. When morning was come they divided their company, some to coast along the shore in the boat, and the rest marched through the woods to see the land, if any fit place might be for their dwelling. They came also to the place where they saw the Indians the night before, and found they had been cutting up a great fish like a grampus …

“So they ranged up and down all that day, but found no people, nor any place they liked. When the sun grew low, they hasted out of the woods to meet with their shallop … of which they were very glad, for they had not seen each other all that day since the morning. So they made them a barricado as usually they did every night, with logs, stakes and thick pine boughs, the height of a man, leaving it open to leeward, partly to shelter them from the cold and wind (making their fire in the middle and lying round about it) and partly to defend them from any sudden assaults of the savages, if they should surround them; so being very weary, they betook them to rest. But about midnight they heard a hideous and great cry, and their sentinel called “Arm! arm!” So they bestirred them and stood to their arms and shot off a couple of muskets, and then the noise ceased. They concluded it was a company of wolves or such like wild beasts, for one of the seamen told them he had often heard such noise in Newfoundland.

“So they rested till about five of the clock in the morning; for the tide, and their purpose to go from thence, made them be stirring betimes. So after prayer they prepared for breakfast, and it being day dawning it was thought best to be carrying things down to the boat …

“But presently, all on the sudden, they heard a great and strange cry, which they knew to be the same voices they heard in the night, though they varied their notes; and one of their company being abroad came running in and cried, “Men, Indians! Indians!” And withal, their arrows came flying amongst them. Their men ran with all speed to recover their arms, as by the good providence of God they did. In the meantime, of those that were there ready, two muskets were discharged at them, and two more stood ready in the entrance of their rendezvous but were commanded not to shoot till they could take full aim at them. And the other two charged again with all speed, for there were only four had arms there, and defended the barricado, which was first assaulted. The cry of the Indians was dreadful, especially when they saw their men run out of the rendezvous toward the shallop to recover their arms, the Indians wheeling about upon them. But some running out with coats of mail on, and cutlasses in their hands, they soon got their arms and let fly amongst them and quickly stopped their violence …

“Thus it pleased God to vanquish their enemies and give them deliverance; and by his special providence so to dispose that not any one of them were either hurt or hit, though their arrows came close by them and on every side [of] them; and sundry of their coats, which hung up in the barricado, were shot through and through. Afterwards they gave God solemn thanks and praise for their deliverance, and gathered up a bundle of their arrows and sent them into England afterward by the master of the ship, and called that place the FIRST ENCOUNTER.”

Jan 1621 : “Saturday, the 17th day, in the morning, we called a meeting for the establishing of military orders among ourselves; and we chose Miles Standish our captain, and gave him authority of command in affairs. And as we were in consultation hereabouts, two savages presented themselves upon the top of a hill, over against our plantation, about a quarter of a mile and less, and made signs unto us to come unto them; we likewise made signs unto them to come unto us. Whereupon we armed ourselves and stood ready, and sent two over the brook, towards them, to wit, Captain Standish and Stephen Hopkins, who went towards them. Only one of them had a musket, which they laid down on the ground in their sight, in sign of peace and to parley with them. But the savages would not tarry their coming. A noise of a great many more was heard behind the hill; but no more came in sight.”

On 17 Feb 1620/21 two Indians appeared on the top of a hill and motioned for the settlers to come to them. Miles Standish and Stephen were sent to them but, they disappeared.

The first formal meeting with the Indians was held at Hopkins’ house and he was called upon to participate in early Pilgrim visits with the Indian leader Massasoit. Over the years Hopkins assistance to Pilgrims leaders such as Myles Standish and Edward Winslow regarding his knowledge of the local Indian languages was found to be quite useful.

Steven Hopkins meeting with the colonists Wampanoag Indian interpreter Hobbamock

Steven Hopkins meeting with the colonists’ Wampanoag Indian interpreter Hobbamock

When Samoset first came to the settlement on 16 Feb 1620/21, the Englishmen were suspicious of him, and they “lodged him that night at Steven Hopkins house, and watched him” (Mourt’s Relation, p. 33).

On 2 July 1621 Edward Winslow and Stephen were sent by Gov. Carver to see Chief Massasoit  and visited he chief at his residence in Warren, RI with the assistance of Squanto. They arrived back at Plymouth on 7 July.

Interview of Samoset with the Pilgrims

12 July 1621 : “Having in some sort ordered their business at home, it was thought meet to send some abroad to see their new friend Massasoit, and to bestow upon him some gratuity to bind him the faster unto them; as also that hereby they might view and country and see in what manner he lived, what strength he had about him, and how the ways were to his place, if at any time they should have occasion.

So the second of July they sent Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. Hopkins, with the foresaid Squanto for their guide; who gave him a suit of clothes and a horseman’s coat, with some other small things, which were kindly accepted; but they found but short commons and came both weary and hungry home. For the Indians used then to have nothing so much corn as they have since the English have stored them with their hoes, and seen their industry in breaking up new grounds therewith.

“They found his place to be forty miles from hence, the soil good and the people not many, being dead and abundantly wasted in the late great mortality, which fell in all these parts about three years before the coming of the English, wherein thousands of them died. They not being able to bury one another, their skulls and bones were found in many places lying still above the ground where their houses and dwellings had been, a very sad spectacle to behold. But they brought word that the Narragansetts lived but on the other side of that great bay, and were a strong people and many in number, living compact together, and had not been at all touched with this wasting plague.”

When Massasoit returned, the Englishmen greeted him by firing their guns in salute. He welcomed them into his house, where Squanto acted as interpreter. They gave Massasoit a red cotton horseman’s coat and copper necklace, which he immediately donned and modeled for the entertainment of his tribe.

As diplomat, Winslow suggested that Massasoit’s people should only come to Plymouth with the consent of the chief, since the colony was short of food and could no longer entertain an unlimited number of guests. They also stated that they wanted to repay the Nauset for the corn they had taken from their mounds, and asked if Massasoit would send word to them. Winslow also asked for trading goods, such as beaver skins, which could be sent back to England.

Massasoit agreed to all their requests and gave a lengthy speech explaining the matter to his people and naming all thirty of his villages that were bound by the agreement. He ended his speech after pledging loyalty to the English King, and telling the pilgrims that he felt sorry for King James whose wife, Queen Anne, had died in 1619. He then lit tobacco for them, and they discussed matters in England, particularly how the King was getting along without a wife.

When the group retired, Stephen and Winslow were invited to join the chief and his wife in their bed. By custom, the bed had to be full, so two other tribal leaders crowded in the remaining space. The four Wampanoags quickly put themselves to sleep through rhythmic chanting, but the Pilgrims had a restless night. The bed was full of lice and fleas, but moving outside meant they would be eaten alive by mosquitoes. Winslow later complained that they were more weary “of their lodging, than of their journey.”

The next day the Wampanoags held games with beaver skins as prizes. The pilgrims didn’t participate, but were asked to demonstrate their skills as marksmen. At noon, forty men gathered to share a meager lunch of three large fresh water fish. The Pilgrims spent another night with the Wampanoags, but told the chief they must be returning home to keep the Sabbath.

They rose before sunrise the next day and departed with the six Indians who had brought them. They shared the last of their food with their guides who surprised them the next morning with a breakfast of fresh fish. They were caught in a “great storm” on the last day and reachedPlymouth wet and weary, but elated with success.

Stephen and Squanto had barely recuperated from their trip, when they were asked to join a search party to find young John Billington. They soon learned that he had been found in the woods by the unfriendly Nausets, so they gathered their courage and rowed the shallop to the Nauset village.

Hearing that the pilgrims were coming, Chief Aspinet met the boat with “no less than a hundred of his men,” but the colonists had nothing to fear. With Squanto’s help, they understood that the pilgrims had come in peace and wished to pay for the corn they had taken. A great train of men then carried the boy through the water to the boat unharmed and bedecked with beads. The colonists thanked Chief Aspinet and the man who had found Billington with gifts of knives.

Plymouth’s first criminal act was committed by Stephen’s indentured servants, Edward Dotey and Edward Leister. While Stephen was off on one of his expeditions that first summer in Plymouth, the two men began to compete for the affections of his daughter, Constance. After an open quarrel, they went into the woods with swords and daggers and returned with wounds in the hand and thigh.

Dueling was illegal, and Stephen returned home to find his servants in handcuffs and awaiting trial. After finding the men guilty, Governor Bradford consulted William Brewster’s book of English law which prescribed that the men have their necks tied to their feet and remain in that agonizing position for twenty-four hours in the town square.

Stephen couldn’t bear their suffering and implored Governor Bradford and Captain Standish to set the men free. “Within an hour,” says an early record, “because of their great pains, at their own and their master’s humble request, they were released by the Governor.”

In 1623 Stephen was alloted 6 acres in the division of land on the south side of the brook.

The Rear of Stephen Hopkins Plymouth Home as seen from the goat enclosure fence

The Rear of Stephen Hopkins Plymouth Home as seen from the goat enclosure fence

22 May 1627 — The cows and goats were divided among the settlers with Lot No. 7 going to Stephen and his family, the Snows, Palmers, and Billingtons. This lot consisted of two calves and two goats:

“At a publique court held the 22th of May it was concluded by the whole Companie, that the cattell wch were the Companies, to wit, theCowes & the Goates should be equally devided to all the psonts of the same company … & so the lotts fell as followeth, thirteene psonts being pportioned to one lot… “the seauenth lott fell to Stephen Hopkins & his company Joyned to him (2) his wife Elizabeth Hopkins (3) Gyles Hopkins (4) Caleb Hopkins (5) Debora Hopkins (6) Nickolas SNOW (7) Constance SNOW (8) William Pallmer (9) ffrances Pallmer (10) Willm Pallmer Jnor (11) John Billington Senor (12) Hellen Billington (13) ffrancis Billington.

The Hopkins home sat across from Governor Bradford’s on the eastern corner of Main and Leyden. It was one of the largest houses inPlymouth to accommodate its large family. By 1627 each house had a fenced garden with flowers and herbs. The Hopkins also had a barn, dairy, cow shed, and small apple orchard. Both Damaris and Oceanus died around 1626, but five new children, Caleb, Deborah, Damaris (again), Ruth, and Elizabeth, were born between 1622 and about 1630. Constance moved out in 1628 when she married carpenter Nicholas Snow who had sailed on the Anne.

Stephen was probably also one of the dissenters at Plymouth whose actions led to the necessity for drafting the Mayflower Compact. Bradford,, and Mourt’s Relation, p. 40, tell how in 1621 the colonists sent Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. Stephen Hopkins on a mission to visit Massasoit. Mourt’s Relation, pp. 7-8, also shows how Hopkins warned colonists on an early expedition about an Indian trap to catch deer, and how Bradford, not hearing the warning, stepped on the trap and was immediately caught by his leg.

Hopkins was an Assistant at least as early as 1633, and he continued in 1634, 1635, and 1636. He was on the original freeman list.  He was a volunteer in the Pequot War  (See my post)

Jan 1 1633 : “At this Court, Mr Thomas PRENCE was elected Govr for the yeare following, and to enter upon the place the first of March or the 27 of the same, and to execute the office of Govr for one whole yeare from the time of his entry.
“At the same time, Edw: Wynslow, Mr Will Bradford, Mr Isaack ALLERTON, Mr Joh Alden, Mr Joh HOWLAND, & Mr Stephen HOPKINS chosen to the office of Assistant to the said Govr, & to enter therupon with the said Govr elect as foresaid.”

Keeping in mind the delicate balance in Plymouth between “covenant” and “noncovenant” colonists, it is reasonable to assume that Hopkins must have been a leader of the non-Separatist settlers, and in his career at Plymouth can be seen some of the ambiguity that attached to the non-Separatists living in a Separatist colony.

7 Jun 1636 – At a time when Hopkins was an Assistant, the General Court found him guilty of battery against John Tisdale, and he was fined £5, and ordered to pay Tisdale forty shillings, the court observing that he had broken the King’s peace, “wch [p.309] he ought after a speciall manner to have kept”

2 Oct 1637 – He was presented twice, first for suffering men to drink in his house on the Lord’s day before meeting ended, and for allowing servants and others to drink more than proper for ordinary refreshing, and second for suffering servants and others to sit drinking in his house (contrary to orders of the court), and to play at shovel board and like misdemeanors is therefore fined fourty shillings.”

2 Jan 1637/38 – Hopkins was presented for suffering excessive drinking in his house “as old Palmer, James Coale, & William Renolds”

Jan 2 1637 : “Presentment by the Grand Jury.
“1. William Reynolds is psented for being drunck at Mr Hopkins his house, that he lay vnder the table, vomitting in a beastly manner, and was taken vp betweene two. The witness hereof is Abraham Warr, als Hoop, als Pottle, and sayth that there was in company Francis Sprague, Samuell Nash, & Georg Partrich.
2. Mr Hopkins is psented for sufferinge excessiue drinking in his house, as old Palmer, James Coale, & William Renolds, John Winslow, Widdow Palmers man, Widdow Palmer, Thomas Little, witnesss & Stepheen Travy

5 Jun 1638 – He was presented for selling beer for two pence a quart which was not worth a penny a quart, and for selling wine at excessive rates “to the oppressing & impovishing of the colony”; he was fined £5 for some of these offenses, including selling strong waters and nutmegs at excessive rates

5 June 1638 : “Presentments by the Grand Jury…
“Mr Steephen Hopkins is prsented for selling beere for ij d the quart, not worth j d a quart. Witness, Kenelme Winslow.
“Item, for selling wine at such excessiue rates, to the opressing & impouishing of the colony. Kenelme Winslow & John Winslow, witnesses.”

1638 – He was fined for not dealing fairly with an apprentice-girl, Dorothy Temple. In the Temple case  he was “committed to ward for his contempt to the Court, and shall so remayne comitted untill hee shall either receive his servant Dorothy Temple, or els pvide for her elsewhere at his owne charge during the terme shee hath yet to serve him” (PCR 1:112).

Story of Dorothy Temple

Story of Dorothy Temple

Dorothy Temple 2

4 Feb 1638 – “Concerning Mr Steephen Hopkins and Dorothy Temple, his servant, the Court doth order, with one consent, that in regard by her couenant of indenture shee hath yet aboue two yeares to serue him, that the said Mr Hopkins shall keepe her and her child, or puide shee may be kept with food and rayment during the said terme ; and if he refuse so to doe, that then the collony pruide for her, & Mr Hopkins to pay it…

“Mr Steephen Hopkins is committed to ward for his contempt to the Court, and shall so remayne comitted vntill hee shall either receiue his servant Dorothy Temple, or else puide for her elsewhere at his owne charge during the terme shee hath yet to serue him …

8 Feb 1638 – “The viijt of Februar., 1638. Memorand : That whereas Dorothy Temple, a mayde servant dwelling with Mr Stephen Hopkins, was begotten with child in his service by Arthur Peach, who was executed for murther and roberry by the heigh way before the said child was borne, the said Steephen Hopkins hath concluded and agreed with Mr John Holmes, of Plymouth, for three pounds sterl., and other consideracons to him in hand payd, to discharge the said Steephen Hopkins and the colony of the said Dorothy Temple and her child foreuer ; and the said Dorothy is to serue all the residue to her tyme with the said John Holmes, according to her indenture.”

3 Dec 1639 – He was presented for selling a looking glass for sixteen pence which could be bought in the Bay Colony for nine pence, and he was also fined £3 for selling strong water without license” (PCR 1:137).

3 December 1639 : “Mr Steephen Hopkins, vpon his psentment for selling a lookeing glasse for 16d, the like whereof was bought in the Bay for ix d is referred to further informacon.
“Mr Steephen Hopkins, for selling strong water wthout lycense, proued & confesed in Court, is fyned iiij li.”(probably to the sucker who bought the mirror!)

Jonathan Hatch, who from the records seems to have been a recurring disciplinary problem in the colony, on 5 April 1642 was ordered by the court to dwell with Mr. Stephen Hopkins, “& the said Mr Hopkins to have a speciall care of him” (PCR 2:38).

All these misdemeanors  no way indicated he was disloyal to the Colony–in fact, he was Assistant Governor from 1633 to 1636, and he volunteered to fight in the Pequot War of 1637.”

7 Aug 1638 – “Liberty is graunted to Mr Steephen Hopkins to erect a house at Mattacheese, and cutt hey there this yeare to winter his cattle, puided that it be not to wthdraw him from the towne of Plymouth.” Mattacheese was later called Yarmouth.

8 June 1642 – William CHASE mortgaged his house and land in Yarmouth to Stephen  for £ 5.

Stephen Hopkins was a friend of Myles Standish, in England, where they were “merchant adventurers.”  They were both in the Military Company of Barque Mayflower, Capt. Myles Standish.

The last Will and Testament of Mr. Stephen Hopkins exhibited upon the Oathes of mr Willm Bradford and Captaine Miles Standish at the generall Court holden at Plymouth the xxth of August Anno dm 1644 as it followeth in these wordes vizt.

The sixt of June 1644 I Stephen Hopkins of Plymouth in New England being weake yet in good and prfect memory blessed be God yet considering the fraile estate of all men I do ordaine and make this to be my last will and testament in manner and forme following and first I do committ my body to the earth from whence it was taken, and my soule to the Lord who gave it, my body to b eburyed as neare as convenyently may be to my wyfe Deceased

And first my will is that out of my whole estate my funerall expences be discharged

secondly that out of the remayneing part of my said estate that all my lawfull Debts be payd

thirdly I do bequeath by this my will to my sonn Giles Hopkins my great Bull wch is now in the hands of Mris Warren. Also I do give to Stephen Hopkins my sonn Giles his sonne twenty shillings in Mris Warrens hands for the hire of the said Bull

Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Constanc Snow the wyfe of Nicholas Snow my mare

also I give unto my daughter Deborah Hopkins the brodhorned black cowe and her calf and half the Cowe called Motley

Also I doe give and bequeath unto my daughter Damaris Hopkins the Cowe called Damaris heiffer and the white faced calf and half the cowe called Mottley

Also I give to my daughter Ruth the Cowe called Red Cole and her calfe and a Bull at Yarmouth wch is in the keepeing of Giles Hopkins wch is an yeare and advantage old and half the curld Cowe

Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth the Cowe called Smykins and her calf and thother half of the Curld Cowe wth Ruth and an yearelinge heiffer wth out a tayle in the keeping of Gyles Hopkins at Yarmouth

Also I do give and bequeath unto my foure daughters that is to say Deborah Hopkins Damaris Hopkins Ruth Hopkins and Elizabeth Hopkins all the mooveable goods the wch do belong to my house as linnen wollen beds bedcloathes pott kettles pewter or whatsoevr are moveable belonging to my said house of what kynd soever and not named by their prticular names all wch said mooveables to be equally devided amongst my said daughters foure silver spoones that is to say to eich of them one,

And in case any of my said daughters should be taken away by death before they be marryed that then the part of their division to be equally devided amongst the Survivors.

I do also by this my will make Caleb Hopkins my sonn and heire apparent giveing and bequeathing unto my said sonn aforesaid all my Right title and interrest to my house and lands at Plymouth wth all the Right title and interrest wch doth might or of Right doth or may hereafter belong unto mee, as also I give unto my saide heire all such land wch of Right is Rightly due unto me and not at prsent in my reall possession wch belongs unto me by right of my first comeing into this land or by any other due Right, as by such freedome or otherwise giveing unto my said heire my full & whole and entire Right in all divisions allottments appoyntments or distributions whatsoever to all or any pt of the said lande at any tyme or tymes so to be disposed

Also I do give moreover unto my foresaid heire one paire or yooke of oxen and the hyer of them wch are in the hands of Richard Church as may appeare by bill under his hand

Also I do give unto my said heire Caleb Hopkins all my debts wch are now oweing unto me, or at the day of my death may be oweing unto mee either by booke bill or bills or any other way rightfully due unto mee ffurthermore my will is that my daughters aforesaid shall have free recourse to my house in Plymouth upon any occation there to abide and remayne for such tyme as any of them shall thinke meete and convenyent & they single persons And for the faythfull prformance of this my will I do make and ordayne my aforesaid sonn and heire Caleb Hopkins my true and lawfull Executor ffurther I do by this my will appoynt and make my said sonn and Captaine Miles Standish joyntly supervisors of this my will according to the true meaneing of the same that is to say that my Executor & supervisor shall make the severall divisions parts or porcons legacies or whatsoever doth appertaine to the fullfilling of this my will

It is also my will that my Executr & Supervisor shall advise devise and dispose by the best wayes & meanes they cann for the disposeing in marriage or other wise for the best advancnt of the estate of the forenamed Deborah Damaris Ruth and Elizabeth Hopkins Thus trusting in the Lord my will shalbe truly prformed according to the true meaneing of the same I committ the whole Disposeing hereof to the Lord that hee may direct you herein

June 6th 1644
Witnesses hereof By me Steven Hopkins
Myles Standish (wiki)
William Bradford (wiki)

“The inventory of the goods of Stephen Hopkins, deceased 1644

£    s   d
Inpris one brod horne Cowe                                                   05 10 00
it Mottlis Cowe                                                                         05 10 00
it Damaris heifer                                                                        05 00 00
it Red Cowe                                                                               05 05 00
it Curld Cowe                                                                            05 05 00
it Symkins Cowe                                                                       05 00 00
it brod Hornes calf                                                                   00 12 00
it white faced calf                                                                     00 15 00
it Cooles calf                                                                             00 14 00
it Symkins calfe                                                                        00 12 00
it a great Bull                                                                            08 00 00
it a mare                                                                                     06 00 00
it a yeong bull                                                                          01 05 00
it a yearling heiffer wthout a tayle                                     01 05 00
it a yok of oxen                                                                        15 00 00
it 2 pigges                                                                                 00 04 00
it poultry                                                                                   00 10 00
it a bed & boulster & one pillow                                           03 10 00
it another bed & boulster & pillow                                       03 10 00
it another feather bed & pillow                                              03 00 00
it another bed & boulster wth an old straw bed                02 00 00
it 3 white blankets                                                                    01 00 00
it one covering                                                                          00 12 00
it one covring                                                                            00 04 00
it a yellow Rugg                                                                        00 08 00
it a greene Rugg                                                                        00 06 00
it 2 checkr blanketts                                                                  00 14 00
it curtaines and vallence                                                          00 10 00
it a scarfe                                                                                    00 06 00
it a pair of flanell sheets                                                           00 07 00
it one old paire of sheets                                                          00 05 00
it one paire of sheets                                                                 00 08 00
it 3 sheets                                                                                    00 10 00
it 4 pillow beares                                                                        00 12 00
it 5 napkins                                                                                 00 03 06
it 1 diapr napkins                                                                       00 02 06
it 3 table clothes                                                                         00 04 00
it 4 dymothy caps                                                                      00 02 00
it 2 white capps                                                                          00 03 00
it 2 wrought caps                                                                       00 02 06
it 2 shirts                                                                                     00 12 00
86 06 06

it two paire of shooes                                                               00 06 00
it prs of cotton stockings                                                         00 02 06
it 4 spoones                                                                                01 08 00
it in money                                                                                  00 00 06
it claspes                                                                                     00 00 02
it a pair of garters                                                                       00 00 04
it 2 Ruffe                                                                                      00 07 00
it a paire of drawers                                                                   00 00 04
it a moheire petticote                                                                 01 15 00
it a petticote of phillip & cheny                                               01 00 00
it a grogorm coate                                                                      01 00 00
it a prpetuam coate                                                                    01 00 00
it a cloth coate                                                                            01 00 00
it a cloake                                                                                     01 10 00
it a gray cloak                                                                              01 10 00
it a suit of cloth                                                                            00 08 00
it a pair of breeches                                                                     00 03 00
it an old coate & jerkine                                                              00 10 00
it a muffe                                                                                        00 06 00
it 3 cusheons & a pair of breeches                                          00 04 00
it a chest                                                                                        00 08 00
it a chest                                                                                        00 06 00
it a case & bottel & box                                                              00 03 00
it a hogshead                                                                                00 01 00
it an old warmeing pann                                                            00 02 00
it a frying pann                                                                             00 01 00
it 6 porringers                                                                               00 05 00
it 2 porringers                                                                               00 01 00
it 4 wine measures                                                                       00 06 00
it 3 quart potts                                                                             00 06 00
it chamber potts                                                                           00 02 00
it 2 laten candlesticks                                                                 00 01 00
it 1 puter candlestick                                                                   00 01 00
it a pestell & morter                                                                     00 03 06
it a beere bowle & wine cup                                                       00 01 06
it a beaker                                                                                      00 00 06
it a salt seller                                                                                 00 01 00
it 2 funnells                                                                                   00 01 00
it 2 basens                                                                                     00 06 00
it a great dish                                                                                00 05 00
it 6 dishes                                                                                      00 14 00
it a little dish                                                                                 00 00 02
it earthen potts                                                                             00 00 06
it an Iron pott                                                                                00 05 00
it a bras pott                                                                                  00 08 00
it a cast skellet                                                                              00 05 00
it a smale skellet                                                                           00 01 06
it a great kettle                                                                              01 02 00
it a lesse kettle                                                                              00 06 00
it a smaler ketle                                                                             00 04 00
it another kettle                                                                            00 07 00
it 5 spoones                                                                                  00 01 00
it 1 dossen & half trenchers                                                       00 01 00
it two graters 2s                                                                            00 02 00
it a shooeing horne                                                                      00 00 01
it a paire of bellowes                                                                    00 01 00
it 4 paire of old pothookes                                                          00 03 00
it a fireshovell & tongs                                                                00 04 00
it two spitts                                                                                    00 03 06
it 3 paire of links                                                                            00 07 06
it a peece of a bar of Iron                                                             00 01 06
it a gridiron                                                                                     00 01 00
it 9 trayes                                                                                        00 09 00
it a churne                                                                                       00 04 00
it 2 chees vtts                                                                                 00 01 00
it a old Cullender                                                                            00 00 02
it 2 payles                                                                                        00 01 04
it wodden Mo                                                                                 00 01 06
it 2 wheeles                                                                                     00 07 00
it 2 chaires                                                                                       00 08 00
it 2 stooles                                                                                       00 02 00
it latten pans                                                                                   00 00 06
it a tubb & forme                                                                            00 12 00
it a cheane                                                                                       00 06 00
it a sive                                                                                            00 00 06
it old chest                                                                                      00 02 00
it a bakeing Tub                                                                             00 02 00
it old tubbs                                                                                     00 01 00
it feathers                                                                                        00 03 00
it 3 hoopes of Iron                                                                         00 01 06
it 1 sawe                                                                                          00 01 06
it a cheese rack                                                                              00 04 00
it 4 skins                                                                                         00 03 00
it an axe                                                                                          00 01 06
it a prcell hemp                                                                              00 02 06
it scales and waights                                                                    00 05 00
it Debts                                                                                           16 05 00
it Divers bookes                                                                            00 12 00
it more in Debts                                                                             01 01 00
it a hatt                                                                                            00 01 00

The inventory amounted to £128/16/7.

20 August 1644 : “Captaine Miles Standish & Mr Willm Bradford deposed to the last will & testament of Mr Steephen Hopkins, deceased. Caleb Hopkins, constituted executr thereof, exhibited an inventory all his goods & cattells vpon his oath.”

29 June 1652 : “The Court haue agreed with Captaine Standish about the house that was Mr Hopkinses, in which hee is to see that a convenient place bee made to keepe the common stocke of powder and shott, and the countrie to make vse thereof as they shall haue occation for the meetings of the comitties & juryes and oter such like vses; and it is to bee repaired att the countryes charge, provided, that when the owners doe make vse thereof, they are to make satisfaction for the repairing thereof.”


“And seeing it hath pleased Him to give me [William Bradford] to see thirty years completed since these beginnings, and that the great works of His providence are to be observed, I have thought it not unworthy my pains to take a view of the decreasings and increasings of these persons and such changes as hath passed over them and theirs in this thirty years…

“Mr Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they lived above twenty years in this place and had one son and four daughters born here. Their son became a seaman and died at Barbadoes, one daughter died here and two are married; one of them hath two children, and one is yet to marry. So their increase which still survive are five. But his son Giles is married and hath four children.
“His daughter Constanta is also married and hath twelve children, all of them living and one of them married.”

2. Constance HOPKINS (See Nicholas SNOW‘s page)

3. Gyles Hopkins

Gyles’ wife Katherine Whelden was baptized 6 Mar 1617 in St. Leodegarius Church, Basford, Nottingham, England. Her parents were our ancestors Gabriel WHELDEN  and Jane [__?__].  Katherine died after 15 Mar 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony.

In 1637, Giles volunteered to go with his father and brother, Caleb, to fight against the Pequot Indians in 1637. By early 1639, he had moved from Plymouth to Yarmouth on Cape Cod. He and Catherine lived in the first house built by the English on Cape Cod south of Sandwich. Giles was made a surveyor of Highways in Yarmouth in 1643. He moved to Eastham on the Cape in 1644 where he also served as highway surveyor.

Giles signed a will on 19 Jan 1682 and also a codicil to the will dated 5 Mar 1688/89. His will was admitted to probate 16 Apr 1690.

Click here for the Last Will & Testament of Gyles Hopkins, 1682/1683

Children of Gyles and Katherine:

i. Mary Hopkins b: Nov 1640 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 20 Mar 1700 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; Burial:Cove Burying Ground Eastham; m. her cousin Samuel Smith (b. 26 May 1668 Eastham – d. 22 Sep 1692 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Ralph SMYTH and Grace [__?__]. Samuel and Grace had eight children born between 1667 and 1678.

Early in life, Samuel Smith engaged in the whale and mackerel fishery business, and was very successful at it. Later he was a trader and inn keeper in Eastham. He owned at one time more than a 1000 acres of land, 400 acres being in the South side of the town of Eastham and was known for many years afterwards as the “Smith Purchase.” He also bought two farms in Chatham, Mass, one at Tom’s Neck, comprising a considerable part of the present village of Chatham. His estate at his death was valued at more than 1200 pounds. The inventory shows he was in possession of over fifty head of cattle, 60 sheep and a number of horses. He held various local offices in Eastham, was styled “mister” in the records and Judge Samuel Sewell mentions him in his diary. He has been descrided as a “resolute and determined man.”

It seems Samuel Smith experienced considerable trouble from the law: He sued a Stephen Merrick for unlawfully taking a horse (25 Oct. 1668). The next year he appeared in Plymouth Colony Court to answer suits brought against him, Ralph Smith and Daniel Smith by Josias Cooke. He served as constable of Eastham in 1670 and the next year was sued by Joseph Harding for abuse of his duties in that position. On 7 July 1682 Thomas Clarke Sr of Plymouth sued Samuel Smith of Eastham for unjustly detaining profits of a Cape Cod fishing venture. On the first Tuesday in Oct. 1686 Samuel Smith and John Mayo of Eastham were charged with netting mackerel at Cape Cod in violation of a court order.”

ii. Stephen Hopkins b: Sep 1642 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 10 Oct 1718 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 23 May 1667 Eastham to Mary Merrick (1650 – 1692); Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Stephen and Mary had ten children born between 1667 and 1692. Mary may well have died after giving birth;

m2. 7 Apr 1701 Eastham to Bethiah Linnell (b: 7 Feb 1641 in Barnstable – d. 25 Mar 1726 Harwich) Bethiah’s parents were Robert Linnell and Peninnah Howse. Her grandparents were Rev. John HOWSE and Abigail LLOYD. She first married 25 Mar 1664 Eastham to Henry Atkins (b. 1617, England – d. 24 Aug 1700 Eastham)

iii. John Hopkins b: 1643 Yarmouth, Plymouth colony; d. 1643

iv. Abigail Hopkins b: Oct 1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 1691; m. 23 May 1667 Eastham to William Merrick b: 15 Sep 1643 Duxbury, Plymouth Colony – 30 Oct 1732 Harwich ) Stephen and Abigail Hopkins married Mary and William Merrick on the same day. The Merrick parents were William Merrick (1602 – 1688) and Rebecca Tracy (1625 – 1686) Abigail and William had eight children between 1668 and 1691.

v. Deborah Hopkins b: Jun 1648 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Bef Dec 1727 Eastham; m. 27 Jul 1668 Eastham to Josiah Cooke (b: 1645 Eastham – d. 31 Jan 1732 Eastham ) Josiah’s parents were Josiah Cooke and Elizabeth Ring.  Some say his grandparents were our ancestors Francis COOKE and Hester le MAHIEU but serious genealogists don’t believe in this connection.  Josiah’s maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT. Deborah and Josiah had eight children born between 1669 and 1686.

vi. Caleb Hopkins b: Jan 1651 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 22 May 1728 Harwich; m. Mary Williams (b: 1660 Eastham – d. 27 May 1709 Harwich) Mary’s parents were Thomas Williams (b: ~1615) and Elizabeth Tart (b: ~1620). Caleb and Mary had four children born between 1784 and 1709.

vii. Ruth Hopkins b: Jun 1653 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. dates given online vary from 1693 to 1738, in Eastham or Harwich; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Samuel Mayo (b: 12 Oct 1655 Eastham – d. 29 Oct 1738 Eastham) Samuel’s parents were Nathaniel Mayo and Hannah Prence. His grandparents were Gov. Thomas PRENCE and Patience BREWSTER) Hannah Prence married our ancestor Jonathan SPARROW as his second wife. Ruth and Samuel had seven children born between 1682 and 1696. Later, Samuel married 31 Aug 1728 Eastham to Mary Sweat (b: 1701 Eastham)

viii. Joshua Hopkins b: Jun 1657 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Aug 1738; m. 26 May 1681 Eastham to Mary Cole (b: 10 Mar 1658 Eastham – d. 1 Mar 1733 Eastham) Mary’s parents were Daniel Cole (b: 1614) and Ruth Collier (b: 1627). Joshua and Mary had eight children born between 1684 and 1702.

ix. William Hopkins b: 9 Jan 1660 Eastham, Plymouth Colony

The will of William’s father, Giles, indicates that William was incapacitated physically or mentally, because William’s brother Stephen was required to take care of him decently: “Unto my son Stephen Hopkins and to his heirs forever: and half my stock of cattill for and in consideration of ye above sd Land and half stock of cattel my will is that after my decease my son Stephen Hopkins shall take ye care and oversight and maintaine my son William Hopkins during his natural Life in a comfortable decent manner.”

x. Elizabeth Hopkins b: Nov 1663 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. Dec 1663 Eastham

6. Caleb Hopkins

Caleb Hopkins volunteered to fight the Pequots with his father (Stephen) and brother Gyles.

Great Migration Begins: ” Caleb, b. Plymouth say 1624; “became a seaman & died at Barbadoes” between 1644 and 1651 [Bradford 445].”

7. Deborah Hopkins

Deborah’s husband Andrew Ring was born in 1618 in Pettistree, Suffolk, England. His parents were William RING and Mary DURRANT.  After Deborah died in  he married after 3 Oct 1673 Middleboro, Mass to Lettice Kempton.  Andrew died 22 Feb 1693 in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

There were two woman named Lettice [joy in Latin] in early Plymouth.   Lettice Hanford and Lettice Kempton  are often mixed up with four marriages between them.  There is only one recorded death:  22 Feb 1691.  Here’s my crack at unsorting the tangle.

Andrew’s second wife Lettice Kempton was about 1629 in London.  Her parents were our ancestors Ephraim KEMPTON and Hannah [__?__].  Lettice first  married 1648 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Mass to John Morton, son of George MORTON (b. 1616 in Leyden, Holland – d. 3 Oct 1673 in Plymouth, Mass.). Lettice died 22 Feb 1691 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Mass.

Lettice Hanford was baptized  8 June 1617,at Alverdiscott, Devonshire.  Her parents were Jeffrey Hanford and Eglin Hatherley.   Lettice Hanford clearly preceded her mother & younger sisters to New England.  On 10 Apr 1635, Eglin Hanford,” aged 46, & “2 daughters, Margaret Manford,” aged 16, & “Eliz[abeth] Hanford,” aged 14, along with “Rodolphus Elmes,” aged 15. & “Tho[mas] Stanley,” aged 16, were enrolled at London as passengers for New England on the Defence.)

Lettice Hanford first married  8 Apr 1635 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass. to Edward Foster (b. 24 Jan 1590 in Frittendon, Kent, England – d. 25 Nov 1643 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass.)  at Mr. Cudworth’s [Scituate] by Captain Standish. She was admitted to Scituate church (as “Goody Foster”) 25 December 1636. They had 3 children: Timothy, Timothy again, & Elizabeth Hewett Ray.

After Edward died, she married Edward Jenkins (1618  Kent, England – d. 1699 Scituate, Plymouth, Mass)  On 4 March 1634/5, “Edw[ar]d Jeakins,” one of seven servants of Nathaniel Tilden of Tenterden, Kent, was included in the list of passengers of the Hercules of Sandwich.  Lettice and Edward had 3-4 children: Samuel (b. 1645), (probably) Sarah Bacon, Mary Atkinson Cocke, & Thomas.  In the late 1660s and early 1670s Edward Jenkins had to come to the aid of two of his children who experienced a number of problems. On 5 Mar 1666/67, “Dinah Silvester, Sarah Smith, and the daughter of Edward Jenkens, [are] summoned to the next court.

Children of Deborah and Andrew

i. Samuel Ring b: 1649 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

ii. Elizabeth Ring b: 19 Apr 1652 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

iii. William Ring b: 1653 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

iv. Eleazer Ring b: 1655 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

v. Mary Ring b: 1657 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

vi. Deborah Ring b: 1659 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

vii. Susanna Ring b: 1661 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

8. Damaris Hopkins

Damaris’ husband Jacob Cooke was born 1618 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland. His parents were Francis COOKE and Hester le MAHIEU. After Damaris died in 1668, he married 18 Nov 1669 in Plymouth to Elizabeth Lettice. Jacob and Elizabeth had two children: Sarah (b. 1671) and Rebecca (b. 1675). Jacob died 18 Dec 1675 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony

Jacob’s second wife Elizabeth Lettice was born 1636 in Lincolnshire, England. Her parents were Thomas Lettice and Anna [__?__]. Elizabeth died 31 Oct 1693 in Swansea, Bristol, Mass.

Children of Damaris and Jacob:

i. Elizabeth Cooke b: 18 Jan 1648/49 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

ii. Caleb Cooke b: 29 Mar 1651 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

iii. Jacob Cooke b: 26 Mar 1653 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

iv. Mary Cooke b: 12 Jan 1657/58 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

v. Martha Cooke b: 16 Mar 1659/60  Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

vi. Francis Cooke b: 5 Jan 1662/63 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

vii. Ruth Cooke b: 17 Jan 1665/66 Plymouth Plymouth, Colony

Sources: An excellent book on Stephen Hopkins:

Here Shall I Die Ashore: Stephen Hopkins: Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor and Mayflower Pilgrim. By Caleb Johnson 2007

Posted in 13th Generation, Artistic Representation, First Comer, Historical Church, Historical Site, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw, Wikipedia Famous | Tagged , , , , , , , | 27 Comments

Nicholas Snow

Nicholas SNOW (1600 – 1676) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Snow Coat of Arms

Snow Coat of Arms

Nicholas Snow was born 18 Jan 1600 in Hoxton, Middlesex, England. Hoxton is now  a district in the East End of London in the London Borough of Hackney, immediately north of the financial district of the City of London. The geographical distincion between Hoxton and Shoreditch is often confused.   His parents were Nicholas SNOW Sr. and Elizabeth ROWELLES. He arrived in Plymouth on the “Anne” in 1623. He married about  1 Jun 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony to Constance HOPKINS. He was among the first settlers of Eastham, in 1644.  He was a freeman, in Eastham, in 1655, and served in many town offices.  Nicholas died 15 Nov 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham.

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Our ancestors or their close relatives had almost half the lots in early Plymouth – (George Soule was the grandfather of John TOMSON’s son-in-law, not close enough to get a #)

Constance Hopkins (wiki)was baptized 11 May 1606 Hursley, Hampshire, England. Alternatively, she was born 25 Jan 1599 Wooten, Underedge, Gloucestershire.  Her parents were Stephen HOPKINS and Mary [__?__].  She was a Mayflower passenger, along with her father and stepmother. Constance died  25 Nov, 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham.

Constance Hopkins Snow Reenactor

Constance Hopkins Snow Reenactor

According to Governor William Bradford, who wrote between March 6 and April 3, 1651:

“Constanta is also married, and hath 12 children all of them living, and one of them married”.

Constance Hopkins Memorial -- Cove Burying Ground Eastham  Findagrave # 8634

Constance Hopkins Memorial – placed in 1966 by descendants– Cove Burying Ground
Eastham , Mass. Findagrave # 8634

Children of Nicholas and Constance:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Mark Snow 9 May 1628 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Anna Cooke
18 Jan 1654 Eastham
Jane Prence (daughter of our ancestor Thomas PRENCE)
9 Jan 1660 Eastham
9 Jan 1695  Eastham, Barnstable Mass
2. Mary Snow 14 Dec 1630 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Thomas Paine
Jul 1650 Eastham
28 Apr 1704 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
3. Sarah Snow 1632 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony William Walker
25 Jan 1654 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony
Aft. 25 Oct 1703 Eastham
4. Lt. Joseph Snow 1634 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Mary Higgins
~1671 Eastham
3 Jan 1723 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
5. Stephen Snow 1636 Plymouth, Plymouth Colony Susannah Deane
13 Dec 1665  Eastham, Plymouth Colony
Mary Cottle
9 Apr 1701 in Eastham
17 Dec 1705 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
6. John Snow 1638  Eastham, Plymouth Colony Mary Smalley
19 Sep 1667 Eastham
14 Apr 1692 Eastham Barnstable, Mass
7. Elizabeth Snow 1640 Duxbury, Plymouth Colony Thomas Rogers
13 Dec 1665 Eastham
16 Jun 1678 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
8. Jabez SNOW 1642  Eastham, Plymouth Colony Elizabeth SMITH  Sep/Oct 1670  27 Dec 1690 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
9. Ruth Snow 1644  Eastham, Plymouth Colony John Cole
12 Dec 1666 in Eastham
27 Jan 1717 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
10. Constance Snow 1644 Eastham, Plymouth Colony Daniel Doane? Oct 1677 Eastham, Plymouth Colony
11. Hannah Snow 1646  Eastham, Plymouth Colony Giles Rickard
12. Rebecca Snow 1648  Eastham, Plymouth Colony Samuel Rickard
Eastham, Plymouth Colony

Nicholas’ father Nicholas SNOW Sr.was born 1578 St Dunstan, Stepney, Middlesex, He married 9 May 1599 St Dunstan, Stenpney to Elizabeth Rowelles.

Nicholas’ mother Elizabeth ROWELLES,was born in 1580 in Stepney and died in 1644 Hoxton, Middlesex, England.

Constance’s father Stephen HOPKINS was born about 1580 in Hursley, Hampshire, England and was baptized 30 Apr 1581 in Upper Clatford, Hampshire. He first married Constance’s mother Mary [__?__] (b. ~1585 )

Constance Hopkins is the central character in Patricia Clapp’s young adult novel Constance: A Story of Early Plymouth.  It must be a popular book as I found three different cover portraits.

Constance A Story of Early Plymouth 1

Constance A Story of Early Plymouth 2

Constance A Story of Early Plymouth 3

Constance was the second daughter of Stephen Hopkins (Wiki), by his first wife, Mary. Some believe she was named in honor of Constance (Marline) Hopkins. Constance, at the age of fourteen, along with her father and his second wife Elizabeth (Fisher), accompanied by brother Giles, half-sister Damaris as well as two servants by the name of Edward Doty and Edward Lester were passengers on the Mayflower on its journey to the New World in 1620. Along the way her half-brother Oceanus was born, the only child born on the Mayflower journey.

Constance Hopkins Beaver Hat  Source; Pilgrim Hall Musuem

Constance Hopkins Beaver Hat Source; Pilgrim Hall Musuem

Made in England, 1615-1640
Ownership attributed to Constance Hopkins

Steeple-crowned hats, usually with a decorative band, were popular in Western Europe for both men and women in the early 17th century. Beaver fur, imported from the colonies, was processed into felt to make hats.

The 1623 division of land marked the end of the Pilgrims’ earliest system of land held in common by all. Governor Bradford explains it this way :

“And so assigned to every family a parcel of land, according to the proportion of their number, for that end, only for the present use (but made no division for inheritance) and ranged all boys and youth under some family. This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content. The women now went willingly into the field, and took their little ones with them to set corn; which before would allege weakness and inability; whom to have compelled would have been thought great tyranny and oppression.”

Records, Deeds, &c., Vol. I 1627-1651 is the oldest record book of the Plymouth settlement. It begins with the 1623 division of land, recorded in the handwriting of Governor William Bradford. The lands of Nicholas Snow are described as “The fales of their ground which came ouer in the shipe called the Anne according as their were case. 1623… these following lye on the other side of the towne towards the eele-riuer … These butt against Hobs Hole. Nicolas Snow.” [Also in this area were the lands of Anthony Dix, Mr. Pierce’s 2 servants, and Ralph Walen.]

The 1627 Division of Cattle

“At a publicque court held the 22th of May it was concluded by the whole Companie, that the cattell wch were the Companies, to wit, the Cowes and the Goates should be equally devided to all the psonts of the same company … & so the lotts fell as followeth, thirteene psonts being pportioned to one lot…”The seauenth lott fell to Stephen Hopkins & his company Joyned to him (2) his wife Elizabeth Hopkins (3) Gyles Hopkins (4) Caleb Hopkins (5) Debora Hopkins (6) Nickolas Snow (7) Constance Snow (8) William Pallmer (9) ffrances Pallmer (10) Willm Pallmer Jnor (11) John Billington Senor (12) Hellen Billington (13) ffrancis Billington. To this lott fell A black weining Calfe to wch was aded the Calfe of this yeare to come of the black Cow, wch pueing a bull they were to keepe it vngelt 5 yeares for common vse & after to make there best of it. Nothing belonging of thes too, for ye copanye of ye first stock : but only half ye Increase. To this lott ther fell two shee goats : which goats they posses on the like terms which others doe their cattell.”


“Isaac Allerton negotiated in England an agreement dated 26 October 1626 between the Adventurers and himself as ‘one of the planters resident at Plymouth afforesaid, assigned, and sent over as agent for the rest of the planters ther,’ whereby the adventurers for L1,800 sold to the planters, later known as the Purchasers, all the ‘said stocks, shares, lands, merchandise, and chatles’ which had belonged to the Adventurers. The list we have of the Purchaser is from the PCR 2:177, and was obviously compiled sometime after the 1626 agreement, for Richard Warren died in 1628, and his wife replaced him on the list, and John Billington was hanged in 1630, and his share is represented on the list by his surname only. Though the following year the fifty-eight Purchasers in turn assigned both the shares in the company and the debt to the eight Plymouth and four London Undertakers, the list of Purchasers continued to be an important one for, in general, these people were privileged above all others in future land grants in the colony. The list, consisting of fifty-three Plymouth names plus the names of five London men, is as follows : ‘The Names of the Purchasers. Mr Wm Bradford Mr. Thom Prence Mr Wm Brewster… Jonathan Brewster Edward Banges Nicholas SNOW Steven Hopkins Abraham Pearse…

1 Oct 1634 : ”Apoynted for laying out of highwayes :

For Duxbery side, Capt Miles Standish, Mr William Colier, Jonathan Brewster, William Palmer, Steuen Trace.

For Plimouth, John Jeney, Francis COOKE, [George KEMPTON’s son ], Manaseh Kempton, Edward BANGSNicholas SNOW, John Winsloe, James Hurst.
The high wayes to be layd out before the 15 of Nouember next.”

Jan 1634/35 – The Plymouth court noted that “The servant of Nicolas SNOW was willing to serve out his time with  [our ancestor]. John COOPER, according to the tenor of his indenture”. This servant was not the same as [our ancestor] Twiford WEST who, after brief service with Nicholas Snow, agreed on 12 Feb 1635/36 to return to Edward Winslow, with whom he had originally made his indenture.

22 Feb 1635 : Records of Plymouth Colony, Vol. 1, p. 37.

Twiford WEST, hauing bound him selfe by an indenture to serue Mr Edward Winslow, of New Plimoth, or his assignes, for the terme of sixe years, vpon shuch conditions as apears more at large in ye said indenture, the said Ed: Winslow haueing assigned him to serue Nicolass SNOW, of ye same towne of Plimoth, the said Twiford West (after some triall) disliking to be with ye said Nicolas Snow, came to ye afforesaid Ed: Winslow, & desird he might dwell with him selfe, and he would serue him one year more then is expresed in ye said indenture; vpon which his request, ye said Ed: Winslow compounded with ye said Nicolass Snow for ye said Twiford West, so as the said Twiford West is now (by his own free desire) bound to serue ye said Ed: Winslow seauen years, his time beginning from ye date mentioned in ye afforesaid indenture. This agreemente was acknowledged by all ye parties before ye Gouer, Feb: 12, 1635, and was desired to be recorded.”
Records of Plymouth Colony, Vol. 1, p. 37.

5 May 1640 “John Winslow, Nicholas SNOWE, Nehemiah  SMYTH, Georg Soule, Josuah Pratt, are appoynted to view all the meddowes at Greens Harbour, wch are not graunted forth, & to measure them, and to make report thereof the next Court.”

1 Dec 1640 :”Presentments. “… Thomas Coachman, Nicholas SNOW , & Josias Cooke, for not mending the heigh wayes at the Second Brooke, Smylt Riuer, New Bridge, and other places. “Discharged, vpon condicon that they shall repaire the heigh wayes this yeare

Nicholas arrived in Eastham in April of 1644, as one of the original purchasers/founders of Eastham. in 1644. He lived on the North side of Great Pond.

Nicholas was a founder of Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

Nicholas was a founder of Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

Barnstable County

Towns of Barnstable County

Originally settled by the Nauset tribe, Eastham was the site where in 1621 a hunting expedition comprised from the crew of the Mayflower, which had stopped in Provincetown harbor on Cape Cod Bay after a rough crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, which led to the first encounter of the Pilgrims and the local Nauset Indians at First Encounter Beach. The area would not be settled by Europeans, however, until 1644. The original lands included all of the northern peninsula of Cape Cod now the towns of TruroWellfleet, Eastham, Orleans and a small portion of Chatham. Eastham town was officially incorporated in 1651.

1 June 1647 – “Supvisors of the Highwaies. “… Nawsett [Eastham], Nicholas SNOW & Edward  BANGES.

9 June 1665 : “An Account of the Liquors brought into the Towne of Eastham, as followeth. “… Aprill, 65. Thomas Paine, 1 gallon of liquor, and 2 gallons of Gorge Crispe. “Nicholas Snow, 1 gallon and an halfe of liquor. “Josepth Harding, one gallon and an halfe of liquor.”

5 March 1667  –  “In reference vnto the complaint made against Ralph SMITH, of Eastham, concerning oppression and hard dealing with a carpenter named Crispen Wadlen, whoe was one of Captaine Allins companie, which said Wadlen kept about three weekes att the said Smithes house, the Court haue ordered, that a certaine psell of tooles which the said Smith had of the said carpenters shalbe deliuered vnto Nicholas SNOW, to be sent to the said Wadlen; and that the said Snowes receipt of them shalbe the said Smithes discharge; and that a certaine psell of cotton woole, which the said Smith had of the said Crispin Wadlen, shalbe by him, the said Smith, kept, if hee please, for full satisfaction for the time & charge hee was att when att his house as aforesaid.”

Nicholas was a Deputy of Plymouth for 3 years; a Selectman for 7 years; Town Clerk for 16 years; and laid out the highway from Eastham to Yarmouth in 1660.  He had no grave stone but left a will.

He was one of Governor Thomas Prence’s intimate associates, and it was partly through Snow’s efforts that Rev. John Mayo was prevailed upon to settle as minister of Eastham in 1655. Nicholas Snow was a large land owner in Harwich, Eastham, and Truro. Rev. John Mayo witnessed his will.

Will of Nicholas Snow

“A writing ordered to be Recorded Declaring the manor of Nicholas Snow his Disposing of his Estate as followeth; viz: Nicholas Snow of Eastham Late Deceased; “I Nicholas Snow of Eastham being weake and Infeirme of body but of prfect Memory and understanding, not knowing the Day of my Departure but yett Dayly expecting my last Change; I thinke meet to leave this behind mee as my last Will and Testament; Impr: I Comend my soule into the Armes of Gods Mercye through Christ Jesus in whom I hope to sleep and my body to a Decent buriall; and as Concerning my temporall estate that God of his Goodnes hath Given mee; It is my last Will and Testament that after this manor it should be Disposed off;

“Impr: To my son Marke Snow I Give and bequeath all that twenty acrees of upland lying att Namskekitt wher his house now stands, and two acrees of Meddow; and all that broken marsh there of mine att Namscekett;

Item two third of my Great lott att Satuckett lying next the Indians Ground; and that syde of my lott Next the Indians land I Give to him and his heires lawfully begotten of his body for ever; and what hee Can purchase more of upland and meddow of the Indians there at Satuckett I Give to him all this abovesaid lands or meddow or Marsh purchased or unpurchased I Give to him and to his heires lawfully begotten of his body forever;

Item To my son Joseph Snow I Give that other third prte of my Great lott att Satuckett; and two acrees and an halfe of meddow lying att Namscekett neare the head and an Necke of upland lying between it lying on the westsyde of Willam Twinings, all this abovesaid land and meddow I Give to my son Joseph Snow and to his heires Lawfully begotten of his body forever;

“Item To my son Steven Snow I Give twenty acrees on the southsyde of my Great lott att Ochett, and then acrees of My little lott att Satuckett lying between Daniell Cole and Edward Banges by the side of a Little pond, an acree and an halfe of Meddow att the boat meddow, lying between Thomas Williams, and Samuell freeman and that prte of my Meddow att the Great Meddow, That lyeth between Josiah Cooke and the Eelcreeke; all this abovesaid land and medow I Give to my son Steven and the heires lawfully begotten of his body; for ever

“Item To my son John Snow I Give all that my land att Paomett Purchased or unpurchased whether upland or meddow; and all my Right and title or privilidge there; all the abovesaid upland or Meddow right and Privilidge att Paomett I Give to my son John Snow; and to the heires lawfully begotten of his body, forever.

“Item To my son Jabez: Snow I Give all this my Land lying between my house and my son Thomas Paines, and seaven acrees att the basse pond lying between Daniell Cole and Willam Browne; and an halfe acree of Marsh att the end of it and six acrees of upland att the herring pond; and an acree and halfe of meddow att silver springe lying on the Northsyde of Willam Walkers, and the Clift of upland adjacent to the above said Meddow and all the sedge about it, to Ephraime Done; and that prte of my house hee lives in as longe as my wife or I Doe live

“Item I Give him two acrees of Meddow att the Great Meddow lying between the Eel Creeke and Joseph hardings;

“Item To my son Jabez I Give that my four acrees of Meddow att Billinsgate Due to mee yett unlayed out; All this abovesaid upland and meddow I Give to my son Jabez Snow and the heires of his body lawfully begotten for ever.

“Item This my meddow about my house I Give to my son Jabez;

“Item I Give to my Loveing wife Constant Snow all my stocke of Cattle sheep horses swine whatsoever, to be att her Disposall for the Comfort and support of her life, with all the moveable Goods I am posessed of and after her Decease, stocke and Movables to be equally Devided amongst all my Children;

“Item To my wife I Give the use and Disposall of the prte of my house shee now Dwells in DUring her life time, and after her Decease to be my son Jabez Snowes –

Item I give to my loveing wife that ten acrees of upland att Pochett, and 20 on Billingsgate Iland, for her Desposall for the Comfort of her life, but if shee need it not, and leave it undesposed; I Give it then to my son Steven Snow; That twenty acrees of upland att Billingsgate if my wife leave it undesposed, then to be my son Jabez Snowes “I Doe Give to the Church of Eastham for the furniture of the Table of the Lord, with pewter or other Nessesaries I say I Doe Give ten shillings, out of my estate after my wifes Decease;

“That this is my last Will and Testament I have sett to my hand and seale; this fourteenth Day of November one thousand six hundred seaventy and six Nicholas Snow Witnes, Signed & Sealled in the presence of us Samuell Treate Thomas Paine senir “It is my Desire that Deacon Samuell ffreeman and John Mayo would oversee the true and ffaithfull prformance of this my Last Will, and Testament and be healpfull in any Case of Need Concerning the same; “Att the Court of his Matie held att Plymouth the fift of March 1676/77 Mr Samuell Treate made oath to this Writing that hee Did see Nicholas Snow Signe and seall it, and Did Declare it to be his Mind for the Disposall of his estate:”Thomas Paine made oath att the Court fore Names, that hee Did see Nicholas Snow signe and seale This Paper or writing above Coppied; and heer entered abovesaid.”

Click here for the inventory of Nicholas estate which includes an interesting list of cooper’s tools

Nicholas was a pioneer of Eastham, Mass and lived on the north shore of Great Pond.

Nicholas was a pioneer of Eastham, Mass and lived on the north shore of Great Pond.


1. Capt. Mark Snow

Mark’s first wife Anna Cooke was born in 1636 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Anna died 25 Jul 1656 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Josiah Cooke (b: ~ 1610 in Leyden, Zuid-Holland) and Elizabeth Ring (bapt. 23 Feb 1603 in Ufford, Suffolk, England) Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT.

Mark’s second wife Jane Prence was born 1 Nov 1637 in Duxbury, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were Thomas PRENCE and Mary COLLIER. Jane died 1711 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

1643  – was on the lists of those able to bear arms at Plymouth Colony. L

14 Apr 1644 – Together with his parents, brothers and sisters he settled at Nauset, Eastham, Cape Cod

1657 –  became a freeman. He gave oath of allegiance on 3 Jun 1657;

1659 – The officers of Eastham’s militia company in 1659 were Capt. Mark Snow, Lt. Jonathan Higgins and Ensign Jonathan Bangs.

Chosen Surveyor of Highways. He was Town Clerk, Eastham, MA between 1663 and 1678. He was a selectman, Eastham, MA between 1667 and 1685. On 5-Jun-1667 attended the Grand Enquest, Gov. Thomas PRENCE officiated.

24 Oct 1667  – on the Grand Jury with his brother Joseph Snow.

1673 – served as a Selectman

1675 – He was a member of the Counsel of War in 1675.

1675 – 1681 -He was a deputy, Eastham, MA

1675/76 He served in King Philip’s War i

1679 –  “Select Courts” “being establishe by law, Capt. Jonathan SPAROW,, Mr Mark Snow and Mr. John Doane were commissioned to hold them in this town.” Eastham, MA.

1689 – Mark Snow was a witness to the will codicil of Giles Hopkins.

23 Nov 1694 – Will of Mark Snow

In the name of God Amen. I Mark Snow of Eastham being weak of body but sound in mind and disposing memory, fo make this my last will and testament in manner and form following. That is to say, first and principally I resign my soul unto God that gave it in hopeful assurance of a blessed resurrection at ye last day in and through ye merits of my blessed redeemer; and secondly , I commit my body to ye earth from whence it was taken to be decetly buried at ye discretion of my executor hereafter named. As for my temporal estate that ye Lord hath lent unto me I dispose of that as followeth:

Imprimis–I give unto my son, Nickolas, a pardel of land where his house stands, computed at twenty and six acres, according to bounds set down in ye pruchasers book of records, with two acres of meadow lying at ye head of Namskakett, according to record as above said.

Imp. I give unto my son, Nickolas ye one half of my lot of land lying at Satuckett, between Jonathan Bangs and ye Indian Land. I Give unto my son Nickolas, ye one half of a parcel of meadow lying in ye township of Yarmouth in a place called Blue Meadow in ye south side of Bass River.

It. I give to my son Thomas Snow ye extra half of my lot where his house stands onthat side and next the Indian range, and ye one half of my meadow in Yarmouth yt above specified meadow.

It. I give unto my son Prince Snow after my wife’s decease of widowhood, my now dwelling house, and all ye land adjoining and fifteen acres of land above ye common road according to bounds specified in ye record abovesaid. I give to my son Prince Snow three acres of meadow that lies below my now dwelling house according to bounds set down in ye before specified book of records.

It. I give to my son Thomas Snow as acre of land at ye northmost end my lot in ye old fields commonly so-called and another small division of land estimated at three-quaters of an acre of land lying in ye specified old field at Satuckett between Ensign Bangs and Thomas Freeman.

It. I give to my son Prince Snow ye remainder of my lot of land containing three acres of land in ye specified Indian fields after my wife’s decease.

I give to my son Nickolas and Thomas my lot of land containing three acres of land according to record lying between John Freemans pasture andye common road. I give unto my son Prince after my wife’s decease an acre and a half of meadow lying between John Cole and Stephen Hopkins in Namskaket meadow according to bounds specified in ye before specified records. All my land that lie undivided after my wife’s decease i give and bequeath to my three sons Nickolas, Thomas and Prince to be equally divided between them.

It. I give and beequeath to my loving wife, Jane Snow all my whole personal estate after my debts and funeral charges are paid. I do appoint my loving wife, Jane Snow my whole and sole executor after my decease. It. I give to my son Prince Snow, my musket cat-box and cutlass and one pistol. I give to my son Thomas Snow my back sword and one pistol. It. I give to my grand-child Jonathan Snow my carbine. To ye truth and verify hereof I have set my hanc and seal this twenty and third day of November, 1694.

Signed and sealed in the
presence of us

Mark Snow
Samuel Knowles
Thomas Crosby Jr.
Jonathan SPARROW,

Children of Mark and Anna:

i. Anne Snow b: 7 Jul 1656 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

Children of Mark and Jane:

ii. Mary Snow b: 30 Nov 1661 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Nicholas Snow b: 6 Dec 1663 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Elizabeth Snow b: 9 May 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Thomas Snow b: 6 Aug 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Sarah Snow b: 10 May 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Prence Snow b: 22 May 1674 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Elizabeth Snow b: 20 Jun 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ix. Hannah Snow b: 16 Sep 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

2. Mary Snow

Mary’s husband Thomas Paine was born 18 Jan 1613 in Wrentham, Suffolk, England. His parents were Thomas Paine Sr. and Elizabeth Blomfield.  The identity of his mother isn’t certain, she could have been Elizabeth Tuthill or Margaret Pultney.   Thomas died 16 Aug 1706 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

One tradition is that Thomas Paine Sr, the ancestor of the “Cape family of Paines,” immigrated to this country,  in 1624, bringing with him an only son named Thomas, a boy of ten years who had lost the sight of one of his eyes by an arrow before he left England. The tradition says they came over in some of those vessels that early visited the Eastern coast for fishing purposes.

The real story is Thomas Payne Sr. purchased the vessel  Mary Anne and immigrated  from  Yarmouth, arriving in Boston August 21, 1637. Thomas Paine was received into the town of Salem, Massachusetts; at the age of 51.   68 Puritans made the trip including several other of our relatives.  See my post Passages for details.  Thomas Payne Sr was the grandson of our ancestor William PAYNE Sr and cousin of William PAYNE.

Thomas Paine Jr.  moved from Salem to Dedham Mass. in 1640.  He settled in that part of Eastham now included in the town of Orleans, on the place at the head of the Cove, called by the Indians ” Kesscayogansett,”. At the time of his settlement here the township was in its infancy, having been settled but a few years, and the whole number of families did not exceed nineteen. He soon became a leading man in the settlement, and was shortly called into public service.

By trade, Thomas was a cooper as he affirmed, but he appears to have had a knowledge of the other trades, for he could as easily build a mill for grinding as he could fashion a barrel.  His father owned a mill in Wrentham, Suffolk, England. He constructed several in various parts of the County in his time. For his ” great charges about building two grist-mills for the use of the town,” Eastham, in 1683, granted him a parcel of land on the northerly side of ” Cescayogansett River.” The same year he built one at Barnstable.

He was propounded at Plymouth, and admitted a freeman, June 1, 1658. In 1662, with Giles Hopkins, he was chosen surveyor of highways, and in 1664 a Juror ; and June 8, a deputy to the Old Colony Court, an office for which he was chosen in 1671, ’72, ’73, ’76, ’78, ’80, ’81 and 1690. In 1667, with several others of his townsmen, he was chosen to investigate the cause of the death of Robert Chappell, James Nichols and James Pidell, of the company of Capt. John Allen, who were put ashore at Cape Cod.

1662  – he was appointed, with Nicholas Snow, Jonathan Sparrow and Giles Hopkins, to view and lay out the meadow between Namskaket and Silver Springs, then within the limits of Eastham; and the same year, with Giles Hopkins, was selected a surveyor of highways.

1667 – he was allowed liberty to look out some land for his accommodation, and in June, 1669, he was allowed a tract at Namassakett [now Middleboro] by the Court, with Experience Michell, Henry Sampson and Thomas Little. The tract was conveyed to these gentlemen by Tuscapin or Black Sachem, and his son William, July 20, 1669, in consideration of ten pound sterling. This tract adjoined the land of John Alden, and bordered on Assowamsett Ponds.

1667 – with eleven others, he was called to investigate the causes of deaths of three men of Captain John Allen’s company, who were put ashore at Cape Cod.

1670 – he, with Capt. Jonathan SPARROW, was appointed to visit the ordinaries in town, and see that there was no excessive drinking; and the same year was one of the Grand Inquest.

Jun 5 1671 – he was chosen to the office of Water Bailiff for the Colony, and sworn. This office was created for the purpose of regulating fishing at Cape Cod, and places adjacent, which at that time was carried on quite successfully by the people of this and other Colonies, without any regard to the interest of the Old Colony, and to recover such sums as the Court should order from those who fished here ; and also to seize all fish that were taken unlawfully. In this office he served many years to the acceptance of the Court.

1671 – he was chosen one of the Selectmen of Eastham, and re-elected for a great number of years.

May 2 1670 – purchased of Thomas Prince of Plymouth, for £20, his share of land at Pamett, lying about ” Lovell’s Creek” or ” Eastern Harbour,”

Jun 1 1673 – for fifteen pounds, purchased all the right that Jabez Howland had to upland and meadow in the same vicinity.

1674 – he was chosen Constable of Eastham, and in 1676 was chosen a committee by the town to superintend the building of the Meeting-house.

From 1674 to 1694, he was Treasurer of the town, and for several years during the time was Clerk.

1676 – he was one of the committee to collect a debt of Sandwich and to superintend the building of the meetinghouse in Eastham. This meetinghouse was the second one built there and stood near the ancient burying ground. The first one was thatched roof and stood nearby, and had been erected many years. It was now considered unsuitable for the congregation of their minister, Rev. Samuel Treat, who was now regularly settled. Mr. Paine was clerk and treasurer of Eastham as well. Mr. Paine was many years a “rate maker” or assessor.

Jul 13 1677 – with Mr. Huckins of Barnstable, Mr. Gray of Plymouth, and the Treasurer of the Colony, Mr. Southworth, he hired the fishing privileges and profits at the Cape for seven years, paying the sum of thirty pounds a year.

1685 –  with Rev. Samuel Treat, Capt. Jonathan SPARROW, John Mayo, Sen., and Jabez SNOW, he was chosen by the town “to hear and determine the difference between those called the purchasers of the town,” respecting land within the limits of Eastham.

1696 – he represented Eastham in the General Court at Boston ;

Mar 14 1696 – he purchased of Thomas Stableford, a joiner, who had taken up his residence in Philadelphia, his house and land at Boston, at the South End, paying one hundred and thirty-five pounds, and took up his residence. But selling out for the same sum to Eleazer Darby, a mariner, Oct. 13, 1697, he removed to Eastham, where he had for so many years of his life resided, and retired from public service in which he had been employed for nearly a half century, and died August 16, 1706, at the supposed age of 94 years.

He made his will May 12, 1705, and it was presented at Barnstable for Probate, by his sons, Samuel and Thomas, the Executors, October 2, 1706.

His death is thus noticed by his son John’ in his Journal which is still extant:

” On this 16 day of August, 1706, my aged father Thomas Paine departed this life. I am now left fatherless and motherless, as to my natural parents, but my God is a Father of the fatherless upon whose Providence I cast myself. 0 ! God my Father do not cast me off. Though my father and mother have forsaken me my hope is in Thee.”

Children of Mary and Thomas

i. Samuel Paine b: ~ 1652 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. Mary Paine b: 1655 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Thomas Paine b: 1656-1657 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Elisha Paine b: Mar 1658 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. John Paine b: 14 Mar 1661 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Nicholas Paine b: 1663 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. James Paine b: 16 Jul 1665 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Joseph Paine b: ~ 1667 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ix. Dorcas Paine b: ~ 1670 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

3. Sarah Snow

Sarah’s husband William Walker was born about 1630. William died 1703 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass and is buried in the Cove Burying Ground, Eastham

Sarah and her son William were appointed as executors of William Sr.’s will on 25 Oct 1703.

Children of Sarah and William:

i. John Walker b: 24 Nov 1655 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. William Walker b: 12 Oct 1657 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. William Walker b: 2 Aug 1659 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Sarah Walker b: 30 Jul 1662 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Elizabeth Walker b: 28 Sep 1664 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Jabez Walker b: 8 Jul 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

4. Lt. Joseph Snow

Joseph’s wife Mary Higgins was born 27 Sep 1652 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were Richard Higgins (1613 – 1677) and Mrs. Mary Yates (1630 -1702 ) Mary died in 1717 in Eastham, Mass or after Jan 1721/22.

Mary’s father Richard Higgins settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, as early as 1633, when his name appears among the taxpayers of that town. He was a tailor by trade and also a planter. In 1634 he was admitted a freeman and was then a member of the church. In 1644 he left Plymouth and with six others [including Nicholas SNOW] founded the town of Eastham on Cape Cod.

“It was assumed by many that Samuel Oliver married Mary Higgins, sister to Zerah, becasue he was granted a guardianship over Zerah’s son and is described as his uncle. However, he is uncle by virtue of the marriage of his sister Elizabeth to Zerah. Given the inscription below, Mary Higgins could not be the wife of Samuel as she would be 76 (b. 9/27/1652 ) ”

History of Eastham, p48: In 1691, Thomas Smith and Joseph Snow were appointed a committee to take charge of the Commons.

Children of Joseph and Mary:

i. Joseph Snow b: 24 Nov 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. Benjamin Snow b: 9 Jun 1673 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Mary Snow b: 17 Oct 1674 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Sarah Snow b: 30 Apr 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Ruth Snow b: 14 Oct 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Steven Snow b: 24 Feb 1681 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Lydia Snow b: 20 Jul 1684 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Rebeckah Snow b: 4 Dec 1686 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ix. James Snow b: 31 Mar 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

x. Jane Snow b: 27 Mar 1692 in Eastham,  Barnstable, Mass.

xi. Josiah Snow b: 27 Nov 1694 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

5. Stephen Snow

Stephen’s first wife Susannah Deane was born about 1635 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Her half sister Anna married Stephen’s brother Mark.  Susannah’s parents were Stephen Deane (1606 – 1634 ) and Elizabeth Ring (1603 – 1687).  Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors William RING and Mary DURRANT.  Susan first married  Joseph Rogers. Susannah died 16 Jun 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Stephen’s second wife Mary Cottle was born 1 Sep 1653 in Salisbury, Massachusetts Bay.   She first married Jan 1668 in Amesbury, Massachusetts Bay to  Samuel Bickford and had five children between 1666 and 1680.  Mary died 1706 in Eastham.

Susannah’s first husband Joseph Rogers (1635 – 1660) died from a fall in wrestling with his friend, [our ancestor John HAWES] “Christmas Day 1660”. According to Court records, “John Hawes was found not guilty of “takeing away the life of Joseph Rogers of Eastham by giveing him a most deadly fall, on the 25 of December 1660 . . . whereof he . . . about 48 hours after died”.  Joseph’s brother Thomas  married Stephen’s sister Elizabeth.

Children of Stephen and Susannah:

i. Hannah Snow b: 2 Jan 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. Bathshua Snow b: 25 Jul 1664 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Micajah Snow b: 22 Dec 1669 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Ebenezer Snow b: Abt 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Bethia Snow b: 1 Jul 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 7 Mar 1747 in Chatham, Mass.; m. 14 May 1694 in Eastham to John Smith (b: 26 May 1673 in Eastham – bef. 25 Feb 1717 in Chatham, Mass) John’s parents were Samuel Smith and Mary Hopkins.  His grandparents were our ancestors Ralph SMYTH and Elizabeth HOBART 

John was a large landowner in the Great Beach area before he died in middle life at the age of 43.

Bethia’s aunt Merriam Deane (1633-1703)   is the oldest first time bride in our family tree.  She was 59 when she married our ancestor John WING as his second wife.   She is interred at Dillingham Cemetery.  Miriam’s will dated 24 May 1701 proved 8 Jan 1702/03 gives all her property to Dean Smith, “son of my Kinswoman, Bethiah Smith of Monomoy.” Bethiah was Miriam’s niece, daughter of her sister Susannah Dean and Stephen Snow. John Smith of Chatham was appointed guardian of his son Deane Smith, aged about 18, on 10/19/1716, “some estate having fallen” to Dean by the “bequest and death of some of his relations.”

6. John Snow

John’s wife Mary Smalley was born 11 Dec 1647 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were John Smalley ( ~1613 – 1692) and Ann Walden ( ~1620 – 1694) Mary had a twin Isaac Smalley who died after 1702 in New Jersey. After John died in 1692, Mary married Ephraim Doane ( ~1637 – 1700).  Mary died in 1703 in Eastham.

The Smalley family was part of the first group to settle Nauset [Eastham], in 1644.

“On March 3, 1662-63, Ephraim Doane and three others were fined twenty-five shillings each for trading liquor with the Indians, and he and Thomas Ridman were fined fifty shillings each for permitting the Indians to have liquor in their boats, it appearing that one of the Indians was drunk thereby.” On October 29, 1669, Ephraim was before the court for “horribly slandering and belying his neighbors: at Eastham and was fined “the sume of twenty shillings for telling two lyes about the same.” June 6, 1678, he was again before the court to answer to the complaint of “Jawannum, late wife of James Pequin of Billingsgate, as suspected by her and Nicholas, to have been an occasion of the violent death of said Pequin, her husband.”

Children of John and Mary

i. Hannah Snow b: 26 Aug 1670 in Eastham, Massachusetts

ii. Mary Snow b: 10 Mar 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Abigaell Snow b: 14 Oct 1673 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Rebeckah Snow b: 23 Jul 1676 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. John Snow b: 3 May 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Isaac Snow b: 10 Aug 1683 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Lydia Snow b: 29 Sep 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Elisha Snow b: 10 Jan 1687 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ix. Phebe Snow b: 27 Jun 1689 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

7. Elizabeth Snow

Elizabeth’s husband Thomas Rogers was born 29 Mar 1638 in Shawmee (Sandwich), Plymouth Colony. Thomas’ brother Joseph was the first husband of Elizabeth’s sister-in-law Susannah Dean (later wife of Stephen Snow).  Their parents were Joseph Rogers (1603 – 1678) and Hannah [__?__] (1609/1615 – 1678) Thomas died 16 Jun 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

The third person from the Mayflower to settle at Nosset was Joseph Rogers, a young lad, son of Thomas Rogers who died the first winter at Plymouth leaving said Joseph and five sons in England who later came to this country. At Nauset, Joseph Rogers was commissioned a Lieutenant in 1647. The companies at Barnstable, Eastham, Sandwich, and Yarmouth, were organized into a regiment, called “The Third Regiment” of which our ancestor John FREEMAN, of Eastham, was commissioned Major Commandant.

Thomas’ brother Joseph died from a fall in wrestling with his friend, [our ancestor John HAWES] “Christmas Day 1660”. According to Court records, “John Hawes was found not guilty of “takeing away the life of Joseph Rogers of Eastham by giveing him a most deadly fall, on the 25 of December 1660 . . . whereof he . . . about 48 hours after died”.

Children of Elizabeth and Thomas:

i. Elizabeth Rogers b: 8 Oct 1666 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. Joseph Rogers b: 1 Feb 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Hannah Rogers b: 20 Mar 1669 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Thomas Rogers b: 6 Mar 1671 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Thomas Rogers b: 6 May 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. Eliazer Rogers b: 3 Nov 1673 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Nathaniel Rogers b: 18 Jan 1675 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

8. Jabez SNOW (See his page)

9. Ruth Snow

Ruth’s husband John Cole was born 15 Jul 1644 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony. His parents were Daniel Cole ( ~1614 – ) and Ruth Collier ( ~1627 – ) John died 6 Jan 1715 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Alternatively, he died 6 Jan 1725. The Eastham transcription is apparently wrong about the year of John’s death. NEHGR 48:72 mentions that his will was made 20 Oct 1717, mentioning John, Joseph, Ruth, Hepsibah, Hannah, Mary and Sarah.

John’s father Daniel came to Plymouth as a young man. Tailor by trade, and as early as 1640 had a large lot of land granted him in Duxbury. In Marshfield by June 1642, and his name in on the list of those able to bear arms in Yarmouth in 1643. Admitted a freeman June 4, 1645. A resident of Eastham in 1649. In 1654 he was sent as deputy or representative to the Colonial court at Plymouth, and represented Eastham in 1666, 67, 68, 69, 70, and 72.

Children of Ruth and John:

i. Ruth Cole b: 11 Mar 1668 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. John Cole b: 6 Mar 1670 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iii. Hephzebah Cole b: mid June 1672 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

iv. Hannah Cole b: 27 Mar 1675 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

v. Joseph Cole b: 11 Jun 1677 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vi. May Cole b: 22 Oct 1679 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. Sarah Cole b: 10 Jun 1682 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

10. Constance Snow

Constance’s identity or existence is debatable. Her name doesn’t appear in Eastham Vital Records. The Mayflower Society does not accept lines of descent through the first wife of Daniel Doane.
Ma-Barnst 6:57, Sep 2011
In MF6 Hopkins, under Constance Hopkins (wife of Nicholas Snow) it is noted that:
“Josiah Paine, town clerk and historian of Harwich, wrote that Nicholas and Constance had a dau. named for her mother who was the first wife of Daniel Doane (1636 – 1712)  of Eastham.” This assertion is unreferenced.

“The authority for naming Constant Snow as the first wife of Daniel Doane appears to be a notebook on Eastham families kept by Josiah Paine, for half a century Town Clerk of Harwich. The notebook is now in the possession of the Eastham Public Library. Mr. Paine did not cite the sources of his information unless it came from individuals, so it may be assumed that he found some evidence for his statement; however no one has discovered where he found it.”

11. Hannah Snow

Hannah’s husband Giles Rickard was born about 1654 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Giles’ brother Samuel married Hannah’s sister Rebecca. Their parents were Giles Rickard (1624 – 1710) and Hannah Dunham ( ~ 1634 – 1708)

Child of Hannah and Giles:

i. Hannah Rickard b:~ 1680; m. 24 Nov 1701 to Ebenezer Eaton (b. ~1667 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony)

12. Rebecca Snow

Rebecca’s husband Samuel Rickard was born 14 Jan 1663 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony. Samuel’s brother Giles married Rebecca’s sister Hannah. Their parents were Giles Rickard (1624 – 1710) and Hannah Dunham ( ~ 1634 – 1708)

Children of Rebecca and Samuel:

i. Rebecca Rickard b. 1691

ii. Hannah Rickard b. 1693

iii. Samuel Rickard

iv. Bethiah Rickard b. 1698

v. Henry Rickard b. 1700

vi. Mary Rickard b. 1702

vii. Elkanah Rickard b. 1704, m. Keturah Bishop

viii. Mehitabel Rickard b. 1707

ix. Eleazur Rickard b. 1709.


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Ralph Smyth

Ralph SMYTH (1610 – 1685) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Immigrant Ancestor - Smyth Coat of Arms

Immigrant Ancestor – Smyth Coat of Arms

Ralph Smyth was born 6 Apr 1610 in Hingham, Norfolk, England. His parents were John SMYTH and Grace [__?__]. By the time he moved to Eastham in 1653 he was known as Ralph Smith and all his children took the name Smith.  Ralph graduated from Magdalen College, Cambridge, England in 1625 at the age of 15.

Ralph was a member of the Puritan church in Hingham England. He was one of the members of an advance guard sent to America to prepare a place for the entire congregation to follow, and 35 families eventually left the small town for America.  Ralph was part of a group of 14  who “came from old Hingham”  that sailed out of Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, the first week in May 1633 on the Elizabeth Bonaventure,  John Graves Master.  They arrived in Massachusetts Bay on June 15, 1633 “with ninety five passengers.”  The ship sailed into the small harbor called Bare Cove, so called because only the bare flats could be seen at low tide. They stopped in Charlestown for a time, and then received permission to scout out a place for their new town Hingham.

Daniel Cushing, in his list of early emigrants from Hingham, Norfolk, England, to Hingham, Massachusetts Bay, listed among those who arrived in 1633 “Ralph Smith came from Old Hingham and lived in this town,” and reported him to have a household of one person at arrival.

The fact that Ralph Smith was unmarried on arrival in 1633, does not appear again until early 1637 when he is given trial admission to Charlestown, and does not marry until about 1639 indicates that he probably came over as a servant.  By his placement in Daniel Cushing’s list it may be that he was in the household of his future father-in-law Edmund HOBART

ELIZABETH BONAVENTURE, John Graves, Master, left Yarmouth, Norfolk, the first week in May and arrived at Boston on June 15, 1633 `with ninety five passengers. The following emigrants from Hingham, Norfolk, who arrived this year probably came in this ship:

Edmund HOBART  of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Margaret Hobart,  Nazareth, Edmond,  Thomas, Joshua, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Sarah

Henry Gibbs of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Ralph SMITH of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Nicholas Jacob of Hingham, Norfolk to Watertown  with Mrs. Mary, Jacob, John, Jacob,  Mary and Jacob

Thomas Chubbock  of Hardingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Alice Chubbock, Sarah and Rebecca

Mrs. Elishua Crowe  to  Charlestown

Simon Huntington   of Norwich, Norfolk to  Roxbury  with Mrs. Margaret Huntington, Christopher, Anne, Simon,  and Thomas.

The Elizabeth Bonaventure was a very famous name for a ship, because it was the name of a warship that Sir Frances Drake used as his flagship on at least a couple of his expeditions including the 1587 attack on Cadiz which destroyed much of the armada that was massing to attack England. That attack was delayed and occurred the next year.  A year later it was part of the fleet to face the Spanish Armada.  It was also involved in the rescue of the lost Colony of Roanoke that was under attack. The fate of the vessel is not known.

This may not be the same vessel that brought Ralph over, but there is no other record of this vessel under the command of Captain John Graves. There where ninety-five passengers on board for that voyage. It was a fast trip for a ship of that time, and reflected the advancements in ship building that was common in English warships, and being copied by other countries. By 1633 it would have been over seventy years old, but on the other hand there aren’t records about the retirement or loss of the warship by that name, and famous ships can often live longer because of the pride in that vessel’s history.

Ralph married Elizabeth HOBART about 1639 in Hingham, Mass. After Elizabeth died, he married Grace Lewis.  Ralph and Grace were both widowed and this was the second marriage for both. In Ralph’s will, he speaks of her as “my loving wife, Grace”. Ralph died 27 Oct 1685 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. and is buried at Cove Cemetery, Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.

Ralph Smith Memorial Findagrave #15872186

Ralph Smith Memorial Findagrave #15872186

Elizabeth Hobart was born 9 Oct 1612 in Hingham, Norfolk, England. Her parents were Edmund HOBART and Margaret DEWEY. Elizabeth died 1654 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Grace Lewis first married Thomas Hatch. She survived Ralph.

Children of Ralph and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Ralph Smith Jr. 1640 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass 15 Feb 1640 Hingham
2. Samuel Smith bapt. 11 Jul 1641 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Mary Hopkins
23 Jan 1665 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
22 Mar 1697  Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
3. John Smith 23 Jul 1644 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Hannah Williams
24 May 1667 Hingham
1692   Taunton, Bristol, Mass
4. Daniel Smith 21 Jul 1647 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Mary Young
3 Mar 1676 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
Bef. 20 Jan 1720 Eastham
5. Elizabeth SMITH Sep 1648 Barnstable, Mas Jabez SNOW
Sep/Oct 1670
 8 Jan 1732 Barnstable, Mass.
6. Thomas Smith 1 Jan 1650 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Mary Mayo
18 Oct 1720 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
7. Deborah Smith 8 Mar 1654 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass John Hurd?
1687 – Boston, Mass
2 Jul 1725 Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass?

Hingham Mass.

The town of Hingham was dubbed “Bare Cove” by the first colonizing English in 1633, but two years later was incorporated as a town under the name “Hingham”  The town was named for Hingham, a village in the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia, whence most of the first colonists came. Hingham was born of religious dissent. Many of the original founders were forced to flee their native village in Norfolk with both their vicars, Rev. Peter Hobart, son of Edmund HOBART and Rev. Robert PECK, when they fell foul of the strict doctrines of Anglican England.  While most of the early Hingham settlers came from Hingham and other nearby villages in East Anglia, a few Hingham settlers like Thomas Miner came from the West Country of England.  As of the census of 2000, there were 19,882 people in Hingham.

1636 –  The Thomas MINER Family arrived
4 Mar 1638 – Clement MINER baptized

Ralph’s New England Timeline

Sep 1633 – Ralph is listed as having started in building huts in Hingham and clearing the land for planting in the following spring.

3 Jan 1636/37 – The town of Charlestown ordered that “Ralph Smith was admitted a month upon trial”,  no further mention of him is seen in Charlestown records. It’s about 18 miles from Charlestown to Hingham.

4 Dec 1638 – [__?__] Ibrooke and Ralph Smythe were in some kind of trouble and were attached by the General Court, but when Ralph Smith appeared 5 March 1638/39, he was discharged. Ibrooke was charged for tempting two or more maids to uncleanness, but whether the two men’s offenses were related or not is uncertain.  Elizabeth Ibrooke was Ralph’s sister-in-law.

1637 – Hingham Mass. records Ralph as having drawn a house lot on Bachelor Street, now Main Street.

22 Sep 1652 – Spoken of in probate records of Suffolk Co., Mass, as “Ralph Smythe”

1653 – Removed to Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts

22 May 1655 – Became Freeman in Eastham,

25 Oct 1657 – Took an “oath of fidelity” and was chosen a contable of Eastham

1660 – Appointed to superintending the cutting of drift whales. A year later,  he had a “problem” with the town for not reporting whales that had washed ashore.

6 Jun 1660 – Named Eastham constable

7 May 1661  – “Ralph Smith, for lying in and about the neglect of his duty, about a warrant directed to him, and concerning the seeing or not seeing a whale, and other misorderly carriages tending to disturbance in the town of Eastham, was fined twenty shillings”

3 Mar 1662 – Fined 10 shillings for striking William Walker during a dispute over a whale. His son Samuel was also fined for saying he could find it in his heart to stick a pen into William Walker.  “Ralph Smith, of Eastham, for breaking the peace in striking of William Walker, is fined 3s. 4d.”

May 1665 – “Ralph Smith, of Eastham, was fined, for telling of a lie, 10s.”

5 Mar 1667  –  “In reference vnto the complaint made against Ralph SMITH, of Eastham, concerning oppression and hard dealing with a carpenter named Crispen Wadlen, whoe was one of Captaine Allins companie, which said Wadlen kept about three weekes att the said Smithes house, the Court haue ordered, that a certaine psell of tooles which the said Smith had of the said carpenters shalbe deliuered vnto Nicholas SNOW, to be sent to the said Wadlen; and that the said Snowes receipt of them shalbe the said Smithes discharge; and that a certaine psell of cotton woole, which the said Smith had of the said Crispin Wadlen, shalbe by him, the said Smith, kept, if hee please, for full satisfaction for the time & charge hee was att when att his house as aforesaid.”

27 Oct 1685 – Probate
Very prosperous during his lifetime and said to have been one of the wealthiest citizens in Eastham in his era. The following “Court Order” indicates the Ralph died before it’s date. The Court Order reads, “October 27, 1685, adninistration is granted by this court to Grace Smith, relict of Ralph Smith and Samuel Smith, son of said Ralph Smith, all of the town of Eastham

Ralph Smith Bio - Source: Jesse Smith Ancestry Book J Bertrand Smith 1909 page 23

Ralph Smith Bio – Source: Jesse Smith Ancestry Book by  J Bertrand Smith 1909 page 23

Ralph Smith Bio 2


1. Ralph Smith

A record made by Rev. Peter Hobart states “1640 Feb. 15, Ralph Smith buried”.

2. Samuel Smith

Samuel’s wife Mary Hopkins was born in 1640 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony.  She was Samuel’s first cousin.  Her parents were Gyles Hopkins and Catherine Wheldon.   All four of her grandparents were our ancestors:  Stephen HOPKINS Mary [__?__]. and Gabriel WELDON & Jane [__?__].   Mary died 20 Mar 1696/97 possibly a will date or 2 Jul 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Samuel Smith died at Eastham, Mass., March 27, 1696/97. It is said his wife died a few days before her husband, but in the Barnstable Probate Records it say’s that Mary Smith relict of Samuel Smith, signed papers in 1698, in the final settlement of that estate.

Early in life, Samuel Smith engaged in the whale and mackerel fishery business, and was very successful at it. Later he was a trader and inn keeper in Eastham. He owned at one time more than a 1000 acres of land, 400 acres being in the South side of the town of Eastham and was known for many years afterwards as the “Smith Purchase.” He also bought two farms in Chatham, Mass, one at Tom’s Neck, comprising a considerable part of the present village of Chatham. His estate at his death was valued at more than 1200 pounds. The inventory shows he was in possession of over fifty head of cattle, 60 sheep and a number of horses. He held various local offices in Eastham, was styled “mister” in the records and Judge Samuel Sewell mentions him in his diary. He has been descrided as a “resolute and determined man.”

It seems Samuel Smith experienced considerable trouble from the law: He sued a Stephen Merrick for unlawfully taking a horse (25 Oct. 1668). The next year he appeared in Plymouth Colony Court to answer suits brought against him, Ralph Smith and Daniel Smith by Josias Cooke. He served as constable of Eastham in 1670 and the next year was sued by Joseph Harding for abuse of his duties in that position. On 7 July 1682 Thomas Clarke Sr of Plymouth sued Samuel Smith of Eastham for unjustly detaining profits of a Cape Cod fishing venture. On the first Tuesday in Oct. 1686 Samuel Smith and John Mayo of Eastham were charged with netting mackerel at Cape Cod in violation of a court order.”

Samuel’s estate was settled April 22, 1697

Children of Samuel and Mary

i. [Infant Boy] Smith b. Mar 1667 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Mar 1667

ii. Samuel Smith b. 26 May 1668 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.’ d. 22 Sep 1692; m.  26 May 1690 to Bathsheba Lathrop.  Bathsheba’s parents were our ancestors Barnabas LATHROP and   After Samuel died, Bathsheba married  1693 in Eastham to Capt Samuel Freeman.

iii. Mary Smith b. 3 Jan 1669 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. ~ 1693 to Daniel Hamilton (1690 – 1738)

iv. Joseph Smith b. 10 Apr 1671 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 22 Sep 1692 Eastham

v. John Smith b. 26 May 1673 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; bef. 25 Feb 1717 Chatham, Mass.; m. 14 May 1694 to Bethiah Snow.  Bethiah’s parents were Stephen Snow and Susannah Deane.  Her grandparents were Nicholas SNOW and Constance HOPKINS.

vi. Grace Smith b. 5 Sep 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Dec 1691 Eastham

vii. Deborah Smith (twin) b. 10 Dec 1678 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

viii. Rebecca Smith (twin) b. 10 Dec 1678 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 22 Dec 1748 in Eastham; m.  16 Aug 1705 in Eastham to Theophilas Mayo (b: 31 Oct 1680 in Eastham)

Samuel Smith Bio

Samuel Smith Bio 2

3. John Smith

John’s wife Hannah Williams was born 1658 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were Thomas Williams (1615 – 1696) and Elizabeth Tate (1620 – ). Hannah died 10 Feb 1717 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of John and Hannah:    [John Smith probably had nine children, but only Elizabeth and Sarah are recorded at Eastham]

i. Elizabeth Smith, b. 24 Feb 1668 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. Joshua Higgins son of Benjamin Higgins.

ii. John Smith, b. 18 Oct 1669 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony;   d. Bef. 21 Jan 1742 Eastham; m. ~1695 Eastham to Sarah Collins, (b. 2 Jan 1673 – d. bef. 1740)

iii. Sarah Smith,b. 27 Mar 1672 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. bef.15 Dec 1715; m1. 15 Dec 1690 to Joseph Snow (b. 24 Nov 1671 – d. 23 Jan 1706). Joseph’s parents were Joseph Snow and xx. m2. 2 Aug 1708 to Daniel Hamilton.


John Smith Bio

John Smith Bio 2

4. Daniel Smith

Daniel’s wife Mary Young was born 28 Apr 1658 in Eastham, Plymouth, Colony.  Her parents were John Young (1624 – 1691) and Abigail Howland.( – 1692)  Her grandfather, Henry Howland was persecuted for his Quaker beliefs.  Two of her great uncles were our ancestors John HOWLAND and Arthur HOWLANDMary died 20 Mar 1720 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

Children of Daniel and Mary

i. Daniel Smith b. 8 Jan 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. Content Smith b. 8 Jun 1680 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 11 Dec 1701 in Eastham to Thomas Howes (b: ~1680 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony) His parents were Joseph Howes and Elizabeth Mayo. His grandparents were our ancestors Thomas HOWES and Mary BURR.

On 8 Apr 1703 Thomas bought by deed from William Griffith, Sr., all his real estate at Monomoit. It included a homestead lot of 26 acres in the Christopher Smith neighbourhood, 1/2 of 20 acres on the Great Neck, and about 40 acres of meadow land. On 22 Oct 1705 he bought by deed from Philip Griffith a lot of 4 acres adjoining the homestead, the other half of the 20 acre lot on the Great Neck, and another lot of meadow. On 6 Apr 1713 he bought by deed from James Eldredge, the farm he had inherited from his father Nicholas Eldredge, and which adjoined part of the Howes farm. He was selectman 2 years and treasurer 2 years. He was ensign of the military company in 1715, later becoming lieutenant and then captain.

iii. Abigail Smith b. 30 Apr 1683 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 9 Aug 1711 in Eastham to Jeremiah Smith (b: 18 Aug 1685 in Eastham) Jeremiah’s parents were Jeremiah Smith (b: 1654) and Hannah Atwood (b: 14 Oct 1649)

iv. James Smith b. Apr 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 19 Feb 1712/13 to Hannah Rogers (5 Aug 1689 in Eastham – d. Aft 22 Oct 1754 in Eastham). Hannah’s parents were John Rogers and Elizabeth Twining.

v. Nathaniel Smith b. Oct 1687 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony;  m. 18 Aug 1716 to Abigail Groce [Gross].  Abigail’s parents were Simon Groce [Gross] and Mary Bond.

vi. Thomas Smith b. 29 Jan 1688 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. David Smith b. 30 Mar 1691 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Mary Smith b. 8 Jan 1692/93 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 16 Feb 1705/06

ix. Isaac Smith b. 3 Jun 1695 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

Daniel Smith Bio

5. Elizabeth SMITH (See Jabez SNOW‘s page)

6. Thomas Smith

Thomas’ wife Mary Mayo was born 1665 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were John Mayo (1623 – 1706) and Hannah Laycraft (1628 – 1681). Mary died 22 Mar 1727 in Eastham, Mass.

Some sources state that Mary’s maiden name was Vickery or Hinson. The marriage date and place 23 Jun 1681 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony is unreferenced.

1691 – Thomas Smith and Joseph Snow were appointed a committee to take charge of the Eastham Commons.

1693 to 1695 – Thomas Smith was Representative to the General Court at Boston.

The Town Records, Eastham, Mass., Book 13, Page 199,. have the following:”Whereas, Thomas Smith, has made complaint that the bounds of his lands lying on the southeasterly side of’ the Town Cove upon `Pocha’ that was formerly his father’s, Ralph Smith, are gone to decay, and some of them lost, we, whose names are hereunto subscribed, being appointed by the town, to settle the bounds of lands that may be in controversy, having viewed sd lands, do settle the bounds thereof as follows, viz; Beginning at the N. E.. corner at a rock near the bank marked T. S. from there ranging about 40 poles southerly up into the woods to another rock marked T. S. from there ranging about 48 poles westerly to a stone set in the ground marked T. S. from there ranging to the bank by the cove side to a pine tree, marked, and so along by the bank easterly to the first bound mark.”Dated March 22, 1694.(Signed) Jonathan Sparrow, Samuel Freeman, Thomas Paine, Jr.

Children of Thomas and Mary

i. Ralph Smith b: 23 Oct 1682 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 23 Oct 1712 to Mary Mayo, daughter of Samuel. He was Selectman at East­ham, 1736

ii. Rebecca Smith b: 31 Mar 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 16 Aug 1705 Eastham to Theophilus Mayo

iii. Thomas Smith b: 29 Jan 1688 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony;d. 20 Sep 1745; m. 3 Nov 1709 to Joanna Mayo. He settled in Truro, Barnstable, Mass

iv. David Smith b: Mar 1691 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1729 Eastham

v. Jonathan Smith b: 5 Jul 1693 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1767

vi. Isaac Smith b: 3 Jun 1695 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 26 Apr 1704 Eastham

vii. Jesse Smith b: 31 Jan 1704 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d.  14 Jun 1782 in Spencers Corner, Dutchess, New York; m. Sep 1724 Eastham to Sarah Higgins (1706 – 1782)

Thomas Smith Bio

Thomas Smith Bio 2
Thomas Smith Bio 3

Thomas Smith Bio 4
Thomas Smith Bio 5

7. Deborah Smith

Deborah’s husband John Hurd was born 17 May 1642 in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony; John died 12 Feb 1717 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. John’s parents were John Hurd (1612 – 1690) and [__?__]

Alternatively, John married Deborah Kendrick (b. 16 Jun 1646 Boston, Mass. – d. 21 Feb 1639
Eastham, Barnstable, Mass)

Children of Deborah and John:

i. John Hurd b. 17 Jan 1688/9 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 23 Sep 1690 in Boston, Mass.

ii. Grace Hurd b. 11 Jan 1692 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1787

iii. Jacob Hurd b. 12 Jan 1695 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass;. d. 1776 Colchester, Tolland, CT; m. 11 Aug 1715 in Eastham to Rebecca Higgins (b. 30 Nov 1686 in Eastham – d. 25 Dec 1776 in Colchester, Tolland, CT.


Posted in 12th Generation, Historical Monument, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw | Tagged , , , | 13 Comments

Jabez Snow

 Jabez SNOW (1642 – 1690) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Jabez Snow was born in 1642 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. His parents were Nicholas SNOW and Constance  HOPKINS. He married Elizabeth SMITH. in Sep/Oct 1670, about the time of the birth of his first child.  Jabez died 27 Dec 1690 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Burial: Cove Burying Ground, Eastham

Elizabeth Smith was born Sep 1648 Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were Ralph SMITH and Elizabeth HOBART.  Elizabeth died 8 Jan 1732 Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Samuel and Grace:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Jabez Snow 6 Sep 1670 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Elizabeth Treat
1695 Eastham
14 Oct 1750 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
2. Edward Snow 26 Mar 1672 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Sarah Freeman
Will proven 20 Sep 1758 Harwich, Mass.
3. Sarah Snow 16 Feb 1672/73 Eastham, MA. Henry Young
1694 in Eastham, Mass.
Jonathan Sparrow Jr. (Son of Capt. Jonathan SPARROW)
28 Nov 1746
4. Grace SNOW 1 Feb 1675 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Samuel HEDGE
8 Dec 1698 Eastham, Barnstable,, Mass.
21 Jul 1716 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
5. Thomas Snow 2 Apr 1677 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  2 Apr 1697 Eastham
6. Deborah Snow ~ 1679 Stephen Merrick [Myrick]
21 Nov 1706 Harwick, Barnstable, Mass.
7. Elizabeth Snow ~ 1683
Harwick, Barnstable, Mass
Edward Kendrick
21 Dec 1704 Harwick, Barnstable, Mass
30 Feb 1713
8. Rachel Snow 1685
Harwick, Barnstable, Mass
Thomas Huckins
29 Aug 1717 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
9. Mercy Snow John Witherell 1696

Jabez was fined 10 pounds by the Eastham church for having relations with his wife before the contract of marriage.  His first son Jabez was born about the time of his marriage.

Jabez served as Eastham surveyor of highways and as a selectman. He was a freeman June 7, 1681, at Eastham.

Jabez Snow was an officer in William Phip‘ s Expedition of 1690.  More than half of the 2,000 men who embarked to take Quebec from the French died of disease or accident.  The Battle of Quebec was fought in October 1690 between the colonies of New France and Massachusetts Bay.  On 23 and 24 October, an exchange of prisoners was negotiated and effected, and the ships set sail for Boston. Although Phips’ own account of the expedition admitted only 30 dead in combat, smallpox and marine accident claimed about 1,000 more.   Snow probably returned home by December and died 27 Dec 1690.  At the turn of the 18th Century, our ancestors took part in two unsuccessful naval expeditions to Canada. See my post Battle of Quebec 1690 & Quebec Expedition 1711

Battle of Quebec 1690 - The Batteries of Quebec bombard the New England fleet.

Battle of Quebec 1690 – The Batteries of Quebec bombard the New England fleet.

Soldiers in the expedition to Canada in 1690 and grantees of the Canada townships (1898)

Capt. John Gorham Barnstable. [later Colonel, Son of our ancestor Capt. John GORHAM]
Lieut. Jabez Snow (d. 27 Dec, 1690) . Eastham.
Ensign James Claghorn Barnstable.

Shubal Gorham  Land Petition

Land Petition naming Jabez Snow

Shubael Gorham (1686 – 20 Feb 1746, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia) was  Jabez Snow’s Captain, the son of John Gorham and the grandson of our ancestor Capt. John GORHAM.

Shubael was a military officer and had sailed with Colonel John March in 1707 and then again as an ensign in Captain Caleb Williamson’s Barnstable Company with Nicholson when the English took Port Royal in 1710.

His greatest service, however, was his successful effort in obtaining the grants of Nargansett Townships to the heirs of the soldiers who fought in King Philip’s War. Col. Gorham spent much time and money promoting the settlement of Gorhamtown, now Dunbarton, Merrimack, New Hampshire. He bought the shares of many who did not desire to emigrate, but his speculations in the wild lands proved unfortunate. Buying such lands is like lottery tickets, a few get prizes. Col Gorham was not one of the lucky ones. He died insolvent in 1746, his own children being his principal creditors.

As you can see in the above petition, Shubael also advocated for veterans of the 1690 Canada Expedition including Jabez Snow.

Originally granted as Gorham’s-town in 1735, and re-granted as Starkstown in 1748, the town was incorporated in 1765 as Dunbarton. The name came from Dunbartonshire in Scotland, hometown to Archibald Stark, a prominent settler.

(Gorham, Maine and Gorham, New Hampshire  named for John GORHAM I. are also towns granted to veterans of King Philip’s War.)

Jabez’ estate was inventoried 22 April 1691 by William Walker, Samuel Smith and Daniel Cole. There was no will, and the estate was probated 30 April 1691, with the inventory recorded by Joseph Lothrop

Inventory of Jabez’ estate was taken Apr 20 1691 by widow Elizabeth Snow .  Settlement Apr 8 1795 to the heirs viz: widow, eldest son Jabez, second son Edward, third son Thomas and six daughters (unnamed)

Jabez Snow Probate Inventory -- Entered on Dec 15 1690 , Barnstable County Probate Vol 1 pp42

Jabez Snow Probate Inventory — Entered on Dec 15 1690 , Barnstable County Probate Vol 1 pp42


1. Jabez Snow

Jabez’ wife Elizabeth Treat was born 24 July 1676. Her parents were Rev. Samuel Treat  (1648 – 1716) and Elizabeth Mayo (__ – 1696). Elizabeth died 3 March 1755 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. and is buried at the Bridge Road Cemetery in Eastham.

Elizabeth’s father Samuel was a 1699 graduate of Harvard

Jabez Snow Jr. Headstone Findagrave #15872041

Jabez Snow Jr. Headstone Findagrave #15872041


The inscription information is from a survey done about 1875 by Josiah Paine of Harwich. The inscription format is approximate. The gravestone was not found in the surveys of 1904 and 1976.

In August 2005 two slate pieces were uncovered next to the ninth granite post in the north fence as shown in the left photo. Note the bittersweet roots growing through the slate. In June 2006 the pieces were set in place one behind the other in the area where they were found. Dimensions above ground are 13″ W, 12″ H, 1″ D. The slate is located about 12′ northeast from the headstone of Hannah Snow (d1750) which is at Location 21 on the EHS survey map.

The Jabez Snow gravestone remnants were found in the same general area as the gravestone for Rev Samuel Treat. Elizabeth (Treat) Snow is buried in Bridge Road Cemetery probably because Cove Burying Ground was about full when she died in 1755.

Children of Jabez and Elizabeth

i. Deacon Jabez Snow b. 22 Jul 1696 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 6 Sep 1760 Eastham; m. 27 Oct 1720 in Eastham to Elizabeth Paine (b. 2 Jun 1702 in Eastham – d. 6 Jul 1772 in Eastham). Elizabeth’s parents were John Paine (1661 – 1712) and Bennet Freeman (1671 – 1716). Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors Maj. John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE Jabez and Elizabeth had six children between 1722 and 1740.

Jabez Snow Junr and Elizabeth Paine both of Eastham were Married by mr Samuel Ozburn on ye 27th day of october annodom 1720

Jabez was a prominent man in Eastham and a deacon in the church.  He was selectman in 1743 and 1744 and town clerk in 1759 and 1760.  His will is dated Jul 31 1760, probrated Marr 17 1761′ Inventory May 9 1761 L254 0s. 4d.  Mentions wife Elizabeth and his six children.  Son Jabez IV was executor who applied to the General Court Jun 24 1761 and obtained permission to sell the property of the estate which was insolvent and to appropriate the proceeds after paying the widow’s thirds, towards paying his deceased father;s just debts.

ii. Joshua Snow b. 12 Mar 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Oct 1743 Eastham

iii. Elizabeth Snow b. 8 Oct 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 2 Sep 1759 Eastham; m. 6 Aug 1724 in Eastham to Deacon Thomas Knowles (b. 1 Apr 1702 in Eastham – d. 2 Mar 1759 in Eastham) Thomas’ parents were Deacon Edward Knowles (1671 – 1740) and Ann Ridley (1682 – 1710). Elizabeth and Thomas had five children born between 1727 and 1738.

Thomas Knowles died of “measles and fever”. He was an Eastham Town Clerk and church Deacon. In 1741 he sold 120th part of Narragansett Township No. 7 (now Gorham, Maine)

iv. Sylvanus Snow b. 16 Feb 1705 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 23 Mar 1772 Eastham; m1. 1 Feb 1733 in Eastham to Hannah Cole (b. 14 May 1715 in Eastham – d. 3 Aug 1750 in Eastham; Burial: Cove Burying Ground Eastham) Hannah’s parents were Israel Cole (1685 – 1746) and Mary Emery (1677 – 1746). Sylvanus and Hannah had six children born between 1734 and 1750

m2. Apr 1751 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. to Mehitable Walker (b. 4 Apr 1728 in Eastham – d. 21 May 1761 in Eastham) Mehitable’s parents were John Walker (1690 – 1760) and Mercy Brown (1690 – 1754). Silvanus and Mehitable had three children born between 1752 and 1759.

m3. 11 Nov 1761 in Eastham to Deborah Cooke (b. 22 Aug 1710 in Eastham – d. 10 Apr 1786 in Eastham) Deborah’s parents were Richard Cooke (1672 – 1754) and Hannah Smith (1678 – 1751) “Administration of the estate of Deborah Snow, late of Eastham, was granted to Nathaniel Cooke of Harwich on 10 April 1786. On 25 April 1786 appraisers were named to inventory real estate of Silvanus Snow, late of Eastham, that had been left to relict Deborah, her administrator suspecting that property had been embezzled by Mary Doane of Eastham, George Hatch and wife of Wellfleet, and Elisha Rich and wife of Wellfleet.”

1743 (2 yrs) – “Sylvs. Snow”, Selectman of Eastham

27 Feb 1758 – Guardians of the Potnument Indians complained to the General Court that Silvanus Snow charged the Indians for the use of the Billingsgate Point for whaling

1758-1760 (2 yrs) – “Sylvanus Snow”, Representative of Eastham

Administration: Eastham, 7 Apr 1772 to Edward Snow of Eastham. Edward was made guardian of Silvanus and Heman Snow, minor sons of Silvanus, on 5 May 1772, and Barnabas Freeman of Eastham was made guardian of Hannah, minor daughter on 13 Apr 1773.

Settlement of Estate: 11 Aug 1772, names widow Deborah Snow, eldest son Edward Snow of Eastham; sons Collier and Silvanus; daughters Mary Dean (wife of William); Tabitha Holbrook (wife of Isaiah), and Hannah Snow. A subsequent settlement of 10 Oct 1786 mentioned sons Collier and Edward of Penobscot; Mary, widow of William Doane of Eastham; Tabitha, wife of George Hatch of Wellfleet, and Hannah, wife of Elisha Rich of Wellfleet.

Wife Deborah’s administration on 10 Apr 1786.

Inventory: 25 Apr 1786 of Estate of Silvanus Snow, late of Eastham, that had been left to relict Deborah. Her administrator suspected that property had been embezzled by Mary Doane of Eastham, George Hatch and wife of Wellfleet, and Elisha Rich and wife of Wellfleet.

v. Tabitha Snow b. 21 Mar 1707 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 5 Aug 1760 Eastham; m. 7 Oct 1731 in Eastham to John Mayo (b. 14 Oct 1707 in Eastham – d. 11 Feb 1760 in Eastham) John’s parents were James Mayo (1656 – 1708) and Sarah Elkins (1656 – 1708). Tabitha and John had seven children born between 1733 and 1751.

vi. Samuel Snow b. 22 Jan 1709 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 May 1784 Eastham; m. 12 Oct 1732 in Eastham to Elizabeth Freeman (b. 4 Mar 1715 in Eastham – d. 15 Mar 1784 in Eastham) Elizabeth’s parents were Deacon Samuel Freeman (1688 – 1751) and Mary Paine (1693 – 1770). Samuel and Elizabeth had eleven children born between 1833 and 1852.

The will of Samuel Snow of Eastham, dated 17 July 1775 and proved 15 Mar 1784, remembered wife Elizabeth; deceased son Samuel and his children; Samuel, Joshua and Abigail; daughter-in-law Sarah, wife of said deceased son; sons Joseph (executor), Sparrow, Freeman and Barnabas; daus. Abigail, Mercy, Betty, Mary and Phebe. On 5 May 1784, John Doane of Eastham was named guardian of Joshua Snow, Abigail, Freeman and Samuel Snow in the right of their father Samuel Snow, late of Boston, Suffolk Co., and their grandfather Samuel Snow, late of Eastham.

vii. Edward Snow b. 18 May 1711 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Oct 1743 Barnstable, Mass

viii. Phebe Snow b. 1713 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Oct 1743 Eastham; m. John Smith (13 Mar 1713 in Eastham – d. 17 May 1754 in Eastham) John’s parents were John Smith (1670 – 1742) and Sarah Collins (1673 – 1713.). Phebe and John had six children between 1738 and 1749.

2. Edward Snow

Edward’s wife Sarah Freeman was born Sep 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Sarah’s parents were John Freeman (1651 – 1721) and Sarah Merrick (1654 – 1696). Her grandparents were our ancestors John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE. Sarah died 23 Aug 1739 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Oct. 12, 1701, Edward Snow’s wife admitted to Harwich church. Nov. 30, Edward Snow was admitted. He was in the 3d Remove School District in 1725.

Will of Edward Snow, yeoman of Harwich dated Apr 8 1754 … under the decays of old age, mentions sons Jabez and Joseph Snow (executor), seven grandchildren heirs of son Nathaniel dec’d, four grandchildren heirs of daughter Martha Baker, grandson Edward Snow.  Witnesses: Nathaniel Merrick, Mehitable Snow (died prior to probate), and John Snow.  Proven Sep 20 1758, Inventory taken Sep 29 1758.

Children of Edward and Sarah

i. Thomas Snow b. 1701 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1732 Harwich.

Jul 28 1732 Nathaniel Freeman of Harwich appointed administrator. Inventory taked Aug 1 1732 “property shown to appraisers by father of the deceased.

ii. Jabez Snow b. 1703 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 8 Apr 1754 Harwich; m. 5 Jan 1727 in Harwich to Thankful Baker (b. 1698 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1745). Thankful’s parents were our ancestors Daniel BAKER and Elizabeth CHASE. Thomas and Thankful had five children.

iii. Rebecca Snow b. 1705 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 2 Apr 1723 Harwich

iv. Martha Snow b. 2 Oct 1707 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 8 Apr 1754; m. 7 Nov 1728 in Harwich to Jeremiah Baker (b.8 Feb 1702 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.) Jeremiah’s parents were John Baker (1672 – 1760) and Hannah Jones (1672 – 1726.) Martha and Jeremiah had five children born between 1729 and 1740 in Harwich.

v. Nathaniel Snow b. 8 Jan 1710 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Mar 1749 Harwich; m. 20 Aug 1730 in Harwich to Thankful Gage (b. 27 May 1711 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1776 in Harwich) Thankful’s parents were John Gage (b. 1685) and Jane Tupper (1688 – 1781). Nathaniel and Thankful had eight children born between 1732 and 1746.

vi. Nathan Snow bapt. 27 May 1716 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

vi. Joseph Snow b. 14 Sep 1718 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 30 Apr 1761 Harwich; m. 30 Nov 1738 in Harwich to Mary Sears (b. 9 Aug 1718 in Harwich – d. 7 Jul 1761 in Harwich). Mary’s parents were Samuel Sears (1687 – 1726) and Ruth Merrick (1684 – 1766). Joseph and Mary had eleven children born between 1739 and 1761.

Estate of Joseph Snow, yeoman of Harwich, Mass – May 7 1761 John Snow, gentleman of Harwich appointed administrator.  Isaac Foster, blacksmith of Harwich appointed guardian of Silvanius, Desire, Sarah, and Mercy Snow.  Inventory taken Jul 7 1761 mentions the widow and what is reserves for Martha Baker’s heirs which is her due.  Apr 5 1763 John Snow appointed guardian of Edward Snow.  Apr 18 1764 to following children viz: eldest son Joseph, Silvanus (minor), Nathan, Isaac, Edward Snow, Martha Porter, Sarah, Hannah, Mercy, Desire and Mary Snow.

3. Sarah Snow

Sarah’s first husband Henry Young was born 17 Mar 1671/72 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John Young (b. ~1625 England – 1690) and Abigail Howland (1629 – 1692). His maternal grandparents were Quakers Henry Howland and Mary Newland and his great grandparents were our ancestors Henry HOWLAND Sr. and Margaret AIRES. Henry died 26 Apr 1706 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Sarah’s second husband Jonathan Sparrow Jr was born 9 Jul 1665 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  His parents were our ancestors Capt. Jonathan SPARROW and  Rebecca BANGS. He first married in 1688 to Rebecca Merrick (b. 28 Nov 1668 in Eastham – d. before 5 May 1723 in Eastham ) Her parents were William Merrick (1643 – 1732) and Abigail Hopkins (1644 – ).  Jonathan and Rebecca had six children between 1690 and 1702.  Jonathan died 9 Mar 1639 West Brewster, MA.

There is an inconsistency between Rebecca Merrick’s reported death before 5 May 1723, implying probate on that date and Sarah’s and Jonathan’s reported 1712 marriage. *See discussion below)

Children of Sarah and Henry:

i. Elizabeth Young b. 8 Jan 1688 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1758; m. 1718 to Zephon Ames (b. 1690 in Provincetown, Mass. – d. 1745) Elizabeth and Zephon had at least one child Thomas (b. 1720)

ii. Martha Young b. 28 Jul 1695 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 31 Jan 1764 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 22 Aug 1712 in Eastham to Eleazer Rogers (b. 19 May 1685 in Eastham – d. 1759 in Harwich) Eleazer’s parents were John Rogers (1642 – 1713) and Elizabeth Twining (1649 – 1725). His grandparents were William Twining and Elizabeth Dean and his great grandparents were our ancestors William TWINING and Anne DOANE. Martha and Eleazer had eight children born between 1713 and 1723.

iii. Reliance Young b. 3 Mar 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Jun 1757 Truro, Barnstable, Mass; m. 10 Mar 1720 in Eastham to Elkanah Paine (b. 1 Feb 1693 in Eastham – d. 10 Jun 1774 in Truro) Reliance and Elkanah had six children born between 1721 and 1739 in Truro, just south of the northern tip of Cape Cod. After Reliance died, Elkanah married Hannah [__?__] ( b.. ~ 1720) who out lived him.

iv. Moses Young b. 15 Nov 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 24 Sep 1725 Plymouth, Mass; m int. 6 Mar 1724 to Thankful Hawes (b. Mar 1705 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.) Thankful’s parents were Isaac Hawes (1680 – 1731) and Bethia Howes (1680 -1748)  All of her grandparents were our ancestors: Capt John HAWES & Desire GORHAM and Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE. 

Intentions filed 6 Mar 1725 to marry Thankful Hawes of Chatham, but apparently he died before marrying.

v. Thomas Young b. 24 Oct 1705 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 11 Feb 1730 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Rebecca Bangs (b. 1709 in Eastham – 9 Jan 1742 in Boston, Mass.) Rebecca’s parents were Edward Bangs (1665 -1746) and Ruth Allen (1670 – 1738). Thomas and Rebecca had at least one child Thomas (b. 1734).

Children of Sarah and Jonathan

vi. Jabez Sparrow b. 1712 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 19 Apr 1738 in Eastham : by Nathaniel Freeman Justice Peace to Mary Young ( b. ~ 1717 in Eastham) Mary’s parents were Jonathan Young ( 1680 – 1755) and Deborah Newcomb (1697 – aft 1755) Jabez and Mary had three children born between 1740 and 1745.

vii. Sarah Sparrow b. ~ 1714 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 1784 Eastham; m. 12 Apr 1733 Eastham Enos Knowles (30 Apr 1712 in Eastham – d. ~1784 in Eastham) Enos’ parents were Samuel Knowles (1682 – 1750) and Bethiah Brown (1685 – ). Enos and Sarah had six children between 1736 and 1755.

Enos’ father gave him a farm outside the main settlement, toward South Orleans, Mass. It was the land he had bought from Patience (Paine) Norcott. It was later known as the James Percival place, and included Enos’ Point, later called Likey’s Point.

I can find no further information on Rebecca’s 1723 death or why a “before” qualifier was included, or Sarah and Jonathan’s marriage.

Some genealogies say that Jonathan and Sarah had a daughter Sarah Sparrow (b. ~ 1705 in Eastham. The posted birthdate of 1705 is possible but unlikely, and unreferenced. It’s more likely that Sarah was slightly younger than Enos, b. aft. 1712.

Other genealogies say Enos’ wife Sarah’s parents were Jonathan’s brother Richard Sparrow and Mercy Cobb. However, Richard and Mercy’s daughter Sarah Sparrow (b. 1708 in Eastham – d. 1790 in Eastham) married Edmund Freeman (b. 1703 in Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Jul 1782 in Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.) and had at least two children Jonathan (b. 1730) and Edmund Jr. (b. 1731). Edmund, married first, April 22, 1725 to Lois Paine, and second Sep 25, 1729 to Sarah Sparrow.

Some thoughts:

  •  It’s a little unusual that Rebecca had six children between ages 22 and 34 and then none after.
  • The seventeen years between Henry’s death in 1706 and Rebecca’s death in 1723 is a long time to be a widow and then remarry.
  • Divorce was unusual in 18th C Massachusetts  and court records plentiful.
  • It seems likely that their were two cousins named Sarah Sparrow, one who married Enos Knowles and another who married Edmund Freeman.
  • Sarah Sparrow and Sarah Snow share the same first name.
  • Jabez was Sarah’s father’s name.

Therefore, my conclusion in that Sarah and Jonathan married shortly after Henry Young’s 26 Apr 1706 death and Rebecca Merrick died WELL before 5 May 1723.   If any knows more, please post a reply, thanks.

6. Deborah Snow

Deborah’s date of birth are not known. Estimates range between 1678 and 1690.

Deborah’s husband Stephen Merrick [Myrick] was born 26 Mar 1673 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were William Merrick (1643 – 1732) and Abigail Hopkins (1644 – 1691) Stephen’s sister Rebecca was the first wife of Deborah’s sister Sarah’s second husband, Jonathan Sparrow Jr. Stephen died 11 Mar 1732 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Deborah and Stephen

i. Joshua Merrick b. 17 Apr 1708 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 8 May 1740 in Boston, Mass to Rebecca Savage Joshua and Rebecca had four children born between 1741 and 1745.

ii. Snow Merrick b. 15 Jan 1710 in Barnstable, Mass.;

iii. Deborah Merrick b. 20 Jun 1712 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 17 Nov 1741 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass to Allen Steel (b. – d. 1747 in Boston); m2. 7 May 1745 in Boston, Mass to Isaac King (b. – d. 27 Jul 1748)

iv. Samuel Merrick b. 5 Jan 1715 in Barnstable, Mass.;

v. Oliver Merrick b. 14 Dec 1716 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Therzia Bullard

vi. Thomas Merrick b. 12 Dec 1718 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Feb 1796
Harwich; The dates of death of Thomas’ two wives are not compatible. I’m still trying to figure out the truth.

m1. 8 Oct 1741 in Harwich to Hannah Hopkins (b. 22 Oct 1722 in Harwich – d. bef. 9 May 1771 in Harwich); Hannah’s parents were Joseph Hopkins (1688 – 1771) and Mary Mayo (1694 – 1771) Hannah first married 4 Jan 1742 in Brimfield, Hampden, Mass to Jabez Nichols (1728 -1777) Hannah and Jabez had two children Jabez (b. 1743) and Pern (b. 1745) Thomas and Hannah had three children born between 1742 and 1747.

m2. 2 Aug 1750 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass to Ruth Godfrey (b. 1719 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Jul 1796 Chatham) Ruth’s parents were Jonathan Godfrey (1682 – 1765) and Mercy Mayo (1685 – 1765) Ruth first married 18 Aug 1739 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to John Gould (1718 – 1750) and had four children between 1741 and 1746. Thomas and Ruth had one child Lydia (b. 1759)

vii. Simeon Merrick b. Apr 1721 in Barnstable, Mass.;

viii. Jabez Merrick b. Feb 1723 in Barnstable, Mass.;

ix. Jethro Merrick b. Aug 1725 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 Mar 1746 Boston, Mass

7. Elizabeth Snow

Elizabeth’s husband Edward Kendrick was born about 1680 in Yorkshire, England. His parents were Jonathan Kendrick (b. 1659) and [__?__].  After Elizabeth died 30 Feb 1713 Eastham. Edward married 30 Apr 1713 [he didn’t waste time!] to Deborah Tucker (~1682 – 1746) and had two children Susannah (b. 24 Jan 1713/14 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) and Jonathan b. 1715 who became a doctor Edward died 1743 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Edward was the ancestor of the Kenricks or Kendricks of Barnstable County and Nova Scotia. Tradition holds that he came from the “West of England”, but it is unproven. Some believe he came to the Cape from New Hampshire. By 1704 he was in Harwich, and early in 1705 he was prospecting for land suitable for a farm in the part now South Orleans, between the head of Arey’s Pond (then Potonumocot Saltwater Pond) and the fresh Baker’s Pond (then Poponessett).

He chose 9 acres on the west side of the old line between Eastham and Harwich established in 1682. It adjoined the line and stretched up from John Yates’ land to Baker’s Pond. It was owned by the Indian landholder John Sipson, who lived at Potonumecot within the limits of the old town of Harwich. On 27 Jun it was conveyed to Mr. Kenwrick by Sipson “out of ye love” for “Mr Edward Kindwrick, weaver” and for “other valuable consierations”, with the “liberty” of grazing and cutting timber and firewood on the land “within ye township of Harwich”. It appears to have been his first land purchase.

He built his house on a small parcel of adjoinging land that he bought from John Paine. Edward seems to have been good friends with the Indians for reasons now unknown, and on many occasions purchased upland from them. Among the Indian grantors who sold to him were John Laurence, Jacob Jacob, Stephen Jacob, Amos Quason, Rebecca Quason, Lusty Tom, Amos Larrance, Samuel Quot, Joseph George, Thomas Boreman, and Matthia Quansit. Their deeds refer to Edward as a “dealer”, meaning shopkeeper, or trader.

From Peepen and Joshua Ralph, also Indians, he bought large tracts in Harwich between Muddy Cove River and Round Cove. He had meadow at the Great beach that he bought from Judah Hopkins, meadow in Gregory’s Neck at Matchapoxit, and meadow at Chequeset near Pleasant Bay. When he died he owned 20 acres in Truro that he had bought from Experience Turner.

He was clerk of the proprietors of the Great beach meadow in 1729 and for some years after. The Great beach was included in the Quasons’ deed to the purchasers in 1711. After 1725 he moved to a house he built on the west side of the public road now leading from Orleans to Harwich and Chatham, just southwest of what was the home of John Kenrick, Esq., at South Orleans. He built on a lot that belonged to “Mr. Tom”, the “Indian minister”, who had died and left the land to sons Lusty Tom, Abel Tom and John Tom. The sons sold the land to Edward.

At the time the property was inside the old town of Harwich. It was a large house, 2 stories in front and 1 in back, and he continued in business there as a “dealer”. He had slaves, to help in and out of his house. At his death he had 3 men and 3 women, valued at £98 in the inventory of his personal property. Some of them lived in cabins on his land. On the east side of the main road northeasterly, about 200 rods from Edward’s new house, on the westerly slope of a triangular piece of land that Eastham had set apart for an Indian meeting house, and north of the way leading to the Saltwater Pond, was the Indian burial place which until about 1830 had grave mounds made invisible by the plow. Edward may occasionally have attended worship services at the Indian meeting house, and may have given them financial aid.

Will: 30 Nov 1742
Note: witnessed by John Doane, Maziah Harding, John Whitney; proved 18 Feb 1742/43; names wife Deborah, children Solomon, Thomas, Susanah Wing, and Jonathan; executor son Jonathan; Jonathan inherited the homestead at his mother’s death; 6 slaves went 1 (Phillip) to son Solomon, 1 (Zilpha) to daughter Susanah, and 4 (Cuffee, Barbara, Joseph, and “Luce”) to wife Deborah; grandson Edward Kenwrick, aged 7, son of Thomas, got 25 acres of land in Truro previously bought from Experience Turner.

Edward Kendrick Bio

Edward Kendrick Bio

Edward Kendrick Bio 2

Edward Kendrick Bio 2

Children of Elizabeth and Edward:

i. Solomon Kendrick b. 1706 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1790 in Barrington, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada; m. 1735 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. to Elizabeth Atkins (b. 1715 in Chatham – d. 1790 in Sherose Island, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada) Elizabeth’s sister Anna married Solomon’s brother Thomas. Their parents were Samuel Atkins (1679 – 1768) and Emeline “Emblem” Newcomb (1685 – 1768). Their grandparents were our ancestor Andrew NEWCOMB Jr. and his second wife Anna Bayes. She first married 31 Jan 1731 in Eastham to Daniel Eldredge (1702 – 1732). Solomon and Elizabeth had six children born between 1729 and 1751.

Their son John Kendrick (wiki)  (c. 1740–1794) was the first ship master who went on a voyage to the Northwest coast of the United States and discovered the Columbia River. Kendrick Bay on Prince of Wales Island near the southern tip of the Alaskan panhandle and Kendrick Islands, at the mouth of the bay are named for John Kendrick.

[This story is  a little much for a 2nd cousin, but it’s a rousing adventure tale  and he is our cousin two different ways, so I’m including the long version here: Solomon Kendrick]

ii. Thomas Kendrick b. 1708 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 27 Jan 1734 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. to Marriage to Anna Atkins (b. ~ 1706) Anna’s sister Elizabeth married Thomas’ brother Solomon. Their parents were Samuel Atkins (1679 – 1768) and Emeline “Emblem” Newcomb (1685 – 1768)

8. Rachel Snow

Rachel’s husband Thomas Huckins was born 15 Jan 1688 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Thomas Huckins (1651 – 1714) and Hannah Chipman (1658 – 1696).  Three  of his grandparents were our ancestors: Thomas HUCKINS & Rose [__?__] and  John CHIPMAN Hope HOWLAND. Thomas first married 30 Nov 1710 in Boxford, Essex, Mass. to Rachael Kenney ( 1 Apr 1685 in Topsfield, Essex, Mass. – d. 31 Aug 1711 in Boxford) Thomas and Rachel had one child Elizabeth (b. 1715) Thomas died 3 Mar 1774 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Rachel and Thomas

i. Samuel Huckins b. 29 Sep 1718 in Barnstable, MA.

ii. Thomas Huckins b. 30 Nov 1719 in Barnstable, MA.

iii. John Huckins b. 12 May 1721 in Barnstable, MA.

iv. Jabez Huckins (twin)b. 12 Mar 1722/1723 in Barnstable, MA.

v. Snow Huckins (twin) b. 12 Mar 1722/1723 in Barnstable, MA.

vi. Joseph Huckins b. 24 Jun 1726 in Barnstable, MA.

vii. [__?__] Huckins b. 7 Feb 1727/1728 in Barnstable, MA.

viii. James Huckins b. 11 Apr 1730 in Barnstable, MA; d. 25 Jan 1818 in Barnstable; m. 30 Mar 1758 in Barnstable to Lydia Scudder (b. 15 Jul 1735 in Barnstable – d. 1776) James and Lydia had four children born between 1759 and 1768.

ix. Elizabeth Huckins b. 9 Jul 1732 in Barnstable, MA.

9. Mercy Snow

Mercy’s husband John Witherell was born on 25 Jul 1675 in Scituate, MA. He was christened on 3 Oct 1676 in Scituate, MA.

Children of Mercy and John:

i. Elizabeth Wetherell b. ~1707 or ~1715 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 10 Apr 1736 in Eastham to Richard Baker (b. 31 Mar 1712 in Eastham – d. bef. 2 Oct 1760 in Eastham) Richard’s parents were Isaac Baker (b: 1682 – 1747) and Sarah Rich (b: 1678 ). Elizabeth and Richard had six children born between 1738 and 1747.

ii. Jemima Wetherell b. 1710 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Sep 1754 in Eastham; m. 1 Jun 1730 in Eastham to Beriah Higgins (b. 15 Jan 1705/06 in Eastham – d. bef. May 1777 in prob Eastham) Beriah’s parents were Elisha Higgins (1677 – 1750) and Jane Collins (1684 – )Jemima and Beriah had eleven children born between 1731 and 1750.

Beriah wasn’t done yet, after Jemima died, he married 15 Oct 1755 in Eastham to his cousin Abigail Higgins (1738 – 1759) and had two more children Emphraim (b. 1757) and Beriah (b. 1759)

iii. Mercy Wetherell b. ~1712 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 20 Oct 1732 in Eastham to John Clark (b. ~1710)

iv. Rachel Wetherell b. ~ 1714 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1 Nov 1732 in Eastham to John Fry (b. ~ 1712)

v. Grace Wetherell b. 1 Nov 1716 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. an intention of marriage with Ebenezer Smith was recorded in Boston 18 Jun 1744 as forbidden; m. 19 Nov 1747 in Boston to Philip McColeff [Colef].

I wonder what the drama was between Grace and Ebenezer. Was he the Ebenezer Smith, b. 26 Sep 1714, Barnstable or the Ebenezer Smith, b 15 Mar 1712, Cambridge?

vi. Theophilus Wetherell [Witherill] b. 30 Jan 1719/20 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. d. 1758 in prob Truro, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 29 Aug 1751 in Boston to Bethia Homer (b. 18 Mar 1722/23 in Yarmouth) Bethia’s parents were Benjamin Homer (1698 ) and Elizabeth Crowell (1700 – 1778). Theophilus and Bethia had at least one child Joshua (b. 1752)

After Theophilus died, Bethia married (int. 21 Dec 1758) in Boston to Benjamin Cobb (1726 – 1799) An earlier marriage to Giles Hopkins (b: 29 Jan 1721 in Harwich) may have been called off.

Vital Records of the Towns of Eastham and Orleans June 24 1749 – “Then Entred the intentions of Mr giles hopkens of Eastham and Mrs bethiah homer of yarmouth to prosead in marrig”

vii. William Wetherell [Witherell] b. Mar 1721/22 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. bef. Dec 1801 in Wellfleet; m1. 16 Nov 1752 in Eastham to Mary Brown (b. ~ 1728. – d. 16 Feb 1774 in Wellfleet); Mary’s parents were Samuel Brown (1690 – 1739) and Lydia Fish (~1694 – ). William and Mary had seven children born between 1753 and 1769.; m2. 29 Jun 1775 in Wellfleet] to Ruth [__?__]

viii. Lusanna “Lucy” Wetherell b. 20 Aug 1725 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. m. 18 Jun 1744 in Boston to Gershom Spear (b. 7 Apr 1723 in Hull – d. At Sea) Lucy and Gershom had six children born between 1744 and 1761. After Lucy died, Gershom married widow Susanna Eldredge.


Posted in 11th Generation, Line - Shaw, Veteran | Tagged , | 13 Comments

Samuel Hedge

Samuel HEDGE (1675 – 1714) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Samuel Hedge was born 18 Jun 1675 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Elisha HEDGE and Mary STURGIS. He married Grace SNOW on 8 Dec 1698 Eastham, Barnstable,, Mass.   Samuel died 19 May 1714 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Samuel Hedge Headstone -- Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass. Source: Findagrave #15872217

Samuel Hedge Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass.   Findagrave #15872217

Samuel’s headstone is broken with the top missing. The missing tympanum most likely displayed a winged skull.  Samuel is buried next to his three children, Samuel (d. 1709)  Thankful (d. 1713)   Mary’s (d. 1714) footstone.  Mary died two days before her father. Location – No. 27 on EHS 1976 Cove survey map;  Material- slate;  Headstone – 16″ W, 12″ H, 3″

Grace Snow was born 1 Feb 1675 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Lieutenant Jabez SNOW (1642-1690) and Elizabeth SMITH (1648-1755). After Samuel died in 1714, she married 21 Jul 1716 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to George Lewis  Grace died 21 Jul 1716 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

George Lewis was born in 1672 in Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Joseph Lewis (1632 – 1675) and Sarah Lane (1635 – 1697)  He first married 14 Jun 1711 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. to to Alice Crocker (b. 25 Dec 1679 in Barnstable – d. 23 Feb 1718? in Barnstable) George and Alice had four children born between 1712 and 1716. George died Nov 1769 in Barnstable, Mass.

Two first cousins named Thankful Hedge were born a couple years apart on Cape Cod.  Either one may have married our ancestor Edward STURGIS IV. Both show a death of 17 Apr 1762 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Thankful Hedge was born 17 Apr 1714 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Samuel HEDGE and Grace SNOW.

Another Thankful Hedge was born 23 Oct 1712 in Yarmouth, Mass. Her parents were Samuel’s brother  John HEDGE and Thankful LOTHROP.

Children of Samuel and Grace:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Thankful Hedge 22 Aug 1699 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 14 Apr 1713 Eastham
2. Mary Hedge 20 Nov 1701 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 17 May 1714 Eastham
3. Samuel Hedge 10 Jan 1704 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 13 Dec 1709 Eastham
4. Elisha Hedge 4 Feb 1706 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Martha Johnson
30 Apr 1728 Marlboro, Middlesex, Mass
6 Jan 1789 Barre, Worcester, Mass; Burial: West Main Street Cemetery, Shrewsbury, Worcester
5. Elizabeth Hedge 14 Apr 1708 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass James Morrice
5 May 1736 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass
6. Lemuel or Samuel Hedge 4 Mar 1709/10 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Mary Baker
20 Oct 1733 Barnstable, Mass
15 Jun 1734 Boston, Mass.
7. Jabez Hedge 13 Apr 1712 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 1714 Eastham
7. Thankful HEDGE 17 Apr 1714
4 Mar 1730/31
Yarmouth, Mass.
After 17 Apr 1762 Yarmouth



Samuel and Grace reused the names of two of their children, Thankful and Samuel.   I wouldn’t do that, but children’s passing was more accepted back then.  Alternatively, the younger boy was named Lemuel so they may have only reused “Thankful”

1. Thankful Hedge

Thankful’s ( age 13 Years 9 Months) name was used again within a year

Thankful Hedge Headstone

Thankful Hedge Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass. Findagrave #15872224

2. Mary Hedge

Mary died two days before her father at age twelve.

3. Samuel Hedge

Genealogies sometimes record Samuel as Lamuel, looks like an “S” to me.

Samuel’s (age 5) name was used again in three months.

Samuel Hedge Jr Headstone

Samuel Hedge Jr Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass.    Findagrave #15872222

4. Elisha Hedge

Elisha’s wife Martha Johnson was born 6 Oct 1 702 in Marlborough, Middlesex, Mass. Martha’s parents were Daniel Johnson (b. 5 Apr 1675 Marlborough – d. 27 Apr 1721 Marlborough) and Dorothy Lamb (b. 8 Jun 1679 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Mass. – d. 7 Jan 1760 in Marlborough) Martha died 4 Nov 1765 Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.

The town of Shrewsbury was first settled in 1722 and officially incorporated in 1727.
Townspeople created an agricultural economy with apple orchards and by 1750 there were two stores and four taverns as well as several small industries in operation. The rapid fall of prices for agricultural goods, the shortage of hard currency and the general economic depression following the Revolutionary War produced disastrous conditions for colonists. Shays’ Rebellion in 1786 sought to close the courts to prevent debt collections and the foreclosure of mortgages. Shrewsbury became a staging area for the rebellion and the encampment of the more than 400 insurgents, before the march on the Worcester Court House. Shrewsbury is now a suburb of both Boston and Worcester, about 45 minutes from Boston and 10 minutes to downtown Worcester.

Children of Elisha and Martha:

i. Elisha Hedge b. 14 Feb 1729 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. 26 Dec 1777 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 25 Dec 1750 – Worcester, Worcester, Mass. to Deliverance Streans (b. 1735 in Worcester, Mass. – d. 4 Jun 1819 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass.) Deliverance’s parents were John Stearns (1692 – 1728) and Deliverance Bigelow (1695 – 1762) Elisha and Deliverance had six children born between 1751 and 1760.

ii. Josiah Hedge b. 15 Jun 1730 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. 1733 Shrewsbury

iii. Samuel Hedge b. 9 May 1732 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. Sep 1760 in the French and Indian War

iv. Rev. Lemuel Hedge b. Jul 1734 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. 15 Oct 1777 Warwick, Mass.; m. 5 Nov 1761 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass to Sarah White (b. 29 May 1741 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass. – d. 1808 in Middlebury, Vermont). Sarah’s parents were David White (b. 1710) and Susanna Wells (1714 – 1783). Lemuel and Sarah had seven children born between 1766 and 1776.

Warwick, Franklin, Mass.

Warwick, Franklin, Mass.

Warwick, Franklin, Mass. was first settled in 1739 and was officially incorporated in 1763.

The land that became Warwick was one of four tracts of land established by Massachusetts in 1735 to compensate the descendants of the officers and soldiers who served during the “expedition to Canada” and the Battle of Quebec in 1690. The area was initially called Gardner’s Canada and original proprietors were named in 1736. A 1737 owners list names the initial land owners, few of whom appear to have remained to settle the town once it was incorporated in 1763.

It took another 25 years to attract sufficient numbers of settlers to support a town and its minister. In 1760, such numbers were reached and the town hired a young Reverend Lemuel Hedge. The town was formed officially, as Warwick, on February 17, 1763. Its first officers were James Ball (town clerk), Moses Evans, Jeduthan Morse, James Ball (selectman and assessors), Amzi Doolittle (treasurer), Samuel Ball (constable), and James Ball (collector)

As the Revolutionary War approached, the town voted unanimously in favor of independence, although the town minister preached against it. Rev. Lemuel Hedge was barred from leaving the town in July 1775. He died 15 October 1777, the day British General Burgoyne surrendered his troops to the colonists in Saratoga. In 1776, Lieutenant Thomas Rich was selected to represent the town at the General Assembly of Massachusetts.

41 page sermon delivered by Rev. Lemuel Hedge in 1772.

41 page sermon delivered by Rev. Lemuel Hedge in 1772.

1759 – Lemuel graduates from Harvard University at the age of 25.

3 Dec 1760 – Hired to be the Minister of the Congregational Church, Warwick, Franklin, Mass.

Jul 1775 – As the Rev. War approached, Rev. Lemuel Hedge, an admitted Tory, preached against independence from England. For this he was disarmed & barred from leaving the town of Warwick.

Aug 1775 – Lemuel was arrested by a group of 40 Patriots. They intended to transport him to Northampton for imprisonment, but were eventually compelled to release him.

Nov 1775 – Shortly after his release from arrest, Rev. Hedge relocated to Hardwick, MA. He became quite ill from the stress brought on by the persecution for his Tory stance

15 Oct 1777 – Lemuel, an admitted Tory , was considered to have died as the result of persecution.

v. Mary Hedge b. 15 Feb 1736 in Shrewsury, Worcester,  Mass.;

vi. Martha Hedge b. 1738 in Mass.; d. 23 Nov 1809 Barre, Worcester, Mass.; ; Burial: Adams Cemetery, Barre; m. 7 Jul 1753 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass. to Joseph Robinson (b. 13 Sep 1727 in Rochester, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 16 Dec 1814 in Barre, Worcester, Mass.; Burial: Adams Cemetery, Barre) Joseph’s parents were James Robinson ( – 1762) and Martha and Joseph had twelve children between 1754 and 1780.

Joseph was a private in Capt. James Harlow’s Company, Col. Ezra Woods Regiment of Massachusetts Militia in the Revolutionary War. He served from June to November 1778. He was also in the 6th Massachusetts Regiment with Col. William Shepard, from July 8 to December 8, 1780

Originally called the Northwest District of Rutland, Barre was first settled in 1720. The town was incorporated on June 17, 1774, as Hutchinson after Thomas Hutchinson, colonial governor of Massachusetts. But on November 7, 1776, it was renamed Barre in honor of Isaac Barré, a champion of the American Colonies.

5. Elizabeth Hedge

Children of Elizabeth and James

i. James Morrice b. 12 Aug 1737 Boston, Mass.

 6. Lemuel Hedge

Lemuel’s wife Mary Baker was born 25 Mar 1710.   Mary’s father was Deacon John Baker (b. 15 Oct 1672 at Hull, Mass.) Mary’s grandparents were Samuel Baker and Fear Robinson, She was the great granddaughter of the immigrant Isaac Robinson, and 2nd great granddaughter of Rev. John Robinson, pastor of the 1620 Mayflower Pilgrims at Leiden, Holland.  Mary’s mother was  Anna Annable( b. 4 Mar 1675/76 at Barnstable, Mass. – d. 21 Mar 1732/33 Barnstable)

Lemuel Hedge Headstone -- Granary Burial Ground Boston -- Findagrae # 21009463

Lemuel Hedge Headstone — Granary Burial Ground Boston — Findagrae # 21009463

7. Thankful HEDGE (See Edward STURGIS IV‘s page)


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21. Thomas Miner Diary 497
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