Anthony COLBY I (1605 – 1661) was Alex’s 11th Great Grandfather two times, through his son Isaac and through his daughter Sarah. He is two of 4,096 in this generation of the Shaw line. I originally thought Dorothy COLBY was the grand daughter of Anthony’s son John, but I now believe she was actually the daughter of John’s younger brother Isaac COLBY and Martha PARRATT.
Anthony Colby was born 8 Sep 1605 in Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. His parents were Thomas COLBY and Anna JACKSON. Some claim he was the son of Thomas Colby and Beatrice Fenton and therefore connected to English royalty. This has not been proved. He arrived in America on the Arabella in 1630 with the Winthrop Fleet. He married Mrs. Susanna WATERMAN in 1632 in Boston, Mass. Anthony died 11 Feb 1661 in Salisbury, Essex, Mass.
Anthony was admitted to Boston church as member #93, which would be in the winter of 1630/31. In the Boston church records, Anthony Colby is first in the following sequence of names: Anthony Chaulby, John Boswell, Joseph Redding, Garrett Hadden. In the Massachusetts Bay lists of freemen, Anthony Colby is third in this sequence: Jerad Hadden, Joseph Redding, Anthony Colby, John Bosworth.
Examination of the four men in these groupings reveals some interesting parallels:
- Colby, Bosworth, Haddon and Redding all moved from Boston to Cambridge by 1633 .
- Colby moved next to Ipswich (1637) and then Salisbury (1640); Haddon moved next to Salisbury; Redding moved next to Ipswich (1639).
- All three were single men in 1630: Colby married about 1633, Haddon married about 1639, Redding married about 1640.
The grouping of these four men in 1630 and 1634, and the concerted migrations of the three survivors, suggest that the four were associated in some way. The gap between church admission in 1630 and freemanship in 1634 suggests that they may not yet have been twenty-one in 1630, and this is supported by the approximate dates of marriage. Taken together, these facts and suggestions indicate that John Boswell/Bosworth, Anthony COLBY, Garrett Haddon and Joseph Redding came to New England as servants, and were perhaps all from the same part of England.
A survey of the members of the Winthrop Fleet produces one man who settled first in Boston, then moved to Cambridge and on to Ipswich, and who was wealthy enough to have brought four servants with him – Gov. Simon Bradstreet. As a working hypothesis, then, “”The Great Migration Begins” proposes that this grouping of four young men were from the vicinity of Simon Bradstreet’s home at Horbling, Lincolnshire, and came to New England in 1630 in his service.
Susanna [__?__] was born in 1608 in England. Her father was NOT Jarret (Jared) Haddon. She first married [__?__] Waterman. After Anthony died, she married William Whitridge in 1663 in Salisbury, Mass. Susanna died 8 Jul 1689 in Salisbury, Mass.
William Whitridge was born in 1599 in Benenden, Kent, England. William died 5 Dec 1668 in Ipswich, Essex, Mass.
Near the end of her life, Susannah Colby Whittredge was described by the selectmen of Amesbury as:
“an anchient and helpless widow belonging to the town of Amesbury.. .notwithstanding a comfortable and competent maintenance being allowed unto her out of the estate of her former deceased husband Anthony Coleby…yet she being a woman attended with many infirmities both of body and mind, is utterly incapable of doing anything that may contribute to her livelihood or comfortable subsistance … she living alone, wanting such help and attendance as may be convenient, continually laboring under such infirmities of body as usually attend old age often times sick and many times destitute of divers necessaries and always of the conveniencies of life, any otherwise than she is supplied by one or two of her children, whose families in the meantime want the same at home, and very much defective and decayed in her understanding …,”
The court ordered that her sons, Samuel, Isaac and Thomas Colby, provide for her and sell what land was necessary to maintain her from the Colby estate
Over half the first settlers names on this memorial are our ancestors. They are: Richard Currier, Orlando BAGLEY Sr., John Bailey, William BARNES, Thomas Barnard, Henry Blaisdell, Philip Challis, Anthony COLBY, John COLBY, Edward Cottle, Jarret Haddon, John HOYT, William Huntington, Thomas Macy, George MARTIN, Valentine Rowell, William SARGENT and John Weed.
Amesbury was settled in 1655 as a part of Salisbury, but was separated from Salisbury in 1666 and incorporated as the town of Amesbury in 1668.
Originally the boundary between Amesbury and Salisbury was the Powwow River. In 1876 Merrimac was created out of West Amesbury. In 1886 West Salisbury was annexed to Amesbury so the mill area on the Powwow River was unified. See the maps linked below.
Beginning as a modest farming community, it developed an aggressive maritime and industrial economy. The 90-foot (27 m) drop in the falls of the Powwow River provided water power for sawmills and gristmills. Shipbuilding, shipping and fishing were also important. The ferry across the Merrimack River to Newburyport was a lively business until the construction of bridges to Deer Island. Newton, New Hampshire would be set off from Amesbury in 1741, when the border between the two colonies was adjusted.
Children of Anthony and Susannah:
|1.||John Colby||8 Sep 1633 Boston, Suffolk, Mass||Frances Hoyt
14 Jan 1656 Salisbury, Essex, Mass
|11 Feb 1673
Amesbury, Essex, Mass
|2.||Sarah COLBY||1635 Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass||Orlando BAGLEY Sr.
6 Mar 1654 Salisbury, Mass
|18 May 1663 Boston, Suffolk, Mass.|
|4.||Samuel Colby||1638 in Ipswich||Elizabeth Sargent (daughter of William SARGENT)
Salisbury, Essex, Mass
|5 Jul 1716
|5.||Isaac COLBY||6 Jul 1640 Salisbury, Essex, Mass||Martha PARRATT
|13 Jul 1723
|6.||Rebecca Colby||11 Mar 1643
Salisbury, Essex, Mass
|John Williams (son of John WILLIAMS)
9 Sep 1661 Salisbury, Essex, Mass
|10 Jun 1672
|7.||Mary Colby||19 Sep 1647 Salisbury, Essex, Mass||William Sargent
(Son of William SARGENT)
23 Sep 1668 Amesbury
|27 Sep 1716
|8.||Thomas Colby||8 Mar 1650 Salisbury, Essex, Mass||Hannah Rowell
16 Sep 1674 Amesbury
|30 Mar 1691
Anthony was one of the largest property owners in Amesbury, Mass.
Colby is a place name deriving from the parish of Coleby, which lies 17 miles northeast of Semperingham, and 6 miles south of Lincoln. There is also a parish of Coleby in Norfolk, next to Beccles, and it too seems to have been the source of a quite unrelated Colby clan.
The name is of Viking origin and means “coal place.” Cole is the Viking word for “coal” and the “by” suffix is the word meaning “homestead of farm.” Thus, Colely was probably a farmstead where charcoal was made in ancient times by Viking settlers.
Anthony Colby came to America in the spring of 1630 on the ship “Arabella” with the “Winthrop Fleet.” His first home was in the disputed territory between Cambridge and Watertown which was given to Cambridge in 1632, and was on the road to Mount Auburn close by the river.
In 1633, on the second Sabbath that Rev. John Cotton preached, and he baptized his own son, Seaborn Cotton, and John Colby, the son of Anthony Colby.
Susannah had to defend her homestead against the claim of Thomas Macy from whom it had been purchased. At about the time of the sale, Macy had fled to Nantucket to escape the penalty of sheltering two Quakers during a thunderstorm, but later he denied the sale and tried to expel the widow and her family by legal process.
Anthony built a second house near the Washington Elm and a third one near the Fresh Pond. He was admitted as a freeman in Cambridge in 1634. Three years later he appeared in Ipswich, and three years after that in Salisbury, MA. Anthony Colby was among the first settlers of the latter town. Together with Jared Haddon, they joined the Church in Charlestown and took the freeman’s oath in Cambridge on 14 May 1634. Together lay their houselots in east Salisbury and when Jared sold his homestead in 1644 and built in what is now Amesbury, Essex County, MA. Anthony bought the lot adjoining and came with his family. On this land Anthony at last settled down to make a permanent home.
In 1640 Anthony Colby was appointed an appraiser for the government. Then in 1651 he was elected a selectman.
4 Nov 1658 – whereas there is a saw mill in possession of Wm Osgood, Phil Challis, William BARNES, Anthony COLBY and Samuel Worcester, co-partners with said Colby in one-fourth part of the mill in Salisbury upon Pawwaws river near the corn mill, they should keep it in good working order, and agreed to make good to William Osgood the grant of the town; the timber to be equally divided among them and each partner to have the privilege of using the mill for sawing his own timber into boards or planks to be used only on the land where said Osgood now dwells for building or repairing, provided they bring the timber to the mill already cut; if any one of them makes a new way to any parcel of timber, the others were to pay part of the cost if they used said way; if any one of them cleared the river for floating down logs to the saw mill, the others should bear part of the charge if they used the river for this purpose, etc; each partner was to be allowed 3s per day for what time he gave to repairs on the mill, if he be a good workman, and 4s per day for making the head block and 3s per day for a hinder head block and 2s 6d for a wallower or sweep; each partner was to provide saws for himself and the saws now at the mill to be equally divided, except those for oak; each partner was to take the mill to run for a week and so in order through the year, William Osgood beginning, followed by Colby, Worcester, Barnes and Challis in order; each was to lay his boards and logs at the mill where they had formerly. Witnesses: Tho Bradbury, Humphrey Verney, Rodger Easman and Jno HOYT
Anthony Colby seems to have been always at odds with the leaders in town affairs and was often in controversy, legal or personal, with the authorities. Once he was fined for making a speech in the Town meeting on the grounds that he had created a disturbance. He worked incessently to have the new settlement at Amesbury set off from Salisbury as a town. The fight was carried on after his death by his sons, and the separation was finally accomplished in 1666.
Colby was an industrious man, and in spite of moving every few years, and in spite of many children, he became one of the largest property holders in Amesbury. His lots included “Black River,” “Fox Island,” “Lion’s Mouth,” “Great Swamp,” “Hampton River,” “Whiskers Hill,” and lots from the third and fourth divisions. His inventory for his will set a value of 359 pounds sterling upon his property.
The old house of Anthony Colby was on the southwest side of Main Street, which leads from Amesbury Center to the Merrimac, and was the seventh from Bartlett’s Corner. Here stands the well that was described in Whittier’s poem, “The Captain’s Well.” The well was dug by a grandson of Anthony’s daughter, Mary.
The year after Anthony Colby’s death, his widow, Susannah sold 60 acres near Haverhill, MA to her son Isaac to pay for her board. From the public divisions she received land in 1662 and 1664. In the latter year she married William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester, and he died in 1669. In the meantime, Susannah had to defend her homestead against the claim of Thomas Macy from whom it had been purchased. At about the time of the sale, Macy had fled to Nantucket to escape the penalty of sheltering two Quakers during a thunderstorm, but later he denied the sale and tried to expel the widow and her family by legal process. He was unsuccessful and the premises were in the possession of Susannah’s descendants as late as 1895. In 1678, the son of Thomas Macy was deeded half of all the lands remaining in consideration of services rendered to the widow, and in 1682 the homestead was deeded to Susannah’s son, Samuel Colby, who cared for her during the infirmities of old age.
Captains Of Industry Or Men Of Business Who Did Something Besides Making Money – James Parton 1884 – 1891
In August 1659 in Salisbury, Mass, Thomas Macy was caught in a violent storm of rain, and hurried home drenched to the skin. He found in his house four wayfarers, who had also come in for shelter. His wife being sick in bed, no one had seen or spoken to them. They asked him how far it was to Casco Bay [Maine]. From their dress and demeanor he thought they might be Quakers, and, as it was unlawful to harbor persons of that sect, he asked them to go on their way, since he feared to give offense in entertaining them. As soon as the worst of the storm was over, they left, and he never saw them again. They were in his house about three quarters of an hour, during which he said very little to them, having himself come home wet, and found his wife sick.
He was summoned to Boston, forty miles distant, to answer for this offense. Being unable to walk, and not rich enough to buy a horse, he wrote to the General Court, relating the circumstances, and explaining his non-appearance. He was fined thirty shillings, and ordered to be admonished by the governor. He paid his fine, received his reprimand, and removed to the island of Nantucket, of which he was the first settler, and for some time the only white inhabitant.
“The Great Migration Begins”, published 1996 by the New England Historical and Genealogical Society, on pages 413 to 416===
Anthony Colby died on 11 February 1660 in Amesbury, MA. In his biography, Anthony left London, the Isle of Wright, in March of 1630 with more than 400 others and arrived on the ship Arbella at Boston. He lived on shipboard for 4 months before housing could be made. Anthony first lived in Boston, then Ipswich, Salisbury and Amesbury. He was called a planter and received land in the first division in 1640 and 1643; he was one of the first commoners of Amesbury where he received land in 1654 and 1658, and his widow in his right in 1662 and 1664. Anthony became a church member in Boston and he was living in Cambridge in 1632, he was affirmed a freeman and took the oath on 14 May 1634. He was at Ipswick in 1637 and he married Susannah ??? about 1632 in Boston, MA.
Extract from The Americn Genealogist, Whole Number 202, Vol. 51, No. 2, April 1975, Anthony Colby’s Purported Ancestry, by Glade Ian Nelson:
Although as early as 1939, information concerning the identity of Anthony Colby’s wife was printed by Donald Lines Jacobus, (4) many errors have since been printed concerning her. Mr. Jacobus clearly pointed out that Anthony Colby married after coming to New England, probably between 1630 and 1632, the widow Susannah Waterman of Boston, Mass. She married, thirdly, about 1663-4, William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester who died 5 Dec. 1668, leaving her a widow for the third time. Susannah died 8 July 1689 in Salisbury, Mass. Various accounts state her maiden name to have been Haddon and make her either a sister or daughter of William Sargent, and still others ascribe her to her the name Nutting. None of these claims, however, is substantiated by documented evidence, leaving her maiden name unknown. (Note Source – Wilson Roberts)
From the “Great Migration Begins”
The inventory of the estate of “the widow Susannah Whitridge who deceased July the 8th or thereabouts in the year of Grace 1689″ was taken 9 September 1691 and totalled £151 15s. including real estate valued at 143: “5 acres of tillage”; “half the ferry meadow”; “a lot in the division called the great farms”; “a lot of upland in a division called [illegible]”; “a lot in the ox pasture division”; “a lot near the north meadow”; “a lot in Bugsmore division”; and “a lot in the great swamp” [EPR 304:400].
The final division of the estate of Susannah Whitridge on 5 August 1700 allowed a double portion to “Samll Coleby Eldest [surviving] Son” 1. 12s. 6d., and equal shares of 16s. 3d. to: “the children of John Colby…”; “the children of Isaac Colby…”; “the children of Thomas Colby…”; “the children of Sarah Colby…”; “the children of Rebeckah Colby…”; and “the children of Mary Colby…” [EPR 307:176-77].
MARRIAGE: By 1633 Susanna (_____) Waterman, widow of _____ WATERMAN of Boston (land “at first was granted to [blank] Waterman who deceased. Anthony Colbye married his widow & they two sold the said land unto James Pennyman…” [SLR 11:176-77]); she married (3) by 1663 William Whitridge (petitions as Susanna “Whittredge formerly Colbie” to sell real estate 28 March 1682 [EPR 1:409]); she died 8 July 1689.
In case you’re wondering, I don’t know if Gardner Colbym, the namesake of Colby College, is a descendant, but it sounds likely. Chartered in 1813 when Maine was still part of Massachusetts, and originally called the Maine Literary and Theological Institution, Colby is one of the oldest colleges in New England. After Maine separated from Massachusetts, the new legislature conferred upon the school the right to grant degrees, and in 1821 the institution was renamed Waterville College.
The turmoil of the Civil War severely tested the resources of the College as many students left the all-male campus and the school appeared to be on the verge of closing. At that point Gardner Colby, a well-to-do Boston merchant and local Maine native, stepped in to provide the funding necessary to avert tragedy. The grateful Board of Trustees thanked him for the gift by promptly renaming the school after him.
1. John COLBY (See his page)
2. Sarah COLBY (See Orlando BAGLEY Sr.‘s page)
4. Samuel Colby
Samuel’s wife Elizabeth Sargent was born 22 Nov 1648 in Salisbury, Mass. Her parents were William SARGENT and Elizabeth PERKINS. Elizabeth died 5 Feb 1736 in Amesbury, Mass.
5. Isaac COLBY (See his page)
6. Rebecca Colby
Rebecca’s husband John Williams was born 25 Oct 1636 in Salisbury, Essex, Mass. His parents were John WILLIAMS and Jane GOULD. After Rebecca died, he married Hester Blakeley (widow of John Bond) in 5 May, 1675 Haverhill John died 30 Apr 1698 in Haverhill, Mass.
John’s second wife Hester Blakeley was born about 1630. Her parents were Joseph Blakely and Sarah Williams. She first married 15 Aug 1649 Newbury, Essex, Mass. to John Bond (1624 – 1674).
7. Mary Colby
Mary’s husband William Sargent was born 2 Jan 1645 in Salisbury, Mass. His parents were William SARGENT and Elizabeth PERKINS. William died 31 May 1712 in Amesbury, Mass.
8. Thomas Colby
Thomas’ wife Hannah Rowell was born Jan 1653 in Salisbury, Essex, Mass. Her parents were Valentine Rowell and Ann Currier. Hannah died 9 Aug 1707 in Amesbury, Essex, Mass.
Ancestry of Charles Stinson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury (1938) By Holman, Mary Lovering, 1868-1947; Pillsbury, Helen Pendleton Winston, 1878-1957