Ralph Smyth

Ralph SMYTH (1610 – 1685) was Alex’s 10th Great Grandfather; one of 1,024 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Smyth Coat of Arms

Smyth Coat of Arms

Ralph Smyth was born 6 Apr 1610 in Hingham, Norfolk, England. His parents were John SMYTH and Grace [__?__]. By the time he moved to Eastham in 1653 he was known as Ralph Smith and all his children took the name Smith.  Ralph graduated from Magdalen College, Cambridge, England in 1625 at the age of 15.

Ralph was a member of the Puritan church in Hingham England. He was one of the members of an advance guard sent to America to prepare a place for the entire congregation to follow, and 35 families eventually left the small town for America.  Ralph was part of a group of 14  who “came from old Hingham”  that sailed out of Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, the first week in May 1633 on the Elizabeth Bonaventure,  John Graves Master.  They arrived in Massachusetts Bay on June 15, 1633 “with ninety five passengers.”  The ship sailed into the small harbor called Bare Cove, so called because only the bare flats could be seen at low tide. They stopped in Charlestown for a time, and then received permission to scout out a place for their new town Hingham.

Daniel Cushing, in his list of early emigrants from Hingham, Norfolk, England, to Hingham, Massachusetts Bay, listed among those who arrived in 1633 “Ralph Smith came from Old Hingham and lived in this town,” and reported him to have a household of one person at arrival.

The fact that Ralph Smith was unmarried on arrival in 1633, does not appear again until early 1637 when he is given trial admission to Charlestown, and does not marry until about 1639 indicates that he probably came over as a servant.  By his placement in Daniel Cushing’s list it may be that he was in the household of his future father-in-law Edmund HOBART

ELIZABETH BONAVENTURE, John Graves, Master, left Yarmouth, Norfolk, the first week in May and arrived at Boston on June 15, 1633 `with ninety five passengers. The following emigrants from Hingham, Norfolk, who arrived this year probably came in this ship:

Edmund HOBART  of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Margaret Hobart,  Nazareth, Edmond,  Thomas, Joshua, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Sarah

Henry Gibbs of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Ralph SMITH of Hingham, Norfolk to Charlestown

Nicholas Jacob of Hingham, Norfolk to Watertown  with Mrs. Mary, Jacob, John, Jacob,  Mary and Jacob

Thomas Chubbock  of Hardingham, Norfolk to Charlestown  with Mrs. Alice Chubbock, Sarah and Rebecca

Mrs. Elishua Crowe  to  Charlestown

Simon Huntington   of Norwich, Norfolk to  Roxbury  with Mrs. Margaret Huntington, Christopher, Anne, Simon,  and Thomas.

The Elizabeth Bonaventure was a very famous name for a ship, because it was the name of a warship that Sir Frances Drake used as his flagship on at least a couple of his expeditions including the 1587 attack on Cadiz which destroyed much of the armada that was massing to attack England. That attack was delayed and occurred the next year.  A year later it was part of the fleet to face the Spanish Armada.  It was also involved in the rescue of the lost Colony of Roanoke that was under attack. The fate of the vessel is not known.

This may not be the same vessel that brought Ralph over, but there is no other record of this vessel under the command of Captain John Graves. There where ninety-five passengers on board for that voyage. It was a fast trip for a ship of that time, and reflected the advancements in ship building that was common in English warships, and being copied by other countries. By 1633 it would have been over seventy years old, but on the other hand there aren’t records about the retirement or loss of the warship by that name, and famous ships can often live longer because of the pride in that vessel’s history.

Ralph married Elizabeth HOBART about 1639 in Hingham, Mass. After Elizabeth died, he married Grace Lewis.  Ralph and Grace were both widowed and this was the second marriage for both. In Ralph’s will, he speaks of her as “my loving wife, Grace”. Ralph died 27 Oct 1685 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. and is buried at Cove Cemetery, Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.

Ralph Smith Memorial Findagrave #15872186

Ralph Smith Memorial Findagrave #15872186

Elizabeth Hobart was born 9 Oct 1612 in Hingham, Norfolk, England. Her parents were Edmund HOBART and Margaret DEWEY. Elizabeth died 1654 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Grace Lewis first married Thomas Hatch. She survived Ralph.

Children of Ralph and Elizabeth:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Ralph Smith Jr. 1640 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass 15 Feb 1640 Hingham
2. Samuel Smith bapt. 11 Jul 1641 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Mary Hopkins
23 Jan 1665 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
22 Mar 1697  Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
3. John Smith 23 Jul 1644 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Hannah Williams
24 May 1667 Hingham
1692   Taunton, Bristol, Mass
4. Daniel Smith 21 Jul 1647 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Mary Young
3 Mar 1676 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
Bef. 20 Jan 1720 Eastham
5. Elizabeth SMITH Sep 1648 Barnstable, Mas Jabez SNOW
Sep/Oct 1670
 8 Jan 1732 Barnstable, Mass.
6. Thomas Smith 1 Jan 1650 Hingham, Plymouth, Mass Mary Mayo
18 Oct 1720 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
7. Deborah Smith 8 Mar 1654 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass John Hurd?
1687 – Boston, Mass
2 Jul 1725 Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass?

Hingham Mass.

The town of Hingham was dubbed “Bare Cove” by the first colonizing English in 1633, but two years later was incorporated as a town under the name “Hingham”  The town was named for Hingham, a village in the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia, whence most of the first colonists came. Hingham was born of religious dissent. Many of the original founders were forced to flee their native village in Norfolk with both their vicars, Rev. Peter Hobart, son of Edmund HOBART and Rev. Robert PECK, when they fell foul of the strict doctrines of Anglican England.  While most of the early Hingham settlers came from Hingham and other nearby villages in East Anglia, a few Hingham settlers like Thomas Miner came from the West Country of England.  As of the census of 2000, there were 19,882 people in Hingham.

1636 –  The Thomas MINER Family arrived
4 Mar 1638 – Clement MINER baptized

Ralph’s New England Timeline

Sep 1633 – Ralph is listed as having started in building huts in Hingham and clearing the land for planting in the following spring.

3 Jan 1636/37 – The town of Charlestown ordered that “Ralph Smith was admitted a month upon trial”,  no further mention of him is seen in Charlestown records. It’s about 18 miles from Charlestown to Hingham.

4 Dec 1638 – [__?__] Ibrooke and Ralph Smythe were in some kind of trouble and were attached by the General Court, but when Ralph Smith appeared 5 March 1638/39, he was discharged. Ibrooke was charged for tempting two or more maids to uncleanness, but whether the two men’s offenses were related or not is uncertain.  Elizabeth Ibrooke was Ralph’s sister-in-law.

1637 – Hingham Mass. records Ralph as having drawn a house lot on Bachelor Street, now Main Street.

22 Sep 1652 – Spoken of in probate records of Suffolk Co., Mass, as “Ralph Smythe”

1653 – Removed to Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts

22 May 1655 – Became Freeman in Eastham,

25 Oct 1657 – Took an “oath of fidelity” and was chosen a contable of Eastham

1660 – Appointed to superintending the cutting of drift whales. A year later,  he had a “problem” with the town for not reporting whales that had washed ashore.

6 Jun 1660 – Named Eastham constable

7 May 1661  – “Ralph Smith, for lying in and about the neglect of his duty, about a warrant directed to him, and concerning the seeing or not seeing a whale, and other misorderly carriages tending to disturbance in the town of Eastham, was fined twenty shillings”

3 Mar 1662 – Fined 10 shillings for striking William Walker during a dispute over a whale. His son Samuel was also fined for saying he could find it in his heart to stick a pen into William Walker.  “Ralph Smith, of Eastham, for breaking the peace in striking of William Walker, is fined 3s. 4d.”

May 1665 – “Ralph Smith, of Eastham, was fined, for telling of a lie, 10s.”

5 Mar 1667  –  “In reference vnto the complaint made against Ralph SMITH, of Eastham, concerning oppression and hard dealing with a carpenter named Crispen Wadlen, whoe was one of Captaine Allins companie, which said Wadlen kept about three weekes att the said Smithes house, the Court haue ordered, that a certaine psell of tooles which the said Smith had of the said carpenters shalbe deliuered vnto Nicholas SNOW, to be sent to the said Wadlen; and that the said Snowes receipt of them shalbe the said Smithes discharge; and that a certaine psell of cotton woole, which the said Smith had of the said Crispin Wadlen, shalbe by him, the said Smith, kept, if hee please, for full satisfaction for the time & charge hee was att when att his house as aforesaid.”

27 Oct 1685 – Probate
Very prosperous during his lifetime and said to have been one of the wealthiest citizens in Eastham in his era. The following “Court Order” indicates the Ralph died before it’s date. The Court Order reads, “October 27, 1685, adninistration is granted by this court to Grace Smith, relict of Ralph Smith and Samuel Smith, son of said Ralph Smith, all of the town of Eastham

Ralph Smith Bio - Source: Jesse Smith Ancestry Book J Bertrand Smith 1909 page 23

Ralph Smith Bio – Source: Jesse Smith Ancestry Book by  J Bertrand Smith 1909 page 23

Ralph Smith Bio 2


1. Ralph Smith

A record made by Rev. Peter Hobart states “1640 Feb. 15, Ralph Smith buried”.

2. Samuel Smith

Samuel’s wife Mary Hopkins was born in 1640 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony.  She was Samuel’s first cousin.  Her parents were Gyles Hopkins and Catherine Wheldon.   All four of her grandparents were our ancestors:  Stephen HOPKINS Mary [__?__]. and Gabriel WELDON & Jane [__?__].   Mary died 20 Mar 1696/97 possibly a will date or 2 Jul 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Samuel Smith died at Eastham, Mass., March 27, 1696/97. It is said his wife died a few days before her husband, but in the Barnstable Probate Records it say’s that Mary Smith relict of Samuel Smith, signed papers in 1698, in the final settlement of that estate.

Early in life, Samuel Smith engaged in the whale and mackerel fishery business, and was very successful at it. Later he was a trader and inn keeper in Eastham. He owned at one time more than a 1000 acres of land, 400 acres being in the South side of the town of Eastham and was known for many years afterwards as the “Smith Purchase.” He also bought two farms in Chatham, Mass, one at Tom’s Neck, comprising a considerable part of the present village of Chatham. His estate at his death was valued at more than 1200 pounds. The inventory shows he was in possession of over fifty head of cattle, 60 sheep and a number of horses. He held various local offices in Eastham, was styled “mister” in the records and Judge Samuel Sewell mentions him in his diary. He has been descrided as a “resolute and determined man.”

It seems Samuel Smith experienced considerable trouble from the law: He sued a Stephen Merrick for unlawfully taking a horse (25 Oct. 1668). The next year he appeared in Plymouth Colony Court to answer suits brought against him, Ralph Smith and Daniel Smith by Josias Cooke. He served as constable of Eastham in 1670 and the next year was sued by Joseph Harding for abuse of his duties in that position. On 7 July 1682 Thomas Clarke Sr of Plymouth sued Samuel Smith of Eastham for unjustly detaining profits of a Cape Cod fishing venture. On the first Tuesday in Oct. 1686 Samuel Smith and John Mayo of Eastham were charged with netting mackerel at Cape Cod in violation of a court order.”

Samuel’s estate was settled April 22, 1697

Children of Samuel and Mary

i. [Infant Boy] Smith b. Mar 1667 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Mar 1667

ii. Samuel Smith b. 26 May 1668 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.’ d. 22 Sep 1692; m.  26 May 1690 to Bathsheba Lathrop.  Bathsheba’s parents were our ancestors Barnabas LATHROP and   After Samuel died, Bathsheba married  1693 in Eastham to Capt Samuel Freeman.

iii. Mary Smith b. 3 Jan 1669 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. ~ 1693 to Daniel Hamilton (1690 – 1738)

iv. Joseph Smith b. 10 Apr 1671 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 22 Sep 1692 Eastham

v. John Smith b. 26 May 1673 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; bef. 25 Feb 1717 Chatham, Mass.; m. 14 May 1694 to Bethiah Snow.  Bethiah’s parents were Stephen Snow and Susannah Deane.  Her grandparents were Nicholas SNOW and Constance HOPKINS.

vi. Grace Smith b. 5 Sep 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1 Dec 1691 Eastham

vii. Deborah Smith (twin) b. 10 Dec 1678 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

viii. Rebecca Smith (twin) b. 10 Dec 1678 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 22 Dec 1748 in Eastham; m.  16 Aug 1705 in Eastham to Theophilas Mayo (b: 31 Oct 1680 in Eastham)

Samuel Smith Bio

Samuel Smith Bio 2

3. John Smith

John’s wife Hannah Williams was born 1658 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were Thomas Williams (1615 – 1696) and Elizabeth Tate (1620 – ). Hannah died 10 Feb 1717 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of John and Hannah:    [John Smith probably had nine children, but only Elizabeth and Sarah are recorded at Eastham]

i. Elizabeth Smith, b. 24 Feb 1668 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. Joshua Higgins son of Benjamin Higgins.

ii. John Smith, b. 18 Oct 1669 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony;   d. Bef. 21 Jan 1742 Eastham; m. ~1695 Eastham to Sarah Collins, (b. 2 Jan 1673 – d. bef. 1740)

iii. Sarah Smith,b. 27 Mar 1672 Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. bef.15 Dec 1715; m1. 15 Dec 1690 to Joseph Snow (b. 24 Nov 1671 – d. 23 Jan 1706). Joseph’s parents were Joseph Snow and xx. m2. 2 Aug 1708 to Daniel Hamilton.


John Smith Bio

John Smith Bio 2

4. Daniel Smith

Daniel’s wife Mary Young was born 28 Apr 1658 in Eastham, Plymouth, Colony.  Her parents were John Young (1624 – 1691) and Abigail Howland.( – 1692)  Her grandfather, Henry Howland was persecuted for his Quaker beliefs.  Two of her great uncles were our ancestors John HOWLAND and Arthur HOWLANDMary died 20 Mar 1720 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass

Children of Daniel and Mary

i. Daniel Smith b. 8 Jan 1678 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

ii. Content Smith b. 8 Jun 1680 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 11 Dec 1701 in Eastham to Thomas Howes (b: ~1680 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony) His parents were Joseph Howes and Elizabeth Mayo. His grandparents were our ancestors Thomas HOWES and Mary BURR.

On 8 Apr 1703 Thomas bought by deed from William Griffith, Sr., all his real estate at Monomoit. It included a homestead lot of 26 acres in the Christopher Smith neighbourhood, 1/2 of 20 acres on the Great Neck, and about 40 acres of meadow land. On 22 Oct 1705 he bought by deed from Philip Griffith a lot of 4 acres adjoining the homestead, the other half of the 20 acre lot on the Great Neck, and another lot of meadow. On 6 Apr 1713 he bought by deed from James Eldredge, the farm he had inherited from his father Nicholas Eldredge, and which adjoined part of the Howes farm. He was selectman 2 years and treasurer 2 years. He was ensign of the military company in 1715, later becoming lieutenant and then captain.

iii. Abigail Smith b. 30 Apr 1683 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 9 Aug 1711 in Eastham to Jeremiah Smith (b: 18 Aug 1685 in Eastham) Jeremiah’s parents were Jeremiah Smith (b: 1654) and Hannah Atwood (b: 14 Oct 1649)

iv. James Smith b. Apr 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 19 Feb 1712/13 to Hannah Rogers (5 Aug 1689 in Eastham – d. Aft 22 Oct 1754 in Eastham). Hannah’s parents were John Rogers and Elizabeth Twining.

v. Nathaniel Smith b. Oct 1687 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony;  m. 18 Aug 1716 to Abigail Groce [Gross].  Abigail’s parents were Simon Groce [Gross] and Mary Bond.

vi. Thomas Smith b. 29 Jan 1688 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

vii. David Smith b. 30 Mar 1691 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

viii. Mary Smith b. 8 Jan 1692/93 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; d. 16 Feb 1705/06

ix. Isaac Smith b. 3 Jun 1695 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony

Daniel Smith Bio

5. Elizabeth SMITH (See Jabez SNOW‘s page)

6. Thomas Smith

Thomas’ wife Mary Mayo was born 1665 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony. Her parents were John Mayo (1623 – 1706) and Hannah Laycraft (1628 – 1681). Mary died 22 Mar 1727 in Eastham, Mass.

Some sources state that Mary’s maiden name was Vickery or Hinson. The marriage date and place 23 Jun 1681 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony is unreferenced.

1691 – Thomas Smith and Joseph Snow were appointed a committee to take charge of the Eastham Commons.

1693 to 1695 – Thomas Smith was Representative to the General Court at Boston.

The Town Records, Eastham, Mass., Book 13, Page 199,. have the following:”Whereas, Thomas Smith, has made complaint that the bounds of his lands lying on the southeasterly side of’ the Town Cove upon `Pocha’ that was formerly his father’s, Ralph Smith, are gone to decay, and some of them lost, we, whose names are hereunto subscribed, being appointed by the town, to settle the bounds of lands that may be in controversy, having viewed sd lands, do settle the bounds thereof as follows, viz; Beginning at the N. E.. corner at a rock near the bank marked T. S. from there ranging about 40 poles southerly up into the woods to another rock marked T. S. from there ranging about 48 poles westerly to a stone set in the ground marked T. S. from there ranging to the bank by the cove side to a pine tree, marked, and so along by the bank easterly to the first bound mark.”Dated March 22, 1694.(Signed) Jonathan Sparrow, Samuel Freeman, Thomas Paine, Jr.

Children of Thomas and Mary

i. Ralph Smith b: 23 Oct 1682 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 23 Oct 1712 to Mary Mayo, daughter of Samuel. He was Selectman at East­ham, 1736

ii. Rebecca Smith b: 31 Mar 1685 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony; m. 16 Aug 1705 Eastham to Theophilus Mayo

iii. Thomas Smith b: 29 Jan 1688 in Eastham, Plymouth Colony;d. 20 Sep 1745; m. 3 Nov 1709 to Joanna Mayo. He settled in Truro, Barnstable, Mass

iv. David Smith b: Mar 1691 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1729 Eastham

v. Jonathan Smith b: 5 Jul 1693 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1767

vi. Isaac Smith b: 3 Jun 1695 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 26 Apr 1704 Eastham

vii. Jesse Smith b: 31 Jan 1704 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d.  14 Jun 1782 in Spencers Corner, Dutchess, New York; m. Sep 1724 Eastham to Sarah Higgins (1706 – 1782)

Thomas Smith Bio

Thomas Smith Bio 2
Thomas Smith Bio 3

Thomas Smith Bio 4
Thomas Smith Bio 5

7. Deborah Smith

Deborah’s husband John Hurd was born 17 May 1642 in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony; John died 12 Feb 1717 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass. John’s parents were John Hurd (1612 – 1690) and [__?__]

Alternatively, John married Deborah Kendrick (b. 16 Jun 1646 Boston, Mass. – d. 21 Feb 1639
Eastham, Barnstable, Mass)

Children of Deborah and John:

i. John Hurd b. 17 Jan 1688/9 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 23 Sep 1690 in Boston, Mass.

ii. Grace Hurd b. 11 Jan 1692 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1787

iii. Jacob Hurd b. 12 Jan 1695 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass;. d. 1776 Colchester, Tolland, CT; m. 11 Aug 1715 in Eastham to Rebecca Higgins (b. 30 Nov 1686 in Eastham – d. 25 Dec 1776 in Colchester, Tolland, CT.









Posted in 12th Generation, Historical Monument, Immigrant - England, Line - Shaw | Tagged , , , | 11 Comments

Jabez Snow

 Jabez SNOW (1642 – 1690) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Jabez Snow was born in 1642 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. His parents were Nicholas SNOW and Constance  HOPKINS. He married Elizabeth SMITH. in Sep/Oct 1670, about the time of the birth of his first child.  Jabez died 27 Dec 1690 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Burial: Cove Burying Ground, Eastham

Elizabeth Smith was born Sep 1648 Barnstable, Mass.  Her parents were Ralph SMITH and Elizabeth HOBART.  Elizabeth died 8 Jan 1732 Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Samuel and Grace:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Jabez Snow 6 Sep 1670 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Elizabeth Treat
1695 Eastham
14 Oct 1750 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass
2. Edward Snow 26 Mar 1672 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Sarah Freeman
Will proven 20 Sep 1758 Harwich, Mass.
3. Sarah Snow 16 Feb 1672/73 Eastham, MA. Henry Young
1694 in Eastham, Mass.
Jonathan Sparrow Jr. (Son of Capt. Jonathan SPARROW)
28 Nov 1746
4. Grace SNOW 1 Feb 1675 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Samuel HEDGE
8 Dec 1698 Eastham, Barnstable,, Mass.
21 Jul 1716 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.
5. Thomas Snow 2 Apr 1677 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  2 Apr 1697 Eastham
6. Deborah Snow ~ 1679 Stephen Merrick [Myrick]
21 Nov 1706 Harwick, Barnstable, Mass.
7. Elizabeth Snow ~ 1683
Harwick, Barnstable, Mass
Edward Kendrick
21 Dec 1704 Harwick, Barnstable, Mass
30 Feb 1713
8. Rachel Snow 1685
Harwick, Barnstable, Mass
Thomas Huckins
29 Aug 1717 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass
9. Mercy Snow John Witherell 1696

Jabez was fined 10 pounds by the Eastham church for having relations with his wife before the contract of marriage.  His first son Jabez was born about the time of his marriage.

Jabez served as Eastham surveyor of highways and as a selectman. He was a freeman June 7, 1681, at Eastham.

Jabez Snow was an officer in William Phip‘ s Expedition of 1690.  More than half of the 2,000 men who embarked to take Quebec from the French died of disease or accident.  The Battle of Quebec was fought in October 1690 between the colonies of New France and Massachusetts Bay.  On 23 and 24 October, an exchange of prisoners was negotiated and effected, and the ships set sail for Boston. Although Phips’ own account of the expedition admitted only 30 dead in combat, smallpox and marine accident claimed about 1,000 more.   Snow probably returned home by December and died 27 Dec 1690.  At the turn of the 18th Century, our ancestors took part in two unsuccessful naval expeditions to Canada. See my post Battle of Quebec 1690 & Quebec Expedition 1711

Battle of Quebec 1690 - The Batteries of Quebec bombard the New England fleet.

Battle of Quebec 1690 – The Batteries of Quebec bombard the New England fleet.

Soldiers in the expedition to Canada in 1690 and grantees of the Canada townships (1898)

Capt. John Gorham Barnstable. [later Colonel, Son of our ancestor Capt. John GORHAM]
Lieut. Jabez Snow (d. 27 Dec, 1690) . Eastham.
Ensign James Claghorn Barnstable.

Shubal Gorham  Land Petition

Land Petition naming Jabez Snow

Shubael Gorham (1686 – 20 Feb 1746, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia) was  Jabez Snow’s Captain, the son of John Gorham and the grandson of our ancestor Capt. John GORHAM.

Shubael was a military officer and had sailed with Colonel John March in 1707 and then again as an ensign in Captain Caleb Williamson’s Barnstable Company with Nicholson when the English took Port Royal in 1710.

His greatest service, however, was his successful effort in obtaining the grants of Nargansett Townships to the heirs of the soldiers who fought in King Philip’s War. Col. Gorham spent much time and money promoting the settlement of Gorhamtown, now Dunbarton, Merrimack, New Hampshire. He bought the shares of many who did not desire to emigrate, but his speculations in the wild lands proved unfortunate. Buying such lands is like lottery tickets, a few get prizes. Col Gorham was not one of the lucky ones. He died insolvent in 1746, his own children being his principal creditors.

As you can see in the above petition, Shubael also advocated for veterans of the 1690 Canada Expedition including Jabez Snow.

Originally granted as Gorham’s-town in 1735, and re-granted as Starkstown in 1748, the town was incorporated in 1765 as Dunbarton. The name came from Dunbartonshire in Scotland, hometown to Archibald Stark, a prominent settler.

(Gorham, Maine and Gorham, New Hampshire  named for John GORHAM I. are also towns granted to veterans of King Philip’s War.)

Jabez’ estate was inventoried 22 April 1691 by William Walker, Samuel Smith and Daniel Cole. There was no will, and the estate was probated 30 April 1691, with the inventory recorded by Joseph Lothrop

Inventory of Jabez’ estate was taken Apr 20 1691 by widow Elizabeth Snow .  Settlement Apr 8 1795 to the heirs viz: widow, eldest son Jabez, second son Edward, third son Thomas and six daughters (unnamed)

Jabez Snow Probate Inventory -- Entered on Dec 15 1690 , Barnstable County Probate Vol 1 pp42

Jabez Snow Probate Inventory — Entered on Dec 15 1690 , Barnstable County Probate Vol 1 pp42


1. Jabez Snow

Jabez’ wife Elizabeth Treat was born 24 July 1676. Her parents were Rev. Samuel Treat  (1648 – 1716) and Elizabeth Mayo (__ – 1696). Elizabeth died 3 March 1755 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. and is buried at the Bridge Road Cemetery in Eastham.

Elizabeth’s father Samuel was a 1699 graduate of Harvard

Jabez Snow Jr. Headstone Findagrave #15872041

Jabez Snow Jr. Headstone Findagrave #15872041


The inscription information is from a survey done about 1875 by Josiah Paine of Harwich. The inscription format is approximate. The gravestone was not found in the surveys of 1904 and 1976.

In August 2005 two slate pieces were uncovered next to the ninth granite post in the north fence as shown in the left photo. Note the bittersweet roots growing through the slate. In June 2006 the pieces were set in place one behind the other in the area where they were found. Dimensions above ground are 13″ W, 12″ H, 1″ D. The slate is located about 12′ northeast from the headstone of Hannah Snow (d1750) which is at Location 21 on the EHS survey map.

The Jabez Snow gravestone remnants were found in the same general area as the gravestone for Rev Samuel Treat. Elizabeth (Treat) Snow is buried in Bridge Road Cemetery probably because Cove Burying Ground was about full when she died in 1755.

Children of Jabez and Elizabeth

i. Deacon Jabez Snow b. 22 Jul 1696 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 6 Sep 1760 Eastham; m. 27 Oct 1720 in Eastham to Elizabeth Paine (b. 2 Jun 1702 in Eastham – d. 6 Jul 1772 in Eastham). Elizabeth’s parents were John Paine (1661 – 1712) and Bennet Freeman (1671 – 1716). Her maternal grandparents were our ancestors Maj. John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE Jabez and Elizabeth had six children between 1722 and 1740.

Jabez Snow Junr and Elizabeth Paine both of Eastham were Married by mr Samuel Ozburn on ye 27th day of october annodom 1720

Jabez was a prominent man in Eastham and a deacon in the church.  He was selectman in 1743 and 1744 and town clerk in 1759 and 1760.  His will is dated Jul 31 1760, probrated Marr 17 1761′ Inventory May 9 1761 L254 0s. 4d.  Mentions wife Elizabeth and his six children.  Son Jabez IV was executor who applied to the General Court Jun 24 1761 and obtained permission to sell the property of the estate which was insolvent and to appropriate the proceeds after paying the widow’s thirds, towards paying his deceased father;s just debts.

ii. Joshua Snow b. 12 Mar 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Oct 1743 Eastham

iii. Elizabeth Snow b. 8 Oct 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 2 Sep 1759 Eastham; m. 6 Aug 1724 in Eastham to Deacon Thomas Knowles (b. 1 Apr 1702 in Eastham – d. 2 Mar 1759 in Eastham) Thomas’ parents were Deacon Edward Knowles (1671 – 1740) and Ann Ridley (1682 – 1710). Elizabeth and Thomas had five children born between 1727 and 1738.

Thomas Knowles died of “measles and fever”. He was an Eastham Town Clerk and church Deacon. In 1741 he sold 120th part of Narragansett Township No. 7 (now Gorham, Maine)

iv. Sylvanus Snow b. 16 Feb 1705 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 23 Mar 1772 Eastham; m1. 1 Feb 1733 in Eastham to Hannah Cole (b. 14 May 1715 in Eastham – d. 3 Aug 1750 in Eastham; Burial: Cove Burying Ground Eastham) Hannah’s parents were Israel Cole (1685 – 1746) and Mary Emery (1677 – 1746). Sylvanus and Hannah had six children born between 1734 and 1750

m2. Apr 1751 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. to Mehitable Walker (b. 4 Apr 1728 in Eastham – d. 21 May 1761 in Eastham) Mehitable’s parents were John Walker (1690 – 1760) and Mercy Brown (1690 – 1754). Silvanus and Mehitable had three children born between 1752 and 1759.

m3. 11 Nov 1761 in Eastham to Deborah Cooke (b. 22 Aug 1710 in Eastham – d. 10 Apr 1786 in Eastham) Deborah’s parents were Richard Cooke (1672 – 1754) and Hannah Smith (1678 – 1751) “Administration of the estate of Deborah Snow, late of Eastham, was granted to Nathaniel Cooke of Harwich on 10 April 1786. On 25 April 1786 appraisers were named to inventory real estate of Silvanus Snow, late of Eastham, that had been left to relict Deborah, her administrator suspecting that property had been embezzled by Mary Doane of Eastham, George Hatch and wife of Wellfleet, and Elisha Rich and wife of Wellfleet.”

1743 (2 yrs) – “Sylvs. Snow”, Selectman of Eastham

27 Feb 1758 – Guardians of the Potnument Indians complained to the General Court that Silvanus Snow charged the Indians for the use of the Billingsgate Point for whaling

1758-1760 (2 yrs) – “Sylvanus Snow”, Representative of Eastham

Administration: Eastham, 7 Apr 1772 to Edward Snow of Eastham. Edward was made guardian of Silvanus and Heman Snow, minor sons of Silvanus, on 5 May 1772, and Barnabas Freeman of Eastham was made guardian of Hannah, minor daughter on 13 Apr 1773.

Settlement of Estate: 11 Aug 1772, names widow Deborah Snow, eldest son Edward Snow of Eastham; sons Collier and Silvanus; daughters Mary Dean (wife of William); Tabitha Holbrook (wife of Isaiah), and Hannah Snow. A subsequent settlement of 10 Oct 1786 mentioned sons Collier and Edward of Penobscot; Mary, widow of William Doane of Eastham; Tabitha, wife of George Hatch of Wellfleet, and Hannah, wife of Elisha Rich of Wellfleet.

Wife Deborah’s administration on 10 Apr 1786.

Inventory: 25 Apr 1786 of Estate of Silvanus Snow, late of Eastham, that had been left to relict Deborah. Her administrator suspected that property had been embezzled by Mary Doane of Eastham, George Hatch and wife of Wellfleet, and Elisha Rich and wife of Wellfleet.

v. Tabitha Snow b. 21 Mar 1707 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 5 Aug 1760 Eastham; m. 7 Oct 1731 in Eastham to John Mayo (b. 14 Oct 1707 in Eastham – d. 11 Feb 1760 in Eastham) John’s parents were James Mayo (1656 – 1708) and Sarah Elkins (1656 – 1708). Tabitha and John had seven children born between 1733 and 1751.

vi. Samuel Snow b. 22 Jan 1709 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 5 May 1784 Eastham; m. 12 Oct 1732 in Eastham to Elizabeth Freeman (b. 4 Mar 1715 in Eastham – d. 15 Mar 1784 in Eastham) Elizabeth’s parents were Deacon Samuel Freeman (1688 – 1751) and Mary Paine (1693 – 1770). Samuel and Elizabeth had eleven children born between 1833 and 1852.

The will of Samuel Snow of Eastham, dated 17 July 1775 and proved 15 Mar 1784, remembered wife Elizabeth; deceased son Samuel and his children; Samuel, Joshua and Abigail; daughter-in-law Sarah, wife of said deceased son; sons Joseph (executor), Sparrow, Freeman and Barnabas; daus. Abigail, Mercy, Betty, Mary and Phebe. On 5 May 1784, John Doane of Eastham was named guardian of Joshua Snow, Abigail, Freeman and Samuel Snow in the right of their father Samuel Snow, late of Boston, Suffolk Co., and their grandfather Samuel Snow, late of Eastham.

vii. Edward Snow b. 18 May 1711 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Oct 1743 Barnstable, Mass

viii. Phebe Snow b. 1713 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 11 Oct 1743 Eastham; m. John Smith (13 Mar 1713 in Eastham – d. 17 May 1754 in Eastham) John’s parents were John Smith (1670 – 1742) and Sarah Collins (1673 – 1713.). Phebe and John had six children between 1738 and 1749.

2. Edward Snow

Edward’s wife Sarah Freeman was born Sep 1676 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Sarah’s parents were John Freeman (1651 – 1721) and Sarah Merrick (1654 – 1696). Her grandparents were our ancestors John FREEMAN and Mercy PRENCE. Sarah died 23 Aug 1739 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Oct. 12, 1701, Edward Snow’s wife admitted to Harwich church. Nov. 30, Edward Snow was admitted. He was in the 3d Remove School District in 1725.

Will of Edward Snow, yeoman of Harwich dated Apr 8 1754 … under the decays of old age, mentions sons Jabez and Joseph Snow (executor), seven grandchildren heirs of son Nathaniel dec’d, four grandchildren heirs of daughter Martha Baker, grandson Edward Snow.  Witnesses: Nathaniel Merrick, Mehitable Snow (died prior to probate), and John Snow.  Proven Sep 20 1758, Inventory taken Sep 29 1758.

Children of Edward and Sarah

i. Thomas Snow b. 1701 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1732 Harwich.

Jul 28 1732 Nathaniel Freeman of Harwich appointed administrator. Inventory taked Aug 1 1732 “property shown to appraisers by father of the deceased.

ii. Jabez Snow b. 1703 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 8 Apr 1754 Harwich; m. 5 Jan 1727 in Harwich to Thankful Baker (b. 1698 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1745). Thankful’s parents were our ancestors Daniel BAKER and Elizabeth CHASE. Thomas and Thankful had five children.

iii. Rebecca Snow b. 1705 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 2 Apr 1723 Harwich

iv. Martha Snow b. 2 Oct 1707 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 8 Apr 1754; m. 7 Nov 1728 in Harwich to Jeremiah Baker (b.8 Feb 1702 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.) Jeremiah’s parents were John Baker (1672 – 1760) and Hannah Jones (1672 – 1726.) Martha and Jeremiah had five children born between 1729 and 1740 in Harwich.

v. Nathaniel Snow b. 8 Jan 1710 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. Mar 1749 Harwich; m. 20 Aug 1730 in Harwich to Thankful Gage (b. 27 May 1711 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 1776 in Harwich) Thankful’s parents were John Gage (b. 1685) and Jane Tupper (1688 – 1781). Nathaniel and Thankful had eight children born between 1732 and 1746.

vi. Nathan Snow bapt. 27 May 1716 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass

vi. Joseph Snow b. 14 Sep 1718 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 30 Apr 1761 Harwich; m. 30 Nov 1738 in Harwich to Mary Sears (b. 9 Aug 1718 in Harwich – d. 7 Jul 1761 in Harwich). Mary’s parents were Samuel Sears (1687 – 1726) and Ruth Merrick (1684 – 1766). Joseph and Mary had eleven children born between 1739 and 1761.

Estate of Joseph Snow, yeoman of Harwich, Mass – May 7 1761 John Snow, gentleman of Harwich appointed administrator.  Isaac Foster, blacksmith of Harwich appointed guardian of Silvanius, Desire, Sarah, and Mercy Snow.  Inventory taken Jul 7 1761 mentions the widow and what is reserves for Martha Baker’s heirs which is her due.  Apr 5 1763 John Snow appointed guardian of Edward Snow.  Apr 18 1764 to following children viz: eldest son Joseph, Silvanus (minor), Nathan, Isaac, Edward Snow, Martha Porter, Sarah, Hannah, Mercy, Desire and Mary Snow.

3. Sarah Snow

Sarah’s first husband Henry Young was born 17 Mar 1671/72 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were John Young (b. ~1625 England – 1690) and Abigail Howland (1629 – 1692). His maternal grandparents were Quakers Henry Howland and Mary Newland and his great grandparents were our ancestors Henry HOWLAND Sr. and Margaret AIRES. Henry died 26 Apr 1706 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Sarah’s second husband Jonathan Sparrow Jr was born 9 Jul 1665 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.  His parents were our ancestors Capt. Jonathan SPARROW and  Rebecca BANGS. He first married in 1688 to Rebecca Merrick (b. 28 Nov 1668 in Eastham – d. before 5 May 1723 in Eastham ) Her parents were William Merrick (1643 – 1732) and Abigail Hopkins (1644 – ).  Jonathan and Rebecca had six children between 1690 and 1702.  Jonathan died 9 Mar 1639 West Brewster, MA.

There is an inconsistency between Rebecca Merrick’s reported death before 5 May 1723, implying probate on that date and Sarah’s and Jonathan’s reported 1712 marriage. *See discussion below)

Children of Sarah and Henry:

i. Elizabeth Young b. 8 Jan 1688 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1758; m. 1718 to Zephon Ames (b. 1690 in Provincetown, Mass. – d. 1745) Elizabeth and Zephon had at least one child Thomas (b. 1720)

ii. Martha Young b. 28 Jul 1695 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 31 Jan 1764 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass; m. 22 Aug 1712 in Eastham to Eleazer Rogers (b. 19 May 1685 in Eastham – d. 1759 in Harwich) Eleazer’s parents were John Rogers (1642 – 1713) and Elizabeth Twining (1649 – 1725). His grandparents were William Twining and Elizabeth Dean and his great grandparents were our ancestors William TWINING and Anne DOANE. Martha and Eleazer had eight children born between 1713 and 1723.

iii. Reliance Young b. 3 Mar 1700 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 12 Jun 1757 Truro, Barnstable, Mass; m. 10 Mar 1720 in Eastham to Elkanah Paine (b. 1 Feb 1693 in Eastham – d. 10 Jun 1774 in Truro) Reliance and Elkanah had six children born between 1721 and 1739 in Truro, just south of the northern tip of Cape Cod. After Reliance died, Elkanah married Hannah [__?__] ( b.. ~ 1720) who out lived him.

iv. Moses Young b. 15 Nov 1702 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 24 Sep 1725 Plymouth, Mass; m int. 6 Mar 1724 to Thankful Hawes (b. Mar 1705 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.) Thankful’s parents were Isaac Hawes (1680 – 1731) and Bethia Howes (1680 -1748)  All of her grandparents were our ancestors: Capt John HAWES & Desire GORHAM and Jeremiah HOWES and Sarah PRENCE. 

Intentions filed 6 Mar 1725 to marry Thankful Hawes of Chatham, but apparently he died before marrying.

v. Thomas Young b. 24 Oct 1705 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 11 Feb 1730 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass to Rebecca Bangs (b. 1709 in Eastham – 9 Jan 1742 in Boston, Mass.) Rebecca’s parents were Edward Bangs (1665 -1746) and Ruth Allen (1670 – 1738). Thomas and Rebecca had at least one child Thomas (b. 1734).

Children of Sarah and Jonathan

vi. Jabez Sparrow b. 1712 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 19 Apr 1738 in Eastham : by Nathaniel Freeman Justice Peace to Mary Young ( b. ~ 1717 in Eastham) Mary’s parents were Jonathan Young ( 1680 – 1755) and Deborah Newcomb (1697 – aft 1755) Jabez and Mary had three children born between 1740 and 1745.

vii. Sarah Sparrow b. ~ 1714 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass; d. 1784 Eastham; m. 12 Apr 1733 Eastham Enos Knowles (30 Apr 1712 in Eastham – d. ~1784 in Eastham) Enos’ parents were Samuel Knowles (1682 – 1750) and Bethiah Brown (1685 – ). Enos and Sarah had six children between 1736 and 1755.

Enos’ father gave him a farm outside the main settlement, toward South Orleans, Mass. It was the land he had bought from Patience (Paine) Norcott. It was later known as the James Percival place, and included Enos’ Point, later called Likey’s Point.

I can find no further information on Rebecca’s 1723 death or why a “before” qualifier was included, or Sarah and Jonathan’s marriage.

Some genealogies say that Jonathan and Sarah had a daughter Sarah Sparrow (b. ~ 1705 in Eastham. The posted birthdate of 1705 is possible but unlikely, and unreferenced. It’s more likely that Sarah was slightly younger than Enos, b. aft. 1712.

Other genealogies say Enos’ wife Sarah’s parents were Jonathan’s brother Richard Sparrow and Mercy Cobb. However, Richard and Mercy’s daughter Sarah Sparrow (b. 1708 in Eastham – d. 1790 in Eastham) married Edmund Freeman (b. 1703 in Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Jul 1782 in Orleans, Barnstable, Mass.) and had at least two children Jonathan (b. 1730) and Edmund Jr. (b. 1731). Edmund, married first, April 22, 1725 to Lois Paine, and second Sep 25, 1729 to Sarah Sparrow.

Some thoughts:

  •  It’s a little unusual that Rebecca had six children between ages 22 and 34 and then none after.
  • The seventeen years between Henry’s death in 1706 and Rebecca’s death in 1723 is a long time to be a widow and then remarry.
  • Divorce was unusual in 18th C Massachusetts  and court records plentiful.
  • It seems likely that their were two cousins named Sarah Sparrow, one who married Enos Knowles and another who married Edmund Freeman.
  • Sarah Sparrow and Sarah Snow share the same first name.
  • Jabez was Sarah’s father’s name.

Therefore, my conclusion in that Sarah and Jonathan married shortly after Henry Young’s 26 Apr 1706 death and Rebecca Merrick died WELL before 5 May 1723.   If any knows more, please post a reply, thanks.

6. Deborah Snow

Deborah’s date of birth are not known. Estimates range between 1678 and 1690.

Deborah’s husband Stephen Merrick [Myrick] was born 26 Mar 1673 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were William Merrick (1643 – 1732) and Abigail Hopkins (1644 – 1691) Stephen’s sister Rebecca was the first wife of Deborah’s sister Sarah’s second husband, Jonathan Sparrow Jr. Stephen died 11 Mar 1732 Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Deborah and Stephen

i. Joshua Merrick b. 17 Apr 1708 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 8 May 1740 in Boston, Mass to Rebecca Savage Joshua and Rebecca had four children born between 1741 and 1745.

ii. Snow Merrick b. 15 Jan 1710 in Barnstable, Mass.;

iii. Deborah Merrick b. 20 Jun 1712 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m1. 17 Nov 1741 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass to Allen Steel (b. – d. 1747 in Boston); m2. 7 May 1745 in Boston, Mass to Isaac King (b. – d. 27 Jul 1748)

iv. Samuel Merrick b. 5 Jan 1715 in Barnstable, Mass.;

v. Oliver Merrick b. 14 Dec 1716 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. Therzia Bullard

vi. Thomas Merrick b. 12 Dec 1718 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 3 Feb 1796
Harwich; The dates of death of Thomas’ two wives are not compatible. I’m still trying to figure out the truth.

m1. 8 Oct 1741 in Harwich to Hannah Hopkins (b. 22 Oct 1722 in Harwich – d. bef. 9 May 1771 in Harwich); Hannah’s parents were Joseph Hopkins (1688 – 1771) and Mary Mayo (1694 – 1771) Hannah first married 4 Jan 1742 in Brimfield, Hampden, Mass to Jabez Nichols (1728 -1777) Hannah and Jabez had two children Jabez (b. 1743) and Pern (b. 1745) Thomas and Hannah had three children born between 1742 and 1747.

m2. 2 Aug 1750 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass to Ruth Godfrey (b. 1719 in Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. – d. 22 Jul 1796 Chatham) Ruth’s parents were Jonathan Godfrey (1682 – 1765) and Mercy Mayo (1685 – 1765) Ruth first married 18 Aug 1739 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to John Gould (1718 – 1750) and had four children between 1741 and 1746. Thomas and Ruth had one child Lydia (b. 1759)

vii. Simeon Merrick b. Apr 1721 in Barnstable, Mass.;

viii. Jabez Merrick b. Feb 1723 in Barnstable, Mass.;

ix. Jethro Merrick b. Aug 1725 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 10 Mar 1746 Boston, Mass

7. Elizabeth Snow

Elizabeth’s husband Edward Kendrick was born about 1680 in Yorkshire, England. His parents were Jonathan Kendrick (b. 1659) and [__?__].  After Elizabeth died 30 Feb 1713 Eastham. Edward married 30 Apr 1713 [he didn’t waste time!] to Deborah Tucker (~1682 – 1746) and had two children Susannah (b. 24 Jan 1713/14 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.) and Jonathan b. 1715 who became a doctor Edward died 1743 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.

Edward was the ancestor of the Kenricks or Kendricks of Barnstable County and Nova Scotia. Tradition holds that he came from the “West of England”, but it is unproven. Some believe he came to the Cape from New Hampshire. By 1704 he was in Harwich, and early in 1705 he was prospecting for land suitable for a farm in the part now South Orleans, between the head of Arey’s Pond (then Potonumocot Saltwater Pond) and the fresh Baker’s Pond (then Poponessett).

He chose 9 acres on the west side of the old line between Eastham and Harwich established in 1682. It adjoined the line and stretched up from John Yates’ land to Baker’s Pond. It was owned by the Indian landholder John Sipson, who lived at Potonumecot within the limits of the old town of Harwich. On 27 Jun it was conveyed to Mr. Kenwrick by Sipson “out of ye love” for “Mr Edward Kindwrick, weaver” and for “other valuable consierations”, with the “liberty” of grazing and cutting timber and firewood on the land “within ye township of Harwich”. It appears to have been his first land purchase.

He built his house on a small parcel of adjoinging land that he bought from John Paine. Edward seems to have been good friends with the Indians for reasons now unknown, and on many occasions purchased upland from them. Among the Indian grantors who sold to him were John Laurence, Jacob Jacob, Stephen Jacob, Amos Quason, Rebecca Quason, Lusty Tom, Amos Larrance, Samuel Quot, Joseph George, Thomas Boreman, and Matthia Quansit. Their deeds refer to Edward as a “dealer”, meaning shopkeeper, or trader.

From Peepen and Joshua Ralph, also Indians, he bought large tracts in Harwich between Muddy Cove River and Round Cove. He had meadow at the Great beach that he bought from Judah Hopkins, meadow in Gregory’s Neck at Matchapoxit, and meadow at Chequeset near Pleasant Bay. When he died he owned 20 acres in Truro that he had bought from Experience Turner.

He was clerk of the proprietors of the Great beach meadow in 1729 and for some years after. The Great beach was included in the Quasons’ deed to the purchasers in 1711. After 1725 he moved to a house he built on the west side of the public road now leading from Orleans to Harwich and Chatham, just southwest of what was the home of John Kenrick, Esq., at South Orleans. He built on a lot that belonged to “Mr. Tom”, the “Indian minister”, who had died and left the land to sons Lusty Tom, Abel Tom and John Tom. The sons sold the land to Edward.

At the time the property was inside the old town of Harwich. It was a large house, 2 stories in front and 1 in back, and he continued in business there as a “dealer”. He had slaves, to help in and out of his house. At his death he had 3 men and 3 women, valued at £98 in the inventory of his personal property. Some of them lived in cabins on his land. On the east side of the main road northeasterly, about 200 rods from Edward’s new house, on the westerly slope of a triangular piece of land that Eastham had set apart for an Indian meeting house, and north of the way leading to the Saltwater Pond, was the Indian burial place which until about 1830 had grave mounds made invisible by the plow. Edward may occasionally have attended worship services at the Indian meeting house, and may have given them financial aid.

Will: 30 Nov 1742
Note: witnessed by John Doane, Maziah Harding, John Whitney; proved 18 Feb 1742/43; names wife Deborah, children Solomon, Thomas, Susanah Wing, and Jonathan; executor son Jonathan; Jonathan inherited the homestead at his mother’s death; 6 slaves went 1 (Phillip) to son Solomon, 1 (Zilpha) to daughter Susanah, and 4 (Cuffee, Barbara, Joseph, and “Luce”) to wife Deborah; grandson Edward Kenwrick, aged 7, son of Thomas, got 25 acres of land in Truro previously bought from Experience Turner.

Edward Kendrick Bio

Edward Kendrick Bio

Edward Kendrick Bio 2

Edward Kendrick Bio 2

Children of Elizabeth and Edward:

i. Solomon Kendrick b. 1706 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 1790 in Barrington, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada; m. 1735 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. to Elizabeth Atkins (b. 1715 in Chatham – d. 1790 in Sherose Island, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, Canada) Elizabeth’s sister Anna married Solomon’s brother Thomas. Their parents were Samuel Atkins (1679 – 1768) and Emeline “Emblem” Newcomb (1685 – 1768). Their grandparents were our ancestor Andrew NEWCOMB Jr. and his second wife Anna Bayes. She first married 31 Jan 1731 in Eastham to Daniel Eldredge (1702 – 1732). Solomon and Elizabeth had six children born between 1729 and 1751.

Their son John Kendrick (wiki)  (c. 1740–1794) was the first ship master who went on a voyage to the Northwest coast of the United States and discovered the Columbia River. Kendrick Bay on Prince of Wales Island near the southern tip of the Alaskan panhandle and Kendrick Islands, at the mouth of the bay are named for John Kendrick.

[This story is  a little much for a 2nd cousin, but it’s a rousing adventure tale  and he is our cousin two different ways, so I’m including the long version here: Solomon Kendrick]

ii. Thomas Kendrick b. 1708 in Harwich, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 27 Jan 1734 Chatham, Barnstable, Mass. to Marriage to Anna Atkins (b. ~ 1706) Anna’s sister Elizabeth married Thomas’ brother Solomon. Their parents were Samuel Atkins (1679 – 1768) and Emeline “Emblem” Newcomb (1685 – 1768)

8. Rachel Snow

Rachel’s husband Thomas Huckins was born 15 Jan 1688 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Thomas Huckins (1651 – 1714) and Hannah Chipman (1658 – 1696).  Three  of his grandparents were our ancestors: Thomas HUCKINS & Rose [__?__] and  John CHIPMAN Hope HOWLAND. Thomas first married 30 Nov 1710 in Boxford, Essex, Mass. to Rachael Kenney ( 1 Apr 1685 in Topsfield, Essex, Mass. – d. 31 Aug 1711 in Boxford) Thomas and Rachel had one child Elizabeth (b. 1715) Thomas died 3 Mar 1774 in Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass.

Children of Rachel and Thomas

i. Samuel Huckins b. 29 Sep 1718 in Barnstable, MA.

ii. Thomas Huckins b. 30 Nov 1719 in Barnstable, MA.

iii. John Huckins b. 12 May 1721 in Barnstable, MA.

iv. Jabez Huckins (twin)b. 12 Mar 1722/1723 in Barnstable, MA.

v. Snow Huckins (twin) b. 12 Mar 1722/1723 in Barnstable, MA.

vi. Joseph Huckins b. 24 Jun 1726 in Barnstable, MA.

vii. [__?__] Huckins b. 7 Feb 1727/1728 in Barnstable, MA.

viii. James Huckins b. 11 Apr 1730 in Barnstable, MA; d. 25 Jan 1818 in Barnstable; m. 30 Mar 1758 in Barnstable to Lydia Scudder (b. 15 Jul 1735 in Barnstable – d. 1776) James and Lydia had four children born between 1759 and 1768.

ix. Elizabeth Huckins b. 9 Jul 1732 in Barnstable, MA.

9. Mercy Snow

Mercy’s husband John Witherell was born on 25 Jul 1675 in Scituate, MA. He was christened on 3 Oct 1676 in Scituate, MA.

Children of Mercy and John:

i. Elizabeth Wetherell b. ~1707 or ~1715 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 10 Apr 1736 in Eastham to Richard Baker (b. 31 Mar 1712 in Eastham – d. bef. 2 Oct 1760 in Eastham) Richard’s parents were Isaac Baker (b: 1682 – 1747) and Sarah Rich (b: 1678 ). Elizabeth and Richard had six children born between 1738 and 1747.

ii. Jemima Wetherell b. 1710 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. 7 Sep 1754 in Eastham; m. 1 Jun 1730 in Eastham to Beriah Higgins (b. 15 Jan 1705/06 in Eastham – d. bef. May 1777 in prob Eastham) Beriah’s parents were Elisha Higgins (1677 – 1750) and Jane Collins (1684 – )Jemima and Beriah had eleven children born between 1731 and 1750.

Beriah wasn’t done yet, after Jemima died, he married 15 Oct 1755 in Eastham to his cousin Abigail Higgins (1738 – 1759) and had two more children Emphraim (b. 1757) and Beriah (b. 1759)

iii. Mercy Wetherell b. ~1712 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 20 Oct 1732 in Eastham to John Clark (b. ~1710)

iv. Rachel Wetherell b. ~ 1714 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 1 Nov 1732 in Eastham to John Fry (b. ~ 1712)

v. Grace Wetherell b. 1 Nov 1716 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. an intention of marriage with Ebenezer Smith was recorded in Boston 18 Jun 1744 as forbidden; m. 19 Nov 1747 in Boston to Philip McColeff [Colef].

I wonder what the drama was between Grace and Ebenezer. Was he the Ebenezer Smith, b. 26 Sep 1714, Barnstable or the Ebenezer Smith, b 15 Mar 1712, Cambridge?

vi. Theophilus Wetherell [Witherill] b. 30 Jan 1719/20 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. d. 1758 in prob Truro, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 29 Aug 1751 in Boston to Bethia Homer (b. 18 Mar 1722/23 in Yarmouth) Bethia’s parents were Benjamin Homer (1698 ) and Elizabeth Crowell (1700 – 1778). Theophilus and Bethia had at least one child Joshua (b. 1752)

After Theophilus died, Bethia married (int. 21 Dec 1758) in Boston to Benjamin Cobb (1726 – 1799) An earlier marriage to Giles Hopkins (b: 29 Jan 1721 in Harwich) may have been called off.

Vital Records of the Towns of Eastham and Orleans June 24 1749 – “Then Entred the intentions of Mr giles hopkens of Eastham and Mrs bethiah homer of yarmouth to prosead in marrig”

vii. William Wetherell [Witherell] b. Mar 1721/22 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.; d. bef. Dec 1801 in Wellfleet; m1. 16 Nov 1752 in Eastham to Mary Brown (b. ~ 1728. – d. 16 Feb 1774 in Wellfleet); Mary’s parents were Samuel Brown (1690 – 1739) and Lydia Fish (~1694 – ). William and Mary had seven children born between 1753 and 1769.; m2. 29 Jun 1775 in Wellfleet] to Ruth [__?__]

viii. Lusanna “Lucy” Wetherell b. 20 Aug 1725 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. m. 18 Jun 1744 in Boston to Gershom Spear (b. 7 Apr 1723 in Hull – d. At Sea) Lucy and Gershom had six children born between 1744 and 1761. After Lucy died, Gershom married widow Susanna Eldredge.







Posted in 11th Generation, Line - Shaw, Veteran | Tagged , | 13 Comments

Samuel Hedge

Samuel HEDGE (1675 – 1714) was Alex’s 8th Great Grandfather; one of 512 in this generation of the Shaw line.

Samuel Hedge was born 18 Jun 1675 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Elisha HEDGE and Mary STURGIS. He married Grace SNOW on 8 Dec 1698 Eastham, Barnstable,, Mass.   Samuel died 19 May 1714 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

Samuel Hedge Headstone -- Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass. Source: Findagrave #15872217

Samuel Hedge Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass.   Findagrave #15872217

Samuel’s headstone is broken with the top missing. The missing tympanum most likely displayed a winged skull.  Samuel is buried next to his three children, Samuel (d. 1709)  Thankful (d. 1713)   Mary’s (d. 1714) footstone.  Mary died two days before her father. Location – No. 27 on EHS 1976 Cove survey map;  Material- slate;  Headstone – 16″ W, 12″ H, 3″

Grace Snow was born 1 Feb 1675 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Lieutenant Jabez SNOW (1642-1690) and Elizabeth SMITH (1648-1755). After Samuel died in 1714, she married 21 Jul 1716 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass to George Lewis  Grace died 21 Jul 1716 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass.

George Lewis was born in 1672 in Barnstable, Mass. His parents were Joseph Lewis (1632 – 1675) and Sarah Lane (1635 – 1697)  He first married 14 Jun 1711 Barnstable, Barnstable, Mass. to to Alice Crocker (b. 25 Dec 1679 in Barnstable – d. 23 Feb 1718? in Barnstable) George and Alice had four children born between 1712 and 1716. George died Nov 1769 in Barnstable, Mass.

Two first cousins named Thankful Hedge were born a couple years apart on Cape Cod.  Either one may have married our ancestor Edward STURGIS IV. Both show a death of 17 Apr 1762 in Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.

Thankful Hedge was born 17 Apr 1714 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass. Her parents were Samuel HEDGE and Grace SNOW.

Another Thankful Hedge was born 23 Oct 1712 in Yarmouth, Mass. Her parents were Samuel’s brother  John HEDGE and Thankful LOTHROP.

Children of Samuel and Grace:

Name Born Married Departed
1. Thankful Hedge 22 Aug 1699 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 14 Apr 1713 Eastham
2. Mary Hedge 20 Nov 1701 in Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 17 May 1714 Eastham
3. Samuel Hedge 10 Jan 1704 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 13 Dec 1709 Eastham
4. Elisha Hedge 4 Feb 1706 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Martha Johnson
30 Apr 1728 Marlboro, Middlesex, Mass
6 Jan 1789 Barre, Worcester, Mass; Burial: West Main Street Cemetery, Shrewsbury, Worcester
5. Elizabeth Hedge 14 Apr 1708 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass James Morrice
5 May 1736 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass
6. Lemuel or Samuel Hedge 4 Mar 1709/10 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass Mary Baker
20 Oct 1733 Barnstable, Mass
15 Jun 1734 Boston, Mass.
7. Jabez Hedge 13 Apr 1712 Eastham, Barnstable, Mass 1714 Eastham
7. Thankful HEDGE 17 Apr 1714
4 Mar 1730/31
Yarmouth, Mass.
After 17 Apr 1762 Yarmouth



Samuel and Grace reused the names of two of their children, Thankful and Samuel.   I wouldn’t do that, but children’s passing was more accepted back then.  Alternatively, the younger boy was named Lemuel so they may have only reused “Thankful”

1. Thankful Hedge

Thankful’s ( age 13 Years 9 Months) name was used again within a year

Thankful Hedge Headstone

Thankful Hedge Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass. Findagrave #15872224

2. Mary Hedge

Mary died two days before her father at age twelve.

3. Samuel Hedge

Genealogies sometimes record Samuel as Lamuel, looks like an “S” to me.

Samuel’s (age 5) name was used again in three months.

Samuel Hedge Jr Headstone

Samuel Hedge Jr Headstone — Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, Barnstable. Mass.    Findagrave #15872222

4. Elisha Hedge

Elisha’s wife Martha Johnson was born 6 Oct 1 702 in Marlborough, Middlesex, Mass. Martha’s parents were Daniel Johnson (b. 5 Apr 1675 Marlborough – d. 27 Apr 1721 Marlborough) and Dorothy Lamb (b. 8 Jun 1679 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Mass. – d. 7 Jan 1760 in Marlborough) Martha died 4 Nov 1765 Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.

The town of Shrewsbury was first settled in 1722 and officially incorporated in 1727.
Townspeople created an agricultural economy with apple orchards and by 1750 there were two stores and four taverns as well as several small industries in operation. The rapid fall of prices for agricultural goods, the shortage of hard currency and the general economic depression following the Revolutionary War produced disastrous conditions for colonists. Shays’ Rebellion in 1786 sought to close the courts to prevent debt collections and the foreclosure of mortgages. Shrewsbury became a staging area for the rebellion and the encampment of the more than 400 insurgents, before the march on the Worcester Court House. Shrewsbury is now a suburb of both Boston and Worcester, about 45 minutes from Boston and 10 minutes to downtown Worcester.

Children of Elisha and Martha:

i. Elisha Hedge b. 14 Feb 1729 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. 26 Dec 1777 Yarmouth, Barnstable, Mass.; m. 25 Dec 1750 – Worcester, Worcester, Mass. to Deliverance Streans (b. 1735 in Worcester, Mass. – d. 4 Jun 1819 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass.) Deliverance’s parents were John Stearns (1692 – 1728) and Deliverance Bigelow (1695 – 1762) Elisha and Deliverance had six children born between 1751 and 1760.

ii. Josiah Hedge b. 15 Jun 1730 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. 1733 Shrewsbury

iii. Samuel Hedge b. 9 May 1732 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. Sep 1760 in the French and Indian War

iv. Rev. Lemuel Hedge b. Jul 1734 in Shrewsbury, Worcester, Mass.; d. 15 Oct 1777 Warwick, Mass.; m. 5 Nov 1761 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass to Sarah White (b. 29 May 1741 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass. – d. 1808 in Middlebury, Vermont). Sarah’s parents were David White (b. 1710) and Susanna Wells (1714 – 1783). Lemuel and Sarah had seven children born between 1766 and 1776.

Warwick, Franklin, Mass.

Warwick, Franklin, Mass.

Warwick, Franklin, Mass. was first settled in 1739 and was officially incorporated in 1763.

The land that became Warwick was one of four tracts of land established by Massachusetts in 1735 to compensate the descendants of the officers and soldiers who served during the “expedition to Canada” and the Battle of Quebec in 1690. The area was initially called Gardner’s Canada and original proprietors were named in 1736. A 1737 owners list names the initial land owners, few of whom appear to have remained to settle the town once it was incorporated in 1763.

It took another 25 years to attract sufficient numbers of settlers to support a town and its minister. In 1760, such numbers were reached and the town hired a young Reverend Lemuel Hedge. The town was formed officially, as Warwick, on February 17, 1763. Its first officers were James Ball (town clerk), Moses Evans, Jeduthan Morse, James Ball (selectman and assessors), Amzi Doolittle (treasurer), Samuel Ball (constable), and James Ball (collector)

As the Revolutionary War approached, the town voted unanimously in favor of independence, although the town minister preached against it. Rev. Lemuel Hedge was barred from leaving the town in July 1775. He died 15 October 1777, the day British General Burgoyne surrendered his troops to the colonists in Saratoga. In 1776, Lieutenant Thomas Rich was selected to represent the town at the General Assembly of Massachusetts.

41 page sermon delivered by Rev. Lemuel Hedge in 1772.

41 page sermon delivered by Rev. Lemuel Hedge in 1772.

1759 – Lemuel graduates from Harvard University at the age of 25.

3 Dec 1760 – Hired to be the Minister of the Congregational Church, Warwick, Franklin, Mass.

Jul 1775 – As the Rev. War approached, Rev. Lemuel Hedge, an admitted Tory, preached against independence from England. For this he was disarmed & barred from leaving the town of Warwick.

Aug 1775 – Lemuel was arrested by a group of 40 Patriots. They intended to transport him to Northampton for imprisonment, but were eventually compelled to release him.

Nov 1775 – Shortly after his release from arrest, Rev. Hedge relocated to Hardwick, MA. He became quite ill from the stress brought on by the persecution for his Tory stance

15 Oct 1777 – Lemuel, an admitted Tory , was considered to have died as the result of persecution.

v. Mary Hedge b. 15 Feb 1736 in Shrewsury, Worcester,  Mass.;

vi. Martha Hedge b. 1738 in Mass.; d. 23 Nov 1809 Barre, Worcester, Mass.; ; Burial: Adams Cemetery, Barre; m. 7 Jul 1753 in Hardwick, Worcester, Mass. to Joseph Robinson (b. 13 Sep 1727 in Rochester, Plymouth, Mass. – d. 16 Dec 1814 in Barre, Worcester, Mass.; Burial: Adams Cemetery, Barre) Joseph’s parents were James Robinson ( – 1762) and Martha and Joseph had twelve children between 1754 and 1780.

Joseph was a private in Capt. James Harlow’s Company, Col. Ezra Woods Regiment of Massachusetts Militia in the Revolutionary War. He served from June to November 1778. He was also in the 6th Massachusetts Regiment with Col. William Shepard, from July 8 to December 8, 1780

Originally called the Northwest District of Rutland, Barre was first settled in 1720. The town was incorporated on June 17, 1774, as Hutchinson after Thomas Hutchinson, colonial governor of Massachusetts. But on November 7, 1776, it was renamed Barre in honor of Isaac Barré, a champion of the American Colonies.

5. Elizabeth Hedge

Children of Elizabeth and James

i. James Morrice b. 12 Aug 1737 Boston, Mass.

 6. Lemuel Hedge

Lemuel’s wife Mary Baker was born 25 Mar 1710.   Mary’s father was Deacon John Baker (b. 15 Oct 1672 at Hull, Mass.) Mary’s grandparents were Samuel Baker and Fear Robinson, She was the great granddaughter of the immigrant Isaac Robinson, and 2nd great granddaughter of Rev. John Robinson, pastor of the 1620 Mayflower Pilgrims at Leiden, Holland.  Mary’s mother was  Anna Annable( b. 4 Mar 1675/76 at Barnstable, Mass. – d. 21 Mar 1732/33 Barnstable)

Lemuel Hedge Headstone -- Granary Burial Ground Boston -- Findagrae # 21009463

Lemuel Hedge Headstone — Granary Burial Ground Boston — Findagrae # 21009463

7. Thankful HEDGE (See Edward STURGIS IV‘s page)





Posted in 10th Generation, Historical Monument, Line - Shaw | Tagged , | 3 Comments

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20. Witch Trials – Witnesses 531
21. Thomas Miner Diary 497
22. Witch Trials – Jury 487
23. Colonial Tavern Keepers 439
24. A (False) Herauldical Essay Upon the Surname of Miner 338
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28. Ship Captains 283
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30. Crimes and Misdemeanors 242



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10. Maine Volunteers (New) 596
11. Domingo Lam-Co (New) 594
12. Puritan v. Quakers – Quaker Perspective 453
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21. Battle of Quebec 1690 & Quebec Expedition 1711 (New) 267
22. Raid on Deerfield – 1704 (New) 266
23. Church & State Fighting Antidisestablishmentarianism (New) 256
24. Albert Miner – An Original Mormon (New) 231
25. Nine Men’s Misery – 1676 211



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22. George Morton (Pilgrim Father) 1,294
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24. Elder William Brewster 1,251
25. Stephen Gates IV 1,245
26. Capt. Matthew Beckwith 1,245
27. Howard Irwin Shaw 1,211
28. Hendrick Thomasse Van Dyke 1,206
29. Rev Stephen Bachiler 1,197
30. Simon Hoyt 1,164
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32. Johann Conrad Weiser (New) 1,129
33. Walter Palmer 1,116
34. Gov. Thomas Prence 1,064
35. William Hilton Sr. 1,005
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Posted in Research | 4 Comments

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Posted in Research | 2 Comments

Cyprian Nichols Jr.

Capt. Cyprian NICHOLS Jr. (1672 – 1756) was Alex’s 9th Great Grandfather;  one of 1,024 in this generation of the Miner line.

Capt. Cyprian Nichols was born 1672 Coventry, Hartford, CT. His parents were Cyprian NICHOLS Sr. and Mary [__?__].  He first married Helena Talcott. After Helena died, he married Mary Spencer.   Cyprian died 02 Jan 1756 in Coventry, Hartford, CT

Capt. Cyprian Nichols - Ancient Burying Ground Hartford -- Find A Grave Memorial# 11438914 -

Capt. Cyprian Nichols – Ancient Burying Ground
Hartford — Find A Grave Memorial# 11438914 –

Here lies interrd
the Body of Capt.
who Departed this
Life January ye 2d
AD 1756 in ye 84th
year of his Age

Helena Talcott was born 17 Jun 1674 in Hartford, Hartford, CT. Her parents were Lt. Col John Talcott (1630 – 1688) and  Helena Wakeman (1632 – 1674).    Helena died 12 May 1702 in Coventry, CT soon after childbirth, Æ. 28.

Mary Spencer was born (1681 in Hartford, Hartford, CT. Her parents were Samuel Spencer (1639 – 1716) and Sarah Meakins (1641– 1716).   Mary died 15 Feb 1756 in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut.

Sophia NICHOLS was born about 1735 in Enfield, CT. She married Nathaniel PEASE II  on 31 Oct 1751 in Hartford, CT.  After Nathaniel died, she married 27 Oct 1763 in Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut to Benjamin Parsons. It’s intriguing to think that Sophia’s grandfather may have been Capt. Cyprian Nichols Jr. He was the only Nichols in Hartford, though there were a couple other Nichols lines elsewhere in Connecticut.

Children of Cyprian and Helena:

Name Born Married Departed
1. John Nichols bapt.
10 Jul 1698
2nd Ch. Hartford, CT
Meriba [_?_]
Mary Owen?
4 Jan 1761 Hartford, CT
2. Elizabeth Nichols  bapt.
14 Jan 1699/1700 Hartford
Jacob Webster
16 Feb 1717/18 Hartford, CT
William Powell
aft. Mar 1727/28
Wethersfield, CT
12 Jan 1775 Hartford, CT
3. Lt. Cyprian Nichols III bapt.
17 May 1702
2nd Ch. Hartford, CT
Agnes Humphrey
c. 1733
28 Aug 1745 Hartford, CT

Children of  Cyprian and Mary:

Name Born Married Departed
4. Samuel Nichols bapt.
14 Apr 1706
1st Ch. Hartford, CT
 d. young
5 Capt. James Nichols bapt.
2 Feb 1708/09
1st Ch Hartford, CT
Mary Wadsworth
12 Jan 1737/38 Hartford, CT
18 Dec 1785 Hartford, CT
6. Capt. William Nichols bapt.
21 Oct 1711
2nd Ch, Hartford, CT
Mary Farnsworth
5 Feb 1738/39 1st Ch. Hartford
3 Sep 1767 of fever at sea
7. Mary Nichols bapt.
4 Oct 1713 1st Ch Hartford, CT
Capt. Moses Griswold
26 Jun 1740 1st Ch. Hartford
27 Dec 1775 Windsor, CT
8 Rachel Nichols bapt.
10 Jun 1716 1st Ch. Hartford
9. Sarah Nichols bapt.
8 Jun 1718 1st Ch. Hartford
Lt. Return Strong
19 Jan 1743/44 1st Ch. Hartford
5 Jan 1801 Windsor, CT
10. Hannah Nichols bapt.
8 May 1720 1st Ch. Hartford
Elisha Bigelow
bef. 1748
28 Sep 1795 Hartford, CT
11 Thankful Nichols bapt. 22 Jul 1722 1st Ch. Hartford Ebenezer Barnard
7 Jul 1747 Wethersfield, CT
25 Aug 1780 Hartford
12. Helena Nichols James McIlroy
12 Dec 1736 1st Ch. Hartford
Thomas Long
11 Feb 1762 Hartford, CT
Bio Source:  A Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut 1852

Cyprian Nichols Bio — Source: A Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut 1852

Other Connecticut Nichols Lines

There are a couple of other Connecticut Nichols lines, but they were not located in Hartford.

1. Adams Nichols was born between 1606 and 1612 in Worcestershire, England. He married 1645 in Hartford, Hartford, CT to Anna Wakeman (b. 1611 in Bewdley, Worcester, England – d. 1699 in Connecticut) Adam died 25 Aug 1682 in Hartford, Hardford Co, CT.

Children of Adam and Anna

i. John Nichols b. 1645; d. 1662

ii. Barachiah Nichols (male) b. 14 Feb 1647

iii. Anna Nichols b. 1648 in Hartford, Hartford, CT; d, 1724 in Hartford, Hartford, CT

iv. Esther Nichols b. 1650; m. [__?__] Ellis

v. Lydia Nichols b. 1652; d. 28 Feb 1652

vi. Ebenezer Nichols b. ~1656 Hartford, CT; d. bef. 1682

vii. Sarah Nichols b. Hartford, CT

2.  Francis NICHOLS was baptized at Sedgeberrow, Worcestershire, England on 25 May 1575; His parents were John NICHOLS and Joan [_?__]. He married Frances WIMARKE on 24 Jan 1599/1600 at Sedgeberrow England. He settled at Stratford, Connecticut, by 10 Oct 1639, when he was appointed sergeant of the Stratford trainband, and that same year was listed with his three sons (John, Isaac, and Caleb) among the 17 first settlers of Stratford. Francis died before 8 Jan 1650/51

Frances Wimarke (Wilmark, Wymark, Wimark) was baptized 2 Nov 1577 at Sedgeberrow, England Her parents were Robert WIDMARKE of Sedgeberrow and [__?__]. Frances apparently died before the family’s removed to New England, perhaps in 1634.

We descend from Francis’ daughter Jane NICHOLS (1603 – 1667) and William WASHBURN (1601 – 1658)

Children of Cyprian and Helena:

1. John Nichols

John was named for his maternal grandfather.

Although definitive proof is lacking, he is probably the John Nichols, called “the aged,” buried at Hartford’s Ancient Burying Ground (Center Cemetery) on Jan. 4, 1761. This corresponds with the Hartford 1st Chh. record of the death of “the aged John Nichols” on the same date, but that record gives no age. If this was the son of Capt. Cyprian Nichols, Jr., he died Æ. 64 years.

On Apr 19 1769 at the same cemetery, the widow Meriba Nichols buried an unnamed daughter and the widow Meriba was buried on Aug 17 1770, Æ. 67 years. There is no record of the marriage of a John Nichols to a Meribah in the Hartford vital records at either the Hartford 1st or 2nd church, and no baptism record of a child of John and or Meriba Nichols.

Mary Owen was born about 1704.

Child of John and Meriba:

i. Unknown Daughter d. 19 Apr 1769

Child of John and Mary Owen

i. Agnes Agatha Nichols b. 1732; d. 29 Dec 1803 in Pittsylvania County, Virginia; m. Abraham LeGrande

2. Elizabeth Nichols,

Elizabeth’s first husband  Jacob Webster was born about 1691 in Hartford, Hartford, CT. His parents were John Webster (1653 – 1694) and Sarah Mygatt (1657 – 1728).  Jacob died before June 8, 1727. Four children of the marriage.

Elizabeth’s second husband William Powell, Jr. was born 29 Oct 1691 at Wethersfield, CT.  His parents were  William Powell and Sarah Francis,  William died 12 Dec 1760 at Hartford. One identified child of the marriage. William had two children by his 1st wife, Elizabeth Welles, dau. of Joseph Welles and Elizabeth Way, who d. July 4, 1725 at 27 years of age.

By this second marriage the records allude to a son Cyprian, whose birth or baptism is not of record at Hartford or Wethersfield. But, on Oct 14 1766 a Cyprian Powell is recorded as having been charged for the burial of a child of his sister at the Center Cemetery and was later charged for the burial of his mother at that cemetery, who is not named, aged 70, on Jan. 12, 1775.

3. Lieut. Cyprian Nichols, 3rd,

Cyprian was baptized at the Hartford 2nd Chh Hartford on May 17 1702, five days after the death of his mother. (Goodwin in “Genealogical Notes” errors in stating he was bapt. in Feb. 1708 then makes him the son of his father’s 2nd wife, Mary Spencer.)

Cyprian’s wife Agnes Humphrey was born 17 Feb  1711/12 at Hartford.  Her parents were Nathaniel Humphrey and Agnes Spencer.   She was Cyprian’s fist cousin once removed, her mother was the sister of Cyprian’s stepmother, Mary Spencer.   After Cyprian died, Agnes  married Capt. Isaac Seymour (1723 – 1755), by whom she had three known children,  Agnes died 20 Dec 1793 at Hartford.

At the May 1745 session of the Connecticut Assembly, Lieut. Cyprian Nichols was appointed adjutant to the Connecticut forces being sent to Cape Breton, Nova Scotia in the Siege of Louisbourg (1745) against the French in King George’s War, the third of four French and Indian Wars. However, he either died before actually being involved or after his return as the Assembly subsequently appointed Ensign Timothy Bigelow in his place.

According to the Diary of Rev. Daniel Wadsworth (1737-1747) members of the Hartford First Church were returning from Cape Breton a few days prior to the death of Lieut. Nichols. The same diary (p. 125) says that Lieut Nichols died “at night”, Aug. 28, 1745, and was interred two days later on Aug. 30, 1745. If he had a gravestone, as of 1835 Hoadley’s gravestone inventory does not evidence one for Lieut. Nichols. Losses to the New England forces in battle had been modest, although the garrison that occupied the fortress during the following winter suffered many deaths from cold and disease.

British & British Americans
4,200 militia, sailors & marines
500 Militia from Connecticut
90 ships & vessels

French and Indians
900 troops & marines
900 militia

Casualties and losses
100 killed or wounded
900 died of disease

French & Indians
50 killed or wounded
300 died of disease
1,400 surrendered

On Nov. 26, 1745, the initial inventory of the estate of Lieut. Nichols was taken and in October of that year administration of his estate was granted to the widow Agnes Nichols. She m. 2) Capt. Isaac Seymour of Hartford, Conn.

The children of Lieut. Cyprian Nichols, 3rd and Agnes Humphrey were:

Children of Cyprian and Agnes:

i. Rachel Nichols, bapt. 18 Nov 1733 at the Hartford 1st Chh.; d. 17 Dec 1793  Æ. 61  Hartford from smallpox and was interred at Hartford’s Ancient Burying Ground (Center Cemetery); Unmarried

ii. George Nichols, bapt. 13 Dec 1741 at the Hartford 1st Chh.; d. 21 Sep  1786 Hartford, Hartford , CT; m. Eunice Lord

5.  Capt. James Nichols

James’ wife Mary Wadsworth was baptized 13 Oct 171. in the Hartford 2nd Church.  Her parents were Joseph Wadsworth and Joanna Hovey.  Mary died  26 Jun 1783 at Hartford. No known children of record.

Mary was the paternal great granddaughter of Lieut. Col. John Talcott and his first wife Helena Wakeman, the parents of Capt. James Nichols’ father’s first wife, Helena Talcott. Mary was also the maternal great granddaughter of Capt. Aaron Cooke and Sarah Westwood, latter at whose father William Westwood’s house at Hartford the immigrant Capt. Cyprian Nichols, the paternal grandfather of Capt. James Nichols, had resided for thirteen years (1646-1659) before returning to Hartford from England in circa 1668.

There are no children of record for Capt. James Nichols. However, on July 5, 1761 Capt. Nichols had baptized at the Hartford 1st Chh., “Peter, Caesar, & Boston, Negro Children, Servants to Captn. James Nichols…” On June 20 1762 he had baptized “Tom, Negro servt to Captn James Nichols…” On Aug. 25, 1764 he had baptized “Lydia, negro servt to Captn James Nichols…” and finally on June 14, 1767 he had “Mime, Negro servt to Captn James Nichols being sick,” privately baptized. In the first three instances he publicly engaged “to bring them up in the Christian religion.”

On Apr. 29, 1774 Capt. James Nichols gave“Boston” and “Rose” their freedom and later sold “Boston” a parcel of land at Hartford in Oct. 1783 (HartLR, 8:250, 16:317 and 16:113)

Boston Source: Findagrave # 16958450

Boston Nichols — Source: Findagrave # 16958450

Boston Nichols was elected “black governor” in 1800. And was one of the final individuals to have been buried in the Hartford Ancient Burying Grounds.

6. Capt. William Nichols

William’s wife Mary Farnsworth was baptized 5 Jul 1719 in the Hartford 1st Church.  Her parents were Joseph Farnsworth and Mary Olcott,  Mary died 14 Oct 1771 at Hartford. Ten children of the family.

William was a mariner and died of fever at sea on Sep 2 1767. His estate was insolvent and his brother James was appointed administrator.

Children of William and Mary:

i. William Nichols, Jr., bapt. 10 Oct 1741; apparently died unm. and was buried at the Ancient Burying Ground at Hartford on 14 Oct 1792, Æ. 53. Burial Ancient Burying Ground Hartford.

ii. Mary Nichols, bapt. 10 Apr 1743; d. unmarried and was buried at the Hartford Ancient Burying Ground on 9 Sep 1803, Æ. 61.

iii. Abigail Nichols, bapt.  7 Apr 1745 and d. an infant on 5 Aug 1750, Æ. 6. Hartford Ancient Burying Ground.

iv. Cyprian Nichols, bapt.  18 Jun 1749; d. 28 Dec 1750, age 6 months. Hartford Ancient Burying Ground.

Cypprian Son
of Mr. William
and Mrs Mary
Nichols Dec’d
December ye 28
1749 aged f[s]ix
Months 17 days.

v. Abigail Nichols, bapt.  7 Apr 1751 and died in infancy on 14 Apr 1752.

vi. An unbaptized infant born and died on 8 Feb 1753.

vii. Catherine “Caty” Nichols, bapt. 24 Feb 1754.

viii. Anna Nichols, bapt. 16 Jan 1756.

ix. James Nichols, bapt. 10 Jul 1757; buried Ancient Burying Ground on 13 Sep 1790, Æ. 34.; m. Rachel [__?__] (1766 – 1789)

x. Hannah Nichols, bapt.  2 Mar 1760.

7. Mary Nichols

Mary’s husband  Capt. Moses Griswold was born 10 Jul 1714 Windsor, CT. His parents were Benjamin Griswold and Elizabeth Cook. Moses died 4 Jan 1776 at Windsor. Five children of the family.

9. Sarah Nichols

Sarah’s husband Lieut. Return Strong was born 26 Feb 1712/13 at Hartford.  His parents were Samuel Strong (1675 – 1741) and Martha Buckland (1677 – 1770).  Return died 8  Nov 1776 at Windsor. Three known children of the family.

Return served in Capt. Harmon’s Company in 1776 at the Siege of Boston.

Return Strong Gravestone -- Palisado Cemetery , Windsor, Hartford , CT

Return Strong Gravestone — Palisado Cemetery , Windsor, Hartford , CT — Find A Grave Memorial# 20885571

Children of Sarah and Return:

i.Ellen Strong d. 12 May 1756

ii. Margaret Strong m. 1772 to Levi Hayden (1747-1821)

10. Hannah Nichols

Hannah’s husband Elisha Bigelow was born 27 Jun 1723 at Hartford, CT.  His parents were Joseph Bigelow and Sarah Spencer.  Elisha died 23 Jun 1796 at Hartford.  Twelve children of bapt. record at Hartford.

Elisha was Hannah’s 3rd cousin.  Hannah’s maternal great grandfather was William Spencer of Windsor, Conn., the eldest of five Spencer brothers from old England that settled in New England. William Spencer’s younger brother, Sgt. Thomas Spencer, settled at Hartford, Conn. and was Elisha Bigelow’s great grandfather.

Children of Hannah and Elisha:

i. James Bigelow, bapt. 8 May 1748, d. 16 May 1821 (2nd Ch. Hartford Rec.)

ii. William Bigelow, bapt. 21 May 1749.

iii. Elisha Bigelow, bapt. 23 Dec 1750; m. Patience Bow.

iv. Cyprian Bigelow, bapt. 17 Dec 1752; m Elizabeth  [__?__]

v. Normand Bigelow, bapt. Oct. 13, 1754, d. in infancy 17 Oct 1758 (bur. Hartford’s Ancient (Center) Burying Ground).

vi. Roderick Bigelow, bapt.  5 Sep 1756.

vii. Samuel Bigelow, bapt. 18 Jun 1758, d. in infancy 23 Oct 1758 (bur. Ancient (Center) Burying Ground).

viii. Norman Bigelow, bapt. 27 May 1759.

ix. Samuel Bigelow, bapt. 22 Feb 1761.

x. Edward Bigelow, bapt. 20 Jan 1763, d. in infancy  18 Apr 1763 (bur. at Ancient (Center) Burying Ground).

xi. Hannah Bigelow, bapt. 5 May 1765; buried Prospect Hill Cemetery,    Perry, Wyoming, NY; m.   Peter Beebe (10 Feb 1754 Saybrook, Middlesex, CT-  d. 6 Nov 1834 Perry, Wyoming)

xii. Edward Bigelow, bapt. 19 Oct 1766.

11. Thankful Nichols

Thankful’s husband  Ebenezer Barnard was baptized 9 Jan 1725/26 1st Church Hartford, CT.   His parents were Samuel Barnard and Sarah Williamson.  Ebenezer died 19 Aug 1799 at Hartford. Six known children of the family.

Children of Thankful and Ebenezer:

i. Ebenezer Barnard M Feb 1748

i. Thankful Sophia Barnard b. 1751

iii. Cyprian Barnard b. 19 Jan 1753

iv. Timothy Henry Barnard b. 19 Jan 1756 in Hartford, CT

v. Daniel Barnard b. 13 Jul 1760

vi. Charles Barnard b. 28 Aug 1763

12. Helena Nichols

Helena’s baptism does not appear in either the Hartford 1st or 2nd church records, but is named as a daughter in the distribution of her father’s estate

Helena’s first husband  James McIlroy died 2 Oct  1751  Hartford, Hartford, CT (1st Ch. Rec.).

Helena’s second husband  Thomas Long.


A Catalogue of the Names of the Early Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut Author: Royal Ralph Hinman (1852)

Findagrave # 11438914  Maintained by: Don Blauvelt


Posted in 11th Generation, Line - Miner | 1 Comment

Battle of Oswego 1756 and the Captivity of Benjamin Taylor

Ebenezer FOSTER’s son-in-law Benjamin Taylor was born in Yorktown, Westchester Co, NY ca 1736. His parents were William Benjamin and [__?__] Van Pelt.  He married Jemima Foster ~1763 Verplanck Point [outside Peekskill], Westchester Co, NY.  Benjamin died in Sep 1832 in Fishkill, Dutchess, NY, at 96 years of age and was buried in the Methodist churchyard adjacent to the farm of his grandson, James Taylor.

Benjamin enlisted in the Colonial Army in 1753 or 54, aged 16 years.  He was at Fort Orange, afterwards actually engaged in war, with the French and Indians on the northern frontier, taken prisoner by them at Fort Owego 1756, was in the army and a prisoner of war some five or six years. Worked in London as a brickmason three years (three or more), returned to America in the year 1761, married in 1763, aged 29 or 30 years. Died at Fishkill, Dutchess Co, NY, Sept 1832, aged 96 years.

Benjamin F. Taylor entered the Colonial Army in 1753, Co F, 9th NYV. From here on we’ll let his grandson, Augustus Campenfeldt  Taylor tell the story as he heard it from Benjamin when he was an old man and Augustus was a very young one:  You’ll see the meaning of Augustus’ middle name in the story.

“Their rendezvous was at Fort Orange, Albany, where they awaited supplies and orders. In 1755 the Colonial Governor planned a grand campaign against the French and Indians; one commanded by Gen. Braddock against Fort Duquesne; one commanded by Gen. Johnson against Crown Point; one commanded by Gen. [William] Shirley against Fort Niagara. England was to furnish munitions of war and 6,000 men—the Colonies to raise 10,000 more. All of these campaigns were entire failures. Gen. Shirley with an army of near 2,000, including friendly Indians, advanced in 1755 to the northern Frontier, to Lake Ontario. He went up the Mohawk trail, then the only passable route to this northern lake, striking the lake near its mouth, to proceed hence by water to besiege Fort Niagara, situated near the head of the lake. 6,000 troops were to follow this advance guard. But in consequence of bickerings between Colonial and English officers, they failed to make the connection. The advance guard reached the frontier and built two forts, or more properly called, stockades, both near the mouth of Lake Ontario, one on each side of the Oswego River, one called Ontario and the other Owego. Owing to the desertion of their Indian allies, and severe sickness amongst the Colonial soldiers, the main object of the campaign was abandoned. Gen. Shirley left Col. Mercer in command, returning to Fort Orange, Albany.

File:William Shirley.JPG

Wiliam Shirley (1694-1771) His management of the war in 1755 and 1756 was a failure. His expedition against Fort Niagara got no further than the final staging point at Fort Oswego on Lake Ontario in 1755, and the French captured Oswego in August 1756. In Mar  1756, the Secretary of War replaced him as commander-in-chief and ordered him to return to England

“In the above named [Gen Shirley’s] contingent, were parts of three companies of English soldiers, one commanded by Capt. Augustus Campenfeldt. To this company my grandsire Benjamin Taylor was attached.

“In the spring of 1756, the French, seeing the deleterious and fatal mistakes of the English, profited by their failures. The Marquis de la Calm had just been appointed Governor and General of all the French forces in Canada. He collected together at Fort Frontenac, now Kingston, a force of 5,000 men, mostly Indians, crossed Lake Ontario with 30 pieces of cannon, and besieged Fort Ontario. After a bloody fight Col. Mercer was forced to evacuate the place, retiring across the river to Fort Owego. During the night’s retreat, my grandsire Benjamin Taylor, by his expertness as a swimmer, rendered essential service, saving, with others, the life of his captain who was drowning. This incident undoubtedly made them ever after fast friends.

[Significant elements of the two Massachusetts regiments including Benjamin Taylor, which were under the overall command of Colonel James Mercer of Pepperrell’s Regiment, overwintered at Fort Oswego, and suffered significantly due to the shortage of supplies, especially food. Many men died during the winter from diseases such as scurvy, and there had been serious discussion of abandoning the position for want of supplies. While the garrison nominally approached 2,000 men in size, less than 1,200 men were fit for duty.]

Location of Fort Oswego

“Fort Oswego was besieged. After a bloody resistance of three days, Col. Mercer being killed, the garrison surrendered to Mont de la Calm as prisoners of war. This was in August 1756.

Fort Oswego in 1755

[The Battle of Fort Oswego was one in a series of early French victories in the North American theatre of the Seven Years’ War won in spite of New France’s military vulnerability. During the week of August 10, 1756, a force of regulars and Canadian militia under General Montcalm captured and occupied the British fortifications at Fort Oswego, located at the site of present-day Oswego, New York.

Battle of Fort Oswego Map

In addition to 1,700 prisoners, Montcalm’s force seized the fort’s 121 cannon. The fall of Fort Oswego effectively interrupted the British presence on Lake Ontario and removed it as a threat to the nearby French-controlled Fort Frontenac. The battle was notable for demonstrating that traditional European siege tactics were viable in North America when applied properly in the right circumstances and terrain.]

“At that time grandfather was about 20 years of ago, having served his country in the French and Indian War over three years.

Surrender of Fort Oswego 1756

[The British surrendered about 1,700 people, including laborers, shipbuilders, women and children.  When the fort was opened to the Canadian militia and Indians, they rushed in and began plundering the fort, opening the barrels of rum and getting drunk on the contents. Amid the confusion some of the British tried to escape, and were tomahawked and killed by drunken French or Indians. General Montcalm, shocked by the behavior, was eventually able to prevent further killings, although he claimed it would “cost the King eight or ten thousand livres in presents.” He then ordered the destruction of all the supplies the French did not take, as well as the boats under construction, after which the entire company, including the prisoners, traveled to Montreal]

Montcalm Trying to Stop The Massacre by Alfred Bobbett

“The prisoners that were not massacred by the Indians arrived safe at Quebec in November. They were conveyed down the River St. Lawrence in bateaux and Indian canoes, arriving at Quebec at the commencement of winter.

“My grandfather at that time was at the zenith of youthful manhood: straight, tall, athletic, brave, and proud of his fine qualities.  After reaching Quebec a French officer detailed him as a servant, and ordered him to black his boots. He refused. For this refusal he was imprisoned in a dungeon and fed on bread and water for nearly two months. It so happened that a French soldier for some offense was confined in the same place; he was taken sick and his case reported to the Provost. On leaving for the Court, grandfather told him to tell the Court that an Englishman in the dungeon was sick too, which errand he faithfully performed. My grandfather was ordered into Court. After an examination he told his tale. The Provost ordered him to the Barracks with the other prisoners of war.

“In the spring of 1757 these English prisoners, or a portion of them, were sent to France. The ship in which they were to embark laid in the stream below Quebec. All prisoners were conveyed on board in small boats. A number were massacred at the Embarkadero. Grandfather was the last man to enter a boat. As she shoved off, an Indian made his appearance. Finding his prey too far off, he gave a yell, drew his knife and made a scalping maneuver and picked up a stone, slung it with effect, hitting grandfather in the side. He saved his hair by falling in the boat. His life for a long time was despaired of. He carried the scar in his side, which was an indentation as big as a hen’s egg. This wound troubled him, causing much suffering during a long life.

“He was a prisoner of war in Havre de Grace [Le Havre] in France until 1759. He was then exchanged, went to London, supporting himself there by the occupation of barber. One Sunday in crossing London Bridge, he met face to face his old captain, then Col. A. Campenfeldt—a welcome surprise to both parties.

“The Colonel was to depart the next day to Gibraltar. His regiment was already on board ship. He took grandfather to his house in London, kept by two maiden sisters (for he was not married). Grandfather was introduced to them and made welcome and pressed to make their home his as long as he stayed in London. The next morning Col. A. C. presented grandfather with a purse of five guineas and took his departure for Gibraltar. (Grandfather was never at that place.) And that day was the last seen of the noble Colonel by his friends in London. In 1760 his regiment was ordered from Gibraltar to the East Indies, and he died on the passage.

“Grandfather learned and worked at the trade of brick mason for years in London. He has often told me that he worked some two years on the Tower of London.

“He returned to America about the year 1762. Sailed for Boston in a bark which was wrecked off the harbor; reached New York by a coaster; by sail to Peekskill; foots it out to Yorktown, where he was born; calls for entertainment at his father’s home; receives a welcome; after supper makes himself known to the family. After a hearty embrace by all, his father took down the old fiddle from the wall—fiddled, danced and sung, “Benjamin, my son that was dead, is alive again, alive again.” Grandfather had been absent and mourned as dead some eight or nine years, having a brother born in his absence, at that time seven years of age. His name was altered to Absalom.”

Though periodically suffering from a wound in his side, Benjamin had general good health and muscular power, and lived to the age of 96.   He appears to have been a Presbyterian.  In his Journal, the Rev. Silas Constant, Pastor of the Yorktown Presbyterian Church, mentioned in 1792 and 1794, riding to Benjamin Taylor’s house and preaching there.   In the early 1800’s  Benjamin moved up to Fishkill in Dutchess County, along with his grandsons James and Augustus.

Children of Jemima and Benjamin

i.   James Taylor b. 1764 Peekskill, NY; d. 23 Jan 1844 in Westford, Chittenden Co, VT, at 79 years of age.He married Salome Partridge 15 Feb 1786 in Franklin, Franklin Co, MA.  Salome was born 8 Sep 1768 in Keene, Cheshire, NH.  Her parents were Amos Partridge and Meletiah Ellis.

As a boy, James moved with his family to Franklin, MA. At 16 he apprenticed with Thad Adams to learn the blacksmith trade; at 17 he enlisted for three years in the Continental Army.  He was at Valley Forge and often talked about how he and his comrades dug up the tails of beef after they had been buried for months, stewed them, and ate them without salt or pepper to sustain life..  After the war he returned to Franklin, to finish his apprenticeship.

After finishing his trade, with a group of friends, he crossed the Alleghenies on foot, having only one horse for packing.  At Pittsburgh he came near to losing his life by falling in the night off the wall of old Fort Duquesne.  He crossed the Ohio River into Virginia, thence to Kentucky.  James was with Capt. Lewis’ surveying party one season.  They had several skirmishes with the Indians; several of his party died but he was unharmed.  The only trophy of his adventures was a razor strop made from the untanned hide of an Indian.

James returned to Franklin, married Miss Partridge with the intention of returning to Kentucky, but was persuaded by friends to settle down in Franklin where he carried on a general blacksmith’s business for years, he then returned to Peekskill where he continued blacksmithing and ship smithing, and finally moved to Westford, VT where he remained the rest of his life.

During the War of 1812, Captain James Taylor raised a company from his neighborhood, serving from 1 Sep to 8 Dec 1812. In Sep 1814 he volunteered again to fight in the Battle of Plattsburgh, serving for 7 days.  His son, Augustus, told this story:

“In 1812 the U.S. declared war against Great Britain. He then raised a company of men and entered the service of his country. Most of his company were Westford, Milton, Essex and Underhill boys. These men enlisted for one year. At the expiration of their term of service he was detailed by the General in command to the recruiting service. In the summer of 1814 he visited New York and Peekskill on this business. Sister Salome accompanied him to Peekskill where Brother James was then located….He returned… about ten days before the battle of Plattsburgh. Volunteers were called for and the Green Mountain Boys nobly responded.  On the Sunday morning one week before the battle took place, there was music in the air all along the ridge between Squire Bowman’s and Capt. Taylor’s. The bugles sounded and drums beat “To Arms, To Arms.” The road was lined with marching volunteers. They went by the road through the Government Reserve to Milton, thence by water to Plattsburgh.

My father was detailed and led the boys onward. After arriving in camp the General detailed him to serve the boys with guns and ammunition. They fell short of cartridge boxes to go all around.  Priest Worster of Fairfield, who had raised a company, when it came his turn, filled his capacious pockets (these pockets were in a big silk vest where he carried his Bible and Psalm Book) with double rounds of cartridges, which made the boys cheer heartily. After this service was completed, he was given in charge of a regiment of these Volunteers, who formed the front guard in following the Red Coats on their retreat to Canada. So earnest were these volunteers that when the rear guard was overtaken and hoisted the white flag, it was hard to restrain them. Their cry was “There’s a Red Coat, damn him! Fire!” The day of this battle, Sunday, the 13th, 1814, is to me ever to be remembered.

Although then scarce six years of age, I can remember what happened there as if it were yesterday. A few infirm men with women and children, gathered together on Bold Hill, the dividing line between Westford and Milton, to see the battle go on. Your grandmothers Bowman and Taylor were there with their children. Your mother, father, uncles and aunts, and in fact, the whole neighborhood turned out. The able bodied men were, nearly to a man, gone to battle for their country. I remember one incident that happened on that eventful day: an old hunter by the name of Jack Willis came sauntering up the hill from the Milton side, with his rifle on his shoulder. Old grandfather Partridge asked him if he was not ashamed for not being in the ranks fighting for his country. He excused himself by saying he had been to the embarcadero and could not get a passage over the lake. The old man told him he was a coward. He, however, done us some service for he felled several trees to give all a better view of the battlefield.” [Milton is over 200 miles from Plattsburg, I’m not sure where the viewers and the battle were.]

ii.   Augustus Campenfeldt Taylor was born in Peekskill, 12 Sep 1770. He went with his father’s family to Franklin, MA but returned to Peekskill at the age of 16. He was married by Rev. Silas Constant, 11 Apr 1792 to Elizabeth Lent at her father’s house in Peekskill, Westchester Co, NY.  Elizabeth was born 16 Sep 1773 and died 27 Sep 1857 in Peekskill.  Augustus and Elizabeth had three children who all died young.

Augustus C. Taylor appears to have been educated and well to do and at the time of his death was said to be one of the best and most thrifty farmers in Westchester Co.  In 1801 he mortgaged to Jonathan Ferris, for $1625, two properties: 49 1/2 acres in the town of Cortland on the south side of the road from Peekskill to the Yorktown Meeting House and 16 1/2 acres on the same road.  It was paid off by 1804.  These may have been part of the old family farm in Yorktown from whence Benjamin left to enter the army.   In his will, dated 20 Feb 1815, proved 4 Apr 1815, Augustus bequeathed $300 to his brother, James Taylor, $400 to his nephew William Taylor, son of his deceased brother Justus, $1,400 to his nephew James Taylor, along with all his land lying on the north side of the road leading from Crompond to Peekskill (now downtown Peekskill) except half of the lot adjoining the land of James Divon. He willed all his household goods and all his books and the residue of his estate to his wife Elizabeth.  His nephew, James Taylor, was charged with using whatever he needed from his bequest for the support and maintenance of Augustus’ father, Benjamin Taylor. His wife Elizabeth was also charged with giving a good and decent support to his father.  The executors were Elizabeth, his brother-in-law Henry Lent, and a friend, William Nelson. Apparently there were no living children.

iii. Justus William Taylor b. 1771 in Peekskill

iv.   [__?__] Taylor, female

Jemima Foster Bio

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